Brassica oleracea var. gemmifera var. gemmifera Health effects and herbal facts

Known as
asparagus broccoli Bedford cabbage borecole braganza branching bush kale branching cabbage broccoli Brussels sprouts bush kale cabbage cabbage turnip calabrese Cape broccoli cauliflower Chinese broccoli Chinese kale collards cow cabbage curled kitchen kale curlies curly kale decorative kale flowering cabbage flowering kale fodder kale giant Jersey kale heading broccoli Jersey kale kale kohlrabi marrow-stem kale ornamental cabbage ornamental kale palm kale palm-tree kale perennial kale perpetual kale Portuguese cabbage Portuguese cole Portuguese kale Portuguese tree kale purple cauliflower red cabbage Savoy cabbage Scotch kale Scottish kale seakale cabbage Shetland cabbage spring-heading cabbage sprouting broccoli stem turnip tall kale thousand-head kale tree kale tronchuda cabbage tronchuda kale turnip cabbage turnip kale white cabbage wild cabbage winter broccoli

Biological activities

11B-HSD-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Sprout Seedling (25 ppm)
5-Alpha-Reductase-Inhibitor
Alpha-linolenic-acid found in Leaf (7069 ppm)
Arachidonic-acid found in Leaf (71 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Leaf (3213 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Leaf (1357 ppm)
Palmitic-acid found in Leaf (3784 ppm)
Palmitoleic-acid found in Leaf (142 ppm)
Stearic-acid found in Leaf (214 ppm)
5-HT-Inhibitor
Rutin found in Shoot (20 ppm)
5-Lipoxygenase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Sprout Seedling (25 ppm)
ACE-Inhibitor
Zinc found in Leaf (157 ppm)
AP-1-Inhibitor
Selenium found in Leaf (0.024 ppm);found in Stem (0.012 ppm)
ATPase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Sprout Seedling (25 ppm)
Acidulant
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (6069 ppm)
Fumaric-acid found in Leaf
Additive
Succinic-acid found in Leaf
Adjuvant
Cystine found in Leaf (1571 ppm)
Aldehyde-Oxidase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Sprout Seedling (25 ppm)
Rutin found in Shoot (20 ppm)
Aldose-Reductase-Inhibitor
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (6069 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf (34 ppm)
P-coumaric-acid found in Leaf (12 ppm)
Quercetin found in Sprout Seedling (25 ppm)
Rutin found in Shoot (20 ppm)
Allelochemic
Quercetin found in Sprout Seedling (25 ppm)
Rutin found in Shoot (20 ppm)
Allelopathic
Ferulic-acid found in Leaf (10 ppm)
P-coumaric-acid found in Leaf (12 ppm)
Allergenic
Allyl-isothiocyanate found in Seed
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (41 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf (34 ppm)
Citric-acid found in Leaf
Niacin found in Leaf (64 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Leaf (1357 ppm)
Quercetin found in Sprout Seedling (25 ppm)
Alpha-Amylase-Inhibitor
Citric-acid found in Leaf
Alpha-Reductase-Inhibitor
Oleic-acid found in Leaf (1357 ppm)
Amphiestrogenic
Indole-3-carbinol found in Shoot
Analgesic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (6069 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf (34 ppm)
Ferulic-acid found in Leaf (10 ppm)
Quercetin found in Sprout Seedling (25 ppm)
Selenium found in Leaf (0.024 ppm);found in Stem (0.012 ppm)
Thiamin found in Leaf (11 ppm)
Tryptophan found in Leaf (2642 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf (157 ppm)
Androgenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf (1700 ppm)
Boron found in Leaf (57 ppm);found in Stem (21 ppm)
Anemiagenic
Oleic-acid found in Leaf (1357 ppm)
Angiogenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf (1700 ppm)
Angiotensin-Receptor-Blocker
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (6069 ppm)
Fiber found in Leaf (107814 ppm)
Potassium found in Leaf (29343 ppm)
Anorexic
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf (1700 ppm)
Selenium found in Leaf (0.024 ppm);found in Stem (0.012 ppm)
AntiADD
Phenylalanine found in Leaf (6997 ppm)
AntiAGE
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (6069 ppm)
AntiBPH
Zinc found in Leaf (157 ppm)
AntiCFS
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (6069 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (1642 ppm)
AntiCTS
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (6069 ppm)
AntiCVI
Rutin found in Shoot (20 ppm)
AntiGTF
Quercetin found in Sprout Seedling (25 ppm)
AntiHIV
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf (34 ppm)
Quercetin found in Sprout Seedling (25 ppm)
Selenium found in Leaf (0.024 ppm);found in Stem (0.012 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf (157 ppm)
AntiLegionella
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf (34 ppm)
AntiLyme
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (6069 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (1642 ppm)
Niacin found in Leaf (64 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Leaf (10 ppm)
Thiamin found in Leaf (11 ppm)
AntiMS
Linoleic-acid found in Leaf (3213 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (1642 ppm)
AntiNF-kB
Selenium found in Leaf (0.024 ppm);found in Stem (0.012 ppm)
AntiPMS
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (41 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf (3177 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (1642 ppm)
Manganese found in Leaf (24 ppm)
Quercetin found in Sprout Seedling (25 ppm)
AntiSpina-Bifida
Folacin found in Leaf (4 ppm)
Antiacne
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (41 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Leaf (3213 ppm)
Selenium found in Leaf (0.024 ppm);found in Stem (0.012 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf (157 ppm)
Antiacrodermatitic
Zinc found in Leaf (157 ppm)
Antiacrodynic
Niacin found in Leaf (64 ppm)
Antiadenomic
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf (1700 ppm)
Antiadenoviral
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf (34 ppm)
Antiaflatoxin
Quercetin found in Sprout Seedling (25 ppm)
Antiaggregant
Alpha-linolenic-acid found in Leaf (7069 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (6069 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf (34 ppm)
Ferulic-acid found in Leaf (10 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (1642 ppm)
Quercetin found in Sprout Seedling (25 ppm)
Rutin found in Shoot (20 ppm)
Salicylates found in Leaf (10 ppm)
Selenium found in Leaf (0.024 ppm);found in Stem (0.012 ppm)
Antiaging
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (6069 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (41 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf (34 ppm)
Quercetin found in Sprout Seedling (25 ppm)
Antiakathisic
Iron found in Leaf (136 ppm)
Antialcoholic
Magnesium found in Leaf (1642 ppm)
Manganese found in Leaf (24 ppm)
Thiamin found in Leaf (11 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf (157 ppm)
Antialkalotic
Lysine found in Leaf (10996 ppm)
Antiallergic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (6069 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf (3177 ppm)
Ferulic-acid found in Leaf (10 ppm)
Niacin found in Leaf (64 ppm)
Pantothenic-acid found in Leaf (22 ppm)
Quercetin found in Sprout Seedling (25 ppm)
Rutin found in Shoot (20 ppm)
Antialopecic
Linoleic-acid found in Leaf (3213 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Leaf (1357 ppm)
Palmitic-acid found in Leaf (3784 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf (157 ppm)
Antialzheimeran
Alpha-tocopherol found in Leaf (63 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (6069 ppm)
Niacin found in Leaf (64 ppm)
Quercetin found in Sprout Seedling (25 ppm)
Thiamin found in Leaf (11 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf (157 ppm)
Antiamblyopic
Niacin found in Leaf (64 ppm)
Antianaphylactic
Linoleic-acid found in Leaf (3213 ppm)
Quercetin found in Sprout Seedling (25 ppm)
Antiandrogenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf (1700 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Leaf (3213 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Leaf (1357 ppm)
Palmitic-acid found in Leaf (3784 ppm)
Antianemic
Copper found in Leaf (5 ppm)
Folacin found in Leaf (4 ppm)
Iron found in Leaf (136 ppm)
Manganese found in Leaf (24 ppm)
Antianginal
Alpha-tocopherol found in Leaf (63 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (1642 ppm)
Niacin found in Leaf (64 ppm)
Antiangiogenic
Quercetin found in Sprout Seedling (25 ppm)
Selenium found in Leaf (0.024 ppm);found in Stem (0.012 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf (157 ppm)
Antianorectic
Magnesium found in Leaf (1642 ppm)
Thiamin found in Leaf (11 ppm)
Antianorexic
Zinc found in Leaf (157 ppm)
Antianxiety
Calcium found in Leaf (3177 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (1642 ppm)
Tryptophan found in Leaf (2642 ppm)
Antiaphthic
Citric-acid found in Leaf
Antiapoplectic
Rutin found in Shoot (20 ppm)
Antiarabiflavinotic
Riboflavin found in Leaf (10 ppm)
Antiarrhythmic
Calcium found in Leaf (3177 ppm)
Ferulic-acid found in Leaf (10 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (1642 ppm)
Potassium found in Leaf (29343 ppm)
Antiarteriosclerotic
Histidine found in Leaf (5426 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Leaf (3213 ppm)
Antiarthritic
Alpha-tocopherol found in Leaf (63 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (6069 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (41 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf (3177 ppm)
Copper found in Leaf (5 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Leaf (3213 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (1642 ppm)
Manganese found in Leaf (24 ppm)
Pantothenic-acid found in Leaf (22 ppm)
Quercetin found in Sprout Seedling (25 ppm)
Selenium found in Leaf (0.024 ppm);found in Stem (0.012 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf (157 ppm)
Antiasthmatic
Allyl-isothiocyanate found in Seed
Alpha-tocopherol found in Leaf (63 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (6069 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (41 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (1642 ppm)
Quercetin found in Sprout Seedling (25 ppm)
Selenium found in Leaf (0.024 ppm);found in Stem (0.012 ppm)
Antiatherogenic
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf (34 ppm)
Rutin found in Shoot (20 ppm)
Antiatherosclerotic
Alpha-tocopherol found in Leaf (63 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (6069 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf (3177 ppm)
Citric-acid found in Leaf
Magnesium found in Leaf (1642 ppm)
Malic-acid found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Sprout Seedling (25 ppm)
Rutin found in Shoot (20 ppm)
Selenium found in Leaf (0.024 ppm);found in Stem (0.012 ppm)
Antibackache
Thiamin found in Leaf (11 ppm)
Antibacterial
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (6069 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf (1700 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf (34 ppm)
Citric-acid found in Leaf
Ferulic-acid found in Leaf (10 ppm)
Malic-acid found in Leaf
P-coumaric-acid found in Leaf (12 ppm)
Quercetin found in Sprout Seedling (25 ppm)
Rutin found in Shoot (20 ppm)
Sinapic-acid found in Leaf (107 ppm)
Antiberiberi
Thiamin found in Leaf (11 ppm)
Anticalculic
Citric-acid found in Leaf
Anticancer
Alpha-tocopherol found in Leaf (63 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (41 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf (34 ppm)
Rutin found in Shoot (20 ppm)
Anticanker
Iron found in Leaf (136 ppm)
Thiamin found in Leaf (11 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf (157 ppm)
Anticapillary-Fragility
Rutin found in Shoot (20 ppm)
Anticarcinogenic
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf (34 ppm)
Ferulic-acid found in Leaf (10 ppm)
Anticarcinomic
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (41 ppm)
Anticardiospasmic
Thiamin found in Leaf (11 ppm)
Anticariogenic
Quercetin found in Sprout Seedling (25 ppm)
Anticarpal-Tunnel
Riboflavin found in Leaf (10 ppm)
Anticataract
Alpha-tocopherol found in Leaf (63 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (6069 ppm)
Methionine found in Leaf (2285 ppm)
Niacin found in Leaf (64 ppm)
Quercetin found in Sprout Seedling (25 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Leaf (10 ppm)
Rutin found in Shoot (20 ppm)
Selenium found in Leaf (0.024 ppm);found in Stem (0.012 ppm)
Thiamin found in Leaf (11 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf (157 ppm)
Anticephalagic
Magnesium found in Leaf (1642 ppm)
Pantothenic-acid found in Leaf (22 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Leaf (10 ppm)
Anticervicaldysplasic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (6069 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (41 ppm)
Folacin found in Leaf (4 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Leaf (10 ppm)
Anticheilitic
Folacin found in Leaf (4 ppm)
Iron found in Leaf (136 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Leaf (10 ppm)
Antichilblain
Niacin found in Leaf (64 ppm)
Anticirrhotic
Selenium found in Leaf (0.024 ppm);found in Stem (0.012 ppm)
Anticlastogen
P-coumaric-acid found in Leaf (12 ppm)
Rutin found in Shoot (20 ppm)
Anticlimacteric
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (6069 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf (3177 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (1642 ppm)
Selenium found in Leaf (0.024 ppm);found in Stem (0.012 ppm)
Anticoagulant
Citric-acid found in Leaf
Anticoeliac
Zinc found in Leaf (157 ppm)
Anticold
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (6069 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf (157 ppm)
Anticolitic
Quercetin found in Sprout Seedling (25 ppm)
Thiamin found in Leaf (11 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf (157 ppm)
Anticomplementary
Quercetin found in Sprout Seedling (25 ppm)
Anticonvulsant
Alpha-tocopherol found in Leaf (63 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (1642 ppm)
Niacin found in Leaf (64 ppm)
Rutin found in Shoot (20 ppm)
Anticoronary
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (41 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Leaf (3213 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (1642 ppm)
Selenium found in Leaf (0.024 ppm);found in Stem (0.012 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf (157 ppm)
Anticystitic
Quercetin found in Sprout Seedling (25 ppm)
Antidandruff
Selenium found in Leaf (0.024 ppm);found in Stem (0.012 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf (157 ppm)
Antidecubitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (6069 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Leaf (10 ppm)
Thiamin found in Leaf (11 ppm)
Antideliriant
Thiamin found in Leaf (11 ppm)
Antidementia
Alpha-tocopherol found in Leaf (63 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (6069 ppm)
Niacin found in Leaf (64 ppm)
Rutin found in Shoot (20 ppm)
Thiamin found in Leaf (11 ppm)
Tryptophan found in Leaf (2642 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf (157 ppm)
Antidepressant
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (6069 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf (34 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf (3177 ppm)
Folacin found in Leaf (4 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (1642 ppm)
Phenylalanine found in Leaf (6997 ppm)
Potassium found in Leaf (29343 ppm)
Quercetin found in Sprout Seedling (25 ppm)
Selenium found in Leaf (0.024 ppm);found in Stem (0.012 ppm)
Tryptophan found in Leaf (2642 ppm)
Antidermatitic
Arachidonic-acid found in Leaf (71 ppm)
Fumaric-acid found in Leaf
Niacin found in Leaf (64 ppm)
Pantothenic-acid found in Leaf (22 ppm)
Quercetin found in Sprout Seedling (25 ppm)
Rutin found in Shoot (20 ppm)
Antidiabetic
Alpha-tocopherol found in Leaf (63 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (6069 ppm)
Copper found in Leaf (5 ppm)
Fiber found in Leaf (107814 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (1642 ppm)
Manganese found in Leaf (24 ppm)
Niacin found in Leaf (64 ppm)
Quercetin found in Sprout Seedling (25 ppm)
Rutin found in Shoot (20 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf (157 ppm)
Antidiscotic
Manganese found in Leaf (24 ppm)
Antidysgeuzic
Zinc found in Leaf (157 ppm)
Antidyskinetic
Manganese found in Leaf (24 ppm)
Tryptophan found in Leaf (2642 ppm)
Antidysmenorrheic
Ferulic-acid found in Leaf (10 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (1642 ppm)
Antidyspeptic
Thiamin found in Leaf (11 ppm)
Antidysphagic
Niacin found in Leaf (64 ppm)
Antieczemic
Arachidonic-acid found in Leaf (71 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (6069 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Leaf (3213 ppm)
Methionine found in Leaf (2285 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf (157 ppm)
Antiedemic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (6069 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf (1700 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf (34 ppm)
Rutin found in Shoot (20 ppm)
Antielastase
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf (34 ppm)
Quercetin found in Sprout Seedling (25 ppm)
Antiencephalitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (6069 ppm)
Quercetin found in Sprout Seedling (25 ppm)
Antiencephalopathic
Arginine found in Leaf (14494 ppm)
Leucine found in Leaf (10853 ppm)
Thiamin found in Leaf (11 ppm)
Valine found in Leaf (11067 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf (157 ppm)
Antiendometriotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (6069 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (1642 ppm)
Antienterotic
Magnesium found in Leaf (1642 ppm)
Antiepileptic
Magnesium found in Leaf (1642 ppm)
Manganese found in Leaf (24 ppm)
Niacin found in Leaf (64 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf (157 ppm)
Antierythemic
Rutin found in Shoot (20 ppm)
Antiescherichic
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf (34 ppm)
Quercetin found in Sprout Seedling (25 ppm)
Antiestrogenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf (1700 ppm)
Ferulic-acid found in Leaf (10 ppm)
Indole-3-carbinol found in Shoot
Quercetin found in Sprout Seedling (25 ppm)
Antifatigue
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (6069 ppm)
Copper found in Leaf (5 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (1642 ppm)
Pantothenic-acid found in Leaf (22 ppm)
Potassium found in Leaf (29343 ppm)
Thiamin found in Leaf (11 ppm)
Antifeedant
Allyl-isothiocyanate found in Seed
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf (1700 ppm)
Quercetin found in Sprout Seedling (25 ppm)
Rutin found in Shoot (20 ppm)
Succinic-acid found in Leaf
Antifertility
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf (1700 ppm)
P-coumaric-acid found in Leaf (12 ppm)
Antifibrinolytic
Linoleic-acid found in Leaf (3213 ppm)
Palmitic-acid found in Leaf (3784 ppm)
Antifibromyalgic
Magnesium found in Leaf (1642 ppm)
Malic-acid found in Leaf
Antifibrosarcomic
Quercetin found in Sprout Seedling (25 ppm)
Antifibrotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (6069 ppm)
Selenium found in Leaf (0.024 ppm);found in Stem (0.012 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf (157 ppm)
Antiflu
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf (34 ppm)
Quercetin found in Sprout Seedling (25 ppm)
Antifuruncular
Zinc found in Leaf (157 ppm)
Antigallstone
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (6069 ppm)
Antigastric
Quercetin found in Sprout Seedling (25 ppm)
Antigastritic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (6069 ppm)
Thiamin found in Leaf (11 ppm)
Antigastrotic
Magnesium found in Leaf (1642 ppm)
Antigingivitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (6069 ppm)
Folacin found in Leaf (4 ppm)
Antiglaucomic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (6069 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (1642 ppm)
Rutin found in Shoot (20 ppm)
Antiglossitic
Folacin found in Leaf (4 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Leaf (10 ppm)
Antigonadotrophic
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf (1700 ppm)
Antigonadotropic
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf (34 ppm)
Quercetin found in Sprout Seedling (25 ppm)
Antigout
Selenium found in Leaf (0.024 ppm);found in Stem (0.012 ppm)
Antigranular
Linoleic-acid found in Leaf (3213 ppm)
Antihangover
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (6069 ppm)
Niacin found in Leaf (64 ppm)
Thiamin found in Leaf (11 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf (157 ppm)
Antiheartburn
Thiamin found in Leaf (11 ppm)
Antihematuric
Rutin found in Shoot (20 ppm)
Antihemolytic
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf (34 ppm)
Antihemorrhagic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (6069 ppm)
Phylloquinone found in Plant (1.47 ppm)
Antihemorrhoidal
Rutin found in Shoot (20 ppm)
Antihepatitic
Arginine found in Leaf (14494 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (6069 ppm)
Antihepatoadenomic
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf (34 ppm)
Antihepatocarcinogenic
Fumaric-acid found in Leaf
Antihepatotic
Methionine found in Leaf (2285 ppm)
Antihepatotoxic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (6069 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf (34 ppm)
Ferulic-acid found in Leaf (10 ppm)
P-coumaric-acid found in Leaf (12 ppm)
Quercetin found in Sprout Seedling (25 ppm)
Rutin found in Shoot (20 ppm)
Sinapic-acid found in Leaf (107 ppm)
Stigmasterol found in Leaf (0 ppm)
Antiherpetic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (6069 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf (34 ppm)
Ferulic-acid found in Leaf (10 ppm)
Lysine found in Leaf (10996 ppm)
Quercetin found in Sprout Seedling (25 ppm)
Rutin found in Shoot (20 ppm)
Thiamin found in Leaf (11 ppm)
Antihistaminic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (6069 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf (34 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Leaf (3213 ppm)
Niacin found in Leaf (64 ppm)
Quercetin found in Sprout Seedling (25 ppm)
Rutin found in Shoot (20 ppm)
Antihomocystinuric
Cystine found in Leaf (1571 ppm)
Antihydrophobic
Quercetin found in Sprout Seedling (25 ppm)
Antihyperactivity
Niacin found in Leaf (64 ppm)
Antihypercholesterolemic
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf (34 ppm)
Pantothenic-acid found in Leaf (22 ppm)
Antihyperkeratotic
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (41 ppm)
Antihyperkinetic
Calcium found in Leaf (3177 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (1642 ppm)
Antihyperlipoproteinaemic
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf (1700 ppm)
Antihypertensive
Alpha-linolenic-acid found in Leaf (7069 ppm)
Arginine found in Leaf (14494 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (6069 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf (3177 ppm)
Fiber found in Leaf (107814 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (1642 ppm)
Potassium found in Leaf (29343 ppm)
Quercetin found in Sprout Seedling (25 ppm)
Rutin found in Shoot (20 ppm)
Tryptophan found in Leaf (2642 ppm)
Antihyperthyroid
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf (34 ppm)
Antihypoglycemic
Magnesium found in Leaf (1642 ppm)
Antiichythyotic
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (41 ppm)
Antiimpotence
Arginine found in Leaf (14494 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf (157 ppm)
Antiinfarctal
Alpha-tocopherol found in Leaf (63 ppm)
Antiinfective
Zinc found in Leaf (157 ppm)
Antiinfertility
Alpha-tocopherol found in Leaf (63 ppm)
Arginine found in Leaf (14494 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (6069 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf (157 ppm)
Antiinflammatory
Alpha-linolenic-acid found in Leaf (7069 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (6069 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf (1700 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf (34 ppm)
Copper found in Leaf (5 ppm)
Ferulic-acid found in Leaf (10 ppm)
Indole-3-carbinol found in Shoot
Linoleic-acid found in Leaf (3213 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (1642 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Leaf (1357 ppm)
Quercetin found in Sprout Seedling (25 ppm)
Rutin found in Shoot (20 ppm)
Salicylates found in Leaf (10 ppm)
Stigmasterol found in Leaf (0 ppm)
Antiinsomniac
Calcium found in Leaf (3177 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (1642 ppm)
Tryptophan found in Leaf (2642 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf (157 ppm)
Antiinsomnic
Niacin found in Leaf (64 ppm)
Antiischemic
Alpha-tocopherol found in Leaf (63 ppm)
Antikeratitic
Riboflavin found in Leaf (10 ppm)
Antikeshan
Selenium found in Leaf (0.024 ppm);found in Stem (0.012 ppm)
Antileishmanic
Citric-acid found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Sprout Seedling (25 ppm)
Antilepric
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (6069 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf (157 ppm)
Antileukemic
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf (1700 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf (34 ppm)
Ferulic-acid found in Leaf (10 ppm)
P-coumaric-acid found in Leaf (12 ppm)
Quercetin found in Sprout Seedling (25 ppm)
Selenium found in Leaf (0.024 ppm);found in Stem (0.012 ppm)
Antileukonychic
Zinc found in Leaf (157 ppm)
Antileukoplakic
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (41 ppm)
Antileukotriene-B4
Arachidonic-acid found in Leaf (71 ppm)
Antileukotriene-D4
Alpha-linolenic-acid found in Leaf (7069 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Leaf (3213 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Leaf (1357 ppm)
Antileukotriene
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf (34 ppm)
Quercetin found in Sprout Seedling (25 ppm)
Selenium found in Leaf (0.024 ppm);found in Stem (0.012 ppm)
Antilipedemic
Coumestrol found in Shoot (400 ppm)
Antilipoperoxidant
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (41 ppm)
Quercetin found in Sprout Seedling (25 ppm)
Antilithic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (6069 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (1642 ppm)
Antilupus
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (41 ppm)
Indole-3-carbinol found in Shoot
Antilymphomic
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf (1700 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf (157 ppm)
Antimaculitic
Alpha-tocopherol found in Leaf (63 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (6069 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (41 ppm)
Selenium found in Leaf (0.024 ppm);found in Stem (0.012 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf (157 ppm)
Antimalarial
Quercetin found in Sprout Seedling (25 ppm)
Rutin found in Shoot (20 ppm)
Antimanic
Tryptophan found in Leaf (2642 ppm)
Antimastalgic
Magnesium found in Leaf (1642 ppm)
Antimastitic
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (41 ppm)
Antimeasles
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (6069 ppm)
Antimelanogenic
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf (34 ppm)
Antimelanomic
Quercetin found in Sprout Seedling (25 ppm)
Rutin found in Shoot (20 ppm)
Selenium found in Leaf (0.024 ppm);found in Stem (0.012 ppm)
Antimenopausal
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (6069 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf (3177 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (1642 ppm)
Selenium found in Leaf (0.024 ppm);found in Stem (0.012 ppm)
Tryptophan found in Leaf (2642 ppm)
Antimenorrhagic
Alpha-linolenic-acid found in Leaf (7069 ppm)
Iron found in Leaf (136 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Leaf (3213 ppm)
Antimetastatic
Alpha-linolenic-acid found in Leaf (7069 ppm)
Indole-3-carbinol found in Shoot
Quercetin found in Sprout Seedling (25 ppm)
Rutin found in Shoot (20 ppm)
Selenium found in Leaf (0.024 ppm);found in Stem (0.012 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf (157 ppm)
Antimicrobial
Coumestrol found in Shoot (400 ppm)
Antimigraine
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (6069 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (1642 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Leaf (10 ppm)
Thiamin found in Leaf (11 ppm)
Tryptophan found in Leaf (2642 ppm)
Antimitotic
Ferulic-acid found in Leaf (10 ppm)
Antimitral-valve-prolapse
Magnesium found in Leaf (1642 ppm)
Antimutagenic
Allyl-isothiocyanate found in Seed
Alpha-tocopherol found in Leaf (63 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (6069 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (41 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf (1700 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf (34 ppm)
Citric-acid found in Leaf
Ferulic-acid found in Leaf (10 ppm)
Nonacosane found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Sprout Seedling (25 ppm)
Rutin found in Shoot (20 ppm)
Antimyalgic
Selenium found in Leaf (0.024 ppm);found in Stem (0.012 ppm)
Antimyelotoxic
Folacin found in Leaf (4 ppm)
Antimyocarditic
Quercetin found in Sprout Seedling (25 ppm)
Thiamin found in Leaf (11 ppm)
Antineoplastic
Ferulic-acid found in Leaf (10 ppm)
Antinephritic
Histidine found in Leaf (5426 ppm)
Rutin found in Shoot (20 ppm)
Antinephrolytic
Magnesium found in Leaf (1642 ppm)
Antineuralgic
Niacin found in Leaf (64 ppm)
Thiamin found in Leaf (11 ppm)
Antineuramidase
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (6069 ppm)
Antineurasthenic
Thiamin found in Leaf (11 ppm)
Antineuritic
Thiamin found in Leaf (11 ppm)
Antineuropathic
Alpha-tocopherol found in Leaf (63 ppm)
Folacin found in Leaf (4 ppm)
Thiamin found in Leaf (11 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf (157 ppm)
Antineurotic
Magnesium found in Leaf (1642 ppm)
Antinitrosaminic
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf (34 ppm)
Ferulic-acid found in Leaf (10 ppm)
P-coumaric-acid found in Leaf (12 ppm)
Quercetin found in Sprout Seedling (25 ppm)
Antinitrosic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (6069 ppm)
Antinociceptive
Copper found in Leaf (5 ppm)
Quercetin found in Sprout Seedling (25 ppm)
Rutin found in Shoot (20 ppm)
Stigmasterol found in Leaf (0 ppm)
Antinyctalopic
Zinc found in Leaf (157 ppm)
Antiobesity
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (6069 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf (3177 ppm)
Fiber found in Leaf (107814 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf (157 ppm)
Antiophidic
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf (1700 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf (34 ppm)
Stigmasterol found in Leaf (0 ppm)
Antiorchitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (6069 ppm)
Antiosteoarthritic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (6069 ppm)
Boron found in Leaf (57 ppm);found in Stem (21 ppm)
Selenium found in Leaf (0.024 ppm);found in Stem (0.012 ppm)
Antiosteoporotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (6069 ppm)
Boron found in Leaf (57 ppm);found in Stem (21 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf (3177 ppm)
Copper found in Leaf (5 ppm)
Coumestrol found in Shoot (400 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (1642 ppm)
Manganese found in Leaf (24 ppm)
Phosphorus found in Leaf (4927 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf (157 ppm)
Antiototic
Manganese found in Leaf (24 ppm)
Antioxidant
Alpha-tocopherol found in Leaf (63 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (6069 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (41 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf (1700 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf (34 ppm)
Campesterol found in Leaf (600 ppm)
Ferulic-acid found in Leaf (10 ppm)
Fumaric-acid found in Leaf
Histidine found in Leaf (5426 ppm)
Manganese found in Leaf (24 ppm)
Methionine found in Leaf (2285 ppm)
P-coumaric-acid found in Leaf (12 ppm)
Palmitic-acid found in Leaf (3784 ppm)
Quercetin found in Sprout Seedling (25 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Leaf (10 ppm)
Rutin found in Shoot (20 ppm)
Selenium found in Leaf (0.024 ppm);found in Stem (0.012 ppm)
Sinapic-acid found in Leaf (107 ppm)
Stigmasterol found in Leaf (0 ppm)
Sulforaphane found in Plant
Tryptophan found in Leaf (2642 ppm)
Antiozenic
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (41 ppm)
Antipancreatitic
Quercetin found in Sprout Seedling (25 ppm)
Antipapillomic
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (41 ppm)
Indole-3-carbinol found in Shoot
Antiparkinsonian
Alpha-tocopherol found in Leaf (63 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (6069 ppm)
Methionine found in Leaf (2285 ppm)
Niacin found in Leaf (64 ppm)
Phenylalanine found in Leaf (6997 ppm)
Selenium found in Leaf (0.024 ppm);found in Stem (0.012 ppm)
Tryptophan found in Leaf (2642 ppm)
Antiparotitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (6069 ppm)
Antipellagric
Isoleucine found in Leaf (9425 ppm)
Niacin found in Leaf (64 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Leaf (10 ppm)
Antiperiodontal
Quercetin found in Sprout Seedling (25 ppm)
Antiperiodontitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (6069 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf (3177 ppm)
Folacin found in Leaf (4 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf (157 ppm)
Antiperistaltic
Quercetin found in Sprout Seedling (25 ppm)
Antipermeability
Quercetin found in Sprout Seedling (25 ppm)
Antiperoxidant
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf (34 ppm)
P-coumaric-acid found in Leaf (12 ppm)
Quercetin found in Sprout Seedling (25 ppm)
Rutin found in Shoot (20 ppm)
Antiperoxynitrite
Sinapic-acid found in Leaf (107 ppm)
Antipharyngitic
Quercetin found in Sprout Seedling (25 ppm)
Antiphenylketonuric
Tryptophan found in Leaf (2642 ppm)
Antiphotophobic
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (41 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Leaf (10 ppm)
Antipityriasic
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (41 ppm)
Antiplaque
Folacin found in Leaf (4 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (1642 ppm)
Quercetin found in Sprout Seedling (25 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf (157 ppm)
Antiplasmodial
Quercetin found in Sprout Seedling (25 ppm)
Antiplatelet
Rutin found in Shoot (20 ppm)
Antipneumonic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (6069 ppm)
Antipodriac
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (6069 ppm)
Quercetin found in Sprout Seedling (25 ppm)
Antipolio
Quercetin found in Sprout Seedling (25 ppm)
Antipoliomyelitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (6069 ppm)
Thiamin found in Leaf (11 ppm)
Antiporphyric
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (41 ppm)
Antiprogestational
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf (1700 ppm)
Antiprolactin
Zinc found in Leaf (157 ppm)
Antiproliferant
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (41 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf (34 ppm)
Indole-3-carbinol found in Shoot
Quercetin found in Sprout Seedling (25 ppm)
Rutin found in Shoot (20 ppm)
Selenium found in Leaf (0.024 ppm);found in Stem (0.012 ppm)
Antiprostaglandin
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf (1700 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf (34 ppm)
Tryptophan found in Leaf (2642 ppm)
Antiprostanoid
Quercetin found in Sprout Seedling (25 ppm)
Antiprostatadenomic
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf (1700 ppm)
Antiprostatitic
Alpha-linolenic-acid found in Leaf (7069 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf (1700 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Leaf (3213 ppm)
Quercetin found in Sprout Seedling (25 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf (157 ppm)
Antiprostatotic
Phytosterols found in Leaf (1710 ppm)
Antiprotozoal
Rutin found in Shoot (20 ppm)
Antipsoriac
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (41 ppm)
Fumaric-acid found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Sprout Seedling (25 ppm)
Antipsoriatic
Arachidonic-acid found in Leaf (71 ppm)
Antipsychotic
Folacin found in Leaf (4 ppm)
Tryptophan found in Leaf (2642 ppm)
Antipurpuric
Rutin found in Shoot (20 ppm)
Antipyretic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (6069 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf (1700 ppm)
Salicylates found in Leaf (10 ppm)
Antiradicular
Alpha-tocopherol found in Leaf (63 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (6069 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (41 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf (34 ppm)
Ferulic-acid found in Leaf (10 ppm)
Quercetin found in Sprout Seedling (25 ppm)
Rutin found in Shoot (20 ppm)
Selenium found in Leaf (0.024 ppm);found in Stem (0.012 ppm)
Antirespirotic
Indole-3-carbinol found in Shoot
Antiretinopathic
Magnesium found in Leaf (1642 ppm)
Antiretinotic
Alpha-tocopherol found in Leaf (63 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (6069 ppm)
Antirheumatic
Alpha-tocopherol found in Leaf (63 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (6069 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (41 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf (3177 ppm)
Selenium found in Leaf (0.024 ppm);found in Stem (0.012 ppm)
Tryptophan found in Leaf (2642 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf (157 ppm)
Antirhinitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (6069 ppm)
Antiscoliotic
Tryptophan found in Leaf (2642 ppm)
Antiscorbutic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (6069 ppm)
Antiscotomic
Niacin found in Leaf (64 ppm)
Antiseborrheic
Citric-acid found in Leaf
Malic-acid found in Leaf
Antiseptic
Allyl-isothiocyanate found in Seed
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (6069 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf (34 ppm)
Citric-acid found in Leaf
Malic-acid found in Leaf
P-coumaric-acid found in Leaf (12 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf (157 ppm)
Antiserotonin
Ferulic-acid found in Leaf (10 ppm)
Antishingles
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (6069 ppm)
Antisickling
Phenylalanine found in Leaf (6997 ppm)
Antispare-Tire
Zinc found in Leaf (157 ppm)
Antispasmodic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (6069 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf (34 ppm)
Ferulic-acid found in Leaf (10 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (1642 ppm)
Niacin found in Leaf (64 ppm)
P-coumaric-acid found in Leaf (12 ppm)
Potassium found in Leaf (29343 ppm)
Quercetin found in Sprout Seedling (25 ppm)
Rutin found in Shoot (20 ppm)
Antispasmophilic
Magnesium found in Leaf (1642 ppm)
Antistaphylococcic
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf (34 ppm)
Antistomatitic
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf (34 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf (157 ppm)
Antistreptococcic
Quercetin found in Sprout Seedling (25 ppm)
Antistress
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (6069 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (41 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf (3177 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (1642 ppm)
Antistroke
Alpha-tocopherol found in Leaf (63 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (1642 ppm)
Potassium found in Leaf (29343 ppm)
Antisunburn
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf (34 ppm)
Rutin found in Shoot (20 ppm)
Antisyndrome-X
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (6069 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (1642 ppm)
Manganese found in Leaf (24 ppm)
Selenium found in Leaf (0.024 ppm);found in Stem (0.012 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf (157 ppm)
Antithiamin
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf (34 ppm)
Quercetin found in Sprout Seedling (25 ppm)
Antithrombic
Ferulic-acid found in Leaf (10 ppm)
Quercetin found in Sprout Seedling (25 ppm)
Antithrombogenic
Rutin found in Shoot (20 ppm)
Antithyroid
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf (34 ppm)
Indole-3-carbinol found in Shoot
Rutin found in Shoot (20 ppm)
Antitic
Calcium found in Leaf (3177 ppm)
Antitinnitic
Zinc found in Leaf (157 ppm)
Antitriglyceride
Zinc found in Leaf (157 ppm)
Antitrypanosomic
Quercetin found in Sprout Seedling (25 ppm)
Rutin found in Shoot (20 ppm)
Antitubercular
Citric-acid found in Leaf
Malic-acid found in Leaf
Antitumor-Promoter
Alpha-tocopherol found in Leaf (63 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf (34 ppm)
Ferulic-acid found in Leaf (10 ppm)
Quercetin found in Sprout Seedling (25 ppm)
Rutin found in Shoot (20 ppm)
Antitumor
Alpha-tocopherol found in Leaf (63 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (41 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf (34 ppm)
Citric-acid found in Leaf
Ferulic-acid found in Leaf (10 ppm)
Fiber found in Leaf (107814 ppm)
Fumaric-acid found in Leaf
Indole-3-acetonitrile found in Shoot
Indole-3-carbinol found in Shoot
Malic-acid found in Leaf
P-coumaric-acid found in Leaf (12 ppm)
Quercetin found in Sprout Seedling (25 ppm)
Rutin found in Shoot (20 ppm)
Selenium found in Leaf (0.024 ppm);found in Stem (0.012 ppm)
Antiulcer
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (6069 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (41 ppm)
Fiber found in Leaf (107814 ppm)
Histidine found in Leaf (5426 ppm)
Quercetin found in Sprout Seedling (25 ppm)
Rutin found in Shoot (20 ppm)
Threonine found in Leaf (8568 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf (157 ppm)
Antiulcerogenic
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf (34 ppm)
Selenium found in Leaf (0.024 ppm);found in Stem (0.012 ppm)
Antiuremic
Histidine found in Leaf (5426 ppm)
Antiuricosuric
Salicylates found in Leaf (10 ppm)
Antivaccinia
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf (34 ppm)
Antivaricose
Rutin found in Shoot (20 ppm)
Antivertigo
Niacin found in Leaf (64 ppm)
Antiviral
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (6069 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf (1700 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf (34 ppm)
Ferulic-acid found in Leaf (10 ppm)
Nonacosane found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Sprout Seedling (25 ppm)
Rutin found in Shoot (20 ppm)
Stigmasterol found in Leaf (0 ppm)
Antivitiligic
Phenylalanine found in Leaf (6997 ppm)
Antixerophthalmic
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (41 ppm)
Anxiolytic
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf (34 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf (3177 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (1642 ppm)
Phosphorus found in Leaf (4927 ppm)
Potassium found in Leaf (29343 ppm)
Selenium found in Leaf (0.024 ppm);found in Stem (0.012 ppm)
Aphrodisiac
Arginine found in Leaf (14494 ppm)
Apoptotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (6069 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf (1700 ppm)
Indole-3-carbinol found in Shoot
Quercetin found in Sprout Seedling (25 ppm)
Rutin found in Shoot (20 ppm)
Selenium found in Leaf (0.024 ppm);found in Stem (0.012 ppm)
Artemicide
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf (1700 ppm)
Stigmasterol found in Leaf (0 ppm)
Arteriodilator
Ferulic-acid found in Leaf (10 ppm)
Asthma-preventive
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (6069 ppm)
Astringent
Zinc found in Leaf (157 ppm)
Bacteristat
Malic-acid found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Sprout Seedling (25 ppm)
Beta-Blocker
Fiber found in Leaf (107814 ppm)
Potassium found in Leaf (29343 ppm)
Beta-Glucuronidase-Inhibitor
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (6069 ppm)
Bradycardiac
Quercetin found in Sprout Seedling (25 ppm)
Bruchiphobe
Malic-acid found in Leaf
Succinic-acid found in Leaf
CNS-Active
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf (34 ppm)
CNS-Depressant
Magnesium found in Leaf (1642 ppm)
COMT-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Sprout Seedling (25 ppm)
COX-1-Inhibitor
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (41 ppm)
COX-2-Inhibitor
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (41 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf (34 ppm)
Quercetin found in Sprout Seedling (25 ppm)
Calcium-Antagonist
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (6069 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf (34 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (1642 ppm)
Calcium-Channel-Blocker
Calcium found in Leaf (3177 ppm)
Calmodulin-Antagonist
Quercetin found in Sprout Seedling (25 ppm)
Cancer-Preventive
Allyl-isothiocyanate found in Seed
Alpha-linolenic-acid found in Leaf (7069 ppm)
Alpha-tocopherol found in Leaf (63 ppm)
Arachidonic-acid found in Leaf (71 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (6069 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (41 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf (1700 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf (34 ppm)
Ferulic-acid found in Leaf (10 ppm)
Fiber found in Leaf (107814 ppm)
Indole-3-acetonitrile found in Shoot
Indole-3-carbinol found in Shoot
Linoleic-acid found in Leaf (3213 ppm)
Methionine found in Leaf (2285 ppm)
Niacin found in Leaf (64 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Leaf (1357 ppm)
P-coumaric-acid found in Leaf (12 ppm)
Pantothenic-acid found in Leaf (22 ppm)
Quercetin found in Sprout Seedling (25 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Leaf (10 ppm)
Rutin found in Shoot (20 ppm)
Selenium found in Leaf (0.024 ppm);found in Stem (0.012 ppm)
Sinapic-acid found in Leaf (107 ppm)
Stigmasterol found in Leaf (0 ppm)
Succinic-acid found in Leaf
Candidicide
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf (1700 ppm)
Ferulic-acid found in Leaf (10 ppm)
Quercetin found in Sprout Seedling (25 ppm)
Capillariprotective
Quercetin found in Sprout Seedling (25 ppm)
Rutin found in Shoot (20 ppm)
Carcinogenic
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf (34 ppm)
Indole-3-carbinol found in Shoot
Linoleic-acid found in Leaf (3213 ppm)
Quercetin found in Sprout Seedling (25 ppm)
Tryptophan found in Leaf (2642 ppm)
Cardiac
Ferulic-acid found in Leaf (10 ppm)
Cardioprotective
Alpha-tocopherol found in Leaf (63 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (6069 ppm)
Copper found in Leaf (5 ppm)
Fiber found in Leaf (107814 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (1642 ppm)
Niacin found in Leaf (64 ppm)
Potassium found in Leaf (29343 ppm)
Selenium found in Leaf (0.024 ppm);found in Stem (0.012 ppm)
Cardiotoxic
Potassium found in Leaf (29343 ppm)
Caspase-8-Inducer
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf (1700 ppm)
Catabolic
Quercetin found in Sprout Seedling (25 ppm)
Rutin found in Shoot (20 ppm)
Chemopreventive
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (41 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf (34 ppm)
Indole-3-carbinol found in Shoot
P-coumaric-acid found in Leaf (12 ppm)
Rutin found in Shoot (20 ppm)
Cholagogue
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf (34 ppm)
Ferulic-acid found in Leaf (10 ppm)
Choleretic
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf (34 ppm)
Ferulic-acid found in Leaf (10 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Leaf (1357 ppm)
P-coumaric-acid found in Leaf (12 ppm)
Quinic-acid found in Leaf
Circulotonic
Alpha-tocopherol found in Leaf (63 ppm)
Niacin found in Leaf (64 ppm)
Clastogenic
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf (34 ppm)
Co-carcinogenic
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf (34 ppm)
Coagulant
Arachidonic-acid found in Leaf (71 ppm)
Cold-preventive
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (6069 ppm)
Collagen-Sparing
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf (34 ppm)
Collagenic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (6069 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf (157 ppm)
Colorant
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (41 ppm)
Comedolytic
Linoleic-acid found in Leaf (3213 ppm)
Contraceptive
Copper found in Leaf (5 ppm)
Copper-Antagonist
Zinc found in Leaf (157 ppm)
Copper-Chelator
Quercetin found in Sprout Seedling (25 ppm)
Cosmetic
Stearic-acid found in Leaf (214 ppm)
Counterirritant
Allyl-isothiocyanate found in Seed
Cyclooxygenase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Sprout Seedling (25 ppm)
Cytochrome-P450-1A2-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Sprout Seedling (25 ppm)
Cytoprotective
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf (34 ppm)
Rutin found in Shoot (20 ppm)
Cytotoxic
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf (34 ppm)
P-coumaric-acid found in Leaf (12 ppm)
Quercetin found in Sprout Seedling (25 ppm)
DNA-Active
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf (34 ppm)
DNA-Protective
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf (34 ppm)
Indole-3-carbinol found in Shoot
Decongestant
Allyl-isothiocyanate found in Seed
Deiodinase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Sprout Seedling (25 ppm)
Deodorant
Zinc found in Leaf (157 ppm)
Depressant
Selenium found in Leaf (0.024 ppm);found in Stem (0.012 ppm)
Dermatitigenic
Oleic-acid found in Leaf (1357 ppm)
Detoxicant
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (6069 ppm)
Indole-3-carbinol found in Shoot
Differentiator
Quercetin found in Sprout Seedling (25 ppm)
Disinfectant
Citric-acid found in Leaf
Diuretic
Arginine found in Leaf (14494 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (6069 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf (34 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf (3177 ppm)
Fiber found in Leaf (107814 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (1642 ppm)
Potassium found in Leaf (29343 ppm)
Dye
Succinic-acid found in Leaf
Embryotoxic
Allyl-isothiocyanate found in Seed
Emetic
Methionine found in Leaf (2285 ppm)
Ergogenic
Zinc found in Leaf (157 ppm)
Essential
Histidine found in Leaf (5426 ppm)
Isoleucine found in Leaf (9425 ppm)
Leucine found in Leaf (10853 ppm)
Lysine found in Leaf (10996 ppm)
Methionine found in Leaf (2285 ppm)
Threonine found in Leaf (8568 ppm)
Tryptophan found in Leaf (2642 ppm)
Valine found in Leaf (11067 ppm)
Estrogenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf (1700 ppm)
Boron found in Leaf (57 ppm);found in Stem (21 ppm)
Coumestrol found in Shoot (400 ppm)
Indole-3-carbinol found in Shoot
Quercetin found in Sprout Seedling (25 ppm)
Stigmasterol found in Leaf (0 ppm)
FLavor
Citric-acid found in Leaf
Fumaric-acid found in Leaf
Oleic-acid found in Leaf (1357 ppm)
Palmitic-acid found in Leaf (3784 ppm)
Stearic-acid found in Leaf (214 ppm)
Threonine found in Leaf (8568 ppm)
Valine found in Leaf (11067 ppm)
Febrifuge
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf (1700 ppm)
Fibrinolytic
Niacin found in Leaf (64 ppm)
Fistula-Preventive
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (6069 ppm)
Fungicide
Allyl-isothiocyanate found in Seed
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf (34 ppm)
Coumestrol found in Shoot (400 ppm)
Ferulic-acid found in Leaf (10 ppm)
P-coumaric-acid found in Leaf (12 ppm)
Phylloquinone found in Plant (1.47 ppm)
Quercetin found in Sprout Seedling (25 ppm)
Selenium found in Leaf (0.024 ppm);found in Stem (0.012 ppm)
Sinapic-acid found in Leaf (107 ppm)
Gastroprotective
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (41 ppm)
Genotoxic
Indole-3-carbinol found in Shoot
Glucosyl-Transferase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Sprout Seedling (25 ppm)
Glutathionigenic
Methionine found in Leaf (2285 ppm)
Gonadotrophic
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf (1700 ppm)
HIV-RT-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Sprout Seedling (25 ppm)
Hematopoietic
Folacin found in Leaf (4 ppm)
Hemolytic
Palmitic-acid found in Leaf (3784 ppm)
Hemopoietic
Malic-acid found in Leaf
Hemostat
Citric-acid found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Sprout Seedling (25 ppm)
Rutin found in Shoot (20 ppm)
Hepatocarcinogenic
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf (34 ppm)
Hepatomagenic
Quercetin found in Sprout Seedling (25 ppm)
Rutin found in Shoot (20 ppm)
Hepatoprotective
Arachidonic-acid found in Leaf (71 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf (1700 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf (34 ppm)
Ferulic-acid found in Leaf (10 ppm)
Indole-3-carbinol found in Shoot
Linoleic-acid found in Leaf (3213 ppm)
Methionine found in Leaf (2285 ppm)
Niacin found in Leaf (64 ppm)
Quercetin found in Sprout Seedling (25 ppm)
Rutin found in Shoot (20 ppm)
Hepatotoxic
Niacin found in Leaf (64 ppm)
Hepatotropic
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf (34 ppm)
Ferulic-acid found in Leaf (10 ppm)
Herbicide
Allyl-isothiocyanate found in Seed
Ferulic-acid found in Leaf (10 ppm)
Histamine-Inhibitor
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf (34 ppm)
Hormonal
Triacontan-1-ol found in Leaf
Hydrocholerectic
Ferulic-acid found in Leaf (10 ppm)
Hypercholesterolemic
Palmitic-acid found in Leaf (3784 ppm)
Hyperglycemic
Salicylates found in Leaf (10 ppm)
Hypertensive
Sodium found in Leaf (1990 ppm)
Hypnotic
Tryptophan found in Leaf (2642 ppm)
Hypoammonemic
Arginine found in Leaf (14494 ppm)
Hypoarginanemic
Lysine found in Leaf (10996 ppm)
Hypocholesterolemic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (6069 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf (1700 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf (3177 ppm)
Campesterol found in Leaf (600 ppm)
Copper found in Leaf (5 ppm)
Coumestrol found in Shoot (400 ppm)
Fiber found in Leaf (107814 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Leaf (3213 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (1642 ppm)
Niacin found in Leaf (64 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Leaf (1357 ppm)
Phytosterols found in Leaf (1710 ppm)
Rutin found in Shoot (20 ppm)
Stearic-acid found in Leaf (214 ppm)
Stigmasterol found in Leaf (0 ppm)
Hypoglycemic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (6069 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf (1700 ppm)
Manganese found in Leaf (24 ppm)
Niacin found in Leaf (64 ppm)
Quercetin found in Sprout Seedling (25 ppm)
Salicylates found in Leaf (10 ppm)
Tryptophan found in Leaf (2642 ppm)
Hypolipidemic
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf (1700 ppm)
Ferulic-acid found in Leaf (10 ppm)
Niacin found in Leaf (64 ppm)
Hypotensive
Alpha-linolenic-acid found in Leaf (7069 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (6069 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf (3177 ppm)
Fiber found in Leaf (107814 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (1642 ppm)
Phylloquinone found in Plant (1.47 ppm)
Potassium found in Leaf (29343 ppm)
Rutin found in Shoot (20 ppm)
Tryptophan found in Leaf (2642 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf (157 ppm)
Hypouricemic
Fiber found in Leaf (107814 ppm)
Immunomodulator
Alpha-tocopherol found in Leaf (63 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (6069 ppm)
Copper found in Leaf (5 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Leaf (3213 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (1642 ppm)
Rutin found in Shoot (20 ppm)
Selenium found in Leaf (0.024 ppm);found in Stem (0.012 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf (157 ppm)
Immunostimulant
Alpha-linolenic-acid found in Leaf (7069 ppm)
Arachidonic-acid found in Leaf (71 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (6069 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (41 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf (34 ppm)
Ferulic-acid found in Leaf (10 ppm)
Phosphorus found in Leaf (4927 ppm)
Selenium found in Leaf (0.024 ppm);found in Stem (0.012 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf (157 ppm)
Immunosuppressant
Zinc found in Leaf (157 ppm)
Inotropic
Quercetin found in Sprout Seedling (25 ppm)
Insecticide
Rutin found in Shoot (20 ppm)
Insectifuge
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf (34 ppm)
Ferulic-acid found in Leaf (10 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Leaf (3213 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Leaf (1357 ppm)
Thiamin found in Leaf (11 ppm)
Insectiphile
Allyl-isothiocyanate found in Seed
Rutin found in Shoot (20 ppm)
Insulinase-Inhibitor
Tryptophan found in Leaf (2642 ppm)
Insulinogenic
Arachidonic-acid found in Leaf (71 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (1642 ppm)
Quercetin found in Sprout Seedling (25 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf (157 ppm)
Insulinotonic
Tryptophan found in Leaf (2642 ppm)
Interferon-Synergist
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (41 ppm)
Interferonogenic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (6069 ppm)
Irritant
Citric-acid found in Leaf
Oleic-acid found in Leaf (1357 ppm)
Juvabional
Quercetin found in Sprout Seedling (25 ppm)
Rutin found in Shoot (20 ppm)
Larvistat
Quercetin found in Sprout Seedling (25 ppm)
Rutin found in Shoot (20 ppm)
Laxative
Calcium found in Leaf (3177 ppm)
Fiber found in Leaf (107814 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (1642 ppm)
Leptingenic
Zinc found in Leaf (157 ppm)
Leukotriene-Inhibitor
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf (34 ppm)
Lipotropic
Methionine found in Leaf (2285 ppm)
Lipoxygenase-Inhibitor
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf (34 ppm)
P-coumaric-acid found in Leaf (12 ppm)
Quercetin found in Sprout Seedling (25 ppm)
Rutin found in Shoot (20 ppm)
Lithogenic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (6069 ppm)
Litholytic
Citric-acid found in Leaf
Magnesium found in Leaf (1642 ppm)
Lubricant
Palmitic-acid found in Leaf (3784 ppm)
Stearic-acid found in Leaf (214 ppm)
Lyase-Inhibitor
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf (34 ppm)
Lymphocytogenic
Alpha-linolenic-acid found in Leaf (7069 ppm)
MAO-A-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Sprout Seedling (25 ppm)
MMP-9-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Sprout Seedling (25 ppm)
Mast-Cell-Stabilizer
Quercetin found in Sprout Seedling (25 ppm)
Metal-Chelator
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf (34 ppm)
Ferulic-acid found in Leaf (10 ppm)
Metalloproteinase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Sprout Seedling (25 ppm)
Metastatic
Linoleic-acid found in Leaf (3213 ppm)
Monoamine-Precursor
Phenylalanine found in Leaf (6997 ppm)
Tryptophan found in Leaf (2642 ppm)
Mucogenic
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (41 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf (157 ppm)
Mucolytic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (6069 ppm)
Mutagenic
Allyl-isothiocyanate found in Seed
Indole-3-carbinol found in Shoot
Quercetin found in Sprout Seedling (25 ppm)
Rutin found in Shoot (20 ppm)
Mycobactericide
Citric-acid found in Leaf
Malic-acid found in Leaf
Myocontractant
Arachidonic-acid found in Leaf (71 ppm)
Myoprotective
Rutin found in Shoot (20 ppm)
Myorelaxant
Magnesium found in Leaf (1642 ppm)
Rutin found in Shoot (20 ppm)
NADH-Oxidase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Sprout Seedling (25 ppm)
NEP-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Sprout Seedling (25 ppm)
NF-kB-Inhibitor
Indole-3-carbinol found in Shoot
Quercetin found in Sprout Seedling (25 ppm)
Selenium found in Leaf (0.024 ppm);found in Stem (0.012 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf (157 ppm)
NO-Genic
Arginine found in Leaf (14494 ppm)
NO-Inhibitor
Indole-3-carbinol found in Shoot
Quercetin found in Sprout Seedling (25 ppm)
NO-Synthase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Sprout Seedling (25 ppm)
Nematicide
Coumestrol found in Shoot (400 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Leaf (3213 ppm)
Palmitic-acid found in Leaf (3784 ppm)
Nematiovistat
Allyl-isothiocyanate found in Seed
Nematistat
Coumestrol found in Shoot (400 ppm)
Neuroprotective
Quercetin found in Sprout Seedling (25 ppm)
Thiamin found in Leaf (11 ppm)
Neurotransmitter
Magnesium found in Leaf (1642 ppm)
Odontolytic
Citric-acid found in Leaf
Ornithine-Decarboxylase-Inhibitor
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf (34 ppm)
Ferulic-acid found in Leaf (10 ppm)
Quercetin found in Sprout Seedling (25 ppm)
Selenium found in Leaf (0.024 ppm);found in Stem (0.012 ppm)
Osteogenic
Phosphorus found in Leaf (4927 ppm)
Oviposition-Stimulant
Rutin found in Shoot (20 ppm)
Ovulant
Stigmasterol found in Leaf (0 ppm)
Oxidant
Histidine found in Leaf (5426 ppm)
P450-Inducer
Indole-3-carbinol found in Shoot
Quercetin found in Sprout Seedling (25 ppm)
P450-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Sprout Seedling (25 ppm)
PAF-Inhibitor
Rutin found in Shoot (20 ppm)
PGE2-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Sprout Seedling (25 ppm)
PTK-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Sprout Seedling (25 ppm)
Percutaneostimulant
Oleic-acid found in Leaf (1357 ppm)
Perfumery
Oleic-acid found in Leaf (1357 ppm)
Stearic-acid found in Leaf (214 ppm)
Succinic-acid found in Leaf
Peroxidase-Inhibitor
Coumestrol found in Shoot (400 ppm)
Pesticide
Allyl-isothiocyanate found in Seed
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (6069 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf (1700 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf (34 ppm)
Coumestrol found in Shoot (400 ppm)
Ferulic-acid found in Leaf (10 ppm)
Malic-acid found in Leaf
P-coumaric-acid found in Leaf (12 ppm)
Palmitic-acid found in Leaf (3784 ppm)
Phylloquinone found in Plant (1.47 ppm)
Quercetin found in Sprout Seedling (25 ppm)
Rutin found in Shoot (20 ppm)
Selenium found in Leaf (0.024 ppm);found in Stem (0.012 ppm)
Sinapic-acid found in Leaf (107 ppm)
Succinic-acid found in Leaf
Thiamin found in Leaf (11 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf (157 ppm)
Phagocytotic
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (41 ppm)
Ferulic-acid found in Leaf (10 ppm)
Phospholipase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Sprout Seedling (25 ppm)
Phytoalexin
Coumestrol found in Shoot (400 ppm)
Phytohormone
Indole-3-acetonitrile found in Shoot
Pituitary-Stimulant
Arginine found in Leaf (14494 ppm)
Plasmodicide
Quercetin found in Sprout Seedling (25 ppm)
Polyamine-Synthesis-Inhibitor
Selenium found in Leaf (0.024 ppm);found in Stem (0.012 ppm)
Preservative
Ferulic-acid found in Leaf (10 ppm)
Prolactinogenic
Tryptophan found in Leaf (2642 ppm)
Proliferant
Quercetin found in Sprout Seedling (25 ppm)
Prooxidant
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (41 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf (34 ppm)
Iron found in Leaf (136 ppm)
Propecic
Alpha-linolenic-acid found in Leaf (7069 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Leaf (3213 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Leaf (1357 ppm)
Palmitic-acid found in Leaf (3784 ppm)
Stearic-acid found in Leaf (214 ppm)
Prostaglandigenic
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf (34 ppm)
Ferulic-acid found in Leaf (10 ppm)
P-coumaric-acid found in Leaf (12 ppm)
Prostaglandin-Sparer
Selenium found in Leaf (0.024 ppm);found in Stem (0.012 ppm)
Prostaglandin-Synthesis-Inhibitor
Alpha-linolenic-acid found in Leaf (7069 ppm)
Ferulic-acid found in Leaf (10 ppm)
P-coumaric-acid found in Leaf (12 ppm)
Quercetin found in Sprout Seedling (25 ppm)
Protein-Kinase-C-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Sprout Seedling (25 ppm)
Selenium found in Leaf (0.024 ppm);found in Stem (0.012 ppm)
Protisticide
Rutin found in Shoot (20 ppm)
Pyrogenic
Arachidonic-acid found in Leaf (71 ppm)
Quinone-Reductase-Inducer
Glucobrassicin found in Plant
Glucoiberin found in Plant
Glucoraphanin found in Seed
Indole-3-carbinol found in Shoot
Neoglucobrassicin found in Plant
Quercetin found in Sprout Seedling (25 ppm)
Sulforaphane found in Plant
Radioprotective
Rutin found in Shoot (20 ppm)
Refrigerant
Citric-acid found in Leaf
Schizophrenigenic
Copper found in Leaf (5 ppm)
Sedative
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf (34 ppm)
Niacin found in Leaf (64 ppm)
Stigmasterol found in Leaf (0 ppm)
Tryptophan found in Leaf (2642 ppm)
Serotoninergic
Niacin found in Leaf (64 ppm)
Tryptophan found in Leaf (2642 ppm)
Sialogogue
Malic-acid found in Leaf
Soap
Palmitic-acid found in Leaf (3784 ppm)
Palmitoleic-acid found in Leaf (142 ppm)
Spermicide
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf (1700 ppm)
Spermigenic
Arginine found in Leaf (14494 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf (157 ppm)
Spice
Allyl-isothiocyanate found in Seed
Sunscreen
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf (34 ppm)
Ferulic-acid found in Leaf (10 ppm)
Rutin found in Shoot (20 ppm)
Suppository
Stearic-acid found in Leaf (214 ppm)
TNF-alpha-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Sprout Seedling (25 ppm)
Teratologic
Quercetin found in Sprout Seedling (25 ppm)
Testosteronigenic
Zinc found in Leaf (157 ppm)
Thymoprotective
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (41 ppm)
Topoisomerase-I-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Sprout Seedling (25 ppm)
Topoisomerase-II-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Sprout Seedling (25 ppm)
Rutin found in Shoot (20 ppm)
Toxic
Phylloquinone found in Plant (1.47 ppm)
Tranquilizer
Calcium found in Leaf (3177 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (1642 ppm)
Tremorigenic
Phenylalanine found in Leaf (6997 ppm)
Trichomonicide
Zinc found in Leaf (157 ppm)
Tumor-Promoter
Indole-3-carbinol found in Shoot
Tryptophan found in Leaf (2642 ppm)
Tumorigenic
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf (34 ppm)
Quercetin found in Sprout Seedling (25 ppm)
Tyrosinase-Inhibitor
P-coumaric-acid found in Leaf (12 ppm)
Quercetin found in Sprout Seedling (25 ppm)
Tyrosine-Kinase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Sprout Seedling (25 ppm)
Ubiquiot
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (41 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf (1700 ppm)
Ulcerogenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf (1700 ppm)
Uricosuric
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (6069 ppm)
Folacin found in Leaf (4 ppm)
Salicylates found in Leaf (10 ppm)
Urinary-Acidulant
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (6069 ppm)
Urine-Acidifier
Methionine found in Leaf (2285 ppm)
Urine-Deodorant
Methionine found in Leaf (2285 ppm)
Uterorelaxant
Magnesium found in Leaf (1642 ppm)
Uterosedative
Ferulic-acid found in Leaf (10 ppm)
Uterotrophic
Coumestrol found in Shoot (400 ppm)
VEGF-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Sprout Seedling (25 ppm)
Selenium found in Leaf (0.024 ppm);found in Stem (0.012 ppm)
Vasodilator
Alpha-linolenic-acid found in Leaf (7069 ppm)
Arginine found in Leaf (14494 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (6069 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf (3177 ppm)
Fiber found in Leaf (107814 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (1642 ppm)
Niacin found in Leaf (64 ppm)
Potassium found in Leaf (29343 ppm)
Quercetin found in Sprout Seedling (25 ppm)
Rutin found in Shoot (20 ppm)
Vasopressor
Rutin found in Shoot (20 ppm)
Vulnerary
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (6069 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf (34 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf (157 ppm)
Xanthine-Oxidase-Inhibitor
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf (34 ppm)
Folacin found in Leaf (4 ppm)
Quercetin found in Sprout Seedling (25 ppm)
cAMP-Phosphodiesterase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Sprout Seedling (25 ppm)
Rutin found in Shoot (20 ppm)
iNOS-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Sprout Seedling (25 ppm)

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Chemicals detected

Chemical Plant part Low ppm High ppm
1-o-feruloyl-beta-d-glucose Leaf
1-o-p-coumaroyl-beta-d-glucose Leaf
1-o-p-sinapoyl-beta-d-glucose Leaf
2-hydroxy-but-3-enyl-glucosinolate Leaf
4-methoxy-indol-3-yl-methyl-glucosinolate Leaf
4-methyl-sulfinyl-butyl-isothiocyanate Plant
Allyl-isothiocyanate Seed
Alpha-linolenic-acid Leaf 990 7,069
Alpha-tocopherol Leaf 4 63
Anteiso-heptacosan-1-ol Flower
Anteiso-montanyl-alcohol Leaf
Antepentacosan-1-ol Leaf
Arachidonic-acid Leaf 10 71
Arginine Leaf 2,030 14,494
Ascorbic-acid Leaf 720 6,069
Ash Leaf 13,700 97,818
Beta-carotene Leaf 5 41
Beta-sitosterol Leaf 170 1,700
Boron Leaf 57
Stem 21
Caffeic-acid Leaf 34
Calcium Leaf 395 3,177
Campesterol Leaf 60 600
Carbohydrates Leaf 89,600 639,744
Citric-acid Leaf
Copper Leaf 1 5
Coumestrol Shoot 400
Cystine Leaf 220 1,571
Fat Leaf 2,000 28,560
Ferulic-acid Leaf 10
Fiber Leaf 15,100 107,814
Folacin Leaf 0.56 4
Fumaric-acid Leaf
Glucobrassicin Plant
Glucoerucin Plant
Glucoiberin Plant
Glucoiberverin Plant
Glucoputranjivin Seed
Glucoraphanin Seed
Heptacosan-1-ol Flower
Hexacosan-1-ol Leaf
Histidine Leaf 760 5,426
Indole-3-acetonitrile Shoot
Indole-3-carbinol Shoot
Indole-3-carboxaldehyde Shoot
Indole-3-carboxylic-acid Shoot
Indoyl-3,3'-dimethane-carboxylic-acid Shoot
Iron Leaf 9 136
Isohexacosan-1-ol Leaf
Isoleucine Leaf 1,320 9,425
Isooctacosan-1-ol Leaf
Isopropylisothiocyanate Plant
Kilocalories Leaf 430 3,070
Leucine Leaf 1,520 10,853
Linoleic-acid Leaf 450 3,213
Lysine Leaf 1,540 10,996
Magnesium Leaf 230 1,642
Malic-acid Leaf
Manganese Leaf 3 24
Methionine Leaf 320 2,285
Molybdenum Leaf 0.9
Stem 0.36
Montanyl-alcohol Leaf
Neoglucobrassicin Plant
Niacin Leaf 6 64
Nonacosan-10-one Leaf
Nonacosane Leaf
Octacosan-1-ol Leaf
Oleic-acid Leaf 190 1,357
Oxalate Leaf 3,600 25,704
P-coumaric-acid Leaf 12
Palmitic-acid Leaf 530 3,784
Palmitoleic-acid Leaf 20 142
Pantothenic-acid Leaf 3.1 22
Pentacosan-1-ol Leaf
Phenylalanine Leaf 980 6,997
Phosphorus Leaf 690 4,927
Phylloquinone Plant 1.47
Phytosterols Leaf 240 1,710
Potassium Leaf 3,670 29,343
Prop-2-enyl-glucosinolate Leaf
Protein Leaf 32,580 250,000
Quercetin Sprout Seedling 25
Quinic-acid Leaf
Riboflavin Leaf 0.4 10
Rutin Shoot 20
Salicylates Leaf 0.7 10
Sec-butyl-isothiocyanate Seed
Selenium Leaf 0.024
Stem 0.012
Sinapic-acid Leaf 107
Sodium Leaf 221 1,990
Stearic-acid Leaf 30 214
Stigmasterol Leaf 0
Succinic-acid Leaf
Sulforaphane Plant
Tetracosan-1-ol Leaf
Thiamin Leaf 1.3 11
Threonine Leaf 1,200 8,568
Triacontan-1-ol Leaf
Tryptophan Leaf 370 2,642
Valine Leaf 1,550 11,067
Vit-b-6 Leaf 2.2 16
Water Leaf 846,000 945,500
Zinc Leaf 10 157
Reference: Dr. Duke's Phytochemical and Ethnobotanical Databases. [Online Database]