Cinchona pubescens Health effects and herbal facts

Known as
quinine red cinchona red Peruvian-bark redbark

Cinchona pubescens, also known as Red cinchona and quinine, is native to Central and South America. It is known as a medicinal plant for its bark's high quinine content- and has similar uses to Cinchona officinalis in the production of quinine, most famously used for treatment of malaria.

Cinchona pubescens

Economic importance of Cinchona pubescens

Food additives flavoring flavoring
Gene sources graft stock for quinine potential gene source for yelow cinchona graft stock for quinine potential gene source for yelow cinchona
Materials wod wod
Medicines folklore folklore

Gallery

Cinchona pubescens Cinchona pubescens Cinchona pubescens Cinchona pubescens Cinchona pubescens Cinchona pubescens Cinchona pubescens Cinchona pubescens Cinchona pubescens Cinchona pubescens Cinchona pubescens Cinchona pubescens Cinchona pubescens Cinchona pubescens Cinchona pubescens Cinchona pubescens

Geografical distribution

  • AFRICA
    Naturalized
    • Macaronesia: Cape Verde
  • PACIFIC
    Naturalized
    • North-Central Pacific: United States - Hawaii
    • Northwestern Pacific: Micronesia
  • SOUTHERN AMERICA
    Native
    • Mesoamerica: Costa Rica; Panama - Chiriqui
    • Northern South America: Venezuela
    • Western South America: Bolivia; Colombia; Ecuador; Peru
    Naturalized
    • Caribbean: West Indies
    • Western South America: Ecuador - Galapagos Islands

Biological activities

5-Alpha-Reductase-Inhibitor
Alizarin found in Tissue Culture
5-Lipoxygenase-Inhibitor
(-)-epicatechin found in Bark
ACE-Inhibitor
(-)-epicatechin found in Bark
Abortifacient
Quinidine found in Bark ;found in Shoot (100 ppm);found in Stem (48 ppm);found in Root (500 ppm);found in Leaf (400 ppm)
Quinine found in Bark (65753 ppm);found in Leaf (9200 ppm);found in Shoot (700 ppm);found in Stem (112 ppm);found in Root (1300 ppm)
Aldose-Reductase-Inhibitor
Caffeic-acid found in Bark ;found in Leaf
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Hyperoside found in Leaf
Allelochemic
(-)-epicatechin found in Bark
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Allergenic
Alizarin found in Tissue Culture
Caffeic-acid found in Bark ;found in Leaf
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Protocatechuic-acid found in Leaf
Quinidine found in Bark ;found in Shoot (100 ppm);found in Stem (48 ppm);found in Root (500 ppm);found in Leaf (400 ppm)
Quinine found in Bark (65753 ppm);found in Leaf (9200 ppm);found in Shoot (700 ppm);found in Stem (112 ppm);found in Root (1300 ppm)
Alpha-Glucosidase-Inhibitor
Protocatechuic-acid found in Leaf
Amebicide
10-methoxycinchonamine found in Leaf ;found in Tissue Culture
3-alpha,17-beta-cinchophylline found in Leaf ;found in Stem
Cinchonamine found in Stem ;found in Tissue Culture
Quinidine found in Bark ;found in Shoot (100 ppm);found in Stem (48 ppm);found in Root (500 ppm);found in Leaf (400 ppm)
Quinine found in Bark (65753 ppm);found in Leaf (9200 ppm);found in Shoot (700 ppm);found in Stem (112 ppm);found in Root (1300 ppm)
Analgesic
Caffeic-acid found in Bark ;found in Leaf
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Hyperoside found in Leaf
Quinidine found in Bark ;found in Shoot (100 ppm);found in Stem (48 ppm);found in Root (500 ppm);found in Leaf (400 ppm)
Quinine found in Bark (65753 ppm);found in Leaf (9200 ppm);found in Shoot (700 ppm);found in Stem (112 ppm);found in Root (1300 ppm)
Anesthetic
Quinine found in Bark (65753 ppm);found in Leaf (9200 ppm);found in Shoot (700 ppm);found in Stem (112 ppm);found in Root (1300 ppm)
AntiEBV
(-)-epicatechin found in Bark
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
AntiHIV
(-)-epicatechin found in Bark
Caffeic-acid found in Bark ;found in Leaf
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
AntiLegionella
Caffeic-acid found in Bark ;found in Leaf
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Protocatechuic-acid found in Leaf
Antiadenoviral
Caffeic-acid found in Bark ;found in Leaf
Antiaggregant
(-)-epicatechin found in Bark
Caffeic-acid found in Bark ;found in Leaf
Antiaging
Caffeic-acid found in Bark ;found in Leaf
Hyperoside found in Leaf
Antianaphylactic
(-)-epicatechin found in Bark
Antiarrhythmic
Protocatechuic-acid found in Leaf
Quinidine found in Bark ;found in Shoot (100 ppm);found in Stem (48 ppm);found in Root (500 ppm);found in Leaf (400 ppm)
Antiasthmatic
Protocatechuic-acid found in Leaf
Antiatherogenic
Caffeic-acid found in Bark ;found in Leaf
Antiatherosclerotic
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Antibacterial
(-)-epicatechin found in Bark
Alizarin found in Tissue Culture
Alizarin-2-methyl-ether found in Tissue Culture
Caffeic-acid found in Bark ;found in Leaf
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Hyperoside found in Leaf
Protocatechuic-acid found in Leaf
Purpurin-1-methyl-ether found in Tissue Culture
Quinine found in Bark (65753 ppm);found in Leaf (9200 ppm);found in Shoot (700 ppm);found in Stem (112 ppm);found in Root (1300 ppm)
Anticancer
Caffeic-acid found in Bark ;found in Leaf
Hyperoside found in Leaf
Anticapillary-Fragility
Hyperoside found in Leaf
Anticarcinogenic
Caffeic-acid found in Bark ;found in Leaf
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Anticholinergic
Quinidine found in Bark ;found in Shoot (100 ppm);found in Stem (48 ppm);found in Root (500 ppm);found in Leaf (400 ppm)
Anticlastogen
Protocatechuic-acid found in Leaf
Antidepressant
Caffeic-acid found in Bark ;found in Leaf
Antidermatitic
Hyperoside found in Leaf
Antidiabetic
(-)-epicatechin found in Bark
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Antidysenteric
Quinine found in Bark (65753 ppm);found in Leaf (9200 ppm);found in Shoot (700 ppm);found in Stem (112 ppm);found in Root (1300 ppm)
Antiedemic
Caffeic-acid found in Bark ;found in Leaf
Antielastase
Caffeic-acid found in Bark ;found in Leaf
Hyperoside found in Leaf
Antiescherichic
Caffeic-acid found in Bark ;found in Leaf
Antifeedant
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Quinine found in Bark (65753 ppm);found in Leaf (9200 ppm);found in Shoot (700 ppm);found in Stem (112 ppm);found in Root (1300 ppm)
Antifibrillary
Quinine found in Bark (65753 ppm);found in Leaf (9200 ppm);found in Shoot (700 ppm);found in Stem (112 ppm);found in Root (1300 ppm)
Antiflu
Caffeic-acid found in Bark ;found in Leaf
Cinchonidine found in Bark (25600 ppm);found in Root (1000 ppm);found in Shoot (600 ppm);found in Stem ;found in Leaf (2200 ppm)
Hyperoside found in Leaf
Antigenotoxic
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Antigonadotropic
Caffeic-acid found in Bark ;found in Leaf
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Antihemolytic
Caffeic-acid found in Bark ;found in Leaf
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Antihemorrhoidal
Quinine found in Bark (65753 ppm);found in Leaf (9200 ppm);found in Shoot (700 ppm);found in Stem (112 ppm);found in Root (1300 ppm)
Antihepatitic
(-)-epicatechin found in Bark
Antihepatoadenomic
Caffeic-acid found in Bark ;found in Leaf
Antihepatotoxic
Caffeic-acid found in Bark ;found in Leaf
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Hyperoside found in Leaf
Protocatechuic-acid found in Leaf
Antiherpetic
Caffeic-acid found in Bark ;found in Leaf
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Cinchonain-iib found in Bark (291 ppm)
Cinchonain-iii-b found in Bark
Cinchonidine found in Bark (25600 ppm);found in Root (1000 ppm);found in Shoot (600 ppm);found in Stem ;found in Leaf (2200 ppm)
Protocatechuic-acid found in Leaf
Antihiccup
Quinidine found in Bark ;found in Shoot (100 ppm);found in Stem (48 ppm);found in Root (500 ppm);found in Leaf (400 ppm)
Antihistaminic
Caffeic-acid found in Bark ;found in Leaf
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Antihypercholesterolemic
Caffeic-acid found in Bark ;found in Leaf
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Antihyperglycemic
(-)-epicatechin found in Bark
Antihyperthyroid
Caffeic-acid found in Bark ;found in Leaf
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Antiinflammatory
(-)-epicatechin found in Bark
Caffeic-acid found in Bark ;found in Leaf
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Hyperoside found in Leaf
Protocatechuic-acid found in Leaf
Quinovic-acid found in Bark ;found in Stem
Antiischemic
Hyperoside found in Leaf
Protocatechuic-acid found in Leaf
Antileukemic
(-)-epicatechin found in Bark
1-hydroxy-2-hydroxymethylanthraquinone found in Tissue Culture
Alizarin found in Tissue Culture
Alizarin-1-methyl-ether found in Tissue Culture
Caffeic-acid found in Bark ;found in Leaf
Protocatechuic-acid found in Leaf
Antileukotriene
(-)-epicatechin found in Bark
Caffeic-acid found in Bark ;found in Leaf
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Antilipoperoxidant
(-)-epicatechin found in Bark
Antilumbagic
Quinine found in Bark (65753 ppm);found in Leaf (9200 ppm);found in Shoot (700 ppm);found in Stem (112 ppm);found in Root (1300 ppm)
Antimalarial
Cinchonidine found in Bark (25600 ppm);found in Root (1000 ppm);found in Shoot (600 ppm);found in Stem ;found in Leaf (2200 ppm)
Dihydroquinidine found in Leaf ;found in Stem (52 ppm)
Quinidine found in Bark ;found in Shoot (100 ppm);found in Stem (48 ppm);found in Root (500 ppm);found in Leaf (400 ppm)
Quinidinone found in Stem
Quinine found in Bark (65753 ppm);found in Leaf (9200 ppm);found in Shoot (700 ppm);found in Stem (112 ppm);found in Root (1300 ppm)
Antimelanogenic
Caffeic-acid found in Bark ;found in Leaf
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Protocatechuic-acid found in Leaf
Antimutagenic
(-)-epicatechin found in Bark
Alizarin found in Tissue Culture
Caffeic-acid found in Bark ;found in Leaf
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Protocatechuic-acid found in Leaf
Antineuralgic
Quinine found in Bark (65753 ppm);found in Leaf (9200 ppm);found in Shoot (700 ppm);found in Stem (112 ppm);found in Root (1300 ppm)
Antineuritic
Quinine found in Bark (65753 ppm);found in Leaf (9200 ppm);found in Shoot (700 ppm);found in Stem (112 ppm);found in Root (1300 ppm)
Antinitrosaminic
Caffeic-acid found in Bark ;found in Leaf
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Antinociceptive
Hyperoside found in Leaf
Antiophidic
Caffeic-acid found in Bark ;found in Leaf
Protocatechuic-acid found in Leaf
Antioxidant
(-)-epicatechin found in Bark
Alizarin found in Tissue Culture
Caffeic-acid found in Bark ;found in Leaf
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Hyperoside found in Leaf
Protocatechuic-acid found in Leaf
Antiperoxidant
(-)-epicatechin found in Bark
Caffeic-acid found in Bark ;found in Leaf
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Protocatechuic-acid found in Leaf
Antipolio
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Antiproliferant
Caffeic-acid found in Bark ;found in Leaf
Antiprostaglandin
Caffeic-acid found in Bark ;found in Leaf
Antipyretic
Cinchonidine found in Bark (25600 ppm);found in Root (1000 ppm);found in Shoot (600 ppm);found in Stem ;found in Leaf (2200 ppm)
Quinidine found in Bark ;found in Shoot (100 ppm);found in Stem (48 ppm);found in Root (500 ppm);found in Leaf (400 ppm)
Quinine found in Bark (65753 ppm);found in Leaf (9200 ppm);found in Shoot (700 ppm);found in Stem (112 ppm);found in Root (1300 ppm)
Antiradicular
Caffeic-acid found in Bark ;found in Leaf
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Hyperoside found in Leaf
Protocatechuic-acid found in Leaf
Antisciatic
Quinine found in Bark (65753 ppm);found in Leaf (9200 ppm);found in Shoot (700 ppm);found in Stem (112 ppm);found in Root (1300 ppm)
Antiseptic
Caffeic-acid found in Bark ;found in Leaf
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Protocatechuic-acid found in Leaf
Antispasmodic
Caffeic-acid found in Bark ;found in Leaf
Protocatechuic-acid found in Leaf
Antistaphylococcic
Caffeic-acid found in Bark ;found in Leaf
Antistomatitic
Caffeic-acid found in Bark ;found in Leaf
Antisunburn
Caffeic-acid found in Bark ;found in Leaf
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Antitachycardic
Quinidine found in Bark ;found in Shoot (100 ppm);found in Stem (48 ppm);found in Root (500 ppm);found in Leaf (400 ppm)
Antithiamin
Caffeic-acid found in Bark ;found in Leaf
Antithyroid
Caffeic-acid found in Bark ;found in Leaf
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Antitrypanosomic
Quinine found in Bark (65753 ppm);found in Leaf (9200 ppm);found in Shoot (700 ppm);found in Stem (112 ppm);found in Root (1300 ppm)
Antitumor-Promoter
Caffeic-acid found in Bark ;found in Leaf
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Antitumor
Caffeic-acid found in Bark ;found in Leaf
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Quinidine found in Bark ;found in Shoot (100 ppm);found in Stem (48 ppm);found in Root (500 ppm);found in Leaf (400 ppm)
Antitussive
Hyperoside found in Leaf
Protocatechuic-acid found in Leaf
Antiulcer
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Antiulcerogenic
Caffeic-acid found in Bark ;found in Leaf
Antivaccinia
Caffeic-acid found in Bark ;found in Leaf
Antiviral
(-)-epicatechin found in Bark
Caffeic-acid found in Bark ;found in Leaf
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Cinchonain-iib found in Bark (291 ppm)
Cinchonain-iii-b found in Bark
Cinchonidine found in Bark (25600 ppm);found in Root (1000 ppm);found in Shoot (600 ppm);found in Stem ;found in Leaf (2200 ppm)
Hyperoside found in Leaf
Protocatechuic-acid found in Leaf
Antiwrinkle
Hyperoside found in Leaf
Antiyeast
Quinine found in Bark (65753 ppm);found in Leaf (9200 ppm);found in Shoot (700 ppm);found in Stem (112 ppm);found in Root (1300 ppm)
Anxiolytic
Caffeic-acid found in Bark ;found in Leaf
Apertif
Quinine found in Bark (65753 ppm);found in Leaf (9200 ppm);found in Shoot (700 ppm);found in Stem (112 ppm);found in Root (1300 ppm)
Apoptotic
Protocatechuic-acid found in Leaf
Astringent
Quinine found in Bark (65753 ppm);found in Leaf (9200 ppm);found in Shoot (700 ppm);found in Stem (112 ppm);found in Root (1300 ppm)
Autotoxic
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
CNS-Active
Caffeic-acid found in Bark ;found in Leaf
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
CNS-Stimulant
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
COMP-Inhibitor
(-)-epicatechin found in Bark
COX-2-Inhibitor
Caffeic-acid found in Bark ;found in Leaf
Calcium-Antagonist
Alizarin found in Tissue Culture
Caffeic-acid found in Bark ;found in Leaf
Chrysazin found in Tissue Culture
Hyperoside found in Leaf
Cancer-Preventive
(-)-epicatechin found in Bark
Caffeic-acid found in Bark ;found in Leaf
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Hyperoside found in Leaf
Capillarifortificant
Hyperoside found in Leaf
Capillarigenic
Hyperoside found in Leaf
Carcinogenic
Caffeic-acid found in Bark ;found in Leaf
Protocatechuic-acid found in Leaf
Carcinostatic
Quinovic-acid found in Bark ;found in Stem
Cardiodepressant
Quinidine found in Bark ;found in Shoot (100 ppm);found in Stem (48 ppm);found in Root (500 ppm);found in Leaf (400 ppm)
Quinine found in Bark (65753 ppm);found in Leaf (9200 ppm);found in Shoot (700 ppm);found in Stem (112 ppm);found in Root (1300 ppm)
Cardioprotective
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Protocatechuic-acid found in Leaf
Cardiotonic
(-)-epicatechin found in Bark
Cathartic
Chrysazin found in Tissue Culture
Chemopreventive
Caffeic-acid found in Bark ;found in Leaf
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Protocatechuic-acid found in Leaf
Cholagogue
Caffeic-acid found in Bark ;found in Leaf
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Choleretic
Caffeic-acid found in Bark ;found in Leaf
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Quinovic-acid found in Bark ;found in Stem
Choline-Sparing
(-)-epicatechin found in Bark
Clastogenic
Caffeic-acid found in Bark ;found in Leaf
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Co-carcinogenic
Caffeic-acid found in Bark ;found in Leaf
Collagen-Sparing
Caffeic-acid found in Bark ;found in Leaf
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Cyclooxygenase-Activator
Hyperoside found in Leaf
Cytoprotective
Caffeic-acid found in Bark ;found in Leaf
Cytotoxic
(-)-epicatechin found in Bark
3-alpha,17-beta-cinchophylline found in Leaf ;found in Stem
Alizarin-1-methyl-ether found in Tissue Culture
Caffeic-acid found in Bark ;found in Leaf
Quinidinone found in Stem
Quinine found in Bark (65753 ppm);found in Leaf (9200 ppm);found in Shoot (700 ppm);found in Stem (112 ppm);found in Root (1300 ppm)
DNA-Active
Caffeic-acid found in Bark ;found in Leaf
DNA-Protective
Caffeic-acid found in Bark ;found in Leaf
Depigmentor
Hydroquinine found in Tissue Culture
Dermatitigenic
Quinidine found in Bark ;found in Shoot (100 ppm);found in Stem (48 ppm);found in Root (500 ppm);found in Leaf (400 ppm)
Quinine found in Bark (65753 ppm);found in Leaf (9200 ppm);found in Shoot (700 ppm);found in Stem (112 ppm);found in Root (1300 ppm)
Diuretic
Caffeic-acid found in Bark ;found in Leaf
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Hyperoside found in Leaf
Dye
Alizarin found in Tissue Culture
Purpurin found in Tissue Culture
Emetic
Quinidine found in Bark ;found in Shoot (100 ppm);found in Stem (48 ppm);found in Root (500 ppm);found in Leaf (400 ppm)
FLavor
Quinine found in Bark (65753 ppm);found in Leaf (9200 ppm);found in Shoot (700 ppm);found in Stem (112 ppm);found in Root (1300 ppm)
Fungicide
Caffeic-acid found in Bark ;found in Leaf
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Protocatechuic-acid found in Leaf
Glutathione-Depleting
Protocatechuic-acid found in Leaf
Hemolytic
Quinidine found in Bark ;found in Shoot (100 ppm);found in Stem (48 ppm);found in Root (500 ppm);found in Leaf (400 ppm)
Hepatocarcinogenic
Caffeic-acid found in Bark ;found in Leaf
Hepatoprotective
Alizarin found in Tissue Culture
Caffeic-acid found in Bark ;found in Leaf
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Hyperoside found in Leaf
Hepatotoxic
Protocatechuic-acid found in Leaf
Hepatotropic
Caffeic-acid found in Bark ;found in Leaf
Histamine-Inhibitor
Caffeic-acid found in Bark ;found in Leaf
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Hypocholesterolemic
(-)-epicatechin found in Bark
Hypoglycemic
(-)-epicatechin found in Bark
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Hypotensive
Hyperoside found in Leaf
Quinidine found in Bark ;found in Shoot (100 ppm);found in Stem (48 ppm);found in Root (500 ppm);found in Leaf (400 ppm)
Immunostimulant
(-)-epicatechin found in Bark
Caffeic-acid found in Bark ;found in Leaf
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Protocatechuic-acid found in Leaf
Immunosuppressant
Chrysazin found in Tissue Culture
Quinidine found in Bark ;found in Shoot (100 ppm);found in Stem (48 ppm);found in Root (500 ppm);found in Leaf (400 ppm)
Insectifuge
Caffeic-acid found in Bark ;found in Leaf
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Insulinogenic
(-)-epicatechin found in Bark
Interferonogenic
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Juvabional
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Larvistat
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Laxative
Quinidine found in Bark ;found in Shoot (100 ppm);found in Stem (48 ppm);found in Root (500 ppm);found in Leaf (400 ppm)
Leukotriene-Inhibitor
Caffeic-acid found in Bark ;found in Leaf
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Lipoxygenase-1-Inhibitor
(-)-epicatechin found in Bark
Lipoxygenase-Inhibitor
(-)-epicatechin found in Bark
Caffeic-acid found in Bark ;found in Leaf
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Lyase-Inhibitor
Caffeic-acid found in Bark ;found in Leaf
MDR-Inhibitor
Quinidine found in Bark ;found in Shoot (100 ppm);found in Stem (48 ppm);found in Root (500 ppm);found in Leaf (400 ppm)
Quinine found in Bark (65753 ppm);found in Leaf (9200 ppm);found in Shoot (700 ppm);found in Stem (112 ppm);found in Root (1300 ppm)
Metal-Chelator
Caffeic-acid found in Bark ;found in Leaf
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Molluscicide
Rubiadin found in Tissue Culture
Myorelaxant
Quinidine found in Bark ;found in Shoot (100 ppm);found in Stem (48 ppm);found in Root (500 ppm);found in Leaf (400 ppm)
NO-Genic
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Nephrotoxic
Protocatechuic-acid found in Leaf
Ornithine-Decarboxylase-Inhibitor
Caffeic-acid found in Bark ;found in Leaf
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Oviposition-Stimulant
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Oxytocic
Quinidine found in Bark ;found in Shoot (100 ppm);found in Stem (48 ppm);found in Root (500 ppm);found in Leaf (400 ppm)
Quinine found in Bark (65753 ppm);found in Leaf (9200 ppm);found in Shoot (700 ppm);found in Stem (112 ppm);found in Root (1300 ppm)
Pancreatogenic
(-)-epicatechin found in Bark
Pesticide
(-)-epicatechin found in Bark
10-methoxycinchonamine found in Leaf ;found in Tissue Culture
3-alpha,17-beta-cinchophylline found in Leaf ;found in Stem
Alizarin found in Tissue Culture
Alizarin-2-methyl-ether found in Tissue Culture
Caffeic-acid found in Bark ;found in Leaf
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Cinchonain-iib found in Bark (291 ppm)
Cinchonain-iii-b found in Bark
Cinchonidine found in Bark (25600 ppm);found in Root (1000 ppm);found in Shoot (600 ppm);found in Stem ;found in Leaf (2200 ppm)
Dihydroquinidine found in Leaf ;found in Stem (52 ppm)
Hyperoside found in Leaf
Protocatechuic-acid found in Leaf
Purpurin-1-methyl-ether found in Tissue Culture
Quinine found in Bark (65753 ppm);found in Leaf (9200 ppm);found in Shoot (700 ppm);found in Stem (112 ppm);found in Root (1300 ppm)
Phagocytotic
Protocatechuic-acid found in Leaf
Phototoxic
Quinine found in Bark (65753 ppm);found in Leaf (9200 ppm);found in Shoot (700 ppm);found in Stem (112 ppm);found in Root (1300 ppm)
Phytoalexin
Alizarin-2-methyl-ether found in Tissue Culture
Pigment
Alizarin found in Tissue Culture
Prooxidant
Caffeic-acid found in Bark ;found in Leaf
Prostaglandigenic
Caffeic-acid found in Bark ;found in Leaf
Protocatechuic-acid found in Leaf
Protisticide
Quinine found in Bark (65753 ppm);found in Leaf (9200 ppm);found in Shoot (700 ppm);found in Stem (112 ppm);found in Root (1300 ppm)
Quinone-Reductase-Inducer
Purpurin found in Tissue Culture
Reverse-Transcriptase-Inhibitor
(-)-epicatechin found in Bark
Secretogogue
Protocatechuic-acid found in Leaf
Sedative
Caffeic-acid found in Bark ;found in Leaf
Spermicide
Quinine found in Bark (65753 ppm);found in Leaf (9200 ppm);found in Shoot (700 ppm);found in Stem (112 ppm);found in Root (1300 ppm)
Stomachic
Quinine found in Bark (65753 ppm);found in Leaf (9200 ppm);found in Shoot (700 ppm);found in Stem (112 ppm);found in Root (1300 ppm)
Sunscreen
Caffeic-acid found in Bark ;found in Leaf
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Sweetener
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Tissue-Thromboplastin-Inhibitor
Hyperoside found in Leaf
Topoisomerase-II-Inhibitor
Chrysazin found in Tissue Culture
Trypanocide
Quinine found in Bark (65753 ppm);found in Leaf (9200 ppm);found in Shoot (700 ppm);found in Stem (112 ppm);found in Root (1300 ppm)
Tumorigenic
Caffeic-acid found in Bark ;found in Leaf
Tyrosinase-Inhibitor
Protocatechuic-acid found in Leaf
Ubiquiot
Protocatechuic-acid found in Leaf
Vasodilator
(-)-epicatechin found in Bark
Vulnerary
Caffeic-acid found in Bark ;found in Leaf
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Xanthine-Oxidase-Inhibitor
(-)-epicatechin found in Bark
Caffeic-acid found in Bark ;found in Leaf
Hyperoside found in Leaf
cAMP-Inhibitor
Hyperoside found in Leaf

Search

Chemicals detected

Chemical Plant part Low ppm High ppm
(-)-epicatechin Bark
1-hydroxy-2-hydroxymethylanthraquinone Tissue Culture
10-methoxycinchonamine Leaf
Tissue Culture
2,4,5-trihydroxy-1-methoxy-anthraquinone Tissue Culture
2-hydroxy-1,3,4,6-tetramethoxy-anthraquinone Tissue Culture
2-hydroxy-1,3,4-trimethoxy-anthraquinone Tissue Culture
3-alpha,17-alpha-cinchophylline Stem
3-alpha,17-beta-cinchophylline Leaf
Stem
3-beta,17-beta-cinchophylline Leaf
3-epiquinamine Leaf
6,7-dihydroxy-1-methoxy-2-methyl-anthraquinone Tissue Culture
Alizarin Tissue Culture
Alizarin-1-methyl-ether Tissue Culture
Alizarin-2-methyl-ether Tissue Culture
Alkaloids Bark 50,000 150,000
Anthragallol-1,2-dimethyl-ether Tissue Culture
Caffeic-acid Bark
Leaf
Catechol-tannins Bark 80,000
Chlorogenic-acid Leaf
Chrysanthemin Leaf
Chrysazin Tissue Culture
Cinchonain-ia Bark 396
Cinchonain-ib Bark 836
Cinchonain-ic Bark 44
Cinchonain-id Bark 51
Cinchonain-iia Bark 327
Cinchonain-iib Bark 291
Cinchonain-iii-b Bark
Cinchonamine Stem
Tissue Culture
Cinchonaminone Bark 13,014
Cinchonicinol Bark 9,589
Cinchonidine Bark 25,600
Root 1,000
Shoot 600
Stem
Leaf 2,200
Cinchoninine Bark 28,767
Shoot 1,000
Root 2,700
Stem
Leaf
Cinchoninone Stem
Cupreine Bark
Cyanidin-3-o-alpha-l-rhamnoside Leaf
Dihydrocinchonidine Stem
Tissue Culture
Dihydrocinchonine Stem
Tissue Culture
Dihydroquinidine Leaf
Stem 52
Dihydroquinine Leaf
Stem
Dihydroxy-2-methyl-anthraquinone Tissue Culture
Dihydroxy-dimethoxy-anthraquinone Tissue Culture
Dihydroxy-trimethoxy-anthraquinone Tissue Culture
Eo Bark 50
Hydroquinine Tissue Culture
Hyperoside Leaf
Methylsuccirubine Bark
Nicotifloroside Leaf
Proanthocyanidin-a-2 Bark 11
Proanthocyanidin-b2 Bark 691
Proanthocyanidin-b5 Bark 182
Proanthocyanidin-c1 Bark 36
Protocatechuic-acid Leaf
Purpurin Tissue Culture
Purpurin-1-methyl-ether Tissue Culture
Quercetin-3-o-alpha-l-rhamno-glucoside Leaf
Quinamine Leaf
Stem
Tissue Culture
Quinidine Bark
Shoot 100
Stem 48
Root 500
Leaf 400
Quinidinone Stem
Quinine Bark 21,800 65,753
Leaf 400 9,200
Shoot 700
Stem 112
Root 1,300
Quinovic-acid Bark
Stem
Quinovic-acid-3-o-alpha-l-rhamnoside Stem 130
Rubiadin Tissue Culture
Succirubine Bark
Reference: Dr. Duke's Phytochemical and Ethnobotanical Databases. [Online Database]