Commelina benghalensis Health effects and herbal facts

Known as
Benghal dayflower dayflower hairy wandering-Jew Indian dayflower wandering-Jew

Commelina benghalensis, commonly known as the Benghal dayflower, tropical spiderwort, or wandering Jew, is a perennial herb native to tropical Asia and Africa. It has been widely introduced to areas outside its native range, including to the neotropics, Hawaii, the West Indies and to both coasts of North America. It flowers from spring into the fall and is often associated with disturbed soils. In both it native range and areas where it has been introduced it is usually considered a weed, sometimes a serious one. In the United States it has been placed on the Federal Noxious Weed List. It is considered a moderate weed of rice cultivation in Asia. In its native range of sub-Saharan Africa, India, Sri Lanka, and much of Southeast Asia, it is considered a serious weed of an enormous range of crops from tea and coffee to cassava and peanuts. Additional agricultural damage is caused by the fact that it can host the nematode Meloidogyne incognita and the Groundnut rosette virus. In China it is used as a medicinal herb that is said to have diuretic, febrifugal and anti-inflammatory effects, while in Pakistan it is used to cure swellings of the skin, leprosy and as a laxative.

Commelina benghalensis

Medical use

Economic importance of Commelina benghalensis

Medicines folklore
Weed potential sed contaminant

Gallery

Commelina benghalensis Commelina benghalensis Commelina benghalensis Commelina benghalensis Commelina benghalensis Commelina benghalensis Commelina benghalensis Commelina benghalensis Commelina benghalensis

Geografical distribution

  • AFRICA
    Native
    • Northeast Tropical Africa: Djibouti; Ethiopia; Somalia
    • East Tropical Africa: Kenya; Tanzania; Uganda
    • West-Central Tropical Africa: Cameroon; Congo; Rwanda
    • West Tropical Africa: Benin; Cote D'Ivoire; Gambia; Ghana; Guinea; Nigeria; Sierra Leone; Togo
    • South Tropical Africa: Malawi; Zambia
    • Southern Africa: Botswana; Lesotho; Namibia; South Africa - Eastern Cape, Free State, Gauteng, KwaZulu-Natal, Limpopo, Mpumalanga, North West, Northern Cape, Western Cape; Swaziland
  • ASIA-TEMPERATE
    Native
    • Arabian Peninsula: Yemen
    • China: China
    • Eastern Asia: Japan - Honshu, Kyushu, Shikoku
  • ASIA-TROPICAL
    Native
    • Indian Subcontinent: Bhutan; India; Nepal; Pakistan; Sri Lanka
    • Indo-China: Indochina
    • Malesia: Indonesia; Philippines
  • PACIFIC
    Native
    • Northwestern Pacific: Micronesia

Biological activities

Androgenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Octacosanol found in Plant
Angiogenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Angiotensin-Receptor-Blocker
Fiber found in Leaf (173900 ppm)
Anorexic
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
AntiPMS
Calcium found in Leaf (15215 ppm)
Antiadenomic
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Antiallergic
Calcium found in Leaf (15215 ppm)
Antiandrogenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Antianxiety
Calcium found in Leaf (15215 ppm)
Antiarrhythmic
Calcium found in Leaf (15215 ppm)
Antiarthritic
Calcium found in Leaf (15215 ppm)
Antiatherosclerotic
Calcium found in Leaf (15215 ppm)
Antibacterial
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Anticlimacteric
Calcium found in Leaf (15215 ppm)
Antidepressant
Calcium found in Leaf (15215 ppm)
Antidiabetic
Fiber found in Leaf (173900 ppm)
Antiedemic
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Antiestrogenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Antifeedant
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Antifertility
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Antigonadotrophic
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Antihepatotoxic
Stigmasterol found in Plant
Antihyperkinetic
Calcium found in Leaf (15215 ppm)
Antihyperlipoproteinaemic
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Antihypertensive
Calcium found in Leaf (15215 ppm)
Fiber found in Leaf (173900 ppm)
Antiinflammatory
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Stigmasterol found in Plant
Antiinsomniac
Calcium found in Leaf (15215 ppm)
Antileukemic
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Antilymphomic
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Antimenopausal
Calcium found in Leaf (15215 ppm)
Antimutagenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Antinociceptive
Stigmasterol found in Plant
Antiobesity
Calcium found in Leaf (15215 ppm)
Fiber found in Leaf (173900 ppm)
Antiophidic
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Stigmasterol found in Plant
Antiosteoporotic
Calcium found in Leaf (15215 ppm)
Phosphorus found in Leaf (3770 ppm)
Antioxidant
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Campesterol found in Plant
Stigmasterol found in Plant
Antiparkinsonian
Octacosanol found in Plant
Antiperiodontitic
Calcium found in Leaf (15215 ppm)
Antiprogestational
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Antiprostaglandin
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Antiprostatadenomic
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Antiprostatitic
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Antipyretic
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Antirheumatic
Calcium found in Leaf (15215 ppm)
Antistress
Calcium found in Leaf (15215 ppm)
Antitic
Calcium found in Leaf (15215 ppm)
Antitumor
Fiber found in Leaf (173900 ppm)
Antiulcer
Fiber found in Leaf (173900 ppm)
Antiviral
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Octacosanol found in Plant
Stigmasterol found in Plant
Anxiolytic
Calcium found in Leaf (15215 ppm)
Phosphorus found in Leaf (3770 ppm)
Apoptotic
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Artemicide
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Stigmasterol found in Plant
Beta-Blocker
Fiber found in Leaf (173900 ppm)
Calcium-Channel-Blocker
Calcium found in Leaf (15215 ppm)
Cancer-Preventive
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Fiber found in Leaf (173900 ppm)
Stigmasterol found in Plant
Candidicide
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Cardioprotective
Fiber found in Leaf (173900 ppm)
Caspase-8-Inducer
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Diuretic
Calcium found in Leaf (15215 ppm)
Fiber found in Leaf (173900 ppm)
Estrogenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Stigmasterol found in Plant
Febrifuge
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Gonadotrophic
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Hepatoprotective
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Hypocholesterolemic
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Calcium found in Leaf (15215 ppm)
Campesterol found in Plant
Fiber found in Leaf (173900 ppm)
Octacosanol found in Plant
Stigmasterol found in Plant
Hypoglycemic
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Hypolipidemic
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Octacosanol found in Plant
Hypotensive
Calcium found in Leaf (15215 ppm)
Fiber found in Leaf (173900 ppm)
Hypouricemic
Fiber found in Leaf (173900 ppm)
Immunostimulant
Phosphorus found in Leaf (3770 ppm)
Laxative
Calcium found in Leaf (15215 ppm)
Fiber found in Leaf (173900 ppm)
Osteogenic
Phosphorus found in Leaf (3770 ppm)
Ovulant
Stigmasterol found in Plant
Pesticide
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Sedative
Stigmasterol found in Plant
Spermicide
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Stimulant
Octacosanol found in Plant
Tranquilizer
Calcium found in Leaf (15215 ppm)
Ubiquiot
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Ulcerogenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Vasodilator
Calcium found in Leaf (15215 ppm)
Fiber found in Leaf (173900 ppm)

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Chemicals detected

Chemical Plant part Low ppm High ppm
Ash Leaf 16,000 115,940
Beta-sitosterol Plant
Calcium Leaf 2,100 15,215
Campesterol Plant
Carbohydrates Leaf 95,000 688,400
Dotriacontanol Plant
Fat Leaf 4,000 28,985
Fiber Leaf 24,000 173,900
Kilocalories Leaf 430 3,115
Octacosanol Plant
Phosphorus Leaf 520 3,770
Protein Leaf 23,000 166,665
Stigmasterol Plant
Triacontanol Plant
Water Leaf 862,000
Reference: Dr. Duke's Phytochemical and Ethnobotanical Databases. [Online Database]