Carum carvi Health effects and herbal facts

Known as
caraway carum
Carum carvi

Medical use

Economic importance of Carum carvi

Food additives flavoring
Materials esential oils lipids
Medicines folklore
Weed potential sed contaminant

Gallery

Carum carvi Carum carvi Carum carvi Carum carvi Carum carvi Carum carvi Carum carvi Carum carvi Carum carvi Carum carvi Carum carvi Carum carvi Carum carvi Carum carvi

Geografical distribution

  • AFRICA
    Native
    • Northern Africa: Tunisia
  • ASIA-TEMPERATE
    Native
    • Western Asia: Afghanistan; Iran; Iraq ; Turkey
    • Caucasus: Armenia; Azerbaijan; Georgia; Russian Federation - Ciscaucasia, Dagestan
    • Siberia: Russian Federation - Altay, Eastern Siberia, Western Siberia
    • Middle Asia: Kyrgyzstan; Tajikistan; Turkmenistan
    • Mongolia: Mongolia
    • Russian Far East: Russian Federation - Kamchatka
    • China: China - Gansu, Hebei, Qinghai, Shanxi, Xinjiang, Xizang
  • ASIA-TROPICAL
    Native
    • Indian Subcontinent: Bhutan; India ; Nepal; Pakistan
  • EUROPE
    Native
    • Northern Europe: Denmark; Finland; Norway; Svalbard and Jan Mayen
    • Middle Europe: Austria; Belgium; Czech Republic; Germany; Hungary; Netherlands; Poland; Slovakia; Switzerland
    • East Europe: Belarus; Estonia; Latvia; Lithuania; Moldova; Ukraine
    • Southeastern Europe: Albania; Bosnia and Herzegovina; Bulgaria; Croatia; Italy; Macedonia; Montenegro; Romania; Serbia; Slovenia
    • Southwestern Europe: France; Spain

Biological activities

11B-HSD-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Flower ;found in Leaf ;found in Seed
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Leaf ;found in Seed
5-Alpha-Reductase-Inhibitor
Alpha-linolenic-acid found in Seed (1664 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (46714 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Seed (241000 ppm)
Palmitic-acid found in Seed (9000 ppm)
Palmitoleic-acid found in Seed (999 ppm)
Stearic-acid found in Seed (1800 ppm)
5-Lipoxygenase-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Flower ;found in Leaf ;found in Seed
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Leaf ;found in Seed
ACE-Inhibitor
Alpha-terpinene found in Seed (12 ppm)
Alpha-terpineol found in Seed
Astragalin found in Seed
Gamma-terpinene found in Plant (2215 ppm);found in Seed (14160 ppm)
Isoquercitrin found in Seed ;found in Shoot
Myrcene found in Plant (150 ppm);found in Seed (1560 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (66 ppm)
AChE-Inhibitor
Limonene found in Seed Essent. Oil (381600 ppm);found in Plant (420 ppm);found in Seed (42000 ppm);found in Essential Oil (500000 ppm)
ATPase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Leaf ;found in Seed
Abortifacient
Thujone found in Seed
Absorbent
Starch found in Seed (45000 ppm)
Acaricide
1,8-cineole found in Seed (0.1 ppm)
Alpha-terpinene found in Seed (12 ppm)
Gamma-terpinene found in Plant (2215 ppm);found in Seed (14160 ppm)
Limonene found in Seed Essent. Oil (381600 ppm);found in Plant (420 ppm);found in Seed (42000 ppm);found in Essential Oil (500000 ppm)
Linalool found in Seed (96 ppm)
Perillaldehyde found in Seed (60 ppm)
Acetylcholinergic
Glucose found in Seed
Addictive
Acetaldehyde found in Seed
Adjuvant
Cystine found in Seed (3650 ppm)
Aldehyde-Oxidase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Leaf ;found in Seed
Aldose-Reductase-Inhibitor
Alpha-terpinene found in Seed (12 ppm)
Alpha-terpineol found in Seed
Astragalin found in Seed
Caffeic-acid found in Seed (2840 ppm)
Gamma-terpinene found in Plant (2215 ppm);found in Seed (14160 ppm)
Herniarin found in Plant
Hyperoside found in Seed
Isoquercitrin found in Seed ;found in Shoot
Kaempferol found in Flower ;found in Leaf ;found in Seed
Myrcene found in Plant (150 ppm);found in Seed (1560 ppm)
P-coumaric-acid found in Seed (86 ppm)
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Leaf ;found in Seed
Scopoletin found in Plant ;found in Root
Trifolin found in Seed
Umbelliferone found in Plant ;found in Root
Allelochemic
Alpha-pinene found in Plant (20 ppm);found in Seed (540 ppm)
Limonene found in Seed Essent. Oil (381600 ppm);found in Plant (420 ppm);found in Seed (42000 ppm);found in Essential Oil (500000 ppm)
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Leaf ;found in Seed
Scopoletin found in Plant ;found in Root
Terpinolene found in Seed
Umbelliferone found in Plant ;found in Root
Allelopathic
1,8-cineole found in Seed (0.1 ppm)
Alpha-terpineol found in Seed
Camphene found in Plant (30 ppm);found in Seed (900 ppm)
P-coumaric-acid found in Seed (86 ppm)
Terpinen-4-ol found in Plant (985 ppm)
Allergenic
1,8-cineole found in Seed (0.1 ppm)
Alpha-pinene found in Plant (20 ppm);found in Seed (540 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Seed (2 ppm)
Beta-pinene found in Plant (20 ppm);found in Seed (600 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Seed (2840 ppm)
Carvacrol found in Seed Essent. Oil (595300 ppm);found in Seed
Carvone found in Seed Essent. Oil (900000 ppm);found in Seed (32640 ppm);found in Essential Oil (580000 ppm);found in Plant (3120 ppm)
Citronellol found in Seed (0.1 ppm)
Herniarin found in Plant
Limonene found in Seed Essent. Oil (381600 ppm);found in Plant (420 ppm);found in Seed (42000 ppm);found in Essential Oil (500000 ppm)
Linalool found in Seed (96 ppm)
Mufa found in Seed (79085 ppm)
Myrcene found in Plant (150 ppm);found in Seed (1560 ppm)
Niacin found in Seed (56 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Seed (241000 ppm)
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Leaf ;found in Seed
Alpha-Reductase-Inhibitor
Oleic-acid found in Seed (241000 ppm)
Amphetaminagenic
Myristicin found in Plant (120 ppm);found in Seed (985 ppm)
Analgesic
Caffeic-acid found in Seed (2840 ppm)
Falcarindiol found in Root (290 ppm)
Hyperoside found in Seed
Linalool found in Seed (96 ppm)
Myrcene found in Plant (150 ppm);found in Seed (1560 ppm)
P-cymene found in Seed (1320 ppm)
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Leaf ;found in Seed
Scopoletin found in Plant ;found in Root
Thiamin found in Seed (4 ppm)
Tryptophan found in Seed (2710 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (66 ppm)
Androgenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Root ;found in Seed (420 ppm)
Anemiagenic
Mufa found in Seed (79085 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Seed (241000 ppm)
Anesthetic
1,8-cineole found in Seed (0.1 ppm)
Carvacrol found in Seed Essent. Oil (595300 ppm);found in Seed
Linalool found in Seed (96 ppm)
Myristicin found in Plant (120 ppm);found in Seed (985 ppm)
Scopoletin found in Plant ;found in Root
Angiogenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Root ;found in Seed (420 ppm)
Angiotensin-Receptor-Blocker
Fiber found in Seed (223000 ppm)
Potassium found in Seed (15670 ppm)
Anorexic
Beta-sitosterol found in Root ;found in Seed (420 ppm)
Anthelmintic
1,8-cineole found in Seed (0.1 ppm)
Carvacrol found in Seed Essent. Oil (595300 ppm);found in Seed
Tannin found in Plant
Thujone found in Seed
AntiADD
Phenylalanine found in Seed (9625 ppm)
AntiAGE
Chromium found in Seed (15.5 ppm)
AntiBPH
Zinc found in Seed (66 ppm)
AntiCFS
Chromium found in Seed (15.5 ppm)
Magnesium found in Seed (2950 ppm)
AntiEBV
Geranial found in Seed
AntiGTF
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Leaf ;found in Seed
AntiHIV
Caffeic-acid found in Seed (2840 ppm)
Methanol found in Seed
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Leaf ;found in Seed
Tannin found in Plant
Zinc found in Seed (66 ppm)
AntiLegionella
Caffeic-acid found in Seed (2840 ppm)
AntiLyme
Magnesium found in Seed (2950 ppm)
Niacin found in Seed (56 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Seed (4 ppm)
Thiamin found in Seed (4 ppm)
AntiMS
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (46714 ppm)
Magnesium found in Seed (2950 ppm)
Pufa found in Seed (36320 ppm)
AntiPMS
Beta-carotene found in Seed (2 ppm)
Calcium found in Seed (8160 ppm)
Magnesium found in Seed (2950 ppm)
Manganese found in Seed (34 ppm)
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Leaf ;found in Seed
AntiUTI
Mannose found in Seed
Antiacetylcholinesterase
1,8-cineole found in Seed (0.1 ppm)
Alpha-terpinene found in Seed (12 ppm)
Carvone found in Seed Essent. Oil (900000 ppm);found in Seed (32640 ppm);found in Essential Oil (580000 ppm);found in Plant (3120 ppm)
Gamma-terpinene found in Plant (2215 ppm);found in Seed (14160 ppm)
Limonene found in Seed Essent. Oil (381600 ppm);found in Plant (420 ppm);found in Seed (42000 ppm);found in Essential Oil (500000 ppm)
Linalool found in Seed (96 ppm)
P-cymene found in Seed (1320 ppm)
Terpinen-4-ol found in Plant (985 ppm)
Antiacid
Glycine found in Seed (14675 ppm)
Antiacne
Alpha-pinene found in Plant (20 ppm);found in Seed (540 ppm)
Alpha-terpineol found in Seed
Beta-carotene found in Seed (2 ppm)
Chromium found in Seed (15.5 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (46714 ppm)
Pufa found in Seed (36320 ppm)
Terpinen-4-ol found in Plant (985 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (66 ppm)
Antiacrodermatitic
Zinc found in Seed (66 ppm)
Antiacrodynic
Niacin found in Seed (56 ppm)
Antiadenomic
Beta-sitosterol found in Root ;found in Seed (420 ppm)
Limonene found in Seed Essent. Oil (381600 ppm);found in Plant (420 ppm);found in Seed (42000 ppm);found in Essential Oil (500000 ppm)
Antiadenoviral
Caffeic-acid found in Seed (2840 ppm)
Antiadhesive
Mannose found in Seed
Antiadrenalinic
Nickel found in Seed (10 ppm)
Antiadrenergic
Scopoletin found in Plant ;found in Root
Antiaflatoxin
Geranial found in Seed
Kaempferol found in Flower ;found in Leaf ;found in Seed
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Leaf ;found in Seed
Scopoletin found in Plant ;found in Root
Xanthotoxin found in Seed
Antiaggregant
Alpha-linolenic-acid found in Seed (1664 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Seed (2840 ppm)
Falcarindiol found in Root (290 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Flower ;found in Leaf ;found in Seed
Magnesium found in Seed (2950 ppm)
Myristicin found in Plant (120 ppm);found in Seed (985 ppm)
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Leaf ;found in Seed
Salicylates found in Seed (30 ppm)
Antiaging
Beta-carotene found in Seed (2 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Seed (2840 ppm)
Chromium found in Seed (15.5 ppm)
Hyperoside found in Seed
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Leaf ;found in Seed
Antiakathisic
Iron found in Seed (1200 ppm)
Antialcoholic
Magnesium found in Seed (2950 ppm)
Manganese found in Seed (34 ppm)
Thiamin found in Seed (4 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (66 ppm)
Antialdosteronic
Glycine found in Seed (14675 ppm)
Antialkalotic
Lysine found in Seed (11445 ppm)
Antiallergic
1,8-cineole found in Seed (0.1 ppm)
Calcium found in Seed (8160 ppm)
Herniarin found in Plant
Kaempferol found in Flower ;found in Leaf ;found in Seed
Linalool found in Seed (96 ppm)
Niacin found in Seed (56 ppm)
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Leaf ;found in Seed
Terpinen-4-ol found in Plant (985 ppm)
Antialopecic
8-methoxy-psoralen found in Plant
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (46714 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Seed (241000 ppm)
Palmitic-acid found in Seed (9000 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (66 ppm)
Antialzheimeran
Niacin found in Seed (56 ppm)
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Leaf ;found in Seed
Thiamin found in Seed (4 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (66 ppm)
Antiamblyopic
Niacin found in Seed (56 ppm)
Antianaphylactic
Linalool found in Seed (96 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (46714 ppm)
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Leaf ;found in Seed
Antiandrogenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Root ;found in Seed (420 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (46714 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Seed (241000 ppm)
Palmitic-acid found in Seed (9000 ppm)
Antianemic
Copper found in Seed (18 ppm)
Iron found in Seed (1200 ppm)
Manganese found in Seed (34 ppm)
Antianginal
Magnesium found in Seed (2950 ppm)
Niacin found in Seed (56 ppm)
Antiangiogenic
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Leaf ;found in Seed
Zinc found in Seed (66 ppm)
Antianorectic
Magnesium found in Seed (2950 ppm)
Thiamin found in Seed (4 ppm)
Antianorexic
Zinc found in Seed (66 ppm)
Antianxiety
Calcium found in Seed (8160 ppm)
Magnesium found in Seed (2950 ppm)
Tryptophan found in Seed (2710 ppm)
Antiarabiflavinotic
Riboflavin found in Seed (4 ppm)
Antiarrhythmic
Calcium found in Seed (8160 ppm)
Magnesium found in Seed (2950 ppm)
Potassium found in Seed (15670 ppm)
Scopoletin found in Plant ;found in Root
Antiarteriosclerotic
Histidine found in Seed (6105 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (46714 ppm)
Antiarthritic
Beta-carotene found in Seed (2 ppm)
Calcium found in Seed (8160 ppm)
Copper found in Seed (18 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (46714 ppm)
Magnesium found in Seed (2950 ppm)
Manganese found in Seed (34 ppm)
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Leaf ;found in Seed
Zinc found in Seed (66 ppm)
Antiasthmatic
Beta-carotene found in Seed (2 ppm)
Limonene found in Seed Essent. Oil (381600 ppm);found in Plant (420 ppm);found in Seed (42000 ppm);found in Essential Oil (500000 ppm)
Magnesium found in Seed (2950 ppm)
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Leaf ;found in Seed
Scopoletin found in Plant ;found in Root
Terpinen-4-ol found in Plant (985 ppm)
Trans-carveol found in Flower Essent. Oil ;found in Seed (210 ppm)
Antiatherogenic
Caffeic-acid found in Seed (2840 ppm)
Antiatherosclerotic
Calcium found in Seed (8160 ppm)
Carvacrol found in Seed Essent. Oil (595300 ppm);found in Seed
Chromium found in Seed (15.5 ppm)
Magnesium found in Seed (2950 ppm)
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Leaf ;found in Seed
Antibacillary
P-cymene found in Seed (1320 ppm)
Antibackache
Thiamin found in Seed (4 ppm)
Antiberiberi
Thiamin found in Seed (4 ppm)
Antibronchitic
1,8-cineole found in Seed (0.1 ppm)
Antibronchoconstrictor
Scopoletin found in Plant ;found in Root
Anticancer
Alpha-terpineol found in Seed
Beta-carotene found in Seed (2 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Seed (2840 ppm)
Hyperoside found in Seed
Isoquercitrin found in Seed ;found in Shoot
Kaempferol found in Flower ;found in Leaf ;found in Seed
Limonene found in Seed Essent. Oil (381600 ppm);found in Plant (420 ppm);found in Seed (42000 ppm);found in Essential Oil (500000 ppm)
Tannin found in Plant
Anticanker
Iron found in Seed (1200 ppm)
Thiamin found in Seed (4 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (66 ppm)
Anticapillary-Fragility
Hyperoside found in Seed
Anticarcinogenic
Caffeic-acid found in Seed (2840 ppm)
Anticarcinomic
Beta-carotene found in Seed (2 ppm)
Anticardiospasmic
Thiamin found in Seed (4 ppm)
Anticariogenic
1,8-cineole found in Seed (0.1 ppm)
Alpha-terpineol found in Seed
Linalool found in Seed (96 ppm)
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Leaf ;found in Seed
Tannin found in Plant
Anticarpal-Tunnel
Riboflavin found in Seed (4 ppm)
Anticataract
Methionine found in Seed (4005 ppm)
Niacin found in Seed (56 ppm)
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Leaf ;found in Seed
Riboflavin found in Seed (4 ppm)
Thiamin found in Seed (4 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (66 ppm)
Anticatarrh
1,8-cineole found in Seed (0.1 ppm)
Anticephalagic
Magnesium found in Seed (2950 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Seed (4 ppm)
Anticervicaldysplasic
Beta-carotene found in Seed (2 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Seed (4 ppm)
Anticheilitic
Iron found in Seed (1200 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Seed (4 ppm)
Antichilblain
Niacin found in Seed (56 ppm)
Anticholinergic
Scopoletin found in Plant ;found in Root
Anticlastogen
P-coumaric-acid found in Seed (86 ppm)
Anticlimacteric
Calcium found in Seed (8160 ppm)
Magnesium found in Seed (2950 ppm)
Anticoeliac
Zinc found in Seed (66 ppm)
Anticold
Zinc found in Seed (66 ppm)
Anticolic
Linalool found in Seed (96 ppm)
Anticolitic
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Leaf ;found in Seed
Thiamin found in Seed (4 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (66 ppm)
Anticomplementary
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Leaf ;found in Seed
Anticonvulsant
Linalool found in Seed (96 ppm)
Magnesium found in Seed (2950 ppm)
Myrcene found in Plant (150 ppm);found in Seed (1560 ppm)
Niacin found in Seed (56 ppm)
Anticorneotic
Chromium found in Seed (15.5 ppm)
Anticoronary
Beta-carotene found in Seed (2 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (46714 ppm)
Magnesium found in Seed (2950 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (66 ppm)
Anticystitic
Mannose found in Seed
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Leaf ;found in Seed
Antidandruff
Zinc found in Seed (66 ppm)
Antidecubitic
Riboflavin found in Seed (4 ppm)
Thiamin found in Seed (4 ppm)
Antideliriant
Thiamin found in Seed (4 ppm)
Antidementia
Niacin found in Seed (56 ppm)
Thiamin found in Seed (4 ppm)
Tryptophan found in Seed (2710 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (66 ppm)
Antidepressant
Caffeic-acid found in Seed (2840 ppm)
Calcium found in Seed (8160 ppm)
Magnesium found in Seed (2950 ppm)
Myristicin found in Plant (120 ppm);found in Seed (985 ppm)
Phenylalanine found in Seed (9625 ppm)
Potassium found in Seed (15670 ppm)
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Leaf ;found in Seed
Tryptophan found in Seed (2710 ppm)
Antidermatitic
Hyperoside found in Seed
Niacin found in Seed (56 ppm)
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Leaf ;found in Seed
Xanthotoxin found in Seed
Antidiabetic
Chromium found in Seed (15.5 ppm)
Copper found in Seed (18 ppm)
Fiber found in Seed (223000 ppm)
Magnesium found in Seed (2950 ppm)
Manganese found in Seed (34 ppm)
Niacin found in Seed (56 ppm)
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Leaf ;found in Seed
Xylose found in Seed
Zinc found in Seed (66 ppm)
Antidiarrheic
Tannin found in Plant
Antidiscotic
Manganese found in Seed (34 ppm)
Antidiuretic
Carvacrol found in Seed Essent. Oil (595300 ppm);found in Seed
Antidote
Methanol found in Seed
Antidysenteric
Tannin found in Plant
Antidysgeuzic
Zinc found in Seed (66 ppm)
Antidyskinetic
Manganese found in Seed (34 ppm)
Tryptophan found in Seed (2710 ppm)
Antidysmenorrheic
Magnesium found in Seed (2950 ppm)
Antidyspeptic
Thiamin found in Seed (4 ppm)
Antidysphagic
Niacin found in Seed (56 ppm)
Antieczemic
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (46714 ppm)
Methionine found in Seed (4005 ppm)
Pufa found in Seed (36320 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (66 ppm)
Antiedemic
Beta-sitosterol found in Root ;found in Seed (420 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Seed (2840 ppm)
Glucose found in Seed
Linalool found in Seed (96 ppm)
Scopoletin found in Plant ;found in Root
Umbelliferone found in Plant ;found in Root
Antielastase
Caffeic-acid found in Seed (2840 ppm)
Hyperoside found in Seed
Isoquercitrin found in Seed ;found in Shoot
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Leaf ;found in Seed
Antiencephalitic
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Leaf ;found in Seed
Antiencephalopathic
Arginine found in Seed (13900 ppm)
Glycine found in Seed (14675 ppm)
Leucine found in Seed (13520 ppm)
Thiamin found in Seed (4 ppm)
Tyrosine found in Seed (7125 ppm)
Valine found in Seed (11510 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (66 ppm)
Antiendometriotic
Magnesium found in Seed (2950 ppm)
Antienterotic
Magnesium found in Seed (2950 ppm)
Antiepileptic
Glutamic-acid found in Seed (35175 ppm)
Magnesium found in Seed (2950 ppm)
Manganese found in Seed (34 ppm)
Niacin found in Seed (56 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (66 ppm)
Antiescherichic
Caffeic-acid found in Seed (2840 ppm)
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Leaf ;found in Seed
Antiesophagitic
Limonene found in Seed Essent. Oil (381600 ppm);found in Plant (420 ppm);found in Seed (42000 ppm);found in Essential Oil (500000 ppm)
Antiestrogenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Root ;found in Seed (420 ppm)
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Leaf ;found in Seed
Antifatigue
1,8-cineole found in Seed (0.1 ppm)
Chromium found in Seed (15.5 ppm)
Copper found in Seed (18 ppm)
Magnesium found in Seed (2950 ppm)
Potassium found in Seed (15670 ppm)
Thiamin found in Seed (4 ppm)
Antifeedant
Alpha-pinene found in Plant (20 ppm);found in Seed (540 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Root ;found in Seed (420 ppm)
Cadinene found in Plant (29760 ppm)
Gamma-terpinene found in Plant (2215 ppm);found in Seed (14160 ppm)
Isoquercitrin found in Seed ;found in Shoot
Limonene found in Seed Essent. Oil (381600 ppm);found in Plant (420 ppm);found in Seed (42000 ppm);found in Essential Oil (500000 ppm)
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Leaf ;found in Seed
Scopoletin found in Plant ;found in Root
Terpinolene found in Seed
Xanthotoxin found in Seed
Antifertility
Beta-sitosterol found in Root ;found in Seed (420 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Flower ;found in Leaf ;found in Seed
P-coumaric-acid found in Seed (86 ppm)
Antifibrinolytic
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (46714 ppm)
Palmitic-acid found in Seed (9000 ppm)
Antifibromyalgic
Magnesium found in Seed (2950 ppm)
Antifibrosarcomic
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Leaf ;found in Seed
Antifibrotic
Zinc found in Seed (66 ppm)
Antiflu
Alpha-pinene found in Plant (20 ppm);found in Seed (540 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Seed (2840 ppm)
Hyperoside found in Seed
Limonene found in Seed Essent. Oil (381600 ppm);found in Plant (420 ppm);found in Seed (42000 ppm);found in Essential Oil (500000 ppm)
P-cymene found in Seed (1320 ppm)
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Leaf ;found in Seed
Antifuruncular
Zinc found in Seed (66 ppm)
Antigastric
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Leaf ;found in Seed
Antigastritic
Glycine found in Seed (14675 ppm)
Thiamin found in Seed (4 ppm)
Antigastrotic
Magnesium found in Seed (2950 ppm)
Antigingivitic
Kaempferol found in Flower ;found in Leaf ;found in Seed
Antiglaucomic
Magnesium found in Seed (2950 ppm)
Antigliomic
Beta-elemene found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Essential Oil
Antiglossitic
Riboflavin found in Seed (4 ppm)
Antiglutamaergic
Linalool found in Seed (96 ppm)
Antiglycosuric
Chromium found in Seed (15.5 ppm)
Antigonadotrophic
Beta-sitosterol found in Root ;found in Seed (420 ppm)
Antigonadotropic
Caffeic-acid found in Seed (2840 ppm)
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Leaf ;found in Seed
Antigranular
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (46714 ppm)
Antihalitosic
1,8-cineole found in Seed (0.1 ppm)
Antihangover
Niacin found in Seed (56 ppm)
Thiamin found in Seed (4 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (66 ppm)
Antiheartburn
Thiamin found in Seed (4 ppm)
Antihelicobacter
Sabinene found in Seed (60 ppm)
Antihemolytic
Caffeic-acid found in Seed (2840 ppm)
Antihepatitic
Arginine found in Seed (13900 ppm)
Antihepatoadenomic
Caffeic-acid found in Seed (2840 ppm)
Antihepatotic
Methionine found in Seed (4005 ppm)
Antihepatotoxic
Caffeic-acid found in Seed (2840 ppm)
Glucose found in Seed
Hyperoside found in Seed
P-coumaric-acid found in Seed (86 ppm)
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Leaf ;found in Seed
Scopoletin found in Plant ;found in Root
Stigmasterol found in Seed (310 ppm)
Tannin found in Plant
Antiherpetic
Caffeic-acid found in Seed (2840 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Flower ;found in Leaf ;found in Seed
Lysine found in Seed (11445 ppm)
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Leaf ;found in Seed
Thiamin found in Seed (4 ppm)
Antihistaminic
Caffeic-acid found in Seed (2840 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Flower ;found in Leaf ;found in Seed
Linalool found in Seed (96 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (46714 ppm)
Niacin found in Seed (56 ppm)
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Leaf ;found in Seed
Umbelliferone found in Plant ;found in Root
Xanthotoxin found in Seed
Antihomocystinuric
Cystine found in Seed (3650 ppm)
Antihydrophobic
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Leaf ;found in Seed
Antihyperactivity
Niacin found in Seed (56 ppm)
Antihyperammonemic
Glutamic-acid found in Seed (35175 ppm)
Antihypercholesterolemic
Caffeic-acid found in Seed (2840 ppm)
Antihyperkeratotic
Beta-carotene found in Seed (2 ppm)
Antihyperkinetic
Calcium found in Seed (8160 ppm)
Magnesium found in Seed (2950 ppm)
Antihyperlipoproteinaemic
Beta-sitosterol found in Root ;found in Seed (420 ppm)
Antihypertensive
Alpha-linolenic-acid found in Seed (1664 ppm)
Arginine found in Seed (13900 ppm)
Calcium found in Seed (8160 ppm)
Fiber found in Seed (223000 ppm)
Magnesium found in Seed (2950 ppm)
Potassium found in Seed (15670 ppm)
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Leaf ;found in Seed
Tannin found in Plant
Tryptophan found in Seed (2710 ppm)
Antihyperthyroid
Caffeic-acid found in Seed (2840 ppm)
Antihypoglycemic
Magnesium found in Seed (2950 ppm)
Antiichythyotic
Beta-carotene found in Seed (2 ppm)
Antiimplantation
Kaempferol found in Flower ;found in Leaf ;found in Seed
Antiimpotence
Arginine found in Seed (13900 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (66 ppm)
Antiinfective
Zinc found in Seed (66 ppm)
Antiinfertility
Arginine found in Seed (13900 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (66 ppm)
Antiinflammatory
1,8-cineole found in Seed (0.1 ppm)
Alpha-linolenic-acid found in Seed (1664 ppm)
Alpha-pinene found in Plant (20 ppm);found in Seed (540 ppm)
Alpha-terpineol found in Seed
Beta-pinene found in Plant (20 ppm);found in Seed (600 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Root ;found in Seed (420 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Seed (2840 ppm)
Carvacrol found in Seed Essent. Oil (595300 ppm);found in Seed
Copper found in Seed (18 ppm)
Delta-3-carene found in Plant (100 ppm);found in Seed (180 ppm)
Hyperoside found in Seed
Isoquercitrin found in Seed ;found in Shoot
Kaempferol found in Flower ;found in Leaf ;found in Seed
Limonene found in Seed Essent. Oil (381600 ppm);found in Plant (420 ppm);found in Seed (42000 ppm);found in Essential Oil (500000 ppm)
Linalool found in Seed (96 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (46714 ppm)
Magnesium found in Seed (2950 ppm)
Mufa found in Seed (79085 ppm)
Myristicin found in Plant (120 ppm);found in Seed (985 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Seed (241000 ppm)
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Leaf ;found in Seed
Salicylates found in Seed (30 ppm)
Scopoletin found in Plant ;found in Root
Stigmasterol found in Seed (310 ppm)
Umbelliferone found in Plant ;found in Root
Xanthotoxin found in Seed
Antiinsomniac
Calcium found in Seed (8160 ppm)
Magnesium found in Seed (2950 ppm)
Tryptophan found in Seed (2710 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (66 ppm)
Antiinsomnic
Niacin found in Seed (56 ppm)
Antiischemic
Hyperoside found in Seed
Antikeratitic
Riboflavin found in Seed (4 ppm)
Antikeratotic
Xanthotoxin found in Seed
Antiketotic
Glucose found in Seed
Antilaryngitic
1,8-cineole found in Seed (0.1 ppm)
Antileishmanic
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Leaf ;found in Seed
Antilepric
Zinc found in Seed (66 ppm)
Antileucodermic
Xanthotoxin found in Seed
Antileukemic
Astragalin found in Seed
Beta-sitosterol found in Root ;found in Seed (420 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Seed (2840 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Flower ;found in Leaf ;found in Seed
Linalool found in Seed (96 ppm)
P-coumaric-acid found in Seed (86 ppm)
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Leaf ;found in Seed
Antileukonychic
Zinc found in Seed (66 ppm)
Antileukoplakic
Beta-carotene found in Seed (2 ppm)
Antileukotriene-D4
Alpha-linolenic-acid found in Seed (1664 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (46714 ppm)
Mufa found in Seed (79085 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Seed (241000 ppm)
Antileukotriene
Caffeic-acid found in Seed (2840 ppm)
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Leaf ;found in Seed
Antileukotrienogenic
Scopoletin found in Plant ;found in Root
Antilipolytic
Tannin found in Plant
Antilipoperoxidant
Beta-carotene found in Seed (2 ppm)
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Leaf ;found in Seed
Antilithic
Glutamic-acid found in Seed (35175 ppm)
Limonene found in Seed Essent. Oil (381600 ppm);found in Plant (420 ppm);found in Seed (42000 ppm);found in Essential Oil (500000 ppm)
Magnesium found in Seed (2950 ppm)
Antilupus
Beta-carotene found in Seed (2 ppm)
Antilymphocytic
Kaempferol found in Flower ;found in Leaf ;found in Seed
Antilymphomic
8-methoxy-psoralen found in Plant
Beta-sitosterol found in Root ;found in Seed (420 ppm)
Limonene found in Seed Essent. Oil (381600 ppm);found in Plant (420 ppm);found in Seed (42000 ppm);found in Essential Oil (500000 ppm)
Linalool found in Seed (96 ppm)
Xanthotoxin found in Seed
Zinc found in Seed (66 ppm)
Antimaculitic
Beta-carotene found in Seed (2 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (66 ppm)
Antimalarial
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Leaf ;found in Seed
Antimange
Linalool found in Seed (96 ppm)
Antimanic
Tryptophan found in Seed (2710 ppm)
Antimastalgic
Magnesium found in Seed (2950 ppm)
Antimastitic
Beta-carotene found in Seed (2 ppm)
Antimelanogenic
Caffeic-acid found in Seed (2840 ppm)
Antimelanomic
Carvacrol found in Seed Essent. Oil (595300 ppm);found in Seed
Perillaldehyde found in Seed (60 ppm)
Perillyl-alcohol found in Essential Oil (800 ppm);found in Plant (1310 ppm)
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Leaf ;found in Seed
Antimenopausal
Calcium found in Seed (8160 ppm)
Magnesium found in Seed (2950 ppm)
Tryptophan found in Seed (2710 ppm)
Antimenorrhagic
Alpha-linolenic-acid found in Seed (1664 ppm)
Iron found in Seed (1200 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (46714 ppm)
Antimetastatic
Alpha-linolenic-acid found in Seed (1664 ppm)
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Leaf ;found in Seed
Zinc found in Seed (66 ppm)
Antimigraine
Magnesium found in Seed (2950 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Seed (4 ppm)
Thiamin found in Seed (4 ppm)
Tryptophan found in Seed (2710 ppm)
Antimite
Linalool found in Seed (96 ppm)
Antimitotic
Umbelliferone found in Plant ;found in Root
Xanthotoxin found in Seed
Antimitral-valve-prolapse
Magnesium found in Seed (2950 ppm)
Antimorphinic
Aspartic-acid found in Seed (23130 ppm)
Antimutagenic
5-methoxy-psoralen found in Plant ;found in Seed
Beta-carotene found in Seed (2 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Root ;found in Seed (420 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Seed (2840 ppm)
Falcarindiol found in Root (290 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Flower ;found in Leaf ;found in Seed
Limonene found in Seed Essent. Oil (381600 ppm);found in Plant (420 ppm);found in Seed (42000 ppm);found in Essential Oil (500000 ppm)
Linalool found in Seed (96 ppm)
Myrcene found in Plant (150 ppm);found in Seed (1560 ppm)
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Leaf ;found in Seed
Scopoletin found in Plant ;found in Root
Tannin found in Plant
Umbelliferone found in Plant ;found in Root
Xanthotoxin found in Seed
Antimycotic
8-methoxy-psoralen found in Plant
Xanthotoxin found in Seed
Antimyocarditic
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Leaf ;found in Seed
Thiamin found in Seed (4 ppm)
Antinephritic
Histidine found in Seed (6105 ppm)
Tannin found in Plant
Antinephrolytic
Magnesium found in Seed (2950 ppm)
Antinesidioblastosic
Starch found in Seed (45000 ppm)
Antineuralgic
Niacin found in Seed (56 ppm)
Thiamin found in Seed (4 ppm)
Antineurasthenic
Thiamin found in Seed (4 ppm)
Antineuritic
Thiamin found in Seed (4 ppm)
Antineuropathic
Thiamin found in Seed (4 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (66 ppm)
Antineurotic
Magnesium found in Seed (2950 ppm)
Antinitrosaminic
Alpha-terpinene found in Seed (12 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Seed (2840 ppm)
Myrcene found in Plant (150 ppm);found in Seed (1560 ppm)
P-coumaric-acid found in Seed (86 ppm)
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Leaf ;found in Seed
Terpinolene found in Seed
Antinociceptive
1,8-cineole found in Seed (0.1 ppm)
Copper found in Seed (18 ppm)
Hyperoside found in Seed
Isoquercitrin found in Seed ;found in Shoot
Myrcene found in Plant (150 ppm);found in Seed (1560 ppm)
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Leaf ;found in Seed
Stigmasterol found in Seed (310 ppm)
Antinyctalopic
Zinc found in Seed (66 ppm)
Antiobesity
Calcium found in Seed (8160 ppm)
Chromium found in Seed (15.5 ppm)
Fiber found in Seed (223000 ppm)
Limonene found in Seed Essent. Oil (381600 ppm);found in Plant (420 ppm);found in Seed (42000 ppm);found in Essential Oil (500000 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (66 ppm)
Antiophidic
Beta-sitosterol found in Root ;found in Seed (420 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Seed (2840 ppm)
Stigmasterol found in Seed (310 ppm)
Tannin found in Plant
Antiosteoporotic
Calcium found in Seed (8160 ppm)
Copper found in Seed (18 ppm)
Magnesium found in Seed (2950 ppm)
Manganese found in Seed (34 ppm)
Phosphorus found in Seed (6580 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (66 ppm)
Antiototic
Manganese found in Seed (34 ppm)
Antioxidant
Alanine found in Seed (10150 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Seed (2 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Root ;found in Seed (420 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Seed (2840 ppm)
Campesterol found in Seed (30 ppm)
Camphene found in Plant (30 ppm);found in Seed (900 ppm)
Carvacrol found in Seed Essent. Oil (595300 ppm);found in Seed
Gamma-terpinene found in Plant (2215 ppm);found in Seed (14160 ppm)
Histidine found in Seed (6105 ppm)
Hyperoside found in Seed
Isoquercitrin found in Seed ;found in Shoot
Kaempferol found in Flower ;found in Leaf ;found in Seed
Lauric-acid found in Seed (110 ppm)
Manganese found in Seed (34 ppm)
Methionine found in Seed (4005 ppm)
Myrcene found in Plant (150 ppm);found in Seed (1560 ppm)
Myristic-acid found in Seed (444 ppm)
Myristicin found in Plant (120 ppm);found in Seed (985 ppm)
P-coumaric-acid found in Seed (86 ppm)
Palmitic-acid found in Seed (9000 ppm)
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Leaf ;found in Seed
Riboflavin found in Seed (4 ppm)
Scopoletin found in Plant ;found in Root
Stigmasterol found in Seed (310 ppm)
Tannin found in Plant
Terpinen-4-ol found in Plant (985 ppm)
Terpinolene found in Seed
Tryptophan found in Seed (2710 ppm)
Antiozenic
Beta-carotene found in Seed (2 ppm)
Antipancreatitic
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Leaf ;found in Seed
Antipapillomic
Beta-carotene found in Seed (2 ppm)
Antiparkinsonian
Methionine found in Seed (4005 ppm)
Niacin found in Seed (56 ppm)
Phenylalanine found in Seed (9625 ppm)
Tryptophan found in Seed (2710 ppm)
Tyrosine found in Seed (7125 ppm)
Antipellagric
Isoleucine found in Seed (9170 ppm)
Niacin found in Seed (56 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Seed (4 ppm)
Antiperiodontal
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Leaf ;found in Seed
Antiperiodontic
Kaempferol found in Flower ;found in Leaf ;found in Seed
Antiperiodontitic
Calcium found in Seed (8160 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (66 ppm)
Antiperistaltic
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Leaf ;found in Seed
Antipermeability
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Leaf ;found in Seed
Antiperoxidant
Caffeic-acid found in Seed (2840 ppm)
P-coumaric-acid found in Seed (86 ppm)
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Leaf ;found in Seed
Antipharyngitic
1,8-cineole found in Seed (0.1 ppm)
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Leaf ;found in Seed
Antiphenylketonuric
Tryptophan found in Seed (2710 ppm)
Tyrosine found in Seed (7125 ppm)
Antiphotophobic
Beta-carotene found in Seed (2 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Seed (4 ppm)
Antipityriasic
Beta-carotene found in Seed (2 ppm)
Xanthotoxin found in Seed
Antiplaque
1,8-cineole found in Seed (0.1 ppm)
Carvacrol found in Seed Essent. Oil (595300 ppm);found in Seed
Kaempferol found in Flower ;found in Leaf ;found in Seed
Magnesium found in Seed (2950 ppm)
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Leaf ;found in Seed
Zinc found in Seed (66 ppm)
Antiplasmodial
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Leaf ;found in Seed
Antipneumonic
Alpha-pinene found in Plant (20 ppm);found in Seed (540 ppm)
Antipodriac
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Leaf ;found in Seed
Antipolio
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Leaf ;found in Seed
Antipoliomyelitic
Thiamin found in Seed (4 ppm)
Antipolyneuritic
Pufa found in Seed (36320 ppm)
Antiporphyric
Beta-carotene found in Seed (2 ppm)
Antiprogestational
Beta-sitosterol found in Root ;found in Seed (420 ppm)
Antiprolactin
Zinc found in Seed (66 ppm)
Antiproliferant
Alpha-terpineol found in Seed
Beta-carotene found in Seed (2 ppm)
Beta-elemene found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Essential Oil
Caffeic-acid found in Seed (2840 ppm)
Perillyl-alcohol found in Essential Oil (800 ppm);found in Plant (1310 ppm)
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Leaf ;found in Seed
Scopoletin found in Plant ;found in Root
Antiproliferative
Carvone found in Seed Essent. Oil (900000 ppm);found in Seed (32640 ppm);found in Essential Oil (580000 ppm);found in Plant (3120 ppm)
Perillaldehyde found in Seed (60 ppm)
Antiprostaglandin
Beta-sitosterol found in Root ;found in Seed (420 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Seed (2840 ppm)
Carvacrol found in Seed Essent. Oil (595300 ppm);found in Seed
Scopoletin found in Plant ;found in Root
Tryptophan found in Seed (2710 ppm)
Umbelliferone found in Plant ;found in Root
Antiprostanoid
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Leaf ;found in Seed
Antiprostatadenomic
Beta-sitosterol found in Root ;found in Seed (420 ppm)
Antiprostatitic
Alpha-linolenic-acid found in Seed (1664 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Root ;found in Seed (420 ppm)
Glutamic-acid found in Seed (35175 ppm)
Glycine found in Seed (14675 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (46714 ppm)
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Leaf ;found in Seed
Zinc found in Seed (66 ppm)
Antiprostatotic
Phytosterols found in Seed (760 ppm)
Antipruritic
Glycine found in Seed (14675 ppm)
Xanthotoxin found in Seed
Antipsoriac
5-methoxy-psoralen found in Plant ;found in Seed
8-methoxy-psoralen found in Plant
Beta-carotene found in Seed (2 ppm)
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Leaf ;found in Seed
Xanthotoxin found in Seed
Antipsychotic
Tryptophan found in Seed (2710 ppm)
Antipyretic
Beta-sitosterol found in Root ;found in Seed (420 ppm)
Salicylates found in Seed (30 ppm)
Antiradicular
Beta-carotene found in Seed (2 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Seed (2840 ppm)
Carvacrol found in Seed Essent. Oil (595300 ppm);found in Seed
Hyperoside found in Seed
Isoquercitrin found in Seed ;found in Shoot
Kaempferol found in Flower ;found in Leaf ;found in Seed
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Leaf ;found in Seed
Tannin found in Plant
Antirenitic
Tannin found in Plant
Antiretardation
Glutamic-acid found in Seed (35175 ppm)
Antiretinopathic
Magnesium found in Seed (2950 ppm)
Antirheumatalgic
P-cymene found in Seed (1320 ppm)
Antirheumatic
1,8-cineole found in Seed (0.1 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Seed (2 ppm)
Calcium found in Seed (8160 ppm)
Tryptophan found in Seed (2710 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (66 ppm)
Antirhinitic
1,8-cineole found in Seed (0.1 ppm)
Antiscleromyxoedemic
Xanthotoxin found in Seed
Antiscoliotic
Tryptophan found in Seed (2710 ppm)
Antiscotomic
Niacin found in Seed (56 ppm)
Antiseptic
1,8-cineole found in Seed (0.1 ppm)
Alpha-pinene found in Plant (20 ppm);found in Seed (540 ppm)
Alpha-terpineol found in Seed
Beta-pinene found in Plant (20 ppm);found in Seed (600 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Seed (2840 ppm)
Carvacrol found in Seed Essent. Oil (595300 ppm);found in Seed
Carvone found in Seed Essent. Oil (900000 ppm);found in Seed (32640 ppm);found in Essential Oil (580000 ppm);found in Plant (3120 ppm)
Citronellol found in Seed (0.1 ppm)
Falcarindiol found in Root (290 ppm)
Furfural found in Seed
Kaempferol found in Flower ;found in Leaf ;found in Seed
Limonene found in Seed Essent. Oil (381600 ppm);found in Plant (420 ppm);found in Seed (42000 ppm);found in Essential Oil (500000 ppm)
Linalool found in Seed (96 ppm)
N-nonanal found in Seed (12 ppm)
P-coumaric-acid found in Seed (86 ppm)
Perillaldehyde found in Seed (60 ppm)
Sabinene found in Seed (60 ppm)
Scopoletin found in Plant ;found in Root
Terpinen-4-ol found in Plant (985 ppm)
Thujone found in Seed
Umbelliferone found in Plant ;found in Root
Zinc found in Seed (66 ppm)
Antiserotonin
Kaempferol found in Flower ;found in Leaf ;found in Seed
Antishock
Linalool found in Seed (96 ppm)
Antisickling
Glycine found in Seed (14675 ppm)
Phenylalanine found in Seed (9625 ppm)
Antisinusitic
1,8-cineole found in Seed (0.1 ppm)
Antispare-Tire
Zinc found in Seed (66 ppm)
Antispasmodic
1,8-cineole found in Seed (0.1 ppm)
Alpha-pinene found in Plant (20 ppm);found in Seed (540 ppm)
Alpha-terpinene found in Seed (12 ppm)
Beta-pinene found in Plant (20 ppm);found in Seed (600 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Seed (2840 ppm)
Carvacrol found in Seed Essent. Oil (595300 ppm);found in Seed
Herniarin found in Plant
Kaempferol found in Flower ;found in Leaf ;found in Seed
Limonene found in Seed Essent. Oil (381600 ppm);found in Plant (420 ppm);found in Seed (42000 ppm);found in Essential Oil (500000 ppm)
Linalool found in Seed (96 ppm)
Magnesium found in Seed (2950 ppm)
Myrcene found in Plant (150 ppm);found in Seed (1560 ppm)
Myristicin found in Plant (120 ppm);found in Seed (985 ppm)
Niacin found in Seed (56 ppm)
P-coumaric-acid found in Seed (86 ppm)
Potassium found in Seed (15670 ppm)
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Leaf ;found in Seed
Scopoletin found in Plant ;found in Root
Terpinen-4-ol found in Plant (985 ppm)
Thujone found in Seed
Umbelliferone found in Plant ;found in Root
Xanthotoxin found in Seed
Antispasmophilic
Magnesium found in Seed (2950 ppm)
Antistaphylococcic
1,8-cineole found in Seed (0.1 ppm)
8-methoxy-psoralen found in Plant
Alpha-phellandrene found in Seed (1230 ppm)
Alpha-pinene found in Plant (20 ppm);found in Seed (540 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Seed (2840 ppm)
Carvacrol found in Seed Essent. Oil (595300 ppm);found in Seed
Citronellol found in Seed (0.1 ppm)
Herniarin found in Plant
Kaempferol found in Flower ;found in Leaf ;found in Seed
Umbelliferone found in Plant ;found in Root
Antistomatitic
Caffeic-acid found in Seed (2840 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (66 ppm)
Antistreptococcic
Carvacrol found in Seed Essent. Oil (595300 ppm);found in Seed
Citronellol found in Seed (0.1 ppm)
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Leaf ;found in Seed
Antistress
Beta-carotene found in Seed (2 ppm)
Calcium found in Seed (8160 ppm)
Magnesium found in Seed (2950 ppm)
Myristicin found in Plant (120 ppm);found in Seed (985 ppm)
Antistroke
Magnesium found in Seed (2950 ppm)
Potassium found in Seed (15670 ppm)
Antisunburn
Caffeic-acid found in Seed (2840 ppm)
Antisyndrome-X
Chromium found in Seed (15.5 ppm)
Magnesium found in Seed (2950 ppm)
Manganese found in Seed (34 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (66 ppm)
Antithiamin
Caffeic-acid found in Seed (2840 ppm)
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Leaf ;found in Seed
Antithrombic
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Leaf ;found in Seed
Antithyroid
Caffeic-acid found in Seed (2840 ppm)
Antitic
Calcium found in Seed (8160 ppm)
Antitinnitic
Zinc found in Seed (66 ppm)
Antitriglyceride
Chromium found in Seed (15.5 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (66 ppm)
Antitrypanosomic
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Leaf ;found in Seed
Antitubercular
Falcarindiol found in Root (290 ppm)
Antitumor-Promoter
Caffeic-acid found in Seed (2840 ppm)
Isoquercitrin found in Seed ;found in Shoot
Kaempferol found in Flower ;found in Leaf ;found in Seed
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Leaf ;found in Seed
Tannin found in Plant
Xanthotoxin found in Seed
Antitumor
5-methoxy-psoralen found in Plant ;found in Seed
8-methoxy-psoralen found in Plant
Beta-carotene found in Seed (2 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Seed (2840 ppm)
Fiber found in Seed (223000 ppm)
Isoquercitrin found in Seed ;found in Shoot
Kaempferol found in Flower ;found in Leaf ;found in Seed
Limonene found in Seed Essent. Oil (381600 ppm);found in Plant (420 ppm);found in Seed (42000 ppm);found in Essential Oil (500000 ppm)
P-coumaric-acid found in Seed (86 ppm)
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Leaf ;found in Seed
Scopoletin found in Plant ;found in Root
Tannin found in Plant
Antitussive
1,8-cineole found in Seed (0.1 ppm)
Carvacrol found in Seed Essent. Oil (595300 ppm);found in Seed
Hyperoside found in Seed
Terpinen-4-ol found in Plant (985 ppm)
Antiulcer
1,8-cineole found in Seed (0.1 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Seed (2 ppm)
Fiber found in Seed (223000 ppm)
Glycine found in Seed (14675 ppm)
Histidine found in Seed (6105 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Flower ;found in Leaf ;found in Seed
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Leaf ;found in Seed
Sabinene found in Seed (60 ppm)
Tannin found in Plant
Terpinen-4-ol found in Plant (985 ppm)
Threonine found in Seed (8390 ppm)
Tyrosine found in Seed (7125 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (66 ppm)
Antiulcerogenic
Caffeic-acid found in Seed (2840 ppm)
Antiuremic
Histidine found in Seed (6105 ppm)
Antiuricosuric
Salicylates found in Seed (30 ppm)
Antivaccinia
Caffeic-acid found in Seed (2840 ppm)
Antivaricose
Glucose found in Seed
Antivertigo
Niacin found in Seed (56 ppm)
Antiviral
8-methoxy-psoralen found in Plant
Alpha-pinene found in Plant (20 ppm);found in Seed (540 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Root ;found in Seed (420 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Seed (2840 ppm)
Geranial found in Seed
Hyperoside found in Seed
Kaempferol found in Flower ;found in Leaf ;found in Seed
Lauric-acid found in Seed (110 ppm)
Limonene found in Seed Essent. Oil (381600 ppm);found in Plant (420 ppm);found in Seed (42000 ppm);found in Essential Oil (500000 ppm)
Linalool found in Seed (96 ppm)
P-cymene found in Seed (1320 ppm)
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Leaf ;found in Seed
Stigmasterol found in Seed (310 ppm)
Tannin found in Plant
Antivitiligic
5-methoxy-psoralen found in Plant ;found in Seed
8-methoxy-psoralen found in Plant
Phenylalanine found in Seed (9625 ppm)
Xanthotoxin found in Seed
Antiwrinkle
Hyperoside found in Seed
Antixerophthalmic
Beta-carotene found in Seed (2 ppm)
Antiyeast
Geranial found in Seed
Anxiolytic
Caffeic-acid found in Seed (2840 ppm)
Calcium found in Seed (8160 ppm)
Glutamic-acid found in Seed (35175 ppm)
Magnesium found in Seed (2950 ppm)
Phosphorus found in Seed (6580 ppm)
Potassium found in Seed (15670 ppm)
Aphrodisiac
Arginine found in Seed (13900 ppm)
Apoptotic
Beta-elemene found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Essential Oil
Beta-sitosterol found in Root ;found in Seed (420 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Flower ;found in Leaf ;found in Seed
Limonene found in Seed Essent. Oil (381600 ppm);found in Plant (420 ppm);found in Seed (42000 ppm);found in Essential Oil (500000 ppm)
Perillyl-alcohol found in Essential Oil (800 ppm);found in Plant (1310 ppm)
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Leaf ;found in Seed
Scopoletin found in Plant ;found in Root
Aromatase-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Flower ;found in Leaf ;found in Seed
Artemicide
Beta-sitosterol found in Root ;found in Seed (420 ppm)
Stigmasterol found in Seed (310 ppm)
Xanthotoxin found in Seed
Astringent
Zinc found in Seed (66 ppm)
Bacteriostatic
Terpinen-4-ol found in Plant (985 ppm)
Bacteristat
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Leaf ;found in Seed
Barbituate-Synergist
Linalool found in Seed (96 ppm)
Beta-Blocker
Fiber found in Seed (223000 ppm)
Potassium found in Seed (15670 ppm)
Bradycardiac
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Leaf ;found in Seed
Bronchoprotectant
Limonene found in Seed Essent. Oil (381600 ppm);found in Plant (420 ppm);found in Seed (42000 ppm);found in Essential Oil (500000 ppm)
Bronchorelaxant
Linalool found in Seed (96 ppm)
Scopoletin found in Plant ;found in Root
Bufocide
Xanthotoxin found in Seed
CNS-Active
Caffeic-acid found in Seed (2840 ppm)
CNS-Depressant
Linalool found in Seed (96 ppm)
Magnesium found in Seed (2950 ppm)
Scopoletin found in Plant ;found in Root
CNS-Stimulant
1,8-cineole found in Seed (0.1 ppm)
Carveol found in Essential Oil ;found in Plant (430 ppm);found in Seed (3240 ppm)
Carvone found in Seed Essent. Oil (900000 ppm);found in Seed (32640 ppm);found in Essential Oil (580000 ppm);found in Plant (3120 ppm)
Scopoletin found in Plant ;found in Root
COMT-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Leaf ;found in Seed
COX-1-Inhibitor
Beta-carotene found in Seed (2 ppm)
Lauric-acid found in Seed (110 ppm)
COX-2-Inhibitor
Beta-carotene found in Seed (2 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Seed (2840 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Flower ;found in Leaf ;found in Seed
Lauric-acid found in Seed (110 ppm)
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Leaf ;found in Seed
Calcium-Antagonist
Caffeic-acid found in Seed (2840 ppm)
Hyperoside found in Seed
Magnesium found in Seed (2950 ppm)
Myristicin found in Plant (120 ppm);found in Seed (985 ppm)
Xanthotoxin found in Seed
Calcium-Channel-Blocker
Calcium found in Seed (8160 ppm)
Calmodulin-Antagonist
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Leaf ;found in Seed
Cancer-Preventive
5-methoxy-psoralen found in Plant ;found in Seed
Alanine found in Seed (10150 ppm)
Alpha-linolenic-acid found in Seed (1664 ppm)
Alpha-pinene found in Plant (20 ppm);found in Seed (540 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Seed (2 ppm)
Beta-myrcene found in Seed
Beta-sitosterol found in Root ;found in Seed (420 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Seed (2840 ppm)
Carvone found in Seed Essent. Oil (900000 ppm);found in Seed (32640 ppm);found in Essential Oil (580000 ppm);found in Plant (3120 ppm)
Decan-1-al found in Seed
Fiber found in Seed (223000 ppm)
Glycine found in Seed (14675 ppm)
Hyperoside found in Seed
Isoquercitrin found in Seed ;found in Shoot
Kaempferol found in Flower ;found in Leaf ;found in Seed
Limonene found in Seed Essent. Oil (381600 ppm);found in Plant (420 ppm);found in Seed (42000 ppm);found in Essential Oil (500000 ppm)
Linalool found in Seed (96 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (46714 ppm)
Methionine found in Seed (4005 ppm)
Mufa found in Seed (79085 ppm)
Myristic-acid found in Seed (444 ppm)
Myristicin found in Plant (120 ppm);found in Seed (985 ppm)
Niacin found in Seed (56 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Seed (241000 ppm)
P-coumaric-acid found in Seed (86 ppm)
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Leaf ;found in Seed
Riboflavin found in Seed (4 ppm)
Scopoletin found in Plant ;found in Root
Serine found in Seed (10500 ppm)
Stigmasterol found in Seed (310 ppm)
Tannin found in Plant
Tyrosine found in Seed (7125 ppm)
Umbelliferone found in Plant ;found in Root
Xanthotoxin found in Seed
Candidicide
1,8-cineole found in Seed (0.1 ppm)
8-methoxy-psoralen found in Plant
Beta-pinene found in Plant (20 ppm);found in Seed (600 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Root ;found in Seed (420 ppm)
Carvacrol found in Seed Essent. Oil (595300 ppm);found in Seed
Citronellol found in Seed (0.1 ppm)
Herniarin found in Plant
Lauric-acid found in Seed (110 ppm)
Perillaldehyde found in Seed (60 ppm)
Perillyl-alcohol found in Essential Oil (800 ppm);found in Plant (1310 ppm)
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Leaf ;found in Seed
Umbelliferone found in Plant ;found in Root
Candidistat
Carvone found in Seed Essent. Oil (900000 ppm);found in Seed (32640 ppm);found in Essential Oil (580000 ppm);found in Plant (3120 ppm)
Limonene found in Seed Essent. Oil (381600 ppm);found in Plant (420 ppm);found in Seed (42000 ppm);found in Essential Oil (500000 ppm)
Linalool found in Seed (96 ppm)
Capillarifortificant
Hyperoside found in Seed
Capillarigenic
Hyperoside found in Seed
Isoquercitrin found in Seed ;found in Shoot
Capillariprotective
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Leaf ;found in Seed
Carcinogenic
1,8-cineole found in Seed (0.1 ppm)
8-methoxy-psoralen found in Plant
Caffeic-acid found in Seed (2840 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Flower ;found in Leaf ;found in Seed
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (46714 ppm)
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Leaf ;found in Seed
Tannin found in Plant
Tryptophan found in Seed (2710 ppm)
Cardiomyopathogenic
Cobalt found in Seed (1 ppm)
Cardioprotective
Chromium found in Seed (15.5 ppm)
Copper found in Seed (18 ppm)
Fiber found in Seed (223000 ppm)
Magnesium found in Seed (2950 ppm)
Niacin found in Seed (56 ppm)
Potassium found in Seed (15670 ppm)
Cardiotoxic
Potassium found in Seed (15670 ppm)
Carminative
Carvacrol found in Seed Essent. Oil (595300 ppm);found in Seed
Carvone found in Seed Essent. Oil (900000 ppm);found in Seed (32640 ppm);found in Essential Oil (580000 ppm);found in Plant (3120 ppm)
Linalool found in Seed (96 ppm)
Caspase-8-Inducer
Beta-sitosterol found in Root ;found in Seed (420 ppm)
Catabolic
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Leaf ;found in Seed
Cerebrodepressant
Thujone found in Seed
Chelator
Tannin found in Plant
Chemopreventive
Beta-carotene found in Seed (2 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Seed (2840 ppm)
Geranial found in Seed
Limonene found in Seed Essent. Oil (381600 ppm);found in Plant (420 ppm);found in Seed (42000 ppm);found in Essential Oil (500000 ppm)
Myrcene found in Plant (150 ppm);found in Seed (1560 ppm)
P-coumaric-acid found in Seed (86 ppm)
Perillyl-alcohol found in Essential Oil (800 ppm);found in Plant (1310 ppm)
Cholagogue
Caffeic-acid found in Seed (2840 ppm)
Herniarin found in Plant
Scopoletin found in Plant ;found in Root
Choleretic
1,8-cineole found in Seed (0.1 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Seed (2840 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Flower ;found in Leaf ;found in Seed
Mufa found in Seed (79085 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Seed (241000 ppm)
P-coumaric-acid found in Seed (86 ppm)
Scopoletin found in Plant ;found in Root
Umbelliferone found in Plant ;found in Root
Cholesterolytic
Limonene found in Seed Essent. Oil (381600 ppm);found in Plant (420 ppm);found in Seed (42000 ppm);found in Essential Oil (500000 ppm)
Cicatrizant
Alpha-terpineol found in Seed
Circulotonic
Niacin found in Seed (56 ppm)
Clastogenic
Caffeic-acid found in Seed (2840 ppm)
Co-carcinogenic
Caffeic-acid found in Seed (2840 ppm)
Coleoptophile
Alpha-pinene found in Plant (20 ppm);found in Seed (540 ppm)
Collagen-Sparing
Caffeic-acid found in Seed (2840 ppm)
Collagenic
Zinc found in Seed (66 ppm)
Colorant
Beta-carotene found in Seed (2 ppm)
Comedolytic
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (46714 ppm)
Contraceptive
Copper found in Seed (18 ppm)
Convulsant
1,8-cineole found in Seed (0.1 ppm)
Thujone found in Seed
Copper-Antagonist
Zinc found in Seed (66 ppm)
Copper-Chelator
Kaempferol found in Flower ;found in Leaf ;found in Seed
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Leaf ;found in Seed
Cosmetic
Myristic-acid found in Seed (444 ppm)
Stearic-acid found in Seed (1800 ppm)
Counterirritant
1,8-cineole found in Seed (0.1 ppm)
Thujone found in Seed
Culicide
Linalool found in Seed (96 ppm)
Cyclooxygenase-Activator
Hyperoside found in Seed
Cyclooxygenase-Inhibitor
Carvacrol found in Seed Essent. Oil (595300 ppm);found in Seed
Kaempferol found in Flower ;found in Leaf ;found in Seed
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Leaf ;found in Seed
Tannin found in Plant
Cytochrome-P450-1A2-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Leaf ;found in Seed
Cytochrome-P450-Inducer
1,8-cineole found in Seed (0.1 ppm)
Cytoprotective
Caffeic-acid found in Seed (2840 ppm)
Cytotoxic
Caffeic-acid found in Seed (2840 ppm)
Falcarindiol found in Root (290 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Flower ;found in Leaf ;found in Seed
Linalool found in Seed (96 ppm)
P-coumaric-acid found in Seed (86 ppm)
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Leaf ;found in Seed
Scopoletin found in Plant ;found in Root
Xanthotoxin found in Seed
DNA-Active
Caffeic-acid found in Seed (2840 ppm)
DNA-Protective
Caffeic-acid found in Seed (2840 ppm)
Decongestant
1,8-cineole found in Seed (0.1 ppm)
Degranulant
1,8-cineole found in Seed (0.1 ppm)
Deiodinase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Leaf ;found in Seed
Dentifrice
1,8-cineole found in Seed (0.1 ppm)
Deodorant
Terpinolene found in Seed
Zinc found in Seed (66 ppm)
Dermal
Alpha-phellandrene found in Seed (1230 ppm)
Dermatitigenic
Delta-3-carene found in Plant (100 ppm);found in Seed (180 ppm)
Mufa found in Seed (79085 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Seed (241000 ppm)
Xanthotoxin found in Seed
Detoxicant
Limonene found in Seed Essent. Oil (381600 ppm);found in Plant (420 ppm);found in Seed (42000 ppm);found in Essential Oil (500000 ppm)
Diagnostic
Xylose found in Seed
Diaphoretic
Isoquercitrin found in Seed ;found in Shoot
Differentiator
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Leaf ;found in Seed
Diuretic
Arginine found in Seed (13900 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Seed (2840 ppm)
Calcium found in Seed (8160 ppm)
Fiber found in Seed (223000 ppm)
Hyperoside found in Seed
Isoquercitrin found in Seed ;found in Shoot
Kaempferol found in Flower ;found in Leaf ;found in Seed
Magnesium found in Seed (2950 ppm)
Myristicin found in Plant (120 ppm);found in Seed (985 ppm)
Potassium found in Seed (15670 ppm)
Terpinen-4-ol found in Plant (985 ppm)
Dye
Xylose found in Seed
Edemagenic
1,8-cineole found in Seed (0.1 ppm)
Emetic
Alpha-phellandrene found in Seed (1230 ppm)
Calcium-oxalate found in Seed
Methionine found in Seed (4005 ppm)
Xanthotoxin found in Seed
Emmenagogue
Thujone found in Seed
Emollient
Starch found in Seed (45000 ppm)
Energizer
Chromium found in Seed (15.5 ppm)
Enterocontractant
Limonene found in Seed Essent. Oil (381600 ppm);found in Plant (420 ppm);found in Seed (42000 ppm);found in Essential Oil (500000 ppm)
Enterorelaxant
Carvacrol found in Seed Essent. Oil (595300 ppm);found in Seed
Epileptigenic
Thujone found in Seed
Ergogenic
Zinc found in Seed (66 ppm)
Erythrocytogenic
Cobalt found in Seed (1 ppm)
Essential
Histidine found in Seed (6105 ppm)
Isoleucine found in Seed (9170 ppm)
Leucine found in Seed (13520 ppm)
Lysine found in Seed (11445 ppm)
Methionine found in Seed (4005 ppm)
Threonine found in Seed (8390 ppm)
Tryptophan found in Seed (2710 ppm)
Valine found in Seed (11510 ppm)
Estrogenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Root ;found in Seed (420 ppm)
Geranial found in Seed
Kaempferol found in Flower ;found in Leaf ;found in Seed
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Leaf ;found in Seed
Stigmasterol found in Seed (310 ppm)
Expectorant
1,8-cineole found in Seed (0.1 ppm)
Alpha-pinene found in Plant (20 ppm);found in Seed (540 ppm)
Astragalin found in Seed
Beta-phellandrene found in Seed
Camphene found in Plant (30 ppm);found in Seed (900 ppm)
Carvacrol found in Seed Essent. Oil (595300 ppm);found in Seed
Limonene found in Seed Essent. Oil (381600 ppm);found in Plant (420 ppm);found in Seed (42000 ppm);found in Essential Oil (500000 ppm)
Linalool found in Seed (96 ppm)
FLavor
1,8-cineole found in Seed (0.1 ppm)
Alpha-phellandrene found in Seed (1230 ppm)
Alpha-pinene found in Plant (20 ppm);found in Seed (540 ppm)
Alpha-terpinene found in Seed (12 ppm)
Alpha-terpineol found in Seed
Beta-pinene found in Plant (20 ppm);found in Seed (600 ppm)
Cadinene found in Plant (29760 ppm)
Camphene found in Plant (30 ppm);found in Seed (900 ppm)
Carvacrol found in Seed Essent. Oil (595300 ppm);found in Seed
Carvone found in Seed Essent. Oil (900000 ppm);found in Seed (32640 ppm);found in Essential Oil (580000 ppm);found in Plant (3120 ppm)
Citronellol found in Seed (0.1 ppm)
Cuminaldehyde found in Essential Oil (370000 ppm);found in Plant
Delta-3-carene found in Plant (100 ppm);found in Seed (180 ppm)
Diacetyl found in Seed
Dihydrocarveol found in Essential Oil ;found in Seed (780 ppm);found in Plant (950 ppm)
Dihydrocarvyl-acetate found in Plant (55 ppm);found in Seed (455 ppm)
Furfural found in Seed
Gamma-terpinene found in Plant (2215 ppm);found in Seed (14160 ppm)
Limonene found in Seed Essent. Oil (381600 ppm);found in Plant (420 ppm);found in Seed (42000 ppm);found in Essential Oil (500000 ppm)
Linalool found in Seed (96 ppm)
Mufa found in Seed (79085 ppm)
Myrcene found in Plant (150 ppm);found in Seed (1560 ppm)
Myristicin found in Plant (120 ppm);found in Seed (985 ppm)
N-nonanal found in Seed (12 ppm)
N-octanal found in Seed (48 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Seed (241000 ppm)
P-cymene found in Seed (1320 ppm)
Palmitic-acid found in Seed (9000 ppm)
Stearic-acid found in Seed (1800 ppm)
Terpinolene found in Seed
Threonine found in Seed (8390 ppm)
Valine found in Seed (11510 ppm)
Febrifuge
Beta-sitosterol found in Root ;found in Seed (420 ppm)
Ferulosys-genic
Falcarindiol found in Root (290 ppm)
Fibrinolytic
Niacin found in Seed (56 ppm)
Fungicide
1,8-cineole found in Seed (0.1 ppm)
5-methoxy-psoralen found in Plant ;found in Seed
8-methoxy-psoralen found in Plant
Acetaldehyde found in Seed
Alpha-phellandrene found in Seed (1230 ppm)
Beta-phellandrene found in Seed
Caffeic-acid found in Seed (2840 ppm)
Capric-acid found in Seed (110 ppm)
Carvacrol found in Seed Essent. Oil (595300 ppm);found in Seed
Citronellol found in Seed (0.1 ppm)
Cuminaldehyde found in Essential Oil (370000 ppm);found in Plant
Falcarindiol found in Root (290 ppm)
Falcarinone found in Plant
Furfural found in Seed
Geranial found in Seed
Herniarin found in Plant
Kaempferol found in Flower ;found in Leaf ;found in Seed
Linalool found in Seed (96 ppm)
Myrcene found in Plant (150 ppm);found in Seed (1560 ppm)
Myristicin found in Plant (120 ppm);found in Seed (985 ppm)
P-coumaric-acid found in Seed (86 ppm)
P-cymene found in Seed (1320 ppm)
Perillaldehyde found in Seed (60 ppm)
Perillyl-alcohol found in Essential Oil (800 ppm);found in Plant (1310 ppm)
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Leaf ;found in Seed
Scopoletin found in Plant ;found in Root
Terpinen-4-ol found in Plant (985 ppm)
Terpinolene found in Seed
Umbelliferone found in Plant ;found in Root
Xanthotoxin found in Seed
Fungiphilic
Limonene found in Seed Essent. Oil (381600 ppm);found in Plant (420 ppm);found in Seed (42000 ppm);found in Essential Oil (500000 ppm)
Fungistat
Carvone found in Seed Essent. Oil (900000 ppm);found in Seed (32640 ppm);found in Essential Oil (580000 ppm);found in Plant (3120 ppm)
Limonene found in Seed Essent. Oil (381600 ppm);found in Plant (420 ppm);found in Seed (42000 ppm);found in Essential Oil (500000 ppm)
Xanthotoxin found in Seed
GABA-nergic
Linalool found in Seed (96 ppm)
GST-Inducer
Limonene found in Seed Essent. Oil (381600 ppm);found in Plant (420 ppm);found in Seed (42000 ppm);found in Essential Oil (500000 ppm)
Gastroprotective
1,8-cineole found in Seed (0.1 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Seed (2 ppm)
Glucosyl-Transferase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Leaf ;found in Seed
Tannin found in Plant
Glutathionigenic
Geranial found in Seed
Methionine found in Seed (4005 ppm)
Gonadotrophic
Beta-sitosterol found in Root ;found in Seed (420 ppm)
HIV-RT-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Flower ;found in Leaf ;found in Seed
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Leaf ;found in Seed
Hallucinogenic
Myristicin found in Plant (120 ppm);found in Seed (985 ppm)
Thujone found in Seed
Hemolytic
Palmitic-acid found in Seed (9000 ppm)
Hemostat
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Leaf ;found in Seed
Hepatocarcinogenic
Caffeic-acid found in Seed (2840 ppm)
Hepatomagenic
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Leaf ;found in Seed
Hepatoprotective
Beta-sitosterol found in Root ;found in Seed (420 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Seed (2840 ppm)
Herniarin found in Plant
Hyperoside found in Seed
Isorhamnetin-3-glucoside found in Seed
Kaempferol found in Flower ;found in Leaf ;found in Seed
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (46714 ppm)
Methionine found in Seed (4005 ppm)
Niacin found in Seed (56 ppm)
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Leaf ;found in Seed
Scopoletin found in Plant ;found in Root
Tannin found in Plant
Xanthotoxin found in Seed
Hepatotonic
1,8-cineole found in Seed (0.1 ppm)
Hepatotoxic
Myristicin found in Plant (120 ppm);found in Seed (985 ppm)
Niacin found in Seed (56 ppm)
Hepatotropic
Caffeic-acid found in Seed (2840 ppm)
Herbicide
1,8-cineole found in Seed (0.1 ppm)
Alpha-pinene found in Plant (20 ppm);found in Seed (540 ppm)
Beta-pinene found in Plant (20 ppm);found in Seed (600 ppm)
Citronellol found in Seed (0.1 ppm)
Limonene found in Seed Essent. Oil (381600 ppm);found in Plant (420 ppm);found in Seed (42000 ppm);found in Essential Oil (500000 ppm)
P-cymene found in Seed (1320 ppm)
Scopoletin found in Plant ;found in Root
Terpinen-4-ol found in Plant (985 ppm)
Thujone found in Seed
Xanthotoxin found in Seed
Histamine-Inhibitor
Caffeic-acid found in Seed (2840 ppm)
Histaminic
Limonene found in Seed Essent. Oil (381600 ppm);found in Plant (420 ppm);found in Seed (42000 ppm);found in Essential Oil (500000 ppm)
Hypercholesterolemic
Lauric-acid found in Seed (110 ppm)
Myristic-acid found in Seed (444 ppm)
Palmitic-acid found in Seed (9000 ppm)
Hyperglycemic
Glucose found in Seed
Salicylates found in Seed (30 ppm)
Hypertensive
Sodium found in Seed (340 ppm)
Hypertrichotic
Xanthotoxin found in Seed
Hypnotic
Linalool found in Seed (96 ppm)
Myristicin found in Plant (120 ppm);found in Seed (985 ppm)
Tryptophan found in Seed (2710 ppm)
Hypoammonemic
Arginine found in Seed (13900 ppm)
Hypoarginanemic
Lysine found in Seed (11445 ppm)
Hypocholesterolemic
Beta-sitosterol found in Root ;found in Seed (420 ppm)
Calcium found in Seed (8160 ppm)
Campesterol found in Seed (30 ppm)
Chromium found in Seed (15.5 ppm)
Copper found in Seed (18 ppm)
Fiber found in Seed (223000 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (46714 ppm)
Magnesium found in Seed (2950 ppm)
Mufa found in Seed (79085 ppm)
Niacin found in Seed (56 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Seed (241000 ppm)
Phytosterols found in Seed (760 ppm)
Stearic-acid found in Seed (1800 ppm)
Stigmasterol found in Seed (310 ppm)
Hypoglycemic
Beta-sitosterol found in Root ;found in Seed (420 ppm)
Chromium found in Seed (15.5 ppm)
Manganese found in Seed (34 ppm)
Niacin found in Seed (56 ppm)
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Leaf ;found in Seed
Salicylates found in Seed (30 ppm)
Scopoletin found in Plant ;found in Root
Tryptophan found in Seed (2710 ppm)
Hypolipidemic
Beta-sitosterol found in Root ;found in Seed (420 ppm)
Niacin found in Seed (56 ppm)
Hypotensive
1,8-cineole found in Seed (0.1 ppm)
Alpha-linolenic-acid found in Seed (1664 ppm)
Astragalin found in Seed
Calcium found in Seed (8160 ppm)
Chromium found in Seed (15.5 ppm)
Fiber found in Seed (223000 ppm)
Hyperoside found in Seed
Isoquercitrin found in Seed ;found in Shoot
Kaempferol found in Flower ;found in Leaf ;found in Seed
Magnesium found in Seed (2950 ppm)
Myristicin found in Plant (120 ppm);found in Seed (985 ppm)
Potassium found in Seed (15670 ppm)
Scopoletin found in Plant ;found in Root
Tryptophan found in Seed (2710 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (66 ppm)
Hypothermic
Linalool found in Seed (96 ppm)
Myrcene found in Plant (150 ppm);found in Seed (1560 ppm)
Hypouricemic
Fiber found in Seed (223000 ppm)
ICAM-1-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Flower ;found in Leaf ;found in Seed
Immunomodulator
Chromium found in Seed (15.5 ppm)
Copper found in Seed (18 ppm)
Limonene found in Seed Essent. Oil (381600 ppm);found in Plant (420 ppm);found in Seed (42000 ppm);found in Essential Oil (500000 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (46714 ppm)
Magnesium found in Seed (2950 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (66 ppm)
Immunostimulant
Alpha-linolenic-acid found in Seed (1664 ppm)
Astragalin found in Seed
Beta-carotene found in Seed (2 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Seed (2840 ppm)
Phosphorus found in Seed (6580 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (66 ppm)
Immunosuppressant
8-methoxy-psoralen found in Plant
Tannin found in Plant
Zinc found in Seed (66 ppm)
Inflammatory
1,8-cineole found in Seed (0.1 ppm)
Calcium-oxalate found in Seed
Inotropic
Kaempferol found in Flower ;found in Leaf ;found in Seed
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Leaf ;found in Seed
Insecticide-Synergist
Myristicin found in Plant (120 ppm);found in Seed (985 ppm)
Insecticide
Alpha-pinene found in Plant (20 ppm);found in Seed (540 ppm)
Alpha-terpinene found in Seed (12 ppm)
Alpha-terpineol found in Seed
Carvone found in Seed Essent. Oil (900000 ppm);found in Seed (32640 ppm);found in Essential Oil (580000 ppm);found in Plant (3120 ppm)
Furfural found in Seed
Limonene found in Seed Essent. Oil (381600 ppm);found in Plant (420 ppm);found in Seed (42000 ppm);found in Essential Oil (500000 ppm)
Linalool found in Seed (96 ppm)
Myristicin found in Plant (120 ppm);found in Seed (985 ppm)
Xanthotoxin found in Seed
Insectifuge
1,8-cineole found in Seed (0.1 ppm)
Alpha-pinene found in Plant (20 ppm);found in Seed (540 ppm)
Alpha-terpinene found in Seed (12 ppm)
Beta-pinene found in Plant (20 ppm);found in Seed (600 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Seed (2840 ppm)
Camphene found in Plant (30 ppm);found in Seed (900 ppm)
Carvacrol found in Seed Essent. Oil (595300 ppm);found in Seed
Carvone found in Seed Essent. Oil (900000 ppm);found in Seed (32640 ppm);found in Essential Oil (580000 ppm);found in Plant (3120 ppm)
Delta-3-carene found in Plant (100 ppm);found in Seed (180 ppm)
Gamma-terpinene found in Plant (2215 ppm);found in Seed (14160 ppm)
Limonene found in Seed Essent. Oil (381600 ppm);found in Plant (420 ppm);found in Seed (42000 ppm);found in Essential Oil (500000 ppm)
Linalool found in Seed (96 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (46714 ppm)
Mufa found in Seed (79085 ppm)
Myrcene found in Plant (150 ppm);found in Seed (1560 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Seed (241000 ppm)
P-cymene found in Seed (1320 ppm)
Terpinen-4-ol found in Plant (985 ppm)
Thiamin found in Seed (4 ppm)
Insectiphile
Alpha-phellandrene found in Seed (1230 ppm)
Alpha-pinene found in Plant (20 ppm);found in Seed (540 ppm)
Isoquercitrin found in Seed ;found in Shoot
Insulin-Sparing
Nickel found in Seed (10 ppm)
Insulinase-Inhibitor
Tryptophan found in Seed (2710 ppm)
Insulinogenic
Chromium found in Seed (15.5 ppm)
Magnesium found in Seed (2950 ppm)
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Leaf ;found in Seed
Zinc found in Seed (66 ppm)
Insulinotonic
Tryptophan found in Seed (2710 ppm)
Interferon-Synergist
Beta-carotene found in Seed (2 ppm)
Interleukin-6-Inhibitor
Alpha-terpineol found in Seed
Limonene found in Seed Essent. Oil (381600 ppm);found in Plant (420 ppm);found in Seed (42000 ppm);found in Essential Oil (500000 ppm)
Iodothyronine-Deiodinase-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Flower ;found in Leaf ;found in Seed
Irritant
1,8-cineole found in Seed (0.1 ppm)
Alpha-phellandrene found in Seed (1230 ppm)
Alpha-pinene found in Plant (20 ppm);found in Seed (540 ppm)
Beta-pinene found in Plant (20 ppm);found in Seed (600 ppm)
Capric-acid found in Seed (110 ppm)
Carvacrol found in Seed Essent. Oil (595300 ppm);found in Seed
Citronellol found in Seed (0.1 ppm)
Cuminaldehyde found in Essential Oil (370000 ppm);found in Plant
Delta-3-carene found in Plant (100 ppm);found in Seed (180 ppm)
Diacetyl found in Seed
Dihydrocarveol found in Essential Oil ;found in Seed (780 ppm);found in Plant (950 ppm)
Furfural found in Seed
Gamma-terpinene found in Plant (2215 ppm);found in Seed (14160 ppm)
Limonene found in Seed Essent. Oil (381600 ppm);found in Plant (420 ppm);found in Seed (42000 ppm);found in Essential Oil (500000 ppm)
Linalool found in Seed (96 ppm)
Mufa found in Seed (79085 ppm)
Myrcene found in Plant (150 ppm);found in Seed (1560 ppm)
N-nonanal found in Seed (12 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Seed (241000 ppm)
P-cymene found in Seed (1320 ppm)
Terpinen-4-ol found in Plant (985 ppm)
JNK-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Flower ;found in Leaf ;found in Seed
Juvabional
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Leaf ;found in Seed
Larvicide
Cuminaldehyde found in Essential Oil (370000 ppm);found in Plant
Linalool found in Seed (96 ppm)
Myristicin found in Plant (120 ppm);found in Seed (985 ppm)
Larvistat
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Leaf ;found in Seed
Laxative
Alpha-phellandrene found in Seed (1230 ppm)
Calcium found in Seed (8160 ppm)
Calcium-oxalate found in Seed
Fiber found in Seed (223000 ppm)
Magnesium found in Seed (2950 ppm)
P-cymene found in Seed (1320 ppm)
Leptingenic
Zinc found in Seed (66 ppm)
Leukotriene-Inhibitor
Caffeic-acid found in Seed (2840 ppm)
Lipolytic
Limonene found in Seed Essent. Oil (381600 ppm);found in Plant (420 ppm);found in Seed (42000 ppm);found in Essential Oil (500000 ppm)
Xanthotoxin found in Seed
Lipotropic
Methionine found in Seed (4005 ppm)
Lipoxygenase-Inhibitor
Caffeic-acid found in Seed (2840 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Flower ;found in Leaf ;found in Seed
P-coumaric-acid found in Seed (86 ppm)
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Leaf ;found in Seed
Tannin found in Plant
Umbelliferone found in Plant ;found in Root
Lithogenic
Calcium-oxalate found in Seed
Litholytic
Magnesium found in Seed (2950 ppm)
Lubricant
Myristic-acid found in Seed (444 ppm)
Palmitic-acid found in Seed (9000 ppm)
Stearic-acid found in Seed (1800 ppm)
Lyase-Inhibitor
Caffeic-acid found in Seed (2840 ppm)
Lymphocytogenic
8-methoxy-psoralen found in Plant
Alpha-linolenic-acid found in Seed (1664 ppm)
MAO-A-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Leaf ;found in Seed
MAO-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Flower ;found in Leaf ;found in Seed
Myristicin found in Plant (120 ppm);found in Seed (985 ppm)
Scopoletin found in Plant ;found in Root
Tannin found in Plant
MMP-9-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Leaf ;found in Seed
Mast-Cell-Stabilizer
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Leaf ;found in Seed
Melaninogenic
5-methoxy-psoralen found in Plant ;found in Seed
8-methoxy-psoralen found in Plant
Melatoninogenic
5-methoxy-psoralen found in Plant ;found in Seed
Memorigenic
Chromium found in Seed (15.5 ppm)
Memory-Enhancer
Glucose found in Seed
Metal-Chelator
Caffeic-acid found in Seed (2840 ppm)
Metalloproteinase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Leaf ;found in Seed
Metastatic
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (46714 ppm)
Mitogenic
8-methoxy-psoralen found in Plant
Molluscicide
Xanthotoxin found in Seed
Monoamine-Precursor
Phenylalanine found in Seed (9625 ppm)
Tryptophan found in Seed (2710 ppm)
Tyrosine found in Seed (7125 ppm)
Mosquitofuge
Alpha-terpineol found in Seed
Linalool found in Seed (96 ppm)
Motor-Depressant
Alpha-terpineol found in Seed
Carvone found in Seed Essent. Oil (900000 ppm);found in Seed (32640 ppm);found in Essential Oil (580000 ppm);found in Plant (3120 ppm)
Linalool found in Seed (96 ppm)
Mucogenic
Beta-carotene found in Seed (2 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (66 ppm)
Musculotropic
Scopoletin found in Plant ;found in Root
Mutagenic
8-methoxy-psoralen found in Plant
Kaempferol found in Flower ;found in Leaf ;found in Seed
Perillaldehyde found in Seed (60 ppm)
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Leaf ;found in Seed
Mycobactericide
Falcarindiol found in Root (290 ppm)
Myorelaxant
1,8-cineole found in Seed (0.1 ppm)
Limonene found in Seed Essent. Oil (381600 ppm);found in Plant (420 ppm);found in Seed (42000 ppm);found in Essential Oil (500000 ppm)
Magnesium found in Seed (2950 ppm)
Myrcene found in Plant (150 ppm);found in Seed (1560 ppm)
Scopoletin found in Plant ;found in Root
NADH-Oxidase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Leaf ;found in Seed
NEP-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Leaf ;found in Seed
NF-kB-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Leaf ;found in Seed
Zinc found in Seed (66 ppm)
NO-Genic
Arginine found in Seed (13900 ppm)
Limonene found in Seed Essent. Oil (381600 ppm);found in Plant (420 ppm);found in Seed (42000 ppm);found in Essential Oil (500000 ppm)
NO-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Flower ;found in Leaf ;found in Seed
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Leaf ;found in Seed
NO-Synthase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Leaf ;found in Seed
Natriuretic
Kaempferol found in Flower ;found in Leaf ;found in Seed
Nematicide
1,8-cineole found in Seed (0.1 ppm)
Alpha-terpineol found in Seed
Carvacrol found in Seed Essent. Oil (595300 ppm);found in Seed
Carvone found in Seed Essent. Oil (900000 ppm);found in Seed (32640 ppm);found in Essential Oil (580000 ppm);found in Plant (3120 ppm)
Citronellol found in Seed (0.1 ppm)
Falcarindiol found in Root (290 ppm)
Limonene found in Seed Essent. Oil (381600 ppm);found in Plant (420 ppm);found in Seed (42000 ppm);found in Essential Oil (500000 ppm)
Linalool found in Seed (96 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (46714 ppm)
Myristic-acid found in Seed (444 ppm)
Palmitic-acid found in Seed (9000 ppm)
Perillaldehyde found in Seed (60 ppm)
Perillyl-alcohol found in Essential Oil (800 ppm);found in Plant (1310 ppm)
Terpinen-4-ol found in Plant (985 ppm)
Neuroexcitant
Aspartic-acid found in Seed (23130 ppm)
Neuroinhibitor
Glycine found in Seed (14675 ppm)
Neuroprotective
Kaempferol found in Flower ;found in Leaf ;found in Seed
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Leaf ;found in Seed
Thiamin found in Seed (4 ppm)
Neurotoxic
1,8-cineole found in Seed (0.1 ppm)
Glutamic-acid found in Seed (35175 ppm)
Myristicin found in Plant (120 ppm);found in Seed (985 ppm)
Thujone found in Seed
Neurotransmitter
Magnesium found in Seed (2950 ppm)
Ornithine-Decarboxylase-Inhibitor
Caffeic-acid found in Seed (2840 ppm)
Limonene found in Seed Essent. Oil (381600 ppm);found in Plant (420 ppm);found in Seed (42000 ppm);found in Essential Oil (500000 ppm)
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Leaf ;found in Seed
Tannin found in Plant
Osteogenic
Phosphorus found in Seed (6580 ppm)
Ovulant
Stigmasterol found in Seed (310 ppm)
Oxidant
Alanine found in Seed (10150 ppm)
Histidine found in Seed (6105 ppm)
Oxytocic
Myristicin found in Plant (120 ppm);found in Seed (985 ppm)
Ozone-Scavenger
Limonene found in Seed Essent. Oil (381600 ppm);found in Plant (420 ppm);found in Seed (42000 ppm);found in Essential Oil (500000 ppm)
P450-2B1-Inhibitor
Alpha-pinene found in Plant (20 ppm);found in Seed (540 ppm)
Alpha-terpinene found in Seed (12 ppm)
Myrcene found in Plant (150 ppm);found in Seed (1560 ppm)
P450-Inducer
1,8-cineole found in Seed (0.1 ppm)
Limonene found in Seed Essent. Oil (381600 ppm);found in Plant (420 ppm);found in Seed (42000 ppm);found in Essential Oil (500000 ppm)
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Leaf ;found in Seed
P450-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Leaf ;found in Seed
PAF-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Flower ;found in Leaf ;found in Seed
PGE2-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Leaf ;found in Seed
PTK-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Leaf ;found in Seed
Paralytic
Myristicin found in Plant (120 ppm);found in Seed (985 ppm)
Pediculicide
1,8-cineole found in Seed (0.1 ppm)
Percutaneostimulant
Mufa found in Seed (79085 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Seed (241000 ppm)
Perfume
1,8-cineole found in Seed (0.1 ppm)
Perfumery
Acetaldehyde found in Seed
Alpha-phellandrene found in Seed (1230 ppm)
Alpha-pinene found in Plant (20 ppm);found in Seed (540 ppm)
Alpha-terpinene found in Seed (12 ppm)
Alpha-terpineol found in Seed
Beta-myrcene found in Seed
Beta-phellandrene found in Seed
Beta-pinene found in Plant (20 ppm);found in Seed (600 ppm)
Cadinene found in Plant (29760 ppm)
Carvone found in Seed Essent. Oil (900000 ppm);found in Seed (32640 ppm);found in Essential Oil (580000 ppm);found in Plant (3120 ppm)
Citronellol found in Seed (0.1 ppm)
Cuminaldehyde found in Essential Oil (370000 ppm);found in Plant
Gamma-terpinene found in Plant (2215 ppm);found in Seed (14160 ppm)
Linalool found in Seed (96 ppm)
Mufa found in Seed (79085 ppm)
Myrcene found in Plant (150 ppm);found in Seed (1560 ppm)
N-nonanal found in Seed (12 ppm)
N-octanal found in Seed (48 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Seed (241000 ppm)
Sabinene found in Seed (60 ppm)
Stearic-acid found in Seed (1800 ppm)
Terpinolene found in Seed
Thujone found in Seed
Umbelliferone found in Plant ;found in Root
Peristaltic
Limonene found in Seed Essent. Oil (381600 ppm);found in Plant (420 ppm);found in Seed (42000 ppm);found in Essential Oil (500000 ppm)
Phagocytotic
Beta-carotene found in Seed (2 ppm)
Pheromone
Germacrene-d found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Essential Oil
Phospholipase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Leaf ;found in Seed
Photoactive
Herniarin found in Plant
Umbelliferone found in Plant ;found in Root
Photodermatitigenic
5-methoxy-psoralen found in Plant ;found in Seed
8-methoxy-psoralen found in Plant
Photosensitizer
Limonene found in Seed Essent. Oil (381600 ppm);found in Plant (420 ppm);found in Seed (42000 ppm);found in Essential Oil (500000 ppm)
Phototoxic
8-methoxy-psoralen found in Plant
Phytoalexin
Falcarindiol found in Root (290 ppm)
Falcarinone found in Plant
Scopoletin found in Plant ;found in Root
Xanthotoxin found in Seed
Phytohormonal
Scopoletin found in Plant ;found in Root
Piscicide
Xanthotoxin found in Seed
Pituitary-Stimulant
Arginine found in Seed (13900 ppm)
Plasmodicide
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Leaf ;found in Seed
Poultice
Starch found in Seed (45000 ppm)
Prolactinogenic
Tryptophan found in Seed (2710 ppm)
Proliferant
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Leaf ;found in Seed
Prooxidant
Beta-carotene found in Seed (2 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Seed (2840 ppm)
Iron found in Seed (1200 ppm)
Linalool found in Seed (96 ppm)
Propecic
Alpha-linolenic-acid found in Seed (1664 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (46714 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Seed (241000 ppm)
Palmitic-acid found in Seed (9000 ppm)
Stearic-acid found in Seed (1800 ppm)
Prostaglandigenic
Caffeic-acid found in Seed (2840 ppm)
P-coumaric-acid found in Seed (86 ppm)
Prostaglandin-Inhibitor
Carvacrol found in Seed Essent. Oil (595300 ppm);found in Seed
Prostaglandin-Synthesis-Inhibitor
Alpha-linolenic-acid found in Seed (1664 ppm)
P-coumaric-acid found in Seed (86 ppm)
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Leaf ;found in Seed
Protein-Kinase-C-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Leaf ;found in Seed
Protisticide
Kaempferol found in Flower ;found in Leaf ;found in Seed
Psychoactive
Myristicin found in Plant (120 ppm);found in Seed (985 ppm)
Psychotropic
Tannin found in Plant
Quinone-Reductase-Inducer
Kaempferol found in Flower ;found in Leaf ;found in Seed
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Leaf ;found in Seed
Renoirritant
Terpinen-4-ol found in Plant (985 ppm)
Respirainhibitor
Thujone found in Seed
Respiraparalytic
Acetaldehyde found in Seed
Roborant
Aspartic-acid found in Seed (23130 ppm)
Rubefacient
1,8-cineole found in Seed (0.1 ppm)
Schizophrenigenic
Copper found in Seed (18 ppm)
Secretogogue
1,8-cineole found in Seed (0.1 ppm)
Sedative
1,8-cineole found in Seed (0.1 ppm)
Alpha-pinene found in Plant (20 ppm);found in Seed (540 ppm)
Alpha-terpineol found in Seed
Caffeic-acid found in Seed (2840 ppm)
Carvone found in Seed Essent. Oil (900000 ppm);found in Seed (32640 ppm);found in Essential Oil (580000 ppm);found in Plant (3120 ppm)
Citronellol found in Seed (0.1 ppm)
Cuminaldehyde found in Essential Oil (370000 ppm);found in Plant
Limonene found in Seed Essent. Oil (381600 ppm);found in Plant (420 ppm);found in Seed (42000 ppm);found in Essential Oil (500000 ppm)
Linalool found in Seed (96 ppm)
Myristicin found in Plant (120 ppm);found in Seed (985 ppm)
Niacin found in Seed (56 ppm)
P-cymene found in Seed (1320 ppm)
Perillaldehyde found in Seed (60 ppm)
Stigmasterol found in Seed (310 ppm)
Tryptophan found in Seed (2710 ppm)
Serotoninergic
Myristicin found in Plant (120 ppm);found in Seed (985 ppm)
Niacin found in Seed (56 ppm)
Tryptophan found in Seed (2710 ppm)
Soap
Palmitic-acid found in Seed (9000 ppm)
Palmitoleic-acid found in Seed (999 ppm)
Spasmogenic
1,8-cineole found in Seed (0.1 ppm)
Alpha-pinene found in Plant (20 ppm);found in Seed (540 ppm)
Alpha-terpinene found in Seed (12 ppm)
Beta-pinene found in Plant (20 ppm);found in Seed (600 ppm)
Camphene found in Plant (30 ppm);found in Seed (900 ppm)
Spasmolytic
Geranial found in Seed
Spermicide
Beta-sitosterol found in Root ;found in Seed (420 ppm)
Terpinen-4-ol found in Plant (985 ppm)
Spermigenic
Arginine found in Seed (13900 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (66 ppm)
Sunscreen
Caffeic-acid found in Seed (2840 ppm)
Umbelliferone found in Plant ;found in Root
Suppository
Stearic-acid found in Seed (1800 ppm)
Surfactant
1,8-cineole found in Seed (0.1 ppm)
Sweetener
Galactose found in Seed
TNF-alpha-Inhibitor
Isoquercitrin found in Seed ;found in Shoot
Kaempferol found in Flower ;found in Leaf ;found in Seed
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Leaf ;found in Seed
Tachycardic
Myristicin found in Plant (120 ppm);found in Seed (985 ppm)
Teratologic
Kaempferol found in Flower ;found in Leaf ;found in Seed
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Leaf ;found in Seed
Termiticide
Alpha-terpineol found in Seed
Termitifuge
Linalool found in Seed (96 ppm)
Testosterone-Hydroxylase-Inducer
1,8-cineole found in Seed (0.1 ppm)
Testosteronigenic
Zinc found in Seed (66 ppm)
Thymoprotective
Beta-carotene found in Seed (2 ppm)
Tissue-Thromboplastin-Inhibitor
Hyperoside found in Seed
Topoisomerase-I-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Flower ;found in Leaf ;found in Seed
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Leaf ;found in Seed
Topoisomerase-II-Inhibitor
Isoquercitrin found in Seed ;found in Shoot
Kaempferol found in Flower ;found in Leaf ;found in Seed
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Leaf ;found in Seed
Toxic
Thujone found in Seed
Tracheorelaxant
Carvacrol found in Seed Essent. Oil (595300 ppm);found in Seed
Tranquilizer
Alpha-pinene found in Plant (20 ppm);found in Seed (540 ppm)
Calcium found in Seed (8160 ppm)
Magnesium found in Seed (2950 ppm)
Transdermal
1,8-cineole found in Seed (0.1 ppm)
Alpha-pinene found in Plant (20 ppm);found in Seed (540 ppm)
Alpha-terpineol found in Seed
Beta-pinene found in Plant (20 ppm);found in Seed (600 ppm)
Limonene found in Seed Essent. Oil (381600 ppm);found in Plant (420 ppm);found in Seed (42000 ppm);found in Essential Oil (500000 ppm)
Tremorigenic
Phenylalanine found in Seed (9625 ppm)
Trichomonicide
1,8-cineole found in Seed (0.1 ppm)
Carvacrol found in Seed Essent. Oil (595300 ppm);found in Seed
Carvone found in Seed Essent. Oil (900000 ppm);found in Seed (32640 ppm);found in Essential Oil (580000 ppm);found in Plant (3120 ppm)
Citronellol found in Seed (0.1 ppm)
Linalool found in Seed (96 ppm)
P-cymene found in Seed (1320 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (66 ppm)
Tumor-Promoter
Linalool found in Seed (96 ppm)
Tryptophan found in Seed (2710 ppm)
Tumorigenic
Caffeic-acid found in Seed (2840 ppm)
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Leaf ;found in Seed
Tyrosinase-Inhibitor
Acetaldehyde found in Seed
Cuminaldehyde found in Essential Oil (370000 ppm);found in Plant
Kaempferol found in Flower ;found in Leaf ;found in Seed
P-coumaric-acid found in Seed (86 ppm)
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Leaf ;found in Seed
Tyrosine-Kinase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Leaf ;found in Seed
Ubiquiot
Beta-carotene found in Seed (2 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Root ;found in Seed (420 ppm)
Ulcerogenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Root ;found in Seed (420 ppm)
Cuminaldehyde found in Essential Oil (370000 ppm);found in Plant
Uricosuric
Glycine found in Seed (14675 ppm)
Salicylates found in Seed (30 ppm)
Urine-Acidifier
Methionine found in Seed (4005 ppm)
Urine-Deodorant
Methionine found in Seed (4005 ppm)
Uterorelaxant
Magnesium found in Seed (2950 ppm)
Uterosedative
Scopoletin found in Plant ;found in Root
Uterotonic
Myristicin found in Plant (120 ppm);found in Seed (985 ppm)
Uterotrophic
Kaempferol found in Flower ;found in Leaf ;found in Seed
VEGF-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Leaf ;found in Seed
Vasodilator
Alpha-linolenic-acid found in Seed (1664 ppm)
Arginine found in Seed (13900 ppm)
Calcium found in Seed (8160 ppm)
Fiber found in Seed (223000 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Flower ;found in Leaf ;found in Seed
Magnesium found in Seed (2950 ppm)
Niacin found in Seed (56 ppm)
Potassium found in Seed (15670 ppm)
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Leaf ;found in Seed
Vermicide
Carvone found in Seed Essent. Oil (900000 ppm);found in Seed (32640 ppm);found in Essential Oil (580000 ppm);found in Plant (3120 ppm)
Vermifuge
Carvacrol found in Seed Essent. Oil (595300 ppm);found in Seed
Vibriocide
Perillaldehyde found in Seed (60 ppm)
Vulnerary
Alpha-terpineol found in Seed
Caffeic-acid found in Seed (2840 ppm)
Terpinen-4-ol found in Plant (985 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (66 ppm)
Xanthine-Oxidase-Inhibitor
Caffeic-acid found in Seed (2840 ppm)
Hyperoside found in Seed
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Leaf ;found in Seed
Tannin found in Plant
Umbelliferone found in Plant ;found in Root
cAMP-Inhibitor
Hyperoside found in Seed
cAMP-Phosphodiesterase-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Flower ;found in Leaf ;found in Seed
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Leaf ;found in Seed
iNOS-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Flower ;found in Leaf ;found in Seed
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Leaf ;found in Seed

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Chemicals detected

Chemical Plant part Low ppm High ppm
(+)-carvone Seed Essent. Oil
Plant
Seed 9,000 55,760
(+)-cis-carveol Seed Essent. Oil
(+)-dihydrocarveol Essential Oil 600
(+)-limonene Seed Essent. Oil
(+)-trans-carveol Seed Essent. Oil
(-)-carvone Seed Essent. Oil
(-)-cis-carveol Seed Essent. Oil
(-)-dihydrocarvone Essential Oil 10
(-)-limonene Seed Essent. Oil
(-)-trans-carveol Seed Essent. Oil
(e)-beta-ocimene Seed
(e)-dihydrocarvone Seed
(e)-p-mentha-2,8-dien-1-ol Seed
(z)-beta-ocimene Seed
(z)-dihydrocarvone Seed
(z)-p-mentha-2,8-dien-1-ol Seed
1,8-cineole Seed 0.1
1-p-menthene-6-an-ol Seed 50 155
1-p-menthene-8,9-diol Seed 40 125
2,4-hexadienal Seed
2,8-p-menthadiene-1-ol Seed 120 365
2,8-p-menthadiene-6-ol Seed 110 330
2-methyl-benzaldehyde Seed
4-methyl-benzaldehyde Seed
5-methoxy-psoralen Plant
Seed
8-cis-menthene Seed 0.1
8-methoxy-psoralen Plant
8-p-menthene-1,2-diol Seed 30 85
8-p-menthene-1,2-diol-isomer Seed 30 85
8-p-menthene-7-al Seed 30 85
Abscisic-acid Seed 0.12
Acetaldehyde Seed
Alanine Seed 9,140 10,150
Alpha-linolenic-acid Seed 1,500 1,664
Alpha-phellandrene Seed 3 1,230
Alpha-pinene Plant 20
Seed 4 540
Alpha-terpinene Seed 6 12
Alpha-terpineol Seed
Alpha-thujene Seed
Arabinose Seed
Arginine Seed 12,520 13,900
Ash Seed 55,000 67,620
Aspartic-acid Seed 20,840 23,130
Astragalin Seed
Benzoic-acid-4-o-beta-d-glucoside Seed 37
Beta-carotene Seed 2
Beta-caryophyllene Seed 20 1,320
Beta-elemene Seed Essent. Oil
Essential Oil
Beta-fenchene Seed
Beta-myrcene Seed
Beta-phellandrene Seed
Beta-pinene Plant 20
Seed 40 600
Beta-sitosterol Root
Seed 420
Cadinene Plant 3,720 29,760
Caffeic-acid Seed 2,840
Calcium Seed 1,530 8,160
Calcium-oxalate Seed
Campesterol Seed 30
Camphene Plant 30
Seed 1 900
Capric-acid Seed 100 110
Carbohydrates Seed 300,000 554,000
Carvacrol Seed Essent. Oil 595,300
Seed
Carveol Essential Oil
Plant 430
Seed 120 3,240
Carvone Seed Essent. Oil 595,300 900,000
Seed 10,880 32,640
Essential Oil 264,000 580,000
Plant 3,120
Carvone-epoxide(8,9) Seed 25 80
Carvyl-acetate Plant 55
Seed 45 455
Chromium Seed 15.5
Cis-2-carveol Seed 75 230
Cis-beta-ocimene Seed
Cis-carveol Flower Essent. Oil
Seed 21 42
Cis-dihydrocarvone Seed 15 50
Cis-limonene-diepoxide Seed 55 160
Cis-limonene-epoxide Seed 300 900
Cis-p-menth-8-en-1-ol Plant
Citronellol Seed 0.1
Cobalt Seed 1
Copper Seed 9 18
Cuminaldehyde Essential Oil 370,000
Plant
Cystine Seed 3,290 3,650
D-dihydropinol Seed
D-perillaldehyde Seed
Decan-1-al Seed
Decanal Seed
Delta-3-carene Plant 100
Seed 90 180
Delta-3-carene-epoxide Seed 5 20
Diacetyl Seed
Dihydrocarveol Essential Oil
Seed 200 780
Plant 950
Dihydrocarvone Essential Oil 5,000
Seed 240 1,890
Plant 230
Dihydrocarvyl-acetate Plant 55
Seed 45 455
Dihydropinol Essential Oil 2,800
Eicosenoic-acid Seed 1,000 1,800
Eo Plant 10,000
Seed 20,000 82,000
Falcarindiol Root 290
Falcarindion Root
Falcarinol-one Root
Falcarinone Plant
Fat Seed 100,000 180,000
Fiber Seed 112,730 223,000
Fucose Seed
Furfural Seed
Galactose Seed
Gamma-elemene Seed
Gamma-terpinene Plant 270 2,215
Seed 12 14,160
Geranial Seed
Germacrene-d Seed Essent. Oil
Essential Oil
Glucose Seed
Glutamic-acid Seed 31,690 35,175
Glycine Seed 13,220 14,675
Herniarin Plant
Hexa-2,4-dien-1-al Seed
Hexadecenic-acid Seed 1,000
Histidine Seed 5,500 6,105
Hydroxycoumarins Seed
Hyperoside Seed
Iron Seed 123 1,200
Iso-dihydrocarveol Seed
Isodihydrocarvone Seed
Isoleucine Seed 8,260 9,170
Isoquercitrin Seed
Shoot
Isorhamnetin-3-galactoside Seed
Isorhamnetin-3-glucoside Seed
Kaempferol Flower
Leaf
Seed
Kaempferol-3-0-galactoside Seed
Kaempferol-3-0-glucoside Seed
Kilocalories Seed 3,330 3,700
Lauric-acid Seed 100 110
Leucine Seed 12,180 13,520
Limonene Seed Essent. Oil 381,600
Plant 420
Seed 3,000 42,000
Essential Oil 250,000 500,000
Limonene-4-ol Seed 20 55
Linalool Seed 5 96
Linoleic-acid Seed 19,600 46,714
Linolenic-acid Seed 600 4,140
Lysine Seed 10,310 11,445
Magnesium Seed 2,070 2,950
Manganese Seed 13 34
Mannans Seed
Mannose Seed
Methanol Seed
Methionine Seed 3,610 4,005
Methyl-3,7-dimethyl-2,6-octadienoate Seed
Mufa Seed 71,250 79,085
Myrcene Plant 150
Seed 12 1,560
Myristic-acid Seed 400 444
Myristicin Plant 120
Seed 60 985
N-nonanal Seed 6 12
N-octanal Seed 24 48
Neodihydrocarveol Seed
Neoisodihydrocarveol Seed
Niacin Seed 21 56
Nickel Seed 7 10
Oleic-acid Seed 29,000 241,000
P-1(7),8-menthadiene-6-ol Seed 10 25
P-coumaric-acid Seed 86
P-cymene Seed 0.1 1,320
P-mentha-2,8-dien-1-ol Seed
Palmitic-acid Seed 2,000 9,000
Palmitoleic-acid Seed 900 999
Perillaldehyde Seed 20 60
Perillyl-alcohol Essential Oil 800
Plant 160 1,310
Petroselinic-acid Seed Oil
Seed 40,000 354,000
Plant 33,020
Phenylalanine Seed 8,670 9,625
Phosphorus Seed 5,650 6,580
Phytate Seed 10,190 10,900
Phytofluene Plant
Phytosterols Seed 760
Polyacetylenes Root
Polysaccharides Seed 130,000
Potassium Seed 10,810 15,670
Proline Seed 9,170 10,180
Protein Seed 190,521 400,000
Pufa Seed 32,720 36,320
Quercetin Flower
Leaf
Seed
Quercetin-3'-glucoside Seed
Quercetin-3-0-galactoside Seed
Quercetin-3-glucuronide Seed
Quercetin-3-o-beta-d-glucoside Seed
Quercetin-3-o-beta-d-glucuronide Seed
Quercetin-3-o-caffeyl-glucoside Seed
Rhamnose Seed
Riboflavin Seed 3 4
Sabinene Seed 4 60
Salicylates Seed 28 30
Scopoletin Plant
Root
Serine Seed 9,460 10,500
Sfa Seed 6,200 6,880
Sodium Seed 149 340
Starch Seed 45,000
Stearic-acid Seed 1,000 1,800
Stigmasterol Seed 310
Sugars Seed 30,000
Tannin Plant
Terpinen-4-ol Plant 120 985
Terpinolene Seed
Thiamin Seed 3 4
Threonine Seed 7,560 8,390
Thujone Seed
Trans-1-carveol Seed 230 690
Trans-beta-ocimene Seed
Trans-carveol Flower Essent. Oil
Seed 105 210
Trans-caryophyllene-oxide Seed 5 20
Trans-dihydrocarvone Seed 15 354
Trans-limonene-diepoxide Seed 45 140
Trans-limonene-epoxide Seed 200 600
Tricyclene Seed
Trifolin Seed
Tryptophan Seed 2,440 2,710
Tyrosine Seed 6,420 7,125
Umbelliferone Plant
Root
Valine Seed 10,370 11,510
Water Seed 91,880 155,000
Xanthotoxin Seed
Xylose Seed
Zinc Seed 47 66
Reference: Dr. Duke's Phytochemical and Ethnobotanical Databases. [Online Database]