Brassica oleracea var. italica Health effects and herbal facts

Known as
asparagus broccoli Bedford cabbage borecole braganza branching bush kale branching cabbage broccoli Brussels sprouts bush kale cabbage cabbage turnip calabrese Cape broccoli cauliflower Chinese broccoli Chinese kale collards cow cabbage curled kitchen kale curlies curly kale decorative kale flowering cabbage flowering kale fodder kale giant Jersey kale heading broccoli Jersey kale kale kohlrabi marrow-stem kale ornamental cabbage ornamental kale palm kale palm-tree kale perennial kale perpetual kale Portuguese cabbage Portuguese cole Portuguese kale Portuguese tree kale purple cauliflower red cabbage Savoy cabbage Scotch kale Scottish kale seakale cabbage Shetland cabbage spring-heading cabbage sprouting broccoli stem turnip tall kale thousand-head kale tree kale tronchuda cabbage tronchuda kale turnip cabbage turnip kale white cabbage wild cabbage winter broccoli
Brassica oleracea var. italica

Gallery

Brassica oleracea var. italica Brassica oleracea var. italica Brassica oleracea var. italica Brassica oleracea var. italica Brassica oleracea var. italica Brassica oleracea var. italica Brassica oleracea var. italica Brassica oleracea var. italica Brassica oleracea var. italica Brassica oleracea var. italica Brassica oleracea var. italica Brassica oleracea var. italica

Biological activities

11B-HSD-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
5-Alpha-Reductase-Inhibitor
Alpha-linolenic-acid found in Leaf (13855 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Leaf (4081 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Leaf (2578 ppm)
Palmitic-acid found in Leaf (5048 ppm)
Stearic-acid found in Leaf (752 ppm)
5-HT-Inhibitor
Rutin found in Leaf
5-Lipoxygenase-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
ACE-Inhibitor
Quercitrin found in Leaf
Zinc found in Leaf (118 ppm)
AP-1-Inhibitor
Selenium found in Leaf (0.024 ppm);found in Stem (0.015 ppm)
ATPase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Leaf
Acarifuge
Sulfur found in Leaf (11800 ppm)
Acidulant
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (10360 ppm)
Fumaric-acid found in Plant
Additive
Succinic-acid found in Plant
Adjuvant
Cystine found in Leaf (2148 ppm)
Aldehyde-Oxidase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Leaf
Rutin found in Leaf
Aldose-Reductase-Inhibitor
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (10360 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf (8 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Cinnamic-acid found in Leaf
Kaempferol found in Leaf
P-coumaric-acid found in Leaf (13 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Quercitrin found in Leaf
Rutin found in Leaf
Salicylic-acid found in Leaf
Vanillic-acid found in Plant
Allelochemic
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Rutin found in Leaf
Allelopathic
Ferulic-acid found in Leaf (13 ppm)
P-coumaric-acid found in Leaf (13 ppm)
Vanillic-acid found in Plant
Allergenic
Acetone found in Leaf (500 ppm);found in Root (800 ppm)
Allyl-isothiocyanate found in Leaf
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (138 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf (8 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Cinnamic-acid found in Leaf
Citric-acid found in Plant
Ethanol found in Plant
Niacin found in Leaf (83 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Leaf (2578 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Alpha-Amylase-Inhibitor
Citric-acid found in Plant
Alpha-Reductase-Inhibitor
Oleic-acid found in Leaf (2578 ppm)
Amphiestrogenic
Indole-3-carbinol found in Leaf
Analgesic
Alpha-amyrin found in Bud (30 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (10360 ppm)
Beta-amyrin found in Bud
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf (8 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Ferulic-acid found in Leaf (13 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Salicylic-acid found in Leaf
Selenium found in Leaf (0.024 ppm);found in Stem (0.015 ppm)
Thiamin found in Leaf (8 ppm)
Tryptophan found in Leaf (3115 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf (118 ppm)
Androgenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Boron found in Leaf (85 ppm);found in Stem (21 ppm)
Anemiagenic
Oleic-acid found in Leaf (2578 ppm)
Anesthetic
Cinnamic-acid found in Leaf
Ethanol found in Plant
Angiogenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Angiotensin-Receptor-Blocker
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (10360 ppm)
Fiber found in Leaf (122866 ppm)
Potassium found in Leaf (37270 ppm)
Anhydrotic
Ethanol found in Plant
Anorexic
Arsenic found in Leaf (0.01 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Selenium found in Leaf (0.024 ppm);found in Stem (0.015 ppm)
Anthelmintic
Vanillic-acid found in Plant
AntiADD
Phenylalanine found in Leaf (9022 ppm)
AntiAGE
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (10360 ppm)
Chromium found in Leaf (0.18 ppm)
AntiBPH
Zinc found in Leaf (118 ppm)
AntiCFS
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (10360 ppm)
Chromium found in Leaf (0.18 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (3072 ppm)
AntiCTS
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (10360 ppm)
AntiCVI
Rutin found in Leaf
AntiEBV
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
AntiGTF
Quercetin found in Leaf
AntiHIV
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf (8 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Methanol found in Plant
Quercetin found in Leaf
Selenium found in Leaf (0.024 ppm);found in Stem (0.015 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf (118 ppm)
AntiLegionella
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf (8 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
AntiLyme
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (10360 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (3072 ppm)
Niacin found in Leaf (83 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Leaf (21 ppm)
Thiamin found in Leaf (8 ppm)
AntiMS
Linoleic-acid found in Leaf (4081 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (3072 ppm)
AntiNF-kB
Selenium found in Leaf (0.024 ppm);found in Stem (0.015 ppm)
AntiPMS
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (138 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf (54247 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (3072 ppm)
Manganese found in Leaf (80 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
AntiSpina-Bifida
Folacin found in Leaf (8.4 ppm)
Antiacne
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (138 ppm)
Chromium found in Leaf (0.18 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Leaf (4081 ppm)
Selenium found in Leaf (0.024 ppm);found in Stem (0.015 ppm)
Sulfur found in Leaf (11800 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf (118 ppm)
Antiacrodermatitic
Zinc found in Leaf (118 ppm)
Antiacrodynic
Niacin found in Leaf (83 ppm)
Antiadenomic
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Antiadenoviral
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf (8 ppm)
Antiadrenalinic
Nickel found in Leaf (7 ppm)
Antiaflatoxin
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antiaggregant
Alpha-linolenic-acid found in Leaf (13855 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (10360 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf (8 ppm)
Ferulic-acid found in Leaf (13 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Magnesium found in Leaf (3072 ppm)
Phytic-acid found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Rutin found in Leaf
Salicylates found in Leaf (65 ppm)
Selenium found in Leaf (0.024 ppm);found in Stem (0.015 ppm)
Antiaging
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (10360 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (138 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf (8 ppm)
Chromium found in Leaf (0.18 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antiakathisic
Iron found in Leaf (109 ppm)
Antialcoholic
Magnesium found in Leaf (3072 ppm)
Manganese found in Leaf (80 ppm)
Thiamin found in Leaf (8 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf (118 ppm)
Antialkalotic
Lysine found in Leaf (15143 ppm)
Antiallergic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (10360 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf (54247 ppm)
Ferulic-acid found in Leaf (13 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Niacin found in Leaf (83 ppm)
Pantothenic-acid found in Leaf (63 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Rutin found in Leaf
Antialopecic
Linoleic-acid found in Leaf (4081 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Leaf (2578 ppm)
Palmitic-acid found in Leaf (5048 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf (118 ppm)
Antialzheimeran
Alpha-tocopherol found in Leaf (439 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (10360 ppm)
Niacin found in Leaf (83 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Thiamin found in Leaf (8 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf (118 ppm)
Antiamblyopic
Niacin found in Leaf (83 ppm)
Antianaphylactic
Linoleic-acid found in Leaf (4081 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antiandrogenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Linoleic-acid found in Leaf (4081 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Leaf (2578 ppm)
Palmitic-acid found in Leaf (5048 ppm)
Antianemic
Copper found in Leaf (52 ppm)
Folacin found in Leaf (8.4 ppm)
Iron found in Leaf (109 ppm)
Manganese found in Leaf (80 ppm)
Antianginal
Alpha-tocopherol found in Leaf (439 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (3072 ppm)
Niacin found in Leaf (83 ppm)
Antiangiogenic
Quercetin found in Leaf
Selenium found in Leaf (0.024 ppm);found in Stem (0.015 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf (118 ppm)
Antianorectic
Magnesium found in Leaf (3072 ppm)
Thiamin found in Leaf (8 ppm)
Antianorexic
Zinc found in Leaf (118 ppm)
Antianxiety
Calcium found in Leaf (54247 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (3072 ppm)
Tryptophan found in Leaf (3115 ppm)
Antiaphthic
Citric-acid found in Plant
Antiapoplectic
Rutin found in Leaf
Antiarabiflavinotic
Riboflavin found in Leaf (21 ppm)
Antiarrhythmic
Calcium found in Leaf (54247 ppm)
Ferulic-acid found in Leaf (13 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (3072 ppm)
Potassium found in Leaf (37270 ppm)
Quercitrin found in Leaf
Antiarteriosclerotic
Histidine found in Leaf (5370 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Leaf (4081 ppm)
Silicon found in Leaf (90 ppm)
Antiarthritic
Alpha-tocopherol found in Leaf (439 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (10360 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (138 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf (54247 ppm)
Copper found in Leaf (52 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Leaf (4081 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (3072 ppm)
Manganese found in Leaf (80 ppm)
Pantothenic-acid found in Leaf (63 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Salicylic-acid found in Leaf
Selenium found in Leaf (0.024 ppm);found in Stem (0.015 ppm)
Sulfur found in Leaf (11800 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf (118 ppm)
Antiasthmatic
Allyl-isothiocyanate found in Leaf
Alpha-tocopherol found in Leaf (439 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (10360 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (138 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (3072 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Selenium found in Leaf (0.024 ppm);found in Stem (0.015 ppm)
Antiatherogenic
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf (8 ppm)
Rutin found in Leaf
Antiatherosclerotic
Alpha-tocopherol found in Leaf (439 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (10360 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf (54247 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Chromium found in Leaf (0.18 ppm)
Citric-acid found in Plant
Ethanol found in Plant
Magnesium found in Leaf (3072 ppm)
Malic-acid found in Plant
Quercetin found in Leaf
Rutin found in Leaf
Selenium found in Leaf (0.024 ppm);found in Stem (0.015 ppm)
Antibackache
Thiamin found in Leaf (8 ppm)
Antibacterial
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (10360 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf (8 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Chlorophyll found in Leaf
Cinnamic-acid found in Leaf
Citric-acid found in Plant
Ethanol found in Plant
Ferulic-acid found in Leaf (13 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Malic-acid found in Plant
P-coumaric-acid found in Leaf (13 ppm)
P-hydroxy-benzoic-acid found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Quercitrin found in Leaf
Rutin found in Leaf
Salicylic-acid found in Leaf
Sinapic-acid found in Leaf (40 ppm)
Squalene found in Plant
Vanillic-acid found in Plant
Antiberiberi
Thiamin found in Leaf (8 ppm)
Anticalculic
Citric-acid found in Plant
Anticancer
Alpha-carotene found in Plant
Alpha-tocopherol found in Leaf (439 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (138 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf (8 ppm)
Chlorophyll found in Leaf
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Phytic-acid found in Leaf
Rutin found in Leaf
Vanillic-acid found in Plant
Anticanker
Iron found in Leaf (109 ppm)
Thiamin found in Leaf (8 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf (118 ppm)
Anticapillary-Fragility
Rutin found in Leaf
Anticarcinogenic
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf (8 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Ferulic-acid found in Leaf (13 ppm)
Anticarcinomic
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (138 ppm)
Anticardiospasmic
Thiamin found in Leaf (8 ppm)
Anticariogenic
Quercetin found in Leaf
Anticarpal-Tunnel
Riboflavin found in Leaf (21 ppm)
Anticataract
Alpha-tocopherol found in Leaf (439 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (10360 ppm)
Methionine found in Leaf (3652 ppm)
Niacin found in Leaf (83 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Quercitrin found in Leaf
Riboflavin found in Leaf (21 ppm)
Rutin found in Leaf
Selenium found in Leaf (0.024 ppm);found in Stem (0.015 ppm)
Thiamin found in Leaf (8 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf (118 ppm)
Anticephalagic
Magnesium found in Leaf (3072 ppm)
Pantothenic-acid found in Leaf (63 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Leaf (21 ppm)
Anticervicaldysplasic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (10360 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (138 ppm)
Folacin found in Leaf (8.4 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Leaf (21 ppm)
Anticheilitic
Folacin found in Leaf (8.4 ppm)
Iron found in Leaf (109 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Leaf (21 ppm)
Antichilblain
Niacin found in Leaf (83 ppm)
Anticirrhotic
Selenium found in Leaf (0.024 ppm);found in Stem (0.015 ppm)
Anticlastogen
P-coumaric-acid found in Leaf (13 ppm)
Rutin found in Leaf
Anticlimacteric
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (10360 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf (54247 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (3072 ppm)
Selenium found in Leaf (0.024 ppm);found in Stem (0.015 ppm)
Anticoagulant
Citric-acid found in Plant
Anticoeliac
Zinc found in Leaf (118 ppm)
Anticold
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (10360 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf (118 ppm)
Anticolitic
Quercetin found in Leaf
Thiamin found in Leaf (8 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf (118 ppm)
Anticomplementary
Quercetin found in Leaf
Anticonvulsant
Alpha-tocopherol found in Leaf (439 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (3072 ppm)
Niacin found in Leaf (83 ppm)
Rutin found in Leaf
Anticorneotic
Chromium found in Leaf (0.18 ppm)
Anticoronary
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (138 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Leaf (4081 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (3072 ppm)
Selenium found in Leaf (0.024 ppm);found in Stem (0.015 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf (118 ppm)
Anticystitic
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antidandruff
Salicylic-acid found in Leaf
Selenium found in Leaf (0.024 ppm);found in Stem (0.015 ppm)
Sulfur found in Leaf (11800 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf (118 ppm)
Antidecubitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (10360 ppm)
Chlorophyll found in Leaf
Riboflavin found in Leaf (21 ppm)
Thiamin found in Leaf (8 ppm)
Antideliriant
Thiamin found in Leaf (8 ppm)
Antidementia
Alpha-tocopherol found in Leaf (439 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (10360 ppm)
Niacin found in Leaf (83 ppm)
Rutin found in Leaf
Thiamin found in Leaf (8 ppm)
Tryptophan found in Leaf (3115 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf (118 ppm)
Antidepressant
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (10360 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf (8 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf (54247 ppm)
Folacin found in Leaf (8.4 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (3072 ppm)
Phenylalanine found in Leaf (9022 ppm)
Potassium found in Leaf (37270 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Selenium found in Leaf (0.024 ppm);found in Stem (0.015 ppm)
Tryptophan found in Leaf (3115 ppm)
Antidermatitic
Fumaric-acid found in Plant
Niacin found in Leaf (83 ppm)
Pantothenic-acid found in Leaf (63 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Rutin found in Leaf
Antidermatotic
Salicylic-acid found in Leaf
Antidiabetic
Alpha-tocopherol found in Leaf (439 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (10360 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Chromium found in Leaf (0.18 ppm)
Copper found in Leaf (52 ppm)
Fiber found in Leaf (122866 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (3072 ppm)
Manganese found in Leaf (80 ppm)
Niacin found in Leaf (83 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Rutin found in Leaf
Zinc found in Leaf (118 ppm)
Antidiscotic
Manganese found in Leaf (80 ppm)
Antidote
Methanol found in Plant
Antidysgeuzic
Zinc found in Leaf (118 ppm)
Antidyskinetic
Manganese found in Leaf (80 ppm)
Tryptophan found in Leaf (3115 ppm)
Antidysmenorrheic
Ferulic-acid found in Leaf (13 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (3072 ppm)
Antidyspeptic
Thiamin found in Leaf (8 ppm)
Antidysphagic
Niacin found in Leaf (83 ppm)
Antieczemic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (10360 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Leaf (4081 ppm)
Methionine found in Leaf (3652 ppm)
Salicylic-acid found in Leaf
Zinc found in Leaf (118 ppm)
Antiedemic
Alpha-amyrin found in Bud (30 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (10360 ppm)
Beta-amyrin found in Bud
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf (8 ppm)
Quercitrin found in Leaf
Rutin found in Leaf
Antielastase
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf (8 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antiencephalitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (10360 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antiencephalopathic
Arginine found in Leaf (15573 ppm)
Leucine found in Leaf (14069 ppm)
Thiamin found in Leaf (8 ppm)
Tyrosine found in Leaf (6766 ppm)
Valine found in Leaf (13747 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf (118 ppm)
Antiendometriotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (10360 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (3072 ppm)
Antienterotic
Magnesium found in Leaf (3072 ppm)
Antiepileptic
Glutamic-acid found in Leaf (40275 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (3072 ppm)
Manganese found in Leaf (80 ppm)
Niacin found in Leaf (83 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf (118 ppm)
Antierythemic
Rutin found in Leaf
Antiescherichic
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf (8 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antiestrogenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Ferulic-acid found in Leaf (13 ppm)
Indole-3-carbinol found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antifatigue
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (10360 ppm)
Chromium found in Leaf (0.18 ppm)
Copper found in Leaf (52 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (3072 ppm)
Pantothenic-acid found in Leaf (63 ppm)
Potassium found in Leaf (37270 ppm)
Thiamin found in Leaf (8 ppm)
Vanillic-acid found in Plant
Antifeedant
Allyl-isothiocyanate found in Leaf
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Quercitrin found in Leaf
Rutin found in Leaf
Sinigrin found in Plant
Succinic-acid found in Plant
Antifertility
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Kaempferol found in Leaf
P-coumaric-acid found in Leaf (13 ppm)
Antifibrinolytic
Linoleic-acid found in Leaf (4081 ppm)
Palmitic-acid found in Leaf (5048 ppm)
Antifibromyalgic
Magnesium found in Leaf (3072 ppm)
Malic-acid found in Plant
Antifibrosarcomic
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antifibrotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (10360 ppm)
Selenium found in Leaf (0.024 ppm);found in Stem (0.015 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf (118 ppm)
Antiflu
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf (8 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Quercitrin found in Leaf
Antifuruncular
Zinc found in Leaf (118 ppm)
Antigallstone
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (10360 ppm)
Antigastric
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antigastritic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (10360 ppm)
Thiamin found in Leaf (8 ppm)
Antigastrotic
Magnesium found in Leaf (3072 ppm)
Antigenotoxic
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Antigingivitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (10360 ppm)
Folacin found in Leaf (8.4 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Antiglaucomic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (10360 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (3072 ppm)
Rutin found in Leaf
Antiglossitic
Folacin found in Leaf (8.4 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Leaf (21 ppm)
Antiglycosuric
Chromium found in Leaf (0.18 ppm)
Antigonadotrophic
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Antigonadotropic
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf (8 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antigout
Selenium found in Leaf (0.024 ppm);found in Stem (0.015 ppm)
Antigranular
Linoleic-acid found in Leaf (4081 ppm)
Antigrey
Sulfur found in Leaf (11800 ppm)
Antihalitosic
Chlorophyll found in Leaf
Antihangover
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (10360 ppm)
Niacin found in Leaf (83 ppm)
Thiamin found in Leaf (8 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf (118 ppm)
Antiheartburn
Thiamin found in Leaf (8 ppm)
Antihematuric
Rutin found in Leaf
Antihemolytic
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf (8 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Antihemorrhagic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (10360 ppm)
Phylloquinone found in Inflorescence (0.31 ppm);found in Leaf (1.79 ppm)
Quercitrin found in Leaf
Antihemorrhoidal
Rutin found in Leaf
Antihepatitic
Arginine found in Leaf (15573 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (10360 ppm)
Antihepatoadenomic
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf (8 ppm)
Antihepatocarcinogenic
Fumaric-acid found in Plant
Antihepatotic
Methionine found in Leaf (3652 ppm)
Antihepatotoxic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (10360 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf (8 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Ferulic-acid found in Leaf (13 ppm)
P-coumaric-acid found in Leaf (13 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Quercitrin found in Leaf
Rutin found in Leaf
Sinapic-acid found in Leaf (40 ppm)
Stigmasterol found in Plant
Antiherpetic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (10360 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf (8 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Ferulic-acid found in Leaf (13 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Lysine found in Leaf (15143 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Quercitrin found in Leaf
Rutin found in Leaf
Thiamin found in Leaf (8 ppm)
Antihistaminic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (10360 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf (8 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Linoleic-acid found in Leaf (4081 ppm)
Niacin found in Leaf (83 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Rutin found in Leaf
Antihomocystinuric
Cystine found in Leaf (2148 ppm)
Antihydrophobic
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antihyperactivity
Niacin found in Leaf (83 ppm)
Antihyperammonemic
Glutamic-acid found in Leaf (40275 ppm)
Antihypercholesterolemic
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf (8 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Pantothenic-acid found in Leaf (63 ppm)
Antihyperkeratotic
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (138 ppm)
Antihyperkinetic
Calcium found in Leaf (54247 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (3072 ppm)
Antihyperlipoproteinaemic
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Antihypertensive
Alpha-linolenic-acid found in Leaf (13855 ppm)
Arginine found in Leaf (15573 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (10360 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf (54247 ppm)
Fiber found in Leaf (122866 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (3072 ppm)
Potassium found in Leaf (37270 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Rutin found in Leaf
Tryptophan found in Leaf (3115 ppm)
Antihyperthyroid
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf (8 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Antihypoglycemic
Magnesium found in Leaf (3072 ppm)
Antiichthyosic
Salicylic-acid found in Leaf
Antiichythyotic
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (138 ppm)
Antiimplantation
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Antiimpotence
Arginine found in Leaf (15573 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf (118 ppm)
Antiinfarctal
Alpha-tocopherol found in Leaf (439 ppm)
Antiinfective
Zinc found in Leaf (118 ppm)
Antiinfertility
Alpha-tocopherol found in Leaf (439 ppm)
Arginine found in Leaf (15573 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (10360 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf (118 ppm)
Antiinflammatory
Alpha-amyrin found in Bud (30 ppm)
Alpha-linolenic-acid found in Leaf (13855 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (10360 ppm)
Beta-amyrin found in Bud
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf (8 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Cinnamic-acid found in Leaf
Copper found in Leaf (52 ppm)
Ferulic-acid found in Leaf (13 ppm)
Indole-3-carbinol found in Leaf
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Linoleic-acid found in Leaf (4081 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (3072 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Leaf (2578 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Quercitrin found in Leaf
Rutin found in Leaf
Salicylates found in Leaf (65 ppm)
Salicylic-acid found in Leaf
Stigmasterol found in Plant
Vanillic-acid found in Plant
Antiinsomniac
Calcium found in Leaf (54247 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (3072 ppm)
Tryptophan found in Leaf (3115 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf (118 ppm)
Antiinsomnic
Niacin found in Leaf (83 ppm)
Antiischemic
Alpha-tocopherol found in Leaf (439 ppm)
Antikeratitic
Riboflavin found in Leaf (21 ppm)
Antikeshan
Selenium found in Leaf (0.024 ppm);found in Stem (0.015 ppm)
Antileishmanic
Citric-acid found in Plant
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antilepric
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (10360 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf (118 ppm)
Antileukemic
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf (8 ppm)
Ferulic-acid found in Leaf (13 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Leaf
P-coumaric-acid found in Leaf (13 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Selenium found in Leaf (0.024 ppm);found in Stem (0.015 ppm)
Vanillic-acid found in Plant
Antileukonychic
Zinc found in Leaf (118 ppm)
Antileukoplakic
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (138 ppm)
Antileukotriene-D4
Alpha-linolenic-acid found in Leaf (13855 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Leaf (4081 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Leaf (2578 ppm)
Antileukotriene
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf (8 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Selenium found in Leaf (0.024 ppm);found in Stem (0.015 ppm)
Antilipoperoxidant
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (138 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antilithic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (10360 ppm)
Glutamic-acid found in Leaf (40275 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (3072 ppm)
Antilupus
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (138 ppm)
Indole-3-carbinol found in Leaf
Antilymphocytic
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Antilymphomic
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Zinc found in Leaf (118 ppm)
Antimaculitic
Alpha-tocopherol found in Leaf (439 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (10360 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (138 ppm)
Selenium found in Leaf (0.024 ppm);found in Stem (0.015 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf (118 ppm)
Antimalarial
Quercetin found in Leaf
Rutin found in Leaf
Antimanic
Tryptophan found in Leaf (3115 ppm)
Antimastalgic
Magnesium found in Leaf (3072 ppm)
Antimastitic
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (138 ppm)
Antimeasles
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (10360 ppm)
Antimelanogenic
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf (8 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Antimelanomic
Quercetin found in Leaf
Rutin found in Leaf
Selenium found in Leaf (0.024 ppm);found in Stem (0.015 ppm)
Antimenopausal
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (10360 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf (54247 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (3072 ppm)
Selenium found in Leaf (0.024 ppm);found in Stem (0.015 ppm)
Tryptophan found in Leaf (3115 ppm)
Antimenorrhagic
Alpha-linolenic-acid found in Leaf (13855 ppm)
Chlorophyll found in Leaf
Iron found in Leaf (109 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Leaf (4081 ppm)
Antimetastatic
Alpha-linolenic-acid found in Leaf (13855 ppm)
Indole-3-carbinol found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Rutin found in Leaf
Selenium found in Leaf (0.024 ppm);found in Stem (0.015 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf (118 ppm)
Antimigraine
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (10360 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (3072 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Leaf (21 ppm)
Thiamin found in Leaf (8 ppm)
Tryptophan found in Leaf (3115 ppm)
Antimitotic
Ferulic-acid found in Leaf (13 ppm)
Antimitral-valve-prolapse
Magnesium found in Leaf (3072 ppm)
Antimorphinic
Aspartic-acid found in Leaf (22876 ppm)
Antimutagenic
Allyl-isothiocyanate found in Leaf
Alpha-tocopherol found in Leaf (439 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (10360 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (138 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf (8 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Chlorophyll found in Leaf
Cinnamic-acid found in Leaf
Citric-acid found in Plant
Ferulic-acid found in Leaf (13 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Nonacosane found in Leaf
P-hydroxy-benzoic-acid found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Quercitrin found in Leaf
Rutin found in Leaf
Antimyalgic
Selenium found in Leaf (0.024 ppm);found in Stem (0.015 ppm)
Antimyelotoxic
Folacin found in Leaf (8.4 ppm)
Antimyocarditic
Quercetin found in Leaf
Thiamin found in Leaf (8 ppm)
Antineoplastic
Ferulic-acid found in Leaf (13 ppm)
Antinephritic
Histidine found in Leaf (5370 ppm)
Rutin found in Leaf
Antinephrolytic
Magnesium found in Leaf (3072 ppm)
Antineuralgic
Niacin found in Leaf (83 ppm)
Salicylic-acid found in Leaf
Thiamin found in Leaf (8 ppm)
Antineuramidase
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (10360 ppm)
Antineurasthenic
Thiamin found in Leaf (8 ppm)
Antineuritic
Thiamin found in Leaf (8 ppm)
Antineuropathic
Alpha-tocopherol found in Leaf (439 ppm)
Folacin found in Leaf (8.4 ppm)
Thiamin found in Leaf (8 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf (118 ppm)
Antineurotic
Magnesium found in Leaf (3072 ppm)
Antinitrosaminic
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf (8 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Ferulic-acid found in Leaf (13 ppm)
P-coumaric-acid found in Leaf (13 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antinitrosic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (10360 ppm)
Antinociceptive
Alpha-amyrin found in Bud (30 ppm)
Beta-amyrin found in Bud
Copper found in Leaf (52 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Rutin found in Leaf
Stigmasterol found in Plant
Antinyctalopic
Zinc found in Leaf (118 ppm)
Antiobesity
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (10360 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf (54247 ppm)
Chromium found in Leaf (0.18 ppm)
Fiber found in Leaf (122866 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf (118 ppm)
Antioncychomycotic
Salicylic-acid found in Leaf
Antionychyotic
Silicon found in Leaf (90 ppm)
Antiophidic
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf (8 ppm)
Stigmasterol found in Plant
Antiorchitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (10360 ppm)
Antiosteoarthritic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (10360 ppm)
Boron found in Leaf (85 ppm);found in Stem (21 ppm)
Selenium found in Leaf (0.024 ppm);found in Stem (0.015 ppm)
Sulfur found in Leaf (11800 ppm)
Antiosteoporotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (10360 ppm)
Boron found in Leaf (85 ppm);found in Stem (21 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf (54247 ppm)
Copper found in Leaf (52 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (3072 ppm)
Manganese found in Leaf (80 ppm)
Phosphorus found in Leaf (9090 ppm)
Silicon found in Leaf (90 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf (118 ppm)
Antiotitic
Chlorophyll found in Leaf
Antiototic
Manganese found in Leaf (80 ppm)
Antioxidant
Alanine found in Leaf (12673 ppm)
Alpha-lipoic-acid found in Plant (940 ppm)
Alpha-tocopherol found in Leaf (439 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (10360 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (138 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf (8 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Chlorophyll found in Leaf
Ferulic-acid found in Leaf (13 ppm)
Fumaric-acid found in Plant
Histidine found in Leaf (5370 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Manganese found in Leaf (80 ppm)
Methionine found in Leaf (3652 ppm)
P-coumaric-acid found in Leaf (13 ppm)
P-hydroxy-benzoic-acid found in Leaf
Palmitic-acid found in Leaf (5048 ppm)
Phytic-acid found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Quercitrin found in Leaf
Riboflavin found in Leaf (21 ppm)
Rutin found in Leaf
Salicylic-acid found in Leaf
Selenium found in Leaf (0.024 ppm);found in Stem (0.015 ppm)
Sinapic-acid found in Leaf (40 ppm)
Squalene found in Plant
Stigmasterol found in Plant
Sulforaphane found in Plant
Trans-ferulic-acid found in Leaf
Tryptophan found in Leaf (3115 ppm)
Vanillic-acid found in Plant
Antiozenic
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (138 ppm)
Antipancreatitic
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antipapillomic
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (138 ppm)
Indole-3-carbinol found in Leaf
Antiparkinsonian
Alpha-tocopherol found in Leaf (439 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (10360 ppm)
Methionine found in Leaf (3652 ppm)
Niacin found in Leaf (83 ppm)
Phenylalanine found in Leaf (9022 ppm)
Selenium found in Leaf (0.024 ppm);found in Stem (0.015 ppm)
Tryptophan found in Leaf (3115 ppm)
Tyrosine found in Leaf (6766 ppm)
Antiparotitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (10360 ppm)
Antipellagric
Isoleucine found in Leaf (11707 ppm)
Niacin found in Leaf (83 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Leaf (21 ppm)
Antiperiodic
Salicylic-acid found in Leaf
Antiperiodontal
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antiperiodontic
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Antiperiodontitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (10360 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf (54247 ppm)
Folacin found in Leaf (8.4 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf (118 ppm)
Antiperistaltic
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antipermeability
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antiperoxidant
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf (8 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
P-coumaric-acid found in Leaf (13 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Rutin found in Leaf
Vanillic-acid found in Plant
Antiperoxynitrite
Sinapic-acid found in Leaf (40 ppm)
Antipharyngitic
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antiphenylketonuric
Tryptophan found in Leaf (3115 ppm)
Tyrosine found in Leaf (6766 ppm)
Antiphotophobic
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (138 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Leaf (21 ppm)
Antipityriasic
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (138 ppm)
Antiplaque
Folacin found in Leaf (8.4 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Magnesium found in Leaf (3072 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Zinc found in Leaf (118 ppm)
Antiplasmodial
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antiplatelet
Rutin found in Leaf
Antipneumonic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (10360 ppm)
Antipodagric
Salicylic-acid found in Leaf
Antipodriac
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (10360 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antipolio
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antipoliomyelitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (10360 ppm)
Thiamin found in Leaf (8 ppm)
Antiporphyric
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (138 ppm)
Antiprogestational
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Antiprolactin
Zinc found in Leaf (118 ppm)
Antiproliferant
Alpha-carotene found in Plant
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (138 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf (8 ppm)
Indole-3-carbinol found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Rutin found in Leaf
Selenium found in Leaf (0.024 ppm);found in Stem (0.015 ppm)
Antiprostaglandin
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf (8 ppm)
Tryptophan found in Leaf (3115 ppm)
Antiprostanoid
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antiprostatadenomic
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Antiprostatitic
Alpha-linolenic-acid found in Leaf (13855 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Glutamic-acid found in Leaf (40275 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Leaf (4081 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Zinc found in Leaf (118 ppm)
Antiprostatotic
Phytosterols found in Plant
Antiprotozoal
Rutin found in Leaf
Antipruritic
Ethanol found in Plant
Antipsoriac
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (138 ppm)
Fumaric-acid found in Plant
Quercetin found in Leaf
Salicylic-acid found in Leaf
Antipsychotic
Folacin found in Leaf (8.4 ppm)
Tryptophan found in Leaf (3115 ppm)
Antipurpuric
Quercitrin found in Leaf
Rutin found in Leaf
Antipyretic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (10360 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Salicylates found in Leaf (65 ppm)
Salicylic-acid found in Leaf
Antiradicular
Alpha-tocopherol found in Leaf (439 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (10360 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (138 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf (8 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Ferulic-acid found in Leaf (13 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Leaf
P-hydroxy-benzoic-acid found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Rutin found in Leaf
Selenium found in Leaf (0.024 ppm);found in Stem (0.015 ppm)
Vanillic-acid found in Plant
Antirespirotic
Indole-3-carbinol found in Leaf
Antiretardation
Glutamic-acid found in Leaf (40275 ppm)
Antiretinopathic
Magnesium found in Leaf (3072 ppm)
Antiretinotic
Alpha-tocopherol found in Leaf (439 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (10360 ppm)
Antirheumatic
Alpha-tocopherol found in Leaf (439 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (10360 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (138 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf (54247 ppm)
Salicylic-acid found in Leaf
Selenium found in Leaf (0.024 ppm);found in Stem (0.015 ppm)
Tryptophan found in Leaf (3115 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf (118 ppm)
Antirhinitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (10360 ppm)
Chlorophyll found in Leaf
Antiscoliotic
Tryptophan found in Leaf (3115 ppm)
Antiscorbutic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (10360 ppm)
Antiscotomic
Niacin found in Leaf (83 ppm)
Antiseborrheic
Citric-acid found in Plant
Malic-acid found in Plant
Salicylic-acid found in Leaf
Sulfur found in Leaf (11800 ppm)
Antiseptic
Allyl-isothiocyanate found in Leaf
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (10360 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf (8 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Citric-acid found in Plant
Ethanol found in Plant
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Malic-acid found in Plant
P-coumaric-acid found in Leaf (13 ppm)
Salicylic-acid found in Leaf
Sulfur found in Leaf (11800 ppm)
Vanillic-acid found in Plant
Zinc found in Leaf (118 ppm)
Antiserotonin
Ferulic-acid found in Leaf (13 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Antishingles
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (10360 ppm)
Antisickling
P-hydroxy-benzoic-acid found in Leaf
Phenylalanine found in Leaf (9022 ppm)
Vanillic-acid found in Plant
Antisilicotic
Aluminum found in Leaf (27 ppm)
Antisinusitic
Chlorophyll found in Leaf
Antispare-Tire
Zinc found in Leaf (118 ppm)
Antispasmodic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (10360 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf (8 ppm)
Cinnamic-acid found in Leaf
Ferulic-acid found in Leaf (13 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Magnesium found in Leaf (3072 ppm)
Niacin found in Leaf (83 ppm)
P-coumaric-acid found in Leaf (13 ppm)
Potassium found in Leaf (37270 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Quercitrin found in Leaf
Rutin found in Leaf
Antispasmophilic
Magnesium found in Leaf (3072 ppm)
Antistaphylococcic
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf (8 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Quercitrin found in Leaf
Antistomatitic
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf (8 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf (118 ppm)
Antistreptococcic
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antistress
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (10360 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (138 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf (54247 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (3072 ppm)
Antistroke
Alpha-tocopherol found in Leaf (439 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (3072 ppm)
Potassium found in Leaf (37270 ppm)
Antisunburn
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf (8 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Rutin found in Leaf
Antisyndrome-X
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (10360 ppm)
Chromium found in Leaf (0.18 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (3072 ppm)
Manganese found in Leaf (80 ppm)
Selenium found in Leaf (0.024 ppm);found in Stem (0.015 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf (118 ppm)
Antithiamin
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf (8 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antithrombic
Ferulic-acid found in Leaf (13 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antithrombogenic
Quercitrin found in Leaf
Rutin found in Leaf
Antithyroid
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf (8 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Dimethyl-disulfide found in Plant
Indole-3-carbinol found in Leaf
Rutin found in Leaf
Antitic
Calcium found in Leaf (54247 ppm)
Antitinnitic
Zinc found in Leaf (118 ppm)
Antitriglyceride
Chromium found in Leaf (0.18 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf (118 ppm)
Antitrypanosomic
Quercetin found in Leaf
Rutin found in Leaf
Antitubercular
Citric-acid found in Plant
Malic-acid found in Plant
Antitumor-Promoter
Alpha-tocopherol found in Leaf (439 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf (8 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Ferulic-acid found in Leaf (13 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Rutin found in Leaf
Vanillic-acid found in Plant
Antitumor
Alpha-amyrin found in Bud (30 ppm)
Alpha-tocopherol found in Leaf (439 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (138 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf (8 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Citric-acid found in Plant
Ferulic-acid found in Leaf (13 ppm)
Fiber found in Leaf (122866 ppm)
Fumaric-acid found in Plant
Indole-3-acetonitrile found in Leaf
Indole-3-carbinol found in Leaf
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Malic-acid found in Plant
P-coumaric-acid found in Leaf (13 ppm)
Phytic-acid found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Quercitrin found in Leaf
Rutin found in Leaf
Salicylic-acid found in Leaf
Selenium found in Leaf (0.024 ppm);found in Stem (0.015 ppm)
Squalene found in Plant
Vanillic-acid found in Plant
Antitympanitic
Salicylic-acid found in Leaf
Antiulcer
Alpha-amyrin found in Bud (30 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (10360 ppm)
Beta-amyrin found in Bud
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (138 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Chlorophyll found in Leaf
Fiber found in Leaf (122866 ppm)
Histidine found in Leaf (5370 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Quercitrin found in Leaf
Rutin found in Leaf
Threonine found in Leaf (9773 ppm)
Tyrosine found in Leaf (6766 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf (118 ppm)
Antiulcerogenic
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf (8 ppm)
Selenium found in Leaf (0.024 ppm);found in Stem (0.015 ppm)
Antiuremic
Histidine found in Leaf (5370 ppm)
Antiuricosuric
Salicylates found in Leaf (65 ppm)
Antivaccinia
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf (8 ppm)
Antivaginitic
Aluminum found in Leaf (27 ppm)
Antivaricose
Rutin found in Leaf
Antivertigo
Niacin found in Leaf (83 ppm)
Antiviral
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (10360 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf (8 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Ferulic-acid found in Leaf (13 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Nonacosane found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Quercitrin found in Leaf
Rutin found in Leaf
Stigmasterol found in Plant
Antivitiligic
Phenylalanine found in Leaf (9022 ppm)
Antixerophthalmic
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (138 ppm)
Anxiolytic
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf (8 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf (54247 ppm)
Glutamic-acid found in Leaf (40275 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (3072 ppm)
Phosphorus found in Leaf (9090 ppm)
Potassium found in Leaf (37270 ppm)
Selenium found in Leaf (0.024 ppm);found in Stem (0.015 ppm)
Aphrodisiac
Arginine found in Leaf (15573 ppm)
Apoptotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (10360 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Indole-3-carbinol found in Leaf
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Rutin found in Leaf
Selenium found in Leaf (0.024 ppm);found in Stem (0.015 ppm)
Aromatase-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Artemicide
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Stigmasterol found in Plant
Arteriodilator
Ferulic-acid found in Leaf (13 ppm)
Ascaricide
Vanillic-acid found in Plant
Asthma-preventive
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (10360 ppm)
Astringent
Zinc found in Leaf (118 ppm)
Autotoxic
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Bacteristat
Malic-acid found in Plant
Quercetin found in Leaf
Beta-Blocker
Fiber found in Leaf (122866 ppm)
Potassium found in Leaf (37270 ppm)
Beta-Glucuronidase-Inhibitor
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (10360 ppm)
Bradycardiac
Quercetin found in Leaf
Bruchiphobe
Malic-acid found in Plant
Succinic-acid found in Plant
CNS-Active
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf (8 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
CNS-Depressant
Acetone found in Leaf (500 ppm);found in Root (800 ppm)
Ethanol found in Plant
Magnesium found in Leaf (3072 ppm)
Quercitrin found in Leaf
CNS-Stimulant
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
COMT-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Leaf
COX-1-Inhibitor
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (138 ppm)
COX-2-Inhibitor
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (138 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf (8 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Salicylic-acid found in Leaf
Calcium-Antagonist
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (10360 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf (8 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (3072 ppm)
Calcium-Channel-Blocker
Calcium found in Leaf (54247 ppm)
Calmodulin-Antagonist
Quercetin found in Leaf
Cancer-Preventive
Alanine found in Leaf (12673 ppm)
Allyl-isothiocyanate found in Leaf
Alpha-linolenic-acid found in Leaf (13855 ppm)
Alpha-tocopherol found in Leaf (439 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (10360 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (138 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf (8 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Chlorophyll found in Leaf
Cinnamic-acid found in Leaf
Ferulic-acid found in Leaf (13 ppm)
Fiber found in Leaf (122866 ppm)
Indole-3-acetonitrile found in Leaf
Indole-3-carbinol found in Leaf
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Linoleic-acid found in Leaf (4081 ppm)
Methionine found in Leaf (3652 ppm)
Niacin found in Leaf (83 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Leaf (2578 ppm)
P-coumaric-acid found in Leaf (13 ppm)
P-hydroxy-benzoic-acid found in Leaf
Pantothenic-acid found in Leaf (63 ppm)
Phenethyl-isothiocyanate found in Leaf
Phytic-acid found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Quercitrin found in Leaf
Riboflavin found in Leaf (21 ppm)
Rutin found in Leaf
Salicylic-acid found in Leaf
Selenium found in Leaf (0.024 ppm);found in Stem (0.015 ppm)
Serine found in Leaf (10740 ppm)
Sinapic-acid found in Leaf (40 ppm)
Sinigrin found in Plant
Squalene found in Plant
Stigmasterol found in Plant
Succinic-acid found in Plant
Trans-ferulic-acid found in Leaf
Tyrosine found in Leaf (6766 ppm)
Vanillic-acid found in Plant
Candidicide
Aluminum found in Leaf (27 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Ferulic-acid found in Leaf (13 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Capillariprotective
Quercetin found in Leaf
Rutin found in Leaf
Carcinogenic
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf (8 ppm)
Indole-3-carbinol found in Leaf
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Linoleic-acid found in Leaf (4081 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Tryptophan found in Leaf (3115 ppm)
Cardiac
Ferulic-acid found in Leaf (13 ppm)
Cardiomyopathogenic
Cobalt found in Leaf (0.6 ppm)
Cardioprotective
Alpha-tocopherol found in Leaf (439 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (10360 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Chromium found in Leaf (0.18 ppm)
Copper found in Leaf (52 ppm)
Fiber found in Leaf (122866 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (3072 ppm)
Niacin found in Leaf (83 ppm)
Potassium found in Leaf (37270 ppm)
Selenium found in Leaf (0.024 ppm);found in Stem (0.015 ppm)
Silicon found in Leaf (90 ppm)
Cardiotonic
Quercitrin found in Leaf
Cardiotoxic
Potassium found in Leaf (37270 ppm)
Caspase-8-Inducer
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Catabolic
Quercetin found in Leaf
Rutin found in Leaf
Chemopreventive
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (138 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf (8 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Indole-3-carbinol found in Leaf
P-coumaric-acid found in Leaf (13 ppm)
Rutin found in Leaf
Squalene found in Plant
Cholagogue
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf (8 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Ferulic-acid found in Leaf (13 ppm)
Choleretic
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf (8 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Cinnamic-acid found in Leaf
Ferulic-acid found in Leaf (13 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Oleic-acid found in Leaf (2578 ppm)
P-coumaric-acid found in Leaf (13 ppm)
Quercitrin found in Leaf
Quinic-acid found in Leaf
Vanillic-acid found in Plant
Circulotonic
Alpha-tocopherol found in Leaf (439 ppm)
Niacin found in Leaf (83 ppm)
Clastogenic
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf (8 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Co-carcinogenic
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf (8 ppm)
Cold-preventive
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (10360 ppm)
Collagen-Sparing
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf (8 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Collagenic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (10360 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf (118 ppm)
Colorant
Alpha-carotene found in Plant
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (138 ppm)
Beta-cryptoxanthin found in Plant
Chlorophyll found in Leaf
Comedogenic
Sulfur found in Leaf (11800 ppm)
Comedolytic
Linoleic-acid found in Leaf (4081 ppm)
Salicylic-acid found in Leaf
Contraceptive
Copper found in Leaf (52 ppm)
Copper-Antagonist
Zinc found in Leaf (118 ppm)
Copper-Chelator
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Cosmetic
Stearic-acid found in Leaf (752 ppm)
Counterirritant
Allyl-isothiocyanate found in Leaf
Cyclooxygenase-Activator
Quercitrin found in Leaf
Cyclooxygenase-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Salicylic-acid found in Leaf
Cytochrome-P450-1A2-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Leaf
Cytoprotective
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf (8 ppm)
Rutin found in Leaf
Cytotoxic
Alpha-amyrin found in Bud (30 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf (8 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Leaf
P-coumaric-acid found in Leaf (13 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
DNA-Active
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf (8 ppm)
DNA-Protective
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf (8 ppm)
Indole-3-carbinol found in Leaf
Decongestant
Allyl-isothiocyanate found in Leaf
Deiodinase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Leaf
Deodorant
Chlorophyll found in Leaf
Zinc found in Leaf (118 ppm)
Depressant
Selenium found in Leaf (0.024 ppm);found in Stem (0.015 ppm)
Dermatitigenic
Cinnamic-acid found in Leaf
Oleic-acid found in Leaf (2578 ppm)
Salicylic-acid found in Leaf
Detoxicant
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (10360 ppm)
Indole-3-carbinol found in Leaf
Quercitrin found in Leaf
Differentiator
Quercetin found in Leaf
Disinfectant
Citric-acid found in Plant
Diuretic
Arginine found in Leaf (15573 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (10360 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf (8 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf (54247 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Fiber found in Leaf (122866 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Magnesium found in Leaf (3072 ppm)
Potassium found in Leaf (37270 ppm)
Quercitrin found in Leaf
Dye
Chlorophyll found in Leaf
Quercitrin found in Leaf
Succinic-acid found in Plant
Embryotoxic
Allyl-isothiocyanate found in Leaf
Emetic
Methionine found in Leaf (3652 ppm)
Encephalopathic
Aluminum found in Leaf (27 ppm)
Energizer
Chromium found in Leaf (0.18 ppm)
Ergogenic
Zinc found in Leaf (118 ppm)
Erythrocytogenic
Cobalt found in Leaf (0.6 ppm)
Essential
Histidine found in Leaf (5370 ppm)
Isoleucine found in Leaf (11707 ppm)
Leucine found in Leaf (14069 ppm)
Lysine found in Leaf (15143 ppm)
Methionine found in Leaf (3652 ppm)
Threonine found in Leaf (9773 ppm)
Tryptophan found in Leaf (3115 ppm)
Valine found in Leaf (13747 ppm)
Estrogenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Boron found in Leaf (85 ppm);found in Stem (21 ppm)
Indole-3-carbinol found in Leaf
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Stigmasterol found in Plant
Expectorant
Ethanol found in Plant
FLavor
Cinnamic-acid found in Leaf
Citric-acid found in Plant
Fumaric-acid found in Plant
Hexyl-acetate found in Plant
Oleic-acid found in Leaf (2578 ppm)
Palmitic-acid found in Leaf (5048 ppm)
Stearic-acid found in Leaf (752 ppm)
Threonine found in Leaf (9773 ppm)
Valine found in Leaf (13747 ppm)
Febrifuge
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Fibrinolytic
Niacin found in Leaf (83 ppm)
Fistula-Preventive
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (10360 ppm)
Fungicide
Allyl-isothiocyanate found in Leaf
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf (8 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Cinnamic-acid found in Leaf
Ferulic-acid found in Leaf (13 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Leaf
P-coumaric-acid found in Leaf (13 ppm)
Phylloquinone found in Inflorescence (0.31 ppm);found in Leaf (1.79 ppm)
Phytic-acid found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Salicylic-acid found in Leaf
Selenium found in Leaf (0.024 ppm);found in Stem (0.015 ppm)
Sinapic-acid found in Leaf (40 ppm)
Vanillic-acid found in Plant
Fungistat
P-hydroxy-benzoic-acid found in Leaf
Gastroprotective
Alpha-amyrin found in Bud (30 ppm)
Beta-amyrin found in Bud
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (138 ppm)
Genotoxic
Indole-3-carbinol found in Leaf
Glucosyl-Transferase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Leaf
Glutathionigenic
Methionine found in Leaf (3652 ppm)
Gonadotrophic
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
HIV-RT-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Hematopoietic
Folacin found in Leaf (8.4 ppm)
Hemolytic
Palmitic-acid found in Leaf (5048 ppm)
Hemopoietic
Malic-acid found in Plant
Hemostat
Citric-acid found in Plant
Quercetin found in Leaf
Quercitrin found in Leaf
Rutin found in Leaf
Hepatocarcinogenic
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf (8 ppm)
Hepatomagenic
Quercetin found in Leaf
Rutin found in Leaf
Hepatoprotective
Alpha-amyrin found in Bud (30 ppm)
Beta-amyrin found in Bud
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf (8 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Ferulic-acid found in Leaf (13 ppm)
Indole-3-carbinol found in Leaf
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Linoleic-acid found in Leaf (4081 ppm)
Methionine found in Leaf (3652 ppm)
Niacin found in Leaf (83 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Rutin found in Leaf
Hepatotonic
Quercitrin found in Leaf
Hepatotoxic
Ethanol found in Plant
Niacin found in Leaf (83 ppm)
Hepatotropic
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf (8 ppm)
Ferulic-acid found in Leaf (13 ppm)
Herbicide
Allyl-isothiocyanate found in Leaf
Cinnamic-acid found in Leaf
Ferulic-acid found in Leaf (13 ppm)
Histamine-Inhibitor
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf (8 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Hormonal
Triacontan-1-ol found in Leaf
Hydrocholerectic
Ferulic-acid found in Leaf (13 ppm)
Hypercholesterolemic
Palmitic-acid found in Leaf (5048 ppm)
Hyperglycemic
Salicylates found in Leaf (65 ppm)
Hypertensive
Cadmium found in Leaf (0.18 ppm)
Ethanol found in Plant
Sodium found in Leaf (3091 ppm)
Hypnotic
Ethanol found in Plant
Tryptophan found in Leaf (3115 ppm)
Hypoammonemic
Arginine found in Leaf (15573 ppm)
Hypoarginanemic
Lysine found in Leaf (15143 ppm)
Hypocalcemic
Ethanol found in Plant
Phytic-acid found in Leaf
Hypocholesterolemic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (10360 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Calcium found in Leaf (54247 ppm)
Chromium found in Leaf (0.18 ppm)
Copper found in Leaf (52 ppm)
Fiber found in Leaf (122866 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Leaf (4081 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (3072 ppm)
Niacin found in Leaf (83 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Leaf (2578 ppm)
Phytic-acid found in Leaf
Phytosterols found in Plant
Rutin found in Leaf
Stearic-acid found in Leaf (752 ppm)
Stigmasterol found in Plant
Hypoglycemic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (10360 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Chromium found in Leaf (0.18 ppm)
Manganese found in Leaf (80 ppm)
Niacin found in Leaf (83 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Quercitrin found in Leaf
Salicylates found in Leaf (65 ppm)
Salicylic-acid found in Leaf
Tryptophan found in Leaf (3115 ppm)
Hypolipidemic
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Ferulic-acid found in Leaf (13 ppm)
Niacin found in Leaf (83 ppm)
Phytic-acid found in Leaf
Hypotensive
Alpha-linolenic-acid found in Leaf (13855 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (10360 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf (54247 ppm)
Chromium found in Leaf (0.18 ppm)
Ethanol found in Plant
Fiber found in Leaf (122866 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Magnesium found in Leaf (3072 ppm)
Phylloquinone found in Inflorescence (0.31 ppm);found in Leaf (1.79 ppm)
Potassium found in Leaf (37270 ppm)
Quercitrin found in Leaf
Rutin found in Leaf
Tryptophan found in Leaf (3115 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf (118 ppm)
Hypouricemic
Fiber found in Leaf (122866 ppm)
ICAM-1-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Immunomodulator
Alpha-tocopherol found in Leaf (439 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (10360 ppm)
Chromium found in Leaf (0.18 ppm)
Copper found in Leaf (52 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Leaf (4081 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (3072 ppm)
Rutin found in Leaf
Selenium found in Leaf (0.024 ppm);found in Stem (0.015 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf (118 ppm)
Immunostimulant
Alpha-linolenic-acid found in Leaf (13855 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (10360 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (138 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf (8 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Ferulic-acid found in Leaf (13 ppm)
Phosphorus found in Leaf (9090 ppm)
Selenium found in Leaf (0.024 ppm);found in Stem (0.015 ppm)
Squalene found in Plant
Zinc found in Leaf (118 ppm)
Immunosuppressant
P-hydroxy-benzoic-acid found in Leaf
Vanillic-acid found in Plant
Zinc found in Leaf (118 ppm)
Inotropic
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Insecticide
Rutin found in Leaf
Insectifuge
Alpha-amyrin found in Bud (30 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf (8 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Ferulic-acid found in Leaf (13 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Leaf (4081 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Leaf (2578 ppm)
Salicylic-acid found in Leaf
Thiamin found in Leaf (8 ppm)
Insectiphile
Allyl-isothiocyanate found in Leaf
Quercitrin found in Leaf
Rutin found in Leaf
Insulin-Sparing
Nickel found in Leaf (7 ppm)
Insulinase-Inhibitor
Tryptophan found in Leaf (3115 ppm)
Insulinogenic
Chromium found in Leaf (0.18 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (3072 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Zinc found in Leaf (118 ppm)
Insulinotonic
Tryptophan found in Leaf (3115 ppm)
Interferon-Synergist
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (138 ppm)
Interferonogenic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (10360 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Iodothyronine-Deiodinase-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Irritant
Citric-acid found in Plant
Oleic-acid found in Leaf (2578 ppm)
JNK-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Juvabional
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Rutin found in Leaf
Keratolytic
Salicylic-acid found in Leaf
Sulfur found in Leaf (11800 ppm)
Larvicide
Beta-amyrin found in Bud
Sinigrin found in Plant
Larvistat
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Rutin found in Leaf
Laxative
Calcium found in Leaf (54247 ppm)
Cinnamic-acid found in Leaf
Fiber found in Leaf (122866 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (3072 ppm)
Sulfur found in Leaf (11800 ppm)
Vanillic-acid found in Plant
Leptingenic
Zinc found in Leaf (118 ppm)
Leukotriene-Inhibitor
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf (8 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Lipotropic
Methionine found in Leaf (3652 ppm)
Lipoxygenase-Inhibitor
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf (8 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Cinnamic-acid found in Leaf
Kaempferol found in Leaf
P-coumaric-acid found in Leaf (13 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Rutin found in Leaf
Squalene found in Plant
Lithogenic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (10360 ppm)
Cadmium found in Leaf (0.18 ppm)
Litholytic
Citric-acid found in Plant
Magnesium found in Leaf (3072 ppm)
Lubricant
Palmitic-acid found in Leaf (5048 ppm)
Stearic-acid found in Leaf (752 ppm)
Lyase-Inhibitor
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf (8 ppm)
Lymphocytogenic
Alpha-linolenic-acid found in Leaf (13855 ppm)
MAO-A-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Leaf
Quercitrin found in Leaf
MAO-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Quercitrin found in Leaf
MMP-9-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Leaf
Mast-Cell-Stabilizer
Quercetin found in Leaf
Memorigenic
Chromium found in Leaf (0.18 ppm)
Metal-Chelator
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf (8 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Ferulic-acid found in Leaf (13 ppm)
Metalloproteinase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Leaf
Metastatic
Linoleic-acid found in Leaf (4081 ppm)
Monoamine-Precursor
Phenylalanine found in Leaf (9022 ppm)
Tryptophan found in Leaf (3115 ppm)
Tyrosine found in Leaf (6766 ppm)
Mosquitocide
Beta-amyrin found in Bud
Mucogenic
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (138 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf (118 ppm)
Mucolytic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (10360 ppm)
Mucotropic
Ethanol found in Plant
Mutagenic
Allyl-isothiocyanate found in Leaf
Indole-3-carbinol found in Leaf
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Rutin found in Leaf
Sinigrin found in Plant
Mycobactericide
Citric-acid found in Plant
Malic-acid found in Plant
Myoprotective
Rutin found in Leaf
Myorelaxant
Magnesium found in Leaf (3072 ppm)
Rutin found in Leaf
NADH-Oxidase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Leaf
NEP-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Leaf
NF-kB-Inhibitor
Indole-3-carbinol found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Selenium found in Leaf (0.024 ppm);found in Stem (0.015 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf (118 ppm)
NO-Genic
Arginine found in Leaf (15573 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
NO-Inhibitor
Indole-3-carbinol found in Leaf
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
NO-Synthase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Leaf
Narcotic
Acetone found in Leaf (500 ppm);found in Root (800 ppm)
Natriuretic
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Nematicide
Linoleic-acid found in Leaf (4081 ppm)
Palmitic-acid found in Leaf (5048 ppm)
Nematiovistat
Allyl-isothiocyanate found in Leaf
Nephrotoxic
Cadmium found in Leaf (0.18 ppm)
Mercury found in Leaf (0.09 ppm)
Neuroexcitant
Aspartic-acid found in Leaf (22876 ppm)
Neurolytic
Ethanol found in Plant
Neuroprotective
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Thiamin found in Leaf (8 ppm)
Neurotoxic
Glutamic-acid found in Leaf (40275 ppm)
Neurotransmitter
Magnesium found in Leaf (3072 ppm)
Odontolytic
Citric-acid found in Plant
Ornithine-Decarboxylase-Inhibitor
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf (8 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Ferulic-acid found in Leaf (13 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Selenium found in Leaf (0.024 ppm);found in Stem (0.015 ppm)
Osteogenic
Phosphorus found in Leaf (9090 ppm)
Oviposition-Stimulant
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Rutin found in Leaf
Ovulant
Stigmasterol found in Plant
Oxidant
Alanine found in Leaf (12673 ppm)
Chlorophyll found in Leaf
Histidine found in Leaf (5370 ppm)
P450-Inducer
Indole-3-carbinol found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
P450-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Leaf
PAF-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Rutin found in Leaf
PGE2-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Leaf
PTK-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Leaf
Paralytic
Quercitrin found in Leaf
Parasiticide
Sulfur found in Leaf (11800 ppm)
Percutaneostimulant
Oleic-acid found in Leaf (2578 ppm)
Perfumery
Chlorophyll found in Leaf
Dimethyl-disulfide found in Plant
Oleic-acid found in Leaf (2578 ppm)
Squalene found in Plant
Stearic-acid found in Leaf (752 ppm)
Succinic-acid found in Plant
Pesticide
Allyl-isothiocyanate found in Leaf
Aluminum found in Leaf (27 ppm)
Arsenic found in Leaf (0.01 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (10360 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf (8 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Chlorophyll found in Leaf
Cinnamic-acid found in Leaf
Ethanol found in Plant
Ferulic-acid found in Leaf (13 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Malic-acid found in Plant
P-coumaric-acid found in Leaf (13 ppm)
P-hydroxy-benzoic-acid found in Leaf
Palmitic-acid found in Leaf (5048 ppm)
Phylloquinone found in Inflorescence (0.31 ppm);found in Leaf (1.79 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Quercitrin found in Leaf
Rutin found in Leaf
Salicylic-acid found in Leaf
Selenium found in Leaf (0.024 ppm);found in Stem (0.015 ppm)
Sinapic-acid found in Leaf (40 ppm)
Sinigrin found in Plant
Squalene found in Plant
Succinic-acid found in Plant
Sulfur found in Leaf (11800 ppm)
Thiamin found in Leaf (8 ppm)
Vanillic-acid found in Plant
Zinc found in Leaf (118 ppm)
Phagocytotic
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (138 ppm)
Ferulic-acid found in Leaf (13 ppm)
Sinigrin found in Plant
Phospholipase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Leaf
Phytoalexin
P-hydroxy-benzoic-acid found in Leaf
Phytohormone
Indole-3-acetonitrile found in Leaf
Pituitary-Stimulant
Arginine found in Leaf (15573 ppm)
Plasmodicide
Quercetin found in Leaf
Polyamine-Synthesis-Inhibitor
Selenium found in Leaf (0.024 ppm);found in Stem (0.015 ppm)
Preservative
Ferulic-acid found in Leaf (13 ppm)
Previtamin-A
Alpha-carotene found in Plant
Prolactinogenic
Tryptophan found in Leaf (3115 ppm)
Proliferant
Quercetin found in Leaf
Prooxidant
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (138 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf (8 ppm)
Iron found in Leaf (109 ppm)
Propecic
Alpha-linolenic-acid found in Leaf (13855 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Leaf (4081 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Leaf (2578 ppm)
Palmitic-acid found in Leaf (5048 ppm)
Stearic-acid found in Leaf (752 ppm)
Prostaglandigenic
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf (8 ppm)
Ferulic-acid found in Leaf (13 ppm)
P-coumaric-acid found in Leaf (13 ppm)
P-hydroxy-benzoic-acid found in Leaf
Prostaglandin-Sparer
Selenium found in Leaf (0.024 ppm);found in Stem (0.015 ppm)
Prostaglandin-Synthesis-Inhibitor
Alpha-linolenic-acid found in Leaf (13855 ppm)
Ferulic-acid found in Leaf (13 ppm)
P-coumaric-acid found in Leaf (13 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Protein-Kinase-C-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Leaf
Selenium found in Leaf (0.024 ppm);found in Stem (0.015 ppm)
Protisticide
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Rutin found in Leaf
Quinone-Reductase-Inducer
4-hydroxy-glucobrassicin found in Leaf (325 ppm)
Glucobrassicin found in Leaf (580 ppm)
Glucoiberin found in Leaf (248 ppm)
Gluconasturtin found in Leaf (145 ppm)
Glucoraphanin found in Leaf (8990 ppm)
Indole-3-carbinol found in Leaf
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Neoglucobrassicin found in Leaf ;found in Leaf (900 ppm)
Phenethyl-isothiocyanate found in Leaf
Progoitrin found in Leaf (0 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Sinigrin found in Plant
Sulforaphane found in Plant
Radioprotective
Rutin found in Leaf
Refrigerant
Citric-acid found in Plant
Roborant
Aspartic-acid found in Leaf (22876 ppm)
Rubefacient
Ethanol found in Plant
Scabicide
Sulfur found in Leaf (11800 ppm)
Schizophrenigenic
Copper found in Leaf (52 ppm)
Sclerosant
Ethanol found in Plant
Secretogogue
P-hydroxy-benzoic-acid found in Leaf
Sedative
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf (8 ppm)
Niacin found in Leaf (83 ppm)
Stigmasterol found in Plant
Tryptophan found in Leaf (3115 ppm)
Serotoninergic
Niacin found in Leaf (83 ppm)
Tryptophan found in Leaf (3115 ppm)
Sialogogue
Malic-acid found in Plant
Soap
Palmitic-acid found in Leaf (5048 ppm)
Spermicide
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Spermigenic
Arginine found in Leaf (15573 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf (118 ppm)
Spice
Allyl-isothiocyanate found in Leaf
Sunscreen
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf (8 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Ferulic-acid found in Leaf (13 ppm)
Rutin found in Leaf
Squalene found in Plant
Suppository
Stearic-acid found in Leaf (752 ppm)
Surfactant
Ethanol found in Plant
Sweetener
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
TNF-alpha-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Teratogenic
Ethanol found in Plant
Teratologic
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Testosteronigenic
Zinc found in Leaf (118 ppm)
Thermogenic
Salicylic-acid found in Leaf
Thymoprotective
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (138 ppm)
Tineacide
Salicylic-acid found in Leaf
Topoisomerase-I-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Topoisomerase-II-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Rutin found in Leaf
Toxic
Phylloquinone found in Inflorescence (0.31 ppm);found in Leaf (1.79 ppm)
Tranquilizer
Calcium found in Leaf (54247 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (3072 ppm)
Tremorigenic
Phenylalanine found in Leaf (9022 ppm)
Tremorilytic
Ethanol found in Plant
Trichomonicide
Zinc found in Leaf (118 ppm)
Tumor-Promoter
Indole-3-carbinol found in Leaf
Tryptophan found in Leaf (3115 ppm)
Tumorigenic
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf (8 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Tyrosinase-Inhibitor
Cinnamic-acid found in Leaf
Kaempferol found in Leaf
P-coumaric-acid found in Leaf (13 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Tyrosine-Kinase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Leaf
Ubiquiot
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (138 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
P-hydroxy-benzoic-acid found in Leaf
Vanillic-acid found in Plant
Ulcerogenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Ethanol found in Plant
Salicylic-acid found in Leaf
Uricosuric
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (10360 ppm)
Folacin found in Leaf (8.4 ppm)
Salicylates found in Leaf (65 ppm)
Urinary-Acidulant
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (10360 ppm)
Urine-Acidifier
Methionine found in Leaf (3652 ppm)
Urine-Deodorant
Methionine found in Leaf (3652 ppm)
Uterorelaxant
Magnesium found in Leaf (3072 ppm)
Uterosedative
Ferulic-acid found in Leaf (13 ppm)
Uterotrophic
Kaempferol found in Leaf
VEGF-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Leaf
Selenium found in Leaf (0.024 ppm);found in Stem (0.015 ppm)
Vasodilator
Alpha-linolenic-acid found in Leaf (13855 ppm)
Arginine found in Leaf (15573 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (10360 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf (54247 ppm)
Fiber found in Leaf (122866 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Magnesium found in Leaf (3072 ppm)
Niacin found in Leaf (83 ppm)
Potassium found in Leaf (37270 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Rutin found in Leaf
Vasopressor
Quercitrin found in Leaf
Rutin found in Leaf
Vermifuge
Cinnamic-acid found in Leaf
Vitamin-A-Activity
Beta-cryptoxanthin found in Plant
Vulnerary
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (10360 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf (8 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Chlorophyll found in Leaf
Zinc found in Leaf (118 ppm)
Xanthine-Oxidase-Inhibitor
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf (8 ppm)
Folacin found in Leaf (8.4 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
cAMP-Phosphodiesterase-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Rutin found in Leaf
iNOS-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf

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Chemicals detected

Chemical Plant part Low ppm High ppm
1-methoxy-glucobrassicin Leaf
1-methoxy-indole-3-carbaldehyde Plant
1-o-feruloyl-beta-d-glucose Leaf
1-o-p-coumaroyl-beta-d-glucose Leaf
1-o-sinapoyl-beta-d-glucose Leaf
24-methylene-cycloartenol Leaf
3,3'-diindoyl-methane Leaf
4-hydroxy-glucobrassicin Leaf 3 325
4-methoxy-glucobrassicin Leaf 8 580
4-methoxy-indol-3-yl-methyl-glucosinolate Leaf
4-methyl-sulfinyl-butyl-isothiocyanate Plant
5-hydroxy-glucobrassicin Leaf
5-methoxy-glucobrassicin Leaf
Acetone Leaf 500
Root 800
Alanine Leaf 1,180 12,673
Allyl-isothiocyanate Leaf
Alpha-amyrin Bud 5 30
Alpha-carotene Plant
Alpha-linolenic-acid Leaf 1,290 13,855
Alpha-lipoic-acid Plant 95 940
Alpha-tocopherol Leaf 7 439
Aluminum Leaf 1 27
Arginine Leaf 1,450 15,573
Arsenic Leaf 0.01
Ascorbic-acid Leaf 911 10,360
Ash Leaf 2,800 101,708
Aspartic-acid Leaf 2,130 22,876
Beta-amyrin Bud
Beta-carotene Leaf 9 138
Beta-cryptoxanthin Plant
Beta-sitosterol Plant
Boron Leaf 1 85
Stem 21
Bromine Leaf 1
Cadmium Leaf 0.01 0.18
Caffeic-acid Leaf 8
Calcium Leaf 360 54,247
Carbohydrates Leaf 52,400 562,776
Chlorogenic-acid Leaf
Chlorophyll Leaf
Chromium Leaf 0.005 0.18
Cinnamic-acid Leaf
Citric-acid Plant
Cobalt Leaf 0.02 0.6
Copper Leaf 0.68 52
Cystine Leaf 200 2,148
Dimethyl-disulfide Plant
Ethanol Plant
Fat Leaf 3,160 41,242
Ferulic-acid Leaf 13
Fiber Leaf 10,760 122,866
Fluorine Leaf 0.03 0.9
Folacin Leaf 0.64 8.4
Fumaric-acid Plant
Glucobrassicin Leaf 30 580
Glucoerucin Leaf 0 15,020
Glucoiberin Leaf 0 248
Gluconapoleiferin Leaf 9 135
Gluconasturtin Leaf 0 145
Glucoraphanin Leaf 255 8,990
Glucosinolates Leaf 70 2,120
Glutamic-acid Leaf 3,750 40,275
Gylcine Leaf 950 10,203
Hex-cis-3-en-1-ol Plant
Hex-cis-3-enol-acetate Plant
Hexacosan-1-ol Leaf
Hexyl-acetate Plant
Histidine Leaf 500 5,370
Indole-3-acetonitrile Leaf
Indole-3-carbinol Leaf
Indole-3-carboxylic-acid Plant
Iron Leaf 8 109
Isoleucine Leaf 1,090 11,707
Isorhamnetin-diglycoside Leaf
Isorhamnetin-monoglycoside Leaf
Isorhamnetin-triglycoside Leaf
Kaempferol Leaf
Kilocalories Leaf 280 3,007
Lead Leaf 0.01 1
Leucine Leaf 1,310 14,069
Linoleic-acid Leaf 380 4,081
Lysine Leaf 1,410 15,143
Magnesium Leaf 214 3,072
Malic-acid Plant
Manganese Leaf 2 80
Mercury Leaf 0.002 0.09
Methanol Plant
Methionine Leaf 340 3,652
Molybdenum Leaf 0.1 3.76
Stem 1.76
N-methyl-beta-phenethylamine Plant 1.6
Neoglucobrassicin Leaf
Leaf 10 900
Niacin Leaf 6.4 83
Nickel Leaf 0.3 7
Nitrogen Leaf 7,000 71,800
Nonacosane Leaf
Oleic-acid Leaf 240 2,578
Oxalate Leaf 1,900 20,406
P-coumaric-acid Leaf 13
P-hydroxy-benzoic-acid Leaf
Palmitic-acid Leaf 470 5,048
Pantothenic-acid Leaf 5.35 63
Pentan-3-one Plant
Penten-1-ol Plant
Phenethyl-isothiocyanate Leaf
Phenylalanine Leaf 840 9,022
Phosphorus Leaf 644 9,090
Phylloquinone Inflorescence 0.31
Leaf 1.79
Phytate Leaf 180 1,640
Phytic-acid Leaf
Phytosterols Plant
Potassium Leaf 3,178 37,270
Progoitrin Leaf 0
Proline Leaf 1,140 12,244
Protein Leaf 28,710 331,159
Quercetin Leaf
Quercitrin Leaf
Quinic-acid Leaf
Riboflavin Leaf 1.1 21
Rubidium Leaf 1 23
Rutin Leaf
Salicylates Leaf 6 65
Salicylic-acid Leaf
Sec-butyl-isothiocyanate Seed
Selenium Leaf 0.002 0.024
Stem 0.015
Serine Leaf 1,000 10,740
Silicon Leaf 1 90
Sinapic-acid Leaf 40
Sinigrin Plant
Sodium Leaf 252 3,091
Squalene Plant
Stearic-acid Leaf 70 752
Stigmasterol Plant
Succinic-acid Plant
Sulforaphane Plant
Sulfur Leaf 1,200 11,800
Thiamin Leaf 0.6 8
Threonine Leaf 910 9,773
Trans-ferulic-acid Leaf
Triacontan-1-ol Leaf
Tryptophan Leaf 290 3,115
Tyrosine Leaf 630 6,766
Valine Leaf 1,280 13,747
Vanillic-acid Plant
Vit-b-6 Leaf 1.6 18
Water Leaf 890,000 910,230
Zinc Leaf 4 118
Reference: Dr. Duke's Phytochemical and Ethnobotanical Databases. [Online Database]