Carya ovata Health effects and herbal facts

Known as
shagbark hickory shellbark hickory upland hickory
Carya ovata

Medical use

Economic importance of Carya ovata

Human food nut
Fuels charcoal fuelwod
Gene sources primary genetic relative of pecan
Materials wod

Gallery

Carya ovata Carya ovata Carya ovata Carya ovata Carya ovata Carya ovata Carya ovata Carya ovata Carya ovata Carya ovata Carya ovata Carya ovata Carya ovata

Geografical distribution

  • NORTHERN AMERICA
    Native
    • Eastern Canada: Canada - Ontario , Quebec
    • Northeastern U.S.A.: United States - Connecticut, Indiana, Maine, Massachusetts, Michigan, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Ohio, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, Vermont, West Virginia
    • North-Central U.S.A.: United States - Illinois, Iowa, Kansas , Minnesota , Missouri, Nebraska , Oklahoma, Wisconsin
    • Southeastern U.S.A.: United States - Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, South Carolina, Tennessee, Virginia
    • South-Central U.S.A.: United States - Texas
    • Northern Mexico: Mexico - Nuevo Leon, San Luis Potosi, Tamaulipas
    • Southern Mexico: Mexico - Hidalgo, Puebla, Queretaro, Veracruz

Biological activities

ACE-Inhibitor
Zinc found in Seed (46 ppm);found in Shoot (342 ppm)
AP-1-Inhibitor
Selenium found in Seed (0.02 ppm)
ATPase-Inhibitor
Vanadium found in Seed (0.01 ppm)
Acarifuge
Sulfur found in Seed (2180 ppm)
Acnegenic
Iodine found in Seed (0.1 ppm);found in Shoot (5 ppm)
Analgesic
Selenium found in Seed (0.02 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (46 ppm);found in Shoot (342 ppm)
Androgenic
Boron found in Seed (8.5 ppm);found in Shoot (63 ppm)
Angiotensin-Receptor-Blocker
Potassium found in Seed (5361 ppm);found in Shoot (14400 ppm)
Anorexic
Arsenic found in Seed (0.02 ppm)
Selenium found in Seed (0.02 ppm)
Anthelmintic
Betulinic-acid found in Stem Bark
AntiAGE
Chromium found in Seed (1.6 ppm);found in Shoot (2.7 ppm)
AntiBPH
Zinc found in Seed (46 ppm);found in Shoot (342 ppm)
AntiCFS
Chromium found in Seed (1.6 ppm);found in Shoot (2.7 ppm)
Magnesium found in Seed (900 ppm);found in Shoot (21600 ppm)
AntiHIV
Betulin found in Stem Bark
Betulinic-acid found in Stem Bark
Selenium found in Seed (0.02 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (46 ppm);found in Shoot (342 ppm)
AntiLyme
Magnesium found in Seed (900 ppm);found in Shoot (21600 ppm)
AntiMS
Magnesium found in Seed (900 ppm);found in Shoot (21600 ppm)
AntiNF-kB
Selenium found in Seed (0.02 ppm)
AntiPMS
Calcium found in Seed (1095 ppm);found in Shoot (33300 ppm)
Lithium found in Shoot (11.7 ppm)
Magnesium found in Seed (900 ppm);found in Shoot (21600 ppm)
Manganese found in Seed (58 ppm);found in Shoot (2700 ppm)
Antiacne
Chromium found in Seed (1.6 ppm);found in Shoot (2.7 ppm)
Selenium found in Seed (0.02 ppm)
Sulfur found in Seed (2180 ppm)
Tin found in Seed (3.2 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (46 ppm);found in Shoot (342 ppm)
Antiacrodermatitic
Zinc found in Seed (46 ppm);found in Shoot (342 ppm)
Antiadrenalinic
Nickel found in Seed (9.8 ppm);found in Shoot (23 ppm)
Antiaggregant
Magnesium found in Seed (900 ppm);found in Shoot (21600 ppm)
Selenium found in Seed (0.02 ppm)
Antiaging
Chromium found in Seed (1.6 ppm);found in Shoot (2.7 ppm)
Antiakathisic
Iron found in Seed (32 ppm);found in Shoot (45 ppm)
Antialcoholic
Magnesium found in Seed (900 ppm);found in Shoot (21600 ppm)
Manganese found in Seed (58 ppm);found in Shoot (2700 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (46 ppm);found in Shoot (342 ppm)
Antiallergic
Calcium found in Seed (1095 ppm);found in Shoot (33300 ppm)
Antialopecic
Zinc found in Seed (46 ppm);found in Shoot (342 ppm)
Antialzheimeran
Lecithin found in Seed Oil (5000 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (46 ppm);found in Shoot (342 ppm)
Antianemic
Copper found in Seed (7.8 ppm);found in Shoot (45 ppm)
Iron found in Seed (32 ppm);found in Shoot (45 ppm)
Manganese found in Seed (58 ppm);found in Shoot (2700 ppm)
Antianginal
Magnesium found in Seed (900 ppm);found in Shoot (21600 ppm)
Antiangiogenic
Selenium found in Seed (0.02 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (46 ppm);found in Shoot (342 ppm)
Antianorectic
Magnesium found in Seed (900 ppm);found in Shoot (21600 ppm)
Antianorexic
Zinc found in Seed (46 ppm);found in Shoot (342 ppm)
Antianxiety
Calcium found in Seed (1095 ppm);found in Shoot (33300 ppm)
Magnesium found in Seed (900 ppm);found in Shoot (21600 ppm)
Antiarrhythmic
Calcium found in Seed (1095 ppm);found in Shoot (33300 ppm)
Magnesium found in Seed (900 ppm);found in Shoot (21600 ppm)
Potassium found in Seed (5361 ppm);found in Shoot (14400 ppm)
Antiarteriosclerotic
Silicon found in Seed (1180 ppm);found in Shoot (2250 ppm)
Antiarthritic
Calcium found in Seed (1095 ppm);found in Shoot (33300 ppm)
Copper found in Seed (7.8 ppm);found in Shoot (45 ppm)
Gold found in Seed (0.001 ppm)
Magnesium found in Seed (900 ppm);found in Shoot (21600 ppm)
Manganese found in Seed (58 ppm);found in Shoot (2700 ppm)
Selenium found in Seed (0.02 ppm)
Sulfur found in Seed (2180 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (46 ppm);found in Shoot (342 ppm)
Antiasthmatic
Magnesium found in Seed (900 ppm);found in Shoot (21600 ppm)
Selenium found in Seed (0.02 ppm)
Antiataxic
Lecithin found in Seed Oil (5000 ppm)
Antiatherosclerotic
Calcium found in Seed (1095 ppm);found in Shoot (33300 ppm)
Chromium found in Seed (1.6 ppm);found in Shoot (2.7 ppm)
Magnesium found in Seed (900 ppm);found in Shoot (21600 ppm)
Selenium found in Seed (0.02 ppm)
Vanadium found in Seed (0.01 ppm)
Antibacterial
Betulinic-acid found in Stem Bark
Chlorine found in Seed (71 ppm)
Iodine found in Seed (0.1 ppm);found in Shoot (5 ppm)
Tin found in Seed (3.2 ppm)
Anticancer
Betulinic-acid found in Stem Bark
Anticanker
Iron found in Seed (32 ppm);found in Shoot (45 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (46 ppm);found in Shoot (342 ppm)
Anticarcinomic
Betulin found in Stem Bark
Betulinic-acid found in Stem Bark
Anticataract
Selenium found in Seed (0.02 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (46 ppm);found in Shoot (342 ppm)
Anticephalagic
Magnesium found in Seed (900 ppm);found in Shoot (21600 ppm)
Anticheilitic
Iron found in Seed (32 ppm);found in Shoot (45 ppm)
Anticirrhotic
Lecithin found in Seed Oil (5000 ppm)
Selenium found in Seed (0.02 ppm)
Anticlimacteric
Calcium found in Seed (1095 ppm);found in Shoot (33300 ppm)
Magnesium found in Seed (900 ppm);found in Shoot (21600 ppm)
Selenium found in Seed (0.02 ppm)
Anticoeliac
Zinc found in Seed (46 ppm);found in Shoot (342 ppm)
Anticold
Zinc found in Seed (46 ppm);found in Shoot (342 ppm)
Anticolitic
Zinc found in Seed (46 ppm);found in Shoot (342 ppm)
Anticonvulsant
Magnesium found in Seed (900 ppm);found in Shoot (21600 ppm)
Anticorneotic
Chromium found in Seed (1.6 ppm);found in Shoot (2.7 ppm)
Anticoronary
Magnesium found in Seed (900 ppm);found in Shoot (21600 ppm)
Selenium found in Seed (0.02 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (46 ppm);found in Shoot (342 ppm)
Antidandruff
Selenium found in Seed (0.02 ppm)
Sulfur found in Seed (2180 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (46 ppm);found in Shoot (342 ppm)
Antidementia
Lecithin found in Seed Oil (5000 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (46 ppm);found in Shoot (342 ppm)
Antidepressant
Calcium found in Seed (1095 ppm);found in Shoot (33300 ppm)
Lithium found in Shoot (11.7 ppm)
Magnesium found in Seed (900 ppm);found in Shoot (21600 ppm)
Potassium found in Seed (5361 ppm);found in Shoot (14400 ppm)
Selenium found in Seed (0.02 ppm)
Antidiabetic
Chromium found in Seed (1.6 ppm);found in Shoot (2.7 ppm)
Copper found in Seed (7.8 ppm);found in Shoot (45 ppm)
Magnesium found in Seed (900 ppm);found in Shoot (21600 ppm)
Manganese found in Seed (58 ppm);found in Shoot (2700 ppm)
Vanadium found in Seed (0.01 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (46 ppm);found in Shoot (342 ppm)
Antidiscotic
Manganese found in Seed (58 ppm);found in Shoot (2700 ppm)
Antidysgeuzic
Zinc found in Seed (46 ppm);found in Shoot (342 ppm)
Antidyskinetic
Lecithin found in Seed Oil (5000 ppm)
Manganese found in Seed (58 ppm);found in Shoot (2700 ppm)
Antidysmenorrheic
Magnesium found in Seed (900 ppm);found in Shoot (21600 ppm)
Antieczemic
Lecithin found in Seed Oil (5000 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (46 ppm);found in Shoot (342 ppm)
Antiedemic
Betulinic-acid found in Stem Bark
Antiencephalopathic
Zinc found in Seed (46 ppm);found in Shoot (342 ppm)
Antiendometriotic
Magnesium found in Seed (900 ppm);found in Shoot (21600 ppm)
Antienterotic
Magnesium found in Seed (900 ppm);found in Shoot (21600 ppm)
Antiepileptic
Magnesium found in Seed (900 ppm);found in Shoot (21600 ppm)
Manganese found in Seed (58 ppm);found in Shoot (2700 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (46 ppm);found in Shoot (342 ppm)
Antifatigue
Chromium found in Seed (1.6 ppm);found in Shoot (2.7 ppm)
Copper found in Seed (7.8 ppm);found in Shoot (45 ppm)
Magnesium found in Seed (900 ppm);found in Shoot (21600 ppm)
Potassium found in Seed (5361 ppm);found in Shoot (14400 ppm)
Antifeedant
Betulin found in Stem Bark
Antifibromyalgic
Magnesium found in Seed (900 ppm);found in Shoot (21600 ppm)
Antifibrotic
Selenium found in Seed (0.02 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (46 ppm);found in Shoot (342 ppm)
Antiflu
Betulin found in Stem Bark
Antifuruncular
Zinc found in Seed (46 ppm);found in Shoot (342 ppm)
Antigastrotic
Magnesium found in Seed (900 ppm);found in Shoot (21600 ppm)
Antiglaucomic
Magnesium found in Seed (900 ppm);found in Shoot (21600 ppm)
Antiglycosuric
Chromium found in Seed (1.6 ppm);found in Shoot (2.7 ppm)
Antigoiter
Iodine found in Seed (0.1 ppm);found in Shoot (5 ppm)
Antigout
Selenium found in Seed (0.02 ppm)
Antigrey
Sulfur found in Seed (2180 ppm)
Antihangover
Zinc found in Seed (46 ppm);found in Shoot (342 ppm)
Antiherpetic
Chlorine found in Seed (71 ppm)
Antihyperkinetic
Calcium found in Seed (1095 ppm);found in Shoot (33300 ppm)
Magnesium found in Seed (900 ppm);found in Shoot (21600 ppm)
Antihypertensive
Calcium found in Seed (1095 ppm);found in Shoot (33300 ppm)
Magnesium found in Seed (900 ppm);found in Shoot (21600 ppm)
Potassium found in Seed (5361 ppm);found in Shoot (14400 ppm)
Antihyperthyroid
Lithium found in Shoot (11.7 ppm)
Antihypoglycemic
Magnesium found in Seed (900 ppm);found in Shoot (21600 ppm)
Antiimpotence
Zinc found in Seed (46 ppm);found in Shoot (342 ppm)
Antiinfective
Zinc found in Seed (46 ppm);found in Shoot (342 ppm)
Antiinfertility
Vanadium found in Seed (0.01 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (46 ppm);found in Shoot (342 ppm)
Antiinflammatory
Betulin found in Stem Bark
Betulinic-acid found in Stem Bark
Copper found in Seed (7.8 ppm);found in Shoot (45 ppm)
Magnesium found in Seed (900 ppm);found in Shoot (21600 ppm)
Antiinsomniac
Calcium found in Seed (1095 ppm);found in Shoot (33300 ppm)
Magnesium found in Seed (900 ppm);found in Shoot (21600 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (46 ppm);found in Shoot (342 ppm)
Antiinsulinogenic
Vanadium found in Seed (0.01 ppm)
Antikeshan
Selenium found in Seed (0.02 ppm)
Antilepric
Zinc found in Seed (46 ppm);found in Shoot (342 ppm)
Antileukemic
Betulinic-acid found in Stem Bark
Selenium found in Seed (0.02 ppm)
Antileukonychic
Zinc found in Seed (46 ppm);found in Shoot (342 ppm)
Antileukotriene
Selenium found in Seed (0.02 ppm)
Antilithic
Lecithin found in Seed Oil (5000 ppm)
Magnesium found in Seed (900 ppm);found in Shoot (21600 ppm)
Antilymphomic
Zinc found in Seed (46 ppm);found in Shoot (342 ppm)
Antimaculitic
Selenium found in Seed (0.02 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (46 ppm);found in Shoot (342 ppm)
Antimalarial
Betulinic-acid found in Stem Bark
Antimanic
Lecithin found in Seed Oil (5000 ppm)
Lithium found in Shoot (11.7 ppm)
Vanadium found in Seed (0.01 ppm)
Antimastalgic
Magnesium found in Seed (900 ppm);found in Shoot (21600 ppm)
Antimelanomic
Betulinic-acid found in Stem Bark
Selenium found in Seed (0.02 ppm)
Antimenopausal
Calcium found in Seed (1095 ppm);found in Shoot (33300 ppm)
Magnesium found in Seed (900 ppm);found in Shoot (21600 ppm)
Selenium found in Seed (0.02 ppm)
Antimenorrhagic
Iron found in Seed (32 ppm);found in Shoot (45 ppm)
Antimetastatic
Selenium found in Seed (0.02 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (46 ppm);found in Shoot (342 ppm)
Antimigraine
Magnesium found in Seed (900 ppm);found in Shoot (21600 ppm)
Antimitral-valve-prolapse
Magnesium found in Seed (900 ppm);found in Shoot (21600 ppm)
Antimorphinistic
Lecithin found in Seed Oil (5000 ppm)
Antimyalgic
Selenium found in Seed (0.02 ppm)
Antinephrolytic
Magnesium found in Seed (900 ppm);found in Shoot (21600 ppm)
Antineuropathic
Zinc found in Seed (46 ppm);found in Shoot (342 ppm)
Antineurotic
Magnesium found in Seed (900 ppm);found in Shoot (21600 ppm)
Antinociceptive
Betulinic-acid found in Stem Bark
Copper found in Seed (7.8 ppm);found in Shoot (45 ppm)
Antinyctalopic
Zinc found in Seed (46 ppm);found in Shoot (342 ppm)
Antiobesity
Calcium found in Seed (1095 ppm);found in Shoot (33300 ppm)
Chromium found in Seed (1.6 ppm);found in Shoot (2.7 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (46 ppm);found in Shoot (342 ppm)
Antionychyotic
Silicon found in Seed (1180 ppm);found in Shoot (2250 ppm)
Antiosteoarthritic
Boron found in Seed (8.5 ppm);found in Shoot (63 ppm)
Selenium found in Seed (0.02 ppm)
Sulfur found in Seed (2180 ppm)
Antiosteoporotic
Boron found in Seed (8.5 ppm);found in Shoot (63 ppm)
Calcium found in Seed (1095 ppm);found in Shoot (33300 ppm)
Copper found in Seed (7.8 ppm);found in Shoot (45 ppm)
Magnesium found in Seed (900 ppm);found in Shoot (21600 ppm)
Manganese found in Seed (58 ppm);found in Shoot (2700 ppm)
Phosphorus found in Shoot (1620 ppm)
Silicon found in Seed (1180 ppm);found in Shoot (2250 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (46 ppm);found in Shoot (342 ppm)
Antiototic
Manganese found in Seed (58 ppm);found in Shoot (2700 ppm)
Antioxidant
Manganese found in Seed (58 ppm);found in Shoot (2700 ppm)
Selenium found in Seed (0.02 ppm)
Antiparkinsonian
Selenium found in Seed (0.02 ppm)
Antiperiodontitic
Calcium found in Seed (1095 ppm);found in Shoot (33300 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (46 ppm);found in Shoot (342 ppm)
Antiplaque
Magnesium found in Seed (900 ppm);found in Shoot (21600 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (46 ppm);found in Shoot (342 ppm)
Antiplasmodial
Betulinic-acid found in Stem Bark
Antiprolactin
Zinc found in Seed (46 ppm);found in Shoot (342 ppm)
Antiproliferant
Selenium found in Seed (0.02 ppm)
Antiprostatitic
Zinc found in Seed (46 ppm);found in Shoot (342 ppm)
Antiprostatotic
Phytosterols found in Seed Oil (3000 ppm)
Antipsoriac
Lecithin found in Seed Oil (5000 ppm)
Antipsychotic
Lithium found in Shoot (11.7 ppm)
Antiradicular
Selenium found in Seed (0.02 ppm)
Antiretinopathic
Magnesium found in Seed (900 ppm);found in Shoot (21600 ppm)
Antirheumatic
Calcium found in Seed (1095 ppm);found in Shoot (33300 ppm)
Selenium found in Seed (0.02 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (46 ppm);found in Shoot (342 ppm)
Antischizophrenic
Lithium found in Shoot (11.7 ppm)
Antisclerodermic
Lecithin found in Seed Oil (5000 ppm)
Antiseborrheic
Lecithin found in Seed Oil (5000 ppm)
Sulfur found in Seed (2180 ppm)
Antiseptic
Chlorine found in Seed (71 ppm)
Iodine found in Seed (0.1 ppm);found in Shoot (5 ppm)
Sulfur found in Seed (2180 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (46 ppm);found in Shoot (342 ppm)
Antisilicotic
Aluminum found in Seed (2.6 ppm)
Antispare-Tire
Zinc found in Seed (46 ppm);found in Shoot (342 ppm)
Antispasmodic
Magnesium found in Seed (900 ppm);found in Shoot (21600 ppm)
Potassium found in Seed (5361 ppm);found in Shoot (14400 ppm)
Antispasmophilic
Magnesium found in Seed (900 ppm);found in Shoot (21600 ppm)
Antisprue
Lecithin found in Seed Oil (5000 ppm)
Antistomatitic
Zinc found in Seed (46 ppm);found in Shoot (342 ppm)
Antistress
Calcium found in Seed (1095 ppm);found in Shoot (33300 ppm)
Magnesium found in Seed (900 ppm);found in Shoot (21600 ppm)
Antistroke
Magnesium found in Seed (900 ppm);found in Shoot (21600 ppm)
Potassium found in Seed (5361 ppm);found in Shoot (14400 ppm)
Antisyndrome-X
Chromium found in Seed (1.6 ppm);found in Shoot (2.7 ppm)
Magnesium found in Seed (900 ppm);found in Shoot (21600 ppm)
Manganese found in Seed (58 ppm);found in Shoot (2700 ppm)
Selenium found in Seed (0.02 ppm)
Vanadium found in Seed (0.01 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (46 ppm);found in Shoot (342 ppm)
Antithyrotoxic
Iodine found in Seed (0.1 ppm);found in Shoot (5 ppm)
Antitic
Calcium found in Seed (1095 ppm);found in Shoot (33300 ppm)
Antitinnitic
Zinc found in Seed (46 ppm);found in Shoot (342 ppm)
Antitriglyceride
Chromium found in Seed (1.6 ppm);found in Shoot (2.7 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (46 ppm);found in Shoot (342 ppm)
Antitumor
Betulin found in Stem Bark
Betulinic-acid found in Stem Bark
Selenium found in Seed (0.02 ppm)
Antiulcer
Gold found in Seed (0.001 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (46 ppm);found in Shoot (342 ppm)
Antiulcerogenic
Selenium found in Seed (0.02 ppm)
Antivaginitic
Aluminum found in Seed (2.6 ppm)
Antiviral
Betulin found in Stem Bark
Betulinic-acid found in Stem Bark
Chlorine found in Seed (71 ppm)
Iodine found in Seed (0.1 ppm);found in Shoot (5 ppm)
Lithium found in Shoot (11.7 ppm)
Anxiolytic
Calcium found in Seed (1095 ppm);found in Shoot (33300 ppm)
Magnesium found in Seed (900 ppm);found in Shoot (21600 ppm)
Phosphorus found in Shoot (1620 ppm)
Potassium found in Seed (5361 ppm);found in Shoot (14400 ppm)
Selenium found in Seed (0.02 ppm)
Aphidifuge
Betulin found in Stem Bark
Apoptotic
Betulinic-acid found in Stem Bark
Selenium found in Seed (0.02 ppm)
Astringent
Zinc found in Seed (46 ppm);found in Shoot (342 ppm)
Beta-Blocker
Potassium found in Seed (5361 ppm);found in Shoot (14400 ppm)
CNS-Depressant
Magnesium found in Seed (900 ppm);found in Shoot (21600 ppm)
Calcium-Antagonist
Magnesium found in Seed (900 ppm);found in Shoot (21600 ppm)
Calcium-Channel-Blocker
Calcium found in Seed (1095 ppm);found in Shoot (33300 ppm)
Cancer-Preventive
Selenium found in Seed (0.02 ppm)
Candidicide
Aluminum found in Seed (2.6 ppm)
Chlorine found in Seed (71 ppm)
Cardiomyopathogenic
Cobalt found in Seed (0.2 ppm);found in Shoot (13.5 ppm)
Cardioprotective
Chromium found in Seed (1.6 ppm);found in Shoot (2.7 ppm)
Copper found in Seed (7.8 ppm);found in Shoot (45 ppm)
Magnesium found in Seed (900 ppm);found in Shoot (21600 ppm)
Potassium found in Seed (5361 ppm);found in Shoot (14400 ppm)
Selenium found in Seed (0.02 ppm)
Silicon found in Seed (1180 ppm);found in Shoot (2250 ppm)
Cardiotoxic
Potassium found in Seed (5361 ppm);found in Shoot (14400 ppm)
Cholinergic
Lecithin found in Seed Oil (5000 ppm)
Lithium found in Shoot (11.7 ppm)
Collagenic
Zinc found in Seed (46 ppm);found in Shoot (342 ppm)
Comedogenic
Sulfur found in Seed (2180 ppm)
Contraceptive
Copper found in Seed (7.8 ppm);found in Shoot (45 ppm)
Copper-Antagonist
Zinc found in Seed (46 ppm);found in Shoot (342 ppm)
Cytotoxic
Betulin found in Stem Bark
Betulinic-acid found in Stem Bark
Deliriant
Lithium found in Shoot (11.7 ppm)
Deodorant
Zinc found in Seed (46 ppm);found in Shoot (342 ppm)
Depressant
Selenium found in Seed (0.02 ppm)
Dermatitigenic
Iodine found in Seed (0.1 ppm);found in Shoot (5 ppm)
Diuretic
Calcium found in Seed (1095 ppm);found in Shoot (33300 ppm)
Magnesium found in Seed (900 ppm);found in Shoot (21600 ppm)
Potassium found in Seed (5361 ppm);found in Shoot (14400 ppm)
Encephalopathic
Aluminum found in Seed (2.6 ppm)
Energizer
Chromium found in Seed (1.6 ppm);found in Shoot (2.7 ppm)
Ergogenic
Zinc found in Seed (46 ppm);found in Shoot (342 ppm)
Erythrocytogenic
Cobalt found in Seed (0.2 ppm);found in Shoot (13.5 ppm)
Estrogenic
Boron found in Seed (8.5 ppm);found in Shoot (63 ppm)
Fungicide
Chlorine found in Seed (71 ppm)
Iodine found in Seed (0.1 ppm);found in Shoot (5 ppm)
Selenium found in Seed (0.02 ppm)
Goitrogenic
Iodine found in Seed (0.1 ppm);found in Shoot (5 ppm)
Hepatoprotective
Lecithin found in Seed Oil (5000 ppm)
Hypertensive
Cadmium found in Seed (0.08 ppm);found in Shoot (3 ppm)
Sodium found in Seed (2.8 ppm);found in Shoot (270 ppm)
Hyperthyroid
Iodine found in Seed (0.1 ppm);found in Shoot (5 ppm)
Hypocholesterolemic
Calcium found in Seed (1095 ppm);found in Shoot (33300 ppm)
Chromium found in Seed (1.6 ppm);found in Shoot (2.7 ppm)
Copper found in Seed (7.8 ppm);found in Shoot (45 ppm)
Lecithin found in Seed Oil (5000 ppm)
Magnesium found in Seed (900 ppm);found in Shoot (21600 ppm)
Phytosterols found in Seed Oil (3000 ppm)
Vanadium found in Seed (0.01 ppm)
Hypoglycemic
Chromium found in Seed (1.6 ppm);found in Shoot (2.7 ppm)
Manganese found in Seed (58 ppm);found in Shoot (2700 ppm)
Vanadium found in Seed (0.01 ppm)
Hypolipemic
Betulin found in Stem Bark
Hypotensive
Calcium found in Seed (1095 ppm);found in Shoot (33300 ppm)
Chromium found in Seed (1.6 ppm);found in Shoot (2.7 ppm)
Magnesium found in Seed (900 ppm);found in Shoot (21600 ppm)
Potassium found in Seed (5361 ppm);found in Shoot (14400 ppm)
Vanadium found in Seed (0.01 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (46 ppm);found in Shoot (342 ppm)
Hypotriglyceridemic
Vanadium found in Seed (0.01 ppm)
Immunomodulator
Chromium found in Seed (1.6 ppm);found in Shoot (2.7 ppm)
Copper found in Seed (7.8 ppm);found in Shoot (45 ppm)
Magnesium found in Seed (900 ppm);found in Shoot (21600 ppm)
Selenium found in Seed (0.02 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (46 ppm);found in Shoot (342 ppm)
Immunostimulant
Phosphorus found in Shoot (1620 ppm)
Selenium found in Seed (0.02 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (46 ppm);found in Shoot (342 ppm)
Immunosuppressant
Zinc found in Seed (46 ppm);found in Shoot (342 ppm)
Insulin-Sparing
Nickel found in Seed (9.8 ppm);found in Shoot (23 ppm)
Insulinogenic
Chromium found in Seed (1.6 ppm);found in Shoot (2.7 ppm)
Magnesium found in Seed (900 ppm);found in Shoot (21600 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (46 ppm);found in Shoot (342 ppm)
Keratolytic
Sulfur found in Seed (2180 ppm)
Laxative
Calcium found in Seed (1095 ppm);found in Shoot (33300 ppm)
Magnesium found in Seed (900 ppm);found in Shoot (21600 ppm)
Sulfur found in Seed (2180 ppm)
Leptingenic
Zinc found in Seed (46 ppm);found in Shoot (342 ppm)
Lipotropic
Lecithin found in Seed Oil (5000 ppm)
Lithogenic
Cadmium found in Seed (0.08 ppm);found in Shoot (3 ppm)
Litholytic
Magnesium found in Seed (900 ppm);found in Shoot (21600 ppm)
Memorigenic
Chromium found in Seed (1.6 ppm);found in Shoot (2.7 ppm)
Mucogenic
Zinc found in Seed (46 ppm);found in Shoot (342 ppm)
Myorelaxant
Magnesium found in Seed (900 ppm);found in Shoot (21600 ppm)
NF-kB-Inhibitor
Selenium found in Seed (0.02 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (46 ppm);found in Shoot (342 ppm)
Natriuretic
Lithium found in Shoot (11.7 ppm)
Nephrotoxic
Cadmium found in Seed (0.08 ppm);found in Shoot (3 ppm)
Gold found in Seed (0.001 ppm)
Lithium found in Shoot (11.7 ppm)
Vanadium found in Seed (0.01 ppm)
Neurotransmitter
Magnesium found in Seed (900 ppm);found in Shoot (21600 ppm)
Ornithine-Decarboxylase-Inhibitor
Selenium found in Seed (0.02 ppm)
Osteogenic
Phosphorus found in Shoot (1620 ppm)
Pancreatoxic
Vanadium found in Seed (0.01 ppm)
Parasiticide
Sulfur found in Seed (2180 ppm)
Pesticide
Aluminum found in Seed (2.6 ppm)
Arsenic found in Seed (0.02 ppm)
Chlorine found in Seed (71 ppm)
Selenium found in Seed (0.02 ppm)
Sulfur found in Seed (2180 ppm)
Tin found in Seed (3.2 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (46 ppm);found in Shoot (342 ppm)
Phospholipase-A2-Inhibitor
Betulinic-acid found in Stem Bark
Polyamine-Synthesis-Inhibitor
Selenium found in Seed (0.02 ppm)
Prooxidant
Iron found in Seed (32 ppm);found in Shoot (45 ppm)
Prostaglandin-Sparer
Selenium found in Seed (0.02 ppm)
Prostaglandin-Synthesis-Inhibitor
Betulin found in Stem Bark
Betulinic-acid found in Stem Bark
Protein-Kinase-C-Inhibitor
Selenium found in Seed (0.02 ppm)
Protisticide
Iodine found in Seed (0.1 ppm);found in Shoot (5 ppm)
Scabicide
Sulfur found in Seed (2180 ppm)
Schizophrenigenic
Copper found in Seed (7.8 ppm);found in Shoot (45 ppm)
Spermigenic
Zinc found in Seed (46 ppm);found in Shoot (342 ppm)
Taenicide
Tin found in Seed (3.2 ppm)
Testosteronigenic
Zinc found in Seed (46 ppm);found in Shoot (342 ppm)
Thyrotropic
Iodine found in Seed (0.1 ppm);found in Shoot (5 ppm)
Topoisomerase-II-Inhibitor
Betulin found in Stem Bark
Toxic
Vanadium found in Seed (0.01 ppm)
Tranquilizer
Calcium found in Seed (1095 ppm);found in Shoot (33300 ppm)
Magnesium found in Seed (900 ppm);found in Shoot (21600 ppm)
Trichomonicide
Zinc found in Seed (46 ppm);found in Shoot (342 ppm)
Uterorelaxant
Magnesium found in Seed (900 ppm);found in Shoot (21600 ppm)
VEGF-Inhibitor
Selenium found in Seed (0.02 ppm)
Vasodilator
Calcium found in Seed (1095 ppm);found in Shoot (33300 ppm)
Magnesium found in Seed (900 ppm);found in Shoot (21600 ppm)
Potassium found in Seed (5361 ppm);found in Shoot (14400 ppm)
Vulnerary
Zinc found in Seed (46 ppm);found in Shoot (342 ppm)

Search

Chemicals detected

Chemical Plant part Low ppm High ppm
Aluminum Seed 2.6
Antimony Seed 0.1
Arsenic Seed 0.02
Ash Shoot 25,000 90,000
Barium Seed 0.1
Shoot 12 1,800
Betulin Stem Bark
Betulinic-acid Stem Bark
Boron Seed 8.5
Shoot 2 63
Bromine Seed 1.8
Cadmium Seed 0.08
Shoot 0 3
Calcium Seed 1,095
Shoot 5,250 33,300
Cerium Shoot 4 63
Cesium Seed 0.1
Chlorine Seed 71
Chromium Seed 1.6
Shoot 0.05 2.7
Cobalt Seed 0.2
Shoot 0 13.5
Copper Seed 7.8
Shoot 1.25 45
Europium Seed 0.02
Fluorine Seed 1.3
Shoot 0 0.009
Gold Seed 0.001
Hafnium Seed 0.1
Iodine Seed 0.1
Shoot 2 5
Iron Seed 32
Shoot 12.5 45
Lanthanum Seed 0.03
Shoot 1.7 90
Lead Seed 0.4
Shoot 0.7 46
Lecithin Seed Oil 5,000
Lithium Shoot 0.115 11.7
Lutetium Seed 0.01
Magnesium Seed 900
Shoot 125 21,600
Manganese Seed 58
Shoot 37 2,700
Molybdenum Seed 0.1
Shoot 0 18
Neodymium Shoot 0 13.5
Nickel Seed 9.8
Shoot 0.25 23
Phosphorus Shoot 110 1,620
Phytosterols Seed Oil 3,000
Potassium Seed 5,361
Shoot 550 14,400
Rubidium Seed 4
Shoot 18 192
Samarium Seed 0.05
Scandium Seed 0.004
Selenium Seed 0.02
Silicon Seed 1,180
Shoot 172 2,250
Sodium Seed 2.8
Shoot 5 270
Strontium Seed 2.5
Shoot 12 900
Sulfur Seed 2,180
Tantalum Seed 0.04
Thorium Seed 0.3
Tin Seed 3.2
Titanium Seed 4.3
Shoot 0.7 45
Tungsten Seed 0.04
Vanadium Seed 0.01
Ytterbium Seed 0.1
Shoot 0.05 0.9
Yttrium Shoot 0.5 13.5
Zinc Seed 46
Shoot 7 342
Zirconium Shoot 0.5 2.7
Reference: Dr. Duke's Phytochemical and Ethnobotanical Databases. [Online Database]