Broussonetia papyrifera Health effects and herbal facts

Known as
paper-mulberry tapa-cloth-tree
Broussonetia papyrifera

Medical use

Economic importance of Broussonetia papyrifera

Environmental ornamental
Materials fiber
Medicines folklore
Weed potential sed contaminant

Gallery

Broussonetia papyrifera Broussonetia papyrifera Broussonetia papyrifera Broussonetia papyrifera Broussonetia papyrifera Broussonetia papyrifera Broussonetia papyrifera Broussonetia papyrifera Broussonetia papyrifera Broussonetia papyrifera Broussonetia papyrifera Broussonetia papyrifera Broussonetia papyrifera Broussonetia papyrifera Broussonetia papyrifera

Geografical distribution

  • AFRICA
    Naturalized
    • East Tropical Africa: Tanzania; Uganda
    • West Tropical Africa: Ghana
    • South Tropical Africa: Zimbabwe
  • ASIA-TEMPERATE
    Native
    • China: China - Anhui, Fujian, Gansu, Guangdong, Guangxi, Guizhou, Hainan, Hebei, Henan, Hubei, Hunan, Jiangsu, Jiangxi, Shaanxi, Shandong, Shanxi, Sichuan, Xizang , Yunnan, Zhejiang
    • Eastern Asia: Korea; Taiwan
    Naturalized
    • Eastern Asia: Japan
  • ASIA-TROPICAL
    Native
    • Indian Subcontinent: India
    • Indo-China: Cambodia; Indochina; Laos; Myanmar; Thailand; Vietnam
    • Malesia: Malaysia
    Naturalized
    • Indian Subcontinent: Pakistan
    • Malesia: Indonesia - Celebes, Java, Lesser Sunda Islands, Moluccas, Sumatra; New Guinea; Philippines
  • NORTHERN AMERICA
    Naturalized
    • United States
  • PACIFIC
    Naturalized
    • South-Central Pacific: Cook Islands; French Polynesia - Austral Islands, Gambier Islands, Marquesas Islands, Society Islands, Tuamotu Archipelago; Pitcairn
  • SOUTHERN AMERICA
    Adventive
    • Southern South America: Argentina

Biological activities

ACE-Inhibitor
Zinc found in Fruit (23 ppm)
Analgesic
Zinc found in Fruit (23 ppm)
Angiotensin-Receptor-Blocker
Potassium found in Fruit (7340 ppm)
Anorexic
Arsenic found in Fruit (0.62 ppm)
Anthelmintic
Betulinic-acid found in Stem
AntiBPH
Zinc found in Fruit (23 ppm)
AntiCFS
Magnesium found in Fruit (4030 ppm)
AntiHIV
Betulinic-acid found in Stem
Zinc found in Fruit (23 ppm)
AntiLyme
Magnesium found in Fruit (4030 ppm)
AntiMS
Magnesium found in Fruit (4030 ppm)
AntiPMS
Calcium found in Fruit (26900 ppm)
Magnesium found in Fruit (4030 ppm)
Manganese found in Fruit (81 ppm)
Antiacne
Zinc found in Fruit (23 ppm)
Antiacrodermatitic
Zinc found in Fruit (23 ppm)
Antiaggregant
Magnesium found in Fruit (4030 ppm)
Antiakathisic
Iron found in Fruit (560 ppm)
Antialcoholic
Magnesium found in Fruit (4030 ppm)
Manganese found in Fruit (81 ppm)
Zinc found in Fruit (23 ppm)
Antiallergic
Calcium found in Fruit (26900 ppm)
Antialopecic
Zinc found in Fruit (23 ppm)
Antialzheimeran
Zinc found in Fruit (23 ppm)
Antianemic
Copper found in Fruit (12 ppm)
Iron found in Fruit (560 ppm)
Manganese found in Fruit (81 ppm)
Antianginal
Magnesium found in Fruit (4030 ppm)
Antiangiogenic
Zinc found in Fruit (23 ppm)
Antianorectic
Magnesium found in Fruit (4030 ppm)
Antianorexic
Zinc found in Fruit (23 ppm)
Antianxiety
Calcium found in Fruit (26900 ppm)
Magnesium found in Fruit (4030 ppm)
Antiarrhythmic
Calcium found in Fruit (26900 ppm)
Magnesium found in Fruit (4030 ppm)
Potassium found in Fruit (7340 ppm)
Antiarthritic
Calcium found in Fruit (26900 ppm)
Copper found in Fruit (12 ppm)
Magnesium found in Fruit (4030 ppm)
Manganese found in Fruit (81 ppm)
Zinc found in Fruit (23 ppm)
Antiasthmatic
Magnesium found in Fruit (4030 ppm)
Antiatherosclerotic
Calcium found in Fruit (26900 ppm)
Magnesium found in Fruit (4030 ppm)
Antibacterial
Betulinic-acid found in Stem
Anticancer
Betulinic-acid found in Stem
Anticanker
Iron found in Fruit (560 ppm)
Zinc found in Fruit (23 ppm)
Anticarcinomic
Betulinic-acid found in Stem
Anticataract
Zinc found in Fruit (23 ppm)
Anticephalagic
Magnesium found in Fruit (4030 ppm)
Anticheilitic
Iron found in Fruit (560 ppm)
Anticlimacteric
Calcium found in Fruit (26900 ppm)
Magnesium found in Fruit (4030 ppm)
Anticoeliac
Zinc found in Fruit (23 ppm)
Anticold
Zinc found in Fruit (23 ppm)
Anticolitic
Zinc found in Fruit (23 ppm)
Anticonvulsant
Magnesium found in Fruit (4030 ppm)
Anticoronary
Magnesium found in Fruit (4030 ppm)
Zinc found in Fruit (23 ppm)
Antidandruff
Zinc found in Fruit (23 ppm)
Antidementia
Zinc found in Fruit (23 ppm)
Antidepressant
Calcium found in Fruit (26900 ppm)
Magnesium found in Fruit (4030 ppm)
Potassium found in Fruit (7340 ppm)
Antidiabetic
Copper found in Fruit (12 ppm)
Magnesium found in Fruit (4030 ppm)
Manganese found in Fruit (81 ppm)
Zinc found in Fruit (23 ppm)
Antidiscotic
Manganese found in Fruit (81 ppm)
Antidysgeuzic
Zinc found in Fruit (23 ppm)
Antidyskinetic
Manganese found in Fruit (81 ppm)
Antidysmenorrheic
Magnesium found in Fruit (4030 ppm)
Antieczemic
Zinc found in Fruit (23 ppm)
Antiedemic
Betulinic-acid found in Stem
Antiencephalopathic
Zinc found in Fruit (23 ppm)
Antiendometriotic
Magnesium found in Fruit (4030 ppm)
Antienterotic
Magnesium found in Fruit (4030 ppm)
Antiepileptic
Magnesium found in Fruit (4030 ppm)
Manganese found in Fruit (81 ppm)
Zinc found in Fruit (23 ppm)
Antifatigue
Copper found in Fruit (12 ppm)
Magnesium found in Fruit (4030 ppm)
Potassium found in Fruit (7340 ppm)
Antifibromyalgic
Magnesium found in Fruit (4030 ppm)
Antifibrotic
Zinc found in Fruit (23 ppm)
Antifuruncular
Zinc found in Fruit (23 ppm)
Antigastrotic
Magnesium found in Fruit (4030 ppm)
Antiglaucomic
Magnesium found in Fruit (4030 ppm)
Antihangover
Zinc found in Fruit (23 ppm)
Antihepatomic
Saponins found in Fruit (5000 ppm)
Antihyperkinetic
Calcium found in Fruit (26900 ppm)
Magnesium found in Fruit (4030 ppm)
Antihypertensive
Calcium found in Fruit (26900 ppm)
Magnesium found in Fruit (4030 ppm)
Potassium found in Fruit (7340 ppm)
Antihypoglycemic
Magnesium found in Fruit (4030 ppm)
Antiimpotence
Zinc found in Fruit (23 ppm)
Antiinfective
Zinc found in Fruit (23 ppm)
Antiinfertility
Zinc found in Fruit (23 ppm)
Antiinflammatory
Betulinic-acid found in Stem
Copper found in Fruit (12 ppm)
Magnesium found in Fruit (4030 ppm)
Antiinsomniac
Calcium found in Fruit (26900 ppm)
Magnesium found in Fruit (4030 ppm)
Zinc found in Fruit (23 ppm)
Antilepric
Zinc found in Fruit (23 ppm)
Antileukemic
Betulinic-acid found in Stem
Antileukonychic
Zinc found in Fruit (23 ppm)
Antilithic
Magnesium found in Fruit (4030 ppm)
Antilymphomic
Zinc found in Fruit (23 ppm)
Antimaculitic
Zinc found in Fruit (23 ppm)
Antimalarial
Betulinic-acid found in Stem
Antimastalgic
Magnesium found in Fruit (4030 ppm)
Antimelanomic
Betulinic-acid found in Stem
Antimenopausal
Calcium found in Fruit (26900 ppm)
Magnesium found in Fruit (4030 ppm)
Antimenorrhagic
Iron found in Fruit (560 ppm)
Antimetastatic
Zinc found in Fruit (23 ppm)
Antimigraine
Magnesium found in Fruit (4030 ppm)
Antimitral-valve-prolapse
Magnesium found in Fruit (4030 ppm)
Antimutagenic
Saponins found in Fruit (5000 ppm)
Antinephrolytic
Magnesium found in Fruit (4030 ppm)
Antineuropathic
Zinc found in Fruit (23 ppm)
Antineurotic
Magnesium found in Fruit (4030 ppm)
Antinociceptive
Betulinic-acid found in Stem
Copper found in Fruit (12 ppm)
Antinyctalopic
Zinc found in Fruit (23 ppm)
Antiobesity
Calcium found in Fruit (26900 ppm)
Zinc found in Fruit (23 ppm)
Antiosteoporotic
Calcium found in Fruit (26900 ppm)
Copper found in Fruit (12 ppm)
Magnesium found in Fruit (4030 ppm)
Manganese found in Fruit (81 ppm)
Zinc found in Fruit (23 ppm)
Antiototic
Manganese found in Fruit (81 ppm)
Antioxidant
Manganese found in Fruit (81 ppm)
Antiperiodontitic
Calcium found in Fruit (26900 ppm)
Zinc found in Fruit (23 ppm)
Antiplaque
Magnesium found in Fruit (4030 ppm)
Zinc found in Fruit (23 ppm)
Antiplasmodial
Betulinic-acid found in Stem
Antiprolactin
Zinc found in Fruit (23 ppm)
Antiprostatitic
Zinc found in Fruit (23 ppm)
Antiretinopathic
Magnesium found in Fruit (4030 ppm)
Antirheumatic
Calcium found in Fruit (26900 ppm)
Zinc found in Fruit (23 ppm)
Antiseptic
Zinc found in Fruit (23 ppm)
Antispare-Tire
Zinc found in Fruit (23 ppm)
Antispasmodic
Magnesium found in Fruit (4030 ppm)
Potassium found in Fruit (7340 ppm)
Antispasmophilic
Magnesium found in Fruit (4030 ppm)
Antistomatitic
Zinc found in Fruit (23 ppm)
Antistress
Calcium found in Fruit (26900 ppm)
Magnesium found in Fruit (4030 ppm)
Antistroke
Magnesium found in Fruit (4030 ppm)
Potassium found in Fruit (7340 ppm)
Antisyndrome-X
Magnesium found in Fruit (4030 ppm)
Manganese found in Fruit (81 ppm)
Zinc found in Fruit (23 ppm)
Antitic
Calcium found in Fruit (26900 ppm)
Antitinnitic
Zinc found in Fruit (23 ppm)
Antitriglyceride
Zinc found in Fruit (23 ppm)
Antitumor
Betulinic-acid found in Stem
Antiulcer
Zinc found in Fruit (23 ppm)
Antiviral
Betulinic-acid found in Stem
Anxiolytic
Calcium found in Fruit (26900 ppm)
Magnesium found in Fruit (4030 ppm)
Potassium found in Fruit (7340 ppm)
Apoptotic
Betulinic-acid found in Stem
Astringent
Zinc found in Fruit (23 ppm)
Beta-Blocker
Potassium found in Fruit (7340 ppm)
CNS-Depressant
Magnesium found in Fruit (4030 ppm)
Calcium-Antagonist
Magnesium found in Fruit (4030 ppm)
Calcium-Channel-Blocker
Calcium found in Fruit (26900 ppm)
Cardioprotective
Copper found in Fruit (12 ppm)
Magnesium found in Fruit (4030 ppm)
Potassium found in Fruit (7340 ppm)
Cardiotoxic
Potassium found in Fruit (7340 ppm)
Collagenic
Zinc found in Fruit (23 ppm)
Contraceptive
Copper found in Fruit (12 ppm)
Copper-Antagonist
Zinc found in Fruit (23 ppm)
Cytotoxic
Betulinic-acid found in Stem
Deodorant
Zinc found in Fruit (23 ppm)
Diuretic
Calcium found in Fruit (26900 ppm)
Magnesium found in Fruit (4030 ppm)
Potassium found in Fruit (7340 ppm)
Ergogenic
Zinc found in Fruit (23 ppm)
Hypertensive
Sodium found in Fruit (135 ppm)
Hypocholesterolemic
Calcium found in Fruit (26900 ppm)
Copper found in Fruit (12 ppm)
Magnesium found in Fruit (4030 ppm)
Hypoglycemic
Manganese found in Fruit (81 ppm)
Hypotensive
Calcium found in Fruit (26900 ppm)
Magnesium found in Fruit (4030 ppm)
Potassium found in Fruit (7340 ppm)
Zinc found in Fruit (23 ppm)
Immunomodulator
Copper found in Fruit (12 ppm)
Magnesium found in Fruit (4030 ppm)
Saponins found in Fruit (5000 ppm)
Zinc found in Fruit (23 ppm)
Immunostimulant
Zinc found in Fruit (23 ppm)
Immunosuppressant
Zinc found in Fruit (23 ppm)
Insulinogenic
Magnesium found in Fruit (4030 ppm)
Zinc found in Fruit (23 ppm)
Laxative
Calcium found in Fruit (26900 ppm)
Magnesium found in Fruit (4030 ppm)
Leptingenic
Zinc found in Fruit (23 ppm)
Litholytic
Magnesium found in Fruit (4030 ppm)
Mucogenic
Zinc found in Fruit (23 ppm)
Myorelaxant
Magnesium found in Fruit (4030 ppm)
NF-kB-Inhibitor
Zinc found in Fruit (23 ppm)
Nephrotoxic
Mercury found in Fruit (0.06 ppm)
Neurotransmitter
Magnesium found in Fruit (4030 ppm)
Pesticide
Arsenic found in Fruit (0.62 ppm)
Zinc found in Fruit (23 ppm)
Phospholipase-A2-Inhibitor
Betulinic-acid found in Stem
Prooxidant
Iron found in Fruit (560 ppm)
Prostaglandin-Synthesis-Inhibitor
Betulinic-acid found in Stem
Schizophrenigenic
Copper found in Fruit (12 ppm)
Spermigenic
Zinc found in Fruit (23 ppm)
Testosteronigenic
Zinc found in Fruit (23 ppm)
Tranquilizer
Calcium found in Fruit (26900 ppm)
Magnesium found in Fruit (4030 ppm)
Trichomonicide
Zinc found in Fruit (23 ppm)
Uterorelaxant
Magnesium found in Fruit (4030 ppm)
Vasodilator
Calcium found in Fruit (26900 ppm)
Magnesium found in Fruit (4030 ppm)
Potassium found in Fruit (7340 ppm)
Vulnerary
Zinc found in Fruit (23 ppm)

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Chemicals detected

Chemical Plant part Low ppm High ppm
4',7-dihydroxyflavan Plant
4-o-methyldavidioside Plant
7-hydroxy-4'-methoxyflavan Plant
Arsenic Fruit 0.62
Betulinic-acid Stem
Broussonins Plant
Calcium Fruit 26,900
Copper Fruit 12
Iron Fruit 560
Kazinol Plant
Magnesium Fruit 4,030
Manganese Fruit 81
Mercury Fruit 0.06
Potassium Fruit 7,340
Saponins Fruit 5,000
Sodium Fruit 135
Zinc Fruit 23
Reference: Dr. Duke's Phytochemical and Ethnobotanical Databases. [Online Database]