Carya illinoensis Health effects and herbal facts

Known as
pecan
Carya illinoensis

Medical use

Economic importance of Carya illinoensis

Human food nut
Fuels charcoal fuelwod
Gene sources primary genetic relative of pecan
Materials wod

Gallery

Carya illinoensis Carya illinoensis Carya illinoensis Carya illinoensis Carya illinoensis Carya illinoensis Carya illinoensis Carya illinoensis Carya illinoensis Carya illinoensis Carya illinoensis Carya illinoensis

Geografical distribution

  • AFRICA
    Cultivated
    • Southern Africa: South Africa
  • ASIA-TEMPERATE
    Cultivated
    • Caucasus: Azerbaijan
    • China: China
  • AUSTRALASIA
    Cultivated
    • Australia: Australia
  • EUROPE
    Naturalized
    • Southeastern Europe: Malta
    Cultivated
    • East Europe: Ukraine
  • NORTHERN AMERICA
    Native
    • Northeastern U.S.A.: United States - Indiana
    • North-Central U.S.A.: United States - Illinois, Iowa , Kansas , Missouri, Oklahoma
    • Southeastern U.S.A.: United States - Arkansas, Kentucky , Louisiana, Mississippi , Tennessee
    • South-Central U.S.A.: United States - Texas
    • Northern Mexico: Mexico - Chihuahua , Coahuila, Nuevo Leon, San Luis Potosi , Tamaulipas
    • Southern Mexico: Mexico - Guanajuato, Hidalgo, Jalisco, Oaxaca, Veracruz
    Naturalized
    • United States
    Cultivated
    • Mexico
    • United States
  • SOUTHERN AMERICA
    Cultivated
    • Brazil: Brazil

Biological activities

5-Alpha-Reductase-Inhibitor
Linoleic-acid found in Leaf
Oleic-acid found in Leaf
Palmitic-acid found in Leaf
Stearic-acid found in Leaf
ACE-Inhibitor
Zinc found in Seed (56 ppm)
AP-1-Inhibitor
Selenium found in Seed (0.02 ppm)
ATPase-Inhibitor
Vanadium found in Seed (0.01 ppm)
Acarifuge
Sulfur found in Seed (800 ppm)
Acidulant
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (21 ppm)
Acnegenic
Iodine found in Seed (0.1 ppm)
Aldose-Reductase-Inhibitor
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (21 ppm)
Allelochemic
Catechin found in Plant
Allergenic
Beta-carotene found in Seed (0.83 ppm)
Niacin found in Seed (9.3 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Leaf
Alpha-Reductase-Inhibitor
Oleic-acid found in Leaf
Analgesic
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (21 ppm)
Selenium found in Seed (0.02 ppm)
Thiamin found in Seed (8.9 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (56 ppm)
Androgenic
Boron found in Seed (7.6 ppm)
Anemiagenic
Oleic-acid found in Leaf
Angiotensin-Receptor-Blocker
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (21 ppm)
Fiber found in Seed (24000 ppm)
Potassium found in Seed (6242 ppm)
Anorexic
Arsenic found in Seed (0.02 ppm)
Selenium found in Seed (0.02 ppm)
AntiAGE
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (21 ppm)
Chromium found in Seed (0.3 ppm)
AntiBPH
Zinc found in Seed (56 ppm)
AntiCFS
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (21 ppm)
Chromium found in Seed (0.3 ppm)
Magnesium found in Seed (980 ppm)
AntiCTS
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (21 ppm)
AntiHIV
Selenium found in Seed (0.02 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (56 ppm)
AntiLyme
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (21 ppm)
Magnesium found in Seed (980 ppm)
Niacin found in Seed (9.3 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Seed (1.3 ppm)
Thiamin found in Seed (8.9 ppm)
AntiMS
Linoleic-acid found in Leaf
Magnesium found in Seed (980 ppm)
AntiNF-kB
Selenium found in Seed (0.02 ppm)
AntiPMS
Beta-carotene found in Seed (0.83 ppm)
Calcium found in Seed (763 ppm)
Magnesium found in Seed (980 ppm)
Manganese found in Seed (30 ppm)
Antiacne
Beta-carotene found in Seed (0.83 ppm)
Chromium found in Seed (0.3 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Leaf
Selenium found in Seed (0.02 ppm)
Sulfur found in Seed (800 ppm)
Tin found in Seed (1.8 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (56 ppm)
Antiacrodermatitic
Zinc found in Seed (56 ppm)
Antiacrodynic
Niacin found in Seed (9.3 ppm)
Antiadrenalinic
Nickel found in Seed (1.6 ppm)
Antiaggregant
3,4-dihydroxybenzoic-acid found in Plant
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (21 ppm)
Catechin found in Plant
Magnesium found in Seed (980 ppm)
Selenium found in Seed (0.02 ppm)
Antiaging
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (21 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Seed (0.83 ppm)
Chromium found in Seed (0.3 ppm)
Antiakathisic
Iron found in Seed (73 ppm)
Antialcoholic
Catechin found in Plant
Magnesium found in Seed (980 ppm)
Manganese found in Seed (30 ppm)
Thiamin found in Seed (8.9 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (56 ppm)
Antiallergic
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (21 ppm)
Calcium found in Seed (763 ppm)
Niacin found in Seed (9.3 ppm)
Pantothenic-acid found in Seed (18 ppm)
Antialopecic
Linoleic-acid found in Leaf
Oleic-acid found in Leaf
Palmitic-acid found in Leaf
Zinc found in Seed (56 ppm)
Antialzheimeran
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (21 ppm)
Niacin found in Seed (9.3 ppm)
Thiamin found in Seed (8.9 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (56 ppm)
Antiamblyopic
Niacin found in Seed (9.3 ppm)
Antianaphylactic
Linoleic-acid found in Leaf
Antiandrogenic
Linoleic-acid found in Leaf
Oleic-acid found in Leaf
Palmitic-acid found in Leaf
Antianemic
Copper found in Seed (15 ppm)
Iron found in Seed (73 ppm)
Manganese found in Seed (30 ppm)
Antianginal
Magnesium found in Seed (980 ppm)
Niacin found in Seed (9.3 ppm)
Antiangiogenic
Selenium found in Seed (0.02 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (56 ppm)
Antianorectic
Magnesium found in Seed (980 ppm)
Thiamin found in Seed (8.9 ppm)
Antianorexic
Zinc found in Seed (56 ppm)
Antianxiety
Calcium found in Seed (763 ppm)
Magnesium found in Seed (980 ppm)
Antiarabiflavinotic
Riboflavin found in Seed (1.3 ppm)
Antiarrhythmic
Calcium found in Seed (763 ppm)
Magnesium found in Seed (980 ppm)
Potassium found in Seed (6242 ppm)
Antiarteriosclerotic
Linoleic-acid found in Leaf
Silicon found in Seed (200 ppm)
Antiarthritic
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (21 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Seed (0.83 ppm)
Calcium found in Seed (763 ppm)
Catechin found in Plant
Copper found in Seed (15 ppm)
Gold found in Seed (0.001 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Leaf
Magnesium found in Seed (980 ppm)
Manganese found in Seed (30 ppm)
Pantothenic-acid found in Seed (18 ppm)
Selenium found in Seed (0.02 ppm)
Sulfur found in Seed (800 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (56 ppm)
Antiasthmatic
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (21 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Seed (0.83 ppm)
Magnesium found in Seed (980 ppm)
Selenium found in Seed (0.02 ppm)
Antiatherosclerotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (21 ppm)
Calcium found in Seed (763 ppm)
Chromium found in Seed (0.3 ppm)
Magnesium found in Seed (980 ppm)
Selenium found in Seed (0.02 ppm)
Vanadium found in Seed (0.01 ppm)
Antibackache
Thiamin found in Seed (8.9 ppm)
Antiberiberi
Thiamin found in Seed (8.9 ppm)
Anticancer
Beta-carotene found in Seed (0.83 ppm)
Anticanker
Iron found in Seed (73 ppm)
Thiamin found in Seed (8.9 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (56 ppm)
Anticarcinomic
Beta-carotene found in Seed (0.83 ppm)
Anticardiospasmic
Thiamin found in Seed (8.9 ppm)
Anticariogenic
Catechin found in Plant
Anticarpal-Tunnel
Riboflavin found in Seed (1.3 ppm)
Anticataract
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (21 ppm)
Niacin found in Seed (9.3 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Seed (1.3 ppm)
Selenium found in Seed (0.02 ppm)
Thiamin found in Seed (8.9 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (56 ppm)
Anticephalagic
Magnesium found in Seed (980 ppm)
Pantothenic-acid found in Seed (18 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Seed (1.3 ppm)
Anticervicaldysplasic
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (21 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Seed (0.83 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Seed (1.3 ppm)
Anticheilitic
Iron found in Seed (73 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Seed (1.3 ppm)
Antichilblain
Niacin found in Seed (9.3 ppm)
Anticirrhotic
Selenium found in Seed (0.02 ppm)
Anticlimacteric
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (21 ppm)
Calcium found in Seed (763 ppm)
Magnesium found in Seed (980 ppm)
Selenium found in Seed (0.02 ppm)
Anticoeliac
Zinc found in Seed (56 ppm)
Anticold
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (21 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (56 ppm)
Anticolitic
Thiamin found in Seed (8.9 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (56 ppm)
Anticonvulsant
Magnesium found in Seed (980 ppm)
Niacin found in Seed (9.3 ppm)
Anticorneotic
Chromium found in Seed (0.3 ppm)
Anticoronary
Beta-carotene found in Seed (0.83 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Leaf
Magnesium found in Seed (980 ppm)
Selenium found in Seed (0.02 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (56 ppm)
Antidandruff
Selenium found in Seed (0.02 ppm)
Sulfur found in Seed (800 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (56 ppm)
Antidecubitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (21 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Seed (1.3 ppm)
Thiamin found in Seed (8.9 ppm)
Antideliriant
Thiamin found in Seed (8.9 ppm)
Antidementia
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (21 ppm)
Niacin found in Seed (9.3 ppm)
Thiamin found in Seed (8.9 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (56 ppm)
Antidepressant
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (21 ppm)
Calcium found in Seed (763 ppm)
Magnesium found in Seed (980 ppm)
Potassium found in Seed (6242 ppm)
Selenium found in Seed (0.02 ppm)
Antidermatitic
Niacin found in Seed (9.3 ppm)
Pantothenic-acid found in Seed (18 ppm)
Antidiabetic
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (21 ppm)
Chromium found in Seed (0.3 ppm)
Copper found in Seed (15 ppm)
Fiber found in Seed (24000 ppm)
Magnesium found in Seed (980 ppm)
Manganese found in Seed (30 ppm)
Niacin found in Seed (9.3 ppm)
Vanadium found in Seed (0.01 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (56 ppm)
Antidiscotic
Manganese found in Seed (30 ppm)
Antidysgeuzic
Zinc found in Seed (56 ppm)
Antidyskinetic
Manganese found in Seed (30 ppm)
Antidysmenorrheic
Magnesium found in Seed (980 ppm)
Antidyspeptic
Thiamin found in Seed (8.9 ppm)
Antidysphagic
Niacin found in Seed (9.3 ppm)
Antieczemic
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (21 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Leaf
Zinc found in Seed (56 ppm)
Antiedemic
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (21 ppm)
Catechin found in Plant
Antiencephalitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (21 ppm)
Antiencephalopathic
Thiamin found in Seed (8.9 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (56 ppm)
Antiendometriotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (21 ppm)
Magnesium found in Seed (980 ppm)
Antiendotoxic
Catechin found in Plant
Antienterotic
Magnesium found in Seed (980 ppm)
Antiepileptic
Magnesium found in Seed (980 ppm)
Manganese found in Seed (30 ppm)
Niacin found in Seed (9.3 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (56 ppm)
Antifatigue
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (21 ppm)
Chromium found in Seed (0.3 ppm)
Copper found in Seed (15 ppm)
Magnesium found in Seed (980 ppm)
Pantothenic-acid found in Seed (18 ppm)
Potassium found in Seed (6242 ppm)
Thiamin found in Seed (8.9 ppm)
Antifeedant
Catechin found in Plant
Antifibrinolytic
Linoleic-acid found in Leaf
Palmitic-acid found in Leaf
Antifibromyalgic
Magnesium found in Seed (980 ppm)
Antifibrotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (21 ppm)
Selenium found in Seed (0.02 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (56 ppm)
Antiflu
Catechin found in Plant
Antifuruncular
Zinc found in Seed (56 ppm)
Antigallstone
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (21 ppm)
Antigastritic
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (21 ppm)
Thiamin found in Seed (8.9 ppm)
Antigastrotic
Magnesium found in Seed (980 ppm)
Antigingivitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (21 ppm)
Antiglaucomic
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (21 ppm)
Magnesium found in Seed (980 ppm)
Antiglossitic
Riboflavin found in Seed (1.3 ppm)
Antiglycosuric
Chromium found in Seed (0.3 ppm)
Antigoiter
Iodine found in Seed (0.1 ppm)
Antigout
Selenium found in Seed (0.02 ppm)
Antigranular
Linoleic-acid found in Leaf
Antigrey
Sulfur found in Seed (800 ppm)
Antihangover
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (21 ppm)
Niacin found in Seed (9.3 ppm)
Thiamin found in Seed (8.9 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (56 ppm)
Antiheartburn
Thiamin found in Seed (8.9 ppm)
Antihemorrhagic
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (21 ppm)
Antihepatitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (21 ppm)
Catechin found in Plant
Antihepatotoxic
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (21 ppm)
Catechin found in Plant
Antiherpetic
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (21 ppm)
Catechin found in Plant
Chlorine found in Seed (46 ppm)
Thiamin found in Seed (8.9 ppm)
Antihistaminic
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (21 ppm)
Catechin found in Plant
Linoleic-acid found in Leaf
Niacin found in Seed (9.3 ppm)
Antihyperactivity
Niacin found in Seed (9.3 ppm)
Antihypercholesterolemic
Pantothenic-acid found in Seed (18 ppm)
Antihyperkeratotic
Beta-carotene found in Seed (0.83 ppm)
Antihyperkinetic
Calcium found in Seed (763 ppm)
Magnesium found in Seed (980 ppm)
Antihyperlipidemic
Catechin found in Plant
Antihypertensive
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (21 ppm)
Calcium found in Seed (763 ppm)
Fiber found in Seed (24000 ppm)
Magnesium found in Seed (980 ppm)
Potassium found in Seed (6242 ppm)
Antihypoglycemic
Magnesium found in Seed (980 ppm)
Antiichythyotic
Beta-carotene found in Seed (0.83 ppm)
Antiimpotence
Zinc found in Seed (56 ppm)
Antiinfective
Zinc found in Seed (56 ppm)
Antiinfertility
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (21 ppm)
Vanadium found in Seed (0.01 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (56 ppm)
Antiinflammatory
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (21 ppm)
Catechin found in Plant
Copper found in Seed (15 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Leaf
Magnesium found in Seed (980 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Leaf
Antiinsomniac
Calcium found in Seed (763 ppm)
Magnesium found in Seed (980 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (56 ppm)
Antiinsomnic
Niacin found in Seed (9.3 ppm)
Antiinsulinogenic
Vanadium found in Seed (0.01 ppm)
Antikeratitic
Riboflavin found in Seed (1.3 ppm)
Antikeshan
Selenium found in Seed (0.02 ppm)
Antilepric
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (21 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (56 ppm)
Antileukemic
Catechin found in Plant
Selenium found in Seed (0.02 ppm)
Antileukonychic
Zinc found in Seed (56 ppm)
Antileukoplakic
Beta-carotene found in Seed (0.83 ppm)
Antileukotriene-D4
Linoleic-acid found in Leaf
Oleic-acid found in Leaf
Antileukotriene
Selenium found in Seed (0.02 ppm)
Antilipoperoxidant
Beta-carotene found in Seed (0.83 ppm)
Catechin found in Plant
Antilithic
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (21 ppm)
Magnesium found in Seed (980 ppm)
Antilupus
Beta-carotene found in Seed (0.83 ppm)
Antilymphomic
Zinc found in Seed (56 ppm)
Antimaculitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (21 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Seed (0.83 ppm)
Selenium found in Seed (0.02 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (56 ppm)
Antimanic
Vanadium found in Seed (0.01 ppm)
Antimastalgic
Magnesium found in Seed (980 ppm)
Antimastitic
Beta-carotene found in Seed (0.83 ppm)
Antimeasles
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (21 ppm)
Antimelanomic
Selenium found in Seed (0.02 ppm)
Antimenopausal
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (21 ppm)
Calcium found in Seed (763 ppm)
Magnesium found in Seed (980 ppm)
Selenium found in Seed (0.02 ppm)
Antimenorrhagic
Iron found in Seed (73 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Leaf
Antimetastatic
Selenium found in Seed (0.02 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (56 ppm)
Antimigraine
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (21 ppm)
Magnesium found in Seed (980 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Seed (1.3 ppm)
Thiamin found in Seed (8.9 ppm)
Antimitral-valve-prolapse
Magnesium found in Seed (980 ppm)
Antimutagenic
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (21 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Seed (0.83 ppm)
Antimyalgic
Selenium found in Seed (0.02 ppm)
Antimyocarditic
Thiamin found in Seed (8.9 ppm)
Antinephrolytic
Magnesium found in Seed (980 ppm)
Antineuralgic
Niacin found in Seed (9.3 ppm)
Thiamin found in Seed (8.9 ppm)
Antineuramidase
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (21 ppm)
Antineurasthenic
Thiamin found in Seed (8.9 ppm)
Antineuritic
Thiamin found in Seed (8.9 ppm)
Antineuropathic
Thiamin found in Seed (8.9 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (56 ppm)
Antineurotic
Magnesium found in Seed (980 ppm)
Antinitrosic
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (21 ppm)
Antinociceptive
Copper found in Seed (15 ppm)
Antinyctalopic
Zinc found in Seed (56 ppm)
Antiobesity
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (21 ppm)
Calcium found in Seed (763 ppm)
Chromium found in Seed (0.3 ppm)
Fiber found in Seed (24000 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (56 ppm)
Antionychyotic
Silicon found in Seed (200 ppm)
Antiorchitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (21 ppm)
Antiosteoarthritic
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (21 ppm)
Boron found in Seed (7.6 ppm)
Selenium found in Seed (0.02 ppm)
Sulfur found in Seed (800 ppm)
Antiosteoporotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (21 ppm)
Boron found in Seed (7.6 ppm)
Calcium found in Seed (763 ppm)
Copper found in Seed (15 ppm)
Magnesium found in Seed (980 ppm)
Manganese found in Seed (30 ppm)
Phosphorus found in Seed (3340 ppm)
Silicon found in Seed (200 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (56 ppm)
Antiosteotic
Catechin found in Plant
Antiototic
Manganese found in Seed (30 ppm)
Antioxidant
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (21 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Seed (0.83 ppm)
Catechin found in Plant
Lauric-acid found in Leaf
Manganese found in Seed (30 ppm)
Myristic-acid found in Leaf
Palmitic-acid found in Leaf
Riboflavin found in Seed (1.3 ppm)
Selenium found in Seed (0.02 ppm)
Antiozenic
Beta-carotene found in Seed (0.83 ppm)
Antipapillomic
Beta-carotene found in Seed (0.83 ppm)
Antiparkinsonian
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (21 ppm)
Niacin found in Seed (9.3 ppm)
Selenium found in Seed (0.02 ppm)
Antiparotitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (21 ppm)
Antipellagric
Niacin found in Seed (9.3 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Seed (1.3 ppm)
Antiperiodontal
Catechin found in Plant
Antiperiodontitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (21 ppm)
Calcium found in Seed (763 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (56 ppm)
Antiphotophobic
Beta-carotene found in Seed (0.83 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Seed (1.3 ppm)
Antipityriasic
Beta-carotene found in Seed (0.83 ppm)
Antiplaque
Catechin found in Plant
Magnesium found in Seed (980 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (56 ppm)
Antipneumonic
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (21 ppm)
Antipodriac
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (21 ppm)
Antipoliomyelitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (21 ppm)
Thiamin found in Seed (8.9 ppm)
Antiporphyric
Beta-carotene found in Seed (0.83 ppm)
Antiprolactin
Zinc found in Seed (56 ppm)
Antiproliferant
Beta-carotene found in Seed (0.83 ppm)
Selenium found in Seed (0.02 ppm)
Antiprostaglandin
Catechin found in Plant
Antiprostatitic
Linoleic-acid found in Leaf
Zinc found in Seed (56 ppm)
Antiprostatotic
Phytosterols found in Leaf
Antipsoriac
Beta-carotene found in Seed (0.83 ppm)
Antipyretic
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (21 ppm)
Antiradicular
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (21 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Seed (0.83 ppm)
Catechin found in Plant
Selenium found in Seed (0.02 ppm)
Antiretinopathic
Magnesium found in Seed (980 ppm)
Antiretinotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (21 ppm)
Antirheumatic
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (21 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Seed (0.83 ppm)
Calcium found in Seed (763 ppm)
Selenium found in Seed (0.02 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (56 ppm)
Antirhinitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (21 ppm)
Antisclerodermic
Catechin found in Plant
Antiscorbutic
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (21 ppm)
Antiscotomic
Niacin found in Seed (9.3 ppm)
Antiseborrheic
Sulfur found in Seed (800 ppm)
Antiseptic
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (21 ppm)
Chlorine found in Seed (46 ppm)
Iodine found in Seed (0.1 ppm)
Sulfur found in Seed (800 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (56 ppm)
Antishingles
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (21 ppm)
Antisickling
3,4-dihydroxybenzoic-acid found in Plant
Antisilicotic
Aluminum found in Seed (11 ppm)
Antispare-Tire
Zinc found in Seed (56 ppm)
Antispasmodic
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (21 ppm)
Magnesium found in Seed (980 ppm)
Niacin found in Seed (9.3 ppm)
Potassium found in Seed (6242 ppm)
Antispasmophilic
Magnesium found in Seed (980 ppm)
Antistomatitic
Zinc found in Seed (56 ppm)
Antistress
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (21 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Seed (0.83 ppm)
Calcium found in Seed (763 ppm)
Magnesium found in Seed (980 ppm)
Antistroke
Magnesium found in Seed (980 ppm)
Potassium found in Seed (6242 ppm)
Antisyndrome-X
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (21 ppm)
Chromium found in Seed (0.3 ppm)
Magnesium found in Seed (980 ppm)
Manganese found in Seed (30 ppm)
Selenium found in Seed (0.02 ppm)
Vanadium found in Seed (0.01 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (56 ppm)
Antithyrotoxic
Iodine found in Seed (0.1 ppm)
Antitic
Calcium found in Seed (763 ppm)
Antitinnitic
Zinc found in Seed (56 ppm)
Antitriglyceride
Chromium found in Seed (0.3 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (56 ppm)
Antitumor
Beta-carotene found in Seed (0.83 ppm)
Fiber found in Seed (24000 ppm)
Selenium found in Seed (0.02 ppm)
Antiulcer
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (21 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Seed (0.83 ppm)
Catechin found in Plant
Fiber found in Seed (24000 ppm)
Gold found in Seed (0.001 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (56 ppm)
Antiulcerogenic
Selenium found in Seed (0.02 ppm)
Antivaginitic
Aluminum found in Seed (11 ppm)
Antivertigo
Niacin found in Seed (9.3 ppm)
Antiviral
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (21 ppm)
Catechin found in Plant
Chlorine found in Seed (46 ppm)
Iodine found in Seed (0.1 ppm)
Lauric-acid found in Leaf
Antixerophthalmic
Beta-carotene found in Seed (0.83 ppm)
Anxiolytic
Calcium found in Seed (763 ppm)
Magnesium found in Seed (980 ppm)
Phosphorus found in Seed (3340 ppm)
Potassium found in Seed (6242 ppm)
Selenium found in Seed (0.02 ppm)
Apoptotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (21 ppm)
Selenium found in Seed (0.02 ppm)
Asthma-preventive
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (21 ppm)
Astringent
Catechin found in Plant
Zinc found in Seed (56 ppm)
Beta-Blocker
Fiber found in Seed (24000 ppm)
Potassium found in Seed (6242 ppm)
Beta-Glucuronidase-Inhibitor
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (21 ppm)
CNS-Depressant
Magnesium found in Seed (980 ppm)
COMP-Inhibitor
Catechin found in Plant
COX-1-Inhibitor
Beta-carotene found in Seed (0.83 ppm)
Catechin found in Plant
Lauric-acid found in Leaf
COX-2-Inhibitor
Beta-carotene found in Seed (0.83 ppm)
Lauric-acid found in Leaf
Calcium-Antagonist
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (21 ppm)
Magnesium found in Seed (980 ppm)
Calcium-Channel-Blocker
Calcium found in Seed (763 ppm)
Cancer-Preventive
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (21 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Seed (0.83 ppm)
Catechin found in Plant
Fiber found in Seed (24000 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Leaf
Myristic-acid found in Leaf
Niacin found in Seed (9.3 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Leaf
Pantothenic-acid found in Seed (18 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Seed (1.3 ppm)
Selenium found in Seed (0.02 ppm)
Candidicide
Aluminum found in Seed (11 ppm)
Chlorine found in Seed (46 ppm)
Lauric-acid found in Leaf
Carcinogenic
Catechin found in Plant
Linoleic-acid found in Leaf
Cardiomyopathogenic
Cobalt found in Seed (0.4 ppm)
Cardioprotective
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (21 ppm)
Chromium found in Seed (0.3 ppm)
Copper found in Seed (15 ppm)
Fiber found in Seed (24000 ppm)
Magnesium found in Seed (980 ppm)
Niacin found in Seed (9.3 ppm)
Potassium found in Seed (6242 ppm)
Selenium found in Seed (0.02 ppm)
Silicon found in Seed (200 ppm)
Cardiotoxic
Potassium found in Seed (6242 ppm)
Chemopreventive
Beta-carotene found in Seed (0.83 ppm)
Choleretic
Oleic-acid found in Leaf
Circulotonic
Niacin found in Seed (9.3 ppm)
Cold-preventive
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (21 ppm)
Collagenic
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (21 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (56 ppm)
Colorant
Beta-carotene found in Seed (0.83 ppm)
Comedogenic
Sulfur found in Seed (800 ppm)
Comedolytic
Linoleic-acid found in Leaf
Contraceptive
Copper found in Seed (15 ppm)
Copper-Antagonist
Zinc found in Seed (56 ppm)
Cosmetic
Myristic-acid found in Leaf
Stearic-acid found in Leaf
Cyclooxygenase-Inhibitor
Catechin found in Plant
Deodorant
Zinc found in Seed (56 ppm)
Depressant
Selenium found in Seed (0.02 ppm)
Dermatitigenic
Iodine found in Seed (0.1 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Leaf
Detoxicant
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (21 ppm)
Diuretic
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (21 ppm)
Calcium found in Seed (763 ppm)
Fiber found in Seed (24000 ppm)
Magnesium found in Seed (980 ppm)
Potassium found in Seed (6242 ppm)
Encephalopathic
Aluminum found in Seed (11 ppm)
Energizer
Chromium found in Seed (0.3 ppm)
Ergogenic
Zinc found in Seed (56 ppm)
Erythrocytogenic
Cobalt found in Seed (0.4 ppm)
Estrogenic
Boron found in Seed (7.6 ppm)
FLavor
Oleic-acid found in Leaf
Palmitic-acid found in Leaf
Stearic-acid found in Leaf
Fibrinolytic
Niacin found in Seed (9.3 ppm)
Fistula-Preventive
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (21 ppm)
Fungicide
Catechin found in Plant
Chlorine found in Seed (46 ppm)
Iodine found in Seed (0.1 ppm)
Selenium found in Seed (0.02 ppm)
Gastroprotective
Beta-carotene found in Seed (0.83 ppm)
Goitrogenic
Iodine found in Seed (0.1 ppm)
Hemolytic
Palmitic-acid found in Leaf
Hemostat
Catechin found in Plant
Hepatoprotective
Catechin found in Plant
Linoleic-acid found in Leaf
Niacin found in Seed (9.3 ppm)
Hepatotoxic
Niacin found in Seed (9.3 ppm)
Hypercholesterolemic
Lauric-acid found in Leaf
Myristic-acid found in Leaf
Palmitic-acid found in Leaf
Hypertensive
Cadmium found in Seed (0.03 ppm)
Sodium found in Seed (31 ppm)
Hyperthyroid
Iodine found in Seed (0.1 ppm)
Hypocholesterolemic
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (21 ppm)
Calcium found in Seed (763 ppm)
Catechin found in Plant
Chromium found in Seed (0.3 ppm)
Copper found in Seed (15 ppm)
Fiber found in Seed (24000 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Leaf
Magnesium found in Seed (980 ppm)
Niacin found in Seed (9.3 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Leaf
Phytosterols found in Leaf
Stearic-acid found in Leaf
Vanadium found in Seed (0.01 ppm)
Hypoglycemic
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (21 ppm)
Chromium found in Seed (0.3 ppm)
Manganese found in Seed (30 ppm)
Niacin found in Seed (9.3 ppm)
Vanadium found in Seed (0.01 ppm)
Hypolipidemic
Niacin found in Seed (9.3 ppm)
Hypotensive
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (21 ppm)
Calcium found in Seed (763 ppm)
Chromium found in Seed (0.3 ppm)
Fiber found in Seed (24000 ppm)
Magnesium found in Seed (980 ppm)
Potassium found in Seed (6242 ppm)
Vanadium found in Seed (0.01 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (56 ppm)
Hypotriglyceridemic
Vanadium found in Seed (0.01 ppm)
Hypouricemic
Fiber found in Seed (24000 ppm)
Immunomodulator
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (21 ppm)
Chromium found in Seed (0.3 ppm)
Copper found in Seed (15 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Leaf
Magnesium found in Seed (980 ppm)
Selenium found in Seed (0.02 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (56 ppm)
Immunostimulant
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (21 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Seed (0.83 ppm)
Catechin found in Plant
Phosphorus found in Seed (3340 ppm)
Selenium found in Seed (0.02 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (56 ppm)
Immunosuppressant
Zinc found in Seed (56 ppm)
Insectifuge
Linoleic-acid found in Leaf
Oleic-acid found in Leaf
Thiamin found in Seed (8.9 ppm)
Insulin-Sparing
Nickel found in Seed (1.6 ppm)
Insulinogenic
Chromium found in Seed (0.3 ppm)
Magnesium found in Seed (980 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (56 ppm)
Interferon-Synergist
Beta-carotene found in Seed (0.83 ppm)
Interferonogenic
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (21 ppm)
Irritant
Oleic-acid found in Leaf
Keratolytic
Sulfur found in Seed (800 ppm)
Laxative
Calcium found in Seed (763 ppm)
Fiber found in Seed (24000 ppm)
Magnesium found in Seed (980 ppm)
Sulfur found in Seed (800 ppm)
Leptingenic
Zinc found in Seed (56 ppm)
Lipoxygenase-Inhibitor
Catechin found in Plant
Lithogenic
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (21 ppm)
Cadmium found in Seed (0.03 ppm)
Litholytic
Magnesium found in Seed (980 ppm)
Lubricant
Myristic-acid found in Leaf
Palmitic-acid found in Leaf
Stearic-acid found in Leaf
Memorigenic
Chromium found in Seed (0.3 ppm)
Metastatic
Linoleic-acid found in Leaf
Mucogenic
Beta-carotene found in Seed (0.83 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (56 ppm)
Mucolytic
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (21 ppm)
Myorelaxant
Magnesium found in Seed (980 ppm)
NF-kB-Inhibitor
Selenium found in Seed (0.02 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (56 ppm)
Nematicide
Linoleic-acid found in Leaf
Myristic-acid found in Leaf
Palmitic-acid found in Leaf
Nephrotoxic
Cadmium found in Seed (0.03 ppm)
Gold found in Seed (0.001 ppm)
Mercury found in Seed (0.1 ppm)
Vanadium found in Seed (0.01 ppm)
Neuroprotective
Thiamin found in Seed (8.9 ppm)
Neurotransmitter
Magnesium found in Seed (980 ppm)
Ornithine-Decarboxylase-Inhibitor
Selenium found in Seed (0.02 ppm)
Osteogenic
Phosphorus found in Seed (3340 ppm)
Pancreatoxic
Vanadium found in Seed (0.01 ppm)
Parasiticide
Sulfur found in Seed (800 ppm)
Percutaneostimulant
Oleic-acid found in Leaf
Perfumery
Oleic-acid found in Leaf
Stearic-acid found in Leaf
Phagocytotic
Beta-carotene found in Seed (0.83 ppm)
Polyamine-Synthesis-Inhibitor
Selenium found in Seed (0.02 ppm)
Prooxidant
Beta-carotene found in Seed (0.83 ppm)
Iron found in Seed (73 ppm)
Propecic
Catechin found in Plant
Linoleic-acid found in Leaf
Oleic-acid found in Leaf
Palmitic-acid found in Leaf
Stearic-acid found in Leaf
Prostaglandin-Sparer
Selenium found in Seed (0.02 ppm)
Protein-Kinase-C-Inhibitor
Selenium found in Seed (0.02 ppm)
Protisticide
Iodine found in Seed (0.1 ppm)
Scabicide
Sulfur found in Seed (800 ppm)
Schizophrenigenic
Copper found in Seed (15 ppm)
Sedative
Niacin found in Seed (9.3 ppm)
Serotoninergic
Niacin found in Seed (9.3 ppm)
Soap
Palmitic-acid found in Leaf
Spermigenic
Zinc found in Seed (56 ppm)
Suppository
Stearic-acid found in Leaf
Taenicide
Tin found in Seed (1.8 ppm)
Testosteronigenic
Zinc found in Seed (56 ppm)
Thymoprotective
Beta-carotene found in Seed (0.83 ppm)
Thyrotropic
Iodine found in Seed (0.1 ppm)
Toxic
Vanadium found in Seed (0.01 ppm)
Tranquilizer
Calcium found in Seed (763 ppm)
Magnesium found in Seed (980 ppm)
Trichomonicide
Zinc found in Seed (56 ppm)
Ubiquiot
Beta-carotene found in Seed (0.83 ppm)
Uricosuric
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (21 ppm)
Urinary-Acidulant
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (21 ppm)
Uterorelaxant
Magnesium found in Seed (980 ppm)
VEGF-Inhibitor
Selenium found in Seed (0.02 ppm)
Vasodilator
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (21 ppm)
Calcium found in Seed (763 ppm)
Fiber found in Seed (24000 ppm)
Magnesium found in Seed (980 ppm)
Niacin found in Seed (9.3 ppm)
Potassium found in Seed (6242 ppm)
Vulnerary
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (21 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (56 ppm)
Xanthine-Oxidase-Inhibitor
Catechin found in Plant

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Chemicals detected

Chemical Plant part Low ppm High ppm
3,4-dihydroxybenzoic-acid Plant
Aluminum Seed 11
Antimony Seed 0.2
Arachidic-acid Leaf
Arsenic Seed 0.02
Ascorbic-acid Seed 20 21
Ash Seed 16,000 17,000
Azaleatin Plant
Azaleatin-3-arabinoside Plant
Azaleatin-3-rutinoside Plant
Barium Seed 14
Beta-carotene Seed 0.13 0.83
Boron Seed 6.5 7.6
Bromine Seed 1.5
Cadmium Seed 0.03
Calcium Seed 618 763
Caprolic-acid Leaf
Carbohydrates Seed 130,000 191,637
Caryatin Plant
Caryatin-3'-glucoside Plant
Catechin Plant
Cesium Seed 0.3
Chlorine Seed 46
Chromium Seed 0.3
Cobalt Seed 0.4
Copper Seed 15
Europium Seed 0.02
Fat Seed 712,000 753,000
Fiber Seed 22,000 24,000
Fluorine Seed 1.6
Gold Seed 0.001
Hafnium Seed 0.1
Iodine Seed 0.1
Iron Seed 24 73
Kilocalories Seed 6,670 7,180
Lanthanum Seed 0.02
Lauric-acid Leaf
Lead Seed 0.3
Linoleic-acid Leaf
Linolenic-acid Leaf
Lutetium Seed 0.01
M-inositol Plant
Magnesium Seed 980
Manganese Seed 30
Mercury Seed 0.1
Molybdenum Plant
Myristic-acid Leaf
Niacin Seed 8.9 9.3
Nickel Seed 1.6
Oleic-acid Leaf
Palmitic-acid Leaf
Pantothenic-acid Seed 17 18
Phloroglucin Plant
Phosphorus Seed 2,890 3,340
Phytosterols Leaf
Potassium Seed 3,971 6,242
Protein Seed 92,000 97,000
Quercetin-3'-glucoside Plant
Quercetin-3,5-dimethylether Plant
Quercetin-5-methylether Plant
Riboflavin Seed 1.1 1.3
Rubidium Seed 22
Samarium Seed 0.06
Scandium Seed 0.004
Selenium Seed 0.02
Silicon Seed 200
Sodium Seed 0 31
Stearic-acid Leaf
Strontium Seed 2.5
Sulfur Seed 800
Tantalum Seed 0.1
Thiamin Seed 7.2 8.9
Thorium Seed 0.1
Tin Seed 1.8
Titanium Seed 2.8
Tungsten Seed 0.05
Vanadium Seed 0.01
Vit-b-6 Seed 1.8 2
Water Seed 30,000 50,540
Ytterbium Seed 0.03
Zinc Seed 56
Reference: Dr. Duke's Phytochemical and Ethnobotanical Databases. [Online Database]