Cinnamomum camphora Health effects and herbal facts

Known as
camphor camphor-laurel camphortree Japanese camphor Japanese camphortree

Cinnamomum camphora is a large evergreen tree that grows up to 20–30 m tall. The leaves have a glossy, waxy appearance and smell of camphor when crushed. In spring, it produces bright green foliage with masses of small white flowers. It produces clusters of black berry-like fruit around 1 cm in diameter. Its pale bark is very rough and fissured vertically. Cinnamomum camphora is native to China south of the Yangtze River, Taiwan, southern Japan, Korea, and Vietnam, and has been introduced to many other countries. In Japan, five camphor trees are known with a trunk circumference above 20 m, with the largest tree reaching the circumference of 24.22 m.

Cinnamomum camphora

Medical use

Economic importance of Cinnamomum camphora

Materials esential oils fiber wod
Medicines source of camphor
Non-vertebrate poisons house pest control

Gallery

Cinnamomum camphora Cinnamomum camphora Cinnamomum camphora Cinnamomum camphora Cinnamomum camphora Cinnamomum camphora Cinnamomum camphora Cinnamomum camphora Cinnamomum camphora Cinnamomum camphora Cinnamomum camphora

Geografical distribution

  • AFRICA
    Naturalized
    • Macaronesia: Spain - Canary Islands
    • Southern Africa: South Africa
    • Western Indian Ocean: Madagascar
  • ASIA-TEMPERATE
    Native
    • Eastern Asia: Japan - Honshu , Kyushu, Ryukyu Islands, Shikoku; Taiwan
    Cultivated
    • China: China
    • Eastern Asia: Japan; Korea
  • ASIA-TROPICAL
    Cultivated
    • Indo-China: Vietnam
  • AUSTRALASIA
    Naturalized
    • Australia: Australia
  • EUROPE
    Naturalized
    • Europe
  • NORTHERN AMERICA
    Naturalized
    • United States

Biological activities

11B-HSD-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
5-Lipoxygenase-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
ACE-Inhibitor
Alpha-terpinene found in Leaf (24 ppm)
Alpha-terpineol found in Leaf (72 ppm);found in Leaf (920 ppm)
Gamma-terpinene found in Leaf (70 ppm)
Myrcene found in Leaf (96 ppm)
AChE-Inhibitor
Limonene found in Leaf (120 ppm)
ATPase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Plant
Acaricide
1,8-cineole found in Leaf (48 ppm);found in Leaf (6240 ppm)
Alpha-terpinene found in Leaf (24 ppm)
Eugenol found in Plant
Formic-acid found in Plant
Gamma-terpinene found in Leaf (70 ppm)
Limonene found in Leaf (120 ppm)
Acidulant
Acetic-acid found in Plant
Addictive
Acetaldehyde found in Plant
Aldehyde-Oxidase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Plant
Aldose-Reductase-Inhibitor
Alpha-terpinene found in Leaf (24 ppm)
Alpha-terpineol found in Leaf (72 ppm);found in Leaf (920 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Caryophyllene found in Leaf
Gamma-terpinene found in Leaf (70 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Plant
Myrcene found in Leaf (96 ppm)
Nerolidol found in Essential Oil
Quercetin found in Plant
Allelochemic
Alpha-pinene found in Leaf (280 ppm);found in Plant
Borneol found in Leaf (290 ppm)
Cyanidin found in Plant
Limonene found in Leaf (120 ppm)
Quercetin found in Plant
Terpinolene found in Leaf (24 ppm)
Vanillin found in Wood
Allelopathic
1,8-cineole found in Leaf (48 ppm);found in Leaf (6240 ppm)
Alpha-terpineol found in Leaf (72 ppm);found in Leaf (920 ppm)
Camphene found in Leaf (5 ppm)
Camphor found in Leaf (220000 ppm)
Terpinen-4-ol found in Leaf (270 ppm);found in Leaf
Allergenic
1,8-cineole found in Leaf (48 ppm);found in Leaf (6240 ppm)
Alpha-pinene found in Leaf (280 ppm);found in Plant
Beta-pinene found in Leaf (280 ppm);found in Plant
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Carvacrol found in Plant
Caryophyllene found in Leaf
Citronellol found in Plant
Dipentene found in Essential Oil
Eugenol found in Plant
Geraniol found in Leaf
Geranyl-acetate found in Leaf (600 ppm)
Limonene found in Leaf (120 ppm)
Myrcene found in Leaf (96 ppm)
Nerolidol found in Essential Oil
Quercetin found in Plant
Vanillin found in Wood
Analgesic
Alpha-bisabolol found in Plant
Borneol found in Leaf (290 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Camphor found in Leaf (220000 ppm)
Caryophyllene found in Leaf
Eugenol found in Plant
Myrcene found in Leaf (96 ppm)
P-cymene found in Leaf (24 ppm);found in Leaf (5 ppm)
Quercetin found in Plant
Anesthetic
1,8-cineole found in Leaf (48 ppm);found in Leaf (6240 ppm)
Camphor found in Leaf (220000 ppm)
Carvacrol found in Plant
Eugenol found in Plant
Linalyl-acetate found in Leaf (14400 ppm)
Methyl-eugenol found in Plant
Safrole found in Leaf
Angiotensin-Receptor-Blocker
Fiber found in Plant
Anthelmintic
1,8-cineole found in Leaf (48 ppm);found in Leaf (6240 ppm)
Carvacrol found in Plant
Geraniol found in Leaf
AntiEBV
Geranial found in Leaf
AntiGTF
Quercetin found in Plant
AntiHIV
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
AntiLegionella
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
AntiPMS
Quercetin found in Plant
AntiTNF
Eugenol found in Plant
Antiacetylcholine
Borneol found in Leaf (290 ppm)
Antiacetylcholinesterase
1,8-cineole found in Leaf (48 ppm);found in Leaf (6240 ppm)
Alpha-terpinene found in Leaf (24 ppm)
Gamma-terpinene found in Leaf (70 ppm)
Limonene found in Leaf (120 ppm)
P-cymene found in Leaf (24 ppm);found in Leaf (5 ppm)
Terpinen-4-ol found in Leaf (270 ppm);found in Leaf
Antiacne
Alpha-pinene found in Leaf (280 ppm);found in Plant
Alpha-terpineol found in Leaf (72 ppm);found in Leaf (920 ppm)
Camphor found in Leaf (220000 ppm)
Caryophyllene found in Leaf
Nerolidol found in Essential Oil
Terpinen-4-ol found in Leaf (270 ppm);found in Leaf
Antiadenomic
Limonene found in Leaf (120 ppm)
Antiadenoviral
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Antiaflatoxin
Geranial found in Leaf
Kaempferol found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Antiaggregant
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Eugenol found in Plant
Kaempferol found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Safrole found in Leaf
Antiaging
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Antiallergic
1,8-cineole found in Leaf (48 ppm);found in Leaf (6240 ppm)
Azulene found in Plant
Kaempferol found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Terpinen-4-ol found in Leaf (270 ppm);found in Leaf
Antialzheimeran
Quercetin found in Plant
Antianaphylactic
Quercetin found in Plant
Antianemic
Vanillin found in Wood
Antiangiogenic
Quercetin found in Plant
Antiarachidonate
Eugenol found in Plant
Antiarthritic
Alpha-bisabolol found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Antiasthmatic
Caryophyllene found in Leaf
Limonene found in Leaf (120 ppm)
Piperitone found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Terpinen-4-ol found in Leaf (270 ppm);found in Leaf
Antiatherogenic
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Antiatherosclerotic
Carvacrol found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Antibacillary
P-cymene found in Leaf (24 ppm);found in Leaf (5 ppm)
Antibacterial
1,8-cineole found in Leaf (48 ppm);found in Leaf (6240 ppm)
Acetic-acid found in Plant
Alpha-bisabolol found in Plant
Alpha-phellandrene found in Leaf (5 ppm)
Alpha-pinene found in Leaf (280 ppm);found in Plant
Alpha-terpineol found in Leaf (72 ppm);found in Leaf (920 ppm)
Azulene found in Plant
Borneol found in Leaf (290 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Carvacrol found in Plant
Caryophyllene found in Leaf
Cis-ocimene found in Leaf (24 ppm)
Citronellol found in Plant
Cuminaldehyde found in Plant
Dipentene found in Essential Oil
Eugenol found in Plant
Geranial found in Leaf
Geraniol found in Leaf
Kaempferol found in Plant
Lauric-acid found in Plant
Limonene found in Leaf (120 ppm)
Methyl-eugenol found in Plant
Myrcene found in Leaf (96 ppm)
Neral found in Leaf ;found in Leaf (5 ppm)
Nerol found in Leaf
Nerolidol found in Essential Oil
P-cymene found in Leaf (24 ppm);found in Leaf (5 ppm)
Quercetin found in Plant
Sabinene found in Leaf (1190 ppm)
Safrole found in Leaf
Terpinen-4-ol found in Leaf (270 ppm);found in Leaf
Antibronchitic
1,8-cineole found in Leaf (48 ppm);found in Leaf (6240 ppm)
Borneol found in Leaf (290 ppm)
Antiburn
Alpha-bisabolol found in Plant
Anticancer
Alpha-terpineol found in Leaf (72 ppm);found in Leaf (920 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Kaempferol found in Plant
Limonene found in Leaf (120 ppm)
Vanillin found in Wood
Anticarcinogenic
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Anticariogenic
1,8-cineole found in Leaf (48 ppm);found in Leaf (6240 ppm)
Alpha-terpineol found in Leaf (72 ppm);found in Leaf (920 ppm)
Caryophyllene found in Leaf
Geraniol found in Leaf
Nerolidol found in Essential Oil
Quercetin found in Plant
Anticataract
Quercetin found in Plant
Anticatarrh
1,8-cineole found in Leaf (48 ppm);found in Leaf (6240 ppm)
Anticholinesterase
1,8-cineole found in Leaf (48 ppm);found in Leaf (6240 ppm)
Anticolitic
Quercetin found in Plant
Anticomplementary
Quercetin found in Plant
Anticonvulsant
Eugenol found in Plant
Methyl-eugenol found in Plant
Myrcene found in Leaf (96 ppm)
Safrole found in Leaf
Anticystitic
Quercetin found in Plant
Antidepressant
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Antidermatitic
Caryophyllene found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Plant
Antidiabetic
Fiber found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Antidiarrheic
Camphor found in Leaf (220000 ppm)
Antidiuretic
Carvacrol found in Plant
Antidrepanocytic
Vanillin found in Wood
Antidysenteric
Camphor found in Leaf (220000 ppm)
Antiedemic
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Caryophyllene found in Leaf
Eugenol found in Plant
Antielastase
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Antiemetic
Camphor found in Leaf (220000 ppm)
Antiencephalitic
Quercetin found in Plant
Antiescherichic
Borneol found in Leaf (290 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Vanillin found in Wood
Antiesophagitic
Limonene found in Leaf (120 ppm)
Antiestrogenic
Eugenol found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Antifatigue
1,8-cineole found in Leaf (48 ppm);found in Leaf (6240 ppm)
Antifeedant
Alpha-pinene found in Leaf (280 ppm);found in Plant
Borneol found in Leaf (290 ppm)
Cadinene found in Plant
Camphor found in Leaf (220000 ppm)
Caryophyllene found in Leaf
Eugenol found in Plant
Gamma-terpinene found in Leaf (70 ppm)
Limonene found in Leaf (120 ppm)
Methyl-eugenol found in Plant
Nerolidol found in Essential Oil
Quercetin found in Plant
Terpinolene found in Leaf (24 ppm)
Antifertility
Kaempferol found in Plant
Antifibrosarcomic
Quercetin found in Plant
Antifibrositic
Camphor found in Leaf (220000 ppm)
Antiflu
Alpha-pinene found in Leaf (280 ppm);found in Plant
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Limonene found in Leaf (120 ppm)
Neryl-acetate found in Leaf (528 ppm)
P-cymene found in Leaf (24 ppm);found in Leaf (5 ppm)
Quercetin found in Plant
Antigastric
Quercetin found in Plant
Antigenotoxic
Eugenol found in Plant
Antigingivitic
Kaempferol found in Plant
Antigliomic
Beta-elemene found in Leaf
Antigonadotropic
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Antihalitosic
1,8-cineole found in Leaf (48 ppm);found in Leaf (6240 ppm)
Antihelicobacter
Nerol found in Leaf
Sabinene found in Leaf (1190 ppm)
Antihemolytic
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Antihepatoadenomic
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Antihepatotoxic
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Antiherpetic
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Eugenol found in Plant
Kaempferol found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Antihistaminic
Azulene found in Plant
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Kaempferol found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Antihydrophobic
Quercetin found in Plant
Antihypercholesterolemic
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Antihypertensive
Fiber found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Antihyperthyroid
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Antiimplantation
Kaempferol found in Plant
Antiinflammatory
1,8-cineole found in Leaf (48 ppm);found in Leaf (6240 ppm)
Alpha-bisabolol found in Plant
Alpha-pinene found in Leaf (280 ppm);found in Plant
Alpha-terpineol found in Leaf (72 ppm);found in Leaf (920 ppm)
Azulene found in Plant
Beta-pinene found in Leaf (280 ppm);found in Plant
Borneol found in Leaf (290 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Carvacrol found in Plant
Caryophyllene found in Leaf
Eugenol found in Plant
Kaempferol found in Plant
Limonene found in Leaf (120 ppm)
Quercetin found in Plant
Antikeratotic
Eugenol found in Plant
Antilactobacillic
Vanillin found in Wood
Antilaryngitic
1,8-cineole found in Leaf (48 ppm);found in Leaf (6240 ppm)
Antileishmanic
Caryophyllene found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Plant
Antileukemic
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Kaempferol found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Antileukotriene
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Antilipoperoxidant
Quercetin found in Plant
Antilisteria
Vanillin found in Wood
Antilithic
Limonene found in Leaf (120 ppm)
Antilymphocytic
Kaempferol found in Plant
Antilymphomic
Limonene found in Leaf (120 ppm)
Antimalarial
Beta-selinene found in Leaf
Humulene found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Antimelanogenic
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Antimelanomic
Carvacrol found in Plant
Geraniol found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Plant
Antimetastatic
Quercetin found in Plant
Antimitotic
Eugenol found in Plant
Antimutagenic
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Eugenol found in Plant
Kaempferol found in Plant
Limonene found in Leaf (120 ppm)
Myrcene found in Leaf (96 ppm)
Quercetin found in Plant
Vanillin found in Wood
Antimyocarditic
Quercetin found in Plant
Antineuralgic
Camphor found in Leaf (220000 ppm)
Antinitrosaminic
Alpha-terpinene found in Leaf (24 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Myrcene found in Leaf (96 ppm)
Quercetin found in Plant
Terpinolene found in Leaf (24 ppm)
Antinitrosating
Eugenol found in Plant
Antinociceptive
1,8-cineole found in Leaf (48 ppm);found in Leaf (6240 ppm)
Myrcene found in Leaf (96 ppm)
Quercetin found in Plant
Antiobesity
Fiber found in Plant
Limonene found in Leaf (120 ppm)
Antionychyotic
Caryophyllene found in Leaf
Antiophidic
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Antiotitic
Acetic-acid found in Plant
Borneol found in Leaf (290 ppm)
Antioxidant
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Camphene found in Leaf (5 ppm)
Carvacrol found in Plant
Cyanidin found in Plant
Eugenol found in Plant
Gamma-terpinene found in Leaf (70 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Plant
Lauric-acid found in Plant
Linalyl-acetate found in Leaf (14400 ppm)
Methyl-eugenol found in Plant
Myrcene found in Leaf (96 ppm)
Myristic-acid found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Terpinen-4-ol found in Leaf (270 ppm);found in Leaf
Terpinolene found in Leaf (24 ppm)
Vanillin found in Wood
Antipancreatitic
Quercetin found in Plant
Antipeptic
Alpha-bisabolol found in Plant
Antiperiodontal
Quercetin found in Plant
Antiperiodontic
Kaempferol found in Plant
Antiperistaltic
Quercetin found in Plant
Antipermeability
Quercetin found in Plant
Antiperoxidant
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Antipharyngitic
1,8-cineole found in Leaf (48 ppm);found in Leaf (6240 ppm)
Quercetin found in Plant
Antiplaque
1,8-cineole found in Leaf (48 ppm);found in Leaf (6240 ppm)
Carvacrol found in Plant
Kaempferol found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Antiplasmodial
Beta-selinene found in Leaf
Humulene found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Antipneumonic
Alpha-pinene found in Leaf (280 ppm);found in Plant
Antipodriac
Quercetin found in Plant
Antipolio
Quercetin found in Plant
Vanillin found in Wood
Antiproliferant
Alpha-terpineol found in Leaf (72 ppm);found in Leaf (920 ppm)
Beta-elemene found in Leaf
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Caryophyllene found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Plant
Antiprostaglandin
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Carvacrol found in Plant
Eugenol found in Plant
Antiprostanoid
Quercetin found in Plant
Antiprostatitic
Quercetin found in Plant
Antipruritic
Camphor found in Leaf (220000 ppm)
Antipsoriac
Quercetin found in Plant
Antipyretic
Alpha-bisabolol found in Plant
Azulene found in Plant
Borneol found in Leaf (290 ppm)
Eugenol found in Plant
Antiradicular
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Carvacrol found in Plant
Eugenol found in Plant
Kaempferol found in Plant
Methyl-eugenol found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Vanillin found in Wood
Antirheumatalgic
P-cymene found in Leaf (24 ppm);found in Leaf (5 ppm)
Antirheumatic
1,8-cineole found in Leaf (48 ppm);found in Leaf (6240 ppm)
Antirhinitic
1,8-cineole found in Leaf (48 ppm);found in Leaf (6240 ppm)
Antisalmonella
Acetic-acid found in Plant
Borneol found in Leaf (290 ppm)
Eugenol found in Plant
Geraniol found in Leaf
Antiseptic
1,8-cineole found in Leaf (48 ppm);found in Leaf (6240 ppm)
Alpha-bisabolol found in Plant
Alpha-pinene found in Leaf (280 ppm);found in Plant
Alpha-terpineol found in Leaf (72 ppm);found in Leaf (920 ppm)
Azulene found in Plant
Beta-pinene found in Leaf (280 ppm);found in Plant
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Camphor found in Leaf (220000 ppm)
Caprylic-acid found in Essential Oil
Carvacrol found in Plant
Citronellol found in Plant
Cresol found in Plant
Eugenol found in Plant
Formic-acid found in Plant
Furfural found in Plant
Geraniol found in Leaf
Kaempferol found in Plant
Limonene found in Leaf (120 ppm)
Methyl-eugenol found in Plant
Nerol found in Leaf
Sabinene found in Leaf (1190 ppm)
Safrole found in Leaf
Terpinen-4-ol found in Leaf (270 ppm);found in Leaf
Antiserotonin
Kaempferol found in Plant
Antisickling
Vanillin found in Wood
Antisinusitic
1,8-cineole found in Leaf (48 ppm);found in Leaf (6240 ppm)
Antispasmodic
1,8-cineole found in Leaf (48 ppm);found in Leaf (6240 ppm)
Alpha-bisabolol found in Plant
Alpha-pinene found in Leaf (280 ppm);found in Plant
Alpha-terpinene found in Leaf (24 ppm)
Azulene found in Plant
Beta-pinene found in Leaf (280 ppm);found in Plant
Borneol found in Leaf (290 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Camphor found in Leaf (220000 ppm)
Carvacrol found in Plant
Caryophyllene found in Leaf
Eugenol found in Plant
Geraniol found in Leaf
Kaempferol found in Plant
Limonene found in Leaf (120 ppm)
Linalyl-acetate found in Leaf (14400 ppm)
Myrcene found in Leaf (96 ppm)
Neral found in Leaf ;found in Leaf (5 ppm)
Quercetin found in Plant
Terpinen-4-ol found in Leaf (270 ppm);found in Leaf
Antistaphylococcic
1,8-cineole found in Leaf (48 ppm);found in Leaf (6240 ppm)
Alpha-phellandrene found in Leaf (5 ppm)
Alpha-pinene found in Leaf (280 ppm);found in Plant
Borneol found in Leaf (290 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Carvacrol found in Plant
Caryophyllene found in Leaf
Cis-ocimene found in Leaf (24 ppm)
Citronellol found in Plant
Eugenol found in Plant
Kaempferol found in Plant
Antistomatitic
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Antistreptococcic
Carvacrol found in Plant
Caryophyllene found in Leaf
Citronellol found in Plant
Nerolidol found in Essential Oil
Quercetin found in Plant
Antisunburn
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Antisyncopic
Formic-acid found in Plant
Antithiamin
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Antithrombic
Quercetin found in Plant
Antithromboxane
Eugenol found in Plant
Antithyroid
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Antitrypanosomic
Quercetin found in Plant
Antitubercular
Geraniol found in Leaf
Antituberculic
Alpha-bisabolol found in Plant
Antitumor-Promoter
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Kaempferol found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Vanillin found in Wood
Antitumor
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Caryophyllene found in Leaf
Eugenol found in Plant
Fiber found in Plant
Geraniol found in Leaf
Kaempferol found in Plant
Limonene found in Leaf (120 ppm)
Quercetin found in Plant
Vanillin found in Wood
Antitussive
1,8-cineole found in Leaf (48 ppm);found in Leaf (6240 ppm)
Carvacrol found in Plant
Terpinen-4-ol found in Leaf (270 ppm);found in Leaf
Antiulcer
1,8-cineole found in Leaf (48 ppm);found in Leaf (6240 ppm)
Alpha-bisabolol found in Plant
Azulene found in Plant
Caryophyllene found in Leaf
Eugenol found in Plant
Fiber found in Plant
Kaempferol found in Plant
Nerol found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Plant
Sabinene found in Leaf (1190 ppm)
Terpinen-4-ol found in Leaf (270 ppm);found in Leaf
Antiulcerogenic
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Antivaccinia
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Antivaginitic
Acetic-acid found in Plant
Antiviral
Alpha-pinene found in Leaf (280 ppm);found in Plant
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Dipentene found in Essential Oil
Eugenol found in Plant
Geranial found in Leaf
Kaempferol found in Plant
Lauric-acid found in Plant
Limonene found in Leaf (120 ppm)
Neryl-acetate found in Leaf (528 ppm)
P-cymene found in Leaf (24 ppm);found in Leaf (5 ppm)
Quercetin found in Plant
Vanillin found in Wood
Antiyeast
Borneol found in Leaf (290 ppm)
Geranial found in Leaf
Vanillin found in Wood
Anxiolytic
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Apifuge
Eugenol found in Plant
Apoptotic
Beta-elemene found in Leaf
Kaempferol found in Plant
Limonene found in Leaf (120 ppm)
Quercetin found in Plant
Aromatase-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Plant
Ascaricide
Geraniol found in Leaf
Astringent
Formic-acid found in Plant
Bacteriostatic
Terpinen-4-ol found in Leaf (270 ppm);found in Leaf
Bacteristat
Quercetin found in Plant
Vanillin found in Wood
Beta-Blocker
Fiber found in Plant
Bradycardiac
Quercetin found in Plant
Bronchoprotectant
Limonene found in Leaf (120 ppm)
CNS-Active
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
CNS-Depressant
Eugenol found in Plant
Safrole found in Leaf
CNS-Stimulant
1,8-cineole found in Leaf (48 ppm);found in Leaf (6240 ppm)
Borneol found in Leaf (290 ppm)
Camphor found in Leaf (220000 ppm)
Geraniol found in Leaf
Safrole found in Leaf
CNS-Toxic
Borneol found in Leaf (290 ppm)
COMT-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Plant
COX-1-Inhibitor
Eugenol found in Plant
Lauric-acid found in Plant
COX-2-Inhibitor
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Eugenol found in Plant
Kaempferol found in Plant
Lauric-acid found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Calcium-Antagonist
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Eugenol found in Plant
Safrole found in Leaf
Calmodulin-Antagonist
Quercetin found in Plant
Cancer-Preventive
Alpha-pinene found in Leaf (280 ppm);found in Plant
Beta-myrcene found in Leaf (120 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Camphor found in Leaf (220000 ppm)
Eugenol found in Plant
Fiber found in Plant
Geraniol found in Leaf
Kaempferol found in Plant
Limonene found in Leaf (120 ppm)
Methyl-eugenol found in Plant
Myristic-acid found in Plant
Piperonal found in Essential Oil
Quercetin found in Plant
Safrole found in Leaf
Vanillin found in Wood
Candidicide
1,8-cineole found in Leaf (48 ppm);found in Leaf (6240 ppm)
Alpha-bisabolol found in Plant
Beta-pinene found in Leaf (280 ppm);found in Plant
Borneol found in Leaf (290 ppm)
Caprylic-acid found in Essential Oil
Carvacrol found in Plant
Caryophyllene found in Leaf
Citronellol found in Plant
Eugenol found in Plant
Geraniol found in Leaf
Lauric-acid found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Vanillin found in Wood
Candidistat
Limonene found in Leaf (120 ppm)
Capillariprotective
Leucocyanidin found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Carcinogenic
1,8-cineole found in Leaf (48 ppm);found in Leaf (6240 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Kaempferol found in Plant
Methyl-eugenol found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Safrole found in Leaf
Cardioprotective
Fiber found in Plant
Carminative
Camphor found in Leaf (220000 ppm)
Carvacrol found in Plant
Eugenol found in Plant
Safrole found in Leaf
Catabolic
Quercetin found in Plant
Chemopreventive
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Geranial found in Leaf
Limonene found in Leaf (120 ppm)
Myrcene found in Leaf (96 ppm)
Cholagogue
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Choleretic
1,8-cineole found in Leaf (48 ppm);found in Leaf (6240 ppm)
Borneol found in Leaf (290 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Eugenol found in Plant
Kaempferol found in Plant
Vanillin found in Wood
Cholesterolytic
Limonene found in Leaf (120 ppm)
Cicatrizant
Alpha-bisabolol found in Plant
Alpha-terpineol found in Leaf (72 ppm);found in Leaf (920 ppm)
Clastogenic
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Co-carcinogenic
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Coleoptophile
Alpha-pinene found in Leaf (280 ppm);found in Plant
Collagen-Sparing
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Controlled
Safrole found in Leaf
Convulsant
1,8-cineole found in Leaf (48 ppm);found in Leaf (6240 ppm)
Camphor found in Leaf (220000 ppm)
Copper-Chelator
Kaempferol found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Corrosive
Formic-acid found in Plant
Cosmetic
Alpha-bisabolol found in Plant
Camphor found in Leaf (220000 ppm)
Myristic-acid found in Plant
Counterirritant
1,8-cineole found in Leaf (48 ppm);found in Leaf (6240 ppm)
Camphor found in Leaf (220000 ppm)
Formic-acid found in Plant
Cyclooxygenase-Inhibitor
Carvacrol found in Plant
Kaempferol found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Cytochrome-P450-1A2-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Plant
Cytochrome-P450-Inducer
1,8-cineole found in Leaf (48 ppm);found in Leaf (6240 ppm)
Safrole found in Leaf
Cytochrome-P450-Inhibitor
Eugenol found in Plant
Cytochrome-P488-Inducer
Safrole found in Leaf
Cytoprotective
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Cytotoxic
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Eugenol found in Plant
Kaempferol found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
DNA-Active
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
DNA-Binder
Safrole found in Leaf
DNA-Protective
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Decongestant
1,8-cineole found in Leaf (48 ppm);found in Leaf (6240 ppm)
Camphor found in Leaf (220000 ppm)
Degranulant
1,8-cineole found in Leaf (48 ppm);found in Leaf (6240 ppm)
Deiodinase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Plant
Deliriant
Camphor found in Leaf (220000 ppm)
Dentifrice
1,8-cineole found in Leaf (48 ppm);found in Leaf (6240 ppm)
Deodorant
Terpinolene found in Leaf (24 ppm)
Dermal
Alpha-phellandrene found in Leaf (5 ppm)
Dermatitigenic
Eugenol found in Plant
Detoxicant
Limonene found in Leaf (120 ppm)
Differentiator
Quercetin found in Plant
Diuretic
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Fiber found in Plant
Kaempferol found in Plant
Terpinen-4-ol found in Leaf (270 ppm);found in Leaf
Ecbolic
Camphor found in Leaf (220000 ppm)
Edemagenic
1,8-cineole found in Leaf (48 ppm);found in Leaf (6240 ppm)
Embryotoxic
Geraniol found in Leaf
Emetic
Alpha-phellandrene found in Leaf (5 ppm)
Camphor found in Leaf (220000 ppm)
Geraniol found in Leaf
Enterocontractant
Limonene found in Leaf (120 ppm)
Enterorelaxant
Carvacrol found in Plant
Eugenol found in Plant
Epileptigenic
Camphor found in Leaf (220000 ppm)
Estrogenic
Geranial found in Leaf
Kaempferol found in Plant
Nerol found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Plant
Expectorant
1,8-cineole found in Leaf (48 ppm);found in Leaf (6240 ppm)
Acetic-acid found in Plant
Alpha-pinene found in Leaf (280 ppm);found in Plant
Camphene found in Leaf (5 ppm)
Camphor found in Leaf (220000 ppm)
Carvacrol found in Plant
Dipentene found in Essential Oil
Geraniol found in Leaf
Limonene found in Leaf (120 ppm)
FLavor
1,8-cineole found in Leaf (48 ppm);found in Leaf (6240 ppm)
Alpha-phellandrene found in Leaf (5 ppm)
Alpha-pinene found in Leaf (280 ppm);found in Plant
Alpha-terpinene found in Leaf (24 ppm)
Alpha-terpineol found in Leaf (72 ppm);found in Leaf (920 ppm)
Beta-pinene found in Leaf (280 ppm);found in Plant
Borneol found in Leaf (290 ppm)
Cadinene found in Plant
Camphene found in Leaf (5 ppm)
Carvacrol found in Plant
Caryophyllene found in Leaf
Cis-3-hexenol found in Plant
Citronellol found in Plant
Cumin-alcohol found in Essential Oil
Cuminaldehyde found in Plant
Dihydrocuminyl-alcohol found in Plant
Eugenol found in Plant
Formic-acid found in Plant
Furfural found in Plant
Gamma-terpinene found in Leaf (70 ppm)
Geraniol found in Leaf
Geranyl-acetate found in Leaf (600 ppm)
Isovaleraldehyde found in Plant
Limonene found in Leaf (120 ppm)
Linalyl-acetate found in Leaf (14400 ppm)
Methyl-eugenol found in Plant
Methyl-isobutyl-ketone found in Plant
Myrcene found in Leaf (96 ppm)
Nerol found in Leaf
Nerolidol found in Essential Oil
Neryl-acetate found in Leaf (528 ppm)
P-cymene found in Leaf (24 ppm);found in Leaf (5 ppm)
Piperitone found in Plant
Propionaldehyde found in Plant
Propionic-acid found in Plant
Terpinolene found in Leaf (24 ppm)
Vanillin found in Wood
Fungicide
1,8-cineole found in Leaf (48 ppm);found in Leaf (6240 ppm)
Acetaldehyde found in Plant
Acetic-acid found in Plant
Alpha-bisabolol found in Plant
Alpha-phellandrene found in Leaf (5 ppm)
Borneol found in Leaf (290 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Camphor found in Leaf (220000 ppm)
Caprylic-acid found in Essential Oil
Carvacrol found in Plant
Caryophyllene found in Leaf
Cis-ocimene found in Leaf (24 ppm)
Citronellol found in Plant
Cuminaldehyde found in Plant
Eugenol found in Plant
Furfural found in Plant
Geranial found in Leaf
Geraniol found in Leaf
Kaempferol found in Plant
Methyl-eugenol found in Plant
Myrcene found in Leaf (96 ppm)
P-cymene found in Leaf (24 ppm);found in Leaf (5 ppm)
Propionic-acid found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Terpinen-4-ol found in Leaf (270 ppm);found in Leaf
Terpinolene found in Leaf (24 ppm)
Vanillin found in Wood
Fungiphilic
Limonene found in Leaf (120 ppm)
Fungistat
Formic-acid found in Plant
Limonene found in Leaf (120 ppm)
Methyl-eugenol found in Plant
Fungitoxic
Formic-acid found in Plant
GST-Inducer
Limonene found in Leaf (120 ppm)
Gastroprotective
1,8-cineole found in Leaf (48 ppm);found in Leaf (6240 ppm)
Caryophyllene found in Leaf
Glucosyl-Transferase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Plant
Glutathionigenic
Geranial found in Leaf
HIV-RT-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Hemolytic
Cresol found in Plant
Hemostat
Quercetin found in Plant
Hepatocarcinogenic
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Safrole found in Leaf
Hepatomagenic
Quercetin found in Plant
Hepatoprotective
Borneol found in Leaf (290 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Eugenol found in Plant
Kaempferol found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Hepatoregenerative
Azulene found in Plant
Safrole found in Leaf
Hepatotonic
1,8-cineole found in Leaf (48 ppm);found in Leaf (6240 ppm)
Hepatotoxic
Safrole found in Leaf
Hepatotropic
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Herbicide
1,8-cineole found in Leaf (48 ppm);found in Leaf (6240 ppm)
Alpha-pinene found in Leaf (280 ppm);found in Plant
Beta-pinene found in Leaf (280 ppm);found in Plant
Borneol found in Leaf (290 ppm)
Camphor found in Leaf (220000 ppm)
Citronellol found in Plant
Eugenol found in Plant
Geraniol found in Leaf
Limonene found in Leaf (120 ppm)
P-cymene found in Leaf (24 ppm);found in Leaf (5 ppm)
Piperitone found in Plant
Terpinen-4-ol found in Leaf (270 ppm);found in Leaf
Histamine-Inhibitor
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Histaminic
Limonene found in Leaf (120 ppm)
Hypercholesterolemic
Lauric-acid found in Plant
Myristic-acid found in Plant
Hyperthermic
Phellandrene found in Plant
Hypocholesterolemic
Fiber found in Plant
Hypoglycemic
Quercetin found in Plant
Hypotensive
1,8-cineole found in Leaf (48 ppm);found in Leaf (6240 ppm)
Fiber found in Plant
Kaempferol found in Plant
Hypothermic
Myrcene found in Leaf (96 ppm)
Safrole found in Leaf
Hypouricemic
Fiber found in Plant
ICAM-1-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Plant
Immunomodulator
Limonene found in Leaf (120 ppm)
Immunostimulant
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Immunosuppressant
Vanillin found in Wood
Inflammatory
1,8-cineole found in Leaf (48 ppm);found in Leaf (6240 ppm)
Inhalant
Borneol found in Leaf (290 ppm)
Inotropic
Kaempferol found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Insect-Repellent
Borneol found in Leaf (290 ppm)
Camphor found in Leaf (220000 ppm)
Insecticide
Alpha-pinene found in Leaf (280 ppm);found in Plant
Alpha-terpinene found in Leaf (24 ppm)
Alpha-terpineol found in Leaf (72 ppm);found in Leaf (920 ppm)
Eugenol found in Plant
Furfural found in Plant
Limonene found in Leaf (120 ppm)
Insectifuge
1,8-cineole found in Leaf (48 ppm);found in Leaf (6240 ppm)
Alpha-pinene found in Leaf (280 ppm);found in Plant
Alpha-terpinene found in Leaf (24 ppm)
Beta-pinene found in Leaf (280 ppm);found in Plant
Borneol found in Leaf (290 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Camphene found in Leaf (5 ppm)
Camphor found in Leaf (220000 ppm)
Carvacrol found in Plant
Caryophyllene found in Leaf
Eugenol found in Plant
Gamma-terpinene found in Leaf (70 ppm)
Geraniol found in Leaf
Limonene found in Leaf (120 ppm)
Methyl-eugenol found in Plant
Myrcene found in Leaf (96 ppm)
P-cymene found in Leaf (24 ppm);found in Leaf (5 ppm)
Piperitone found in Plant
Terpinen-4-ol found in Leaf (270 ppm);found in Leaf
Insectiphile
Alpha-phellandrene found in Leaf (5 ppm)
Alpha-pinene found in Leaf (280 ppm);found in Plant
Geraniol found in Leaf
Geranyl-acetate found in Leaf (600 ppm)
Insulinogenic
Quercetin found in Plant
Interleukin-6-Inhibitor
Alpha-terpineol found in Leaf (72 ppm);found in Leaf (920 ppm)
Limonene found in Leaf (120 ppm)
Iodothyronine-Deiodinase-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Plant
Irritant
1,8-cineole found in Leaf (48 ppm);found in Leaf (6240 ppm)
Alpha-phellandrene found in Leaf (5 ppm)
Alpha-pinene found in Leaf (280 ppm);found in Plant
Beta-pinene found in Leaf (280 ppm);found in Plant
Borneol found in Leaf (290 ppm)
Camphor found in Leaf (220000 ppm)
Caproic-acid found in Plant
Caprylic-acid found in Essential Oil
Carvacrol found in Plant
Caryophyllene found in Leaf
Citronellol found in Plant
Cresol found in Plant
Cuminaldehyde found in Plant
Dipentene found in Essential Oil
Eugenol found in Plant
Formic-acid found in Plant
Furfural found in Plant
Gamma-terpinene found in Leaf (70 ppm)
Isobutyric-acid found in Plant
Limonene found in Leaf (120 ppm)
Myrcene found in Leaf (96 ppm)
P-cymene found in Leaf (24 ppm);found in Leaf (5 ppm)
Phellandrene found in Plant
Propionic-acid found in Plant
Safrole found in Leaf
Terpinen-4-ol found in Leaf (270 ppm);found in Leaf
Vanillin found in Wood
JNK-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Plant
Juvabional
Eugenol found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Keratitigenic
Acetic-acid found in Plant
Larvicide
Caryophyllene found in Leaf
Cuminaldehyde found in Plant
Eugenol found in Plant
Larvistat
Quercetin found in Plant
Laxative
Alpha-phellandrene found in Leaf (5 ppm)
Fiber found in Plant
P-cymene found in Leaf (24 ppm);found in Leaf (5 ppm)
Leukotriene-Inhibitor
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Lipolytic
Limonene found in Leaf (120 ppm)
Lipoxygenase-Inhibitor
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Kaempferol found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Lubricant
Myristic-acid found in Plant
Lyase-Inhibitor
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
MAO-A-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Plant
MAO-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Plant
MMP-9-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Plant
Mast-Cell-Stabilizer
Quercetin found in Plant
Metal-Chelator
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Metalloproteinase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Plant
Mosquitocide
Caryophyllene found in Leaf
Mosquitofuge
Alpha-terpineol found in Leaf (72 ppm);found in Leaf (920 ppm)
Motor-Depressant
Alpha-terpineol found in Leaf (72 ppm);found in Leaf (920 ppm)
Eugenol found in Plant
Linalyl-acetate found in Leaf (14400 ppm)
Mucolytic
Acetic-acid found in Plant
Musculotropic
Alpha-bisabolol found in Plant
Mutagenic
Kaempferol found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Safrole found in Leaf
Mycobactericide
Geraniol found in Leaf
Myorelaxant
1,8-cineole found in Leaf (48 ppm);found in Leaf (6240 ppm)
Borneol found in Leaf (290 ppm)
Limonene found in Leaf (120 ppm)
Methyl-eugenol found in Plant
Myrcene found in Leaf (96 ppm)
NADH-Oxidase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Plant
NEP-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Plant
NF-kB-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Plant
NO-Genic
Limonene found in Leaf (120 ppm)
NO-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
NO-Synthase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Plant
Narcotic
Methyl-eugenol found in Plant
Natriuretic
Kaempferol found in Plant
Nematicide
1,8-cineole found in Leaf (48 ppm);found in Leaf (6240 ppm)
Alpha-terpineol found in Leaf (72 ppm);found in Leaf (920 ppm)
Borneol found in Leaf (290 ppm)
Camphor found in Leaf (220000 ppm)
Carvacrol found in Plant
Citronellol found in Plant
Eugenol found in Plant
Geraniol found in Leaf
Limonene found in Leaf (120 ppm)
Methyl-eugenol found in Plant
Myristic-acid found in Plant
Nerolidol found in Essential Oil
Safrole found in Leaf
Terpinen-4-ol found in Leaf (270 ppm);found in Leaf
Neuroprotective
Kaempferol found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Neurotoxic
1,8-cineole found in Leaf (48 ppm);found in Leaf (6240 ppm)
Eugenol found in Plant
Safrole found in Leaf
Occuloirritant
Camphor found in Leaf (220000 ppm)
Ornithine-Decarboxylase-Inhibitor
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Limonene found in Leaf (120 ppm)
Quercetin found in Plant
Osteolytic
Acetic-acid found in Plant
Ozone-Scavenger
Limonene found in Leaf (120 ppm)
P450-2B1-Inhibitor
Alpha-pinene found in Leaf (280 ppm);found in Plant
Alpha-terpinene found in Leaf (24 ppm)
Camphor found in Leaf (220000 ppm)
Myrcene found in Leaf (96 ppm)
P450-Inducer
1,8-cineole found in Leaf (48 ppm);found in Leaf (6240 ppm)
Limonene found in Leaf (120 ppm)
Quercetin found in Plant
P450-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Plant
PAF-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Plant
PGE2-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Plant
PTK-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Plant
Parasiticide
Cresol found in Plant
Pediculicide
1,8-cineole found in Leaf (48 ppm);found in Leaf (6240 ppm)
Piperonal found in Essential Oil
Safrole found in Leaf
Perfume
1,8-cineole found in Leaf (48 ppm);found in Leaf (6240 ppm)
Perfumery
Acetaldehyde found in Plant
Acetic-acid found in Plant
Alpha-bisabolol found in Plant
Alpha-phellandrene found in Leaf (5 ppm)
Alpha-pinene found in Leaf (280 ppm);found in Plant
Alpha-terpinene found in Leaf (24 ppm)
Alpha-terpineol found in Leaf (72 ppm);found in Leaf (920 ppm)
Beta-myrcene found in Leaf (120 ppm)
Beta-pinene found in Leaf (280 ppm);found in Plant
Beta-selinene found in Leaf
Borneol found in Leaf (290 ppm)
Cadinene found in Plant
Caryophyllene found in Leaf
Citronellol found in Plant
Cuminaldehyde found in Plant
Eugenol found in Plant
Gamma-terpinene found in Leaf (70 ppm)
Geraniol found in Leaf
Geranyl-acetate found in Leaf (600 ppm)
Linalyl-acetate found in Leaf (14400 ppm)
Methyl-eugenol found in Plant
Methyl-isobutyl-ketone found in Plant
Myrcene found in Leaf (96 ppm)
Nerol found in Leaf
Nerolidol found in Essential Oil
Neryl-acetate found in Leaf (528 ppm)
Piperitone found in Plant
Propionaldehyde found in Plant
Propionic-acid found in Plant
Sabinene found in Leaf (1190 ppm)
Safrole found in Leaf
Terpinolene found in Leaf (24 ppm)
Vanillin found in Wood
Peristaltic
Limonene found in Leaf (120 ppm)
Pesticide
1,8-cineole found in Leaf (48 ppm);found in Leaf (6240 ppm)
Acetaldehyde found in Plant
Acetic-acid found in Plant
Alpha-bisabolol found in Plant
Alpha-phellandrene found in Leaf (5 ppm)
Alpha-pinene found in Leaf (280 ppm);found in Plant
Alpha-terpinene found in Leaf (24 ppm)
Alpha-terpineol found in Leaf (72 ppm);found in Leaf (920 ppm)
Azulene found in Plant
Beta-pinene found in Leaf (280 ppm);found in Plant
Borneol found in Leaf (290 ppm)
Cadinene found in Plant
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Camphene found in Leaf (5 ppm)
Camphor found in Leaf (220000 ppm)
Caprylic-acid found in Essential Oil
Carvacrol found in Plant
Caryophyllene found in Leaf
Citronellol found in Plant
Cresol found in Plant
Cuminaldehyde found in Plant
Cyanidin found in Plant
Dipentene found in Essential Oil
Eugenol found in Plant
Formic-acid found in Plant
Furfural found in Plant
Gamma-terpinene found in Leaf (70 ppm)
Geranial found in Leaf
Geraniol found in Leaf
Kaempferol found in Plant
Limonene found in Leaf (120 ppm)
Methyl-eugenol found in Plant
Myrcene found in Leaf (96 ppm)
Neral found in Leaf ;found in Leaf (5 ppm)
Nerol found in Leaf
Nerolidol found in Essential Oil
Neryl-acetate found in Leaf (528 ppm)
P-cymene found in Leaf (24 ppm);found in Leaf (5 ppm)
Piperitone found in Plant
Propionic-acid found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Safrole found in Leaf
Terpinen-4-ol found in Leaf (270 ppm);found in Leaf
Terpinolene found in Leaf (24 ppm)
Vanillin found in Wood
Phospholipase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Plant
Photosensitizer
Limonene found in Leaf (120 ppm)
Pigment
Cyanidin found in Plant
Plasmodicide
Quercetin found in Plant
Preservative
Formic-acid found in Plant
Proliferant
Quercetin found in Plant
Prooxidant
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Cyanidin found in Plant
Prostaglandigenic
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Prostaglandin-Inhibitor
Carvacrol found in Plant
Prostaglandin-Synthesis-Inhibitor
Eugenol found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Protein-Kinase-C-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Plant
Protisticide
Acetic-acid found in Plant
Alpha-bisabolol found in Plant
Kaempferol found in Plant
Psychoactive
Safrole found in Leaf
Quinone-Reductase-Inducer
Kaempferol found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Renoirritant
Terpinen-4-ol found in Leaf (270 ppm);found in Leaf
Respirainhibitor
Camphor found in Leaf (220000 ppm)
Respiraparalytic
Acetaldehyde found in Plant
Respirastimulant
Camphor found in Leaf (220000 ppm)
Rubefacient
1,8-cineole found in Leaf (48 ppm);found in Leaf (6240 ppm)
Camphor found in Leaf (220000 ppm)
Propionic-acid found in Plant
Secretogogue
1,8-cineole found in Leaf (48 ppm);found in Leaf (6240 ppm)
Sedative
1,8-cineole found in Leaf (48 ppm);found in Leaf (6240 ppm)
Alpha-pinene found in Leaf (280 ppm);found in Plant
Alpha-terpineol found in Leaf (72 ppm);found in Leaf (920 ppm)
Borneol found in Leaf (290 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Caryophyllene found in Leaf
Citronellol found in Plant
Cuminaldehyde found in Plant
Dipentene found in Essential Oil
Eugenol found in Plant
Geraniol found in Leaf
Geranyl-acetate found in Leaf (600 ppm)
Limonene found in Leaf (120 ppm)
Linalyl-acetate found in Leaf (14400 ppm)
Methyl-eugenol found in Plant
Nerol found in Leaf
P-cymene found in Leaf (24 ppm);found in Leaf (5 ppm)
Spasmogenic
1,8-cineole found in Leaf (48 ppm);found in Leaf (6240 ppm)
Alpha-pinene found in Leaf (280 ppm);found in Plant
Alpha-terpinene found in Leaf (24 ppm)
Beta-pinene found in Leaf (280 ppm);found in Plant
Camphene found in Leaf (5 ppm)
Phellandrene found in Plant
Spasmolytic
Geranial found in Leaf
Spermicide
Acetic-acid found in Plant
Terpinen-4-ol found in Leaf (270 ppm);found in Leaf
Stimulant
Camphor found in Leaf (220000 ppm)
Sunscreen
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Surfactant
1,8-cineole found in Leaf (48 ppm);found in Leaf (6240 ppm)
TNF-alpha-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Teratologic
Kaempferol found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Termiticide
Alpha-terpineol found in Leaf (72 ppm);found in Leaf (920 ppm)
Eugenol found in Plant
Neral found in Leaf ;found in Leaf (5 ppm)
Termitifuge
Caryophyllene found in Leaf
Testosterone-Hydroxylase-Inducer
1,8-cineole found in Leaf (48 ppm);found in Leaf (6240 ppm)
Topoisomerase-I-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Topoisomerase-II-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Toxic
Formic-acid found in Plant
Tracheorelaxant
Carvacrol found in Plant
Tranquilizer
Alpha-pinene found in Leaf (280 ppm);found in Plant
Borneol found in Leaf (290 ppm)
Transdermal
1,8-cineole found in Leaf (48 ppm);found in Leaf (6240 ppm)
Alpha-pinene found in Leaf (280 ppm);found in Plant
Alpha-terpineol found in Leaf (72 ppm);found in Leaf (920 ppm)
Beta-pinene found in Leaf (280 ppm);found in Plant
Camphor found in Leaf (220000 ppm)
Isobutyric-acid found in Plant
Limonene found in Leaf (120 ppm)
Tremorigenic
Safrole found in Leaf
Trichomonicide
1,8-cineole found in Leaf (48 ppm);found in Leaf (6240 ppm)
Carvacrol found in Plant
Citronellol found in Plant
Eugenol found in Plant
Geraniol found in Leaf
Nerol found in Leaf
P-cymene found in Leaf (24 ppm);found in Leaf (5 ppm)
Trichomonistat
Eugenol found in Plant
Trypsin-Enhancer
Eugenol found in Plant
Tumor-Promoter
Phellandrene found in Plant
Tumorigenic
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Tyrosinase-Inhibitor
Acetaldehyde found in Plant
Cuminaldehyde found in Plant
Kaempferol found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Tyrosine-Kinase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Plant
Ulcerogenic
Acetic-acid found in Plant
Cuminaldehyde found in Plant
Eugenol found in Plant
Uterotrophic
Kaempferol found in Plant
VEGF-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Plant
Varroacide
Eugenol found in Plant
Vasodilator
Eugenol found in Plant
Fiber found in Plant
Kaempferol found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Vermifuge
Carvacrol found in Plant
Eugenol found in Plant
Verrucolytic
Acetic-acid found in Plant
Camphor found in Leaf (220000 ppm)
Vibriocide
Camphor found in Leaf (220000 ppm)
Vulnerary
Alpha-bisabolol found in Plant
Alpha-terpineol found in Leaf (72 ppm);found in Leaf (920 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Terpinen-4-ol found in Leaf (270 ppm);found in Leaf
Xanthine-Oxidase-Inhibitor
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
cAMP-Phosphodiesterase-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
iNOS-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant

Search

Chemicals detected

Chemical Plant part Low ppm High ppm
(+)-camphene Plant
(-)-camphene Plant
(-)-linalol Plant
(z)-ocimenol Leaf 5
1,8-cineole Leaf 24 48
Leaf 3,120 6,240
3,5-dimethyl-4,6-di-o-methylphloracetophenone Plant
3,7-dimethyl-octa-1,5-dien-3,7-diol Leaf
3,7-dimethyl-octa-1,7-dien-3,6-diol Leaf
5-dodecanyl-4-hydroxy-4-methyl-2-cyclopentenone Plant
Acetaldehyde Plant
Acetic-acid Plant
Alpha-bisabolol Plant
Alpha-calacorene Plant
Alpha-hexanal Plant
Alpha-phellandrene Leaf 5
Alpha-pinene Leaf 140 280
Plant
Alpha-terpinene Leaf 24
Alpha-terpineol Leaf 1 72
Leaf 460 920
Alpha-terpinyl-acetate Leaf 0 72
Azulene Plant
Beta-bisabolol Plant
Beta-caryophyllene Leaf 5
Beta-elemene Leaf
Beta-hexanal Plant
Beta-myrcene Leaf 60 120
Beta-pinene Leaf 140 280
Plant
Beta-selinene Leaf
Bisabolene Plant
Borneol Leaf 0 290
Cadinadiene Plant
Cadinene Plant
Cadinenol Plant
Cadineol Essential Oil
Caffeic-acid Plant
Campesterol-glucoside Plant
Camphazulene Plant
Camphene Leaf 5
Campherenol Plant
Campherenone Plant
Camphor Leaf 96 220,000
Camphoracene Plant
Camphorene Plant
Camphorenone Plant
Caprinaldehyde Plant
Caproic-acid Plant
Capronaldehyde Plant
Caprylic-acid Essential Oil
Carvacrol Plant
Caryophyllene Leaf
Cinnamonol Plant
Cis-2,6,6-trimethyl-2-vinyl-5-hdroxytetrahydrofuran Plant
Cis-3-hexenol Plant
Cis-linalol-oxide Plant
Cis-ocimene Leaf 24
Citronellic-acid Essential Oil
Citronellol Plant
Cresol Plant
Cubenol Essential Oil
Cumin-alcohol Essential Oil
Cuminaldehyde Plant
Cyanidin Plant
Dihydrocuminyl-alcohol Plant
Dihydroeugenol Plant
Dimethylmatairesinol Plant
Dimethylsecoisolariciresinol Plant
Dipentene Essential Oil
Eo Leaf 5,000 10,000
Epicampheronol Plant
Epicubenol Essential Oil
Ethyl-guaiacol Essential Oil
Ethyl-phenol Plant
Eugenol Plant
Fat Seed 420,000
Fenchene Plant
Fiber Plant
Formic-acid Plant
Furfural Plant
Gamma-terpinene Leaf 35 70
Geranial Leaf
Geraniol Leaf
Geranyl-acetate Leaf 0 600
Guajazulene Plant
Heliotropin Wood
Hinokin Plant
Hotrienol Plant
Humulene Plant
Isobutyric-acid Plant
Isovaleraldehyde Plant
Junenol Essential Oil
Kaempferol Plant
Kusunokinin Plant
Kusunokiol Wood
Kusunol Plant
Lauric-acid Plant
Laurin Plant
Laurolitsin Root
Leucocyanidin Plant
Limonene Leaf 48 120
Linalol Plant 5,520 22,800
Linalyl-acetate Leaf 48 14,400
Mesityloxide Leaf
Methyl-eugenol Plant
Methyl-furfuryl Plant
Methyl-isobutyl-ketone Plant
Methyl-vinyl-ketone Plant
Myrcene Leaf 48 96
Myristic-acid Plant
Myristinaldehyde Plant
N-enanthic-acid Plant
N-hexanol Plant
N-hexylaldehyde Plant
Neral Leaf
Leaf 5
Nerol Leaf
Nerolidol Essential Oil
Neryl-acetate Leaf 0 528
Orthodene Plant
P-cymene Leaf 24
Leaf 5
P-cymol Essential Oil
Pentenylaldehyde Plant
Phellandrene Plant
Piperitone Plant
Piperonal Essential Oil
Piperonylacrolein Essential Oil
Piperonylic-acid Plant
Propionaldehyde Plant
Propionic-acid Plant
Propyl-pyrocatechol Plant
Quercetin Plant
Reticulene Plant
Sabinene Leaf 595 1,190
Safrole Leaf
Salvene Plant
Secoisosolariciresinol-dimethyl-ether Wood
Stearinaldehyde Essential Oil
Suvenol Essential Oil
T-cadinol Plant
T-muurolol Essential Oil
Terpinen-1-ol Plant
Terpinen-4-ol Leaf 135 270
Leaf
Terpinolene Leaf 24
Tragetonol Plant
Trans-linalol-oxide Leaf
Trans-ocimene Leaf 24
Vanillin Wood
Reference: Dr. Duke's Phytochemical and Ethnobotanical Databases. [Online Database]