Canna indica Health effects and herbal facts

Known as
African arrowroot edible canna Indian-shot purple arrowroot Queensland arrowroot Sierra Leone arrowroot

Canna indica L. is a species of the Canna genus, belonging to the family Cannaceae, a native of the southeastern United States, Mexico, Central America, the West Indies and much of South America. It is also reportedly naturalized in Austria, Portugal, Spain, Azores, Canary Islands, Cape Verde, Madeira, most of tropical Africa, Ascension Island, St. Helena, Madagascar, China, Japan, Taiwan, the Bonin Islands, India, Assam, Nepal, Sri Lanka, the Andaman Islands, Cambodia, Laos, Thailand, Vietnam, Burma, Java, Malaysia, the Philippines, Christmas Island, the Bismarck Archipelago, Norfolk Island, New South Wales, Queensland, Fiji, Tonga, Vanuatu, Kiribati, the Cook Islands, the Society Islands, the Caroline Islands and Hawaii. Canna indica is a perennial growing to between 0.5 m and 2.5 m, depending on the variety. It is hardy to zone 10 and is frost tender. The flowers are hermaphrodite. Canna indica sps. can be used for the treatment of industrial waste waters through constructed wetlands. It is effective for the removal of high organic load, color and chlorinated organic compounds from paper mill wastewater.

Canna indica

Medical use

Economic importance of Canna indica

Environmental ornamental
Human food starch
Animal food foder
Gene sources ornamental features
Materials beads wraping
Medicines folklore

Gallery

Canna indica Canna indica Canna indica Canna indica Canna indica Canna indica Canna indica Canna indica Canna indica Canna indica Canna indica Canna indica Canna indica Canna indica Canna indica Canna indica

Geografical distribution

  • AFRICA
    Naturalized
    • Macaronesia: Cape Verde; Portugal - Azores, Madeira Islands; Spain - Canary Islands
    • Northeast Tropical Africa: Ethiopia
    • West Tropical Africa: Guinea
    • South Tropical Africa: Angola; Malawi; Mozambique; Zambia; Zimbabwe
    • Southern Africa: South Africa
    • Western Indian Ocean: Madagascar; Mauritius; Mayotte; Reunion
  • ASIA-TEMPERATE
    Naturalized
    • Arabian Peninsula: Yemen
  • ASIA-TROPICAL
    Naturalized
    • Indian Subcontinent: India; Nepal; Sri Lanka
    • Indo-China: Thailand
    • Malesia: Philippines
  • AUSTRALASIA
    Naturalized
    • Australia: Australia - New South Wales , Queensland
    • New Zealand: New Zealand
  • EUROPE
    Naturalized
    • Southwestern Europe: Portugal; Spain
  • NORTHERN AMERICA
    Native
    • Northern Mexico: Mexico - Tamaulipas
    • Southern Mexico: Mexico - Campeche, Chiapas, Hidalgo, Jalisco, Michoacan, Nayarit, Puebla, Quintana Roo, Tabasco, Veracruz, Yucatan
    Naturalized
    • Southeastern U.S.A.: United States - Florida, Louisiana, South Carolina
    • South-Central U.S.A.: United States - Texas
  • PACIFIC
    Naturalized
    • North-Central Pacific: United States - Hawaii
    • Northwestern Pacific: Micronesia; Palau
    • South-Central Pacific: Cook Islands; French Polynesia; Pitcairn
    • Southwestern Pacific: Fiji; Samoa; Tonga
  • SOUTHERN AMERICA
    Native
    • Caribbean: Antigua and Barbuda; Barbados; Cuba; Dominica; Dominican Republic; Grenada; Guadeloupe; Haiti; Jamaica; Martinique; Netherlands Antilles; Puerto Rico; St. Kitts and Nevis; St. Vincent and Grenadines
    • Mesoamerica: Belize; Costa Rica; El Salvador; Guatemala; Honduras; Nicaragua; Panama
    • Northern South America: French Guiana; Guyana; Suriname; Venezuela
    • Brazil: Brazil
    • Western South America: Bolivia; Colombia; Ecuador; Peru
    • Southern South America: Argentina - Buenos Aires, Chaco, Corrientes, Entre Rios, Formosa, Jujuy, Misiones, Salta, Tucuman; Paraguay; Uruguay

Biological activities

Acidulant
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (210 ppm)
Aldose-Reductase-Inhibitor
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (210 ppm)
Allergenic
Beta-carotene found in Root (0.3 ppm)
Niacin found in Root (13 ppm)
Analgesic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (210 ppm)
Thiamin found in Root (1 ppm)
Angiotensin-Receptor-Blocker
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (210 ppm)
Fiber found in Root (40000 ppm)
AntiAGE
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (210 ppm)
AntiCFS
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (210 ppm)
AntiCTS
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (210 ppm)
AntiLyme
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (210 ppm)
Niacin found in Root (13 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Root (0.3 ppm)
Thiamin found in Root (1 ppm)
AntiPMS
Beta-carotene found in Root (0.3 ppm)
Calcium found in Root (1300 ppm)
Antiacne
Beta-carotene found in Root (0.3 ppm)
Antiacrodynic
Niacin found in Root (13 ppm)
Antiaggregant
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (210 ppm)
Antiaging
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (210 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Root (0.3 ppm)
Antiakathisic
Iron found in Root (42 ppm)
Antialcoholic
Thiamin found in Root (1 ppm)
Antiallergic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (210 ppm)
Calcium found in Root (1300 ppm)
Niacin found in Root (13 ppm)
Antialzheimeran
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (210 ppm)
Niacin found in Root (13 ppm)
Thiamin found in Root (1 ppm)
Antiamblyopic
Niacin found in Root (13 ppm)
Antianemic
Iron found in Root (42 ppm)
Antianginal
Niacin found in Root (13 ppm)
Antianorectic
Thiamin found in Root (1 ppm)
Antianxiety
Calcium found in Root (1300 ppm)
Antiarabiflavinotic
Riboflavin found in Root (0.3 ppm)
Antiarrhythmic
Calcium found in Root (1300 ppm)
Antiarthritic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (210 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Root (0.3 ppm)
Calcium found in Root (1300 ppm)
Antiasthmatic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (210 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Root (0.3 ppm)
Antiatherosclerotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (210 ppm)
Calcium found in Root (1300 ppm)
Antibackache
Thiamin found in Root (1 ppm)
Antibacterial
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (210 ppm)
Antiberiberi
Thiamin found in Root (1 ppm)
Anticancer
Beta-carotene found in Root (0.3 ppm)
Anticanker
Iron found in Root (42 ppm)
Thiamin found in Root (1 ppm)
Anticarcinomic
Beta-carotene found in Root (0.3 ppm)
Anticardiospasmic
Thiamin found in Root (1 ppm)
Anticarpal-Tunnel
Riboflavin found in Root (0.3 ppm)
Anticataract
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (210 ppm)
Niacin found in Root (13 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Root (0.3 ppm)
Thiamin found in Root (1 ppm)
Anticephalagic
Riboflavin found in Root (0.3 ppm)
Anticervicaldysplasic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (210 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Root (0.3 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Root (0.3 ppm)
Anticheilitic
Iron found in Root (42 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Root (0.3 ppm)
Antichilblain
Niacin found in Root (13 ppm)
Anticlimacteric
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (210 ppm)
Calcium found in Root (1300 ppm)
Anticold
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (210 ppm)
Anticolitic
Thiamin found in Root (1 ppm)
Anticonvulsant
Niacin found in Root (13 ppm)
Anticoronary
Beta-carotene found in Root (0.3 ppm)
Antidecubitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (210 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Root (0.3 ppm)
Thiamin found in Root (1 ppm)
Antideliriant
Thiamin found in Root (1 ppm)
Antidementia
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (210 ppm)
Niacin found in Root (13 ppm)
Thiamin found in Root (1 ppm)
Antidepressant
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (210 ppm)
Calcium found in Root (1300 ppm)
Antidermatitic
Niacin found in Root (13 ppm)
Antidiabetic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (210 ppm)
Fiber found in Root (40000 ppm)
Niacin found in Root (13 ppm)
Antidyspeptic
Thiamin found in Root (1 ppm)
Antidysphagic
Niacin found in Root (13 ppm)
Antieczemic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (210 ppm)
Antiedemic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (210 ppm)
Antiencephalitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (210 ppm)
Antiencephalopathic
Thiamin found in Root (1 ppm)
Antiendometriotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (210 ppm)
Antiepileptic
Niacin found in Root (13 ppm)
Antifatigue
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (210 ppm)
Thiamin found in Root (1 ppm)
Antifibrotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (210 ppm)
Antigallstone
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (210 ppm)
Antigastritic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (210 ppm)
Thiamin found in Root (1 ppm)
Antigingivitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (210 ppm)
Antiglaucomic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (210 ppm)
Antiglossitic
Riboflavin found in Root (0.3 ppm)
Antihangover
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (210 ppm)
Niacin found in Root (13 ppm)
Thiamin found in Root (1 ppm)
Antiheartburn
Thiamin found in Root (1 ppm)
Antihemorrhagic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (210 ppm)
Antihepatitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (210 ppm)
Antihepatotoxic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (210 ppm)
Antiherpetic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (210 ppm)
Thiamin found in Root (1 ppm)
Antihistaminic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (210 ppm)
Niacin found in Root (13 ppm)
Antihyperactivity
Niacin found in Root (13 ppm)
Antihyperkeratotic
Beta-carotene found in Root (0.3 ppm)
Antihyperkinetic
Calcium found in Root (1300 ppm)
Antihypertensive
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (210 ppm)
Calcium found in Root (1300 ppm)
Fiber found in Root (40000 ppm)
Antiichythyotic
Beta-carotene found in Root (0.3 ppm)
Antiinfertility
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (210 ppm)
Antiinflammatory
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (210 ppm)
Antiinsomniac
Calcium found in Root (1300 ppm)
Antiinsomnic
Niacin found in Root (13 ppm)
Antikeratitic
Riboflavin found in Root (0.3 ppm)
Antilepric
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (210 ppm)
Antileukoplakic
Beta-carotene found in Root (0.3 ppm)
Antilipoperoxidant
Beta-carotene found in Root (0.3 ppm)
Antilithic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (210 ppm)
Antilupus
Beta-carotene found in Root (0.3 ppm)
Antimaculitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (210 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Root (0.3 ppm)
Antimastitic
Beta-carotene found in Root (0.3 ppm)
Antimeasles
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (210 ppm)
Antimenopausal
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (210 ppm)
Calcium found in Root (1300 ppm)
Antimenorrhagic
Iron found in Root (42 ppm)
Antimigraine
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (210 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Root (0.3 ppm)
Thiamin found in Root (1 ppm)
Antimutagenic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (210 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Root (0.3 ppm)
Antimyocarditic
Thiamin found in Root (1 ppm)
Antineuralgic
Niacin found in Root (13 ppm)
Thiamin found in Root (1 ppm)
Antineuramidase
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (210 ppm)
Antineurasthenic
Thiamin found in Root (1 ppm)
Antineuritic
Thiamin found in Root (1 ppm)
Antineuropathic
Thiamin found in Root (1 ppm)
Antinitrosic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (210 ppm)
Antiobesity
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (210 ppm)
Calcium found in Root (1300 ppm)
Fiber found in Root (40000 ppm)
Antiorchitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (210 ppm)
Antiosteoarthritic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (210 ppm)
Antiosteoporotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (210 ppm)
Calcium found in Root (1300 ppm)
Phosphorus found in Root (2200 ppm)
Antioxidant
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (210 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Root (0.3 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Root (0.3 ppm)
Antiozenic
Beta-carotene found in Root (0.3 ppm)
Antipapillomic
Beta-carotene found in Root (0.3 ppm)
Antiparkinsonian
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (210 ppm)
Niacin found in Root (13 ppm)
Antiparotitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (210 ppm)
Antipellagric
Niacin found in Root (13 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Root (0.3 ppm)
Antiperiodontitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (210 ppm)
Calcium found in Root (1300 ppm)
Antiphotophobic
Beta-carotene found in Root (0.3 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Root (0.3 ppm)
Antipityriasic
Beta-carotene found in Root (0.3 ppm)
Antipneumonic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (210 ppm)
Antipodriac
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (210 ppm)
Antipoliomyelitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (210 ppm)
Thiamin found in Root (1 ppm)
Antiporphyric
Beta-carotene found in Root (0.3 ppm)
Antiproliferant
Beta-carotene found in Root (0.3 ppm)
Antipsoriac
Beta-carotene found in Root (0.3 ppm)
Antipyretic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (210 ppm)
Antiradicular
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (210 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Root (0.3 ppm)
Antiretinotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (210 ppm)
Antirheumatic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (210 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Root (0.3 ppm)
Calcium found in Root (1300 ppm)
Antirhinitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (210 ppm)
Antiscorbutic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (210 ppm)
Antiscotomic
Niacin found in Root (13 ppm)
Antiseptic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (210 ppm)
Antishingles
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (210 ppm)
Antispasmodic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (210 ppm)
Niacin found in Root (13 ppm)
Antistress
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (210 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Root (0.3 ppm)
Calcium found in Root (1300 ppm)
Antisyndrome-X
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (210 ppm)
Antitic
Calcium found in Root (1300 ppm)
Antitumor
Beta-carotene found in Root (0.3 ppm)
Fiber found in Root (40000 ppm)
Antiulcer
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (210 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Root (0.3 ppm)
Fiber found in Root (40000 ppm)
Antivertigo
Niacin found in Root (13 ppm)
Antiviral
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (210 ppm)
Antixerophthalmic
Beta-carotene found in Root (0.3 ppm)
Anxiolytic
Calcium found in Root (1300 ppm)
Phosphorus found in Root (2200 ppm)
Apoptotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (210 ppm)
Asthma-preventive
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (210 ppm)
Beta-Blocker
Fiber found in Root (40000 ppm)
Beta-Glucuronidase-Inhibitor
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (210 ppm)
COX-1-Inhibitor
Beta-carotene found in Root (0.3 ppm)
COX-2-Inhibitor
Beta-carotene found in Root (0.3 ppm)
Calcium-Antagonist
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (210 ppm)
Calcium-Channel-Blocker
Calcium found in Root (1300 ppm)
Cancer-Preventive
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (210 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Root (0.3 ppm)
Fiber found in Root (40000 ppm)
Niacin found in Root (13 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Root (0.3 ppm)
Cardioprotective
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (210 ppm)
Fiber found in Root (40000 ppm)
Niacin found in Root (13 ppm)
Chemopreventive
Beta-carotene found in Root (0.3 ppm)
Circulotonic
Niacin found in Root (13 ppm)
Cold-preventive
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (210 ppm)
Collagenic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (210 ppm)
Colorant
Beta-carotene found in Root (0.3 ppm)
Detoxicant
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (210 ppm)
Diuretic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (210 ppm)
Calcium found in Root (1300 ppm)
Fiber found in Root (40000 ppm)
Fibrinolytic
Niacin found in Root (13 ppm)
Fistula-Preventive
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (210 ppm)
Gastroprotective
Beta-carotene found in Root (0.3 ppm)
Hepatoprotective
Niacin found in Root (13 ppm)
Hepatotoxic
Niacin found in Root (13 ppm)
Hypocholesterolemic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (210 ppm)
Calcium found in Root (1300 ppm)
Fiber found in Root (40000 ppm)
Niacin found in Root (13 ppm)
Hypoglycemic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (210 ppm)
Niacin found in Root (13 ppm)
Hypolipidemic
Niacin found in Root (13 ppm)
Hypotensive
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (210 ppm)
Calcium found in Root (1300 ppm)
Fiber found in Root (40000 ppm)
Hypouricemic
Fiber found in Root (40000 ppm)
Immunomodulator
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (210 ppm)
Immunostimulant
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (210 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Root (0.3 ppm)
Phosphorus found in Root (2200 ppm)
Insectifuge
Thiamin found in Root (1 ppm)
Interferon-Synergist
Beta-carotene found in Root (0.3 ppm)
Interferonogenic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (210 ppm)
Laxative
Calcium found in Root (1300 ppm)
Fiber found in Root (40000 ppm)
Lithogenic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (210 ppm)
Mucogenic
Beta-carotene found in Root (0.3 ppm)
Mucolytic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (210 ppm)
Neuroprotective
Thiamin found in Root (1 ppm)
Osteogenic
Phosphorus found in Root (2200 ppm)
Pesticide
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (210 ppm)
Thiamin found in Root (1 ppm)
Phagocytotic
Beta-carotene found in Root (0.3 ppm)
Prooxidant
Beta-carotene found in Root (0.3 ppm)
Iron found in Root (42 ppm)
Sedative
Niacin found in Root (13 ppm)
Serotoninergic
Niacin found in Root (13 ppm)
Thymoprotective
Beta-carotene found in Root (0.3 ppm)
Tranquilizer
Calcium found in Root (1300 ppm)
Ubiquiot
Beta-carotene found in Root (0.3 ppm)
Uricosuric
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (210 ppm)
Urinary-Acidulant
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (210 ppm)
Vasodilator
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (210 ppm)
Calcium found in Root (1300 ppm)
Fiber found in Root (40000 ppm)
Niacin found in Root (13 ppm)
Vulnerary
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (210 ppm)

Search

Chemicals detected

Chemical Plant part Low ppm High ppm
Ascorbic-acid Root 70 210
Ash Root 9,000 53,000
Beta-carotene Root 0.1 0.3
Calcium Root 150 1,300
Carbohydrates Root 313,000 942,770
Fat Root 1,000 7,000
Seed 5,000 8,000
Fiber Root 5,000 40,000
Iron Root 14 42
Kilocalories Root 1,230 3,705
Niacin Root 4 13
Phosphorus Root 630 2,200
Protein Root 9,000 36,000
Seed 87,000 100,000
Riboflavin Root 0.1 0.3
Thiamin Root 0.3 1
Water Root 668,000
Reference: Dr. Duke's Phytochemical and Ethnobotanical Databases. [Online Database]