Cichorium endivia Health effects and herbal facts

Known as
endive escarole
Cichorium endivia

Medical use

Economic importance of Cichorium endivia

Human food vegetable
Gene sources secondary genetic relative of chicory

Gallery

Cichorium endivia Cichorium endivia Cichorium endivia Cichorium endivia Cichorium endivia Cichorium endivia Cichorium endivia Cichorium endivia Cichorium endivia Cichorium endivia Cichorium endivia Cichorium endivia

Biological activities

11B-HSD-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Leaf
5-Alpha-Reductase-Inhibitor
Alpha-linolenic-acid found in Leaf (2093 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Leaf (12077 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Leaf (644 ppm)
Palmitic-acid found in Leaf (6602 ppm)
Stearic-acid found in Leaf (322 ppm)
5-Lipoxygenase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Leaf
ACE-Inhibitor
Zinc found in Leaf (146 ppm)
AP-1-Inhibitor
Selenium found in Leaf (0.024 ppm)
ATPase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Leaf
Acarifuge
Sulfur found in Shoot (912 ppm)
Acidulant
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (9302 ppm)
Adjuvant
Cystine found in Leaf (1610 ppm)
Alcohol-Dehydrogenase-Inhibitor
Inulin found in Root
Aldehyde-Oxidase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Leaf
Aldose-Reductase-Inhibitor
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (9302 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Allelochemic
Quercetin found in Leaf
Allergenic
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (241 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Mufa found in Leaf (644 ppm)
Niacin found in Leaf (64 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Leaf (644 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Alpha-Reductase-Inhibitor
Oleic-acid found in Leaf (644 ppm)
Analgesic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (9302 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Selenium found in Leaf (0.024 ppm)
Thiamin found in Leaf (14 ppm)
Tryptophan found in Leaf (805 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf (146 ppm)
Androgenic
Boron found in Leaf (24 ppm)
Anemiagenic
Mufa found in Leaf (644 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Leaf (644 ppm)
Angiotensin-Receptor-Blocker
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (9302 ppm)
Fiber found in Leaf (144927 ppm)
Potassium found in Leaf (96000 ppm)
Anorexic
Arsenic found in Leaf (0.048 ppm)
Selenium found in Leaf (0.024 ppm)
AntiADD
Phenylalanine found in Leaf (8535 ppm)
AntiAGE
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (9302 ppm)
Chromium found in Leaf (0.48 ppm)
AntiBPH
Zinc found in Leaf (146 ppm)
AntiCFS
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (9302 ppm)
Chromium found in Leaf (0.48 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (2400 ppm)
AntiCTS
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (9302 ppm)
AntiGTF
Quercetin found in Leaf
AntiHIV
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Selenium found in Leaf (0.024 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf (146 ppm)
AntiLegionella
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
AntiLyme
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (9302 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (2400 ppm)
Niacin found in Leaf (64 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Leaf (13 ppm)
Thiamin found in Leaf (14 ppm)
AntiMS
Linoleic-acid found in Leaf (12077 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (2400 ppm)
Pufa found in Leaf (14010 ppm)
AntiNF-kB
Selenium found in Leaf (0.024 ppm)
AntiPMS
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (241 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf (10080 ppm)
Lithium found in Leaf (0.96 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (2400 ppm)
Manganese found in Leaf (72 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
AntiSpina-Bifida
Folacin found in Leaf (25 ppm)
Antiacid
Glycine found in Leaf (9340 ppm)
Antiacne
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (241 ppm)
Chromium found in Leaf (0.48 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Leaf (12077 ppm)
Pufa found in Leaf (14010 ppm)
Selenium found in Leaf (0.024 ppm)
Sulfur found in Shoot (912 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf (146 ppm)
Antiacrodermatitic
Zinc found in Leaf (146 ppm)
Antiacrodynic
Niacin found in Leaf (64 ppm)
Antiadenoviral
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Antiadrenalinic
Nickel found in Leaf (2.4 ppm)
Antiaflatoxin
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antiaggregant
Alpha-linolenic-acid found in Leaf (2093 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (9302 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Magnesium found in Leaf (2400 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Selenium found in Leaf (0.024 ppm)
Antiaging
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (9302 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (241 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Chromium found in Leaf (0.48 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antiakathisic
Iron found in Leaf (360 ppm)
Antialcoholic
Magnesium found in Leaf (2400 ppm)
Manganese found in Leaf (72 ppm)
Thiamin found in Leaf (14 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf (146 ppm)
Antialdosteronic
Glycine found in Leaf (9340 ppm)
Antialkalotic
Lysine found in Leaf (10145 ppm)
Antiallergic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (9302 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf (10080 ppm)
Niacin found in Leaf (64 ppm)
Pantothenic-acid found in Leaf (145 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antialopecic
Linoleic-acid found in Leaf (12077 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Leaf (644 ppm)
Palmitic-acid found in Leaf (6602 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf (146 ppm)
Antialzheimeran
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (9302 ppm)
Niacin found in Leaf (64 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Thiamin found in Leaf (14 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf (146 ppm)
Antiamblyopic
Niacin found in Leaf (64 ppm)
Antianaphylactic
Linoleic-acid found in Leaf (12077 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antiandrogenic
Linoleic-acid found in Leaf (12077 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Leaf (644 ppm)
Palmitic-acid found in Leaf (6602 ppm)
Antianemic
Copper found in Leaf (16.8 ppm)
Folacin found in Leaf (25 ppm)
Iron found in Leaf (360 ppm)
Manganese found in Leaf (72 ppm)
Antianginal
Magnesium found in Leaf (2400 ppm)
Niacin found in Leaf (64 ppm)
Antiangiogenic
Quercetin found in Leaf
Selenium found in Leaf (0.024 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf (146 ppm)
Antianorectic
Magnesium found in Leaf (2400 ppm)
Thiamin found in Leaf (14 ppm)
Antianorexic
Zinc found in Leaf (146 ppm)
Antianxiety
Calcium found in Leaf (10080 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (2400 ppm)
Tryptophan found in Leaf (805 ppm)
Antiarabiflavinotic
Riboflavin found in Leaf (13 ppm)
Antiarrhythmic
Calcium found in Leaf (10080 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (2400 ppm)
Potassium found in Leaf (96000 ppm)
Antiarteriosclerotic
Histidine found in Leaf (3704 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Leaf (12077 ppm)
Antiarthritic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (9302 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (241 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf (10080 ppm)
Copper found in Leaf (16.8 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Leaf (12077 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (2400 ppm)
Manganese found in Leaf (72 ppm)
Pantothenic-acid found in Leaf (145 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Selenium found in Leaf (0.024 ppm)
Sulfur found in Shoot (912 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf (146 ppm)
Antiasthmatic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (9302 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (241 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (2400 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Selenium found in Leaf (0.024 ppm)
Antiatherogenic
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Antiatherosclerotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (9302 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf (10080 ppm)
Chromium found in Leaf (0.48 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (2400 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Selenium found in Leaf (0.024 ppm)
Antibackache
Thiamin found in Leaf (14 ppm)
Antibacterial
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (9302 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Silver found in Leaf (0.24 ppm)
Antiberiberi
Thiamin found in Leaf (14 ppm)
Anticancer
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (241 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Anticanker
Iron found in Leaf (360 ppm)
Thiamin found in Leaf (14 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf (146 ppm)
Anticarcinogenic
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Anticarcinomic
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (241 ppm)
Anticardiospasmic
Thiamin found in Leaf (14 ppm)
Anticariogenic
Quercetin found in Leaf
Anticarpal-Tunnel
Riboflavin found in Leaf (13 ppm)
Anticataract
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (9302 ppm)
Methionine found in Leaf (2254 ppm)
Niacin found in Leaf (64 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Riboflavin found in Leaf (13 ppm)
Selenium found in Leaf (0.024 ppm)
Thiamin found in Leaf (14 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf (146 ppm)
Anticephalagic
Magnesium found in Leaf (2400 ppm)
Pantothenic-acid found in Leaf (145 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Leaf (13 ppm)
Anticervicaldysplasic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (9302 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (241 ppm)
Folacin found in Leaf (25 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Leaf (13 ppm)
Anticheilitic
Folacin found in Leaf (25 ppm)
Iron found in Leaf (360 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Leaf (13 ppm)
Antichilblain
Niacin found in Leaf (64 ppm)
Anticirrhotic
Selenium found in Leaf (0.024 ppm)
Anticlimacteric
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (9302 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf (10080 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (2400 ppm)
Selenium found in Leaf (0.024 ppm)
Anticoeliac
Zinc found in Leaf (146 ppm)
Anticold
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (9302 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf (146 ppm)
Anticolitic
Quercetin found in Leaf
Thiamin found in Leaf (14 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf (146 ppm)
Anticomplementary
Quercetin found in Leaf
Anticonvulsant
Magnesium found in Leaf (2400 ppm)
Niacin found in Leaf (64 ppm)
Anticorneotic
Chromium found in Leaf (0.48 ppm)
Anticoronary
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (241 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Leaf (12077 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (2400 ppm)
Selenium found in Leaf (0.024 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf (146 ppm)
Anticystitic
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antidandruff
Selenium found in Leaf (0.024 ppm)
Sulfur found in Shoot (912 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf (146 ppm)
Antidecubitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (9302 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Leaf (13 ppm)
Thiamin found in Leaf (14 ppm)
Antideliriant
Thiamin found in Leaf (14 ppm)
Antidementia
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (9302 ppm)
Niacin found in Leaf (64 ppm)
Thiamin found in Leaf (14 ppm)
Tryptophan found in Leaf (805 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf (146 ppm)
Antidepressant
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (9302 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Calcium found in Leaf (10080 ppm)
Folacin found in Leaf (25 ppm)
Lithium found in Leaf (0.96 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (2400 ppm)
Phenylalanine found in Leaf (8535 ppm)
Potassium found in Leaf (96000 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Selenium found in Leaf (0.024 ppm)
Tryptophan found in Leaf (805 ppm)
Antidermatitic
Niacin found in Leaf (64 ppm)
Pantothenic-acid found in Leaf (145 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antidiabetic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (9302 ppm)
Chromium found in Leaf (0.48 ppm)
Copper found in Leaf (16.8 ppm)
Fiber found in Leaf (144927 ppm)
Inulin found in Root
Magnesium found in Leaf (2400 ppm)
Manganese found in Leaf (72 ppm)
Niacin found in Leaf (64 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Zinc found in Leaf (146 ppm)
Antidiarrheic
Inulin found in Root
Antidiscotic
Manganese found in Leaf (72 ppm)
Antidysgeuzic
Zinc found in Leaf (146 ppm)
Antidyskinetic
Manganese found in Leaf (72 ppm)
Tryptophan found in Leaf (805 ppm)
Antidysmenorrheic
Magnesium found in Leaf (2400 ppm)
Antidyspeptic
Thiamin found in Leaf (14 ppm)
Antidysphagic
Niacin found in Leaf (64 ppm)
Antieczemic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (9302 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Leaf (12077 ppm)
Methionine found in Leaf (2254 ppm)
Pufa found in Leaf (14010 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf (146 ppm)
Antiedemic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (9302 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Taraxasterol found in Latex Exudate
Antielastase
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antiencephalitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (9302 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antiencephalopathic
Arginine found in Leaf (9984 ppm)
Glycine found in Leaf (9340 ppm)
Leucine found in Leaf (15781 ppm)
Thiamin found in Leaf (14 ppm)
Tyrosine found in Leaf (6441 ppm)
Valine found in Leaf (10145 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf (146 ppm)
Antiendometriotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (9302 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (2400 ppm)
Antienterotic
Magnesium found in Leaf (2400 ppm)
Antiepileptic
Glutamic-acid found in Leaf (26731 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (2400 ppm)
Manganese found in Leaf (72 ppm)
Niacin found in Leaf (64 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf (146 ppm)
Antiescherichic
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antiestrogenic
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antifatigue
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (9302 ppm)
Chromium found in Leaf (0.48 ppm)
Copper found in Leaf (16.8 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (2400 ppm)
Pantothenic-acid found in Leaf (145 ppm)
Potassium found in Leaf (96000 ppm)
Thiamin found in Leaf (14 ppm)
Antifeedant
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antifibrinolytic
Linoleic-acid found in Leaf (12077 ppm)
Palmitic-acid found in Leaf (6602 ppm)
Antifibromyalgic
Magnesium found in Leaf (2400 ppm)
Antifibrosarcomic
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antifibrotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (9302 ppm)
Selenium found in Leaf (0.024 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf (146 ppm)
Antiflu
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antifuruncular
Zinc found in Leaf (146 ppm)
Antigallstone
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (9302 ppm)
Antigastric
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antigastritic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (9302 ppm)
Glycine found in Leaf (9340 ppm)
Thiamin found in Leaf (14 ppm)
Antigastrotic
Magnesium found in Leaf (2400 ppm)
Antigingivitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (9302 ppm)
Folacin found in Leaf (25 ppm)
Antiglaucomic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (9302 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (2400 ppm)
Antiglossitic
Folacin found in Leaf (25 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Leaf (13 ppm)
Antiglycosuric
Chromium found in Leaf (0.48 ppm)
Antigonadotropic
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antigout
Selenium found in Leaf (0.024 ppm)
Antigranular
Linoleic-acid found in Leaf (12077 ppm)
Antigrey
Sulfur found in Shoot (912 ppm)
Antihangover
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (9302 ppm)
Niacin found in Leaf (64 ppm)
Thiamin found in Leaf (14 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf (146 ppm)
Antiheartburn
Thiamin found in Leaf (14 ppm)
Antihemolytic
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Antihemorrhagic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (9302 ppm)
Antihepatitic
Arginine found in Leaf (9984 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (9302 ppm)
Antihepatoadenomic
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Antihepatotic
Methionine found in Leaf (2254 ppm)
Antihepatotoxic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (9302 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antiherpetic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (9302 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Lysine found in Leaf (10145 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Thiamin found in Leaf (14 ppm)
Antihistaminic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (9302 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Linoleic-acid found in Leaf (12077 ppm)
Niacin found in Leaf (64 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antihomocystinuric
Cystine found in Leaf (1610 ppm)
Antihydrophobic
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antihyperactivity
Niacin found in Leaf (64 ppm)
Antihyperammonemic
Glutamic-acid found in Leaf (26731 ppm)
Antihypercholesterolemic
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Pantothenic-acid found in Leaf (145 ppm)
Antihyperkeratotic
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (241 ppm)
Antihyperkinetic
Calcium found in Leaf (10080 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (2400 ppm)
Antihypertensive
Alpha-linolenic-acid found in Leaf (2093 ppm)
Arginine found in Leaf (9984 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (9302 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf (10080 ppm)
Fiber found in Leaf (144927 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (2400 ppm)
Potassium found in Leaf (96000 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Tryptophan found in Leaf (805 ppm)
Antihyperthyroid
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Lithium found in Leaf (0.96 ppm)
Antihypoglycemic
Magnesium found in Leaf (2400 ppm)
Antiichythyotic
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (241 ppm)
Antiimpotence
Arginine found in Leaf (9984 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf (146 ppm)
Antiinfective
Zinc found in Leaf (146 ppm)
Antiinfertility
Arginine found in Leaf (9984 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (9302 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf (146 ppm)
Antiinflammatory
Alpha-linolenic-acid found in Leaf (2093 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (9302 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Copper found in Leaf (16.8 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Leaf (12077 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (2400 ppm)
Mufa found in Leaf (644 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Leaf (644 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Taraxasterol found in Latex Exudate
Antiinsomniac
Calcium found in Leaf (10080 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (2400 ppm)
Tryptophan found in Leaf (805 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf (146 ppm)
Antiinsomnic
Niacin found in Leaf (64 ppm)
Antikeratitic
Riboflavin found in Leaf (13 ppm)
Antikeshan
Selenium found in Leaf (0.024 ppm)
Antileishmanic
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antilepric
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (9302 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf (146 ppm)
Antileukemic
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Selenium found in Leaf (0.024 ppm)
Antileukonychic
Zinc found in Leaf (146 ppm)
Antileukoplakic
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (241 ppm)
Antileukotriene-D4
Alpha-linolenic-acid found in Leaf (2093 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Leaf (12077 ppm)
Mufa found in Leaf (644 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Leaf (644 ppm)
Antileukotriene
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Selenium found in Leaf (0.024 ppm)
Antilipoperoxidant
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (241 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antilithic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (9302 ppm)
Glutamic-acid found in Leaf (26731 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (2400 ppm)
Antilupus
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (241 ppm)
Antilymphomic
Zinc found in Leaf (146 ppm)
Antimaculitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (9302 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (241 ppm)
Selenium found in Leaf (0.024 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf (146 ppm)
Antimalarial
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antimanic
Lithium found in Leaf (0.96 ppm)
Tryptophan found in Leaf (805 ppm)
Antimastalgic
Magnesium found in Leaf (2400 ppm)
Antimastitic
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (241 ppm)
Antimeasles
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (9302 ppm)
Antimelanogenic
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Antimelanomic
Quercetin found in Leaf
Selenium found in Leaf (0.024 ppm)
Antimenopausal
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (9302 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf (10080 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (2400 ppm)
Selenium found in Leaf (0.024 ppm)
Tryptophan found in Leaf (805 ppm)
Antimenorrhagic
Alpha-linolenic-acid found in Leaf (2093 ppm)
Iron found in Leaf (360 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Leaf (12077 ppm)
Antimetastatic
Alpha-linolenic-acid found in Leaf (2093 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Selenium found in Leaf (0.024 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf (146 ppm)
Antimigraine
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (9302 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (2400 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Leaf (13 ppm)
Thiamin found in Leaf (14 ppm)
Tryptophan found in Leaf (805 ppm)
Antimitral-valve-prolapse
Magnesium found in Leaf (2400 ppm)
Antimorphinic
Aspartic-acid found in Leaf (20934 ppm)
Antimutagenic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (9302 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (241 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antimyalgic
Selenium found in Leaf (0.024 ppm)
Antimyelotoxic
Folacin found in Leaf (25 ppm)
Antimyocarditic
Quercetin found in Leaf
Thiamin found in Leaf (14 ppm)
Antinephritic
Histidine found in Leaf (3704 ppm)
Antinephrolytic
Magnesium found in Leaf (2400 ppm)
Antineuralgic
Niacin found in Leaf (64 ppm)
Thiamin found in Leaf (14 ppm)
Antineuramidase
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (9302 ppm)
Antineurasthenic
Thiamin found in Leaf (14 ppm)
Antineuritic
Thiamin found in Leaf (14 ppm)
Antineuropathic
Folacin found in Leaf (25 ppm)
Thiamin found in Leaf (14 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf (146 ppm)
Antineurotic
Magnesium found in Leaf (2400 ppm)
Antinitrosaminic
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antinitrosic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (9302 ppm)
Antinociceptive
Copper found in Leaf (16.8 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antinyctalopic
Zinc found in Leaf (146 ppm)
Antiobesity
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (9302 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf (10080 ppm)
Chromium found in Leaf (0.48 ppm)
Fiber found in Leaf (144927 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf (146 ppm)
Antiophidic
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Antiorchitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (9302 ppm)
Antiosteoarthritic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (9302 ppm)
Boron found in Leaf (24 ppm)
Selenium found in Leaf (0.024 ppm)
Sulfur found in Shoot (912 ppm)
Antiosteoporotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (9302 ppm)
Boron found in Leaf (24 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf (10080 ppm)
Copper found in Leaf (16.8 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (2400 ppm)
Manganese found in Leaf (72 ppm)
Phosphorus found in Leaf (5760 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf (146 ppm)
Antiototic
Manganese found in Leaf (72 ppm)
Antioxidant
Alanine found in Leaf (9984 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (9302 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (241 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Histidine found in Leaf (3704 ppm)
Manganese found in Leaf (72 ppm)
Methionine found in Leaf (2254 ppm)
Myristic-acid found in Leaf (483 ppm)
Palmitic-acid found in Leaf (6602 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Riboflavin found in Leaf (13 ppm)
Selenium found in Leaf (0.024 ppm)
Tryptophan found in Leaf (805 ppm)
Antiozenic
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (241 ppm)
Antipancreatitic
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antipapillomic
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (241 ppm)
Antiparkinsonian
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (9302 ppm)
Methionine found in Leaf (2254 ppm)
Niacin found in Leaf (64 ppm)
Phenylalanine found in Leaf (8535 ppm)
Selenium found in Leaf (0.024 ppm)
Tryptophan found in Leaf (805 ppm)
Tyrosine found in Leaf (6441 ppm)
Antiparotitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (9302 ppm)
Antipellagric
Isoleucine found in Leaf (11594 ppm)
Niacin found in Leaf (64 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Leaf (13 ppm)
Antiperiodontal
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antiperiodontitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (9302 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf (10080 ppm)
Folacin found in Leaf (25 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf (146 ppm)
Antiperistaltic
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antipermeability
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antiperoxidant
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antipharyngitic
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antiphenylketonuric
Tryptophan found in Leaf (805 ppm)
Tyrosine found in Leaf (6441 ppm)
Antiphotophobic
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (241 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Leaf (13 ppm)
Antipityriasic
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (241 ppm)
Antiplaque
Folacin found in Leaf (25 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (2400 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Zinc found in Leaf (146 ppm)
Antiplasmodial
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antipneumonic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (9302 ppm)
Antipodriac
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (9302 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antipolio
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antipoliomyelitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (9302 ppm)
Thiamin found in Leaf (14 ppm)
Antipolyneuritic
Pufa found in Leaf (14010 ppm)
Antiporphyric
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (241 ppm)
Antiprolactin
Zinc found in Leaf (146 ppm)
Antiproliferant
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (241 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Selenium found in Leaf (0.024 ppm)
Antiprostaglandin
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Tryptophan found in Leaf (805 ppm)
Antiprostanoid
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antiprostatitic
Alpha-linolenic-acid found in Leaf (2093 ppm)
Glutamic-acid found in Leaf (26731 ppm)
Glycine found in Leaf (9340 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Leaf (12077 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Zinc found in Leaf (146 ppm)
Antipruritic
Glycine found in Leaf (9340 ppm)
Antipsoriac
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (241 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antipsychotic
Folacin found in Leaf (25 ppm)
Lithium found in Leaf (0.96 ppm)
Tryptophan found in Leaf (805 ppm)
Antipyretic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (9302 ppm)
Antiradicular
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (9302 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (241 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Selenium found in Leaf (0.024 ppm)
Antiretardation
Glutamic-acid found in Leaf (26731 ppm)
Antiretinopathic
Magnesium found in Leaf (2400 ppm)
Antiretinotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (9302 ppm)
Antirheumatic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (9302 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (241 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf (10080 ppm)
Selenium found in Leaf (0.024 ppm)
Tryptophan found in Leaf (805 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf (146 ppm)
Antirhinitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (9302 ppm)
Antischizophrenic
Lithium found in Leaf (0.96 ppm)
Antiscoliotic
Tryptophan found in Leaf (805 ppm)
Antiscorbutic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (9302 ppm)
Antiscotomic
Niacin found in Leaf (64 ppm)
Antiseborrheic
Sulfur found in Shoot (912 ppm)
Antiseptic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (9302 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Sulfur found in Shoot (912 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf (146 ppm)
Antishingles
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (9302 ppm)
Antisickling
Glycine found in Leaf (9340 ppm)
Phenylalanine found in Leaf (8535 ppm)
Antisilicotic
Aluminum found in Leaf (168 ppm)
Antispare-Tire
Zinc found in Leaf (146 ppm)
Antispasmodic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (9302 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Magnesium found in Leaf (2400 ppm)
Niacin found in Leaf (64 ppm)
Potassium found in Leaf (96000 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antispasmophilic
Magnesium found in Leaf (2400 ppm)
Antistaphylococcic
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Antistomatitic
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Zinc found in Leaf (146 ppm)
Antistreptococcic
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antistress
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (9302 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (241 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf (10080 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (2400 ppm)
Antistroke
Magnesium found in Leaf (2400 ppm)
Potassium found in Leaf (96000 ppm)
Antisunburn
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Antisyndrome-X
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (9302 ppm)
Chromium found in Leaf (0.48 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (2400 ppm)
Manganese found in Leaf (72 ppm)
Selenium found in Leaf (0.024 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf (146 ppm)
Antithiamin
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antithrombic
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antithyroid
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Antitic
Calcium found in Leaf (10080 ppm)
Antitinnitic
Zinc found in Leaf (146 ppm)
Antitriglyceride
Chromium found in Leaf (0.48 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf (146 ppm)
Antitrypanosomic
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antitumor-Promoter
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antitumor
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (241 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Fiber found in Leaf (144927 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Selenium found in Leaf (0.024 ppm)
Antiulcer
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (9302 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (241 ppm)
Fiber found in Leaf (144927 ppm)
Glycine found in Leaf (9340 ppm)
Histidine found in Leaf (3704 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Threonine found in Leaf (8051 ppm)
Tyrosine found in Leaf (6441 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf (146 ppm)
Antiulcerogenic
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Selenium found in Leaf (0.024 ppm)
Antiuremic
Histidine found in Leaf (3704 ppm)
Antivaccinia
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Antivaginitic
Aluminum found in Leaf (168 ppm)
Antivertigo
Niacin found in Leaf (64 ppm)
Antiviral
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (9302 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Lithium found in Leaf (0.96 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antivitiligic
Phenylalanine found in Leaf (8535 ppm)
Antixerophthalmic
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (241 ppm)
Anxiolytic
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Calcium found in Leaf (10080 ppm)
Glutamic-acid found in Leaf (26731 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (2400 ppm)
Phosphorus found in Leaf (5760 ppm)
Potassium found in Leaf (96000 ppm)
Selenium found in Leaf (0.024 ppm)
Aphrodisiac
Arginine found in Leaf (9984 ppm)
Apoptotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (9302 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Selenium found in Leaf (0.024 ppm)
Asthma-preventive
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (9302 ppm)
Astringent
Silver found in Leaf (0.24 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf (146 ppm)
Bacteristat
Quercetin found in Leaf
Beta-Blocker
Fiber found in Leaf (144927 ppm)
Potassium found in Leaf (96000 ppm)
Beta-Glucuronidase-Inhibitor
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (9302 ppm)
Bifidogenic
Inulin found in Root
Bradycardiac
Quercetin found in Leaf
CNS-Active
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
CNS-Depressant
Magnesium found in Leaf (2400 ppm)
COMT-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Leaf
COX-1-Inhibitor
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (241 ppm)
COX-2-Inhibitor
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (241 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Calcium-Antagonist
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (9302 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Magnesium found in Leaf (2400 ppm)
Calcium-Channel-Blocker
Calcium found in Leaf (10080 ppm)
Calmodulin-Antagonist
Quercetin found in Leaf
Cancer-Preventive
Alanine found in Leaf (9984 ppm)
Alpha-linolenic-acid found in Leaf (2093 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (9302 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (241 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Fiber found in Leaf (144927 ppm)
Glycine found in Leaf (9340 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Leaf (12077 ppm)
Methionine found in Leaf (2254 ppm)
Mufa found in Leaf (644 ppm)
Myristic-acid found in Leaf (483 ppm)
Niacin found in Leaf (64 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Leaf (644 ppm)
Pantothenic-acid found in Leaf (145 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Riboflavin found in Leaf (13 ppm)
Selenium found in Leaf (0.024 ppm)
Serine found in Leaf (7890 ppm)
Tyrosine found in Leaf (6441 ppm)
Candidicide
Aluminum found in Leaf (168 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Capillariprotective
Quercetin found in Leaf
Carcinogenic
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Linoleic-acid found in Leaf (12077 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Tryptophan found in Leaf (805 ppm)
Cardiomyopathogenic
Cobalt found in Leaf (0.24 ppm)
Cardioprotective
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (9302 ppm)
Chromium found in Leaf (0.48 ppm)
Copper found in Leaf (16.8 ppm)
Fiber found in Leaf (144927 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (2400 ppm)
Niacin found in Leaf (64 ppm)
Potassium found in Leaf (96000 ppm)
Selenium found in Leaf (0.024 ppm)
Cardiotoxic
Potassium found in Leaf (96000 ppm)
Catabolic
Quercetin found in Leaf
Chemopreventive
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (241 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Cholagogue
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Choleretic
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Mufa found in Leaf (644 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Leaf (644 ppm)
Cholinergic
Lithium found in Leaf (0.96 ppm)
Circulotonic
Niacin found in Leaf (64 ppm)
Clastogenic
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Co-carcinogenic
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Cold-preventive
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (9302 ppm)
Collagen-Sparing
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Collagenic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (9302 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf (146 ppm)
Colorant
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (241 ppm)
Comedogenic
Sulfur found in Shoot (912 ppm)
Comedolytic
Linoleic-acid found in Leaf (12077 ppm)
Contraceptive
Copper found in Leaf (16.8 ppm)
Copper-Antagonist
Zinc found in Leaf (146 ppm)
Copper-Chelator
Quercetin found in Leaf
Cosmetic
Myristic-acid found in Leaf (483 ppm)
Stearic-acid found in Leaf (322 ppm)
Cyclooxygenase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Leaf
Cytochrome-P450-1A2-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Leaf
Cytoprotective
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Cytotoxic
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
DNA-Active
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
DNA-Protective
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Deiodinase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Leaf
Deliriant
Lithium found in Leaf (0.96 ppm)
Deodorant
Zinc found in Leaf (146 ppm)
Depressant
Selenium found in Leaf (0.024 ppm)
Dermatitigenic
Mufa found in Leaf (644 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Leaf (644 ppm)
Detoxicant
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (9302 ppm)
Differentiator
Quercetin found in Leaf
Diuretic
Arginine found in Leaf (9984 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (9302 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Calcium found in Leaf (10080 ppm)
Fiber found in Leaf (144927 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (2400 ppm)
Potassium found in Leaf (96000 ppm)
Emetic
Methionine found in Leaf (2254 ppm)
Encephalopathic
Aluminum found in Leaf (168 ppm)
Energizer
Chromium found in Leaf (0.48 ppm)
Ergogenic
Zinc found in Leaf (146 ppm)
Erythrocytogenic
Cobalt found in Leaf (0.24 ppm)
Essential
Histidine found in Leaf (3704 ppm)
Isoleucine found in Leaf (11594 ppm)
Leucine found in Leaf (15781 ppm)
Lysine found in Leaf (10145 ppm)
Methionine found in Leaf (2254 ppm)
Threonine found in Leaf (8051 ppm)
Tryptophan found in Leaf (805 ppm)
Valine found in Leaf (10145 ppm)
Estrogenic
Boron found in Leaf (24 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Expectorant
Inulin found in Root
FLavor
Mufa found in Leaf (644 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Leaf (644 ppm)
Palmitic-acid found in Leaf (6602 ppm)
Stearic-acid found in Leaf (322 ppm)
Threonine found in Leaf (8051 ppm)
Valine found in Leaf (10145 ppm)
Fibrinolytic
Niacin found in Leaf (64 ppm)
Fistula-Preventive
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (9302 ppm)
Fungicide
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Selenium found in Leaf (0.024 ppm)
Gastroprotective
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (241 ppm)
Gastrostimulant
Inulin found in Root
Glucosyl-Transferase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Leaf
Glutathionigenic
Methionine found in Leaf (2254 ppm)
HIV-RT-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Leaf
Hematopoietic
Folacin found in Leaf (25 ppm)
Hemolytic
Palmitic-acid found in Leaf (6602 ppm)
Hemostat
Quercetin found in Leaf
Hepatocarcinogenic
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Hepatomagenic
Quercetin found in Leaf
Hepatoprotective
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Linoleic-acid found in Leaf (12077 ppm)
Methionine found in Leaf (2254 ppm)
Niacin found in Leaf (64 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Hepatotoxic
Niacin found in Leaf (64 ppm)
Hepatotropic
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Histamine-Inhibitor
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Hypercholesterolemic
Myristic-acid found in Leaf (483 ppm)
Palmitic-acid found in Leaf (6602 ppm)
Hypertensive
Cadmium found in Leaf (0.24 ppm)
Sodium found in Leaf (4560 ppm)
Hypnotic
Tryptophan found in Leaf (805 ppm)
Hypoammonemic
Arginine found in Leaf (9984 ppm)
Hypoarginanemic
Lysine found in Leaf (10145 ppm)
Hypocholesterolemic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (9302 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf (10080 ppm)
Chromium found in Leaf (0.48 ppm)
Copper found in Leaf (16.8 ppm)
Fiber found in Leaf (144927 ppm)
Inulin found in Root
Linoleic-acid found in Leaf (12077 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (2400 ppm)
Mufa found in Leaf (644 ppm)
Niacin found in Leaf (64 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Leaf (644 ppm)
Stearic-acid found in Leaf (322 ppm)
Hypoglycemic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (9302 ppm)
Chromium found in Leaf (0.48 ppm)
Inulin found in Root
Manganese found in Leaf (72 ppm)
Niacin found in Leaf (64 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Tryptophan found in Leaf (805 ppm)
Hypolipidemic
Niacin found in Leaf (64 ppm)
Hypotensive
Alpha-linolenic-acid found in Leaf (2093 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (9302 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf (10080 ppm)
Chromium found in Leaf (0.48 ppm)
Fiber found in Leaf (144927 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (2400 ppm)
Potassium found in Leaf (96000 ppm)
Tryptophan found in Leaf (805 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf (146 ppm)
Hypouricemic
Fiber found in Leaf (144927 ppm)
Immunomodulator
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (9302 ppm)
Chromium found in Leaf (0.48 ppm)
Copper found in Leaf (16.8 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Leaf (12077 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (2400 ppm)
Selenium found in Leaf (0.024 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf (146 ppm)
Immunostimulant
Alpha-linolenic-acid found in Leaf (2093 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (9302 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (241 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Inulin found in Root
Phosphorus found in Leaf (5760 ppm)
Selenium found in Leaf (0.024 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf (146 ppm)
Immunosuppressant
Zinc found in Leaf (146 ppm)
Inotropic
Quercetin found in Leaf
Insectifuge
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Linoleic-acid found in Leaf (12077 ppm)
Mufa found in Leaf (644 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Leaf (644 ppm)
Thiamin found in Leaf (14 ppm)
Insulin-Sparing
Nickel found in Leaf (2.4 ppm)
Insulinase-Inhibitor
Tryptophan found in Leaf (805 ppm)
Insulinogenic
Chromium found in Leaf (0.48 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (2400 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Zinc found in Leaf (146 ppm)
Insulinotonic
Tryptophan found in Leaf (805 ppm)
Interferon-Synergist
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (241 ppm)
Interferonogenic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (9302 ppm)
Irritant
Mufa found in Leaf (644 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Leaf (644 ppm)
Juvabional
Quercetin found in Leaf
Keratolytic
Sulfur found in Shoot (912 ppm)
Larvistat
Quercetin found in Leaf
Laxative
Calcium found in Leaf (10080 ppm)
Fiber found in Leaf (144927 ppm)
Inulin found in Root
Magnesium found in Leaf (2400 ppm)
Sulfur found in Shoot (912 ppm)
Leptingenic
Zinc found in Leaf (146 ppm)
Leukotriene-Inhibitor
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Lipolytic
Inulin found in Root
Lipotropic
Methionine found in Leaf (2254 ppm)
Lipoxygenase-Inhibitor
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Lithogenic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (9302 ppm)
Cadmium found in Leaf (0.24 ppm)
Litholytic
Magnesium found in Leaf (2400 ppm)
Lubricant
Myristic-acid found in Leaf (483 ppm)
Palmitic-acid found in Leaf (6602 ppm)
Stearic-acid found in Leaf (322 ppm)
Lyase-Inhibitor
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Lymphocytogenic
Alpha-linolenic-acid found in Leaf (2093 ppm)
MAO-A-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Leaf
MMP-9-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Leaf
Mast-Cell-Stabilizer
Quercetin found in Leaf
Memorigenic
Chromium found in Leaf (0.48 ppm)
Metal-Chelator
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Metalloproteinase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Leaf
Metastatic
Linoleic-acid found in Leaf (12077 ppm)
Monoamine-Precursor
Phenylalanine found in Leaf (8535 ppm)
Tryptophan found in Leaf (805 ppm)
Tyrosine found in Leaf (6441 ppm)
Mucogenic
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (241 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf (146 ppm)
Mucolytic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (9302 ppm)
Mutagenic
Quercetin found in Leaf
Myorelaxant
Magnesium found in Leaf (2400 ppm)
NADH-Oxidase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Leaf
NEP-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Leaf
NF-kB-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Leaf
Selenium found in Leaf (0.024 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf (146 ppm)
NO-Genic
Arginine found in Leaf (9984 ppm)
NO-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Leaf
NO-Synthase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Leaf
Natriuretic
Lithium found in Leaf (0.96 ppm)
Nematicide
Linoleic-acid found in Leaf (12077 ppm)
Myristic-acid found in Leaf (483 ppm)
Palmitic-acid found in Leaf (6602 ppm)
Nephrotoxic
Cadmium found in Leaf (0.24 ppm)
Lithium found in Leaf (0.96 ppm)
Mercury found in Leaf (0.002 ppm)
Neuroexcitant
Aspartic-acid found in Leaf (20934 ppm)
Neuroinhibitor
Glycine found in Leaf (9340 ppm)
Neuroprotective
Quercetin found in Leaf
Thiamin found in Leaf (14 ppm)
Neurotoxic
Glutamic-acid found in Leaf (26731 ppm)
Neurotransmitter
Magnesium found in Leaf (2400 ppm)
Ornithine-Decarboxylase-Inhibitor
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Selenium found in Leaf (0.024 ppm)
Osteogenic
Phosphorus found in Leaf (5760 ppm)
Oxidant
Alanine found in Leaf (9984 ppm)
Histidine found in Leaf (3704 ppm)
P450-Inducer
Quercetin found in Leaf
P450-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Leaf
PGE2-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Leaf
PTK-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Leaf
Parasiticide
Sulfur found in Shoot (912 ppm)
Percutaneostimulant
Mufa found in Leaf (644 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Leaf (644 ppm)
Perfumery
Mufa found in Leaf (644 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Leaf (644 ppm)
Stearic-acid found in Leaf (322 ppm)
Pesticide
Aluminum found in Leaf (168 ppm)
Arsenic found in Leaf (0.048 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (9302 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Palmitic-acid found in Leaf (6602 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Selenium found in Leaf (0.024 ppm)
Silver found in Leaf (0.24 ppm)
Sulfur found in Shoot (912 ppm)
Thiamin found in Leaf (14 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf (146 ppm)
Phagocytotic
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (241 ppm)
Phospholipase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Leaf
Pituitary-Stimulant
Arginine found in Leaf (9984 ppm)
Plasmodicide
Quercetin found in Leaf
Polyamine-Synthesis-Inhibitor
Selenium found in Leaf (0.024 ppm)
Prebiotic
Inulin found in Root
Probiotic
Inulin found in Root
Probiotigenic
Inulin found in Root
Prolactinogenic
Tryptophan found in Leaf (805 ppm)
Proliferant
Quercetin found in Leaf
Prooxidant
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (241 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Iron found in Leaf (360 ppm)
Propecic
Alpha-linolenic-acid found in Leaf (2093 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Leaf (12077 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Leaf (644 ppm)
Palmitic-acid found in Leaf (6602 ppm)
Stearic-acid found in Leaf (322 ppm)
Prostaglandigenic
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Prostaglandin-Sparer
Selenium found in Leaf (0.024 ppm)
Prostaglandin-Synthesis-Inhibitor
Alpha-linolenic-acid found in Leaf (2093 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Protein-Kinase-C-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Leaf
Selenium found in Leaf (0.024 ppm)
Quinone-Reductase-Inducer
Quercetin found in Leaf
Roborant
Aspartic-acid found in Leaf (20934 ppm)
Scabicide
Sulfur found in Shoot (912 ppm)
Schizophrenigenic
Copper found in Leaf (16.8 ppm)
Sedative
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Niacin found in Leaf (64 ppm)
Tryptophan found in Leaf (805 ppm)
Serotoninergic
Niacin found in Leaf (64 ppm)
Tryptophan found in Leaf (805 ppm)
Soap
Palmitic-acid found in Leaf (6602 ppm)
Spermigenic
Arginine found in Leaf (9984 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf (146 ppm)
Sunscreen
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Suppository
Stearic-acid found in Leaf (322 ppm)
TNF-alpha-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Leaf
Teratologic
Quercetin found in Leaf
Testosteronigenic
Zinc found in Leaf (146 ppm)
Thymoprotective
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (241 ppm)
Topoisomerase-I-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Leaf
Topoisomerase-II-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Leaf
Tranquilizer
Calcium found in Leaf (10080 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (2400 ppm)
Tremorigenic
Phenylalanine found in Leaf (8535 ppm)
Trichomonicide
Zinc found in Leaf (146 ppm)
Tumor-Promoter
Tryptophan found in Leaf (805 ppm)
Tumorigenic
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Tyrosinase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Leaf
Tyrosine-Kinase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Leaf
Ubiquiot
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (241 ppm)
Uricosuric
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (9302 ppm)
Folacin found in Leaf (25 ppm)
Glycine found in Leaf (9340 ppm)
Urinary-Acidulant
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (9302 ppm)
Urine-Acidifier
Methionine found in Leaf (2254 ppm)
Urine-Deodorant
Methionine found in Leaf (2254 ppm)
Uterorelaxant
Magnesium found in Leaf (2400 ppm)
VEGF-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Leaf
Selenium found in Leaf (0.024 ppm)
Vasodilator
Alpha-linolenic-acid found in Leaf (2093 ppm)
Arginine found in Leaf (9984 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (9302 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf (10080 ppm)
Fiber found in Leaf (144927 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (2400 ppm)
Niacin found in Leaf (64 ppm)
Potassium found in Leaf (96000 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Vulnerary
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (9302 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Zinc found in Leaf (146 ppm)
Xanthine-Oxidase-Inhibitor
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Folacin found in Leaf (25 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
cAMP-Phosphodiesterase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Leaf
iNOS-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Leaf

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Chemicals detected

Chemical Plant part Low ppm High ppm
Alanine Leaf 620 9,984
Alpha-linolenic-acid Leaf 130 2,093
Aluminum Leaf 60 168
Arginine Leaf 620 9,984
Arsenic Leaf 0.04 0.048
Ascorbic-acid Leaf 462 9,302
Ash Leaf 13,590 240,000
Aspartic-acid Leaf 1,300 20,934
Barium Leaf 14 24
Beta-carotene Leaf 9.6 241
Beta-lactucerol Latex Exudate
Boron Leaf 1 24
Cadmium Leaf 0.2 0.24
Caffeic-acid Leaf
Calcium Leaf 462 10,080
Caoutchouc Latex Exudate
Carbohydrates Leaf 33,500 539,452
Chromium Leaf 0.3 0.48
Cobalt Leaf 0.2 0.24
Copper Leaf 1 16.8
Cystine Leaf 100 1,610
Fat Leaf 2,000 32,200
Fiber Leaf 9,000 144,927
Folacin Leaf 1.2 25
Glutamic-acid Leaf 1,660 26,731
Glycine Leaf 580 9,340
Histidine Leaf 230 3,704
Hydroxycinnamic-acid Leaf
Inulin Root
Iron Leaf 6 360
Isoleucine Leaf 720 11,594
Kaempferol-3-0-glucoside Leaf
Kaempferol-glycosides Plant
Kilocalories Leaf 170 2,737
Lead Leaf 4 4.8
Leucine Leaf 980 15,781
Linoleic-acid Leaf 750 12,077
Lithium Leaf 0.8 0.96
Lysine Leaf 630 10,145
Magnesium Leaf 95 2,400
Manganese Leaf 4 72
Mercury Leaf 0.002 0.002
Methionine Leaf 140 2,254
Molybdenum Leaf 1.4 1.68
Mufa Leaf 40 644
Myristic-acid Leaf 30 483
Niacin Leaf 4 64
Nickel Leaf 2 2.4
Oleic-acid Leaf 40 644
Palmitic-acid Leaf 410 6,602
Pantothenic-acid Leaf 9 145
Phenolics Leaf 32,000
Phenylalanine Leaf 530 8,535
Phosphorus Leaf 242 5,760
Potassium Leaf 2,915 96,000
Proline Leaf 590 9,500
Protein Leaf 12,000 209,300
Pufa Leaf 870 14,010
Quercetin Leaf
Riboflavin Leaf 0.7 13
Selenium Leaf 0.008 0.024
Serine Leaf 490 7,890
Sfa Leaf 480 7,729
Silver Leaf 0.2 0.24
Sodium Leaf 179 4,560
Stearic-acid Leaf 20 322
Strontium Shoot 140 240
Sulfur Shoot 740 912
Taraxasterol Latex Exudate
Thiamin Leaf 0.7 14
Threonine Leaf 500 8,051
Titanium Leaf 1 1.2
Tryptophan Leaf 50 805
Tyrosine Leaf 400 6,441
Valine Leaf 630 10,145
Vit-b-6 Leaf 0.2 3.2
Water Leaf 934,000 943,800
Zinc Leaf 8 146
Zirconium Leaf 4 4.8
Reference: Dr. Duke's Phytochemical and Ethnobotanical Databases. [Online Database]