Commiphora myrrha Health effects and herbal facts

Known as
African myrrh herabol myrrh myrrh Somali myrrh

Commiphora myrrha, called myrrh, African myrrh, herabol myrrh, Somali myrrhor, Common myrrh, or gum myrrh is a tree in the Burseraceae family. It is one of the primary trees used in the production of myrrh, a resin made from dried tree sap. The tree is native to the Arabian peninsula and to Africa.

Commiphora myrrha

Medical use

Economic importance of Commiphora myrrha

Food additives flavoring
Materials esential oils gum/resin
Medicines folklore

Gallery

Commiphora myrrha Commiphora myrrha Commiphora myrrha Commiphora myrrha Commiphora myrrha Commiphora myrrha Commiphora myrrha Commiphora myrrha Commiphora myrrha

Geografical distribution

  • AFRICA
    Native
    • Northeast Tropical Africa: Djibouti; Ethiopia ; Somalia
    • East Tropical Africa: Kenya
  • ASIA-TEMPERATE
    Native
    • Arabian Peninsula: Oman; Yemen

Biological activities

5-Alpha-Reductase-Inhibitor
Palmitic-acid found in Essential Oil
AChE-Inhibitor
Limonene found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Acaricide
Cinnamaldehyde found in Essential Oil ;found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Eugenol found in Essential Oil (2300 ppm);found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Formic-acid found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Limonene found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Acidulant
Acetic-acid found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Adrenergic
Cinnamaldehyde found in Essential Oil ;found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Allelochemic
Alpha-pinene found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Cinnamaldehyde found in Essential Oil ;found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Limonene found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Allergenic
Alpha-pinene found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Cinnamaldehyde found in Essential Oil ;found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Dipentene found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Eugenol found in Essential Oil (2300 ppm);found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Limonene found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Analgesic
Eugenol found in Essential Oil (2300 ppm);found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Androgenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Anesthetic
Cinnamaldehyde found in Essential Oil ;found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Eugenol found in Essential Oil (2300 ppm);found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Angiogenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Anorexic
Beta-sitosterol found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
AntiEBV
Beta-eudesmol found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
AntiTNF
Eugenol found in Essential Oil (2300 ppm);found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Antiacetylcholinesterase
Elemol found in Essential Oil
Limonene found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Antiacne
Alpha-pinene found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Antiadenomic
Beta-sitosterol found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Limonene found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Antiaggregant
Cinnamaldehyde found in Essential Oil ;found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Eugenol found in Essential Oil (2300 ppm);found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Antialopecic
Palmitic-acid found in Essential Oil
Antiandrogenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Palmitic-acid found in Essential Oil
Antianoxic
Beta-eudesmol found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Antiarachidonate
Eugenol found in Essential Oil (2300 ppm);found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Antiasthmatic
Limonene found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Antibacterial
Acetic-acid found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Alpha-pinene found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Beta-sitosterol found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Cinnamaldehyde found in Essential Oil ;found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Cuminaldehyde found in Essential Oil ;found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Dipentene found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Eugenol found in Essential Oil (2300 ppm);found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Limonene found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Anticancer
Limonene found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Anticonvulsant
Eugenol found in Essential Oil (2300 ppm);found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Antidiabetic
Xylose found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Antiedemic
Beta-sitosterol found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Eugenol found in Essential Oil (2300 ppm);found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Antienterococcic
Cinnamaldehyde found in Essential Oil ;found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Antiescherichic
Cinnamaldehyde found in Essential Oil ;found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Antiesophagitic
Limonene found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Antiestrogenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Eugenol found in Essential Oil (2300 ppm);found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Antifeedant
Alpha-pinene found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Beta-sitosterol found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Cadinene found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Eugenol found in Essential Oil (2300 ppm);found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Limonene found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Antifertility
Beta-sitosterol found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Antifibrinolytic
Palmitic-acid found in Essential Oil
Antiflu
Alpha-pinene found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Limonene found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Antigenotoxic
Eugenol found in Essential Oil (2300 ppm);found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Antigonadotrophic
Beta-sitosterol found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Antiherpetic
Cinnamaldehyde found in Essential Oil ;found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Eugenol found in Essential Oil (2300 ppm);found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Antihyperlipoproteinaemic
Beta-sitosterol found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Antiinflammatory
Alpha-pinene found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Beta-sitosterol found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Cinnamaldehyde found in Essential Oil ;found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Eugenol found in Essential Oil (2300 ppm);found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Limonene found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Antikeratotic
Eugenol found in Essential Oil (2300 ppm);found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Antiklebsiellic
Cinnamaldehyde found in Essential Oil ;found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Antileukemic
Beta-sitosterol found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Cinnamaldehyde found in Essential Oil ;found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Antilithic
Limonene found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Antilymphomic
Beta-sitosterol found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Limonene found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Antimitotic
Eugenol found in Essential Oil (2300 ppm);found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Antimutagenic
Beta-eudesmol found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Beta-sitosterol found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Cinnamaldehyde found in Essential Oil ;found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Eugenol found in Essential Oil (2300 ppm);found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Limonene found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
N-nonacosane found in Essential Oil ;found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Antinitrosating
Eugenol found in Essential Oil (2300 ppm);found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Antiobesity
Limonene found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Antiophidic
Beta-sitosterol found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Antiotitic
Acetic-acid found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Antioxidant
Beta-sitosterol found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Campesterol found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Cholesterol found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Eugenol found in Essential Oil (2300 ppm);found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Palmitic-acid found in Essential Oil
Antipeptic
Beta-eudesmol found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Antipneumonic
Alpha-pinene found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Cinnamaldehyde found in Essential Oil ;found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Antiprogestational
Beta-sitosterol found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Antiprostaglandin
Beta-sitosterol found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Eugenol found in Essential Oil (2300 ppm);found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Antiprostatadenomic
Beta-sitosterol found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Antiprostatitic
Beta-sitosterol found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Antipseudomonic
Cinnamaldehyde found in Essential Oil ;found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Antipyretic
Beta-sitosterol found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Cinnamaldehyde found in Essential Oil ;found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Eugenol found in Essential Oil (2300 ppm);found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Antiradicular
Eugenol found in Essential Oil (2300 ppm);found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Antisalmonella
Acetic-acid found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Beta-eudesmol found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Cinnamaldehyde found in Essential Oil ;found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Eugenol found in Essential Oil (2300 ppm);found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Antiseptic
Alpha-pinene found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Eugenol found in Essential Oil (2300 ppm);found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Formic-acid found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Limonene found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
M-cresol found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Antispasmodic
Alpha-pinene found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Cinnamaldehyde found in Essential Oil ;found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Eugenol found in Essential Oil (2300 ppm);found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Limonene found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Antistaphylococcic
Alpha-pinene found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Cinnamaldehyde found in Essential Oil ;found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Eugenol found in Essential Oil (2300 ppm);found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Antisyncopic
Formic-acid found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Antithromboxane
Eugenol found in Essential Oil (2300 ppm);found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Antitumor
Eugenol found in Essential Oil (2300 ppm);found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Limonene found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Antiulcer
Beta-eudesmol found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Cinnamaldehyde found in Essential Oil ;found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Elemol found in Essential Oil
Eugenol found in Essential Oil (2300 ppm);found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Antiurease
Cinnamaldehyde found in Essential Oil ;found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Antivaginitic
Acetic-acid found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Antiviral
Alpha-pinene found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Beta-sitosterol found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Cinnamaldehyde found in Essential Oil ;found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Dipentene found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Eugenol found in Essential Oil (2300 ppm);found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Limonene found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Apifuge
Eugenol found in Essential Oil (2300 ppm);found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Apoptotic
Beta-sitosterol found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Limonene found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Artemicide
Beta-sitosterol found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Astringent
Formic-acid found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Bronchoprotectant
Limonene found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
CNS-Depressant
Cinnamaldehyde found in Essential Oil ;found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Eugenol found in Essential Oil (2300 ppm);found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
CNS-Inhibitor
Beta-eudesmol found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
CNS-Stimulant
Cinnamaldehyde found in Essential Oil ;found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
COX-1-Inhibitor
Eugenol found in Essential Oil (2300 ppm);found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
COX-2-Inhibitor
Cinnamaldehyde found in Essential Oil ;found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Eugenol found in Essential Oil (2300 ppm);found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Calcium-Antagonist
Beta-eudesmol found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Eugenol found in Essential Oil (2300 ppm);found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Cancer-Preventive
Alpha-pinene found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Beta-sitosterol found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Cinnamaldehyde found in Essential Oil ;found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Eugenol found in Essential Oil (2300 ppm);found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Limonene found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Candidicide
Beta-sitosterol found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Cinnamaldehyde found in Essential Oil ;found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Eugenol found in Essential Oil (2300 ppm);found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Candidistat
Limonene found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Carminative
Eugenol found in Essential Oil (2300 ppm);found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Caspase-8-Inducer
Beta-sitosterol found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Chemopreventive
Limonene found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Choleretic
Cinnamaldehyde found in Essential Oil ;found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Eugenol found in Essential Oil (2300 ppm);found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Cholesterolytic
Limonene found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Chronotropic
Cinnamaldehyde found in Essential Oil ;found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Circulatory-Stimulant
Cinnamaldehyde found in Essential Oil ;found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Coleoptophile
Alpha-pinene found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Corrosive
Formic-acid found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Counterirritant
Formic-acid found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Cyclooxygenase-Inhibitor
Cinnamaldehyde found in Essential Oil ;found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Cytochrome-P450-Inhibitor
Eugenol found in Essential Oil (2300 ppm);found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Cytotoxic
Cinnamaldehyde found in Essential Oil ;found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Eugenol found in Essential Oil (2300 ppm);found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Dermatitigenic
Eugenol found in Essential Oil (2300 ppm);found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Detoxicant
Limonene found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Diagnostic
Xylose found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Dye
Xylose found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Enterocontractant
Limonene found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Enterorelaxant
Eugenol found in Essential Oil (2300 ppm);found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Estrogenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Expectorant
Acetic-acid found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Alpha-pinene found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Dipentene found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Limonene found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
FLavor
Alpha-pinene found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Cadinene found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Cinnamaldehyde found in Essential Oil ;found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Cuminaldehyde found in Essential Oil ;found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Eugenol found in Essential Oil (2300 ppm);found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Formic-acid found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Limonene found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Palmitic-acid found in Essential Oil
Febrifuge
Beta-sitosterol found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Fumigant
M-cresol found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Fungicide
Acetic-acid found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Cinnamaldehyde found in Essential Oil ;found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Cuminaldehyde found in Essential Oil ;found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Eugenol found in Essential Oil (2300 ppm);found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Fungiphilic
Limonene found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Fungistat
Formic-acid found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Limonene found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Fungitoxic
Formic-acid found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
GST-Inducer
Limonene found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Gonadotrophic
Beta-sitosterol found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Hemolytic
M-cresol found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Palmitic-acid found in Essential Oil
Hepatoprotective
Beta-eudesmol found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Beta-sitosterol found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Eugenol found in Essential Oil (2300 ppm);found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Herbicide
Alpha-pinene found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Cinnamaldehyde found in Essential Oil ;found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Eugenol found in Essential Oil (2300 ppm);found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Limonene found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Histaminic
Cinnamaldehyde found in Essential Oil ;found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Limonene found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Hypercholesterolemic
Palmitic-acid found in Essential Oil
Hypocholesterolemic
Beta-sitosterol found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Campesterol found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Hypoglycemic
Beta-sitosterol found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Cinnamaldehyde found in Essential Oil ;found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Hypolipidemic
Beta-sitosterol found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Hypotensive
Cinnamaldehyde found in Essential Oil ;found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Hypothermic
Cinnamaldehyde found in Essential Oil ;found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Immunomodulator
Limonene found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Inotropic
Cinnamaldehyde found in Essential Oil ;found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Insecticide
Alpha-pinene found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Cinnamaldehyde found in Essential Oil ;found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Eugenol found in Essential Oil (2300 ppm);found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Limonene found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Insectifuge
Alpha-pinene found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Eugenol found in Essential Oil (2300 ppm);found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Limonene found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Insectiphile
Alpha-pinene found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Interleukin-6-Inhibitor
Limonene found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Irritant
Alpha-pinene found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Cinnamaldehyde found in Essential Oil ;found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Cuminaldehyde found in Essential Oil ;found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Dipentene found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Eugenol found in Essential Oil (2300 ppm);found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Formic-acid found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Gamma-bisabolene found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Limonene found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
M-cresol found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Juvabional
Eugenol found in Essential Oil (2300 ppm);found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Keratitigenic
Acetic-acid found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Larvicide
Cuminaldehyde found in Essential Oil ;found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Eugenol found in Essential Oil (2300 ppm);found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Lipolytic
Limonene found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Lipoxygenase-Inhibitor
Cinnamaldehyde found in Essential Oil ;found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Lubricant
Palmitic-acid found in Essential Oil
Monoaminergic
Cinnamaldehyde found in Essential Oil ;found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Motor-Depressant
Eugenol found in Essential Oil (2300 ppm);found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Mucolytic
Acetic-acid found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Mutagenic
Cinnamaldehyde found in Essential Oil ;found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Myorelaxant
Limonene found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
NO-Genic
Limonene found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Nematicide
Cinnamaldehyde found in Essential Oil ;found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Eugenol found in Essential Oil (2300 ppm);found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Limonene found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Palmitic-acid found in Essential Oil
Neurogenic
Beta-eudesmol found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Neurotoxic
Eugenol found in Essential Oil (2300 ppm);found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Ornithine-Decarboxylase-Inhibitor
Limonene found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Osteolytic
Acetic-acid found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Ozone-Scavenger
Limonene found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
P450-2B1-Inhibitor
Alpha-pinene found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
P450-Inducer
Limonene found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Parasiticide
M-cresol found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Perfume
Gamma-bisabolene found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Perfumery
Acetic-acid found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Alpha-pinene found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Cadinene found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Cinnamaldehyde found in Essential Oil ;found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Cuminaldehyde found in Essential Oil ;found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Eugenol found in Essential Oil (2300 ppm);found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
M-cresol found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Peristaltic
Limonene found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Pesticide
Acetic-acid found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Alpha-pinene found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Beta-eudesmol found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Beta-sitosterol found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Cadinene found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Cinnamaldehyde found in Essential Oil ;found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Cuminaldehyde found in Essential Oil ;found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Dipentene found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Eugenol found in Essential Oil (2300 ppm);found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Formic-acid found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Limonene found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
M-cresol found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Palmitic-acid found in Essential Oil
Photosensitizer
Limonene found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Preservative
Formic-acid found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Propecic
Palmitic-acid found in Essential Oil
Prostaglandin-Synthesis-Inhibitor
Eugenol found in Essential Oil (2300 ppm);found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Protisticide
Acetic-acid found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Rodenticide
M-cresol found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Sedative
Alpha-pinene found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Beta-eudesmol found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Cinnamaldehyde found in Essential Oil ;found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Cuminaldehyde found in Essential Oil ;found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Dipentene found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Eugenol found in Essential Oil (2300 ppm);found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Limonene found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Soap
Palmitic-acid found in Essential Oil
Spasmogenic
Alpha-pinene found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Spermicide
Acetic-acid found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Beta-sitosterol found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Sprout-Inhibitor
Cinnamaldehyde found in Essential Oil ;found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Sweetener
Galactose found in Plant ;found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Teratogenic
Cinnamaldehyde found in Essential Oil ;found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Termiticide
Cinnamaldehyde found in Essential Oil ;found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Eugenol found in Essential Oil (2300 ppm);found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Toxic
Formic-acid found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Tranquilizer
Alpha-pinene found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Cinnamaldehyde found in Essential Oil ;found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Transdermal
Alpha-pinene found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Limonene found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Trichomonicide
Eugenol found in Essential Oil (2300 ppm);found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Trichomonistat
Eugenol found in Essential Oil (2300 ppm);found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Trypsin-Enhancer
Eugenol found in Essential Oil (2300 ppm);found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Tyrosinase-Inhibitor
Cinnamaldehyde found in Essential Oil ;found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Cuminaldehyde found in Essential Oil ;found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Ubiquiot
Beta-sitosterol found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Ulcerogenic
Acetic-acid found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Beta-sitosterol found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Cuminaldehyde found in Essential Oil ;found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Eugenol found in Essential Oil (2300 ppm);found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Varroacide
Eugenol found in Essential Oil (2300 ppm);found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Vasodilator
Cinnamaldehyde found in Essential Oil ;found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Eugenol found in Essential Oil (2300 ppm);found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Vermifuge
Eugenol found in Essential Oil (2300 ppm);found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Verrucolytic
Acetic-acid found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Vibriocide
Cinnamaldehyde found in Essential Oil ;found in Resin, Exudate, Sap

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Chemicals detected

Chemical Plant part Low ppm High ppm
2-methoxy-furanodiene Essential Oil
2-methoxy-furanoguaia-9-ene Resin, Exudate, Sap
3-epi-alpha-amyrin Plant
Resin, Exudate, Sap
4-o-methyl-glucuronic-acid Plant
Resin, Exudate, Sap
5-acetoxy-2-methoxy-4,5-dienone Resin, Exudate, Sap
Acetic-acid Resin, Exudate, Sap
Alpha-amyrenone Resin, Exudate, Sap
Alpha-amyrone Resin, Exudate, Sap
Alpha-bisabolene Resin, Exudate, Sap
Alpha-commiphoric-acid Essential Oil
Resin, Exudate, Sap
Alpha-copaene Resin, Exudate, Sap
Alpha-heerabomyrrhol Essential Oil
Resin, Exudate, Sap
Alpha-heerabomyrrholic-acid Essential Oil
Alpha-pinene Resin, Exudate, Sap
Arabinose Plant
Resin, Exudate, Sap
Beta-commiphoric-acid Essential Oil
Resin, Exudate, Sap
Beta-eudesmol Resin, Exudate, Sap
Beta-heerabomyrrhol Essential Oil
Resin, Exudate, Sap
Beta-heerabomyrrholic-acid Essential Oil
Beta-sitosterol Resin, Exudate, Sap
Cadinene Resin, Exudate, Sap
Campesterol Resin, Exudate, Sap
Cholesterol Resin, Exudate, Sap
Cinnamaldehyde Essential Oil
Resin, Exudate, Sap
Commiferin Resin, Exudate, Sap
Commiphorinic-acid Essential Oil
Resin, Exudate, Sap
Cumic-alcohol Resin, Exudate, Sap
Cuminaldehyde Essential Oil
Resin, Exudate, Sap
Curzenenone Resin, Exudate, Sap
Curzerene Resin, Exudate, Sap
Curzerenone Essential Oil
Delta-elemene Resin, Exudate, Sap
Dipentene Resin, Exudate, Sap
Elemol Essential Oil
Eo Resin, Exudate, Sap 15,000 170,000
Eugenol Essential Oil 2,300
Resin, Exudate, Sap
Formic-acid Resin, Exudate, Sap
Furanodesma-1,3-dien Resin, Exudate, Sap
Furanodiene Essential Oil
Furanodienone Essential Oil
Galactose Plant
Resin, Exudate, Sap
Gama-commiphoric-acid Essential Oil
Resin, Exudate, Sap
Gamma-bisabolene Resin, Exudate, Sap
Gum Resin, Exudate, Sap 600,000
Heerabolene Resin, Exudate, Sap
Heeraboresene Essential Oil
Resin, Exudate, Sap
Isofuranogermacrene Resin, Exudate, Sap
Limonene Resin, Exudate, Sap
Lindestrene Essential Oil
M-cresol Resin, Exudate, Sap
Mucilages Resin, Exudate, Sap 300,000 600,000
Myrrhic-acid Essential Oil
Myrrholic-acid Essential Oil
N-nonacosane Essential Oil
Resin, Exudate, Sap
Palmitic-acid Essential Oil
Resin Resin, Exudate, Sap 200,000 400,000
Resins Plant
Triterpenes Resin, Exudate, Sap 300,000 500,000
Xylose Resin, Exudate, Sap
Reference: Dr. Duke's Phytochemical and Ethnobotanical Databases. [Online Database]