Cichorium intybus Health effects and herbal facts

Known as
Belgium endive chicory coffee chicory French endive succory witloof
Cichorium intybus

Medical use

Economic importance of Cichorium intybus

Food additives dietary fiber flavoring
Human food beverage base
Gene sources secondary genetic relative of endive
Medicines folklore
Vertebrate poisons mamals
Weed potential sed contaminant

Gallery

Cichorium intybus Cichorium intybus Cichorium intybus Cichorium intybus Cichorium intybus Cichorium intybus Cichorium intybus Cichorium intybus Cichorium intybus Cichorium intybus Cichorium intybus Cichorium intybus Cichorium intybus

Geografical distribution

  • AFRICA
    Native
    • Northern Africa: Tunisia
    Naturalized
    • Macaronesia: Portugal - Azores
    • Northern Africa: Algeria; Morocco
    • Northeast Tropical Africa: Eritrea; Ethiopia
    • West-Central Tropical Africa: Zaire
    • Southern Africa: Lesotho; South Africa
  • ASIA-TEMPERATE
    Native
    • Western Asia: Afghanistan; Cyprus; Iran; Iraq; Jordan; Lebanon; Syria; Turkey
    • Caucasus: Armenia; Azerbaijan; Georgia; Russian Federation - Ciscaucasia
    • Siberia: Russian Federation - Eastern Siberia, Western Siberia
    • Middle Asia: Kazakhstan; Kyrgyzstan; Tajikistan; Turkmenistan; Uzbekistan
    Naturalized
    • Arabian Peninsula: Oman
    • China: China
    • Eastern Asia: Taiwan
  • ASIA-TROPICAL
    Native
    • Indian Subcontinent: India - Himachal Pradesh, Jammu and Kashmir, Madhya Pradesh, Punjab; Pakistan
  • AUSTRALASIA
    Naturalized
    • Australia: Australia
    • New Zealand: New Zealand
  • EUROPE
    Native
    • Northern Europe: Denmark; Sweden; United Kingdom
    • Middle Europe: Austria; Belgium; Czech Republic; Germany; Hungary; Netherlands; Poland; Slovakia; Switzerland
    • East Europe: Estonia; Latvia; Lithuania; Ukraine
    • Southeastern Europe: Albania; Bosnia and Herzegovina; Bulgaria; Croatia; Greece ; Italy ; Macedonia; Montenegro; Romania; Serbia; Slovenia
    • Southwestern Europe: France ; Spain
    Naturalized
    • Northern Europe: Ireland; Norway
    • East Europe: Moldova
    • Southwestern Europe: Portugal
    Adventive
    • Northern Europe: Finland
  • NORTHERN AMERICA
    Naturalized
    • Eastern Canada: Canada - New Brunswick, Newfoundland, Nova Scotia, Ontario, Quebec; St. Pierre and Miquelon
    • Western Canada: Canada - Alberta, British Columbia, Manitoba, Saskatchewan
    • Northeastern U.S.A.: United States - Connecticut, Indiana, Maine, Massachusetts, Michigan, New Hampshire, New York, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, Vermont
    • North-Central U.S.A.: United States - Illinois, Iowa, Kansas, Missouri
    • Southeastern U.S.A.: United States - Arkansas, North Carolina
    • South-Central U.S.A.: United States - Texas
    • Southwestern U.S.A.: United States - California, Nevada, Utah
  • SOUTHERN AMERICA
    Naturalized
    • Northern South America: Venezuela - Tachira
    • Southern South America: Argentina; Chile; Uruguay

Biological activities

11B-HSD-Inhibitor
Apigenin found in Shoot
Kaempferol found in Plant ;found in Seed (20 ppm)
Quercetin found in Plant ;found in Seed (1 ppm)
5-Alpha-Reductase-Inhibitor
Alpha-linolenic-acid found in Leaf (1224 ppm);found in Root (650 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Leaf (7548 ppm);found in Seed ;found in Root (3750 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Leaf (408 ppm);found in Root (200 ppm);found in Seed
Palmitic-acid found in Leaf (4284 ppm);found in Seed ;found in Root (2050 ppm)
Palmitoleic-acid found in Root (3750 ppm)
Stearic-acid found in Leaf (204 ppm);found in Seed ;found in Root (100 ppm);found in Plant
5-HT-Inhibitor
Rutin found in Leaf (14000 ppm);found in Seed (6400 ppm)
5-Lipoxygenase-Inhibitor
Aesculetin found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Esculetin found in Flower
Kaempferol found in Plant ;found in Seed (20 ppm)
Quercetin found in Plant ;found in Seed (1 ppm)
ACE-Inhibitor
Astragalin found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Quercetin-3-o-beta-d-glucuronide found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Quercitrin found in Shoot
Zinc found in Root
ATPase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Plant ;found in Seed (1 ppm)
Abortifacient
Betaine found in Root
Acetylcholinergic
Glucose found in Root (11000 ppm)
Acidifier
Tartaric-acid found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Acidulant
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2040 ppm);found in Root (250 ppm)
Additive
Tartaric-acid found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Aedifuge
Ponticaepoxide found in Root
Aggregant
Sucrose found in Root (140000 ppm)
Alcohol-Dehydrogenase-Inhibitor
Inulin found in Leaf ;found in Root (850000 ppm)
Aldehyde-Oxidase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Plant ;found in Seed (1 ppm)
Rutin found in Leaf (14000 ppm);found in Seed (6400 ppm)
Aldose-Reductase-Inhibitor
Aesculetin found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Aesculin found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2040 ppm);found in Root (250 ppm)
Astragalin found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf (767 ppm);found in Shoot
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Root ;found in Shoot ;found in Plant
Coumarin found in Plant
Hyperoside found in Leaf ;found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Kaempferol found in Plant ;found in Seed (20 ppm)
Quercetin found in Plant ;found in Seed (1 ppm)
Quercitrin found in Shoot
Rutin found in Leaf (14000 ppm);found in Seed (6400 ppm)
Scopoletin found in Flower ;found in Plant
Umbelliferone found in Flower ;found in Plant
Vanillic-acid found in Leaf (0.5 ppm)
Allelochemic
Catechol found in Root
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Root ;found in Shoot ;found in Plant
Coumarin found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant ;found in Seed (1 ppm)
Rutin found in Leaf (14000 ppm);found in Seed (6400 ppm)
Scopoletin found in Flower ;found in Plant
Umbelliferone found in Flower ;found in Plant
Allelopathic
Ferulic-acid found in Leaf (0.5 ppm)
Vanillic-acid found in Leaf (0.5 ppm)
Allergenic
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (228 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf (767 ppm);found in Shoot
Catechol found in Root
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Root ;found in Shoot ;found in Plant
Citric-acid found in Plant
Mannitol found in Plant
Mufa found in Leaf (365 ppm);found in Root (200 ppm)
Niacin found in Leaf (102 ppm);found in Root (20 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Leaf (408 ppm);found in Root (200 ppm);found in Seed
Quercetin found in Plant ;found in Seed (1 ppm)
Alpha-Amylase-Inhibitor
Citric-acid found in Plant
Alpha-Reductase-Inhibitor
Oleic-acid found in Leaf (408 ppm);found in Root (200 ppm);found in Seed
Analgesic
Aesculetin found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Aesculin found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Alpha-amyrin found in Seed
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2040 ppm);found in Root (250 ppm)
Beta-amyrin found in Seed
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf (767 ppm);found in Shoot
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Root ;found in Shoot ;found in Plant
Coumarin found in Plant
Esculetin found in Flower
Esculin found in Flower
Ferulic-acid found in Leaf (0.5 ppm)
Hyperoside found in Leaf ;found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Mannitol found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant ;found in Seed (1 ppm)
Scopoletin found in Flower ;found in Plant
Thiamin found in Leaf (14 ppm);found in Root (2 ppm)
Tryptophan found in Leaf (3672 ppm)
Vitamin-b-1 found in Root (0.05 ppm)
Zinc found in Root
Androgenic
Boron found in Root (20 ppm)
Anemiagenic
Mufa found in Leaf (365 ppm);found in Root (200 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Leaf (408 ppm);found in Root (200 ppm);found in Seed
Anesthetic
Coumarin found in Plant
Scopoletin found in Flower ;found in Plant
Angiotensin-Receptor-Blocker
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2040 ppm);found in Root (250 ppm)
Fiber found in Plant (153000 ppm);found in Root (97500 ppm)
Potassium found in Leaf (37128 ppm);found in Root (14500 ppm)
Anthelmintic
Mannitol found in Plant
Tannin found in Plant
Vanillic-acid found in Leaf (0.5 ppm)
AntiADD
Apigenin found in Shoot
Phenylalanine found in Leaf (4896 ppm)
AntiAGE
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2040 ppm);found in Root (250 ppm)
AntiBPH
Zinc found in Root
AntiCFS
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2040 ppm);found in Root (250 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (2652 ppm);found in Root (1100 ppm)
AntiCTS
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2040 ppm);found in Root (250 ppm)
AntiCVI
Rutin found in Leaf (14000 ppm);found in Seed (6400 ppm)
AntiCVS
Aesculin found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Esculin found in Flower
AntiEBV
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Root ;found in Shoot ;found in Plant
AntiGTF
Quercetin found in Plant ;found in Seed (1 ppm)
AntiHIV-Integrase
Chicoric-acid found in Leaf (1100 ppm);found in Plant
Cichoric-acid found in Leaf
AntiHIV
Apigenin found in Shoot
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf (767 ppm);found in Shoot
Chicoric-acid found in Leaf (1100 ppm);found in Plant
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Root ;found in Shoot ;found in Plant
Cichoric-acid found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Plant ;found in Seed (1 ppm)
Tannin found in Plant
Zinc found in Root
AntiLegionella
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf (767 ppm);found in Shoot
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Root ;found in Shoot ;found in Plant
AntiLyme
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2040 ppm);found in Root (250 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (2652 ppm);found in Root (1100 ppm)
Niacin found in Leaf (102 ppm);found in Root (20 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Leaf (29 ppm);found in Root (2 ppm)
Thiamin found in Leaf (14 ppm);found in Root (2 ppm)
AntiMS
Linoleic-acid found in Leaf (7548 ppm);found in Seed ;found in Root (3750 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (2652 ppm);found in Root (1100 ppm)
Pufa found in Leaf (8030 ppm);found in Root (4350 ppm)
AntiPMS
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (228 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf (19900 ppm);found in Root (2050 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (2652 ppm);found in Root (1100 ppm)
Quercetin found in Plant ;found in Seed (1 ppm)
AntiUTI
Mannose found in Root
Antiacne
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (228 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Leaf (7548 ppm);found in Seed ;found in Root (3750 ppm)
Pufa found in Leaf (8030 ppm);found in Root (4350 ppm)
Zinc found in Root
Antiacrocyanotic
Aesculin found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Antiacrodermatitic
Zinc found in Root
Antiacrodynic
Niacin found in Leaf (102 ppm);found in Root (20 ppm)
Antiadenoviral
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf (767 ppm);found in Shoot
Antiadhesive
Mannose found in Root
Antiadrenergic
Scopoletin found in Flower ;found in Plant
Antiaflatoxin
Apigenin found in Shoot
Kaempferol found in Plant ;found in Seed (20 ppm)
Quercetin found in Plant ;found in Seed (1 ppm)
Scopoletin found in Flower ;found in Plant
Antiaggregant
Alpha-linolenic-acid found in Leaf (1224 ppm);found in Root (650 ppm)
Apigenin found in Shoot
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2040 ppm);found in Root (250 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf (767 ppm);found in Shoot
Cichoriin found in Flower (2000 ppm);found in Leaf ;found in Root ;found in Plant
Coumarin found in Plant
Ferulic-acid found in Leaf (0.5 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Plant ;found in Seed (20 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (2652 ppm);found in Root (1100 ppm)
Protocatechuic-aldehyde found in Seed
Quercetin found in Plant ;found in Seed (1 ppm)
Rutin found in Leaf (14000 ppm);found in Seed (6400 ppm)
Salicylates found in Leaf (100 ppm)
Antiaging
Aesculin found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Apigenin found in Shoot
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2040 ppm);found in Root (250 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (228 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf (767 ppm);found in Shoot
Esculin found in Flower
Hyperoside found in Leaf ;found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Quercetin found in Plant ;found in Seed (1 ppm)
Antiakathisic
Iron found in Leaf (246 ppm);found in Root (40 ppm)
Antialcoholic
Fructose found in Root (220000 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (2652 ppm);found in Root (1100 ppm)
Thiamin found in Leaf (14 ppm);found in Root (2 ppm)
Vitamin-b-1 found in Root (0.05 ppm)
Zinc found in Root
Antialkalotic
Lysine found in Leaf (7956 ppm)
Antiallergic
Apigenin found in Shoot
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2040 ppm);found in Root (250 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf (19900 ppm);found in Root (2050 ppm)
Ferulic-acid found in Leaf (0.5 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Plant ;found in Seed (20 ppm)
Niacin found in Leaf (102 ppm);found in Root (20 ppm)
Quercetin found in Plant ;found in Seed (1 ppm)
Rutin found in Leaf (14000 ppm);found in Seed (6400 ppm)
Antialopecic
Aesculin found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Esculin found in Flower
Inositol found in Root
Linoleic-acid found in Leaf (7548 ppm);found in Seed ;found in Root (3750 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Leaf (408 ppm);found in Root (200 ppm);found in Seed
Palmitic-acid found in Leaf (4284 ppm);found in Seed ;found in Root (2050 ppm)
Zinc found in Root
Antialzheimeran
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2040 ppm);found in Root (250 ppm)
Choline found in Root
Niacin found in Leaf (102 ppm);found in Root (20 ppm)
Quercetin found in Plant ;found in Seed (1 ppm)
Thiamin found in Leaf (14 ppm);found in Root (2 ppm)
Vitamin-b-1 found in Root (0.05 ppm)
Zinc found in Root
Antiamblyopic
Niacin found in Leaf (102 ppm);found in Root (20 ppm)
Antianaphylactic
Linoleic-acid found in Leaf (7548 ppm);found in Seed ;found in Root (3750 ppm)
Quercetin found in Plant ;found in Seed (1 ppm)
Antiandrogenic
Coumarin found in Plant
Linoleic-acid found in Leaf (7548 ppm);found in Seed ;found in Root (3750 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Leaf (408 ppm);found in Root (200 ppm);found in Seed
Palmitic-acid found in Leaf (4284 ppm);found in Seed ;found in Root (2050 ppm)
Antianemic
Copper found in Root
Iron found in Leaf (246 ppm);found in Root (40 ppm)
Antianginal
Magnesium found in Leaf (2652 ppm);found in Root (1100 ppm)
Niacin found in Leaf (102 ppm);found in Root (20 ppm)
Antiangiogenic
Apigenin found in Shoot
Quercetin found in Plant ;found in Seed (1 ppm)
Zinc found in Root
Antianorectic
Magnesium found in Leaf (2652 ppm);found in Root (1100 ppm)
Thiamin found in Leaf (14 ppm);found in Root (2 ppm)
Vitamin-b-1 found in Root (0.05 ppm)
Antianorexic
Zinc found in Root
Antianxiety
Calcium found in Leaf (19900 ppm);found in Root (2050 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (2652 ppm);found in Root (1100 ppm)
Tryptophan found in Leaf (3672 ppm)
Antiaphthic
Citric-acid found in Plant
Antiapoplectic
Rutin found in Leaf (14000 ppm);found in Seed (6400 ppm)
Antiarabiflavinotic
Riboflavin found in Leaf (29 ppm);found in Root (2 ppm)
Antiarrhythmic
Aesculetin found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Apigenin found in Shoot
Calcium found in Leaf (19900 ppm);found in Root (2050 ppm)
Esculetin found in Flower
Ferulic-acid found in Leaf (0.5 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (2652 ppm);found in Root (1100 ppm)
Potassium found in Leaf (37128 ppm);found in Root (14500 ppm)
Quercitrin found in Shoot
Scopoletin found in Flower ;found in Plant
Antiarteriosclerotic
Histidine found in Leaf (3468 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Leaf (7548 ppm);found in Seed ;found in Root (3750 ppm)
Silicon found in Root
Antiarthritic
Aesculin found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2040 ppm);found in Root (250 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (228 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf (19900 ppm);found in Root (2050 ppm)
Copper found in Root
Esculin found in Flower
Linoleic-acid found in Leaf (7548 ppm);found in Seed ;found in Root (3750 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (2652 ppm);found in Root (1100 ppm)
Quercetin found in Plant ;found in Seed (1 ppm)
Zinc found in Root
Antiasthmatic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2040 ppm);found in Root (250 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (228 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (2652 ppm);found in Root (1100 ppm)
Quercetin found in Plant ;found in Seed (1 ppm)
Scopoletin found in Flower ;found in Plant
Antiatherogenic
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf (767 ppm);found in Shoot
Rutin found in Leaf (14000 ppm);found in Seed (6400 ppm)
Antiatheromic
Pectin found in Root
Antiatherosclerotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2040 ppm);found in Root (250 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf (19900 ppm);found in Root (2050 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Root ;found in Shoot ;found in Plant
Citric-acid found in Plant
Magnesium found in Leaf (2652 ppm);found in Root (1100 ppm)
Malic-acid found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant ;found in Seed (1 ppm)
Rutin found in Leaf (14000 ppm);found in Seed (6400 ppm)
Antibackache
Thiamin found in Leaf (14 ppm);found in Root (2 ppm)
Vitamin-b-1 found in Root (0.05 ppm)
Antibacterial
Acetophenone found in Root
Aesculetin found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Apigenin found in Shoot
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2040 ppm);found in Root (250 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf (767 ppm);found in Shoot
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Root ;found in Shoot ;found in Plant
Citric-acid found in Plant
Esculetin found in Flower
Ferulic-acid found in Leaf (0.5 ppm)
Hyperoside found in Leaf ;found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Kaempferol found in Plant ;found in Seed (20 ppm)
Malic-acid found in Plant
P-hydroxy-benzoic-acid found in Leaf (11 ppm)
Pectin found in Root
Quercetin found in Plant ;found in Seed (1 ppm)
Quercitrin found in Shoot
Rutin found in Leaf (14000 ppm);found in Seed (6400 ppm)
Scopoletin found in Flower ;found in Plant
Silver found in Root
Sinapic-acid found in Plant (0.5 ppm)
Tannin found in Plant
Umbelliferone found in Flower ;found in Plant
Vanillic-acid found in Leaf (0.5 ppm)
Antiberiberi
Thiamin found in Leaf (14 ppm);found in Root (2 ppm)
Vitamin-b-1 found in Root (0.05 ppm)
Antibronchoconstrictor
Scopoletin found in Flower ;found in Plant
Antibrucellosic
Coumarin found in Plant
Anticalculic
Citric-acid found in Plant
Anticancer
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (228 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf (767 ppm);found in Shoot
Hyperoside found in Leaf ;found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Kaempferol found in Plant ;found in Seed (20 ppm)
Rutin found in Leaf (14000 ppm);found in Seed (6400 ppm)
Tannin found in Plant
Vanillic-acid found in Leaf (0.5 ppm)
Anticanker
Iron found in Leaf (246 ppm);found in Root (40 ppm)
Thiamin found in Leaf (14 ppm);found in Root (2 ppm)
Zinc found in Root
Anticapillary-Fragility
Aesculetin found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Aesculin found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Esculetin found in Flower
Esculin found in Flower
Hyperoside found in Leaf ;found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Rutin found in Leaf (14000 ppm);found in Seed (6400 ppm)
Anticarcinogenic
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf (767 ppm);found in Shoot
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Root ;found in Shoot ;found in Plant
Ferulic-acid found in Leaf (0.5 ppm)
Anticarcinomic
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (228 ppm)
Anticardiospasmic
Thiamin found in Leaf (14 ppm);found in Root (2 ppm)
Vitamin-b-1 found in Root (0.05 ppm)
Anticariogenic
Quercetin found in Plant ;found in Seed (1 ppm)
Tannin found in Plant
Anticarpal-Tunnel
Riboflavin found in Leaf (29 ppm);found in Root (2 ppm)
Anticataract
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2040 ppm);found in Root (250 ppm)
Methionine found in Leaf (1224 ppm)
Niacin found in Leaf (102 ppm);found in Root (20 ppm)
Quercetin found in Plant ;found in Seed (1 ppm)
Quercitrin found in Shoot
Riboflavin found in Leaf (29 ppm);found in Root (2 ppm)
Rutin found in Leaf (14000 ppm);found in Seed (6400 ppm)
Thiamin found in Leaf (14 ppm);found in Root (2 ppm)
Zinc found in Root
Anticellulitic
Aesculin found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Esculin found in Flower
Anticephalagic
Magnesium found in Leaf (2652 ppm);found in Root (1100 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Leaf (29 ppm);found in Root (2 ppm)
Anticervicaldysplasic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2040 ppm);found in Root (250 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (228 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Leaf (29 ppm);found in Root (2 ppm)
Anticheilitic
Iron found in Leaf (246 ppm);found in Root (40 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Leaf (29 ppm);found in Root (2 ppm)
Antichilblain
Niacin found in Leaf (102 ppm);found in Root (20 ppm)
Anticholinergic
Scopoletin found in Flower ;found in Plant
Antichoreic
Choline found in Root
Anticirrhotic
Choline found in Root
Inositol found in Root
Anticlastogen
Rutin found in Leaf (14000 ppm);found in Seed (6400 ppm)
Anticlimacteric
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2040 ppm);found in Root (250 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf (19900 ppm);found in Root (2050 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (2652 ppm);found in Root (1100 ppm)
Anticoagulant
Citric-acid found in Plant
Protocatechuic-aldehyde found in Seed
Anticoeliac
Zinc found in Root
Anticold
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2040 ppm);found in Root (250 ppm)
Zinc found in Root
Anticolitic
Quercetin found in Plant ;found in Seed (1 ppm)
Thiamin found in Leaf (14 ppm);found in Root (2 ppm)
Vitamin-b-1 found in Root (0.05 ppm)
Zinc found in Root
Anticomplementary
Apigenin found in Shoot
Quercetin found in Plant ;found in Seed (1 ppm)
Anticonvulsant
Magnesium found in Leaf (2652 ppm);found in Root (1100 ppm)
Niacin found in Leaf (102 ppm);found in Root (20 ppm)
Rutin found in Leaf (14000 ppm);found in Seed (6400 ppm)
Anticoronary
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (228 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Leaf (7548 ppm);found in Seed ;found in Root (3750 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (2652 ppm);found in Root (1100 ppm)
Zinc found in Root
Anticystinuric
Choline found in Root
Anticystitic
Mannose found in Root
Quercetin found in Plant ;found in Seed (1 ppm)
Antidandruff
Zinc found in Root
Antidecubitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2040 ppm);found in Root (250 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Leaf (29 ppm);found in Root (2 ppm)
Thiamin found in Leaf (14 ppm);found in Root (2 ppm)
Vitamin-b-1 found in Root (0.05 ppm)
Antideliriant
Thiamin found in Leaf (14 ppm);found in Root (2 ppm)
Vitamin-b-1 found in Root (0.05 ppm)
Antidementia
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2040 ppm);found in Root (250 ppm)
Choline found in Root
Niacin found in Leaf (102 ppm);found in Root (20 ppm)
Rutin found in Leaf (14000 ppm);found in Seed (6400 ppm)
Thiamin found in Leaf (14 ppm);found in Root (2 ppm)
Tryptophan found in Leaf (3672 ppm)
Zinc found in Root
Antidepressant
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2040 ppm);found in Root (250 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf (767 ppm);found in Shoot
Calcium found in Leaf (19900 ppm);found in Root (2050 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (2652 ppm);found in Root (1100 ppm)
Phenylalanine found in Leaf (4896 ppm)
Potassium found in Leaf (37128 ppm);found in Root (14500 ppm)
Quercetin found in Plant ;found in Seed (1 ppm)
Tryptophan found in Leaf (3672 ppm)
Antidermatitic
Aesculin found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Apigenin found in Shoot
Esculin found in Flower
Hyperoside found in Leaf ;found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Niacin found in Leaf (102 ppm);found in Root (20 ppm)
Quercetin found in Plant ;found in Seed (1 ppm)
Rutin found in Leaf (14000 ppm);found in Seed (6400 ppm)
Antidiabetic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2040 ppm);found in Root (250 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Root ;found in Shoot ;found in Plant
Choline found in Root
Copper found in Root
Fiber found in Plant (153000 ppm);found in Root (97500 ppm)
Fructose found in Root (220000 ppm)
Inulin found in Leaf ;found in Root (850000 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (2652 ppm);found in Root (1100 ppm)
Niacin found in Leaf (102 ppm);found in Root (20 ppm)
Pectin found in Root
Quercetin found in Plant ;found in Seed (1 ppm)
Rutin found in Leaf (14000 ppm);found in Seed (6400 ppm)
Zinc found in Root
Antidiarrheic
Inulin found in Leaf ;found in Root (850000 ppm)
Pectin found in Root
Tannin found in Plant
Antidiuretic
Coumarin found in Plant
Antidysenteric
Aesculetin found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Esculetin found in Flower
Tannin found in Plant
Antidysgeuzic
Zinc found in Root
Antidyskinetic
Choline found in Root
Tryptophan found in Leaf (3672 ppm)
Antidysmenorrheic
Ferulic-acid found in Leaf (0.5 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (2652 ppm);found in Root (1100 ppm)
Antidyspeptic
Thiamin found in Leaf (14 ppm);found in Root (2 ppm)
Antidysphagic
Niacin found in Leaf (102 ppm);found in Root (20 ppm)
Antieczemic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2040 ppm);found in Root (250 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Leaf (7548 ppm);found in Seed ;found in Root (3750 ppm)
Methionine found in Leaf (1224 ppm)
Pufa found in Leaf (8030 ppm);found in Root (4350 ppm)
Zinc found in Root
Antiedemic
Alpha-amyrin found in Seed
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2040 ppm);found in Root (250 ppm)
Beta-amyrin found in Seed
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf (767 ppm);found in Shoot
Coumarin found in Plant
Glucose found in Root (11000 ppm)
Quercitrin found in Shoot
Rutin found in Leaf (14000 ppm);found in Seed (6400 ppm)
Scopoletin found in Flower ;found in Plant
Taraxasterol found in Root
Umbelliferone found in Flower ;found in Plant
Antielastase
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf (767 ppm);found in Shoot
Hyperoside found in Leaf ;found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Quercetin found in Plant ;found in Seed (1 ppm)
Antiencephalitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2040 ppm);found in Root (250 ppm)
Quercetin found in Plant ;found in Seed (1 ppm)
Antiencephalopathic
Arginine found in Leaf (14892 ppm)
Leucine found in Leaf (8976 ppm)
Thiamin found in Leaf (14 ppm);found in Root (2 ppm)
Valine found in Leaf (9180 ppm)
Vitamin-b-1 found in Root (0.05 ppm)
Zinc found in Root
Antiendometriotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2040 ppm);found in Root (250 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (2652 ppm);found in Root (1100 ppm)
Antienteritic
Pectin found in Root
Antienterotic
Magnesium found in Leaf (2652 ppm);found in Root (1100 ppm)
Antiepileptic
Magnesium found in Leaf (2652 ppm);found in Root (1100 ppm)
Niacin found in Leaf (102 ppm);found in Root (20 ppm)
Zinc found in Root
Antierythemic
Aesculin found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Esculin found in Flower
Rutin found in Leaf (14000 ppm);found in Seed (6400 ppm)
Antiescherichic
Aesculetin found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf (767 ppm);found in Shoot
Esculetin found in Flower
Quercetin found in Plant ;found in Seed (1 ppm)
Antiesherichic
Coumarin found in Plant
Antiestrogenic
Apigenin found in Shoot
Ferulic-acid found in Leaf (0.5 ppm)
Quercetin found in Plant ;found in Seed (1 ppm)
Antifatigue
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2040 ppm);found in Root (250 ppm)
Copper found in Root
Magnesium found in Leaf (2652 ppm);found in Root (1100 ppm)
Potassium found in Leaf (37128 ppm);found in Root (14500 ppm)
Thiamin found in Leaf (14 ppm);found in Root (2 ppm)
Vanillic-acid found in Leaf (0.5 ppm)
Vitamin-b-1 found in Root (0.05 ppm)
Antifeedant
8-deoxylactucin found in Plant ;found in Root (17 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Root ;found in Shoot ;found in Plant
Cichoriin found in Flower (2000 ppm);found in Leaf ;found in Root ;found in Plant
Lactupicrin found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant ;found in Seed (1 ppm)
Quercitrin found in Shoot
Rutin found in Leaf (14000 ppm);found in Seed (6400 ppm)
Scopoletin found in Flower ;found in Plant
Antifertility
Kaempferol found in Plant ;found in Seed (20 ppm)
Antifibrinolytic
Linoleic-acid found in Leaf (7548 ppm);found in Seed ;found in Root (3750 ppm)
Palmitic-acid found in Leaf (4284 ppm);found in Seed ;found in Root (2050 ppm)
Antifibromyalgic
Magnesium found in Leaf (2652 ppm);found in Root (1100 ppm)
Malic-acid found in Plant
Antifibrosarcomic
Quercetin found in Plant ;found in Seed (1 ppm)
Antifibrotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2040 ppm);found in Root (250 ppm)
Zinc found in Root
Antiflu
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf (767 ppm);found in Shoot
Chicoric-acid found in Leaf (1100 ppm);found in Plant
Cichoric-acid found in Leaf
Hyperoside found in Leaf ;found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Quercetin found in Plant ;found in Seed (1 ppm)
Quercitrin found in Shoot
Antifuruncular
Zinc found in Root
Antigallstone
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2040 ppm);found in Root (250 ppm)
Pectin found in Root
Antigastric
Quercetin found in Plant ;found in Seed (1 ppm)
Antigastritic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2040 ppm);found in Root (250 ppm)
Betaine found in Root
Pectin found in Root
Thiamin found in Leaf (14 ppm);found in Root (2 ppm)
Vitamin-b-1 found in Root (0.05 ppm)
Antigastrotic
Magnesium found in Leaf (2652 ppm);found in Root (1100 ppm)
Antigenotoxic
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Root ;found in Shoot ;found in Plant
Antigingivitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2040 ppm);found in Root (250 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Plant ;found in Seed (20 ppm)
Antiglaucomic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2040 ppm);found in Root (250 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (2652 ppm);found in Root (1100 ppm)
Mannitol found in Plant
Rutin found in Leaf (14000 ppm);found in Seed (6400 ppm)
Antiglossitic
Riboflavin found in Leaf (29 ppm);found in Root (2 ppm)
Antigonadotropic
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf (767 ppm);found in Shoot
Catechol found in Root
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Root ;found in Shoot ;found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant ;found in Seed (1 ppm)
Antigranular
Linoleic-acid found in Leaf (7548 ppm);found in Seed ;found in Root (3750 ppm)
Antihangover
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2040 ppm);found in Root (250 ppm)
Fructose found in Root (220000 ppm)
Niacin found in Leaf (102 ppm);found in Root (20 ppm)
Thiamin found in Leaf (14 ppm);found in Root (2 ppm)
Zinc found in Root
Antiheartburn
Thiamin found in Leaf (14 ppm);found in Root (2 ppm)
Vitamin-b-1 found in Root (0.05 ppm)
Antihematuric
Rutin found in Leaf (14000 ppm);found in Seed (6400 ppm)
Antihemolytic
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf (767 ppm);found in Shoot
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Root ;found in Shoot ;found in Plant
Antihemorrhagic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2040 ppm);found in Root (250 ppm)
Quercitrin found in Shoot
Antihemorrhoidal
Aesculin found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Esculin found in Flower
Rutin found in Leaf (14000 ppm);found in Seed (6400 ppm)
Antihepatitic
Arginine found in Leaf (14892 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2040 ppm);found in Root (250 ppm)
Antihepatoadenomic
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf (767 ppm);found in Shoot
Antihepatotic
Methionine found in Leaf (1224 ppm)
Antihepatotoxic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2040 ppm);found in Root (250 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf (767 ppm);found in Shoot
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Root ;found in Shoot ;found in Plant
Ferulic-acid found in Leaf (0.5 ppm)
Glucose found in Root (11000 ppm)
Hyperoside found in Leaf ;found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Quercetin found in Plant ;found in Seed (1 ppm)
Quercitrin found in Shoot
Rutin found in Leaf (14000 ppm);found in Seed (6400 ppm)
Scopoletin found in Flower ;found in Plant
Sinapic-acid found in Plant (0.5 ppm)
Tannin found in Plant
Antiherpetic
Apigenin found in Shoot
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2040 ppm);found in Root (250 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf (767 ppm);found in Shoot
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Root ;found in Shoot ;found in Plant
Ferulic-acid found in Leaf (0.5 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Plant ;found in Seed (20 ppm)
Lysine found in Leaf (7956 ppm)
Quercetin found in Plant ;found in Seed (1 ppm)
Quercitrin found in Shoot
Rutin found in Leaf (14000 ppm);found in Seed (6400 ppm)
Thiamin found in Leaf (14 ppm);found in Root (2 ppm)
Vitamin-b-1 found in Root (0.05 ppm)
Antihiccup
Sucrose found in Root (140000 ppm)
Antihistaminic
Aesculin found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Apigenin found in Shoot
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2040 ppm);found in Root (250 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf (767 ppm);found in Shoot
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Root ;found in Shoot ;found in Plant
Esculin found in Flower
Kaempferol found in Plant ;found in Seed (20 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Leaf (7548 ppm);found in Seed ;found in Root (3750 ppm)
Niacin found in Leaf (102 ppm);found in Root (20 ppm)
Quercetin found in Plant ;found in Seed (1 ppm)
Rutin found in Leaf (14000 ppm);found in Seed (6400 ppm)
Umbelliferone found in Flower ;found in Plant
Antihomocysteine
Choline found in Root
Antihomocystinuric
Betaine found in Root
Antihydrophobic
Quercetin found in Plant ;found in Seed (1 ppm)
Antihyperactivity
Niacin found in Leaf (102 ppm);found in Root (20 ppm)
Antihypercholesterolemic
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf (767 ppm);found in Shoot
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Root ;found in Shoot ;found in Plant
Antihyperkeratotic
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (228 ppm)
Antihyperkinetic
Calcium found in Leaf (19900 ppm);found in Root (2050 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (2652 ppm);found in Root (1100 ppm)
Antihypertensive
Alpha-linolenic-acid found in Leaf (1224 ppm);found in Root (650 ppm)
Arginine found in Leaf (14892 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2040 ppm);found in Root (250 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf (19900 ppm);found in Root (2050 ppm)
Fiber found in Plant (153000 ppm);found in Root (97500 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (2652 ppm);found in Root (1100 ppm)
Potassium found in Leaf (37128 ppm);found in Root (14500 ppm)
Quercetin found in Plant ;found in Seed (1 ppm)
Rutin found in Leaf (14000 ppm);found in Seed (6400 ppm)
Tannin found in Plant
Tryptophan found in Leaf (3672 ppm)
Antihyperthyroid
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf (767 ppm);found in Shoot
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Root ;found in Shoot ;found in Plant
Antihypoglycemic
Magnesium found in Leaf (2652 ppm);found in Root (1100 ppm)
Antiichythyotic
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (228 ppm)
Antiimplantation
Kaempferol found in Plant ;found in Seed (20 ppm)
Antiimpotence
Arginine found in Leaf (14892 ppm)
Zinc found in Root
Antiinfective
Zinc found in Root
Antiinfertility
Arginine found in Leaf (14892 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2040 ppm);found in Root (250 ppm)
Zinc found in Root
Antiinflammatory
Aesculetin found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Aesculin found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Alpha-amyrin found in Seed
Alpha-linolenic-acid found in Leaf (1224 ppm);found in Root (650 ppm)
Apigenin found in Shoot
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2040 ppm);found in Root (250 ppm)
Beta-amyrin found in Seed
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf (767 ppm);found in Shoot
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Root ;found in Shoot ;found in Plant
Copper found in Root
Coumarin found in Plant
Esculetin found in Flower
Esculin found in Flower
Ferulic-acid found in Leaf (0.5 ppm)
Hyperoside found in Leaf ;found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Kaempferol found in Plant ;found in Seed (20 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Leaf (7548 ppm);found in Seed ;found in Root (3750 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (2652 ppm);found in Root (1100 ppm)
Mannitol found in Plant
Mufa found in Leaf (365 ppm);found in Root (200 ppm)
Neo-chlorogenic-acid found in Root ;found in Shoot
Oleic-acid found in Leaf (408 ppm);found in Root (200 ppm);found in Seed
Quercetin found in Plant ;found in Seed (1 ppm)
Quercetin-3-o-beta-d-glucuronide found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Quercitrin found in Shoot
Rutin found in Leaf (14000 ppm);found in Seed (6400 ppm)
Salicylates found in Leaf (100 ppm)
Scopoletin found in Flower ;found in Plant
Taraxasterol found in Root
Umbelliferone found in Flower ;found in Plant
Vanillic-acid found in Leaf (0.5 ppm)
Antiinsomniac
Calcium found in Leaf (19900 ppm);found in Root (2050 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (2652 ppm);found in Root (1100 ppm)
Tryptophan found in Leaf (3672 ppm)
Zinc found in Root
Antiinsomnic
Niacin found in Leaf (102 ppm);found in Root (20 ppm)
Antiischemic
Hyperoside found in Leaf ;found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Antikeratitic
Riboflavin found in Leaf (29 ppm);found in Root (2 ppm)
Antiketotic
Fructose found in Root (220000 ppm)
Glucose found in Root (11000 ppm)
Antileishmanic
Citric-acid found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant ;found in Seed (1 ppm)
Antilepric
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2040 ppm);found in Root (250 ppm)
Zinc found in Root
Antileukemic
Apigenin found in Shoot
Astragalin found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf (767 ppm);found in Shoot
Ferulic-acid found in Leaf (0.5 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Plant ;found in Seed (20 ppm)
Quercetin found in Plant ;found in Seed (1 ppm)
Vanillic-acid found in Leaf (0.5 ppm)
Antileukonychic
Zinc found in Root
Antileukoplakic
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (228 ppm)
Antileukotriene-D4
Alpha-linolenic-acid found in Leaf (1224 ppm);found in Root (650 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Leaf (7548 ppm);found in Seed ;found in Root (3750 ppm)
Mufa found in Leaf (365 ppm);found in Root (200 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Leaf (408 ppm);found in Root (200 ppm);found in Seed
Antileukotriene
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf (767 ppm);found in Shoot
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Root ;found in Shoot ;found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant ;found in Seed (1 ppm)
Antileukotrienogenic
Scopoletin found in Flower ;found in Plant
Antilipolytic
Tannin found in Plant
Antilipoperoxidant
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (228 ppm)
Quercetin found in Plant ;found in Seed (1 ppm)
Antilithic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2040 ppm);found in Root (250 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (2652 ppm);found in Root (1100 ppm)
Pectin found in Root
Antilupus
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (228 ppm)
Antilymphedemic
Coumarin found in Plant
Antilymphocytic
Kaempferol found in Plant ;found in Seed (20 ppm)
Antilymphomic
Zinc found in Root
Antimaculitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2040 ppm);found in Root (250 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (228 ppm)
Zinc found in Root
Antimalarial
Quercetin found in Plant ;found in Seed (1 ppm)
Rutin found in Leaf (14000 ppm);found in Seed (6400 ppm)
Antimanic
Choline found in Root
Tryptophan found in Leaf (3672 ppm)
Antimastalgic
Magnesium found in Leaf (2652 ppm);found in Root (1100 ppm)
Antimastitic
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (228 ppm)
Antimeasles
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2040 ppm);found in Root (250 ppm)
Antimelanogenic
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf (767 ppm);found in Shoot
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Root ;found in Shoot ;found in Plant
Antimelanomic
Apigenin found in Shoot
Coumarin found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant ;found in Seed (1 ppm)
Rutin found in Leaf (14000 ppm);found in Seed (6400 ppm)
Antimenopausal
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2040 ppm);found in Root (250 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf (19900 ppm);found in Root (2050 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (2652 ppm);found in Root (1100 ppm)
Tryptophan found in Leaf (3672 ppm)
Antimenorrhagic
Alpha-linolenic-acid found in Leaf (1224 ppm);found in Root (650 ppm)
Iron found in Leaf (246 ppm);found in Root (40 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Leaf (7548 ppm);found in Seed ;found in Root (3750 ppm)
Antimetastatic
Alpha-linolenic-acid found in Leaf (1224 ppm);found in Root (650 ppm)
Apigenin found in Shoot
Coumarin found in Plant
Pectin found in Root
Quercetin found in Plant ;found in Seed (1 ppm)
Rutin found in Leaf (14000 ppm);found in Seed (6400 ppm)
Zinc found in Root
Antimigraine
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2040 ppm);found in Root (250 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (2652 ppm);found in Root (1100 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Leaf (29 ppm);found in Root (2 ppm)
Thiamin found in Leaf (14 ppm);found in Root (2 ppm)
Tryptophan found in Leaf (3672 ppm)
Vitamin-b-1 found in Root (0.05 ppm)
Antimitotic
Coumarin found in Plant
Ferulic-acid found in Leaf (0.5 ppm)
Umbelliferone found in Flower ;found in Plant
Antimitral-valve-prolapse
Magnesium found in Leaf (2652 ppm);found in Root (1100 ppm)
Antimononuccleotic
Coumarin found in Plant
Antimutagenic
Aesculetin found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Apigenin found in Shoot
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2040 ppm);found in Root (250 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (228 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf (767 ppm);found in Shoot
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Root ;found in Shoot ;found in Plant
Citric-acid found in Plant
Coumarin found in Plant
Esculetin found in Flower
Ferulic-acid found in Leaf (0.5 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Plant ;found in Seed (20 ppm)
Mannitol found in Plant
P-hydroxy-benzoic-acid found in Leaf (11 ppm)
Pectin found in Root
Quercetin found in Plant ;found in Seed (1 ppm)
Quercitrin found in Shoot
Rutin found in Leaf (14000 ppm);found in Seed (6400 ppm)
Scopoletin found in Flower ;found in Plant
Tannin found in Plant
Umbelliferone found in Flower ;found in Plant
Antimycoplasmotic
Coumarin found in Plant
Antimyoatrophic
Betaine found in Root
Antimyocarditic
Quercetin found in Plant ;found in Seed (1 ppm)
Thiamin found in Leaf (14 ppm);found in Root (2 ppm)
Vitamin-b-1 found in Root (0.05 ppm)
Antinauseant
Fructose found in Root (220000 ppm)
Antineoplastic
Ferulic-acid found in Leaf (0.5 ppm)
Antinephritic
Histidine found in Leaf (3468 ppm)
Mannitol found in Plant
Rutin found in Leaf (14000 ppm);found in Seed (6400 ppm)
Tannin found in Plant
Antinephrolytic
Magnesium found in Leaf (2652 ppm);found in Root (1100 ppm)
Antineuralgic
Niacin found in Leaf (102 ppm);found in Root (20 ppm)
Thiamin found in Leaf (14 ppm);found in Root (2 ppm)
Vitamin-b-1 found in Root (0.05 ppm)
Antineuramidase
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2040 ppm);found in Root (250 ppm)
Antineurasthenic
Thiamin found in Leaf (14 ppm);found in Root (2 ppm)
Vitamin-b-1 found in Root (0.05 ppm)
Antineuritic
Thiamin found in Leaf (14 ppm);found in Root (2 ppm)
Vitamin-b-1 found in Root (0.05 ppm)
Antineuropathic
Thiamin found in Leaf (14 ppm);found in Root (2 ppm)
Vitamin-b-1 found in Root (0.05 ppm)
Zinc found in Root
Antineurotic
Magnesium found in Leaf (2652 ppm);found in Root (1100 ppm)
Antinitrosaminic
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf (767 ppm);found in Shoot
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Root ;found in Shoot ;found in Plant
Ferulic-acid found in Leaf (0.5 ppm)
Quercetin found in Plant ;found in Seed (1 ppm)
Antinitrosic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2040 ppm);found in Root (250 ppm)
Antinociceptive
Alpha-amyrin found in Seed
Beta-amyrin found in Seed
Choline found in Root
Copper found in Root
Hyperoside found in Leaf ;found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Quercetin found in Plant ;found in Seed (1 ppm)
Rutin found in Leaf (14000 ppm);found in Seed (6400 ppm)
Antinyctalopic
Zinc found in Root
Antiobesity
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2040 ppm);found in Root (250 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf (19900 ppm);found in Root (2050 ppm)
Fiber found in Plant (153000 ppm);found in Root (97500 ppm)
Pectin found in Root
Zinc found in Root
Antionychyotic
Silicon found in Root
Antiophidic
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf (767 ppm);found in Shoot
Tannin found in Plant
Antiophthalmic
Sucrose found in Root (140000 ppm)
Antiorchitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2040 ppm);found in Root (250 ppm)
Antiosteoarthritic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2040 ppm);found in Root (250 ppm)
Boron found in Root (20 ppm)
Antiosteoporotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2040 ppm);found in Root (250 ppm)
Boron found in Root (20 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf (19900 ppm);found in Root (2050 ppm)
Copper found in Root
Magnesium found in Leaf (2652 ppm);found in Root (1100 ppm)
Phosphorus found in Leaf (4284 ppm);found in Root (3050 ppm)
Silicon found in Root
Zinc found in Root
Antiotitic
Cichoric-acid found in Leaf
Antioxidant
Aesculin found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Apigenin found in Shoot
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2040 ppm);found in Root (250 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (228 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf (767 ppm);found in Shoot
Catechol found in Root
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Root ;found in Shoot ;found in Plant
Esculin found in Flower
Ferulic-acid found in Leaf (0.5 ppm)
Histidine found in Leaf (3468 ppm)
Hyperoside found in Leaf ;found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Isochlorogenic-acid found in Plant ;found in Root
Kaempferol found in Plant ;found in Seed (20 ppm)
Mannitol found in Plant
Methionine found in Leaf (1224 ppm)
Myristic-acid found in Leaf (204 ppm);found in Root (150 ppm)
P-hydroxy-benzoic-acid found in Leaf (11 ppm)
Palmitic-acid found in Leaf (4284 ppm);found in Seed ;found in Root (2050 ppm)
Quercetin found in Plant ;found in Seed (1 ppm)
Quercitrin found in Shoot
Riboflavin found in Leaf (29 ppm);found in Root (2 ppm)
Rutin found in Leaf (14000 ppm);found in Seed (6400 ppm)
Scopoletin found in Flower ;found in Plant
Sinapic-acid found in Plant (0.5 ppm)
Sucrose found in Root (140000 ppm)
Tannin found in Plant
Tryptophan found in Leaf (3672 ppm)
Vanillic-acid found in Leaf (0.5 ppm)
Antiozenic
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (228 ppm)
Antipancreatitic
Quercetin found in Plant ;found in Seed (1 ppm)
Antipanniculopathic
Aesculin found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Esculin found in Flower
Antipapillomic
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (228 ppm)
Antiparkinsonian
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2040 ppm);found in Root (250 ppm)
Methionine found in Leaf (1224 ppm)
Niacin found in Leaf (102 ppm);found in Root (20 ppm)
Phenylalanine found in Leaf (4896 ppm)
Tryptophan found in Leaf (3672 ppm)
Antiparotitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2040 ppm);found in Root (250 ppm)
Antipellagric
Isoleucine found in Leaf (12240 ppm)
Niacin found in Leaf (102 ppm);found in Root (20 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Leaf (29 ppm);found in Root (2 ppm)
Antiperiodontal
Quercetin found in Plant ;found in Seed (1 ppm)
Antiperiodontic
Kaempferol found in Plant ;found in Seed (20 ppm)
Antiperiodontitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2040 ppm);found in Root (250 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf (19900 ppm);found in Root (2050 ppm)
Zinc found in Root
Antiperistaltic
Apigenin found in Shoot
Quercetin found in Plant ;found in Seed (1 ppm)
Antipermeability
Quercetin found in Plant ;found in Seed (1 ppm)
Antiperoxidant
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf (767 ppm);found in Shoot
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Root ;found in Shoot ;found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant ;found in Seed (1 ppm)
Rutin found in Leaf (14000 ppm);found in Seed (6400 ppm)
Vanillic-acid found in Leaf (0.5 ppm)
Antiperoxynitrite
Sinapic-acid found in Plant (0.5 ppm)
Antipharyngitic
Quercetin found in Plant ;found in Seed (1 ppm)
Antiphenylketonuric
Tryptophan found in Leaf (3672 ppm)
Antiphotophobic
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (228 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Leaf (29 ppm);found in Root (2 ppm)
Antipityriasic
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (228 ppm)
Antiplaque
Kaempferol found in Plant ;found in Seed (20 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (2652 ppm);found in Root (1100 ppm)
Quercetin found in Plant ;found in Seed (1 ppm)
Zinc found in Root
Antiplasmodial
Quercetin found in Plant ;found in Seed (1 ppm)
Antiplatelet
Rutin found in Leaf (14000 ppm);found in Seed (6400 ppm)
Antipneumonic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2040 ppm);found in Root (250 ppm)
Antipodriac
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2040 ppm);found in Root (250 ppm)
Quercetin found in Plant ;found in Seed (1 ppm)
Antipolio
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Root ;found in Shoot ;found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant ;found in Seed (1 ppm)
Antipoliomyelitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2040 ppm);found in Root (250 ppm)
Thiamin found in Leaf (14 ppm);found in Root (2 ppm)
Vitamin-b-1 found in Root (0.05 ppm)
Antipolyneuritic
Pufa found in Leaf (8030 ppm);found in Root (4350 ppm)
Antiporphyric
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (228 ppm)
Antiprolactin
Zinc found in Root
Antiproliferant
Apigenin found in Shoot
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (228 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf (767 ppm);found in Shoot
Quercetin found in Plant ;found in Seed (1 ppm)
Rutin found in Leaf (14000 ppm);found in Seed (6400 ppm)
Scopoletin found in Flower ;found in Plant
Antiprostaglandin
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf (767 ppm);found in Shoot
Scopoletin found in Flower ;found in Plant
Tryptophan found in Leaf (3672 ppm)
Umbelliferone found in Flower ;found in Plant
Antiprostanoid
Quercetin found in Plant ;found in Seed (1 ppm)
Antiprostatitic
Alpha-linolenic-acid found in Leaf (1224 ppm);found in Root (650 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Leaf (7548 ppm);found in Seed ;found in Root (3750 ppm)
Quercetin found in Plant ;found in Seed (1 ppm)
Zinc found in Root
Antiprotozoal
Rutin found in Leaf (14000 ppm);found in Seed (6400 ppm)
Antipsittacotic
Coumarin found in Plant
Antipsoriac
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (228 ppm)
Coumarin found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant ;found in Seed (1 ppm)
Antipsychotic
Tryptophan found in Leaf (3672 ppm)
Antipurpuric
Quercitrin found in Shoot
Rutin found in Leaf (14000 ppm);found in Seed (6400 ppm)
Antipyretic
Aesculetin found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Aesculin found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2040 ppm);found in Root (250 ppm)
Esculetin found in Flower
Esculin found in Flower
Salicylates found in Leaf (100 ppm)
Antiradicular
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2040 ppm);found in Root (250 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (228 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf (767 ppm);found in Shoot
Chicoric-acid found in Leaf (1100 ppm);found in Plant
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Root ;found in Shoot ;found in Plant
Cichoric-acid found in Leaf
Ferulic-acid found in Leaf (0.5 ppm)
Hyperoside found in Leaf ;found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Kaempferol found in Plant ;found in Seed (20 ppm)
Mannitol found in Plant
P-hydroxy-benzoic-acid found in Leaf (11 ppm)
Quercetin found in Plant ;found in Seed (1 ppm)
Rutin found in Leaf (14000 ppm);found in Seed (6400 ppm)
Tannin found in Plant
Vanillic-acid found in Leaf (0.5 ppm)
Antirenitic
Tannin found in Plant
Antiretinopathic
Magnesium found in Leaf (2652 ppm);found in Root (1100 ppm)
Antiretinotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2040 ppm);found in Root (250 ppm)
Antirheumatic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2040 ppm);found in Root (250 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (228 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf (19900 ppm);found in Root (2050 ppm)
Tryptophan found in Leaf (3672 ppm)
Zinc found in Root
Antirhinitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2040 ppm);found in Root (250 ppm)
Antiscoliotic
Tryptophan found in Leaf (3672 ppm)
Antiscorbutic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2040 ppm);found in Root (250 ppm)
Antiscotomic
Niacin found in Leaf (102 ppm);found in Root (20 ppm)
Antiseborrheic
Aesculin found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Citric-acid found in Plant
Esculin found in Flower
Malic-acid found in Plant
Antiseptic
Aesculetin found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2040 ppm);found in Root (250 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf (767 ppm);found in Shoot
Catechol found in Root
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Root ;found in Shoot ;found in Plant
Citric-acid found in Plant
Esculetin found in Flower
Isochlorogenic-acid found in Plant ;found in Root
Kaempferol found in Plant ;found in Seed (20 ppm)
Malic-acid found in Plant
Scopoletin found in Flower ;found in Plant
Umbelliferone found in Flower ;found in Plant
Vanillic-acid found in Leaf (0.5 ppm)
Zinc found in Root
Antiserotonin
Ferulic-acid found in Leaf (0.5 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Plant ;found in Seed (20 ppm)
Antishingles
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2040 ppm);found in Root (250 ppm)
Antisickling
P-hydroxy-benzoic-acid found in Leaf (11 ppm)
Phenylalanine found in Leaf (4896 ppm)
Vanillic-acid found in Leaf (0.5 ppm)
Antisilicotic
Aluminum found in Root
Antispare-Tire
Zinc found in Root
Antispasmodic
Apigenin found in Shoot
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2040 ppm);found in Root (250 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf (767 ppm);found in Shoot
Ferulic-acid found in Leaf (0.5 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Plant ;found in Seed (20 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (2652 ppm);found in Root (1100 ppm)
Mannitol found in Plant
Niacin found in Leaf (102 ppm);found in Root (20 ppm)
Potassium found in Leaf (37128 ppm);found in Root (14500 ppm)
Quercetin found in Plant ;found in Seed (1 ppm)
Quercitrin found in Shoot
Rutin found in Leaf (14000 ppm);found in Seed (6400 ppm)
Scopoletin found in Flower ;found in Plant
Umbelliferone found in Flower ;found in Plant
Antispasmophilic
Magnesium found in Leaf (2652 ppm);found in Root (1100 ppm)
Antistaphylococcic
Aesculetin found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf (767 ppm);found in Shoot
Esculetin found in Flower
Kaempferol found in Plant ;found in Seed (20 ppm)
Quercitrin found in Shoot
Umbelliferone found in Flower ;found in Plant
Antisteatotic
Choline found in Root
Antistomatitic
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf (767 ppm);found in Shoot
Catechol found in Root
Chicoric-acid found in Leaf (1100 ppm);found in Plant
Cichoric-acid found in Leaf
Zinc found in Root
Antistreptococcic
Quercetin found in Plant ;found in Seed (1 ppm)
Antistress
Apigenin found in Shoot
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2040 ppm);found in Root (250 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (228 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf (19900 ppm);found in Root (2050 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (2652 ppm);found in Root (1100 ppm)
Antistroke
Magnesium found in Leaf (2652 ppm);found in Root (1100 ppm)
Potassium found in Leaf (37128 ppm);found in Root (14500 ppm)
Antisunburn
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf (767 ppm);found in Shoot
Chicoric-acid found in Leaf (1100 ppm);found in Plant
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Root ;found in Shoot ;found in Plant
Cichoric-acid found in Leaf
Rutin found in Leaf (14000 ppm);found in Seed (6400 ppm)
Antisyndrome-X
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2040 ppm);found in Root (250 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (2652 ppm);found in Root (1100 ppm)
Zinc found in Root
Antithiamin
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf (767 ppm);found in Shoot
Catechol found in Root
Quercetin found in Plant ;found in Seed (1 ppm)
Antithrombic
Ferulic-acid found in Leaf (0.5 ppm)
Quercetin found in Plant ;found in Seed (1 ppm)
Antithrombogenic
Quercitrin found in Shoot
Rutin found in Leaf (14000 ppm);found in Seed (6400 ppm)
Antithyreotropic
Catechol found in Root
Antithyroid
Apigenin found in Shoot
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf (767 ppm);found in Shoot
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Root ;found in Shoot ;found in Plant
Rutin found in Leaf (14000 ppm);found in Seed (6400 ppm)
Antitic
Calcium found in Leaf (19900 ppm);found in Root (2050 ppm)
Antitinnitic
Zinc found in Root
Antitoxoplasmotic
Coumarin found in Plant
Antitriglyceride
Zinc found in Root
Antitrypanosomic
Quercetin found in Plant ;found in Seed (1 ppm)
Rutin found in Leaf (14000 ppm);found in Seed (6400 ppm)
Antitubercular
Citric-acid found in Plant
Malic-acid found in Plant
Antitumor-Promoter
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf (767 ppm);found in Shoot
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Root ;found in Shoot ;found in Plant
Ferulic-acid found in Leaf (0.5 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Plant ;found in Seed (20 ppm)
Quercetin found in Plant ;found in Seed (1 ppm)
Rutin found in Leaf (14000 ppm);found in Seed (6400 ppm)
Tannin found in Plant
Vanillic-acid found in Leaf (0.5 ppm)
Antitumor
8-deoxylactucin found in Plant ;found in Root (17 ppm)
Alpha-amyrin found in Seed
Apigenin found in Shoot
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (228 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf (767 ppm);found in Shoot
Catechol found in Root
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Root ;found in Shoot ;found in Plant
Citric-acid found in Plant
Coumarin found in Plant
Ferulic-acid found in Leaf (0.5 ppm)
Fiber found in Plant (153000 ppm);found in Root (97500 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Plant ;found in Seed (20 ppm)
Lactucin found in Fruit Juice ;found in Root ;found in Plant ;found in Latex Exudate
Malic-acid found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant ;found in Seed (1 ppm)
Quercitrin found in Shoot
Rutin found in Leaf (14000 ppm);found in Seed (6400 ppm)
Scopoletin found in Flower ;found in Plant
Tannin found in Plant
Vanillic-acid found in Leaf (0.5 ppm)
Antitussive
Hyperoside found in Leaf ;found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Pectin found in Root
Antiulcer
Alpha-amyrin found in Seed
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2040 ppm);found in Root (250 ppm)
Beta-amyrin found in Seed
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (228 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Root ;found in Shoot ;found in Plant
Fiber found in Plant (153000 ppm);found in Root (97500 ppm)
Histidine found in Leaf (3468 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Plant ;found in Seed (20 ppm)
Pectin found in Root
Quercetin found in Plant ;found in Seed (1 ppm)
Quercitrin found in Shoot
Rutin found in Leaf (14000 ppm);found in Seed (6400 ppm)
Tannin found in Plant
Threonine found in Leaf (5712 ppm)
Zinc found in Root
Antiulcerogenic
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf (767 ppm);found in Shoot
Antiuremic
Histidine found in Leaf (3468 ppm)
Antiuricosuric
Salicylates found in Leaf (100 ppm)
Antivaccinia
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf (767 ppm);found in Shoot
Antivaginitic
Aluminum found in Root
Antivaricose
Glucose found in Root (11000 ppm)
Rutin found in Leaf (14000 ppm);found in Seed (6400 ppm)
Antivertigo
Niacin found in Leaf (102 ppm);found in Root (20 ppm)
Antiviral
Apigenin found in Shoot
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2040 ppm);found in Root (250 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf (767 ppm);found in Shoot
Catechol found in Root
Chicoric-acid found in Leaf (1100 ppm);found in Plant
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Root ;found in Shoot ;found in Plant
Cichoric-acid found in Leaf
Ferulic-acid found in Leaf (0.5 ppm)
Hyperoside found in Leaf ;found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Kaempferol found in Plant ;found in Seed (20 ppm)
Quercetin found in Plant ;found in Seed (1 ppm)
Quercitrin found in Shoot
Rutin found in Leaf (14000 ppm);found in Seed (6400 ppm)
Tannin found in Plant
Antivitiligic
Phenylalanine found in Leaf (4896 ppm)
Antiwrinkle
Hyperoside found in Leaf ;found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Antixerophthalmic
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (228 ppm)
Anxiolytic
Apigenin found in Shoot
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf (767 ppm);found in Shoot
Calcium found in Leaf (19900 ppm);found in Root (2050 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (2652 ppm);found in Root (1100 ppm)
Phosphorus found in Leaf (4284 ppm);found in Root (3050 ppm)
Potassium found in Leaf (37128 ppm);found in Root (14500 ppm)
Aphrodisiac
Arginine found in Leaf (14892 ppm)
Apoptotic
Apigenin found in Shoot
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2040 ppm);found in Root (250 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Plant ;found in Seed (20 ppm)
Quercetin found in Plant ;found in Seed (1 ppm)
Rutin found in Leaf (14000 ppm);found in Seed (6400 ppm)
Scopoletin found in Flower ;found in Plant
Aromatase-Inhibitor
Apigenin found in Shoot
Kaempferol found in Plant ;found in Seed (20 ppm)
Arteriodilator
Ferulic-acid found in Leaf (0.5 ppm)
Ascaricide
Vanillic-acid found in Leaf (0.5 ppm)
Asthma-preventive
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2040 ppm);found in Root (250 ppm)
Astringent
Silver found in Root
Zinc found in Root
Atherogenic
Sucrose found in Root (140000 ppm)
Autotoxic
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Root ;found in Shoot ;found in Plant
Bacteristat
Aesculin found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Cichoric-acid found in Leaf
Coumarin found in Plant
Esculin found in Flower
Malic-acid found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant ;found in Seed (1 ppm)
Beta-Blocker
Fiber found in Plant (153000 ppm);found in Root (97500 ppm)
Potassium found in Leaf (37128 ppm);found in Root (14500 ppm)
Beta-Glucuronidase-Inhibitor
Apigenin found in Shoot
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2040 ppm);found in Root (250 ppm)
Bifidogenic
Inulin found in Leaf ;found in Root (850000 ppm)
Bitter
11(s),13-dihydrolactucin found in Root
8-deoxylactucin found in Plant ;found in Root (17 ppm)
Lactucin found in Fruit Juice ;found in Root ;found in Plant ;found in Latex Exudate
Lactucopicrin found in Fruit Juice ;found in Latex Exudate ;found in Root
Bradycardiac
Quercetin found in Plant ;found in Seed (1 ppm)
Bronchorelaxant
Scopoletin found in Flower ;found in Plant
Bruchiphobe
Betaine found in Root
Coumarin found in Plant
Malic-acid found in Plant
CNS-Active
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf (767 ppm);found in Shoot
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Root ;found in Shoot ;found in Plant
CNS-Depressant
Apigenin found in Shoot
Lactucin found in Fruit Juice ;found in Root ;found in Plant ;found in Latex Exudate
Lactucopicrin found in Fruit Juice ;found in Latex Exudate ;found in Root
Magnesium found in Leaf (2652 ppm);found in Root (1100 ppm)
Quercitrin found in Shoot
Scopoletin found in Flower ;found in Plant
CNS-Stimulant
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Root ;found in Shoot ;found in Plant
Scopoletin found in Flower ;found in Plant
COMT-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Plant ;found in Seed (1 ppm)
COX-1-Inhibitor
Apigenin found in Shoot
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (228 ppm)
COX-2-Inhibitor
Apigenin found in Shoot
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (228 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf (767 ppm);found in Shoot
Kaempferol found in Plant ;found in Seed (20 ppm)
Quercetin found in Plant ;found in Seed (1 ppm)
Calcium-Antagonist
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2040 ppm);found in Root (250 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf (767 ppm);found in Shoot
Hyperoside found in Leaf ;found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Magnesium found in Leaf (2652 ppm);found in Root (1100 ppm)
Calcium-Channel-Blocker
Calcium found in Leaf (19900 ppm);found in Root (2050 ppm)
Calmodulin-Antagonist
Quercetin found in Plant ;found in Seed (1 ppm)
Cancer-Preventive
Aesculetin found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Aesculin found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Alpha-linolenic-acid found in Leaf (1224 ppm);found in Root (650 ppm)
Apigenin found in Shoot
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2040 ppm);found in Root (250 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (228 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf (767 ppm);found in Shoot
Catechol found in Root
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Root ;found in Shoot ;found in Plant
Coumarin found in Plant
Esculetin found in Flower
Esculin found in Flower
Ferulic-acid found in Leaf (0.5 ppm)
Fiber found in Plant (153000 ppm);found in Root (97500 ppm)
Hyperoside found in Leaf ;found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Isochlorogenic-acid found in Plant ;found in Root
Kaempferol found in Plant ;found in Seed (20 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Leaf (7548 ppm);found in Seed ;found in Root (3750 ppm)
Methionine found in Leaf (1224 ppm)
Mufa found in Leaf (365 ppm);found in Root (200 ppm)
Myristic-acid found in Leaf (204 ppm);found in Root (150 ppm)
Niacin found in Leaf (102 ppm);found in Root (20 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Leaf (408 ppm);found in Root (200 ppm);found in Seed
P-hydroxy-benzoic-acid found in Leaf (11 ppm)
Pectin found in Root
Quercetin found in Plant ;found in Seed (1 ppm)
Quercitrin found in Shoot
Riboflavin found in Leaf (29 ppm);found in Root (2 ppm)
Rutin found in Leaf (14000 ppm);found in Seed (6400 ppm)
Scopoletin found in Flower ;found in Plant
Sinapic-acid found in Plant (0.5 ppm)
Tannin found in Plant
Umbelliferone found in Flower ;found in Plant
Vanillic-acid found in Leaf (0.5 ppm)
Candidicide
Aluminum found in Root
Ferulic-acid found in Leaf (0.5 ppm)
Quercetin found in Plant ;found in Seed (1 ppm)
Umbelliferone found in Flower ;found in Plant
Capillarifortificant
Hyperoside found in Leaf ;found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Capillarigenic
Hyperoside found in Leaf ;found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Capillariprotective
Quercetin found in Plant ;found in Seed (1 ppm)
Rutin found in Leaf (14000 ppm);found in Seed (6400 ppm)
Carcinogenic
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf (767 ppm);found in Shoot
Catechol found in Root
Coumarin found in Plant
Kaempferol found in Plant ;found in Seed (20 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Leaf (7548 ppm);found in Seed ;found in Root (3750 ppm)
Quercetin found in Plant ;found in Seed (1 ppm)
Tannin found in Plant
Tryptophan found in Leaf (3672 ppm)
Cardiac
Ferulic-acid found in Leaf (0.5 ppm)
Cardiodepressant
Aesculetin found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Choline found in Root
Coumarin found in Plant
Esculetin found in Flower
Cardioprotective
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2040 ppm);found in Root (250 ppm)
Betaine found in Root
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Root ;found in Shoot ;found in Plant
Copper found in Root
Fiber found in Plant (153000 ppm);found in Root (97500 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (2652 ppm);found in Root (1100 ppm)
Niacin found in Leaf (102 ppm);found in Root (20 ppm)
Potassium found in Leaf (37128 ppm);found in Root (14500 ppm)
Silicon found in Root
Cardiotonic
Aesculin found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Coumarin found in Plant
Esculin found in Flower
Quercitrin found in Shoot
Cardiotoxic
Potassium found in Leaf (37128 ppm);found in Root (14500 ppm)
Catabolic
Quercetin found in Plant ;found in Seed (1 ppm)
Rutin found in Leaf (14000 ppm);found in Seed (6400 ppm)
Cerebrotonic
Choline found in Root
Chelator
Tannin found in Plant
Chemopreventive
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (228 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf (767 ppm);found in Shoot
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Root ;found in Shoot ;found in Plant
Coumarin found in Plant
Pectin found in Root
Rutin found in Leaf (14000 ppm);found in Seed (6400 ppm)
Cholagogue
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf (767 ppm);found in Shoot
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Root ;found in Shoot ;found in Plant
Ferulic-acid found in Leaf (0.5 ppm)
Scopoletin found in Flower ;found in Plant
Choleretic
Aesculetin found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Aesculin found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Apigenin found in Shoot
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf (767 ppm);found in Shoot
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Root ;found in Shoot ;found in Plant
Esculetin found in Flower
Esculin found in Flower
Ferulic-acid found in Leaf (0.5 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Plant ;found in Seed (20 ppm)
Mufa found in Leaf (365 ppm);found in Root (200 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Leaf (408 ppm);found in Root (200 ppm);found in Seed
Quercitrin found in Shoot
Scopoletin found in Flower ;found in Plant
Umbelliferone found in Flower ;found in Plant
Vanillic-acid found in Leaf (0.5 ppm)
Cholesterolytic
Inositol found in Root
Cholinergic
Choline found in Root
Circulotonic
Niacin found in Leaf (102 ppm);found in Root (20 ppm)
Clastogenic
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf (767 ppm);found in Shoot
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Root ;found in Shoot ;found in Plant
Co-carcinogenic
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf (767 ppm);found in Shoot
Catechol found in Root
Cold-preventive
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2040 ppm);found in Root (250 ppm)
Collagen-Sparing
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf (767 ppm);found in Shoot
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Root ;found in Shoot ;found in Plant
Cichoric-acid found in Leaf
Collagenic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2040 ppm);found in Root (250 ppm)
Zinc found in Root
Collyrium
Sucrose found in Root (140000 ppm)
Colorant
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (228 ppm)
Comedolytic
Linoleic-acid found in Leaf (7548 ppm);found in Seed ;found in Root (3750 ppm)
Contraceptive
Copper found in Root
Convulsant
Catechol found in Root
Harman found in Root
Copper-Antagonist
Zinc found in Root
Copper-Chelator
Kaempferol found in Plant ;found in Seed (20 ppm)
Quercetin found in Plant ;found in Seed (1 ppm)
Cosmetic
Aesculetin found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Aesculin found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Esculetin found in Flower
Esculin found in Flower
Myristic-acid found in Leaf (204 ppm);found in Root (150 ppm)
Stearic-acid found in Leaf (204 ppm);found in Seed ;found in Root (100 ppm);found in Plant
Cyclooxygenase-Activator
Hyperoside found in Leaf ;found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Quercitrin found in Shoot
Cyclooxygenase-Inhibitor
Apigenin found in Shoot
Kaempferol found in Plant ;found in Seed (20 ppm)
Quercetin found in Plant ;found in Seed (1 ppm)
Tannin found in Plant
Cytochrome-P450-1A1-Inhibitor
Apigenin found in Shoot
Cytochrome-P450-1A2-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Plant ;found in Seed (1 ppm)
Cytoprotective
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf (767 ppm);found in Shoot
Rutin found in Leaf (14000 ppm);found in Seed (6400 ppm)
Cytotoxic
8-deoxylactucin found in Plant ;found in Root (17 ppm)
Aesculetin found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Alpha-amyrin found in Seed
Apigenin found in Shoot
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf (767 ppm);found in Shoot
Esculetin found in Flower
Harman found in Root
Kaempferol found in Plant ;found in Seed (20 ppm)
Lactucin found in Fruit Juice ;found in Root ;found in Plant ;found in Latex Exudate
Quercetin found in Plant ;found in Seed (1 ppm)
Scopoletin found in Flower ;found in Plant
DME-Inhibitor
Coumarin found in Plant
DNA-Active
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf (767 ppm);found in Shoot
DNA-Protective
Apigenin found in Shoot
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf (767 ppm);found in Shoot
Deiodinase-Inhibitor
Apigenin found in Shoot
Quercetin found in Plant ;found in Seed (1 ppm)
Demulcent
Pectin found in Root
Sucrose found in Root (140000 ppm)
Deodorant
Zinc found in Root
Dermatitigenic
Aesculetin found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Catechol found in Root
Esculetin found in Flower
Mufa found in Leaf (365 ppm);found in Root (200 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Leaf (408 ppm);found in Root (200 ppm);found in Seed
Detoxicant
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2040 ppm);found in Root (250 ppm)
Quercitrin found in Shoot
Differentiator
Apigenin found in Shoot
Quercetin found in Plant ;found in Seed (1 ppm)
Disinfectant
Citric-acid found in Plant
Diuretic
Aesculin found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Apigenin found in Shoot
Arginine found in Leaf (14892 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2040 ppm);found in Root (250 ppm)
Betaine found in Root
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf (767 ppm);found in Shoot
Calcium found in Leaf (19900 ppm);found in Root (2050 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Root ;found in Shoot ;found in Plant
Esculin found in Flower
Fiber found in Plant (153000 ppm);found in Root (97500 ppm)
Hyperoside found in Leaf ;found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Kaempferol found in Plant ;found in Seed (20 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (2652 ppm);found in Root (1100 ppm)
Mannitol found in Plant
Potassium found in Leaf (37128 ppm);found in Root (14500 ppm)
Quercitrin found in Shoot
Dye
Quercitrin found in Shoot
Emetic
Coumarin found in Plant
Mannitol found in Plant
Methionine found in Leaf (1224 ppm)
Emmenagogue
Betaine found in Root
Encephalopathic
Aluminum found in Root
Ergogenic
Zinc found in Root
Essential
Histidine found in Leaf (3468 ppm)
Isoleucine found in Leaf (12240 ppm)
Leucine found in Leaf (8976 ppm)
Lysine found in Leaf (7956 ppm)
Methionine found in Leaf (1224 ppm)
Threonine found in Leaf (5712 ppm)
Tryptophan found in Leaf (3672 ppm)
Valine found in Leaf (9180 ppm)
Estrogenic
Apigenin found in Shoot
Boron found in Root (20 ppm)
Coumarin found in Plant
Kaempferol found in Plant ;found in Seed (20 ppm)
Quercetin found in Plant ;found in Seed (1 ppm)
Ethanolytic
Betaine found in Root
Expectorant
Astragalin found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Betaine found in Root
Inulin found in Leaf ;found in Root (850000 ppm)
FLavor
Citric-acid found in Plant
Mufa found in Leaf (365 ppm);found in Root (200 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Leaf (408 ppm);found in Root (200 ppm);found in Seed
Palmitic-acid found in Leaf (4284 ppm);found in Seed ;found in Root (2050 ppm)
Stearic-acid found in Leaf (204 ppm);found in Seed ;found in Root (100 ppm);found in Plant
Tartaric-acid found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Threonine found in Leaf (5712 ppm)
Valine found in Leaf (9180 ppm)
Fibrinolytic
Niacin found in Leaf (102 ppm);found in Root (20 ppm)
Fistula-Preventive
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2040 ppm);found in Root (250 ppm)
Flatugenic
Mannitol found in Plant
Sucrose found in Root (140000 ppm)
Fungicide
Acetophenone found in Root
Aesculetin found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf (767 ppm);found in Shoot
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Root ;found in Shoot ;found in Plant
Coumarin found in Plant
Esculetin found in Flower
Ferulic-acid found in Leaf (0.5 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Plant ;found in Seed (20 ppm)
Pectin found in Root
Quercetin found in Plant ;found in Seed (1 ppm)
Scopoletin found in Flower ;found in Plant
Sinapic-acid found in Plant (0.5 ppm)
Umbelliferone found in Flower ;found in Plant
Vanillic-acid found in Leaf (0.5 ppm)
Fungistat
P-hydroxy-benzoic-acid found in Leaf (11 ppm)
Gastroprotective
Alpha-amyrin found in Seed
Beta-amyrin found in Seed
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (228 ppm)
Gastrostimulant
Inulin found in Leaf ;found in Root (850000 ppm)
Glucosyl-Transferase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Plant ;found in Seed (1 ppm)
Tannin found in Plant
Glutathionigenic
Methionine found in Leaf (1224 ppm)
HIF-1alpha-Inhibitor
Apigenin found in Shoot
HIV-RT-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Plant ;found in Seed (20 ppm)
Quercetin found in Plant ;found in Seed (1 ppm)
Hemolytic
Palmitic-acid found in Leaf (4284 ppm);found in Seed ;found in Root (2050 ppm)
Hemopoietic
Malic-acid found in Plant
Hemorrhagic
Coumarin found in Plant
Hemostat
Cellulose found in Root (50000 ppm)
Citric-acid found in Plant
Pectin found in Root
Quercetin found in Plant ;found in Seed (1 ppm)
Quercitrin found in Shoot
Rutin found in Leaf (14000 ppm);found in Seed (6400 ppm)
Hepatocarcinogenic
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf (767 ppm);found in Shoot
Hepatomagenic
Quercetin found in Plant ;found in Seed (1 ppm)
Rutin found in Leaf (14000 ppm);found in Seed (6400 ppm)
Hepatoprotective
Aesculetin found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Alpha-amyrin found in Seed
Beta-amyrin found in Seed
Betaine found in Root
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf (767 ppm);found in Shoot
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Root ;found in Shoot ;found in Plant
Choline found in Root
Esculetin found in Flower
Ferulic-acid found in Leaf (0.5 ppm)
Hyperoside found in Leaf ;found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Kaempferol found in Plant ;found in Seed (20 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Leaf (7548 ppm);found in Seed ;found in Root (3750 ppm)
Methionine found in Leaf (1224 ppm)
Niacin found in Leaf (102 ppm);found in Root (20 ppm)
Quercetin found in Plant ;found in Seed (1 ppm)
Rutin found in Leaf (14000 ppm);found in Seed (6400 ppm)
Scopoletin found in Flower ;found in Plant
Tannin found in Plant
Hepatotonic
Quercitrin found in Shoot
Hepatotoxic
Coumarin found in Plant
Niacin found in Leaf (102 ppm);found in Root (20 ppm)
Hepatotropic
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf (767 ppm);found in Shoot
Ferulic-acid found in Leaf (0.5 ppm)
Herbicide
Catechol found in Root
Ferulic-acid found in Leaf (0.5 ppm)
Harman found in Root
Scopoletin found in Flower ;found in Plant
Histamine-Inhibitor
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf (767 ppm);found in Shoot
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Root ;found in Shoot ;found in Plant
Hyaluronidase-Inhibitor
Apigenin found in Shoot
Cichoric-acid found in Leaf
Hydrocholerectic
Ferulic-acid found in Leaf (0.5 ppm)
Hypercholesterolemic
Myristic-acid found in Leaf (204 ppm);found in Root (150 ppm)
Palmitic-acid found in Leaf (4284 ppm);found in Seed ;found in Root (2050 ppm)
Sucrose found in Root (140000 ppm)
Hyperglycemic
Glucose found in Root (11000 ppm)
Salicylates found in Leaf (100 ppm)
Hypertensive
Aesculetin found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Aesculin found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Esculetin found in Flower
Esculin found in Flower
Sodium found in Leaf (1428 ppm);found in Root (2500 ppm)
Hypnotic
Acetophenone found in Root
Coumarin found in Plant
Tryptophan found in Leaf (3672 ppm)
Hypoammonemic
Arginine found in Leaf (14892 ppm)
Hypoarginanemic
Lysine found in Leaf (7956 ppm)
Hypocholesterolemic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2040 ppm);found in Root (250 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf (19900 ppm);found in Root (2050 ppm)
Copper found in Root
Fiber found in Plant (153000 ppm);found in Root (97500 ppm)
Inulin found in Leaf ;found in Root (850000 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Leaf (7548 ppm);found in Seed ;found in Root (3750 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (2652 ppm);found in Root (1100 ppm)
Mufa found in Leaf (365 ppm);found in Root (200 ppm)
Niacin found in Leaf (102 ppm);found in Root (20 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Leaf (408 ppm);found in Root (200 ppm);found in Seed
Pectin found in Root
Rutin found in Leaf (14000 ppm);found in Seed (6400 ppm)
Stearic-acid found in Leaf (204 ppm);found in Seed ;found in Root (100 ppm);found in Plant
Hypoglycemic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2040 ppm);found in Root (250 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Root ;found in Shoot ;found in Plant
Coumarin found in Plant
Inulin found in Leaf ;found in Root (850000 ppm)
Lactucopicrin found in Fruit Juice ;found in Latex Exudate ;found in Root
Niacin found in Leaf (102 ppm);found in Root (20 ppm)
Pectin found in Root
Quercetin found in Plant ;found in Seed (1 ppm)
Quercitrin found in Shoot
Salicylates found in Leaf (100 ppm)
Scopoletin found in Flower ;found in Plant
Tryptophan found in Leaf (3672 ppm)
Hypolipidemic
Ferulic-acid found in Leaf (0.5 ppm)
Niacin found in Leaf (102 ppm);found in Root (20 ppm)
Hypotensive
Alpha-linolenic-acid found in Leaf (1224 ppm);found in Root (650 ppm)
Apigenin found in Shoot
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2040 ppm);found in Root (250 ppm)
Astragalin found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Calcium found in Leaf (19900 ppm);found in Root (2050 ppm)
Choline found in Root
Fiber found in Plant (153000 ppm);found in Root (97500 ppm)
Hyperoside found in Leaf ;found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Kaempferol found in Plant ;found in Seed (20 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (2652 ppm);found in Root (1100 ppm)
Potassium found in Leaf (37128 ppm);found in Root (14500 ppm)
Quercitrin found in Shoot
Rutin found in Leaf (14000 ppm);found in Seed (6400 ppm)
Scopoletin found in Flower ;found in Plant
Tryptophan found in Leaf (3672 ppm)
Zinc found in Root
Hypouricemic
Fiber found in Plant (153000 ppm);found in Root (97500 ppm)
ICAM-1-Inhibitor
Apigenin found in Shoot
Kaempferol found in Plant ;found in Seed (20 ppm)
IKK-Inhibitor
Apigenin found in Shoot
Ileorelaxant
Choline found in Root
Immunomodulator
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2040 ppm);found in Root (250 ppm)
Copper found in Root
Linoleic-acid found in Leaf (7548 ppm);found in Seed ;found in Root (3750 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (2652 ppm);found in Root (1100 ppm)
Rutin found in Leaf (14000 ppm);found in Seed (6400 ppm)
Zinc found in Root
Immunostimulant
Alpha-linolenic-acid found in Leaf (1224 ppm);found in Root (650 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2040 ppm);found in Root (250 ppm)
Astragalin found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (228 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf (767 ppm);found in Shoot
Chicoric-acid found in Leaf (1100 ppm);found in Plant
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Root ;found in Shoot ;found in Plant
Cichoric-acid found in Leaf
Coumarin found in Plant
Ferulic-acid found in Leaf (0.5 ppm)
Inulin found in Leaf ;found in Root (850000 ppm)
Phosphorus found in Leaf (4284 ppm);found in Root (3050 ppm)
Zinc found in Root
Immunosuppressant
P-hydroxy-benzoic-acid found in Leaf (11 ppm)
Tannin found in Plant
Vanillic-acid found in Leaf (0.5 ppm)
Zinc found in Root
Inotropic
Apigenin found in Shoot
Kaempferol found in Plant ;found in Seed (20 ppm)
Quercetin found in Plant ;found in Seed (1 ppm)
Insecticide
Ponticaepoxide found in Root
Rutin found in Leaf (14000 ppm);found in Seed (6400 ppm)
Insectifuge
Alpha-amyrin found in Seed
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf (767 ppm);found in Shoot
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Root ;found in Shoot ;found in Plant
Cichoriin found in Flower (2000 ppm);found in Leaf ;found in Root ;found in Plant
Ferulic-acid found in Leaf (0.5 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Leaf (7548 ppm);found in Seed ;found in Root (3750 ppm)
Mufa found in Leaf (365 ppm);found in Root (200 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Leaf (408 ppm);found in Root (200 ppm);found in Seed
Thiamin found in Leaf (14 ppm);found in Root (2 ppm)
Vitamin-b-1 found in Root (0.05 ppm)
Insectiphile
Quercitrin found in Shoot
Rutin found in Leaf (14000 ppm);found in Seed (6400 ppm)
Insulinase-Inhibitor
Tryptophan found in Leaf (3672 ppm)
Insulinogenic
Magnesium found in Leaf (2652 ppm);found in Root (1100 ppm)
Quercetin found in Plant ;found in Seed (1 ppm)
Zinc found in Root
Insulinotonic
Tryptophan found in Leaf (3672 ppm)
Interferon-Synergist
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (228 ppm)
Interferonogenic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2040 ppm);found in Root (250 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Root ;found in Shoot ;found in Plant
Interleukin-6-Inhibitor
Apigenin found in Shoot
Iodothyronine-Deiodinase-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Plant ;found in Seed (20 ppm)
Irritant
Citric-acid found in Plant
Mufa found in Leaf (365 ppm);found in Root (200 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Leaf (408 ppm);found in Root (200 ppm);found in Seed
Tartaric-acid found in Plant ;found in Shoot
JNK-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Plant ;found in Seed (20 ppm)
Juvabional
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Root ;found in Shoot ;found in Plant
Coumarin found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant ;found in Seed (1 ppm)
Rutin found in Leaf (14000 ppm);found in Seed (6400 ppm)
Larvicide
Beta-amyrin found in Seed
Larvistat
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Root ;found in Shoot ;found in Plant
Coumarin found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant ;found in Seed (1 ppm)
Rutin found in Leaf (14000 ppm);found in Seed (6400 ppm)
Laxative
Calcium found in Leaf (19900 ppm);found in Root (2050 ppm)
Fiber found in Plant (153000 ppm);found in Root (97500 ppm)
Fructose found in Root (220000 ppm)
Inulin found in Leaf ;found in Root (850000 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (2652 ppm);found in Root (1100 ppm)
Mannitol found in Plant
Vanillic-acid found in Leaf (0.5 ppm)
Leptingenic
Zinc found in Root
Leukotriene-Inhibitor
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf (767 ppm);found in Shoot
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Root ;found in Shoot ;found in Plant
Lipolytic
Inulin found in Leaf ;found in Root (850000 ppm)
Lipotropic
Betaine found in Root
Choline found in Root
Inositol found in Root
Methionine found in Leaf (1224 ppm)
Lipoxygenase-Inhibitor
Aesculetin found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Aesculin found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf (767 ppm);found in Shoot
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Root ;found in Shoot ;found in Plant
Esculetin found in Flower
Esculin found in Flower
Kaempferol found in Plant ;found in Seed (20 ppm)
Quercetin found in Plant ;found in Seed (1 ppm)
Rutin found in Leaf (14000 ppm);found in Seed (6400 ppm)
Tannin found in Plant
Umbelliferone found in Flower ;found in Plant
Lithogenic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2040 ppm);found in Root (250 ppm)
Litholytic
Citric-acid found in Plant
Magnesium found in Leaf (2652 ppm);found in Root (1100 ppm)
Lubricant
Myristic-acid found in Leaf (204 ppm);found in Root (150 ppm)
Palmitic-acid found in Leaf (4284 ppm);found in Seed ;found in Root (2050 ppm)
Stearic-acid found in Leaf (204 ppm);found in Seed ;found in Root (100 ppm);found in Plant
Lyase-Inhibitor
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf (767 ppm);found in Shoot
Lymphocytogenic
Alpha-linolenic-acid found in Leaf (1224 ppm);found in Root (650 ppm)
Coumarin found in Plant
Lymphokinetic
Coumarin found in Plant
MAO-A-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Plant ;found in Seed (1 ppm)
Quercitrin found in Shoot
MAO-Inhibitor
Apigenin found in Shoot
Harman found in Root
Kaempferol found in Plant ;found in Seed (20 ppm)
Quercitrin found in Shoot
Scopoletin found in Flower ;found in Plant
Tannin found in Plant
MAPK-Inhibitor
Apigenin found in Shoot
MMP-9-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Plant ;found in Seed (1 ppm)
Mast-Cell-Stabilizer
Quercetin found in Plant ;found in Seed (1 ppm)
Memorigenic
Choline found in Root
Memory-Enhancer
Glucose found in Root (11000 ppm)
Metal-Chelator
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf (767 ppm);found in Shoot
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Root ;found in Shoot ;found in Plant
Ferulic-acid found in Leaf (0.5 ppm)
Metalloproteinase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Plant ;found in Seed (1 ppm)
Metastatic
Linoleic-acid found in Leaf (7548 ppm);found in Seed ;found in Root (3750 ppm)
Microvasculokinetic
Aesculin found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Esculin found in Flower
Monoamine-Precursor
Phenylalanine found in Leaf (4896 ppm)
Tryptophan found in Leaf (3672 ppm)
Mosquitocide
Beta-amyrin found in Seed
Mucogenic
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (228 ppm)
Betaine found in Root
Zinc found in Root
Mucolytic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2040 ppm);found in Root (250 ppm)
Musculotropic
Aesculetin found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Apigenin found in Shoot
Esculetin found in Flower
Scopoletin found in Flower ;found in Plant
Mutagenic
Apigenin found in Shoot
Kaempferol found in Plant ;found in Seed (20 ppm)
Quercetin found in Plant ;found in Seed (1 ppm)
Rutin found in Leaf (14000 ppm);found in Seed (6400 ppm)
Mycobactericide
Citric-acid found in Plant
Malic-acid found in Plant
Myoprotective
Rutin found in Leaf (14000 ppm);found in Seed (6400 ppm)
Myorelaxant
Aesculetin found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Apigenin found in Shoot
Esculetin found in Flower
Magnesium found in Leaf (2652 ppm);found in Root (1100 ppm)
Rutin found in Leaf (14000 ppm);found in Seed (6400 ppm)
Scopoletin found in Flower ;found in Plant
NADH-Oxidase-Inhibitor
Apigenin found in Shoot
Quercetin found in Plant ;found in Seed (1 ppm)
NEP-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Plant ;found in Seed (1 ppm)
NF-kB-Inhibitor
Apigenin found in Shoot
Quercetin found in Plant ;found in Seed (1 ppm)
Zinc found in Root
NO-Genic
Arginine found in Leaf (14892 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Root ;found in Shoot ;found in Plant
NO-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Plant ;found in Seed (20 ppm)
Quercetin found in Plant ;found in Seed (1 ppm)
NO-Synthase-Inhibitor
Apigenin found in Shoot
Quercetin found in Plant ;found in Seed (1 ppm)
Narcotic
Coumarin found in Plant
Natriuretic
Kaempferol found in Plant ;found in Seed (20 ppm)
Nematicide
Linoleic-acid found in Leaf (7548 ppm);found in Seed ;found in Root (3750 ppm)
Myristic-acid found in Leaf (204 ppm);found in Root (150 ppm)
Palmitic-acid found in Leaf (4284 ppm);found in Seed ;found in Root (2050 ppm)
Neoplastic
Fructose found in Root (220000 ppm)
Nephrotoxic
Mannitol found in Plant
Neuroprotective
Kaempferol found in Plant ;found in Seed (20 ppm)
Quercetin found in Plant ;found in Seed (1 ppm)
Thiamin found in Leaf (14 ppm);found in Root (2 ppm)
Neurotransmitter
Magnesium found in Leaf (2652 ppm);found in Root (1100 ppm)
Nodulation-Signal
Apigenin found in Shoot
Odontolytic
Citric-acid found in Plant
Ornithine-Decarboxylase-Inhibitor
Apigenin found in Shoot
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf (767 ppm);found in Shoot
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Root ;found in Shoot ;found in Plant
Ferulic-acid found in Leaf (0.5 ppm)
Quercetin found in Plant ;found in Seed (1 ppm)
Tannin found in Plant
Osteogenic
Phosphorus found in Leaf (4284 ppm);found in Root (3050 ppm)
Ovicide
Coumarin found in Plant
Oviposition-Stimulant
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Root ;found in Shoot ;found in Plant
Rutin found in Leaf (14000 ppm);found in Seed (6400 ppm)
Oxidant
Histidine found in Leaf (3468 ppm)
P21-Inducer
Apigenin found in Shoot
P450-Inducer
Quercetin found in Plant ;found in Seed (1 ppm)
P450-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Plant ;found in Seed (1 ppm)
PAF-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Plant ;found in Seed (20 ppm)
Rutin found in Leaf (14000 ppm);found in Seed (6400 ppm)
PGE2-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Plant ;found in Seed (1 ppm)
PKC-Inhibitor
Apigenin found in Shoot
PTK-Inhibitor
Apigenin found in Shoot
Quercetin found in Plant ;found in Seed (1 ppm)
Paralytic
Quercitrin found in Shoot
Parasympathomimetic
Choline found in Root
Percutaneostimulant
Mufa found in Leaf (365 ppm);found in Root (200 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Leaf (408 ppm);found in Root (200 ppm);found in Seed
Perfumery
Acetophenone found in Root
Mufa found in Leaf (365 ppm);found in Root (200 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Leaf (408 ppm);found in Root (200 ppm);found in Seed
Stearic-acid found in Leaf (204 ppm);found in Seed ;found in Root (100 ppm);found in Plant
Umbelliferone found in Flower ;found in Plant
Peristaltic
Pectin found in Root
Pesticide
8-deoxylactucin found in Plant ;found in Root (17 ppm)
Acetophenone found in Root
Aesculetin found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Aluminum found in Root
Apigenin found in Shoot
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2040 ppm);found in Root (250 ppm)
Betaine found in Root
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf (767 ppm);found in Shoot
Catechol found in Root
Chicoric-acid found in Leaf (1100 ppm);found in Plant
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Root ;found in Shoot ;found in Plant
Cichoric-acid found in Leaf
Coumarin found in Plant
Esculetin found in Flower
Ferulic-acid found in Leaf (0.5 ppm)
Hyperoside found in Leaf ;found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Isochlorogenic-acid found in Plant ;found in Root
Kaempferol found in Plant ;found in Seed (20 ppm)
Lactupicrin found in Plant
Malic-acid found in Plant
Mannitol found in Plant
P-hydroxy-benzoic-acid found in Leaf (11 ppm)
Palmitic-acid found in Leaf (4284 ppm);found in Seed ;found in Root (2050 ppm)
Pectin found in Root
Ponticaepoxide found in Root
Quercetin found in Plant ;found in Seed (1 ppm)
Quercitrin found in Shoot
Rutin found in Leaf (14000 ppm);found in Seed (6400 ppm)
Scopoletin found in Flower ;found in Plant
Silver found in Root
Sinapic-acid found in Plant (0.5 ppm)
Tannin found in Plant
Thiamin found in Leaf (14 ppm);found in Root (2 ppm)
Umbelliferone found in Flower ;found in Plant
Vanillic-acid found in Leaf (0.5 ppm)
Vitamin-b-1 found in Root (0.05 ppm)
Zinc found in Root
Phagocytotic
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (228 ppm)
Chicoric-acid found in Leaf (1100 ppm);found in Plant
Cichoric-acid found in Leaf
Coumarin found in Plant
Ferulic-acid found in Leaf (0.5 ppm)
Phospholipase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Plant ;found in Seed (1 ppm)
Photoactive
Umbelliferone found in Flower ;found in Plant
Phytoalexin
P-hydroxy-benzoic-acid found in Leaf (11 ppm)
Scopoletin found in Flower ;found in Plant
Phytohormonal
Scopoletin found in Flower ;found in Plant
Piscicide
Coumarin found in Plant
Pituitary-Stimulant
Arginine found in Leaf (14892 ppm)
Plasmodicide
Quercetin found in Plant ;found in Seed (1 ppm)
Polyamine-Synthesis-Inhibitor
Apigenin found in Shoot
Prebiotic
Inulin found in Leaf ;found in Root (850000 ppm)
Preservative
Ferulic-acid found in Leaf (0.5 ppm)
Sucrose found in Root (140000 ppm)
Probiotic
Inulin found in Leaf ;found in Root (850000 ppm)
Probiotigenic
Inulin found in Leaf ;found in Root (850000 ppm)
Progestational
Apigenin found in Shoot
Prolactinogenic
Tryptophan found in Leaf (3672 ppm)
Proliferant
Quercetin found in Plant ;found in Seed (1 ppm)
Prooxidant
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (228 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf (767 ppm);found in Shoot
Iron found in Leaf (246 ppm);found in Root (40 ppm)
Propecic
Alpha-linolenic-acid found in Leaf (1224 ppm);found in Root (650 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Leaf (7548 ppm);found in Seed ;found in Root (3750 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Leaf (408 ppm);found in Root (200 ppm);found in Seed
Palmitic-acid found in Leaf (4284 ppm);found in Seed ;found in Root (2050 ppm)
Stearic-acid found in Leaf (204 ppm);found in Seed ;found in Root (100 ppm);found in Plant
Prostaglandigenic
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf (767 ppm);found in Shoot
Ferulic-acid found in Leaf (0.5 ppm)
P-hydroxy-benzoic-acid found in Leaf (11 ppm)
Prostaglandin-Synthesis-Inhibitor
Aesculetin found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Alpha-linolenic-acid found in Leaf (1224 ppm);found in Root (650 ppm)
Ferulic-acid found in Leaf (0.5 ppm)
Quercetin found in Plant ;found in Seed (1 ppm)
Protein-Kinase-C-Inhibitor
Apigenin found in Shoot
Quercetin found in Plant ;found in Seed (1 ppm)
Protisticide
Kaempferol found in Plant ;found in Seed (20 ppm)
Rutin found in Leaf (14000 ppm);found in Seed (6400 ppm)
Psychotropic
Tannin found in Plant
Quinone-Reductase-Inducer
Apigenin found in Shoot
Catechol found in Root
Kaempferol found in Plant ;found in Seed (20 ppm)
Quercetin found in Plant ;found in Seed (1 ppm)
Radioprotective
Apigenin found in Shoot
Rutin found in Leaf (14000 ppm);found in Seed (6400 ppm)
Refrigerant
Citric-acid found in Plant
Respirodepressant
Coumarin found in Plant
Rodenticide
Coumarin found in Plant
Schizophrenigenic
Copper found in Root
Secretogogue
P-hydroxy-benzoic-acid found in Leaf (11 ppm)
Sedative
Apigenin found in Shoot
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf (767 ppm);found in Shoot
Coumarin found in Plant
Lactucin found in Fruit Juice ;found in Root ;found in Plant ;found in Latex Exudate
Lactucopicrin found in Fruit Juice ;found in Latex Exudate ;found in Root
Niacin found in Leaf (102 ppm);found in Root (20 ppm)
Tryptophan found in Leaf (3672 ppm)
Sequestrant
Tartaric-acid found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Serotoninergic
Niacin found in Leaf (102 ppm);found in Root (20 ppm)
Tryptophan found in Leaf (3672 ppm)
Sialogogue
Malic-acid found in Plant
Soap
Palmitic-acid found in Leaf (4284 ppm);found in Seed ;found in Root (2050 ppm)
Palmitoleic-acid found in Root (3750 ppm)
Soporific
Acetophenone found in Root
Spermigenic
Arginine found in Leaf (14892 ppm)
Zinc found in Root
Sunscreen
Aesculetin found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Aesculin found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Apigenin found in Shoot
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf (767 ppm);found in Shoot
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Root ;found in Shoot ;found in Plant
Esculetin found in Flower
Esculin found in Flower
Ferulic-acid found in Leaf (0.5 ppm)
Rutin found in Leaf (14000 ppm);found in Seed (6400 ppm)
Umbelliferone found in Flower ;found in Plant
Suppository
Stearic-acid found in Leaf (204 ppm);found in Seed ;found in Root (100 ppm);found in Plant
Sweetener
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Root ;found in Shoot ;found in Plant
Fructose found in Root (220000 ppm)
Inositol found in Root
Levulose found in Fruit Juice
Mannitol found in Plant
Sucrose found in Root (140000 ppm)
TNF-alpha-Inhibitor
Apigenin found in Shoot
Kaempferol found in Plant ;found in Seed (20 ppm)
Quercetin found in Plant ;found in Seed (1 ppm)
Teratologic
Kaempferol found in Plant ;found in Seed (20 ppm)
Quercetin found in Plant ;found in Seed (1 ppm)
Testosteronigenic
Zinc found in Root
Thymoprotective
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (228 ppm)
Tissue-Thromboplastin-Inhibitor
Hyperoside found in Leaf ;found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Tonic
Lactucin found in Fruit Juice ;found in Root ;found in Plant ;found in Latex Exudate
Topoisomerase-I-Inhibitor
Apigenin found in Shoot
Harman found in Root
Kaempferol found in Plant ;found in Seed (20 ppm)
Norharman found in Root
Quercetin found in Plant ;found in Seed (1 ppm)
Topoisomerase-II-Inhibitor
Apigenin found in Shoot
Kaempferol found in Plant ;found in Seed (20 ppm)
Quercetin found in Plant ;found in Seed (1 ppm)
Rutin found in Leaf (14000 ppm);found in Seed (6400 ppm)
Toxic
Aesculin found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Esculin found in Flower
Tranquilizer
Calcium found in Leaf (19900 ppm);found in Root (2050 ppm)
Harman found in Root
Magnesium found in Leaf (2652 ppm);found in Root (1100 ppm)
Tremorigenic
Harman found in Root
Phenylalanine found in Leaf (4896 ppm)
Tremorogenic
Norharman found in Root
Trichomonicide
Zinc found in Root
Triglycerigenic
Sucrose found in Root (140000 ppm)
Tumor-Promoter
Catechol found in Root
Tryptophan found in Leaf (3672 ppm)
Tumorigenic
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf (767 ppm);found in Shoot
Quercetin found in Plant ;found in Seed (1 ppm)
Tyrosinase-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Plant ;found in Seed (20 ppm)
Quercetin found in Plant ;found in Seed (1 ppm)
Tyrosine-Kinase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Plant ;found in Seed (1 ppm)
UV-Screen
Aesculetin found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Esculetin found in Flower
Ubiquiot
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (228 ppm)
Inositol found in Root
P-hydroxy-benzoic-acid found in Leaf (11 ppm)
Vanillic-acid found in Leaf (0.5 ppm)
Uricogenic
Sucrose found in Root (140000 ppm)
Uricosuric
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2040 ppm);found in Root (250 ppm)
Salicylates found in Leaf (100 ppm)
Urinary-Acidulant
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2040 ppm);found in Root (250 ppm)
Urine-Acidifier
Methionine found in Leaf (1224 ppm)
Urine-Deodorant
Methionine found in Leaf (1224 ppm)
Uterorelaxant
Magnesium found in Leaf (2652 ppm);found in Root (1100 ppm)
Uterosedative
Ferulic-acid found in Leaf (0.5 ppm)
Scopoletin found in Flower ;found in Plant
Uterotrophic
Apigenin found in Shoot
Kaempferol found in Plant ;found in Seed (20 ppm)
VEGF-Inhibitor
Apigenin found in Shoot
Quercetin found in Plant ;found in Seed (1 ppm)
Vasodilator
Alpha-linolenic-acid found in Leaf (1224 ppm);found in Root (650 ppm)
Apigenin found in Shoot
Arginine found in Leaf (14892 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2040 ppm);found in Root (250 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf (19900 ppm);found in Root (2050 ppm)
Fiber found in Plant (153000 ppm);found in Root (97500 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Plant ;found in Seed (20 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (2652 ppm);found in Root (1100 ppm)
Niacin found in Leaf (102 ppm);found in Root (20 ppm)
Potassium found in Leaf (37128 ppm);found in Root (14500 ppm)
Quercetin found in Plant ;found in Seed (1 ppm)
Rutin found in Leaf (14000 ppm);found in Seed (6400 ppm)
Vasopressor
Quercitrin found in Shoot
Rutin found in Leaf (14000 ppm);found in Seed (6400 ppm)
Vasoprotective
Aesculin found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Esculin found in Flower
Vulnerary
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2040 ppm);found in Root (250 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf (767 ppm);found in Shoot
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Root ;found in Shoot ;found in Plant
Neo-chlorogenic-acid found in Root ;found in Shoot
Sucrose found in Root (140000 ppm)
Zinc found in Root
Xanthine-Oxidase-Inhibitor
Aesculetin found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Apigenin found in Shoot
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf (767 ppm);found in Shoot
Esculetin found in Flower
Hyperoside found in Leaf ;found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Quercetin found in Plant ;found in Seed (1 ppm)
Tannin found in Plant
Umbelliferone found in Flower ;found in Plant
cAMP-Inhibitor
Hyperoside found in Leaf ;found in Plant ;found in Shoot
cAMP-Phosphodiesterase-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Plant ;found in Seed (20 ppm)
Quercetin found in Plant ;found in Seed (1 ppm)
Rutin found in Leaf (14000 ppm);found in Seed (6400 ppm)
iNOS-Inhibitor
Apigenin found in Shoot
Kaempferol found in Plant ;found in Seed (20 ppm)
Quercetin found in Plant ;found in Seed (1 ppm)

Search

Chemicals detected

Chemical Plant part Low ppm High ppm
(11s)-11,13-dihydrolactucin Root
(11s)-11,13-dihydrolactucopicrin Root
11(s),13-dihydro-8-deoxylactucin Root
11(s),13-dihydrolactucin Root
11(s),13-dihydrolactucopicrin Root
3-glucuronide-isorhamnetin Leaf
Plant
3-o-feruloyl-quinic-acid Shoot
3-o-p-coumaroyl-quinic-acid Shoot
8-deoxylactucin Plant
Root 17
Acetophenone Root
Aesculetin Leaf
Plant
Aesculin Leaf
Plant
Alpha-amyrin Seed
Alpha-lactucerol Plant
Alpha-linolenic-acid Leaf 60 1,224
Root 130 650
Aluminum Root
Apigenin Shoot
Apigenin-7-o-alpha-l-arabinoside Shoot
Arginine Leaf 660 14,892
Ascorbic-acid Leaf 100 2,040
Root 50 250
Ash Leaf 6,000 180,000
Root 8,900 44,500
Astragalin Leaf
Plant
Beta-amyrin Seed
Beta-carotene Leaf 0 228
Beta-lactucerol Plant
Betaine Root
Boron Root 20
Caffeic-acid Leaf 767
Shoot
Calcium Leaf 790 19,900
Root 410 2,050
Carbohydrates Leaf 32,000 654,000
Root 175,100 875,500
Catechol Root
Catechol-tannins Root
Cellulose Root 50,000
Ceryl-alcohol Plant
Chicoric-acid Leaf 1,100
Plant
Chlorogenic-acid Leaf
Root
Shoot
Plant
Choline Root
Chrysanthemin Leaf
Cichoralexin Leaf 146.5
Cichoric-acid Leaf
Cichoriin Flower 1,000 2,000
Leaf
Root
Plant
Cichoriolide-a Root 2
Cichorioside-b Plant
Root 6
Cichorioside-c Root 8
Citric-acid Plant
Copper Root
Coumarin Plant
Crepidiaside-b Plant
Root 100
Cyanaroside Shoot
Delphinidin-3-(6''-malonylglucoside)-5-malonylglucoside Inflorescence
Dicaffeoyl-tartaric-acid Plant
Shoot
Esculetin Flower
Esculin Flower
Fat Leaf 1,000 29,000
Root 2,000 16,000
Ferulic-acid Leaf 0.5
Fiber Plant 9,000 153,000
Root 19,500 97,500
Fructose Root 45,000 220,000
Glucose Root 11,000
Harman Root
Histidine Leaf 150 3,468
Hyperoside Leaf
Plant
Shoot
Inositol Root
Inulin Leaf
Root 80,000 850,000
Iron Leaf 5 246
Root 8 40
Isochlorogenic-acid Plant
Root
Isoleucine Leaf 540 12,240
Jacquinelin Root
Kaempferol Plant
Seed 20
Kaempferol-3-o-beta-d-glucuronide Leaf
Plant
Lactucin Fruit Juice
Root
Plant
Latex Exudate
Lactucin-p-oxyphenylaceticacid-ester Root
Lactucopicrin Fruit Juice
Latex Exudate
Root
Lactupicrin Plant
Lactupicrin-methyl-ester Plant
Leucine Leaf 390 8,976
Levulose Fruit Juice
Linoleic-acid Leaf 370 7,548
Seed
Root 750 3,750
Luteolin-7-o-beta-d-glucuronide Leaf
Plant
Lysine Leaf 350 7,956
Magnesium Leaf 130 2,652
Root 220 1,100
Malic-acid Plant
Mannan Root
Mannitol Plant
Mannose Root
Methionine Leaf 50 1,224
Monocaffeoyltartaric-acid Leaf 1,800
Mufa Leaf 20 365
Root 40 200
Myristic-acid Leaf 10 204
Root 30 150
Neo-chlorogenic-acid Root
Shoot
Niacin Leaf 5 102
Root 4 20
Norharman Root
Oleic-acid Leaf 20 408
Root 40 200
Seed
P-hydroxy-benzoic-acid Leaf 11
Palmitic-acid Leaf 210 4,284
Seed
Root 410 2,050
Palmitoleic-acid Root 750 3,750
Pectin Root
Pentosane Root 47,000 65,000
Phenylalanine Leaf 220 4,896
Phosphorus Leaf 210 4,284
Root 610 3,050
Ponticaepoxide Root
Potassium Leaf 1,820 37,128
Root 2,900 14,500
Protein Leaf 10,000 246,000
Root 14,000 86,000
Protocatechuic-aldehyde Seed
Pufa Leaf 440 8,030
Root 870 4,350
Quercetin Plant
Seed 1
Quercetin-3-o-beta-d-glucuronide Leaf
Plant
Quercitrin Shoot
Riboflavin Leaf 1 29
Root 0 2
Rubber Root 420
Rutin Leaf 14,000
Seed 6,400
Salicylates Leaf 10 100
Scopoletin Flower
Plant
Sfa Leaf 240 4,380
Root 480 2,400
Silica Leaf 27,800
Silicon Root
Silver Root
Sinapic-acid Plant 0.5
Sodium Leaf 70 1,428
Root 500 2,500
Sonchuside-a Root 7
Sonchuside-c Root 2
Stearic-acid Leaf 10 204
Seed
Root 20 100
Plant
Sucrose Root 140,000
Sugars Root 585,000
Tannin Plant
Taraxasterol Root
Tartaric-acid Plant
Shoot
Thiamin Leaf 1 14
Root 0 2
Threonine Leaf 250 5,712
Titanium Root
Trans-zeatin Root
Trideca-1,5-dien-7,9,11-triyne-3,4-diol Root
Tryptophan Leaf 160 3,672
Umbelliferone Flower
Plant
Uridine-5'-diphosphoglucose Root
Valine Leaf 410 9,180
Vanillic-acid Leaf 0.5
Vitamin-a Leaf
Vitamin-b-1 Root 0.05
Vitamin-b-2 Root 0.7
Water Leaf 931,000 951,000
Root 240,000 800,000
Zinc Root
Reference: Dr. Duke's Phytochemical and Ethnobotanical Databases. [Online Database]