Brassica pekinensis Health effects and herbal facts

Known as
celery cabbage Chinese cabbage napa cabbage nappa cabbage pe-tsai Peking cabbage Shantung cabbage
Brassica pekinensis

Economic importance of Brassica pekinensis

Human food vegetable
Vertebrate poisons mamals

Gallery

Brassica pekinensis Brassica pekinensis Brassica pekinensis Brassica pekinensis Brassica pekinensis Brassica pekinensis Brassica pekinensis Brassica pekinensis Brassica pekinensis Brassica pekinensis Brassica pekinensis Brassica pekinensis

Geografical distribution

  • ASIA-TEMPERATE
    Cultivated
    • China: China
    • Eastern Asia: Japan

Biological activities

ACE-Inhibitor
Zinc found in Leaf (80 ppm)
AP-1-Inhibitor
Selenium found in Leaf (0.002 ppm)
Acarifuge
Sulfur found in Shoot (1365 ppm)
Aldose-Reductase-Inhibitor
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf (11 ppm)
P-coumaric-acid found in Leaf (7 ppm)
Allelopathic
Ferulic-acid found in Leaf (6 ppm)
P-coumaric-acid found in Leaf (7 ppm)
Allergenic
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf (11 ppm)
Analgesic
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf (11 ppm)
Ferulic-acid found in Leaf (6 ppm)
Selenium found in Leaf (0.002 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf (80 ppm)
Androgenic
Boron found in Leaf (21 ppm)
Angiotensin-Receptor-Blocker
Potassium found in Leaf (81900 ppm)
Anorexic
Arsenic found in Leaf (0.07 ppm)
Selenium found in Leaf (0.002 ppm)
AntiAGE
Chromium found in Leaf (0.315 ppm)
AntiBPH
Zinc found in Leaf (80 ppm)
AntiCFS
Chromium found in Leaf (0.315 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (3150 ppm)
AntiHIV
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf (11 ppm)
Selenium found in Leaf (0.002 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf (80 ppm)
AntiLegionella
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf (11 ppm)
AntiLyme
Magnesium found in Leaf (3150 ppm)
AntiMS
Magnesium found in Leaf (3150 ppm)
AntiNF-kB
Selenium found in Leaf (0.002 ppm)
AntiPMS
Calcium found in Leaf (16800 ppm)
Lithium found in Leaf (0.84 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (3150 ppm)
Manganese found in Leaf (10.5 ppm)
Antiacne
Chromium found in Leaf (0.315 ppm)
Selenium found in Leaf (0.002 ppm)
Sulfur found in Shoot (1365 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf (80 ppm)
Antiacrodermatitic
Zinc found in Leaf (80 ppm)
Antiadenoviral
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf (11 ppm)
Antiadrenalinic
Nickel found in Leaf (2.1 ppm)
Antiaggregant
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf (11 ppm)
Ferulic-acid found in Leaf (6 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (3150 ppm)
Selenium found in Leaf (0.002 ppm)
Antiaging
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf (11 ppm)
Chromium found in Leaf (0.315 ppm)
Antiakathisic
Iron found in Leaf (63 ppm)
Antialcoholic
Magnesium found in Leaf (3150 ppm)
Manganese found in Leaf (10.5 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf (80 ppm)
Antiallergic
Calcium found in Leaf (16800 ppm)
Ferulic-acid found in Leaf (6 ppm)
Antialopecic
Zinc found in Leaf (80 ppm)
Antialzheimeran
Alpha-tocopherol found in Leaf (56 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf (80 ppm)
Antianemic
Copper found in Leaf (3.15 ppm)
Iron found in Leaf (63 ppm)
Manganese found in Leaf (10.5 ppm)
Antianginal
Alpha-tocopherol found in Leaf (56 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (3150 ppm)
Antiangiogenic
Selenium found in Leaf (0.002 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf (80 ppm)
Antianorectic
Magnesium found in Leaf (3150 ppm)
Antianorexic
Zinc found in Leaf (80 ppm)
Antianxiety
Calcium found in Leaf (16800 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (3150 ppm)
Antiarrhythmic
Calcium found in Leaf (16800 ppm)
Ferulic-acid found in Leaf (6 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (3150 ppm)
Potassium found in Leaf (81900 ppm)
Antiarthritic
Alpha-tocopherol found in Leaf (56 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf (16800 ppm)
Copper found in Leaf (3.15 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (3150 ppm)
Manganese found in Leaf (10.5 ppm)
Selenium found in Leaf (0.002 ppm)
Sulfur found in Shoot (1365 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf (80 ppm)
Antiasthmatic
Alpha-tocopherol found in Leaf (56 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (3150 ppm)
Selenium found in Leaf (0.002 ppm)
Antiatherogenic
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf (11 ppm)
Antiatherosclerotic
Alpha-tocopherol found in Leaf (56 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf (16800 ppm)
Chromium found in Leaf (0.315 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (3150 ppm)
Selenium found in Leaf (0.002 ppm)
Antibacterial
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf (11 ppm)
Ferulic-acid found in Leaf (6 ppm)
P-coumaric-acid found in Leaf (7 ppm)
Silver found in Leaf (0.21 ppm)
Sinapic-acid found in Leaf (6 ppm)
Anticancer
Alpha-tocopherol found in Leaf (56 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf (11 ppm)
Anticanker
Iron found in Leaf (63 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf (80 ppm)
Anticarcinogenic
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf (11 ppm)
Ferulic-acid found in Leaf (6 ppm)
Anticataract
Alpha-tocopherol found in Leaf (56 ppm)
Selenium found in Leaf (0.002 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf (80 ppm)
Anticephalagic
Magnesium found in Leaf (3150 ppm)
Anticheilitic
Iron found in Leaf (63 ppm)
Anticirrhotic
Selenium found in Leaf (0.002 ppm)
Anticlastogen
P-coumaric-acid found in Leaf (7 ppm)
Anticlimacteric
Calcium found in Leaf (16800 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (3150 ppm)
Selenium found in Leaf (0.002 ppm)
Anticoeliac
Zinc found in Leaf (80 ppm)
Anticold
Zinc found in Leaf (80 ppm)
Anticolitic
Zinc found in Leaf (80 ppm)
Anticonvulsant
Alpha-tocopherol found in Leaf (56 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (3150 ppm)
Anticorneotic
Chromium found in Leaf (0.315 ppm)
Anticoronary
Magnesium found in Leaf (3150 ppm)
Selenium found in Leaf (0.002 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf (80 ppm)
Antidandruff
Selenium found in Leaf (0.002 ppm)
Sulfur found in Shoot (1365 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf (80 ppm)
Antidementia
Alpha-tocopherol found in Leaf (56 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf (80 ppm)
Antidepressant
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf (11 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf (16800 ppm)
Lithium found in Leaf (0.84 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (3150 ppm)
Potassium found in Leaf (81900 ppm)
Selenium found in Leaf (0.002 ppm)
Antidiabetic
Alpha-tocopherol found in Leaf (56 ppm)
Chromium found in Leaf (0.315 ppm)
Copper found in Leaf (3.15 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (3150 ppm)
Manganese found in Leaf (10.5 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf (80 ppm)
Antidiscotic
Manganese found in Leaf (10.5 ppm)
Antidysgeuzic
Zinc found in Leaf (80 ppm)
Antidyskinetic
Manganese found in Leaf (10.5 ppm)
Antidysmenorrheic
Ferulic-acid found in Leaf (6 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (3150 ppm)
Antieczemic
Zinc found in Leaf (80 ppm)
Antiedemic
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf (11 ppm)
Antielastase
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf (11 ppm)
Antiencephalopathic
Zinc found in Leaf (80 ppm)
Antiendometriotic
Magnesium found in Leaf (3150 ppm)
Antienterotic
Magnesium found in Leaf (3150 ppm)
Antiepileptic
Magnesium found in Leaf (3150 ppm)
Manganese found in Leaf (10.5 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf (80 ppm)
Antiescherichic
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf (11 ppm)
Antiestrogenic
Ferulic-acid found in Leaf (6 ppm)
Antifatigue
Chromium found in Leaf (0.315 ppm)
Copper found in Leaf (3.15 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (3150 ppm)
Potassium found in Leaf (81900 ppm)
Antifertility
P-coumaric-acid found in Leaf (7 ppm)
Antifibromyalgic
Magnesium found in Leaf (3150 ppm)
Antifibrotic
Selenium found in Leaf (0.002 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf (80 ppm)
Antiflu
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf (11 ppm)
Antifuruncular
Zinc found in Leaf (80 ppm)
Antigastrotic
Magnesium found in Leaf (3150 ppm)
Antiglaucomic
Magnesium found in Leaf (3150 ppm)
Antiglycosuric
Chromium found in Leaf (0.315 ppm)
Antigonadotropic
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf (11 ppm)
Antigout
Selenium found in Leaf (0.002 ppm)
Antigrey
Sulfur found in Shoot (1365 ppm)
Antihangover
Zinc found in Leaf (80 ppm)
Antihemolytic
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf (11 ppm)
Antihepatoadenomic
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf (11 ppm)
Antihepatotoxic
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf (11 ppm)
Ferulic-acid found in Leaf (6 ppm)
P-coumaric-acid found in Leaf (7 ppm)
Sinapic-acid found in Leaf (6 ppm)
Antiherpetic
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf (11 ppm)
Ferulic-acid found in Leaf (6 ppm)
Antihistaminic
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf (11 ppm)
Antihypercholesterolemic
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf (11 ppm)
Antihyperkinetic
Calcium found in Leaf (16800 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (3150 ppm)
Antihypertensive
Calcium found in Leaf (16800 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (3150 ppm)
Potassium found in Leaf (81900 ppm)
Antihyperthyroid
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf (11 ppm)
Lithium found in Leaf (0.84 ppm)
Antihypoglycemic
Magnesium found in Leaf (3150 ppm)
Antiimpotence
Zinc found in Leaf (80 ppm)
Antiinfarctal
Alpha-tocopherol found in Leaf (56 ppm)
Antiinfective
Zinc found in Leaf (80 ppm)
Antiinfertility
Alpha-tocopherol found in Leaf (56 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf (80 ppm)
Antiinflammatory
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf (11 ppm)
Copper found in Leaf (3.15 ppm)
Ferulic-acid found in Leaf (6 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (3150 ppm)
Antiinsomniac
Calcium found in Leaf (16800 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (3150 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf (80 ppm)
Antiischemic
Alpha-tocopherol found in Leaf (56 ppm)
Antikeshan
Selenium found in Leaf (0.002 ppm)
Antilepric
Zinc found in Leaf (80 ppm)
Antileukemic
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf (11 ppm)
Ferulic-acid found in Leaf (6 ppm)
P-coumaric-acid found in Leaf (7 ppm)
Selenium found in Leaf (0.002 ppm)
Antileukonychic
Zinc found in Leaf (80 ppm)
Antileukotriene
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf (11 ppm)
Selenium found in Leaf (0.002 ppm)
Antilithic
Magnesium found in Leaf (3150 ppm)
Antilymphomic
Zinc found in Leaf (80 ppm)
Antimaculitic
Alpha-tocopherol found in Leaf (56 ppm)
Selenium found in Leaf (0.002 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf (80 ppm)
Antimanic
Lithium found in Leaf (0.84 ppm)
Antimastalgic
Magnesium found in Leaf (3150 ppm)
Antimelanogenic
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf (11 ppm)
Antimelanomic
Selenium found in Leaf (0.002 ppm)
Antimenopausal
Calcium found in Leaf (16800 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (3150 ppm)
Selenium found in Leaf (0.002 ppm)
Antimenorrhagic
Iron found in Leaf (63 ppm)
Antimetastatic
Selenium found in Leaf (0.002 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf (80 ppm)
Antimigraine
Magnesium found in Leaf (3150 ppm)
Antimitotic
Ferulic-acid found in Leaf (6 ppm)
Antimitral-valve-prolapse
Magnesium found in Leaf (3150 ppm)
Antimutagenic
Alpha-tocopherol found in Leaf (56 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf (11 ppm)
Ferulic-acid found in Leaf (6 ppm)
Antimyalgic
Selenium found in Leaf (0.002 ppm)
Antineoplastic
Ferulic-acid found in Leaf (6 ppm)
Antinephrolytic
Magnesium found in Leaf (3150 ppm)
Antineuropathic
Alpha-tocopherol found in Leaf (56 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf (80 ppm)
Antineurotic
Magnesium found in Leaf (3150 ppm)
Antinitrosaminic
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf (11 ppm)
Ferulic-acid found in Leaf (6 ppm)
P-coumaric-acid found in Leaf (7 ppm)
Antinociceptive
Copper found in Leaf (3.15 ppm)
Antinyctalopic
Zinc found in Leaf (80 ppm)
Antiobesity
Calcium found in Leaf (16800 ppm)
Chromium found in Leaf (0.315 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf (80 ppm)
Antiophidic
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf (11 ppm)
Antiosteoarthritic
Boron found in Leaf (21 ppm)
Selenium found in Leaf (0.002 ppm)
Sulfur found in Shoot (1365 ppm)
Antiosteoporotic
Boron found in Leaf (21 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf (16800 ppm)
Copper found in Leaf (3.15 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (3150 ppm)
Manganese found in Leaf (10.5 ppm)
Phosphorus found in Leaf (7560 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf (80 ppm)
Antiototic
Manganese found in Leaf (10.5 ppm)
Antioxidant
Alpha-tocopherol found in Leaf (56 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf (11 ppm)
Ferulic-acid found in Leaf (6 ppm)
Manganese found in Leaf (10.5 ppm)
P-coumaric-acid found in Leaf (7 ppm)
Selenium found in Leaf (0.002 ppm)
Sinapic-acid found in Leaf (6 ppm)
Antiparkinsonian
Alpha-tocopherol found in Leaf (56 ppm)
Selenium found in Leaf (0.002 ppm)
Antiperiodontitic
Calcium found in Leaf (16800 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf (80 ppm)
Antiperoxidant
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf (11 ppm)
P-coumaric-acid found in Leaf (7 ppm)
Antiperoxynitrite
Sinapic-acid found in Leaf (6 ppm)
Antiplaque
Magnesium found in Leaf (3150 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf (80 ppm)
Antiprolactin
Zinc found in Leaf (80 ppm)
Antiproliferant
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf (11 ppm)
Selenium found in Leaf (0.002 ppm)
Antiprostaglandin
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf (11 ppm)
Antiprostatitic
Zinc found in Leaf (80 ppm)
Antipsychotic
Lithium found in Leaf (0.84 ppm)
Antiradicular
Alpha-tocopherol found in Leaf (56 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf (11 ppm)
Ferulic-acid found in Leaf (6 ppm)
Selenium found in Leaf (0.002 ppm)
Antiretinopathic
Magnesium found in Leaf (3150 ppm)
Antiretinotic
Alpha-tocopherol found in Leaf (56 ppm)
Antirheumatic
Alpha-tocopherol found in Leaf (56 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf (16800 ppm)
Selenium found in Leaf (0.002 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf (80 ppm)
Antischizophrenic
Lithium found in Leaf (0.84 ppm)
Antiseborrheic
Sulfur found in Shoot (1365 ppm)
Antiseptic
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf (11 ppm)
P-coumaric-acid found in Leaf (7 ppm)
Sulfur found in Shoot (1365 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf (80 ppm)
Antiserotonin
Ferulic-acid found in Leaf (6 ppm)
Antisilicotic
Aluminum found in Leaf (42 ppm)
Antispare-Tire
Zinc found in Leaf (80 ppm)
Antispasmodic
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf (11 ppm)
Ferulic-acid found in Leaf (6 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (3150 ppm)
P-coumaric-acid found in Leaf (7 ppm)
Potassium found in Leaf (81900 ppm)
Antispasmophilic
Magnesium found in Leaf (3150 ppm)
Antistaphylococcic
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf (11 ppm)
Antistomatitic
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf (11 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf (80 ppm)
Antistress
Calcium found in Leaf (16800 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (3150 ppm)
Antistroke
Alpha-tocopherol found in Leaf (56 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (3150 ppm)
Potassium found in Leaf (81900 ppm)
Antisunburn
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf (11 ppm)
Antisyndrome-X
Chromium found in Leaf (0.315 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (3150 ppm)
Manganese found in Leaf (10.5 ppm)
Selenium found in Leaf (0.002 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf (80 ppm)
Antithiamin
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf (11 ppm)
Antithrombic
Ferulic-acid found in Leaf (6 ppm)
Antithyroid
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf (11 ppm)
Antitic
Calcium found in Leaf (16800 ppm)
Antitinnitic
Zinc found in Leaf (80 ppm)
Antitriglyceride
Chromium found in Leaf (0.315 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf (80 ppm)
Antitumor-Promoter
Alpha-tocopherol found in Leaf (56 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf (11 ppm)
Ferulic-acid found in Leaf (6 ppm)
Antitumor
Alpha-tocopherol found in Leaf (56 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf (11 ppm)
Ferulic-acid found in Leaf (6 ppm)
P-coumaric-acid found in Leaf (7 ppm)
Selenium found in Leaf (0.002 ppm)
Antiulcer
Zinc found in Leaf (80 ppm)
Antiulcerogenic
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf (11 ppm)
Selenium found in Leaf (0.002 ppm)
Antivaccinia
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf (11 ppm)
Antivaginitic
Aluminum found in Leaf (42 ppm)
Antiviral
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf (11 ppm)
Ferulic-acid found in Leaf (6 ppm)
Lithium found in Leaf (0.84 ppm)
Anxiolytic
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf (11 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf (16800 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (3150 ppm)
Phosphorus found in Leaf (7560 ppm)
Potassium found in Leaf (81900 ppm)
Selenium found in Leaf (0.002 ppm)
Apoptotic
Selenium found in Leaf (0.002 ppm)
Arteriodilator
Ferulic-acid found in Leaf (6 ppm)
Astringent
Silver found in Leaf (0.21 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf (80 ppm)
Beta-Blocker
Potassium found in Leaf (81900 ppm)
CNS-Active
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf (11 ppm)
CNS-Depressant
Magnesium found in Leaf (3150 ppm)
COX-2-Inhibitor
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf (11 ppm)
Calcium-Antagonist
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf (11 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (3150 ppm)
Calcium-Channel-Blocker
Calcium found in Leaf (16800 ppm)
Cancer-Preventive
Alpha-tocopherol found in Leaf (56 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf (11 ppm)
Ferulic-acid found in Leaf (6 ppm)
P-coumaric-acid found in Leaf (7 ppm)
Selenium found in Leaf (0.002 ppm)
Sinapic-acid found in Leaf (6 ppm)
Candidicide
Aluminum found in Leaf (42 ppm)
Ferulic-acid found in Leaf (6 ppm)
Carcinogenic
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf (11 ppm)
Cardiac
Ferulic-acid found in Leaf (6 ppm)
Cardiomyopathogenic
Cobalt found in Leaf (0.21 ppm)
Cardioprotective
Alpha-tocopherol found in Leaf (56 ppm)
Chromium found in Leaf (0.315 ppm)
Copper found in Leaf (3.15 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (3150 ppm)
Potassium found in Leaf (81900 ppm)
Selenium found in Leaf (0.002 ppm)
Cardiotoxic
Potassium found in Leaf (81900 ppm)
Chemopreventive
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf (11 ppm)
P-coumaric-acid found in Leaf (7 ppm)
Cholagogue
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf (11 ppm)
Ferulic-acid found in Leaf (6 ppm)
Choleretic
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf (11 ppm)
Ferulic-acid found in Leaf (6 ppm)
P-coumaric-acid found in Leaf (7 ppm)
Cholinergic
Lithium found in Leaf (0.84 ppm)
Circulotonic
Alpha-tocopherol found in Leaf (56 ppm)
Clastogenic
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf (11 ppm)
Co-carcinogenic
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf (11 ppm)
Collagen-Sparing
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf (11 ppm)
Collagenic
Zinc found in Leaf (80 ppm)
Comedogenic
Sulfur found in Shoot (1365 ppm)
Contraceptive
Copper found in Leaf (3.15 ppm)
Copper-Antagonist
Zinc found in Leaf (80 ppm)
Cytoprotective
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf (11 ppm)
Cytotoxic
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf (11 ppm)
P-coumaric-acid found in Leaf (7 ppm)
DNA-Active
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf (11 ppm)
DNA-Protective
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf (11 ppm)
Deliriant
Lithium found in Leaf (0.84 ppm)
Deodorant
Zinc found in Leaf (80 ppm)
Depressant
Selenium found in Leaf (0.002 ppm)
Diuretic
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf (11 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf (16800 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (3150 ppm)
Potassium found in Leaf (81900 ppm)
Encephalopathic
Aluminum found in Leaf (42 ppm)
Energizer
Chromium found in Leaf (0.315 ppm)
Ergogenic
Zinc found in Leaf (80 ppm)
Erythrocytogenic
Cobalt found in Leaf (0.21 ppm)
Estrogenic
Boron found in Leaf (21 ppm)
Fungicide
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf (11 ppm)
Ferulic-acid found in Leaf (6 ppm)
P-coumaric-acid found in Leaf (7 ppm)
Selenium found in Leaf (0.002 ppm)
Sinapic-acid found in Leaf (6 ppm)
Hepatocarcinogenic
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf (11 ppm)
Hepatoprotective
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf (11 ppm)
Ferulic-acid found in Leaf (6 ppm)
Hepatotropic
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf (11 ppm)
Ferulic-acid found in Leaf (6 ppm)
Herbicide
Ferulic-acid found in Leaf (6 ppm)
Histamine-Inhibitor
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf (11 ppm)
Hydrocholerectic
Ferulic-acid found in Leaf (6 ppm)
Hypertensive
Cadmium found in Leaf (0.042 ppm)
Sodium found in Leaf (1932 ppm)
Hypocholesterolemic
Calcium found in Leaf (16800 ppm)
Chromium found in Leaf (0.315 ppm)
Copper found in Leaf (3.15 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (3150 ppm)
Hypoglycemic
Chromium found in Leaf (0.315 ppm)
Manganese found in Leaf (10.5 ppm)
Hypolipidemic
Ferulic-acid found in Leaf (6 ppm)
Hypotensive
Calcium found in Leaf (16800 ppm)
Chromium found in Leaf (0.315 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (3150 ppm)
Potassium found in Leaf (81900 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf (80 ppm)
Immunomodulator
Alpha-tocopherol found in Leaf (56 ppm)
Chromium found in Leaf (0.315 ppm)
Copper found in Leaf (3.15 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (3150 ppm)
Selenium found in Leaf (0.002 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf (80 ppm)
Immunostimulant
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf (11 ppm)
Ferulic-acid found in Leaf (6 ppm)
Phosphorus found in Leaf (7560 ppm)
Selenium found in Leaf (0.002 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf (80 ppm)
Immunosuppressant
Zinc found in Leaf (80 ppm)
Insectifuge
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf (11 ppm)
Ferulic-acid found in Leaf (6 ppm)
Insulin-Sparing
Nickel found in Leaf (2.1 ppm)
Insulinogenic
Chromium found in Leaf (0.315 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (3150 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf (80 ppm)
Keratolytic
Sulfur found in Shoot (1365 ppm)
Laxative
Calcium found in Leaf (16800 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (3150 ppm)
Sulfur found in Shoot (1365 ppm)
Leptingenic
Zinc found in Leaf (80 ppm)
Leukotriene-Inhibitor
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf (11 ppm)
Lipoxygenase-Inhibitor
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf (11 ppm)
P-coumaric-acid found in Leaf (7 ppm)
Lithogenic
Cadmium found in Leaf (0.042 ppm)
Litholytic
Magnesium found in Leaf (3150 ppm)
Lyase-Inhibitor
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf (11 ppm)
Memorigenic
Chromium found in Leaf (0.315 ppm)
Metal-Chelator
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf (11 ppm)
Ferulic-acid found in Leaf (6 ppm)
Mucogenic
Zinc found in Leaf (80 ppm)
Myorelaxant
Magnesium found in Leaf (3150 ppm)
NF-kB-Inhibitor
Selenium found in Leaf (0.002 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf (80 ppm)
Natriuretic
Lithium found in Leaf (0.84 ppm)
Nephrotoxic
Cadmium found in Leaf (0.042 ppm)
Lithium found in Leaf (0.84 ppm)
Mercury found in Leaf (0.002 ppm)
Neurotransmitter
Magnesium found in Leaf (3150 ppm)
Ornithine-Decarboxylase-Inhibitor
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf (11 ppm)
Ferulic-acid found in Leaf (6 ppm)
Selenium found in Leaf (0.002 ppm)
Osteogenic
Phosphorus found in Leaf (7560 ppm)
Parasiticide
Sulfur found in Shoot (1365 ppm)
Pesticide
Aluminum found in Leaf (42 ppm)
Arsenic found in Leaf (0.07 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf (11 ppm)
Ferulic-acid found in Leaf (6 ppm)
P-coumaric-acid found in Leaf (7 ppm)
Selenium found in Leaf (0.002 ppm)
Silver found in Leaf (0.21 ppm)
Sinapic-acid found in Leaf (6 ppm)
Sulfur found in Shoot (1365 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf (80 ppm)
Phagocytotic
Ferulic-acid found in Leaf (6 ppm)
Polyamine-Synthesis-Inhibitor
Selenium found in Leaf (0.002 ppm)
Preservative
Ferulic-acid found in Leaf (6 ppm)
Prooxidant
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf (11 ppm)
Iron found in Leaf (63 ppm)
Prostaglandigenic
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf (11 ppm)
Ferulic-acid found in Leaf (6 ppm)
P-coumaric-acid found in Leaf (7 ppm)
Prostaglandin-Sparer
Selenium found in Leaf (0.002 ppm)
Prostaglandin-Synthesis-Inhibitor
Ferulic-acid found in Leaf (6 ppm)
P-coumaric-acid found in Leaf (7 ppm)
Protein-Kinase-C-Inhibitor
Selenium found in Leaf (0.002 ppm)
Scabicide
Sulfur found in Shoot (1365 ppm)
Schizophrenigenic
Copper found in Leaf (3.15 ppm)
Sedative
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf (11 ppm)
Spermigenic
Zinc found in Leaf (80 ppm)
Sunscreen
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf (11 ppm)
Ferulic-acid found in Leaf (6 ppm)
Testosteronigenic
Zinc found in Leaf (80 ppm)
Tranquilizer
Calcium found in Leaf (16800 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (3150 ppm)
Trichomonicide
Zinc found in Leaf (80 ppm)
Tumorigenic
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf (11 ppm)
Tyrosinase-Inhibitor
P-coumaric-acid found in Leaf (7 ppm)
Uterorelaxant
Magnesium found in Leaf (3150 ppm)
Uterosedative
Ferulic-acid found in Leaf (6 ppm)
VEGF-Inhibitor
Selenium found in Leaf (0.002 ppm)
Vasodilator
Calcium found in Leaf (16800 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (3150 ppm)
Potassium found in Leaf (81900 ppm)
Vulnerary
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf (11 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf (80 ppm)
Xanthine-Oxidase-Inhibitor
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf (11 ppm)

Search

Chemicals detected

Chemical Plant part Low ppm High ppm
Alpha-tocopherol Leaf 2 56
Aluminum Leaf 28 42
Arsenic Leaf 0.038 0.07
Ash Leaf 190,000 210,000
Barium Leaf 13.3 21
Boron Leaf 13.3 21
Cadmium Leaf 0.038 0.042
Caffeic-acid Leaf 11
Calcium Leaf 11,780 16,800
Chromium Leaf 0.285 0.315
Cobalt Leaf 0.19 0.21
Copper Leaf 2.85 3.15
Ferulic-acid Leaf 6
Iron Leaf 28.5 63
Lead Leaf 3.8 4.2
Lithium Leaf 0.76 0.84
Magnesium Leaf 2,850 3,150
Manganese Leaf 9.5 10.5
Mercury Leaf 0 0.002
Molybdenum Leaf 1.3 1.47
Nickel Leaf 1.9 2.1
P-coumaric-acid Leaf 7
Phosphorus Leaf 4,560 7,560
Potassium Leaf 74,100 81,900
Selenium Leaf 0.001 0.002
Silver Leaf 0.019 0.21
Sinapic-acid Leaf 6
Sodium Leaf 1,463 1,932
Strontium Leaf 190 420
Sulfur Shoot 1,216 1,365
Titanium Leaf 0.95 1.05
Water Leaf 947,000 954,000
Zinc Leaf 66.5 80
Zirconium Leaf 3.8 4.2
Reference: Dr. Duke's Phytochemical and Ethnobotanical Databases. [Online Database]