Citrullus colocynthis Health effects and herbal facts

Known as
bitter-apple bitter-cucumber colocynth vine-of-Sodom wild gourd
Citrullus colocynthis

Medical use

Economic importance of Citrullus colocynthis

Gene sources graft stock relative for watermelon potential for drought tolerance in watermelon potential for pest resistance in watermelon secondary genetic relative of watermelon
Medicines folklore
Vertebrate poisons mamals

Gallery

Citrullus colocynthis Citrullus colocynthis Citrullus colocynthis Citrullus colocynthis Citrullus colocynthis Citrullus colocynthis Citrullus colocynthis Citrullus colocynthis Citrullus colocynthis Citrullus colocynthis Citrullus colocynthis Citrullus colocynthis Citrullus colocynthis

Geografical distribution

  • AFRICA
    Native
    • Northern Africa: Algeria; Egypt; Libya; Morocco; Tunisia
    • Northeast Tropical Africa: Chad; Ethiopia; Somalia; Yemen - Socotra
    • East Tropical Africa: Kenya
    • West Tropical Africa: Mali
  • ASIA-TEMPERATE
    Native
    • Arabian Peninsula: Kuwait; Saudi Arabia; Yemen
    • Western Asia: Afghanistan; Cyprus; Egypt - Sinai; Iran; Iraq; Israel; Jordan; Lebanon; Syria; Turkey
  • ASIA-TROPICAL
    Native
    • Indian Subcontinent: India - Andhra Pradesh, Assam, Bihar, Delhi, Goa, Gujarat, Karnataka, Maharashtra, Punjab, Rajasthan, Tamil Nadu, Uttar Pradesh; Pakistan; Sri Lanka
    • Indo-China: Myanmar
  • AUSTRALASIA
    Naturalized
    • Australia: Australia
  • EUROPE
    Native
    • Southeastern Europe: Greece; Italy - Sicily
    • Southwestern Europe: Spain

Biological activities

5-Alpha-Reductase-Inhibitor
Linoleic-acid found in Seed
Oleic-acid found in Seed
Palmitic-acid found in Seed
Palmitoleic-acid found in Seed
Stearic-acid found in Seed
ACE-Inhibitor
Quercitrin found in Fruit
AChE-Inhibitor
Limonene found in Petiole
Abortifacient
Oleanolic-acid found in Plant
Acaricide
Citronellal found in Plant
Limonene found in Petiole
Acetylcholinergic
Glucose found in Fruit
Acidulant
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (122 ppm)
Hexanoic-acid found in Petiole
Aldose-Reductase-Inhibitor
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (122 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit
Chlorogenic-acid found in Fruit
Quercitrin found in Fruit
Allelochemic
Chlorogenic-acid found in Fruit
Limonene found in Petiole
Allelopathic
Ferulic-acid found in Fruit
Allergenic
Anethole found in Petiole
Benzyl-alcohol found in Petiole
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit
Chlorogenic-acid found in Fruit
Citral found in Petiole
Citronellal found in Plant
Citronellol found in Plant
Geranyl-acetate found in Petiole
Limonene found in Petiole
Oleic-acid found in Seed
Alpha-Reductase-Inhibitor
Oleic-acid found in Seed
Analgesic
Alpha-amyrin found in Seed
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (122 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit
Chlorogenic-acid found in Fruit
Ferulic-acid found in Fruit
P-cymene found in Petiole
Androgenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Anemiagenic
Oleic-acid found in Seed
Anesthetic
Benzyl-alcohol found in Petiole
Methyl-eugenol found in Plant
Angiogenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Angiotensin-Receptor-Blocker
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (122 ppm)
Anorexic
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
AntiAGE
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (122 ppm)
AntiCFS
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (122 ppm)
AntiCTS
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (122 ppm)
AntiEBV
Chlorogenic-acid found in Fruit
AntiHIV
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit
Chlorogenic-acid found in Fruit
Oleanolic-acid found in Plant
AntiLegionella
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit
Chlorogenic-acid found in Fruit
AntiLyme
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (122 ppm)
AntiMS
Linoleic-acid found in Seed
AntiNF-kB
Anethole found in Petiole
AntiPGE2
Oleanolic-acid found in Plant
AntiTGF-beta
Oleanolic-acid found in Plant
AntiTNF
Anethole found in Petiole
Antiacetylcholinesterase
Limonene found in Petiole
P-cymene found in Petiole
Antiacne
Linoleic-acid found in Seed
Antiadenomic
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Limonene found in Petiole
Antiadenoviral
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit
Antiaggregant
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (122 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit
Ferulic-acid found in Fruit
Antiaging
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (122 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit
Antialcoholic
Fructose found in Petiole
Antiallergenic
Citral found in Petiole
Antiallergic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (122 ppm)
Citral found in Petiole
Ferulic-acid found in Fruit
Oleanolic-acid found in Plant
Antialopecic
Linoleic-acid found in Seed
Oleic-acid found in Seed
Palmitic-acid found in Seed
Antialzheimeran
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (122 ppm)
Antianaphylactic
Citral found in Petiole
Linoleic-acid found in Seed
Antiandrogenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Linoleic-acid found in Seed
Oleic-acid found in Seed
Palmitic-acid found in Seed
Antiarrhythmic
Ferulic-acid found in Fruit
Oleanolic-acid found in Plant
Quercitrin found in Fruit
Antiarteriosclerotic
Linoleic-acid found in Seed
Antiarthritic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (122 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Seed
Antiasthenic
Citrulline found in Fruit
Antiasthmatic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (122 ppm)
Limonene found in Petiole
Antiatherogenic
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit
Antiatherosclerotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (122 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Fruit
Oleanolic-acid found in Plant
Antibacillary
P-cymene found in Petiole
Antibacterial
Anethole found in Petiole
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (122 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit
Chlorogenic-acid found in Fruit
Citral found in Petiole
Citronellal found in Plant
Citronellol found in Plant
Ferulic-acid found in Fruit
Lauric-acid found in Petiole
Limonene found in Petiole
Methyl-eugenol found in Plant
Oleanolic-acid found in Plant
P-cymene found in Petiole
Phenethyl-alcohol found in Plant
Quercitrin found in Fruit
Anticancer
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit
Citral found in Petiole
Limonene found in Petiole
Anticarcinogenic
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit
Chlorogenic-acid found in Fruit
Ferulic-acid found in Fruit
Anticarcinomic
Cucurbitacin-l found in Fruit
Oleanolic-acid found in Plant
Anticariogenic
Oleanolic-acid found in Plant
Anticataract
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (122 ppm)
Quercitrin found in Fruit
Anticervicaldysplasic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (122 ppm)
Anticlimacteric
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (122 ppm)
Anticold
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (122 ppm)
Anticomplement
Oleanolic-acid found in Plant
Anticomplementary
Luteolin-7-o-glucoside found in Plant
Anticonvulsant
Methyl-eugenol found in Plant
Anticoronary
Linoleic-acid found in Seed
Antidecubitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (122 ppm)
Antidementia
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (122 ppm)
Antidepressant
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (122 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit
Antidiabetic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (122 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Fruit
Fructose found in Petiole
Antidysmenorrheic
Ferulic-acid found in Fruit
Antieczemic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (122 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Seed
Antiedemic
Alpha-amyrin found in Seed
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (122 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit
Glucose found in Fruit
Oleanolic-acid found in Plant
Quercitrin found in Fruit
Antielastase
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit
Antiencephalitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (122 ppm)
Antiendometriotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (122 ppm)
Antiescherichic
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit
Antiesophagitic
Limonene found in Petiole
Antiestrogenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Ferulic-acid found in Fruit
Antifatigue
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (122 ppm)
Antifeedant
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Chlorogenic-acid found in Fruit
Limonene found in Petiole
Methyl-eugenol found in Plant
Quercitrin found in Fruit
Antifertility
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Oleanolic-acid found in Plant
Antifibrinolytic
Linoleic-acid found in Seed
Palmitic-acid found in Seed
Antifibrotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (122 ppm)
Antiflu
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit
Limonene found in Petiole
P-cymene found in Petiole
Quercitrin found in Fruit
Antigallstone
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (122 ppm)
Antigastritic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (122 ppm)
Antigenotoxic
Anethole found in Petiole
Chlorogenic-acid found in Fruit
Antigibberellin
Cucurbitacin-b found in Fruit
Cucurbitacin-e found in Fruit
Antigingivitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (122 ppm)
Oleanolic-acid found in Plant
Antiglaucomic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (122 ppm)
Antigonadotrophic
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Antigonadotropic
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit
Chlorogenic-acid found in Fruit
Antigranular
Linoleic-acid found in Seed
Antihangover
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (122 ppm)
Fructose found in Petiole
Antihelicobacter
Citral found in Petiole
Antihemolytic
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit
Chlorogenic-acid found in Fruit
Antihemorrhagic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (122 ppm)
Quercitrin found in Fruit
Antihepatitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (122 ppm)
Antihepatoadenomic
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit
Antihepatotic
Anethole found in Petiole
Citrulline found in Fruit
Antihepatotoxic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (122 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit
Chlorogenic-acid found in Fruit
Cucurbitacin-b found in Fruit
Cucurbitacin-e found in Fruit
Ferulic-acid found in Fruit
Glucose found in Fruit
Oleanolic-acid found in Plant
Quercitrin found in Fruit
Antiherpetic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (122 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit
Chlorogenic-acid found in Fruit
Citral found in Petiole
Ferulic-acid found in Fruit
Quercitrin found in Fruit
Antihistaminic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (122 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit
Chlorogenic-acid found in Fruit
Citral found in Petiole
Coloside-a found in Fruit
Linoleic-acid found in Seed
Antihypercholesterolemic
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit
Chlorogenic-acid found in Fruit
Antihyperlipidemic
Oleanolic-acid found in Plant
Antihyperlipoproteinaemic
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Antihypertensive
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (122 ppm)
Antihyperthyroid
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit
Chlorogenic-acid found in Fruit
Luteolin-7-o-glucoside found in Plant
Antiinfertility
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (122 ppm)
Antiinflammatory
Alpha-amyrin found in Seed
Alpha-spinasterol found in Fruit
Anethole found in Petiole
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (122 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit
Chlorogenic-acid found in Fruit
Citral found in Petiole
Cucurbitacin-b found in Fruit
Ferulic-acid found in Fruit
Limonene found in Petiole
Linoleic-acid found in Seed
Oleanolic-acid found in Plant
Oleic-acid found in Seed
Quercitrin found in Fruit
Antiischemic
Oleanolic-acid found in Plant
Antiketotic
Fructose found in Petiole
Glucose found in Fruit
Antileishmanic
Citral found in Petiole
Antilepric
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (122 ppm)
Antileukemic
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit
Ferulic-acid found in Fruit
Oleanolic-acid found in Plant
Antileukotriene-D4
Linoleic-acid found in Seed
Oleic-acid found in Seed
Antileukotriene
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit
Chlorogenic-acid found in Fruit
Oleanolic-acid found in Plant
Antilithic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (122 ppm)
Limonene found in Petiole
Antilymphomic
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Limonene found in Petiole
Antimaculitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (122 ppm)
Antimalarial
Oleanolic-acid found in Plant
Antimeasles
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (122 ppm)
Antimelanogenic
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit
Chlorogenic-acid found in Fruit
Antimenopausal
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (122 ppm)
Antimenorrhagic
Linoleic-acid found in Seed
Antimigraine
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (122 ppm)
Antimitotic
Ferulic-acid found in Fruit
Antimutagenic
Anisaldehyde found in Petiole
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (122 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit
Chlorogenic-acid found in Fruit
Ferulic-acid found in Fruit
Limonene found in Petiole
Quercitrin found in Fruit
Antinauseant
Fructose found in Petiole
Antineoplastic
Ferulic-acid found in Fruit
Antinephritic
Oleanolic-acid found in Plant
Antineuramidase
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (122 ppm)
Antinitrosaminic
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit
Chlorogenic-acid found in Fruit
Ferulic-acid found in Fruit
Antinitrosic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (122 ppm)
Antinociceptive
Alpha-amyrin found in Seed
Antiobesity
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (122 ppm)
Limonene found in Petiole
Antiodontalgic
Benzyl-alcohol found in Petiole
Antiophidic
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit
Antiorchitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (122 ppm)
Antiosteoarthritic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (122 ppm)
Antiosteoporotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (122 ppm)
Antioxidant
Anethole found in Petiole
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (122 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit
Chlorogenic-acid found in Fruit
Citral found in Petiole
Ferulic-acid found in Fruit
Lauric-acid found in Petiole
Methyl-eugenol found in Plant
Myristic-acid found in Seed
Myristoleic-acid found in Seed
Oleanolic-acid found in Plant
Palmitic-acid found in Seed
Quercitrin found in Fruit
Antiparkinsonian
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (122 ppm)
Antiparotitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (122 ppm)
Antiperiodontic
Oleanolic-acid found in Plant
Antiperiodontitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (122 ppm)
Antiperoxidant
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit
Chlorogenic-acid found in Fruit
Oleanolic-acid found in Plant
Antiplaque
Oleanolic-acid found in Plant
Antiplasmodial
Oleanolic-acid found in Plant
Antipneumonic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (122 ppm)
Antipodriac
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (122 ppm)
Antipolio
Chlorogenic-acid found in Fruit
Antipoliomyelitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (122 ppm)
Antiprogestational
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Antiproliferant
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit
Antiprostaglandin
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit
Antiprostatadenomic
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Antiprostatitic
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Linoleic-acid found in Seed
Antipruritic
Benzyl-alcohol found in Petiole
Antipurpuric
Quercitrin found in Fruit
Antipyretic
Alpha-spinasterol found in Fruit
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (122 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Antiradicular
Anethole found in Petiole
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (122 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit
Chlorogenic-acid found in Fruit
Ferulic-acid found in Fruit
Methyl-eugenol found in Plant
Antiretinotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (122 ppm)
Antirheumatalgic
P-cymene found in Petiole
Antirheumatic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (122 ppm)
Antirhinitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (122 ppm)
Antisalmonella
Anethole found in Petiole
Antisarcomic
Oleanolic-acid found in Plant
Antiscorbutic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (122 ppm)
Antiseptic
Anethole found in Petiole
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (122 ppm)
Benzyl-alcohol found in Petiole
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit
Chlorogenic-acid found in Fruit
Citral found in Petiole
Citronellal found in Plant
Citronellol found in Plant
Limonene found in Petiole
Methyl-eugenol found in Plant
Oleanolic-acid found in Plant
Phenethyl-alcohol found in Plant
Antiserotonin
Ferulic-acid found in Fruit
Antishingles
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (122 ppm)
Antishock
Citral found in Petiole
Antispasmodic
Anethole found in Petiole
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (122 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit
Citral found in Petiole
Ferulic-acid found in Fruit
Limonene found in Petiole
Quercitrin found in Fruit
Antistaphylococcic
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit
Citronellal found in Plant
Citronellol found in Plant
Quercitrin found in Fruit
Antistomatitic
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit
Antistreptococcic
Citronellal found in Plant
Citronellol found in Plant
Antistress
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (122 ppm)
Antisunburn
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit
Chlorogenic-acid found in Fruit
Antisyndrome-X
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (122 ppm)
Antithiamin
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit
Antithrombic
Ferulic-acid found in Fruit
Antithrombogenic
Quercitrin found in Fruit
Antithyroid
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit
Chlorogenic-acid found in Fruit
Antitumor-Promoter
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit
Chlorogenic-acid found in Fruit
Ferulic-acid found in Fruit
Antitumor
Alpha-amyrin found in Seed
Anethole found in Petiole
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit
Chlorogenic-acid found in Fruit
Citral found in Petiole
Cucurbitacin-b found in Fruit
Cucurbitacin-e found in Fruit
Ferulic-acid found in Fruit
Limonene found in Petiole
Oleanolic-acid found in Plant
Quercitrin found in Fruit
Antiulcer
Alpha-amyrin found in Seed
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (122 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Fruit
Citral found in Petiole
Oleanolic-acid found in Plant
Quercitrin found in Fruit
Antiulcerogenic
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit
Antivaccinia
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit
Antivaricose
Glucose found in Fruit
Antiviral
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (122 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit
Chlorogenic-acid found in Fruit
Citral found in Petiole
Ferulic-acid found in Fruit
Lauric-acid found in Petiole
Limonene found in Petiole
Oleanolic-acid found in Plant
P-cymene found in Petiole
Quercitrin found in Fruit
Antiyeast
Anethole found in Petiole
Anxiolytic
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit
Apoptotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (122 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Citral found in Petiole
Limonene found in Petiole
Aromatase-Inhibitor
Oleanolic-acid found in Plant
Artemicide
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Arteriodilator
Ferulic-acid found in Fruit
Asthma-preventive
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (122 ppm)
Autotoxic
Chlorogenic-acid found in Fruit
Barbituate-Synergist
Citral found in Petiole
Beta-Blocker
Oleanolic-acid found in Plant
Beta-Glucuronidase-Inhibitor
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (122 ppm)
Oleanolic-acid found in Plant
Bronchoprotectant
Limonene found in Petiole
Bronchorelaxant
Citral found in Petiole
CNS-Active
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit
Chlorogenic-acid found in Fruit
CNS-Depressant
Quercitrin found in Fruit
CNS-Stimulant
Chlorogenic-acid found in Fruit
COX-1-Inhibitor
Lauric-acid found in Petiole
COX-2-Inhibitor
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit
Lauric-acid found in Petiole
Oleanolic-acid found in Plant
Calcium-Antagonist
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (122 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit
Citral found in Petiole
Cancer-Preventive
Anethole found in Petiole
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (122 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit
Chlorogenic-acid found in Fruit
Citral found in Petiole
Cucurbitacin-b found in Fruit
Ferulic-acid found in Fruit
Limonene found in Petiole
Linoleic-acid found in Seed
Methyl-eugenol found in Plant
Myristic-acid found in Seed
Oleanolic-acid found in Plant
Oleic-acid found in Seed
Quercitrin found in Fruit
Candidicide
Anethole found in Petiole
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Citronellal found in Plant
Citronellol found in Plant
Ferulic-acid found in Fruit
Lauric-acid found in Petiole
Octanoic-acid found in Petiole
Candidistat
Limonene found in Petiole
Carcinogenic
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit
Citral found in Petiole
Linoleic-acid found in Seed
Methyl-eugenol found in Plant
Cardiac
Ferulic-acid found in Fruit
Cardioprotective
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (122 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Fruit
Oleanolic-acid found in Plant
Cardiotonic
Oleanolic-acid found in Plant
Quercitrin found in Fruit
Carminative
Anethole found in Petiole
Caspase-3-Inducer
Citral found in Petiole
Caspase-8-Inducer
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Chemopreventive
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit
Chlorogenic-acid found in Fruit
Citral found in Petiole
Limonene found in Petiole
Cholagogue
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit
Chlorogenic-acid found in Fruit
Ferulic-acid found in Fruit
Choleretic
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit
Chlorogenic-acid found in Fruit
Ferulic-acid found in Fruit
Oleic-acid found in Seed
Quercitrin found in Fruit
Cholesterolytic
Limonene found in Petiole
Clastogenic
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit
Chlorogenic-acid found in Fruit
Co-carcinogenic
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit
Cold-preventive
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (122 ppm)
Collagen-Sparing
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit
Chlorogenic-acid found in Fruit
Collagenic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (122 ppm)
Comedolytic
Linoleic-acid found in Seed
Convulsant
Cosmetic
Myristic-acid found in Seed
Stearic-acid found in Seed
Cyclooxygenase-Activator
Quercitrin found in Fruit
Cyclooxygenase-Inhibitor
Oleanolic-acid found in Plant
Cytoprotective
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit
Cytotoxic
Alpha-amyrin found in Seed
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit
Citral found in Petiole
Cucurbitacin-b found in Fruit
Cucurbitacin-e found in Fruit
DNA-Active
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit
DNA-Protective
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit
Dermatitigenic
Anethole found in Petiole
Oleic-acid found in Seed
Detoxicant
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (122 ppm)
Limonene found in Petiole
Quercitrin found in Fruit
Digestive
Anethole found in Petiole
Diuretic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (122 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit
Chlorogenic-acid found in Fruit
Citrulline found in Fruit
Oleanolic-acid found in Plant
Quercitrin found in Fruit
Dye
Quercitrin found in Fruit
Elastase-Inhibitor
Oleanolic-acid found in Plant
Embryotoxic
Citronellal found in Plant
Enterocontractant
Limonene found in Petiole
Estrogenic
Anethole found in Petiole
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Citral found in Petiole
Expectorant
Anethole found in Petiole
Citral found in Petiole
Limonene found in Petiole
FLavor
Benzyl-alcohol found in Petiole
Citral found in Petiole
Citronellal found in Plant
Citronellol found in Plant
Decanoic-acid found in Petiole
Geranyl-acetate found in Petiole
Hexanoic-acid found in Petiole
Limonene found in Petiole
Methyl-eugenol found in Plant
Octanoic-acid found in Petiole
Oleic-acid found in Seed
P-cymene found in Petiole
Palmitic-acid found in Seed
Phenethyl-alcohol found in Plant
Stearic-acid found in Seed
Febrifuge
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Fistula-Preventive
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (122 ppm)
Fungicide
Anethole found in Petiole
Anisaldehyde found in Petiole
Benzyl-alcohol found in Petiole
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit
Capric-acid found in Petiole
Chlorogenic-acid found in Fruit
Citral found in Petiole
Citronellal found in Plant
Citronellol found in Plant
Ferulic-acid found in Fruit
Methyl-eugenol found in Plant
Octanoic-acid found in Petiole
P-cymene found in Petiole
Fungiphilic
Limonene found in Petiole
Fungistat
Limonene found in Petiole
Methyl-eugenol found in Plant
GST-Inducer
Limonene found in Petiole
Gastroprotective
Alpha-amyrin found in Seed
Gastrostimulant
Anethole found in Petiole
Glaucomagenic
Citral found in Petiole
Glutathionigenic
Citral found in Petiole
Gonadotrophic
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Hemolytic
Palmitic-acid found in Seed
Hemostat
Quercitrin found in Fruit
Hepatocarcinogenic
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit
Hepatoprotective
Alpha-amyrin found in Seed
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit
Chlorogenic-acid found in Fruit
Ferulic-acid found in Fruit
Linoleic-acid found in Seed
Oleanolic-acid found in Plant
Hepatotonic
Quercitrin found in Fruit
Hepatotoxic
Anethole found in Petiole
Hepatotropic
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit
Ferulic-acid found in Fruit
Herbicide
Citral found in Petiole
Citronellol found in Plant
Ferulic-acid found in Fruit
Limonene found in Petiole
P-cymene found in Petiole
Histamine-Inhibitor
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit
Chlorogenic-acid found in Fruit
Histaminic
Limonene found in Petiole
Hydrocholerectic
Ferulic-acid found in Fruit
Hypercholesterolemic
Lauric-acid found in Petiole
Myristic-acid found in Seed
Palmitic-acid found in Seed
Hyperglycemic
Glucose found in Fruit
Hypocholesterolemic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (122 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Linoleic-acid found in Seed
Oleic-acid found in Seed
Stearic-acid found in Seed
Hypoglycemic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (122 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Chlorogenic-acid found in Fruit
Quercitrin found in Fruit
Hypolipemic
Oleanolic-acid found in Plant
Hypolipidemic
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Ferulic-acid found in Fruit
Hypotensive
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (122 ppm)
Oleanolic-acid found in Plant
Quercitrin found in Fruit
Immunomodulator
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (122 ppm)
Limonene found in Petiole
Linoleic-acid found in Seed
Oleanolic-acid found in Plant
Immunostimulant
Anethole found in Petiole
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (122 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit
Chlorogenic-acid found in Fruit
Ferulic-acid found in Fruit
Insecticide
Anethole found in Petiole
Anisaldehyde found in Petiole
Limonene found in Petiole
Insectifuge
Alpha-amyrin found in Seed
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit
Chlorogenic-acid found in Fruit
Citronellal found in Plant
Cucurbitacin-b found in Fruit
Cucurbitacin-e found in Fruit
Ferulic-acid found in Fruit
Limonene found in Petiole
Linoleic-acid found in Seed
Methyl-eugenol found in Plant
Oleic-acid found in Seed
P-cymene found in Petiole
Insectiphile
Cucurbitacin-b found in Fruit
Cucurbitacin-e found in Fruit
Geranyl-acetate found in Petiole
Quercitrin found in Fruit
Interferonogenic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (122 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Fruit
Interleukin-6-Inhibitor
Limonene found in Petiole
Irritant
Anethole found in Petiole
Capric-acid found in Petiole
Citronellal found in Plant
Citronellol found in Plant
Limonene found in Petiole
Oleic-acid found in Seed
P-cymene found in Petiole
Juvabional
Chlorogenic-acid found in Fruit
Lactagogue
Anethole found in Petiole
Larvistat
Chlorogenic-acid found in Fruit
Laxative
Fructose found in Petiole
P-cymene found in Petiole
Leucocytogenic
Anethole found in Petiole
Oleanolic-acid found in Plant
Leukotriene-Inhibitor
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit
Chlorogenic-acid found in Fruit
Lipolytic
Limonene found in Petiole
Lipoxygenase-Inhibitor
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit
Chlorogenic-acid found in Fruit
Lithogenic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (122 ppm)
Lubricant
Myristic-acid found in Seed
Palmitic-acid found in Seed
Stearic-acid found in Seed
Lyase-Inhibitor
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit
MAO-A-Inhibitor
Quercitrin found in Fruit
MAO-Inhibitor
Quercitrin found in Fruit
Memory-Enhancer
Glucose found in Fruit
Metal-Chelator
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit
Chlorogenic-acid found in Fruit
Ferulic-acid found in Fruit
Metastatic
Linoleic-acid found in Seed
Motor-Depressant
Citronellal found in Plant
Mucolytic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (122 ppm)
Mutagenic
Anethole found in Petiole
Myorelaxant
Citral found in Petiole
Limonene found in Petiole
Methyl-eugenol found in Plant
NF-kB-Inhibitor
Citral found in Petiole
Oleanolic-acid found in Plant
NO-Genic
Chlorogenic-acid found in Fruit
Limonene found in Petiole
NO-Inhibitor
Citral found in Petiole
Narcotic
Methyl-eugenol found in Plant
Nematicide
Citral found in Petiole
Citronellal found in Plant
Citronellol found in Plant
Decanoic-acid found in Petiole
Limonene found in Petiole
Linoleic-acid found in Seed
Methyl-eugenol found in Plant
Myristic-acid found in Seed
Palmitic-acid found in Seed
Neoplastic
Fructose found in Petiole
Nephroprotective
Anethole found in Petiole
Ornithine-Decarboxylase-Inhibitor
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit
Chlorogenic-acid found in Fruit
Ferulic-acid found in Fruit
Limonene found in Petiole
Oviposition-Stimulant
Chlorogenic-acid found in Fruit
Ozone-Scavenger
Limonene found in Petiole
P450-2B1-Inhibitor
Citral found in Petiole
Citronellal found in Plant
P450-Inducer
Limonene found in Petiole
Paralytic
Quercitrin found in Fruit
Percutaneostimulant
Oleic-acid found in Seed
Perfumery
Citral found in Petiole
Citronellal found in Plant
Citronellol found in Plant
Geranyl-acetate found in Petiole
Methyl-eugenol found in Plant
Octanoic-acid found in Petiole
Oleic-acid found in Seed
Phenethyl-alcohol found in Plant
Stearic-acid found in Seed
Peristaltic
Limonene found in Petiole
Pesticide
Anethole found in Petiole
Anisaldehyde found in Petiole
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (122 ppm)
Benzyl-alcohol found in Petiole
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit
Capric-acid found in Petiole
Chlorogenic-acid found in Fruit
Citral found in Petiole
Citronellal found in Plant
Citronellol found in Plant
Decanoic-acid found in Petiole
Ferulic-acid found in Fruit
Limonene found in Petiole
Methyl-eugenol found in Plant
Octanoic-acid found in Petiole
P-cymene found in Petiole
Palmitic-acid found in Seed
Phenethyl-alcohol found in Plant
Quercitrin found in Fruit
Phagocytotic
Ferulic-acid found in Fruit
Oleanolic-acid found in Plant
Photosensitizer
Limonene found in Petiole
Piscicide
Oleanolic-acid found in Plant
Preservative
Ferulic-acid found in Fruit
Prooxidant
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit
Propecic
Linoleic-acid found in Seed
Oleic-acid found in Seed
Palmitic-acid found in Seed
Stearic-acid found in Seed
Prostaglandigenic
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit
Ferulic-acid found in Fruit
Prostaglandin-Synthesis-Inhibitor
Ferulic-acid found in Fruit
Oleanolic-acid found in Plant
Prostatitigenic
Citral found in Petiole
Purgative
Colocynthin found in Plant
Secretogogue
Anethole found in Petiole
Secretolytic
Anethole found in Petiole
Sedative
Benzyl-alcohol found in Petiole
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit
Citral found in Petiole
Citronellal found in Plant
Citronellol found in Plant
Geranyl-acetate found in Petiole
Limonene found in Petiole
Methyl-eugenol found in Plant
Oleanolic-acid found in Plant
P-cymene found in Petiole
Phenethyl-alcohol found in Plant
Soap
Palmitic-acid found in Seed
Palmitoleic-acid found in Seed
Spermicide
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Sunscreen
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit
Chlorogenic-acid found in Fruit
Ferulic-acid found in Fruit
Suppository
Stearic-acid found in Seed
Sweetener
Anethole found in Petiole
Chlorogenic-acid found in Fruit
Fructose found in Petiole
Sympathomimetic
Anethole found in Petiole
Teratogenic
Citral found in Petiole
Citronellal found in Plant
Transdermal
Limonene found in Petiole
Trichomonicide
Citral found in Petiole
Citronellol found in Plant
P-cymene found in Petiole
Trypanocide
Citral found in Petiole
Tumorigenic
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit
Tyrosinase-Inhibitor
Anisaldehyde found in Petiole
Citral found in Petiole
Ubiquiot
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Ulcerogenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Uricosuric
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (122 ppm)
Urinary-Acidulant
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (122 ppm)
Uterosedative
Ferulic-acid found in Fruit
Uterotonic
Oleanolic-acid found in Plant
Vasodilator
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (122 ppm)
Vasopressor
Oleanolic-acid found in Plant
Quercitrin found in Fruit
Vulnerary
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (122 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit
Chlorogenic-acid found in Fruit
Xanthine-Oxidase-Inhibitor
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit

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Chemicals detected

Chemical Plant part Low ppm High ppm
1,26-hexacosanol Fruit
10,13-dimethylpenta-13-decen-1-al Petiole
Alpha-amyrin Seed
Alpha-elaterin Fruit
Alpha-elaterin-2-d-glycopyranoside Fruit 2,000
Seed 1,800
Stem 1,700
Root 490
Petiole 800
Leaf 1,500
Alpha-mannitol Pericarp 6,000
Alpha-spinasterol Fruit
Anethole Petiole
Anisaldehyde Petiole
Arachidic-acid Seed
Ascorbic-acid Fruit 122
Asparaginine Flower
Benzyl-alcohol Petiole
Beta-sitosterol Plant
Beta-sitosterol-d-glucoside Plant
Caffeic-acid Fruit
Capric-acid Petiole
Chlorogenic-acid Fruit
Citral Petiole
Citronellal Plant
Citronellol Plant
Citrulline Fruit
Citrullol Fruit
Citrullone Plant
Colocynthein Plant
Colocynthin Plant
Coloside-a Fruit
Cucurbitacin-b Fruit
Cucurbitacin-e Fruit
Cucurbitacin-e-2-d-glucopyranoside Fruit
Cucurbitacin-j-glucoside Fruit
Cucurbitacin-l Fruit
Cucurbitacin-l-glycoside Fruit
Decanoic-acid Petiole
Dihydroelatericin-b Fruit
Docosanyl-acetate Petiole
Fat Seed 150,000 510,000
Ferulic-acid Fruit
Fructose Petiole
Gadoleic-acid Petiole
Geranyl-acetate Petiole
Glucose Fruit
Hentriacontane Fruit
Heptacosan-1-ol Fruit
Heptanoic-acid Petiole
Hexadecanoic-acid Petiole
Hexanoic-acid Petiole
Lauric-acid Petiole
Limonene Petiole
Linoleic-acid Seed
Linolenic-acid Petiole
Luteolin-7-o-glucoside Plant
M-coumaric-acid Fruit
Methyl-eugenol Plant
Methyl-heptanone Plant
Myristic-acid Seed
Myristoleic-acid Seed
N-octacosanol Fruit
Octanoic-acid Petiole
Oleanolic-acid Plant
Oleic-acid Seed
P-cymene Petiole
P-hydroxybenzylmethylether Fruit
Palmitic-acid Seed
Palmitoleic-acid Seed
Phenethyl-alcohol Plant
Quercitrin Fruit
Stearic-acid Seed
Stigmasta-7,25-diene-3beta-ol Seed
Reference: Dr. Duke's Phytochemical and Ethnobotanical Databases. [Online Database]