Chrysanthemum parthenium Health effects and herbal facts

Known as
feverfew
Chrysanthemum parthenium

Medical use

Economic importance of Chrysanthemum parthenium

Environmental ornamental ornamental
Medicines folklore folklore

Gallery

Chrysanthemum parthenium Chrysanthemum parthenium Chrysanthemum parthenium Chrysanthemum parthenium Chrysanthemum parthenium Chrysanthemum parthenium Chrysanthemum parthenium Chrysanthemum parthenium

Geografical distribution

  • AFRICA
    Naturalized
    • Macaronesia: Portugal - Azores, Madeira Islands; Spain - Canary Islands
    • Northern Africa: Algeria; Libya; Morocco
  • ASIA-TEMPERATE
    Native
    • Western Asia: Turkey
    • Caucasus: Armenia; Azerbaijan; Georgia; Russian Federation - Ciscaucasia
    Naturalized
    • Western Asia: Afghanistan; Cyprus; Iran; Iraq; Lebanon
    • Middle Asia: Turkmenistan
  • AUSTRALASIA
    Naturalized
    • Australia: Australia - New South Wales, Queensland, South Australia, Victoria
    • New Zealand: New Zealand
  • EUROPE
    Native
    • Middle Europe: Czech Republic
    • East Europe: Ukraine - Krym
    • Southeastern Europe: Albania; Bulgaria; Croatia; Greece; Macedonia; Montenegro; Serbia
    • Southwestern Europe: Portugal
    Naturalized
    • Northern Europe: Denmark; Ireland; Norway; Sweden; United Kingdom
    • Middle Europe: Austria; Belgium; Germany; Netherlands; Poland; Switzerland
    • East Europe: Belarus; Estonia; Moldova; Russian Federation - European part; Ukraine
    • Southeastern Europe: Bosnia and Herzegovina; Italy ; Romania
    • Southwestern Europe: France ; Spain
    Adventive
    • Middle Europe: Hungary; Slovakia
    • East Europe: Latvia; Lithuania
    • Southeastern Europe: Greece - Crete
  • NORTHERN AMERICA
    Naturalized
    • Eastern Canada: Canada - Ontario
    • Western Canada: Canada - British Columbia
    • Northeastern U.S.A.: United States - Connecticut, Indiana, Maine, Massachusetts, Michigan, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Ohio, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, Vermont, West Virginia
    • North-Central U.S.A.: United States - Illinois, Missouri, Wisconsin
    • Northwestern U.S.A.: United States - Colorado, Idaho, Montana, Oregon, Washington, Wyoming
    • Southeastern U.S.A.: United States - Alabama, Delaware, Kentucky, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, South Carolina
    • Southwestern U.S.A.: United States - Nevada, Utah
    • Northern Mexico: Mexico - Baja Norte, Baja Sur, Coahuila, Durango, Nuevo Leon, San Luis Potosi, Sonora, Tamaulipas
    • Southern Mexico: Mexico - Chiapas, Federal District, Guerrero, Hidalgo, Mexico, Michoacan, Morelos, Oaxaca, Puebla, Queretaro, Tlaxcala
  • PACIFIC
    Naturalized
    • North-Central Pacific: United States - Hawaii
  • SOUTHERN AMERICA
    Naturalized
    • Caribbean: Cuba; Hispaniola
    • Northern South America: Venezuela
    • Western South America: Ecuador; Peru
    • Southern South America: Argentina; Chile; Uruguay

Biological activities

ACE-Inhibitor
Alpha-terpinene found in Shoot (205 ppm);found in Shoot (45 ppm);found in Shoot (36 ppm);found in Shoot (110 ppm);found in Shoot (165 ppm);found in Shoot (210 ppm);found in Shoot (115 ppm);found in Shoot (215 ppm);found in Shoot (210 ppm);found in Shoot (95 ppm)
Alpha-terpineol found in Shoot (6 ppm);found in Shoot (2.5 ppm);found in Shoot ;found in Shoot (9 ppm);found in Shoot (12 ppm);found in Shoot (9 ppm);found in Shoot (7 ppm);found in Shoot (3.5 ppm);found in Shoot (5 ppm);found in Shoot (5 ppm)
Gamma-terpinene found in Shoot (145 ppm);found in Shoot (115 ppm);found in Shoot (135 ppm);found in Shoot (55 ppm);found in Shoot (28 ppm);found in Shoot (5.5 ppm);found in Shoot (125 ppm);found in Shoot (150 ppm);found in Shoot (100 ppm);found in Shoot (80 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf
AChE-Inhibitor
Limonene found in Shoot ;found in Shoot
AP-1-Inhibitor
Selenium found in Leaf (1.7 ppm)
Acaricide
1,8-cineole found in Shoot ;found in Shoot
Alpha-terpinene found in Shoot (205 ppm);found in Shoot (45 ppm);found in Shoot (36 ppm);found in Shoot (110 ppm);found in Shoot (165 ppm);found in Shoot (210 ppm);found in Shoot (115 ppm);found in Shoot (215 ppm);found in Shoot (210 ppm);found in Shoot (95 ppm)
Gamma-terpinene found in Shoot (145 ppm);found in Shoot (115 ppm);found in Shoot (135 ppm);found in Shoot (55 ppm);found in Shoot (28 ppm);found in Shoot (5.5 ppm);found in Shoot (125 ppm);found in Shoot (150 ppm);found in Shoot (100 ppm);found in Shoot (80 ppm)
Limonene found in Shoot ;found in Shoot
Thymol found in Shoot ;found in Shoot
Acidulant
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (330 ppm)
Aldose-Reductase-Inhibitor
Alpha-terpinene found in Shoot (205 ppm);found in Shoot (45 ppm);found in Shoot (36 ppm);found in Shoot (110 ppm);found in Shoot (165 ppm);found in Shoot (210 ppm);found in Shoot (115 ppm);found in Shoot (215 ppm);found in Shoot (210 ppm);found in Shoot (95 ppm)
Alpha-terpineol found in Shoot (6 ppm);found in Shoot (2.5 ppm);found in Shoot ;found in Shoot (9 ppm);found in Shoot (12 ppm);found in Shoot (9 ppm);found in Shoot (7 ppm);found in Shoot (3.5 ppm);found in Shoot (5 ppm);found in Shoot (5 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (330 ppm)
Delta-cadinene found in Shoot ;found in Shoot
Gamma-terpinene found in Shoot (145 ppm);found in Shoot (115 ppm);found in Shoot (135 ppm);found in Shoot (55 ppm);found in Shoot (28 ppm);found in Shoot (5.5 ppm);found in Shoot (125 ppm);found in Shoot (150 ppm);found in Shoot (100 ppm);found in Shoot (80 ppm)
Allelochemic
Alpha-pinene found in Shoot (105 ppm);found in Shoot (55 ppm);found in Shoot (15 ppm);found in Shoot (70 ppm);found in Shoot (8 ppm);found in Shoot (135 ppm);found in Shoot (170 ppm);found in Shoot (200 ppm);found in Shoot (95 ppm);found in Shoot (75 ppm)
Borneol found in Shoot (35 ppm);found in Shoot (26 ppm);found in Shoot (50 ppm);found in Shoot (80 ppm);found in Shoot (65 ppm);found in Shoot (9 ppm);found in Shoot (19 ppm);found in Shoot (90 ppm);found in Shoot (70 ppm);found in Shoot (47 ppm)
Limonene found in Shoot ;found in Shoot
Terpinolene found in Shoot (7 ppm);found in Shoot
Allelopathic
1,8-cineole found in Shoot ;found in Shoot
Alpha-terpineol found in Shoot (6 ppm);found in Shoot (2.5 ppm);found in Shoot ;found in Shoot (9 ppm);found in Shoot (12 ppm);found in Shoot (9 ppm);found in Shoot (7 ppm);found in Shoot (3.5 ppm);found in Shoot (5 ppm);found in Shoot (5 ppm)
Camphene found in Shoot (340 ppm);found in Shoot (285 ppm);found in Shoot (335 ppm);found in Shoot (185 ppm);found in Shoot (490 ppm);found in Shoot (620 ppm);found in Shoot (50 ppm);found in Shoot (95 ppm);found in Shoot (485 ppm);found in Shoot (530 ppm)
Camphor found in Shoot (1485 ppm);found in Shoot (865 ppm);found in Shoot (1320 ppm);found in Shoot (2190 ppm);found in Shoot (3585 ppm);found in Shoot (2040 ppm);found in Shoot (640 ppm);found in Shoot (2755 ppm);found in Shoot (2715 ppm);found in Shoot (1400 ppm)
Terpinen-4-ol found in Shoot (26 ppm);found in Shoot (28 ppm);found in Shoot (41 ppm);found in Shoot (70 ppm);found in Shoot (18 ppm);found in Shoot (4 ppm);found in Shoot (45 ppm);found in Shoot (50 ppm);found in Shoot (25 ppm);found in Shoot (17 ppm)
Allergenic
1,8-cineole found in Shoot ;found in Shoot
Alpha-pinene found in Shoot (105 ppm);found in Shoot (55 ppm);found in Shoot (15 ppm);found in Shoot (70 ppm);found in Shoot (8 ppm);found in Shoot (135 ppm);found in Shoot (170 ppm);found in Shoot (200 ppm);found in Shoot (95 ppm);found in Shoot (75 ppm)
Benzaldehyde found in Shoot (0 ppm);found in Shoot
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (14 ppm)
Beta-pinene found in Shoot (12 ppm);found in Shoot (4 ppm);found in Shoot (3.5 ppm);found in Shoot (23 ppm);found in Shoot (28 ppm);found in Shoot (21 ppm);found in Shoot (20 ppm);found in Shoot (12 ppm);found in Shoot (10 ppm);found in Shoot (7 ppm)
Carvacrol found in Shoot (0 ppm);found in Shoot
Limonene found in Shoot ;found in Shoot
Niacin found in Leaf (385 ppm)
Thymol found in Shoot ;found in Shoot
Analgesic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (330 ppm)
Borneol found in Shoot (35 ppm);found in Shoot (26 ppm);found in Shoot (50 ppm);found in Shoot (80 ppm);found in Shoot (65 ppm);found in Shoot (9 ppm);found in Shoot (19 ppm);found in Shoot (90 ppm);found in Shoot (70 ppm);found in Shoot (47 ppm)
Camphor found in Shoot (1485 ppm);found in Shoot (865 ppm);found in Shoot (1320 ppm);found in Shoot (2190 ppm);found in Shoot (3585 ppm);found in Shoot (2040 ppm);found in Shoot (640 ppm);found in Shoot (2755 ppm);found in Shoot (2715 ppm);found in Shoot (1400 ppm)
P-cymene found in Shoot (38 ppm);found in Shoot (30 ppm);found in Shoot (45 ppm);found in Shoot (32 ppm);found in Shoot (7 ppm);found in Shoot (50 ppm);found in Shoot (9 ppm);found in Shoot (43 ppm);found in Shoot (32 ppm);found in Shoot (23 ppm)
Selenium found in Leaf (1.7 ppm)
Thymol found in Shoot ;found in Shoot
Zinc found in Leaf
Ancylostomicide
Thymol found in Shoot ;found in Shoot
Anesthetic
1,8-cineole found in Shoot ;found in Shoot
Benzaldehyde found in Shoot (0 ppm);found in Shoot
Camphor found in Shoot (1485 ppm);found in Shoot (865 ppm);found in Shoot (1320 ppm);found in Shoot (2190 ppm);found in Shoot (3585 ppm);found in Shoot (2040 ppm);found in Shoot (640 ppm);found in Shoot (2755 ppm);found in Shoot (2715 ppm);found in Shoot (1400 ppm)
Carvacrol found in Shoot (0 ppm);found in Shoot
Thymol found in Shoot ;found in Shoot
Angiotensin-Receptor-Blocker
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (330 ppm)
Potassium found in Leaf (22500 ppm)
Ankylostomacide
Thymol found in Shoot ;found in Shoot
Anorexic
Selenium found in Leaf (1.7 ppm)
Anthelmintic
1,8-cineole found in Shoot ;found in Shoot
Carvacrol found in Shoot (0 ppm);found in Shoot
Thymol found in Shoot ;found in Shoot
AntiAGE
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (330 ppm)
Chromium found in Leaf (1.7 ppm)
AntiBPH
Zinc found in Leaf
AntiCFS
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (330 ppm)
Chromium found in Leaf (1.7 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (2400 ppm)
AntiCTS
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (330 ppm)
AntiHIV
Selenium found in Leaf (1.7 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf
AntiLyme
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (330 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (2400 ppm)
Niacin found in Leaf (385 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Leaf (2.5 ppm)
AntiMS
Magnesium found in Leaf (2400 ppm)
AntiNF-kB
Selenium found in Leaf (1.7 ppm)
AntiPMS
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (14 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf (5810 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (2400 ppm)
Manganese found in Leaf (8.1 ppm)
Antiacetylcholine
Borneol found in Shoot (35 ppm);found in Shoot (26 ppm);found in Shoot (50 ppm);found in Shoot (80 ppm);found in Shoot (65 ppm);found in Shoot (9 ppm);found in Shoot (19 ppm);found in Shoot (90 ppm);found in Shoot (70 ppm);found in Shoot (47 ppm)
Antiacetylcholinesterase
1,8-cineole found in Shoot ;found in Shoot
Alpha-terpinene found in Shoot (205 ppm);found in Shoot (45 ppm);found in Shoot (36 ppm);found in Shoot (110 ppm);found in Shoot (165 ppm);found in Shoot (210 ppm);found in Shoot (115 ppm);found in Shoot (215 ppm);found in Shoot (210 ppm);found in Shoot (95 ppm)
Gamma-terpinene found in Shoot (145 ppm);found in Shoot (115 ppm);found in Shoot (135 ppm);found in Shoot (55 ppm);found in Shoot (28 ppm);found in Shoot (5.5 ppm);found in Shoot (125 ppm);found in Shoot (150 ppm);found in Shoot (100 ppm);found in Shoot (80 ppm)
Limonene found in Shoot ;found in Shoot
P-cymene found in Shoot (38 ppm);found in Shoot (30 ppm);found in Shoot (45 ppm);found in Shoot (32 ppm);found in Shoot (7 ppm);found in Shoot (50 ppm);found in Shoot (9 ppm);found in Shoot (43 ppm);found in Shoot (32 ppm);found in Shoot (23 ppm)
Terpinen-4-ol found in Shoot (26 ppm);found in Shoot (28 ppm);found in Shoot (41 ppm);found in Shoot (70 ppm);found in Shoot (18 ppm);found in Shoot (4 ppm);found in Shoot (45 ppm);found in Shoot (50 ppm);found in Shoot (25 ppm);found in Shoot (17 ppm)
Antiacne
Alpha-pinene found in Shoot (105 ppm);found in Shoot (55 ppm);found in Shoot (15 ppm);found in Shoot (70 ppm);found in Shoot (8 ppm);found in Shoot (135 ppm);found in Shoot (170 ppm);found in Shoot (200 ppm);found in Shoot (95 ppm);found in Shoot (75 ppm)
Alpha-terpineol found in Shoot (6 ppm);found in Shoot (2.5 ppm);found in Shoot ;found in Shoot (9 ppm);found in Shoot (12 ppm);found in Shoot (9 ppm);found in Shoot (7 ppm);found in Shoot (3.5 ppm);found in Shoot (5 ppm);found in Shoot (5 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (14 ppm)
Camphor found in Shoot (1485 ppm);found in Shoot (865 ppm);found in Shoot (1320 ppm);found in Shoot (2190 ppm);found in Shoot (3585 ppm);found in Shoot (2040 ppm);found in Shoot (640 ppm);found in Shoot (2755 ppm);found in Shoot (2715 ppm);found in Shoot (1400 ppm)
Chromium found in Leaf (1.7 ppm)
Delta-cadinene found in Shoot ;found in Shoot
Selenium found in Leaf (1.7 ppm)
Terpinen-4-ol found in Shoot (26 ppm);found in Shoot (28 ppm);found in Shoot (41 ppm);found in Shoot (70 ppm);found in Shoot (18 ppm);found in Shoot (4 ppm);found in Shoot (45 ppm);found in Shoot (50 ppm);found in Shoot (25 ppm);found in Shoot (17 ppm)
Thymol found in Shoot ;found in Shoot
Tin found in Leaf (21 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf
Antiacrodermatitic
Zinc found in Leaf
Antiacrodynic
Niacin found in Leaf (385 ppm)
Antiadenomic
Limonene found in Shoot ;found in Shoot
Antiaggregant
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (330 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (2400 ppm)
Selenium found in Leaf (1.7 ppm)
Thymol found in Shoot ;found in Shoot
Antiaging
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (330 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (14 ppm)
Chromium found in Leaf (1.7 ppm)
Antiakathisic
Iron found in Leaf
Antialcoholic
Magnesium found in Leaf (2400 ppm)
Manganese found in Leaf (8.1 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf
Antiallergic
1,8-cineole found in Shoot ;found in Shoot
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (330 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf (5810 ppm)
Niacin found in Leaf (385 ppm)
Terpinen-4-ol found in Shoot (26 ppm);found in Shoot (28 ppm);found in Shoot (41 ppm);found in Shoot (70 ppm);found in Shoot (18 ppm);found in Shoot (4 ppm);found in Shoot (45 ppm);found in Shoot (50 ppm);found in Shoot (25 ppm);found in Shoot (17 ppm)
Antialopecic
Zinc found in Leaf
Antialzheimeran
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (330 ppm)
Niacin found in Leaf (385 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf
Antiamblyopic
Niacin found in Leaf (385 ppm)
Antianemic
Iron found in Leaf
Manganese found in Leaf (8.1 ppm)
Antianginal
Magnesium found in Leaf (2400 ppm)
Niacin found in Leaf (385 ppm)
Antiangiogenic
Selenium found in Leaf (1.7 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf
Antianorectic
Magnesium found in Leaf (2400 ppm)
Antianorexic
Zinc found in Leaf
Antianxiety
Calcium found in Leaf (5810 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (2400 ppm)
Antiarabiflavinotic
Riboflavin found in Leaf (2.5 ppm)
Antiarrhythmic
Calcium found in Leaf (5810 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (2400 ppm)
Potassium found in Leaf (22500 ppm)
Antiarteriosclerotic
Silicon found in Leaf (4.6 ppm)
Antiarthritic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (330 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (14 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf (5810 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (2400 ppm)
Manganese found in Leaf (8.1 ppm)
Selenium found in Leaf (1.7 ppm)
Thymol found in Shoot ;found in Shoot
Zinc found in Leaf
Antiasthmatic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (330 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (14 ppm)
Limonene found in Shoot ;found in Shoot
Magnesium found in Leaf (2400 ppm)
Selenium found in Leaf (1.7 ppm)
Terpinen-4-ol found in Shoot (26 ppm);found in Shoot (28 ppm);found in Shoot (41 ppm);found in Shoot (70 ppm);found in Shoot (18 ppm);found in Shoot (4 ppm);found in Shoot (45 ppm);found in Shoot (50 ppm);found in Shoot (25 ppm);found in Shoot (17 ppm)
Antiatherosclerotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (330 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf (5810 ppm)
Carvacrol found in Shoot (0 ppm);found in Shoot
Chromium found in Leaf (1.7 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (2400 ppm)
Selenium found in Leaf (1.7 ppm)
Thymol found in Shoot ;found in Shoot
Antibacillary
P-cymene found in Shoot (38 ppm);found in Shoot (30 ppm);found in Shoot (45 ppm);found in Shoot (32 ppm);found in Shoot (7 ppm);found in Shoot (50 ppm);found in Shoot (9 ppm);found in Shoot (43 ppm);found in Shoot (32 ppm);found in Shoot (23 ppm)
Antibacterial
1,8-cineole found in Shoot ;found in Shoot
Alpha-pinene found in Shoot (105 ppm);found in Shoot (55 ppm);found in Shoot (15 ppm);found in Shoot (70 ppm);found in Shoot (8 ppm);found in Shoot (135 ppm);found in Shoot (170 ppm);found in Shoot (200 ppm);found in Shoot (95 ppm);found in Shoot (75 ppm)
Alpha-terpineol found in Shoot (6 ppm);found in Shoot (2.5 ppm);found in Shoot ;found in Shoot (9 ppm);found in Shoot (12 ppm);found in Shoot (9 ppm);found in Shoot (7 ppm);found in Shoot (3.5 ppm);found in Shoot (5 ppm);found in Shoot (5 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (330 ppm)
Benzaldehyde found in Shoot (0 ppm);found in Shoot
Borneol found in Shoot (35 ppm);found in Shoot (26 ppm);found in Shoot (50 ppm);found in Shoot (80 ppm);found in Shoot (65 ppm);found in Shoot (9 ppm);found in Shoot (19 ppm);found in Shoot (90 ppm);found in Shoot (70 ppm);found in Shoot (47 ppm)
Bornyl-acetate found in Shoot (85 ppm);found in Shoot (50 ppm);found in Shoot (140 ppm);found in Shoot (28 ppm);found in Shoot (65 ppm);found in Shoot (50 ppm);found in Shoot (115 ppm);found in Shoot (115 ppm);found in Shoot (80 ppm);found in Shoot (70 ppm)
Carvacrol found in Shoot (0 ppm);found in Shoot
Cuminaldehyde found in Shoot (0 ppm);found in Shoot (0 ppm)
Delta-cadinene found in Shoot ;found in Shoot
Limonene found in Shoot ;found in Shoot
P-cymene found in Shoot (38 ppm);found in Shoot (30 ppm);found in Shoot (45 ppm);found in Shoot (32 ppm);found in Shoot (7 ppm);found in Shoot (50 ppm);found in Shoot (9 ppm);found in Shoot (43 ppm);found in Shoot (32 ppm);found in Shoot (23 ppm)
Sabinene found in Shoot (17 ppm);found in Shoot (5 ppm);found in Shoot (0 ppm);found in Shoot (15 ppm);found in Shoot (21 ppm);found in Shoot (18 ppm);found in Shoot (17 ppm);found in Shoot (10 ppm);found in Shoot (15 ppm);found in Shoot (13 ppm)
Terpinen-4-ol found in Shoot (26 ppm);found in Shoot (28 ppm);found in Shoot (41 ppm);found in Shoot (70 ppm);found in Shoot (18 ppm);found in Shoot (4 ppm);found in Shoot (45 ppm);found in Shoot (50 ppm);found in Shoot (25 ppm);found in Shoot (17 ppm)
Thymol found in Shoot ;found in Shoot
Tin found in Leaf (21 ppm)
Antibronchitic
1,8-cineole found in Shoot ;found in Shoot
Borneol found in Shoot (35 ppm);found in Shoot (26 ppm);found in Shoot (50 ppm);found in Shoot (80 ppm);found in Shoot (65 ppm);found in Shoot (9 ppm);found in Shoot (19 ppm);found in Shoot (90 ppm);found in Shoot (70 ppm);found in Shoot (47 ppm)
Thymol found in Shoot ;found in Shoot
Anticancer
Alpha-terpineol found in Shoot (6 ppm);found in Shoot (2.5 ppm);found in Shoot ;found in Shoot (9 ppm);found in Shoot (12 ppm);found in Shoot (9 ppm);found in Shoot (7 ppm);found in Shoot (3.5 ppm);found in Shoot (5 ppm);found in Shoot (5 ppm)
Benzaldehyde found in Shoot (0 ppm);found in Shoot
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (14 ppm)
Limonene found in Shoot ;found in Shoot
Anticanker
Iron found in Leaf
Zinc found in Leaf
Anticarcinomic
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (14 ppm)
Anticariogenic
1,8-cineole found in Shoot ;found in Shoot
Alpha-terpineol found in Shoot (6 ppm);found in Shoot (2.5 ppm);found in Shoot ;found in Shoot (9 ppm);found in Shoot (12 ppm);found in Shoot (9 ppm);found in Shoot (7 ppm);found in Shoot (3.5 ppm);found in Shoot (5 ppm);found in Shoot (5 ppm)
Delta-cadinene found in Shoot ;found in Shoot
Thymol found in Shoot ;found in Shoot
Anticarpal-Tunnel
Riboflavin found in Leaf (2.5 ppm)
Anticataract
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (330 ppm)
Niacin found in Leaf (385 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Leaf (2.5 ppm)
Selenium found in Leaf (1.7 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf
Anticatarrh
1,8-cineole found in Shoot ;found in Shoot
Anticephalagic
Magnesium found in Leaf (2400 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Leaf (2.5 ppm)
Anticervicaldysplasic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (330 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (14 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Leaf (2.5 ppm)
Anticheilitic
Iron found in Leaf
Riboflavin found in Leaf (2.5 ppm)
Antichilblain
Niacin found in Leaf (385 ppm)
Anticholinesterase
1,8-cineole found in Shoot ;found in Shoot
Thymol found in Shoot ;found in Shoot
Anticirrhotic
Selenium found in Leaf (1.7 ppm)
Anticlimacteric
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (330 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf (5810 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (2400 ppm)
Selenium found in Leaf (1.7 ppm)
Anticoeliac
Zinc found in Leaf
Anticold
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (330 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf
Anticolitic
Zinc found in Leaf
Anticonvulsant
Magnesium found in Leaf (2400 ppm)
Niacin found in Leaf (385 ppm)
Anticorneotic
Chromium found in Leaf (1.7 ppm)
Anticoronary
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (14 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (2400 ppm)
Selenium found in Leaf (1.7 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf
Antidandruff
Selenium found in Leaf (1.7 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf
Antidecubitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (330 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Leaf (2.5 ppm)
Antidementia
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (330 ppm)
Niacin found in Leaf (385 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf
Antidepressant
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (330 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf (5810 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (2400 ppm)
Potassium found in Leaf (22500 ppm)
Selenium found in Leaf (1.7 ppm)
Antidermatitic
Niacin found in Leaf (385 ppm)
Antidiabetic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (330 ppm)
Chromium found in Leaf (1.7 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (2400 ppm)
Manganese found in Leaf (8.1 ppm)
Niacin found in Leaf (385 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf
Antidiarrheic
Camphor found in Shoot (1485 ppm);found in Shoot (865 ppm);found in Shoot (1320 ppm);found in Shoot (2190 ppm);found in Shoot (3585 ppm);found in Shoot (2040 ppm);found in Shoot (640 ppm);found in Shoot (2755 ppm);found in Shoot (2715 ppm);found in Shoot (1400 ppm)
Antidiscotic
Manganese found in Leaf (8.1 ppm)
Antidiuretic
Carvacrol found in Shoot (0 ppm);found in Shoot
Antidysenteric
Camphor found in Shoot (1485 ppm);found in Shoot (865 ppm);found in Shoot (1320 ppm);found in Shoot (2190 ppm);found in Shoot (3585 ppm);found in Shoot (2040 ppm);found in Shoot (640 ppm);found in Shoot (2755 ppm);found in Shoot (2715 ppm);found in Shoot (1400 ppm)
Antidysgeuzic
Zinc found in Leaf
Antidyskinetic
Manganese found in Leaf (8.1 ppm)
Antidysmenorrheic
Magnesium found in Leaf (2400 ppm)
Antidysphagic
Niacin found in Leaf (385 ppm)
Antieczemic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (330 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf
Antiedemic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (330 ppm)
Antiemetic
Camphor found in Shoot (1485 ppm);found in Shoot (865 ppm);found in Shoot (1320 ppm);found in Shoot (2190 ppm);found in Shoot (3585 ppm);found in Shoot (2040 ppm);found in Shoot (640 ppm);found in Shoot (2755 ppm);found in Shoot (2715 ppm);found in Shoot (1400 ppm)
Antiencephalitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (330 ppm)
Antiencephalopathic
Zinc found in Leaf
Antiendometriotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (330 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (2400 ppm)
Antienterotic
Magnesium found in Leaf (2400 ppm)
Antiepileptic
Magnesium found in Leaf (2400 ppm)
Manganese found in Leaf (8.1 ppm)
Niacin found in Leaf (385 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf
Antiescherichic
Borneol found in Shoot (35 ppm);found in Shoot (26 ppm);found in Shoot (50 ppm);found in Shoot (80 ppm);found in Shoot (65 ppm);found in Shoot (9 ppm);found in Shoot (19 ppm);found in Shoot (90 ppm);found in Shoot (70 ppm);found in Shoot (47 ppm)
Antiesophagitic
Limonene found in Shoot ;found in Shoot
Antifatigue
1,8-cineole found in Shoot ;found in Shoot
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (330 ppm)
Chromium found in Leaf (1.7 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (2400 ppm)
Potassium found in Leaf (22500 ppm)
Antifeedant
Alpha-pinene found in Shoot (105 ppm);found in Shoot (55 ppm);found in Shoot (15 ppm);found in Shoot (70 ppm);found in Shoot (8 ppm);found in Shoot (135 ppm);found in Shoot (170 ppm);found in Shoot (200 ppm);found in Shoot (95 ppm);found in Shoot (75 ppm)
Borneol found in Shoot (35 ppm);found in Shoot (26 ppm);found in Shoot (50 ppm);found in Shoot (80 ppm);found in Shoot (65 ppm);found in Shoot (9 ppm);found in Shoot (19 ppm);found in Shoot (90 ppm);found in Shoot (70 ppm);found in Shoot (47 ppm)
Bornyl-acetate found in Shoot (85 ppm);found in Shoot (50 ppm);found in Shoot (140 ppm);found in Shoot (28 ppm);found in Shoot (65 ppm);found in Shoot (50 ppm);found in Shoot (115 ppm);found in Shoot (115 ppm);found in Shoot (80 ppm);found in Shoot (70 ppm)
Camphor found in Shoot (1485 ppm);found in Shoot (865 ppm);found in Shoot (1320 ppm);found in Shoot (2190 ppm);found in Shoot (3585 ppm);found in Shoot (2040 ppm);found in Shoot (640 ppm);found in Shoot (2755 ppm);found in Shoot (2715 ppm);found in Shoot (1400 ppm)
Caryophyllene-epoxide found in Shoot (110 ppm);found in Shoot (60 ppm);found in Shoot (31 ppm);found in Shoot (34 ppm);found in Shoot (31 ppm);found in Shoot (80 ppm);found in Shoot (65 ppm);found in Shoot (80 ppm);found in Shoot (85 ppm);found in Shoot (55 ppm)
Gamma-terpinene found in Shoot (145 ppm);found in Shoot (115 ppm);found in Shoot (135 ppm);found in Shoot (55 ppm);found in Shoot (28 ppm);found in Shoot (5.5 ppm);found in Shoot (125 ppm);found in Shoot (150 ppm);found in Shoot (100 ppm);found in Shoot (80 ppm)
Limonene found in Shoot ;found in Shoot
Terpinolene found in Shoot (7 ppm);found in Shoot
Antifibromyalgic
Magnesium found in Leaf (2400 ppm)
Antifibrositic
Camphor found in Shoot (1485 ppm);found in Shoot (865 ppm);found in Shoot (1320 ppm);found in Shoot (2190 ppm);found in Shoot (3585 ppm);found in Shoot (2040 ppm);found in Shoot (640 ppm);found in Shoot (2755 ppm);found in Shoot (2715 ppm);found in Shoot (1400 ppm)
Antifibrotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (330 ppm)
Selenium found in Leaf (1.7 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf
Antiflu
Alpha-pinene found in Shoot (105 ppm);found in Shoot (55 ppm);found in Shoot (15 ppm);found in Shoot (70 ppm);found in Shoot (8 ppm);found in Shoot (135 ppm);found in Shoot (170 ppm);found in Shoot (200 ppm);found in Shoot (95 ppm);found in Shoot (75 ppm)
Limonene found in Shoot ;found in Shoot
P-cymene found in Shoot (38 ppm);found in Shoot (30 ppm);found in Shoot (45 ppm);found in Shoot (32 ppm);found in Shoot (7 ppm);found in Shoot (50 ppm);found in Shoot (9 ppm);found in Shoot (43 ppm);found in Shoot (32 ppm);found in Shoot (23 ppm)
Antifuruncular
Zinc found in Leaf
Antigallstone
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (330 ppm)
Antigastritic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (330 ppm)
Antigastrotic
Magnesium found in Leaf (2400 ppm)
Antigingivitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (330 ppm)
Antiglaucomic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (330 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (2400 ppm)
Antiglossitic
Riboflavin found in Leaf (2.5 ppm)
Antiglycosuric
Chromium found in Leaf (1.7 ppm)
Antigout
Selenium found in Leaf (1.7 ppm)
Antihalitosic
1,8-cineole found in Shoot ;found in Shoot
Thymol found in Shoot ;found in Shoot
Antihangover
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (330 ppm)
Niacin found in Leaf (385 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf
Antihelicobacter
Sabinene found in Shoot (17 ppm);found in Shoot (5 ppm);found in Shoot (0 ppm);found in Shoot (15 ppm);found in Shoot (21 ppm);found in Shoot (18 ppm);found in Shoot (17 ppm);found in Shoot (10 ppm);found in Shoot (15 ppm);found in Shoot (13 ppm)
Antihemorrhagic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (330 ppm)
Antihepatitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (330 ppm)
Antihepatotoxic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (330 ppm)
Antiherpetic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (330 ppm)
Thymol found in Shoot ;found in Shoot
Antihistaminic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (330 ppm)
Niacin found in Leaf (385 ppm)
Antihyperactivity
Niacin found in Leaf (385 ppm)
Antihyperkeratotic
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (14 ppm)
Antihyperkinetic
Calcium found in Leaf (5810 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (2400 ppm)
Antihypertensive
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (330 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf (5810 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (2400 ppm)
Potassium found in Leaf (22500 ppm)
Antihypoglycemic
Magnesium found in Leaf (2400 ppm)
Antiichythyotic
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (14 ppm)
Antiimpotence
Zinc found in Leaf
Antiinfective
Zinc found in Leaf
Antiinfertility
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (330 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf
Antiinflammatory
1,8-cineole found in Shoot ;found in Shoot
Alpha-pinene found in Shoot (105 ppm);found in Shoot (55 ppm);found in Shoot (15 ppm);found in Shoot (70 ppm);found in Shoot (8 ppm);found in Shoot (135 ppm);found in Shoot (170 ppm);found in Shoot (200 ppm);found in Shoot (95 ppm);found in Shoot (75 ppm)
Alpha-terpineol found in Shoot (6 ppm);found in Shoot (2.5 ppm);found in Shoot ;found in Shoot (9 ppm);found in Shoot (12 ppm);found in Shoot (9 ppm);found in Shoot (7 ppm);found in Shoot (3.5 ppm);found in Shoot (5 ppm);found in Shoot (5 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (330 ppm)
Beta-pinene found in Shoot (12 ppm);found in Shoot (4 ppm);found in Shoot (3.5 ppm);found in Shoot (23 ppm);found in Shoot (28 ppm);found in Shoot (21 ppm);found in Shoot (20 ppm);found in Shoot (12 ppm);found in Shoot (10 ppm);found in Shoot (7 ppm)
Borneol found in Shoot (35 ppm);found in Shoot (26 ppm);found in Shoot (50 ppm);found in Shoot (80 ppm);found in Shoot (65 ppm);found in Shoot (9 ppm);found in Shoot (19 ppm);found in Shoot (90 ppm);found in Shoot (70 ppm);found in Shoot (47 ppm)
Carvacrol found in Shoot (0 ppm);found in Shoot
Limonene found in Shoot ;found in Shoot
Magnesium found in Leaf (2400 ppm)
Thymol found in Shoot ;found in Shoot
Antiinsomniac
Calcium found in Leaf (5810 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (2400 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf
Antiinsomnic
Niacin found in Leaf (385 ppm)
Antikeratitic
Riboflavin found in Leaf (2.5 ppm)
Antikeshan
Selenium found in Leaf (1.7 ppm)
Antilaryngitic
1,8-cineole found in Shoot ;found in Shoot
Antilepric
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (330 ppm)
Thymol found in Shoot ;found in Shoot
Zinc found in Leaf
Antileukemic
Selenium found in Leaf (1.7 ppm)
Antileukonychic
Zinc found in Leaf
Antileukoplakic
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (14 ppm)
Antileukotriene
Selenium found in Leaf (1.7 ppm)
Antilipoperoxidant
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (14 ppm)
Antilithic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (330 ppm)
Limonene found in Shoot ;found in Shoot
Magnesium found in Leaf (2400 ppm)
Antilupus
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (14 ppm)
Antilymphomic
Limonene found in Shoot ;found in Shoot
Zinc found in Leaf
Antimaculitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (330 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (14 ppm)
Selenium found in Leaf (1.7 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf
Antimastalgic
Magnesium found in Leaf (2400 ppm)
Antimastitic
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (14 ppm)
Antimeasles
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (330 ppm)
Antimelanomic
Carvacrol found in Shoot (0 ppm);found in Shoot
Selenium found in Leaf (1.7 ppm)
Thymol found in Shoot ;found in Shoot
Antimenopausal
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (330 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf (5810 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (2400 ppm)
Selenium found in Leaf (1.7 ppm)
Antimenorrhagic
Iron found in Leaf
Antimetastatic
Selenium found in Leaf (1.7 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf
Antimigraine
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (330 ppm)
Chrysanthenyl-acetate found in Shoot (1600 ppm);found in Shoot (455 ppm);found in Shoot (360 ppm);found in Shoot (1280 ppm);found in Shoot (1900 ppm);found in Shoot (1335 ppm);found in Shoot (1120 ppm);found in Shoot (1175 ppm);found in Shoot (1205 ppm);found in Shoot (880 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (2400 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Leaf (2.5 ppm)
Antimitral-valve-prolapse
Magnesium found in Leaf (2400 ppm)
Antimutagenic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (330 ppm)
Benzaldehyde found in Shoot (0 ppm);found in Shoot
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (14 ppm)
Limonene found in Shoot ;found in Shoot
Antimyalgic
Selenium found in Leaf (1.7 ppm)
Antinephrolytic
Magnesium found in Leaf (2400 ppm)
Antineuralgic
Camphor found in Shoot (1485 ppm);found in Shoot (865 ppm);found in Shoot (1320 ppm);found in Shoot (2190 ppm);found in Shoot (3585 ppm);found in Shoot (2040 ppm);found in Shoot (640 ppm);found in Shoot (2755 ppm);found in Shoot (2715 ppm);found in Shoot (1400 ppm)
Niacin found in Leaf (385 ppm)
Antineuramidase
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (330 ppm)
Antineuritic
Thymol found in Shoot ;found in Shoot
Antineuropathic
Zinc found in Leaf
Antineurotic
Magnesium found in Leaf (2400 ppm)
Antinitrosaminic
Alpha-terpinene found in Shoot (205 ppm);found in Shoot (45 ppm);found in Shoot (36 ppm);found in Shoot (110 ppm);found in Shoot (165 ppm);found in Shoot (210 ppm);found in Shoot (115 ppm);found in Shoot (215 ppm);found in Shoot (210 ppm);found in Shoot (95 ppm)
Terpinolene found in Shoot (7 ppm);found in Shoot
Antinitrosic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (330 ppm)
Antinociceptive
1,8-cineole found in Shoot ;found in Shoot
Antinyctalopic
Zinc found in Leaf
Antiobesity
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (330 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf (5810 ppm)
Chromium found in Leaf (1.7 ppm)
Limonene found in Shoot ;found in Shoot
Zinc found in Leaf
Antionychyotic
Silicon found in Leaf (4.6 ppm)
Antiorchitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (330 ppm)
Antiosteoarthritic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (330 ppm)
Selenium found in Leaf (1.7 ppm)
Antiosteoporotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (330 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf (5810 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (2400 ppm)
Manganese found in Leaf (8.1 ppm)
Phosphorus found in Leaf (5010 ppm)
Silicon found in Leaf (4.6 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf
Antiotitic
Borneol found in Shoot (35 ppm);found in Shoot (26 ppm);found in Shoot (50 ppm);found in Shoot (80 ppm);found in Shoot (65 ppm);found in Shoot (9 ppm);found in Shoot (19 ppm);found in Shoot (90 ppm);found in Shoot (70 ppm);found in Shoot (47 ppm)
Antiototic
Manganese found in Leaf (8.1 ppm)
Antioxidant
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (330 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (14 ppm)
Camphene found in Shoot (340 ppm);found in Shoot (285 ppm);found in Shoot (335 ppm);found in Shoot (185 ppm);found in Shoot (490 ppm);found in Shoot (620 ppm);found in Shoot (50 ppm);found in Shoot (95 ppm);found in Shoot (485 ppm);found in Shoot (530 ppm)
Carvacrol found in Shoot (0 ppm);found in Shoot
Gamma-terpinene found in Shoot (145 ppm);found in Shoot (115 ppm);found in Shoot (135 ppm);found in Shoot (55 ppm);found in Shoot (28 ppm);found in Shoot (5.5 ppm);found in Shoot (125 ppm);found in Shoot (150 ppm);found in Shoot (100 ppm);found in Shoot (80 ppm)
Manganese found in Leaf (8.1 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Leaf (2.5 ppm)
Selenium found in Leaf (1.7 ppm)
Terpinen-4-ol found in Shoot (26 ppm);found in Shoot (28 ppm);found in Shoot (41 ppm);found in Shoot (70 ppm);found in Shoot (18 ppm);found in Shoot (4 ppm);found in Shoot (45 ppm);found in Shoot (50 ppm);found in Shoot (25 ppm);found in Shoot (17 ppm)
Terpinolene found in Shoot (7 ppm);found in Shoot
Thymol found in Shoot ;found in Shoot
Antiozenic
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (14 ppm)
Antipapillomic
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (14 ppm)
Antiparkinsonian
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (330 ppm)
Niacin found in Leaf (385 ppm)
Selenium found in Leaf (1.7 ppm)
Antiparotitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (330 ppm)
Antipellagric
Niacin found in Leaf (385 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Leaf (2.5 ppm)
Antipeptic
Benzaldehyde found in Shoot (0 ppm);found in Shoot
Antiperiodontic
Thymol found in Shoot ;found in Shoot
Antiperiodontitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (330 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf (5810 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf
Antipharyngitic
1,8-cineole found in Shoot ;found in Shoot
Antiphotophobic
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (14 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Leaf (2.5 ppm)
Antipityriasic
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (14 ppm)
Antiplaque
1,8-cineole found in Shoot ;found in Shoot
Carvacrol found in Shoot (0 ppm);found in Shoot
Magnesium found in Leaf (2400 ppm)
Thymol found in Shoot ;found in Shoot
Zinc found in Leaf
Antipneumonic
Alpha-pinene found in Shoot (105 ppm);found in Shoot (55 ppm);found in Shoot (15 ppm);found in Shoot (70 ppm);found in Shoot (8 ppm);found in Shoot (135 ppm);found in Shoot (170 ppm);found in Shoot (200 ppm);found in Shoot (95 ppm);found in Shoot (75 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (330 ppm)
Antipodriac
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (330 ppm)
Antipoliomyelitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (330 ppm)
Antiporphyric
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (14 ppm)
Antiprolactin
Zinc found in Leaf
Antiproliferant
Alpha-terpineol found in Shoot (6 ppm);found in Shoot (2.5 ppm);found in Shoot ;found in Shoot (9 ppm);found in Shoot (12 ppm);found in Shoot (9 ppm);found in Shoot (7 ppm);found in Shoot (3.5 ppm);found in Shoot (5 ppm);found in Shoot (5 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (14 ppm)
Selenium found in Leaf (1.7 ppm)
Antiprostaglandin
Carvacrol found in Shoot (0 ppm);found in Shoot
Chrysanthenyl-acetate found in Shoot (1600 ppm);found in Shoot (455 ppm);found in Shoot (360 ppm);found in Shoot (1280 ppm);found in Shoot (1900 ppm);found in Shoot (1335 ppm);found in Shoot (1120 ppm);found in Shoot (1175 ppm);found in Shoot (1205 ppm);found in Shoot (880 ppm)
Antiprostatitic
Zinc found in Leaf
Antipruritic
Camphor found in Shoot (1485 ppm);found in Shoot (865 ppm);found in Shoot (1320 ppm);found in Shoot (2190 ppm);found in Shoot (3585 ppm);found in Shoot (2040 ppm);found in Shoot (640 ppm);found in Shoot (2755 ppm);found in Shoot (2715 ppm);found in Shoot (1400 ppm)
Antipsoriac
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (14 ppm)
Antipyretic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (330 ppm)
Borneol found in Shoot (35 ppm);found in Shoot (26 ppm);found in Shoot (50 ppm);found in Shoot (80 ppm);found in Shoot (65 ppm);found in Shoot (9 ppm);found in Shoot (19 ppm);found in Shoot (90 ppm);found in Shoot (70 ppm);found in Shoot (47 ppm)
Antiradicular
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (330 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (14 ppm)
Carvacrol found in Shoot (0 ppm);found in Shoot
Selenium found in Leaf (1.7 ppm)
Thymol found in Shoot ;found in Shoot
Antiretinopathic
Magnesium found in Leaf (2400 ppm)
Antiretinotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (330 ppm)
Antirheumatalgic
P-cymene found in Shoot (38 ppm);found in Shoot (30 ppm);found in Shoot (45 ppm);found in Shoot (32 ppm);found in Shoot (7 ppm);found in Shoot (50 ppm);found in Shoot (9 ppm);found in Shoot (43 ppm);found in Shoot (32 ppm);found in Shoot (23 ppm)
Antirheumatic
1,8-cineole found in Shoot ;found in Shoot
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (330 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (14 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf (5810 ppm)
Selenium found in Leaf (1.7 ppm)
Thymol found in Shoot ;found in Shoot
Zinc found in Leaf
Antirhinitic
1,8-cineole found in Shoot ;found in Shoot
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (330 ppm)
Antisalmonella
Borneol found in Shoot (35 ppm);found in Shoot (26 ppm);found in Shoot (50 ppm);found in Shoot (80 ppm);found in Shoot (65 ppm);found in Shoot (9 ppm);found in Shoot (19 ppm);found in Shoot (90 ppm);found in Shoot (70 ppm);found in Shoot (47 ppm)
Thymol found in Shoot ;found in Shoot
Antiscorbutic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (330 ppm)
Antiscotomic
Niacin found in Leaf (385 ppm)
Antiseptic
1,8-cineole found in Shoot ;found in Shoot
Alpha-pinene found in Shoot (105 ppm);found in Shoot (55 ppm);found in Shoot (15 ppm);found in Shoot (70 ppm);found in Shoot (8 ppm);found in Shoot (135 ppm);found in Shoot (170 ppm);found in Shoot (200 ppm);found in Shoot (95 ppm);found in Shoot (75 ppm)
Alpha-terpineol found in Shoot (6 ppm);found in Shoot (2.5 ppm);found in Shoot ;found in Shoot (9 ppm);found in Shoot (12 ppm);found in Shoot (9 ppm);found in Shoot (7 ppm);found in Shoot (3.5 ppm);found in Shoot (5 ppm);found in Shoot (5 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (330 ppm)
Benzaldehyde found in Shoot (0 ppm);found in Shoot
Beta-pinene found in Shoot (12 ppm);found in Shoot (4 ppm);found in Shoot (3.5 ppm);found in Shoot (23 ppm);found in Shoot (28 ppm);found in Shoot (21 ppm);found in Shoot (20 ppm);found in Shoot (12 ppm);found in Shoot (10 ppm);found in Shoot (7 ppm)
Camphor found in Shoot (1485 ppm);found in Shoot (865 ppm);found in Shoot (1320 ppm);found in Shoot (2190 ppm);found in Shoot (3585 ppm);found in Shoot (2040 ppm);found in Shoot (640 ppm);found in Shoot (2755 ppm);found in Shoot (2715 ppm);found in Shoot (1400 ppm)
Carvacrol found in Shoot (0 ppm);found in Shoot
Limonene found in Shoot ;found in Shoot
Sabinene found in Shoot (17 ppm);found in Shoot (5 ppm);found in Shoot (0 ppm);found in Shoot (15 ppm);found in Shoot (21 ppm);found in Shoot (18 ppm);found in Shoot (17 ppm);found in Shoot (10 ppm);found in Shoot (15 ppm);found in Shoot (13 ppm)
Terpinen-4-ol found in Shoot (26 ppm);found in Shoot (28 ppm);found in Shoot (41 ppm);found in Shoot (70 ppm);found in Shoot (18 ppm);found in Shoot (4 ppm);found in Shoot (45 ppm);found in Shoot (50 ppm);found in Shoot (25 ppm);found in Shoot (17 ppm)
Thymol found in Shoot ;found in Shoot
Zinc found in Leaf
Antishingles
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (330 ppm)
Antisilicotic
Aluminum found in Leaf (6.2 ppm)
Antisinusitic
1,8-cineole found in Shoot ;found in Shoot
Antispare-Tire
Zinc found in Leaf
Antispasmodic
1,8-cineole found in Shoot ;found in Shoot
Alpha-pinene found in Shoot (105 ppm);found in Shoot (55 ppm);found in Shoot (15 ppm);found in Shoot (70 ppm);found in Shoot (8 ppm);found in Shoot (135 ppm);found in Shoot (170 ppm);found in Shoot (200 ppm);found in Shoot (95 ppm);found in Shoot (75 ppm)
Alpha-terpinene found in Shoot (205 ppm);found in Shoot (45 ppm);found in Shoot (36 ppm);found in Shoot (110 ppm);found in Shoot (165 ppm);found in Shoot (210 ppm);found in Shoot (115 ppm);found in Shoot (215 ppm);found in Shoot (210 ppm);found in Shoot (95 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (330 ppm)
Benzaldehyde found in Shoot (0 ppm);found in Shoot
Beta-pinene found in Shoot (12 ppm);found in Shoot (4 ppm);found in Shoot (3.5 ppm);found in Shoot (23 ppm);found in Shoot (28 ppm);found in Shoot (21 ppm);found in Shoot (20 ppm);found in Shoot (12 ppm);found in Shoot (10 ppm);found in Shoot (7 ppm)
Borneol found in Shoot (35 ppm);found in Shoot (26 ppm);found in Shoot (50 ppm);found in Shoot (80 ppm);found in Shoot (65 ppm);found in Shoot (9 ppm);found in Shoot (19 ppm);found in Shoot (90 ppm);found in Shoot (70 ppm);found in Shoot (47 ppm)
Bornyl-acetate found in Shoot (85 ppm);found in Shoot (50 ppm);found in Shoot (140 ppm);found in Shoot (28 ppm);found in Shoot (65 ppm);found in Shoot (50 ppm);found in Shoot (115 ppm);found in Shoot (115 ppm);found in Shoot (80 ppm);found in Shoot (70 ppm)
Camphor found in Shoot (1485 ppm);found in Shoot (865 ppm);found in Shoot (1320 ppm);found in Shoot (2190 ppm);found in Shoot (3585 ppm);found in Shoot (2040 ppm);found in Shoot (640 ppm);found in Shoot (2755 ppm);found in Shoot (2715 ppm);found in Shoot (1400 ppm)
Carvacrol found in Shoot (0 ppm);found in Shoot
Limonene found in Shoot ;found in Shoot
Magnesium found in Leaf (2400 ppm)
Niacin found in Leaf (385 ppm)
Potassium found in Leaf (22500 ppm)
Terpinen-4-ol found in Shoot (26 ppm);found in Shoot (28 ppm);found in Shoot (41 ppm);found in Shoot (70 ppm);found in Shoot (18 ppm);found in Shoot (4 ppm);found in Shoot (45 ppm);found in Shoot (50 ppm);found in Shoot (25 ppm);found in Shoot (17 ppm)
Thymol found in Shoot ;found in Shoot
Antispasmophilic
Magnesium found in Leaf (2400 ppm)
Antistaphylococcic
1,8-cineole found in Shoot ;found in Shoot
Alpha-pinene found in Shoot (105 ppm);found in Shoot (55 ppm);found in Shoot (15 ppm);found in Shoot (70 ppm);found in Shoot (8 ppm);found in Shoot (135 ppm);found in Shoot (170 ppm);found in Shoot (200 ppm);found in Shoot (95 ppm);found in Shoot (75 ppm)
Borneol found in Shoot (35 ppm);found in Shoot (26 ppm);found in Shoot (50 ppm);found in Shoot (80 ppm);found in Shoot (65 ppm);found in Shoot (9 ppm);found in Shoot (19 ppm);found in Shoot (90 ppm);found in Shoot (70 ppm);found in Shoot (47 ppm)
Carvacrol found in Shoot (0 ppm);found in Shoot
Thymol found in Shoot ;found in Shoot
Antistomatitic
Zinc found in Leaf
Antistreptococcic
Carvacrol found in Shoot (0 ppm);found in Shoot
Delta-cadinene found in Shoot ;found in Shoot
Thymol found in Shoot ;found in Shoot
Antistress
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (330 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (14 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf (5810 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (2400 ppm)
Antistroke
Magnesium found in Leaf (2400 ppm)
Potassium found in Leaf (22500 ppm)
Antisyndrome-X
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (330 ppm)
Chromium found in Leaf (1.7 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (2400 ppm)
Manganese found in Leaf (8.1 ppm)
Selenium found in Leaf (1.7 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf
Antitic
Calcium found in Leaf (5810 ppm)
Antitinnitic
Zinc found in Leaf
Antitrichinosic
Thymol found in Shoot ;found in Shoot
Antitriglyceride
Chromium found in Leaf (1.7 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf
Antitumor
Alpha-humulene found in Shoot ;found in Shoot
Benzaldehyde found in Shoot (0 ppm);found in Shoot
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (14 ppm)
Limonene found in Shoot ;found in Shoot
Selenium found in Leaf (1.7 ppm)
Antitussive
1,8-cineole found in Shoot ;found in Shoot
Carvacrol found in Shoot (0 ppm);found in Shoot
Terpinen-4-ol found in Shoot (26 ppm);found in Shoot (28 ppm);found in Shoot (41 ppm);found in Shoot (70 ppm);found in Shoot (18 ppm);found in Shoot (4 ppm);found in Shoot (45 ppm);found in Shoot (50 ppm);found in Shoot (25 ppm);found in Shoot (17 ppm)
Thymol found in Shoot ;found in Shoot
Antiulcer
1,8-cineole found in Shoot ;found in Shoot
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (330 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (14 ppm)
Sabinene found in Shoot (17 ppm);found in Shoot (5 ppm);found in Shoot (0 ppm);found in Shoot (15 ppm);found in Shoot (21 ppm);found in Shoot (18 ppm);found in Shoot (17 ppm);found in Shoot (10 ppm);found in Shoot (15 ppm);found in Shoot (13 ppm)
Terpinen-4-ol found in Shoot (26 ppm);found in Shoot (28 ppm);found in Shoot (41 ppm);found in Shoot (70 ppm);found in Shoot (18 ppm);found in Shoot (4 ppm);found in Shoot (45 ppm);found in Shoot (50 ppm);found in Shoot (25 ppm);found in Shoot (17 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf
Antiulcerogenic
Selenium found in Leaf (1.7 ppm)
Antivaginitic
Aluminum found in Leaf (6.2 ppm)
Antivertigo
Niacin found in Leaf (385 ppm)
Antiviral
Alpha-pinene found in Shoot (105 ppm);found in Shoot (55 ppm);found in Shoot (15 ppm);found in Shoot (70 ppm);found in Shoot (8 ppm);found in Shoot (135 ppm);found in Shoot (170 ppm);found in Shoot (200 ppm);found in Shoot (95 ppm);found in Shoot (75 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (330 ppm)
Bornyl-acetate found in Shoot (85 ppm);found in Shoot (50 ppm);found in Shoot (140 ppm);found in Shoot (28 ppm);found in Shoot (65 ppm);found in Shoot (50 ppm);found in Shoot (115 ppm);found in Shoot (115 ppm);found in Shoot (80 ppm);found in Shoot (70 ppm)
Limonene found in Shoot ;found in Shoot
P-cymene found in Shoot (38 ppm);found in Shoot (30 ppm);found in Shoot (45 ppm);found in Shoot (32 ppm);found in Shoot (7 ppm);found in Shoot (50 ppm);found in Shoot (9 ppm);found in Shoot (43 ppm);found in Shoot (32 ppm);found in Shoot (23 ppm)
Antixerophthalmic
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (14 ppm)
Antiyeast
Borneol found in Shoot (35 ppm);found in Shoot (26 ppm);found in Shoot (50 ppm);found in Shoot (80 ppm);found in Shoot (65 ppm);found in Shoot (9 ppm);found in Shoot (19 ppm);found in Shoot (90 ppm);found in Shoot (70 ppm);found in Shoot (47 ppm)
Anxiolytic
Calcium found in Leaf (5810 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (2400 ppm)
Phosphorus found in Leaf (5010 ppm)
Potassium found in Leaf (22500 ppm)
Selenium found in Leaf (1.7 ppm)
Apoptotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (330 ppm)
Limonene found in Shoot ;found in Shoot
Selenium found in Leaf (1.7 ppm)
Asthma-preventive
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (330 ppm)
Astringent
Zinc found in Leaf
Ataxigenic
Thymol found in Shoot ;found in Shoot
Attifuge
Caryophyllene-epoxide found in Shoot (110 ppm);found in Shoot (60 ppm);found in Shoot (31 ppm);found in Shoot (34 ppm);found in Shoot (31 ppm);found in Shoot (80 ppm);found in Shoot (65 ppm);found in Shoot (80 ppm);found in Shoot (85 ppm);found in Shoot (55 ppm)
Bacteriostatic
Terpinen-4-ol found in Shoot (26 ppm);found in Shoot (28 ppm);found in Shoot (41 ppm);found in Shoot (70 ppm);found in Shoot (18 ppm);found in Shoot (4 ppm);found in Shoot (45 ppm);found in Shoot (50 ppm);found in Shoot (25 ppm);found in Shoot (17 ppm)
Beta-Blocker
Potassium found in Leaf (22500 ppm)
Beta-Glucuronidase-Inhibitor
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (330 ppm)
Bronchoprotectant
Limonene found in Shoot ;found in Shoot
CNS-Depressant
Magnesium found in Leaf (2400 ppm)
CNS-Stimulant
1,8-cineole found in Shoot ;found in Shoot
Borneol found in Shoot (35 ppm);found in Shoot (26 ppm);found in Shoot (50 ppm);found in Shoot (80 ppm);found in Shoot (65 ppm);found in Shoot (9 ppm);found in Shoot (19 ppm);found in Shoot (90 ppm);found in Shoot (70 ppm);found in Shoot (47 ppm)
Camphor found in Shoot (1485 ppm);found in Shoot (865 ppm);found in Shoot (1320 ppm);found in Shoot (2190 ppm);found in Shoot (3585 ppm);found in Shoot (2040 ppm);found in Shoot (640 ppm);found in Shoot (2755 ppm);found in Shoot (2715 ppm);found in Shoot (1400 ppm)
CNS-Toxic
Borneol found in Shoot (35 ppm);found in Shoot (26 ppm);found in Shoot (50 ppm);found in Shoot (80 ppm);found in Shoot (65 ppm);found in Shoot (9 ppm);found in Shoot (19 ppm);found in Shoot (90 ppm);found in Shoot (70 ppm);found in Shoot (47 ppm)
COX-1-Inhibitor
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (14 ppm)
COX-2-Inhibitor
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (14 ppm)
Calcium-Antagonist
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (330 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (2400 ppm)
Calcium-Channel-Blocker
Calcium found in Leaf (5810 ppm)
Cancer-Preventive
Alpha-pinene found in Shoot (105 ppm);found in Shoot (55 ppm);found in Shoot (15 ppm);found in Shoot (70 ppm);found in Shoot (8 ppm);found in Shoot (135 ppm);found in Shoot (170 ppm);found in Shoot (200 ppm);found in Shoot (95 ppm);found in Shoot (75 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (330 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (14 ppm)
Camphor found in Shoot (1485 ppm);found in Shoot (865 ppm);found in Shoot (1320 ppm);found in Shoot (2190 ppm);found in Shoot (3585 ppm);found in Shoot (2040 ppm);found in Shoot (640 ppm);found in Shoot (2755 ppm);found in Shoot (2715 ppm);found in Shoot (1400 ppm)
Limonene found in Shoot ;found in Shoot
Niacin found in Leaf (385 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Leaf (2.5 ppm)
Selenium found in Leaf (1.7 ppm)
Candidicide
1,8-cineole found in Shoot ;found in Shoot
Aluminum found in Leaf (6.2 ppm)
Benzaldehyde found in Shoot (0 ppm);found in Shoot
Beta-pinene found in Shoot (12 ppm);found in Shoot (4 ppm);found in Shoot (3.5 ppm);found in Shoot (23 ppm);found in Shoot (28 ppm);found in Shoot (21 ppm);found in Shoot (20 ppm);found in Shoot (12 ppm);found in Shoot (10 ppm);found in Shoot (7 ppm)
Borneol found in Shoot (35 ppm);found in Shoot (26 ppm);found in Shoot (50 ppm);found in Shoot (80 ppm);found in Shoot (65 ppm);found in Shoot (9 ppm);found in Shoot (19 ppm);found in Shoot (90 ppm);found in Shoot (70 ppm);found in Shoot (47 ppm)
Carvacrol found in Shoot (0 ppm);found in Shoot
Thymol found in Shoot ;found in Shoot
Candidistat
Limonene found in Shoot ;found in Shoot
Carcinogenic
1,8-cineole found in Shoot ;found in Shoot
Cardiomyopathogenic
Cobalt found in Leaf
Cardioprotective
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (330 ppm)
Chromium found in Leaf (1.7 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (2400 ppm)
Niacin found in Leaf (385 ppm)
Potassium found in Leaf (22500 ppm)
Selenium found in Leaf (1.7 ppm)
Silicon found in Leaf (4.6 ppm)
Cardiotoxic
Potassium found in Leaf (22500 ppm)
Carminative
Camphor found in Shoot (1485 ppm);found in Shoot (865 ppm);found in Shoot (1320 ppm);found in Shoot (2190 ppm);found in Shoot (3585 ppm);found in Shoot (2040 ppm);found in Shoot (640 ppm);found in Shoot (2755 ppm);found in Shoot (2715 ppm);found in Shoot (1400 ppm)
Carvacrol found in Shoot (0 ppm);found in Shoot
Thymol found in Shoot ;found in Shoot
Chemopreventive
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (14 ppm)
Limonene found in Shoot ;found in Shoot
Choleretic
1,8-cineole found in Shoot ;found in Shoot
Borneol found in Shoot (35 ppm);found in Shoot (26 ppm);found in Shoot (50 ppm);found in Shoot (80 ppm);found in Shoot (65 ppm);found in Shoot (9 ppm);found in Shoot (19 ppm);found in Shoot (90 ppm);found in Shoot (70 ppm);found in Shoot (47 ppm)
Cholesterolytic
Limonene found in Shoot ;found in Shoot
Cicatrizant
Alpha-terpineol found in Shoot (6 ppm);found in Shoot (2.5 ppm);found in Shoot ;found in Shoot (9 ppm);found in Shoot (12 ppm);found in Shoot (9 ppm);found in Shoot (7 ppm);found in Shoot (3.5 ppm);found in Shoot (5 ppm);found in Shoot (5 ppm)
Circulotonic
Niacin found in Leaf (385 ppm)
Cold-preventive
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (330 ppm)
Coleoptophile
Alpha-pinene found in Shoot (105 ppm);found in Shoot (55 ppm);found in Shoot (15 ppm);found in Shoot (70 ppm);found in Shoot (8 ppm);found in Shoot (135 ppm);found in Shoot (170 ppm);found in Shoot (200 ppm);found in Shoot (95 ppm);found in Shoot (75 ppm)
Collagenic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (330 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf
Colorant
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (14 ppm)
Convulsant
1,8-cineole found in Shoot ;found in Shoot
Camphor found in Shoot (1485 ppm);found in Shoot (865 ppm);found in Shoot (1320 ppm);found in Shoot (2190 ppm);found in Shoot (3585 ppm);found in Shoot (2040 ppm);found in Shoot (640 ppm);found in Shoot (2755 ppm);found in Shoot (2715 ppm);found in Shoot (1400 ppm)
Copper-Antagonist
Zinc found in Leaf
Cosmetic
Camphor found in Shoot (1485 ppm);found in Shoot (865 ppm);found in Shoot (1320 ppm);found in Shoot (2190 ppm);found in Shoot (3585 ppm);found in Shoot (2040 ppm);found in Shoot (640 ppm);found in Shoot (2755 ppm);found in Shoot (2715 ppm);found in Shoot (1400 ppm)
Counterirritant
1,8-cineole found in Shoot ;found in Shoot
Camphor found in Shoot (1485 ppm);found in Shoot (865 ppm);found in Shoot (1320 ppm);found in Shoot (2190 ppm);found in Shoot (3585 ppm);found in Shoot (2040 ppm);found in Shoot (640 ppm);found in Shoot (2755 ppm);found in Shoot (2715 ppm);found in Shoot (1400 ppm)
Thymol found in Shoot ;found in Shoot
Culicide
Thymol found in Shoot ;found in Shoot
Cyclooxygenase-Inhibitor
Carvacrol found in Shoot (0 ppm);found in Shoot
Thymol found in Shoot ;found in Shoot
Cytochrome-P450-Inducer
1,8-cineole found in Shoot ;found in Shoot
Delta-cadinene found in Shoot ;found in Shoot
Decongestant
1,8-cineole found in Shoot ;found in Shoot
Camphor found in Shoot (1485 ppm);found in Shoot (865 ppm);found in Shoot (1320 ppm);found in Shoot (2190 ppm);found in Shoot (3585 ppm);found in Shoot (2040 ppm);found in Shoot (640 ppm);found in Shoot (2755 ppm);found in Shoot (2715 ppm);found in Shoot (1400 ppm)
Degranulant
1,8-cineole found in Shoot ;found in Shoot
Deliriant
Camphor found in Shoot (1485 ppm);found in Shoot (865 ppm);found in Shoot (1320 ppm);found in Shoot (2190 ppm);found in Shoot (3585 ppm);found in Shoot (2040 ppm);found in Shoot (640 ppm);found in Shoot (2755 ppm);found in Shoot (2715 ppm);found in Shoot (1400 ppm)
Dentifrice
1,8-cineole found in Shoot ;found in Shoot
Thymol found in Shoot ;found in Shoot
Deodorant
Terpinolene found in Shoot (7 ppm);found in Shoot
Thymol found in Shoot ;found in Shoot
Zinc found in Leaf
Depressant
Selenium found in Leaf (1.7 ppm)
Dermatitigenic
Thymol found in Shoot ;found in Shoot
Detoxicant
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (330 ppm)
Limonene found in Shoot ;found in Shoot
Diuretic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (330 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf (5810 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (2400 ppm)
Potassium found in Leaf (22500 ppm)
Terpinen-4-ol found in Shoot (26 ppm);found in Shoot (28 ppm);found in Shoot (41 ppm);found in Shoot (70 ppm);found in Shoot (18 ppm);found in Shoot (4 ppm);found in Shoot (45 ppm);found in Shoot (50 ppm);found in Shoot (25 ppm);found in Shoot (17 ppm)
Ecbolic
Camphor found in Shoot (1485 ppm);found in Shoot (865 ppm);found in Shoot (1320 ppm);found in Shoot (2190 ppm);found in Shoot (3585 ppm);found in Shoot (2040 ppm);found in Shoot (640 ppm);found in Shoot (2755 ppm);found in Shoot (2715 ppm);found in Shoot (1400 ppm)
Edemagenic
1,8-cineole found in Shoot ;found in Shoot
Emetic
Camphor found in Shoot (1485 ppm);found in Shoot (865 ppm);found in Shoot (1320 ppm);found in Shoot (2190 ppm);found in Shoot (3585 ppm);found in Shoot (2040 ppm);found in Shoot (640 ppm);found in Shoot (2755 ppm);found in Shoot (2715 ppm);found in Shoot (1400 ppm)
Encephalopathic
Aluminum found in Leaf (6.2 ppm)
Energizer
Chromium found in Leaf (1.7 ppm)
Enterocontractant
Limonene found in Shoot ;found in Shoot
Enterorelaxant
Carvacrol found in Shoot (0 ppm);found in Shoot
Thymol found in Shoot ;found in Shoot
Enterotoxic
Thymol found in Shoot ;found in Shoot
Epileptigenic
Camphor found in Shoot (1485 ppm);found in Shoot (865 ppm);found in Shoot (1320 ppm);found in Shoot (2190 ppm);found in Shoot (3585 ppm);found in Shoot (2040 ppm);found in Shoot (640 ppm);found in Shoot (2755 ppm);found in Shoot (2715 ppm);found in Shoot (1400 ppm)
Ergogenic
Zinc found in Leaf
Erythrocytogenic
Cobalt found in Leaf
Expectorant
1,8-cineole found in Shoot ;found in Shoot
Alpha-pinene found in Shoot (105 ppm);found in Shoot (55 ppm);found in Shoot (15 ppm);found in Shoot (70 ppm);found in Shoot (8 ppm);found in Shoot (135 ppm);found in Shoot (170 ppm);found in Shoot (200 ppm);found in Shoot (95 ppm);found in Shoot (75 ppm)
Bornyl-acetate found in Shoot (85 ppm);found in Shoot (50 ppm);found in Shoot (140 ppm);found in Shoot (28 ppm);found in Shoot (65 ppm);found in Shoot (50 ppm);found in Shoot (115 ppm);found in Shoot (115 ppm);found in Shoot (80 ppm);found in Shoot (70 ppm)
Camphene found in Shoot (340 ppm);found in Shoot (285 ppm);found in Shoot (335 ppm);found in Shoot (185 ppm);found in Shoot (490 ppm);found in Shoot (620 ppm);found in Shoot (50 ppm);found in Shoot (95 ppm);found in Shoot (485 ppm);found in Shoot (530 ppm)
Camphor found in Shoot (1485 ppm);found in Shoot (865 ppm);found in Shoot (1320 ppm);found in Shoot (2190 ppm);found in Shoot (3585 ppm);found in Shoot (2040 ppm);found in Shoot (640 ppm);found in Shoot (2755 ppm);found in Shoot (2715 ppm);found in Shoot (1400 ppm)
Carvacrol found in Shoot (0 ppm);found in Shoot
Limonene found in Shoot ;found in Shoot
Thymol found in Shoot ;found in Shoot
FLavor
1,8-cineole found in Shoot ;found in Shoot
Alpha-pinene found in Shoot (105 ppm);found in Shoot (55 ppm);found in Shoot (15 ppm);found in Shoot (70 ppm);found in Shoot (8 ppm);found in Shoot (135 ppm);found in Shoot (170 ppm);found in Shoot (200 ppm);found in Shoot (95 ppm);found in Shoot (75 ppm)
Alpha-terpinene found in Shoot (205 ppm);found in Shoot (45 ppm);found in Shoot (36 ppm);found in Shoot (110 ppm);found in Shoot (165 ppm);found in Shoot (210 ppm);found in Shoot (115 ppm);found in Shoot (215 ppm);found in Shoot (210 ppm);found in Shoot (95 ppm)
Alpha-terpineol found in Shoot (6 ppm);found in Shoot (2.5 ppm);found in Shoot ;found in Shoot (9 ppm);found in Shoot (12 ppm);found in Shoot (9 ppm);found in Shoot (7 ppm);found in Shoot (3.5 ppm);found in Shoot (5 ppm);found in Shoot (5 ppm)
Benzaldehyde found in Shoot (0 ppm);found in Shoot
Benzyl-isobutyrate found in Shoot ;found in Shoot
Benzyl-isovalerate found in Shoot (3 ppm);found in Shoot
Benzyl-propionate found in Shoot (0 ppm);found in Shoot
Beta-pinene found in Shoot (12 ppm);found in Shoot (4 ppm);found in Shoot (3.5 ppm);found in Shoot (23 ppm);found in Shoot (28 ppm);found in Shoot (21 ppm);found in Shoot (20 ppm);found in Shoot (12 ppm);found in Shoot (10 ppm);found in Shoot (7 ppm)
Borneol found in Shoot (35 ppm);found in Shoot (26 ppm);found in Shoot (50 ppm);found in Shoot (80 ppm);found in Shoot (65 ppm);found in Shoot (9 ppm);found in Shoot (19 ppm);found in Shoot (90 ppm);found in Shoot (70 ppm);found in Shoot (47 ppm)
Bornyl-acetate found in Shoot (85 ppm);found in Shoot (50 ppm);found in Shoot (140 ppm);found in Shoot (28 ppm);found in Shoot (65 ppm);found in Shoot (50 ppm);found in Shoot (115 ppm);found in Shoot (115 ppm);found in Shoot (80 ppm);found in Shoot (70 ppm)
Camphene found in Shoot (340 ppm);found in Shoot (285 ppm);found in Shoot (335 ppm);found in Shoot (185 ppm);found in Shoot (490 ppm);found in Shoot (620 ppm);found in Shoot (50 ppm);found in Shoot (95 ppm);found in Shoot (485 ppm);found in Shoot (530 ppm)
Carvacrol found in Shoot (0 ppm);found in Shoot
Cuminaldehyde found in Shoot (0 ppm);found in Shoot (0 ppm)
Gamma-terpinene found in Shoot (145 ppm);found in Shoot (115 ppm);found in Shoot (135 ppm);found in Shoot (55 ppm);found in Shoot (28 ppm);found in Shoot (5.5 ppm);found in Shoot (125 ppm);found in Shoot (150 ppm);found in Shoot (100 ppm);found in Shoot (80 ppm)
Limonene found in Shoot ;found in Shoot
P-cymene found in Shoot (38 ppm);found in Shoot (30 ppm);found in Shoot (45 ppm);found in Shoot (32 ppm);found in Shoot (7 ppm);found in Shoot (50 ppm);found in Shoot (9 ppm);found in Shoot (43 ppm);found in Shoot (32 ppm);found in Shoot (23 ppm)
Terpinolene found in Shoot (7 ppm);found in Shoot
Thymol found in Shoot ;found in Shoot
Fibrinolytic
Niacin found in Leaf (385 ppm)
Fistula-Preventive
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (330 ppm)
Fumigant
Thujopsene found in Shoot (6 ppm);found in Shoot (1.5 ppm);found in Shoot (0 ppm);found in Shoot (14 ppm);found in Shoot (20 ppm);found in Shoot (11 ppm);found in Shoot (6 ppm);found in Shoot (3 ppm);found in Shoot (3 ppm);found in Shoot (9 ppm)
Fungicide
1,8-cineole found in Shoot ;found in Shoot
Borneol found in Shoot (35 ppm);found in Shoot (26 ppm);found in Shoot (50 ppm);found in Shoot (80 ppm);found in Shoot (65 ppm);found in Shoot (9 ppm);found in Shoot (19 ppm);found in Shoot (90 ppm);found in Shoot (70 ppm);found in Shoot (47 ppm)
Camphor found in Shoot (1485 ppm);found in Shoot (865 ppm);found in Shoot (1320 ppm);found in Shoot (2190 ppm);found in Shoot (3585 ppm);found in Shoot (2040 ppm);found in Shoot (640 ppm);found in Shoot (2755 ppm);found in Shoot (2715 ppm);found in Shoot (1400 ppm)
Carvacrol found in Shoot (0 ppm);found in Shoot
Cuminaldehyde found in Shoot (0 ppm);found in Shoot (0 ppm)
P-cymene found in Shoot (38 ppm);found in Shoot (30 ppm);found in Shoot (45 ppm);found in Shoot (32 ppm);found in Shoot (7 ppm);found in Shoot (50 ppm);found in Shoot (9 ppm);found in Shoot (43 ppm);found in Shoot (32 ppm);found in Shoot (23 ppm)
Selenium found in Leaf (1.7 ppm)
Terpinen-4-ol found in Shoot (26 ppm);found in Shoot (28 ppm);found in Shoot (41 ppm);found in Shoot (70 ppm);found in Shoot (18 ppm);found in Shoot (4 ppm);found in Shoot (45 ppm);found in Shoot (50 ppm);found in Shoot (25 ppm);found in Shoot (17 ppm)
Terpinolene found in Shoot (7 ppm);found in Shoot
Thymol found in Shoot ;found in Shoot
Fungiphilic
Limonene found in Shoot ;found in Shoot
Fungistat
Caryophyllene-epoxide found in Shoot (110 ppm);found in Shoot (60 ppm);found in Shoot (31 ppm);found in Shoot (34 ppm);found in Shoot (31 ppm);found in Shoot (80 ppm);found in Shoot (65 ppm);found in Shoot (80 ppm);found in Shoot (85 ppm);found in Shoot (55 ppm)
Limonene found in Shoot ;found in Shoot
GST-Inducer
Limonene found in Shoot ;found in Shoot
Gastroirritant
Thymol found in Shoot ;found in Shoot
Gastroprotective
1,8-cineole found in Shoot ;found in Shoot
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (14 ppm)
Hepatoprotective
Borneol found in Shoot (35 ppm);found in Shoot (26 ppm);found in Shoot (50 ppm);found in Shoot (80 ppm);found in Shoot (65 ppm);found in Shoot (9 ppm);found in Shoot (19 ppm);found in Shoot (90 ppm);found in Shoot (70 ppm);found in Shoot (47 ppm)
Niacin found in Leaf (385 ppm)
Hepatotonic
1,8-cineole found in Shoot ;found in Shoot
Hepatotoxic
Niacin found in Leaf (385 ppm)
Herbicide
1,8-cineole found in Shoot ;found in Shoot
Alpha-pinene found in Shoot (105 ppm);found in Shoot (55 ppm);found in Shoot (15 ppm);found in Shoot (70 ppm);found in Shoot (8 ppm);found in Shoot (135 ppm);found in Shoot (170 ppm);found in Shoot (200 ppm);found in Shoot (95 ppm);found in Shoot (75 ppm)
Beta-pinene found in Shoot (12 ppm);found in Shoot (4 ppm);found in Shoot (3.5 ppm);found in Shoot (23 ppm);found in Shoot (28 ppm);found in Shoot (21 ppm);found in Shoot (20 ppm);found in Shoot (12 ppm);found in Shoot (10 ppm);found in Shoot (7 ppm)
Borneol found in Shoot (35 ppm);found in Shoot (26 ppm);found in Shoot (50 ppm);found in Shoot (80 ppm);found in Shoot (65 ppm);found in Shoot (9 ppm);found in Shoot (19 ppm);found in Shoot (90 ppm);found in Shoot (70 ppm);found in Shoot (47 ppm)
Camphor found in Shoot (1485 ppm);found in Shoot (865 ppm);found in Shoot (1320 ppm);found in Shoot (2190 ppm);found in Shoot (3585 ppm);found in Shoot (2040 ppm);found in Shoot (640 ppm);found in Shoot (2755 ppm);found in Shoot (2715 ppm);found in Shoot (1400 ppm)
Limonene found in Shoot ;found in Shoot
P-cymene found in Shoot (38 ppm);found in Shoot (30 ppm);found in Shoot (45 ppm);found in Shoot (32 ppm);found in Shoot (7 ppm);found in Shoot (50 ppm);found in Shoot (9 ppm);found in Shoot (43 ppm);found in Shoot (32 ppm);found in Shoot (23 ppm)
Terpinen-4-ol found in Shoot (26 ppm);found in Shoot (28 ppm);found in Shoot (41 ppm);found in Shoot (70 ppm);found in Shoot (18 ppm);found in Shoot (4 ppm);found in Shoot (45 ppm);found in Shoot (50 ppm);found in Shoot (25 ppm);found in Shoot (17 ppm)
Histaminic
Limonene found in Shoot ;found in Shoot
Hypertensive
Sodium found in Leaf (48 ppm)
Hypocholesterolemic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (330 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf (5810 ppm)
Chromium found in Leaf (1.7 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (2400 ppm)
Niacin found in Leaf (385 ppm)
Hypoglycemic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (330 ppm)
Chromium found in Leaf (1.7 ppm)
Manganese found in Leaf (8.1 ppm)
Niacin found in Leaf (385 ppm)
Hypolipidemic
Niacin found in Leaf (385 ppm)
Hypotensive
1,8-cineole found in Shoot ;found in Shoot
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (330 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf (5810 ppm)
Chromium found in Leaf (1.7 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (2400 ppm)
Potassium found in Leaf (22500 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf
Immunomodulator
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (330 ppm)
Chromium found in Leaf (1.7 ppm)
Limonene found in Shoot ;found in Shoot
Magnesium found in Leaf (2400 ppm)
Selenium found in Leaf (1.7 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf
Immunostimulant
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (330 ppm)
Benzaldehyde found in Shoot (0 ppm);found in Shoot
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (14 ppm)
Phosphorus found in Leaf (5010 ppm)
Selenium found in Leaf (1.7 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf
Immunosuppressant
Zinc found in Leaf
Inflammatory
1,8-cineole found in Shoot ;found in Shoot
Inhalant
Borneol found in Shoot (35 ppm);found in Shoot (26 ppm);found in Shoot (50 ppm);found in Shoot (80 ppm);found in Shoot (65 ppm);found in Shoot (9 ppm);found in Shoot (19 ppm);found in Shoot (90 ppm);found in Shoot (70 ppm);found in Shoot (47 ppm)
Insect-Repellent
Borneol found in Shoot (35 ppm);found in Shoot (26 ppm);found in Shoot (50 ppm);found in Shoot (80 ppm);found in Shoot (65 ppm);found in Shoot (9 ppm);found in Shoot (19 ppm);found in Shoot (90 ppm);found in Shoot (70 ppm);found in Shoot (47 ppm)
Camphor found in Shoot (1485 ppm);found in Shoot (865 ppm);found in Shoot (1320 ppm);found in Shoot (2190 ppm);found in Shoot (3585 ppm);found in Shoot (2040 ppm);found in Shoot (640 ppm);found in Shoot (2755 ppm);found in Shoot (2715 ppm);found in Shoot (1400 ppm)
Insecticide
Alpha-pinene found in Shoot (105 ppm);found in Shoot (55 ppm);found in Shoot (15 ppm);found in Shoot (70 ppm);found in Shoot (8 ppm);found in Shoot (135 ppm);found in Shoot (170 ppm);found in Shoot (200 ppm);found in Shoot (95 ppm);found in Shoot (75 ppm)
Alpha-terpinene found in Shoot (205 ppm);found in Shoot (45 ppm);found in Shoot (36 ppm);found in Shoot (110 ppm);found in Shoot (165 ppm);found in Shoot (210 ppm);found in Shoot (115 ppm);found in Shoot (215 ppm);found in Shoot (210 ppm);found in Shoot (95 ppm)
Alpha-terpineol found in Shoot (6 ppm);found in Shoot (2.5 ppm);found in Shoot ;found in Shoot (9 ppm);found in Shoot (12 ppm);found in Shoot (9 ppm);found in Shoot (7 ppm);found in Shoot (3.5 ppm);found in Shoot (5 ppm);found in Shoot (5 ppm)
Benzaldehyde found in Shoot (0 ppm);found in Shoot
Limonene found in Shoot ;found in Shoot
Thymol found in Shoot ;found in Shoot
Insectifuge
1,8-cineole found in Shoot ;found in Shoot
Alpha-pinene found in Shoot (105 ppm);found in Shoot (55 ppm);found in Shoot (15 ppm);found in Shoot (70 ppm);found in Shoot (8 ppm);found in Shoot (135 ppm);found in Shoot (170 ppm);found in Shoot (200 ppm);found in Shoot (95 ppm);found in Shoot (75 ppm)
Alpha-terpinene found in Shoot (205 ppm);found in Shoot (45 ppm);found in Shoot (36 ppm);found in Shoot (110 ppm);found in Shoot (165 ppm);found in Shoot (210 ppm);found in Shoot (115 ppm);found in Shoot (215 ppm);found in Shoot (210 ppm);found in Shoot (95 ppm)
Benzaldehyde found in Shoot (0 ppm);found in Shoot
Beta-pinene found in Shoot (12 ppm);found in Shoot (4 ppm);found in Shoot (3.5 ppm);found in Shoot (23 ppm);found in Shoot (28 ppm);found in Shoot (21 ppm);found in Shoot (20 ppm);found in Shoot (12 ppm);found in Shoot (10 ppm);found in Shoot (7 ppm)
Borneol found in Shoot (35 ppm);found in Shoot (26 ppm);found in Shoot (50 ppm);found in Shoot (80 ppm);found in Shoot (65 ppm);found in Shoot (9 ppm);found in Shoot (19 ppm);found in Shoot (90 ppm);found in Shoot (70 ppm);found in Shoot (47 ppm)
Bornyl-acetate found in Shoot (85 ppm);found in Shoot (50 ppm);found in Shoot (140 ppm);found in Shoot (28 ppm);found in Shoot (65 ppm);found in Shoot (50 ppm);found in Shoot (115 ppm);found in Shoot (115 ppm);found in Shoot (80 ppm);found in Shoot (70 ppm)
Camphene found in Shoot (340 ppm);found in Shoot (285 ppm);found in Shoot (335 ppm);found in Shoot (185 ppm);found in Shoot (490 ppm);found in Shoot (620 ppm);found in Shoot (50 ppm);found in Shoot (95 ppm);found in Shoot (485 ppm);found in Shoot (530 ppm)
Camphor found in Shoot (1485 ppm);found in Shoot (865 ppm);found in Shoot (1320 ppm);found in Shoot (2190 ppm);found in Shoot (3585 ppm);found in Shoot (2040 ppm);found in Shoot (640 ppm);found in Shoot (2755 ppm);found in Shoot (2715 ppm);found in Shoot (1400 ppm)
Carvacrol found in Shoot (0 ppm);found in Shoot
Caryophyllene-epoxide found in Shoot (110 ppm);found in Shoot (60 ppm);found in Shoot (31 ppm);found in Shoot (34 ppm);found in Shoot (31 ppm);found in Shoot (80 ppm);found in Shoot (65 ppm);found in Shoot (80 ppm);found in Shoot (85 ppm);found in Shoot (55 ppm)
Gamma-terpinene found in Shoot (145 ppm);found in Shoot (115 ppm);found in Shoot (135 ppm);found in Shoot (55 ppm);found in Shoot (28 ppm);found in Shoot (5.5 ppm);found in Shoot (125 ppm);found in Shoot (150 ppm);found in Shoot (100 ppm);found in Shoot (80 ppm)
Limonene found in Shoot ;found in Shoot
P-cymene found in Shoot (38 ppm);found in Shoot (30 ppm);found in Shoot (45 ppm);found in Shoot (32 ppm);found in Shoot (7 ppm);found in Shoot (50 ppm);found in Shoot (9 ppm);found in Shoot (43 ppm);found in Shoot (32 ppm);found in Shoot (23 ppm)
Terpinen-4-ol found in Shoot (26 ppm);found in Shoot (28 ppm);found in Shoot (41 ppm);found in Shoot (70 ppm);found in Shoot (18 ppm);found in Shoot (4 ppm);found in Shoot (45 ppm);found in Shoot (50 ppm);found in Shoot (25 ppm);found in Shoot (17 ppm)
Thymol found in Shoot ;found in Shoot
Insectiphile
Alpha-pinene found in Shoot (105 ppm);found in Shoot (55 ppm);found in Shoot (15 ppm);found in Shoot (70 ppm);found in Shoot (8 ppm);found in Shoot (135 ppm);found in Shoot (170 ppm);found in Shoot (200 ppm);found in Shoot (95 ppm);found in Shoot (75 ppm)
Insulinogenic
Chromium found in Leaf (1.7 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (2400 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf
Interferon-Synergist
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (14 ppm)
Interferonogenic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (330 ppm)
Interleukin-6-Inhibitor
Alpha-terpineol found in Shoot (6 ppm);found in Shoot (2.5 ppm);found in Shoot ;found in Shoot (9 ppm);found in Shoot (12 ppm);found in Shoot (9 ppm);found in Shoot (7 ppm);found in Shoot (3.5 ppm);found in Shoot (5 ppm);found in Shoot (5 ppm)
Limonene found in Shoot ;found in Shoot
Irritant
1,8-cineole found in Shoot ;found in Shoot
Alpha-pinene found in Shoot (105 ppm);found in Shoot (55 ppm);found in Shoot (15 ppm);found in Shoot (70 ppm);found in Shoot (8 ppm);found in Shoot (135 ppm);found in Shoot (170 ppm);found in Shoot (200 ppm);found in Shoot (95 ppm);found in Shoot (75 ppm)
Benzyl-propionate found in Shoot (0 ppm);found in Shoot
Beta-pinene found in Shoot (12 ppm);found in Shoot (4 ppm);found in Shoot (3.5 ppm);found in Shoot (23 ppm);found in Shoot (28 ppm);found in Shoot (21 ppm);found in Shoot (20 ppm);found in Shoot (12 ppm);found in Shoot (10 ppm);found in Shoot (7 ppm)
Borneol found in Shoot (35 ppm);found in Shoot (26 ppm);found in Shoot (50 ppm);found in Shoot (80 ppm);found in Shoot (65 ppm);found in Shoot (9 ppm);found in Shoot (19 ppm);found in Shoot (90 ppm);found in Shoot (70 ppm);found in Shoot (47 ppm)
Camphor found in Shoot (1485 ppm);found in Shoot (865 ppm);found in Shoot (1320 ppm);found in Shoot (2190 ppm);found in Shoot (3585 ppm);found in Shoot (2040 ppm);found in Shoot (640 ppm);found in Shoot (2755 ppm);found in Shoot (2715 ppm);found in Shoot (1400 ppm)
Carvacrol found in Shoot (0 ppm);found in Shoot
Cuminaldehyde found in Shoot (0 ppm);found in Shoot (0 ppm)
Gamma-terpinene found in Shoot (145 ppm);found in Shoot (115 ppm);found in Shoot (135 ppm);found in Shoot (55 ppm);found in Shoot (28 ppm);found in Shoot (5.5 ppm);found in Shoot (125 ppm);found in Shoot (150 ppm);found in Shoot (100 ppm);found in Shoot (80 ppm)
Limonene found in Shoot ;found in Shoot
P-cymene found in Shoot (38 ppm);found in Shoot (30 ppm);found in Shoot (45 ppm);found in Shoot (32 ppm);found in Shoot (7 ppm);found in Shoot (50 ppm);found in Shoot (9 ppm);found in Shoot (43 ppm);found in Shoot (32 ppm);found in Shoot (23 ppm)
Terpinen-4-ol found in Shoot (26 ppm);found in Shoot (28 ppm);found in Shoot (41 ppm);found in Shoot (70 ppm);found in Shoot (18 ppm);found in Shoot (4 ppm);found in Shoot (45 ppm);found in Shoot (50 ppm);found in Shoot (25 ppm);found in Shoot (17 ppm)
Thymol found in Shoot ;found in Shoot
Larvicide
Caryophyllene-epoxide found in Shoot (110 ppm);found in Shoot (60 ppm);found in Shoot (31 ppm);found in Shoot (34 ppm);found in Shoot (31 ppm);found in Shoot (80 ppm);found in Shoot (65 ppm);found in Shoot (80 ppm);found in Shoot (85 ppm);found in Shoot (55 ppm)
Cuminaldehyde found in Shoot (0 ppm);found in Shoot (0 ppm)
Thymol found in Shoot ;found in Shoot
Laxative
Calcium found in Leaf (5810 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (2400 ppm)
P-cymene found in Shoot (38 ppm);found in Shoot (30 ppm);found in Shoot (45 ppm);found in Shoot (32 ppm);found in Shoot (7 ppm);found in Shoot (50 ppm);found in Shoot (9 ppm);found in Shoot (43 ppm);found in Shoot (32 ppm);found in Shoot (23 ppm)
Leptingenic
Zinc found in Leaf
Lipolytic
Limonene found in Shoot ;found in Shoot
Lithogenic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (330 ppm)
Litholytic
Magnesium found in Leaf (2400 ppm)
Memorigenic
Chromium found in Leaf (1.7 ppm)
Molluscicide
Thymol found in Shoot ;found in Shoot
Mosquitofuge
Alpha-terpineol found in Shoot (6 ppm);found in Shoot (2.5 ppm);found in Shoot ;found in Shoot (9 ppm);found in Shoot (12 ppm);found in Shoot (9 ppm);found in Shoot (7 ppm);found in Shoot (3.5 ppm);found in Shoot (5 ppm);found in Shoot (5 ppm)
Motor-Depressant
Alpha-terpineol found in Shoot (6 ppm);found in Shoot (2.5 ppm);found in Shoot ;found in Shoot (9 ppm);found in Shoot (12 ppm);found in Shoot (9 ppm);found in Shoot (7 ppm);found in Shoot (3.5 ppm);found in Shoot (5 ppm);found in Shoot (5 ppm)
Benzaldehyde found in Shoot (0 ppm);found in Shoot
Mucogenic
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (14 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf
Mucolytic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (330 ppm)
Myorelaxant
1,8-cineole found in Shoot ;found in Shoot
Borneol found in Shoot (35 ppm);found in Shoot (26 ppm);found in Shoot (50 ppm);found in Shoot (80 ppm);found in Shoot (65 ppm);found in Shoot (9 ppm);found in Shoot (19 ppm);found in Shoot (90 ppm);found in Shoot (70 ppm);found in Shoot (47 ppm)
Bornyl-acetate found in Shoot (85 ppm);found in Shoot (50 ppm);found in Shoot (140 ppm);found in Shoot (28 ppm);found in Shoot (65 ppm);found in Shoot (50 ppm);found in Shoot (115 ppm);found in Shoot (115 ppm);found in Shoot (80 ppm);found in Shoot (70 ppm)
Limonene found in Shoot ;found in Shoot
Magnesium found in Leaf (2400 ppm)
Thymol found in Shoot ;found in Shoot
NF-kB-Inhibitor
Selenium found in Leaf (1.7 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf
NO-Genic
Limonene found in Shoot ;found in Shoot
Narcotic
Benzaldehyde found in Shoot (0 ppm);found in Shoot
Nematicide
1,8-cineole found in Shoot ;found in Shoot
Alpha-terpineol found in Shoot (6 ppm);found in Shoot (2.5 ppm);found in Shoot ;found in Shoot (9 ppm);found in Shoot (12 ppm);found in Shoot (9 ppm);found in Shoot (7 ppm);found in Shoot (3.5 ppm);found in Shoot (5 ppm);found in Shoot (5 ppm)
Benzaldehyde found in Shoot (0 ppm);found in Shoot
Borneol found in Shoot (35 ppm);found in Shoot (26 ppm);found in Shoot (50 ppm);found in Shoot (80 ppm);found in Shoot (65 ppm);found in Shoot (9 ppm);found in Shoot (19 ppm);found in Shoot (90 ppm);found in Shoot (70 ppm);found in Shoot (47 ppm)
Camphor found in Shoot (1485 ppm);found in Shoot (865 ppm);found in Shoot (1320 ppm);found in Shoot (2190 ppm);found in Shoot (3585 ppm);found in Shoot (2040 ppm);found in Shoot (640 ppm);found in Shoot (2755 ppm);found in Shoot (2715 ppm);found in Shoot (1400 ppm)
Carvacrol found in Shoot (0 ppm);found in Shoot
Limonene found in Shoot ;found in Shoot
Terpinen-4-ol found in Shoot (26 ppm);found in Shoot (28 ppm);found in Shoot (41 ppm);found in Shoot (70 ppm);found in Shoot (18 ppm);found in Shoot (4 ppm);found in Shoot (45 ppm);found in Shoot (50 ppm);found in Shoot (25 ppm);found in Shoot (17 ppm)
Thymol found in Shoot ;found in Shoot
Neurotoxic
1,8-cineole found in Shoot ;found in Shoot
Neurotransmitter
Magnesium found in Leaf (2400 ppm)
Occuloirritant
Camphor found in Shoot (1485 ppm);found in Shoot (865 ppm);found in Shoot (1320 ppm);found in Shoot (2190 ppm);found in Shoot (3585 ppm);found in Shoot (2040 ppm);found in Shoot (640 ppm);found in Shoot (2755 ppm);found in Shoot (2715 ppm);found in Shoot (1400 ppm)
Ornithine-Decarboxylase-Inhibitor
Limonene found in Shoot ;found in Shoot
Selenium found in Leaf (1.7 ppm)
Osteogenic
Phosphorus found in Leaf (5010 ppm)
Ozone-Scavenger
Limonene found in Shoot ;found in Shoot
P450-2B1-Inhibitor
Alpha-pinene found in Shoot (105 ppm);found in Shoot (55 ppm);found in Shoot (15 ppm);found in Shoot (70 ppm);found in Shoot (8 ppm);found in Shoot (135 ppm);found in Shoot (170 ppm);found in Shoot (200 ppm);found in Shoot (95 ppm);found in Shoot (75 ppm)
Alpha-terpinene found in Shoot (205 ppm);found in Shoot (45 ppm);found in Shoot (36 ppm);found in Shoot (110 ppm);found in Shoot (165 ppm);found in Shoot (210 ppm);found in Shoot (115 ppm);found in Shoot (215 ppm);found in Shoot (210 ppm);found in Shoot (95 ppm)
Camphor found in Shoot (1485 ppm);found in Shoot (865 ppm);found in Shoot (1320 ppm);found in Shoot (2190 ppm);found in Shoot (3585 ppm);found in Shoot (2040 ppm);found in Shoot (640 ppm);found in Shoot (2755 ppm);found in Shoot (2715 ppm);found in Shoot (1400 ppm)
P450-Inducer
1,8-cineole found in Shoot ;found in Shoot
Delta-cadinene found in Shoot ;found in Shoot
Limonene found in Shoot ;found in Shoot
Pediculicide
1,8-cineole found in Shoot ;found in Shoot
Perfume
1,8-cineole found in Shoot ;found in Shoot
Perfumery
Alpha-humulene found in Shoot ;found in Shoot
Alpha-pinene found in Shoot (105 ppm);found in Shoot (55 ppm);found in Shoot (15 ppm);found in Shoot (70 ppm);found in Shoot (8 ppm);found in Shoot (135 ppm);found in Shoot (170 ppm);found in Shoot (200 ppm);found in Shoot (95 ppm);found in Shoot (75 ppm)
Alpha-terpinene found in Shoot (205 ppm);found in Shoot (45 ppm);found in Shoot (36 ppm);found in Shoot (110 ppm);found in Shoot (165 ppm);found in Shoot (210 ppm);found in Shoot (115 ppm);found in Shoot (215 ppm);found in Shoot (210 ppm);found in Shoot (95 ppm)
Alpha-terpineol found in Shoot (6 ppm);found in Shoot (2.5 ppm);found in Shoot ;found in Shoot (9 ppm);found in Shoot (12 ppm);found in Shoot (9 ppm);found in Shoot (7 ppm);found in Shoot (3.5 ppm);found in Shoot (5 ppm);found in Shoot (5 ppm)
Beta-pinene found in Shoot (12 ppm);found in Shoot (4 ppm);found in Shoot (3.5 ppm);found in Shoot (23 ppm);found in Shoot (28 ppm);found in Shoot (21 ppm);found in Shoot (20 ppm);found in Shoot (12 ppm);found in Shoot (10 ppm);found in Shoot (7 ppm)
Borneol found in Shoot (35 ppm);found in Shoot (26 ppm);found in Shoot (50 ppm);found in Shoot (80 ppm);found in Shoot (65 ppm);found in Shoot (9 ppm);found in Shoot (19 ppm);found in Shoot (90 ppm);found in Shoot (70 ppm);found in Shoot (47 ppm)
Cuminaldehyde found in Shoot (0 ppm);found in Shoot (0 ppm)
Gamma-terpinene found in Shoot (145 ppm);found in Shoot (115 ppm);found in Shoot (135 ppm);found in Shoot (55 ppm);found in Shoot (28 ppm);found in Shoot (5.5 ppm);found in Shoot (125 ppm);found in Shoot (150 ppm);found in Shoot (100 ppm);found in Shoot (80 ppm)
Pinocarvone found in Shoot (1 ppm);found in Shoot (1.5 ppm);found in Shoot (2 ppm);found in Shoot (2 ppm);found in Shoot (4 ppm);found in Shoot (3 ppm);found in Shoot (2 ppm);found in Shoot (7 ppm);found in Shoot (4 ppm);found in Shoot (3 ppm)
Sabinene found in Shoot (17 ppm);found in Shoot (5 ppm);found in Shoot (0 ppm);found in Shoot (15 ppm);found in Shoot (21 ppm);found in Shoot (18 ppm);found in Shoot (17 ppm);found in Shoot (10 ppm);found in Shoot (15 ppm);found in Shoot (13 ppm)
Terpinolene found in Shoot (7 ppm);found in Shoot
Thymol found in Shoot ;found in Shoot
Peristaltic
Limonene found in Shoot ;found in Shoot
Pesticide
1,8-cineole found in Shoot ;found in Shoot
Alpha-pinene found in Shoot (105 ppm);found in Shoot (55 ppm);found in Shoot (15 ppm);found in Shoot (70 ppm);found in Shoot (8 ppm);found in Shoot (135 ppm);found in Shoot (170 ppm);found in Shoot (200 ppm);found in Shoot (95 ppm);found in Shoot (75 ppm)
Alpha-terpinene found in Shoot (205 ppm);found in Shoot (45 ppm);found in Shoot (36 ppm);found in Shoot (110 ppm);found in Shoot (165 ppm);found in Shoot (210 ppm);found in Shoot (115 ppm);found in Shoot (215 ppm);found in Shoot (210 ppm);found in Shoot (95 ppm)
Alpha-terpineol found in Shoot (6 ppm);found in Shoot (2.5 ppm);found in Shoot ;found in Shoot (9 ppm);found in Shoot (12 ppm);found in Shoot (9 ppm);found in Shoot (7 ppm);found in Shoot (3.5 ppm);found in Shoot (5 ppm);found in Shoot (5 ppm)
Aluminum found in Leaf (6.2 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (330 ppm)
Benzaldehyde found in Shoot (0 ppm);found in Shoot
Beta-pinene found in Shoot (12 ppm);found in Shoot (4 ppm);found in Shoot (3.5 ppm);found in Shoot (23 ppm);found in Shoot (28 ppm);found in Shoot (21 ppm);found in Shoot (20 ppm);found in Shoot (12 ppm);found in Shoot (10 ppm);found in Shoot (7 ppm)
Borneol found in Shoot (35 ppm);found in Shoot (26 ppm);found in Shoot (50 ppm);found in Shoot (80 ppm);found in Shoot (65 ppm);found in Shoot (9 ppm);found in Shoot (19 ppm);found in Shoot (90 ppm);found in Shoot (70 ppm);found in Shoot (47 ppm)
Bornyl-acetate found in Shoot (85 ppm);found in Shoot (50 ppm);found in Shoot (140 ppm);found in Shoot (28 ppm);found in Shoot (65 ppm);found in Shoot (50 ppm);found in Shoot (115 ppm);found in Shoot (115 ppm);found in Shoot (80 ppm);found in Shoot (70 ppm)
Camphene found in Shoot (340 ppm);found in Shoot (285 ppm);found in Shoot (335 ppm);found in Shoot (185 ppm);found in Shoot (490 ppm);found in Shoot (620 ppm);found in Shoot (50 ppm);found in Shoot (95 ppm);found in Shoot (485 ppm);found in Shoot (530 ppm)
Camphor found in Shoot (1485 ppm);found in Shoot (865 ppm);found in Shoot (1320 ppm);found in Shoot (2190 ppm);found in Shoot (3585 ppm);found in Shoot (2040 ppm);found in Shoot (640 ppm);found in Shoot (2755 ppm);found in Shoot (2715 ppm);found in Shoot (1400 ppm)
Carvacrol found in Shoot (0 ppm);found in Shoot
Caryophyllene-epoxide found in Shoot (110 ppm);found in Shoot (60 ppm);found in Shoot (31 ppm);found in Shoot (34 ppm);found in Shoot (31 ppm);found in Shoot (80 ppm);found in Shoot (65 ppm);found in Shoot (80 ppm);found in Shoot (85 ppm);found in Shoot (55 ppm)
Cuminaldehyde found in Shoot (0 ppm);found in Shoot (0 ppm)
Delta-cadinene found in Shoot ;found in Shoot
Gamma-terpinene found in Shoot (145 ppm);found in Shoot (115 ppm);found in Shoot (135 ppm);found in Shoot (55 ppm);found in Shoot (28 ppm);found in Shoot (5.5 ppm);found in Shoot (125 ppm);found in Shoot (150 ppm);found in Shoot (100 ppm);found in Shoot (80 ppm)
Germacrene-d found in Shoot (35 ppm);found in Shoot (45 ppm);found in Shoot ;found in Shoot (27 ppm);found in Shoot (75 ppm);found in Shoot (50 ppm);found in Shoot (60 ppm);found in Shoot (55 ppm);found in Shoot (28 ppm);found in Shoot (33 ppm)
Limonene found in Shoot ;found in Shoot
P-cymene found in Shoot (38 ppm);found in Shoot (30 ppm);found in Shoot (45 ppm);found in Shoot (32 ppm);found in Shoot (7 ppm);found in Shoot (50 ppm);found in Shoot (9 ppm);found in Shoot (43 ppm);found in Shoot (32 ppm);found in Shoot (23 ppm)
Selenium found in Leaf (1.7 ppm)
Terpinen-4-ol found in Shoot (26 ppm);found in Shoot (28 ppm);found in Shoot (41 ppm);found in Shoot (70 ppm);found in Shoot (18 ppm);found in Shoot (4 ppm);found in Shoot (45 ppm);found in Shoot (50 ppm);found in Shoot (25 ppm);found in Shoot (17 ppm)
Terpinolene found in Shoot (7 ppm);found in Shoot
Thujopsene found in Shoot (6 ppm);found in Shoot (1.5 ppm);found in Shoot (0 ppm);found in Shoot (14 ppm);found in Shoot (20 ppm);found in Shoot (11 ppm);found in Shoot (6 ppm);found in Shoot (3 ppm);found in Shoot (3 ppm);found in Shoot (9 ppm)
Thymol found in Shoot ;found in Shoot
Tin found in Leaf (21 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf
Phagocytotic
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (14 ppm)
Pheromone
Germacrene-d found in Shoot (35 ppm);found in Shoot (45 ppm);found in Shoot ;found in Shoot (27 ppm);found in Shoot (75 ppm);found in Shoot (50 ppm);found in Shoot (60 ppm);found in Shoot (55 ppm);found in Shoot (28 ppm);found in Shoot (33 ppm)
Photosensitizer
Limonene found in Shoot ;found in Shoot
Polyamine-Synthesis-Inhibitor
Selenium found in Leaf (1.7 ppm)
Prooxidant
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (14 ppm)
Iron found in Leaf
Prostaglandin-Inhibitor
Carvacrol found in Shoot (0 ppm);found in Shoot
Prostaglandin-Sparer
Selenium found in Leaf (1.7 ppm)
Protein-Kinase-C-Inhibitor
Selenium found in Leaf (1.7 ppm)
Renoirritant
Terpinen-4-ol found in Shoot (26 ppm);found in Shoot (28 ppm);found in Shoot (41 ppm);found in Shoot (70 ppm);found in Shoot (18 ppm);found in Shoot (4 ppm);found in Shoot (45 ppm);found in Shoot (50 ppm);found in Shoot (25 ppm);found in Shoot (17 ppm)
Respirainhibitor
Camphor found in Shoot (1485 ppm);found in Shoot (865 ppm);found in Shoot (1320 ppm);found in Shoot (2190 ppm);found in Shoot (3585 ppm);found in Shoot (2040 ppm);found in Shoot (640 ppm);found in Shoot (2755 ppm);found in Shoot (2715 ppm);found in Shoot (1400 ppm)
Respirastimulant
Camphor found in Shoot (1485 ppm);found in Shoot (865 ppm);found in Shoot (1320 ppm);found in Shoot (2190 ppm);found in Shoot (3585 ppm);found in Shoot (2040 ppm);found in Shoot (640 ppm);found in Shoot (2755 ppm);found in Shoot (2715 ppm);found in Shoot (1400 ppm)
Rubefacient
1,8-cineole found in Shoot ;found in Shoot
Camphor found in Shoot (1485 ppm);found in Shoot (865 ppm);found in Shoot (1320 ppm);found in Shoot (2190 ppm);found in Shoot (3585 ppm);found in Shoot (2040 ppm);found in Shoot (640 ppm);found in Shoot (2755 ppm);found in Shoot (2715 ppm);found in Shoot (1400 ppm)
Secretogogue
1,8-cineole found in Shoot ;found in Shoot
Sedative
1,8-cineole found in Shoot ;found in Shoot
Alpha-pinene found in Shoot (105 ppm);found in Shoot (55 ppm);found in Shoot (15 ppm);found in Shoot (70 ppm);found in Shoot (8 ppm);found in Shoot (135 ppm);found in Shoot (170 ppm);found in Shoot (200 ppm);found in Shoot (95 ppm);found in Shoot (75 ppm)
Alpha-terpineol found in Shoot (6 ppm);found in Shoot (2.5 ppm);found in Shoot ;found in Shoot (9 ppm);found in Shoot (12 ppm);found in Shoot (9 ppm);found in Shoot (7 ppm);found in Shoot (3.5 ppm);found in Shoot (5 ppm);found in Shoot (5 ppm)
Benzaldehyde found in Shoot (0 ppm);found in Shoot
Borneol found in Shoot (35 ppm);found in Shoot (26 ppm);found in Shoot (50 ppm);found in Shoot (80 ppm);found in Shoot (65 ppm);found in Shoot (9 ppm);found in Shoot (19 ppm);found in Shoot (90 ppm);found in Shoot (70 ppm);found in Shoot (47 ppm)
Bornyl-acetate found in Shoot (85 ppm);found in Shoot (50 ppm);found in Shoot (140 ppm);found in Shoot (28 ppm);found in Shoot (65 ppm);found in Shoot (50 ppm);found in Shoot (115 ppm);found in Shoot (115 ppm);found in Shoot (80 ppm);found in Shoot (70 ppm)
Cuminaldehyde found in Shoot (0 ppm);found in Shoot (0 ppm)
Limonene found in Shoot ;found in Shoot
Niacin found in Leaf (385 ppm)
P-cymene found in Shoot (38 ppm);found in Shoot (30 ppm);found in Shoot (45 ppm);found in Shoot (32 ppm);found in Shoot (7 ppm);found in Shoot (50 ppm);found in Shoot (9 ppm);found in Shoot (43 ppm);found in Shoot (32 ppm);found in Shoot (23 ppm)
Thymol found in Shoot ;found in Shoot
Serotoninergic
Niacin found in Leaf (385 ppm)
Spasmogenic
1,8-cineole found in Shoot ;found in Shoot
Alpha-pinene found in Shoot (105 ppm);found in Shoot (55 ppm);found in Shoot (15 ppm);found in Shoot (70 ppm);found in Shoot (8 ppm);found in Shoot (135 ppm);found in Shoot (170 ppm);found in Shoot (200 ppm);found in Shoot (95 ppm);found in Shoot (75 ppm)
Alpha-terpinene found in Shoot (205 ppm);found in Shoot (45 ppm);found in Shoot (36 ppm);found in Shoot (110 ppm);found in Shoot (165 ppm);found in Shoot (210 ppm);found in Shoot (115 ppm);found in Shoot (215 ppm);found in Shoot (210 ppm);found in Shoot (95 ppm)
Beta-pinene found in Shoot (12 ppm);found in Shoot (4 ppm);found in Shoot (3.5 ppm);found in Shoot (23 ppm);found in Shoot (28 ppm);found in Shoot (21 ppm);found in Shoot (20 ppm);found in Shoot (12 ppm);found in Shoot (10 ppm);found in Shoot (7 ppm)
Camphene found in Shoot (340 ppm);found in Shoot (285 ppm);found in Shoot (335 ppm);found in Shoot (185 ppm);found in Shoot (490 ppm);found in Shoot (620 ppm);found in Shoot (50 ppm);found in Shoot (95 ppm);found in Shoot (485 ppm);found in Shoot (530 ppm)
Spermicide
Terpinen-4-ol found in Shoot (26 ppm);found in Shoot (28 ppm);found in Shoot (41 ppm);found in Shoot (70 ppm);found in Shoot (18 ppm);found in Shoot (4 ppm);found in Shoot (45 ppm);found in Shoot (50 ppm);found in Shoot (25 ppm);found in Shoot (17 ppm)
Spermigenic
Zinc found in Leaf
Sprout-Inhibitor
Thymol found in Shoot ;found in Shoot
Stimulant
Camphor found in Shoot (1485 ppm);found in Shoot (865 ppm);found in Shoot (1320 ppm);found in Shoot (2190 ppm);found in Shoot (3585 ppm);found in Shoot (2040 ppm);found in Shoot (640 ppm);found in Shoot (2755 ppm);found in Shoot (2715 ppm);found in Shoot (1400 ppm)
Surfactant
1,8-cineole found in Shoot ;found in Shoot
Taenicide
Tin found in Leaf (21 ppm)
Termiticide
Alpha-terpineol found in Shoot (6 ppm);found in Shoot (2.5 ppm);found in Shoot ;found in Shoot (9 ppm);found in Shoot (12 ppm);found in Shoot (9 ppm);found in Shoot (7 ppm);found in Shoot (3.5 ppm);found in Shoot (5 ppm);found in Shoot (5 ppm)
Benzaldehyde found in Shoot (0 ppm);found in Shoot
Testosterone-Hydroxylase-Inducer
1,8-cineole found in Shoot ;found in Shoot
Testosterone-Inducer
Delta-cadinene found in Shoot ;found in Shoot
Testosteronigenic
Zinc found in Leaf
Thymoprotective
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (14 ppm)
Tracheorelaxant
Carvacrol found in Shoot (0 ppm);found in Shoot
Thymol found in Shoot ;found in Shoot
Tranquilizer
Alpha-pinene found in Shoot (105 ppm);found in Shoot (55 ppm);found in Shoot (15 ppm);found in Shoot (70 ppm);found in Shoot (8 ppm);found in Shoot (135 ppm);found in Shoot (170 ppm);found in Shoot (200 ppm);found in Shoot (95 ppm);found in Shoot (75 ppm)
Borneol found in Shoot (35 ppm);found in Shoot (26 ppm);found in Shoot (50 ppm);found in Shoot (80 ppm);found in Shoot (65 ppm);found in Shoot (9 ppm);found in Shoot (19 ppm);found in Shoot (90 ppm);found in Shoot (70 ppm);found in Shoot (47 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf (5810 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (2400 ppm)
Transdermal
1,8-cineole found in Shoot ;found in Shoot
Alpha-pinene found in Shoot (105 ppm);found in Shoot (55 ppm);found in Shoot (15 ppm);found in Shoot (70 ppm);found in Shoot (8 ppm);found in Shoot (135 ppm);found in Shoot (170 ppm);found in Shoot (200 ppm);found in Shoot (95 ppm);found in Shoot (75 ppm)
Alpha-terpineol found in Shoot (6 ppm);found in Shoot (2.5 ppm);found in Shoot ;found in Shoot (9 ppm);found in Shoot (12 ppm);found in Shoot (9 ppm);found in Shoot (7 ppm);found in Shoot (3.5 ppm);found in Shoot (5 ppm);found in Shoot (5 ppm)
Beta-pinene found in Shoot (12 ppm);found in Shoot (4 ppm);found in Shoot (3.5 ppm);found in Shoot (23 ppm);found in Shoot (28 ppm);found in Shoot (21 ppm);found in Shoot (20 ppm);found in Shoot (12 ppm);found in Shoot (10 ppm);found in Shoot (7 ppm)
Camphor found in Shoot (1485 ppm);found in Shoot (865 ppm);found in Shoot (1320 ppm);found in Shoot (2190 ppm);found in Shoot (3585 ppm);found in Shoot (2040 ppm);found in Shoot (640 ppm);found in Shoot (2755 ppm);found in Shoot (2715 ppm);found in Shoot (1400 ppm)
Limonene found in Shoot ;found in Shoot
Trichomonicide
1,8-cineole found in Shoot ;found in Shoot
Carvacrol found in Shoot (0 ppm);found in Shoot
P-cymene found in Shoot (38 ppm);found in Shoot (30 ppm);found in Shoot (45 ppm);found in Shoot (32 ppm);found in Shoot (7 ppm);found in Shoot (50 ppm);found in Shoot (9 ppm);found in Shoot (43 ppm);found in Shoot (32 ppm);found in Shoot (23 ppm)
Thymol found in Shoot ;found in Shoot
Zinc found in Leaf
Tyrosinase-Inhibitor
Benzaldehyde found in Shoot (0 ppm);found in Shoot
Cuminaldehyde found in Shoot (0 ppm);found in Shoot (0 ppm)
Ubiquiot
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (14 ppm)
Ulcerogenic
Cuminaldehyde found in Shoot (0 ppm);found in Shoot (0 ppm)
Uricosuric
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (330 ppm)
Urinary-Acidulant
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (330 ppm)
Urinary-Antiseptic
Thymol found in Shoot ;found in Shoot
Uterorelaxant
Magnesium found in Leaf (2400 ppm)
VEGF-Inhibitor
Selenium found in Leaf (1.7 ppm)
Varroacide
Thymol found in Shoot ;found in Shoot
Vasodilator
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (330 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf (5810 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (2400 ppm)
Niacin found in Leaf (385 ppm)
Potassium found in Leaf (22500 ppm)
Vermicide
Thymol found in Shoot ;found in Shoot
Vermifuge
Carvacrol found in Shoot (0 ppm);found in Shoot
Verrucolytic
Camphor found in Shoot (1485 ppm);found in Shoot (865 ppm);found in Shoot (1320 ppm);found in Shoot (2190 ppm);found in Shoot (3585 ppm);found in Shoot (2040 ppm);found in Shoot (640 ppm);found in Shoot (2755 ppm);found in Shoot (2715 ppm);found in Shoot (1400 ppm)
Vibriocide
Camphor found in Shoot (1485 ppm);found in Shoot (865 ppm);found in Shoot (1320 ppm);found in Shoot (2190 ppm);found in Shoot (3585 ppm);found in Shoot (2040 ppm);found in Shoot (640 ppm);found in Shoot (2755 ppm);found in Shoot (2715 ppm);found in Shoot (1400 ppm)
Vulnerary
Alpha-terpineol found in Shoot (6 ppm);found in Shoot (2.5 ppm);found in Shoot ;found in Shoot (9 ppm);found in Shoot (12 ppm);found in Shoot (9 ppm);found in Shoot (7 ppm);found in Shoot (3.5 ppm);found in Shoot (5 ppm);found in Shoot (5 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (330 ppm)
Terpinen-4-ol found in Shoot (26 ppm);found in Shoot (28 ppm);found in Shoot (41 ppm);found in Shoot (70 ppm);found in Shoot (18 ppm);found in Shoot (4 ppm);found in Shoot (45 ppm);found in Shoot (50 ppm);found in Shoot (25 ppm);found in Shoot (17 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf

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Chemicals detected

Chemical Plant part Low ppm High ppm
1,8-cineole Shoot
Shoot
Alpha-copaene Shoot
Shoot
Alpha-humulene Shoot
Shoot
Alpha-pinene Shoot 105
Shoot 55
Shoot 15
Shoot 70
Shoot 8
Shoot 135
Shoot 170
Shoot 200
Shoot 95
Shoot 75
Alpha-terpinene Shoot 205
Shoot 45
Shoot 36
Shoot 110
Shoot 165
Shoot 210
Shoot 115
Shoot 215
Shoot 210
Shoot 95
Alpha-terpineol Shoot 6
Shoot 2.5
Shoot
Shoot 9
Shoot 12
Shoot 9
Shoot 7
Shoot 3.5
Shoot 5
Shoot 5
Alpha-thujene Shoot 18
Shoot 15
Shoot
Shoot 10
Shoot 17
Shoot 26
Shoot 24
Shoot 31
Shoot 25
Shoot 15
Aluminum Leaf 1.1 6.2
Ascorbic-acid Leaf 59 330
Ash Leaf 3,060 17,000
Benzaldehyde Shoot 0
Shoot
Benzyl-isobutyrate Shoot
Shoot
Benzyl-isovalerate Shoot 3
Shoot
Benzyl-propionate Shoot 0
Shoot
Beta-carotene Leaf 2.5 14
Beta-caryophyllene Shoot 22
Shoot 11
Shoot 17
Shoot 18
Shoot 18
Shoot 8
Shoot 7
Shoot 18
Shoot 24
Shoot 13
Beta-farnesene Shoot 160
Shoot 115
Shoot 38
Shoot
Shoot 40
Shoot 105
Shoot 80
Shoot 85
Shoot 82
Shoot 90
Beta-pinene Shoot 12
Shoot 4
Shoot 3.5
Shoot 23
Shoot 28
Shoot 21
Shoot 20
Shoot 12
Shoot 10
Shoot 7
Borneol Shoot 35
Shoot 26
Shoot 50
Shoot 80
Shoot 65
Shoot 9
Shoot 19
Shoot 90
Shoot 70
Shoot 47
Bornyl-acetate Shoot 85
Shoot 50
Shoot 140
Shoot 28
Shoot 65
Shoot 50
Shoot 115
Shoot 115
Shoot 80
Shoot 70
Calcium Leaf 1,046 5,810
Camphene Shoot 340
Shoot 285
Shoot 335
Shoot 185
Shoot 490
Shoot 620
Shoot 50
Shoot 95
Shoot 485
Shoot 530
Camphor Shoot 1,485
Shoot 865
Shoot 1,320
Shoot 2,190
Shoot 3,585
Shoot 2,040
Shoot 640
Shoot 2,755
Shoot 2,715
Shoot 1,400
Carbohydrates Leaf 92,520 514,000
Carvacrol Shoot 0
Shoot
Caryophyllene-epoxide Shoot 110
Shoot 60
Shoot 31
Shoot 34
Shoot 31
Shoot 80
Shoot 65
Shoot 80
Shoot 85
Shoot 55
Chromium Leaf 0.3 1.7
Chrysanthenol Shoot 110
Shoot 100
Shoot 80
Shoot 21
Shoot 275
Shoot 60
Shoot 110
Shoot 95
Shoot 75
Shoot 75
Chrysanthenyl-acetate Shoot 1,600
Shoot 455
Shoot 360
Shoot 1,280
Shoot 1,900
Shoot 1,335
Shoot 1,120
Shoot 1,175
Shoot 1,205
Shoot 880
Chrysanthenyl-angelate Shoot
Shoot
Chrysanthenyl-isovalerate Shoot
Shoot
Chrysanthenyl-propionate Shoot
Shoot
Cobalt Leaf
Cuminaldehyde Shoot 0
Shoot 0
Curcumene Shoot
Shoot
Delta-cadinene Shoot
Shoot
Eo Shoot 5,300
Shoot 3,000
Shoot 4,300
Shoot 1,500
Shoot 3,300
Shoot 6,300
Shoot 5,800
Shoot 8,300
Shoot 5,600
Shoot 4,100
Fat Leaf 8,640 48,000
Fiber(crude) Leaf 143,000
Fiber(dietary) Leaf 390,000
Gamma-terpinene Shoot 145
Shoot 115
Shoot 135
Shoot 55
Shoot 28
Shoot 5.5
Shoot 125
Shoot 150
Shoot 100
Shoot 80
Germacrene-d Shoot 35
Shoot 45
Shoot
Shoot 27
Shoot 75
Shoot 50
Shoot 60
Shoot 55
Shoot 28
Shoot 33
Iron Leaf
Limonene Shoot
Shoot
Linalyl-propionate Shoot 0
Shoot
Magnesium Leaf 432 2,400
Manganese Leaf 1.5 8.1
Niacin Leaf 69 385
P-cymene Shoot 38
Shoot 30
Shoot 45
Shoot 32
Shoot 7
Shoot 50
Shoot 9
Shoot 43
Shoot 32
Shoot 23
P-cymenene Shoot
Shoot
P-ethylbenzaldehyde Shoot 0
Shoot
P-methylbenzaldehyde Shoot
Shoot
Phosphorus Leaf 902 5,010
Pinocarvone Shoot 1
Shoot 1.5
Shoot 2
Shoot 2
Shoot 4
Shoot 3
Shoot 2
Shoot 7
Shoot 4
Shoot 3
Potassium Leaf 4,050 22,500
Protein Leaf 48,060 267,000
Riboflavin Leaf 0.5 2.5
Sabinene Shoot 17
Shoot 5
Shoot 0
Shoot 15
Shoot 21
Shoot 18
Shoot 17
Shoot 10
Shoot 15
Shoot 13
Sabinene-hydrate Shoot 0
Shoot 1.5
Shoot 0
Shoot 1.5
Shoot 2.5
Shoot 2
Shoot 2
Shoot 1
Shoot 0.8
Shoot 0.6
Selenium Leaf 0.3 1.7
Silicon Leaf 0.8 4.6
Sodium Leaf 9 48
Terpinen-4-ol Shoot 26
Shoot 28
Shoot 41
Shoot 70
Shoot 18
Shoot 4
Shoot 45
Shoot 50
Shoot 25
Shoot 17
Terpinolene Shoot 7
Shoot
Thiamine Leaf 0.7 4.1
Thujopsene Shoot 6
Shoot 1.5
Shoot 0
Shoot 14
Shoot 20
Shoot 11
Shoot 6
Shoot 3
Shoot 3
Shoot 9
Thymol Shoot
Shoot
Tin Leaf 4 21
Water Leaf 820,000
Zinc Leaf
Reference: Dr. Duke's Phytochemical and Ethnobotanical Databases. [Online Database]