Caesalpinia pulcherrima Health effects and herbal facts

Known as
Barbados flower-fence Barbados-pride dwarf poinciana flower-fence paradise-flower pride-of-Barbados

Caesalpinia pulcherrima is a species of flowering plant in the pea family, Fabaceae, that is native to the tropics and subtropics of the Americas. It could be native to the West Indies, but its exact origin is unknown due to widespread cultivation. Common names for this species include Poinciana, Peacock Flower, Red Bird of Paradise, Mexican Bird of Paradise, Dwarf Poinciana, Pride of Barbados, and flamboyan-de-jardin.

Caesalpinia pulcherrima

Medical use

Economic importance of Caesalpinia pulcherrima

Environmental ornamental
Medicines folklore
Vertebrate poisons mamals

Gallery

Caesalpinia pulcherrima Caesalpinia pulcherrima Caesalpinia pulcherrima Caesalpinia pulcherrima Caesalpinia pulcherrima Caesalpinia pulcherrima Caesalpinia pulcherrima Caesalpinia pulcherrima Caesalpinia pulcherrima Caesalpinia pulcherrima Caesalpinia pulcherrima Caesalpinia pulcherrima Caesalpinia pulcherrima

Biological activities

11B-HSD-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Flower
5-HT-Inhibitor
Rutin found in Flower
5-Lipoxygenase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Flower
ACE-Inhibitor
Ellagic-acid found in Bark
Gallic-acid found in Leaf
ATPase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Flower
Abortifacient
Ellagic-acid found in Bark
Aldehyde-Oxidase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Flower
Rutin found in Flower
Aldose-Reductase-Inhibitor
Ellagic-acid found in Bark
Myricitrin found in Plant
Quercetin found in Flower
Rutin found in Flower
Allelochemic
Myricetin found in Flower
Quercetin found in Flower
Rutin found in Flower
Allergenic
2,6-dimethoxybenzoquinone found in Plant
Benzoic-acid found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Flower
Analgesic
Gallic-acid found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Flower
Androgenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Flower
Anesthetic
Benzoic-acid found in Leaf
Angiogenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Flower
Anorexic
Beta-sitosterol found in Flower
Anthelmintic
Tannin found in Leaf (7000 ppm);found in Wood (3000 ppm)
AntiCVI
Rutin found in Flower
AntiEBV
Lupeol found in Flower
AntiGTF
Ellagic-acid found in Bark
Quercetin found in Flower
AntiHIV
Ellagic-acid found in Bark
Ellagitannin found in Plant
Gallic-acid found in Leaf
Myricetin found in Flower
Quercetin found in Flower
Tannin found in Leaf (7000 ppm);found in Wood (3000 ppm)
AntiMRSA
Gallic-acid found in Leaf
AntiPMS
Quercetin found in Flower
Antiadenomic
Beta-sitosterol found in Flower
Antiadenovirus
Gallic-acid found in Leaf
Antiaflatoxin
Ellagic-acid found in Bark
Quercetin found in Flower
Antiaggregant
Quercetin found in Flower
Rutin found in Flower
Antiaging
Quercetin found in Flower
Antiallergenic
Gallic-acid found in Leaf
Myricetin found in Flower
Antiallergic
Ellagitannin found in Plant
Quercetin found in Flower
Rutin found in Flower
Antialzheimeran
Quercetin found in Flower
Antianaphylactic
Ellagic-acid found in Bark
Gallic-acid found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Flower
Antiandrogenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Flower
Antiangiogenic
Gallic-acid found in Leaf
Lupeol found in Flower
Quercetin found in Flower
Antiapoplectic
Rutin found in Flower
Antiarthritic
Quercetin found in Flower
Antiasthmatic
Gallic-acid found in Leaf
Hcn found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Flower
Antiatherogenic
Rutin found in Flower
Antiatherosclerotic
Quercetin found in Flower
Rutin found in Flower
Antibacterial
Benzoic-acid found in Leaf
Beta-sitosterol found in Flower
Ellagic-acid found in Bark
Gallic-acid found in Leaf
Myricetin found in Flower
Myricitrin found in Plant
Quercetin found in Flower
Rutin found in Flower
Tannin found in Leaf (7000 ppm);found in Wood (3000 ppm)
Antibronchitic
Gallic-acid found in Leaf
Anticancer
Gallic-acid found in Leaf
Rutin found in Flower
Tannin found in Leaf (7000 ppm);found in Wood (3000 ppm)
Anticapillary-Fragility
Rutin found in Flower
Anticarcinomic
Gallic-acid found in Leaf
Anticariogenic
Ellagic-acid found in Bark
Quercetin found in Flower
Tannin found in Leaf (7000 ppm);found in Wood (3000 ppm)
Anticataract
Ellagic-acid found in Bark
Quercetin found in Flower
Rutin found in Flower
Anticlastogen
Rutin found in Flower
Anticolitic
Quercetin found in Flower
Anticomplementary
Quercetin found in Flower
Anticonvulsant
Rutin found in Flower
Anticystitic
Quercetin found in Flower
Antidementia
Rutin found in Flower
Antidepressant
Quercetin found in Flower
Antidermatitic
Quercetin found in Flower
Rutin found in Flower
Antidiabetic
Quercetin found in Flower
Rutin found in Flower
Antidiarrheic
Tannin found in Leaf (7000 ppm);found in Wood (3000 ppm)
Antidote
Hcn found in Leaf
Antidysenteric
Tannin found in Leaf (7000 ppm);found in Wood (3000 ppm)
Antiedemic
Beta-sitosterol found in Flower
Lupeol found in Flower
Rutin found in Flower
Antielastase
Quercetin found in Flower
Antiencephalitic
Quercetin found in Flower
Antierythemic
Rutin found in Flower
Antiescherichic
Gallic-acid found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Flower
Antiestrogenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Flower
Quercetin found in Flower
Antifeedant
Beta-sitosterol found in Flower
Myricetin found in Flower
Quercetin found in Flower
Rutin found in Flower
Antifertility
Beta-sitosterol found in Flower
Antifibrinolytic
Gallic-acid found in Leaf
Antifibrosarcomic
Quercetin found in Flower
Antiflu
Gallic-acid found in Leaf
Lupeol found in Flower
Quercetin found in Flower
Antigastric
Myricetin found in Flower
Quercetin found in Flower
Antigingivitic
Ellagic-acid found in Bark
Myricetin found in Flower
Antiglaucomic
Rutin found in Flower
Antigonadotrophic
Beta-sitosterol found in Flower
Myricetin found in Flower
Antigonadotropic
Quercetin found in Flower
Antihematuric
Rutin found in Flower
Antihemorrhoidal
Rutin found in Flower
Antihepatotoxic
Gallic-acid found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Flower
Rutin found in Flower
Tannin found in Leaf (7000 ppm);found in Wood (3000 ppm)
Antiherpetic
Gallic-acid found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Flower
Rutin found in Flower
Antihistaminic
Myricetin found in Flower
Quercetin found in Flower
Rutin found in Flower
Antihydrophobic
Quercetin found in Flower
Antihyperglycemic
Lupeol found in Flower
Lupeol-acetate found in Flower
Antihyperlipoproteinaemic
Beta-sitosterol found in Flower
Antihypertensive
Quercetin found in Flower
Rutin found in Flower
Tannin found in Leaf (7000 ppm);found in Wood (3000 ppm)
Antihyperthyroid
Ellagic-acid found in Bark
Antiinflammatory
Beta-sitosterol found in Flower
Ellagic-acid found in Bark
Gallic-acid found in Leaf
Leucodelphinidin found in Plant
Lupeol found in Flower
Myricetin found in Flower
Myricitrin found in Plant
Quercetin found in Flower
Rutin found in Flower
Antileishmanic
Gallic-acid found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Flower
Antileukemic
2,6-dimethoxybenzoquinone found in Plant
Beta-sitosterol found in Flower
Quercetin found in Flower
Antileukotriene
Quercetin found in Flower
Antilipolytic
Tannin found in Leaf (7000 ppm);found in Wood (3000 ppm)
Antilipoperoxidant
Quercetin found in Flower
Antilithic
Lupeol found in Flower
Antilymphomic
Beta-sitosterol found in Flower
Antimalarial
Ellagic-acid found in Bark
Lupeol found in Flower
Quercetin found in Flower
Rutin found in Flower
Antimelanomic
Quercetin found in Flower
Rutin found in Flower
Antimetastatic
Quercetin found in Flower
Rutin found in Flower
Antimutagenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Flower
Ellagic-acid found in Bark
Gallic-acid found in Leaf
Myricetin found in Flower
Myricitrin found in Plant
Quercetin found in Flower
Rutin found in Flower
Tannin found in Leaf (7000 ppm);found in Wood (3000 ppm)
Antimyocarditic
Quercetin found in Flower
Antineoplastic
Leucodelphinidin found in Plant
Antinephritic
Rutin found in Flower
Tannin found in Leaf (7000 ppm);found in Wood (3000 ppm)
Antinitrosaminic
Gallic-acid found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Flower
Antinociceptive
Quercetin found in Flower
Rutin found in Flower
Antiophidic
Beta-sitosterol found in Flower
Tannin found in Leaf (7000 ppm);found in Wood (3000 ppm)
Antiotitic
Benzoic-acid found in Leaf
Antioxalate
Lupeol found in Flower
Antioxidant
Beta-sitosterol found in Flower
Ellagic-acid found in Bark
Ellagitannin found in Plant
Gallic-acid found in Leaf
Lupeol found in Flower
Myricetin found in Flower
Myricitrin found in Plant
Quercetin found in Flower
Rutin found in Flower
Tannin found in Leaf (7000 ppm);found in Wood (3000 ppm)
Antipancreatitic
Quercetin found in Flower
Antiperiodontal
Quercetin found in Flower
Antiperiodontic
Ellagic-acid found in Bark
Myricetin found in Flower
Antiperiodontitic
Gallic-acid found in Leaf
Antiperistaltic
Quercetin found in Flower
Antipermeability
Quercetin found in Flower
Antiperoxidant
Ellagic-acid found in Bark
Gallic-acid found in Leaf
Lupeol found in Flower
Quercetin found in Flower
Rutin found in Flower
Antipharyngitic
Quercetin found in Flower
Antiplaque
Ellagic-acid found in Bark
Myricetin found in Flower
Quercetin found in Flower
Antiplasmodial
Ellagic-acid found in Bark
Quercetin found in Flower
Antiplatelet
Rutin found in Flower
Antipodriac
Quercetin found in Flower
Antipolio
Gallic-acid found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Flower
Antiprogestational
Beta-sitosterol found in Flower
Antiproliferant
Quercetin found in Flower
Rutin found in Flower
Antiprostaglandin
Beta-sitosterol found in Flower
Lupeol found in Flower
Antiprostanoid
Quercetin found in Flower
Antiprostatadenomic
Beta-sitosterol found in Flower
Antiprostatitic
Beta-sitosterol found in Flower
Quercetin found in Flower
Antiproteolytic
Gallic-acid found in Leaf
Antiprotozoal
Rutin found in Flower
Antipsoriac
Quercetin found in Flower
Antipurpuric
Rutin found in Flower
Antipyretic
Benzoic-acid found in Leaf
Beta-sitosterol found in Flower
Antiradicular
Gallic-acid found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Flower
Rutin found in Flower
Tannin found in Leaf (7000 ppm);found in Wood (3000 ppm)
Antirenitic
Tannin found in Leaf (7000 ppm);found in Wood (3000 ppm)
Antirheumatic
Lupeol found in Flower
Antisalmonella
Benzoic-acid found in Leaf
Antiseptic
Benzoic-acid found in Leaf
Ellagic-acid found in Bark
Gallic-acid found in Leaf
Myricetin found in Flower
Myricetol found in Leaf
Antispasmodic
Quercetin found in Flower
Rutin found in Flower
Antistaphylococcic
Gallic-acid found in Leaf
Antistreptococcic
Ellagic-acid found in Bark
Quercetin found in Flower
Antisunburn
Rutin found in Flower
Antithiamin
Quercetin found in Flower
Antithrombic
Quercetin found in Flower
Antithrombogenic
Rutin found in Flower
Antithyroid
Ellagic-acid found in Bark
Rutin found in Flower
Antitrypanosomic
Quercetin found in Flower
Rutin found in Flower
Antitumor-Promoter
Gallic-acid found in Leaf
Myricitrin found in Plant
Quercetin found in Flower
Rutin found in Flower
Tannin found in Leaf (7000 ppm);found in Wood (3000 ppm)
Antitumor
Ellagic-acid found in Bark
Ellagitannin found in Plant
Gallic-acid found in Leaf
Lupeol found in Flower
Quercetin found in Flower
Rutin found in Flower
Tannin found in Leaf (7000 ppm);found in Wood (3000 ppm)
Antitussive
Hcn found in Leaf
Antiulcer
Lupeol-acetate found in Flower
Quercetin found in Flower
Rutin found in Flower
Tannin found in Leaf (7000 ppm);found in Wood (3000 ppm)
Antiurethrotic
Lupeol found in Flower
Antivaricose
Rutin found in Flower
Antiviral
Beta-sitosterol found in Flower
Ellagic-acid found in Bark
Gallic-acid found in Leaf
Lupeol found in Flower
Myricetin found in Flower
Quercetin found in Flower
Rutin found in Flower
Tannin found in Leaf (7000 ppm);found in Wood (3000 ppm)
Antiyeast
Benzoic-acid found in Leaf
Ellagic-acid found in Bark
Apoptotic
Beta-sitosterol found in Flower
Ellagic-acid found in Bark
Gallic-acid found in Leaf
Myricetin found in Flower
Quercetin found in Flower
Rutin found in Flower
Artemicide
Beta-sitosterol found in Flower
Astringent
Ellagic-acid found in Bark
Gallic-acid found in Leaf
Bacteristat
Gallic-acid found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Flower
Bradycardiac
Quercetin found in Flower
Bronchodilator
Gallic-acid found in Leaf
Bronchosedative
Hcn found in Leaf
COMP-Inhibitor
Myricetin found in Flower
COMT-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Flower
COX-2-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Flower
Calmodulin-Antagonist
Quercetin found in Flower
Cancer-Preventive
Beta-sitosterol found in Flower
Ellagic-acid found in Bark
Gallic-acid found in Leaf
Mucilage found in Seed
Myricetin found in Flower
Quercetin found in Flower
Rutin found in Flower
Tannin found in Leaf (7000 ppm);found in Wood (3000 ppm)
Candida-SAP-Inhibitor
Ellagic-acid found in Bark
Candidicide
Beta-sitosterol found in Flower
Gallic-acid found in Leaf
Myricetin found in Flower
Myricitrin found in Plant
Quercetin found in Flower
Capillariprotective
Quercetin found in Flower
Rutin found in Flower
Carcinogenic
Gallic-acid found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Flower
Tannin found in Leaf (7000 ppm);found in Wood (3000 ppm)
Cardiotoxic
Ellagitannin found in Plant
Caspase-8-Inducer
Beta-sitosterol found in Flower
Catabolic
Quercetin found in Flower
Rutin found in Flower
Chelator
Tannin found in Leaf (7000 ppm);found in Wood (3000 ppm)
Chemopreventive
Rutin found in Flower
Choleretic
Benzoic-acid found in Leaf
Gallic-acid found in Leaf
Myricitrin found in Plant
Copper-Chelator
Quercetin found in Flower
Cyclooxygenase-Inhibitor
Gallic-acid found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Flower
Tannin found in Leaf (7000 ppm);found in Wood (3000 ppm)
Cytochrome-P450-1A2-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Flower
Cytoprotective
Rutin found in Flower
Cytotoxic
Ellagic-acid found in Bark
Gallic-acid found in Leaf
Lupeol found in Flower
Quercetin found in Flower
Deiodinase-Inhibitor
Ellagic-acid found in Bark
Quercetin found in Flower
Demulcent
Mucilage found in Seed
Dermatitigenic
2,6-dimethoxybenzoquinone found in Plant
Detoxicant
Ellagic-acid found in Bark
Differentiator
Quercetin found in Flower
Diuretic
Myricetin found in Flower
Myricitrin found in Plant
Estrogenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Flower
Quercetin found in Flower
Expectorant
Benzoic-acid found in Leaf
FLavor
Benzoic-acid found in Leaf
FPTase-Inhibitor
Lupeol found in Flower
Febrifuge
Beta-sitosterol found in Flower
Floral-Inhibitor
Gallic-acid found in Leaf
Fungicide
Benzoic-acid found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Flower
Glucosyl-Transferase-Inhibitor
Ellagic-acid found in Bark
Quercetin found in Flower
Tannin found in Leaf (7000 ppm);found in Wood (3000 ppm)
Gonadotrophic
Beta-sitosterol found in Flower
HIV-RT-Inhibitor
Ellagic-acid found in Bark
Quercetin found in Flower
Hemostat
Gallic-acid found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Flower
Rutin found in Flower
Hemostatic
Ellagic-acid found in Bark
Hepatomagenic
Quercetin found in Flower
Rutin found in Flower
Hepatoprotective
Beta-sitosterol found in Flower
Ellagic-acid found in Bark
Gallic-acid found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Flower
Rutin found in Flower
Tannin found in Leaf (7000 ppm);found in Wood (3000 ppm)
Hypocholesterolemic
Beta-sitosterol found in Flower
Mucilage found in Seed
Rutin found in Flower
Hypoglycemic
Beta-sitosterol found in Flower
Myricetin found in Flower
Quercetin found in Flower
Hypolipidemic
Beta-sitosterol found in Flower
Hypotensive
Lupeol found in Flower
Rutin found in Flower
Immunomodulator
Gallic-acid found in Leaf
Rutin found in Flower
Immunostimulant
Ellagitannin found in Plant
Gallic-acid found in Leaf
Immunosuppressant
Gallic-acid found in Leaf
Tannin found in Leaf (7000 ppm);found in Wood (3000 ppm)
Inotropic
Quercetin found in Flower
Insecticide
Hcn found in Leaf
Rutin found in Flower
Insectifuge
Benzoic-acid found in Leaf
Insectiphile
Rutin found in Flower
Insulin-Sparing
Gallic-acid found in Leaf
Insulinogenic
Quercetin found in Flower
Interferonogenic
Ellagitannin found in Plant
Juvabional
Ellagic-acid found in Bark
Quercetin found in Flower
Rutin found in Flower
Larvistat
Myricetin found in Flower
Quercetin found in Flower
Rutin found in Flower
Lipoxygenase-Inhibitor
Myricetin found in Flower
Quercetin found in Flower
Rutin found in Flower
Tannin found in Leaf (7000 ppm);found in Wood (3000 ppm)
MAO-A-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Flower
MAO-Inhibitor
Tannin found in Leaf (7000 ppm);found in Wood (3000 ppm)
MMP-9-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Flower
Mast-Cell-Stabilizer
Quercetin found in Flower
Metalloproteinase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Flower
Mutagenic
Myricetin found in Flower
Quercetin found in Flower
Rutin found in Flower
Myoprotective
Rutin found in Flower
Myorelaxant
Gallic-acid found in Leaf
Rutin found in Flower
NADH-Oxidase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Flower
NEP-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Flower
NF-kB-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Flower
NO-Inhibitor
Gallic-acid found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Flower
NO-Synthase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Flower
Nephrotoxic
Gallic-acid found in Leaf
Neuroprotective
Quercetin found in Flower
Ornithine-Decarboxylase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Flower
Tannin found in Leaf (7000 ppm);found in Wood (3000 ppm)
Oviposition-Stimulant
Rutin found in Flower
Oxidase-Inhibitor
Myricetin found in Flower
P450-Inducer
Quercetin found in Flower
P450-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Flower
PAF-Inhibitor
Rutin found in Flower
PGE2-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Flower
PTK-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Flower
Paramecicide
Myricitrin found in Plant
Pesticide
2,6-dimethoxybenzoquinone found in Plant
Benzoic-acid found in Leaf
Beta-sitosterol found in Flower
Ellagic-acid found in Bark
Gallic-acid found in Leaf
Hcn found in Leaf
Lupeol found in Flower
Myricetin found in Flower
Myricetol found in Leaf
Myricitrin found in Plant
Quercetin found in Flower
Rutin found in Flower
Tannin found in Leaf (7000 ppm);found in Wood (3000 ppm)
Phospholipase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Flower
Phytoalexin
Benzoic-acid found in Leaf
Phytohormonal
2,6-dimethoxybenzoquinone found in Plant
Plasmodicide
Quercetin found in Flower
Proliferant
Quercetin found in Flower
Prostaglandin-Synthesis-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Flower
Protein-Kinase-C-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Flower
Protisticide
Myricitrin found in Plant
Rutin found in Flower
Psychotropic
Tannin found in Leaf (7000 ppm);found in Wood (3000 ppm)
Quinone-Reductase-Inducer
Ellagic-acid found in Bark
Myricetin found in Flower
Quercetin found in Flower
Radioprotective
Rutin found in Flower
Respirastimulant
Hcn found in Leaf
Reverse-Transcriptase-Inhibitor
Ellagitannin found in Plant
Rodenticide
Hcn found in Leaf
Spermicide
Beta-sitosterol found in Flower
Myricitrin found in Plant
Styptic
Gallic-acid found in Leaf
Sunscreen
Ellagic-acid found in Bark
Rutin found in Flower
TNF-alpha-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Flower
TOPO-2-Inhibitor
Lupeol found in Flower
Teratologic
Quercetin found in Flower
Topoisomerase-I-Antagonist
Ellagic-acid found in Bark
Topoisomerase-I-Inhibitor
Gallic-acid found in Leaf
Myricetin found in Flower
Quercetin found in Flower
Topoisomerase-II-Inhibitor
Myricetin found in Flower
Quercetin found in Flower
Rutin found in Flower
Tumorigenic
Quercetin found in Flower
Tyrosinase-Inhibitor
Benzoic-acid found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Flower
Tyrosine-Kinase-Inhibitor
Myricetin found in Flower
Quercetin found in Flower
Ubiquiot
Beta-sitosterol found in Flower
Ulcerogenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Flower
Uricosuric
Benzoic-acid found in Leaf
VEGF-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Flower
Vasodilator
Myricetin found in Flower
Quercetin found in Flower
Rutin found in Flower
Vasomotor-Stimulant
Hcn found in Leaf
Vasopressor
Rutin found in Flower
Vulnerary
Benzoic-acid found in Leaf
Xanthine-Oxidase-Inhibitor
Ellagic-acid found in Bark
Gallic-acid found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Flower
Tannin found in Leaf (7000 ppm);found in Wood (3000 ppm)
cAMP-Phosphodiesterase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Flower
Rutin found in Flower
iNOS-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Flower

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Chemicals detected

Reference: Dr. Duke's Phytochemical and Ethnobotanical Databases. [Online Database]