Chelidonium majus Health effects and herbal facts

Known as
celandine great celandine greater celandine nipplewort swallowwort
Chelidonium majus

Medical use

Economic importance of Chelidonium majus

Environmental ornamental
Medicines folklore
Vertebrate poisons mamals

Gallery

Chelidonium majus Chelidonium majus Chelidonium majus Chelidonium majus Chelidonium majus Chelidonium majus Chelidonium majus Chelidonium majus Chelidonium majus

Geografical distribution

  • AFRICA
    Native
    • Macaronesia: Portugal - Madeira Islands; Spain - Canary Islands
    • Northern Africa: Algeria ; Morocco
  • ASIA-TEMPERATE
    Native
    • Western Asia: Iran ; Turkey
    • Caucasus: Armenia; Azerbaijan; Georgia; Russian Federation - Ciscaucasia, Dagestan
    • Siberia: Russian Federation - Eastern Siberia, Western Siberia
    • Middle Asia: Kazakhstan
    • Mongolia: Mongolia
  • EUROPE
    Native
    • Northern Europe: Denmark; Finland ; Ireland; Norway ; Sweden ; United Kingdom
    • Middle Europe: Austria; Belgium; Czech Republic; Germany; Hungary; Netherlands; Poland; Slovakia; Switzerland
    • East Europe: Belarus; Estonia; Latvia; Lithuania; Russian Federation - European part; Ukraine
    • Southeastern Europe: Albania; Bosnia and Herzegovina; Bulgaria; Croatia; Greece ; Italy ; Macedonia; Montenegro; Romania; Slovenia
    • Southwestern Europe: France ; Portugal; Spain

Biological activities

12-Lipoxygenase-Inhibitor
Chelerythrine found in Plant
Sanguinarine found in Plant
5-Lipoxygenase-Inhibitor
Chelerythrine found in Plant
Sanguinarine found in Plant
Abortifacient
Berberine found in Plant
Protopine found in Plant
Acaricide
Formic-acid found in Plant
Additive
Succinic-acid found in Plant
Adrenergic
Tyramine found in Plant
Adrenolytic
Berberine found in Plant
Aldose-Reductase-Inhibitor
Allocryptopine found in Plant
Protopine found in Plant
Allergenic
Citric-acid found in Plant
Histamine found in Plant
Alpha-Amylase-Inhibitor
Citric-acid found in Plant
Amebicide
Berberine found in Plant
Amphicholeretic
Protopine found in Plant
Analgesic
Allocryptopine found in Plant
Berberine found in Plant
Chelerythrine found in Plant
Chelidonine found in Plant
Protopine found in Plant
Anesthetic
Berberine found in Plant
Sanguinarine found in Plant
Antiacetylcholinesterase
Berberine found in Plant
Chelerythrine found in Plant
Sanguinarine found in Plant
Antiacne
Berberine found in Plant
Antiadrenergic
Berberine found in Plant
Antiaggregant
Berberine found in Plant
Chelerythrine found in Plant
Protopine found in Plant
Tyramine found in Plant
Antialzheimeran
Berberine found in Plant
Choline found in Fruit
Antiamnesic
Berberine found in Plant
Antianaphylactic
Chelidonine found in Plant
Antiangiogenic
Berberine found in Plant
Ergosterol found in Root
Antiaphthic
Citric-acid found in Plant
Antiarrhythmic
Allocryptopine found in Plant
Berberine found in Plant
Protopine found in Plant
Antiarthritic
Berberine found in Plant
Antiatherosclerotic
Citric-acid found in Plant
Malic-acid found in Plant
Antibacillus
Berberine found in Plant
Antibacterial
Berberine found in Plant
Chelerythrine found in Plant
Chelidonine found in Plant
Chelirubine found in Plant
Citric-acid found in Plant
Magnoflorine found in Plant
Malic-acid found in Plant
Protopine found in Plant
Sanguinarine found in Plant
Antibiotic
Berberine found in Plant
Antibronchitic
Chelidonine found in Plant
Anticalculic
Citric-acid found in Plant
Anticancer
Berberine found in Plant
Anticariogenic
Berberine found in Plant
Antichilblain
Histamine found in Plant
Nicotinic-acid found in Plant (340 ppm)
Antichlamydial
Berberine found in Plant
Anticholecystitic
Berberine found in Plant
Anticholera
Berberine found in Plant
Anticholinergic
Protopine found in Plant
Anticholinesterase
Sanguinarine found in Plant
Antichoreic
Choline found in Fruit
Anticirrhotic
Berberine found in Plant
Choline found in Fruit
Anticoagulant
Citric-acid found in Plant
Anticonjunctivitic
Berberine found in Plant
Anticonvulsant
Berberine found in Plant
Anticystinuric
Choline found in Fruit
Antidementia
Choline found in Fruit
Antidiabetic
Choline found in Fruit
Antidiarrheic
Berberine found in Plant
Antidysenteric
Berberine found in Plant
Antidyskinetic
Choline found in Fruit
Antiedemic
Berberine found in Plant
Sanguinarine found in Plant
Antiendotoxic
Berberine found in Plant
Antienterotoxic
Berberine found in Plant
Antiesherichic
Berberine found in Plant
Antifeedant
Succinic-acid found in Plant
Antifibrillary
Allocryptopine found in Plant
Antifibromyalgic
Malic-acid found in Plant
Antiflu
Chelidonine found in Plant
Ergosterol found in Root
Antigiardial
Berberine found in Plant
Antigingivitic
Sanguinarine found in Plant
Antiglaucomic
Berberine found in Plant
Antigonorrhea
Berberine found in Plant
Antihepatomic
Berberine found in Plant
Antihepatotic
Berberine found in Plant
Antiherpetic
Berberine found in Plant
Chelidonine found in Plant
Antihistaminic
Berberine found in Plant
Antihomocysteine
Choline found in Fruit
Antiinflammatory
Berberine found in Plant
Chelerythrine found in Plant
Coptisine found in Plant
Protopine found in Plant
Sanguinarine found in Plant
Antiischemic
Berberine found in Plant
Antileishmanic
Berberine found in Plant
Citric-acid found in Plant
Antilipogenic
Berberine found in Plant
Antimalarial
Berberine found in Plant
Antimanic
Choline found in Fruit
Antimigraine
Histamine found in Plant
Antimitotic
Berberine found in Plant
Chelerythrine found in Plant
Sanguinarine found in Plant
Antimuscarinic
Berberine found in Plant
Antimutagenic
Citric-acid found in Plant
Antimyalgic
Berberine found in Plant
Antimycotic
Berberine found in Plant
Antineoplastic
Berberine found in Plant
Chelerythrine found in Plant
Sanguinarine found in Plant
Antinephritic
Berberine found in Plant
Antineuromuscular
Magnoflorine found in Plant
Antinociceptive
Choline found in Fruit
Antioxidant
Sanguinarine found in Plant
Antiperiodontic
Sanguinarine found in Plant
Antiperistaltic
Berberine found in Plant
Antipharyngitic
Berberine found in Plant
Antiphotooxidative
Berberine found in Plant
Antiplaque
Sanguinarine found in Plant
Antiplasmodial
Berberine found in Plant
Antipneumonic
Berberine found in Plant
Antipyretic
Berberine found in Plant
Antisalmonella
Berberine found in Plant
Antischizophrenic
Nicotinic-acid found in Plant (340 ppm)
Antiseborrheic
Citric-acid found in Plant
Malic-acid found in Plant
Antisecretory
Berberine found in Plant
Antiseptic
Berberine found in Plant
Chelerythrine found in Plant
Citric-acid found in Plant
Formic-acid found in Plant
Malic-acid found in Plant
Protopine found in Plant
Sanguinarine found in Plant
Antishigellic
Berberine found in Plant
Antispasmodic
Berberine found in Plant
Chelidonine found in Plant
Magnoflorine found in Plant
Protopine found in Plant
Antispermigenic
Berberine found in Plant
Protopine found in Plant
Antistaphylococcic
Berberine found in Plant
Antisteatotic
Choline found in Fruit
Antistrep
Berberine found in Plant
Antisuperoxidogenic
Sanguinarine found in Plant
Antisyncopic
Formic-acid found in Plant
Antisyphilitic
Berberine found in Plant
Antithyrotoxic
Nicotinic-acid found in Plant (340 ppm)
Antitrachomic
Berberine found in Plant
Antitrypanosomic
Berberine found in Plant
Sanguinarine found in Plant
Antitubercular
Berberine found in Plant
Citric-acid found in Plant
Malic-acid found in Plant
Antitumor
Chelerythrine found in Plant
Citric-acid found in Plant
Coptisine found in Plant
Ergosterol found in Root
Malic-acid found in Plant
Sanguinarine found in Plant
Antitussive
Chelerythrine found in Plant
Chelidonine found in Plant
Protopine found in Plant
Antiulcer
Berberine found in Plant
Antivaginitic
Berberine found in Plant
Antiviral
Berberine found in Plant
Chelerythrine found in Plant
Chelidonine found in Plant
Ergosterol found in Root
Sanguinarine found in Plant
Antiwart
Chelidonic-acid found in Plant
Astringent
Berberine found in Plant
Formic-acid found in Plant
Bacteristat
Malic-acid found in Plant
Bilirubinolytic
Berberine found in Plant
Bronchoconstrictor
Histamine found in Plant
Bronchostimulant
Histamine found in Plant
Bruchiphobe
Malic-acid found in Plant
Succinic-acid found in Plant
CNS-Depressant
Magnoflorine found in Plant
Sanguinarine found in Plant
CNS-Inhibitor
Chelidonine found in Plant
COX-2-Inhibitor
Berberine found in Plant
Calcium-Antagonist
Berberine found in Plant
Protopine found in Plant
Sanguinarine found in Plant
Cancer-Preventive
Succinic-acid found in Plant
Candidicide
Berberine found in Plant
Chelerythrine found in Plant
Sanguinarine found in Plant
Cardiodepressant
Berberine found in Plant
Choline found in Fruit
Cardiotonic
Berberine found in Plant
Sanguinarine found in Plant
Cardiovascular
Histamine found in Plant
Tyramine found in Plant
Carminative
Berberine found in Plant
Cerebrotonic
Choline found in Fruit
Cholagogue
Berberine found in Plant
Cholekinetic
Berberine found in Plant
Choleretic
Berberine found in Plant
Nicotinic-acid found in Plant (340 ppm)
Cholinergic
Choline found in Fruit
Collyrium
Berberine found in Plant
Convulsant
Protopine found in Plant
Corrosive
Formic-acid found in Plant
Counterirritant
Formic-acid found in Plant
Curaroid
Magnoflorine found in Plant
Cyclooxygenase-Inhibitor
Berberine found in Plant
Cytotoxic
Berberine found in Plant
Chelerythrine found in Plant
Chelidonine found in Plant
DNA-Intercalator
Chelerythrine found in Plant
Sanguinarine found in Plant
Digestive
Berberine found in Plant
Disinfectant
Citric-acid found in Plant
Diuretic
Berberine found in Plant
Chelidonine found in Plant
Sanguinarine found in Plant
Dye
Succinic-acid found in Plant
Emetic
Berberine found in Plant
Sanguinarine found in Plant
Expectorant
Sanguinarine found in Plant
FLavor
Citric-acid found in Plant
Formic-acid found in Plant
Fungicide
Berberine found in Plant
Chelerythrine found in Plant
Sanguinarine found in Plant
Fungistat
Formic-acid found in Plant
Fungitoxic
Formic-acid found in Plant
Gastrocontractant
Sanguinarine found in Plant
Gastrostimulant
Histamine found in Plant
Glaucomagenic
Berberine found in Plant
Sanguinarine found in Plant
Hemopoietic
Malic-acid found in Plant
Hemostat
Berberine found in Plant
Citric-acid found in Plant
Hepatoprotective
Choline found in Fruit
Hepatotoxic
Sanguinarine found in Plant
Histaminic
Histamine found in Plant
Hypertensive
Chelerythrine found in Plant
Protopine found in Plant
Sanguinarine found in Plant
Tyramine found in Plant
Hypocholesterolemic
Berberine found in Plant
Nicotinic-acid found in Plant (340 ppm)
Hypoglycemic
Berberine found in Plant
Nicotinic-acid found in Plant (340 ppm)
Hypotensive
Berberine found in Plant
Chelerythrine found in Plant
Chelidonine found in Plant
Choline found in Fruit
Histamine found in Plant
Magnoflorine found in Plant
Protopine found in Plant
Sanguinarine found in Plant
Ileorelaxant
Choline found in Fruit
Immunostimulant
Berberine found in Plant
Chelerythrine found in Plant
Inotropic
Sanguinarine found in Plant
Insectifuge
Tyramine found in Plant
Insulinase-Inhibitor
Nicotinic-acid found in Plant (340 ppm)
Insulinotonic
Nicotinic-acid found in Plant (340 ppm)
Irritant
Chelerythrine found in Plant
Chelidonic-acid found in Plant
Citric-acid found in Plant
Formic-acid found in Plant
Histamine found in Plant
Methyl-amine found in Plant
Sanguinarine found in Plant
Lachrymatory
Berberine found in Plant
Larvicide
Berberine found in Plant
Leucocytogenic
Berberine found in Plant
Lipase-Inhibitor
Berberine found in Plant
Chelerythrine found in Plant
Chelidonine found in Plant
Sanguinarine found in Plant
Lipolytic
Nicotinic-acid found in Plant (340 ppm)
Lipotropic
Choline found in Fruit
Lipoxygenase-Inhibitor
Berberine found in Plant
Litholytic
Citric-acid found in Plant
Memorigenic
Choline found in Fruit
Molluscicide
Chelerythrine found in Plant
Chelirubine found in Plant
Sanguinarine found in Plant
Mutagenic
Berberine found in Plant
Mycobactericide
Berberine found in Plant
Citric-acid found in Plant
Malic-acid found in Plant
Mydriatic
Berberine found in Plant
Myocardiocontractant
Sanguinarine found in Plant
Myocardiodepressant
Berberine found in Plant
Myocontractant
Coptisine found in Plant
Myodepressant
Chelidonine found in Plant
Myorelaxant
Berberine found in Plant
Protopine found in Plant
Myostimulant
Histamine found in Plant
Nematicide
Chelerythrine found in Plant
Sanguinarine found in Plant
Neurotoxic
Tyramine found in Plant
Occulotensive
Chelerythrine found in Plant
Sanguinarine found in Plant
Odontolytic
Citric-acid found in Plant
PAF-Inhibitor
Magnoflorine found in Plant
Paralytic
Chelerythrine found in Plant
Magnoflorine found in Plant
Parasympathomimetic
Choline found in Fruit
Perfumery
Succinic-acid found in Plant
Pesticide
Berberine found in Plant
Chelerythrine found in Plant
Chelidonine found in Plant
Chelirubine found in Plant
Ergosterol found in Root
Formic-acid found in Plant
Magnoflorine found in Plant
Malic-acid found in Plant
Protopine found in Plant
Sanguinarine found in Plant
Succinic-acid found in Plant
Tyramine found in Plant
Phototoxic
Berberine found in Plant
Plasmodicide
Berberine found in Plant
Preservative
Formic-acid found in Plant
Prostaglandin-Synthesis-Inhibitor
Berberine found in Plant
Protisticide
Berberine found in Plant
RNA-Depressant
Berberine found in Plant
RT-Inhibitor
Berberine found in Plant
Radioprotective
Histamine found in Plant
Refrigerant
Citric-acid found in Plant
Respiradepressant
Berberine found in Plant
Respirainhibitor
Chelerythrine found in Plant
Respirastimulant
Sanguinarine found in Plant
Reverse-Transcriptase-Inhibitor
Chelidonine found in Plant
Secretogogue
Histamine found in Plant
Sedative
Berberine found in Plant
Chelidonine found in Plant
Protopine found in Plant
Sialogogue
Malic-acid found in Plant
Sanguinarine found in Plant
Soporific
Allocryptopine found in Plant
Spasmogenic
Histamine found in Plant
Protopine found in Plant
Stomachic
Berberine found in Plant
Sympatholytic
Sanguinarine found in Plant
Sympathomimetic
Tyramine found in Plant
Tachycardic
Histamine found in Plant
Tetanic
Chelerythrine found in Plant
Topoisomerase-I-Inhibitor
Chelerythrine found in Plant
Topoisomerase-II-Inhibitor
Berberine found in Plant
Toxic
Formic-acid found in Plant
Magnoflorine found in Plant
Trichomonicide
Berberine found in Plant
Sanguinarine found in Plant
Trypanocide
Berberine found in Plant
Ulcerogenic
Histamine found in Plant
Uterocontractant
Berberine found in Plant
Uterotonic
Berberine found in Plant
Protopine found in Plant
Vagostimulant
Berberine found in Plant
Vasoconstrictor
Berberine found in Plant
Tyramine found in Plant
Vasodilator
Berberine found in Plant
Histamine found in Plant
Magnoflorine found in Plant
Vasomotor-Stimulant
Sanguinarine found in Plant
Vasopressor
Tyramine found in Plant
Vermifuge
Berberine found in Plant
Vibriofuge
Berberine found in Plant

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Chemicals detected

Chemical Plant part Low ppm High ppm
Alkaloids Plant 2,500 22,000
Allocryptopine Plant
Alpha-homochelidonine Plant
Berberine Plant
Chelamidine Plant
Chelamine Plant
Cheleritine Root
Chelerythrine Plant
Chelidamine Plant
Chelidonic-acid Plant
Chelidonine Plant
Chelidoniol Root
Chelilutine Plant
Chelirubine Plant
Choline Fruit
Citric-acid Plant
Coptisine Plant
Corysamine Plant
Dihydrosanguinarine Root
Eo Plant 130
Ergosterol Root
Fat Seed 466,000
Formic-acid Plant
Gamma-homochelidonine Plant
Histamine Plant
Hydroxychelidonine Plant
Hydroxysanguinarine Plant
L-sparteine Plant
Magnoflorine Plant
Malic-acid Plant
Methoxychelidonine Plant
Methyl-amine Plant
Nicotinic-acid Plant 340
Nonacosanol Plant
Oxychelidonine Plant
Oxysanguinarine Plant
Protopine Plant
Sanguinarine Plant
Spinasterol Root
Stylopine Plant
Succinic-acid Plant
Tetrahydrocoptisine Fruit 1,500
Tyramine Plant
Reference: Dr. Duke's Phytochemical and Ethnobotanical Databases. [Online Database]