Castanea sativa Health effects and herbal facts

Known as
European chestnut Spanish chestnut sweet chestnut
Castanea sativa

Medical use

Economic importance of Castanea sativa

Human food nut
Gene sources primary genetic relative of chestnut secondary genetic relative of Chinese chestnut secondary genetic relative of Japanese chestnut
Materials wod
Medicines folklore

Gallery

Castanea sativa Castanea sativa Castanea sativa Castanea sativa Castanea sativa Castanea sativa Castanea sativa Castanea sativa Castanea sativa Castanea sativa Castanea sativa Castanea sativa Castanea sativa Castanea sativa Castanea sativa Castanea sativa

Geografical distribution

  • AFRICA
    Native
    • Northern Africa: Algeria ; Morocco; Tunisia
  • ASIA-TEMPERATE
    Native
    • Western Asia: Turkey
    • Caucasus: Armenia; Azerbaijan; Georgia; Russian Federation - Ciscaucasia
    Cultivated
    • Western Asia: Turkey
    • Caucasus: Armenia; Azerbaijan; Georgia
    • China: China
    • Eastern Asia: Japan; Korea
  • ASIA-TROPICAL
    Naturalized
    • Indian Subcontinent: India
    Cultivated
    • Indian Subcontinent: Bhutan; India
    • Malesia: Indonesia
  • EUROPE
    Native
    • Middle Europe: Hungary
    • Southeastern Europe: Albania; Bosnia and Herzegovina; Bulgaria; Croatia; Greece; Italy ; Macedonia; Montenegro; Serbia; Slovenia
    Naturalized
    • Middle Europe: Austria; Slovakia
    • Southeastern Europe: Bulgaria; Greece; Italy - Sardinia, Sicily
    • Southwestern Europe: France ; Spain
    Cultivated
    • Northern Europe: United Kingdom
    • Middle Europe: Belgium; Czech Republic; Germany; Netherlands; Slovakia
    • East Europe: Ukraine
    • Southeastern Europe: Romania
    • Southwestern Europe: France ; Portugal; Spain

Biological activities

11B-HSD-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Bark ;found in Wood ;found in Leaf
5-Lipoxygenase-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Bark ;found in Wood ;found in Leaf
ACE-Inhibitor
Ellagic-acid found in Leaf
Gallic-acid found in Leaf
Zinc found in Seed (10 ppm)
ATPase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Bark ;found in Wood ;found in Leaf
Abortifacient
Ellagic-acid found in Leaf
Absorbent
Starch found in Seed (580000 ppm)
Adjuvant
Cystine found in Seed (1382 ppm)
Aggregant
Sucrose found in Seed (216000 ppm)
Aldehyde-Oxidase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Bark ;found in Wood ;found in Leaf
Aldose-Reductase-Inhibitor
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Ellagic-acid found in Leaf
Kaempferol found in Leaf
P-coumaric-acid found in Plant
Quercetin found in Bark ;found in Wood ;found in Leaf
Allelochemic
Quercetin found in Bark ;found in Wood ;found in Leaf
Allelopathic
P-coumaric-acid found in Plant
Allergenic
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Bark ;found in Wood ;found in Leaf
Analgesic
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Gallic-acid found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Bark ;found in Wood ;found in Leaf
Tryptophan found in Seed (485 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (10 ppm)
Angiotensin-Receptor-Blocker
Fiber found in Leaf (185000 ppm);found in Seed (30800 ppm)
Potassium found in Seed (8646 ppm)
Anthelmintic
Tannin found in Bark (120000 ppm);found in Leaf (90000 ppm);found in Seed (28000 ppm)
AntiADD
Phenylalanine found in Seed (1851 ppm)
AntiBPH
Zinc found in Seed (10 ppm)
AntiCFS
Magnesium found in Seed (704 ppm)
AntiGTF
Ellagic-acid found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Bark ;found in Wood ;found in Leaf
AntiHIV
Betulin found in Leaf (1000 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Ellagic-acid found in Leaf
Gallic-acid found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Bark ;found in Wood ;found in Leaf
Tannin found in Bark (120000 ppm);found in Leaf (90000 ppm);found in Seed (28000 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (10 ppm)
AntiLegionella
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
AntiLyme
Magnesium found in Seed (704 ppm)
AntiMRSA
Gallic-acid found in Leaf
AntiMS
Magnesium found in Seed (704 ppm)
AntiPMS
Calcium found in Seed (528 ppm)
Magnesium found in Seed (704 ppm)
Manganese found in Seed (13 ppm)
Quercetin found in Bark ;found in Wood ;found in Leaf
Antiacid
Glycine found in Seed (2353 ppm)
Antiacne
Zinc found in Seed (10 ppm)
Antiacrodermatitic
Zinc found in Seed (10 ppm)
Antiadenoviral
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Antiadenovirus
Gallic-acid found in Leaf
Antiaflatoxin
Ellagic-acid found in Leaf
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Bark ;found in Wood ;found in Leaf
Antiaggregant
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Magnesium found in Seed (704 ppm)
Quercetin found in Bark ;found in Wood ;found in Leaf
Antiaging
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Bark ;found in Wood ;found in Leaf
Antiakathisic
Iron found in Seed (16 ppm)
Antialcoholic
Magnesium found in Seed (704 ppm)
Manganese found in Seed (13 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (10 ppm)
Antialdosteronic
Glycine found in Seed (2353 ppm)
Antialkalotic
Lysine found in Seed (2617 ppm)
Antiallergenic
Gallic-acid found in Leaf
Antiallergic
Calcium found in Seed (528 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Bark ;found in Wood ;found in Leaf
Antialopecic
Zinc found in Seed (10 ppm)
Antialzheimeran
Quercetin found in Bark ;found in Wood ;found in Leaf
Zinc found in Seed (10 ppm)
Antianaphylactic
Ellagic-acid found in Leaf
Gallic-acid found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Bark ;found in Wood ;found in Leaf
Antianemic
Copper found in Seed (5 ppm)
Iron found in Seed (16 ppm)
Manganese found in Seed (13 ppm)
Antianginal
Magnesium found in Seed (704 ppm)
Antiangiogenic
Gallic-acid found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Bark ;found in Wood ;found in Leaf
Zinc found in Seed (10 ppm)
Antianorectic
Magnesium found in Seed (704 ppm)
Antianorexic
Zinc found in Seed (10 ppm)
Antianxiety
Calcium found in Seed (528 ppm)
Magnesium found in Seed (704 ppm)
Tryptophan found in Seed (485 ppm)
Antiarrhythmic
Calcium found in Seed (528 ppm)
Magnesium found in Seed (704 ppm)
Potassium found in Seed (8646 ppm)
Antiarteriosclerotic
Histidine found in Seed (1218 ppm)
Antiarthritic
Calcium found in Seed (528 ppm)
Copper found in Seed (5 ppm)
Magnesium found in Seed (704 ppm)
Manganese found in Seed (13 ppm)
Quercetin found in Bark ;found in Wood ;found in Leaf
Zinc found in Seed (10 ppm)
Antiasthmatic
Gallic-acid found in Leaf
Magnesium found in Seed (704 ppm)
Quercetin found in Bark ;found in Wood ;found in Leaf
Antiatherogenic
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Antiatheromic
Pectin found in Leaf
Antiatherosclerotic
Calcium found in Seed (528 ppm)
Magnesium found in Seed (704 ppm)
Quercetin found in Bark ;found in Wood ;found in Leaf
Antibacterial
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Ellagic-acid found in Leaf
Gallic-acid found in Leaf
Kaempferol found in Leaf
P-coumaric-acid found in Plant
Pectin found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Bark ;found in Wood ;found in Leaf
Tannin found in Bark (120000 ppm);found in Leaf (90000 ppm);found in Seed (28000 ppm)
Antibronchitic
Gallic-acid found in Leaf
Anticancer
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Gallic-acid found in Leaf
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Tannin found in Bark (120000 ppm);found in Leaf (90000 ppm);found in Seed (28000 ppm)
Anticanker
Iron found in Seed (16 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (10 ppm)
Anticarcinogenic
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Anticarcinomic
Betulin found in Leaf (1000 ppm)
Gallic-acid found in Leaf
Anticariogenic
Ellagic-acid found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Bark ;found in Wood ;found in Leaf
Tannin found in Bark (120000 ppm);found in Leaf (90000 ppm);found in Seed (28000 ppm)
Anticataract
Ellagic-acid found in Leaf
Methionine found in Seed (1028 ppm)
Quercetin found in Bark ;found in Wood ;found in Leaf
Zinc found in Seed (10 ppm)
Anticephalagic
Magnesium found in Seed (704 ppm)
Anticheilitic
Iron found in Seed (16 ppm)
Anticlastogen
P-coumaric-acid found in Plant
Anticlimacteric
Calcium found in Seed (528 ppm)
Magnesium found in Seed (704 ppm)
Anticoeliac
Zinc found in Seed (10 ppm)
Anticold
Zinc found in Seed (10 ppm)
Anticolitic
Quercetin found in Bark ;found in Wood ;found in Leaf
Zinc found in Seed (10 ppm)
Anticomplementary
Quercetin found in Bark ;found in Wood ;found in Leaf
Anticonvulsant
Magnesium found in Seed (704 ppm)
Anticoronary
Magnesium found in Seed (704 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (10 ppm)
Anticystitic
Quercetin found in Bark ;found in Wood ;found in Leaf
Antidandruff
Zinc found in Seed (10 ppm)
Antidementia
Tryptophan found in Seed (485 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (10 ppm)
Antidepressant
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Calcium found in Seed (528 ppm)
Magnesium found in Seed (704 ppm)
Phenylalanine found in Seed (1851 ppm)
Potassium found in Seed (8646 ppm)
Quercetin found in Bark ;found in Wood ;found in Leaf
Tryptophan found in Seed (485 ppm)
Antidermatitic
Quercetin found in Bark ;found in Wood ;found in Leaf
Antidiabetic
Copper found in Seed (5 ppm)
Fiber found in Leaf (185000 ppm);found in Seed (30800 ppm)
Magnesium found in Seed (704 ppm)
Manganese found in Seed (13 ppm)
Pectin found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Bark ;found in Wood ;found in Leaf
Zinc found in Seed (10 ppm)
Antidiarrheic
Pectin found in Leaf
Tannin found in Bark (120000 ppm);found in Leaf (90000 ppm);found in Seed (28000 ppm)
Antidiscotic
Manganese found in Seed (13 ppm)
Antidysenteric
Tannin found in Bark (120000 ppm);found in Leaf (90000 ppm);found in Seed (28000 ppm)
Antidysgeuzic
Zinc found in Seed (10 ppm)
Antidyskinetic
Manganese found in Seed (13 ppm)
Tryptophan found in Seed (485 ppm)
Antidysmenorrheic
Magnesium found in Seed (704 ppm)
Antieczemic
Methionine found in Seed (1028 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (10 ppm)
Antiedemic
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Antielastase
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Bark ;found in Wood ;found in Leaf
Antiencephalitic
Quercetin found in Bark ;found in Wood ;found in Leaf
Antiencephalopathic
Arginine found in Seed (3192 ppm)
Glycine found in Seed (2353 ppm)
Leucine found in Seed (2518 ppm)
Tyrosine found in Seed (1251 ppm)
Valine found in Seed (2378 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (10 ppm)
Antiendometriotic
Magnesium found in Seed (704 ppm)
Antienteritic
Pectin found in Leaf
Antienterotic
Magnesium found in Seed (704 ppm)
Antiepileptic
Glutamic-acid found in Seed (5628 ppm)
Magnesium found in Seed (704 ppm)
Manganese found in Seed (13 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (10 ppm)
Antiescherichic
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Gallic-acid found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Bark ;found in Wood ;found in Leaf
Antiestrogenic
Quercetin found in Bark ;found in Wood ;found in Leaf
Antifatigue
Copper found in Seed (5 ppm)
Magnesium found in Seed (704 ppm)
Potassium found in Seed (8646 ppm)
Antifeedant
Betulin found in Leaf (1000 ppm)
Quercetin found in Bark ;found in Wood ;found in Leaf
Antifertility
Kaempferol found in Leaf
P-coumaric-acid found in Plant
Antifibrinolytic
Gallic-acid found in Leaf
Antifibromyalgic
Magnesium found in Seed (704 ppm)
Antifibrosarcomic
Quercetin found in Bark ;found in Wood ;found in Leaf
Antifibrotic
Zinc found in Seed (10 ppm)
Antiflu
Betulin found in Leaf (1000 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Gallic-acid found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Bark ;found in Wood ;found in Leaf
Antifuruncular
Zinc found in Seed (10 ppm)
Antigallstone
Pectin found in Leaf
Antigastric
Quercetin found in Bark ;found in Wood ;found in Leaf
Antigastritic
Glycine found in Seed (2353 ppm)
Pectin found in Leaf
Antigastrotic
Magnesium found in Seed (704 ppm)
Antigingivitic
Ellagic-acid found in Leaf
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Antiglaucomic
Magnesium found in Seed (704 ppm)
Antigonadotropic
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Bark ;found in Wood ;found in Leaf
Antihangover
Zinc found in Seed (10 ppm)
Antihemolytic
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Antihepatitic
Arginine found in Seed (3192 ppm)
Antihepatoadenomic
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Antihepatotic
Methionine found in Seed (1028 ppm)
Antihepatotoxic
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Gallic-acid found in Leaf
P-coumaric-acid found in Plant
Quercetin found in Bark ;found in Wood ;found in Leaf
Tannin found in Bark (120000 ppm);found in Leaf (90000 ppm);found in Seed (28000 ppm)
Antiherpetic
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Gallic-acid found in Leaf
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Lysine found in Seed (2617 ppm)
Quercetin found in Bark ;found in Wood ;found in Leaf
Antihiccup
Sucrose found in Seed (216000 ppm)
Antihistaminic
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Bark ;found in Wood ;found in Leaf
Antihomocystinuric
Cystine found in Seed (1382 ppm)
Antihydrophobic
Quercetin found in Bark ;found in Wood ;found in Leaf
Antihyperammonemic
Glutamic-acid found in Seed (5628 ppm)
Antihypercholesterolemic
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Antihyperkinetic
Calcium found in Seed (528 ppm)
Magnesium found in Seed (704 ppm)
Antihypertensive
Arginine found in Seed (3192 ppm)
Calcium found in Seed (528 ppm)
Fiber found in Leaf (185000 ppm);found in Seed (30800 ppm)
Magnesium found in Seed (704 ppm)
Potassium found in Seed (8646 ppm)
Quercetin found in Bark ;found in Wood ;found in Leaf
Tannin found in Bark (120000 ppm);found in Leaf (90000 ppm);found in Seed (28000 ppm)
Tryptophan found in Seed (485 ppm)
Antihyperthyroid
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Ellagic-acid found in Leaf
Antihypoglycemic
Magnesium found in Seed (704 ppm)
Antiimplantation
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Antiimpotence
Arginine found in Seed (3192 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (10 ppm)
Antiinfective
Zinc found in Seed (10 ppm)
Antiinfertility
Arginine found in Seed (3192 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (10 ppm)
Antiinflammatory
Betulin found in Leaf (1000 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Copper found in Seed (5 ppm)
Ellagic-acid found in Leaf
Gallic-acid found in Leaf
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Magnesium found in Seed (704 ppm)
Quercetin found in Bark ;found in Wood ;found in Leaf
Antiinsomniac
Calcium found in Seed (528 ppm)
Magnesium found in Seed (704 ppm)
Tryptophan found in Seed (485 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (10 ppm)
Antileishmanic
Gallic-acid found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Bark ;found in Wood ;found in Leaf
Antilepric
Zinc found in Seed (10 ppm)
Antileukemic
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Kaempferol found in Leaf
P-coumaric-acid found in Plant
Quercetin found in Bark ;found in Wood ;found in Leaf
Antileukonychic
Zinc found in Seed (10 ppm)
Antileukotriene
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Bark ;found in Wood ;found in Leaf
Antilipolytic
Tannin found in Bark (120000 ppm);found in Leaf (90000 ppm);found in Seed (28000 ppm)
Antilipoperoxidant
Quercetin found in Bark ;found in Wood ;found in Leaf
Antilithic
Glutamic-acid found in Seed (5628 ppm)
Magnesium found in Seed (704 ppm)
Pectin found in Leaf
Antilymphocytic
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Antilymphomic
Zinc found in Seed (10 ppm)
Antimaculitic
Zinc found in Seed (10 ppm)
Antimalarial
Ellagic-acid found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Bark ;found in Wood ;found in Leaf
Antimanic
Tryptophan found in Seed (485 ppm)
Antimastalgic
Magnesium found in Seed (704 ppm)
Antimelanogenic
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Antimelanomic
Quercetin found in Bark ;found in Wood ;found in Leaf
Antimenopausal
Calcium found in Seed (528 ppm)
Magnesium found in Seed (704 ppm)
Tryptophan found in Seed (485 ppm)
Antimenorrhagic
Iron found in Seed (16 ppm)
Antimetastatic
Pectin found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Bark ;found in Wood ;found in Leaf
Zinc found in Seed (10 ppm)
Antimigraine
Magnesium found in Seed (704 ppm)
Tryptophan found in Seed (485 ppm)
Antimitral-valve-prolapse
Magnesium found in Seed (704 ppm)
Antimorphinic
Aspartic-acid found in Seed (7438 ppm)
Antimutagenic
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Ellagic-acid found in Leaf
Gallic-acid found in Leaf
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Pectin found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Bark ;found in Wood ;found in Leaf
Tannin found in Bark (120000 ppm);found in Leaf (90000 ppm);found in Seed (28000 ppm)
Antimyocarditic
Quercetin found in Bark ;found in Wood ;found in Leaf
Antinephritic
Histidine found in Seed (1218 ppm)
Tannin found in Bark (120000 ppm);found in Leaf (90000 ppm);found in Seed (28000 ppm)
Antinephrolytic
Magnesium found in Seed (704 ppm)
Antinesidioblastosic
Starch found in Seed (580000 ppm)
Antineuropathic
Zinc found in Seed (10 ppm)
Antineurotic
Magnesium found in Seed (704 ppm)
Antinitrosaminic
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Gallic-acid found in Leaf
P-coumaric-acid found in Plant
Quercetin found in Bark ;found in Wood ;found in Leaf
Antinociceptive
Copper found in Seed (5 ppm)
Quercetin found in Bark ;found in Wood ;found in Leaf
Antinyctalopic
Zinc found in Seed (10 ppm)
Antiobesity
Calcium found in Seed (528 ppm)
Fiber found in Leaf (185000 ppm);found in Seed (30800 ppm)
Pectin found in Leaf
Zinc found in Seed (10 ppm)
Antiophidic
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Tannin found in Bark (120000 ppm);found in Leaf (90000 ppm);found in Seed (28000 ppm)
Antiophthalmic
Sucrose found in Seed (216000 ppm)
Antiosteoporotic
Calcium found in Seed (528 ppm)
Copper found in Seed (5 ppm)
Magnesium found in Seed (704 ppm)
Manganese found in Seed (13 ppm)
Phosphorus found in Seed (1122 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (10 ppm)
Antiototic
Manganese found in Seed (13 ppm)
Antioxidant
Alanine found in Seed (3036 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Ellagic-acid found in Leaf
Gallic-acid found in Leaf
Hamamelitannin found in Bark
Histidine found in Seed (1218 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Manganese found in Seed (13 ppm)
Methionine found in Seed (1028 ppm)
P-coumaric-acid found in Plant
Quercetin found in Bark ;found in Wood ;found in Leaf
Sucrose found in Seed (216000 ppm)
Tannin found in Bark (120000 ppm);found in Leaf (90000 ppm);found in Seed (28000 ppm)
Tryptophan found in Seed (485 ppm)
Antipancreatitic
Quercetin found in Bark ;found in Wood ;found in Leaf
Antiparkinsonian
Methionine found in Seed (1028 ppm)
Phenylalanine found in Seed (1851 ppm)
Tryptophan found in Seed (485 ppm)
Tyrosine found in Seed (1251 ppm)
Antipellagric
Isoleucine found in Seed (1720 ppm)
Antiperiodontal
Quercetin found in Bark ;found in Wood ;found in Leaf
Antiperiodontic
Ellagic-acid found in Leaf
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Antiperiodontitic
Calcium found in Seed (528 ppm)
Gallic-acid found in Leaf
Zinc found in Seed (10 ppm)
Antiperistaltic
Quercetin found in Bark ;found in Wood ;found in Leaf
Antipermeability
Quercetin found in Bark ;found in Wood ;found in Leaf
Antiperoxidant
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Ellagic-acid found in Leaf
Gallic-acid found in Leaf
P-coumaric-acid found in Plant
Quercetin found in Bark ;found in Wood ;found in Leaf
Antipharyngitic
Quercetin found in Bark ;found in Wood ;found in Leaf
Antiphenylketonuric
Tryptophan found in Seed (485 ppm)
Tyrosine found in Seed (1251 ppm)
Antiplaque
Ellagic-acid found in Leaf
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Magnesium found in Seed (704 ppm)
Quercetin found in Bark ;found in Wood ;found in Leaf
Zinc found in Seed (10 ppm)
Antiplasmodial
Ellagic-acid found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Bark ;found in Wood ;found in Leaf
Antipodriac
Quercetin found in Bark ;found in Wood ;found in Leaf
Antipolio
Gallic-acid found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Bark ;found in Wood ;found in Leaf
Antiprolactin
Zinc found in Seed (10 ppm)
Antiproliferant
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Bark ;found in Wood ;found in Leaf
Antiprostaglandin
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Tryptophan found in Seed (485 ppm)
Antiprostanoid
Quercetin found in Bark ;found in Wood ;found in Leaf
Antiprostatitic
Glutamic-acid found in Seed (5628 ppm)
Glycine found in Seed (2353 ppm)
Quercetin found in Bark ;found in Wood ;found in Leaf
Zinc found in Seed (10 ppm)
Antiproteolytic
Gallic-acid found in Leaf
Antipruritic
Glycine found in Seed (2353 ppm)
Antipsoriac
Quercetin found in Bark ;found in Wood ;found in Leaf
Antipsychotic
Tryptophan found in Seed (485 ppm)
Antiradicular
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Gallic-acid found in Leaf
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Bark ;found in Wood ;found in Leaf
Tannin found in Bark (120000 ppm);found in Leaf (90000 ppm);found in Seed (28000 ppm)
Antirenitic
Tannin found in Bark (120000 ppm);found in Leaf (90000 ppm);found in Seed (28000 ppm)
Antiretardation
Glutamic-acid found in Seed (5628 ppm)
Antiretinopathic
Magnesium found in Seed (704 ppm)
Antirheumatic
Calcium found in Seed (528 ppm)
Tryptophan found in Seed (485 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (10 ppm)
Antiscoliotic
Tryptophan found in Seed (485 ppm)
Antiseptic
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Ellagic-acid found in Leaf
Gallic-acid found in Leaf
Kaempferol found in Leaf
P-coumaric-acid found in Plant
Zinc found in Seed (10 ppm)
Antiserotonin
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Antisickling
Glycine found in Seed (2353 ppm)
Phenylalanine found in Seed (1851 ppm)
Antispare-Tire
Zinc found in Seed (10 ppm)
Antispasmodic
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Magnesium found in Seed (704 ppm)
P-coumaric-acid found in Plant
Potassium found in Seed (8646 ppm)
Quercetin found in Bark ;found in Wood ;found in Leaf
Antispasmophilic
Magnesium found in Seed (704 ppm)
Antistaphylococcic
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Gallic-acid found in Leaf
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Antistomatitic
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Zinc found in Seed (10 ppm)
Antistreptococcic
Ellagic-acid found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Bark ;found in Wood ;found in Leaf
Antistress
Calcium found in Seed (528 ppm)
Magnesium found in Seed (704 ppm)
Antistroke
Magnesium found in Seed (704 ppm)
Potassium found in Seed (8646 ppm)
Antisunburn
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Antisyndrome-X
Magnesium found in Seed (704 ppm)
Manganese found in Seed (13 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (10 ppm)
Antithiamin
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Bark ;found in Wood ;found in Leaf
Antithrombic
Quercetin found in Bark ;found in Wood ;found in Leaf
Antithyroid
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Ellagic-acid found in Leaf
Antitic
Calcium found in Seed (528 ppm)
Antitinnitic
Zinc found in Seed (10 ppm)
Antitriglyceride
Zinc found in Seed (10 ppm)
Antitrypanosomic
Quercetin found in Bark ;found in Wood ;found in Leaf
Antitumor-Promoter
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Gallic-acid found in Leaf
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Bark ;found in Wood ;found in Leaf
Tannin found in Bark (120000 ppm);found in Leaf (90000 ppm);found in Seed (28000 ppm)
Antitumor
Betulin found in Leaf (1000 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Ellagic-acid found in Leaf
Fiber found in Leaf (185000 ppm);found in Seed (30800 ppm)
Gallic-acid found in Leaf
Kaempferol found in Leaf
P-coumaric-acid found in Plant
Quercetin found in Bark ;found in Wood ;found in Leaf
Tannin found in Bark (120000 ppm);found in Leaf (90000 ppm);found in Seed (28000 ppm)
Antitussive
Pectin found in Leaf
Antiulcer
Fiber found in Leaf (185000 ppm);found in Seed (30800 ppm)
Glycine found in Seed (2353 ppm)
Histidine found in Seed (1218 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Pectin found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Bark ;found in Wood ;found in Leaf
Tannin found in Bark (120000 ppm);found in Leaf (90000 ppm);found in Seed (28000 ppm)
Threonine found in Seed (1604 ppm)
Tyrosine found in Seed (1251 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (10 ppm)
Antiulcerogenic
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Antiuremic
Histidine found in Seed (1218 ppm)
Antivaccinia
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Antiviral
Betulin found in Leaf (1000 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Ellagic-acid found in Leaf
Gallic-acid found in Leaf
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Bark ;found in Wood ;found in Leaf
Tannin found in Bark (120000 ppm);found in Leaf (90000 ppm);found in Seed (28000 ppm)
Antivitiligic
Phenylalanine found in Seed (1851 ppm)
Antiyeast
Ellagic-acid found in Leaf
Anxiolytic
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Calcium found in Seed (528 ppm)
Glutamic-acid found in Seed (5628 ppm)
Magnesium found in Seed (704 ppm)
Phosphorus found in Seed (1122 ppm)
Potassium found in Seed (8646 ppm)
Aphidifuge
Betulin found in Leaf (1000 ppm)
Aphrodisiac
Arginine found in Seed (3192 ppm)
Apoptotic
Ellagic-acid found in Leaf
Gallic-acid found in Leaf
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Bark ;found in Wood ;found in Leaf
Aromatase-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Astringent
Ellagic-acid found in Leaf
Gallic-acid found in Leaf
Zinc found in Seed (10 ppm)
Atherogenic
Sucrose found in Seed (216000 ppm)
Bacteristat
Gallic-acid found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Bark ;found in Wood ;found in Leaf
Beta-Blocker
Fiber found in Leaf (185000 ppm);found in Seed (30800 ppm)
Potassium found in Seed (8646 ppm)
Bradycardiac
Quercetin found in Bark ;found in Wood ;found in Leaf
Bronchodilator
Gallic-acid found in Leaf
CNS-Active
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
CNS-Depressant
Magnesium found in Seed (704 ppm)
COMT-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Bark ;found in Wood ;found in Leaf
COX-2-Inhibitor
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Bark ;found in Wood ;found in Leaf
Calcium-Antagonist
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Magnesium found in Seed (704 ppm)
Calcium-Channel-Blocker
Calcium found in Seed (528 ppm)
Calmodulin-Antagonist
Quercetin found in Bark ;found in Wood ;found in Leaf
Cancer-Preventive
Alanine found in Seed (3036 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Ellagic-acid found in Leaf
Fiber found in Leaf (185000 ppm);found in Seed (30800 ppm)
Gallic-acid found in Leaf
Glycine found in Seed (2353 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Methionine found in Seed (1028 ppm)
P-coumaric-acid found in Plant
Pectin found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Bark ;found in Wood ;found in Leaf
Serine found in Seed (2139 ppm)
Tannin found in Bark (120000 ppm);found in Leaf (90000 ppm);found in Seed (28000 ppm)
Tyrosine found in Seed (1251 ppm)
Candida-SAP-Inhibitor
Ellagic-acid found in Leaf
Candidicide
Gallic-acid found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Bark ;found in Wood ;found in Leaf
Capillariprotective
Quercetin found in Bark ;found in Wood ;found in Leaf
Carcinogenic
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Gallic-acid found in Leaf
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Bark ;found in Wood ;found in Leaf
Tannin found in Bark (120000 ppm);found in Leaf (90000 ppm);found in Seed (28000 ppm)
Tryptophan found in Seed (485 ppm)
Cardioprotective
Copper found in Seed (5 ppm)
Fiber found in Leaf (185000 ppm);found in Seed (30800 ppm)
Magnesium found in Seed (704 ppm)
Potassium found in Seed (8646 ppm)
Cardiotoxic
Potassium found in Seed (8646 ppm)
Catabolic
Quercetin found in Bark ;found in Wood ;found in Leaf
Chelator
Tannin found in Bark (120000 ppm);found in Leaf (90000 ppm);found in Seed (28000 ppm)
Chemopreventive
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
P-coumaric-acid found in Plant
Pectin found in Leaf
Cholagogue
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Choleretic
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Gallic-acid found in Leaf
Kaempferol found in Leaf
P-coumaric-acid found in Plant
Clastogenic
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Co-carcinogenic
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Collagen-Sparing
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Collagenic
Zinc found in Seed (10 ppm)
Collyrium
Sucrose found in Seed (216000 ppm)
Contraceptive
Copper found in Seed (5 ppm)
Copper-Antagonist
Zinc found in Seed (10 ppm)
Copper-Chelator
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Bark ;found in Wood ;found in Leaf
Cyclooxygenase-Inhibitor
Gallic-acid found in Leaf
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Bark ;found in Wood ;found in Leaf
Tannin found in Bark (120000 ppm);found in Leaf (90000 ppm);found in Seed (28000 ppm)
Cytochrome-P450-1A2-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Bark ;found in Wood ;found in Leaf
Cytoprotective
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Cytotoxic
Betulin found in Leaf (1000 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Ellagic-acid found in Leaf
Gallic-acid found in Leaf
Kaempferol found in Leaf
P-coumaric-acid found in Plant
Quercetin found in Bark ;found in Wood ;found in Leaf
DNA-Active
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
DNA-Protective
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Deiodinase-Inhibitor
Ellagic-acid found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Bark ;found in Wood ;found in Leaf
Demulcent
Pectin found in Leaf
Sucrose found in Seed (216000 ppm)
Deodorant
Zinc found in Seed (10 ppm)
Detoxicant
Ellagic-acid found in Leaf
Differentiator
Quercetin found in Bark ;found in Wood ;found in Leaf
Diuretic
Arginine found in Seed (3192 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Calcium found in Seed (528 ppm)
Fiber found in Leaf (185000 ppm);found in Seed (30800 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Magnesium found in Seed (704 ppm)
Potassium found in Seed (8646 ppm)
Emetic
Methionine found in Seed (1028 ppm)
Emollient
Starch found in Seed (580000 ppm)
Ergogenic
Zinc found in Seed (10 ppm)
Essential
Histidine found in Seed (1218 ppm)
Isoleucine found in Seed (1720 ppm)
Leucine found in Seed (2518 ppm)
Lysine found in Seed (2617 ppm)
Methionine found in Seed (1028 ppm)
Threonine found in Seed (1604 ppm)
Tryptophan found in Seed (485 ppm)
Valine found in Seed (2378 ppm)
Estrogenic
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Bark ;found in Wood ;found in Leaf
FLavor
Threonine found in Seed (1604 ppm)
Valine found in Seed (2378 ppm)
Flatugenic
Sucrose found in Seed (216000 ppm)
Floral-Inhibitor
Gallic-acid found in Leaf
Fungicide
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Kaempferol found in Leaf
P-coumaric-acid found in Plant
Pectin found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Bark ;found in Wood ;found in Leaf
Glucosyl-Transferase-Inhibitor
Ellagic-acid found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Bark ;found in Wood ;found in Leaf
Tannin found in Bark (120000 ppm);found in Leaf (90000 ppm);found in Seed (28000 ppm)
Glutathionigenic
Methionine found in Seed (1028 ppm)
HIV-RT-Inhibitor
Ellagic-acid found in Leaf
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Bark ;found in Wood ;found in Leaf
Hemostat
Cellulose found in Seed (21000 ppm)
Gallic-acid found in Leaf
Pectin found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Bark ;found in Wood ;found in Leaf
Hemostatic
Ellagic-acid found in Leaf
Hepatocarcinogenic
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Hepatomagenic
Quercetin found in Bark ;found in Wood ;found in Leaf
Hepatoprotective
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Ellagic-acid found in Leaf
Gallic-acid found in Leaf
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Methionine found in Seed (1028 ppm)
Quercetin found in Bark ;found in Wood ;found in Leaf
Tannin found in Bark (120000 ppm);found in Leaf (90000 ppm);found in Seed (28000 ppm)
Hepatotropic
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Histamine-Inhibitor
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Hypercholesterolemic
Sucrose found in Seed (216000 ppm)
Hypertensive
Sodium found in Seed (66 ppm)
Hypnotic
Tryptophan found in Seed (485 ppm)
Hypoammonemic
Arginine found in Seed (3192 ppm)
Hypoarginanemic
Lysine found in Seed (2617 ppm)
Hypocholesterolemic
Calcium found in Seed (528 ppm)
Copper found in Seed (5 ppm)
Fiber found in Leaf (185000 ppm);found in Seed (30800 ppm)
Magnesium found in Seed (704 ppm)
Pectin found in Leaf
Hypoglycemic
Manganese found in Seed (13 ppm)
Pectin found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Bark ;found in Wood ;found in Leaf
Tryptophan found in Seed (485 ppm)
Hypolipemic
Betulin found in Leaf (1000 ppm)
Hypotensive
Calcium found in Seed (528 ppm)
Fiber found in Leaf (185000 ppm);found in Seed (30800 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Magnesium found in Seed (704 ppm)
Potassium found in Seed (8646 ppm)
Tryptophan found in Seed (485 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (10 ppm)
Hypouricemic
Fiber found in Leaf (185000 ppm);found in Seed (30800 ppm)
ICAM-1-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Immunomodulator
Copper found in Seed (5 ppm)
Gallic-acid found in Leaf
Magnesium found in Seed (704 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (10 ppm)
Immunostimulant
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Gallic-acid found in Leaf
Phosphorus found in Seed (1122 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (10 ppm)
Immunosuppressant
Gallic-acid found in Leaf
Tannin found in Bark (120000 ppm);found in Leaf (90000 ppm);found in Seed (28000 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (10 ppm)
Inotropic
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Bark ;found in Wood ;found in Leaf
Insectifuge
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Insulin-Sparing
Gallic-acid found in Leaf
Insulinase-Inhibitor
Tryptophan found in Seed (485 ppm)
Insulinogenic
Magnesium found in Seed (704 ppm)
Quercetin found in Bark ;found in Wood ;found in Leaf
Zinc found in Seed (10 ppm)
Insulinotonic
Tryptophan found in Seed (485 ppm)
Iodothyronine-Deiodinase-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Leaf
JNK-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Juvabional
Ellagic-acid found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Bark ;found in Wood ;found in Leaf
Larvistat
Quercetin found in Bark ;found in Wood ;found in Leaf
Laxative
Calcium found in Seed (528 ppm)
Fiber found in Leaf (185000 ppm);found in Seed (30800 ppm)
Magnesium found in Seed (704 ppm)
Leptingenic
Zinc found in Seed (10 ppm)
Leukotriene-Inhibitor
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Lipotropic
Methionine found in Seed (1028 ppm)
Lipoxygenase-Inhibitor
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Kaempferol found in Leaf
P-coumaric-acid found in Plant
Quercetin found in Bark ;found in Wood ;found in Leaf
Tannin found in Bark (120000 ppm);found in Leaf (90000 ppm);found in Seed (28000 ppm)
Litholytic
Magnesium found in Seed (704 ppm)
Lyase-Inhibitor
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
MAO-A-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Bark ;found in Wood ;found in Leaf
MAO-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Tannin found in Bark (120000 ppm);found in Leaf (90000 ppm);found in Seed (28000 ppm)
MMP-9-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Bark ;found in Wood ;found in Leaf
Mast-Cell-Stabilizer
Quercetin found in Bark ;found in Wood ;found in Leaf
Metal-Chelator
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Metalloproteinase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Bark ;found in Wood ;found in Leaf
Monoamine-Precursor
Phenylalanine found in Seed (1851 ppm)
Tryptophan found in Seed (485 ppm)
Tyrosine found in Seed (1251 ppm)
Mucogenic
Zinc found in Seed (10 ppm)
Mutagenic
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Bark ;found in Wood ;found in Leaf
Myorelaxant
Gallic-acid found in Leaf
Magnesium found in Seed (704 ppm)
NADH-Oxidase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Bark ;found in Wood ;found in Leaf
NEP-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Bark ;found in Wood ;found in Leaf
NF-kB-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Bark ;found in Wood ;found in Leaf
Zinc found in Seed (10 ppm)
NO-Genic
Arginine found in Seed (3192 ppm)
NO-Inhibitor
Gallic-acid found in Leaf
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Bark ;found in Wood ;found in Leaf
NO-Synthase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Bark ;found in Wood ;found in Leaf
Natriuretic
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Nephrotoxic
Gallic-acid found in Leaf
Neuroexcitant
Aspartic-acid found in Seed (7438 ppm)
Neuroinhibitor
Glycine found in Seed (2353 ppm)
Neuroprotective
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Bark ;found in Wood ;found in Leaf
Neurotoxic
Glutamic-acid found in Seed (5628 ppm)
Neurotransmitter
Magnesium found in Seed (704 ppm)
Ornithine-Decarboxylase-Inhibitor
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Bark ;found in Wood ;found in Leaf
Tannin found in Bark (120000 ppm);found in Leaf (90000 ppm);found in Seed (28000 ppm)
Osteogenic
Phosphorus found in Seed (1122 ppm)
Oxidant
Alanine found in Seed (3036 ppm)
Histidine found in Seed (1218 ppm)
P450-Inducer
Quercetin found in Bark ;found in Wood ;found in Leaf
P450-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Bark ;found in Wood ;found in Leaf
PAF-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Leaf
PGE2-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Bark ;found in Wood ;found in Leaf
PTK-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Bark ;found in Wood ;found in Leaf
Peristaltic
Pectin found in Leaf
Pesticide
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Ellagic-acid found in Leaf
Gallic-acid found in Leaf
Kaempferol found in Leaf
P-coumaric-acid found in Plant
Pectin found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Bark ;found in Wood ;found in Leaf
Tannin found in Bark (120000 ppm);found in Leaf (90000 ppm);found in Seed (28000 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (10 ppm)
Phospholipase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Bark ;found in Wood ;found in Leaf
Pituitary-Stimulant
Arginine found in Seed (3192 ppm)
Plasmodicide
Quercetin found in Bark ;found in Wood ;found in Leaf
Poultice
Starch found in Seed (580000 ppm)
Preservative
Sucrose found in Seed (216000 ppm)
Prolactinogenic
Tryptophan found in Seed (485 ppm)
Proliferant
Quercetin found in Bark ;found in Wood ;found in Leaf
Prooxidant
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Iron found in Seed (16 ppm)
Prostaglandigenic
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
P-coumaric-acid found in Plant
Prostaglandin-Synthesis-Inhibitor
Betulin found in Leaf (1000 ppm)
P-coumaric-acid found in Plant
Quercetin found in Bark ;found in Wood ;found in Leaf
Protein-Kinase-C-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Bark ;found in Wood ;found in Leaf
Protisticide
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Psychotropic
Tannin found in Bark (120000 ppm);found in Leaf (90000 ppm);found in Seed (28000 ppm)
Quinone-Reductase-Inducer
Ellagic-acid found in Leaf
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Bark ;found in Wood ;found in Leaf
Roborant
Aspartic-acid found in Seed (7438 ppm)
Schizophrenigenic
Copper found in Seed (5 ppm)
Sedative
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Tryptophan found in Seed (485 ppm)
Serotoninergic
Tryptophan found in Seed (485 ppm)
Spermigenic
Arginine found in Seed (3192 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (10 ppm)
Styptic
Gallic-acid found in Leaf
Sunscreen
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Ellagic-acid found in Leaf
Sweetener
Sucrose found in Seed (216000 ppm)
TNF-alpha-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Bark ;found in Wood ;found in Leaf
Teratologic
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Bark ;found in Wood ;found in Leaf
Testosteronigenic
Zinc found in Seed (10 ppm)
Topoisomerase-I-Antagonist
Ellagic-acid found in Leaf
Topoisomerase-I-Inhibitor
Gallic-acid found in Leaf
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Bark ;found in Wood ;found in Leaf
Topoisomerase-II-Inhibitor
Betulin found in Leaf (1000 ppm)
Castalagin found in Plant
Hamamelitannin found in Bark
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Bark ;found in Wood ;found in Leaf
Vescalagin found in Plant
Tranquilizer
Calcium found in Seed (528 ppm)
Magnesium found in Seed (704 ppm)
Tremorigenic
Phenylalanine found in Seed (1851 ppm)
Trichomonicide
Zinc found in Seed (10 ppm)
Triglycerigenic
Sucrose found in Seed (216000 ppm)
Tumor-Promoter
Tryptophan found in Seed (485 ppm)
Tumorigenic
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Bark ;found in Wood ;found in Leaf
Tyrosinase-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Leaf
P-coumaric-acid found in Plant
Quercetin found in Bark ;found in Wood ;found in Leaf
Tyrosine-Kinase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Bark ;found in Wood ;found in Leaf
Uricogenic
Sucrose found in Seed (216000 ppm)
Uricosuric
Glycine found in Seed (2353 ppm)
Urine-Acidifier
Methionine found in Seed (1028 ppm)
Urine-Deodorant
Methionine found in Seed (1028 ppm)
Uterorelaxant
Magnesium found in Seed (704 ppm)
Uterotrophic
Kaempferol found in Leaf
VEGF-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Bark ;found in Wood ;found in Leaf
Vasodilator
Arginine found in Seed (3192 ppm)
Calcium found in Seed (528 ppm)
Fiber found in Leaf (185000 ppm);found in Seed (30800 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Magnesium found in Seed (704 ppm)
Potassium found in Seed (8646 ppm)
Quercetin found in Bark ;found in Wood ;found in Leaf
Vulnerary
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Sucrose found in Seed (216000 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (10 ppm)
Xanthine-Oxidase-Inhibitor
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Ellagic-acid found in Leaf
Gallic-acid found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Bark ;found in Wood ;found in Leaf
Tannin found in Bark (120000 ppm);found in Leaf (90000 ppm);found in Seed (28000 ppm)
cAMP-Phosphodiesterase-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Bark ;found in Wood ;found in Leaf
iNOS-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Bark ;found in Wood ;found in Leaf

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Chemicals detected

Chemical Plant part Low ppm High ppm
Alanine Seed 1,380 3,036
Arginine Seed 1,451 3,192
Ash Leaf 44,000
Seed 12,300 27,060
Aspartic-acid Seed 3,381 7,438
Betulin Leaf 1,000
Caffeic-acid Leaf
Calcium Seed 220 528
Carbohydrates Seed 402,800 886,160
Castalagin Plant
Castalin Plant
Cellulose Seed 21,000
Copper Seed 2 5
Cystine Seed 628 1,382
Dehydrodigallic-acid Branches 5,000
Ellagic-acid Leaf
Fat Leaf 81,000
Seed 16,000 36,520
Fiber Leaf 185,000
Seed 13,200 30,800
Gallic-acid Leaf
Glutamic-acid Seed 2,558 5,628
Glycine Seed 1,070 2,353
Hamamelitannin Bark
Hamamelose Leaf
Histidine Seed 554 1,218
Iron Seed 7 16
Isoleucine Seed 782 1,720
Kaempferol Leaf
Leucine Seed 1,144 2,518
Lysine Seed 1,189 2,617
Magnesium Seed 320 704
Manganese Seed 5 13
Methionine Seed 468 1,028
P-coumaric-acid Plant
Pectin Leaf
Phenylalanine Seed 842 1,851
Phosphatase Leaf
Phosphorus Seed 490 1,122
Plastoquinones Leaf
Potassium Seed 3,630 8,646
Proline Seed 1,010 2,222
Protein Leaf 80,000
Seed 19,800 109,000
Quercetin Bark
Wood
Leaf
Saccharose Seed 220,000 340,000
Serine Seed 972 2,139
Sodium Seed 30 66
Starch Seed 450,000 580,000
Sucrose Seed 216,000
Tannin Bark 40,000 120,000
Leaf 90,000
Seed 20,000 28,000
Threonine Seed 729 1,604
Tryptophan Seed 221 485
Tyrosine Seed 568 1,251
Valine Seed 1,081 2,378
Vescalagin Plant
Vescalin Plant
Zinc Seed 4 10
Reference: Dr. Duke's Phytochemical and Ethnobotanical Databases. [Online Database]