Cornus mas Health effects and herbal facts

Known as
cornelian-cherry sorbet

Cornus mas is a species of flowering plant in the dogwood family Cornaceae, native to southern Europe, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Georgia, Iran, Turkey, Lebanon and Syria. It is a medium to large deciduous shrub or small tree growing to 5–12 m tall, with dark brown branches and greenish twigs. The leaves are opposite, 4–10 cm long and 2–4 cm broad, with an ovate to oblong shape and an entire margin. The flowers are small, with four yellow petals, produced in clusters of 10–25 together in the late winter, well before the leaves appear. The fruit is an oblong red drupe 2 cm long and 1.5 cm in diameter, containing a single seed.

Cornus mas

Economic importance of Cornus mas

Environmental ornamental
Human food beverage base fruit

Gallery

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Geografical distribution

  • ASIA-TEMPERATE
    Native
    • Western Asia: Turkey
    • Caucasus: Armenia; Azerbaijan; Georgia; Russian Federation - Ciscaucasia, Dagestan
  • EUROPE
    Native
    • Middle Europe: Austria; Belgium; Czechoslovakia; Germany; Hungary; Switzerland
    • East Europe: Moldova; Ukraine
    • Southeastern Europe: Albania; Bulgaria; Former Yugoslavia; Greece; Italy; Romania
    • Southwestern Europe: France

Biological activities

11B-HSD-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
5-Alpha-Reductase-Inhibitor
Linoleic-acid found in Seed Oil ;found in Seed (687000 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Seed Oil ;found in Seed (160000 ppm)
Stearic-acid found in Seed Oil
5-HT-Inhibitor
Rutin found in Flower ;found in Leaf
5-Lipoxygenase-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
ACE-Inhibitor
Ellagic-acid found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Gallic-acid found in Flower ;found in Leaf
ATPase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Leaf
Abortifacient
Ellagic-acid found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Aldehyde-Oxidase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Leaf
Rutin found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Aldose-Reductase-Inhibitor
Ellagic-acid found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Rutin found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Allelochemic
Quercetin found in Leaf
Rutin found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Allergenic
Oleic-acid found in Seed Oil ;found in Seed (160000 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Alpha-Reductase-Inhibitor
Oleic-acid found in Seed Oil ;found in Seed (160000 ppm)
Analgesic
Gallic-acid found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Ursolic-acid found in Flower ;found in Shoot
Anemiagenic
Oleic-acid found in Seed Oil ;found in Seed (160000 ppm)
AntiCVI
Rutin found in Flower ;found in Leaf
AntiEBV
Ursolic-acid found in Flower ;found in Shoot
AntiGTF
Ellagic-acid found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
AntiHIV
Ellagic-acid found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Gallic-acid found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Procyanidin found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Ursolic-acid found in Flower ;found in Shoot
AntiMRSA
Gallic-acid found in Flower ;found in Leaf
AntiMS
Linoleic-acid found in Seed Oil ;found in Seed (687000 ppm)
AntiPMS
Quercetin found in Leaf
AntiTGF-beta
Ursolic-acid found in Flower ;found in Shoot
Antiacne
Linoleic-acid found in Seed Oil ;found in Seed (687000 ppm)
Antiadenovirus
Gallic-acid found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Antiaflatoxin
Ellagic-acid found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antiaggregant
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Rutin found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Antiaging
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antiallergenic
Gallic-acid found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Antiallergic
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Procyanidin found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Rutin found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Antialopecic
Linoleic-acid found in Seed Oil ;found in Seed (687000 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Seed Oil ;found in Seed (160000 ppm)
Antialzheimeran
Quercetin found in Leaf
Ursolic-acid found in Flower ;found in Shoot
Antianaphylactic
Ellagic-acid found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Gallic-acid found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Linoleic-acid found in Seed Oil ;found in Seed (687000 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antiandrogenic
Linoleic-acid found in Seed Oil ;found in Seed (687000 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Seed Oil ;found in Seed (160000 ppm)
Antiangiogenic
Gallic-acid found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antiapoplectic
Rutin found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Antiarrhythmic
Ursolic-acid found in Flower ;found in Shoot
Antiarteriosclerotic
Linoleic-acid found in Seed Oil ;found in Seed (687000 ppm)
Antiarthritic
Linoleic-acid found in Seed Oil ;found in Seed (687000 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Ursolic-acid found in Flower ;found in Shoot
Antiasthmatic
Gallic-acid found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antiatherogenic
Rutin found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Antiatherosclerotic
Quercetin found in Leaf
Rutin found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Antibacterial
Ellagic-acid found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Gallic-acid found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Procyanidin found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Rutin found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Ursolic-acid found in Flower ;found in Shoot
Antibiotic
Procyanidin found in Leaf
Antibronchitic
Gallic-acid found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Anticancer
Gallic-acid found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Rutin found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Ursolic-acid found in Flower ;found in Shoot
Anticapillary-Fragility
Rutin found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Anticarcinomic
Gallic-acid found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Ursolic-acid found in Flower ;found in Shoot
Anticariogenic
Ellagic-acid found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Ursolic-acid found in Flower ;found in Shoot
Anticataract
Ellagic-acid found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Rutin found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Anticholestatic
Ursolic-acid found in Flower ;found in Shoot
Anticlastogen
Rutin found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Anticolitic
Quercetin found in Leaf
Anticomplement
Ursolic-acid found in Flower ;found in Shoot
Anticomplementary
Quercetin found in Leaf
Anticonvulsant
Rutin found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Anticoronary
Linoleic-acid found in Seed Oil ;found in Seed (687000 ppm)
Anticystitic
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antidementia
Rutin found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Antidepressant
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antidermatitic
Quercetin found in Leaf
Rutin found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Antidiabetic
Quercetin found in Leaf
Rutin found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Ursolic-acid found in Flower ;found in Shoot
Antieczemic
Linoleic-acid found in Seed Oil ;found in Seed (687000 ppm)
Antiedemic
Procyanidin found in Leaf
Rutin found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Ursolic-acid found in Flower ;found in Shoot
Antielastase
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antiencephalitic
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antierythemic
Rutin found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Antiescherichic
Gallic-acid found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Ursolic-acid found in Flower ;found in Shoot
Antiestrogenic
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antiexudative
Procyanidin found in Leaf
Antifeedant
Quercetin found in Leaf
Rutin found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Antifertility
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Antifibrinolytic
Gallic-acid found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Linoleic-acid found in Seed Oil ;found in Seed (687000 ppm)
Antifibrosarcomic
Quercetin found in Leaf
Ursolic-acid found in Flower ;found in Shoot
Antiflu
Gallic-acid found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antigastric
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antigingivitic
Ellagic-acid found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Antiglaucomic
Rutin found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Antigonadotropic
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antigranular
Linoleic-acid found in Seed Oil ;found in Seed (687000 ppm)
Antihematuric
Rutin found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Antihemorrhoidal
Rutin found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Antihepatotoxic
Gallic-acid found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Rutin found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Ursolic-acid found in Flower ;found in Shoot
Antiherpetic
Gallic-acid found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Rutin found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Antihistaminic
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Linoleic-acid found in Seed Oil ;found in Seed (687000 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Rutin found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Ursolic-acid found in Flower ;found in Shoot
Antihydrophobic
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antihyperlipidemic
Ursolic-acid found in Flower ;found in Shoot
Antihypertensive
Quercetin found in Leaf
Rutin found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Antihyperthyroid
Ellagic-acid found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Antiimplantation
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Antiinflammatory
Ellagic-acid found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Gallic-acid found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Linoleic-acid found in Seed Oil ;found in Seed (687000 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Seed Oil ;found in Seed (160000 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Rutin found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Ursolic-acid found in Flower ;found in Shoot
Antileishmanic
Gallic-acid found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Ursolic-acid found in Flower ;found in Shoot
Antileukemic
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Ursolic-acid found in Flower ;found in Shoot
Antileukotriene-D4
Linoleic-acid found in Seed Oil ;found in Seed (687000 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Seed Oil ;found in Seed (160000 ppm)
Antileukotriene
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antilipoperoxidant
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antilymphocytic
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Antilymphomic
Ursolic-acid found in Flower ;found in Shoot
Antimalarial
Ellagic-acid found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Rutin found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Ursolic-acid found in Flower ;found in Shoot
Antimelanomic
Quercetin found in Leaf
Rutin found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Antimenorrhagic
Linoleic-acid found in Seed Oil ;found in Seed (687000 ppm)
Antimetastatic
Quercetin found in Leaf
Rutin found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Ursolic-acid found in Flower ;found in Shoot
Antimutagenic
Ellagic-acid found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Gallic-acid found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Rutin found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Ursolic-acid found in Flower ;found in Shoot
Antimyocarditic
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antinephritic
Rutin found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Ursolic-acid found in Flower ;found in Shoot
Antinitrosaminic
Gallic-acid found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antinociceptive
Quercetin found in Leaf
Rutin found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Antioxidant
Ellagic-acid found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Gallic-acid found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Rutin found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Ursolic-acid found in Flower ;found in Shoot
Antipancreatitic
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antiperiodontal
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antiperiodontic
Ellagic-acid found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Antiperiodontitic
Gallic-acid found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Antiperistaltic
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antipermeability
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antiperoxidant
Ellagic-acid found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Gallic-acid found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Rutin found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Ursolic-acid found in Flower ;found in Shoot
Antipharyngitic
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antiplaque
Ellagic-acid found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antiplasmodial
Ellagic-acid found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Ursolic-acid found in Flower ;found in Shoot
Antiplatelet
Rutin found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Antipodriac
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antipolio
Gallic-acid found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antiproliferant
Quercetin found in Leaf
Rutin found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Antiproliferative
Ursolic-acid found in Flower ;found in Shoot
Antiprostanoid
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antiprostatitic
Linoleic-acid found in Seed Oil ;found in Seed (687000 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antiproteolytic
Gallic-acid found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Antiprotozoal
Rutin found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Antipsoriac
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antipurpuric
Rutin found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Antiradicular
Gallic-acid found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Rutin found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Antiseptic
Ellagic-acid found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Gallic-acid found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Antiserotonin
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Antispasmodic
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Rutin found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Antistaphylococcic
Gallic-acid found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Ursolic-acid found in Flower ;found in Shoot
Antistreptococcic
Ellagic-acid found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antisunburn
Rutin found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Antithiamin
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antithrombic
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antithrombogenic
Rutin found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Antithromboxane
Ursolic-acid found in Flower ;found in Shoot
Antithyroid
Ellagic-acid found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Rutin found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Antitrypanosomic
Quercetin found in Leaf
Rutin found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Ursolic-acid found in Flower ;found in Shoot
Antitumor-Promoter
Gallic-acid found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Rutin found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Ursolic-acid found in Flower ;found in Shoot
Antitumor
Ellagic-acid found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Gallic-acid found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Rutin found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Ursolic-acid found in Flower ;found in Shoot
Antiulcer
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Rutin found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Ursolic-acid found in Flower ;found in Shoot
Antivaricose
Rutin found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Antiviral
Ellagic-acid found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Gallic-acid found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Procyanidin found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Rutin found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Ursolic-acid found in Flower ;found in Shoot
Antiyeast
Ellagic-acid found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Apoptotic
Ellagic-acid found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Gallic-acid found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Rutin found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Aromatase-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Ursolic-acid found in Flower ;found in Shoot
Astringent
Ellagic-acid found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Gallic-acid found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Bacteristat
Gallic-acid found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Beta-Blocker
Ursolic-acid found in Flower ;found in Shoot
Beta-Glucuronidase-Inhibitor
Ursolic-acid found in Flower ;found in Shoot
Bradycardiac
Quercetin found in Leaf
Bronchodilator
Gallic-acid found in Flower ;found in Leaf
CNS-Depressant
Ursolic-acid found in Flower ;found in Shoot
COMT-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Leaf
COX-2-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Ursolic-acid found in Flower ;found in Shoot
Calmodulin-Antagonist
Quercetin found in Leaf
Cancer-Preventive
Ellagic-acid found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Gallic-acid found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Linoleic-acid found in Seed Oil ;found in Seed (687000 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Seed Oil ;found in Seed (160000 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Rutin found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Ursolic-acid found in Flower ;found in Shoot
Candida-SAP-Inhibitor
Ellagic-acid found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Candidicide
Gallic-acid found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Ursolic-acid found in Flower ;found in Shoot
Capillariprotective
Procyanidin found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Rutin found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Carcinogenic
Gallic-acid found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Linoleic-acid found in Seed Oil ;found in Seed (687000 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Cardioprotective
Ursolic-acid found in Flower ;found in Shoot
Cardiotonic
Ursolic-acid found in Flower ;found in Shoot
Catabolic
Quercetin found in Leaf
Rutin found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Chemopreventive
Rutin found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Choleretic
Gallic-acid found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Oleic-acid found in Seed Oil ;found in Seed (160000 ppm)
Ursolic-acid found in Flower ;found in Shoot
Comedolytic
Linoleic-acid found in Seed Oil ;found in Seed (687000 ppm)
Copper-Chelator
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Cosmetic
Stearic-acid found in Seed Oil
Cyclooxygenase-Inhibitor
Gallic-acid found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Ursolic-acid found in Flower ;found in Shoot
Cytochrome-P450-1A2-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Leaf
Cytoprotective
Rutin found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Cytotoxic
Ellagic-acid found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Gallic-acid found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Ursolic-acid found in Flower ;found in Shoot
Deiodinase-Inhibitor
Ellagic-acid found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Dermatitigenic
Oleic-acid found in Seed Oil ;found in Seed (160000 ppm)
Detoxicant
Ellagic-acid found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Differentiator
Quercetin found in Leaf
Diuretic
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Ursolic-acid found in Flower ;found in Shoot
Elastase-Inhibitor
Ursolic-acid found in Flower ;found in Shoot
Estrogenic
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
FLavor
Oleic-acid found in Seed Oil ;found in Seed (160000 ppm)
Stearic-acid found in Seed Oil
Floral-Inhibitor
Gallic-acid found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Fungicide
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Glucosyl-Transferase-Inhibitor
Ellagic-acid found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
HIV-RT-Inhibitor
Ellagic-acid found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Hemostat
Gallic-acid found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Rutin found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Hemostatic
Ellagic-acid found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Hepatomagenic
Quercetin found in Leaf
Rutin found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Hepatoprotective
Ellagic-acid found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Gallic-acid found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Linoleic-acid found in Seed Oil ;found in Seed (687000 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Rutin found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Ursolic-acid found in Flower ;found in Shoot
Hyaluronidase-Inhibitor
Procyanidin found in Leaf
Hypocholesterolemic
Linoleic-acid found in Seed Oil ;found in Seed (687000 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Seed Oil ;found in Seed (160000 ppm)
Rutin found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Stearic-acid found in Seed Oil
Hypoglycemic
Quercetin found in Leaf
Ursolic-acid found in Flower ;found in Shoot
Hypotensive
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Rutin found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Ursolic-acid found in Flower ;found in Shoot
ICAM-1-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Immunomodulator
Gallic-acid found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Linoleic-acid found in Seed Oil ;found in Seed (687000 ppm)
Rutin found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Ursolic-acid found in Flower ;found in Shoot
Immunostimulant
Gallic-acid found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Immunosuppressant
Gallic-acid found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Inotropic
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Insecticide
Rutin found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Insectifuge
Linoleic-acid found in Seed Oil ;found in Seed (687000 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Seed Oil ;found in Seed (160000 ppm)
Insectiphile
Rutin found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Insulin-Sparing
Gallic-acid found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Insulinogenic
Quercetin found in Leaf
Iodothyronine-Deiodinase-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Irritant
Oleic-acid found in Seed Oil ;found in Seed (160000 ppm)
JNK-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Juvabional
Ellagic-acid found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Rutin found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Larvistat
Quercetin found in Leaf
Rutin found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Leucocytogenic
Ursolic-acid found in Flower ;found in Shoot
Lipoxygenase-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Rutin found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Ursolic-acid found in Flower ;found in Shoot
Lubricant
Stearic-acid found in Seed Oil
MAO-A-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Leaf
MAO-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Leaf
MMP-9-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Leaf
Ursolic-acid found in Flower ;found in Shoot
Mast-Cell-Stabilizer
Quercetin found in Leaf
Metalloproteinase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Leaf
Metastatic
Linoleic-acid found in Seed Oil ;found in Seed (687000 ppm)
Mutagenic
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Rutin found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Myoprotective
Rutin found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Myorelaxant
Gallic-acid found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Rutin found in Flower ;found in Leaf
NADH-Oxidase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Leaf
NEP-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Leaf
NF-kB-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Leaf
NO-Inhibitor
Gallic-acid found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
NO-Synthase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Leaf
Natriuretic
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Nematicide
Linoleic-acid found in Seed Oil ;found in Seed (687000 ppm)
Nephrotoxic
Gallic-acid found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Neuroprotective
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Ornithine-Decarboxylase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Leaf
Ursolic-acid found in Flower ;found in Shoot
Oviposition-Stimulant
Rutin found in Flower ;found in Leaf
P450-Inducer
Quercetin found in Leaf
P450-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Leaf
PAF-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Rutin found in Flower ;found in Leaf
PGE2-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Leaf
PTK-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Leaf
Percutaneostimulant
Oleic-acid found in Seed Oil ;found in Seed (160000 ppm)
Perfumery
Oleic-acid found in Seed Oil ;found in Seed (160000 ppm)
Stearic-acid found in Seed Oil
Pesticide
Ellagic-acid found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Gallic-acid found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Procyanidin found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Rutin found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Ursolic-acid found in Flower ;found in Shoot
Phospholipase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Leaf
Piscicide
Ursolic-acid found in Flower ;found in Shoot
Plasmodicide
Quercetin found in Leaf
Potassium-Sparing
Ursolic-acid found in Flower ;found in Shoot
Proliferant
Quercetin found in Leaf
Propecic
Linoleic-acid found in Seed Oil ;found in Seed (687000 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Seed Oil ;found in Seed (160000 ppm)
Stearic-acid found in Seed Oil
Prostaglandin-Synthesis-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Leaf
Protease-Inhibitor
Ursolic-acid found in Flower ;found in Shoot
Protein-Kinase-C-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Leaf
Protisticide
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Rutin found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Ursolic-acid found in Flower ;found in Shoot
Quinone-Reductase-Inducer
Ellagic-acid found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Ursolic-acid found in Flower ;found in Shoot
Radioprotective
Rutin found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Sodium-Sparing
Ursolic-acid found in Flower ;found in Shoot
Styptic
Gallic-acid found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Sunscreen
Ellagic-acid found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Rutin found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Suppository
Stearic-acid found in Seed Oil
TNF-alpha-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
TOPO-2-Inhibitor
Ursolic-acid found in Flower ;found in Shoot
Teratologic
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Topoisomerase-I-Antagonist
Ellagic-acid found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Topoisomerase-I-Inhibitor
Gallic-acid found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Topoisomerase-II-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Rutin found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Trypanocide
Ursolic-acid found in Flower ;found in Shoot
Tumorigenic
Quercetin found in Leaf
Tyrosinase-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Tyrosine-Kinase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Leaf
Uterotrophic
Kaempferol found in Leaf
VEGF-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Leaf
Vasodilator
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Rutin found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Vasopressor
Rutin found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Ursolic-acid found in Flower ;found in Shoot
Xanthine-Oxidase-Inhibitor
Ellagic-acid found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Gallic-acid found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Procyanidin found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
cAMP-Phosphodiesterase-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Rutin found in Flower ;found in Leaf
iNOS-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf

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Chemicals detected

Chemical Plant part Low ppm High ppm
Ellagic-acid Flower
Leaf
Gallic-acid Flower
Leaf
Hexahydroxydiphenic-acid Leaf
Kaempferol Leaf
Linoleic-acid Seed Oil
Seed 687,000
Linolenic-acid Seed Oil
Seed 15,000
Morronoside Leaf
Oleic-acid Seed Oil
Seed 160,000
Plamitic-acid Seed Oil
Procyanidin Leaf
Quercetin Leaf
Rutin Flower
Leaf
Secologanin Leaf
Stearic-acid Seed Oil
Ursolic-acid Flower
Shoot
Reference: Dr. Duke's Phytochemical and Ethnobotanical Databases. [Online Database]