Brassica oleracea var. gongylodes Health effects and herbal facts

Known as
asparagus broccoli Bedford cabbage borecole braganza branching bush kale branching cabbage broccoli Brussels sprouts bush kale cabbage cabbage turnip calabrese Cape broccoli cauliflower Chinese broccoli Chinese kale collards cow cabbage curled kitchen kale curlies curly kale decorative kale flowering cabbage flowering kale fodder kale giant Jersey kale heading broccoli Jersey kale kale kohlrabi marrow-stem kale ornamental cabbage ornamental kale palm kale palm-tree kale perennial kale perpetual kale Portuguese cabbage Portuguese cole Portuguese kale Portuguese tree kale purple cauliflower red cabbage Savoy cabbage Scotch kale Scottish kale seakale cabbage Shetland cabbage spring-heading cabbage sprouting broccoli stem turnip tall kale thousand-head kale tree kale tronchuda cabbage tronchuda kale turnip cabbage turnip kale white cabbage wild cabbage winter broccoli
Brassica oleracea var. gongylodes

Gallery

Brassica oleracea var. gongylodes Brassica oleracea var. gongylodes Brassica oleracea var. gongylodes Brassica oleracea var. gongylodes Brassica oleracea var. gongylodes Brassica oleracea var. gongylodes Brassica oleracea var. gongylodes Brassica oleracea var. gongylodes Brassica oleracea var. gongylodes Brassica oleracea var. gongylodes Brassica oleracea var. gongylodes

Biological activities

11B-HSD-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Shoot (80 ppm)
Quercetin found in Shoot (20 ppm)
5-Alpha-Reductase-Inhibitor
Alpha-linolenic-acid found in Stem (2889 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Stem (2222 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Stem (780 ppm)
Palmitic-acid found in Stem (1220 ppm)
Palmitoleic-acid found in Stem
Stearic-acid found in Stem (110 ppm)
5-Lipoxygenase-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Shoot (80 ppm)
Quercetin found in Shoot (20 ppm)
ATPase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Shoot (20 ppm)
Acidulant
Ascorbic-acid found in Stem (6890 ppm)
Fumaric-acid found in Stem
Adjuvant
Cystine found in Stem (778 ppm)
Aldehyde-Oxidase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Shoot (20 ppm)
Aldose-Reductase-Inhibitor
Ascorbic-acid found in Stem (6890 ppm)
Indole found in Stem (1.33 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Shoot (80 ppm)
Quercetin found in Shoot (20 ppm)
Allelochemic
Quercetin found in Shoot (20 ppm)
Allergenic
Benzaldehyde found in Stem (0.02 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Stem (2.67 ppm)
Citric-acid found in Stem
Mufa found in Stem (780 ppm)
Niacin found in Stem (44 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Stem (780 ppm)
Quercetin found in Shoot (20 ppm)
Alpha-Amylase-Inhibitor
Citric-acid found in Stem
Alpha-Reductase-Inhibitor
Oleic-acid found in Stem (780 ppm)
Analgesic
Ascorbic-acid found in Stem (6890 ppm)
Quercetin found in Shoot (20 ppm)
Thiamin found in Stem (5.5 ppm)
Tryptophan found in Stem (1110 ppm)
Anemiagenic
Mufa found in Stem (780 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Stem (780 ppm)
Anesthetic
Benzaldehyde found in Stem (0.02 ppm)
Angiotensin-Receptor-Blocker
Ascorbic-acid found in Stem (6890 ppm)
Fiber found in Stem (11110 ppm)
Potassium found in Stem (38890 ppm)
AntiADD
Phenylalanine found in Stem (4333 ppm)
AntiAGE
Ascorbic-acid found in Stem (6890 ppm)
AntiCFS
Ascorbic-acid found in Stem (6890 ppm)
Magnesium found in Stem (2110 ppm)
AntiCTS
Ascorbic-acid found in Stem (6890 ppm)
AntiGTF
Quercetin found in Shoot (20 ppm)
AntiHIV
Quercetin found in Shoot (20 ppm)
AntiLyme
Ascorbic-acid found in Stem (6890 ppm)
Magnesium found in Stem (2110 ppm)
Niacin found in Stem (44 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Stem (2.2 ppm)
Thiamin found in Stem (5.5 ppm)
AntiMS
Linoleic-acid found in Stem (2222 ppm)
Magnesium found in Stem (2110 ppm)
Pufa found in Stem (4335 ppm)
AntiPMS
Beta-carotene found in Stem (2.67 ppm)
Calcium found in Stem (2665 ppm)
Magnesium found in Stem (2110 ppm)
Quercetin found in Shoot (20 ppm)
Antiacne
Beta-carotene found in Stem (2.67 ppm)
Indole found in Stem (1.33 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Stem (2222 ppm)
Pufa found in Stem (4335 ppm)
Antiacrodynic
Niacin found in Stem (44 ppm)
Antiaflatoxin
Kaempferol found in Shoot (80 ppm)
Quercetin found in Shoot (20 ppm)
Antiaggregant
Alpha-linolenic-acid found in Stem (2889 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Stem (6890 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Shoot (80 ppm)
Magnesium found in Stem (2110 ppm)
Quercetin found in Shoot (20 ppm)
Antiaging
Ascorbic-acid found in Stem (6890 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Stem (2.67 ppm)
Quercetin found in Shoot (20 ppm)
Antiakathisic
Iron found in Stem (44 ppm)
Antialcoholic
Magnesium found in Stem (2110 ppm)
Thiamin found in Stem (5.5 ppm)
Antialkalotic
Lysine found in Stem (6222 ppm)
Antiallergic
Ascorbic-acid found in Stem (6890 ppm)
Calcium found in Stem (2665 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Shoot (80 ppm)
Niacin found in Stem (44 ppm)
Pantothenic-acid found in Stem (18 ppm)
Quercetin found in Shoot (20 ppm)
Antialopecic
Linoleic-acid found in Stem (2222 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Stem (780 ppm)
Palmitic-acid found in Stem (1220 ppm)
Antialzheimeran
Ascorbic-acid found in Stem (6890 ppm)
Niacin found in Stem (44 ppm)
Quercetin found in Shoot (20 ppm)
Thiamin found in Stem (5.5 ppm)
Antiamblyopic
Niacin found in Stem (44 ppm)
Antianaphylactic
Linoleic-acid found in Stem (2222 ppm)
Quercetin found in Shoot (20 ppm)
Antiandrogenic
Linoleic-acid found in Stem (2222 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Stem (780 ppm)
Palmitic-acid found in Stem (1220 ppm)
Antianemic
Iron found in Stem (44 ppm)
Antianginal
Magnesium found in Stem (2110 ppm)
Niacin found in Stem (44 ppm)
Antiangiogenic
Quercetin found in Shoot (20 ppm)
Antianorectic
Magnesium found in Stem (2110 ppm)
Thiamin found in Stem (5.5 ppm)
Antianxiety
Calcium found in Stem (2665 ppm)
Magnesium found in Stem (2110 ppm)
Tryptophan found in Stem (1110 ppm)
Antiaphthic
Citric-acid found in Stem
Antiarabiflavinotic
Riboflavin found in Stem (2.2 ppm)
Antiarrhythmic
Calcium found in Stem (2665 ppm)
Magnesium found in Stem (2110 ppm)
Potassium found in Stem (38890 ppm)
Antiarteriosclerotic
Histidine found in Stem (2111 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Stem (2222 ppm)
Antiarthritic
Ascorbic-acid found in Stem (6890 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Stem (2.67 ppm)
Calcium found in Stem (2665 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Stem (2222 ppm)
Magnesium found in Stem (2110 ppm)
Pantothenic-acid found in Stem (18 ppm)
Quercetin found in Shoot (20 ppm)
Antiasthmatic
Ascorbic-acid found in Stem (6890 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Stem (2.67 ppm)
Magnesium found in Stem (2110 ppm)
Quercetin found in Shoot (20 ppm)
Antiatherosclerotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Stem (6890 ppm)
Calcium found in Stem (2665 ppm)
Citric-acid found in Stem
Magnesium found in Stem (2110 ppm)
Malic-acid found in Stem
Quercetin found in Shoot (20 ppm)
Antibackache
Thiamin found in Stem (5.5 ppm)
Antibacterial
Ascorbic-acid found in Stem (6890 ppm)
Benzaldehyde found in Stem (0.02 ppm)
Citric-acid found in Stem
Hexanal found in Stem (0.04 ppm)
Indole found in Stem (1.33 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Shoot (80 ppm)
Malic-acid found in Stem
Quercetin found in Shoot (20 ppm)
Antiberiberi
Thiamin found in Stem (5.5 ppm)
Anticalculic
Citric-acid found in Stem
Anticancer
Benzaldehyde found in Stem (0.02 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Stem (2.67 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Shoot (80 ppm)
Anticanker
Iron found in Stem (44 ppm)
Thiamin found in Stem (5.5 ppm)
Anticarcinomic
Beta-carotene found in Stem (2.67 ppm)
Anticardiospasmic
Thiamin found in Stem (5.5 ppm)
Anticariogenic
Indole found in Stem (1.33 ppm)
Quercetin found in Shoot (20 ppm)
Anticarpal-Tunnel
Riboflavin found in Stem (2.2 ppm)
Anticataract
Ascorbic-acid found in Stem (6890 ppm)
Methionine found in Stem (1445 ppm)
Niacin found in Stem (44 ppm)
Quercetin found in Shoot (20 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Stem (2.2 ppm)
Thiamin found in Stem (5.5 ppm)
Anticephalagic
Magnesium found in Stem (2110 ppm)
Pantothenic-acid found in Stem (18 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Stem (2.2 ppm)
Anticervicaldysplasic
Ascorbic-acid found in Stem (6890 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Stem (2.67 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Stem (2.2 ppm)
Anticheilitic
Iron found in Stem (44 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Stem (2.2 ppm)
Antichilblain
Niacin found in Stem (44 ppm)
Anticlimacteric
Ascorbic-acid found in Stem (6890 ppm)
Calcium found in Stem (2665 ppm)
Magnesium found in Stem (2110 ppm)
Anticoagulant
Citric-acid found in Stem
Anticold
Ascorbic-acid found in Stem (6890 ppm)
Anticolitic
Quercetin found in Shoot (20 ppm)
Thiamin found in Stem (5.5 ppm)
Anticomplementary
Quercetin found in Shoot (20 ppm)
Anticonvulsant
Magnesium found in Stem (2110 ppm)
Niacin found in Stem (44 ppm)
Anticoronary
Beta-carotene found in Stem (2.67 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Stem (2222 ppm)
Magnesium found in Stem (2110 ppm)
Anticystitic
Quercetin found in Shoot (20 ppm)
Antidecubitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Stem (6890 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Stem (2.2 ppm)
Thiamin found in Stem (5.5 ppm)
Antideliriant
Thiamin found in Stem (5.5 ppm)
Antidementia
Ascorbic-acid found in Stem (6890 ppm)
Niacin found in Stem (44 ppm)
Thiamin found in Stem (5.5 ppm)
Tryptophan found in Stem (1110 ppm)
Antidepressant
Ascorbic-acid found in Stem (6890 ppm)
Calcium found in Stem (2665 ppm)
Magnesium found in Stem (2110 ppm)
Phenylalanine found in Stem (4333 ppm)
Potassium found in Stem (38890 ppm)
Quercetin found in Shoot (20 ppm)
Tryptophan found in Stem (1110 ppm)
Antidermatitic
Fumaric-acid found in Stem
Niacin found in Stem (44 ppm)
Pantothenic-acid found in Stem (18 ppm)
Quercetin found in Shoot (20 ppm)
Antidiabetic
Ascorbic-acid found in Stem (6890 ppm)
Fiber found in Stem (11110 ppm)
Magnesium found in Stem (2110 ppm)
Niacin found in Stem (44 ppm)
Quercetin found in Shoot (20 ppm)
Antidyskinetic
Tryptophan found in Stem (1110 ppm)
Antidysmenorrheic
Magnesium found in Stem (2110 ppm)
Antidyspeptic
Thiamin found in Stem (5.5 ppm)
Antidysphagic
Niacin found in Stem (44 ppm)
Antieczemic
Ascorbic-acid found in Stem (6890 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Stem (2222 ppm)
Methionine found in Stem (1445 ppm)
Pufa found in Stem (4335 ppm)
Antiedemic
Ascorbic-acid found in Stem (6890 ppm)
Antielastase
Quercetin found in Shoot (20 ppm)
Antiencephalitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Stem (6890 ppm)
Quercetin found in Shoot (20 ppm)
Antiencephalopathic
Arginine found in Stem (11667 ppm)
Leucine found in Stem (7445 ppm)
Thiamin found in Stem (5.5 ppm)
Valine found in Stem (5555 ppm)
Antiendometriotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Stem (6890 ppm)
Magnesium found in Stem (2110 ppm)
Antienterotic
Magnesium found in Stem (2110 ppm)
Antiepileptic
Magnesium found in Stem (2110 ppm)
Niacin found in Stem (44 ppm)
Antiescherichic
Quercetin found in Shoot (20 ppm)
Antiestrogenic
Quercetin found in Shoot (20 ppm)
Antifatigue
Ascorbic-acid found in Stem (6890 ppm)
Magnesium found in Stem (2110 ppm)
Pantothenic-acid found in Stem (18 ppm)
Potassium found in Stem (38890 ppm)
Thiamin found in Stem (5.5 ppm)
Antifeedant
Quercetin found in Shoot (20 ppm)
Antifertility
Kaempferol found in Shoot (80 ppm)
Antifibrinolytic
Linoleic-acid found in Stem (2222 ppm)
Palmitic-acid found in Stem (1220 ppm)
Antifibromyalgic
Magnesium found in Stem (2110 ppm)
Malic-acid found in Stem
Antifibrosarcomic
Quercetin found in Shoot (20 ppm)
Antifibrotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Stem (6890 ppm)
Antiflu
Quercetin found in Shoot (20 ppm)
Antigallstone
Ascorbic-acid found in Stem (6890 ppm)
Antigastric
Quercetin found in Shoot (20 ppm)
Antigastritic
Ascorbic-acid found in Stem (6890 ppm)
Thiamin found in Stem (5.5 ppm)
Antigastrotic
Magnesium found in Stem (2110 ppm)
Antigingivitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Stem (6890 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Shoot (80 ppm)
Antiglaucomic
Ascorbic-acid found in Stem (6890 ppm)
Magnesium found in Stem (2110 ppm)
Antiglossitic
Riboflavin found in Stem (2.2 ppm)
Antigonadotropic
Quercetin found in Shoot (20 ppm)
Antigranular
Linoleic-acid found in Stem (2222 ppm)
Antihangover
Ascorbic-acid found in Stem (6890 ppm)
Niacin found in Stem (44 ppm)
Thiamin found in Stem (5.5 ppm)
Antiheartburn
Thiamin found in Stem (5.5 ppm)
Antihemorrhagic
Ascorbic-acid found in Stem (6890 ppm)
Antihepatitic
Arginine found in Stem (11667 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Stem (6890 ppm)
Antihepatocarcinogenic
Fumaric-acid found in Stem
Antihepatotic
Methionine found in Stem (1445 ppm)
Antihepatotoxic
Ascorbic-acid found in Stem (6890 ppm)
Quercetin found in Shoot (20 ppm)
Antiherpetic
Ascorbic-acid found in Stem (6890 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Shoot (80 ppm)
Lysine found in Stem (6222 ppm)
Quercetin found in Shoot (20 ppm)
Thiamin found in Stem (5.5 ppm)
Antihistaminic
Ascorbic-acid found in Stem (6890 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Shoot (80 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Stem (2222 ppm)
Niacin found in Stem (44 ppm)
Quercetin found in Shoot (20 ppm)
Antihomocystinuric
Cystine found in Stem (778 ppm)
Antihydrophobic
Quercetin found in Shoot (20 ppm)
Antihyperactivity
Niacin found in Stem (44 ppm)
Antihypercholesterolemic
Pantothenic-acid found in Stem (18 ppm)
Antihyperkeratotic
Beta-carotene found in Stem (2.67 ppm)
Antihyperkinetic
Calcium found in Stem (2665 ppm)
Magnesium found in Stem (2110 ppm)
Antihypertensive
Alpha-linolenic-acid found in Stem (2889 ppm)
Arginine found in Stem (11667 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Stem (6890 ppm)
Calcium found in Stem (2665 ppm)
Fiber found in Stem (11110 ppm)
Magnesium found in Stem (2110 ppm)
Potassium found in Stem (38890 ppm)
Quercetin found in Shoot (20 ppm)
Tryptophan found in Stem (1110 ppm)
Antihypoglycemic
Magnesium found in Stem (2110 ppm)
Antiichythyotic
Beta-carotene found in Stem (2.67 ppm)
Antiimplantation
Kaempferol found in Shoot (80 ppm)
Antiimpotence
Arginine found in Stem (11667 ppm)
Antiinfertility
Arginine found in Stem (11667 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Stem (6890 ppm)
Antiinflammatory
Alpha-linolenic-acid found in Stem (2889 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Stem (6890 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Shoot (80 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Stem (2222 ppm)
Magnesium found in Stem (2110 ppm)
Mufa found in Stem (780 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Stem (780 ppm)
Quercetin found in Shoot (20 ppm)
Antiinsomniac
Calcium found in Stem (2665 ppm)
Magnesium found in Stem (2110 ppm)
Tryptophan found in Stem (1110 ppm)
Antiinsomnic
Niacin found in Stem (44 ppm)
Antikeratitic
Riboflavin found in Stem (2.2 ppm)
Antileishmanic
Citric-acid found in Stem
Quercetin found in Shoot (20 ppm)
Antilepric
Ascorbic-acid found in Stem (6890 ppm)
Antileukemic
Kaempferol found in Shoot (80 ppm)
Quercetin found in Shoot (20 ppm)
Antileukoplakic
Beta-carotene found in Stem (2.67 ppm)
Antileukotriene-D4
Alpha-linolenic-acid found in Stem (2889 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Stem (2222 ppm)
Mufa found in Stem (780 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Stem (780 ppm)
Antileukotriene
Quercetin found in Shoot (20 ppm)
Antilipoperoxidant
Beta-carotene found in Stem (2.67 ppm)
Quercetin found in Shoot (20 ppm)
Antilithic
Ascorbic-acid found in Stem (6890 ppm)
Magnesium found in Stem (2110 ppm)
Antilupus
Beta-carotene found in Stem (2.67 ppm)
Antilymphocytic
Kaempferol found in Shoot (80 ppm)
Antimaculitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Stem (6890 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Stem (2.67 ppm)
Antimalarial
Quercetin found in Shoot (20 ppm)
Antimanic
Tryptophan found in Stem (1110 ppm)
Antimastalgic
Magnesium found in Stem (2110 ppm)
Antimastitic
Beta-carotene found in Stem (2.67 ppm)
Antimeasles
Ascorbic-acid found in Stem (6890 ppm)
Antimelanomic
Quercetin found in Shoot (20 ppm)
Antimenopausal
Ascorbic-acid found in Stem (6890 ppm)
Calcium found in Stem (2665 ppm)
Magnesium found in Stem (2110 ppm)
Tryptophan found in Stem (1110 ppm)
Antimenorrhagic
Alpha-linolenic-acid found in Stem (2889 ppm)
Iron found in Stem (44 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Stem (2222 ppm)
Antimetastatic
Alpha-linolenic-acid found in Stem (2889 ppm)
Quercetin found in Shoot (20 ppm)
Antimigraine
Ascorbic-acid found in Stem (6890 ppm)
Magnesium found in Stem (2110 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Stem (2.2 ppm)
Thiamin found in Stem (5.5 ppm)
Tryptophan found in Stem (1110 ppm)
Antimitral-valve-prolapse
Magnesium found in Stem (2110 ppm)
Antimutagenic
Ascorbic-acid found in Stem (6890 ppm)
Benzaldehyde found in Stem (0.02 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Stem (2.67 ppm)
Citric-acid found in Stem
Kaempferol found in Shoot (80 ppm)
Quercetin found in Shoot (20 ppm)
Antimyocarditic
Quercetin found in Shoot (20 ppm)
Thiamin found in Stem (5.5 ppm)
Antinephritic
Histidine found in Stem (2111 ppm)
Antinephrolytic
Magnesium found in Stem (2110 ppm)
Antineuralgic
Niacin found in Stem (44 ppm)
Thiamin found in Stem (5.5 ppm)
Antineuramidase
Ascorbic-acid found in Stem (6890 ppm)
Antineurasthenic
Thiamin found in Stem (5.5 ppm)
Antineuritic
Thiamin found in Stem (5.5 ppm)
Antineuropathic
Thiamin found in Stem (5.5 ppm)
Antineurotic
Magnesium found in Stem (2110 ppm)
Antinitrosaminic
Quercetin found in Shoot (20 ppm)
Antinitrosic
Ascorbic-acid found in Stem (6890 ppm)
Antinociceptive
Quercetin found in Shoot (20 ppm)
Antiobesity
Ascorbic-acid found in Stem (6890 ppm)
Calcium found in Stem (2665 ppm)
Fiber found in Stem (11110 ppm)
Antiorchitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Stem (6890 ppm)
Antiosteoarthritic
Ascorbic-acid found in Stem (6890 ppm)
Antiosteoporotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Stem (6890 ppm)
Calcium found in Stem (2665 ppm)
Magnesium found in Stem (2110 ppm)
Phosphorus found in Stem (5110 ppm)
Antioxidant
Ascorbic-acid found in Stem (6890 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Stem (2.67 ppm)
Fumaric-acid found in Stem
Histidine found in Stem (2111 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Shoot (80 ppm)
Methionine found in Stem (1445 ppm)
Myristic-acid found in Stem
Palmitic-acid found in Stem (1220 ppm)
Quercetin found in Shoot (20 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Stem (2.2 ppm)
Tryptophan found in Stem (1110 ppm)
Antiozenic
Beta-carotene found in Stem (2.67 ppm)
Antipancreatitic
Quercetin found in Shoot (20 ppm)
Antipapillomic
Beta-carotene found in Stem (2.67 ppm)
Antiparkinsonian
Ascorbic-acid found in Stem (6890 ppm)
Methionine found in Stem (1445 ppm)
Niacin found in Stem (44 ppm)
Phenylalanine found in Stem (4333 ppm)
Tryptophan found in Stem (1110 ppm)
Antiparotitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Stem (6890 ppm)
Antipellagric
Isoleucine found in Stem (8667 ppm)
Niacin found in Stem (44 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Stem (2.2 ppm)
Antipeptic
Benzaldehyde found in Stem (0.02 ppm)
Antiperiodontal
Quercetin found in Shoot (20 ppm)
Antiperiodontic
Kaempferol found in Shoot (80 ppm)
Antiperiodontitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Stem (6890 ppm)
Calcium found in Stem (2665 ppm)
Antiperistaltic
Quercetin found in Shoot (20 ppm)
Antipermeability
Quercetin found in Shoot (20 ppm)
Antiperoxidant
Quercetin found in Shoot (20 ppm)
Antipharyngitic
Quercetin found in Shoot (20 ppm)
Antiphenylketonuric
Tryptophan found in Stem (1110 ppm)
Antiphotophobic
Beta-carotene found in Stem (2.67 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Stem (2.2 ppm)
Antipityriasic
Beta-carotene found in Stem (2.67 ppm)
Antiplaque
Kaempferol found in Shoot (80 ppm)
Magnesium found in Stem (2110 ppm)
Quercetin found in Shoot (20 ppm)
Antiplasmodial
Quercetin found in Shoot (20 ppm)
Antipneumonic
Ascorbic-acid found in Stem (6890 ppm)
Antipodriac
Ascorbic-acid found in Stem (6890 ppm)
Quercetin found in Shoot (20 ppm)
Antipolio
Quercetin found in Shoot (20 ppm)
Antipoliomyelitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Stem (6890 ppm)
Thiamin found in Stem (5.5 ppm)
Antipolyneuritic
Pufa found in Stem (4335 ppm)
Antiporphyric
Beta-carotene found in Stem (2.67 ppm)
Antiproliferant
Beta-carotene found in Stem (2.67 ppm)
Quercetin found in Shoot (20 ppm)
Antiprostaglandin
Tryptophan found in Stem (1110 ppm)
Antiprostanoid
Quercetin found in Shoot (20 ppm)
Antiprostatitic
Alpha-linolenic-acid found in Stem (2889 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Stem (2222 ppm)
Quercetin found in Shoot (20 ppm)
Antipsoriac
Beta-carotene found in Stem (2.67 ppm)
Fumaric-acid found in Stem
Quercetin found in Shoot (20 ppm)
Antipsychotic
Tryptophan found in Stem (1110 ppm)
Antipyretic
Ascorbic-acid found in Stem (6890 ppm)
Antiradicular
Ascorbic-acid found in Stem (6890 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Stem (2.67 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Shoot (80 ppm)
Quercetin found in Shoot (20 ppm)
Antiretinopathic
Magnesium found in Stem (2110 ppm)
Antiretinotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Stem (6890 ppm)
Antirheumatic
Ascorbic-acid found in Stem (6890 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Stem (2.67 ppm)
Calcium found in Stem (2665 ppm)
Tryptophan found in Stem (1110 ppm)
Antirhinitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Stem (6890 ppm)
Antisalmonella
Hexanal found in Stem (0.04 ppm)
Indole found in Stem (1.33 ppm)
Antiscoliotic
Tryptophan found in Stem (1110 ppm)
Antiscorbutic
Ascorbic-acid found in Stem (6890 ppm)
Antiscotomic
Niacin found in Stem (44 ppm)
Antiseborrheic
Citric-acid found in Stem
Malic-acid found in Stem
Antiseptic
Ascorbic-acid found in Stem (6890 ppm)
Benzaldehyde found in Stem (0.02 ppm)
Citric-acid found in Stem
Hexanal found in Stem (0.04 ppm)
Indole found in Stem (1.33 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Shoot (80 ppm)
Malic-acid found in Stem
Antiserotonin
Kaempferol found in Shoot (80 ppm)
Antishingles
Ascorbic-acid found in Stem (6890 ppm)
Antisickling
Phenylalanine found in Stem (4333 ppm)
Antispasmodic
Ascorbic-acid found in Stem (6890 ppm)
Benzaldehyde found in Stem (0.02 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Shoot (80 ppm)
Magnesium found in Stem (2110 ppm)
Niacin found in Stem (44 ppm)
Potassium found in Stem (38890 ppm)
Quercetin found in Shoot (20 ppm)
Antispasmophilic
Magnesium found in Stem (2110 ppm)
Antistaphylococcic
Kaempferol found in Shoot (80 ppm)
Antistreptococcic
Indole found in Stem (1.33 ppm)
Quercetin found in Shoot (20 ppm)
Antistress
Ascorbic-acid found in Stem (6890 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Stem (2.67 ppm)
Calcium found in Stem (2665 ppm)
Magnesium found in Stem (2110 ppm)
Antistroke
Magnesium found in Stem (2110 ppm)
Potassium found in Stem (38890 ppm)
Antisyndrome-X
Ascorbic-acid found in Stem (6890 ppm)
Magnesium found in Stem (2110 ppm)
Antithiamin
Quercetin found in Shoot (20 ppm)
Antithrombic
Quercetin found in Shoot (20 ppm)
Antithyroid
Dimethyl-disulfide found in Stem (11.21 ppm)
Antitic
Calcium found in Stem (2665 ppm)
Antitrypanosomic
Quercetin found in Shoot (20 ppm)
Antitubercular
Citric-acid found in Stem
Malic-acid found in Stem
Antitumor-Promoter
Kaempferol found in Shoot (80 ppm)
Quercetin found in Shoot (20 ppm)
Antitumor
Benzaldehyde found in Stem (0.02 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Stem (2.67 ppm)
Citric-acid found in Stem
Fiber found in Stem (11110 ppm)
Fumaric-acid found in Stem
Kaempferol found in Shoot (80 ppm)
Malic-acid found in Stem
Quercetin found in Shoot (20 ppm)
Antiulcer
Ascorbic-acid found in Stem (6890 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Stem (2.67 ppm)
Fiber found in Stem (11110 ppm)
Histidine found in Stem (2111 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Shoot (80 ppm)
Quercetin found in Shoot (20 ppm)
Threonine found in Stem (5445 ppm)
Antiuremic
Histidine found in Stem (2111 ppm)
Antivertigo
Niacin found in Stem (44 ppm)
Antiviral
Ascorbic-acid found in Stem (6890 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Shoot (80 ppm)
Quercetin found in Shoot (20 ppm)
Antivitiligic
Phenylalanine found in Stem (4333 ppm)
Antixerophthalmic
Beta-carotene found in Stem (2.67 ppm)
Anxiolytic
Calcium found in Stem (2665 ppm)
Magnesium found in Stem (2110 ppm)
Phosphorus found in Stem (5110 ppm)
Potassium found in Stem (38890 ppm)
Aphrodisiac
Arginine found in Stem (11667 ppm)
Apoptotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Stem (6890 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Shoot (80 ppm)
Quercetin found in Shoot (20 ppm)
Aromatase-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Shoot (80 ppm)
Asthma-preventive
Ascorbic-acid found in Stem (6890 ppm)
Bacteristat
Malic-acid found in Stem
Quercetin found in Shoot (20 ppm)
Beta-Blocker
Fiber found in Stem (11110 ppm)
Potassium found in Stem (38890 ppm)
Beta-Glucuronidase-Inhibitor
Ascorbic-acid found in Stem (6890 ppm)
Bradycardiac
Quercetin found in Shoot (20 ppm)
Bruchiphobe
Malic-acid found in Stem
CNS-Depressant
Magnesium found in Stem (2110 ppm)
Pyridine found in Stem (1.52 ppm)
COMT-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Shoot (20 ppm)
COX-1-Inhibitor
Beta-carotene found in Stem (2.67 ppm)
COX-2-Inhibitor
Beta-carotene found in Stem (2.67 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Shoot (80 ppm)
Quercetin found in Shoot (20 ppm)
Calcium-Antagonist
Ascorbic-acid found in Stem (6890 ppm)
Magnesium found in Stem (2110 ppm)
Calcium-Channel-Blocker
Calcium found in Stem (2665 ppm)
Calmodulin-Antagonist
Quercetin found in Shoot (20 ppm)
Cancer-Preventive
Alpha-linolenic-acid found in Stem (2889 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Stem (6890 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Stem (2.67 ppm)
Fiber found in Stem (11110 ppm)
Indole found in Stem (1.33 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Shoot (80 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Stem (2222 ppm)
Methionine found in Stem (1445 ppm)
Mufa found in Stem (780 ppm)
Myristic-acid found in Stem
Niacin found in Stem (44 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Stem (780 ppm)
Pantothenic-acid found in Stem (18 ppm)
Quercetin found in Shoot (20 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Stem (2.2 ppm)
Candidicide
Benzaldehyde found in Stem (0.02 ppm)
Quercetin found in Shoot (20 ppm)
Capillariprotective
Quercetin found in Shoot (20 ppm)
Carcinogenic
Indole found in Stem (1.33 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Shoot (80 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Stem (2222 ppm)
Quercetin found in Shoot (20 ppm)
Tryptophan found in Stem (1110 ppm)
Cardioprotective
Ascorbic-acid found in Stem (6890 ppm)
Fiber found in Stem (11110 ppm)
Magnesium found in Stem (2110 ppm)
Niacin found in Stem (44 ppm)
Potassium found in Stem (38890 ppm)
Cardiotoxic
Potassium found in Stem (38890 ppm)
Catabolic
Quercetin found in Shoot (20 ppm)
Chemopreventive
Beta-carotene found in Stem (2.67 ppm)
Choleretic
Kaempferol found in Shoot (80 ppm)
Mufa found in Stem (780 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Stem (780 ppm)
Circulotonic
Niacin found in Stem (44 ppm)
Cold-preventive
Ascorbic-acid found in Stem (6890 ppm)
Collagenic
Ascorbic-acid found in Stem (6890 ppm)
Colorant
Beta-carotene found in Stem (2.67 ppm)
Comedolytic
Linoleic-acid found in Stem (2222 ppm)
Copper-Chelator
Kaempferol found in Shoot (80 ppm)
Quercetin found in Shoot (20 ppm)
Cosmetic
Myristic-acid found in Stem
Stearic-acid found in Stem (110 ppm)
Cyclooxygenase-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Shoot (80 ppm)
Quercetin found in Shoot (20 ppm)
Cytochrome-P450-1A2-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Shoot (20 ppm)
Cytotoxic
Kaempferol found in Shoot (80 ppm)
Quercetin found in Shoot (20 ppm)
Deiodinase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Shoot (20 ppm)
Dermatitigenic
Mufa found in Stem (780 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Stem (780 ppm)
Detoxicant
Ascorbic-acid found in Stem (6890 ppm)
Differentiator
Quercetin found in Shoot (20 ppm)
Disinfectant
Citric-acid found in Stem
Diuretic
Arginine found in Stem (11667 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Stem (6890 ppm)
Calcium found in Stem (2665 ppm)
Fiber found in Stem (11110 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Shoot (80 ppm)
Magnesium found in Stem (2110 ppm)
Potassium found in Stem (38890 ppm)
Emetic
Methionine found in Stem (1445 ppm)
Encephalopathic
Toluene found in Stem (0.08 ppm)
Essential
Histidine found in Stem (2111 ppm)
Isoleucine found in Stem (8667 ppm)
Leucine found in Stem (7445 ppm)
Lysine found in Stem (6222 ppm)
Methionine found in Stem (1445 ppm)
Threonine found in Stem (5445 ppm)
Tryptophan found in Stem (1110 ppm)
Valine found in Stem (5555 ppm)
Estrogenic
Kaempferol found in Shoot (80 ppm)
Quercetin found in Shoot (20 ppm)
FLavor
2-methoxy-4-vinyl-phenol found in Stem (0.17 ppm)
Benzaldehyde found in Stem (0.02 ppm)
Citric-acid found in Stem
Dimethyl-sulfide found in Stem (0.38 ppm)
Fumaric-acid found in Stem
Hexanal found in Stem (0.04 ppm)
Mufa found in Stem (780 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Stem (780 ppm)
Palmitic-acid found in Stem (1220 ppm)
Pyridine found in Stem (1.52 ppm)
Stearic-acid found in Stem (110 ppm)
Threonine found in Stem (5445 ppm)
Valine found in Stem (5555 ppm)
Fibrinolytic
Niacin found in Stem (44 ppm)
Fistula-Preventive
Ascorbic-acid found in Stem (6890 ppm)
Fungicide
Kaempferol found in Shoot (80 ppm)
Quercetin found in Shoot (20 ppm)
Gastroprotective
Beta-carotene found in Stem (2.67 ppm)
Glucosyl-Transferase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Shoot (20 ppm)
Glutathionigenic
Methionine found in Stem (1445 ppm)
HIV-RT-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Shoot (80 ppm)
Quercetin found in Shoot (20 ppm)
Hemolytic
Palmitic-acid found in Stem (1220 ppm)
Hemopoietic
Malic-acid found in Stem
Hemostat
Citric-acid found in Stem
Quercetin found in Shoot (20 ppm)
Hepatomagenic
Quercetin found in Shoot (20 ppm)
Hepatoprotective
Kaempferol found in Shoot (80 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Stem (2222 ppm)
Methionine found in Stem (1445 ppm)
Niacin found in Stem (44 ppm)
Quercetin found in Shoot (20 ppm)
Hepatotoxic
Niacin found in Stem (44 ppm)
Hypercholesterolemic
Myristic-acid found in Stem
Palmitic-acid found in Stem (1220 ppm)
Hypertensive
Sodium found in Stem (2222 ppm)
Hypnotic
Tryptophan found in Stem (1110 ppm)
Hypoammonemic
Arginine found in Stem (11667 ppm)
Hypoarginanemic
Lysine found in Stem (6222 ppm)
Hypocholesterolemic
Ascorbic-acid found in Stem (6890 ppm)
Calcium found in Stem (2665 ppm)
Fiber found in Stem (11110 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Stem (2222 ppm)
Magnesium found in Stem (2110 ppm)
Mufa found in Stem (780 ppm)
Niacin found in Stem (44 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Stem (780 ppm)
Stearic-acid found in Stem (110 ppm)
Hypoglycemic
Ascorbic-acid found in Stem (6890 ppm)
Niacin found in Stem (44 ppm)
Quercetin found in Shoot (20 ppm)
Tryptophan found in Stem (1110 ppm)
Hypolipidemic
Niacin found in Stem (44 ppm)
Hypotensive
Alpha-linolenic-acid found in Stem (2889 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Stem (6890 ppm)
Calcium found in Stem (2665 ppm)
Fiber found in Stem (11110 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Shoot (80 ppm)
Magnesium found in Stem (2110 ppm)
Potassium found in Stem (38890 ppm)
Tryptophan found in Stem (1110 ppm)
Hypouricemic
Fiber found in Stem (11110 ppm)
ICAM-1-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Shoot (80 ppm)
Immunomodulator
Ascorbic-acid found in Stem (6890 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Stem (2222 ppm)
Magnesium found in Stem (2110 ppm)
Immunostimulant
Alpha-linolenic-acid found in Stem (2889 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Stem (6890 ppm)
Benzaldehyde found in Stem (0.02 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Stem (2.67 ppm)
Phosphorus found in Stem (5110 ppm)
Inotropic
Kaempferol found in Shoot (80 ppm)
Quercetin found in Shoot (20 ppm)
Insecticide
Benzaldehyde found in Stem (0.02 ppm)
Insectifuge
Benzaldehyde found in Stem (0.02 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Stem (2222 ppm)
Mufa found in Stem (780 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Stem (780 ppm)
Thiamin found in Stem (5.5 ppm)
Insectiphile
Indole found in Stem (1.33 ppm)
Insulinase-Inhibitor
Tryptophan found in Stem (1110 ppm)
Insulinogenic
Magnesium found in Stem (2110 ppm)
Quercetin found in Shoot (20 ppm)
Insulinotonic
Tryptophan found in Stem (1110 ppm)
Interferon-Synergist
Beta-carotene found in Stem (2.67 ppm)
Interferonogenic
Ascorbic-acid found in Stem (6890 ppm)
Iodothyronine-Deiodinase-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Shoot (80 ppm)
Irritant
Citric-acid found in Stem
Dimethyl-sulfide found in Stem (0.38 ppm)
Mufa found in Stem (780 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Stem (780 ppm)
Pyridine found in Stem (1.52 ppm)
JNK-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Shoot (80 ppm)
Juvabional
2-furaldehyde found in Stem (0.38 ppm)
Quercetin found in Shoot (20 ppm)
Larvicide
2-furaldehyde found in Stem (0.38 ppm)
Larvistat
Quercetin found in Shoot (20 ppm)
Laxative
Calcium found in Stem (2665 ppm)
Fiber found in Stem (11110 ppm)
Magnesium found in Stem (2110 ppm)
Lipotropic
Methionine found in Stem (1445 ppm)
Lipoxygenase-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Shoot (80 ppm)
Quercetin found in Shoot (20 ppm)
Lithogenic
Ascorbic-acid found in Stem (6890 ppm)
Litholytic
Citric-acid found in Stem
Magnesium found in Stem (2110 ppm)
Lubricant
Myristic-acid found in Stem
Palmitic-acid found in Stem (1220 ppm)
Stearic-acid found in Stem (110 ppm)
Lymphocytogenic
Alpha-linolenic-acid found in Stem (2889 ppm)
MAO-A-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Shoot (20 ppm)
MAO-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Shoot (80 ppm)
MMP-9-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Shoot (20 ppm)
Mast-Cell-Stabilizer
Quercetin found in Shoot (20 ppm)
Metalloproteinase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Shoot (20 ppm)
Metastatic
Linoleic-acid found in Stem (2222 ppm)
Monoamine-Precursor
Phenylalanine found in Stem (4333 ppm)
Tryptophan found in Stem (1110 ppm)
Motor-Depressant
Benzaldehyde found in Stem (0.02 ppm)
Mucogenic
Beta-carotene found in Stem (2.67 ppm)
Mucolytic
Ascorbic-acid found in Stem (6890 ppm)
Mutagenic
Kaempferol found in Shoot (80 ppm)
Quercetin found in Shoot (20 ppm)
Mycobactericide
Citric-acid found in Stem
Malic-acid found in Stem
Myorelaxant
Magnesium found in Stem (2110 ppm)
NADH-Oxidase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Shoot (20 ppm)
NEP-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Shoot (20 ppm)
NF-kB-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Shoot (20 ppm)
NO-Genic
Arginine found in Stem (11667 ppm)
NO-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Shoot (80 ppm)
Quercetin found in Shoot (20 ppm)
NO-Synthase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Shoot (20 ppm)
Narcotic
Benzaldehyde found in Stem (0.02 ppm)
Natriuretic
Kaempferol found in Shoot (80 ppm)
Nematicide
Benzaldehyde found in Stem (0.02 ppm)
Indole found in Stem (1.33 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Stem (2222 ppm)
Myristic-acid found in Stem
Palmitic-acid found in Stem (1220 ppm)
Neuroprotective
Kaempferol found in Shoot (80 ppm)
Quercetin found in Shoot (20 ppm)
Thiamin found in Stem (5.5 ppm)
Neurotransmitter
Magnesium found in Stem (2110 ppm)
Odontolytic
Citric-acid found in Stem
Ornithine-Decarboxylase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Shoot (20 ppm)
Osteogenic
Phosphorus found in Stem (5110 ppm)
Oxidant
Histidine found in Stem (2111 ppm)
P450-Inducer
Quercetin found in Shoot (20 ppm)
P450-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Shoot (20 ppm)
PAF-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Shoot (80 ppm)
PGE2-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Shoot (20 ppm)
PTK-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Shoot (20 ppm)
Percutaneostimulant
Mufa found in Stem (780 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Stem (780 ppm)
Perfumery
2-methoxy-4-vinyl-phenol found in Stem (0.17 ppm)
Dimethyl-disulfide found in Stem (11.21 ppm)
Indole found in Stem (1.33 ppm)
Mufa found in Stem (780 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Stem (780 ppm)
Stearic-acid found in Stem (110 ppm)
Pesticide
2-furaldehyde found in Stem (0.38 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Stem (6890 ppm)
Benzaldehyde found in Stem (0.02 ppm)
Hexanal found in Stem (0.04 ppm)
Indole found in Stem (1.33 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Shoot (80 ppm)
Malic-acid found in Stem
Palmitic-acid found in Stem (1220 ppm)
Quercetin found in Shoot (20 ppm)
Thiamin found in Stem (5.5 ppm)
Phagocytotic
Beta-carotene found in Stem (2.67 ppm)
Phospholipase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Shoot (20 ppm)
Pituitary-Stimulant
Arginine found in Stem (11667 ppm)
Plasmodicide
Quercetin found in Shoot (20 ppm)
Prolactinogenic
Tryptophan found in Stem (1110 ppm)
Proliferant
Quercetin found in Shoot (20 ppm)
Prooxidant
Beta-carotene found in Stem (2.67 ppm)
Iron found in Stem (44 ppm)
Propecic
Alpha-linolenic-acid found in Stem (2889 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Stem (2222 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Stem (780 ppm)
Palmitic-acid found in Stem (1220 ppm)
Stearic-acid found in Stem (110 ppm)
Prostaglandin-Synthesis-Inhibitor
Alpha-linolenic-acid found in Stem (2889 ppm)
Quercetin found in Shoot (20 ppm)
Protein-Kinase-C-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Shoot (20 ppm)
Protisticide
Kaempferol found in Shoot (80 ppm)
Quinone-Reductase-Inducer
Glucobrassicin found in Sprout Seedling ;found in Tissue Culture
Kaempferol found in Shoot (80 ppm)
Neoglucobrassicin found in Sprout Seedling ;found in Tissue Culture
Quercetin found in Shoot (20 ppm)
Refrigerant
Citric-acid found in Stem
Sedative
Benzaldehyde found in Stem (0.02 ppm)
Niacin found in Stem (44 ppm)
Tryptophan found in Stem (1110 ppm)
Serotoninergic
Niacin found in Stem (44 ppm)
Tryptophan found in Stem (1110 ppm)
Sialogogue
Malic-acid found in Stem
Soap
Palmitic-acid found in Stem (1220 ppm)
Palmitoleic-acid found in Stem
Spermigenic
Arginine found in Stem (11667 ppm)
Suppository
Stearic-acid found in Stem (110 ppm)
TNF-alpha-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Shoot (80 ppm)
Quercetin found in Shoot (20 ppm)
Teratologic
Kaempferol found in Shoot (80 ppm)
Quercetin found in Shoot (20 ppm)
Termiticide
Benzaldehyde found in Stem (0.02 ppm)
Thymoprotective
Beta-carotene found in Stem (2.67 ppm)
Topoisomerase-I-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Shoot (80 ppm)
Quercetin found in Shoot (20 ppm)
Topoisomerase-II-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Shoot (80 ppm)
Quercetin found in Shoot (20 ppm)
Tranquilizer
Calcium found in Stem (2665 ppm)
Magnesium found in Stem (2110 ppm)
Tremorigenic
Phenylalanine found in Stem (4333 ppm)
Tumor-Promoter
Tryptophan found in Stem (1110 ppm)
Tumorigenic
Indole found in Stem (1.33 ppm)
Quercetin found in Shoot (20 ppm)
Tyrosinase-Inhibitor
Benzaldehyde found in Stem (0.02 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Shoot (80 ppm)
Quercetin found in Shoot (20 ppm)
Tyrosine-Kinase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Shoot (20 ppm)
Ubiquiot
Beta-carotene found in Stem (2.67 ppm)
Uricosuric
Ascorbic-acid found in Stem (6890 ppm)
Urinary-Acidulant
Ascorbic-acid found in Stem (6890 ppm)
Urine-Acidifier
Methionine found in Stem (1445 ppm)
Urine-Deodorant
Methionine found in Stem (1445 ppm)
Uterorelaxant
Magnesium found in Stem (2110 ppm)
Uterotrophic
Kaempferol found in Shoot (80 ppm)
VEGF-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Shoot (20 ppm)
Vasodilator
Alpha-linolenic-acid found in Stem (2889 ppm)
Arginine found in Stem (11667 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Stem (6890 ppm)
Calcium found in Stem (2665 ppm)
Fiber found in Stem (11110 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Shoot (80 ppm)
Magnesium found in Stem (2110 ppm)
Niacin found in Stem (44 ppm)
Potassium found in Stem (38890 ppm)
Quercetin found in Shoot (20 ppm)
Vulnerary
Ascorbic-acid found in Stem (6890 ppm)
Xanthine-Oxidase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Shoot (20 ppm)
cAMP-Phosphodiesterase-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Shoot (80 ppm)
Quercetin found in Shoot (20 ppm)
iNOS-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Shoot (80 ppm)
Quercetin found in Shoot (20 ppm)

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Chemicals detected

Chemical Plant part Low ppm High ppm
(e)-hex-2-en-1-ol Stem 0.08
(z)-hex-3-en-1-ol Stem 0.19
1-methylthiopentan-3-one Stem 0.1
2(or_3)-methylindole Stem 0.19
2,3-dimethyl-pyrazine Plant
2,4,5-trimethyl-thiazole Stem 0.11
2,4,5-trimethyloxazole Stem 0.02
2,5-dimethyl-6-vinylpyrazine Stem 0.19
2,5-dimethyl-pyrazine Stem 0.38
2,5-dimethylthiophen-3-carboxyaldehyde Stem 0.02
2,6-dimethyl-pyrazine Stem 0.57
2-acetyl-4-methylthiazole Stem 0.02
2-acetyl-furan Stem 0.02
2-acetyl-pyridine Stem 0.02
2-acetylthiazole Stem
2-acetylthiophen Stem 0.02
2-ethyl-furan Stem 0.08
2-furaldehyde Stem 0.38
2-methoxy-4-vinyl-phenol Stem 0.17
2-methyl-6-vinylpyrazine Stem 0.04
2-methyl-butan-1-ol Stem 1.14
2-methyl-butanal Stem 0.76
2-pentyl-furan Stem 0.06
2-phenethyl-isothiocyanate Stem 0.57
3(or_5)-methylthiophen-2-carboxyaldehyde Stem 0.38
3,5,5-trimethylcyclohex-2-enone Stem 0.06
3-(methylthio)-propyl-isothiocyanate Stem 3.61
3-indolylacetonitrile Stem 0.57
3-methyl-butan-1-ol Stem
3-methyl-butanal Stem 0.02
3-methylbutanonitrile Stem 0.04
3-phenylpropanonitrile Stem 7.98
4-(methylthio)-butanonitrile Stem 27.6
4-(methylthio)-butyl-isothiocyanate Stem 6.08
4-methylthiobutan-2-one Stem 0.17
5-(methylthio)-pentanonitrile Stem 61.4
5-hydroxy-glucobrassicin Sprout Seedling
Tissue Culture
5-methoxy-glucobrassicin Tissue Culture
Alpha-linolenic-acid Stem 260 2,889
Arginine Stem 1,050 11,667
Ascorbic-acid Stem 620 6,890
Ash Stem 7,000 111,110
Benzaldehyde Stem 0.02
Beta-carotene Stem 0.24 2.67
Butanedione Stem 0.02
Calcium Stem 200 2,665
Carbohydrates Stem 59,000 688,900
Carbon-disulfide Stem 0.19
Citric-acid Stem
Cyclohexane Stem
Cystine Stem 70 778
Deca-2-one Stem 0.02
Di-(2-methylpropyl)-phthalate Stem 0.1
Dibutyl-phthalate Stem 1.52
Dimethyl-disulfide Stem 11.21
Dimethyl-sulfide Stem 0.38
Dimethyl-trisulfide Stem 47.5
Dioctyl-phthalate? Stem 3.42
Eicosane Stem
Eo Stem 190
Ethyl-methyl-disulfide Stem 0.02
Fat Stem 1,000 11,110
Fiber Stem 1,000 11,110
Fumaric-acid Stem
Glucobrassicin Sprout Seedling
Tissue Culture
Heneicosane Stem
Hepta-2,4-dienal Stem 0.04
Heptanonitrile Stem 0.04
Hexadecan-1-ol Stem 0.57
Hexanal Stem 0.04
Hexane Stem 0.04
Hexanonitrile Stem 0.06
Histidine Stem 190 2,111
Indole Stem 1.33
Iron Stem 4 44
Isoleucine Stem 780 8,667
Kaempferol Shoot 80
Kilocalories Stem 270 3,000
Leucine Stem 670 7,445
Linalol Stem 0.08
Linalol-oxide Stem 0.06
Linoleic-acid Stem 200 2,222
Lysine Stem 560 6,222
Magnesium Stem 190 2,110
Malic-acid Stem
Methanethiol Stem 0.02
Methionine Stem 130 1,445
Methyl-octanoate Stem
Methyl-propanol Stem 0.08
Methyl-propyl-sulfide Stem 0.08
Methyl-pyrazine Stem 0.08
Mufa Stem 70 780
Myristic-acid Stem
Neoglucobrassicin Sprout Seedling
Tissue Culture
Niacin Stem 4 44
Nonadecane Stem
Octadecane Stem
Octan-1-ol Stem 0.02
Oleic-acid Stem 70 780
Palmitic-acid Stem 110 1,220
Palmitoleic-acid Stem
Pantothenic-acid Stem 1.6 18
Pent-1-en-3-ol Stem 0.04
Pentan-1-ol Stem 0.02
Pentane Stem 0.76
Phenylacetonitrile Stem 0.19
Phenylalanine Stem 390 4,333
Phosphorus Stem 400 5,110
Potassium Stem 3,500 38,890
Protein Stem 11,000 188,900
Pufa Stem 480 4,335
Pyrazine Stem
Pyridine Stem 1.52
Quercetin Shoot 20
Riboflavin Stem 0.2 2.2
Sfa Stem 130 1,445
Sodium Stem 200 2,222
Stearic-acid Stem 10 110
Tetradecan-1-ol Stem 0.1
Thiamin Stem 0.5 5.5
Thiophen-2-carboxyaldehyde Stem 0.04
Thiophen-3-carboxyaldehyde Stem 0.04
Threonine Stem 490 5,445
Toluene Stem 0.08
Tricosane Stem
Trimethyl-pyrazine Stem 0.06
Tryptophan Stem 100 1,110
Valine Stem 500 5,555
Vinylpyrazine Stem
Vit-b-6 Stem 1.5 17
Water Stem 910,000 921,000
Reference: Dr. Duke's Phytochemical and Ethnobotanical Databases. [Online Database]