Chimaphila umbellata Health effects and herbal facts

Known as
pipsissewa prince's-pine

Chimaphila umbellata is a small perennial flowering plant found in dry woodlands, or sandy soils. It is native throughout the cool temperate Northern Hemisphere. It grows 10–35 cm tall, and has evergreen shiny, bright green, toothed leaves arranged in opposite pairs or whorls of 3-4 along the stem. Leaves have a shallowly toothed margin, where the teeth have fine hairs at their ends. The flowers are white or pink, produced in a small umbel of 4-8 together.

Chimaphila umbellata

Medical use

Economic importance of Chimaphila umbellata

Medicines folklore

Gallery

Chimaphila umbellata Chimaphila umbellata Chimaphila umbellata Chimaphila umbellata Chimaphila umbellata Chimaphila umbellata Chimaphila umbellata Chimaphila umbellata Chimaphila umbellata Chimaphila umbellata Chimaphila umbellata Chimaphila umbellata Chimaphila umbellata Chimaphila umbellata Chimaphila umbellata

Geografical distribution

  • ASIA-TEMPERATE
    Native
    • Siberia: Russian Federation - Eastern Siberia, Western Siberia
    • Russian Far East: Russian Federation - Khabarovsk, Sakhalin
    • China: China - Jilin, Liaoning, Nei Monggol
    • Eastern Asia: Japan - Hokkaido, Honshu
  • EUROPE
    Native
    • Northern Europe: Denmark; Finland; Norway; Sweden
    • Middle Europe: Austria; Czechoslovakia; Germany; Hungary; Poland; Switzerland
    • East Europe: Belarus; Russian Federation - European part; Ukraine
    • Southeastern Europe: Former Yugoslavia; Romania
    • Southwestern Europe: France
  • NORTHERN AMERICA
    Native
    • Subarctic America: Canada - Yukon Territory; United States - Alaska
    • Eastern Canada: Canada - New Brunswick, Newfoundland, Nova Scotia, Ontario, Prince Edward Island, Quebec
    • Western Canada: Canada - British Columbia, Manitoba
    • Northeastern U.S.A.: United States - Connecticut, Indiana, Maine, Massachusetts, Michigan, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Ohio, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, Vermont, West Virginia
    • North-Central U.S.A.: United States - Illinois, Iowa, Minnesota
    • Northwestern U.S.A.: United States - Colorado, Idaho, Montana, Oregon, Washington, Wyoming
    • Southeastern U.S.A.: United States - Delaware, Maryland, North Carolina, South Carolina, Virginia
    • South-Central U.S.A.: United States - New Mexico
    • Southwestern U.S.A.: United States - Arizona, California
    • Mexico

Biological activities

11B-HSD-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Plant
5-Lipoxygenase-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Plant
Abortifacient
Oleanolic-acid found in Shoot
Absorbent
Starch found in Plant
Acetyl-CoA-Carboxylase-Inhibitor
(-)-epicatechin-gallate found in Shoot
Aldose-Reductase-Inhibitor
Avicularin found in Plant
Hyperoside found in Plant
Kaempferol found in Plant
Allelochemic
Arbutin found in Leaf ;found in Plant (75000 ppm);found in Shoot (76000 ppm)
Chimaphilin found in Plant (2000 ppm)
Allergenic
Methyl-salicylate found in Plant
Analgesic
Beta-amyrin found in Plant (2125 ppm)
Hyperoside found in Plant
Methyl-salicylate found in Plant
Ursolic-acid found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Anaphrodisiac
Methyl-salicylate found in Plant
Androgenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Angiogenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Anorexic
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Anthelmintic
Tannin found in Plant (40000 ppm)
AntiEBV
Ursolic-acid found in Plant ;found in Shoot
AntiHIV
Oleanolic-acid found in Shoot
Tannin found in Plant (40000 ppm)
Ursolic-acid found in Plant ;found in Shoot
AntiPGE2
Oleanolic-acid found in Shoot
AntiTGF-beta
Oleanolic-acid found in Shoot
Ursolic-acid found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Antiadenomic
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Antiaflatoxin
Kaempferol found in Plant
Antiaggregant
Kaempferol found in Plant
Antiaging
Hyperoside found in Plant
Antiallergic
Kaempferol found in Plant
Oleanolic-acid found in Shoot
Antialzheimeran
Ursolic-acid found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Antiandrogenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Antiarrhythmic
Oleanolic-acid found in Shoot
Ursolic-acid found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Antiarthritic
Ursolic-acid found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Antiatherosclerotic
Oleanolic-acid found in Shoot
Antibacterial
Arbutin found in Leaf ;found in Plant (75000 ppm);found in Shoot (76000 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Chimaphilin found in Plant (2000 ppm)
Hyperoside found in Plant
Kaempferol found in Plant
Oleanolic-acid found in Shoot
Tannin found in Plant (40000 ppm)
Ursolic-acid found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Antibiotic
Avicularin found in Plant
Anticancer
Hyperoside found in Plant
Kaempferol found in Plant
Tannin found in Plant (40000 ppm)
Ursolic-acid found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Anticapillary-Fragility
Hyperoside found in Plant
Anticarcinomic
Oleanolic-acid found in Shoot
Ursolic-acid found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Anticariogenic
Epicatechin-gallate found in Plant
Oleanolic-acid found in Shoot
Tannin found in Plant (40000 ppm)
Ursolic-acid found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Anticholestatic
Ursolic-acid found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Anticomplement
Oleanolic-acid found in Shoot
Ursolic-acid found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Antidermatitic
Hyperoside found in Plant
Antidiabetic
Ursolic-acid found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Antidiarrheic
Tannin found in Plant (40000 ppm)
Antidysenteric
Tannin found in Plant (40000 ppm)
Antiedemic
Arbutin found in Leaf ;found in Plant (75000 ppm);found in Shoot (76000 ppm)
Beta-amyrin found in Plant (2125 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Oleanolic-acid found in Shoot
Taraxasterol found in Plant
Ursolic-acid found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Antielastase
Hyperoside found in Plant
Antiescherichic
Ursolic-acid found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Antiestrogenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Antifeedant
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Antifertility
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Kaempferol found in Plant
Oleanolic-acid found in Shoot
Antifibrosarcomic
Ursolic-acid found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Antiflu
Hyperoside found in Plant
Antigingivitic
Kaempferol found in Plant
Oleanolic-acid found in Shoot
Antigonadotrophic
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Antihepatotoxic
Epicatechin-gallate found in Plant
Hyperoside found in Plant
Oleanolic-acid found in Shoot
Tannin found in Plant (40000 ppm)
Ursolic-acid found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Antiherpetic
Kaempferol found in Plant
Antihistaminic
Kaempferol found in Plant
Ursolic-acid found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Antihyperlipidemic
Oleanolic-acid found in Shoot
Ursolic-acid found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Antihyperlipoproteinaemic
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Antihypertensive
Tannin found in Plant (40000 ppm)
Antiimplantation
Kaempferol found in Plant
Antiinflammatory
Beta-amyrin found in Plant (2125 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Hyperoside found in Plant
Kaempferol found in Plant
Methyl-salicylate found in Plant
Oleanolic-acid found in Shoot
Taraxasterol found in Plant
Ursolic-acid found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Antiischemic
Hyperoside found in Plant
Oleanolic-acid found in Shoot
Antileishmanic
Ursolic-acid found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Antileukemic
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Kaempferol found in Plant
Oleanolic-acid found in Shoot
Ursolic-acid found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Antileukotriene
Oleanolic-acid found in Shoot
Antilipolytic
Tannin found in Plant (40000 ppm)
Antilymphocytic
Kaempferol found in Plant
Antilymphomic
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Ursolic-acid found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Antimalarial
Oleanolic-acid found in Shoot
Ursolic-acid found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Antimelanogenic
Arbutin found in Leaf ;found in Plant (75000 ppm);found in Shoot (76000 ppm)
Antimetastatic
Ursolic-acid found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Antimutagenic
(-)-epicatechin-gallate found in Shoot
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Epicatechin-gallate found in Plant
Kaempferol found in Plant
Nonacosane found in Plant
Tannin found in Plant (40000 ppm)
Ursolic-acid found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Antinephritic
Oleanolic-acid found in Shoot
Tannin found in Plant (40000 ppm)
Ursolic-acid found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Antinesidioblastosic
Starch found in Plant
Antinociceptive
Beta-amyrin found in Plant (2125 ppm)
Hyperoside found in Plant
Antiophidic
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Tannin found in Plant (40000 ppm)
Antioxidant
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Epicatechin-gallate found in Plant
Hyperoside found in Plant
Kaempferol found in Plant
Methyl-salicylate found in Plant
Oleanolic-acid found in Shoot
Tannin found in Plant (40000 ppm)
Ursolic-acid found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Antiperiodontic
Kaempferol found in Plant
Oleanolic-acid found in Shoot
Antiperoxidant
Epicatechin-gallate found in Plant
Oleanolic-acid found in Shoot
Ursolic-acid found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Antiplaque
Kaempferol found in Plant
Oleanolic-acid found in Shoot
Antiplasmodial
Oleanolic-acid found in Shoot
Ursolic-acid found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Antiprogestational
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Antiproliferative
Ursolic-acid found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Antiprostaglandin
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Antiprostatadenomic
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Antiprostatitic
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Antipyretic
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Methyl-salicylate found in Plant
Antiradicular
Hyperoside found in Plant
Kaempferol found in Plant
Methyl-salicylate found in Plant
Tannin found in Plant (40000 ppm)
Antirenitic
Tannin found in Plant (40000 ppm)
Antirheumatalgic
Methyl-salicylate found in Plant
Antisarcomic
Oleanolic-acid found in Shoot
Antisecretory
Taraxerol found in Shoot
Antiseptic
Arbutin found in Leaf ;found in Plant (75000 ppm);found in Shoot (76000 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Plant
Methyl-salicylate found in Plant
Oleanolic-acid found in Shoot
Antiserotonin
Kaempferol found in Plant
Antispasmodic
Kaempferol found in Plant
Antistaphylococcic
Kaempferol found in Plant
Ursolic-acid found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Antistreptococcic
Arbutin found in Leaf ;found in Plant (75000 ppm);found in Shoot (76000 ppm)
Antitartar
Methyl-salicylate found in Plant
Antithromboxane
Ursolic-acid found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Antitrypanosomic
Ursolic-acid found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Antitumor-Promoter
Kaempferol found in Plant
Tannin found in Plant (40000 ppm)
Ursolic-acid found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Antitumor
Kaempferol found in Plant
Oleanolic-acid found in Shoot
Tannin found in Plant (40000 ppm)
Ursolic-acid found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Antitussive
Arbutin found in Leaf ;found in Plant (75000 ppm);found in Shoot (76000 ppm)
Hyperoside found in Plant
Antiulcer
Beta-amyrin found in Plant (2125 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Plant
Oleanolic-acid found in Shoot
Tannin found in Plant (40000 ppm)
Taraxerol found in Shoot
Ursolic-acid found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Antiviral
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Hyperoside found in Plant
Kaempferol found in Plant
Nonacosane found in Plant
Oleanolic-acid found in Shoot
Tannin found in Plant (40000 ppm)
Ursolic-acid found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Antiwrinkle
Hyperoside found in Plant
Apoptotic
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Kaempferol found in Plant
Aromatase-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Plant
Oleanolic-acid found in Shoot
Ursolic-acid found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Artemicide
Arbutin found in Leaf ;found in Plant (75000 ppm);found in Shoot (76000 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Beta-Blocker
Oleanolic-acid found in Shoot
Ursolic-acid found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Beta-Glucuronidase-Inhibitor
Oleanolic-acid found in Shoot
Ursolic-acid found in Plant ;found in Shoot
CNS-Depressant
Ursolic-acid found in Plant ;found in Shoot
COMP-Inhibitor
Epicatechin-gallate found in Plant
COX-2-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Plant
Oleanolic-acid found in Shoot
Ursolic-acid found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Calcium-Antagonist
Hyperoside found in Plant
Cancer-Preventive
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Epicatechin-gallate found in Plant
Hyperoside found in Plant
Kaempferol found in Plant
Methyl-salicylate found in Plant
Oleanolic-acid found in Shoot
Tannin found in Plant (40000 ppm)
Ursolic-acid found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Candidicide
Arbutin found in Leaf ;found in Plant (75000 ppm);found in Shoot (76000 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Ursolic-acid found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Capillarifortificant
Hyperoside found in Plant
Capillarigenic
Hyperoside found in Plant
Carcinogenic
Kaempferol found in Plant
Tannin found in Plant (40000 ppm)
Cardioprotective
Oleanolic-acid found in Shoot
Ursolic-acid found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Cardiotonic
Oleanolic-acid found in Shoot
Ursolic-acid found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Carminative
Methyl-salicylate found in Plant
Caspase-8-Inducer
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Chelator
Tannin found in Plant (40000 ppm)
Choleretic
Kaempferol found in Plant
Ursolic-acid found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Copper-Chelator
Kaempferol found in Plant
Counterirritant
Methyl-salicylate found in Plant
Cyclooxygenase-Activator
Avicularin found in Plant
Hyperoside found in Plant
Cyclooxygenase-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Plant
Oleanolic-acid found in Shoot
Tannin found in Plant (40000 ppm)
Ursolic-acid found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Cytotoxic
Kaempferol found in Plant
Ursolic-acid found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Dentifrice
Methyl-salicylate found in Plant
Diuretic
Arbutin found in Leaf ;found in Plant (75000 ppm);found in Shoot (76000 ppm)
Avicularin found in Plant
Hyperoside found in Plant
Kaempferol found in Plant
Oleanolic-acid found in Shoot
Ursolic-acid found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Elastase-Inhibitor
Oleanolic-acid found in Shoot
Ursolic-acid found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Emollient
Starch found in Plant
Estrogenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Kaempferol found in Plant
FLavor
Methyl-salicylate found in Plant
Febrifuge
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Fungicide
Kaempferol found in Plant
Methyl-salicylate found in Plant
Gastroprotective
Beta-amyrin found in Plant (2125 ppm)
Glucosyl-Transferase-Inhibitor
Epicatechin-gallate found in Plant
Tannin found in Plant (40000 ppm)
Gonadotrophic
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
HIV-RT-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Plant
Hepatoprotective
Beta-amyrin found in Plant (2125 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Hyperoside found in Plant
Kaempferol found in Plant
Oleanolic-acid found in Shoot
Tannin found in Plant (40000 ppm)
Ursolic-acid found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Herpetifuge
Methyl-salicylate found in Plant
Hypocholesterolemic
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Hypoglycemic
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Ursolic-acid found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Hypolipemic
Oleanolic-acid found in Shoot
Hypolipidemic
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Hypotensive
Hyperoside found in Plant
Kaempferol found in Plant
Oleanolic-acid found in Shoot
Ursolic-acid found in Plant ;found in Shoot
ICAM-1-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Plant
Immunomodulator
Oleanolic-acid found in Shoot
Ursolic-acid found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Immunostimulant
Epicatechin-gallate found in Plant
Immunosuppressant
Tannin found in Plant (40000 ppm)
Inotropic
Kaempferol found in Plant
Insectifuge
Methyl-salicylate found in Plant
Insectiphile
Methyl-salicylate found in Plant
Insulin-Sparing
Arbutin found in Leaf ;found in Plant (75000 ppm);found in Shoot (76000 ppm)
Iodothyronine-Deiodinase-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Plant
JNK-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Plant
Larvicide
Beta-amyrin found in Plant (2125 ppm)
Leucocytogenic
Oleanolic-acid found in Shoot
Ursolic-acid found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Lipoxygenase-Inhibitor
Epicatechin-gallate found in Plant
Kaempferol found in Plant
Tannin found in Plant (40000 ppm)
Ursolic-acid found in Plant ;found in Shoot
MAO-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Plant
Tannin found in Plant (40000 ppm)
MMP-9-Inhibitor
Ursolic-acid found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Mitogen
Epicatechin-gallate found in Plant
Mosquitocide
Beta-amyrin found in Plant (2125 ppm)
Mutagenic
Kaempferol found in Plant
Mycoplasmistat
Arbutin found in Leaf ;found in Plant (75000 ppm);found in Shoot (76000 ppm)
NF-kB-Inhibitor
Oleanolic-acid found in Shoot
NO-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Plant
Natriuretic
Kaempferol found in Plant
Neuroprotective
Kaempferol found in Plant
Ornithine-Decarboxylase-Inhibitor
Tannin found in Plant (40000 ppm)
Ursolic-acid found in Plant ;found in Shoot
PAF-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Plant
Perfumery
Methyl-salicylate found in Plant
Pesticide
Arbutin found in Leaf ;found in Plant (75000 ppm);found in Shoot (76000 ppm)
Avicularin found in Plant
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Chimaphilin found in Plant (2000 ppm)
Hyperoside found in Plant
Kaempferol found in Plant
Methyl-salicylate found in Plant
Tannin found in Plant (40000 ppm)
Ursolic-acid found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Phagocytotic
Oleanolic-acid found in Shoot
Piscicide
Oleanolic-acid found in Shoot
Ursolic-acid found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Potassium-Sparing
Ursolic-acid found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Poultice
Starch found in Plant
Prostaglandin-Synthesis-Inhibitor
Oleanolic-acid found in Shoot
Protease-Inhibitor
Ursolic-acid found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Protisticide
Kaempferol found in Plant
Ursolic-acid found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Psychotropic
Tannin found in Plant (40000 ppm)
Quinone-Reductase-Inducer
Kaempferol found in Plant
Ursolic-acid found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Sedative
Oleanolic-acid found in Shoot
Sodium-Sparing
Ursolic-acid found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Spermicide
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
TNF-alpha-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Plant
TOPO-2-Inhibitor
Ursolic-acid found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Teratologic
Kaempferol found in Plant
Tissue-Thromboplastin-Inhibitor
Avicularin found in Plant
Hyperoside found in Plant
Topoisomerase-I-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Plant
Topoisomerase-II-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Plant
Trypanocide
Ursolic-acid found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Tyrosinase-Inhibitor
Arbutin found in Leaf ;found in Plant (75000 ppm);found in Shoot (76000 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Plant
Ubiquiot
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Ulcerogenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Urinary-Antiseptic
Arbutin found in Leaf ;found in Plant (75000 ppm);found in Shoot (76000 ppm)
Chimaphilin found in Plant (2000 ppm)
Uterotonic
Oleanolic-acid found in Shoot
Uterotrophic
Kaempferol found in Plant
Vasodilator
Kaempferol found in Plant
Vasopressor
Oleanolic-acid found in Shoot
Ursolic-acid found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Xanthine-Oxidase-Inhibitor
Epicatechin-gallate found in Plant
Hyperoside found in Plant
Tannin found in Plant (40000 ppm)
cAMP-Inhibitor
Hyperoside found in Plant
cAMP-Phosphodiesterase-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Plant
iNOS-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Plant

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Chemicals detected

Chemical Plant part Low ppm High ppm
(-)-epicatechin-gallate Shoot
2,7-dimethyl-1,4-napthoquinone Plant 2,000
Arbutin Leaf
Plant 75,000
Shoot 73,000 76,000
Avicularin Plant
Beta-amyrin Plant 2,100 2,125
Beta-sitosterol Plant
Chimaphilin Plant 2,000
Epicatechin-gallate Plant
Gum Plant
Hentriacontane Plant
Homogentisic-acid-glucoside Plant
Hyperoside Plant
Isohomoarbutin Plant
Kaempferol Plant
Methyl-salicylate Plant
Nonacosane Plant
Oleanolic-acid Shoot
Renifolin Plant
Resin Plant
Salicylic-acid-methyl-ester Plant
Starch Plant
Sugar Plant
Tannin Plant 40,000
Taraxasterol Plant
Taraxerol Shoot
Toluquinol Plant
Ursolic-acid Plant
Shoot
Reference: Dr. Duke's Phytochemical and Ethnobotanical Databases. [Online Database]