Centaurium erythraea Health effects and herbal facts

Known as
centaury common centaury European centaury

Centaurium erythraea is a species of flowering plant in the gentian family known by the common names common centaury and European centaury.

Centaurium erythraea

Economic importance of Centaurium erythraea

Food additives flavoring
Environmental ornamental
Medicines folklore

Gallery

Centaurium erythraea Centaurium erythraea Centaurium erythraea Centaurium erythraea Centaurium erythraea Centaurium erythraea Centaurium erythraea Centaurium erythraea Centaurium erythraea Centaurium erythraea Centaurium erythraea Centaurium erythraea Centaurium erythraea Centaurium erythraea Centaurium erythraea Centaurium erythraea Centaurium erythraea

Geografical distribution

  • AFRICA
    Native
    • Northern Africa: Algeria; Libya; Morocco; Tunisia
    Naturalized
    • Macaronesia: Portugal - Azores; Spain - Canary Islands
  • ASIA-TEMPERATE
    Native
    • Western Asia: Afghanistan; Cyprus; Iran; Iraq; Israel; Jordan; Lebanon; Syria; Turkey
    • Caucasus: Armenia; Azerbaijan; Georgia; Russian Federation - Ciscaucasia, Dagestan
    • Siberia: Russian Federation - Altay
    • Middle Asia: Tajikistan; Turkmenistan; Uzbekistan
  • ASIA-TROPICAL
    Native
    • Indian Subcontinent: Pakistan
  • AUSTRALASIA
    Naturalized
    • Australia: Australia - New South Wales, South Australia, Victoria
    • New Zealand: New Zealand
  • EUROPE
    Native
    • Northern Europe: Denmark; Ireland; Sweden; United Kingdom
    • Middle Europe: Austria; Belgium; Czech Republic; Germany; Hungary; Netherlands; Poland; Slovakia; Switzerland
    • East Europe: Belarus; Estonia; Latvia; Lithuania; Moldova; Ukraine
    • Southeastern Europe: Albania; Bulgaria; Croatia; Greece ; Italy ; Malta; Romania; Serbia; Slovenia
    • Southwestern Europe: France ; Portugal; Spain
  • NORTHERN AMERICA
    Naturalized
    • Canada
    • United States
  • PACIFIC
    Naturalized
    • North-Central Pacific: U.S. Outlying Islands - Midway Islands; United States - Hawaii
  • SOUTHERN AMERICA
    Naturalized
    • Caribbean: Jamaica
    • Mesoamerica: Costa Rica
    • Western South America: Ecuador; Peru - Lima
    • Southern South America: Argentina - Neuquen, Rio Negro

Biological activities

5-Alpha-Reductase-Inhibitor
Linoleic-acid found in Plant
Oleic-acid found in Plant
Palmitic-acid found in Plant
Stearic-acid found in Plant
Abortifacient
Oleanolic-acid found in Plant
Aldose-Reductase-Inhibitor
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
P-coumaric-acid found in Plant
Vanillic-acid found in Plant
Allelopathic
Ferulic-acid found in Plant
P-coumaric-acid found in Plant
Syringic-acid found in Plant
Vanillic-acid found in Plant
Allergenic
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Oleic-acid found in Plant
Protocatechuic-acid found in Plant
Alpha-Glucosidase-Inhibitor
Protocatechuic-acid found in Plant
Alpha-Reductase-Inhibitor
Oleic-acid found in Plant
Analgesic
Alpha-amyrin found in Plant
Beta-amyrin found in Plant
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Ferulic-acid found in Plant
Gentianine found in Plant
Androgenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Anemiagenic
Oleic-acid found in Plant
Angiogenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Anorexic
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Anthelmintic
Vanillic-acid found in Plant
AntiHIV
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Oleanolic-acid found in Plant
AntiLegionella
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Protocatechuic-acid found in Plant
AntiMS
Linoleic-acid found in Plant
AntiPGE2
Oleanolic-acid found in Plant
AntiTGF-beta
Oleanolic-acid found in Plant
Antiacne
Linoleic-acid found in Plant
Antiadenomic
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Antiadenoviral
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Antiaggregant
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Ferulic-acid found in Plant
Antiaging
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Antiallergic
Ferulic-acid found in Plant
Oleanolic-acid found in Plant
Antialopecic
Linoleic-acid found in Plant
Oleic-acid found in Plant
Palmitic-acid found in Plant
Antianaphylactic
Gentianine found in Plant
Linoleic-acid found in Plant
Antiandrogenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Linoleic-acid found in Plant
Oleic-acid found in Plant
Palmitic-acid found in Plant
Antiarrhythmic
Ferulic-acid found in Plant
Oleanolic-acid found in Plant
Protocatechuic-acid found in Plant
Antiarteriosclerotic
Linoleic-acid found in Plant
Antiarthritic
Gentianine found in Plant
Linoleic-acid found in Plant
Antiasthmatic
Protocatechuic-acid found in Plant
Antiatherogenic
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Antiatherosclerotic
Oleanolic-acid found in Plant
Antibacillus
Sweroside found in Plant
Antibacterial
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Ferulic-acid found in Plant
Gentianine found in Plant
Oleanolic-acid found in Plant
P-coumaric-acid found in Plant
P-hydroxy-benzoic-acid found in Plant
Protocatechuic-acid found in Plant
Sinapic-acid found in Plant
Sweroside found in Plant
Vanillic-acid found in Plant
Anticancer
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Vanillic-acid found in Plant
Anticarcinogenic
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Ferulic-acid found in Plant
Anticarcinomic
Oleanolic-acid found in Plant
Anticariogenic
Oleanolic-acid found in Plant
Anticlastogen
P-coumaric-acid found in Plant
Protocatechuic-acid found in Plant
Anticomplement
Oleanolic-acid found in Plant
Anticoronary
Linoleic-acid found in Plant
Antidepressant
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Antidysmenorrheic
Ferulic-acid found in Plant
Antieczemic
Linoleic-acid found in Plant
Antiedemic
Alpha-amyrin found in Plant
Beta-amyrin found in Plant
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Gentianine found in Plant
Gentiopicroside found in Plant
Oleanolic-acid found in Plant
Antielastase
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Antiescherichic
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Sweroside found in Plant
Antiestrogenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Ferulic-acid found in Plant
Antifatigue
Vanillic-acid found in Plant
Antifeedant
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Antifertility
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Oleanolic-acid found in Plant
P-coumaric-acid found in Plant
Antifibrinolytic
Linoleic-acid found in Plant
Palmitic-acid found in Plant
Antiflu
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Antigingivitic
Oleanolic-acid found in Plant
Antigonadotrophic
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Antigonadotropic
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Antigranular
Linoleic-acid found in Plant
Antihemolytic
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Antihepatoadenomic
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Antihepatotic
Sweroside found in Plant
Antihepatotoxic
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Ferulic-acid found in Plant
Oleanolic-acid found in Plant
P-coumaric-acid found in Plant
Protocatechuic-acid found in Plant
Sinapic-acid found in Plant
Antiherpetic
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Ferulic-acid found in Plant
Protocatechuic-acid found in Plant
Antihistaminic
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Gentianine found in Plant
Linoleic-acid found in Plant
Antihypercholesterolemic
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Antihyperlipidemic
Oleanolic-acid found in Plant
Antihyperlipoproteinaemic
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Antihyperthyroid
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Antiinflammatory
Alpha-amyrin found in Plant
Beta-amyrin found in Plant
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Ferulic-acid found in Plant
Gentianidine found in Plant
Gentianine found in Plant
Gentiopicroside found in Plant
Linoleic-acid found in Plant
Oleanolic-acid found in Plant
Oleic-acid found in Plant
Protocatechuic-acid found in Plant
Vanillic-acid found in Plant
Antiischemic
Oleanolic-acid found in Plant
Protocatechuic-acid found in Plant
Antileishmanic
Amarogentin found in Plant
Antileukemic
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Ferulic-acid found in Plant
Oleanolic-acid found in Plant
P-coumaric-acid found in Plant
Protocatechuic-acid found in Plant
Vanillic-acid found in Plant
Antileukotriene-D4
Linoleic-acid found in Plant
Oleic-acid found in Plant
Antileukotriene
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Oleanolic-acid found in Plant
Antilymphomic
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Antimalarial
Gentiopicrin found in Plant
Oleanolic-acid found in Plant
Antimelanogenic
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Protocatechuic-acid found in Plant
Antimeningitic
Gentianine found in Plant
Antimenorrhagic
Linoleic-acid found in Plant
Antimitotic
Ferulic-acid found in Plant
Antimutagenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Ferulic-acid found in Plant
N-nonacosane found in Plant
P-hydroxy-benzoic-acid found in Plant
Protocatechuic-acid found in Plant
Antineoplastic
Ferulic-acid found in Plant
Antinephritic
Oleanolic-acid found in Plant
Antinitrosaminic
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Ferulic-acid found in Plant
P-coumaric-acid found in Plant
Antinociceptive
Alpha-amyrin found in Plant
Beta-amyrin found in Plant
Antiophidic
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Protocatechuic-acid found in Plant
Antioxidant
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Ferulic-acid found in Plant
Oleanolic-acid found in Plant
P-coumaric-acid found in Plant
P-hydroxy-benzoic-acid found in Plant
Palmitic-acid found in Plant
Protocatechuic-acid found in Plant
Sinapic-acid found in Plant
Syringic-acid found in Plant
Vanillic-acid found in Plant
Antiperiodontic
Oleanolic-acid found in Plant
Antiperoxidant
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Oleanolic-acid found in Plant
P-coumaric-acid found in Plant
Protocatechuic-acid found in Plant
Syringic-acid found in Plant
Vanillic-acid found in Plant
Antiperoxynitrite
Sinapic-acid found in Plant
Antiplaque
Oleanolic-acid found in Plant
Antiplasmodial
Oleanolic-acid found in Plant
Antiprogestational
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Antiproliferant
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Antiprostaglandin
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Antiprostatadenomic
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Antiprostatitic
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Linoleic-acid found in Plant
Antipsychotic
Gentianine found in Plant
Antipyretic
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Antiradicular
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Ferulic-acid found in Plant
P-hydroxy-benzoic-acid found in Plant
Protocatechuic-acid found in Plant
Syringic-acid found in Plant
Vanillic-acid found in Plant
Antirheumatic
Gentianidine found in Plant
Gentianine found in Plant
Antisarcomic
Oleanolic-acid found in Plant
Antiseptic
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Oleanolic-acid found in Plant
P-coumaric-acid found in Plant
Protocatechuic-acid found in Plant
Sweroside found in Plant
Vanillic-acid found in Plant
Antiserotonin
Ferulic-acid found in Plant
Antishigellic
Gentianine found in Plant
Antisickling
M-hydroxybenzoic-acid found in Plant
P-hydroxy-benzoic-acid found in Plant
Vanillic-acid found in Plant
Antispasmodic
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Ferulic-acid found in Plant
P-coumaric-acid found in Plant
Protocatechuic-acid found in Plant
Antistaphylococcic
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Gentianine found in Plant
Sweroside found in Plant
Antistomatitic
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Antistreptococcic
Gentianine found in Plant
Antisunburn
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Antithiamin
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Antithrombic
Ferulic-acid found in Plant
Antithyroid
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Antitumor-Promoter
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Ferulic-acid found in Plant
Vanillic-acid found in Plant
Antitumor
Alpha-amyrin found in Plant
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Ferulic-acid found in Plant
Oleanolic-acid found in Plant
P-coumaric-acid found in Plant
Vanillic-acid found in Plant
Antitussive
Protocatechuic-acid found in Plant
Antiulcer
Alpha-amyrin found in Plant
Beta-amyrin found in Plant
Oleanolic-acid found in Plant
Antiulcerogenic
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Antivaccinia
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Antiviral
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Ferulic-acid found in Plant
Oleanolic-acid found in Plant
Protocatechuic-acid found in Plant
Anxiolytic
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Apertif
Amarogentin found in Plant
Apoptotic
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Protocatechuic-acid found in Plant
Aromatase-Inhibitor
Oleanolic-acid found in Plant
Artemicide
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Sweroside found in Plant
Arteriodilator
Ferulic-acid found in Plant
Ascaricide
Vanillic-acid found in Plant
Ataractic
Gentianine found in Plant
Beta-Blocker
Oleanolic-acid found in Plant
Beta-Glucuronidase-Inhibitor
Oleanolic-acid found in Plant
CNS-Active
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
CNS-Paralytic
Gentianine found in Plant
CNS-Stimulant
Gentianine found in Plant
COX-2-Inhibitor
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Oleanolic-acid found in Plant
Calcium-Antagonist
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Cancer-Preventive
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Ferulic-acid found in Plant
Linoleic-acid found in Plant
Oleanolic-acid found in Plant
Oleic-acid found in Plant
P-coumaric-acid found in Plant
P-hydroxy-benzoic-acid found in Plant
Sinapic-acid found in Plant
Vanillic-acid found in Plant
Candidicide
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Ferulic-acid found in Plant
Carcinogenic
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Linoleic-acid found in Plant
Protocatechuic-acid found in Plant
Cardiac
Ferulic-acid found in Plant
Cardioprotective
Oleanolic-acid found in Plant
Protocatechuic-acid found in Plant
Cardiotonic
Oleanolic-acid found in Plant
Caspase-8-Inducer
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Chemopreventive
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
P-coumaric-acid found in Plant
Protocatechuic-acid found in Plant
Cholagogue
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Ferulic-acid found in Plant
Choleretic
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Ferulic-acid found in Plant
Gentiopicroside found in Plant
Oleic-acid found in Plant
P-coumaric-acid found in Plant
Swertiamarin found in Plant
Vanillic-acid found in Plant
Clastogenic
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Co-carcinogenic
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Collagen-Sparing
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Comedolytic
Linoleic-acid found in Plant
Corticosterogenic
Gentianine found in Plant
Cosmetic
Stearic-acid found in Plant
Cyclooxygenase-Inhibitor
Oleanolic-acid found in Plant
Cytoprotective
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Cytotoxic
Alpha-amyrin found in Plant
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
P-coumaric-acid found in Plant
DNA-Active
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
DNA-Protective
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Dermatitigenic
Oleic-acid found in Plant
Diuretic
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Oleanolic-acid found in Plant
Elastase-Inhibitor
Oleanolic-acid found in Plant
Emetic
Gentianine found in Plant
Estrogenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
FLavor
Oleic-acid found in Plant
Palmitic-acid found in Plant
Stearic-acid found in Plant
Febrifuge
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Fungicide
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Ferulic-acid found in Plant
Gentiopicrin found in Plant
P-coumaric-acid found in Plant
Protocatechuic-acid found in Plant
Sinapic-acid found in Plant
Vanillic-acid found in Plant
Fungistat
P-hydroxy-benzoic-acid found in Plant
Gastroprotective
Alpha-amyrin found in Plant
Beta-amyrin found in Plant
Gastrostimulant
Gentiopicroside found in Plant
Glutathione-Depleting
Protocatechuic-acid found in Plant
Gonadotrophic
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Hemolytic
Palmitic-acid found in Plant
Hepatocarcinogenic
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Hepatoprotective
Alpha-amyrin found in Plant
Amarogentin found in Plant
Beta-amyrin found in Plant
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Ferulic-acid found in Plant
Linoleic-acid found in Plant
Methylbellidifolin found in Plant
Oleanolic-acid found in Plant
Sweroside found in Plant
Swertiamarin found in Plant
Hepatotoxic
Protocatechuic-acid found in Plant
Hepatotropic
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Ferulic-acid found in Plant
Herbicide
Ferulic-acid found in Plant
Histamine-Inhibitor
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Hydrocholerectic
Ferulic-acid found in Plant
Hypercholesterolemic
Palmitic-acid found in Plant
Hypocholesterolemic
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Linoleic-acid found in Plant
Oleic-acid found in Plant
Stearic-acid found in Plant
Hypoglycemic
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Gentianine found in Plant
Hypolipemic
Oleanolic-acid found in Plant
Hypolipidemic
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Ferulic-acid found in Plant
Hypotensive
Gentianidine found in Plant
Gentianine found in Plant
Oleanolic-acid found in Plant
Hypothermic
Gentianidine found in Plant
Immunomodulator
Linoleic-acid found in Plant
Oleanolic-acid found in Plant
Immunostimulant
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Ferulic-acid found in Plant
Protocatechuic-acid found in Plant
Immunosuppressant
P-hydroxy-benzoic-acid found in Plant
Vanillic-acid found in Plant
Insectifuge
Alpha-amyrin found in Plant
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Ferulic-acid found in Plant
Linoleic-acid found in Plant
Oleic-acid found in Plant
Irritant
Oleic-acid found in Plant
Larvicide
Beta-amyrin found in Plant
Gentiopicrin found in Plant
Laxative
Vanillic-acid found in Plant
Leucocytogenic
Oleanolic-acid found in Plant
Leukotriene-Inhibitor
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Lipoxygenase-Inhibitor
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
P-coumaric-acid found in Plant
Lubricant
Palmitic-acid found in Plant
Stearic-acid found in Plant
Lyase-Inhibitor
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Metal-Chelator
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Ferulic-acid found in Plant
Metastatic
Linoleic-acid found in Plant
Mosquitocide
Beta-amyrin found in Plant
Myorelaxant
Gentianidine found in Plant
Gentianine found in Plant
NF-kB-Inhibitor
Oleanolic-acid found in Plant
Nematicide
Linoleic-acid found in Plant
Palmitic-acid found in Plant
Nephrotoxic
Protocatechuic-acid found in Plant
Neurotoxic
Gentianine found in Plant
Ornithine-Decarboxylase-Inhibitor
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Ferulic-acid found in Plant
Pancreatic
Swertiamarin found in Plant
Percutaneostimulant
Oleic-acid found in Plant
Perfumery
Oleic-acid found in Plant
Stearic-acid found in Plant
Pesticide
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Ferulic-acid found in Plant
Gentianine found in Plant
Gentiopicrin found in Plant
P-coumaric-acid found in Plant
P-hydroxy-benzoic-acid found in Plant
Palmitic-acid found in Plant
Protocatechuic-acid found in Plant
Sinapic-acid found in Plant
Sweroside found in Plant
Vanillic-acid found in Plant
Phagocytotic
Ferulic-acid found in Plant
Oleanolic-acid found in Plant
Protocatechuic-acid found in Plant
Phytoalexin
P-hydroxy-benzoic-acid found in Plant
Piscicide
Oleanolic-acid found in Plant
Preservative
Ferulic-acid found in Plant
Prooxidant
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Propecic
Linoleic-acid found in Plant
Oleic-acid found in Plant
Palmitic-acid found in Plant
Stearic-acid found in Plant
Prostaglandigenic
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Ferulic-acid found in Plant
P-coumaric-acid found in Plant
P-hydroxy-benzoic-acid found in Plant
Protocatechuic-acid found in Plant
Prostaglandin-Synthesis-Inhibitor
Ferulic-acid found in Plant
Oleanolic-acid found in Plant
P-coumaric-acid found in Plant
Secretogogue
P-hydroxy-benzoic-acid found in Plant
Protocatechuic-acid found in Plant
Sedative
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Gentianine found in Plant
Oleanolic-acid found in Plant
Sialogogue
Amarogentin found in Plant
Swertiamarin found in Plant
Soap
Palmitic-acid found in Plant
Spermicide
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Sunscreen
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Ferulic-acid found in Plant
Suppository
Stearic-acid found in Plant
Topoisomerase-I-Inhibitor
Amarogentin found in Plant
Topoisomerase-Inhibitor
Amarogentin found in Plant
Tumorigenic
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Tyrosinase-Inhibitor
P-coumaric-acid found in Plant
Protocatechuic-acid found in Plant
Ubiquiot
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
P-hydroxy-benzoic-acid found in Plant
Protocatechuic-acid found in Plant
Syringic-acid found in Plant
Vanillic-acid found in Plant
Ulcerogenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Uterosedative
Ferulic-acid found in Plant
Uterotonic
Oleanolic-acid found in Plant
Vasopressor
Oleanolic-acid found in Plant
Vulnerary
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Xanthine-Oxidase-Inhibitor
Caffeic-acid found in Plant

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Chemicals detected

Reference: Dr. Duke's Phytochemical and Ethnobotanical Databases. [Online Database]