Cola acuminata Health effects and herbal facts

Known as
abata cola cola colatree goora-nut kola

Cola acuminata belongs to the family Malvaceae and its fruits are harvested from the forests of the Democratic Republic of Congo. The fruits are rough, mottled and up to 8 inches long and contain large, flat and bright red coloured seeds, commonly known as Kola nuts. The fruits contain about 2% catechine-caffeine, which is believed to have a greater level of alkaloids, thereby increasing the stimulatory effect. They are roasted, pounded or chewed and can also be added to drinks such as tea or milk or cereal such as porridge [9]. In West Africa this product is sold as a treatment for erectile dysfunction, although evidence for its effectiveness is limited. Cola acuminata is a species in the genus Cola.

Cola acuminata

Medical use

Economic importance of Cola acuminata

Food additives flavoring
Materials wod
Medicines folklore
Social masticatory religious/secular stimulant

Gallery

Cola acuminata Cola acuminata Cola acuminata Cola acuminata Cola acuminata Cola acuminata Cola acuminata Cola acuminata Cola acuminata Cola acuminata Cola acuminata Cola acuminata Cola acuminata

Geografical distribution

  • AFRICA
    Native
    • West-Central Tropical Africa: Cameroon; Equatorial Guinea; Zaire
    • West Tropical Africa: Benin; Nigeria; Togo
    • South Tropical Africa: Angola

Biological activities

11B-HSD-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Plant
5-Lipoxygenase-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Plant
Abortifacient
Betaine found in Seed (2500 ppm)
Absorbent
Starch found in Seed (340000 ppm)
Acidulant
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (1456 ppm)
Adenosine-Antagonist
Caffeine found in Seed (25000 ppm)
Aldose-Reductase-Inhibitor
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (1456 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Kaempferol found in Plant
Allelochemic
Cyanidin found in Plant
Allergenic
Beta-carotene found in Seed (1 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Analeptic
Caffeine found in Seed (25000 ppm)
Analgesic-Synergist
Caffeine found in Seed (25000 ppm)
Analgesic
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (1456 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Thiamin found in Seed (1 ppm)
Angiotensin-Receptor-Blocker
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (1456 ppm)
Fiber found in Seed (30000 ppm)
Anorexic
Theobromine found in Seed (1000 ppm)
Anthelmintic
Tannin found in Seed
AntiAGE
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (1456 ppm)
AntiCFS
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (1456 ppm)
AntiCTS
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (1456 ppm)
AntiHIV
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Tannin found in Seed
AntiLegionella
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
AntiLyme
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (1456 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Seed (1 ppm)
Thiamin found in Seed (1 ppm)
AntiPMS
Beta-carotene found in Seed (1 ppm)
Calcium found in Seed (1563 ppm)
Antiacne
Beta-carotene found in Seed (1 ppm)
Antiadenoviral
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Antiaflatoxin
Kaempferol found in Plant
Antiaggregant
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (1456 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Kaempferol found in Plant
Antiaging
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (1456 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Seed (1 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Antiakathisic
Iron found in Seed (54 ppm)
Antialcoholic
Thiamin found in Seed (1 ppm)
Antiallergic
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (1456 ppm)
Calcium found in Seed (1563 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Plant
Antialzheimeran
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (1456 ppm)
Thiamin found in Seed (1 ppm)
Antianemic
Iron found in Seed (54 ppm)
Antianorectic
Thiamin found in Seed (1 ppm)
Antianxiety
Calcium found in Seed (1563 ppm)
Antiapneic
Caffeine found in Seed (25000 ppm)
Antiapoptotic
Caffeine found in Seed (25000 ppm)
Antiarabiflavinotic
Riboflavin found in Seed (1 ppm)
Antiarrhythmic
Calcium found in Seed (1563 ppm)
Antiarthritic
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (1456 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Seed (1 ppm)
Calcium found in Seed (1563 ppm)
Antiasthmatic
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (1456 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Seed (1 ppm)
Caffeine found in Seed (25000 ppm)
Theobromine found in Seed (1000 ppm)
Antiatherogenic
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Antiatherosclerotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (1456 ppm)
Calcium found in Seed (1563 ppm)
Antibackache
Thiamin found in Seed (1 ppm)
Antibacterial
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (1456 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Kaempferol found in Plant
Tannin found in Seed
Antiberiberi
Thiamin found in Seed (1 ppm)
Anticancer
Beta-carotene found in Seed (1 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Kaempferol found in Plant
Tannin found in Seed
Anticanker
Iron found in Seed (54 ppm)
Thiamin found in Seed (1 ppm)
Anticarcinogenic
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Caffeine found in Seed (25000 ppm)
Anticarcinomic
Beta-carotene found in Seed (1 ppm)
Anticardiospasmic
Thiamin found in Seed (1 ppm)
Anticariogenic
Caffeine found in Seed (25000 ppm)
Tannin found in Seed
Anticarpal-Tunnel
Riboflavin found in Seed (1 ppm)
Anticataract
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (1456 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Seed (1 ppm)
Thiamin found in Seed (1 ppm)
Anticellulitic
Theobromine found in Seed (1000 ppm)
Anticephalagic
Riboflavin found in Seed (1 ppm)
Anticervicaldysplasic
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (1456 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Seed (1 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Seed (1 ppm)
Anticheilitic
Iron found in Seed (54 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Seed (1 ppm)
Anticlimacteric
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (1456 ppm)
Calcium found in Seed (1563 ppm)
Anticoagulant
D-catechin found in Seed (4000 ppm)
Anticold
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (1456 ppm)
Anticolitic
Thiamin found in Seed (1 ppm)
Anticoronary
Beta-carotene found in Seed (1 ppm)
Antidecubitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (1456 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Seed (1 ppm)
Thiamin found in Seed (1 ppm)
Antideliriant
Thiamin found in Seed (1 ppm)
Antidementia
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (1456 ppm)
Thiamin found in Seed (1 ppm)
Antidepressant
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (1456 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Calcium found in Seed (1563 ppm)
Antidermatitic
Caffeine found in Seed (25000 ppm)
Antidiabetic
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (1456 ppm)
Fiber found in Seed (30000 ppm)
Antidiarrheic
Tannin found in Seed
Antidysenteric
Tannin found in Seed
Antidyspeptic
Thiamin found in Seed (1 ppm)
Antieczemic
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (1456 ppm)
Antiedemic
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (1456 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Antielastase
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Antiemetic
Caffeine found in Seed (25000 ppm)
Antiencephalitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (1456 ppm)
Antiencephalopathic
Thiamin found in Seed (1 ppm)
Antiendometriotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (1456 ppm)
Antiescherichic
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Antifatigue
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (1456 ppm)
Thiamin found in Seed (1 ppm)
Antifeedant
Caffeine found in Seed (25000 ppm)
Antifertility
Kaempferol found in Plant
Antifibrotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (1456 ppm)
Antiflu
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Caffeine found in Seed (25000 ppm)
Antigallstone
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (1456 ppm)
Antigastritic
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (1456 ppm)
Betaine found in Seed (2500 ppm)
Thiamin found in Seed (1 ppm)
Antigingivitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (1456 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Plant
Antiglaucomic
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (1456 ppm)
Antiglossitic
Riboflavin found in Seed (1 ppm)
Antigonadotropic
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Antihangover
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (1456 ppm)
Thiamin found in Seed (1 ppm)
Antiheartburn
Thiamin found in Seed (1 ppm)
Antihemolytic
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Antihemorrhagic
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (1456 ppm)
Antihepatitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (1456 ppm)
Antihepatoadenomic
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Antihepatotoxic
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (1456 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Tannin found in Seed
Antiherpetic
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (1456 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Caffeine found in Seed (25000 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Plant
Thiamin found in Seed (1 ppm)
Antihistaminic
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (1456 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Kaempferol found in Plant
Antihomocystinuric
Betaine found in Seed (2500 ppm)
Antihypercholesterolemic
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Antihyperkeratotic
Beta-carotene found in Seed (1 ppm)
Antihyperkinetic
Calcium found in Seed (1563 ppm)
Antihypertensive
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (1456 ppm)
Calcium found in Seed (1563 ppm)
Fiber found in Seed (30000 ppm)
Tannin found in Seed
Antihyperthyroid
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Antihypotensive
Caffeine found in Seed (25000 ppm)
Antiichythyotic
Beta-carotene found in Seed (1 ppm)
Antiimplantation
Kaempferol found in Plant
Antiinfertility
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (1456 ppm)
Antiinflammatory
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (1456 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Kaempferol found in Plant
Antiinsomniac
Calcium found in Seed (1563 ppm)
Antikeratitic
Riboflavin found in Seed (1 ppm)
Antilepric
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (1456 ppm)
Antileukemic
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Kaempferol found in Plant
Antileukoplakic
Beta-carotene found in Seed (1 ppm)
Antileukotriene
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Antilipolytic
Tannin found in Seed
Antilipoperoxidant
Beta-carotene found in Seed (1 ppm)
Antilithic
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (1456 ppm)
Antilupus
Beta-carotene found in Seed (1 ppm)
Antilymphocytic
Kaempferol found in Plant
Antimaculitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (1456 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Seed (1 ppm)
Antimastitic
Beta-carotene found in Seed (1 ppm)
Antimeasles
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (1456 ppm)
Antimelanogenic
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Antimenopausal
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (1456 ppm)
Calcium found in Seed (1563 ppm)
Antimenorrhagic
Iron found in Seed (54 ppm)
Antimigraine
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (1456 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Seed (1 ppm)
Thiamin found in Seed (1 ppm)
Antimutagenic
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (1456 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Seed (1 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Kaempferol found in Plant
Tannin found in Seed
Antimyoatrophic
Betaine found in Seed (2500 ppm)
Antimyocarditic
Thiamin found in Seed (1 ppm)
Antinarcotic
Caffeine found in Seed (25000 ppm)
Antinephritic
Tannin found in Seed
Antinesidioblastosic
Starch found in Seed (340000 ppm)
Antineuralgic
Thiamin found in Seed (1 ppm)
Antineuramidase
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (1456 ppm)
Antineurasthenic
Thiamin found in Seed (1 ppm)
Antineuritic
Thiamin found in Seed (1 ppm)
Antineuropathic
Thiamin found in Seed (1 ppm)
Antinitrosaminic
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Antinitrosic
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (1456 ppm)
Antiobesity
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (1456 ppm)
Caffeine found in Seed (25000 ppm)
Calcium found in Seed (1563 ppm)
Fiber found in Seed (30000 ppm)
Antiophidic
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Tannin found in Seed
Antiorchitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (1456 ppm)
Antiosteoarthritic
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (1456 ppm)
Antiosteoporotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (1456 ppm)
Calcium found in Seed (1563 ppm)
Phosphorus found in Seed (2318 ppm)
Antioxidant
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (1456 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Seed (1 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Caffeine found in Seed (25000 ppm)
Cyanidin found in Plant
Kaempferol found in Plant
Riboflavin found in Seed (1 ppm)
Tannin found in Seed
Antiozenic
Beta-carotene found in Seed (1 ppm)
Antipapillomic
Beta-carotene found in Seed (1 ppm)
Antiparkinsonian
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (1456 ppm)
Antiparotitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (1456 ppm)
Antipellagric
Riboflavin found in Seed (1 ppm)
Antiperiodontic
Kaempferol found in Plant
Antiperiodontitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (1456 ppm)
Calcium found in Seed (1563 ppm)
Antiperoxidant
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Antiphotophobic
Beta-carotene found in Seed (1 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Seed (1 ppm)
Antipityriasic
Beta-carotene found in Seed (1 ppm)
Antiplaque
Kaempferol found in Plant
Antipneumonic
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (1456 ppm)
Antipodriac
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (1456 ppm)
Antipoliomyelitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (1456 ppm)
Thiamin found in Seed (1 ppm)
Antiporphyric
Beta-carotene found in Seed (1 ppm)
Antiproliferant
Beta-carotene found in Seed (1 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Antiprostaglandin
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Antipsoriac
Beta-carotene found in Seed (1 ppm)
Antipyretic
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (1456 ppm)
Antiradicular
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (1456 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Seed (1 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Kaempferol found in Plant
Tannin found in Seed
Antirenitic
Tannin found in Seed
Antiretinotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (1456 ppm)
Antirheumatic
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (1456 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Seed (1 ppm)
Calcium found in Seed (1563 ppm)
Antirhinitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (1456 ppm)
Caffeine found in Seed (25000 ppm)
Antiscorbutic
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (1456 ppm)
Antiseptic
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (1456 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Kaempferol found in Plant
Antiserotonergic
Caffeine found in Seed (25000 ppm)
Antiserotonin
Kaempferol found in Plant
Antishingles
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (1456 ppm)
Antispasmodic
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (1456 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Kaempferol found in Plant
Antistaphylococcic
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Kaempferol found in Plant
Antistomatitic
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Antistress
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (1456 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Seed (1 ppm)
Calcium found in Seed (1563 ppm)
Antisunburn
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Antisyndrome-X
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (1456 ppm)
Antithiamin
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Antithyroid
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Antitic
Calcium found in Seed (1563 ppm)
Antitumor-Promoter
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Kaempferol found in Plant
Tannin found in Seed
Antitumor
Beta-carotene found in Seed (1 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Caffeine found in Seed (25000 ppm)
Fiber found in Seed (30000 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Plant
Tannin found in Seed
Antiulcer
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (1456 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Seed (1 ppm)
Fiber found in Seed (30000 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Plant
Tannin found in Seed
Antiulcerogenic
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Antivaccinia
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Caffeine found in Seed (25000 ppm)
Antiviral
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (1456 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Caffeine found in Seed (25000 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Plant
Tannin found in Seed
Antixerophthalmic
Beta-carotene found in Seed (1 ppm)
Anxiolytic
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Calcium found in Seed (1563 ppm)
Phosphorus found in Seed (2318 ppm)
Apoptotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (1456 ppm)
Caffeine found in Seed (25000 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Plant
Aromatase-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Plant
Arrhythmigenic
Caffeine found in Seed (25000 ppm)
Arteriodilator
Theobromine found in Seed (1000 ppm)
Asthma-preventive
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (1456 ppm)
Beta-Blocker
Fiber found in Seed (30000 ppm)
Beta-Glucuronidase-Inhibitor
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (1456 ppm)
Bronchodilator
Theobromine found in Seed (1000 ppm)
Bruchiphobe
Betaine found in Seed (2500 ppm)
CNS-Active
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
CNS-Stimulant
Caffeine found in Seed (25000 ppm)
Theobromine found in Seed (1000 ppm)
COX-1-Inhibitor
Beta-carotene found in Seed (1 ppm)
COX-2-Inhibitor
Beta-carotene found in Seed (1 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Kaempferol found in Plant
Calcium-Antagonist
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (1456 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Calcium-Channel-Blocker
Calcium found in Seed (1563 ppm)
Cancer-Preventive
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (1456 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Seed (1 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Caffeine found in Seed (25000 ppm)
D-catechin found in Seed (4000 ppm)
Fiber found in Seed (30000 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Plant
Riboflavin found in Seed (1 ppm)
Tannin found in Seed
Carcinogenic
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Kaempferol found in Plant
Tannin found in Seed
Cardioprotective
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (1456 ppm)
Betaine found in Seed (2500 ppm)
Fiber found in Seed (30000 ppm)
Cardiotonic
Caffeine found in Seed (25000 ppm)
D-catechin found in Seed (4000 ppm)
Theobromine found in Seed (1000 ppm)
Catabolic
Caffeine found in Seed (25000 ppm)
Chelator
Tannin found in Seed
Chemopreventive
Beta-carotene found in Seed (1 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Cholagogue
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Choleretic
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Caffeine found in Seed (25000 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Plant
Clastogenic
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Co-carcinogenic
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Cold-preventive
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (1456 ppm)
Collagen-Sparing
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Collagenic
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (1456 ppm)
Colorant
Beta-carotene found in Seed (1 ppm)
Copper-Chelator
Kaempferol found in Plant
Coronary-Dilator
Caffeine found in Seed (25000 ppm)
Cyclooxygenase-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Plant
Tannin found in Seed
Cytoprotective
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Cytotoxic
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Kaempferol found in Plant
DNA-Active
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
DNA-Protective
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Detoxicant
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (1456 ppm)
Diuretic
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (1456 ppm)
Betaine found in Seed (2500 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Caffeine found in Seed (25000 ppm)
Calcium found in Seed (1563 ppm)
Fiber found in Seed (30000 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Plant
Theobromine found in Seed (1000 ppm)
Emetic
Theobromine found in Seed (1000 ppm)
Emmenagogue
Betaine found in Seed (2500 ppm)
Emollient
Starch found in Seed (340000 ppm)
Energizer
Caffeine found in Seed (25000 ppm)
Ergotamine-Enhancer
Caffeine found in Seed (25000 ppm)
Estrogenic
Kaempferol found in Plant
Ethanolytic
Betaine found in Seed (2500 ppm)
Expectorant
Betaine found in Seed (2500 ppm)
FLavor
Caffeine found in Seed (25000 ppm)
Fetotoxic
Theobromine found in Seed (1000 ppm)
Fistula-Preventive
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (1456 ppm)
Fungicide
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Kaempferol found in Plant
Gastroprotective
Beta-carotene found in Seed (1 ppm)
Glucosyl-Transferase-Inhibitor
Tannin found in Seed
HIV-RT-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Plant
Hemostat
Cellulose found in Plant
Hepatocarcinogenic
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Hepatoprotective
Betaine found in Seed (2500 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Kaempferol found in Plant
Tannin found in Seed
Hepatotropic
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Herbicide
Caffeine found in Seed (25000 ppm)
Theobromine found in Seed (1000 ppm)
Histamine-Inhibitor
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Hypertensive
Caffeine found in Seed (25000 ppm)
Hypocholesterolemic
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (1456 ppm)
Calcium found in Seed (1563 ppm)
Fiber found in Seed (30000 ppm)
Hypoglycemic
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (1456 ppm)
Caffeine found in Seed (25000 ppm)
Hypotensive
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (1456 ppm)
Calcium found in Seed (1563 ppm)
Fiber found in Seed (30000 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Plant
Hypouricemic
Fiber found in Seed (30000 ppm)
ICAM-1-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Plant
Immunomodulator
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (1456 ppm)
Immunostimulant
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (1456 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Seed (1 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Phosphorus found in Seed (2318 ppm)
Immunosuppressant
Tannin found in Seed
Inotropic
Kaempferol found in Plant
Insecticide
Caffeine found in Seed (25000 ppm)
Insectifuge
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Thiamin found in Seed (1 ppm)
Interferon-Synergist
Beta-carotene found in Seed (1 ppm)
Interferonogenic
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (1456 ppm)
Iodothyronine-Deiodinase-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Plant
JNK-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Plant
Laxative
Calcium found in Seed (1563 ppm)
Fiber found in Seed (30000 ppm)
Leukotriene-Inhibitor
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Lipotropic
Betaine found in Seed (2500 ppm)
Lipoxygenase-Inhibitor
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Kaempferol found in Plant
Tannin found in Seed
Lithogenic
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (1456 ppm)
Lyase-Inhibitor
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Lypolytic
Caffeine found in Seed (25000 ppm)
MAO-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Plant
Tannin found in Seed
Metal-Chelator
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Mucogenic
Beta-carotene found in Seed (1 ppm)
Betaine found in Seed (2500 ppm)
Mucolytic
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (1456 ppm)
Mutagenic
Kaempferol found in Plant
Myocardiotonic
Theobromine found in Seed (1000 ppm)
Myorelaxant
Caffeine found in Seed (25000 ppm)
Theobromine found in Seed (1000 ppm)
Myostimulant
Theobromine found in Seed (1000 ppm)
NO-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Plant
Natriuretic
Kaempferol found in Plant
Neuroprotective
Kaempferol found in Plant
Thiamin found in Seed (1 ppm)
Neurotoxic
Caffeine found in Seed (25000 ppm)
Ornithine-Decarboxylase-Inhibitor
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Tannin found in Seed
Osteogenic
Phosphorus found in Seed (2318 ppm)
PAF-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Plant
Pesticide
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (1456 ppm)
Betaine found in Seed (2500 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Caffeine found in Seed (25000 ppm)
Cyanidin found in Plant
Kaempferol found in Plant
Tannin found in Seed
Theobromine found in Seed (1000 ppm)
Thiamin found in Seed (1 ppm)
Phagocytotic
Beta-carotene found in Seed (1 ppm)
Phosphodiesterase-Inhibitor
Caffeine found in Seed (25000 ppm)
Pigment
Cyanidin found in Plant
Poultice
Starch found in Seed (340000 ppm)
Prooxidant
Beta-carotene found in Seed (1 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Cyanidin found in Plant
Iron found in Seed (54 ppm)
Prostaglandigenic
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Protisticide
Kaempferol found in Plant
Psychotropic
Tannin found in Seed
Pyrogenic
Caffeine found in Seed (25000 ppm)
Quinone-Reductase-Inducer
Kaempferol found in Plant
Respirastimulant
Caffeine found in Seed (25000 ppm)
Sedative
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Spasmogenic
Caffeine found in Seed (25000 ppm)
Stimulant
Caffeine found in Seed (25000 ppm)
Theobromine found in Seed (1000 ppm)
Sunscreen
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
TNF-alpha-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Plant
Tachycardic
Caffeine found in Seed (25000 ppm)
Teratogenic
Caffeine found in Seed (25000 ppm)
Theobromine found in Seed (1000 ppm)
Teratologic
Kaempferol found in Plant
Thymoprotective
Beta-carotene found in Seed (1 ppm)
Topoisomerase-I-Inhibitor
Caffeine found in Seed (25000 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Plant
Topoisomerase-II-Inhibitor
Caffeine found in Seed (25000 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Plant
Tranquilizer
Calcium found in Seed (1563 ppm)
Tumorigenic
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Tyrosinase-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Plant
Ubiquiot
Beta-carotene found in Seed (1 ppm)
Uricosuric
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (1456 ppm)
Urinary-Acidulant
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (1456 ppm)
Uterotrophic
Kaempferol found in Plant
Vasoconstrictor
D-catechin found in Seed (4000 ppm)
Vasodilator
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (1456 ppm)
Caffeine found in Seed (25000 ppm)
Calcium found in Seed (1563 ppm)
Fiber found in Seed (30000 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Plant
Theobromine found in Seed (1000 ppm)
Vulnerary
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (1456 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Xanthine-Oxidase-Inhibitor
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Tannin found in Seed
cAMP-Inhibitor
Theobromine found in Seed (1000 ppm)
cAMP-Phosphodiesterase-Inhibitor
Caffeine found in Seed (25000 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Plant
Theobromine found in Seed (1000 ppm)
cGMP-Phosphodiesterase-Inhibitor
Caffeine found in Seed (25000 ppm)
Theobromine found in Seed (1000 ppm)
iNOS-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Plant

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Chemicals detected

Chemical Plant part Low ppm High ppm
Ascorbic-acid Seed 540 1,456
Beta-carotene Seed 1
Betaine Seed 2,500
Caffeic-acid Plant
Caffeine Seed 10,000 25,000
Calcium Seed 580 1,563
Carbohydrates Seed 337,000 908,000
Cellulose Plant
Colalipase Plant
Colaoxydase Plant
Cyanidin Plant
D,l-catechin Plant
D-catechin Seed 3,000 4,000
Fat Seed 4,000 30,000
Fiber Seed 14,000 30,000
Gum Seed 3,000
Iron Seed 20 54
Kaempferol Plant
Kolanin Seed
Kolatein Seed
Kolatin Seed
L-epicatechin Plant
Phlobaphene Seed
Phosphorus Seed 860 2,318
Protein Seed 22,000 67,000
Riboflavin Seed 1
Starch Seed 340,000
Sugar Plant 29,000
Tannin Seed
Theobromine Seed 1,000
Thiamin Seed 1
Water Seed 120,000 629,000
Reference: Dr. Duke's Phytochemical and Ethnobotanical Databases. [Online Database]