Cinchona spp Health effects and herbal facts

Cinchona spp

Gallery

Cinchona spp

Biological activities

5-Lipoxygenase-Inhibitor
(-)-epicatechin found in Bark
ACE-Inhibitor
(-)-epicatechin found in Bark
Abortifacient
Quinidine found in Bark (40000 ppm)
Quinine found in Bark (40000 ppm)
Absorbent
Starch found in Bark
Aldose-Reductase-Inhibitor
Caffeic-acid found in Bark
Allelochemic
(-)-epicatechin found in Bark
Allergenic
Caffeic-acid found in Bark
Quinidine found in Bark (40000 ppm)
Quinine found in Bark (40000 ppm)
Amebicide
10-methoxycinchonamine found in Stem
Aricine found in Plant
Quinidine found in Bark (40000 ppm)
Quinine found in Bark (40000 ppm)
Analgesic
Caffeic-acid found in Bark
Cinchophyllamine found in Plant
Quinidine found in Bark (40000 ppm)
Quinine found in Bark (40000 ppm)
Androgenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Bark
Anesthetic
Cinchophyllamine found in Plant
Quinine found in Bark (40000 ppm)
Angiogenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Bark
Anorexic
Beta-sitosterol found in Bark
AntiEBV
(-)-epicatechin found in Bark
AntiHIV
(-)-epicatechin found in Bark
Caffeic-acid found in Bark
AntiLegionella
Caffeic-acid found in Bark
Antiadenomic
Beta-sitosterol found in Bark
Antiadenoviral
Caffeic-acid found in Bark
Antiaggregant
(-)-epicatechin found in Bark
Caffeic-acid found in Bark
Cinchonine found in Bark (80000 ppm)
Antiaging
Caffeic-acid found in Bark
Antianaphylactic
(-)-epicatechin found in Bark
Antiandrogenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Bark
Antiarrhythmic
Hydroquinidine found in Bark
Quinidine found in Bark (40000 ppm)
Antiatherogenic
Caffeic-acid found in Bark
Antibacterial
(-)-epicatechin found in Bark
Alizarin-2-methyl-ether found in Tissue Culture
Beta-sitosterol found in Bark
Caffeic-acid found in Bark
Purpurin-1-methyl-ether found in Tissue Culture
Quinine found in Bark (40000 ppm)
Anticancer
Caffeic-acid found in Bark
Anticarcinogenic
Caffeic-acid found in Bark
Anticarcinomic
Digiferrugineol found in Tissue Culture
Anticholinergic
Quinidine found in Bark (40000 ppm)
Antidepressant
Caffeic-acid found in Bark
Antidiabetic
(-)-epicatechin found in Bark
Antidysenteric
Quinine found in Bark (40000 ppm)
Antiedemic
Beta-sitosterol found in Bark
Caffeic-acid found in Bark
Antielastase
Caffeic-acid found in Bark
Antiescherichic
Caffeic-acid found in Bark
Antiestrogenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Bark
Antifeedant
Beta-sitosterol found in Bark
Quinine found in Bark (40000 ppm)
Antifertility
Beta-sitosterol found in Bark
Antifibrillary
Quinine found in Bark (40000 ppm)
Antiflu
Caffeic-acid found in Bark
Cinchonidine found in Bark (80000 ppm)
Antigonadotrophic
Beta-sitosterol found in Bark
Antigonadotropic
Caffeic-acid found in Bark
Antihemolytic
Caffeic-acid found in Bark
Antihemorrhoidal
Quinine found in Bark (40000 ppm)
Antihepatitic
(-)-epicatechin found in Bark
Antihepatoadenomic
Caffeic-acid found in Bark
Antihepatotoxic
Caffeic-acid found in Bark
Antiherpetic
Caffeic-acid found in Bark
Cinchonain-iib found in Bark
Cinchonidine found in Bark (80000 ppm)
Antihiccup
Quinidine found in Bark (40000 ppm)
Antihistaminic
Caffeic-acid found in Bark
Antihypercholesterolemic
Caffeic-acid found in Bark
Antihyperglycemic
(-)-epicatechin found in Bark
Antihyperlipoproteinaemic
Beta-sitosterol found in Bark
Antihyperthyroid
Caffeic-acid found in Bark
Antiinflammatory
(-)-epicatechin found in Bark
Beta-sitosterol found in Bark
Caffeic-acid found in Bark
Quinovic-acid found in Bark (15000 ppm)
Antileukemic
(-)-epicatechin found in Bark
Beta-sitosterol found in Bark
Caffeic-acid found in Bark
Digiferrugineol found in Tissue Culture
Antileukotriene
(-)-epicatechin found in Bark
Caffeic-acid found in Bark
Antilipoperoxidant
(-)-epicatechin found in Bark
Antilumbagic
Quinine found in Bark (40000 ppm)
Antilymphomic
Beta-sitosterol found in Bark
Antimalarial
Cinchonidine found in Bark (80000 ppm)
Cinchonine found in Bark (80000 ppm)
Dihydroquinidine found in Plant
Hydroquinidine found in Bark
Quinicine found in Bark
Quinidine found in Bark (40000 ppm)
Quinine found in Bark (40000 ppm)
Antimelanogenic
Caffeic-acid found in Bark
Antimutagenic
(-)-epicatechin found in Bark
Beta-sitosterol found in Bark
Caffeic-acid found in Bark
Antinesidioblastosic
Starch found in Bark
Antineuralgic
Quinine found in Bark (40000 ppm)
Antineuritic
Quinine found in Bark (40000 ppm)
Antinitrosaminic
Caffeic-acid found in Bark
Antiophidic
Beta-sitosterol found in Bark
Caffeic-acid found in Bark
Antioxidant
(-)-epicatechin found in Bark
Beta-sitosterol found in Bark
Caffeic-acid found in Bark
Antiperoxidant
(-)-epicatechin found in Bark
Caffeic-acid found in Bark
Antiprogestational
Beta-sitosterol found in Bark
Antiproliferant
Caffeic-acid found in Bark
Antiprostaglandin
Beta-sitosterol found in Bark
Caffeic-acid found in Bark
Antiprostatadenomic
Beta-sitosterol found in Bark
Antiprostatitic
Beta-sitosterol found in Bark
Antipyretic
Beta-sitosterol found in Bark
Cinchonidine found in Bark (80000 ppm)
Cinchonine found in Bark (80000 ppm)
Quinidine found in Bark (40000 ppm)
Quinine found in Bark (40000 ppm)
Antiradicular
Caffeic-acid found in Bark
Antisciatic
Quinine found in Bark (40000 ppm)
Antiseptic
Caffeic-acid found in Bark
Digiferrugineol found in Tissue Culture
Antispasmodic
Caffeic-acid found in Bark
Antistaphylococcic
Caffeic-acid found in Bark
Antistomatitic
Caffeic-acid found in Bark
Antisunburn
Caffeic-acid found in Bark
Antitachycardic
Quinidine found in Bark (40000 ppm)
Antithiamin
Caffeic-acid found in Bark
Antithyroid
Caffeic-acid found in Bark
Antitrypanosomic
Quinine found in Bark (40000 ppm)
Antitumor-Promoter
Caffeic-acid found in Bark
Antitumor
Caffeic-acid found in Bark
Quinidine found in Bark (40000 ppm)
Antiulcerogenic
Caffeic-acid found in Bark
Antivaccinia
Caffeic-acid found in Bark
Antiviral
(-)-epicatechin found in Bark
Beta-sitosterol found in Bark
Caffeic-acid found in Bark
Cinchonain-iib found in Bark
Cinchonidine found in Bark (80000 ppm)
Antiyeast
Quinine found in Bark (40000 ppm)
Anxiolytic
Caffeic-acid found in Bark
Apertif
Quinine found in Bark (40000 ppm)
Apoptotic
Beta-sitosterol found in Bark
Artemicide
Beta-sitosterol found in Bark
Astringent
Quinine found in Bark (40000 ppm)
CNS-Active
Caffeic-acid found in Bark
CNS-Depressant
Cinchophyllamine found in Plant
COMP-Inhibitor
(-)-epicatechin found in Bark
COX-2-Inhibitor
Caffeic-acid found in Bark
Calcium-Antagonist
Caffeic-acid found in Bark
Cancer-Preventive
(-)-epicatechin found in Bark
Beta-sitosterol found in Bark
Caffeic-acid found in Bark
Candidicide
Beta-sitosterol found in Bark
Carcinogenic
Caffeic-acid found in Bark
Carcinostatic
Quinovic-acid found in Bark (15000 ppm)
Cardiodepressant
Quinidine found in Bark (40000 ppm)
Quinine found in Bark (40000 ppm)
Cardiotonic
(-)-epicatechin found in Bark
Cardiotoxic
Gallo-tannin found in Plant
Caspase-8-Inducer
Beta-sitosterol found in Bark
Chemopreventive
Caffeic-acid found in Bark
Cholagogue
Caffeic-acid found in Bark
Choleretic
Caffeic-acid found in Bark
Quinic-acid found in Bark (80000 ppm)
Quinovic-acid found in Bark (15000 ppm)
Choline-Sparing
(-)-epicatechin found in Bark
Clastogenic
Caffeic-acid found in Bark
Co-carcinogenic
Caffeic-acid found in Bark
Collagen-Sparing
Caffeic-acid found in Bark
Cytoprotective
Caffeic-acid found in Bark
Cytotoxic
(-)-epicatechin found in Bark
Aricine found in Plant
Caffeic-acid found in Bark
Digiferrugineol found in Tissue Culture
Quinicine found in Bark
Quinine found in Bark (40000 ppm)
DNA-Active
Caffeic-acid found in Bark
DNA-Protective
Caffeic-acid found in Bark
Depigmentor
Hydroquinine found in Bark
Dermatitigenic
Quinidine found in Bark (40000 ppm)
Quinine found in Bark (40000 ppm)
Diuretic
Caffeic-acid found in Bark
Emetic
Quinidine found in Bark (40000 ppm)
Emollient
Starch found in Bark
Estrogenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Bark
FLavor
Quinine found in Bark (40000 ppm)
Febrifuge
Beta-sitosterol found in Bark
Fungicide
Caffeic-acid found in Bark
Gonadotrophic
Beta-sitosterol found in Bark
Hemolytic
Quinidine found in Bark (40000 ppm)
Hepatocarcinogenic
Caffeic-acid found in Bark
Hepatoprotective
Beta-sitosterol found in Bark
Caffeic-acid found in Bark
Hepatotropic
Caffeic-acid found in Bark
Histamine-Inhibitor
Caffeic-acid found in Bark
Hypocholesterolemic
(-)-epicatechin found in Bark
Beta-sitosterol found in Bark
Hypoglycemic
(-)-epicatechin found in Bark
Beta-sitosterol found in Bark
Hypolipidemic
Beta-sitosterol found in Bark
Hypotensive
Cinchophyllamine found in Plant
Quinidine found in Bark (40000 ppm)
Immunostimulant
(-)-epicatechin found in Bark
Caffeic-acid found in Bark
Immunosuppressant
Quinidine found in Bark (40000 ppm)
Insectifuge
Caffeic-acid found in Bark
Insulinogenic
(-)-epicatechin found in Bark
Laxative
Quinidine found in Bark (40000 ppm)
Leukotriene-Inhibitor
Caffeic-acid found in Bark
Lipoxygenase-1-Inhibitor
(-)-epicatechin found in Bark
Lipoxygenase-Inhibitor
(-)-epicatechin found in Bark
Caffeic-acid found in Bark
Lyase-Inhibitor
Caffeic-acid found in Bark
MDR-Inhibitor
Cinchonine found in Bark (80000 ppm)
Quinidine found in Bark (40000 ppm)
Quinine found in Bark (40000 ppm)
Metal-Chelator
Caffeic-acid found in Bark
Myorelaxant
Quinidine found in Bark (40000 ppm)
Ornithine-Decarboxylase-Inhibitor
Caffeic-acid found in Bark
Oxytocic
Quinidine found in Bark (40000 ppm)
Quinine found in Bark (40000 ppm)
PAF-Inhibitor
Cinchonine found in Bark (80000 ppm)
Pancreatogenic
(-)-epicatechin found in Bark
Pesticide
(-)-epicatechin found in Bark
10-methoxycinchonamine found in Stem
Alizarin-2-methyl-ether found in Tissue Culture
Aricine found in Plant
Beta-sitosterol found in Bark
Caffeic-acid found in Bark
Cinchonain-iib found in Bark
Cinchonidine found in Bark (80000 ppm)
Cinchonine found in Bark (80000 ppm)
Dihydroquinidine found in Plant
Hydroquinidine found in Bark
Purpurin-1-methyl-ether found in Tissue Culture
Quinine found in Bark (40000 ppm)
Phototoxic
Quinine found in Bark (40000 ppm)
Phytoalexin
Alizarin-2-methyl-ether found in Tissue Culture
Digiferrugineol found in Tissue Culture
Poultice
Starch found in Bark
Prooxidant
Caffeic-acid found in Bark
Prostaglandigenic
Caffeic-acid found in Bark
Protisticide
Quinine found in Bark (40000 ppm)
Reverse-Transcriptase-Inhibitor
(-)-epicatechin found in Bark
Gallo-tannin found in Plant
Sedative
Caffeic-acid found in Bark
Spermicide
Beta-sitosterol found in Bark
Quinine found in Bark (40000 ppm)
Stomachic
Quinine found in Bark (40000 ppm)
Sunscreen
Caffeic-acid found in Bark
Tonic
Cinchophyllamine found in Plant
Trypanocide
Quinine found in Bark (40000 ppm)
Tumorigenic
Caffeic-acid found in Bark
Ubiquiot
Beta-sitosterol found in Bark
Ulcerogenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Bark
Vasodilator
(-)-epicatechin found in Bark
Vulnerary
Caffeic-acid found in Bark
Xanthine-Oxidase-Inhibitor
(-)-epicatechin found in Bark
Caffeic-acid found in Bark

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Chemicals detected

Chemical Plant part Low ppm High ppm
(-)-epicatechin Bark
10-methoxycinchonamine Stem
3-alpha,17-alpha-cinchophylline Leaf
3-alpha,17-beta-cinchophylline Leaf
3-epiquinamine Leaf
Alizarin-2-methyl-ether Tissue Culture
Alkaloids Bark 50,000 160,000
Leaf 10,000
Alpha-quinovine Bark 5,000 10,000
Aricine Plant
Ash Seed 60,000
Beta-quinovine Bark 5,000 10,000
Beta-sitosterol Bark
Caffeic-acid Bark
Catechin-tannins Bark 30,000 50,000
Catechol-tannins Bark 80,000
Cinchofulvic-acid Plant
Cincholic-acid-beta-d-quinovoside Bark
Cinchonain-ia Bark
Cinchonain-ib Bark
Cinchonain-ic Bark
Cinchonain-id Bark
Cinchonain-iia Bark
Cinchonain-iib Bark
Cinchonidine Bark 12,500 80,000
Cinchonine Bark 15,000 80,000
Cinchoninine Bark
Cinchophyllamine Plant
Cinchotannic-acid Plant
Cinchotine Plant
Conquinamine Bark
Cupreine Bark
Cuscamidine Bark
Cuscamine Bark
Cusconidine Bark
Cusconine Bark
Dicinchonine Bark
Diconquinine Bark
Digiferrugineol Tissue Culture
Dihydroquinidine Plant
Dihydroquinine Leaf
Eo Bark 50
Epiquinamine Bark
Epiquinidine Plant
Epiquinine Bark
Fat Seed 5,000 160,000
Gallo-tannin Plant
Homocinchonine Plant
Hydrocinchonidine Plant
Hydroquinidine Bark
Hydroquinine Bark
Isocinchophyllamine Plant
Javanine Bark
Methylsuccirubine Plant
Norsolorinic-acid Bark
Paricine Plant
Pericine Plant
Phlobaphene Bark
Proanthocyanidin-a-2 Bark
Procyanidin-b-5 Bark
Procyanidin-c-1 Plant
Protein Seed 180,000
Purpurin-1-methyl-ether Tissue Culture
Quebrachol Bark
Quinacimine Plant
Quinamine Bark
Quinic-acid Bark 50,000 80,000
Quinicine Bark
Quinidine Bark 200 40,000
Quinine Bark 8,000 40,000
Quininidine Bark
Quinolic-acid-beta-6-desoxy-d-glucoside Bark
Quinovic-acid Bark 1,000 15,000
Quinovic-acid-3-rhamnoside Bark
Quinovic-acid-beta-6-desoxy-d-glucoside Bark
Quinovic-acid-beta-d-glucoside Bark
Quinovic-acid-beta-d-quinovoside Bark
Quinovose Bark
Resin Bark
Starch Bark
Sucirubine Plant
Tannins Bark
Tetra-o-galloyl-beta-d-glucose Bark
Wax Bark
Reference: Dr. Duke's Phytochemical and Ethnobotanical Databases. [Online Database]