Ceiba pentandra Health effects and herbal facts

Known as
kapok kapoktree silk cottontree white silk cottontree

Ceiba pentandra Telugu: బూరుగ is a tropical tree of the order Malvales and the family Malvaceae, native to Mexico, Central America and the Caribbean, northern South America, and to tropical west Africa. Kapok is the most used common name for the tree and may also refer to the cotton-like fluff obtained from its seed pods. The tree is also known as the Java cotton, Java kapok, silk-cotton or ceiba.

Ceiba pentandra

Medical use

Economic importance of Ceiba pentandra

Environmental ornamental shade/shelter
Materials fiber lipids
Medicines folklore

Gallery

Ceiba pentandra Ceiba pentandra Ceiba pentandra Ceiba pentandra Ceiba pentandra Ceiba pentandra Ceiba pentandra Ceiba pentandra Ceiba pentandra Ceiba pentandra Ceiba pentandra Ceiba pentandra Ceiba pentandra

Geografical distribution

  • AFRICA
    Native
    • Northeast Tropical Africa: Sudan
    • East Tropical Africa: Tanzania; Uganda
    • West-Central Tropical Africa: Burundi; Cameroon; Gabon; Rwanda; Zaire
    • West Tropical Africa: Benin; Cote D'Ivoire; Ghana; Guinea-Bissau; Mali; Nigeria; Senegal; Sierra Leone; Togo
    • South Tropical Africa: Angola; Malawi; Mozambique; Zambia
  • NORTHERN AMERICA
    Native
    • Northern Mexico: Mexico - San Luis Potosi, Sonora, Tamaulipas
    • Southern Mexico: Mexico - Chiapas, Colima, Guerrero, Jalisco, Nayarit, Veracruz, Yucatan

Biological activities

11B-HSD-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Flower
Quercetin found in Leaf
5-Alpha-Reductase-Inhibitor
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (145200 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Seed (212000 ppm)
Palmitic-acid found in Seed (64000 ppm)
Stearic-acid found in Seed (32000 ppm)
5-Lipoxygenase-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Flower
Quercetin found in Leaf
ACE-Inhibitor
Gossypol found in Seed
ATPase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Leaf
Aldehyde-Oxidase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Leaf
Aldose-Reductase-Inhibitor
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Gossypol found in Seed
Kaempferol found in Flower
Quercetin found in Leaf
Allelochemic
Quercetin found in Leaf
Allergenic
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Oleic-acid found in Seed (212000 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Alpha-Reductase-Inhibitor
Oleic-acid found in Seed (212000 ppm)
Amebicide
Gossypol found in Seed
Analgesic
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Anaphrodisiac
Gossypol found in Seed
Androgenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Bark
Anemiagenic
Oleic-acid found in Seed (212000 ppm)
Angiogenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Bark
Angiotensin-Receptor-Blocker
Fiber found in Seed (196000 ppm)
Anorexic
Beta-sitosterol found in Bark
Anthelmintic
Tannin found in Bark (108200 ppm)
AntiCorpus-Luteum
Gossypol found in Seed
AntiEBV
Lupeol found in Bark
AntiGTF
Quercetin found in Leaf
AntiHIV
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Gossypol found in Seed
Quercetin found in Leaf
Tannin found in Bark (108200 ppm)
AntiLegionella
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
AntiMS
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (145200 ppm)
AntiPMS
Calcium found in Seed (4700 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antiacne
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (145200 ppm)
Antiadenomic
Beta-sitosterol found in Bark
Antiadenoviral
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Antiaflatoxin
Kaempferol found in Flower
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antiaggregant
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Kaempferol found in Flower
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antiaging
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antiallergic
Calcium found in Seed (4700 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Flower
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antialopecic
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (145200 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Seed (212000 ppm)
Palmitic-acid found in Seed (64000 ppm)
Antialzheimeran
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antianaphylactic
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (145200 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antiandrogenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Bark
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (145200 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Seed (212000 ppm)
Palmitic-acid found in Seed (64000 ppm)
Antiangiogenic
Lupeol found in Bark
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antianxiety
Calcium found in Seed (4700 ppm)
Antiarrhythmic
Calcium found in Seed (4700 ppm)
Antiarteriosclerotic
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (145200 ppm)
Antiarthritic
Calcium found in Seed (4700 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (145200 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antiasthmatic
Hcn found in Bark
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antiatherogenic
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Antiatherosclerotic
Calcium found in Seed (4700 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antibacterial
Beta-sitosterol found in Bark
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Gossypol found in Seed
Kaempferol found in Flower
Quercetin found in Leaf
Tannin found in Bark (108200 ppm)
Antibiotic
Gossypol found in Seed
Anticancer
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Gossypol found in Seed
Kaempferol found in Flower
Tannin found in Bark (108200 ppm)
Anticarcinogenic
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Anticariogenic
Quercetin found in Leaf
Tannin found in Bark (108200 ppm)
Anticataract
Quercetin found in Leaf
Anticlimacteric
Calcium found in Seed (4700 ppm)
Anticolitic
Quercetin found in Leaf
Anticomplementary
Quercetin found in Leaf
Anticoronary
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (145200 ppm)
Anticystitic
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antidepressant
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Calcium found in Seed (4700 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antidermatitic
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antidiabetic
Fiber found in Seed (196000 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antidiarrheic
Tannin found in Bark (108200 ppm)
Antidote
Hcn found in Bark
Antidysenteric
Tannin found in Bark (108200 ppm)
Antieczemic
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (145200 ppm)
Antiedemic
Beta-sitosterol found in Bark
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Lupeol found in Bark
Antielastase
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antiencephalitic
Gossypol found in Seed
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antiescherichic
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antiestrogenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Bark
Gossypol found in Seed
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antifeedant
Beta-sitosterol found in Bark
Gossypol found in Seed
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antifertility
Beta-sitosterol found in Bark
Gossypol found in Seed
Kaempferol found in Flower
Antifibrinolytic
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (145200 ppm)
Palmitic-acid found in Seed (64000 ppm)
Antifibrosarcomic
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antiflu
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Gossypol found in Seed
Lupeol found in Bark
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antigastric
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antigingivitic
Kaempferol found in Flower
Antigonadotrophic
Beta-sitosterol found in Bark
Antigonadotropic
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antigranular
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (145200 ppm)
Antihemolytic
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Antihepatoadenomic
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Antihepatotoxic
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Lignoceric-acid found in Seed (920 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Tannin found in Bark (108200 ppm)
Antiherpetic
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Gossypol found in Seed
Kaempferol found in Flower
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antihistaminic
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Kaempferol found in Flower
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (145200 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antihydrophobic
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antihypercholesterolemic
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Antihyperglycemic
Lupeol found in Bark
Antihyperkinetic
Calcium found in Seed (4700 ppm)
Antihyperlipoproteinaemic
Beta-sitosterol found in Bark
Antihypertensive
Calcium found in Seed (4700 ppm)
Fiber found in Seed (196000 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Tannin found in Bark (108200 ppm)
Antihyperthyroid
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Antiimplantation
Gossypol found in Seed
Kaempferol found in Flower
Antiinflammatory
Beta-sitosterol found in Bark
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Kaempferol found in Flower
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (145200 ppm)
Lupeol found in Bark
Oleic-acid found in Seed (212000 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antiinsomniac
Calcium found in Seed (4700 ppm)
Antikeratitic
Gossypol found in Seed
Antileishmanic
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antileukemic
Beta-sitosterol found in Bark
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Kaempferol found in Flower
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antileukotriene-D4
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (145200 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Seed (212000 ppm)
Antileukotriene
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antilipolytic
Tannin found in Bark (108200 ppm)
Antilipoperoxidant
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antilithic
Lupeol found in Bark
Antilymphocytic
Kaempferol found in Flower
Antilymphomic
Beta-sitosterol found in Bark
Antimalarial
Gossypol found in Seed
Lupeol found in Bark
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antimelanogenic
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Antimelanomic
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antimenopausal
Calcium found in Seed (4700 ppm)
Antimenorrhagic
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (145200 ppm)
Antimetastatic
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antimutagenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Bark
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Kaempferol found in Flower
Quercetin found in Leaf
Tannin found in Bark (108200 ppm)
Antimyocarditic
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antinephritic
Tannin found in Bark (108200 ppm)
Antinitrosaminic
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antinociceptive
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antiobesity
Calcium found in Seed (4700 ppm)
Fiber found in Seed (196000 ppm)
Antiophidic
Beta-sitosterol found in Bark
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Tannin found in Bark (108200 ppm)
Antiosteoporotic
Calcium found in Seed (4700 ppm)
Phosphorus found in Seed (12690 ppm)
Antioxalate
Lupeol found in Bark
Antioxidant
Beta-sitosterol found in Bark
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Gossypol found in Seed
Kaempferol found in Flower
Lupeol found in Bark
Myristic-acid found in Seed
Palmitic-acid found in Seed (64000 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Tannin found in Bark (108200 ppm)
Antipancreatitic
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antiperiodontal
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antiperiodontic
Kaempferol found in Flower
Antiperiodontitic
Calcium found in Seed (4700 ppm)
Antiperistaltic
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antipermeability
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antiperoxidant
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Lupeol found in Bark
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antipharyngitic
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antiplaque
Kaempferol found in Flower
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antiplasmodial
Gossypol found in Seed
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antipodriac
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antipolio
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antiprogestational
Beta-sitosterol found in Bark
Antiprogesterone
Gossypol found in Seed
Antiproliferant
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Gossypol found in Seed
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antiprostaglandin
Beta-sitosterol found in Bark
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Lupeol found in Bark
Antiprostanoid
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antiprostatadenomic
Beta-sitosterol found in Bark
Antiprostatitic
Beta-sitosterol found in Bark
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (145200 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antipsoriac
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antipyretic
Beta-sitosterol found in Bark
Antirabies
Gossypol found in Seed
Antiradicular
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Kaempferol found in Flower
Quercetin found in Leaf
Tannin found in Bark (108200 ppm)
Antirenitic
Tannin found in Bark (108200 ppm)
Antirheumatic
Calcium found in Seed (4700 ppm)
Lupeol found in Bark
Antiseptic
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Kaempferol found in Flower
Antiserotonin
Kaempferol found in Flower
Antispasmodic
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Kaempferol found in Flower
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antispermatogenic
Gossypol found in Seed
Antistaphylococcic
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Kaempferol found in Flower
Antistomatitic
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Gossypol found in Seed
Antistreptococcic
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antistress
Calcium found in Seed (4700 ppm)
Antisunburn
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Antitestosterone
Gossypol found in Seed
Antithiamin
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antithrombic
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antithyroid
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Antitic
Calcium found in Seed (4700 ppm)
Antitrypanosomic
Gossypol found in Seed
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antitumor-Promoter
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Kaempferol found in Flower
Quercetin found in Leaf
Tannin found in Bark (108200 ppm)
Antitumor
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Fiber found in Seed (196000 ppm)
Gossypol found in Seed
Kaempferol found in Flower
Lupeol found in Bark
Quercetin found in Leaf
Tannin found in Bark (108200 ppm)
Antitussive
Hcn found in Bark
Antiulcer
Fiber found in Seed (196000 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Flower
Quercetin found in Leaf
Tannin found in Bark (108200 ppm)
Antiulcerogenic
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Antiurethrotic
Lupeol found in Bark
Antivaccinia
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Antiviral
Beta-sitosterol found in Bark
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Gossypol found in Seed
Kaempferol found in Flower
Lupeol found in Bark
Quercetin found in Leaf
Tannin found in Bark (108200 ppm)
Anxiolytic
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Calcium found in Seed (4700 ppm)
Phosphorus found in Seed (12690 ppm)
Apoptotic
Beta-sitosterol found in Bark
Kaempferol found in Flower
Quercetin found in Leaf
Aromatase-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Flower
Artemicide
Beta-sitosterol found in Bark
Avicide
Gossypol found in Seed
Bacteristat
Quercetin found in Leaf
Beta-Blocker
Fiber found in Seed (196000 ppm)
Bradycardiac
Quercetin found in Leaf
Bronchosedative
Hcn found in Bark
CNS-Active
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
COMT-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Leaf
COX-2-Inhibitor
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Kaempferol found in Flower
Quercetin found in Leaf
Calcium-Antagonist
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Gossypol found in Seed
Calcium-Channel-Blocker
Calcium found in Seed (4700 ppm)
Calmodulin-Antagonist
Quercetin found in Leaf
Cancer-Preventive
Beta-sitosterol found in Bark
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Fiber found in Seed (196000 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Flower
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (145200 ppm)
Myristic-acid found in Seed
Oleic-acid found in Seed (212000 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Tannin found in Bark (108200 ppm)
Candidicide
Beta-sitosterol found in Bark
Quercetin found in Leaf
Capillariprotective
Quercetin found in Leaf
Carcinogenic
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Kaempferol found in Flower
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (145200 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Tannin found in Bark (108200 ppm)
Cardioprotective
Fiber found in Seed (196000 ppm)
Caspase-8-Inducer
Beta-sitosterol found in Bark
Catabolic
Quercetin found in Leaf
Chelator
Tannin found in Bark (108200 ppm)
Chemopreventive
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Cholagogue
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Choleretic
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Kaempferol found in Flower
Oleic-acid found in Seed (212000 ppm)
Clastogenic
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Co-carcinogenic
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Collagen-Sparing
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Comedolytic
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (145200 ppm)
Copper-Chelator
Kaempferol found in Flower
Quercetin found in Leaf
Cosmetic
Myristic-acid found in Seed
Stearic-acid found in Seed (32000 ppm)
Cyclooxygenase-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Flower
Quercetin found in Leaf
Tannin found in Bark (108200 ppm)
Cytochrome-P450-1A2-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Leaf
Cytoprotective
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Cytotoxic
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Gossypol found in Seed
Kaempferol found in Flower
Lupeol found in Bark
Quercetin found in Leaf
DNA-Active
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
DNA-Protective
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Deiodinase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Leaf
Dermatitigenic
Oleic-acid found in Seed (212000 ppm)
Differentiator
Quercetin found in Leaf
Diuretic
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Calcium found in Seed (4700 ppm)
Fiber found in Seed (196000 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Flower
Estrogenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Bark
Kaempferol found in Flower
Quercetin found in Leaf
FLavor
Oleic-acid found in Seed (212000 ppm)
Palmitic-acid found in Seed (64000 ppm)
Stearic-acid found in Seed (32000 ppm)
FPTase-Inhibitor
Lupeol found in Bark
Febrifuge
Beta-sitosterol found in Bark
Fungicide
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Gossypol found in Seed
Kaempferol found in Flower
Quercetin found in Leaf
Glucosyl-Transferase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Leaf
Tannin found in Bark (108200 ppm)
Gonadotrophic
Beta-sitosterol found in Bark
HIV-RT-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Flower
Quercetin found in Leaf
Hemolytic
Palmitic-acid found in Seed (64000 ppm)
Hemostat
Cellulose found in Wood (683000 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Hepatocarcinogenic
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Hepatomagenic
Quercetin found in Leaf
Hepatoprotective
Beta-sitosterol found in Bark
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Kaempferol found in Flower
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (145200 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Tannin found in Bark (108200 ppm)
Hepatotoxic
Gossypol found in Seed
Hepatotropic
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Histamine-Inhibitor
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Hypercholesterolemic
Myristic-acid found in Seed
Palmitic-acid found in Seed (64000 ppm)
Hypocholesterolemic
Beta-sitosterol found in Bark
Calcium found in Seed (4700 ppm)
Fiber found in Seed (196000 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (145200 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Seed (212000 ppm)
Stearic-acid found in Seed (32000 ppm)
Hypoglycemic
Beta-sitosterol found in Bark
Quercetin found in Leaf
Hypokalemic
Gossypol found in Seed
Hypolipidemic
Beta-sitosterol found in Bark
Hypotensive
Calcium found in Seed (4700 ppm)
Fiber found in Seed (196000 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Flower
Lupeol found in Bark
Hypouricemic
Fiber found in Seed (196000 ppm)
ICAM-1-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Flower
Immunomodulator
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (145200 ppm)
Immunostimulant
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Gossypol found in Seed
Phosphorus found in Seed (12690 ppm)
Immunosuppressant
Tannin found in Bark (108200 ppm)
Inotropic
Kaempferol found in Flower
Quercetin found in Leaf
Insecticide
Hcn found in Bark
Insectifuge
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Gossypol found in Seed
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (145200 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Seed (212000 ppm)
Insulinogenic
Quercetin found in Leaf
Interferonogenic
Gossypol found in Seed
Iodothyronine-Deiodinase-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Flower
Irritant
Oleic-acid found in Seed (212000 ppm)
JNK-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Flower
Juvabional
Quercetin found in Leaf
Larvicide
Gossypol found in Seed
Larvistat
Quercetin found in Leaf
Laxative
Calcium found in Seed (4700 ppm)
Fiber found in Seed (196000 ppm)
Leukotriene-Inhibitor
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Libidolytic
Gossypol found in Seed
Lipoxygenase-Inhibitor
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Kaempferol found in Flower
Quercetin found in Leaf
Tannin found in Bark (108200 ppm)
Lubricant
Myristic-acid found in Seed
Palmitic-acid found in Seed (64000 ppm)
Stearic-acid found in Seed (32000 ppm)
Lyase-Inhibitor
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
MAO-A-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Leaf
MAO-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Flower
Tannin found in Bark (108200 ppm)
MMP-9-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Leaf
Mast-Cell-Stabilizer
Quercetin found in Leaf
Metal-Chelator
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Metalloproteinase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Leaf
Metastatic
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (145200 ppm)
Mutagenic
Gossypol found in Seed
Kaempferol found in Flower
Quercetin found in Leaf
NADH-Oxidase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Leaf
NEP-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Leaf
NF-kB-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Leaf
NO-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Flower
Quercetin found in Leaf
NO-Synthase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Leaf
Natriuretic
Kaempferol found in Flower
Nematicide
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (145200 ppm)
Myristic-acid found in Seed
Palmitic-acid found in Seed (64000 ppm)
Nematistat
Gossypol found in Seed
Neuroprotective
Kaempferol found in Flower
Quercetin found in Leaf
Ornithine-Decarboxylase-Inhibitor
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Tannin found in Bark (108200 ppm)
Osteogenic
Phosphorus found in Seed (12690 ppm)
P450-Inducer
Quercetin found in Leaf
P450-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Leaf
PAF-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Flower
PGE2-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Leaf
PTK-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Leaf
Paralytic
Gossypol found in Seed
Percutaneostimulant
Oleic-acid found in Seed (212000 ppm)
Perfumery
Oleic-acid found in Seed (212000 ppm)
Stearic-acid found in Seed (32000 ppm)
Pesticide
Beta-sitosterol found in Bark
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Gossypol found in Seed
Hcn found in Bark
Kaempferol found in Flower
Lupeol found in Bark
Palmitic-acid found in Seed (64000 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Tannin found in Bark (108200 ppm)
Phospholipase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Leaf
Plasmodicide
Quercetin found in Leaf
Proliferant
Quercetin found in Leaf
Prooxidant
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Propecic
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (145200 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Seed (212000 ppm)
Palmitic-acid found in Seed (64000 ppm)
Stearic-acid found in Seed (32000 ppm)
Prostaglandigenic
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Gossypol found in Seed
Prostaglandin-Synthesis-Inhibitor
Gossypol found in Seed
Quercetin found in Leaf
Protein-Kinase-C-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Leaf
Protisticide
Kaempferol found in Flower
Psychotropic
Tannin found in Bark (108200 ppm)
Quinone-Reductase-Inducer
Kaempferol found in Flower
Quercetin found in Leaf
Respirastimulant
Hcn found in Bark
Rodenticide
Hcn found in Bark
Sedative
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Soap
Palmitic-acid found in Seed (64000 ppm)
Spermicide
Beta-sitosterol found in Bark
Gossypol found in Seed
Sunscreen
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Suppository
Stearic-acid found in Seed (32000 ppm)
TNF-alpha-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Flower
Quercetin found in Leaf
TOPO-2-Inhibitor
Lupeol found in Bark
Teratologic
Kaempferol found in Flower
Quercetin found in Leaf
Topoisomerase-I-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Flower
Quercetin found in Leaf
Topoisomerase-II-Inhibitor
Gossypol found in Seed
Kaempferol found in Flower
Quercetin found in Leaf
Toxic
Gossypol found in Seed
Tranquilizer
Calcium found in Seed (4700 ppm)
Tumorigenic
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Gossypol found in Seed
Quercetin found in Leaf
Tyrosinase-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Flower
Quercetin found in Leaf
Tyrosine-Kinase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Leaf
Ubiquiot
Beta-sitosterol found in Bark
Ulcerogenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Bark
Uterotrophic
Kaempferol found in Flower
VEGF-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Leaf
Vasodilator
Calcium found in Seed (4700 ppm)
Fiber found in Seed (196000 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Flower
Quercetin found in Leaf
Vasomotor-Stimulant
Hcn found in Bark
Vulnerary
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Xanthine-Oxidase-Inhibitor
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Tannin found in Bark (108200 ppm)
cAMP-Phosphodiesterase-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Flower
Quercetin found in Leaf
iNOS-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Flower
Quercetin found in Leaf

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Chemicals detected

Chemical Plant part Low ppm High ppm
Arachidic-acid Seed 2,400 4,800
Ash Seed 61,000 82,000
Wood 59,000
Beta-sitosterol Bark
Beta-sitosterol-beta-d-glucoside Flower
Caffeic-acid Leaf
Calcium Seed 2,300 4,700
Camphorol Leaf
Carbohydrates Seed 216,000 383,000
Cellulose Wood 683,000
Cyclopropanes Seed 24,000 56,000
Fat Seed 200,000 400,000
Fiber Seed 160,000 196,000
Gossypol Seed
Hcn Bark
Hentriacontane Flower
Hentriacontanol Flower
Kaempferol Flower
Kilocalories Seed 5,300
Lignoceric-acid Seed 460 920
Lignone Wood 252,000
Linoleic-acid Seed 52,000 145,200
Lupeol Bark
Myristic-acid Seed
Oleic-acid Seed 86,000 212,000
Palmitic-acid Seed 19,540 64,000
Pentosans Seed
Phosphorus Seed 9,700 12,690
Protein Seed 190,000 332,000
Quercetin Leaf
Resin Leaf
Semigossypol-1,4-quinone Root
Semigossypol-6-methyl-ester Root
Stearic-acid Seed 4,000 32,000
Tannin Bark 108,200
Water Wood 98,000
Reference: Dr. Duke's Phytochemical and Ethnobotanical Databases. [Online Database]