Crataegus laevigata Health effects and herbal facts

Known as
English hawthorn midland hawthorn whitethorn woodland hawthorn

Crataegus laevigata, known as the midland hawthorn, English hawthorn, woodland hawthorn or mayflower, is a species of hawthorn native to western and central Europe, from Great Britain and Spain east to the Czech Republic and Hungary. It's also present in North Africa. The species name is sometimes spelled C. levigata, but the original orthography is C. lævigata. It is a large shrub or small tree growing to 8 m tall, with a dense crown. The leaves are 2–6 cm long and 2–5 cm broad, with 2–3 shallow, forward-pointing lobes on each side of the leaf. The hermaphrodite flowers are produced in corymbs of 6–12, each flower with five white or pale pink petals and two or three styles, and are pollinated by midges. The fruit is a dark red pome 6–10 mm diameter, slightly broader than long, containing 2–3 nutlets. It is distinguished from the related common hawthorn, C. monogyna, in the leaves being only shallowly lobed, with forward-pointing lobes, and in the flowers having more than one style. However hybrids occur frequently.

Crataegus laevigata

Economic importance of Crataegus laevigata

Environmental ornamental
Medicines folklore

Gallery

Crataegus laevigata Crataegus laevigata Crataegus laevigata Crataegus laevigata Crataegus laevigata Crataegus laevigata Crataegus laevigata Crataegus laevigata Crataegus laevigata Crataegus laevigata Crataegus laevigata Crataegus laevigata

Geografical distribution

  • AFRICA
    Cultivated
    • Northern Africa: Libya
  • EUROPE
    Native
    • Northern Europe: Denmark; Ireland; Sweden; United Kingdom
    • Middle Europe: Austria; Belgium; Czech Republic; Germany; Hungary; Luxembourg; Netherlands; Poland; Slovakia; Switzerland
    • East Europe: Latvia ; Lithuania ; Ukraine
    • Southeastern Europe: Croatia; Italy; Romania ; Slovenia
    • Southwestern Europe: France
    Adventive
    • Northern Europe: Norway

Biological activities

11B-HSD-Inhibitor
Apigenin found in Bud ;found in Leaf ;found in Fruit
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Plant ;found in Shoot
5-Alpha-Reductase-Inhibitor
Linoleic-acid found in Fruit
Palmitic-acid found in Bark ;found in Fruit
Stearic-acid found in Bark
5-HT-Inhibitor
Rutin found in Bud ;found in Plant ;found in Leaf ;found in Flower
5-Lipoxygenase-Inhibitor
(-)-epicatechin found in Bud ;found in Fruit ;found in Leaf ;found in Flower ;found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Plant ;found in Shoot
AP-1-Inhibitor
Selenium found in Fruit (2 ppm);found in Fruit (2 ppm)
ATPase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Abortifacient
Oleanolic-acid found in Plant
Absorbent
Starch found in Fruit (180000 ppm);found in Fruit (180000 ppm)
Acaricide
Oxalic-acid found in Bark ;found in Fruit
Acetylcholinergic
Glucose found in Fruit
Acidifier
Tartaric-acid found in Bark ;found in Fruit
Acidulant
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (85 ppm);found in Leaf (1800 ppm);found in Fruit (85 ppm)
Additive
Tartaric-acid found in Bark ;found in Fruit
Adrenergic
Dopamine found in Shoot
Epinephrine found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Tyramine found in Flower ;found in Plant ;found in Fruit
Aggregant
Sucrose found in Bark
Aldehyde-Oxidase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Rutin found in Bud ;found in Plant ;found in Leaf ;found in Flower
Aldose-Reductase-Inhibitor
Aesculin found in Fruit ;found in Shoot
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (85 ppm);found in Leaf (1800 ppm);found in Fruit (85 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Bud ;found in Shoot ;found in Plant ;found in Leaf ;found in Flower
Chlorogenic-acid found in Bud ;found in Flower ;found in Fruit ;found in Plant ;found in Shoot ;found in Leaf ;found in Bark
Cynaroside found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Hyperoside found in Bark ;found in Branches ;found in Shoot ;found in Plant (10000 ppm);found in Leaf ;found in Fruit ;found in Flower
Luteolin found in Bud ;found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Quercitrin found in Leaf
Rutin found in Bud ;found in Plant ;found in Leaf ;found in Flower
Spiraeoside found in Leaf
Vitexin found in Bark ;found in Flower ;found in Branches ;found in Shoot ;found in Plant ;found in Leaf ;found in Fruit
Allelochemic
(-)-epicatechin found in Bud ;found in Fruit ;found in Leaf ;found in Flower ;found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Catechin found in Fruit
Chlorogenic-acid found in Bud ;found in Flower ;found in Fruit ;found in Plant ;found in Shoot ;found in Leaf ;found in Bark
Epicatechin found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Rutin found in Bud ;found in Plant ;found in Leaf ;found in Flower
Allergenic
5-hydroxytryptamine found in Shoot
Acetyl-choline found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (5 ppm);found in Fruit (5.4 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Bud ;found in Shoot ;found in Plant ;found in Leaf ;found in Flower
Chlorogenic-acid found in Bud ;found in Flower ;found in Fruit ;found in Plant ;found in Shoot ;found in Leaf ;found in Bark
Citric-acid found in Fruit
Niacin found in Fruit ;found in Fruit
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Alpha-Amylase-Inhibitor
Citric-acid found in Fruit
Anabolic
Epicatechin found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Analgesic
Adenosine found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Aesculin found in Fruit ;found in Shoot
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (85 ppm);found in Leaf (1800 ppm);found in Fruit (85 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Bud ;found in Shoot ;found in Plant ;found in Leaf ;found in Flower
Chlorogenic-acid found in Bud ;found in Flower ;found in Fruit ;found in Plant ;found in Shoot ;found in Leaf ;found in Bark
Esculin found in Bark
Hyperoside found in Bark ;found in Branches ;found in Shoot ;found in Plant (10000 ppm);found in Leaf ;found in Fruit ;found in Flower
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Selenium found in Fruit (2 ppm);found in Fruit (2 ppm)
Thiamin found in Fruit
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Zinc found in Flower ;found in Fruit ;found in Fruit
Androgenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Flower (7800 ppm);found in Leaf (6200 ppm)
Angiogenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Flower (7800 ppm);found in Leaf (6200 ppm)
Angiotensin-Receptor-Blocker
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (85 ppm);found in Leaf (1800 ppm);found in Fruit (85 ppm)
Fiber found in Fruit (108000 ppm)
Potassium found in Fruit (11000 ppm);found in Fruit (11000 ppm)
Anorexic
Beta-sitosterol found in Flower (7800 ppm);found in Leaf (6200 ppm)
Selenium found in Fruit (2 ppm);found in Fruit (2 ppm)
AntiADD
Apigenin found in Bud ;found in Leaf ;found in Fruit
AntiAGE
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (85 ppm);found in Leaf (1800 ppm);found in Fruit (85 ppm)
Chromium found in Fruit (1.7 ppm);found in Fruit (1.7 ppm)
AntiBPH
Zinc found in Flower ;found in Fruit ;found in Fruit
AntiCFS
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (85 ppm);found in Leaf (1800 ppm);found in Fruit (85 ppm)
Chromium found in Fruit (1.7 ppm);found in Fruit (1.7 ppm)
Magnesium found in Fruit (940 ppm);found in Fruit (940 ppm)
AntiCTS
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (85 ppm);found in Leaf (1800 ppm);found in Fruit (85 ppm)
AntiCVI
Proanthocyanidins found in Plant
Rutin found in Bud ;found in Plant ;found in Leaf ;found in Flower
AntiCVS
Aesculin found in Fruit ;found in Shoot
Esculin found in Bark
AntiEBV
(-)-epicatechin found in Bud ;found in Fruit ;found in Leaf ;found in Flower ;found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Chlorogenic-acid found in Bud ;found in Flower ;found in Fruit ;found in Plant ;found in Shoot ;found in Leaf ;found in Bark
Epicatechin found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Lupeol found in Bark
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Plant ;found in Shoot
AntiGTF
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Plant ;found in Shoot
AntiLegionella
Caffeic-acid found in Bud ;found in Shoot ;found in Plant ;found in Leaf ;found in Flower
Chlorogenic-acid found in Bud ;found in Flower ;found in Fruit ;found in Plant ;found in Shoot ;found in Leaf ;found in Bark
AntiLyme
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (85 ppm);found in Leaf (1800 ppm);found in Fruit (85 ppm)
Magnesium found in Fruit (940 ppm);found in Fruit (940 ppm)
Niacin found in Fruit ;found in Fruit
Riboflavin found in Fruit ;found in Fruit
Thiamin found in Fruit
AntiMS
Linoleic-acid found in Fruit
Magnesium found in Fruit (940 ppm);found in Fruit (940 ppm)
AntiNF-kB
Selenium found in Fruit (2 ppm);found in Fruit (2 ppm)
AntiPGE2
Oleanolic-acid found in Plant
AntiPMS
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (5 ppm);found in Fruit (5.4 ppm)
Calcium found in Fruit (5570 ppm);found in Fruit (5570 ppm)
Magnesium found in Fruit (940 ppm);found in Fruit (940 ppm)
Manganese found in Flower ;found in Fruit (1.4 ppm);found in Fruit (1.4 ppm)
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Plant ;found in Shoot
AntiTGF-beta
Oleanolic-acid found in Plant
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Antiacne
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (5 ppm);found in Fruit (5.4 ppm)
Chromium found in Fruit (1.7 ppm);found in Fruit (1.7 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Fruit
Selenium found in Fruit (2 ppm);found in Fruit (2 ppm)
Tin found in Fruit (13 ppm);found in Fruit (13 ppm)
Zinc found in Flower ;found in Fruit ;found in Fruit
Antiacrocyanotic
Aesculin found in Fruit ;found in Shoot
Antiacrodermatitic
Zinc found in Flower ;found in Fruit ;found in Fruit
Antiacrodynic
Niacin found in Fruit ;found in Fruit
Antiadenomic
Beta-sitosterol found in Flower (7800 ppm);found in Leaf (6200 ppm)
Antiadenoviral
Caffeic-acid found in Bud ;found in Shoot ;found in Plant ;found in Leaf ;found in Flower
Antiaflatoxin
Apigenin found in Bud ;found in Leaf ;found in Fruit
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Antiaging
Aesculin found in Fruit ;found in Shoot
Apigenin found in Bud ;found in Leaf ;found in Fruit
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (85 ppm);found in Leaf (1800 ppm);found in Fruit (85 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (5 ppm);found in Fruit (5.4 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Bud ;found in Shoot ;found in Plant ;found in Leaf ;found in Flower
Chromium found in Fruit (1.7 ppm);found in Fruit (1.7 ppm)
Esculin found in Bark
Hyperoside found in Bark ;found in Branches ;found in Shoot ;found in Plant (10000 ppm);found in Leaf ;found in Fruit ;found in Flower
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Antiakathisic
Iron found in Fruit ;found in Fruit
Antialcoholic
Catechin found in Fruit
Magnesium found in Fruit (940 ppm);found in Fruit (940 ppm)
Manganese found in Flower ;found in Fruit (1.4 ppm);found in Fruit (1.4 ppm)
Thiamin found in Fruit
Zinc found in Flower ;found in Fruit ;found in Fruit
Antiallergic
Apigenin found in Bud ;found in Leaf ;found in Fruit
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (85 ppm);found in Leaf (1800 ppm);found in Fruit (85 ppm)
Calcium found in Fruit (5570 ppm);found in Fruit (5570 ppm)
Epinephrine found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Luteolin found in Bud ;found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Niacin found in Fruit ;found in Fruit
Oleanolic-acid found in Plant
Opc found in Shoot (30000 ppm)
Procyanidin found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Rutin found in Bud ;found in Plant ;found in Leaf ;found in Flower
Antialopecic
Aesculin found in Fruit ;found in Shoot
Esculin found in Bark
Linoleic-acid found in Fruit
Palmitic-acid found in Bark ;found in Fruit
Proanthocyanidins found in Plant
Zinc found in Flower ;found in Fruit ;found in Fruit
Antialzheimeran
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (85 ppm);found in Leaf (1800 ppm);found in Fruit (85 ppm)
Choline found in Fruit ;found in Plant ;found in Leaf
Niacin found in Fruit ;found in Fruit
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Thiamin found in Fruit
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Zinc found in Flower ;found in Fruit ;found in Fruit
Antiamblyopic
Acetyl-choline found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Niacin found in Fruit ;found in Fruit
Antianaphylactic
(-)-epicatechin found in Bud ;found in Fruit ;found in Leaf ;found in Flower ;found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Epicatechin found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Linoleic-acid found in Fruit
Opc found in Shoot (30000 ppm)
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Antiandrogenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Flower (7800 ppm);found in Leaf (6200 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Fruit
Palmitic-acid found in Bark ;found in Fruit
Antianemic
Adenine found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Copper found in Flower ;found in Fruit
Iron found in Fruit ;found in Fruit
Manganese found in Flower ;found in Fruit (1.4 ppm);found in Fruit (1.4 ppm)
Antianginal
Magnesium found in Fruit (940 ppm);found in Fruit (940 ppm)
Niacin found in Fruit ;found in Fruit
Antiangiogenic
Apigenin found in Bud ;found in Leaf ;found in Fruit
Lupeol found in Bark
Luteolin found in Bud ;found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Selenium found in Fruit (2 ppm);found in Fruit (2 ppm)
Zinc found in Flower ;found in Fruit ;found in Fruit
Antianorectic
Magnesium found in Fruit (940 ppm);found in Fruit (940 ppm)
Thiamin found in Fruit
Antianorexic
Zinc found in Flower ;found in Fruit ;found in Fruit
Antianxiety
Calcium found in Fruit (5570 ppm);found in Fruit (5570 ppm)
Magnesium found in Fruit (940 ppm);found in Fruit (940 ppm)
Antiaphthic
Citric-acid found in Fruit
Antiapoplectic
Rutin found in Bud ;found in Plant ;found in Leaf ;found in Flower
Antiarabiflavinotic
Riboflavin found in Fruit ;found in Fruit
Antiarrhythmic
Adenosine found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Apigenin found in Bud ;found in Leaf ;found in Fruit
Calcium found in Fruit (5570 ppm);found in Fruit (5570 ppm)
Magnesium found in Fruit (940 ppm);found in Fruit (940 ppm)
Oleanolic-acid found in Plant
Potassium found in Fruit (11000 ppm);found in Fruit (11000 ppm)
Quercitrin found in Leaf
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Vitexin found in Bark ;found in Flower ;found in Branches ;found in Shoot ;found in Plant ;found in Leaf ;found in Fruit
Antiarteriosclerotic
Linoleic-acid found in Fruit
Silicon found in Fruit ;found in Fruit
Antiarthritic
Aesculin found in Fruit ;found in Shoot
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (85 ppm);found in Leaf (1800 ppm);found in Fruit (85 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (5 ppm);found in Fruit (5.4 ppm)
Calcium found in Fruit (5570 ppm);found in Fruit (5570 ppm)
Catechin found in Fruit
Copper found in Flower ;found in Fruit
Esculin found in Bark
Linoleic-acid found in Fruit
Magnesium found in Fruit (940 ppm);found in Fruit (940 ppm)
Manganese found in Flower ;found in Fruit (1.4 ppm);found in Fruit (1.4 ppm)
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Selenium found in Fruit (2 ppm);found in Fruit (2 ppm)
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Zinc found in Flower ;found in Fruit ;found in Fruit
Antiasthmatic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (85 ppm);found in Leaf (1800 ppm);found in Fruit (85 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (5 ppm);found in Fruit (5.4 ppm)
Magnesium found in Fruit (940 ppm);found in Fruit (940 ppm)
Opc found in Shoot (30000 ppm)
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Selenium found in Fruit (2 ppm);found in Fruit (2 ppm)
Antiatherogenic
Caffeic-acid found in Bud ;found in Shoot ;found in Plant ;found in Leaf ;found in Flower
Luteolin found in Bud ;found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Opc found in Shoot (30000 ppm)
Rutin found in Bud ;found in Plant ;found in Leaf ;found in Flower
Antiatheromic
Pectin found in Leaf
Antiatherosclerotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (85 ppm);found in Leaf (1800 ppm);found in Fruit (85 ppm)
Calcium found in Fruit (5570 ppm);found in Fruit (5570 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Bud ;found in Flower ;found in Fruit ;found in Plant ;found in Shoot ;found in Leaf ;found in Bark
Chromium found in Fruit (1.7 ppm);found in Fruit (1.7 ppm)
Citric-acid found in Fruit
Magnesium found in Fruit (940 ppm);found in Fruit (940 ppm)
Oleanolic-acid found in Plant
Proanthocyanidins found in Plant
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Rutin found in Bud ;found in Plant ;found in Leaf ;found in Flower
Selenium found in Fruit (2 ppm);found in Fruit (2 ppm)
Antibackache
Thiamin found in Fruit
Antibacterial
(-)-epicatechin found in Bud ;found in Fruit ;found in Leaf ;found in Flower ;found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Apigenin found in Bud ;found in Leaf ;found in Fruit
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (85 ppm);found in Leaf (1800 ppm);found in Fruit (85 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Flower (7800 ppm);found in Leaf (6200 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Bud ;found in Shoot ;found in Plant ;found in Leaf ;found in Flower
Catechin found in Fruit
Chlorogenic-acid found in Bud ;found in Flower ;found in Fruit ;found in Plant ;found in Shoot ;found in Leaf ;found in Bark
Citric-acid found in Fruit
Epicatechin found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Hyperoside found in Bark ;found in Branches ;found in Shoot ;found in Plant (10000 ppm);found in Leaf ;found in Fruit ;found in Flower
Lauric-acid found in Fruit
Luteolin found in Bud ;found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Oleanolic-acid found in Plant
Opc found in Shoot (30000 ppm)
Pectin found in Leaf
Proanthocyanidins found in Plant
Procyanidin found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Quercitrin found in Leaf
Rutin found in Bud ;found in Plant ;found in Leaf ;found in Flower
Tin found in Fruit (13 ppm);found in Fruit (13 ppm)
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Antiberiberi
Thiamin found in Fruit
Antibiotic
Opc found in Shoot (30000 ppm)
Procyanidin found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Antibradiquinic
Vitexin found in Bark ;found in Flower ;found in Branches ;found in Shoot ;found in Plant ;found in Leaf ;found in Fruit
Anticalculic
Citric-acid found in Fruit
Anticancer
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (5 ppm);found in Fruit (5.4 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Bud ;found in Shoot ;found in Plant ;found in Leaf ;found in Flower
Hyperoside found in Bark ;found in Branches ;found in Shoot ;found in Plant (10000 ppm);found in Leaf ;found in Fruit ;found in Flower
Rutin found in Bud ;found in Plant ;found in Leaf ;found in Flower
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Anticanker
Iron found in Fruit ;found in Fruit
Thiamin found in Fruit
Zinc found in Flower ;found in Fruit ;found in Fruit
Anticapillary-Fragility
Aesculin found in Fruit ;found in Shoot
Esculin found in Bark
Hyperoside found in Bark ;found in Branches ;found in Shoot ;found in Plant (10000 ppm);found in Leaf ;found in Fruit ;found in Flower
Rutin found in Bud ;found in Plant ;found in Leaf ;found in Flower
Anticarcinogenic
Caffeic-acid found in Bud ;found in Shoot ;found in Plant ;found in Leaf ;found in Flower
Chlorogenic-acid found in Bud ;found in Flower ;found in Fruit ;found in Plant ;found in Shoot ;found in Leaf ;found in Bark
Luteolin found in Bud ;found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Anticarcinomic
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (5 ppm);found in Fruit (5.4 ppm)
Luteolin found in Bud ;found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Oleanolic-acid found in Plant
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Anticardiospasmic
Thiamin found in Fruit
Anticariogenic
Catechin found in Fruit
Oleanolic-acid found in Plant
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Anticarpal-Tunnel
Riboflavin found in Fruit ;found in Fruit
Anticataract
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (85 ppm);found in Leaf (1800 ppm);found in Fruit (85 ppm)
Luteolin found in Bud ;found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Niacin found in Fruit ;found in Fruit
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Quercitrin found in Leaf
Riboflavin found in Fruit ;found in Fruit
Rutin found in Bud ;found in Plant ;found in Leaf ;found in Flower
Selenium found in Fruit (2 ppm);found in Fruit (2 ppm)
Thiamin found in Fruit
Zinc found in Flower ;found in Fruit ;found in Fruit
Anticellulitic
Aesculin found in Fruit ;found in Shoot
Esculin found in Bark
Anticephalagic
Magnesium found in Fruit (940 ppm);found in Fruit (940 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Fruit ;found in Fruit
Anticervicaldysplasic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (85 ppm);found in Leaf (1800 ppm);found in Fruit (85 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (5 ppm);found in Fruit (5.4 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Fruit ;found in Fruit
Anticheilitic
Iron found in Fruit ;found in Fruit
Riboflavin found in Fruit ;found in Fruit
Antichilblain
Niacin found in Fruit ;found in Fruit
Anticholestatic
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Antichoreic
Choline found in Fruit ;found in Plant ;found in Leaf
Anticirrhotic
Choline found in Fruit ;found in Plant ;found in Leaf
Selenium found in Fruit (2 ppm);found in Fruit (2 ppm)
Anticlastogen
Rutin found in Bud ;found in Plant ;found in Leaf ;found in Flower
Anticlimacteric
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (85 ppm);found in Leaf (1800 ppm);found in Fruit (85 ppm)
Calcium found in Fruit (5570 ppm);found in Fruit (5570 ppm)
Magnesium found in Fruit (940 ppm);found in Fruit (940 ppm)
Selenium found in Fruit (2 ppm);found in Fruit (2 ppm)
Anticoeliac
Zinc found in Flower ;found in Fruit ;found in Fruit
Anticold
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (85 ppm);found in Leaf (1800 ppm);found in Fruit (85 ppm)
Zinc found in Flower ;found in Fruit ;found in Fruit
Anticolitic
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Thiamin found in Fruit
Zinc found in Flower ;found in Fruit ;found in Fruit
Anticomplement
Oleanolic-acid found in Plant
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Anticonvulsant
Magnesium found in Fruit (940 ppm);found in Fruit (940 ppm)
Niacin found in Fruit ;found in Fruit
Rutin found in Bud ;found in Plant ;found in Leaf ;found in Flower
Anticorneotic
Chromium found in Fruit (1.7 ppm);found in Fruit (1.7 ppm)
Anticoronary
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (5 ppm);found in Fruit (5.4 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Fruit
Magnesium found in Fruit (940 ppm);found in Fruit (940 ppm)
Selenium found in Fruit (2 ppm);found in Fruit (2 ppm)
Zinc found in Flower ;found in Fruit ;found in Fruit
Anticystinuric
Choline found in Fruit ;found in Plant ;found in Leaf
Anticystitic
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Antidandruff
Selenium found in Fruit (2 ppm);found in Fruit (2 ppm)
Zinc found in Flower ;found in Fruit ;found in Fruit
Antidecubitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (85 ppm);found in Leaf (1800 ppm);found in Fruit (85 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Fruit ;found in Fruit
Thiamin found in Fruit
Antideliriant
Thiamin found in Fruit
Antidementia
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (85 ppm);found in Leaf (1800 ppm);found in Fruit (85 ppm)
Choline found in Fruit ;found in Plant ;found in Leaf
Niacin found in Fruit ;found in Fruit
Rutin found in Bud ;found in Plant ;found in Leaf ;found in Flower
Thiamin found in Fruit
Zinc found in Flower ;found in Fruit ;found in Fruit
Antidepressant
5-hydroxytryptamine found in Shoot
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (85 ppm);found in Leaf (1800 ppm);found in Fruit (85 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Bud ;found in Shoot ;found in Plant ;found in Leaf ;found in Flower
Calcium found in Fruit (5570 ppm);found in Fruit (5570 ppm)
Magnesium found in Fruit (940 ppm);found in Fruit (940 ppm)
Potassium found in Fruit (11000 ppm);found in Fruit (11000 ppm)
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Selenium found in Fruit (2 ppm);found in Fruit (2 ppm)
Antidermatic
Luteolin found in Bud ;found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Antidermatitic
Aesculin found in Fruit ;found in Shoot
Apigenin found in Bud ;found in Leaf ;found in Fruit
Esculin found in Bark
Hyperoside found in Bark ;found in Branches ;found in Shoot ;found in Plant (10000 ppm);found in Leaf ;found in Fruit ;found in Flower
Niacin found in Fruit ;found in Fruit
Procyanidin-b-4 found in Flower
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Rutin found in Bud ;found in Plant ;found in Leaf ;found in Flower
Vitexin found in Bark ;found in Flower ;found in Branches ;found in Shoot ;found in Plant ;found in Leaf ;found in Fruit
Antidiabetic
(-)-epicatechin found in Bud ;found in Fruit ;found in Leaf ;found in Flower ;found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (85 ppm);found in Leaf (1800 ppm);found in Fruit (85 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Bud ;found in Flower ;found in Fruit ;found in Plant ;found in Shoot ;found in Leaf ;found in Bark
Choline found in Fruit ;found in Plant ;found in Leaf
Chromium found in Fruit (1.7 ppm);found in Fruit (1.7 ppm)
Copper found in Flower ;found in Fruit
Epicatechin found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Fiber found in Fruit (108000 ppm)
Magnesium found in Fruit (940 ppm);found in Fruit (940 ppm)
Manganese found in Flower ;found in Fruit (1.4 ppm);found in Fruit (1.4 ppm)
Niacin found in Fruit ;found in Fruit
Pectin found in Leaf
Proanthocyanidins found in Plant
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Rutin found in Bud ;found in Plant ;found in Leaf ;found in Flower
Sorbitol found in Leaf
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Zinc found in Flower ;found in Fruit ;found in Fruit
Antidiarrheic
Pectin found in Leaf
Antidiscotic
Manganese found in Flower ;found in Fruit (1.4 ppm);found in Fruit (1.4 ppm)
Antidiuretic
Acetyl-choline found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Adenosine found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Antidysgeuzic
Zinc found in Flower ;found in Fruit ;found in Fruit
Antidyskinetic
Choline found in Fruit ;found in Plant ;found in Leaf
Manganese found in Flower ;found in Fruit (1.4 ppm);found in Fruit (1.4 ppm)
Antidysmenorrheic
Magnesium found in Fruit (940 ppm);found in Fruit (940 ppm)
Antidyspeptic
Thiamin found in Fruit
Antidysphagic
Niacin found in Fruit ;found in Fruit
Antieczemic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (85 ppm);found in Leaf (1800 ppm);found in Fruit (85 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Fruit
Zinc found in Flower ;found in Fruit ;found in Fruit
Antiedemic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (85 ppm);found in Leaf (1800 ppm);found in Fruit (85 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Flower (7800 ppm);found in Leaf (6200 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Bud ;found in Shoot ;found in Plant ;found in Leaf ;found in Flower
Catechin found in Fruit
Glucose found in Fruit
Lupeol found in Bark
Maslinic-acid found in Shoot
Oleanolic-acid found in Plant
Opc found in Shoot (30000 ppm)
Proanthocyanidins found in Plant
Procyanidin found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Quercitrin found in Leaf
Rutin found in Bud ;found in Plant ;found in Leaf ;found in Flower
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Antielastase
Caffeic-acid found in Bud ;found in Shoot ;found in Plant ;found in Leaf ;found in Flower
Hyperoside found in Bark ;found in Branches ;found in Shoot ;found in Plant (10000 ppm);found in Leaf ;found in Fruit ;found in Flower
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Antiencephalitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (85 ppm);found in Leaf (1800 ppm);found in Fruit (85 ppm)
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Antiencephalopathic
Thiamin found in Fruit
Zinc found in Flower ;found in Fruit ;found in Fruit
Antiendometriotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (85 ppm);found in Leaf (1800 ppm);found in Fruit (85 ppm)
Magnesium found in Fruit (940 ppm);found in Fruit (940 ppm)
Antiendotoxic
Adenosine found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Catechin found in Fruit
Antienteritic
Pectin found in Leaf
Antienterotic
Magnesium found in Fruit (940 ppm);found in Fruit (940 ppm)
Antiepileptic
Magnesium found in Fruit (940 ppm);found in Fruit (940 ppm)
Manganese found in Flower ;found in Fruit (1.4 ppm);found in Fruit (1.4 ppm)
Niacin found in Fruit ;found in Fruit
Zinc found in Flower ;found in Fruit ;found in Fruit
Antierythemic
Aesculin found in Fruit ;found in Shoot
Esculin found in Bark
Opc found in Shoot (30000 ppm)
Rutin found in Bud ;found in Plant ;found in Leaf ;found in Flower
Antiescherichic
Caffeic-acid found in Bud ;found in Shoot ;found in Plant ;found in Leaf ;found in Flower
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Antiestrogenic
Apigenin found in Bud ;found in Leaf ;found in Fruit
Beta-sitosterol found in Flower (7800 ppm);found in Leaf (6200 ppm)
Luteolin found in Bud ;found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Antiexudative
Opc found in Shoot (30000 ppm)
Procyanidin found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Antifatigue
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (85 ppm);found in Leaf (1800 ppm);found in Fruit (85 ppm)
Chromium found in Fruit (1.7 ppm);found in Fruit (1.7 ppm)
Copper found in Flower ;found in Fruit
Magnesium found in Fruit (940 ppm);found in Fruit (940 ppm)
Potassium found in Fruit (11000 ppm);found in Fruit (11000 ppm)
Thiamin found in Fruit
Antifeedant
Beta-sitosterol found in Flower (7800 ppm);found in Leaf (6200 ppm)
Catechin found in Fruit
Chlorogenic-acid found in Bud ;found in Flower ;found in Fruit ;found in Plant ;found in Shoot ;found in Leaf ;found in Bark
Epicatechin found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Luteolin found in Bud ;found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Quercitrin found in Leaf
Rutin found in Bud ;found in Plant ;found in Leaf ;found in Flower
Antifertility
Beta-sitosterol found in Flower (7800 ppm);found in Leaf (6200 ppm)
Oleanolic-acid found in Plant
Antifibrinolytic
Linoleic-acid found in Fruit
Palmitic-acid found in Bark ;found in Fruit
Antifibromyalgic
Magnesium found in Fruit (940 ppm);found in Fruit (940 ppm)
Antifibrosarcomic
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Antifibrotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (85 ppm);found in Leaf (1800 ppm);found in Fruit (85 ppm)
Selenium found in Fruit (2 ppm);found in Fruit (2 ppm)
Zinc found in Flower ;found in Fruit ;found in Fruit
Antiflu
Caffeic-acid found in Bud ;found in Shoot ;found in Plant ;found in Leaf ;found in Flower
Catechin found in Fruit
Hyperoside found in Bark ;found in Branches ;found in Shoot ;found in Plant (10000 ppm);found in Leaf ;found in Fruit ;found in Flower
Lupeol found in Bark
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Quercitrin found in Leaf
Antifuruncular
Zinc found in Flower ;found in Fruit ;found in Fruit
Antigallstone
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (85 ppm);found in Leaf (1800 ppm);found in Fruit (85 ppm)
Pectin found in Leaf
Antigastric
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Antigastritic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (85 ppm);found in Leaf (1800 ppm);found in Fruit (85 ppm)
Opc found in Shoot (30000 ppm)
Pectin found in Leaf
Thiamin found in Fruit
Antigastrotic
Magnesium found in Fruit (940 ppm);found in Fruit (940 ppm)
Procyanidin-b-4 found in Flower
Antigenotoxic
Chlorogenic-acid found in Bud ;found in Flower ;found in Fruit ;found in Plant ;found in Shoot ;found in Leaf ;found in Bark
Antigingivitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (85 ppm);found in Leaf (1800 ppm);found in Fruit (85 ppm)
Oleanolic-acid found in Plant
Antiglaucomic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (85 ppm);found in Leaf (1800 ppm);found in Fruit (85 ppm)
Epinephrine found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Magnesium found in Fruit (940 ppm);found in Fruit (940 ppm)
Rutin found in Bud ;found in Plant ;found in Leaf ;found in Flower
Antiglossitic
Riboflavin found in Fruit ;found in Fruit
Antiglycosuric
Chromium found in Fruit (1.7 ppm);found in Fruit (1.7 ppm)
Antigonadotrophic
Beta-sitosterol found in Flower (7800 ppm);found in Leaf (6200 ppm)
Antigonadotropic
Caffeic-acid found in Bud ;found in Shoot ;found in Plant ;found in Leaf ;found in Flower
Chlorogenic-acid found in Bud ;found in Flower ;found in Fruit ;found in Plant ;found in Shoot ;found in Leaf ;found in Bark
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Antigout
Selenium found in Fruit (2 ppm);found in Fruit (2 ppm)
Antigranular
Linoleic-acid found in Fruit
Antigranulocytopenic
Adenine found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Antihangover
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (85 ppm);found in Leaf (1800 ppm);found in Fruit (85 ppm)
Niacin found in Fruit ;found in Fruit
Thiamin found in Fruit
Zinc found in Flower ;found in Fruit ;found in Fruit
Antiheartburn
Thiamin found in Fruit
Antihematuric
Rutin found in Bud ;found in Plant ;found in Leaf ;found in Flower
Antihemolytic
Caffeic-acid found in Bud ;found in Shoot ;found in Plant ;found in Leaf ;found in Flower
Chlorogenic-acid found in Bud ;found in Flower ;found in Fruit ;found in Plant ;found in Shoot ;found in Leaf ;found in Bark
Antihemorrhagic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (85 ppm);found in Leaf (1800 ppm);found in Fruit (85 ppm)
Quercitrin found in Leaf
Antihemorrhoidal
Aesculin found in Fruit ;found in Shoot
Esculin found in Bark
Rutin found in Bud ;found in Plant ;found in Leaf ;found in Flower
Antihepatitic
(-)-epicatechin found in Bud ;found in Fruit ;found in Leaf ;found in Flower ;found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (85 ppm);found in Leaf (1800 ppm);found in Fruit (85 ppm)
Catechin found in Fruit
Epicatechin found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Antihepatoadenomic
Caffeic-acid found in Bud ;found in Shoot ;found in Plant ;found in Leaf ;found in Flower
Antihepatomic
Saponins found in Fruit
Antihepatotoxic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (85 ppm);found in Leaf (1800 ppm);found in Fruit (85 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Bud ;found in Shoot ;found in Plant ;found in Leaf ;found in Flower
Catechin found in Fruit
Chlorogenic-acid found in Bud ;found in Flower ;found in Fruit ;found in Plant ;found in Shoot ;found in Leaf ;found in Bark
Glucose found in Fruit
Hyperoside found in Bark ;found in Branches ;found in Shoot ;found in Plant (10000 ppm);found in Leaf ;found in Fruit ;found in Flower
Oleanolic-acid found in Plant
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Quercitrin found in Leaf
Rutin found in Bud ;found in Plant ;found in Leaf ;found in Flower
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Antiherpetic
Apigenin found in Bud ;found in Leaf ;found in Fruit
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (85 ppm);found in Leaf (1800 ppm);found in Fruit (85 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Bud ;found in Shoot ;found in Plant ;found in Leaf ;found in Flower
Catechin found in Fruit
Chlorogenic-acid found in Bud ;found in Flower ;found in Fruit ;found in Plant ;found in Shoot ;found in Leaf ;found in Bark
Luteolin found in Bud ;found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Quercitrin found in Leaf
Rutin found in Bud ;found in Plant ;found in Leaf ;found in Flower
Thiamin found in Fruit
Antihiccup
Sucrose found in Bark
Antihistaminic
Aesculin found in Fruit ;found in Shoot
Apigenin found in Bud ;found in Leaf ;found in Fruit
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (85 ppm);found in Leaf (1800 ppm);found in Fruit (85 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Bud ;found in Shoot ;found in Plant ;found in Leaf ;found in Flower
Catechin found in Fruit
Chlorogenic-acid found in Bud ;found in Flower ;found in Fruit ;found in Plant ;found in Shoot ;found in Leaf ;found in Bark
Esculin found in Bark
Linoleic-acid found in Fruit
Luteolin found in Bud ;found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Maslinic-acid found in Shoot
Niacin found in Fruit ;found in Fruit
Opc found in Shoot (30000 ppm)
Proanthocyanidins found in Plant
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Rutin found in Bud ;found in Plant ;found in Leaf ;found in Flower
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Vitexin found in Bark ;found in Flower ;found in Branches ;found in Shoot ;found in Plant ;found in Leaf ;found in Fruit
Antihomocysteine
Choline found in Fruit ;found in Plant ;found in Leaf
Antihydrophobic
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Antihyperactivity
Niacin found in Fruit ;found in Fruit
Antihypercholesterolemic
Caffeic-acid found in Bud ;found in Shoot ;found in Plant ;found in Leaf ;found in Flower
Chlorogenic-acid found in Bud ;found in Flower ;found in Fruit ;found in Plant ;found in Shoot ;found in Leaf ;found in Bark
Antihyperglycemic
(-)-epicatechin found in Bud ;found in Fruit ;found in Leaf ;found in Flower ;found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Epicatechin found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Lupeol found in Bark
Antihyperkeratotic
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (5 ppm);found in Fruit (5.4 ppm)
Antihyperkinetic
Calcium found in Fruit (5570 ppm);found in Fruit (5570 ppm)
Magnesium found in Fruit (940 ppm);found in Fruit (940 ppm)
Antihyperlipidemic
Catechin found in Fruit
Oleanolic-acid found in Plant
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Antihyperlipoproteinaemic
Beta-sitosterol found in Flower (7800 ppm);found in Leaf (6200 ppm)
Antihypertensive
Adenosine found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (85 ppm);found in Leaf (1800 ppm);found in Fruit (85 ppm)
Calcium found in Fruit (5570 ppm);found in Fruit (5570 ppm)
Fiber found in Fruit (108000 ppm)
Magnesium found in Fruit (940 ppm);found in Fruit (940 ppm)
Potassium found in Fruit (11000 ppm);found in Fruit (11000 ppm)
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Rutin found in Bud ;found in Plant ;found in Leaf ;found in Flower
Antihyperthyroid
Caffeic-acid found in Bud ;found in Shoot ;found in Plant ;found in Leaf ;found in Flower
Chlorogenic-acid found in Bud ;found in Flower ;found in Fruit ;found in Plant ;found in Shoot ;found in Leaf ;found in Bark
Antihypoglycemic
Magnesium found in Fruit (940 ppm);found in Fruit (940 ppm)
Antiichythyotic
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (5 ppm);found in Fruit (5.4 ppm)
Antiileus
Acetyl-choline found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Antiimpotence
Zinc found in Flower ;found in Fruit ;found in Fruit
Antiinfective
Zinc found in Flower ;found in Fruit ;found in Fruit
Antiinfertility
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (85 ppm);found in Leaf (1800 ppm);found in Fruit (85 ppm)
Zinc found in Flower ;found in Fruit ;found in Fruit
Antiinsomniac
Adenosine found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Calcium found in Fruit (5570 ppm);found in Fruit (5570 ppm)
Magnesium found in Fruit (940 ppm);found in Fruit (940 ppm)
Zinc found in Flower ;found in Fruit ;found in Fruit
Antiinsomnic
Niacin found in Fruit ;found in Fruit
Antiischemic
Hyperoside found in Bark ;found in Branches ;found in Shoot ;found in Plant (10000 ppm);found in Leaf ;found in Fruit ;found in Flower
Oleanolic-acid found in Plant
Proanthocyanidins found in Plant
Antikeratitic
Riboflavin found in Fruit ;found in Fruit
Antikeshan
Selenium found in Fruit (2 ppm);found in Fruit (2 ppm)
Antiketotic
Glucose found in Fruit
Sorbitol found in Leaf
Antilactagogue
Dopamine found in Shoot
Antileishmanic
Citric-acid found in Fruit
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Antilepric
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (85 ppm);found in Leaf (1800 ppm);found in Fruit (85 ppm)
Zinc found in Flower ;found in Fruit ;found in Fruit
Antileukemic
(-)-epicatechin found in Bud ;found in Fruit ;found in Leaf ;found in Flower ;found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Apigenin found in Bud ;found in Leaf ;found in Fruit
Beta-sitosterol found in Flower (7800 ppm);found in Leaf (6200 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Bud ;found in Shoot ;found in Plant ;found in Leaf ;found in Flower
Catechin found in Fruit
Epicatechin found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Luteolin found in Bud ;found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Oleanolic-acid found in Plant
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Selenium found in Fruit (2 ppm);found in Fruit (2 ppm)
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Antileukonychic
Zinc found in Flower ;found in Fruit ;found in Fruit
Antileukoplakic
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (5 ppm);found in Fruit (5.4 ppm)
Antileukotriene-D4
Linoleic-acid found in Fruit
Antileukotriene
(-)-epicatechin found in Bud ;found in Fruit ;found in Leaf ;found in Flower ;found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Caffeic-acid found in Bud ;found in Shoot ;found in Plant ;found in Leaf ;found in Flower
Chlorogenic-acid found in Bud ;found in Flower ;found in Fruit ;found in Plant ;found in Shoot ;found in Leaf ;found in Bark
Oleanolic-acid found in Plant
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Selenium found in Fruit (2 ppm);found in Fruit (2 ppm)
Antilipolytic
Adenosine found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Antilipoperoxidant
(-)-epicatechin found in Bud ;found in Fruit ;found in Leaf ;found in Flower ;found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (5 ppm);found in Fruit (5.4 ppm)
Catechin found in Fruit
Epicatechin found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Antilithic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (85 ppm);found in Leaf (1800 ppm);found in Fruit (85 ppm)
Lupeol found in Bark
Magnesium found in Fruit (940 ppm);found in Fruit (940 ppm)
Pectin found in Leaf
Antilupus
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (5 ppm);found in Fruit (5.4 ppm)
Antilymphomic
Beta-sitosterol found in Flower (7800 ppm);found in Leaf (6200 ppm)
Luteolin found in Bud ;found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Zinc found in Flower ;found in Fruit ;found in Fruit
Antimaculitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (85 ppm);found in Leaf (1800 ppm);found in Fruit (85 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (5 ppm);found in Fruit (5.4 ppm)
Selenium found in Fruit (2 ppm);found in Fruit (2 ppm)
Zinc found in Flower ;found in Fruit ;found in Fruit
Antimalarial
Lupeol found in Bark
Oleanolic-acid found in Plant
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Rutin found in Bud ;found in Plant ;found in Leaf ;found in Flower
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Antimanic
Choline found in Fruit ;found in Plant ;found in Leaf
Antimastalgic
Magnesium found in Fruit (940 ppm);found in Fruit (940 ppm)
Antimastitic
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (5 ppm);found in Fruit (5.4 ppm)
Antimeasles
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (85 ppm);found in Leaf (1800 ppm);found in Fruit (85 ppm)
Antimelanogenic
Caffeic-acid found in Bud ;found in Shoot ;found in Plant ;found in Leaf ;found in Flower
Chlorogenic-acid found in Bud ;found in Flower ;found in Fruit ;found in Plant ;found in Shoot ;found in Leaf ;found in Bark
Antimelanomic
Apigenin found in Bud ;found in Leaf ;found in Fruit
Luteolin found in Bud ;found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Rutin found in Bud ;found in Plant ;found in Leaf ;found in Flower
Selenium found in Fruit (2 ppm);found in Fruit (2 ppm)
Antimenopausal
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (85 ppm);found in Leaf (1800 ppm);found in Fruit (85 ppm)
Calcium found in Fruit (5570 ppm);found in Fruit (5570 ppm)
Magnesium found in Fruit (940 ppm);found in Fruit (940 ppm)
Selenium found in Fruit (2 ppm);found in Fruit (2 ppm)
Antimenorrhagic
Iron found in Fruit ;found in Fruit
Linoleic-acid found in Fruit
Antimetastatic
Apigenin found in Bud ;found in Leaf ;found in Fruit
Pectin found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Rutin found in Bud ;found in Plant ;found in Leaf ;found in Flower
Selenium found in Fruit (2 ppm);found in Fruit (2 ppm)
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Zinc found in Flower ;found in Fruit ;found in Fruit
Antimigraine
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (85 ppm);found in Leaf (1800 ppm);found in Fruit (85 ppm)
Magnesium found in Fruit (940 ppm);found in Fruit (940 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Fruit ;found in Fruit
Thiamin found in Fruit
Antimitral-valve-prolapse
Magnesium found in Fruit (940 ppm);found in Fruit (940 ppm)
Antimutilation
5-hydroxytryptamine found in Shoot
Antimyalgic
Selenium found in Fruit (2 ppm);found in Fruit (2 ppm)
Antimyocarditic
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Thiamin found in Fruit
Antimyocontractant
Dopamine found in Shoot
Antinephritic
Oleanolic-acid found in Plant
Rutin found in Bud ;found in Plant ;found in Leaf ;found in Flower
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Antinephrolytic
Magnesium found in Fruit (940 ppm);found in Fruit (940 ppm)
Antinesidioblastosic
Starch found in Fruit (180000 ppm);found in Fruit (180000 ppm)
Antineuralgic
Niacin found in Fruit ;found in Fruit
Thiamin found in Fruit
Antineuramidase
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (85 ppm);found in Leaf (1800 ppm);found in Fruit (85 ppm)
Antineurasthenic
Thiamin found in Fruit
Antineuritic
Thiamin found in Fruit
Antineurogenic
Dopamine found in Shoot
Antineuropathic
Thiamin found in Fruit
Zinc found in Flower ;found in Fruit ;found in Fruit
Antineurotic
Magnesium found in Fruit (940 ppm);found in Fruit (940 ppm)
Antinitrosaminic
Caffeic-acid found in Bud ;found in Shoot ;found in Plant ;found in Leaf ;found in Flower
Chlorogenic-acid found in Bud ;found in Flower ;found in Fruit ;found in Plant ;found in Shoot ;found in Leaf ;found in Bark
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Antinitrosic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (85 ppm);found in Leaf (1800 ppm);found in Fruit (85 ppm)
Antinociceptive
Choline found in Fruit ;found in Plant ;found in Leaf
Copper found in Flower ;found in Fruit
Hyperoside found in Bark ;found in Branches ;found in Shoot ;found in Plant (10000 ppm);found in Leaf ;found in Fruit ;found in Flower
Luteolin found in Bud ;found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Rutin found in Bud ;found in Plant ;found in Leaf ;found in Flower
Antinyctalopic
Zinc found in Flower ;found in Fruit ;found in Fruit
Antiobesity
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (85 ppm);found in Leaf (1800 ppm);found in Fruit (85 ppm)
Calcium found in Fruit (5570 ppm);found in Fruit (5570 ppm)
Chromium found in Fruit (1.7 ppm);found in Fruit (1.7 ppm)
Fiber found in Fruit (108000 ppm)
Opc found in Shoot (30000 ppm)
Pectin found in Leaf
Zinc found in Flower ;found in Fruit ;found in Fruit
Antionychyotic
Silicon found in Fruit ;found in Fruit
Antiophidic
Beta-sitosterol found in Flower (7800 ppm);found in Leaf (6200 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Bud ;found in Shoot ;found in Plant ;found in Leaf ;found in Flower
Antiophthalmic
Sucrose found in Bark
Antiorchitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (85 ppm);found in Leaf (1800 ppm);found in Fruit (85 ppm)
Antiosteoarthritic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (85 ppm);found in Leaf (1800 ppm);found in Fruit (85 ppm)
Selenium found in Fruit (2 ppm);found in Fruit (2 ppm)
Antiosteoporotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (85 ppm);found in Leaf (1800 ppm);found in Fruit (85 ppm)
Calcium found in Fruit (5570 ppm);found in Fruit (5570 ppm)
Copper found in Flower ;found in Fruit
Magnesium found in Fruit (940 ppm);found in Fruit (940 ppm)
Manganese found in Flower ;found in Fruit (1.4 ppm);found in Fruit (1.4 ppm)
Phosphorus found in Fruit (1450 ppm);found in Fruit (1450 ppm)
Silicon found in Fruit ;found in Fruit
Zinc found in Flower ;found in Fruit ;found in Fruit
Antiosteotic
Catechin found in Fruit
Antiototic
Manganese found in Flower ;found in Fruit (1.4 ppm);found in Fruit (1.4 ppm)
Antioxalate
Lupeol found in Bark
Antiozenic
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (5 ppm);found in Fruit (5.4 ppm)
Antipancreatitic
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Antipanniculopathic
Aesculin found in Fruit ;found in Shoot
Esculin found in Bark
Antipapillomic
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (5 ppm);found in Fruit (5.4 ppm)
Antiparkinsonian
5-hydroxytryptamine found in Shoot
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (85 ppm);found in Leaf (1800 ppm);found in Fruit (85 ppm)
Dopamine found in Shoot
Niacin found in Fruit ;found in Fruit
Selenium found in Fruit (2 ppm);found in Fruit (2 ppm)
Antiparotitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (85 ppm);found in Leaf (1800 ppm);found in Fruit (85 ppm)
Antipellagric
Niacin found in Fruit ;found in Fruit
Riboflavin found in Fruit ;found in Fruit
Antiperiodontal
Catechin found in Fruit
Proanthocyanidins found in Plant
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Antiperiodontic
Oleanolic-acid found in Plant
Antiperiodontitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (85 ppm);found in Leaf (1800 ppm);found in Fruit (85 ppm)
Calcium found in Fruit (5570 ppm);found in Fruit (5570 ppm)
Zinc found in Flower ;found in Fruit ;found in Fruit
Antiperistaltic
Apigenin found in Bud ;found in Leaf ;found in Fruit
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Antipermeability
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Antipharyngitic
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Antiphotophobic
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (5 ppm);found in Fruit (5.4 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Fruit ;found in Fruit
Antipityriasic
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (5 ppm);found in Fruit (5.4 ppm)
Antiplaque
Catechin found in Fruit
Magnesium found in Fruit (940 ppm);found in Fruit (940 ppm)
Oleanolic-acid found in Plant
Proanthocyanidins found in Plant
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Zinc found in Flower ;found in Fruit ;found in Fruit
Antiplasmodial
Oleanolic-acid found in Plant
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Antiplatelet
Rutin found in Bud ;found in Plant ;found in Leaf ;found in Flower
Antipneumonic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (85 ppm);found in Leaf (1800 ppm);found in Fruit (85 ppm)
Antipodriac
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (85 ppm);found in Leaf (1800 ppm);found in Fruit (85 ppm)
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Antipolio
Chlorogenic-acid found in Bud ;found in Flower ;found in Fruit ;found in Plant ;found in Shoot ;found in Leaf ;found in Bark
Luteolin found in Bud ;found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Antipoliomyelitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (85 ppm);found in Leaf (1800 ppm);found in Fruit (85 ppm)
Thiamin found in Fruit
Antiporphyric
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (5 ppm);found in Fruit (5.4 ppm)
Antiprogestational
Beta-sitosterol found in Flower (7800 ppm);found in Leaf (6200 ppm)
Antiprolactin
Dopamine found in Shoot
Zinc found in Flower ;found in Fruit ;found in Fruit
Antiproliferant
Apigenin found in Bud ;found in Leaf ;found in Fruit
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (5 ppm);found in Fruit (5.4 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Bud ;found in Shoot ;found in Plant ;found in Leaf ;found in Flower
Luteolin found in Bud ;found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Proanthocyanidins found in Plant
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Rutin found in Bud ;found in Plant ;found in Leaf ;found in Flower
Selenium found in Fruit (2 ppm);found in Fruit (2 ppm)
Antiproliferative
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Antiprostanoid
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Antiprostatadenomic
Beta-sitosterol found in Flower (7800 ppm);found in Leaf (6200 ppm)
Antiprostatitic
Beta-sitosterol found in Flower (7800 ppm);found in Leaf (6200 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Fruit
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Zinc found in Flower ;found in Fruit ;found in Fruit
Antiprotozoal
Rutin found in Bud ;found in Plant ;found in Leaf ;found in Flower
Antipsoriac
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (5 ppm);found in Fruit (5.4 ppm)
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Antipurpuric
Quercitrin found in Leaf
Rutin found in Bud ;found in Plant ;found in Leaf ;found in Flower
Antipyretic
Aesculin found in Fruit ;found in Shoot
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (85 ppm);found in Leaf (1800 ppm);found in Fruit (85 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Flower (7800 ppm);found in Leaf (6200 ppm)
Esculin found in Bark
Antiretinopathic
Magnesium found in Fruit (940 ppm);found in Fruit (940 ppm)
Proanthocyanidins found in Plant
Antiretinotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (85 ppm);found in Leaf (1800 ppm);found in Fruit (85 ppm)
Antirheumatic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (85 ppm);found in Leaf (1800 ppm);found in Fruit (85 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (5 ppm);found in Fruit (5.4 ppm)
Calcium found in Fruit (5570 ppm);found in Fruit (5570 ppm)
Lupeol found in Bark
Selenium found in Fruit (2 ppm);found in Fruit (2 ppm)
Zinc found in Flower ;found in Fruit ;found in Fruit
Antirhinitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (85 ppm);found in Leaf (1800 ppm);found in Fruit (85 ppm)
Antisarcomic
Oleanolic-acid found in Plant
Antisclerodermic
Catechin found in Fruit
Antiscorbutic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (85 ppm);found in Leaf (1800 ppm);found in Fruit (85 ppm)
Antiscotomic
Niacin found in Fruit ;found in Fruit
Antiseborrheic
Aesculin found in Fruit ;found in Shoot
Citric-acid found in Fruit
Esculin found in Bark
Antiseptic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (85 ppm);found in Leaf (1800 ppm);found in Fruit (85 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Bud ;found in Shoot ;found in Plant ;found in Leaf ;found in Flower
Chlorogenic-acid found in Bud ;found in Flower ;found in Fruit ;found in Plant ;found in Shoot ;found in Leaf ;found in Bark
Citric-acid found in Fruit
Oleanolic-acid found in Plant
Oxalic-acid found in Bark ;found in Fruit
Proanthocyanidins found in Plant
Zinc found in Flower ;found in Fruit ;found in Fruit
Antiserotoninic
Vitexin found in Bark ;found in Flower ;found in Branches ;found in Shoot ;found in Plant ;found in Leaf ;found in Fruit
Antishingles
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (85 ppm);found in Leaf (1800 ppm);found in Fruit (85 ppm)
Antishock
Dopamine found in Shoot
Antisilicotic
Aluminum found in Fruit (29 ppm);found in Fruit (29 ppm)
Antispare-Tire
Zinc found in Flower ;found in Fruit ;found in Fruit
Antispasmodic
Adenosine found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Amygdalin found in Leaf (1500 ppm)
Apigenin found in Bud ;found in Leaf ;found in Fruit
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (85 ppm);found in Leaf (1800 ppm);found in Fruit (85 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Bud ;found in Shoot ;found in Plant ;found in Leaf ;found in Flower
Luteolin found in Bud ;found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Magnesium found in Fruit (940 ppm);found in Fruit (940 ppm)
Niacin found in Fruit ;found in Fruit
Potassium found in Fruit (11000 ppm);found in Fruit (11000 ppm)
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Quercitrin found in Leaf
Rutin found in Bud ;found in Plant ;found in Leaf ;found in Flower
Antispasmophilic
Magnesium found in Fruit (940 ppm);found in Fruit (940 ppm)
Antistaphylococcic
Caffeic-acid found in Bud ;found in Shoot ;found in Plant ;found in Leaf ;found in Flower
Quercitrin found in Leaf
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Antisteatotic
Choline found in Fruit ;found in Plant ;found in Leaf
Antistomatitic
Caffeic-acid found in Bud ;found in Shoot ;found in Plant ;found in Leaf ;found in Flower
Zinc found in Flower ;found in Fruit ;found in Fruit
Antistreptococcic
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Antistress
Apigenin found in Bud ;found in Leaf ;found in Fruit
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (85 ppm);found in Leaf (1800 ppm);found in Fruit (85 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (5 ppm);found in Fruit (5.4 ppm)
Calcium found in Fruit (5570 ppm);found in Fruit (5570 ppm)
Magnesium found in Fruit (940 ppm);found in Fruit (940 ppm)
Antistroke
Magnesium found in Fruit (940 ppm);found in Fruit (940 ppm)
Potassium found in Fruit (11000 ppm);found in Fruit (11000 ppm)
Proanthocyanidins found in Plant
Antisunburn
Caffeic-acid found in Bud ;found in Shoot ;found in Plant ;found in Leaf ;found in Flower
Chlorogenic-acid found in Bud ;found in Flower ;found in Fruit ;found in Plant ;found in Shoot ;found in Leaf ;found in Bark
Rutin found in Bud ;found in Plant ;found in Leaf ;found in Flower
Antisyndrome-X
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (85 ppm);found in Leaf (1800 ppm);found in Fruit (85 ppm)
Chromium found in Fruit (1.7 ppm);found in Fruit (1.7 ppm)
Magnesium found in Fruit (940 ppm);found in Fruit (940 ppm)
Manganese found in Flower ;found in Fruit (1.4 ppm);found in Fruit (1.4 ppm)
Selenium found in Fruit (2 ppm);found in Fruit (2 ppm)
Zinc found in Flower ;found in Fruit ;found in Fruit
Antitachycardic
Acetyl-choline found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Adenosine found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Antithiamin
Caffeic-acid found in Bud ;found in Shoot ;found in Plant ;found in Leaf ;found in Flower
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Antithrombic
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Antithrombogenic
Quercitrin found in Leaf
Rutin found in Bud ;found in Plant ;found in Leaf ;found in Flower
Antithromboxane
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Antithyreotropic
Dopamine found in Shoot
Antithyroid
Apigenin found in Bud ;found in Leaf ;found in Fruit
Caffeic-acid found in Bud ;found in Shoot ;found in Plant ;found in Leaf ;found in Flower
Chlorogenic-acid found in Bud ;found in Flower ;found in Fruit ;found in Plant ;found in Shoot ;found in Leaf ;found in Bark
Rutin found in Bud ;found in Plant ;found in Leaf ;found in Flower
Vitexin found in Bark ;found in Flower ;found in Branches ;found in Shoot ;found in Plant ;found in Leaf ;found in Fruit
Antitic
Calcium found in Fruit (5570 ppm);found in Fruit (5570 ppm)
Antitinnitic
Zinc found in Flower ;found in Fruit ;found in Fruit
Antitourette
5-hydroxytryptamine found in Shoot
Antitriglyceride
Chromium found in Fruit (1.7 ppm);found in Fruit (1.7 ppm)
Zinc found in Flower ;found in Fruit ;found in Fruit
Antitrypanosomic
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Rutin found in Bud ;found in Plant ;found in Leaf ;found in Flower
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Antitubercular
Citric-acid found in Fruit
Antitumor-Promoter
Caffeic-acid found in Bud ;found in Shoot ;found in Plant ;found in Leaf ;found in Flower
Chlorogenic-acid found in Bud ;found in Flower ;found in Fruit ;found in Plant ;found in Shoot ;found in Leaf ;found in Bark
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Rutin found in Bud ;found in Plant ;found in Leaf ;found in Flower
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Antitumor
Apigenin found in Bud ;found in Leaf ;found in Fruit
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (5 ppm);found in Fruit (5.4 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Bud ;found in Shoot ;found in Plant ;found in Leaf ;found in Flower
Chlorogenic-acid found in Bud ;found in Flower ;found in Fruit ;found in Plant ;found in Shoot ;found in Leaf ;found in Bark
Citric-acid found in Fruit
Fiber found in Fruit (108000 ppm)
Lupeol found in Bark
Luteolin found in Bud ;found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Oleanolic-acid found in Plant
Proanthocyanidins found in Plant
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Quercitrin found in Leaf
Rutin found in Bud ;found in Plant ;found in Leaf ;found in Flower
Selenium found in Fruit (2 ppm);found in Fruit (2 ppm)
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Antitussive
Amygdalin found in Leaf (1500 ppm)
Hyperoside found in Bark ;found in Branches ;found in Shoot ;found in Plant (10000 ppm);found in Leaf ;found in Fruit ;found in Flower
Luteolin found in Bud ;found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Pectin found in Leaf
Antiulcerogenic
Caffeic-acid found in Bud ;found in Shoot ;found in Plant ;found in Leaf ;found in Flower
Selenium found in Fruit (2 ppm);found in Fruit (2 ppm)
Antiurethrotic
Lupeol found in Bark
Antivaccinia
Caffeic-acid found in Bud ;found in Shoot ;found in Plant ;found in Leaf ;found in Flower
Antivaginitic
Aluminum found in Fruit (29 ppm);found in Fruit (29 ppm)
Antivaricose
Glucose found in Fruit
Rutin found in Bud ;found in Plant ;found in Leaf ;found in Flower
Antivertigo
Niacin found in Fruit ;found in Fruit
Antiviral
(-)-epicatechin found in Bud ;found in Fruit ;found in Leaf ;found in Flower ;found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Adenine found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Apigenin found in Bud ;found in Leaf ;found in Fruit
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (85 ppm);found in Leaf (1800 ppm);found in Fruit (85 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Flower (7800 ppm);found in Leaf (6200 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Bud ;found in Shoot ;found in Plant ;found in Leaf ;found in Flower
Catechin found in Fruit
Chlorogenic-acid found in Bud ;found in Flower ;found in Fruit ;found in Plant ;found in Shoot ;found in Leaf ;found in Bark
Epicatechin found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Hyperoside found in Bark ;found in Branches ;found in Shoot ;found in Plant (10000 ppm);found in Leaf ;found in Fruit ;found in Flower
Lauric-acid found in Fruit
Lupeol found in Bark
Luteolin found in Bud ;found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Maslinic-acid found in Shoot
Oleanolic-acid found in Plant
Opc found in Shoot (30000 ppm)
Proanthocyanidins found in Plant
Procyanidin found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Quercitrin found in Leaf
Rutin found in Bud ;found in Plant ;found in Leaf ;found in Flower
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Antiwrinkle
Hyperoside found in Bark ;found in Branches ;found in Shoot ;found in Plant (10000 ppm);found in Leaf ;found in Fruit ;found in Flower
Antixerophthalmic
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (5 ppm);found in Fruit (5.4 ppm)
Anxiolytic
Adenosine found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Apigenin found in Bud ;found in Leaf ;found in Fruit
Caffeic-acid found in Bud ;found in Shoot ;found in Plant ;found in Leaf ;found in Flower
Calcium found in Fruit (5570 ppm);found in Fruit (5570 ppm)
Magnesium found in Fruit (940 ppm);found in Fruit (940 ppm)
Phosphorus found in Fruit (1450 ppm);found in Fruit (1450 ppm)
Potassium found in Fruit (11000 ppm);found in Fruit (11000 ppm)
Selenium found in Fruit (2 ppm);found in Fruit (2 ppm)
Aphidifuge
Luteolin found in Bud ;found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Vitexin found in Bark ;found in Flower ;found in Branches ;found in Shoot ;found in Plant ;found in Leaf ;found in Fruit
Apoptotic
Apigenin found in Bud ;found in Leaf ;found in Fruit
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (85 ppm);found in Leaf (1800 ppm);found in Fruit (85 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Flower (7800 ppm);found in Leaf (6200 ppm)
Luteolin found in Bud ;found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Rutin found in Bud ;found in Plant ;found in Leaf ;found in Flower
Selenium found in Fruit (2 ppm);found in Fruit (2 ppm)
Aromatase-Inhibitor
Apigenin found in Bud ;found in Leaf ;found in Fruit
Luteolin found in Bud ;found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Oleanolic-acid found in Plant
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Artemicide
Beta-sitosterol found in Flower (7800 ppm);found in Leaf (6200 ppm)
Arteriodilator
Adenosine found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Asthma-preventive
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (85 ppm);found in Leaf (1800 ppm);found in Fruit (85 ppm)
Astringent
Catechin found in Fruit
Zinc found in Flower ;found in Fruit ;found in Fruit
Atherogenic
Sucrose found in Bark
Autotoxic
Chlorogenic-acid found in Bud ;found in Flower ;found in Fruit ;found in Plant ;found in Shoot ;found in Leaf ;found in Bark
Bacteristat
Aesculin found in Fruit ;found in Shoot
Esculin found in Bark
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Beta-Blocker
Fiber found in Fruit (108000 ppm)
Oleanolic-acid found in Plant
Potassium found in Fruit (11000 ppm);found in Fruit (11000 ppm)
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Beta-Glucuronidase-Inhibitor
Apigenin found in Bud ;found in Leaf ;found in Fruit
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (85 ppm);found in Leaf (1800 ppm);found in Fruit (85 ppm)
Luteolin found in Bud ;found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Oleanolic-acid found in Plant
Proanthocyanidins found in Plant
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Bitter
Amygdalin found in Leaf (1500 ppm)
Bradycardiac
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Bronchodilator
Epinephrine found in Flower ;found in Leaf
CNS-Active
Caffeic-acid found in Bud ;found in Shoot ;found in Plant ;found in Leaf ;found in Flower
Chlorogenic-acid found in Bud ;found in Flower ;found in Fruit ;found in Plant ;found in Shoot ;found in Leaf ;found in Bark
CNS-Depressant
Apigenin found in Bud ;found in Leaf ;found in Fruit
Magnesium found in Fruit (940 ppm);found in Fruit (940 ppm)
Quercitrin found in Leaf
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Plant ;found in Shoot
CNS-Paralytic
Oxalic-acid found in Bark ;found in Fruit
CNS-Stimulant
Adenine found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Chlorogenic-acid found in Bud ;found in Flower ;found in Fruit ;found in Plant ;found in Shoot ;found in Leaf ;found in Bark
COMP-Inhibitor
(-)-epicatechin found in Bud ;found in Fruit ;found in Leaf ;found in Flower ;found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Catechin found in Fruit
COMT-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Calcium-Antagonist
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (85 ppm);found in Leaf (1800 ppm);found in Fruit (85 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Bud ;found in Shoot ;found in Plant ;found in Leaf ;found in Flower
Cynaroside found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Hyperoside found in Bark ;found in Branches ;found in Shoot ;found in Plant (10000 ppm);found in Leaf ;found in Fruit ;found in Flower
Luteolin found in Bud ;found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Magnesium found in Fruit (940 ppm);found in Fruit (940 ppm)
Calcium-Channel-Blocker
Calcium found in Fruit (5570 ppm);found in Fruit (5570 ppm)
Calmodulin-Antagonist
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Candidicide
Aluminum found in Fruit (29 ppm);found in Fruit (29 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Flower (7800 ppm);found in Leaf (6200 ppm)
Lauric-acid found in Fruit
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Capillarifortificant
Hyperoside found in Bark ;found in Branches ;found in Shoot ;found in Plant (10000 ppm);found in Leaf ;found in Fruit ;found in Flower
Capillarigenic
Hyperoside found in Bark ;found in Branches ;found in Shoot ;found in Plant (10000 ppm);found in Leaf ;found in Fruit ;found in Flower
Capillariprotective
Proanthocyanidins found in Plant
Procyanidin found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Rutin found in Bud ;found in Plant ;found in Leaf ;found in Flower
Capillaritonic
Opc found in Shoot (30000 ppm)
Carcinogenic
Caffeic-acid found in Bud ;found in Shoot ;found in Plant ;found in Leaf ;found in Flower
Catechin found in Fruit
Linoleic-acid found in Fruit
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Cardiodepressant
Acetyl-choline found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Choline found in Fruit ;found in Plant ;found in Leaf
Cardiomyopathogenic
Cobalt found in Fruit (2 ppm);found in Fruit (2 ppm)
Cardioprotective
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (85 ppm);found in Leaf (1800 ppm);found in Fruit (85 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Bud ;found in Flower ;found in Fruit ;found in Plant ;found in Shoot ;found in Leaf ;found in Bark
Chromium found in Fruit (1.7 ppm);found in Fruit (1.7 ppm)
Copper found in Flower ;found in Fruit
Fiber found in Fruit (108000 ppm)
Magnesium found in Fruit (940 ppm);found in Fruit (940 ppm)
Niacin found in Fruit ;found in Fruit
Oleanolic-acid found in Plant
Potassium found in Fruit (11000 ppm);found in Fruit (11000 ppm)
Proanthocyanidins found in Plant
Selenium found in Fruit (2 ppm);found in Fruit (2 ppm)
Silicon found in Fruit ;found in Fruit
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Cardiotoxic
Potassium found in Fruit (11000 ppm);found in Fruit (11000 ppm)
Cardiovascular
Tyramine found in Flower ;found in Plant ;found in Fruit
Caspase-8-Inducer
Beta-sitosterol found in Flower (7800 ppm);found in Leaf (6200 ppm)
Catabolic
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Rutin found in Bud ;found in Plant ;found in Leaf ;found in Flower
Cataractagenic
Sorbitol found in Leaf
Cathartic
Sorbitol found in Leaf
Cerebrophilic
5-hydroxytryptamine found in Shoot
Cerebrostimulant
Acetyl-choline found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Cerebrotonic
Choline found in Fruit ;found in Plant ;found in Leaf
Chemopreventive
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (5 ppm);found in Fruit (5.4 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Bud ;found in Shoot ;found in Plant ;found in Leaf ;found in Flower
Chlorogenic-acid found in Bud ;found in Flower ;found in Fruit ;found in Plant ;found in Shoot ;found in Leaf ;found in Bark
Luteolin found in Bud ;found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Pectin found in Leaf
Rutin found in Bud ;found in Plant ;found in Leaf ;found in Flower
Cholagogue
Caffeic-acid found in Bud ;found in Shoot ;found in Plant ;found in Leaf ;found in Flower
Chlorogenic-acid found in Bud ;found in Flower ;found in Fruit ;found in Plant ;found in Shoot ;found in Leaf ;found in Bark
Choleretic
Aesculin found in Fruit ;found in Shoot
Apigenin found in Bud ;found in Leaf ;found in Fruit
Caffeic-acid found in Bud ;found in Shoot ;found in Plant ;found in Leaf ;found in Flower
Chlorogenic-acid found in Bud ;found in Flower ;found in Fruit ;found in Plant ;found in Shoot ;found in Leaf ;found in Bark
Esculin found in Bark
Luteolin found in Bud ;found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Quercitrin found in Leaf
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Choline-Sparing
(-)-epicatechin found in Bud ;found in Fruit ;found in Leaf ;found in Flower ;found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Epicatechin found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Cholinergic
Choline found in Fruit ;found in Plant ;found in Leaf
Circulotonic
Niacin found in Fruit ;found in Fruit
Clastogenic
Caffeic-acid found in Bud ;found in Shoot ;found in Plant ;found in Leaf ;found in Flower
Chlorogenic-acid found in Bud ;found in Flower ;found in Fruit ;found in Plant ;found in Shoot ;found in Leaf ;found in Bark
Co-carcinogenic
Caffeic-acid found in Bud ;found in Shoot ;found in Plant ;found in Leaf ;found in Flower
Cold-preventive
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (85 ppm);found in Leaf (1800 ppm);found in Fruit (85 ppm)
Coleoptophile
Dimethyl-amine found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Collagen-Sparing
Caffeic-acid found in Bud ;found in Shoot ;found in Plant ;found in Leaf ;found in Flower
Chlorogenic-acid found in Bud ;found in Flower ;found in Fruit ;found in Plant ;found in Shoot ;found in Leaf ;found in Bark
Collagenase-Inhibitor
Proanthocyanidins found in Plant
Collagenic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (85 ppm);found in Leaf (1800 ppm);found in Fruit (85 ppm)
Proanthocyanidins found in Plant
Zinc found in Flower ;found in Fruit ;found in Fruit
Collyrium
Sucrose found in Bark
Colorant
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (5 ppm);found in Fruit (5.4 ppm)
Comedolytic
Linoleic-acid found in Fruit
Contraceptive
Copper found in Flower ;found in Fruit
Copper-Antagonist
Zinc found in Flower ;found in Fruit ;found in Fruit
Copper-Chelator
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Cosmetic
Aesculin found in Fruit ;found in Shoot
Esculin found in Bark
Stearic-acid found in Bark
Cyanogenic
Amygdalin found in Leaf (1500 ppm)
Cyclooxygenase-Activator
Hyperoside found in Bark ;found in Branches ;found in Shoot ;found in Plant (10000 ppm);found in Leaf ;found in Fruit ;found in Flower
Quercitrin found in Leaf
Cytochrome-P450-1A1-Inhibitor
Apigenin found in Bud ;found in Leaf ;found in Fruit
Cytochrome-P450-1A2-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Cytoprotective
Caffeic-acid found in Bud ;found in Shoot ;found in Plant ;found in Leaf ;found in Flower
Rutin found in Bud ;found in Plant ;found in Leaf ;found in Flower
DNA-Active
Caffeic-acid found in Bud ;found in Shoot ;found in Plant ;found in Leaf ;found in Flower
DNA-Protective
Apigenin found in Bud ;found in Leaf ;found in Fruit
Caffeic-acid found in Bud ;found in Shoot ;found in Plant ;found in Leaf ;found in Flower
Deiodinase-Inhibitor
Apigenin found in Bud ;found in Leaf ;found in Fruit
Luteolin found in Bud ;found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Demulcent
Pectin found in Leaf
Sucrose found in Bark
Deodorant
Proanthocyanidins found in Plant
Zinc found in Flower ;found in Fruit ;found in Fruit
Depressant
Selenium found in Fruit (2 ppm);found in Fruit (2 ppm)
Detoxicant
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (85 ppm);found in Leaf (1800 ppm);found in Fruit (85 ppm)
Quercitrin found in Leaf
Differentiator
Apigenin found in Bud ;found in Leaf ;found in Fruit
Luteolin found in Bud ;found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Disinfectant
Citric-acid found in Fruit
Diuretic
Adenine found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Aesculin found in Fruit ;found in Shoot
Apigenin found in Bud ;found in Leaf ;found in Fruit
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (85 ppm);found in Leaf (1800 ppm);found in Fruit (85 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Bud ;found in Shoot ;found in Plant ;found in Leaf ;found in Flower
Calcium found in Fruit (5570 ppm);found in Fruit (5570 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Bud ;found in Flower ;found in Fruit ;found in Plant ;found in Shoot ;found in Leaf ;found in Bark
Dopamine found in Shoot
Epinephrine found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Esculin found in Bark
Fiber found in Fruit (108000 ppm)
Hyperoside found in Bark ;found in Branches ;found in Shoot ;found in Plant (10000 ppm);found in Leaf ;found in Fruit ;found in Flower
Luteolin found in Bud ;found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Magnesium found in Fruit (940 ppm);found in Fruit (940 ppm)
Oleanolic-acid found in Plant
Potassium found in Fruit (11000 ppm);found in Fruit (11000 ppm)
Quercitrin found in Leaf
Sorbitol found in Leaf
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Dye
Quercitrin found in Leaf
Elastase-Inhibitor
Oleanolic-acid found in Plant
Proanthocyanidins found in Plant
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Emollient
Starch found in Fruit (180000 ppm);found in Fruit (180000 ppm)
Encephalopathic
Aluminum found in Fruit (29 ppm);found in Fruit (29 ppm)
Energizer
Chromium found in Fruit (1.7 ppm);found in Fruit (1.7 ppm)
Ergogenic
Zinc found in Flower ;found in Fruit ;found in Fruit
Erythrocytogenic
Cobalt found in Fruit (2 ppm);found in Fruit (2 ppm)
Essential
Guanine found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Estrogenic
Apigenin found in Bud ;found in Leaf ;found in Fruit
Beta-sitosterol found in Flower (7800 ppm);found in Leaf (6200 ppm)
Luteolin found in Bud ;found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Expectorant
Amygdalin found in Leaf (1500 ppm)
FLavor
Citric-acid found in Fruit
Palmitic-acid found in Bark ;found in Fruit
Sorbitol found in Leaf
Stearic-acid found in Bark
Tartaric-acid found in Bark ;found in Fruit
FPTase-Inhibitor
Lupeol found in Bark
Fatal
Oxalic-acid found in Bark ;found in Fruit
Febrifuge
Beta-sitosterol found in Flower (7800 ppm);found in Leaf (6200 ppm)
Fibrinolytic
Niacin found in Fruit ;found in Fruit
Fistula-Preventive
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (85 ppm);found in Leaf (1800 ppm);found in Fruit (85 ppm)
Flatugenic
Sucrose found in Bark
Fungicide
Caffeic-acid found in Bud ;found in Shoot ;found in Plant ;found in Leaf ;found in Flower
Catechin found in Fruit
Chlorogenic-acid found in Bud ;found in Flower ;found in Fruit ;found in Plant ;found in Shoot ;found in Leaf ;found in Bark
Pectin found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Selenium found in Fruit (2 ppm);found in Fruit (2 ppm)
Gastroprotective
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (5 ppm);found in Fruit (5.4 ppm)
Glucogonogenic
Adenosine found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Glucosyl-Transferase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Goitrogenic
Vitexin found in Bark ;found in Flower ;found in Branches ;found in Shoot ;found in Plant ;found in Leaf ;found in Fruit
Gonadotrophic
Beta-sitosterol found in Flower (7800 ppm);found in Leaf (6200 ppm)
HIF-1alpha-Inhibitor
Apigenin found in Bud ;found in Leaf ;found in Fruit
HIV-RT-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Hemolytic
Palmitic-acid found in Bark ;found in Fruit
Hemostatic
Oxalic-acid found in Bark ;found in Fruit
Hepatocarcinogenic
Caffeic-acid found in Bud ;found in Shoot ;found in Plant ;found in Leaf ;found in Flower
Hepatomagenic
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Rutin found in Bud ;found in Plant ;found in Leaf ;found in Flower
Hepatotonic
Quercitrin found in Leaf
Hepatotoxic
Niacin found in Fruit ;found in Fruit
Hepatotropic
Caffeic-acid found in Bud ;found in Shoot ;found in Plant ;found in Leaf ;found in Flower
Epicatechin found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Histamine-Inhibitor
Caffeic-acid found in Bud ;found in Shoot ;found in Plant ;found in Leaf ;found in Flower
Chlorogenic-acid found in Bud ;found in Flower ;found in Fruit ;found in Plant ;found in Shoot ;found in Leaf ;found in Bark
Histaminic
Acetyl-choline found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Humectant
Sorbitol found in Leaf
Hyaluronidase-Inhibitor
Apigenin found in Bud ;found in Leaf ;found in Fruit
Luteolin found in Bud ;found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Opc found in Shoot (30000 ppm)
Proanthocyanidins found in Plant
Procyanidin found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Hypercholesterolemic
Lauric-acid found in Fruit
Palmitic-acid found in Bark ;found in Fruit
Sucrose found in Bark
Hyperglycemic
Epinephrine found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Glucose found in Fruit
Hypertensive
5-hydroxytryptamine found in Shoot
Aesculin found in Fruit ;found in Shoot
Cadmium found in Flower ;found in Fruit
Dopamine found in Shoot
Esculin found in Bark
Sodium found in Fruit (55 ppm);found in Fruit (55 ppm)
Tyramine found in Flower ;found in Plant ;found in Fruit
Hyperuricemic
Adenine found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Hypocholesterolemic
(-)-epicatechin found in Bud ;found in Fruit ;found in Leaf ;found in Flower ;found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Adenosine found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (85 ppm);found in Leaf (1800 ppm);found in Fruit (85 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Flower (7800 ppm);found in Leaf (6200 ppm)
Calcium found in Fruit (5570 ppm);found in Fruit (5570 ppm)
Catechin found in Fruit
Chromium found in Fruit (1.7 ppm);found in Fruit (1.7 ppm)
Copper found in Flower ;found in Fruit
Cynaroside found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Epicatechin found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Fiber found in Fruit (108000 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Fruit
Luteolin found in Bud ;found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Magnesium found in Fruit (940 ppm);found in Fruit (940 ppm)
Niacin found in Fruit ;found in Fruit
Pectin found in Leaf
Rutin found in Bud ;found in Plant ;found in Leaf ;found in Flower
Stearic-acid found in Bark
Hypoglycemic
(-)-epicatechin found in Bud ;found in Fruit ;found in Leaf ;found in Flower ;found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Adenosine found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (85 ppm);found in Leaf (1800 ppm);found in Fruit (85 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Flower (7800 ppm);found in Leaf (6200 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Bud ;found in Flower ;found in Fruit ;found in Plant ;found in Shoot ;found in Leaf ;found in Bark
Chromium found in Fruit (1.7 ppm);found in Fruit (1.7 ppm)
Epicatechin found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Manganese found in Flower ;found in Fruit (1.4 ppm);found in Fruit (1.4 ppm)
Niacin found in Fruit ;found in Fruit
Pectin found in Leaf
Proanthocyanidins found in Plant
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Quercitrin found in Leaf
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Hypolipemic
Oleanolic-acid found in Plant
Hypolipidemic
Beta-sitosterol found in Flower (7800 ppm);found in Leaf (6200 ppm)
Niacin found in Fruit ;found in Fruit
Hypotensive
Acetyl-choline found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Adenosine found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Apigenin found in Bud ;found in Leaf ;found in Fruit
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (85 ppm);found in Leaf (1800 ppm);found in Fruit (85 ppm)
Calcium found in Fruit (5570 ppm);found in Fruit (5570 ppm)
Choline found in Fruit ;found in Plant ;found in Leaf
Chromium found in Fruit (1.7 ppm);found in Fruit (1.7 ppm)
Fiber found in Fruit (108000 ppm)
Hyperoside found in Bark ;found in Branches ;found in Shoot ;found in Plant (10000 ppm);found in Leaf ;found in Fruit ;found in Flower
Lupeol found in Bark
Magnesium found in Fruit (940 ppm);found in Fruit (940 ppm)
Oleanolic-acid found in Plant
Potassium found in Fruit (11000 ppm);found in Fruit (11000 ppm)
Quercitrin found in Leaf
Rutin found in Bud ;found in Plant ;found in Leaf ;found in Flower
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Vitexin found in Bark ;found in Flower ;found in Branches ;found in Shoot ;found in Plant ;found in Leaf ;found in Fruit
Zinc found in Flower ;found in Fruit ;found in Fruit
Hypouricemic
Fiber found in Fruit (108000 ppm)
ICAM-1-Inhibitor
Apigenin found in Bud ;found in Leaf ;found in Fruit
Luteolin found in Bud ;found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
IKK-Inhibitor
Apigenin found in Bud ;found in Leaf ;found in Fruit
Luteolin found in Bud ;found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Ileorelaxant
Choline found in Fruit ;found in Plant ;found in Leaf
Immunomodulator
Adenosine found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (85 ppm);found in Leaf (1800 ppm);found in Fruit (85 ppm)
Chromium found in Fruit (1.7 ppm);found in Fruit (1.7 ppm)
Copper found in Flower ;found in Fruit
Linoleic-acid found in Fruit
Magnesium found in Fruit (940 ppm);found in Fruit (940 ppm)
Oleanolic-acid found in Plant
Opc found in Shoot (30000 ppm)
Rutin found in Bud ;found in Plant ;found in Leaf ;found in Flower
Saponins found in Fruit
Selenium found in Fruit (2 ppm);found in Fruit (2 ppm)
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Zinc found in Flower ;found in Fruit ;found in Fruit
Immunosuppressant
Zinc found in Flower ;found in Fruit ;found in Fruit
Inotropic
Apigenin found in Bud ;found in Leaf ;found in Fruit
Dopamine found in Shoot
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Insecticide
5-hydroxytryptamine found in Shoot
Rutin found in Bud ;found in Plant ;found in Leaf ;found in Flower
Insectifuge
Adenine found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Caffeic-acid found in Bud ;found in Shoot ;found in Plant ;found in Leaf ;found in Flower
Chlorogenic-acid found in Bud ;found in Flower ;found in Fruit ;found in Plant ;found in Shoot ;found in Leaf ;found in Bark
Linoleic-acid found in Fruit
Thiamin found in Fruit
Tyramine found in Flower ;found in Plant ;found in Fruit
Insectiphile
Quercitrin found in Leaf
Rutin found in Bud ;found in Plant ;found in Leaf ;found in Flower
Insulinic
Adenosine found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Insulinogenic
(-)-epicatechin found in Bud ;found in Fruit ;found in Leaf ;found in Flower ;found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Chromium found in Fruit (1.7 ppm);found in Fruit (1.7 ppm)
Epicatechin found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Magnesium found in Fruit (940 ppm);found in Fruit (940 ppm)
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Zinc found in Flower ;found in Fruit ;found in Fruit
Interferon-Synergist
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (5 ppm);found in Fruit (5.4 ppm)
Interferonogenic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (85 ppm);found in Leaf (1800 ppm);found in Fruit (85 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Bud ;found in Flower ;found in Fruit ;found in Plant ;found in Shoot ;found in Leaf ;found in Bark
Interleukin-1-alpha-Inhibitor
Epicatechin found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Interleukin-6-Inhibitor
Apigenin found in Bud ;found in Leaf ;found in Fruit
Interleukin-6-mRNA-Inhibitor
Epicatechin found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Iodothyronine-Deiodinase-Inhibitor
Luteolin found in Bud ;found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Irritant
Citric-acid found in Fruit
Oxalic-acid found in Bark ;found in Fruit
Tartaric-acid found in Bark ;found in Fruit
Juvabional
Chlorogenic-acid found in Bud ;found in Flower ;found in Fruit ;found in Plant ;found in Shoot ;found in Leaf ;found in Bark
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Rutin found in Bud ;found in Plant ;found in Leaf ;found in Flower
Larvistat
Chlorogenic-acid found in Bud ;found in Flower ;found in Fruit ;found in Plant ;found in Shoot ;found in Leaf ;found in Bark
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Rutin found in Bud ;found in Plant ;found in Leaf ;found in Flower
Laxative
Adenosine found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Calcium found in Fruit (5570 ppm);found in Fruit (5570 ppm)
Fiber found in Fruit (108000 ppm)
Magnesium found in Fruit (940 ppm);found in Fruit (940 ppm)
Sorbitol found in Leaf
Leptingenic
Zinc found in Flower ;found in Fruit ;found in Fruit
Leucocytogenic
Oleanolic-acid found in Plant
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Leukotriene-Inhibitor
Caffeic-acid found in Bud ;found in Shoot ;found in Plant ;found in Leaf ;found in Flower
Chlorogenic-acid found in Bud ;found in Flower ;found in Fruit ;found in Plant ;found in Shoot ;found in Leaf ;found in Bark
Lipolytic
Adenosine found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Opc found in Shoot (30000 ppm)
Lipotropic
Choline found in Fruit ;found in Plant ;found in Leaf
Lipoxygenase-1-Inhibitor
(-)-epicatechin found in Bud ;found in Fruit ;found in Leaf ;found in Flower ;found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Lipoxygenase-Inhibitor
(-)-epicatechin found in Bud ;found in Fruit ;found in Leaf ;found in Flower ;found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Aesculin found in Fruit ;found in Shoot
Caffeic-acid found in Bud ;found in Shoot ;found in Plant ;found in Leaf ;found in Flower
Catechin found in Fruit
Chlorogenic-acid found in Bud ;found in Flower ;found in Fruit ;found in Plant ;found in Shoot ;found in Leaf ;found in Bark
Epicatechin found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Esculin found in Bark
Luteolin found in Bud ;found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Rutin found in Bud ;found in Plant ;found in Leaf ;found in Flower
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Lithogenic
Adenine found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (85 ppm);found in Leaf (1800 ppm);found in Fruit (85 ppm)
Cadmium found in Flower ;found in Fruit
Litholytic
Citric-acid found in Fruit
Magnesium found in Fruit (940 ppm);found in Fruit (940 ppm)
Lubricant
Palmitic-acid found in Bark ;found in Fruit
Stearic-acid found in Bark
Lyase-Inhibitor
Caffeic-acid found in Bud ;found in Shoot ;found in Plant ;found in Leaf ;found in Flower
MAO-A-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Quercitrin found in Leaf
MAO-Inhibitor
Apigenin found in Bud ;found in Leaf ;found in Fruit
Quercitrin found in Leaf
MAPK-Inhibitor
Apigenin found in Bud ;found in Leaf ;found in Fruit
Luteolin found in Bud ;found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
MMP-9-Inhibitor
Luteolin found in Bud ;found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Mast-Cell-Stabilizer
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Memorigenic
Choline found in Fruit ;found in Plant ;found in Leaf
Chromium found in Fruit (1.7 ppm);found in Fruit (1.7 ppm)
Memory-Enhancer
Glucose found in Fruit
Metal-Chelator
Caffeic-acid found in Bud ;found in Shoot ;found in Plant ;found in Leaf ;found in Flower
Chlorogenic-acid found in Bud ;found in Flower ;found in Fruit ;found in Plant ;found in Shoot ;found in Leaf ;found in Bark
Metalloproteinase-Inhibitor
Luteolin found in Bud ;found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Metastatic
Linoleic-acid found in Fruit
Microvasculokinetic
Aesculin found in Fruit ;found in Shoot
Esculin found in Bark
Miotic
Acetyl-choline found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Mucogenic
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (5 ppm);found in Fruit (5.4 ppm)
Zinc found in Flower ;found in Fruit ;found in Fruit
Mucolytic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (85 ppm);found in Leaf (1800 ppm);found in Fruit (85 ppm)
Musculotropic
Apigenin found in Bud ;found in Leaf ;found in Fruit
Mutagenic
Apigenin found in Bud ;found in Leaf ;found in Fruit
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Rutin found in Bud ;found in Plant ;found in Leaf ;found in Flower
Mycobactericide
Citric-acid found in Fruit
Mydriatic
Epinephrine found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Myocardiotonic
Adenine found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Myocontractant
Acetyl-choline found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Dopamine found in Shoot
Myopic
Acetyl-choline found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Myoprotective
Rutin found in Bud ;found in Plant ;found in Leaf ;found in Flower
Myorelaxant
Adenosine found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Apigenin found in Bud ;found in Leaf ;found in Fruit
Luteolin found in Bud ;found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Magnesium found in Fruit (940 ppm);found in Fruit (940 ppm)
Rutin found in Bud ;found in Plant ;found in Leaf ;found in Flower
Myotonic
Acetyl-choline found in Leaf ;found in Plant
NADH-Oxidase-Inhibitor
Apigenin found in Bud ;found in Leaf ;found in Fruit
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Plant ;found in Shoot
NEP-Inhibitor
Luteolin found in Bud ;found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Plant ;found in Shoot
NF-kB-Inhibitor
Apigenin found in Bud ;found in Leaf ;found in Fruit
Luteolin found in Bud ;found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Oleanolic-acid found in Plant
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Selenium found in Fruit (2 ppm);found in Fruit (2 ppm)
Zinc found in Flower ;found in Fruit ;found in Fruit
NO-Genic
Chlorogenic-acid found in Bud ;found in Flower ;found in Fruit ;found in Plant ;found in Shoot ;found in Leaf ;found in Bark
NO-Synthase-Inhibitor
Apigenin found in Bud ;found in Leaf ;found in Fruit
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Natriuretic
Dopamine found in Shoot
Nematicide
Linoleic-acid found in Fruit
Palmitic-acid found in Bark ;found in Fruit
Nephrotoxic
Cadmium found in Flower ;found in Fruit
Neurotoxic
Tyramine found in Flower ;found in Plant ;found in Fruit
Neurotransmitter
Acetyl-choline found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Dopamine found in Shoot
Magnesium found in Fruit (940 ppm);found in Fruit (940 ppm)
Nodulation-Signal
Apigenin found in Bud ;found in Leaf ;found in Fruit
Odontolytic
Citric-acid found in Fruit
Ornithine-Decarboxylase-Inhibitor
Apigenin found in Bud ;found in Leaf ;found in Fruit
Caffeic-acid found in Bud ;found in Shoot ;found in Plant ;found in Leaf ;found in Flower
Chlorogenic-acid found in Bud ;found in Flower ;found in Fruit ;found in Plant ;found in Shoot ;found in Leaf ;found in Bark
Proanthocyanidins found in Plant
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Selenium found in Fruit (2 ppm);found in Fruit (2 ppm)
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Osteogenic
Phosphorus found in Fruit (1450 ppm);found in Fruit (1450 ppm)
Oviposition-Stimulant
Chlorogenic-acid found in Bud ;found in Flower ;found in Fruit ;found in Plant ;found in Shoot ;found in Leaf ;found in Bark
Rutin found in Bud ;found in Plant ;found in Leaf ;found in Flower
P21-Inducer
Apigenin found in Bud ;found in Leaf ;found in Fruit
P450-Inducer
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Plant ;found in Shoot
P450-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Plant ;found in Shoot
PAF-Inhibitor
Adenosine found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Rutin found in Bud ;found in Plant ;found in Leaf ;found in Flower
PGE2-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Plant ;found in Shoot
PKC-Inhibitor
Apigenin found in Bud ;found in Leaf ;found in Fruit
PTK-Inhibitor
Apigenin found in Bud ;found in Leaf ;found in Fruit
Luteolin found in Bud ;found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Pancreatogenic
(-)-epicatechin found in Bud ;found in Fruit ;found in Leaf ;found in Flower ;found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Epicatechin found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Paralytic
Quercitrin found in Leaf
Parasympathomimetic
Acetyl-choline found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Choline found in Fruit ;found in Plant ;found in Leaf
Perfumery
Stearic-acid found in Bark
Peristaltic
Acetyl-choline found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Pectin found in Leaf
Peroxynitrite-Scavenger
Epicatechin found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Pesticide
(-)-epicatechin found in Bud ;found in Fruit ;found in Leaf ;found in Flower ;found in Plant ;found in Shoot
5-hydroxytryptamine found in Shoot
Adenine found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Aluminum found in Fruit (29 ppm);found in Fruit (29 ppm)
Apigenin found in Bud ;found in Leaf ;found in Fruit
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (85 ppm);found in Leaf (1800 ppm);found in Fruit (85 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Flower (7800 ppm);found in Leaf (6200 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Bud ;found in Shoot ;found in Plant ;found in Leaf ;found in Flower
Catechin found in Fruit
Chlorogenic-acid found in Bud ;found in Flower ;found in Fruit ;found in Plant ;found in Shoot ;found in Leaf ;found in Bark
Dimethyl-amine found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Epicatechin found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Hyperoside found in Bark ;found in Branches ;found in Shoot ;found in Plant (10000 ppm);found in Leaf ;found in Fruit ;found in Flower
Lupeol found in Bark
Luteolin found in Bud ;found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Opc found in Shoot (30000 ppm)
Oxalic-acid found in Bark ;found in Fruit
Palmitic-acid found in Bark ;found in Fruit
Pectin found in Leaf
Procyanidin found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Quercitrin found in Leaf
Rutin found in Bud ;found in Plant ;found in Leaf ;found in Flower
Selenium found in Fruit (2 ppm);found in Fruit (2 ppm)
Thiamin found in Fruit
Tin found in Fruit (13 ppm);found in Fruit (13 ppm)
Tyramine found in Flower ;found in Plant ;found in Fruit
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Zinc found in Flower ;found in Fruit ;found in Fruit
Phospholipase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Piscicide
Oleanolic-acid found in Plant
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Plasmodicide
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Polyamine-Synthesis-Inhibitor
Apigenin found in Bud ;found in Leaf ;found in Fruit
Selenium found in Fruit (2 ppm);found in Fruit (2 ppm)
Potassium-Sparing
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Poultice
Starch found in Fruit (180000 ppm);found in Fruit (180000 ppm)
Preservative
Sucrose found in Bark
Priapistic
Dopamine found in Shoot
Progestational
Apigenin found in Bud ;found in Leaf ;found in Fruit
Proliferant
Luteolin found in Bud ;found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Prooxidant
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (5 ppm);found in Fruit (5.4 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Bud ;found in Shoot ;found in Plant ;found in Leaf ;found in Flower
Iron found in Fruit ;found in Fruit
Propecic
Catechin found in Fruit
Epicatechin found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Linoleic-acid found in Fruit
Palmitic-acid found in Bark ;found in Fruit
Proanthocyanidins found in Plant
Stearic-acid found in Bark
Prostaglandigenic
Caffeic-acid found in Bud ;found in Shoot ;found in Plant ;found in Leaf ;found in Flower
Prostaglandin-Sparer
Selenium found in Fruit (2 ppm);found in Fruit (2 ppm)
Prostaglandin-Synthesis-Inhibitor
Oleanolic-acid found in Plant
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Prostaglandin-Synthetase-Inhibitor
Luteolin found in Bud ;found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Protease-Inhibitor
Maslinic-acid found in Shoot
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Protein-Kinase-C-Inhibitor
Apigenin found in Bud ;found in Leaf ;found in Fruit
Luteolin found in Bud ;found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Selenium found in Fruit (2 ppm);found in Fruit (2 ppm)
Protisticide
Rutin found in Bud ;found in Plant ;found in Leaf ;found in Flower
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Purgative
Sorbitol found in Leaf
Pyrogenic
Adenosine found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Beta-phenethylamine found in Flower ;found in Plant ;found in Fruit
Quinone-Reductase-Inducer
Apigenin found in Bud ;found in Leaf ;found in Fruit
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Spiraeoside found in Leaf
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Radioprotective
Apigenin found in Bud ;found in Leaf ;found in Fruit
Rutin found in Bud ;found in Plant ;found in Leaf ;found in Flower
Refrigerant
Citric-acid found in Fruit
Renotoxic
Oxalic-acid found in Bark ;found in Fruit
Respirastimulant
Adenosine found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Reverse-Transcriptase-Inhibitor
(-)-epicatechin found in Bud ;found in Fruit ;found in Leaf ;found in Flower ;found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Schizophrenigenic
Copper found in Flower ;found in Fruit
Secretogogue
5-hydroxytryptamine found in Shoot
Secretomotor
Adenosine found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Sedative
Adenosine found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Apigenin found in Bud ;found in Leaf ;found in Fruit
Caffeic-acid found in Bud ;found in Shoot ;found in Plant ;found in Leaf ;found in Flower
Niacin found in Fruit ;found in Fruit
Oleanolic-acid found in Plant
Sequestrant
Tartaric-acid found in Bark ;found in Fruit
Serotoninergic
Niacin found in Fruit ;found in Fruit
Sialogogue
Acetyl-choline found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Soap
Palmitic-acid found in Bark ;found in Fruit
Sodium-Sparing
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Spasmogenic
5-hydroxytryptamine found in Shoot
Acetyl-choline found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Spermicide
Beta-sitosterol found in Flower (7800 ppm);found in Leaf (6200 ppm)
Spermigenic
Zinc found in Flower ;found in Fruit ;found in Fruit
Succinoxidase-Inhibitor
Luteolin found in Bud ;found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Sunscreen
Aesculin found in Fruit ;found in Shoot
Apigenin found in Bud ;found in Leaf ;found in Fruit
Caffeic-acid found in Bud ;found in Shoot ;found in Plant ;found in Leaf ;found in Flower
Chlorogenic-acid found in Bud ;found in Flower ;found in Fruit ;found in Plant ;found in Shoot ;found in Leaf ;found in Bark
Esculin found in Bark
Opc found in Shoot (30000 ppm)
Rutin found in Bud ;found in Plant ;found in Leaf ;found in Flower
Suppository
Stearic-acid found in Bark
Sweetener
Chlorogenic-acid found in Bud ;found in Flower ;found in Fruit ;found in Plant ;found in Shoot ;found in Leaf ;found in Bark
Sorbitol found in Leaf
Sucrose found in Bark
Sympathomimetic
Dopamine found in Shoot
Epinephrine found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Tyramine found in Flower ;found in Plant ;found in Fruit
TNF-alpha-Inhibitor
Apigenin found in Bud ;found in Leaf ;found in Fruit
Epicatechin found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Luteolin found in Bud ;found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Plant ;found in Shoot
TOPO-2-Inhibitor
Lupeol found in Bark
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Taenicide
Tin found in Fruit (13 ppm);found in Fruit (13 ppm)
Teratogenic
Dopamine found in Shoot
Teratologic
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Testosteronigenic
Zinc found in Flower ;found in Fruit ;found in Fruit
Thymoprotective
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (5 ppm);found in Fruit (5.4 ppm)
Thyroid-Peroxidase-Inhibitor
Vitexin found in Bark ;found in Flower ;found in Branches ;found in Shoot ;found in Plant ;found in Leaf ;found in Fruit
Tissue-Thromboplastin-Inhibitor
Hyperoside found in Bark ;found in Branches ;found in Shoot ;found in Plant (10000 ppm);found in Leaf ;found in Fruit ;found in Flower
Topoisomerase-I-Inhibitor
Apigenin found in Bud ;found in Leaf ;found in Fruit
Luteolin found in Bud ;found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Topoisomerase-II-Inhibitor
Apigenin found in Bud ;found in Leaf ;found in Fruit
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Rutin found in Bud ;found in Plant ;found in Leaf ;found in Flower
Toxic
Aesculin found in Fruit ;found in Shoot
Amygdalin found in Leaf (1500 ppm)
Esculin found in Bark
Tranquilizer
Calcium found in Fruit (5570 ppm);found in Fruit (5570 ppm)
Magnesium found in Fruit (940 ppm);found in Fruit (940 ppm)
Trichomonicide
Zinc found in Flower ;found in Fruit ;found in Fruit
Triglycerigenic
Sucrose found in Bark
Trypanocide
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Tumorigenic
Caffeic-acid found in Bud ;found in Shoot ;found in Plant ;found in Leaf ;found in Flower
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Tyrosinase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Tyrosine-Kinase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Ubiquiot
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (5 ppm);found in Fruit (5.4 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Flower (7800 ppm);found in Leaf (6200 ppm)
Ulcerogenic
5-hydroxytryptamine found in Shoot
Beta-sitosterol found in Flower (7800 ppm);found in Leaf (6200 ppm)
Uricogenic
Sucrose found in Bark
Uricosuric
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (85 ppm);found in Leaf (1800 ppm);found in Fruit (85 ppm)
Urinary-Acidulant
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (85 ppm);found in Leaf (1800 ppm);found in Fruit (85 ppm)
Uterorelaxant
Magnesium found in Fruit (940 ppm);found in Fruit (940 ppm)
Uterotonic
Oleanolic-acid found in Plant
Uterotrophic
Apigenin found in Bud ;found in Leaf ;found in Fruit
VEGF-Inhibitor
Apigenin found in Bud ;found in Leaf ;found in Fruit
Luteolin found in Bud ;found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Selenium found in Fruit (2 ppm);found in Fruit (2 ppm)
Varroacide
Oxalic-acid found in Bark ;found in Fruit
Vasodilator
(-)-epicatechin found in Bud ;found in Fruit ;found in Leaf ;found in Flower ;found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Acetyl-choline found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Adenine found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Adenosine found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Apigenin found in Bud ;found in Leaf ;found in Fruit
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (85 ppm);found in Leaf (1800 ppm);found in Fruit (85 ppm)
Calcium found in Fruit (5570 ppm);found in Fruit (5570 ppm)
Dopamine found in Shoot
Fiber found in Fruit (108000 ppm)
Luteolin found in Bud ;found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Magnesium found in Fruit (940 ppm);found in Fruit (940 ppm)
Niacin found in Fruit ;found in Fruit
Potassium found in Fruit (11000 ppm);found in Fruit (11000 ppm)
Proanthocyanidins found in Plant
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Rutin found in Bud ;found in Plant ;found in Leaf ;found in Flower
Vasopressor
Oleanolic-acid found in Plant
Quercitrin found in Leaf
Rutin found in Bud ;found in Plant ;found in Leaf ;found in Flower
Tyramine found in Flower ;found in Plant ;found in Fruit
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Vasoprotective
Aesculin found in Fruit ;found in Shoot
Esculin found in Bark
Vasorelaxant
Proanthocyanidins found in Plant
Vulnerary
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (85 ppm);found in Leaf (1800 ppm);found in Fruit (85 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Bud ;found in Shoot ;found in Plant ;found in Leaf ;found in Flower
Chlorogenic-acid found in Bud ;found in Flower ;found in Fruit ;found in Plant ;found in Shoot ;found in Leaf ;found in Bark
Procyanidin-b-4 found in Flower
Sucrose found in Bark
Zinc found in Flower ;found in Fruit ;found in Fruit
cAMP-Inhibitor
Hyperoside found in Bark ;found in Branches ;found in Shoot ;found in Plant (10000 ppm);found in Leaf ;found in Fruit ;found in Flower
iNOS-Inhibitor
Apigenin found in Bud ;found in Leaf ;found in Fruit
Luteolin found in Bud ;found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Plant ;found in Shoot

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Chemicals detected

Chemical Plant part Low ppm High ppm
(+)-catechin Bud
Flower
Plant
Tissue Culture
Leaf
(-)-epicatechin Bud
Fruit
Leaf
Flower
Plant
Shoot
2,,3,3',4,4',5,7-heptahydroxyflavanbioside Plant
2-alpha-hydroxy-oleanolic-acid Plant
2-phenylchromone Flower
5-hydroxy-indole-acetic-acid Shoot
5-hydroxytryptamine Shoot
Acantolic-acid Leaf
Plant
Acetyl-choline Leaf
Plant
Acetyl-vitexin-4'-rhamnoside Branches
Fruit
Adenine Leaf
Plant
Adenosine Leaf
Plant
Aesculin Fruit
Shoot
Aluminum Fruit 29
Fruit 8 29
Amines Plant
Aminopurine Fruit
Amygdalin Leaf 1,500
Apigenin Bud
Leaf
Fruit
Apigetrin Bud
Leaf
Ascorbic-acid Fruit 24 85
Leaf 166.4 1,800
Fruit 85
Ash Fruit 8,091 29,000
Fruit 29,000 31,800
Beta-carotene Fruit 1.4 5
Fruit 5.4
Beta-phenethylamine Flower
Plant
Fruit
Beta-sitosterol Flower 6,500 7,800
Leaf 5,100 6,200
Cadmium Flower
Fruit
Caffeic-acid Bud
Shoot
Plant
Leaf
Flower
Calcium Fruit 1,554 5,570
Fruit 5,570
Carbohydrates Fruit 918,000
Fruit 256,122 918,000
Catechin Fruit
Catechin-tannins Leaf
Ceryl-alcohol Bark
Chlorogenic-acid Bud
Flower
Fruit
Plant
Shoot
Leaf
Bark
Choline Fruit
Plant
Leaf
Chromium Fruit 1.7
Fruit 0.5 1.7
Citric-acid Fruit
Cobalt Fruit 0.6 2
Fruit 2
Copper Flower
Fruit
Crataegolic-acid Leaf
Plant
Crataegus-biflavanoid-b-2 Fruit
Crataegus-biflavanoid-b-5 Fruit
Crataegus-biflavanoid-c-1 Fruit
Cromium Flower
Fruit
Cynaroside Flower
Leaf
Dimethyl-amine Leaf
Plant
Dopamine Shoot
Eo Fruit 279 2,500
Epicatechin Leaf
Plant
Epinephrine Flower
Leaf
Eridictol-glycoside Plant
Esculin Bark
Ethanolamine Leaf
Plant
Ethyl-amine Leaf
Plant
Fat Fruit 10,881 39,000
Fruit 39,000
Fiber Fruit 108,000
Fiber(crude) Fruit 108,000
Fiber(dietary) Fruit 386,000
Flavonoids Shoot 10,000 20,000
Glucose Fruit
Guanine Leaf
Plant
Hyperoside Bark
Branches
Shoot
Plant 10,000
Leaf
Fruit
Flower
Iron Fruit
Fruit
Isoamyl-amine Leaf
Plant
Isobutyl-amine Leaf
Plant
Kilocalories Fruit 2,890
L-epicatechol Fruit
Lauric-acid Fruit
Lead Flower
Fruit
Leucoanthocyanidin Leaf
Linoleic-acid Fruit
Linolenic-acid Fruit
Lipase Seed
Lupeol Bark
Luteolin Bud
Fruit
Leaf
Luteolin-3',7-diglucoside Bud
Leaf
Magnesium Fruit 262 940
Fruit 940
Manganese Flower
Fruit 1.4
Fruit 0.4 1.4
Maslinic-acid Shoot
Neoategolic-acid Plant
Neotegolic-acid Plant
Niacin Fruit
Fruit
Nonacosan-10-ol Plant
Norepinephrine Flower
Leaf
Shoot
O-methoxy-beta-phenethylamine Flower
Fruit
O-methoxy-phenylethylamine Plant
Octacosane Fruit
Oleanolic-acid Plant
Opc Shoot 10,000 30,000
Orientin-glycosides Fruit
Oxalic-acid Bark
Fruit
Palmitic-acid Bark
Fruit
Pectin Leaf
Phlobaphene Fruit
Phosphorus Fruit 405 1,450
Fruit 1,450
Potassium Fruit 3,069 11,000
Fruit 11,000
Proanthocyanidins Plant
Procyanidin Fruit
Leaf
Procyanidin-b-2 Flower
Fruit
Procyanidin-b-4 Flower
Procyanidin-b-5 Flower
Procyanidin-c-1 Flower
Protein Fruit 3,906 14,000
Fruit 14,000
Pycnogenol Shoot 10,000 30,000
Quercetin Flower
Plant
Shoot
Quercetin-3-rhamnogalactoside Leaf
Plant
Quercetin-glycoside Plant
Quercitrin Leaf
Rhamnose Fruit
Riboflavin Fruit
Fruit
Rutin Bud
Plant
Leaf
Flower
Saponins Fruit
Selenium Fruit 0.6 2
Fruit 2
Silicon Fruit
Fruit
Sodium Fruit 15 55
Fruit 55
Sorbitol Leaf
Spiraeoside Leaf
Starch Fruit 41,850 180,000
Fruit 150,000 180,000
Stearic-acid Bark
Sucrose Bark
Sugar Fruit 350,000
Sugars Fruit 33,480 120,000
Tannins Flower
Tartaric-acid Bark
Fruit
Thiamin Fruit
Thiamine Fruit
Tin Fruit 3.6 13
Fruit 13
Trans-crataegolic-acid Leaf
Trimethylamine Leaf
Plant
Tyramine Flower
Plant
Fruit
Uric-acid Leaf
Plant
Ursolic-acid Leaf
Plant
Shoot
Vitexin Bark
Flower
Branches
Shoot
Plant
Leaf
Fruit
Vitexin-2"-o-rhamnoside Flower
Vitexin-2"-rhamnoside Fruit
Leaf
Vitexin-2''-o-alpha-l-rhamnoside Plant
Vitexin-4',7-di-d-glucoside Leaf
Plant
Vitexin-4',l-rhamno-d-glucoside Leaf
Plant
Vitexin-4'-l-rhamnoside Plant
Vitexin-4'-o-alpha-l-rhamnoside Shoot
Vitexin-4'-rhamnoside Bark
Flower
Branches
Fruit
Flower
Leaf
Vitexin-rhamnoside Flower
Plant
Leaf
Water Fruit 721,000
Fruit 721,000
Zinc Flower
Fruit
Fruit
Reference: Dr. Duke's Phytochemical and Ethnobotanical Databases. [Online Database]