Cananga odorata Health effects and herbal facts

Known as
Macassar oiltree perfumetree woolly-pine ylang-ylang-tree

Cananga odorata, commonly called ylang-ylang, cananga tree, ilang-ilang, kenanga in Indonesian, fragrant cananga, Macassar-oil plant or perfume tree, is a tropical tree which originates from the Philippines and is valued for its perfume. The essential oil derived from the flowers is used in aromatherapy. Artabotrys odoratissimus, ylang-ylang vine, and Artabotrys hexapetalus, climbing ylang-ylang, are woody, evergreen climbing plants in the same family. A. odoratissimus is also a source of perfume.

Cananga odorata

Medical use

Economic importance of Cananga odorata

Food additives flavoring
Environmental ornamental
Materials esential oils wod
Medicines folklore

Gallery

Cananga odorata Cananga odorata Cananga odorata Cananga odorata Cananga odorata Cananga odorata Cananga odorata Cananga odorata Cananga odorata Cananga odorata Cananga odorata Cananga odorata Cananga odorata Cananga odorata Cananga odorata

Geografical distribution

  • ASIA-TROPICAL
    Native
    • Indo-China: Cambodia; Laos; Myanmar; Thailand; Vietnam
    • Malesia: Indonesia; Malaysia; Papua New Guinea; Philippines
  • AUSTRALASIA
    Native
    • Australia: Australia - Queensland

Biological activities

Acaricide
Benzyl-acetate found in Flower
Benzyl-benzoate found in Flower
Eugenol found in Flower
Formic-acid found in Flower
Acidulant
Acetic-acid found in Flower
Aldose-Reductase-Inhibitor
Caryophyllene found in Flower
Delta-cadinene found in Flower
Salicylic-acid found in Flower
Allelochemic
P-cresol found in Flower
Allergenic
Acetone found in Flower
Benzaldehyde found in Flower
Benzoic-acid found in Flower
Benzyl-alcohol found in Flower
Benzyl-benzoate found in Flower
Benzyl-salicylate found in Flower
Caryophyllene found in Flower
Eugenol found in Flower
Farnesol found in Flower
Geraniol found in Flower
Geranyl-acetate found in Flower
Isoeugenol found in Flower
Methyl-salicylate found in Flower
Analgesic
Caryophyllene found in Flower
Eugenol found in Flower
Methyl-salicylate found in Flower
Salicylic-acid found in Flower
Anaphrodisiac
Methyl-salicylate found in Flower
Anesthetic
Benzaldehyde found in Flower
Benzoic-acid found in Flower
Benzyl-alcohol found in Flower
Eugenol found in Flower
Safrole found in Flower
Anthelmintic
Geraniol found in Flower
AntiTNF
Eugenol found in Flower
Isoeugenol found in Flower
Antiacne
Caryophyllene found in Flower
Delta-cadinene found in Flower
Antiadenomic
Farnesol found in Flower
Antiaggregant
Eugenol found in Flower
Isoeugenol found in Flower
Safrole found in Flower
Antiarachidonate
Eugenol found in Flower
Antiarthritic
Salicylic-acid found in Flower
Antiasthmatic
Benzyl-benzoate found in Flower
Caryophyllene found in Flower
Antibacterial
Acetic-acid found in Flower
Benzaldehyde found in Flower
Benzoic-acid found in Flower
Caryophyllene found in Flower
Delta-cadinene found in Flower
Eugenol found in Flower
Geraniol found in Flower
Nerol found in Flower
Safrole found in Flower
Salicylic-acid found in Flower
Anticancer
Benzaldehyde found in Flower
Anticariogenic
Caryophyllene found in Flower
Delta-cadinene found in Flower
Geraniol found in Flower
Anticonvulsant
Eugenol found in Flower
Safrole found in Flower
Antidandruff
Salicylic-acid found in Flower
Antidermatitic
Caryophyllene found in Flower
Antidermatotic
Salicylic-acid found in Flower
Antidysmenorrheic
Benzyl-benzoate found in Flower
Antieczemic
Salicylic-acid found in Flower
Antiedemic
Caryophyllene found in Flower
Eugenol found in Flower
Antiestrogenic
Eugenol found in Flower
Antifeedant
Cadinene found in Flower
Caryophyllene found in Flower
Eugenol found in Flower
Antigenotoxic
Eugenol found in Flower
Antihelicobacter
Nerol found in Flower
Antiherpetic
Eugenol found in Flower
Antiichthyosic
Salicylic-acid found in Flower
Antiinflammatory
Caryophyllene found in Flower
Eugenol found in Flower
Isoeugenol found in Flower
Methyl-salicylate found in Flower
Salicylic-acid found in Flower
Antikeratotic
Eugenol found in Flower
Antileishmanic
Caryophyllene found in Flower
Antileukemic
Farnesol found in Flower
Antimelanomic
Farnesol found in Flower
Geraniol found in Flower
Antimitotic
Eugenol found in Flower
Antimutagenic
Benzaldehyde found in Flower
Eugenol found in Flower
P-cresol found in Flower
Antineuralgic
Salicylic-acid found in Flower
Antinitrosating
Eugenol found in Flower
Antiodontalgic
Benzyl-alcohol found in Flower
Antioncychomycotic
Salicylic-acid found in Flower
Antionychyotic
Caryophyllene found in Flower
Antiotitic
Acetic-acid found in Flower
Benzoic-acid found in Flower
Antioxidant
Eugenol found in Flower
Isoeugenol found in Flower
Methyl-salicylate found in Flower
Salicylic-acid found in Flower
Antipeptic
Benzaldehyde found in Flower
Antiperiodic
Salicylic-acid found in Flower
Antipodagric
Salicylic-acid found in Flower
Antiproliferant
Caryophyllene found in Flower
Antiprostaglandin
Eugenol found in Flower
Antipruritic
Benzyl-alcohol found in Flower
Antipsoriac
Salicylic-acid found in Flower
Antipyretic
Benzoic-acid found in Flower
Eugenol found in Flower
Methyl-salicylate found in Flower
Salicylic-acid found in Flower
Antiradicular
Eugenol found in Flower
Methyl-salicylate found in Flower
Antirheumatalgic
Methyl-salicylate found in Flower
Antirheumatic
Salicylic-acid found in Flower
Antisalmonella
Acetic-acid found in Flower
Benzoic-acid found in Flower
Eugenol found in Flower
Geraniol found in Flower
Antiseborrheic
Salicylic-acid found in Flower
Antiseptic
Benzaldehyde found in Flower
Benzoic-acid found in Flower
Benzyl-alcohol found in Flower
Eugenol found in Flower
Formic-acid found in Flower
Furfural found in Flower
Geraniol found in Flower
Methyl-benzoate found in Flower
Methyl-salicylate found in Flower
Nerol found in Flower
P-cresol found in Flower
Safrole found in Flower
Salicylic-acid found in Flower
Antispasmodic
Benzaldehyde found in Flower
Benzyl-benzoate found in Flower
Caryophyllene found in Flower
Eugenol found in Flower
Farnesol found in Flower
Geraniol found in Flower
Antistaphylococcic
Caryophyllene found in Flower
Eugenol found in Flower
Antistreptococcic
Caryophyllene found in Flower
Delta-cadinene found in Flower
Antisyncopic
Formic-acid found in Flower
Antitartar
Methyl-salicylate found in Flower
Antithromboxane
Eugenol found in Flower
Antitubercular
Geraniol found in Flower
Antitumor
Benzaldehyde found in Flower
Benzyl-benzoate found in Flower
Caryophyllene found in Flower
Eugenol found in Flower
Geraniol found in Flower
Isoeugenol found in Flower
Salicylic-acid found in Flower
Antitympanitic
Salicylic-acid found in Flower
Antiulcer
Caryophyllene found in Flower
Eugenol found in Flower
Nerol found in Flower
Antivaginitic
Acetic-acid found in Flower
Antiviral
Eugenol found in Flower
Antiyeast
Benzoic-acid found in Flower
Apifuge
Eugenol found in Flower
Apoptotic
Farnesol found in Flower
Artemicide
Benzyl-benzoate found in Flower
Ascaricide
Geraniol found in Flower
Astringent
Formic-acid found in Flower
Bacteristat
Isoeugenol found in Flower
CNS-Depressant
Acetone found in Flower
Benzyl-benzoate found in Flower
Eugenol found in Flower
Eugenol-methyl-ether found in Flower
Safrole found in Flower
CNS-Stimulant
Benzyl-benzoate found in Flower
Geraniol found in Flower
Safrole found in Flower
COX-1-Inhibitor
Eugenol found in Flower
COX-2-Inhibitor
Eugenol found in Flower
Salicylic-acid found in Flower
Calcium-Antagonist
Eugenol found in Flower
Safrole found in Flower
Cancer-Preventive
Eugenol found in Flower
Eugenol-methyl-ether found in Flower
Geraniol found in Flower
Isoeugenol found in Flower
Methyl-salicylate found in Flower
P-cresol found in Flower
Safrole found in Flower
Salicylic-acid found in Flower
Candidicide
Benzaldehyde found in Flower
Caryophyllene found in Flower
Eugenol found in Flower
Geraniol found in Flower
Candidistat
Isoeugenol found in Flower
Carcinogenic
Isosafrole found in Flower
Safrole found in Flower
Cardiotonic
Benzyl-acetate found in Flower
Carminative
Eugenol found in Flower
Methyl-salicylate found in Flower
Safrole found in Flower
Choleretic
Benzoic-acid found in Flower
Eugenol found in Flower
Comedolytic
Salicylic-acid found in Flower
Controlled
Safrole found in Flower
Corrosive
Formic-acid found in Flower
Counterirritant
Formic-acid found in Flower
Methyl-salicylate found in Flower
Cyclooxygenase-Inhibitor
Salicylic-acid found in Flower
Cytochrome-P450-Inducer
Delta-cadinene found in Flower
Safrole found in Flower
Cytochrome-P450-Inhibitor
Eugenol found in Flower
Cytochrome-P488-Inducer
Safrole found in Flower
Cytotoxic
Eugenol found in Flower
Isoeugenol found in Flower
DNA-Binder
Eugenol-methyl-ether found in Flower
Safrole found in Flower
Dentifrice
Methyl-salicylate found in Flower
Dermatitigenic
Eugenol found in Flower
Salicylic-acid found in Flower
Embryotoxic
Geraniol found in Flower
Emetic
Benzyl-acetate found in Flower
Geraniol found in Flower
Enterorelaxant
Eugenol found in Flower
Estrogenic
Nerol found in Flower
Expectorant
Acetic-acid found in Flower
Benzoic-acid found in Flower
Creosol found in Flower
Geraniol found in Flower
FLavor
Benzaldehyde found in Flower
Benzoic-acid found in Flower
Benzyl-acetate found in Flower
Benzyl-alcohol found in Flower
Benzyl-benzoate found in Flower
Benzyl-salicylate found in Flower
Cadinene found in Flower
Caryophyllene found in Flower
Creosol found in Flower
Eugenol found in Flower
Farnesol found in Flower
Formic-acid found in Flower
Furfural found in Flower
Geraniol found in Flower
Geranyl-acetate found in Flower
Methyl-benzoate found in Flower
Methyl-salicylate found in Flower
Nerol found in Flower
P-cresol found in Flower
P-cresol-methyl-ether found in Flower
P-cresyl-acetate found in Flower
Fungicide
Acetic-acid found in Flower
Benzoic-acid found in Flower
Benzyl-alcohol found in Flower
Caryophyllene found in Flower
Eugenol found in Flower
Furfural found in Flower
Geraniol found in Flower
Methyl-salicylate found in Flower
Salicylic-acid found in Flower
Fungistat
Formic-acid found in Flower
Isoeugenol found in Flower
Fungitoxic
Formic-acid found in Flower
Gastroprotective
Caryophyllene found in Flower
Hepatocarcinogenic
Safrole found in Flower
Hepatoprotective
Eugenol found in Flower
Hepatoregenerative
Safrole found in Flower
Hepatotoxic
Safrole found in Flower
Hepatotropic
Isosafrole found in Flower
Herbicide
Eugenol found in Flower
Geraniol found in Flower
Herpetifuge
Methyl-salicylate found in Flower
Hypoglycemic
Salicylic-acid found in Flower
Hypotensive
Benzyl-acetate found in Flower
Benzyl-benzoate found in Flower
Hypothermic
Eugenol-methyl-ether found in Flower
Safrole found in Flower
Immunostimulant
Benzaldehyde found in Flower
Insecticide
Benzaldehyde found in Flower
Eugenol found in Flower
Furfural found in Flower
Insectifuge
Benzaldehyde found in Flower
Benzoic-acid found in Flower
Benzyl-benzoate found in Flower
Caryophyllene found in Flower
Eugenol found in Flower
Geraniol found in Flower
Methyl-salicylate found in Flower
Salicylic-acid found in Flower
Insectiphile
Geraniol found in Flower
Geranyl-acetate found in Flower
Methyl-salicylate found in Flower
Irritant
Benzyl-acetate found in Flower
Benzyl-benzoate found in Flower
Caryophyllene found in Flower
Eugenol found in Flower
Formic-acid found in Flower
Furfural found in Flower
Methyl-benzoate found in Flower
Safrole found in Flower
Juvabional
Eugenol found in Flower
Farnesol found in Flower
Keratitigenic
Acetic-acid found in Flower
Keratolytic
Salicylic-acid found in Flower
Larvicide
Caryophyllene found in Flower
Eugenol found in Flower
Laxative
Benzyl-acetate found in Flower
Mosquitocide
Caryophyllene found in Flower
Motor-Depressant
Benzaldehyde found in Flower
Eugenol found in Flower
Isoeugenol found in Flower
Motor-Stimulant
Isoeugenol found in Flower
Mucolytic
Acetic-acid found in Flower
Mutagenic
Safrole found in Flower
Mycobactericide
Geraniol found in Flower
Myorelaxant
Benzyl-benzoate found in Flower
Eugenol-methyl-ether found in Flower
Narcotic
Acetone found in Flower
Benzaldehyde found in Flower
Nematicide
Benzaldehyde found in Flower
Eugenol found in Flower
Farnesol found in Flower
Geraniol found in Flower
Safrole found in Flower
Neurotoxic
Eugenol found in Flower
Safrole found in Flower
Osteolytic
Acetic-acid found in Flower
P450-Inducer
Delta-cadinene found in Flower
Parasiticide
P-cresol found in Flower
Pediculicide
Benzyl-benzoate found in Flower
Safrole found in Flower
Perfumery
Acetic-acid found in Flower
Cadinene found in Flower
Caryophyllene found in Flower
Eugenol found in Flower
Farnesol found in Flower
Geraniol found in Flower
Geranyl-acetate found in Flower
Isosafrole found in Flower
Methyl-benzoate found in Flower
Methyl-salicylate found in Flower
Nerol found in Flower
Nerolidiol found in Flower
Safrole found in Flower
Ylangene found in Plant
Pesticide
Acetic-acid found in Flower
Benzaldehyde found in Flower
Benzoic-acid found in Flower
Benzyl-alcohol found in Flower
Benzyl-benzoate found in Flower
Cadinene found in Flower
Caryophyllene found in Flower
Delta-cadinene found in Flower
Eugenol found in Flower
Farnesol found in Flower
Formic-acid found in Flower
Furfural found in Flower
Geraniol found in Flower
Isoeugenol found in Flower
Methyl-salicylate found in Flower
Nerol found in Flower
P-cresol found in Flower
Safrole found in Flower
Salicylic-acid found in Flower
Pheromonal
Farnesol found in Flower
Phytoalexin
Benzoic-acid found in Flower
Preservative
Formic-acid found in Flower
Prostaglandin-Synthesis-Inhibitor
Eugenol found in Flower
Protisticide
Acetic-acid found in Flower
Psychoactive
Safrole found in Flower
Rodenticide
P-cresol found in Flower
Scabicide
Benzyl-benzoate found in Flower
Sedative
Benzaldehyde found in Flower
Benzyl-alcohol found in Flower
Caryophyllene found in Flower
Eugenol found in Flower
Farnesol found in Flower
Geraniol found in Flower
Geranyl-acetate found in Flower
Isoeugenol found in Flower
Nerol found in Flower
Spermicide
Acetic-acid found in Flower
Termiticide
Benzaldehyde found in Flower
Eugenol found in Flower
Termitifuge
Caryophyllene found in Flower
Testosterone-Inducer
Delta-cadinene found in Flower
Thermogenic
Salicylic-acid found in Flower
Tineacide
Salicylic-acid found in Flower
Toxic
Formic-acid found in Flower
Tremorigenic
Safrole found in Flower
Trichomonicide
Eugenol found in Flower
Farnesol found in Flower
Geraniol found in Flower
Nerol found in Flower
Trichomonistat
Eugenol found in Flower
Isoeugenol found in Flower
Trypsin-Enhancer
Eugenol found in Flower
Tumorigenic
Benzyl-acetate found in Flower
Tyrosinase-Inhibitor
Benzaldehyde found in Flower
Benzoic-acid found in Flower
Ulcerogenic
Acetic-acid found in Flower
Eugenol found in Flower
Salicylic-acid found in Flower
Uricosuric
Benzoic-acid found in Flower
Varroacide
Benzyl-acetate found in Flower
Eugenol found in Flower
Vasodilator
Eugenol found in Flower
Vermifuge
Eugenol found in Flower
Verrucolytic
Acetic-acid found in Flower
Vulnerary
Benzoic-acid found in Flower

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Chemicals detected

Chemical Plant part Low ppm High ppm
2-methyl-but-3-en-2-ol Flower
3-methyl-but-2-en-1-ol Flower
3-methyl-but-3-en-1-ol Flower
Acetic-acid Flower
Acetone Flower
Benzaldehyde Flower
Benzoic-acid Flower
Benzyl-acetate Flower
Benzyl-alcohol Flower
Benzyl-benzoate Flower
Benzyl-salicylate Flower
Butyl-acetate Flower
Cadinene Flower
Canangine Plant
Caryophyllene Flower
Creosol Flower
D-alpha-pinene Flower 15 135
Delta-cadinene Flower
Eo Flower 5,000 25,000
Epsilon-cadinene Flower
Eugenol Flower
Eugenol-methyl-ether Flower
Farnesol Flower
Formic-acid Flower
Furfural Flower
Gamma-cadinene Flower
Geraniol Flower
Geranyl-acetate Flower
Isoeugenol Flower
Isosafrole Flower
L-cadinol Flower
L-linalol Flower
Methyl-anthralinate Flower
Methyl-benzoate Flower
Methyl-salicylate Flower
Nerol Flower
Nerolidiol Flower
P-cresol Flower
P-cresol-methyl-ether Flower
P-cresyl-acetate Flower
P-tolylmethylether Flower
Phenyl-ethyl-alcohol Flower
Safrole Flower
Salicylic-acid Flower
Sampangine Plant
Sesquiterpenes Flower 1,650 14,625
Terpenes Flower 15 135
Ylangene Plant
Reference: Dr. Duke's Phytochemical and Ethnobotanical Databases. [Online Database]