Brassica nigra Health effects and herbal facts

Known as
black mustard

Brassica nigra is an annual weedy plant cultivated for its seeds, which are commonly used as a spice.

Brassica nigra

Medical use

Economic importance of Brassica nigra

Food additives flavoring
Environmental soil improver
Gene sources potential for disease resistance in rape potential for disease resistance in turnip primary genetic relative of black mustard progenitor of Abysinian cabage progenitor of mustard secondary genetic relative of Abysinian cabage secondary genetic relative of cabage/kale secondary genetic relative of mustard tertiary genetic relative of radish tertiary genetic relative of rape tertiary genetic relative of turnip tertiary genetic relative of white mustard
Medicines folklore source of alyl isothiocyanate
Vertebrate poisons mamals
Weed potential sed contaminant

Gallery

Brassica nigra Brassica nigra Brassica nigra Brassica nigra Brassica nigra Brassica nigra Brassica nigra Brassica nigra Brassica nigra

Geografical distribution

  • AFRICA
    Native
    • Northern Africa: Algeria; Egypt; Libya; Morocco; Tunisia
    • Northeast Tropical Africa: Eritrea; Ethiopia
    Naturalized
    • Macaronesia: Cape Verde; Portugal - Azores, Madeira Islands; Spain - Canary Islands
    • Northeast Tropical Africa: Ethiopia
    • Southern Africa: South Africa - Mpumalanga
  • ASIA-TEMPERATE
    Native
    • Western Asia: Afghanistan; Cyprus; Iran; Iraq; Israel; Lebanon; Syria; Turkey
    • Caucasus: Armenia
    • Middle Asia: Kazakhstan
    • China: China - Gansu, Jiangsu, Qinghai, Xinjiang, Xizang
    Naturalized
    • Eastern Asia: Japan
  • ASIA-TROPICAL
    Naturalized
    • Indo-China: Vietnam
  • AUSTRALASIA
    Naturalized
    • Australia: Australia
    • New Zealand: New Zealand
  • EUROPE
    Native
    • Northern Europe: Ireland; United Kingdom
    • Middle Europe: Austria; Belgium; Czech Republic; Germany; Hungary; Netherlands; Poland; Slovakia; Switzerland
    • East Europe: Belarus; Moldova; Russian Federation - European part ; Ukraine
    • Southeastern Europe: Albania; Bosnia and Herzegovina; Bulgaria; Croatia; Greece ; Italy ; Macedonia; Montenegro; Romania; Serbia; Slovenia
    • Southwestern Europe: France ; Spain
    Naturalized
    • Northern Europe: Denmark; Norway ; Sweden
    • East Europe: Estonia; Latvia; Lithuania
    • Southwestern Europe: Portugal
  • NORTHERN AMERICA
    Naturalized
    • Canada
    • Mexico
    • United States
  • PACIFIC
    Naturalized
    • North-Central Pacific: U.S. Outlying Islands - Midway Islands; United States - Hawaii
  • SOUTHERN AMERICA
    Naturalized
    • Mesoamerica: Guatemala
    • Western South America: Ecuador; Peru
    • Southern South America: Argentina; Chile

Biological activities

5-Alpha-Reductase-Inhibitor
Alpha-linolenic-acid found in Leaf (3535 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Leaf (3976 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Leaf (2945 ppm)
Palmitic-acid found in Leaf (884 ppm)
Palmitoleic-acid found in Leaf (147 ppm)
Stearic-acid found in Leaf (294 ppm)
ACE-Inhibitor
Astragalin found in Leaf
Isoquercitrin found in Leaf
Zinc found in Leaf (40 ppm)
Acidulant
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4013 ppm)
Adjuvant
Cystine found in Leaf (5449 ppm)
Aldose-Reductase-Inhibitor
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4013 ppm)
Astragalin found in Leaf
Caffeic-acid found in Seed
Chlorogenic-acid found in Seed
Isoquercitrin found in Leaf
P-coumaric-acid found in Seed
Quercimeritrin found in Leaf
Vanillic-acid found in Seed
Allelochemic
Chlorogenic-acid found in Seed
Allelopathic
Ferulic-acid found in Seed
P-coumaric-acid found in Seed
Vanillic-acid found in Seed
Allergenic
Allyl-isothiocyanate found in Seed (11760 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (475 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Seed
Chlorogenic-acid found in Seed
Niacin found in Leaf (47.87 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Leaf (2945 ppm)
Protocatechuic-acid found in Seed
Alpha-Glucosidase-Inhibitor
Protocatechuic-acid found in Seed
Alpha-Reductase-Inhibitor
Oleic-acid found in Leaf (2945 ppm)
Analgesic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4013 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Seed
Chlorogenic-acid found in Seed
Ferulic-acid found in Seed
Thiamin found in Leaf (7.66 ppm)
Tryptophan found in Leaf (3976 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf (40 ppm)
Anemiagenic
Oleic-acid found in Leaf (2945 ppm)
Angiotensin-Receptor-Blocker
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4013 ppm)
Fiber found in Leaf (117820 ppm);found in Seed (119048 ppm)
Potassium found in Leaf (28215 ppm)
Anthelmintic
Vanillic-acid found in Seed
AntiADD
Phenylalanine found in Leaf (9720 ppm)
AntiAGE
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4013 ppm)
AntiBPH
Zinc found in Leaf (40 ppm)
AntiCFS
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4013 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (2471 ppm)
AntiCTS
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4013 ppm)
AntiEBV
Chlorogenic-acid found in Seed
AntiHIV
Caffeic-acid found in Seed
Chlorogenic-acid found in Seed
Zinc found in Leaf (40 ppm)
AntiLegionella
Caffeic-acid found in Seed
Chlorogenic-acid found in Seed
Protocatechuic-acid found in Seed
AntiLyme
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4013 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (2471 ppm)
Niacin found in Leaf (47.87 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Leaf (9.72 ppm)
Thiamin found in Leaf (7.66 ppm)
AntiMS
Linoleic-acid found in Leaf (3976 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (2471 ppm)
AntiPMS
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (475 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf (17867 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (2471 ppm)
Manganese found in Leaf (53 ppm)
Antiacne
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (475 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Leaf (3976 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf (40 ppm)
Antiacrodermatitic
Zinc found in Leaf (40 ppm)
Antiacrodynic
Niacin found in Leaf (47.87 ppm)
Antiadenoviral
Caffeic-acid found in Seed
Antiaggregant
Alpha-linolenic-acid found in Leaf (3535 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4013 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Seed
Ferulic-acid found in Seed
Magnesium found in Leaf (2471 ppm)
Antiaging
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4013 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (475 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Seed
Antiakathisic
Iron found in Leaf (209 ppm)
Antialcoholic
Magnesium found in Leaf (2471 ppm)
Manganese found in Leaf (53 ppm)
Thiamin found in Leaf (7.66 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf (40 ppm)
Antialkalotic
Lysine found in Leaf (16642 ppm)
Antiallergic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4013 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf (17867 ppm)
Ferulic-acid found in Seed
Niacin found in Leaf (47.87 ppm)
Pantothenic-acid found in Leaf (2.79 ppm)
Antialopecic
Linoleic-acid found in Leaf (3976 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Leaf (2945 ppm)
Palmitic-acid found in Leaf (884 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf (40 ppm)
Antialzheimeran
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4013 ppm)
Niacin found in Leaf (47.87 ppm)
Thiamin found in Leaf (7.66 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf (40 ppm)
Antiamblyopic
Niacin found in Leaf (47.87 ppm)
Antianaphylactic
Linoleic-acid found in Leaf (3976 ppm)
Antiandrogenic
Linoleic-acid found in Leaf (3976 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Leaf (2945 ppm)
Palmitic-acid found in Leaf (884 ppm)
Antianemic
Copper found in Leaf (11.2 ppm)
Iron found in Leaf (209 ppm)
Manganese found in Leaf (53 ppm)
Antianginal
Magnesium found in Leaf (2471 ppm)
Niacin found in Leaf (47.87 ppm)
Antiangiogenic
Zinc found in Leaf (40 ppm)
Antianorectic
Magnesium found in Leaf (2471 ppm)
Thiamin found in Leaf (7.66 ppm)
Antianorexic
Zinc found in Leaf (40 ppm)
Antianxiety
Calcium found in Leaf (17867 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (2471 ppm)
Tryptophan found in Leaf (3976 ppm)
Antiarabiflavinotic
Riboflavin found in Leaf (9.72 ppm)
Antiarrhythmic
Calcium found in Leaf (17867 ppm)
Ferulic-acid found in Seed
Magnesium found in Leaf (2471 ppm)
Potassium found in Leaf (28215 ppm)
Protocatechuic-acid found in Seed
Antiarteriosclerotic
Histidine found in Leaf (6627 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Leaf (3976 ppm)
Antiarthritic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4013 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (475 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf (17867 ppm)
Copper found in Leaf (11.2 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Leaf (3976 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (2471 ppm)
Manganese found in Leaf (53 ppm)
Pantothenic-acid found in Leaf (2.79 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf (40 ppm)
Antiasthmatic
Allyl-isothiocyanate found in Seed (11760 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4013 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (475 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (2471 ppm)
Protocatechuic-acid found in Seed
Antiatherogenic
Caffeic-acid found in Seed
Antiatherosclerotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4013 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf (17867 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Seed
Magnesium found in Leaf (2471 ppm)
Antibackache
Thiamin found in Leaf (7.66 ppm)
Antibacterial
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4013 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Seed
Chlorogenic-acid found in Seed
Ferulic-acid found in Seed
Isoquercitrin found in Leaf
P-coumaric-acid found in Seed
Protocatechuic-acid found in Seed
Sinapic-acid found in Seed
Vanillic-acid found in Seed
Antiberiberi
Thiamin found in Leaf (7.66 ppm)
Anticancer
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (475 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Seed
Isoquercitrin found in Leaf
Vanillic-acid found in Seed
Anticanker
Iron found in Leaf (209 ppm)
Thiamin found in Leaf (7.66 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf (40 ppm)
Anticarcinogenic
Caffeic-acid found in Seed
Chlorogenic-acid found in Seed
Ferulic-acid found in Seed
Anticarcinomic
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (475 ppm)
Anticardiospasmic
Thiamin found in Leaf (7.66 ppm)
Anticarpal-Tunnel
Riboflavin found in Leaf (9.72 ppm)
Anticataract
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4013 ppm)
Methionine found in Leaf (3387 ppm)
Niacin found in Leaf (47.87 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Leaf (9.72 ppm)
Thiamin found in Leaf (7.66 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf (40 ppm)
Anticephalagic
Magnesium found in Leaf (2471 ppm)
Pantothenic-acid found in Leaf (2.79 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Leaf (9.72 ppm)
Anticervicaldysplasic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4013 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (475 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Leaf (9.72 ppm)
Anticheilitic
Iron found in Leaf (209 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Leaf (9.72 ppm)
Antichilblain
Niacin found in Leaf (47.87 ppm)
Anticlastogen
P-coumaric-acid found in Seed
Protocatechuic-acid found in Seed
Anticlimacteric
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4013 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf (17867 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (2471 ppm)
Anticoeliac
Zinc found in Leaf (40 ppm)
Anticold
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4013 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf (40 ppm)
Anticolitic
Thiamin found in Leaf (7.66 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf (40 ppm)
Anticonvulsant
Magnesium found in Leaf (2471 ppm)
Niacin found in Leaf (47.87 ppm)
Anticoronary
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (475 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Leaf (3976 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (2471 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf (40 ppm)
Antidandruff
Zinc found in Leaf (40 ppm)
Antidecubitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4013 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Leaf (9.72 ppm)
Thiamin found in Leaf (7.66 ppm)
Antideliriant
Thiamin found in Leaf (7.66 ppm)
Antidementia
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4013 ppm)
Niacin found in Leaf (47.87 ppm)
Thiamin found in Leaf (7.66 ppm)
Tryptophan found in Leaf (3976 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf (40 ppm)
Antidepressant
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4013 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Seed
Calcium found in Leaf (17867 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (2471 ppm)
Phenylalanine found in Leaf (9720 ppm)
Potassium found in Leaf (28215 ppm)
Tryptophan found in Leaf (3976 ppm)
Antidermatitic
Niacin found in Leaf (47.87 ppm)
Pantothenic-acid found in Leaf (2.79 ppm)
Antidiabetic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4013 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Seed
Copper found in Leaf (11.2 ppm)
Fiber found in Leaf (117820 ppm);found in Seed (119048 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (2471 ppm)
Manganese found in Leaf (53 ppm)
Niacin found in Leaf (47.87 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf (40 ppm)
Antidiscotic
Manganese found in Leaf (53 ppm)
Antidysgeuzic
Zinc found in Leaf (40 ppm)
Antidyskinetic
Manganese found in Leaf (53 ppm)
Tryptophan found in Leaf (3976 ppm)
Antidysmenorrheic
Ferulic-acid found in Seed
Magnesium found in Leaf (2471 ppm)
Antidyspeptic
Thiamin found in Leaf (7.66 ppm)
Antidysphagic
Niacin found in Leaf (47.87 ppm)
Antieczemic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4013 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Leaf (3976 ppm)
Methionine found in Leaf (3387 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf (40 ppm)
Antiedemic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4013 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Seed
Antielastase
Caffeic-acid found in Seed
Isoquercitrin found in Leaf
Antiencephalitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4013 ppm)
Antiencephalopathic
Arginine found in Leaf (26657 ppm)
Leucine found in Leaf (11192 ppm)
Thiamin found in Leaf (7.66 ppm)
Tyrosine found in Leaf (19440 ppm)
Valine found in Leaf (14286 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf (40 ppm)
Antiendometriotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4013 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (2471 ppm)
Antienterotic
Magnesium found in Leaf (2471 ppm)
Antiepileptic
Magnesium found in Leaf (2471 ppm)
Manganese found in Leaf (53 ppm)
Niacin found in Leaf (47.87 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf (40 ppm)
Antiescherichic
Caffeic-acid found in Seed
Antiestrogenic
Ferulic-acid found in Seed
Antifatigue
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4013 ppm)
Copper found in Leaf (11.2 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (2471 ppm)
Pantothenic-acid found in Leaf (2.79 ppm)
Potassium found in Leaf (28215 ppm)
Thiamin found in Leaf (7.66 ppm)
Vanillic-acid found in Seed
Antifeedant
Allyl-isothiocyanate found in Seed (11760 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Seed
Isoquercitrin found in Leaf
Sinigrin found in Seed (12000 ppm)
Antifertility
P-coumaric-acid found in Seed
Antifibrinolytic
Linoleic-acid found in Leaf (3976 ppm)
Palmitic-acid found in Leaf (884 ppm)
Antifibromyalgic
Magnesium found in Leaf (2471 ppm)
Antifibrotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4013 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf (40 ppm)
Antiflu
Caffeic-acid found in Seed
Antifuruncular
Zinc found in Leaf (40 ppm)
Antigallstone
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4013 ppm)
Antigastritic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4013 ppm)
Thiamin found in Leaf (7.66 ppm)
Antigastrotic
Magnesium found in Leaf (2471 ppm)
Antigenotoxic
Chlorogenic-acid found in Seed
Antigingivitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4013 ppm)
Antiglaucomic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4013 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (2471 ppm)
Antiglossitic
Riboflavin found in Leaf (9.72 ppm)
Antigonadotropic
Caffeic-acid found in Seed
Chlorogenic-acid found in Seed
Antigranular
Linoleic-acid found in Leaf (3976 ppm)
Antihangover
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4013 ppm)
Niacin found in Leaf (47.87 ppm)
Thiamin found in Leaf (7.66 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf (40 ppm)
Antiheartburn
Thiamin found in Leaf (7.66 ppm)
Antihemolytic
Caffeic-acid found in Seed
Chlorogenic-acid found in Seed
Antihemorrhagic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4013 ppm)
Phylloquinone found in Flower (3.39 ppm)
Antihepatitic
Arginine found in Leaf (26657 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4013 ppm)
Antihepatoadenomic
Caffeic-acid found in Seed
Antihepatotic
Methionine found in Leaf (3387 ppm)
Antihepatotoxic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4013 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Seed
Chlorogenic-acid found in Seed
Ferulic-acid found in Seed
P-coumaric-acid found in Seed
Protocatechuic-acid found in Seed
Sinapic-acid found in Seed
Antiherpetic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4013 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Seed
Chlorogenic-acid found in Seed
Ferulic-acid found in Seed
Lysine found in Leaf (16642 ppm)
Protocatechuic-acid found in Seed
Quercimeritrin found in Leaf
Thiamin found in Leaf (7.66 ppm)
Antihistaminic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4013 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Seed
Chlorogenic-acid found in Seed
Linoleic-acid found in Leaf (3976 ppm)
Niacin found in Leaf (47.87 ppm)
Antihomocystinuric
Cystine found in Leaf (5449 ppm)
Antihyperactivity
Niacin found in Leaf (47.87 ppm)
Antihypercholesterolemic
Caffeic-acid found in Seed
Chlorogenic-acid found in Seed
Pantothenic-acid found in Leaf (2.79 ppm)
Antihyperkeratotic
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (475 ppm)
Antihyperkinetic
Calcium found in Leaf (17867 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (2471 ppm)
Antihypertensive
Alpha-linolenic-acid found in Leaf (3535 ppm)
Arginine found in Leaf (26657 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4013 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf (17867 ppm)
Fiber found in Leaf (117820 ppm);found in Seed (119048 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (2471 ppm)
Potassium found in Leaf (28215 ppm)
Tryptophan found in Leaf (3976 ppm)
Antihyperthyroid
Caffeic-acid found in Seed
Chlorogenic-acid found in Seed
Antihypoglycemic
Magnesium found in Leaf (2471 ppm)
Antiichythyotic
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (475 ppm)
Antiimpotence
Arginine found in Leaf (26657 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf (40 ppm)
Antiinfective
Zinc found in Leaf (40 ppm)
Antiinfertility
Arginine found in Leaf (26657 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4013 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf (40 ppm)
Antiinflammatory
Alpha-linolenic-acid found in Leaf (3535 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4013 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Seed
Chlorogenic-acid found in Seed
Copper found in Leaf (11.2 ppm)
Ferulic-acid found in Seed
Isoquercitrin found in Leaf
Linoleic-acid found in Leaf (3976 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (2471 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Leaf (2945 ppm)
Protocatechuic-acid found in Seed
Vanillic-acid found in Seed
Antiinsomniac
Calcium found in Leaf (17867 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (2471 ppm)
Tryptophan found in Leaf (3976 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf (40 ppm)
Antiinsomnic
Niacin found in Leaf (47.87 ppm)
Antiischemic
Protocatechuic-acid found in Seed
Antikeratitic
Riboflavin found in Leaf (9.72 ppm)
Antilepric
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4013 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf (40 ppm)
Antileukemic
Astragalin found in Leaf
Caffeic-acid found in Seed
Ferulic-acid found in Seed
P-coumaric-acid found in Seed
Protocatechuic-acid found in Seed
Vanillic-acid found in Seed
Antileukonychic
Zinc found in Leaf (40 ppm)
Antileukoplakic
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (475 ppm)
Antileukotriene-D4
Alpha-linolenic-acid found in Leaf (3535 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Leaf (3976 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Leaf (2945 ppm)
Antileukotriene
Caffeic-acid found in Seed
Chlorogenic-acid found in Seed
Antilipoperoxidant
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (475 ppm)
Antilithic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4013 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (2471 ppm)
Antilupus
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (475 ppm)
Antilymphomic
Zinc found in Leaf (40 ppm)
Antimaculitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4013 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (475 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf (40 ppm)
Antimanic
Tryptophan found in Leaf (3976 ppm)
Antimastalgic
Magnesium found in Leaf (2471 ppm)
Antimastitic
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (475 ppm)
Antimeasles
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4013 ppm)
Antimelanogenic
Caffeic-acid found in Seed
Chlorogenic-acid found in Seed
Protocatechuic-acid found in Seed
Antimenopausal
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4013 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf (17867 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (2471 ppm)
Tryptophan found in Leaf (3976 ppm)
Antimenorrhagic
Alpha-linolenic-acid found in Leaf (3535 ppm)
Iron found in Leaf (209 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Leaf (3976 ppm)
Antimetastatic
Alpha-linolenic-acid found in Leaf (3535 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf (40 ppm)
Antimigraine
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4013 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (2471 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Leaf (9.72 ppm)
Thiamin found in Leaf (7.66 ppm)
Tryptophan found in Leaf (3976 ppm)
Antimitotic
Ferulic-acid found in Seed
Antimitral-valve-prolapse
Magnesium found in Leaf (2471 ppm)
Antimutagenic
Allyl-isothiocyanate found in Seed (11760 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4013 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (475 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Seed
Chlorogenic-acid found in Seed
Ferulic-acid found in Seed
Nonacosane found in Leaf
Protocatechuic-acid found in Seed
Antimyocarditic
Thiamin found in Leaf (7.66 ppm)
Antineoplastic
Ferulic-acid found in Seed
Antinephritic
Histidine found in Leaf (6627 ppm)
Antinephrolytic
Magnesium found in Leaf (2471 ppm)
Antineuralgic
Niacin found in Leaf (47.87 ppm)
Thiamin found in Leaf (7.66 ppm)
Antineuramidase
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4013 ppm)
Antineurasthenic
Thiamin found in Leaf (7.66 ppm)
Antineuritic
Thiamin found in Leaf (7.66 ppm)
Antineuropathic
Thiamin found in Leaf (7.66 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf (40 ppm)
Antineurotic
Magnesium found in Leaf (2471 ppm)
Antinitrosaminic
Caffeic-acid found in Seed
Chlorogenic-acid found in Seed
Ferulic-acid found in Seed
P-coumaric-acid found in Seed
Antinitrosic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4013 ppm)
Antinociceptive
Copper found in Leaf (11.2 ppm)
Isoquercitrin found in Leaf
Antinyctalopic
Zinc found in Leaf (40 ppm)
Antiobesity
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4013 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf (17867 ppm)
Fiber found in Leaf (117820 ppm);found in Seed (119048 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf (40 ppm)
Antiophidic
Caffeic-acid found in Seed
Protocatechuic-acid found in Seed
Antiorchitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4013 ppm)
Antiosteoarthritic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4013 ppm)
Antiosteoporotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4013 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf (17867 ppm)
Copper found in Leaf (11.2 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (2471 ppm)
Manganese found in Leaf (53 ppm)
Phosphorus found in Leaf (4563 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf (40 ppm)
Antiototic
Manganese found in Leaf (53 ppm)
Antioxidant
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4013 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (475 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Seed
Chlorogenic-acid found in Seed
Ferulic-acid found in Seed
Histidine found in Leaf (6627 ppm)
Isoquercitrin found in Leaf
Manganese found in Leaf (53 ppm)
Methionine found in Leaf (3387 ppm)
P-coumaric-acid found in Seed
Palmitic-acid found in Leaf (884 ppm)
Protocatechuic-acid found in Seed
Riboflavin found in Leaf (9.72 ppm)
Sinapic-acid found in Seed
Tryptophan found in Leaf (3976 ppm)
Vanillic-acid found in Seed
Antiozenic
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (475 ppm)
Antipapillomic
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (475 ppm)
Antiparkinsonian
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4013 ppm)
Methionine found in Leaf (3387 ppm)
Niacin found in Leaf (47.87 ppm)
Phenylalanine found in Leaf (9720 ppm)
Tryptophan found in Leaf (3976 ppm)
Tyrosine found in Leaf (19440 ppm)
Antiparotitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4013 ppm)
Antipellagric
Isoleucine found in Leaf (13402 ppm)
Niacin found in Leaf (47.87 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Leaf (9.72 ppm)
Antiperiodontitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4013 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf (17867 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf (40 ppm)
Antiperoxidant
Caffeic-acid found in Seed
Chlorogenic-acid found in Seed
P-coumaric-acid found in Seed
Protocatechuic-acid found in Seed
Vanillic-acid found in Seed
Antiperoxynitrite
Sinapic-acid found in Seed
Antiphenylketonuric
Tryptophan found in Leaf (3976 ppm)
Tyrosine found in Leaf (19440 ppm)
Antiphotophobic
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (475 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Leaf (9.72 ppm)
Antipityriasic
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (475 ppm)
Antiplaque
Magnesium found in Leaf (2471 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf (40 ppm)
Antipneumonic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4013 ppm)
Antipodriac
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4013 ppm)
Antipolio
Chlorogenic-acid found in Seed
Antipoliomyelitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4013 ppm)
Thiamin found in Leaf (7.66 ppm)
Antiporphyric
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (475 ppm)
Antiprolactin
Zinc found in Leaf (40 ppm)
Antiproliferant
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (475 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Seed
Antiprostaglandin
Caffeic-acid found in Seed
Tryptophan found in Leaf (3976 ppm)
Antiprostatitic
Alpha-linolenic-acid found in Leaf (3535 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Leaf (3976 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf (40 ppm)
Antipsoriac
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (475 ppm)
Antipsychotic
Tryptophan found in Leaf (3976 ppm)
Antipyretic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4013 ppm)
Antiradicular
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4013 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (475 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Seed
Chlorogenic-acid found in Seed
Ferulic-acid found in Seed
Isoquercitrin found in Leaf
Protocatechuic-acid found in Seed
Vanillic-acid found in Seed
Antiretinopathic
Magnesium found in Leaf (2471 ppm)
Antiretinotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4013 ppm)
Antirheumatic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4013 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (475 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf (17867 ppm)
Tryptophan found in Leaf (3976 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf (40 ppm)
Antirhinitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4013 ppm)
Antiscoliotic
Tryptophan found in Leaf (3976 ppm)
Antiscorbutic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4013 ppm)
Antiscotomic
Niacin found in Leaf (47.87 ppm)
Antiseptic
Allyl-isothiocyanate found in Seed (11760 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4013 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Seed
Chlorogenic-acid found in Seed
P-coumaric-acid found in Seed
Protocatechuic-acid found in Seed
Vanillic-acid found in Seed
Zinc found in Leaf (40 ppm)
Antiserotonin
Ferulic-acid found in Seed
Antishingles
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4013 ppm)
Antisickling
Phenylalanine found in Leaf (9720 ppm)
Vanillic-acid found in Seed
Antispare-Tire
Zinc found in Leaf (40 ppm)
Antispasmodic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4013 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Seed
Ferulic-acid found in Seed
Magnesium found in Leaf (2471 ppm)
Niacin found in Leaf (47.87 ppm)
P-coumaric-acid found in Seed
Potassium found in Leaf (28215 ppm)
Protocatechuic-acid found in Seed
Antispasmophilic
Magnesium found in Leaf (2471 ppm)
Antistaphylococcic
Caffeic-acid found in Seed
Antistomatitic
Caffeic-acid found in Seed
Zinc found in Leaf (40 ppm)
Antistress
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4013 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (475 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf (17867 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (2471 ppm)
Antistroke
Magnesium found in Leaf (2471 ppm)
Potassium found in Leaf (28215 ppm)
Antisunburn
Caffeic-acid found in Seed
Chlorogenic-acid found in Seed
Antisyndrome-X
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4013 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (2471 ppm)
Manganese found in Leaf (53 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf (40 ppm)
Antithiamin
Caffeic-acid found in Seed
Antithrombic
Ferulic-acid found in Seed
Antithyroid
Caffeic-acid found in Seed
Chlorogenic-acid found in Seed
Antitic
Calcium found in Leaf (17867 ppm)
Antitinnitic
Zinc found in Leaf (40 ppm)
Antitriglyceride
Zinc found in Leaf (40 ppm)
Antitumor-Promoter
Caffeic-acid found in Seed
Chlorogenic-acid found in Seed
Ferulic-acid found in Seed
Isoquercitrin found in Leaf
Vanillic-acid found in Seed
Antitumor
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (475 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Seed
Chlorogenic-acid found in Seed
Erucic-acid found in Leaf (11340 ppm)
Ferulic-acid found in Seed
Fiber found in Leaf (117820 ppm);found in Seed (119048 ppm)
Isoquercitrin found in Leaf
P-coumaric-acid found in Seed
Vanillic-acid found in Seed
Antitussive
Protocatechuic-acid found in Seed
Antiulcer
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4013 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (475 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Seed
Fiber found in Leaf (117820 ppm);found in Seed (119048 ppm)
Histidine found in Leaf (6627 ppm)
Threonine found in Leaf (9720 ppm)
Tyrosine found in Leaf (19440 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf (40 ppm)
Antiulcerogenic
Caffeic-acid found in Seed
Antiuremic
Histidine found in Leaf (6627 ppm)
Antivaccinia
Caffeic-acid found in Seed
Antivertigo
Niacin found in Leaf (47.87 ppm)
Antiviral
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4013 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Seed
Chlorogenic-acid found in Seed
Ferulic-acid found in Seed
Nonacosane found in Leaf
Protocatechuic-acid found in Seed
Quercimeritrin found in Leaf
Antivitiligic
Phenylalanine found in Leaf (9720 ppm)
Antixerophthalmic
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (475 ppm)
Anxiolytic
Caffeic-acid found in Seed
Calcium found in Leaf (17867 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (2471 ppm)
Phosphorus found in Leaf (4563 ppm)
Potassium found in Leaf (28215 ppm)
Aphrodisiac
Arginine found in Leaf (26657 ppm)
Apoptotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4013 ppm)
Protocatechuic-acid found in Seed
Arteriodilator
Ferulic-acid found in Seed
Ascaricide
Vanillic-acid found in Seed
Asthma-preventive
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4013 ppm)
Astringent
Zinc found in Leaf (40 ppm)
Autotoxic
Chlorogenic-acid found in Seed
Beta-Blocker
Fiber found in Leaf (117820 ppm);found in Seed (119048 ppm)
Potassium found in Leaf (28215 ppm)
Beta-Glucuronidase-Inhibitor
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4013 ppm)
CNS-Active
Caffeic-acid found in Seed
Chlorogenic-acid found in Seed
CNS-Depressant
Magnesium found in Leaf (2471 ppm)
CNS-Stimulant
Chlorogenic-acid found in Seed
COX-1-Inhibitor
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (475 ppm)
COX-2-Inhibitor
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (475 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Seed
Calcium-Antagonist
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4013 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Seed
Magnesium found in Leaf (2471 ppm)
Calcium-Channel-Blocker
Calcium found in Leaf (17867 ppm)
Cancer-Preventive
Allyl-isothiocyanate found in Seed (11760 ppm)
Alpha-linolenic-acid found in Leaf (3535 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4013 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (475 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Seed
Chlorogenic-acid found in Seed
Ferulic-acid found in Seed
Fiber found in Leaf (117820 ppm);found in Seed (119048 ppm)
Isoquercitrin found in Leaf
Linoleic-acid found in Leaf (3976 ppm)
Methionine found in Leaf (3387 ppm)
Mucilage found in Seed (200000 ppm)
Niacin found in Leaf (47.87 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Leaf (2945 ppm)
P-coumaric-acid found in Seed
Pantothenic-acid found in Leaf (2.79 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Leaf (9.72 ppm)
Sinapic-acid found in Seed
Sinigrin found in Seed (12000 ppm)
Tyrosine found in Leaf (19440 ppm)
Vanillic-acid found in Seed
Candidicide
Ferulic-acid found in Seed
Capillarigenic
Isoquercitrin found in Leaf
Carcinogenic
Caffeic-acid found in Seed
Linoleic-acid found in Leaf (3976 ppm)
Protocatechuic-acid found in Seed
Tryptophan found in Leaf (3976 ppm)
Cardiac
Ferulic-acid found in Seed
Cardioprotective
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4013 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Seed
Copper found in Leaf (11.2 ppm)
Fiber found in Leaf (117820 ppm);found in Seed (119048 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (2471 ppm)
Niacin found in Leaf (47.87 ppm)
Potassium found in Leaf (28215 ppm)
Protocatechuic-acid found in Seed
Cardiotoxic
Potassium found in Leaf (28215 ppm)
Chemopreventive
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (475 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Seed
Chlorogenic-acid found in Seed
P-coumaric-acid found in Seed
Protocatechuic-acid found in Seed
Cholagogue
Caffeic-acid found in Seed
Chlorogenic-acid found in Seed
Ferulic-acid found in Seed
Choleretic
Caffeic-acid found in Seed
Chlorogenic-acid found in Seed
Ferulic-acid found in Seed
Oleic-acid found in Leaf (2945 ppm)
P-coumaric-acid found in Seed
Vanillic-acid found in Seed
Circulotonic
Niacin found in Leaf (47.87 ppm)
Clastogenic
Caffeic-acid found in Seed
Chlorogenic-acid found in Seed
Co-carcinogenic
Caffeic-acid found in Seed
Cold-preventive
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4013 ppm)
Collagen-Sparing
Caffeic-acid found in Seed
Chlorogenic-acid found in Seed
Collagenic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4013 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf (40 ppm)
Colorant
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (475 ppm)
Comedolytic
Linoleic-acid found in Leaf (3976 ppm)
Contraceptive
Copper found in Leaf (11.2 ppm)
Copper-Antagonist
Zinc found in Leaf (40 ppm)
Cosmetic
Stearic-acid found in Leaf (294 ppm)
Counterirritant
Allyl-isothiocyanate found in Seed (11760 ppm)
Cytoprotective
Caffeic-acid found in Seed
Cytotoxic
Caffeic-acid found in Seed
P-coumaric-acid found in Seed
DNA-Active
Caffeic-acid found in Seed
DNA-Protective
Caffeic-acid found in Seed
Decongestant
Allyl-isothiocyanate found in Seed (11760 ppm)
Demulcent
Mucilage found in Seed (200000 ppm)
Deodorant
Zinc found in Leaf (40 ppm)
Dermatitigenic
Oleic-acid found in Leaf (2945 ppm)
Detoxicant
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4013 ppm)
Diaphoretic
Isoquercitrin found in Leaf
Diuretic
Arginine found in Leaf (26657 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4013 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Seed
Calcium found in Leaf (17867 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Seed
Fiber found in Leaf (117820 ppm);found in Seed (119048 ppm)
Isoquercitrin found in Leaf
Magnesium found in Leaf (2471 ppm)
Potassium found in Leaf (28215 ppm)
Embryotoxic
Allyl-isothiocyanate found in Seed (11760 ppm)
Emetic
Methionine found in Leaf (3387 ppm)
Ergogenic
Zinc found in Leaf (40 ppm)
Essential
Histidine found in Leaf (6627 ppm)
Isoleucine found in Leaf (13402 ppm)
Leucine found in Leaf (11192 ppm)
Lysine found in Leaf (16642 ppm)
Methionine found in Leaf (3387 ppm)
Threonine found in Leaf (9720 ppm)
Tryptophan found in Leaf (3976 ppm)
Valine found in Leaf (14286 ppm)
Expectorant
Astragalin found in Leaf
FLavor
Oleic-acid found in Leaf (2945 ppm)
Palmitic-acid found in Leaf (884 ppm)
Stearic-acid found in Leaf (294 ppm)
Threonine found in Leaf (9720 ppm)
Valine found in Leaf (14286 ppm)
Fibrinolytic
Niacin found in Leaf (47.87 ppm)
Fistula-Preventive
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4013 ppm)
Fungicide
Allyl-isothiocyanate found in Seed (11760 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Seed
Chlorogenic-acid found in Seed
Ferulic-acid found in Seed
P-coumaric-acid found in Seed
Phylloquinone found in Flower (3.39 ppm)
Protocatechuic-acid found in Seed
Sinapic-acid found in Seed
Vanillic-acid found in Seed
Gastroprotective
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (475 ppm)
Glutathione-Depleting
Protocatechuic-acid found in Seed
Glutathionigenic
Methionine found in Leaf (3387 ppm)
Hemolytic
Palmitic-acid found in Leaf (884 ppm)
Hepatocarcinogenic
Caffeic-acid found in Seed
Hepatoprotective
Caffeic-acid found in Seed
Chlorogenic-acid found in Seed
Ferulic-acid found in Seed
Linoleic-acid found in Leaf (3976 ppm)
Methionine found in Leaf (3387 ppm)
Niacin found in Leaf (47.87 ppm)
Hepatotoxic
Niacin found in Leaf (47.87 ppm)
Protocatechuic-acid found in Seed
Hepatotropic
Caffeic-acid found in Seed
Ferulic-acid found in Seed
Herbicide
Allyl-isothiocyanate found in Seed (11760 ppm)
Ferulic-acid found in Seed
Histamine-Inhibitor
Caffeic-acid found in Seed
Chlorogenic-acid found in Seed
Hydrocholerectic
Ferulic-acid found in Seed
Hypercholesterolemic
Palmitic-acid found in Leaf (884 ppm)
Hypertensive
Sodium found in Leaf (4506 ppm)
Hypnotic
Tryptophan found in Leaf (3976 ppm)
Hypoammonemic
Arginine found in Leaf (26657 ppm)
Hypoarginanemic
Lysine found in Leaf (16642 ppm)
Hypocholesterolemic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4013 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf (17867 ppm)
Copper found in Leaf (11.2 ppm)
Fiber found in Leaf (117820 ppm);found in Seed (119048 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Leaf (3976 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (2471 ppm)
Mucilage found in Seed (200000 ppm)
Niacin found in Leaf (47.87 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Leaf (2945 ppm)
Stearic-acid found in Leaf (294 ppm)
Hypoglycemic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4013 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Seed
Manganese found in Leaf (53 ppm)
Niacin found in Leaf (47.87 ppm)
Tryptophan found in Leaf (3976 ppm)
Hypolipidemic
Ferulic-acid found in Seed
Niacin found in Leaf (47.87 ppm)
Hypotensive
Alpha-linolenic-acid found in Leaf (3535 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4013 ppm)
Astragalin found in Leaf
Calcium found in Leaf (17867 ppm)
Fiber found in Leaf (117820 ppm);found in Seed (119048 ppm)
Isoquercitrin found in Leaf
Magnesium found in Leaf (2471 ppm)
Phylloquinone found in Flower (3.39 ppm)
Potassium found in Leaf (28215 ppm)
Tryptophan found in Leaf (3976 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf (40 ppm)
Hypouricemic
Fiber found in Leaf (117820 ppm);found in Seed (119048 ppm)
Immunomodulator
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4013 ppm)
Copper found in Leaf (11.2 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Leaf (3976 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (2471 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf (40 ppm)
Immunostimulant
Alpha-linolenic-acid found in Leaf (3535 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4013 ppm)
Astragalin found in Leaf
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (475 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Seed
Chlorogenic-acid found in Seed
Ferulic-acid found in Seed
Phosphorus found in Leaf (4563 ppm)
Protocatechuic-acid found in Seed
Zinc found in Leaf (40 ppm)
Immunosuppressant
Vanillic-acid found in Seed
Zinc found in Leaf (40 ppm)
Insecticide
Insectifuge
Caffeic-acid found in Seed
Chlorogenic-acid found in Seed
Ferulic-acid found in Seed
Linoleic-acid found in Leaf (3976 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Leaf (2945 ppm)
Thiamin found in Leaf (7.66 ppm)
Insectiphile
Allyl-isothiocyanate found in Seed (11760 ppm)
Isoquercitrin found in Leaf
Quercimeritrin found in Leaf
Insulinase-Inhibitor
Tryptophan found in Leaf (3976 ppm)
Insulinogenic
Magnesium found in Leaf (2471 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf (40 ppm)
Insulinotonic
Tryptophan found in Leaf (3976 ppm)
Interferon-Synergist
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (475 ppm)
Interferonogenic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4013 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Seed
Irritant
Oleic-acid found in Leaf (2945 ppm)
Juvabional
Chlorogenic-acid found in Seed
Larvicide
Sinigrin found in Seed (12000 ppm)
Larvistat
Chlorogenic-acid found in Seed
Laxative
Calcium found in Leaf (17867 ppm)
Fiber found in Leaf (117820 ppm);found in Seed (119048 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (2471 ppm)
Vanillic-acid found in Seed
Leptingenic
Zinc found in Leaf (40 ppm)
Leukotriene-Inhibitor
Caffeic-acid found in Seed
Chlorogenic-acid found in Seed
Lipotropic
Methionine found in Leaf (3387 ppm)
Lipoxygenase-Inhibitor
Caffeic-acid found in Seed
Chlorogenic-acid found in Seed
P-coumaric-acid found in Seed
Lithogenic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4013 ppm)
Litholytic
Magnesium found in Leaf (2471 ppm)
Lubricant
Erucic-acid found in Leaf (11340 ppm)
Palmitic-acid found in Leaf (884 ppm)
Stearic-acid found in Leaf (294 ppm)
Lyase-Inhibitor
Caffeic-acid found in Seed
Lymphocytogenic
Alpha-linolenic-acid found in Leaf (3535 ppm)
Metal-Chelator
Caffeic-acid found in Seed
Chlorogenic-acid found in Seed
Ferulic-acid found in Seed
Metastatic
Linoleic-acid found in Leaf (3976 ppm)
Monoamine-Precursor
Phenylalanine found in Leaf (9720 ppm)
Tryptophan found in Leaf (3976 ppm)
Tyrosine found in Leaf (19440 ppm)
Mucogenic
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (475 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf (40 ppm)
Mucolytic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4013 ppm)
Mutagenic
Allyl-isothiocyanate found in Seed (11760 ppm)
Sinigrin found in Seed (12000 ppm)
Myorelaxant
Magnesium found in Leaf (2471 ppm)
NF-kB-Inhibitor
Zinc found in Leaf (40 ppm)
NO-Genic
Arginine found in Leaf (26657 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Seed
Nematicide
Linoleic-acid found in Leaf (3976 ppm)
Palmitic-acid found in Leaf (884 ppm)
Nematiovistat
Allyl-isothiocyanate found in Seed (11760 ppm)
Nephrotoxic
Protocatechuic-acid found in Seed
Neuroprotective
Thiamin found in Leaf (7.66 ppm)
Neurotransmitter
Magnesium found in Leaf (2471 ppm)
Ornithine-Decarboxylase-Inhibitor
Caffeic-acid found in Seed
Chlorogenic-acid found in Seed
Ferulic-acid found in Seed
Osteogenic
Phosphorus found in Leaf (4563 ppm)
Oviposition-Stimulant
Chlorogenic-acid found in Seed
Oxidant
Histidine found in Leaf (6627 ppm)
Percutaneostimulant
Oleic-acid found in Leaf (2945 ppm)
Perfumery
Oleic-acid found in Leaf (2945 ppm)
Stearic-acid found in Leaf (294 ppm)
Pesticide
Allyl-isothiocyanate found in Seed (11760 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4013 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Seed
Chlorogenic-acid found in Seed
Ferulic-acid found in Seed
Isoquercitrin found in Leaf
P-coumaric-acid found in Seed
Palmitic-acid found in Leaf (884 ppm)
Phylloquinone found in Flower (3.39 ppm)
Protocatechuic-acid found in Seed
Quercimeritrin found in Leaf
Sinapic-acid found in Seed
Sinigrin found in Seed (12000 ppm)
Thiamin found in Leaf (7.66 ppm)
Vanillic-acid found in Seed
Zinc found in Leaf (40 ppm)
Phagocytotic
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (475 ppm)
Ferulic-acid found in Seed
Protocatechuic-acid found in Seed
Sinigrin found in Seed (12000 ppm)
Pituitary-Stimulant
Arginine found in Leaf (26657 ppm)
Preservative
Ferulic-acid found in Seed
Prolactinogenic
Tryptophan found in Leaf (3976 ppm)
Prooxidant
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (475 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Seed
Iron found in Leaf (209 ppm)
Propecic
Alpha-linolenic-acid found in Leaf (3535 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Leaf (3976 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Leaf (2945 ppm)
Palmitic-acid found in Leaf (884 ppm)
Stearic-acid found in Leaf (294 ppm)
Prostaglandigenic
Caffeic-acid found in Seed
Ferulic-acid found in Seed
P-coumaric-acid found in Seed
Protocatechuic-acid found in Seed
Prostaglandin-Synthesis-Inhibitor
Alpha-linolenic-acid found in Leaf (3535 ppm)
Ferulic-acid found in Seed
P-coumaric-acid found in Seed
Quinone-Reductase-Inducer
Gluconapin found in Plant
Progoitrin found in Plant
Sinigrin found in Seed (12000 ppm)
Schizophrenigenic
Copper found in Leaf (11.2 ppm)
Secretogogue
Protocatechuic-acid found in Seed
Sedative
Caffeic-acid found in Seed
Niacin found in Leaf (47.87 ppm)
Tryptophan found in Leaf (3976 ppm)
Serotoninergic
Niacin found in Leaf (47.87 ppm)
Tryptophan found in Leaf (3976 ppm)
Soap
Palmitic-acid found in Leaf (884 ppm)
Palmitoleic-acid found in Leaf (147 ppm)
Spermigenic
Arginine found in Leaf (26657 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf (40 ppm)
Spice
Allyl-isothiocyanate found in Seed (11760 ppm)
Sunscreen
Caffeic-acid found in Seed
Chlorogenic-acid found in Seed
Ferulic-acid found in Seed
Suppository
Stearic-acid found in Leaf (294 ppm)
Sweetener
Chlorogenic-acid found in Seed
TNF-alpha-Inhibitor
Isoquercitrin found in Leaf
Testosteronigenic
Zinc found in Leaf (40 ppm)
Thymoprotective
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (475 ppm)
Topoisomerase-II-Inhibitor
Isoquercitrin found in Leaf
Toxic
Phylloquinone found in Flower (3.39 ppm)
Tranquilizer
Calcium found in Leaf (17867 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (2471 ppm)
Tremorigenic
Phenylalanine found in Leaf (9720 ppm)
Trichomonicide
Zinc found in Leaf (40 ppm)
Tumor-Promoter
Tryptophan found in Leaf (3976 ppm)
Tumorigenic
Caffeic-acid found in Seed
Tyrosinase-Inhibitor
P-coumaric-acid found in Seed
Protocatechuic-acid found in Seed
Ubiquiot
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (475 ppm)
Protocatechuic-acid found in Seed
Vanillic-acid found in Seed
Uricosuric
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4013 ppm)
Urinary-Acidulant
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4013 ppm)
Urine-Acidifier
Methionine found in Leaf (3387 ppm)
Urine-Deodorant
Methionine found in Leaf (3387 ppm)
Uterorelaxant
Magnesium found in Leaf (2471 ppm)
Uterosedative
Ferulic-acid found in Seed
Vasodilator
Alpha-linolenic-acid found in Leaf (3535 ppm)
Arginine found in Leaf (26657 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4013 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf (17867 ppm)
Fiber found in Leaf (117820 ppm);found in Seed (119048 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (2471 ppm)
Niacin found in Leaf (47.87 ppm)
Potassium found in Leaf (28215 ppm)
Vulnerary
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4013 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Seed
Chlorogenic-acid found in Seed
Zinc found in Leaf (40 ppm)
Xanthine-Oxidase-Inhibitor
Caffeic-acid found in Seed

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Chemicals detected

Chemical Plant part Low ppm High ppm
2,4-methylene-cholesterol Pollen Or Spore
2-butyl-glucosinolate Leaf
2-methyl-butyl-glucosinolate Leaf
2-phenylethyl-glucosinolate Seed
2-phenylethyl-isothiocyanate Seed
3,7-diglucoside-isorhamnetin Leaf
3-methylthiopropyl-glucosinolate Seed
3-o-beta-d-glucoside-isorhamnetin Leaf
3-sophoroside-7-glucoside-isorhamnetin Leaf
3-sophoroside-isorhamnetin Leaf
Allyl-cyanide Seed
Allyl-isothiocyanate Seed 6,510 11,760
Allyl-rhodanide Seed
Allyl-thiocyanate Seed
Alpha-linolenic-acid Leaf 240 3,535
Arginine Leaf 1,810 26,657
Ascorbic-acid Leaf 234 4,013
Ash Leaf 5,830 99,722
Seed 50,000 54,112
Astragalin Leaf
Beta-carotene Leaf 29 475
Caffeic-acid Seed
Calcium Leaf 1,107 17,867
Carbohydrates Leaf 34,100 502,209
Seed 192,000 207,792
Chlorogenic-acid Seed
Copper Leaf 0.58 11.2
Cystine Leaf 370 5,449
Eo Seed 7,000 12,000
Erucic-acid Leaf 770 11,340
Fat Leaf 2,220 46,841
Seed 282,000 305,195
Ferulic-acid Seed
Fiber Leaf 8,000 117,820
Seed 110,000 119,048
Gadoleic-acid Leaf 260 3,829
Gluconapin Plant
Gluconasturtiin Plant
Glucoputranjivin Seed
Histidine Leaf 450 6,627
Hydroxybenzoic-acid Seed
Iron Leaf 12 209
Isoleucine Leaf 910 13,402
Isopropyl-glucosinolate Leaf
Isopropylisothiocyanate Plant
Isoquercitrin Leaf
Kaempferol-3,7-diglucoside Leaf
Kaempferol-3-feruloyl-sophoroside Leaf
Kaempferol-3-o-beta-d-sophoroside Leaf
Kaempferol-3-sinapoyl-sophoroside Leaf
Kaempferol-3-sophoroside-7-glucoside Leaf
Kilocalories Leaf 200 2,946
Leucine Leaf 760 11,192
Linoleic-acid Leaf 270 3,976
Linolenic-acid Leaf 480
Lysine Leaf 1,130 16,642
Magnesium Leaf 132 2,471
Manganese Leaf 3 53
Mesoinositol-hexaphosphoric-acid-ester Seed
Methionine Leaf 230 3,387
Mucilage Seed 200,000
Myrosin Seed 6,800
Niacin Leaf 3.03 47.87
Nonacosane Leaf
Oleic-acid Leaf 200 2,945
P-coumaric-acid Seed
Palmitic-acid Leaf 60 884
Palmitoleic-acid Leaf 10 147
Pantothenic-acid Leaf 0.19 2.79
Phenylalanine Leaf 660 9,720
Phenylethyl-isothiocyanate Seed
Phosphorus Leaf 290 4,563
Phylloquinone Flower 0.57 3.39
Populnin Leaf
Potassium Leaf 1,485 28,215
Progoitrin Plant
Protein Leaf 23,650 385,190
Protocatechuic-acid Seed
Quercetin-3,7-diglucoside Leaf
Quercetin-3-alpha-l-(2-o-alpha-l-rhamnopyranisido-arabo-pyranoside) Seed 114
Quercetin-3-sophoroside Leaf
Quercetin-3-sophoroside-7-glucoside Leaf
Quercimeritrin Leaf
Riboflavin Leaf 0.56 9.72
S-methyl-cysteine-sulfoxide Fruit
Sinapic-acid Seed
Sinapin Seed 10,000
Sinapine Seed
Sinigrin Seed 10,000 12,000
Sodium Leaf 274 4,506
Stearic-acid Leaf 20 294
Thiamin Leaf 0.44 7.66
Threonine Leaf 660 9,720
Trans-cinnamic-acid Seed
Tryptophan Leaf 270 3,976
Tyrosine Leaf 1,320 19,440
Valine Leaf 970 14,286
Vanillic-acid Seed
Water Leaf 930,030 933,900
Seed 76,000
Zinc Leaf 2 40
Reference: Dr. Duke's Phytochemical and Ethnobotanical Databases. [Online Database]