Crataegus monogyna Health effects and herbal facts

Known as
English hawthorn hawthorn red hawthorn

Crataegus monogyna, known as common hawthorn or single-seeded hawthorn, is a species of hawthorn native to Europe, northwest Africa and western Asia. It has been introduced in many other parts of the world where it can be an invasive weed. Other common names include may, mayblossom, maythorn, quickthorn, whitethorn, motherdie, and haw. This species is one of several that have been referred to as Crataegus oxyacantha, a name that has been rejected by the botanical community as too ambiguous.

Crataegus monogyna

Medical use

Economic importance of Crataegus monogyna

Bee plants honey production
Environmental ornamental
Medicines folklore
Vertebrate poisons mamals
Weed potential sed contaminant

Gallery

Crataegus monogyna Crataegus monogyna Crataegus monogyna Crataegus monogyna Crataegus monogyna Crataegus monogyna Crataegus monogyna Crataegus monogyna Crataegus monogyna Crataegus monogyna Crataegus monogyna Crataegus monogyna Crataegus monogyna Crataegus monogyna Crataegus monogyna

Geografical distribution

  • AFRICA
    Native
    • Northern Africa: Algeria ; Morocco; Tunisia
    Naturalized
    • Southern Africa: South Africa
  • ASIA-TEMPERATE
    Native
    • Western Asia: Cyprus; Egypt - Sinai; Iran ; Iraq ; Israel; Lebanon; Syria; Turkey
    • Caucasus: Georgia; Russian Federation - Ciscaucasia
  • AUSTRALASIA
    Naturalized
    • Australia: Australia
    • New Zealand: New Zealand
  • EUROPE
    Native
    • Northern Europe: Denmark; Finland ; Ireland; Norway ; Sweden ; United Kingdom
    • Middle Europe: Austria; Belgium; Czech Republic; Germany; Hungary; Netherlands; Poland; Slovakia; Switzerland
    • East Europe: Belarus; Estonia; Lithuania; Ukraine
    • Southeastern Europe: Albania; Bosnia and Herzegovina; Bulgaria; Croatia; Greece ; Italy ; Montenegro; Romania; Slovenia
    • Southwestern Europe: France ; Portugal; Spain
  • NORTHERN AMERICA
    Naturalized
    • North America

Biological activities

11B-HSD-Inhibitor
Apigenin found in Flower ;found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Kaempferol found in Flower ;found in Inflorescence ;found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Inflorescence ;found in Plant ;found in Leaf (20 ppm)
5-HT-Inhibitor
Rutin found in Flower ;found in Leaf ;found in Inflorescence
5-Lipoxygenase-Inhibitor
(-)-epicatechin found in Plant
Kaempferol found in Flower ;found in Inflorescence ;found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Inflorescence ;found in Plant ;found in Leaf (20 ppm)
ATPase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Inflorescence ;found in Plant ;found in Leaf (20 ppm)
Abortifacient
Oleanolic-acid found in Inflorescence ;found in Plant
Adrenergic
Tyramine found in Plant
Aldehyde-Oxidase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Inflorescence ;found in Plant ;found in Leaf (20 ppm)
Rutin found in Flower ;found in Leaf ;found in Inflorescence
Allelochemic
(-)-epicatechin found in Plant
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Inflorescence ;found in Plant ;found in Leaf (20 ppm)
Rutin found in Flower ;found in Leaf ;found in Inflorescence
Allergenic
Acetyl-choline found in Plant
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Inflorescence ;found in Plant ;found in Leaf (20 ppm)
Analgesic
Adenosine found in Plant
Aesculin found in Inflorescence
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant
Hyperoside found in Flower ;found in Leaf (2000 ppm);found in Shoot ;found in Plant (10000 ppm);found in Inflorescence
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Inflorescence ;found in Plant ;found in Leaf (20 ppm)
Ursolic-acid found in Inflorescence ;found in Plant
AntiADD
Apigenin found in Flower ;found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
AntiCVI
Proanthocyanidins found in Plant
Rutin found in Flower ;found in Leaf ;found in Inflorescence
AntiCVS
Aesculin found in Inflorescence
AntiEBV
(-)-epicatechin found in Plant
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant
Ursolic-acid found in Inflorescence ;found in Plant
AntiGTF
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Inflorescence ;found in Plant ;found in Leaf (20 ppm)
AntiLegionella
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant
AntiPGE2
Oleanolic-acid found in Inflorescence ;found in Plant
AntiPMS
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Inflorescence ;found in Plant ;found in Leaf (20 ppm)
AntiTGF-beta
Oleanolic-acid found in Inflorescence ;found in Plant
Ursolic-acid found in Inflorescence ;found in Plant
Antiacrocyanotic
Aesculin found in Inflorescence
Antiadenoviral
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Antiaflatoxin
Apigenin found in Flower ;found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Kaempferol found in Flower ;found in Inflorescence ;found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Inflorescence ;found in Plant ;found in Leaf (20 ppm)
Antiaging
Aesculin found in Inflorescence
Apigenin found in Flower ;found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Hyperoside found in Flower ;found in Leaf (2000 ppm);found in Shoot ;found in Plant (10000 ppm);found in Inflorescence
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Inflorescence ;found in Plant ;found in Leaf (20 ppm)
Antiallergic
Apigenin found in Flower ;found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Kaempferol found in Flower ;found in Inflorescence ;found in Leaf
Luteolin found in Fruit ;found in Tissue Culture
Oleanolic-acid found in Inflorescence ;found in Plant
Opc found in Shoot (30000 ppm)
Procyanidin found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Inflorescence ;found in Plant ;found in Leaf (20 ppm)
Rutin found in Flower ;found in Leaf ;found in Inflorescence
Antialopecic
Aesculin found in Inflorescence
Proanthocyanidins found in Plant
Antialzheimeran
Choline found in Plant
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Inflorescence ;found in Plant ;found in Leaf (20 ppm)
Ursolic-acid found in Inflorescence ;found in Plant
Antiamblyopic
Acetyl-choline found in Plant
Antianaphylactic
(-)-epicatechin found in Plant
Opc found in Shoot (30000 ppm)
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Inflorescence ;found in Plant ;found in Leaf (20 ppm)
Antianemic
Adenine found in Plant
Antiangiogenic
Apigenin found in Flower ;found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Luteolin found in Fruit ;found in Tissue Culture
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Inflorescence ;found in Plant ;found in Leaf (20 ppm)
Vicenin-2 found in Flower ;found in Leaf (3 ppm)
Antiapoplectic
Rutin found in Flower ;found in Leaf ;found in Inflorescence
Antiarrhythmic
Adenosine found in Plant
Apigenin found in Flower ;found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Oleanolic-acid found in Inflorescence ;found in Plant
Ursolic-acid found in Inflorescence ;found in Plant
Vitexin found in Flower ;found in Fruit ;found in Inflorescence ;found in Plant ;found in Leaf
Antiarthritic
Aesculin found in Inflorescence
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Inflorescence ;found in Plant ;found in Leaf (20 ppm)
Ursolic-acid found in Inflorescence ;found in Plant
Antiasthmatic
Opc found in Shoot (30000 ppm)
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Inflorescence ;found in Plant ;found in Leaf (20 ppm)
Antiatherogenic
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Luteolin found in Fruit ;found in Tissue Culture
Opc found in Shoot (30000 ppm)
Rutin found in Flower ;found in Leaf ;found in Inflorescence
Antiatherosclerotic
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant
Oleanolic-acid found in Inflorescence ;found in Plant
Proanthocyanidins found in Plant
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Inflorescence ;found in Plant ;found in Leaf (20 ppm)
Rutin found in Flower ;found in Leaf ;found in Inflorescence
Antibacterial
(-)-epicatechin found in Plant
Apigenin found in Flower ;found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant
Hyperoside found in Flower ;found in Leaf (2000 ppm);found in Shoot ;found in Plant (10000 ppm);found in Inflorescence
Isoquercitrin found in Leaf
Kaempferol found in Flower ;found in Inflorescence ;found in Leaf
Luteolin found in Fruit ;found in Tissue Culture
Oleanolic-acid found in Inflorescence ;found in Plant
Opc found in Shoot (30000 ppm)
Proanthocyanidins found in Plant
Procyanidin found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Inflorescence ;found in Plant ;found in Leaf (20 ppm)
Rutin found in Flower ;found in Leaf ;found in Inflorescence
Ursolic-acid found in Inflorescence ;found in Plant
Antibiotic
Opc found in Shoot (30000 ppm)
Procyanidin found in Leaf
Antibradiquinic
Vitexin found in Flower ;found in Fruit ;found in Inflorescence ;found in Plant ;found in Leaf
Anticancer
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Hyperoside found in Flower ;found in Leaf (2000 ppm);found in Shoot ;found in Plant (10000 ppm);found in Inflorescence
Isoquercitrin found in Leaf
Kaempferol found in Flower ;found in Inflorescence ;found in Leaf
Rutin found in Flower ;found in Leaf ;found in Inflorescence
Ursolic-acid found in Inflorescence ;found in Plant
Vicenin-2 found in Flower ;found in Leaf (3 ppm)
Anticapillary-Fragility
Aesculin found in Inflorescence
Hyperoside found in Flower ;found in Leaf (2000 ppm);found in Shoot ;found in Plant (10000 ppm);found in Inflorescence
Rutin found in Flower ;found in Leaf ;found in Inflorescence
Anticarcinogenic
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant
Luteolin found in Fruit ;found in Tissue Culture
Anticarcinomic
Luteolin found in Fruit ;found in Tissue Culture
Oleanolic-acid found in Inflorescence ;found in Plant
Ursolic-acid found in Inflorescence ;found in Plant
Vicenin-2 found in Flower ;found in Leaf (3 ppm)
Anticariogenic
Oleanolic-acid found in Inflorescence ;found in Plant
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Inflorescence ;found in Plant ;found in Leaf (20 ppm)
Ursolic-acid found in Inflorescence ;found in Plant
Anticataract
Luteolin found in Fruit ;found in Tissue Culture
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Inflorescence ;found in Plant ;found in Leaf (20 ppm)
Rutin found in Flower ;found in Leaf ;found in Inflorescence
Anticellulitic
Aesculin found in Inflorescence
Anticholestatic
Ursolic-acid found in Inflorescence ;found in Plant
Antichoreic
Choline found in Plant
Anticirrhotic
Choline found in Plant
Anticlastogen
Rutin found in Flower ;found in Leaf ;found in Inflorescence
Anticolitic
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Inflorescence ;found in Plant ;found in Leaf (20 ppm)
Anticomplement
Oleanolic-acid found in Inflorescence ;found in Plant
Ursolic-acid found in Inflorescence ;found in Plant
Anticonvulsant
Rutin found in Flower ;found in Leaf ;found in Inflorescence
Anticystinuric
Choline found in Plant
Anticystitic
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Inflorescence ;found in Plant ;found in Leaf (20 ppm)
Antidementia
Choline found in Plant
Rutin found in Flower ;found in Leaf ;found in Inflorescence
Antidepressant
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Inflorescence ;found in Plant ;found in Leaf (20 ppm)
Antidermatic
Luteolin found in Fruit ;found in Tissue Culture
Antidermatitic
Aesculin found in Inflorescence
Apigenin found in Flower ;found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Hyperoside found in Flower ;found in Leaf (2000 ppm);found in Shoot ;found in Plant (10000 ppm);found in Inflorescence
Procyanidin-b-4 found in Leaf ;found in Pericarp
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Inflorescence ;found in Plant ;found in Leaf (20 ppm)
Rutin found in Flower ;found in Leaf ;found in Inflorescence
Vitexin found in Flower ;found in Fruit ;found in Inflorescence ;found in Plant ;found in Leaf
Antidiabetic
(-)-epicatechin found in Plant
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant
Choline found in Plant
Proanthocyanidins found in Plant
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Inflorescence ;found in Plant ;found in Leaf (20 ppm)
Rutin found in Flower ;found in Leaf ;found in Inflorescence
Ursolic-acid found in Inflorescence ;found in Plant
Antidiuretic
Acetyl-choline found in Plant
Adenosine found in Plant
Antidyskinetic
Choline found in Plant
Antiedemic
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Maslinic-acid found in Inflorescence
Oleanolic-acid found in Inflorescence ;found in Plant
Opc found in Shoot (30000 ppm)
Proanthocyanidins found in Plant
Procyanidin found in Leaf
Rutin found in Flower ;found in Leaf ;found in Inflorescence
Ursolic-acid found in Inflorescence ;found in Plant
Antielastase
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Hyperoside found in Flower ;found in Leaf (2000 ppm);found in Shoot ;found in Plant (10000 ppm);found in Inflorescence
Isoquercitrin found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Inflorescence ;found in Plant ;found in Leaf (20 ppm)
Antiencephalitic
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Inflorescence ;found in Plant ;found in Leaf (20 ppm)
Antiendotoxic
Adenosine found in Plant
Antierythemic
Aesculin found in Inflorescence
Opc found in Shoot (30000 ppm)
Rutin found in Flower ;found in Leaf ;found in Inflorescence
Antiescherichic
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Inflorescence ;found in Plant ;found in Leaf (20 ppm)
Ursolic-acid found in Inflorescence ;found in Plant
Antiestrogenic
Apigenin found in Flower ;found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Luteolin found in Fruit ;found in Tissue Culture
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Inflorescence ;found in Plant ;found in Leaf (20 ppm)
Antiexudative
Opc found in Shoot (30000 ppm)
Procyanidin found in Leaf
Antifeedant
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant
Isoquercitrin found in Leaf
Luteolin found in Fruit ;found in Tissue Culture
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Inflorescence ;found in Plant ;found in Leaf (20 ppm)
Rutin found in Flower ;found in Leaf ;found in Inflorescence
Antifertility
Kaempferol found in Flower ;found in Inflorescence ;found in Leaf
Oleanolic-acid found in Inflorescence ;found in Plant
Antifibrosarcomic
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Inflorescence ;found in Plant ;found in Leaf (20 ppm)
Ursolic-acid found in Inflorescence ;found in Plant
Antiflu
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Hyperoside found in Flower ;found in Leaf (2000 ppm);found in Shoot ;found in Plant (10000 ppm);found in Inflorescence
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Inflorescence ;found in Plant ;found in Leaf (20 ppm)
Antigastric
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Inflorescence ;found in Plant ;found in Leaf (20 ppm)
Antigastritic
Opc found in Shoot (30000 ppm)
Antigastrotic
Procyanidin-b-4 found in Leaf ;found in Pericarp
Antigenotoxic
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant
Antigingivitic
Kaempferol found in Flower ;found in Inflorescence ;found in Leaf
Oleanolic-acid found in Inflorescence ;found in Plant
Antiglaucomic
Rutin found in Flower ;found in Leaf ;found in Inflorescence
Antigonadotropic
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Inflorescence ;found in Plant ;found in Leaf (20 ppm)
Antigranulocytopenic
Adenine found in Plant
Antihematuric
Rutin found in Flower ;found in Leaf ;found in Inflorescence
Antihemolytic
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant
Antihemorrhoidal
Aesculin found in Inflorescence
Rutin found in Flower ;found in Leaf ;found in Inflorescence
Antihepatitic
(-)-epicatechin found in Plant
Antihepatoadenomic
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Antihepatomic
Saponins found in Fruit
Antihepatotoxic
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant
Hyperoside found in Flower ;found in Leaf (2000 ppm);found in Shoot ;found in Plant (10000 ppm);found in Inflorescence
Oleanolic-acid found in Inflorescence ;found in Plant
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Inflorescence ;found in Plant ;found in Leaf (20 ppm)
Rutin found in Flower ;found in Leaf ;found in Inflorescence
Ursolic-acid found in Inflorescence ;found in Plant
Antiherpetic
Apigenin found in Flower ;found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant
Kaempferol found in Flower ;found in Inflorescence ;found in Leaf
Luteolin found in Fruit ;found in Tissue Culture
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Inflorescence ;found in Plant ;found in Leaf (20 ppm)
Rutin found in Flower ;found in Leaf ;found in Inflorescence
Antihistaminic
Aesculin found in Inflorescence
Apigenin found in Flower ;found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant
Kaempferol found in Flower ;found in Inflorescence ;found in Leaf
Luteolin found in Fruit ;found in Tissue Culture
Maslinic-acid found in Inflorescence
Opc found in Shoot (30000 ppm)
Proanthocyanidins found in Plant
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Inflorescence ;found in Plant ;found in Leaf (20 ppm)
Rutin found in Flower ;found in Leaf ;found in Inflorescence
Ursolic-acid found in Inflorescence ;found in Plant
Vitexin found in Flower ;found in Fruit ;found in Inflorescence ;found in Plant ;found in Leaf
Antihomocysteine
Choline found in Plant
Antihydrophobic
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Inflorescence ;found in Plant ;found in Leaf (20 ppm)
Antihypercholesterolemic
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant
Antihyperglycemic
(-)-epicatechin found in Plant
Antihyperlipidemic
Oleanolic-acid found in Inflorescence ;found in Plant
Ursolic-acid found in Inflorescence ;found in Plant
Antihypertensive
Adenosine found in Plant
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Inflorescence ;found in Plant ;found in Leaf (20 ppm)
Rutin found in Flower ;found in Leaf ;found in Inflorescence
Antihyperthyroid
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant
Antiileus
Acetyl-choline found in Plant
Antiimplantation
Kaempferol found in Flower ;found in Inflorescence ;found in Leaf
Antiinsomniac
Adenosine found in Plant
Antiischemic
Hyperoside found in Flower ;found in Leaf (2000 ppm);found in Shoot ;found in Plant (10000 ppm);found in Inflorescence
Oleanolic-acid found in Inflorescence ;found in Plant
Proanthocyanidins found in Plant
Antileishmanic
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Inflorescence ;found in Plant ;found in Leaf (20 ppm)
Ursolic-acid found in Inflorescence ;found in Plant
Antileukemic
(-)-epicatechin found in Plant
Apigenin found in Flower ;found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Kaempferol found in Flower ;found in Inflorescence ;found in Leaf
Luteolin found in Fruit ;found in Tissue Culture
Oleanolic-acid found in Inflorescence ;found in Plant
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Inflorescence ;found in Plant ;found in Leaf (20 ppm)
Ursolic-acid found in Inflorescence ;found in Plant
Antileukotriene
(-)-epicatechin found in Plant
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant
Oleanolic-acid found in Inflorescence ;found in Plant
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Inflorescence ;found in Plant ;found in Leaf (20 ppm)
Antilipolytic
Adenosine found in Plant
Antilipoperoxidant
(-)-epicatechin found in Plant
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Inflorescence ;found in Plant ;found in Leaf (20 ppm)
Antilymphocytic
Kaempferol found in Flower ;found in Inflorescence ;found in Leaf
Antilymphomic
Luteolin found in Fruit ;found in Tissue Culture
Ursolic-acid found in Inflorescence ;found in Plant
Antimalarial
Oleanolic-acid found in Inflorescence ;found in Plant
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Inflorescence ;found in Plant ;found in Leaf (20 ppm)
Rutin found in Flower ;found in Leaf ;found in Inflorescence
Ursolic-acid found in Inflorescence ;found in Plant
Antimanic
Choline found in Plant
Antimelanogenic
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant
Antimelanomic
Apigenin found in Flower ;found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Luteolin found in Fruit ;found in Tissue Culture
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Inflorescence ;found in Plant ;found in Leaf (20 ppm)
Rutin found in Flower ;found in Leaf ;found in Inflorescence
Antimetastatic
Apigenin found in Flower ;found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Inflorescence ;found in Plant ;found in Leaf (20 ppm)
Rutin found in Flower ;found in Leaf ;found in Inflorescence
Ursolic-acid found in Inflorescence ;found in Plant
Antimyocarditic
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Inflorescence ;found in Plant ;found in Leaf (20 ppm)
Antinephritic
Oleanolic-acid found in Inflorescence ;found in Plant
Rutin found in Flower ;found in Leaf ;found in Inflorescence
Ursolic-acid found in Inflorescence ;found in Plant
Antinitrosaminic
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Inflorescence ;found in Plant ;found in Leaf (20 ppm)
Antinociceptive
Choline found in Plant
Hyperoside found in Flower ;found in Leaf (2000 ppm);found in Shoot ;found in Plant (10000 ppm);found in Inflorescence
Isoquercitrin found in Leaf
Luteolin found in Fruit ;found in Tissue Culture
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Inflorescence ;found in Plant ;found in Leaf (20 ppm)
Rutin found in Flower ;found in Leaf ;found in Inflorescence
Antiobesity
Opc found in Shoot (30000 ppm)
Antiophidic
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Antipancreatitic
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Inflorescence ;found in Plant ;found in Leaf (20 ppm)
Antipanniculopathic
Aesculin found in Inflorescence
Antiperiodontal
Proanthocyanidins found in Plant
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Inflorescence ;found in Plant ;found in Leaf (20 ppm)
Antiperiodontic
Kaempferol found in Flower ;found in Inflorescence ;found in Leaf
Oleanolic-acid found in Inflorescence ;found in Plant
Antiperistaltic
Apigenin found in Flower ;found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Inflorescence ;found in Plant ;found in Leaf (20 ppm)
Antipermeability
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Inflorescence ;found in Plant ;found in Leaf (20 ppm)
Antipharyngitic
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Inflorescence ;found in Plant ;found in Leaf (20 ppm)
Antiplaque
Kaempferol found in Flower ;found in Inflorescence ;found in Leaf
Oleanolic-acid found in Inflorescence ;found in Plant
Proanthocyanidins found in Plant
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Inflorescence ;found in Plant ;found in Leaf (20 ppm)
Antiplasmodial
Oleanolic-acid found in Inflorescence ;found in Plant
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Inflorescence ;found in Plant ;found in Leaf (20 ppm)
Ursolic-acid found in Inflorescence ;found in Plant
Antiplatelet
Rutin found in Flower ;found in Leaf ;found in Inflorescence
Antipodriac
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Inflorescence ;found in Plant ;found in Leaf (20 ppm)
Antipolio
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant
Luteolin found in Fruit ;found in Tissue Culture
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Inflorescence ;found in Plant ;found in Leaf (20 ppm)
Antiproliferant
Apigenin found in Flower ;found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Luteolin found in Fruit ;found in Tissue Culture
Proanthocyanidins found in Plant
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Inflorescence ;found in Plant ;found in Leaf (20 ppm)
Rutin found in Flower ;found in Leaf ;found in Inflorescence
Vicenin-2 found in Flower ;found in Leaf (3 ppm)
Antiproliferative
Ursolic-acid found in Inflorescence ;found in Plant
Antiprostanoid
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Inflorescence ;found in Plant ;found in Leaf (20 ppm)
Antiprostatitic
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Inflorescence ;found in Plant ;found in Leaf (20 ppm)
Antiprotozoal
Rutin found in Flower ;found in Leaf ;found in Inflorescence
Antipsoriac
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Inflorescence ;found in Plant ;found in Leaf (20 ppm)
Antipurpuric
Rutin found in Flower ;found in Leaf ;found in Inflorescence
Antipyretic
Aesculin found in Inflorescence
Antiretinopathic
Proanthocyanidins found in Plant
Antisarcomic
Oleanolic-acid found in Inflorescence ;found in Plant
Antiseborrheic
Aesculin found in Inflorescence
Antiseptic
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant
Kaempferol found in Flower ;found in Inflorescence ;found in Leaf
Oleanolic-acid found in Inflorescence ;found in Plant
Proanthocyanidins found in Plant
Antiserotonin
Kaempferol found in Flower ;found in Inflorescence ;found in Leaf
Antiserotoninic
Vitexin found in Flower ;found in Fruit ;found in Inflorescence ;found in Plant ;found in Leaf
Antispasmodic
Adenosine found in Plant
Apigenin found in Flower ;found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Kaempferol found in Flower ;found in Inflorescence ;found in Leaf
Luteolin found in Fruit ;found in Tissue Culture
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Inflorescence ;found in Plant ;found in Leaf (20 ppm)
Rutin found in Flower ;found in Leaf ;found in Inflorescence
Antistaphylococcic
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Kaempferol found in Flower ;found in Inflorescence ;found in Leaf
Ursolic-acid found in Inflorescence ;found in Plant
Antisteatotic
Choline found in Plant
Antistomatitic
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Antistreptococcic
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Inflorescence ;found in Plant ;found in Leaf (20 ppm)
Antistress
Apigenin found in Flower ;found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Antistroke
Proanthocyanidins found in Plant
Antisunburn
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant
Rutin found in Flower ;found in Leaf ;found in Inflorescence
Antitachycardic
Acetyl-choline found in Plant
Adenosine found in Plant
Antithiamin
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Inflorescence ;found in Plant ;found in Leaf (20 ppm)
Antithrombic
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Inflorescence ;found in Plant ;found in Leaf (20 ppm)
Antithrombogenic
Rutin found in Flower ;found in Leaf ;found in Inflorescence
Antithromboxane
Ursolic-acid found in Inflorescence ;found in Plant
Antithyroid
Apigenin found in Flower ;found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant
Rutin found in Flower ;found in Leaf ;found in Inflorescence
Vitexin found in Flower ;found in Fruit ;found in Inflorescence ;found in Plant ;found in Leaf
Antitrypanosomic
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Inflorescence ;found in Plant ;found in Leaf (20 ppm)
Rutin found in Flower ;found in Leaf ;found in Inflorescence
Ursolic-acid found in Inflorescence ;found in Plant
Antitumor-Promoter
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant
Isoquercitrin found in Leaf
Kaempferol found in Flower ;found in Inflorescence ;found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Inflorescence ;found in Plant ;found in Leaf (20 ppm)
Rutin found in Flower ;found in Leaf ;found in Inflorescence
Ursolic-acid found in Inflorescence ;found in Plant
Antitumor
Apigenin found in Flower ;found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant
Isoquercitrin found in Leaf
Kaempferol found in Flower ;found in Inflorescence ;found in Leaf
Luteolin found in Fruit ;found in Tissue Culture
Oleanolic-acid found in Inflorescence ;found in Plant
Proanthocyanidins found in Plant
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Inflorescence ;found in Plant ;found in Leaf (20 ppm)
Rutin found in Flower ;found in Leaf ;found in Inflorescence
Ursolic-acid found in Inflorescence ;found in Plant
Antitussive
Hyperoside found in Flower ;found in Leaf (2000 ppm);found in Shoot ;found in Plant (10000 ppm);found in Inflorescence
Luteolin found in Fruit ;found in Tissue Culture
Antiulcerogenic
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Antivaccinia
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Antivaricose
Rutin found in Flower ;found in Leaf ;found in Inflorescence
Antiviral
(-)-epicatechin found in Plant
Adenine found in Plant
Apigenin found in Flower ;found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant
Hyperoside found in Flower ;found in Leaf (2000 ppm);found in Shoot ;found in Plant (10000 ppm);found in Inflorescence
Kaempferol found in Flower ;found in Inflorescence ;found in Leaf
Luteolin found in Fruit ;found in Tissue Culture
Maslinic-acid found in Inflorescence
Oleanolic-acid found in Inflorescence ;found in Plant
Opc found in Shoot (30000 ppm)
Proanthocyanidins found in Plant
Procyanidin found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Inflorescence ;found in Plant ;found in Leaf (20 ppm)
Rutin found in Flower ;found in Leaf ;found in Inflorescence
Ursolic-acid found in Inflorescence ;found in Plant
Antiwrinkle
Hyperoside found in Flower ;found in Leaf (2000 ppm);found in Shoot ;found in Plant (10000 ppm);found in Inflorescence
Anxiolytic
Adenosine found in Plant
Apigenin found in Flower ;found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Aphidifuge
Luteolin found in Fruit ;found in Tissue Culture
Vitexin found in Flower ;found in Fruit ;found in Inflorescence ;found in Plant ;found in Leaf
Apoptotic
Apigenin found in Flower ;found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Kaempferol found in Flower ;found in Inflorescence ;found in Leaf
Luteolin found in Fruit ;found in Tissue Culture
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Inflorescence ;found in Plant ;found in Leaf (20 ppm)
Rutin found in Flower ;found in Leaf ;found in Inflorescence
Vicenin-2 found in Flower ;found in Leaf (3 ppm)
Aromatase-Inhibitor
Apigenin found in Flower ;found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Kaempferol found in Flower ;found in Inflorescence ;found in Leaf
Luteolin found in Fruit ;found in Tissue Culture
Oleanolic-acid found in Inflorescence ;found in Plant
Ursolic-acid found in Inflorescence ;found in Plant
Arteriodilator
Adenosine found in Plant
Autotoxic
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant
Bacteristat
Aesculin found in Inflorescence
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Inflorescence ;found in Plant ;found in Leaf (20 ppm)
Beta-Blocker
Oleanolic-acid found in Inflorescence ;found in Plant
Ursolic-acid found in Inflorescence ;found in Plant
Beta-Glucuronidase-Inhibitor
Apigenin found in Flower ;found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Luteolin found in Fruit ;found in Tissue Culture
Oleanolic-acid found in Inflorescence ;found in Plant
Proanthocyanidins found in Plant
Ursolic-acid found in Inflorescence ;found in Plant
Bradycardiac
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Inflorescence ;found in Plant ;found in Leaf (20 ppm)
CNS-Active
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant
CNS-Depressant
Apigenin found in Flower ;found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Ursolic-acid found in Inflorescence ;found in Plant
CNS-Stimulant
Adenine found in Plant
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant
COMP-Inhibitor
(-)-epicatechin found in Plant
COMT-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Inflorescence ;found in Plant ;found in Leaf (20 ppm)
Calcium-Antagonist
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Hyperoside found in Flower ;found in Leaf (2000 ppm);found in Shoot ;found in Plant (10000 ppm);found in Inflorescence
Luteolin found in Fruit ;found in Tissue Culture
Calmodulin-Antagonist
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Inflorescence ;found in Plant ;found in Leaf (20 ppm)
Candidicide
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Inflorescence ;found in Plant ;found in Leaf (20 ppm)
Ursolic-acid found in Inflorescence ;found in Plant
Capillarifortificant
Hyperoside found in Flower ;found in Leaf (2000 ppm);found in Shoot ;found in Plant (10000 ppm);found in Inflorescence
Capillarigenic
Hyperoside found in Flower ;found in Leaf (2000 ppm);found in Shoot ;found in Plant (10000 ppm);found in Inflorescence
Isoquercitrin found in Leaf
Capillariprotective
Proanthocyanidins found in Plant
Procyanidin found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Inflorescence ;found in Plant ;found in Leaf (20 ppm)
Rutin found in Flower ;found in Leaf ;found in Inflorescence
Capillaritonic
Opc found in Shoot (30000 ppm)
Carcinogenic
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Kaempferol found in Flower ;found in Inflorescence ;found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Inflorescence ;found in Plant ;found in Leaf (20 ppm)
Cardiodepressant
Acetyl-choline found in Plant
Choline found in Plant
Cardioprotective
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant
Oleanolic-acid found in Inflorescence ;found in Plant
Proanthocyanidins found in Plant
Ursolic-acid found in Inflorescence ;found in Plant
Cardiovascular
Tyramine found in Plant
Catabolic
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Inflorescence ;found in Plant ;found in Leaf (20 ppm)
Rutin found in Flower ;found in Leaf ;found in Inflorescence
Cerebrostimulant
Acetyl-choline found in Plant
Cerebrotonic
Choline found in Plant
Chemopreventive
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant
Luteolin found in Fruit ;found in Tissue Culture
Rutin found in Flower ;found in Leaf ;found in Inflorescence
Cholagogue
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant
Choleretic
Aesculin found in Inflorescence
Apigenin found in Flower ;found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant
Kaempferol found in Flower ;found in Inflorescence ;found in Leaf
Luteolin found in Fruit ;found in Tissue Culture
Ursolic-acid found in Inflorescence ;found in Plant
Choline-Sparing
(-)-epicatechin found in Plant
Cholinergic
Choline found in Plant
Clastogenic
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant
Co-carcinogenic
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Coleoptophile
Dimethyl-amine found in Inflorescence ;found in Plant
Collagen-Sparing
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant
Collagenase-Inhibitor
Proanthocyanidins found in Plant
Collagenic
Proanthocyanidins found in Plant
Copper-Chelator
Kaempferol found in Flower ;found in Inflorescence ;found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Inflorescence ;found in Plant ;found in Leaf (20 ppm)
Cosmetic
Aesculin found in Inflorescence
Cyclin-B1-Inhibitor
Vicenin-2 found in Flower ;found in Leaf (3 ppm)
Cyclin-D1-Inhibitor
Vicenin-2 found in Flower ;found in Leaf (3 ppm)
Cyclooxygenase-Activator
Hyperoside found in Flower ;found in Leaf (2000 ppm);found in Shoot ;found in Plant (10000 ppm);found in Inflorescence
Cytochrome-P450-1A1-Inhibitor
Apigenin found in Flower ;found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Cytochrome-P450-1A2-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Inflorescence ;found in Plant ;found in Leaf (20 ppm)
Cytoprotective
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Rutin found in Flower ;found in Leaf ;found in Inflorescence
DNA-Active
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
DNA-Protective
Apigenin found in Flower ;found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Deiodinase-Inhibitor
Apigenin found in Flower ;found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Luteolin found in Fruit ;found in Tissue Culture
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Inflorescence ;found in Plant ;found in Leaf (20 ppm)
Deodorant
Proanthocyanidins found in Plant
Diaphoretic
Isoquercitrin found in Leaf
Differentiator
Apigenin found in Flower ;found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Luteolin found in Fruit ;found in Tissue Culture
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Inflorescence ;found in Plant ;found in Leaf (20 ppm)
Diuretic
Adenine found in Plant
Aesculin found in Inflorescence
Apigenin found in Flower ;found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant
Hyperoside found in Flower ;found in Leaf (2000 ppm);found in Shoot ;found in Plant (10000 ppm);found in Inflorescence
Isoquercitrin found in Leaf
Kaempferol found in Flower ;found in Inflorescence ;found in Leaf
Luteolin found in Fruit ;found in Tissue Culture
Oleanolic-acid found in Inflorescence ;found in Plant
Ursolic-acid found in Inflorescence ;found in Plant
Elastase-Inhibitor
Oleanolic-acid found in Inflorescence ;found in Plant
Proanthocyanidins found in Plant
Ursolic-acid found in Inflorescence ;found in Plant
Essential
Guanine found in Plant
Estrogenic
Apigenin found in Flower ;found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Kaempferol found in Flower ;found in Inflorescence ;found in Leaf
Luteolin found in Fruit ;found in Tissue Culture
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Inflorescence ;found in Plant ;found in Leaf (20 ppm)
Fungicide
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant
Kaempferol found in Flower ;found in Inflorescence ;found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Inflorescence ;found in Plant ;found in Leaf (20 ppm)
Glucogonogenic
Adenosine found in Plant
Glucosyl-Transferase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Inflorescence ;found in Plant ;found in Leaf (20 ppm)
Goitrogenic
Vitexin found in Flower ;found in Fruit ;found in Inflorescence ;found in Plant ;found in Leaf
HIF-1alpha-Inhibitor
Apigenin found in Flower ;found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
HIV-RT-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Flower ;found in Inflorescence ;found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Inflorescence ;found in Plant ;found in Leaf (20 ppm)
Hepatocarcinogenic
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Hepatomagenic
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Inflorescence ;found in Plant ;found in Leaf (20 ppm)
Rutin found in Flower ;found in Leaf ;found in Inflorescence
Hepatotropic
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Histamine-Inhibitor
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant
Histaminic
Acetyl-choline found in Plant
Hormonal
Triacontan-1-ol found in Shoot
Hyaluronidase-Inhibitor
Apigenin found in Flower ;found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Luteolin found in Fruit ;found in Tissue Culture
Opc found in Shoot (30000 ppm)
Proanthocyanidins found in Plant
Procyanidin found in Leaf
Hypertensive
Aesculin found in Inflorescence
Tyramine found in Plant
Hyperuricemic
Adenine found in Plant
Hypocholesterolemic
(-)-epicatechin found in Plant
Adenosine found in Plant
Luteolin found in Fruit ;found in Tissue Culture
Rutin found in Flower ;found in Leaf ;found in Inflorescence
Hypoglycemic
(-)-epicatechin found in Plant
Adenosine found in Plant
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant
Proanthocyanidins found in Plant
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Inflorescence ;found in Plant ;found in Leaf (20 ppm)
Ursolic-acid found in Inflorescence ;found in Plant
Hypolipemic
Oleanolic-acid found in Inflorescence ;found in Plant
Hypotensive
Acetyl-choline found in Plant
Adenosine found in Plant
Apigenin found in Flower ;found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Choline found in Plant
Hyperoside found in Flower ;found in Leaf (2000 ppm);found in Shoot ;found in Plant (10000 ppm);found in Inflorescence
Isoquercitrin found in Leaf
Kaempferol found in Flower ;found in Inflorescence ;found in Leaf
Oleanolic-acid found in Inflorescence ;found in Plant
Rutin found in Flower ;found in Leaf ;found in Inflorescence
Ursolic-acid found in Inflorescence ;found in Plant
Vitexin found in Flower ;found in Fruit ;found in Inflorescence ;found in Plant ;found in Leaf
ICAM-1-Inhibitor
Apigenin found in Flower ;found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Kaempferol found in Flower ;found in Inflorescence ;found in Leaf
Luteolin found in Fruit ;found in Tissue Culture
IKK-Inhibitor
Apigenin found in Flower ;found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Luteolin found in Fruit ;found in Tissue Culture
Ileorelaxant
Choline found in Plant
Immunomodulator
Adenosine found in Plant
Oleanolic-acid found in Inflorescence ;found in Plant
Opc found in Shoot (30000 ppm)
Rutin found in Flower ;found in Leaf ;found in Inflorescence
Saponins found in Fruit
Ursolic-acid found in Inflorescence ;found in Plant
Inotropic
Apigenin found in Flower ;found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Kaempferol found in Flower ;found in Inflorescence ;found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Inflorescence ;found in Plant ;found in Leaf (20 ppm)
Insecticide
Rutin found in Flower ;found in Leaf ;found in Inflorescence
Insectifuge
Adenine found in Plant
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant
Tyramine found in Plant
Insectiphile
Isoquercitrin found in Leaf
Neoschaftoside found in Flower ;found in Leaf ;found in Leaf (0.5 ppm)
Rutin found in Flower ;found in Leaf ;found in Inflorescence
Schaftoside found in Flower ;found in Leaf (9 ppm)
Insulinic
Adenosine found in Plant
Insulinogenic
(-)-epicatechin found in Plant
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Inflorescence ;found in Plant ;found in Leaf (20 ppm)
Interferonogenic
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant
Interleukin-6-Inhibitor
Apigenin found in Flower ;found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Iodothyronine-Deiodinase-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Flower ;found in Inflorescence ;found in Leaf
Luteolin found in Fruit ;found in Tissue Culture
JNK-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Flower ;found in Inflorescence ;found in Leaf
Juvabional
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Inflorescence ;found in Plant ;found in Leaf (20 ppm)
Rutin found in Flower ;found in Leaf ;found in Inflorescence
Larvistat
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant
Isoorientin found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Inflorescence ;found in Plant ;found in Leaf (20 ppm)
Rutin found in Flower ;found in Leaf ;found in Inflorescence
Laxative
Adenosine found in Plant
Leucocytogenic
Oleanolic-acid found in Inflorescence ;found in Plant
Ursolic-acid found in Inflorescence ;found in Plant
Leukotriene-Inhibitor
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant
Lipolytic
Adenosine found in Plant
Opc found in Shoot (30000 ppm)
Lipotropic
Choline found in Plant
Lipoxygenase-1-Inhibitor
(-)-epicatechin found in Plant
Lipoxygenase-Inhibitor
(-)-epicatechin found in Plant
Aesculin found in Inflorescence
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant
Kaempferol found in Flower ;found in Inflorescence ;found in Leaf
Luteolin found in Fruit ;found in Tissue Culture
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Inflorescence ;found in Plant ;found in Leaf (20 ppm)
Rutin found in Flower ;found in Leaf ;found in Inflorescence
Ursolic-acid found in Inflorescence ;found in Plant
Lithogenic
Adenine found in Plant
Lyase-Inhibitor
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
MAO-A-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Inflorescence ;found in Plant ;found in Leaf (20 ppm)
MAO-Inhibitor
Apigenin found in Flower ;found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Kaempferol found in Flower ;found in Inflorescence ;found in Leaf
MAPK-Inhibitor
Apigenin found in Flower ;found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Luteolin found in Fruit ;found in Tissue Culture
MMP-9-Inhibitor
Luteolin found in Fruit ;found in Tissue Culture
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Inflorescence ;found in Plant ;found in Leaf (20 ppm)
Ursolic-acid found in Inflorescence ;found in Plant
Mast-Cell-Stabilizer
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Inflorescence ;found in Plant ;found in Leaf (20 ppm)
Memorigenic
Choline found in Plant
Metal-Chelator
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant
Metalloproteinase-Inhibitor
Luteolin found in Fruit ;found in Tissue Culture
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Inflorescence ;found in Plant ;found in Leaf (20 ppm)
Microvasculokinetic
Aesculin found in Inflorescence
Miotic
Acetyl-choline found in Plant
Musculotropic
Apigenin found in Flower ;found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Mutagenic
Apigenin found in Flower ;found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Kaempferol found in Flower ;found in Inflorescence ;found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Inflorescence ;found in Plant ;found in Leaf (20 ppm)
Rutin found in Flower ;found in Leaf ;found in Inflorescence
Myocardiotonic
Adenine found in Plant
Myocontractant
Acetyl-choline found in Plant
Myopic
Acetyl-choline found in Plant
Myoprotective
Rutin found in Flower ;found in Leaf ;found in Inflorescence
Myorelaxant
Adenosine found in Plant
Apigenin found in Flower ;found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Luteolin found in Fruit ;found in Tissue Culture
Rutin found in Flower ;found in Leaf ;found in Inflorescence
Myotonic
Acetyl-choline found in Plant
NADH-Oxidase-Inhibitor
Apigenin found in Flower ;found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Inflorescence ;found in Plant ;found in Leaf (20 ppm)
NEP-Inhibitor
Luteolin found in Fruit ;found in Tissue Culture
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Inflorescence ;found in Plant ;found in Leaf (20 ppm)
NF-kB-Inhibitor
Apigenin found in Flower ;found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Luteolin found in Fruit ;found in Tissue Culture
Oleanolic-acid found in Inflorescence ;found in Plant
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Inflorescence ;found in Plant ;found in Leaf (20 ppm)
NO-Genic
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant
NO-Synthase-Inhibitor
Apigenin found in Flower ;found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Inflorescence ;found in Plant ;found in Leaf (20 ppm)
Natriuretic
Kaempferol found in Flower ;found in Inflorescence ;found in Leaf
Neurotoxic
Tyramine found in Plant
Neurotransmitter
Acetyl-choline found in Plant
Nodulation-Signal
Apigenin found in Flower ;found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Ornithine-Decarboxylase-Inhibitor
Apigenin found in Flower ;found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant
Proanthocyanidins found in Plant
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Inflorescence ;found in Plant ;found in Leaf (20 ppm)
Ursolic-acid found in Inflorescence ;found in Plant
Oviposition-Stimulant
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant
Rutin found in Flower ;found in Leaf ;found in Inflorescence
Vicenin-2 found in Flower ;found in Leaf (3 ppm)
P21-Inducer
Apigenin found in Flower ;found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
P450-Inducer
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Inflorescence ;found in Plant ;found in Leaf (20 ppm)
P450-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Inflorescence ;found in Plant ;found in Leaf (20 ppm)
PAF-Inhibitor
Adenosine found in Plant
Kaempferol found in Flower ;found in Inflorescence ;found in Leaf
Rutin found in Flower ;found in Leaf ;found in Inflorescence
PGE2-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Inflorescence ;found in Plant ;found in Leaf (20 ppm)
PKC-Inhibitor
Apigenin found in Flower ;found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
PTK-Inhibitor
Apigenin found in Flower ;found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Luteolin found in Fruit ;found in Tissue Culture
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Inflorescence ;found in Plant ;found in Leaf (20 ppm)
Pancreatogenic
(-)-epicatechin found in Plant
Parasympathomimetic
Acetyl-choline found in Plant
Choline found in Plant
Peristaltic
Acetyl-choline found in Plant
Pesticide
(-)-epicatechin found in Plant
Adenine found in Plant
Apigenin found in Flower ;found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant
Dimethyl-amine found in Inflorescence ;found in Plant
Hyperoside found in Flower ;found in Leaf (2000 ppm);found in Shoot ;found in Plant (10000 ppm);found in Inflorescence
Isoorientin found in Leaf
Isoquercitrin found in Leaf
Kaempferol found in Flower ;found in Inflorescence ;found in Leaf
Luteolin found in Fruit ;found in Tissue Culture
Opc found in Shoot (30000 ppm)
Procyanidin found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Inflorescence ;found in Plant ;found in Leaf (20 ppm)
Rutin found in Flower ;found in Leaf ;found in Inflorescence
Tyramine found in Plant
Ursolic-acid found in Inflorescence ;found in Plant
Phospholipase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Inflorescence ;found in Plant ;found in Leaf (20 ppm)
Piscicide
Oleanolic-acid found in Inflorescence ;found in Plant
Ursolic-acid found in Inflorescence ;found in Plant
Plasmodicide
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Inflorescence ;found in Plant ;found in Leaf (20 ppm)
Polyamine-Synthesis-Inhibitor
Apigenin found in Flower ;found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Potassium-Sparing
Ursolic-acid found in Inflorescence ;found in Plant
Progestational
Apigenin found in Flower ;found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Proliferant
Luteolin found in Fruit ;found in Tissue Culture
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Inflorescence ;found in Plant ;found in Leaf (20 ppm)
Prooxidant
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Propecic
Proanthocyanidins found in Plant
Prostaglandigenic
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Prostaglandin-Synthesis-Inhibitor
Oleanolic-acid found in Inflorescence ;found in Plant
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Inflorescence ;found in Plant ;found in Leaf (20 ppm)
Prostaglandin-Synthetase-Inhibitor
Luteolin found in Fruit ;found in Tissue Culture
Protease-Inhibitor
Maslinic-acid found in Inflorescence
Ursolic-acid found in Inflorescence ;found in Plant
Protein-Kinase-C-Inhibitor
Apigenin found in Flower ;found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Luteolin found in Fruit ;found in Tissue Culture
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Inflorescence ;found in Plant ;found in Leaf (20 ppm)
Protisticide
Kaempferol found in Flower ;found in Inflorescence ;found in Leaf
Rutin found in Flower ;found in Leaf ;found in Inflorescence
Ursolic-acid found in Inflorescence ;found in Plant
Pyrogenic
Adenosine found in Plant
Quinone-Reductase-Inducer
Apigenin found in Flower ;found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Kaempferol found in Flower ;found in Inflorescence ;found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Inflorescence ;found in Plant ;found in Leaf (20 ppm)
Spiraeoside found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Ursolic-acid found in Inflorescence ;found in Plant
Radioprotective
Apigenin found in Flower ;found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Rutin found in Flower ;found in Leaf ;found in Inflorescence
Vicenin-2 found in Flower ;found in Leaf (3 ppm)
Respirastimulant
Adenosine found in Plant
Reverse-Transcriptase-Inhibitor
(-)-epicatechin found in Plant
Secretomotor
Adenosine found in Plant
Sedative
Adenosine found in Plant
Apigenin found in Flower ;found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Oleanolic-acid found in Inflorescence ;found in Plant
Sialogogue
Acetyl-choline found in Plant
Sodium-Sparing
Ursolic-acid found in Inflorescence ;found in Plant
Spasmogenic
Acetyl-choline found in Plant
Succinoxidase-Inhibitor
Luteolin found in Fruit ;found in Tissue Culture
Sunscreen
Aesculin found in Inflorescence
Apigenin found in Flower ;found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant
Opc found in Shoot (30000 ppm)
Rutin found in Flower ;found in Leaf ;found in Inflorescence
Sweetener
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant
Sympathomimetic
Tyramine found in Plant
TNF-alpha-Inhibitor
Apigenin found in Flower ;found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Isoquercitrin found in Leaf
Kaempferol found in Flower ;found in Inflorescence ;found in Leaf
Luteolin found in Fruit ;found in Tissue Culture
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Inflorescence ;found in Plant ;found in Leaf (20 ppm)
TOPO-2-Inhibitor
Ursolic-acid found in Inflorescence ;found in Plant
Teratologic
Kaempferol found in Flower ;found in Inflorescence ;found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Inflorescence ;found in Plant ;found in Leaf (20 ppm)
Thyroid-Peroxidase-Inhibitor
Vitexin found in Flower ;found in Fruit ;found in Inflorescence ;found in Plant ;found in Leaf
Tissue-Thromboplastin-Inhibitor
Hyperoside found in Flower ;found in Leaf (2000 ppm);found in Shoot ;found in Plant (10000 ppm);found in Inflorescence
Topoisomerase-I-Inhibitor
Apigenin found in Flower ;found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Kaempferol found in Flower ;found in Inflorescence ;found in Leaf
Luteolin found in Fruit ;found in Tissue Culture
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Inflorescence ;found in Plant ;found in Leaf (20 ppm)
Topoisomerase-II-Inhibitor
Apigenin found in Flower ;found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Isoquercitrin found in Leaf
Kaempferol found in Flower ;found in Inflorescence ;found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Inflorescence ;found in Plant ;found in Leaf (20 ppm)
Rutin found in Flower ;found in Leaf ;found in Inflorescence
Toxic
Aesculin found in Inflorescence
Trypanocide
Ursolic-acid found in Inflorescence ;found in Plant
Tumorigenic
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Inflorescence ;found in Plant ;found in Leaf (20 ppm)
Tyrosinase-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Flower ;found in Inflorescence ;found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Inflorescence ;found in Plant ;found in Leaf (20 ppm)
Tyrosine-Kinase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Inflorescence ;found in Plant ;found in Leaf (20 ppm)
Uterotonic
Oleanolic-acid found in Inflorescence ;found in Plant
Uterotrophic
Apigenin found in Flower ;found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Kaempferol found in Flower ;found in Inflorescence ;found in Leaf
VEGF-Inhibitor
Apigenin found in Flower ;found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Luteolin found in Fruit ;found in Tissue Culture
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Inflorescence ;found in Plant ;found in Leaf (20 ppm)
Vasodilator
(-)-epicatechin found in Plant
Acetyl-choline found in Plant
Adenine found in Plant
Adenosine found in Plant
Apigenin found in Flower ;found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Kaempferol found in Flower ;found in Inflorescence ;found in Leaf
Luteolin found in Fruit ;found in Tissue Culture
Proanthocyanidins found in Plant
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Inflorescence ;found in Plant ;found in Leaf (20 ppm)
Rutin found in Flower ;found in Leaf ;found in Inflorescence
Vasopressor
Oleanolic-acid found in Inflorescence ;found in Plant
Rutin found in Flower ;found in Leaf ;found in Inflorescence
Tyramine found in Plant
Ursolic-acid found in Inflorescence ;found in Plant
Vasoprotective
Aesculin found in Inflorescence
Vasorelaxant
Proanthocyanidins found in Plant
Vulnerary
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant
Procyanidin-b-4 found in Leaf ;found in Pericarp
cAMP-Inhibitor
Hyperoside found in Flower ;found in Leaf (2000 ppm);found in Shoot ;found in Plant (10000 ppm);found in Inflorescence
iNOS-Inhibitor
Apigenin found in Flower ;found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Kaempferol found in Flower ;found in Inflorescence ;found in Leaf
Luteolin found in Fruit ;found in Tissue Culture
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Inflorescence ;found in Plant ;found in Leaf (20 ppm)

Search

Chemicals detected

Chemical Plant part Low ppm High ppm
(+)-catechin Plant
(-)-epicatechin Plant
2''-o-rhamnoside-isoorientin Leaf
2''-o-rhamnoside-isovitexin Leaf
2''-o-rhamnosyl-isoorientin Flower
2''-o-rhamnosyl-isovitexin Flower
2''-o-rhamnosyl-orientin Flower
2''-o-rhamnosyl-vitexin Flower
2-alpha-hydroxy-oleanolic-acid Plant
2-phenylchromone Flower
4'-acetyl-2-rhamnoside Plant 5,000
Acantolic-acid Plant
Acetyl-choline Plant
Adenine Plant
Adenosine Plant
Aesculin Inflorescence
Aminopurine Inflorescence
Apigenin Flower
Fruit
Leaf
Aps-sulfotransferase Leaf
Beta-phenylethylamine Plant
Caffeic-acid Plant
Chlorogenic-acid Plant
Choline Plant
Crataegolic-acid Plant
Dimethyl-amine Inflorescence
Plant
Docosan-1-ol Shoot
Eicosan-1-ol Shoot
Ethanolamine Inflorescence
Plant
Ethyl-amine Inflorescence
Plant
Flavonoids Inflorescence 30,500
Shoot 10,000 20,000
Glogoside Inflorescence
Guanine Plant
Heptacosan-1-ol Shoot
Hexacosan-1-ol Shoot
Hyperoside Flower
Leaf 2,000
Shoot
Plant 10,000
Inflorescence
Isoamyl-amine Inflorescence
Plant
Isobutyl-amine Plant
Isoorientin Leaf
Isoquercitrin Leaf
Isoschaftoside Flower
Leaf 10
Isovitexin Inflorescence
Leaf
Kaempferol Flower
Inflorescence
Leaf
Kaempferol=3=neohesperidoside Flower 1,800
Luteolin Fruit
Tissue Culture
Maslinic-acid Inflorescence
N-1-n-5-n-10-tri-trans-4-coumaroyl-spermidine Flower
Neoisoschaftoside Leaf
Neoschaftoside Flower
Leaf
Leaf 0.5
Neotegolic-acid Plant
Nonacosan-1-ol Shoot
Nonadecan-1-ol Shoot
O-methoxy-phenylethylamine Plant
Octacosan-1-ol Shoot
Octadecan-1-ol Shoot
Oleanolic-acid Inflorescence
Plant
Opc Shoot 10,000 30,000
Orientin Inflorescence
Leaf
Orientin-2''-o-rhamnoside Leaf
Orientin-glycosides Fruit
Orientin-rhamnoside Inflorescence
Pentacosan-1-ol Shoot
Proanthocyanidin-b2 Flower
Proanthocyanidins Plant
Procyanidin Leaf
Procyanidin-b-1 Leaf
Pericarp
Procyanidin-b-2 Leaf
Pericarp
Procyanidin-b-4 Leaf
Pericarp
Procyanidin-b-5 Leaf
Pericarp
Procyanidin-c-1 Leaf
Pericarp
Procyanidin-d-1 Leaf
Pericarp
Procyanidin-e Leaf
Pericarp
Procyanidin-g Leaf
Pericarp
Pycnogenol Shoot 10,000 30,000
Quercetin Flower
Inflorescence
Plant
Leaf 20
Quercetin-3-o-rhamnogalactoside Leaf
Quercetin-3-rhamnogalactoside Plant
Rhamnosylorientin Inflorescence
Rhamnosylvitexin Inflorescence
Rutin Flower
Leaf
Inflorescence
Saponaretin-rhamnoside Inflorescence
Saponins Fruit
Schaftoside Flower
Leaf 9
Sexangularetin Flower
Sexangularetin-3-o-beta-d-glucoside Flower 16,000
Sexularetin Flower
Spiraeoside Flower
Leaf
Tannins Flower
Tetracosan-1-ol Shoot
Triacontan-1-ol Shoot
Tricosan-1-ol Shoot
Trimethylamine Plant
Tyramine Plant
Uric-acid Plant
Ursolic-acid Inflorescence
Plant
Vicenin-1 Flower
Leaf 3
Vicenin-2 Flower
Leaf 3
Vicenin-3 Flower
Leaf 3
Vitexin Flower
Fruit
Inflorescence
Plant
Leaf
Vitexin-2"-o-rhamnoside Inflorescence
Leaf
Vitexin-2"-rhamnoside Flower
Leaf
Plant 5,000
Vitexin-2'-beta-rhamnoside Flower
Vitexin-4',7-di-d-glucoside Plant
Vitexin-4',l-rhamno-d-glucoside Plant
Vitexin-4'-l-rhamnoside Plant
Vitexin-8-c-alpha-l-rhamnosyl-acetyl-l-beta-d-glucoside Inflorescence
Vitexin-8-c-alpha-l-rhamnosyl-beta-d-glucoside Inflorescence
Vitexin-rhamnoside Inflorescence
Leaf
Reference: Dr. Duke's Phytochemical and Ethnobotanical Databases. [Online Database]