Corylus avellana Health effects and herbal facts

Known as
Barcelona-nuts cobnut European filbert European hazel filbert giant filbert hazel

Corylus avellana, the common hazel, is a species of hazel native to Europe and western Asia, from the British Isles south to Iberia, Greece, Turkey and Cyprus, north to central Scandinavia, and east to the central Ural Mountains, the Caucasus, and northwestern Iran. It is an important component of the hedgerows that were the traditional field boundaries in lowland England. The wood was traditionally grown as coppice, the poles cut being used for wattle-and-daub building and agricultural fencing. Common hazel is cultivated for its nuts. The name hazelnut applies to the nuts of any of the species of the genus Corylus. This hazelnut or cob nut, the kernel of the seed, is edible and used raw or roasted, or ground into a paste. The cob is round, compared with the longer filbert nut.

Corylus avellana

Medical use

Economic importance of Corylus avellana

Environmental ornamental
Human food nut oil/fat
Fuels fuelwod
Gene sources primary genetic relative of European filbert secondary genetic relative of Turkish filbert
Materials esential oils lipids wod
Medicines folklore

Gallery

Corylus avellana Corylus avellana Corylus avellana Corylus avellana Corylus avellana Corylus avellana Corylus avellana Corylus avellana Corylus avellana Corylus avellana Corylus avellana Corylus avellana Corylus avellana Corylus avellana Corylus avellana

Geografical distribution

  • ASIA-TEMPERATE
    Native
    • Western Asia: Iran; Iraq; Turkey
    • Caucasus: Armenia; Azerbaijan; Georgia; Russian Federation - Ciscaucasia, Dagestan
  • EUROPE
    Native
    • Northern Europe: Denmark; Finland; Ireland; Norway; Sweden; United Kingdom
    • Middle Europe: Austria; Belgium; Czech Republic; Germany; Hungary; Netherlands; Poland; Slovakia; Switzerland

Biological activities

11B-HSD-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Bark
Quercetin found in Bark
5-Alpha-Reductase-Inhibitor
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (18850 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Essential Oil ;found in Seed (572650 ppm)
Palmitic-acid found in Seed (65000 ppm)
Stearic-acid found in Seed (10400 ppm)
5-Lipoxygenase-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Bark
Quercetin found in Bark
ACE-Inhibitor
Afzelin found in Bark
Astragalin found in Leaf
Isoquercitrin found in Leaf
Procyanidin-b-1 found in Bark
Procyanidin-b-3 found in Bark ;found in Leaf
Quercitrin found in Bark ;found in Leaf
Zinc found in Seed (39 ppm)
AP-1-Inhibitor
Selenium found in Seed (0.08 ppm)
ATPase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Bark
Vanadium found in Seed (0.01 ppm)
Acarifuge
Sulfur found in Seed (2070 ppm)
Acidulant
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Seed (22 ppm)
Acnegenic
Iodine found in Seed (0.03 ppm)
Aggregant
Sucrose found in Plant ;found in Seed (50000 ppm)
Aldehyde-Oxidase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Bark
Aldose-Reductase-Inhibitor
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Seed (22 ppm)
Astragalin found in Leaf
Isoquercitrin found in Leaf
Juglanin found in Leaf
Kaempferol found in Bark
Kaempferol-3-rhamnoside found in Leaf
Myricitrin found in Bark ;found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Bark
Quercitrin found in Bark ;found in Leaf
Allelochemic
Myricetin found in Bark
Quercetin found in Bark
Allergenic
Beta-carotene found in Seed (0.4 ppm)
Niacin found in Seed (54 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Essential Oil ;found in Seed (572650 ppm)
Quercetin found in Bark
Alpha-Reductase-Inhibitor
Oleic-acid found in Essential Oil ;found in Seed (572650 ppm)
Analgesic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Seed (22 ppm)
Quercetin found in Bark
Selenium found in Seed (0.08 ppm)
Thiamin found in Seed (6 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (39 ppm)
Androgenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf ;found in Seed
Boron found in Seed (21 ppm)
Anemiagenic
Oleic-acid found in Essential Oil ;found in Seed (572650 ppm)
Angiogenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf ;found in Seed
Angiotensin-Receptor-Blocker
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Seed (22 ppm)
Fiber found in Seed (59000 ppm)
Potassium found in Seed (10433 ppm)
Anorexic
Arsenic found in Seed (0.02 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf ;found in Seed
Selenium found in Seed (0.08 ppm)
AntiAGE
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Seed (22 ppm)
Chromium found in Seed (0.7 ppm)
AntiBPH
Zinc found in Seed (39 ppm)
AntiCFS
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Seed (22 ppm)
Chromium found in Seed (0.7 ppm)
Magnesium found in Seed (3156 ppm)
AntiCTS
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Seed (22 ppm)
AntiGTF
Quercetin found in Bark
AntiHIV
Betulin found in Bark
Myricetin found in Bark
Quercetin found in Bark
Selenium found in Seed (0.08 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (39 ppm)
AntiLyme
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Seed (22 ppm)
Magnesium found in Seed (3156 ppm)
Niacin found in Seed (54 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Seed (4.4 ppm)
Thiamin found in Seed (6 ppm)
AntiMS
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (18850 ppm)
Magnesium found in Seed (3156 ppm)
AntiNF-kB
Selenium found in Seed (0.08 ppm)
AntiPMS
Beta-carotene found in Seed (0.4 ppm)
Calcium found in Seed (2591 ppm)
Magnesium found in Seed (3156 ppm)
Manganese found in Seed (100 ppm)
Quercetin found in Bark
AntiSpina-Bifida
Folacin found in Seed (0.855 ppm)
Antiacne
Beta-carotene found in Seed (0.4 ppm)
Chromium found in Seed (0.7 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (18850 ppm)
Selenium found in Seed (0.08 ppm)
Sulfur found in Seed (2070 ppm)
Tin found in Seed (2.7 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (39 ppm)
Antiacrodermatitic
Zinc found in Seed (39 ppm)
Antiacrodynic
Niacin found in Seed (54 ppm)
Antiadenomic
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf ;found in Seed
Antiadrenalinic
Nickel found in Seed (2 ppm)
Antiaflatoxin
Kaempferol found in Bark
Quercetin found in Bark
Antiaggregant
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Seed (22 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Bark
Magnesium found in Seed (3156 ppm)
Quercetin found in Bark
Salicylates found in Seed (2 ppm)
Selenium found in Seed (0.08 ppm)
Antiaging
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Seed (22 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Seed (0.4 ppm)
Chromium found in Seed (0.7 ppm)
Quercetin found in Bark
Antiakathisic
Iron found in Seed (99 ppm)
Antialcoholic
Magnesium found in Seed (3156 ppm)
Manganese found in Seed (100 ppm)
Thiamin found in Seed (6 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (39 ppm)
Antiallergenic
Myricetin found in Bark
Antiallergic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Seed (22 ppm)
Calcium found in Seed (2591 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Bark
Niacin found in Seed (54 ppm)
Pantothenic-acid found in Seed (12 ppm)
Quercetin found in Bark
Antialopecic
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (18850 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Essential Oil ;found in Seed (572650 ppm)
Palmitic-acid found in Seed (65000 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (39 ppm)
Antialzheimeran
Alpha-tocopherol found in Essential Oil ;found in Seed (240 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Seed (22 ppm)
Niacin found in Seed (54 ppm)
Quercetin found in Bark
Thiamin found in Seed (6 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (39 ppm)
Antiamblyopic
Niacin found in Seed (54 ppm)
Antianaphylactic
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (18850 ppm)
Quercetin found in Bark
Antiandrogenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf ;found in Seed
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (18850 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Essential Oil ;found in Seed (572650 ppm)
Palmitic-acid found in Seed (65000 ppm)
Antianemic
Copper found in Seed (82 ppm)
Folacin found in Seed (0.855 ppm)
Iron found in Seed (99 ppm)
Manganese found in Seed (100 ppm)
Antianginal
Alpha-tocopherol found in Essential Oil ;found in Seed (240 ppm)
Magnesium found in Seed (3156 ppm)
Niacin found in Seed (54 ppm)
Antiangiogenic
Quercetin found in Bark
Selenium found in Seed (0.08 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (39 ppm)
Antianorectic
Magnesium found in Seed (3156 ppm)
Thiamin found in Seed (6 ppm)
Antianorexic
Zinc found in Seed (39 ppm)
Antianxiety
Calcium found in Seed (2591 ppm)
Magnesium found in Seed (3156 ppm)
Antiarabiflavinotic
Riboflavin found in Seed (4.4 ppm)
Antiarrhythmic
Calcium found in Seed (2591 ppm)
Magnesium found in Seed (3156 ppm)
Potassium found in Seed (10433 ppm)
Quercitrin found in Bark ;found in Leaf
Antiarteriosclerotic
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (18850 ppm)
Silicon found in Seed (900 ppm)
Antiarthritic
Alpha-tocopherol found in Essential Oil ;found in Seed (240 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Seed (22 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Seed (0.4 ppm)
Calcium found in Seed (2591 ppm)
Copper found in Seed (82 ppm)
Gold found in Seed (0.003 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (18850 ppm)
Magnesium found in Seed (3156 ppm)
Manganese found in Seed (100 ppm)
Pantothenic-acid found in Seed (12 ppm)
Quercetin found in Bark
Selenium found in Seed (0.08 ppm)
Sulfur found in Seed (2070 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (39 ppm)
Antiasthmatic
Alpha-tocopherol found in Essential Oil ;found in Seed (240 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Seed (22 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Seed (0.4 ppm)
Magnesium found in Seed (3156 ppm)
Quercetin found in Bark
Selenium found in Seed (0.08 ppm)
Antiatherosclerotic
Alpha-tocopherol found in Essential Oil ;found in Seed (240 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Seed (22 ppm)
Calcium found in Seed (2591 ppm)
Chromium found in Seed (0.7 ppm)
Magnesium found in Seed (3156 ppm)
Quercetin found in Bark
Selenium found in Seed (0.08 ppm)
Vanadium found in Seed (0.01 ppm)
Antibackache
Thiamin found in Seed (6 ppm)
Antibacterial
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Seed (22 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf ;found in Seed
Chlorine found in Seed (41 ppm)
Iodine found in Seed (0.03 ppm)
Isoquercitrin found in Leaf
Kaempferol found in Bark
Myricetin found in Bark
Myricitrin found in Bark ;found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Bark
Quercitrin found in Bark ;found in Leaf
Tin found in Seed (2.7 ppm)
Antiberiberi
Thiamin found in Seed (6 ppm)
Anticancer
Alpha-tocopherol found in Essential Oil ;found in Seed (240 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Seed (0.4 ppm)
Isoquercitrin found in Leaf
Kaempferol found in Bark
Anticanker
Iron found in Seed (99 ppm)
Thiamin found in Seed (6 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (39 ppm)
Anticarcinomic
Beta-carotene found in Seed (0.4 ppm)
Betulin found in Bark
Anticardiospasmic
Thiamin found in Seed (6 ppm)
Anticariogenic
Quercetin found in Bark
Anticarpal-Tunnel
Riboflavin found in Seed (4.4 ppm)
Anticataract
Alpha-tocopherol found in Essential Oil ;found in Seed (240 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Seed (22 ppm)
Niacin found in Seed (54 ppm)
Quercetin found in Bark
Quercitrin found in Bark ;found in Leaf
Riboflavin found in Seed (4.4 ppm)
Selenium found in Seed (0.08 ppm)
Thiamin found in Seed (6 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (39 ppm)
Anticephalagic
Magnesium found in Seed (3156 ppm)
Pantothenic-acid found in Seed (12 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Seed (4.4 ppm)
Anticervicaldysplasic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Seed (22 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Seed (0.4 ppm)
Folacin found in Seed (0.855 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Seed (4.4 ppm)
Anticheilitic
Folacin found in Seed (0.855 ppm)
Iron found in Seed (99 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Seed (4.4 ppm)
Antichilblain
Niacin found in Seed (54 ppm)
Anticirrhotic
Selenium found in Seed (0.08 ppm)
Anticlimacteric
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Seed (22 ppm)
Calcium found in Seed (2591 ppm)
Magnesium found in Seed (3156 ppm)
Selenium found in Seed (0.08 ppm)
Anticoeliac
Zinc found in Seed (39 ppm)
Anticold
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Seed (22 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (39 ppm)
Anticolitic
Quercetin found in Bark
Thiamin found in Seed (6 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (39 ppm)
Anticomplementary
Quercetin found in Bark
Anticonvulsant
Alpha-tocopherol found in Essential Oil ;found in Seed (240 ppm)
Magnesium found in Seed (3156 ppm)
Niacin found in Seed (54 ppm)
Anticorneotic
Chromium found in Seed (0.7 ppm)
Anticoronary
Beta-carotene found in Seed (0.4 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (18850 ppm)
Magnesium found in Seed (3156 ppm)
Selenium found in Seed (0.08 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (39 ppm)
Anticystitic
Quercetin found in Bark
Antidandruff
Selenium found in Seed (0.08 ppm)
Sulfur found in Seed (2070 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (39 ppm)
Antidecubitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Seed (22 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Seed (4.4 ppm)
Thiamin found in Seed (6 ppm)
Antideliriant
Thiamin found in Seed (6 ppm)
Antidementia
Alpha-tocopherol found in Essential Oil ;found in Seed (240 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Seed (22 ppm)
Niacin found in Seed (54 ppm)
Thiamin found in Seed (6 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (39 ppm)
Antidepressant
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Seed (22 ppm)
Calcium found in Seed (2591 ppm)
Folacin found in Seed (0.855 ppm)
Magnesium found in Seed (3156 ppm)
Potassium found in Seed (10433 ppm)
Quercetin found in Bark
Selenium found in Seed (0.08 ppm)
Antidermatitic
Niacin found in Seed (54 ppm)
Pantothenic-acid found in Seed (12 ppm)
Quercetin found in Bark
Antidiabetic
Alpha-tocopherol found in Essential Oil ;found in Seed (240 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Seed (22 ppm)
Chromium found in Seed (0.7 ppm)
Copper found in Seed (82 ppm)
Fiber found in Seed (59000 ppm)
Magnesium found in Seed (3156 ppm)
Manganese found in Seed (100 ppm)
Niacin found in Seed (54 ppm)
Quercetin found in Bark
Vanadium found in Seed (0.01 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (39 ppm)
Antidiscotic
Manganese found in Seed (100 ppm)
Antidysgeuzic
Zinc found in Seed (39 ppm)
Antidyskinetic
Manganese found in Seed (100 ppm)
Antidysmenorrheic
Magnesium found in Seed (3156 ppm)
Antidyspeptic
Thiamin found in Seed (6 ppm)
Antidysphagic
Niacin found in Seed (54 ppm)
Antieczemic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Seed (22 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (18850 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (39 ppm)
Antiedemic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Seed (22 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf ;found in Seed
Quercitrin found in Bark ;found in Leaf
Antielastase
Isoquercitrin found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Bark
Antiencephalitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Seed (22 ppm)
Quercetin found in Bark
Antiencephalopathic
Thiamin found in Seed (6 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (39 ppm)
Antiendometriotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Seed (22 ppm)
Magnesium found in Seed (3156 ppm)
Antienterotic
Magnesium found in Seed (3156 ppm)
Antiepileptic
Magnesium found in Seed (3156 ppm)
Manganese found in Seed (100 ppm)
Niacin found in Seed (54 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (39 ppm)
Antiescherichic
Quercetin found in Bark
Antiestrogenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf ;found in Seed
Quercetin found in Bark
Antifatigue
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Seed (22 ppm)
Chromium found in Seed (0.7 ppm)
Copper found in Seed (82 ppm)
Magnesium found in Seed (3156 ppm)
Pantothenic-acid found in Seed (12 ppm)
Potassium found in Seed (10433 ppm)
Thiamin found in Seed (6 ppm)
Antifeedant
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf ;found in Seed
Betulin found in Bark
Isoquercitrin found in Leaf
Myricetin found in Bark
Quercetin found in Bark
Quercitrin found in Bark ;found in Leaf
Antifertility
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf ;found in Seed
Kaempferol found in Bark
Antifibrinolytic
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (18850 ppm)
Palmitic-acid found in Seed (65000 ppm)
Antifibromyalgic
Magnesium found in Seed (3156 ppm)
Antifibrosarcomic
Quercetin found in Bark
Antifibrotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Seed (22 ppm)
Selenium found in Seed (0.08 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (39 ppm)
Antiflu
Betulin found in Bark
Quercetin found in Bark
Quercitrin found in Bark ;found in Leaf
Antifuruncular
Zinc found in Seed (39 ppm)
Antigallstone
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Seed (22 ppm)
Antigastric
Myricetin found in Bark
Quercetin found in Bark
Antigastritic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Seed (22 ppm)
Thiamin found in Seed (6 ppm)
Antigastrotic
Magnesium found in Seed (3156 ppm)
Antigingivitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Seed (22 ppm)
Folacin found in Seed (0.855 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Bark
Myricetin found in Bark
Antiglaucomic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Seed (22 ppm)
Magnesium found in Seed (3156 ppm)
Antiglossitic
Folacin found in Seed (0.855 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Seed (4.4 ppm)
Antiglycosuric
Chromium found in Seed (0.7 ppm)
Antigoiter
Iodine found in Seed (0.03 ppm)
Antigonadotrophic
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf ;found in Seed
Myricetin found in Bark
Antigonadotropic
Quercetin found in Bark
Antigout
Selenium found in Seed (0.08 ppm)
Antigranular
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (18850 ppm)
Antigrey
Sulfur found in Seed (2070 ppm)
Antihangover
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Seed (22 ppm)
Niacin found in Seed (54 ppm)
Thiamin found in Seed (6 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (39 ppm)
Antiheartburn
Thiamin found in Seed (6 ppm)
Antihemorrhagic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Seed (22 ppm)
Quercitrin found in Bark ;found in Leaf
Antihepatitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Seed (22 ppm)
Antihepatotoxic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Seed (22 ppm)
Quercetin found in Bark
Quercitrin found in Bark ;found in Leaf
Stigmasterol found in Plant ;found in Seed
Antiherpetic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Seed (22 ppm)
Chlorine found in Seed (41 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Bark
Quercetin found in Bark
Quercitrin found in Bark ;found in Leaf
Thiamin found in Seed (6 ppm)
Antihiccup
Sucrose found in Plant ;found in Seed (50000 ppm)
Antihistaminic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Seed (22 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Bark
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (18850 ppm)
Myricetin found in Bark
Niacin found in Seed (54 ppm)
Quercetin found in Bark
Antihydrophobic
Quercetin found in Bark
Antihyperactivity
Niacin found in Seed (54 ppm)
Antihypercholesterolemic
Pantothenic-acid found in Seed (12 ppm)
Antihyperkeratotic
Beta-carotene found in Seed (0.4 ppm)
Antihyperkinetic
Calcium found in Seed (2591 ppm)
Magnesium found in Seed (3156 ppm)
Antihyperlipoproteinaemic
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf ;found in Seed
Antihypertensive
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Seed (22 ppm)
Calcium found in Seed (2591 ppm)
Fiber found in Seed (59000 ppm)
Magnesium found in Seed (3156 ppm)
Potassium found in Seed (10433 ppm)
Quercetin found in Bark
Antihypoglycemic
Magnesium found in Seed (3156 ppm)
Antiichythyotic
Beta-carotene found in Seed (0.4 ppm)
Antiimplantation
Kaempferol found in Bark
Antiimpotence
Zinc found in Seed (39 ppm)
Antiinfarctal
Alpha-tocopherol found in Essential Oil ;found in Seed (240 ppm)
Antiinfective
Zinc found in Seed (39 ppm)
Antiinfertility
Alpha-tocopherol found in Essential Oil ;found in Seed (240 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Seed (22 ppm)
Vanadium found in Seed (0.01 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (39 ppm)
Antiinflammatory
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Seed (22 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf ;found in Seed
Betulin found in Bark
Copper found in Seed (82 ppm)
Isoquercitrin found in Leaf
Kaempferol found in Bark
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (18850 ppm)
Magnesium found in Seed (3156 ppm)
Myricetin found in Bark
Myricitrin found in Bark ;found in Leaf
Oleic-acid found in Essential Oil ;found in Seed (572650 ppm)
Quercetin found in Bark
Quercitrin found in Bark ;found in Leaf
Salicylates found in Seed (2 ppm)
Stigmasterol found in Plant ;found in Seed
Antiinsomniac
Calcium found in Seed (2591 ppm)
Magnesium found in Seed (3156 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (39 ppm)
Antiinsomnic
Niacin found in Seed (54 ppm)
Antiinsulinogenic
Vanadium found in Seed (0.01 ppm)
Antiischemic
Alpha-tocopherol found in Essential Oil ;found in Seed (240 ppm)
Antikeratitic
Riboflavin found in Seed (4.4 ppm)
Antikeshan
Selenium found in Seed (0.08 ppm)
Antileishmanic
Quercetin found in Bark
Antilepric
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Seed (22 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (39 ppm)
Antileukemic
Astragalin found in Leaf
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf ;found in Seed
Kaempferol found in Bark
Quercetin found in Bark
Selenium found in Seed (0.08 ppm)
Antileukonychic
Zinc found in Seed (39 ppm)
Antileukoplakic
Beta-carotene found in Seed (0.4 ppm)
Antileukotriene-D4
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (18850 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Essential Oil ;found in Seed (572650 ppm)
Antileukotriene
Quercetin found in Bark
Selenium found in Seed (0.08 ppm)
Antilipoperoxidant
Beta-carotene found in Seed (0.4 ppm)
Quercetin found in Bark
Antilithic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Seed (22 ppm)
Magnesium found in Seed (3156 ppm)
Antilupus
Beta-carotene found in Seed (0.4 ppm)
Antilymphocytic
Kaempferol found in Bark
Antilymphomic
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf ;found in Seed
Zinc found in Seed (39 ppm)
Antimaculitic
Alpha-tocopherol found in Essential Oil ;found in Seed (240 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Seed (22 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Seed (0.4 ppm)
Selenium found in Seed (0.08 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (39 ppm)
Antimalarial
Quercetin found in Bark
Antimanic
Vanadium found in Seed (0.01 ppm)
Antimastalgic
Magnesium found in Seed (3156 ppm)
Antimastitic
Beta-carotene found in Seed (0.4 ppm)
Antimeasles
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Seed (22 ppm)
Antimelanomic
Quercetin found in Bark
Selenium found in Seed (0.08 ppm)
Antimenopausal
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Seed (22 ppm)
Calcium found in Seed (2591 ppm)
Magnesium found in Seed (3156 ppm)
Selenium found in Seed (0.08 ppm)
Antimenorrhagic
Iron found in Seed (99 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (18850 ppm)
Antimetastatic
Quercetin found in Bark
Selenium found in Seed (0.08 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (39 ppm)
Antimigraine
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Seed (22 ppm)
Magnesium found in Seed (3156 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Seed (4.4 ppm)
Thiamin found in Seed (6 ppm)
Antimitral-valve-prolapse
Magnesium found in Seed (3156 ppm)
Antimutagenic
Alpha-tocopherol found in Essential Oil ;found in Seed (240 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Seed (22 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Seed (0.4 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf ;found in Seed
Kaempferol found in Bark
Myricetin found in Bark
Myricitrin found in Bark ;found in Leaf
N-nonacosane found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Bark
Quercitrin found in Bark ;found in Leaf
Antimyalgic
Selenium found in Seed (0.08 ppm)
Antimyelotoxic
Folacin found in Seed (0.855 ppm)
Antimyocarditic
Quercetin found in Bark
Thiamin found in Seed (6 ppm)
Antinephrolytic
Magnesium found in Seed (3156 ppm)
Antineuralgic
Niacin found in Seed (54 ppm)
Thiamin found in Seed (6 ppm)
Antineuramidase
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Seed (22 ppm)
Antineurasthenic
Thiamin found in Seed (6 ppm)
Antineuritic
Thiamin found in Seed (6 ppm)
Antineuropathic
Alpha-tocopherol found in Essential Oil ;found in Seed (240 ppm)
Folacin found in Seed (0.855 ppm)
Thiamin found in Seed (6 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (39 ppm)
Antineurotic
Magnesium found in Seed (3156 ppm)
Antinitrosaminic
Quercetin found in Bark
Antinitrosic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Seed (22 ppm)
Antinociceptive
Copper found in Seed (82 ppm)
Isoquercitrin found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Bark
Stigmasterol found in Plant ;found in Seed
Antinyctalopic
Zinc found in Seed (39 ppm)
Antiobesity
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Seed (22 ppm)
Calcium found in Seed (2591 ppm)
Chromium found in Seed (0.7 ppm)
Fiber found in Seed (59000 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (39 ppm)
Antionychyotic
Silicon found in Seed (900 ppm)
Antiophidic
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf ;found in Seed
Stigmasterol found in Plant ;found in Seed
Antiophthalmic
Sucrose found in Plant ;found in Seed (50000 ppm)
Antiorchitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Seed (22 ppm)
Antiosteoarthritic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Seed (22 ppm)
Boron found in Seed (21 ppm)
Selenium found in Seed (0.08 ppm)
Sulfur found in Seed (2070 ppm)
Antiosteoporotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Seed (22 ppm)
Boron found in Seed (21 ppm)
Calcium found in Seed (2591 ppm)
Copper found in Seed (82 ppm)
Magnesium found in Seed (3156 ppm)
Manganese found in Seed (100 ppm)
Phosphorus found in Seed (4622 ppm)
Silicon found in Seed (900 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (39 ppm)
Antiototic
Manganese found in Seed (100 ppm)
Antioxidant
Alpha-tocopherol found in Essential Oil ;found in Seed (240 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Seed (22 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Seed (0.4 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf ;found in Seed
Campesterol found in Plant ;found in Seed
Isoquercitrin found in Leaf
Kaempferol found in Bark
Manganese found in Seed (100 ppm)
Myricetin found in Bark
Myricitrin found in Bark ;found in Leaf
Myristic-acid found in Seed (14300 ppm)
Palmitic-acid found in Seed (65000 ppm)
Quercetin found in Bark
Quercitrin found in Bark ;found in Leaf
Riboflavin found in Seed (4.4 ppm)
Selenium found in Seed (0.08 ppm)
Stigmasterol found in Plant ;found in Seed
Sucrose found in Plant ;found in Seed (50000 ppm)
Antiozenic
Beta-carotene found in Seed (0.4 ppm)
Antipancreatitic
Quercetin found in Bark
Antipapillomic
Beta-carotene found in Seed (0.4 ppm)
Antiparkinsonian
Alpha-tocopherol found in Essential Oil ;found in Seed (240 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Seed (22 ppm)
Niacin found in Seed (54 ppm)
Selenium found in Seed (0.08 ppm)
Antiparotitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Seed (22 ppm)
Antipellagric
Niacin found in Seed (54 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Seed (4.4 ppm)
Antiperiodontal
Quercetin found in Bark
Antiperiodontic
Kaempferol found in Bark
Myricetin found in Bark
Antiperiodontitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Seed (22 ppm)
Calcium found in Seed (2591 ppm)
Folacin found in Seed (0.855 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (39 ppm)
Antiperistaltic
Quercetin found in Bark
Antipermeability
Quercetin found in Bark
Antiperoxidant
Quercetin found in Bark
Antipharyngitic
Quercetin found in Bark
Antiphotophobic
Beta-carotene found in Seed (0.4 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Seed (4.4 ppm)
Antipityriasic
Beta-carotene found in Seed (0.4 ppm)
Antiplaque
Folacin found in Seed (0.855 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Bark
Magnesium found in Seed (3156 ppm)
Myricetin found in Bark
Quercetin found in Bark
Zinc found in Seed (39 ppm)
Antiplasmodial
Quercetin found in Bark
Antipneumonic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Seed (22 ppm)
Antipodriac
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Seed (22 ppm)
Quercetin found in Bark
Antipolio
Quercetin found in Bark
Antipoliomyelitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Seed (22 ppm)
Thiamin found in Seed (6 ppm)
Antiporphyric
Beta-carotene found in Seed (0.4 ppm)
Antiprogestational
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf ;found in Seed
Antiprolactin
Zinc found in Seed (39 ppm)
Antiproliferant
Beta-carotene found in Seed (0.4 ppm)
Quercetin found in Bark
Selenium found in Seed (0.08 ppm)
Antiprostaglandin
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf ;found in Seed
Antiprostanoid
Quercetin found in Bark
Antiprostatadenomic
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf ;found in Seed
Antiprostatitic
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf ;found in Seed
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (18850 ppm)
Quercetin found in Bark
Zinc found in Seed (39 ppm)
Antiprostatotic
Phytosterols found in Seed (5000 ppm)
Antipsoriac
Beta-carotene found in Seed (0.4 ppm)
Quercetin found in Bark
Antipsychotic
Folacin found in Seed (0.855 ppm)
Antipurpuric
Quercitrin found in Bark ;found in Leaf
Antipyretic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Seed (22 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf ;found in Seed
Salicylates found in Seed (2 ppm)
Antiradicular
Alpha-tocopherol found in Essential Oil ;found in Seed (240 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Seed (22 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Seed (0.4 ppm)
Isoquercitrin found in Leaf
Kaempferol found in Bark
Quercetin found in Bark
Selenium found in Seed (0.08 ppm)
Antiretinopathic
Magnesium found in Seed (3156 ppm)
Antiretinotic
Alpha-tocopherol found in Essential Oil ;found in Seed (240 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Seed (22 ppm)
Antirheumatic
Alpha-tocopherol found in Essential Oil ;found in Seed (240 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Seed (22 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Seed (0.4 ppm)
Calcium found in Seed (2591 ppm)
Citrostadienol found in Plant
Selenium found in Seed (0.08 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (39 ppm)
Antirhinitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Seed (22 ppm)
Antiscorbutic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Seed (22 ppm)
Antiscotomic
Niacin found in Seed (54 ppm)
Antiseborrheic
Sulfur found in Seed (2070 ppm)
Antisecretory
Taraxerol found in Leaf
Antiseptic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Seed (22 ppm)
Chlorine found in Seed (41 ppm)
Iodine found in Seed (0.03 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Bark
Myricetin found in Bark
Sulfur found in Seed (2070 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (39 ppm)
Antiserotonin
Kaempferol found in Bark
Antishingles
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Seed (22 ppm)
Antisilicotic
Aluminum found in Seed (2.6 ppm)
Antispare-Tire
Zinc found in Seed (39 ppm)
Antispasmodic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Seed (22 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Bark
Magnesium found in Seed (3156 ppm)
Niacin found in Seed (54 ppm)
Potassium found in Seed (10433 ppm)
Quercetin found in Bark
Quercitrin found in Bark ;found in Leaf
Antispasmophilic
Magnesium found in Seed (3156 ppm)
Antistaphylococcic
Kaempferol found in Bark
Quercitrin found in Bark ;found in Leaf
Antistomatitic
Zinc found in Seed (39 ppm)
Antistreptococcic
Quercetin found in Bark
Antistress
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Seed (22 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Seed (0.4 ppm)
Calcium found in Seed (2591 ppm)
Magnesium found in Seed (3156 ppm)
Antistroke
Alpha-tocopherol found in Essential Oil ;found in Seed (240 ppm)
Magnesium found in Seed (3156 ppm)
Potassium found in Seed (10433 ppm)
Antisyndrome-X
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Seed (22 ppm)
Chromium found in Seed (0.7 ppm)
Magnesium found in Seed (3156 ppm)
Manganese found in Seed (100 ppm)
Selenium found in Seed (0.08 ppm)
Vanadium found in Seed (0.01 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (39 ppm)
Antithiamin
Quercetin found in Bark
Antithrombic
Quercetin found in Bark
Antithrombogenic
Quercitrin found in Bark ;found in Leaf
Antithyrotoxic
Iodine found in Seed (0.03 ppm)
Antitic
Calcium found in Seed (2591 ppm)
Antitinnitic
Zinc found in Seed (39 ppm)
Antitriglyceride
Chromium found in Seed (0.7 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (39 ppm)
Antitrypanosomic
Quercetin found in Bark
Antitumor-Promoter
Alpha-tocopherol found in Essential Oil ;found in Seed (240 ppm)
Isoquercitrin found in Leaf
Kaempferol found in Bark
Myricitrin found in Bark ;found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Bark
Antitumor
Alpha-tocopherol found in Essential Oil ;found in Seed (240 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Seed (0.4 ppm)
Betulin found in Bark
Fiber found in Seed (59000 ppm)
Isoquercitrin found in Leaf
Kaempferol found in Bark
Quercetin found in Bark
Quercitrin found in Bark ;found in Leaf
Selenium found in Seed (0.08 ppm)
Antiulcer
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Seed (22 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Seed (0.4 ppm)
Fiber found in Seed (59000 ppm)
Gold found in Seed (0.003 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Bark
Quercetin found in Bark
Quercitrin found in Bark ;found in Leaf
Taraxerol found in Leaf
Zinc found in Seed (39 ppm)
Antiulcerogenic
Selenium found in Seed (0.08 ppm)
Antiuricosuric
Salicylates found in Seed (2 ppm)
Antivaginitic
Aluminum found in Seed (2.6 ppm)
Antivertigo
Niacin found in Seed (54 ppm)
Antiviral
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Seed (22 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf ;found in Seed
Betulin found in Bark
Chlorine found in Seed (41 ppm)
Iodine found in Seed (0.03 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Bark
Myricetin found in Bark
Quercetin found in Bark
Quercitrin found in Bark ;found in Leaf
Stigmasterol found in Plant ;found in Seed
Antixerophthalmic
Beta-carotene found in Seed (0.4 ppm)
Anxiolytic
Calcium found in Seed (2591 ppm)
Magnesium found in Seed (3156 ppm)
Phosphorus found in Seed (4622 ppm)
Potassium found in Seed (10433 ppm)
Selenium found in Seed (0.08 ppm)
Aphidifuge
Betulin found in Bark
Apoptotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Seed (22 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf ;found in Seed
Kaempferol found in Bark
Myricetin found in Bark
Quercetin found in Bark
Selenium found in Seed (0.08 ppm)
Aromatase-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Bark
Artemicide
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf ;found in Seed
Stigmasterol found in Plant ;found in Seed
Asthma-preventive
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Seed (22 ppm)
Astringent
Zinc found in Seed (39 ppm)
Atherogenic
Sucrose found in Plant ;found in Seed (50000 ppm)
Bacteristat
Quercetin found in Bark
Beta-Blocker
Fiber found in Seed (59000 ppm)
Potassium found in Seed (10433 ppm)
Beta-Glucuronidase-Inhibitor
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Seed (22 ppm)
Bradycardiac
Quercetin found in Bark
CNS-Depressant
Magnesium found in Seed (3156 ppm)
Quercitrin found in Bark ;found in Leaf
COMP-Inhibitor
Myricetin found in Bark
COMT-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Bark
COX-1-Inhibitor
Beta-carotene found in Seed (0.4 ppm)
COX-2-Inhibitor
Beta-carotene found in Seed (0.4 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Bark
Quercetin found in Bark
Calcium-Antagonist
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Seed (22 ppm)
Magnesium found in Seed (3156 ppm)
Calcium-Channel-Blocker
Calcium found in Seed (2591 ppm)
Calmodulin-Antagonist
Quercetin found in Bark
Cancer-Preventive
Alpha-tocopherol found in Essential Oil ;found in Seed (240 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Seed (22 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Seed (0.4 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf ;found in Seed
Fiber found in Seed (59000 ppm)
Isoquercitrin found in Leaf
Kaempferol found in Bark
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (18850 ppm)
Myricetin found in Bark
Myristic-acid found in Seed (14300 ppm)
Niacin found in Seed (54 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Essential Oil ;found in Seed (572650 ppm)
Pantothenic-acid found in Seed (12 ppm)
Quercetin found in Bark
Quercitrin found in Bark ;found in Leaf
Riboflavin found in Seed (4.4 ppm)
Selenium found in Seed (0.08 ppm)
Stigmasterol found in Plant ;found in Seed
Candidicide
Aluminum found in Seed (2.6 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf ;found in Seed
Chlorine found in Seed (41 ppm)
Myricetin found in Bark
Myricitrin found in Bark ;found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Bark
Capillarigenic
Isoquercitrin found in Leaf
Capillariprotective
Quercetin found in Bark
Carcinogenic
Kaempferol found in Bark
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (18850 ppm)
Quercetin found in Bark
Cardiomyopathogenic
Cobalt found in Seed (0.3 ppm)
Cardioprotective
Alpha-tocopherol found in Essential Oil ;found in Seed (240 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Seed (22 ppm)
Chromium found in Seed (0.7 ppm)
Copper found in Seed (82 ppm)
Fiber found in Seed (59000 ppm)
Magnesium found in Seed (3156 ppm)
Niacin found in Seed (54 ppm)
Potassium found in Seed (10433 ppm)
Selenium found in Seed (0.08 ppm)
Silicon found in Seed (900 ppm)
Cardiotonic
Quercitrin found in Bark ;found in Leaf
Cardiotoxic
Potassium found in Seed (10433 ppm)
Caspase-8-Inducer
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf ;found in Seed
Catabolic
Quercetin found in Bark
Chemopreventive
Beta-carotene found in Seed (0.4 ppm)
Choleretic
Kaempferol found in Bark
Myricitrin found in Bark ;found in Leaf
Oleic-acid found in Essential Oil ;found in Seed (572650 ppm)
Quercitrin found in Bark ;found in Leaf
Circulotonic
Alpha-tocopherol found in Essential Oil ;found in Seed (240 ppm)
Niacin found in Seed (54 ppm)
Cold-preventive
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Seed (22 ppm)
Collagenic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Seed (22 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (39 ppm)
Collyrium
Sucrose found in Plant ;found in Seed (50000 ppm)
Colorant
Beta-carotene found in Seed (0.4 ppm)
Comedogenic
Sulfur found in Seed (2070 ppm)
Comedolytic
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (18850 ppm)
Contraceptive
Copper found in Seed (82 ppm)
Copper-Antagonist
Zinc found in Seed (39 ppm)
Copper-Chelator
Kaempferol found in Bark
Quercetin found in Bark
Cosmetic
Myristic-acid found in Seed (14300 ppm)
Stearic-acid found in Seed (10400 ppm)
Cyclooxygenase-Activator
Quercitrin found in Bark ;found in Leaf
Cyclooxygenase-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Bark
Quercetin found in Bark
Cytochrome-P450-1A2-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Bark
Cytotoxic
Betulin found in Bark
Kaempferol found in Bark
Quercetin found in Bark
Deiodinase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Bark
Demulcent
Sucrose found in Plant ;found in Seed (50000 ppm)
Deodorant
Zinc found in Seed (39 ppm)
Depressant
Selenium found in Seed (0.08 ppm)
Dermatitigenic
Iodine found in Seed (0.03 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Essential Oil ;found in Seed (572650 ppm)
Detoxicant
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Seed (22 ppm)
Quercitrin found in Bark ;found in Leaf
Diaphoretic
Isoquercitrin found in Leaf
Differentiator
Quercetin found in Bark
Diuretic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Seed (22 ppm)
Calcium found in Seed (2591 ppm)
Fiber found in Seed (59000 ppm)
Isoquercitrin found in Leaf
Kaempferol found in Bark
Magnesium found in Seed (3156 ppm)
Myricetin found in Bark
Myricitrin found in Bark ;found in Leaf
Potassium found in Seed (10433 ppm)
Quercitrin found in Bark ;found in Leaf
Dye
Quercitrin found in Bark ;found in Leaf
Encephalopathic
Aluminum found in Seed (2.6 ppm)
Energizer
Chromium found in Seed (0.7 ppm)
Ergogenic
Zinc found in Seed (39 ppm)
Erythrocytogenic
Cobalt found in Seed (0.3 ppm)
Estrogenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf ;found in Seed
Boron found in Seed (21 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Bark
Quercetin found in Bark
Stigmasterol found in Plant ;found in Seed
Expectorant
Astragalin found in Leaf
FLavor
Oleic-acid found in Essential Oil ;found in Seed (572650 ppm)
Palmitic-acid found in Seed (65000 ppm)
Stearic-acid found in Seed (10400 ppm)
Febrifuge
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf ;found in Seed
Fibrinolytic
Niacin found in Seed (54 ppm)
Fistula-Preventive
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Seed (22 ppm)
Flatugenic
Raffinose found in Seed
Stachyose found in Seed
Sucrose found in Plant ;found in Seed (50000 ppm)
Fungicide
Chlorine found in Seed (41 ppm)
Iodine found in Seed (0.03 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Bark
Quercetin found in Bark
Selenium found in Seed (0.08 ppm)
Gastroprotective
Beta-carotene found in Seed (0.4 ppm)
Glucosyl-Transferase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Bark
Goitrogenic
Iodine found in Seed (0.03 ppm)
Gonadotrophic
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf ;found in Seed
HIV-RT-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Bark
Quercetin found in Bark
Hematopoietic
Folacin found in Seed (0.855 ppm)
Hemolytic
Palmitic-acid found in Seed (65000 ppm)
Hemostat
Cellulose found in Wood
Quercetin found in Bark
Quercitrin found in Bark ;found in Leaf
Hepatomagenic
Quercetin found in Bark
Hepatoprotective
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf ;found in Seed
Kaempferol found in Bark
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (18850 ppm)
Niacin found in Seed (54 ppm)
Quercetin found in Bark
Hepatotonic
Quercitrin found in Bark ;found in Leaf
Hepatotoxic
Niacin found in Seed (54 ppm)
Hypercholesterolemic
Myristic-acid found in Seed (14300 ppm)
Palmitic-acid found in Seed (65000 ppm)
Sucrose found in Plant ;found in Seed (50000 ppm)
Hyperglycemic
Salicylates found in Seed (2 ppm)
Hypertensive
Cadmium found in Seed (0.05 ppm)
Sodium found in Seed (32 ppm)
Hyperthyroid
Iodine found in Seed (0.03 ppm)
Hypocholesterolemic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Seed (22 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf ;found in Seed
Calcium found in Seed (2591 ppm)
Campesterol found in Plant ;found in Seed
Chromium found in Seed (0.7 ppm)
Copper found in Seed (82 ppm)
Fiber found in Seed (59000 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (18850 ppm)
Magnesium found in Seed (3156 ppm)
Niacin found in Seed (54 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Essential Oil ;found in Seed (572650 ppm)
Phytosterols found in Seed (5000 ppm)
Stearic-acid found in Seed (10400 ppm)
Stigmasterol found in Plant ;found in Seed
Vanadium found in Seed (0.01 ppm)
Hypoglycemic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Seed (22 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf ;found in Seed
Chromium found in Seed (0.7 ppm)
Manganese found in Seed (100 ppm)
Myricetin found in Bark
Niacin found in Seed (54 ppm)
Quercetin found in Bark
Quercitrin found in Bark ;found in Leaf
Salicylates found in Seed (2 ppm)
Vanadium found in Seed (0.01 ppm)
Hypolipemic
Betulin found in Bark
Hypolipidemic
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf ;found in Seed
Niacin found in Seed (54 ppm)
Hypotensive
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Seed (22 ppm)
Astragalin found in Leaf
Calcium found in Seed (2591 ppm)
Chromium found in Seed (0.7 ppm)
Fiber found in Seed (59000 ppm)
Isoquercitrin found in Leaf
Kaempferol found in Bark
Magnesium found in Seed (3156 ppm)
Potassium found in Seed (10433 ppm)
Quercitrin found in Bark ;found in Leaf
Vanadium found in Seed (0.01 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (39 ppm)
Hypotriglyceridemic
Vanadium found in Seed (0.01 ppm)
Hypouricemic
Fiber found in Seed (59000 ppm)
ICAM-1-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Bark
Immunomodulator
Alpha-tocopherol found in Essential Oil ;found in Seed (240 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Seed (22 ppm)
Chromium found in Seed (0.7 ppm)
Copper found in Seed (82 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (18850 ppm)
Magnesium found in Seed (3156 ppm)
Selenium found in Seed (0.08 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (39 ppm)
Immunostimulant
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Seed (22 ppm)
Astragalin found in Leaf
Beta-carotene found in Seed (0.4 ppm)
Phosphorus found in Seed (4622 ppm)
Selenium found in Seed (0.08 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (39 ppm)
Immunosuppressant
Zinc found in Seed (39 ppm)
Inotropic
Kaempferol found in Bark
Quercetin found in Bark
Insectifuge
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (18850 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Essential Oil ;found in Seed (572650 ppm)
Thiamin found in Seed (6 ppm)
Insectiphile
Isoquercitrin found in Leaf
Quercitrin found in Bark ;found in Leaf
Insulin-Sparing
Nickel found in Seed (2 ppm)
Insulinogenic
Chromium found in Seed (0.7 ppm)
Magnesium found in Seed (3156 ppm)
Quercetin found in Bark
Zinc found in Seed (39 ppm)
Interferon-Synergist
Beta-carotene found in Seed (0.4 ppm)
Interferonogenic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Seed (22 ppm)
Iodothyronine-Deiodinase-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Bark
Irritant
Oleic-acid found in Essential Oil ;found in Seed (572650 ppm)
JNK-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Bark
Juvabional
Quercetin found in Bark
Keratolytic
Sulfur found in Seed (2070 ppm)
Larvistat
Myricetin found in Bark
Quercetin found in Bark
Laxative
Calcium found in Seed (2591 ppm)
Fiber found in Seed (59000 ppm)
Magnesium found in Seed (3156 ppm)
Sulfur found in Seed (2070 ppm)
Leptingenic
Zinc found in Seed (39 ppm)
Lipoxygenase-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Bark
Myricetin found in Bark
Quercetin found in Bark
Lithogenic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Seed (22 ppm)
Cadmium found in Seed (0.05 ppm)
Litholytic
Magnesium found in Seed (3156 ppm)
Lubricant
Myristic-acid found in Seed (14300 ppm)
Palmitic-acid found in Seed (65000 ppm)
Stearic-acid found in Seed (10400 ppm)
MAO-A-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Bark
Quercitrin found in Bark ;found in Leaf
MAO-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Bark
Quercitrin found in Bark ;found in Leaf
MMP-9-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Bark
Mast-Cell-Stabilizer
Quercetin found in Bark
Memorigenic
Chromium found in Seed (0.7 ppm)
Metalloproteinase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Bark
Metastatic
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (18850 ppm)
Mucogenic
Beta-carotene found in Seed (0.4 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (39 ppm)
Mucolytic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Seed (22 ppm)
Mutagenic
Kaempferol found in Bark
Myricetin found in Bark
Quercetin found in Bark
Myorelaxant
Magnesium found in Seed (3156 ppm)
NADH-Oxidase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Bark
NEP-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Bark
NF-kB-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Bark
Selenium found in Seed (0.08 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (39 ppm)
NO-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Bark
Quercetin found in Bark
NO-Synthase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Bark
Natriuretic
Kaempferol found in Bark
Nematicide
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (18850 ppm)
Myristic-acid found in Seed (14300 ppm)
Palmitic-acid found in Seed (65000 ppm)
Nephrotoxic
Cadmium found in Seed (0.05 ppm)
Gold found in Seed (0.003 ppm)
Mercury found in Seed (0.05 ppm)
Uranium found in Seed (0.03 ppm)
Vanadium found in Seed (0.01 ppm)
Neuroprotective
Kaempferol found in Bark
Quercetin found in Bark
Thiamin found in Seed (6 ppm)
Neurotransmitter
Magnesium found in Seed (3156 ppm)
Ornithine-Decarboxylase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Bark
Selenium found in Seed (0.08 ppm)
Osteogenic
Phosphorus found in Seed (4622 ppm)
Ovulant
Stigmasterol found in Plant ;found in Seed
Oxidase-Inhibitor
Myricetin found in Bark
P450-Inducer
Quercetin found in Bark
P450-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Bark
PAF-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Bark
PGE2-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Bark
PTK-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Bark
Pancreatoxic
Vanadium found in Seed (0.01 ppm)
Paralytic
Quercitrin found in Bark ;found in Leaf
Paramecicide
Myricitrin found in Bark ;found in Leaf
Parasiticide
Sulfur found in Seed (2070 ppm)
Percutaneostimulant
Oleic-acid found in Essential Oil ;found in Seed (572650 ppm)
Perfumery
Oleic-acid found in Essential Oil ;found in Seed (572650 ppm)
Stearic-acid found in Seed (10400 ppm)
Pesticide
Aluminum found in Seed (2.6 ppm)
Arsenic found in Seed (0.02 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Seed (22 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf ;found in Seed
Chlorine found in Seed (41 ppm)
Isoquercitrin found in Leaf
Kaempferol found in Bark
Myricetin found in Bark
Myricitrin found in Bark ;found in Leaf
Palmitic-acid found in Seed (65000 ppm)
Quercetin found in Bark
Quercitrin found in Bark ;found in Leaf
Selenium found in Seed (0.08 ppm)
Sulfur found in Seed (2070 ppm)
Thiamin found in Seed (6 ppm)
Tin found in Seed (2.7 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (39 ppm)
Phagocytotic
Beta-carotene found in Seed (0.4 ppm)
Phospholipase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Bark
Plasmodicide
Quercetin found in Bark
Polyamine-Synthesis-Inhibitor
Selenium found in Seed (0.08 ppm)
Preservative
Sucrose found in Plant ;found in Seed (50000 ppm)
Proliferant
Quercetin found in Bark
Prooxidant
Beta-carotene found in Seed (0.4 ppm)
Iron found in Seed (99 ppm)
Propecic
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (18850 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Essential Oil ;found in Seed (572650 ppm)
Palmitic-acid found in Seed (65000 ppm)
Stearic-acid found in Seed (10400 ppm)
Prostaglandin-Sparer
Selenium found in Seed (0.08 ppm)
Prostaglandin-Synthesis-Inhibitor
Betulin found in Bark
Quercetin found in Bark
Protein-Kinase-C-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Bark
Selenium found in Seed (0.08 ppm)
Protisticide
Iodine found in Seed (0.03 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Bark
Myricitrin found in Bark ;found in Leaf
Quinone-Reductase-Inducer
Kaempferol found in Bark
Myricetin found in Bark
Quercetin found in Bark
Scabicide
Sulfur found in Seed (2070 ppm)
Schizophrenigenic
Copper found in Seed (82 ppm)
Sedative
Niacin found in Seed (54 ppm)
Stigmasterol found in Plant ;found in Seed
Serotoninergic
Niacin found in Seed (54 ppm)
Soap
Palmitic-acid found in Seed (65000 ppm)
Spermicide
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf ;found in Seed
Myricitrin found in Bark ;found in Leaf
Spermigenic
Zinc found in Seed (39 ppm)
Suppository
Stearic-acid found in Seed (10400 ppm)
Sweetener
Sucrose found in Plant ;found in Seed (50000 ppm)
TNF-alpha-Inhibitor
Isoquercitrin found in Leaf
Kaempferol found in Bark
Quercetin found in Bark
Taenicide
Tin found in Seed (2.7 ppm)
Teratologic
Kaempferol found in Bark
Quercetin found in Bark
Testosteronigenic
Zinc found in Seed (39 ppm)
Thymoprotective
Beta-carotene found in Seed (0.4 ppm)
Thyrotropic
Iodine found in Seed (0.03 ppm)
Topoisomerase-I-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Bark
Myricetin found in Bark
Quercetin found in Bark
Topoisomerase-II-Inhibitor
Betulin found in Bark
Isoquercitrin found in Leaf
Kaempferol found in Bark
Myricetin found in Bark
Quercetin found in Bark
Toxic
Vanadium found in Seed (0.01 ppm)
Tranquilizer
Calcium found in Seed (2591 ppm)
Magnesium found in Seed (3156 ppm)
Trichomonicide
Zinc found in Seed (39 ppm)
Triglycerigenic
Sucrose found in Plant ;found in Seed (50000 ppm)
Tumorigenic
Quercetin found in Bark
Tyrosinase-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Bark
Quercetin found in Bark
Tyrosine-Kinase-Inhibitor
Myricetin found in Bark
Quercetin found in Bark
Ubiquiot
Beta-carotene found in Seed (0.4 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf ;found in Seed
Ulcerogenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf ;found in Seed
Uricogenic
Sucrose found in Plant ;found in Seed (50000 ppm)
Uricosuric
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Seed (22 ppm)
Folacin found in Seed (0.855 ppm)
Salicylates found in Seed (2 ppm)
Urinary-Acidulant
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Seed (22 ppm)
Uterorelaxant
Magnesium found in Seed (3156 ppm)
Uterotrophic
Kaempferol found in Bark
VEGF-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Bark
Selenium found in Seed (0.08 ppm)
Vasodilator
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Seed (22 ppm)
Calcium found in Seed (2591 ppm)
Fiber found in Seed (59000 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Bark
Magnesium found in Seed (3156 ppm)
Myricetin found in Bark
Niacin found in Seed (54 ppm)
Potassium found in Seed (10433 ppm)
Quercetin found in Bark
Vasopressor
Quercitrin found in Bark ;found in Leaf
Vulnerary
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Seed (22 ppm)
Sucrose found in Plant ;found in Seed (50000 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (39 ppm)
Xanthine-Oxidase-Inhibitor
Folacin found in Seed (0.855 ppm)
Quercetin found in Bark
cAMP-Phosphodiesterase-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Bark
Quercetin found in Bark
iNOS-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Bark
Quercetin found in Bark

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Chemicals detected

Chemical Plant part Low ppm High ppm
(+)-catechin-7-o-beta-d-xylopyranoside Stem Bark 132
(+)-gallocatechin-(4-alpha-8)-catechin Bark
Leaf
(+)-gallocatechin-(4-alpha-8)-gallocatechin Leaf
3alpha,7alpha,22alpha-trihydroxystigmasten-(5) Leaf
5-dehydro-avenasterol Seed
Afzelin Bark
Allantoic-acid Leaf
Alpha-tocopherol Essential Oil
Seed 240
Aluminum Seed 2.6
Antimony Seed 0.1
Arsenic Seed 0.02
Ascorbic-acid Leaf
Seed 10 22
Ash Seed 17,000 50,000
Astragalin Leaf
Avenasterol Plant
Barium Seed 1.1
Beta-carotene Seed 0 0.4
Beta-sitosterol Leaf
Seed
Betulin Bark
Boron Seed 15 21
Bromine Seed 1.8
Cadmium Seed 0.01 0.05
Caffeoyl-feruloyl-spermidine Pollen Or Spore
Calcium Seed 1,300 2,591
Calcium-oxide Leaf 34,848
Campesterol Plant
Seed
Carbohydrates Seed 177,000 229,000
Cellulose Wood
Cesium Seed 0.01
Chlorine Seed 41
Chromium Seed 0.08 0.7
Citrostadienol Plant
Cobalt Seed 0.08 0.3
Copper Seed 13 82
Diferuloyl-spermidine Pollen Or Spore
Europium Seed 0.03
Fat Seed 500,000 650,000
Fiber Seed 31,000 59,000
Filbertone Seed
Fluorine Seed 1 1.2
Foeniculin Leaf
Folacin Seed 0.627 0.855
Galactan Wood
Gold Seed 0.003
Gramisterol Plant
Guanosine Pollen Or Spore
Hafnium Seed 0.1
Iodine Seed 0.03
Iron Seed 30 99
Iron-oxide Leaf 2,376
Isoquercitrin Leaf
Juglanin Leaf
Kaempferol Bark
Kaempferol-3-rhamnoside Leaf
Kilocalories Seed 5,870 6,682
Lanthanum Seed 0.02
Lead Seed 1.7
Lignoceryl-alcohol Bark
Linoleic-acid Seed 14,500 18,850
Lutetium Seed 0.003
Magnesium Seed 1,500 3,156
Manganese Seed 16 100
Mannan Wood
Manninotriose Seed
Melibiose Seed
Mercury Seed 0.004 0.05
Molybdenum Seed 0.2 0.6
Myricetin Bark
Myricitrin Bark
Leaf
Myristic-acid Seed 11,000 14,300
N-nonacosane Leaf
N-triacosane Pollen Or Spore
Niacin Seed 10 54
Nickel Seed 1.6 2
Nitrogen Seed 23,000 28,000
Obtusifoliol Plant
Oleic-acid Essential Oil
Seed 425,000 572,650
Palmitic-acid Seed 15,500 65,000
Pantothenic-acid Seed 11 12
Phlobaphene Bark
Phosphorus Seed 2,900 4,622
Phytate Seed 16,200 17,200
Phytosterols Seed 5,000
Potassium Seed 3,500 10,433
Procyanidin-b-1 Bark
Procyanidin-b-3 Bark
Leaf
Protein Seed 121,000 210,000
Quercetin Bark
Quercetin-3-o-(2''-o-beta-d-glucopyranosyl)-beta-d-galactopyranoside Pollen Or Spore
Quercetin-3-o-glucosylgalactoside Pollen Or Spore
Quercitrin Bark
Leaf
Raffinose Seed
Resinic-acid Bark
Riboflavin Seed 0.6 4.4
Rubidium Seed 4 11
Salicylates Seed 1 2
Samarium Seed 0.04
Scandium Seed 0.004
Selenium Seed 0.01 0.08
Silicon Seed 100 900
Silicon-oxide Leaf 3,828
Sitosterol Bark
Sodium Seed 3.3 32
Stachyose Seed
Stearic-acid Seed 8,000 10,400
Stigmasterol Plant
Seed
Strontium Seed 0.8
Sucrose Plant
Seed 20,000 50,000
Sulfur Seed 1,500 2,070
Tantalum Seed 0.02
Taraxerol Leaf
Thiamin Seed 1.6 6
Thorium Seed 0.1
Tin Seed 2.7
Titanium Seed 2.3
Tungsten Seed 0.02
Uranium Seed 0.03
Vanadium Seed 0.01
Vit-b-6 Seed 6
Water Seed 50,000 74,000
Xylan Wood
Ytterbium Seed 0.03
Zinc Seed 20 39
Reference: Dr. Duke's Phytochemical and Ethnobotanical Databases. [Online Database]