Collinsonia canadensis Health effects and herbal facts

Known as
northern horsebalm richweed stoneroot

Collinsonia canadensis is a perennial medicinal herb in the mint family. Common names include Canada Horsebalm, Richweed, Hardhack, Heal-All, Horseweed, Ox-Balm and Stone root. It is native to eastern North America from Quebec south to Florida and as far west as Missouri, although it is mainly found east of the Mississippi River. It is endangered in Wisconsin.

Collinsonia canadensis

Medical use

Economic importance of Collinsonia canadensis

Medicines folklore

Gallery

Collinsonia canadensis Collinsonia canadensis Collinsonia canadensis Collinsonia canadensis Collinsonia canadensis Collinsonia canadensis Collinsonia canadensis Collinsonia canadensis Collinsonia canadensis Collinsonia canadensis Collinsonia canadensis Collinsonia canadensis Collinsonia canadensis Collinsonia canadensis Collinsonia canadensis

Geografical distribution

  • NORTHERN AMERICA
    Native
    • Eastern Canada: Canada - Ontario , Quebec
    • Northeastern U.S.A.: United States - Indiana, Massachusetts, Michigan, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Ohio, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, Vermont, West Virginia
    • North-Central U.S.A.: United States - Illinois, Missouri , Wisconsin
    • Southeastern U.S.A.: United States - Alabama, Delaware, Florida , Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, South Carolina, Tennessee, Virginia
    • South-Central U.S.A.: United States - Texas

Biological activities

ABeta-Inhibitor
Rosmarinic-acid found in Plant
AChE-Inhibitor
Limonene found in Plant
Acaricide
Limonene found in Plant
Adenylate-Cyclase-Inhibitor
Rosmarinic-acid found in Plant
Aldose-Reductase-Inhibitor
Caryophyllene found in Plant (6 ppm)
Delta-cadinene found in Plant (13 ppm)
Rosmarinic-acid found in Plant
Allelochemic
Alpha-pinene found in Plant
Limonene found in Plant
Allergenic
Alpha-pinene found in Plant
Beta-pinene found in Plant
Caryophyllene found in Plant (6 ppm)
Limonene found in Plant
Analgesic
Caryophyllene found in Plant (6 ppm)
Anthelmintic
Tannin found in Plant
AntiHIV
Rosmarinic-acid found in Plant
Tannin found in Plant
Antiacetylcholinesterase
Limonene found in Plant
Antiacne
Alpha-pinene found in Plant
Caryophyllene found in Plant (6 ppm)
Delta-cadinene found in Plant (13 ppm)
Antiadenomic
Limonene found in Plant
Antiaggregant
Elemicin found in Plant (18 ppm)
Rosmarinic-acid found in Plant
Antiallergic
Rosmarinic-acid found in Plant
Antialzheimeran
Rosmarinic-acid found in Plant
Antianaphylactic
Rosmarinic-acid found in Plant
Antiasthmatic
Caryophyllene found in Plant (6 ppm)
Limonene found in Plant
Antiatherosclerotic
Rosmarinic-acid found in Plant
Antibacterial
Alpha-pinene found in Plant
Caryophyllene found in Plant (6 ppm)
Delta-cadinene found in Plant (13 ppm)
Limonene found in Plant
Rosmarinic-acid found in Plant
Tannin found in Plant
Anticancer
Limonene found in Plant
Tannin found in Plant
Anticariogenic
Caryophyllene found in Plant (6 ppm)
Delta-cadinene found in Plant (13 ppm)
Tannin found in Plant
Anticoagulant
Rosmarinic-acid found in Plant
Anticomplementary
Rosmarinic-acid found in Plant
Antidepressant
Elemicin found in Plant (18 ppm)
Rosmarinic-acid found in Plant
Antidermatitic
Caryophyllene found in Plant (6 ppm)
Antidiarrheic
Tannin found in Plant
Antidysenteric
Tannin found in Plant
Antiedemic
Caryophyllene found in Plant (6 ppm)
Rosmarinic-acid found in Plant
Antiesophagitic
Limonene found in Plant
Antifeedant
Alpha-pinene found in Plant
Caryophyllene found in Plant (6 ppm)
Elemicin found in Plant (18 ppm)
Limonene found in Plant
Antiflu
Alpha-pinene found in Plant
Limonene found in Plant
Antigliomic
Beta-elemene found in Plant (16 ppm)
Antigonadotropic
Rosmarinic-acid found in Plant
Antihemolytic
Rosmarinic-acid found in Plant
Antihepatotoxic
Rosmarinic-acid found in Plant
Tannin found in Plant
Antiherpetic
Rosmarinic-acid found in Plant
Antihistaminic
Elemicin found in Plant (18 ppm)
Antihypertensive
Tannin found in Plant
Antihyperthyroid
Rosmarinic-acid found in Plant
Antiinflammatory
Alpha-pinene found in Plant
Beta-pinene found in Plant
Caryophyllene found in Plant (6 ppm)
Limonene found in Plant
Rosmarinic-acid found in Plant
Antiintegrase
Rosmarinic-acid found in Plant
Antileishmanic
Caryophyllene found in Plant (6 ppm)
Antileukotriene
Rosmarinic-acid found in Plant
Antilipolytic
Tannin found in Plant
Antilipoperoxidant
Rosmarinic-acid found in Plant
Antilithic
Limonene found in Plant
Antilymphomic
Limonene found in Plant
Antimutagenic
Limonene found in Plant
Rosmarinic-acid found in Plant
Tannin found in Plant
Antinephritic
Rosmarinic-acid found in Plant
Tannin found in Plant
Antiobesity
Limonene found in Plant
Antionychyotic
Caryophyllene found in Plant (6 ppm)
Antiophidic
Tannin found in Plant
Antioxidant
Rosmarinic-acid found in Plant
Tannin found in Plant
Antiplaque
Rosmarinic-acid found in Plant
Antipneumonic
Alpha-pinene found in Plant
Antiproliferant
Beta-elemene found in Plant (16 ppm)
Caryophyllene found in Plant (6 ppm)
Rosmarinic-acid found in Plant
Antiprostaglandin
Rosmarinic-acid found in Plant
Antiproteolytic
Rosmarinic-acid found in Plant
Antipulmonotic
Rosmarinic-acid found in Plant
Antiradicular
Rosmarinic-acid found in Plant
Tannin found in Plant
Antirenitic
Tannin found in Plant
Antiseptic
Alpha-pinene found in Plant
Beta-pinene found in Plant
Limonene found in Plant
Antiserotonic
Elemicin found in Plant (18 ppm)
Antishock
Rosmarinic-acid found in Plant
Antispasmodic
Alpha-pinene found in Plant
Beta-pinene found in Plant
Caryophyllene found in Plant (6 ppm)
Limonene found in Plant
Antistaphylococcic
Alpha-pinene found in Plant
Caryophyllene found in Plant (6 ppm)
Antistreptococcic
Caryophyllene found in Plant (6 ppm)
Delta-cadinene found in Plant (13 ppm)
Antistress
Elemicin found in Plant (18 ppm)
Antithyreotropic
Rosmarinic-acid found in Plant
Antithyroid
Rosmarinic-acid found in Plant
Antitumor-Promoter
Tannin found in Plant
Antitumor
Caryophyllene found in Plant (6 ppm)
Limonene found in Plant
Tannin found in Plant
Antiulcer
Caryophyllene found in Plant (6 ppm)
Tannin found in Plant
Antiuremic
Rosmarinic-acid found in Plant
Antiviral
Alpha-pinene found in Plant
Limonene found in Plant
Rosmarinic-acid found in Plant
Tannin found in Plant
Anxiolytic
Rosmarinic-acid found in Plant
Apoptotic
Beta-elemene found in Plant (16 ppm)
Limonene found in Plant
Rosmarinic-acid found in Plant
Bronchoprotectant
Limonene found in Plant
COX-1-Inhibitor
Rosmarinic-acid found in Plant
COX-2-Inhibitor
Rosmarinic-acid found in Plant
Calcium-Antagonist
Rosmarinic-acid found in Plant
Cancer-Preventive
Alpha-pinene found in Plant
Limonene found in Plant
Mucilage found in Plant
Rosmarinic-acid found in Plant
Tannin found in Plant
Candidicide
Beta-pinene found in Plant
Caryophyllene found in Plant (6 ppm)
Candidistat
Limonene found in Plant
Carcinogenic
Tannin found in Plant
Chelator
Tannin found in Plant
Chemopreventive
Limonene found in Plant
Cholesterolytic
Limonene found in Plant
Coleoptophile
Alpha-pinene found in Plant
Cyclooxygenase-Inhibitor
Tannin found in Plant
Cytochrome-P450-Inducer
Delta-cadinene found in Plant (13 ppm)
Cytotoxic
Rosmarinic-acid found in Plant
DNA-Binder
Elemicin found in Plant (18 ppm)
Deiodinase-Inhibitor
Rosmarinic-acid found in Plant
Demulcent
Mucilage found in Plant
Detoxicant
Limonene found in Plant
Enterocontractant
Limonene found in Plant
Expectorant
Alpha-pinene found in Plant
Limonene found in Plant
FLavor
Alpha-pinene found in Plant
Beta-pinene found in Plant
Caryophyllene found in Plant (6 ppm)
Limonene found in Plant
Fungicide
Akeboside found in Root
Caryophyllene found in Plant (6 ppm)
Collinsonidin found in Root
Collinsonin found in Root
Elemicin found in Plant (18 ppm)
Fungiphilic
Limonene found in Plant
Fungistat
Limonene found in Plant
GST-Inducer
Limonene found in Plant
Gastroprotective
Caryophyllene found in Plant (6 ppm)
Glucosyl-Transferase-Inhibitor
Tannin found in Plant
Hallucinogenic
Elemicin found in Plant (18 ppm)
Hepatoprotective
Tannin found in Plant
Herbicide
Alpha-pinene found in Plant
Beta-pinene found in Plant
Limonene found in Plant
Histaminic
Limonene found in Plant
Hypocholesterolemic
Mucilage found in Plant
Hypotensive
Elemicin found in Plant (18 ppm)
Immunomodulator
Limonene found in Plant
Rosmarinic-acid found in Plant
Immunostimulant
Rosmarinic-acid found in Plant
Immunosuppressant
Tannin found in Plant
Insecticide
Alpha-pinene found in Plant
Elemicin found in Plant (18 ppm)
Limonene found in Plant
Insectifuge
Alpha-pinene found in Plant
Beta-pinene found in Plant
Caryophyllene found in Plant (6 ppm)
Elemicin found in Plant (18 ppm)
Limonene found in Plant
Insectiphile
Alpha-pinene found in Plant
Interleukin-6-Inhibitor
Limonene found in Plant
Irritant
Alpha-pinene found in Plant
Beta-pinene found in Plant
Caryophyllene found in Plant (6 ppm)
Limonene found in Plant
Larvicide
Caryophyllene found in Plant (6 ppm)
Elemicin found in Plant (18 ppm)
Lipolytic
Limonene found in Plant
Lipoxygenase-Inhibitor
Rosmarinic-acid found in Plant
Tannin found in Plant
MAO-Inhibitor
Tannin found in Plant
Mosquitocide
Caryophyllene found in Plant (6 ppm)
Myorelaxant
Limonene found in Plant
NO-Genic
Limonene found in Plant
Nematicide
Limonene found in Plant
Neuroprotective
Rosmarinic-acid found in Plant
Neurotoxic
Elemicin found in Plant (18 ppm)
Ornithine-Decarboxylase-Inhibitor
Limonene found in Plant
Tannin found in Plant
Ozone-Scavenger
Limonene found in Plant
P450-2B1-Inhibitor
Alpha-pinene found in Plant
P450-Inducer
Delta-cadinene found in Plant (13 ppm)
Limonene found in Plant
Perfumery
Alpha-pinene found in Plant
Beta-pinene found in Plant
Caryophyllene found in Plant (6 ppm)
Peristaltic
Limonene found in Plant
Pesticide
Akeboside found in Root
Alpha-pinene found in Plant
Beta-pinene found in Plant
Caryophyllene found in Plant (6 ppm)
Collinsonidin found in Root
Collinsonin found in Root
Delta-cadinene found in Plant (13 ppm)
Elemicin found in Plant (18 ppm)
Germacrene-d found in Plant (230 ppm)
Limonene found in Plant
Rosmarinic-acid found in Plant
Tannin found in Plant
Pheromone
Germacrene-d found in Plant (230 ppm)
Photosensitizer
Limonene found in Plant
Psychotropic
Tannin found in Plant
Radioprotective
Rosmarinic-acid found in Plant
Schistosomicide
Elemicin found in Plant (18 ppm)
Sedative
Alpha-pinene found in Plant
Caryophyllene found in Plant (6 ppm)
Limonene found in Plant
Spasmogenic
Alpha-pinene found in Plant
Beta-pinene found in Plant
Termitifuge
Caryophyllene found in Plant (6 ppm)
Testosterone-Inducer
Delta-cadinene found in Plant (13 ppm)
Tranquilizer
Alpha-pinene found in Plant
Transdermal
Alpha-pinene found in Plant
Beta-pinene found in Plant
Limonene found in Plant
Xanthine-Oxidase-Inhibitor
Tannin found in Plant

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Chemicals detected

Chemical Plant part Low ppm High ppm
16-alpha-hydroxyhederagenin Root
Akeboside Root
Alpha-nagitanine Plant 8
Alpha-pinene Plant
Beta-elemene Plant 16
Beta-pinene Plant
Caryophyllene Plant 2 6
Collinsogenin Root
Collinsonidin Root
Collinsonin Root
Delta-cadinene Plant 13
Elemicin Plant 18
Eo Plant 500
Germacrene-d Plant 230
Hederagenin-3-o-alpha-arabinopyranoside Root
Limonene Plant
Mucilage Plant
Rosmarinic-acid Plant
Tannin Plant
Reference: Dr. Duke's Phytochemical and Ethnobotanical Databases. [Online Database]