Catha edulis Health effects and herbal facts

Known as
Arabian-tea khat miraa
Catha edulis

Medical use

Economic importance of Catha edulis

Environmental ornamental
Human food beverage base
Medicines folklore
Vertebrate poisons mamals
Social masticatory stimulant

Gallery

Catha edulis Catha edulis Catha edulis Catha edulis Catha edulis Catha edulis Catha edulis Catha edulis Catha edulis Catha edulis Catha edulis Catha edulis Catha edulis Catha edulis Catha edulis Catha edulis Catha edulis

Geografical distribution

  • AFRICA
    Native
    • Northeast Tropical Africa: Ethiopia
    • East Tropical Africa: Kenya; Tanzania; Uganda
    • West-Central Tropical Africa: Zaire
    • South Tropical Africa: Angola; Malawi; Mozambique; Zambia; Zimbabwe
    • Southern Africa: South Africa - Eastern Cape, KwaZulu-Natal, Limpopo, Mpumalanga; Swaziland
  • ASIA-TEMPERATE
    Native
    • Arabian Peninsula: Yemen

Biological activities

Acidulant
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (1610 ppm)
Adrenergic
Ephedrine found in Leaf
Aldose-Reductase-Inhibitor
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (1610 ppm)
Myricitrin found in Plant
Allergenic
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (18 ppm)
Ephedrine found in Leaf
Mannitol found in Plant
Niacin found in Leaf (148 ppm)
Analgesic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (1610 ppm)
Cathine found in Leaf (2700 ppm)
Mannitol found in Plant
Thiamin found in Leaf (0.5 ppm)
Anesthetic
Ephedrine found in Leaf
Angiotensin-Receptor-Blocker
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (1610 ppm)
Fiber found in Leaf (27000 ppm)
Anorectic
Cathine found in Leaf (2700 ppm)
Anthelmintic
Mannitol found in Plant
Tannin found in Leaf
AntiAGE
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (1610 ppm)
AntiCFS
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (1610 ppm)
AntiCTS
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (1610 ppm)
AntiHIV
Tannin found in Leaf
AntiLyme
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (1610 ppm)
Niacin found in Leaf (148 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Leaf (0.5 ppm)
Thiamin found in Leaf (0.5 ppm)
AntiPMS
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (18 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf (2900 ppm)
Antiacne
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (18 ppm)
Antiacrodynic
Niacin found in Leaf (148 ppm)
Antiaggregant
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (1610 ppm)
Antiaging
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (1610 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (18 ppm)
Antiakathisic
Iron found in Leaf (185 ppm)
Antialcoholic
Thiamin found in Leaf (0.5 ppm)
Antiallergic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (1610 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf (2900 ppm)
Ephedrine found in Leaf
Niacin found in Leaf (148 ppm)
Antialzheimeran
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (1610 ppm)
Niacin found in Leaf (148 ppm)
Thiamin found in Leaf (0.5 ppm)
Antiamblyopic
Niacin found in Leaf (148 ppm)
Antianaphylactic
Ephedrine found in Leaf
Antianemic
Iron found in Leaf (185 ppm)
Antianginal
Niacin found in Leaf (148 ppm)
Antianorectic
Thiamin found in Leaf (0.5 ppm)
Antianxiety
Calcium found in Leaf (2900 ppm)
Antiappetant
Ephedrine found in Leaf
Antiarabiflavinotic
Riboflavin found in Leaf (0.5 ppm)
Antiarachidonate
Ephedrine found in Leaf
Antiarrhythmic
Calcium found in Leaf (2900 ppm)
Antiarthritic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (1610 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (18 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf (2900 ppm)
Antiasthmatic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (1610 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (18 ppm)
Ephedrine found in Leaf
Antiatherosclerotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (1610 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf (2900 ppm)
Antibackache
Thiamin found in Leaf (0.5 ppm)
Antibacterial
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (1610 ppm)
Myricitrin found in Plant
Tannin found in Leaf
Antiberiberi
Thiamin found in Leaf (0.5 ppm)
Antibronchitic
Ephedrine found in Leaf
Anticancer
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (18 ppm)
Tannin found in Leaf
Anticanker
Iron found in Leaf (185 ppm)
Thiamin found in Leaf (0.5 ppm)
Anticarcinomic
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (18 ppm)
Anticardiospasmic
Thiamin found in Leaf (0.5 ppm)
Anticariogenic
Tannin found in Leaf
Anticarpal-Tunnel
Riboflavin found in Leaf (0.5 ppm)
Anticataract
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (1610 ppm)
Niacin found in Leaf (148 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Leaf (0.5 ppm)
Thiamin found in Leaf (0.5 ppm)
Anticephalagic
Riboflavin found in Leaf (0.5 ppm)
Anticervicaldysplasic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (1610 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (18 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Leaf (0.5 ppm)
Anticheilitic
Iron found in Leaf (185 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Leaf (0.5 ppm)
Antichilblain
Niacin found in Leaf (148 ppm)
Anticholinesterase
Ephedrine found in Leaf
Anticlimacteric
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (1610 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf (2900 ppm)
Anticold
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (1610 ppm)
Anticolitic
Thiamin found in Leaf (0.5 ppm)
Anticonvulsant
Niacin found in Leaf (148 ppm)
Anticoronary
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (18 ppm)
Antidecubitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (1610 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Leaf (0.5 ppm)
Thiamin found in Leaf (0.5 ppm)
Antideliriant
Thiamin found in Leaf (0.5 ppm)
Antidementia
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (1610 ppm)
Niacin found in Leaf (148 ppm)
Thiamin found in Leaf (0.5 ppm)
Antidepressant
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (1610 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf (2900 ppm)
Antidermatitic
Niacin found in Leaf (148 ppm)
Antidiabetic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (1610 ppm)
Fiber found in Leaf (27000 ppm)
Niacin found in Leaf (148 ppm)
Antidiarrheic
Tannin found in Leaf
Antidysenteric
Tannin found in Leaf
Antidyspeptic
Thiamin found in Leaf (0.5 ppm)
Antidysphagic
Niacin found in Leaf (148 ppm)
Antieczemic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (1610 ppm)
Antiedemic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (1610 ppm)
Ephedrine found in Leaf
Antiemphysemic
Ephedrine found in Leaf
Antiencephalitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (1610 ppm)
Antiencephalopathic
Thiamin found in Leaf (0.5 ppm)
Antiendometriotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (1610 ppm)
Antienuretic
Ephedrine found in Leaf
Antiepileptic
Ephedrine found in Leaf
Niacin found in Leaf (148 ppm)
Antifatigue
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (1610 ppm)
Thiamin found in Leaf (0.5 ppm)
Antifeedant
Cathine found in Leaf (2700 ppm)
Antifibrotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (1610 ppm)
Antigallstone
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (1610 ppm)
Antigastritic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (1610 ppm)
Thiamin found in Leaf (0.5 ppm)
Antigingivitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (1610 ppm)
Antiglaucomic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (1610 ppm)
Mannitol found in Plant
Antiglossitic
Riboflavin found in Leaf (0.5 ppm)
Antihangover
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (1610 ppm)
Niacin found in Leaf (148 ppm)
Thiamin found in Leaf (0.5 ppm)
Antiheartburn
Thiamin found in Leaf (0.5 ppm)
Antihemorrhagic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (1610 ppm)
Antihepatitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (1610 ppm)
Antihepatotoxic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (1610 ppm)
Tannin found in Leaf
Antiherpetic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (1610 ppm)
Ephedrine found in Leaf
Thiamin found in Leaf (0.5 ppm)
Antihiccup
Ephedrine found in Leaf
Antihistaminic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (1610 ppm)
Ephedrine found in Leaf
Niacin found in Leaf (148 ppm)
Antihyperactivity
Niacin found in Leaf (148 ppm)
Antihyperkeratotic
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (18 ppm)
Antihyperkinetic
Calcium found in Leaf (2900 ppm)
Antihypertensive
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (1610 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf (2900 ppm)
Fiber found in Leaf (27000 ppm)
Tannin found in Leaf
Antiichythyotic
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (18 ppm)
Antiinfertility
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (1610 ppm)
Antiinflammatory
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (1610 ppm)
Ephedrine found in Leaf
Mannitol found in Plant
Myricitrin found in Plant
Antiinsomniac
Calcium found in Leaf (2900 ppm)
Antiinsomnic
Niacin found in Leaf (148 ppm)
Antikeratitic
Riboflavin found in Leaf (0.5 ppm)
Antilepric
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (1610 ppm)
Antileukoplakic
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (18 ppm)
Antilipolytic
Tannin found in Leaf
Antilipoperoxidant
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (18 ppm)
Antilithic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (1610 ppm)
Antilupus
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (18 ppm)
Antimaculitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (1610 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (18 ppm)
Antimastitic
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (18 ppm)
Antimeasles
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (1610 ppm)
Antimenopausal
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (1610 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf (2900 ppm)
Antimenorrhagic
Iron found in Leaf (185 ppm)
Antimigraine
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (1610 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Leaf (0.5 ppm)
Thiamin found in Leaf (0.5 ppm)
Antimutagenic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (1610 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (18 ppm)
Mannitol found in Plant
Myricitrin found in Plant
Tannin found in Leaf
Antimyasthenic
Ephedrine found in Leaf
Antimyocarditic
Thiamin found in Leaf (0.5 ppm)
Antinarcoleptic
Ephedrine found in Leaf
Antinephritic
Mannitol found in Plant
Tannin found in Leaf
Antineuralgic
Niacin found in Leaf (148 ppm)
Thiamin found in Leaf (0.5 ppm)
Antineuramidase
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (1610 ppm)
Antineurasthenic
Thiamin found in Leaf (0.5 ppm)
Antineuritic
Thiamin found in Leaf (0.5 ppm)
Antineuropathic
Thiamin found in Leaf (0.5 ppm)
Antinitrosic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (1610 ppm)
Antiobesity
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (1610 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf (2900 ppm)
Fiber found in Leaf (27000 ppm)
Antiophidic
Tannin found in Leaf
Antiorchitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (1610 ppm)
Antiosteoarthritic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (1610 ppm)
Antiosteoporotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (1610 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf (2900 ppm)
Antioxidant
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (1610 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (18 ppm)
Mannitol found in Plant
Myricitrin found in Plant
Riboflavin found in Leaf (0.5 ppm)
Tannin found in Leaf
Antiozenic
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (18 ppm)
Antipapillomic
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (18 ppm)
Antiparkinsonian
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (1610 ppm)
Niacin found in Leaf (148 ppm)
Antiparotitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (1610 ppm)
Antipellagric
Niacin found in Leaf (148 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Leaf (0.5 ppm)
Antiperiodontitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (1610 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf (2900 ppm)
Antiphotophobic
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (18 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Leaf (0.5 ppm)
Antipityriasic
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (18 ppm)
Antipneumonic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (1610 ppm)
Antipodriac
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (1610 ppm)
Antipoliomyelitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (1610 ppm)
Thiamin found in Leaf (0.5 ppm)
Antiporphyric
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (18 ppm)
Antiproliferant
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (18 ppm)
Antipsoriac
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (18 ppm)
Antipyretic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (1610 ppm)
Antiradicular
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (1610 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (18 ppm)
Mannitol found in Plant
Tannin found in Leaf
Antirenitic
Tannin found in Leaf
Antiretinotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (1610 ppm)
Antirheumatic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (1610 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (18 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf (2900 ppm)
Antirhinitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (1610 ppm)
Ephedrine found in Leaf
Antiscorbutic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (1610 ppm)
Antiscotomic
Niacin found in Leaf (148 ppm)
Antiseptic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (1610 ppm)
Antishingles
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (1610 ppm)
Antisinusitic
Ephedrine found in Leaf
Antispasmodic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (1610 ppm)
Mannitol found in Plant
Niacin found in Leaf (148 ppm)
Antistress
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (1610 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (18 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf (2900 ppm)
Antisyncopic
Ephedrine found in Leaf
Antisyndrome-X
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (1610 ppm)
Antitic
Calcium found in Leaf (2900 ppm)
Antitumor-Promoter
Myricitrin found in Plant
Tannin found in Leaf
Antitumor
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (18 ppm)
Dulcitol found in Plant
Fiber found in Leaf (27000 ppm)
Tannin found in Leaf
Antitussive
Ephedrine found in Leaf
Antiulcer
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (1610 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (18 ppm)
Fiber found in Leaf (27000 ppm)
Tannin found in Leaf
Antivertigo
Niacin found in Leaf (148 ppm)
Antiviral
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (1610 ppm)
Ephedrine found in Leaf
Tannin found in Leaf
Antixerophthalmic
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (18 ppm)
Anxiolytic
Calcium found in Leaf (2900 ppm)
Apoptotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (1610 ppm)
Asthma-preventive
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (1610 ppm)
Beta-Blocker
Fiber found in Leaf (27000 ppm)
Beta-Glucuronidase-Inhibitor
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (1610 ppm)
Bronchodilator
Ephedrine found in Leaf
Bronchorelaxant
Ephedrine found in Leaf
CNS-Stimulant
Cathine found in Leaf (2700 ppm)
Ephedrine found in Leaf
COX-1-Inhibitor
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (18 ppm)
COX-2-Inhibitor
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (18 ppm)
Calcium-Antagonist
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (1610 ppm)
Calcium-Channel-Blocker
Calcium found in Leaf (2900 ppm)
Cancer-Preventive
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (1610 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (18 ppm)
Fiber found in Leaf (27000 ppm)
Niacin found in Leaf (148 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Leaf (0.5 ppm)
Tannin found in Leaf
Candidicide
Myricitrin found in Plant
Carcinogenic
Tannin found in Leaf
Cardioprotective
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (1610 ppm)
Fiber found in Leaf (27000 ppm)
Niacin found in Leaf (148 ppm)
Cardiotonic
Ephedrine found in Leaf
Cardiotoxic
Cathine found in Leaf (2700 ppm)
Cerebrostimulant
Ephedrine found in Leaf
Chelator
Tannin found in Leaf
Chemopreventive
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (18 ppm)
Choleretic
Myricitrin found in Plant
Circulotonic
Niacin found in Leaf (148 ppm)
Cold-preventive
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (1610 ppm)
Collagenic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (1610 ppm)
Colorant
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (18 ppm)
Controlled
Ephedrine found in Leaf
Cyclooxygenase-Inhibitor
Tannin found in Leaf
Decongestant
Ephedrine found in Leaf
Dermatitigenic
Ephedrine found in Leaf
Detoxicant
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (1610 ppm)
Diuretic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (1610 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf (2900 ppm)
Ephedrine found in Leaf
Fiber found in Leaf (27000 ppm)
Mannitol found in Plant
Myricitrin found in Plant
Emetic
Mannitol found in Plant
Fibrinolytic
Niacin found in Leaf (148 ppm)
Fistula-Preventive
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (1610 ppm)
Flatugenic
Mannitol found in Plant
Gastroprotective
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (18 ppm)
Glucosyl-Transferase-Inhibitor
Tannin found in Leaf
Hallucinogenic
Ephedrine found in Leaf
Hepatoprotective
Niacin found in Leaf (148 ppm)
Tannin found in Leaf
Hepatotoxic
Niacin found in Leaf (148 ppm)
Hypertensive
Cathine found in Leaf (2700 ppm)
Ephedrine found in Leaf
Hypocholesterolemic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (1610 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf (2900 ppm)
Fiber found in Leaf (27000 ppm)
Niacin found in Leaf (148 ppm)
Hypoglycemic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (1610 ppm)
Niacin found in Leaf (148 ppm)
Hypolipidemic
Niacin found in Leaf (148 ppm)
Hypotensive
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (1610 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf (2900 ppm)
Fiber found in Leaf (27000 ppm)
Hypouricemic
Fiber found in Leaf (27000 ppm)
Immunomodulator
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (1610 ppm)
Immunostimulant
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (1610 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (18 ppm)
Immunosuppressant
Tannin found in Leaf
Insecticide
Ephedrine found in Leaf
Insectifuge
Thiamin found in Leaf (0.5 ppm)
Interferon-Synergist
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (18 ppm)
Interferonogenic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (1610 ppm)
Laxative
Calcium found in Leaf (2900 ppm)
Fiber found in Leaf (27000 ppm)
Mannitol found in Plant
Lipoxygenase-Inhibitor
Tannin found in Leaf
Lithogenic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (1610 ppm)
MAO-Inhibitor
Tannin found in Leaf
Mucogenic
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (18 ppm)
Mucolytic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (1610 ppm)
Mydriatic
Ephedrine found in Leaf
Myocardiotonic
Ephedrine found in Leaf
Myorelaxant
Ephedrine found in Leaf
Narcotic
Cathine found in Leaf (2700 ppm)
Cathinine found in Leaf (1500 ppm)
Nephrotoxic
Mannitol found in Plant
Neuroprotective
Thiamin found in Leaf (0.5 ppm)
Neurotoxic
Cathine found in Leaf (2700 ppm)
Ornithine-Decarboxylase-Inhibitor
Tannin found in Leaf
Paramecicide
Myricitrin found in Plant
Pesticide
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (1610 ppm)
Ephedrine found in Leaf
Mannitol found in Plant
Myricitrin found in Plant
Tannin found in Leaf
Thiamin found in Leaf (0.5 ppm)
Phagocytotic
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (18 ppm)
Prooxidant
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (18 ppm)
Iron found in Leaf (185 ppm)
Protisticide
Myricitrin found in Plant
Psychotropic
Tannin found in Leaf
Respirastimulant
Ephedrine found in Leaf
Sedative
Niacin found in Leaf (148 ppm)
Serotoninergic
Niacin found in Leaf (148 ppm)
Spermicide
Myricitrin found in Plant
Spinal-Stimulant
Cathinine found in Leaf (1500 ppm)
Stimulant
Cathine found in Leaf (2700 ppm)
Cathinine found in Leaf (1500 ppm)
Ephedrine found in Leaf
Sweetener
Dulcitol found in Plant
Mannitol found in Plant
Sympathomimetic
Ephedrine found in Leaf
Tachycardic
Ephedrine found in Leaf
Thymoprotective
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (18 ppm)
Tracheorelaxant
Ephedrine found in Leaf
Tranquilizer
Calcium found in Leaf (2900 ppm)
Tyrosine-Kinase-Inhibitor
Catechins found in Leaf (140000 ppm)
Ubiquiot
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (18 ppm)
Uricosuric
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (1610 ppm)
Urinary-Acidulant
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (1610 ppm)
Uterocontractant
Ephedrine found in Leaf
Vasoconstrictor
Ephedrine found in Leaf
Vasodilator
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (1610 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf (2900 ppm)
Fiber found in Leaf (27000 ppm)
Niacin found in Leaf (148 ppm)
Vulnerary
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (1610 ppm)
Xanthine-Oxidase-Inhibitor
Tannin found in Leaf

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Chemicals detected

Chemical Plant part Low ppm High ppm
Ascorbic-acid Leaf 1,610
Ash Leaf 16,000
Asparagic-acid Plant
Beta-carotene Leaf 18
Calcium Leaf 2,900
Caoutchouc Plant
Catechins Leaf 140,000
Cathidine Leaf 3,200
Cathine Leaf 2,700
Cathinine Leaf 1,500
Dulcitol Plant
Ephedrine Leaf
Fat Seed 500,000
Fiber Leaf 27,000
Iron Leaf 185
L-cathinone Leaf
Mannitol Plant
Myricitrin Plant
Niacin Leaf 148
Nor-psi-ephedrine Plant
Norisoephedrine Leaf
Protein Leaf 52,000
Psi-ephedrine Leaf
Riboflavin Leaf 0.5
Tannin Leaf
Thiamin Leaf 0.5
Reference: Dr. Duke's Phytochemical and Ethnobotanical Databases. [Online Database]