Chrysanthemum coronarium Health effects and herbal facts

Known as
chop-suey-green crown daisy garland chrysanthemum Japanese-green
Chrysanthemum coronarium

Medical use

Economic importance of Chrysanthemum coronarium

Environmental ornamental
Human food vegetable

Gallery

Chrysanthemum coronarium Chrysanthemum coronarium Chrysanthemum coronarium Chrysanthemum coronarium Chrysanthemum coronarium Chrysanthemum coronarium Chrysanthemum coronarium Chrysanthemum coronarium Chrysanthemum coronarium Chrysanthemum coronarium Chrysanthemum coronarium Chrysanthemum coronarium Chrysanthemum coronarium Chrysanthemum coronarium Chrysanthemum coronarium Chrysanthemum coronarium Chrysanthemum coronarium

Geografical distribution

  • AFRICA
    Native
    • Northern Africa: Algeria ; Egypt ; Libya ; Morocco; Tunisia
    Naturalized
    • Macaronesia: Portugal - Azores, Madeira Islands; Spain - Canary Islands
    • Southern Africa: South Africa - Eastern Cape, Western Cape
  • ASIA-TEMPERATE
    Native
    • Western Asia: Cyprus; Egypt - Sinai; Iran; Israel; Jordan; Lebanon; Syria; Turkey
  • ASIA-TROPICAL
    Native
    • Indian Subcontinent: Pakistan
  • AUSTRALASIA
    Naturalized
    • Australia: Australia - South Australia, Western Australia
    • New Zealand: New Zealand
  • EUROPE
    Native
    • Southeastern Europe: Bosnia and Herzegovina; Greece ; Italy
    • Southwestern Europe: France ; Portugal; Spain
    Naturalized
    • Northern Europe: Norway; United Kingdom
    • Middle Europe: Austria
    • East Europe: Belarus; Moldova; Russian Federation - European part; Ukraine
    • Southeastern Europe: Croatia
    Adventive
    • Northern Europe: Ireland
    • Middle Europe: Belgium; Czech Republic; Germany; Hungary; Poland; Switzerland
  • NORTHERN AMERICA
    Naturalized
    • Southwestern U.S.A.: United States - Arizona, California
    • Northern Mexico: Mexico - Baja Norte, Baja Sur
    • Southern Mexico: Mexico - Mexico, Oaxaca, Veracruz
  • SOUTHERN AMERICA
    Naturalized
    • Southern South America: Chile; Uruguay

Biological activities

Acidulant
Ascorbic-acid found in Bud (4975 ppm);found in Leaf (4155 ppm)
Aldose-Reductase-Inhibitor
Ascorbic-acid found in Bud (4975 ppm);found in Leaf (4155 ppm)
Allergenic
Beta-carotene found in Bud (1183 ppm);found in Leaf (485 ppm)
Niacin found in Bud (115 ppm);found in Leaf (92 ppm)
Analgesic
Ascorbic-acid found in Bud (4975 ppm);found in Leaf (4155 ppm)
Thiamin found in Bud (4.2 ppm);found in Leaf (14 ppm)
Angiotensin-Receptor-Blocker
Ascorbic-acid found in Bud (4975 ppm);found in Leaf (4155 ppm)
Fiber found in Bud (119625 ppm);found in Leaf (138460 ppm)
Potassium found in Bud (76745 ppm);found in Leaf (39385 ppm)
AntiAGE
Ascorbic-acid found in Bud (4975 ppm);found in Leaf (4155 ppm)
AntiCFS
Ascorbic-acid found in Bud (4975 ppm);found in Leaf (4155 ppm)
Magnesium found in Bud (2285 ppm)
AntiCTS
Ascorbic-acid found in Bud (4975 ppm);found in Leaf (4155 ppm)
AntiLyme
Ascorbic-acid found in Bud (4975 ppm);found in Leaf (4155 ppm)
Magnesium found in Bud (2285 ppm)
Niacin found in Bud (115 ppm);found in Leaf (92 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Bud (30 ppm);found in Leaf (29 ppm)
Thiamin found in Bud (4.2 ppm);found in Leaf (14 ppm)
AntiMS
Magnesium found in Bud (2285 ppm)
AntiPMS
Beta-carotene found in Bud (1183 ppm);found in Leaf (485 ppm)
Calcium found in Bud (7525 ppm);found in Leaf (9690 ppm)
Magnesium found in Bud (2285 ppm)
AntiSpina-Bifida
Folacin found in Bud (10 ppm)
Antiacne
Beta-carotene found in Bud (1183 ppm);found in Leaf (485 ppm)
Antiacrodynic
Niacin found in Bud (115 ppm);found in Leaf (92 ppm)
Antiaggregant
Ascorbic-acid found in Bud (4975 ppm);found in Leaf (4155 ppm)
Magnesium found in Bud (2285 ppm)
Antiaging
Ascorbic-acid found in Bud (4975 ppm);found in Leaf (4155 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Bud (1183 ppm);found in Leaf (485 ppm)
Antiakathisic
Iron found in Bud (420 ppm);found in Leaf (385 ppm)
Antialcoholic
Magnesium found in Bud (2285 ppm)
Thiamin found in Bud (4.2 ppm);found in Leaf (14 ppm)
Antiallergic
Ascorbic-acid found in Bud (4975 ppm);found in Leaf (4155 ppm)
Calcium found in Bud (7525 ppm);found in Leaf (9690 ppm)
Niacin found in Bud (115 ppm);found in Leaf (92 ppm)
Antialzheimeran
Ascorbic-acid found in Bud (4975 ppm);found in Leaf (4155 ppm)
Niacin found in Bud (115 ppm);found in Leaf (92 ppm)
Thiamin found in Bud (4.2 ppm);found in Leaf (14 ppm)
Antiamblyopic
Niacin found in Bud (115 ppm);found in Leaf (92 ppm)
Antianemic
Folacin found in Bud (10 ppm)
Iron found in Bud (420 ppm);found in Leaf (385 ppm)
Antianginal
Magnesium found in Bud (2285 ppm)
Niacin found in Bud (115 ppm);found in Leaf (92 ppm)
Antianorectic
Magnesium found in Bud (2285 ppm)
Thiamin found in Bud (4.2 ppm);found in Leaf (14 ppm)
Antianxiety
Calcium found in Bud (7525 ppm);found in Leaf (9690 ppm)
Magnesium found in Bud (2285 ppm)
Antiarabiflavinotic
Riboflavin found in Bud (30 ppm);found in Leaf (29 ppm)
Antiarrhythmic
Calcium found in Bud (7525 ppm);found in Leaf (9690 ppm)
Magnesium found in Bud (2285 ppm)
Potassium found in Bud (76745 ppm);found in Leaf (39385 ppm)
Antiarthritic
Ascorbic-acid found in Bud (4975 ppm);found in Leaf (4155 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Bud (1183 ppm);found in Leaf (485 ppm)
Calcium found in Bud (7525 ppm);found in Leaf (9690 ppm)
Magnesium found in Bud (2285 ppm)
Antiasthmatic
Ascorbic-acid found in Bud (4975 ppm);found in Leaf (4155 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Bud (1183 ppm);found in Leaf (485 ppm)
Magnesium found in Bud (2285 ppm)
Antiatherosclerotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Bud (4975 ppm);found in Leaf (4155 ppm)
Calcium found in Bud (7525 ppm);found in Leaf (9690 ppm)
Magnesium found in Bud (2285 ppm)
Antibackache
Thiamin found in Bud (4.2 ppm);found in Leaf (14 ppm)
Antibacterial
Ascorbic-acid found in Bud (4975 ppm);found in Leaf (4155 ppm)
Antiberiberi
Thiamin found in Bud (4.2 ppm);found in Leaf (14 ppm)
Anticancer
Beta-carotene found in Bud (1183 ppm);found in Leaf (485 ppm)
Anticanker
Iron found in Bud (420 ppm);found in Leaf (385 ppm)
Thiamin found in Bud (4.2 ppm);found in Leaf (14 ppm)
Anticarcinomic
Beta-carotene found in Bud (1183 ppm);found in Leaf (485 ppm)
Anticardiospasmic
Thiamin found in Bud (4.2 ppm);found in Leaf (14 ppm)
Anticarpal-Tunnel
Riboflavin found in Bud (30 ppm);found in Leaf (29 ppm)
Anticataract
Ascorbic-acid found in Bud (4975 ppm);found in Leaf (4155 ppm)
Niacin found in Bud (115 ppm);found in Leaf (92 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Bud (30 ppm);found in Leaf (29 ppm)
Thiamin found in Bud (4.2 ppm);found in Leaf (14 ppm)
Anticephalagic
Magnesium found in Bud (2285 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Bud (30 ppm);found in Leaf (29 ppm)
Anticervicaldysplasic
Ascorbic-acid found in Bud (4975 ppm);found in Leaf (4155 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Bud (1183 ppm);found in Leaf (485 ppm)
Folacin found in Bud (10 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Bud (30 ppm);found in Leaf (29 ppm)
Anticheilitic
Folacin found in Bud (10 ppm)
Iron found in Bud (420 ppm);found in Leaf (385 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Bud (30 ppm);found in Leaf (29 ppm)
Antichilblain
Niacin found in Bud (115 ppm);found in Leaf (92 ppm)
Anticlimacteric
Ascorbic-acid found in Bud (4975 ppm);found in Leaf (4155 ppm)
Calcium found in Bud (7525 ppm);found in Leaf (9690 ppm)
Magnesium found in Bud (2285 ppm)
Anticold
Ascorbic-acid found in Bud (4975 ppm);found in Leaf (4155 ppm)
Anticolitic
Thiamin found in Bud (4.2 ppm);found in Leaf (14 ppm)
Anticonvulsant
Magnesium found in Bud (2285 ppm)
Niacin found in Bud (115 ppm);found in Leaf (92 ppm)
Anticoronary
Beta-carotene found in Bud (1183 ppm);found in Leaf (485 ppm)
Magnesium found in Bud (2285 ppm)
Antidecubitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Bud (4975 ppm);found in Leaf (4155 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Bud (30 ppm);found in Leaf (29 ppm)
Thiamin found in Bud (4.2 ppm);found in Leaf (14 ppm)
Antideliriant
Thiamin found in Bud (4.2 ppm);found in Leaf (14 ppm)
Antidementia
Ascorbic-acid found in Bud (4975 ppm);found in Leaf (4155 ppm)
Niacin found in Bud (115 ppm);found in Leaf (92 ppm)
Thiamin found in Bud (4.2 ppm);found in Leaf (14 ppm)
Antidepressant
Ascorbic-acid found in Bud (4975 ppm);found in Leaf (4155 ppm)
Calcium found in Bud (7525 ppm);found in Leaf (9690 ppm)
Folacin found in Bud (10 ppm)
Magnesium found in Bud (2285 ppm)
Potassium found in Bud (76745 ppm);found in Leaf (39385 ppm)
Antidermatitic
Niacin found in Bud (115 ppm);found in Leaf (92 ppm)
Antidiabetic
Ascorbic-acid found in Bud (4975 ppm);found in Leaf (4155 ppm)
Fiber found in Bud (119625 ppm);found in Leaf (138460 ppm)
Magnesium found in Bud (2285 ppm)
Niacin found in Bud (115 ppm);found in Leaf (92 ppm)
Antidysmenorrheic
Magnesium found in Bud (2285 ppm)
Antidyspeptic
Thiamin found in Bud (4.2 ppm);found in Leaf (14 ppm)
Antidysphagic
Niacin found in Bud (115 ppm);found in Leaf (92 ppm)
Antieczemic
Ascorbic-acid found in Bud (4975 ppm);found in Leaf (4155 ppm)
Antiedemic
Ascorbic-acid found in Bud (4975 ppm);found in Leaf (4155 ppm)
Antiencephalitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Bud (4975 ppm);found in Leaf (4155 ppm)
Antiencephalopathic
Thiamin found in Bud (4.2 ppm);found in Leaf (14 ppm)
Antiendometriotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Bud (4975 ppm);found in Leaf (4155 ppm)
Magnesium found in Bud (2285 ppm)
Antienterotic
Magnesium found in Bud (2285 ppm)
Antiepileptic
Magnesium found in Bud (2285 ppm)
Niacin found in Bud (115 ppm);found in Leaf (92 ppm)
Antifatigue
Ascorbic-acid found in Bud (4975 ppm);found in Leaf (4155 ppm)
Magnesium found in Bud (2285 ppm)
Potassium found in Bud (76745 ppm);found in Leaf (39385 ppm)
Thiamin found in Bud (4.2 ppm);found in Leaf (14 ppm)
Antifibromyalgic
Magnesium found in Bud (2285 ppm)
Antifibrotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Bud (4975 ppm);found in Leaf (4155 ppm)
Antigallstone
Ascorbic-acid found in Bud (4975 ppm);found in Leaf (4155 ppm)
Antigastritic
Ascorbic-acid found in Bud (4975 ppm);found in Leaf (4155 ppm)
Thiamin found in Bud (4.2 ppm);found in Leaf (14 ppm)
Antigastrotic
Magnesium found in Bud (2285 ppm)
Antigingivitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Bud (4975 ppm);found in Leaf (4155 ppm)
Folacin found in Bud (10 ppm)
Antiglaucomic
Ascorbic-acid found in Bud (4975 ppm);found in Leaf (4155 ppm)
Magnesium found in Bud (2285 ppm)
Antiglossitic
Folacin found in Bud (10 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Bud (30 ppm);found in Leaf (29 ppm)
Antihangover
Ascorbic-acid found in Bud (4975 ppm);found in Leaf (4155 ppm)
Niacin found in Bud (115 ppm);found in Leaf (92 ppm)
Thiamin found in Bud (4.2 ppm);found in Leaf (14 ppm)
Antiheartburn
Thiamin found in Bud (4.2 ppm);found in Leaf (14 ppm)
Antihemorrhagic
Ascorbic-acid found in Bud (4975 ppm);found in Leaf (4155 ppm)
Antihepatitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Bud (4975 ppm);found in Leaf (4155 ppm)
Antihepatotoxic
Ascorbic-acid found in Bud (4975 ppm);found in Leaf (4155 ppm)
Antiherpetic
Ascorbic-acid found in Bud (4975 ppm);found in Leaf (4155 ppm)
Thiamin found in Bud (4.2 ppm);found in Leaf (14 ppm)
Antihistaminic
Ascorbic-acid found in Bud (4975 ppm);found in Leaf (4155 ppm)
Niacin found in Bud (115 ppm);found in Leaf (92 ppm)
Antihyperactivity
Niacin found in Bud (115 ppm);found in Leaf (92 ppm)
Antihyperkeratotic
Beta-carotene found in Bud (1183 ppm);found in Leaf (485 ppm)
Antihyperkinetic
Calcium found in Bud (7525 ppm);found in Leaf (9690 ppm)
Magnesium found in Bud (2285 ppm)
Antihypertensive
Ascorbic-acid found in Bud (4975 ppm);found in Leaf (4155 ppm)
Calcium found in Bud (7525 ppm);found in Leaf (9690 ppm)
Fiber found in Bud (119625 ppm);found in Leaf (138460 ppm)
Magnesium found in Bud (2285 ppm)
Potassium found in Bud (76745 ppm);found in Leaf (39385 ppm)
Antihypoglycemic
Magnesium found in Bud (2285 ppm)
Antiichythyotic
Beta-carotene found in Bud (1183 ppm);found in Leaf (485 ppm)
Antiinfertility
Ascorbic-acid found in Bud (4975 ppm);found in Leaf (4155 ppm)
Antiinflammatory
Ascorbic-acid found in Bud (4975 ppm);found in Leaf (4155 ppm)
Magnesium found in Bud (2285 ppm)
Antiinsomniac
Calcium found in Bud (7525 ppm);found in Leaf (9690 ppm)
Magnesium found in Bud (2285 ppm)
Antiinsomnic
Niacin found in Bud (115 ppm);found in Leaf (92 ppm)
Antikeratitic
Riboflavin found in Bud (30 ppm);found in Leaf (29 ppm)
Antilepric
Ascorbic-acid found in Bud (4975 ppm);found in Leaf (4155 ppm)
Antileukoplakic
Beta-carotene found in Bud (1183 ppm);found in Leaf (485 ppm)
Antilipoperoxidant
Beta-carotene found in Bud (1183 ppm);found in Leaf (485 ppm)
Antilithic
Ascorbic-acid found in Bud (4975 ppm);found in Leaf (4155 ppm)
Magnesium found in Bud (2285 ppm)
Antilupus
Beta-carotene found in Bud (1183 ppm);found in Leaf (485 ppm)
Antimaculitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Bud (4975 ppm);found in Leaf (4155 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Bud (1183 ppm);found in Leaf (485 ppm)
Antimastalgic
Magnesium found in Bud (2285 ppm)
Antimastitic
Beta-carotene found in Bud (1183 ppm);found in Leaf (485 ppm)
Antimeasles
Ascorbic-acid found in Bud (4975 ppm);found in Leaf (4155 ppm)
Antimenopausal
Ascorbic-acid found in Bud (4975 ppm);found in Leaf (4155 ppm)
Calcium found in Bud (7525 ppm);found in Leaf (9690 ppm)
Magnesium found in Bud (2285 ppm)
Antimenorrhagic
Iron found in Bud (420 ppm);found in Leaf (385 ppm)
Antimigraine
Ascorbic-acid found in Bud (4975 ppm);found in Leaf (4155 ppm)
Magnesium found in Bud (2285 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Bud (30 ppm);found in Leaf (29 ppm)
Thiamin found in Bud (4.2 ppm);found in Leaf (14 ppm)
Antimitral-valve-prolapse
Magnesium found in Bud (2285 ppm)
Antimutagenic
Ascorbic-acid found in Bud (4975 ppm);found in Leaf (4155 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Bud (1183 ppm);found in Leaf (485 ppm)
Antimyelotoxic
Folacin found in Bud (10 ppm)
Antimyocarditic
Thiamin found in Bud (4.2 ppm);found in Leaf (14 ppm)
Antinephrolytic
Magnesium found in Bud (2285 ppm)
Antineuralgic
Niacin found in Bud (115 ppm);found in Leaf (92 ppm)
Thiamin found in Bud (4.2 ppm);found in Leaf (14 ppm)
Antineuramidase
Ascorbic-acid found in Bud (4975 ppm);found in Leaf (4155 ppm)
Antineurasthenic
Thiamin found in Bud (4.2 ppm);found in Leaf (14 ppm)
Antineuritic
Thiamin found in Bud (4.2 ppm);found in Leaf (14 ppm)
Antineuropathic
Folacin found in Bud (10 ppm)
Thiamin found in Bud (4.2 ppm);found in Leaf (14 ppm)
Antineurotic
Magnesium found in Bud (2285 ppm)
Antinitrosic
Ascorbic-acid found in Bud (4975 ppm);found in Leaf (4155 ppm)
Antiobesity
Ascorbic-acid found in Bud (4975 ppm);found in Leaf (4155 ppm)
Calcium found in Bud (7525 ppm);found in Leaf (9690 ppm)
Fiber found in Bud (119625 ppm);found in Leaf (138460 ppm)
Antiorchitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Bud (4975 ppm);found in Leaf (4155 ppm)
Antiosteoarthritic
Ascorbic-acid found in Bud (4975 ppm);found in Leaf (4155 ppm)
Antiosteoporotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Bud (4975 ppm);found in Leaf (4155 ppm)
Calcium found in Bud (7525 ppm);found in Leaf (9690 ppm)
Magnesium found in Bud (2285 ppm)
Phosphorus found in Bud (4300 ppm);found in Leaf (5230 ppm)
Antioxidant
Ascorbic-acid found in Bud (4975 ppm);found in Leaf (4155 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Bud (1183 ppm);found in Leaf (485 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Bud (30 ppm);found in Leaf (29 ppm)
Antiozenic
Beta-carotene found in Bud (1183 ppm);found in Leaf (485 ppm)
Antipapillomic
Beta-carotene found in Bud (1183 ppm);found in Leaf (485 ppm)
Antiparkinsonian
Ascorbic-acid found in Bud (4975 ppm);found in Leaf (4155 ppm)
Niacin found in Bud (115 ppm);found in Leaf (92 ppm)
Antiparotitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Bud (4975 ppm);found in Leaf (4155 ppm)
Antipellagric
Niacin found in Bud (115 ppm);found in Leaf (92 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Bud (30 ppm);found in Leaf (29 ppm)
Antiperiodontitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Bud (4975 ppm);found in Leaf (4155 ppm)
Calcium found in Bud (7525 ppm);found in Leaf (9690 ppm)
Folacin found in Bud (10 ppm)
Antiphotophobic
Beta-carotene found in Bud (1183 ppm);found in Leaf (485 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Bud (30 ppm);found in Leaf (29 ppm)
Antipityriasic
Beta-carotene found in Bud (1183 ppm);found in Leaf (485 ppm)
Antiplaque
Folacin found in Bud (10 ppm)
Magnesium found in Bud (2285 ppm)
Antipneumonic
Ascorbic-acid found in Bud (4975 ppm);found in Leaf (4155 ppm)
Antipodriac
Ascorbic-acid found in Bud (4975 ppm);found in Leaf (4155 ppm)
Antipoliomyelitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Bud (4975 ppm);found in Leaf (4155 ppm)
Thiamin found in Bud (4.2 ppm);found in Leaf (14 ppm)
Antiporphyric
Beta-carotene found in Bud (1183 ppm);found in Leaf (485 ppm)
Antiproliferant
Beta-carotene found in Bud (1183 ppm);found in Leaf (485 ppm)
Antipsoriac
Beta-carotene found in Bud (1183 ppm);found in Leaf (485 ppm)
Antipsychotic
Folacin found in Bud (10 ppm)
Antipyretic
Ascorbic-acid found in Bud (4975 ppm);found in Leaf (4155 ppm)
Antiradicular
Ascorbic-acid found in Bud (4975 ppm);found in Leaf (4155 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Bud (1183 ppm);found in Leaf (485 ppm)
Antiretinopathic
Magnesium found in Bud (2285 ppm)
Antiretinotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Bud (4975 ppm);found in Leaf (4155 ppm)
Antirheumatic
Ascorbic-acid found in Bud (4975 ppm);found in Leaf (4155 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Bud (1183 ppm);found in Leaf (485 ppm)
Calcium found in Bud (7525 ppm);found in Leaf (9690 ppm)
Antirhinitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Bud (4975 ppm);found in Leaf (4155 ppm)
Antiscorbutic
Ascorbic-acid found in Bud (4975 ppm);found in Leaf (4155 ppm)
Antiscotomic
Niacin found in Bud (115 ppm);found in Leaf (92 ppm)
Antiseptic
Ascorbic-acid found in Bud (4975 ppm);found in Leaf (4155 ppm)
Antishingles
Ascorbic-acid found in Bud (4975 ppm);found in Leaf (4155 ppm)
Antispasmodic
Ascorbic-acid found in Bud (4975 ppm);found in Leaf (4155 ppm)
Magnesium found in Bud (2285 ppm)
Niacin found in Bud (115 ppm);found in Leaf (92 ppm)
Potassium found in Bud (76745 ppm);found in Leaf (39385 ppm)
Antispasmophilic
Magnesium found in Bud (2285 ppm)
Antistress
Ascorbic-acid found in Bud (4975 ppm);found in Leaf (4155 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Bud (1183 ppm);found in Leaf (485 ppm)
Calcium found in Bud (7525 ppm);found in Leaf (9690 ppm)
Magnesium found in Bud (2285 ppm)
Antistroke
Magnesium found in Bud (2285 ppm)
Potassium found in Bud (76745 ppm);found in Leaf (39385 ppm)
Antisyndrome-X
Ascorbic-acid found in Bud (4975 ppm);found in Leaf (4155 ppm)
Magnesium found in Bud (2285 ppm)
Antitic
Calcium found in Bud (7525 ppm);found in Leaf (9690 ppm)
Antitumor
Beta-carotene found in Bud (1183 ppm);found in Leaf (485 ppm)
Fiber found in Bud (119625 ppm);found in Leaf (138460 ppm)
Antiulcer
Ascorbic-acid found in Bud (4975 ppm);found in Leaf (4155 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Bud (1183 ppm);found in Leaf (485 ppm)
Fiber found in Bud (119625 ppm);found in Leaf (138460 ppm)
Antivertigo
Niacin found in Bud (115 ppm);found in Leaf (92 ppm)
Antiviral
Ascorbic-acid found in Bud (4975 ppm);found in Leaf (4155 ppm)
Antixerophthalmic
Beta-carotene found in Bud (1183 ppm);found in Leaf (485 ppm)
Anxiolytic
Calcium found in Bud (7525 ppm);found in Leaf (9690 ppm)
Magnesium found in Bud (2285 ppm)
Phosphorus found in Bud (4300 ppm);found in Leaf (5230 ppm)
Potassium found in Bud (76745 ppm);found in Leaf (39385 ppm)
Apoptotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Bud (4975 ppm);found in Leaf (4155 ppm)
Asthma-preventive
Ascorbic-acid found in Bud (4975 ppm);found in Leaf (4155 ppm)
Beta-Blocker
Fiber found in Bud (119625 ppm);found in Leaf (138460 ppm)
Potassium found in Bud (76745 ppm);found in Leaf (39385 ppm)
Beta-Glucuronidase-Inhibitor
Ascorbic-acid found in Bud (4975 ppm);found in Leaf (4155 ppm)
CNS-Depressant
Magnesium found in Bud (2285 ppm)
COX-1-Inhibitor
Beta-carotene found in Bud (1183 ppm);found in Leaf (485 ppm)
COX-2-Inhibitor
Beta-carotene found in Bud (1183 ppm);found in Leaf (485 ppm)
Calcium-Antagonist
Ascorbic-acid found in Bud (4975 ppm);found in Leaf (4155 ppm)
Magnesium found in Bud (2285 ppm)
Calcium-Channel-Blocker
Calcium found in Bud (7525 ppm);found in Leaf (9690 ppm)
Cancer-Preventive
Ascorbic-acid found in Bud (4975 ppm);found in Leaf (4155 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Bud (1183 ppm);found in Leaf (485 ppm)
Fiber found in Bud (119625 ppm);found in Leaf (138460 ppm)
Niacin found in Bud (115 ppm);found in Leaf (92 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Bud (30 ppm);found in Leaf (29 ppm)
Cardioprotective
Ascorbic-acid found in Bud (4975 ppm);found in Leaf (4155 ppm)
Fiber found in Bud (119625 ppm);found in Leaf (138460 ppm)
Magnesium found in Bud (2285 ppm)
Niacin found in Bud (115 ppm);found in Leaf (92 ppm)
Potassium found in Bud (76745 ppm);found in Leaf (39385 ppm)
Cardiotoxic
Potassium found in Bud (76745 ppm);found in Leaf (39385 ppm)
Chemopreventive
Beta-carotene found in Bud (1183 ppm);found in Leaf (485 ppm)
Circulotonic
Niacin found in Bud (115 ppm);found in Leaf (92 ppm)
Cold-preventive
Ascorbic-acid found in Bud (4975 ppm);found in Leaf (4155 ppm)
Collagenic
Ascorbic-acid found in Bud (4975 ppm);found in Leaf (4155 ppm)
Colorant
Beta-carotene found in Bud (1183 ppm);found in Leaf (485 ppm)
Detoxicant
Ascorbic-acid found in Bud (4975 ppm);found in Leaf (4155 ppm)
Diuretic
Ascorbic-acid found in Bud (4975 ppm);found in Leaf (4155 ppm)
Calcium found in Bud (7525 ppm);found in Leaf (9690 ppm)
Fiber found in Bud (119625 ppm);found in Leaf (138460 ppm)
Magnesium found in Bud (2285 ppm)
Potassium found in Bud (76745 ppm);found in Leaf (39385 ppm)
Fibrinolytic
Niacin found in Bud (115 ppm);found in Leaf (92 ppm)
Fistula-Preventive
Ascorbic-acid found in Bud (4975 ppm);found in Leaf (4155 ppm)
Gastroprotective
Beta-carotene found in Bud (1183 ppm);found in Leaf (485 ppm)
Hematopoietic
Folacin found in Bud (10 ppm)
Hepatoprotective
Niacin found in Bud (115 ppm);found in Leaf (92 ppm)
Hepatotoxic
Niacin found in Bud (115 ppm);found in Leaf (92 ppm)
Hypertensive
Sodium found in Bud (6990 ppm);found in Leaf (16300 ppm)
Hypocholesterolemic
Ascorbic-acid found in Bud (4975 ppm);found in Leaf (4155 ppm)
Calcium found in Bud (7525 ppm);found in Leaf (9690 ppm)
Fiber found in Bud (119625 ppm);found in Leaf (138460 ppm)
Magnesium found in Bud (2285 ppm)
Niacin found in Bud (115 ppm);found in Leaf (92 ppm)
Hypoglycemic
Ascorbic-acid found in Bud (4975 ppm);found in Leaf (4155 ppm)
Niacin found in Bud (115 ppm);found in Leaf (92 ppm)
Hypolipidemic
Niacin found in Bud (115 ppm);found in Leaf (92 ppm)
Hypotensive
Ascorbic-acid found in Bud (4975 ppm);found in Leaf (4155 ppm)
Calcium found in Bud (7525 ppm);found in Leaf (9690 ppm)
Fiber found in Bud (119625 ppm);found in Leaf (138460 ppm)
Magnesium found in Bud (2285 ppm)
Potassium found in Bud (76745 ppm);found in Leaf (39385 ppm)
Hypouricemic
Fiber found in Bud (119625 ppm);found in Leaf (138460 ppm)
Immunomodulator
Ascorbic-acid found in Bud (4975 ppm);found in Leaf (4155 ppm)
Magnesium found in Bud (2285 ppm)
Immunostimulant
Ascorbic-acid found in Bud (4975 ppm);found in Leaf (4155 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Bud (1183 ppm);found in Leaf (485 ppm)
Phosphorus found in Bud (4300 ppm);found in Leaf (5230 ppm)
Insectifuge
Thiamin found in Bud (4.2 ppm);found in Leaf (14 ppm)
Insulinogenic
Magnesium found in Bud (2285 ppm)
Interferon-Synergist
Beta-carotene found in Bud (1183 ppm);found in Leaf (485 ppm)
Interferonogenic
Ascorbic-acid found in Bud (4975 ppm);found in Leaf (4155 ppm)
Laxative
Calcium found in Bud (7525 ppm);found in Leaf (9690 ppm)
Fiber found in Bud (119625 ppm);found in Leaf (138460 ppm)
Magnesium found in Bud (2285 ppm)
Lithogenic
Ascorbic-acid found in Bud (4975 ppm);found in Leaf (4155 ppm)
Litholytic
Magnesium found in Bud (2285 ppm)
Mucogenic
Beta-carotene found in Bud (1183 ppm);found in Leaf (485 ppm)
Mucolytic
Ascorbic-acid found in Bud (4975 ppm);found in Leaf (4155 ppm)
Myorelaxant
Magnesium found in Bud (2285 ppm)
Neuroprotective
Thiamin found in Bud (4.2 ppm);found in Leaf (14 ppm)
Neurotransmitter
Magnesium found in Bud (2285 ppm)
Osteogenic
Phosphorus found in Bud (4300 ppm);found in Leaf (5230 ppm)
Pesticide
Ascorbic-acid found in Bud (4975 ppm);found in Leaf (4155 ppm)
Thiamin found in Bud (4.2 ppm);found in Leaf (14 ppm)
Phagocytotic
Beta-carotene found in Bud (1183 ppm);found in Leaf (485 ppm)
Prooxidant
Beta-carotene found in Bud (1183 ppm);found in Leaf (485 ppm)
Iron found in Bud (420 ppm);found in Leaf (385 ppm)
Sedative
Niacin found in Bud (115 ppm);found in Leaf (92 ppm)
Serotoninergic
Niacin found in Bud (115 ppm);found in Leaf (92 ppm)
Thymoprotective
Beta-carotene found in Bud (1183 ppm);found in Leaf (485 ppm)
Tranquilizer
Calcium found in Bud (7525 ppm);found in Leaf (9690 ppm)
Magnesium found in Bud (2285 ppm)
Ubiquiot
Beta-carotene found in Bud (1183 ppm);found in Leaf (485 ppm)
Uricosuric
Ascorbic-acid found in Bud (4975 ppm);found in Leaf (4155 ppm)
Folacin found in Bud (10 ppm)
Urinary-Acidulant
Ascorbic-acid found in Bud (4975 ppm);found in Leaf (4155 ppm)
Uterorelaxant
Magnesium found in Bud (2285 ppm)
Vasodilator
Ascorbic-acid found in Bud (4975 ppm);found in Leaf (4155 ppm)
Calcium found in Bud (7525 ppm);found in Leaf (9690 ppm)
Fiber found in Bud (119625 ppm);found in Leaf (138460 ppm)
Magnesium found in Bud (2285 ppm)
Niacin found in Bud (115 ppm);found in Leaf (92 ppm)
Potassium found in Bud (76745 ppm);found in Leaf (39385 ppm)
Vulnerary
Ascorbic-acid found in Bud (4975 ppm);found in Leaf (4155 ppm)
Xanthine-Oxidase-Inhibitor
Folacin found in Bud (10 ppm)

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Chemicals detected

Chemical Plant part Low ppm High ppm
Ascorbic-acid Bud 370 4,975
Leaf 270 4,155
Ash Bud 13,400 180,110
Leaf 11,000 169,230
Beta-carotene Bud 88 1,183
Leaf 32 485
Calcium Bud 560 7,525
Leaf 630 9,690
Carbohydrates Bud 43,700 587,365
Leaf 33,000 507,700
Coronaric-acid Seed
Dihydrocumambrin-a Plant
Fat Bud 1,700 22,850
Leaf 3,000 46,155
Fiber Bud 8,900 119,625
Leaf 9,000 138,460
Folacin Bud 0.7 10
Iron Bud 31 420
Leaf 25 385
Kilocalories Bud 170 2,285
Leaf 190 2,923
Magnesium Bud 170 2,285
Mutatochrome Plant
Niacin Bud 8 115
Leaf 6 92
Phosphorus Bud 320 4,300
Leaf 340 5,230
Potassium Bud 5,710 76,745
Leaf 2,560 39,385
Protein Bud 15,600 209,680
Leaf 18,000 276,925
Riboflavin Bud 2.2 30
Leaf 1.9 29
Sodium Bud 520 6,990
Leaf 1,060 16,300
Thiamin Bud 0.3 4.2
Leaf 0.9 14
Water Bud 925,600
Leaf 935,000
Reference: Dr. Duke's Phytochemical and Ethnobotanical Databases. [Online Database]