Boswellia serrata Health effects and herbal facts

Known as
boswellia Indian frankincense Indian olibanum-tree

Boswellia serrata is a plant that produces Indian frankincense, Salai, referred to in Sanskrit as shallaki and in Latin as Olibanum Indicum. the plant is native to much of India and the Punjab region that extends into Pakistan.

Boswellia serrata

Medical use

Economic importance of Boswellia serrata

Food additives flavoring
Human food vegetable
Materials fiber gum/resin lipids wod
Medicines folklore

Gallery

Boswellia serrata Boswellia serrata Boswellia serrata Boswellia serrata Boswellia serrata Boswellia serrata Boswellia serrata Boswellia serrata Boswellia serrata Boswellia serrata Boswellia serrata Boswellia serrata

Geografical distribution

  • ASIA-TROPICAL
    Native
    • Indian Subcontinent: India - Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Punjab, Rajasthan, Tamil Nadu, Uttar Pradesh

Biological activities

5-Alpha-Reductase-Inhibitor
Palmitic-acid found in Essential Oil
5-HETE-Inhibitor
Boswellic-acid found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
5-Lipoxygenase-Inhibitor
Acetyl-11-keto-beta-boswellic-acid found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Acetyl-beta-boswellic-acid found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Alpha-boswellic-acid found in Essential Oil ;found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Beta-boswellic-acid found in Essential Oil ;found in Resin, Exudate, Sap (63386 ppm)
Boswellic-acid found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Gamma-boswellic-acid found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
ACE-Inhibitor
Alpha-terpinene found in Essential Oil
Myrcene found in Essential Oil
AChE-Inhibitor
Limonene found in Essential Oil
Acaricide
Alpha-terpinene found in Essential Oil
Limonene found in Essential Oil
Linalool found in Essential Oil (15000 ppm)
Acetylcholinergic
Glucose found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Aldose-Reductase-Inhibitor
Alpha-terpinene found in Essential Oil
Myrcene found in Essential Oil
Allelochemic
Alpha-pinene found in Essential Oil ;found in Resin, Exudate, Sap (9920 ppm)
Limonene found in Essential Oil
Allelopathic
Camphene found in Essential Oil
Terpinen-4-ol found in Essential Oil
Allergenic
Alpha-pinene found in Essential Oil ;found in Resin, Exudate, Sap (9920 ppm)
Beta-pinene found in Essential Oil (62000 ppm);found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Dipentene found in Essential Oil ;found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Geraniol found in Essential Oil (8000 ppm);found in Resin, Exudate, Sap (1280 ppm)
Limonene found in Essential Oil
Linalool found in Essential Oil (15000 ppm)
Myrcene found in Essential Oil
Analgesic
Alpha-amyrin found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Beta-amyrin found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Boswellic-acid found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Linalool found in Essential Oil (15000 ppm)
Myrcene found in Essential Oil
P-cymene found in Essential Oil (140000 ppm);found in Resin, Exudate, Sap (22400 ppm)
Terpineol found in Essential Oil (10000 ppm);found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Androgenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Bark
Anesthetic
Linalool found in Essential Oil (15000 ppm)
Terpineol found in Essential Oil (10000 ppm);found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Angiogenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Bark
Anorexic
Beta-sitosterol found in Bark
Anthelmintic
Geraniol found in Essential Oil (8000 ppm);found in Resin, Exudate, Sap (1280 ppm)
Antiacetylcholinesterase
Alpha-terpinene found in Essential Oil
D-limonene found in Essential Oil (45000 ppm);found in Resin, Exudate, Sap (7200 ppm)
Elemol found in Essential Oil (12000 ppm);found in Resin, Exudate, Sap (2080 ppm)
Limonene found in Essential Oil
Linalool found in Essential Oil (15000 ppm)
P-cymene found in Essential Oil (140000 ppm);found in Resin, Exudate, Sap (22400 ppm)
Terpinen-4-ol found in Essential Oil
Antiacne
Alpha-pinene found in Essential Oil ;found in Resin, Exudate, Sap (9920 ppm)
Terpinen-4-ol found in Essential Oil
Antiadenomic
Beta-sitosterol found in Bark
Limonene found in Essential Oil
Antiaggregant
Estragole found in Essential Oil (20000 ppm)
Antialcoholic
Fructose found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Antiallergenic
Terpineol found in Essential Oil (10000 ppm);found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Antiallergic
Alpha-boswellic-acid found in Essential Oil ;found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Beta-boswellic-acid found in Essential Oil ;found in Resin, Exudate, Sap (63386 ppm)
Boswellic-acid found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Gamma-boswellic-acid found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Linalool found in Essential Oil (15000 ppm)
Terpinen-4-ol found in Essential Oil
Antialopecic
Palmitic-acid found in Essential Oil
Antianaphylactic
Linalool found in Essential Oil (15000 ppm)
Antiandrogenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Bark
Palmitic-acid found in Essential Oil
Antiarthritic
Alpha-boswellic-acid found in Essential Oil ;found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Beta-boswellic-acid found in Essential Oil ;found in Resin, Exudate, Sap (63386 ppm)
Boswellic-acid found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Gamma-boswellic-acid found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Antiasthmatic
Alpha-boswellic-acid found in Essential Oil ;found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Beta-boswellic-acid found in Essential Oil ;found in Resin, Exudate, Sap (63386 ppm)
Boswellic-acid found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Gamma-boswellic-acid found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Limonene found in Essential Oil
Terpinen-4-ol found in Essential Oil
Terpineol found in Essential Oil (10000 ppm);found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Antibacillary
P-cymene found in Essential Oil (140000 ppm);found in Resin, Exudate, Sap (22400 ppm)
Antibacterial
Alpha-phellandrene found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Alpha-pinene found in Essential Oil ;found in Resin, Exudate, Sap (9920 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Bark
Dipentene found in Essential Oil ;found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Geraniol found in Essential Oil (8000 ppm);found in Resin, Exudate, Sap (1280 ppm)
Lauric-acid found in Essential Oil
Limonene found in Essential Oil
Linalool found in Essential Oil (15000 ppm)
Myrcene found in Essential Oil
P-cymene found in Essential Oil (140000 ppm);found in Resin, Exudate, Sap (22400 ppm)
Terpinen-4-ol found in Essential Oil
Terpineol found in Essential Oil (10000 ppm);found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Anticancer
Limonene found in Essential Oil
Terpineol found in Essential Oil (10000 ppm);found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Anticariogenic
Geraniol found in Essential Oil (8000 ppm);found in Resin, Exudate, Sap (1280 ppm)
Linalool found in Essential Oil (15000 ppm)
Anticolic
Linalool found in Essential Oil (15000 ppm)
Anticolitic
Alpha-boswellic-acid found in Essential Oil ;found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Beta-boswellic-acid found in Essential Oil ;found in Resin, Exudate, Sap (63386 ppm)
Gamma-boswellic-acid found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Anticomplement
Boswellic-acid found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Anticonvulsant
Linalool found in Essential Oil (15000 ppm)
Myrcene found in Essential Oil
Antidiabetic
Fructose found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Antiedemic
Acetyl-11-keto-beta-boswellic-acid found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Alpha-amyrin found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Beta-amyrin found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Beta-boswellic-acid found in Essential Oil ;found in Resin, Exudate, Sap (63386 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Bark
Boswellic-acid found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Glucose found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Linalool found in Essential Oil (15000 ppm)
Antieicosanoid
Boswellic-acid found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Antiesophagitic
Limonene found in Essential Oil
Antiestrogenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Bark
Antifeedant
Alpha-pinene found in Essential Oil ;found in Resin, Exudate, Sap (9920 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Bark
Cadinene found in Essential Oil (40000 ppm);found in Resin, Exudate, Sap (6400 ppm)
Limonene found in Essential Oil
Antifertility
Beta-sitosterol found in Bark
Antifibrinolytic
Palmitic-acid found in Essential Oil
Antiflu
Alpha-pinene found in Essential Oil ;found in Resin, Exudate, Sap (9920 ppm)
Limonene found in Essential Oil
P-cymene found in Essential Oil (140000 ppm);found in Resin, Exudate, Sap (22400 ppm)
Antiglutamaergic
Linalool found in Essential Oil (15000 ppm)
Antigonadotrophic
Beta-sitosterol found in Bark
Antihangover
Fructose found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Antihepatotoxic
Glucose found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Glucuronic-acid found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Antihistaminic
Linalool found in Essential Oil (15000 ppm)
Antihyperlipoproteinaemic
Beta-sitosterol found in Bark
Antiinflammatory
Acetyl-11-keto-beta-boswellic-acid found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Acetyl-beta-boswellic-acid found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Alpha-amyrin found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Alpha-boswellic-acid found in Essential Oil ;found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Alpha-pinene found in Essential Oil ;found in Resin, Exudate, Sap (9920 ppm)
Beta-amyrin found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Beta-boswellic-acid found in Essential Oil ;found in Resin, Exudate, Sap (63386 ppm)
Beta-pinene found in Essential Oil (62000 ppm);found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Beta-sitosterol found in Bark
Boswellic-acid found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Gamma-boswellic-acid found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Limonene found in Essential Oil
Linalool found in Essential Oil (15000 ppm)
Antiketotic
Fructose found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Glucose found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Antileukemic
Acetyl-beta-boswellic-acid found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Beta-sitosterol found in Bark
Boswellic-acid found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Linalool found in Essential Oil (15000 ppm)
Antileukotriene
Acetyl-11-keto-beta-boswellic-acid found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Acetyl-beta-boswellic-acid found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Alpha-boswellic-acid found in Essential Oil ;found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Beta-boswellic-acid found in Essential Oil ;found in Resin, Exudate, Sap (63386 ppm)
Gamma-boswellic-acid found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Antilithic
Limonene found in Essential Oil
Antilymphomic
Beta-sitosterol found in Bark
Limonene found in Essential Oil
Linalool found in Essential Oil (15000 ppm)
Antimange
Linalool found in Essential Oil (15000 ppm)
Antimelanomic
D-limonene found in Essential Oil (45000 ppm);found in Resin, Exudate, Sap (7200 ppm)
Geraniol found in Essential Oil (8000 ppm);found in Resin, Exudate, Sap (1280 ppm)
Antimeningiomic
Boswellic-acid found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Antimite
Linalool found in Essential Oil (15000 ppm)
Antimutagenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Bark
Limonene found in Essential Oil
Linalool found in Essential Oil (15000 ppm)
Myrcene found in Essential Oil
Antinauseant
Fructose found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Antinitrosaminic
Alpha-terpinene found in Essential Oil
Myrcene found in Essential Oil
Antinociceptive
Alpha-amyrin found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Beta-amyrin found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Myrcene found in Essential Oil
Antiobesity
Limonene found in Essential Oil
Antiophidic
Beta-sitosterol found in Bark
Antioxidant
Alpha-boswellic-acid found in Essential Oil ;found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Beta-sitosterol found in Bark
Boswellic-acid found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Camphene found in Essential Oil
Lauric-acid found in Essential Oil
Myrcene found in Essential Oil
Palmitic-acid found in Essential Oil
Terpinen-4-ol found in Essential Oil
Antipneumonic
Alpha-pinene found in Essential Oil ;found in Resin, Exudate, Sap (9920 ppm)
Antiprogestational
Beta-sitosterol found in Bark
Antiproliferant
Boswellic-acid found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Terpineol found in Essential Oil (10000 ppm);found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Antiprostaglandin
Beta-sitosterol found in Bark
Antiprostatadenomic
Beta-sitosterol found in Bark
Antiprostatitic
Beta-sitosterol found in Bark
Antipyretic
Beta-sitosterol found in Bark
Antirheumatalgic
P-cymene found in Essential Oil (140000 ppm);found in Resin, Exudate, Sap (22400 ppm)
Antisalmonella
Geraniol found in Essential Oil (8000 ppm);found in Resin, Exudate, Sap (1280 ppm)
Antisecretory
D-glucose found in Plant
Antiseptic
Alpha-pinene found in Essential Oil ;found in Resin, Exudate, Sap (9920 ppm)
Beta-pinene found in Essential Oil (62000 ppm);found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Geraniol found in Essential Oil (8000 ppm);found in Resin, Exudate, Sap (1280 ppm)
Limonene found in Essential Oil
Linalool found in Essential Oil (15000 ppm)
Terpinen-4-ol found in Essential Oil
Terpineol found in Essential Oil (10000 ppm);found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Antishock
Linalool found in Essential Oil (15000 ppm)
Antispasmodic
Alpha-pinene found in Essential Oil ;found in Resin, Exudate, Sap (9920 ppm)
Alpha-terpinene found in Essential Oil
Beta-pinene found in Essential Oil (62000 ppm);found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Geraniol found in Essential Oil (8000 ppm);found in Resin, Exudate, Sap (1280 ppm)
Limonene found in Essential Oil
Linalool found in Essential Oil (15000 ppm)
Myrcene found in Essential Oil
Terpinen-4-ol found in Essential Oil
Terpineol found in Essential Oil (10000 ppm);found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Antistaphylococcic
Alpha-phellandrene found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Alpha-pinene found in Essential Oil ;found in Resin, Exudate, Sap (9920 ppm)
Antitubercular
Geraniol found in Essential Oil (8000 ppm);found in Resin, Exudate, Sap (1280 ppm)
Antitumor-Promoter
D-limonene found in Essential Oil (45000 ppm);found in Resin, Exudate, Sap (7200 ppm)
Antitumor
Alpha-amyrin found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Geraniol found in Essential Oil (8000 ppm);found in Resin, Exudate, Sap (1280 ppm)
Limonene found in Essential Oil
Antitussive
Terpinen-4-ol found in Essential Oil
Terpineol found in Essential Oil (10000 ppm);found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Antiulcer
Alpha-amyrin found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Beta-amyrin found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Elemol found in Essential Oil (12000 ppm);found in Resin, Exudate, Sap (2080 ppm)
Terpinen-4-ol found in Essential Oil
Antivaricose
Glucose found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Antiviral
Alpha-pinene found in Essential Oil ;found in Resin, Exudate, Sap (9920 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Bark
Dipentene found in Essential Oil ;found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Lauric-acid found in Essential Oil
Limonene found in Essential Oil
Linalool found in Essential Oil (15000 ppm)
P-cymene found in Essential Oil (140000 ppm);found in Resin, Exudate, Sap (22400 ppm)
Apoptotic
Beta-sitosterol found in Bark
Boswellic-acid found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
D-limonene found in Essential Oil (45000 ppm);found in Resin, Exudate, Sap (7200 ppm)
Limonene found in Essential Oil
Artemicide
Beta-sitosterol found in Bark
Ascaricide
Geraniol found in Essential Oil (8000 ppm);found in Resin, Exudate, Sap (1280 ppm)
Bacteriostatic
Terpinen-4-ol found in Essential Oil
Barbituate-Synergist
Linalool found in Essential Oil (15000 ppm)
Beta-Glucuronidase-Inhibitor
Boswellic-acid found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Bronchoprotectant
Limonene found in Essential Oil
Bronchorelaxant
Linalool found in Essential Oil (15000 ppm)
CNS-Depressant
Linalool found in Essential Oil (15000 ppm)
CNS-Stimulant
Geraniol found in Essential Oil (8000 ppm);found in Resin, Exudate, Sap (1280 ppm)
COX-1-Inhibitor
Lauric-acid found in Essential Oil
COX-2-Inhibitor
Alpha-boswellic-acid found in Essential Oil ;found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Boswellic-acid found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Lauric-acid found in Essential Oil
Calcium-Antagonist
Estragole found in Essential Oil (20000 ppm)
Methyl-chavicol found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Cancer-Preventive
Alpha-pinene found in Essential Oil ;found in Resin, Exudate, Sap (9920 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Bark
D-limonene found in Essential Oil (45000 ppm);found in Resin, Exudate, Sap (7200 ppm)
Estragole found in Essential Oil (20000 ppm)
Geraniol found in Essential Oil (8000 ppm);found in Resin, Exudate, Sap (1280 ppm)
Limonene found in Essential Oil
Linalool found in Essential Oil (15000 ppm)
Candidicide
Beta-pinene found in Essential Oil (62000 ppm);found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Beta-sitosterol found in Bark
Geraniol found in Essential Oil (8000 ppm);found in Resin, Exudate, Sap (1280 ppm)
Lauric-acid found in Essential Oil
Candidistat
Limonene found in Essential Oil
Linalool found in Essential Oil (15000 ppm)
Carcinogenic
Estragole found in Essential Oil (20000 ppm)
Carminative
Linalool found in Essential Oil (15000 ppm)
Caspase-8-Inducer
Beta-sitosterol found in Bark
Chemopreventive
D-limonene found in Essential Oil (45000 ppm);found in Resin, Exudate, Sap (7200 ppm)
Limonene found in Essential Oil
Myrcene found in Essential Oil
Cholagogue
Terpineol found in Essential Oil (10000 ppm);found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Cholesterolytic
Limonene found in Essential Oil
Coleoptophile
Alpha-pinene found in Essential Oil ;found in Resin, Exudate, Sap (9920 ppm)
Culicide
Linalool found in Essential Oil (15000 ppm)
Terpineol found in Essential Oil (10000 ppm);found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Cyclooxygenase-Inhibitor
Boswellic-acid found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Cytotoxic
Alpha-amyrin found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Linalool found in Essential Oil (15000 ppm)
DNA-Binder
Estragole found in Essential Oil (20000 ppm)
Methyl-chavicol found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Dermal
Alpha-phellandrene found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Detoxicant
Glucuronic-acid found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Limonene found in Essential Oil
Differentiator
Acetyl-beta-boswellic-acid found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Boswellic-acid found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
D-limonene found in Essential Oil (45000 ppm);found in Resin, Exudate, Sap (7200 ppm)
Diuretic
Terpinen-4-ol found in Essential Oil
Elastase-Inhibitor
Boswellic-acid found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Embryotoxic
Geraniol found in Essential Oil (8000 ppm);found in Resin, Exudate, Sap (1280 ppm)
Emetic
Alpha-phellandrene found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Geraniol found in Essential Oil (8000 ppm);found in Resin, Exudate, Sap (1280 ppm)
Enterocontractant
Limonene found in Essential Oil
Estrogenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Bark
Expectorant
Alpha-pinene found in Essential Oil ;found in Resin, Exudate, Sap (9920 ppm)
Beta-phellandrene found in Essential Oil
Camphene found in Essential Oil
Dipentene found in Essential Oil ;found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Geraniol found in Essential Oil (8000 ppm);found in Resin, Exudate, Sap (1280 ppm)
Limonene found in Essential Oil
Linalool found in Essential Oil (15000 ppm)
Terpineol found in Essential Oil (10000 ppm);found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
FLavor
Alpha-phellandrene found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Alpha-pinene found in Essential Oil ;found in Resin, Exudate, Sap (9920 ppm)
Alpha-terpinene found in Essential Oil
Beta-pinene found in Essential Oil (62000 ppm);found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Cadinene found in Essential Oil (40000 ppm);found in Resin, Exudate, Sap (6400 ppm)
Camphene found in Essential Oil
D-limonene found in Essential Oil (45000 ppm);found in Resin, Exudate, Sap (7200 ppm)
Estragole found in Essential Oil (20000 ppm)
Geraniol found in Essential Oil (8000 ppm);found in Resin, Exudate, Sap (1280 ppm)
Limonene found in Essential Oil
Linalool found in Essential Oil (15000 ppm)
Myrcene found in Essential Oil
P-cymene found in Essential Oil (140000 ppm);found in Resin, Exudate, Sap (22400 ppm)
Palmitic-acid found in Essential Oil
Febrifuge
Beta-sitosterol found in Bark
Flatugenic
Raffinose found in Plant
Fungicide
Alpha-phellandrene found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Beta-phellandrene found in Essential Oil
Geraniol found in Essential Oil (8000 ppm);found in Resin, Exudate, Sap (1280 ppm)
Linalool found in Essential Oil (15000 ppm)
Myrcene found in Essential Oil
P-cymene found in Essential Oil (140000 ppm);found in Resin, Exudate, Sap (22400 ppm)
Terpinen-4-ol found in Essential Oil
Fungiphilic
Limonene found in Essential Oil
Fungistat
Limonene found in Essential Oil
GABA-nergic
Linalool found in Essential Oil (15000 ppm)
GST-Inducer
Limonene found in Essential Oil
Gastroprotective
Alpha-amyrin found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Beta-amyrin found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Gonadotrophic
Beta-sitosterol found in Bark
Hemolytic
Palmitic-acid found in Essential Oil
Hepatocarcinogenic
Estragole found in Essential Oil (20000 ppm)
Methyl-chavicol found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Hepatoprotective
Alpha-amyrin found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Beta-amyrin found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Beta-sitosterol found in Bark
Herbicide
Alpha-pinene found in Essential Oil ;found in Resin, Exudate, Sap (9920 ppm)
Beta-pinene found in Essential Oil (62000 ppm);found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Geraniol found in Essential Oil (8000 ppm);found in Resin, Exudate, Sap (1280 ppm)
Limonene found in Essential Oil
P-cymene found in Essential Oil (140000 ppm);found in Resin, Exudate, Sap (22400 ppm)
Terpinen-4-ol found in Essential Oil
Histaminic
Limonene found in Essential Oil
Hyaluronidase-Inhibitor
Boswellic-acid found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Hypercholesterolemic
Lauric-acid found in Essential Oil
Palmitic-acid found in Essential Oil
Hyperglycemic
Glucose found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Hypnotic
Linalool found in Essential Oil (15000 ppm)
Hypocholesterolemic
Beta-sitosterol found in Bark
D-limonene found in Essential Oil (45000 ppm);found in Resin, Exudate, Sap (7200 ppm)
Hypoglycemic
Beta-sitosterol found in Bark
Hypolipidemic
Beta-sitosterol found in Bark
Hypothermic
Estragole found in Essential Oil (20000 ppm)
Linalool found in Essential Oil (15000 ppm)
Methyl-chavicol found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Myrcene found in Essential Oil
Immunomodulator
Limonene found in Essential Oil
Insecticide
Alpha-pinene found in Essential Oil ;found in Resin, Exudate, Sap (9920 ppm)
Alpha-terpinene found in Essential Oil
D-limonene found in Essential Oil (45000 ppm);found in Resin, Exudate, Sap (7200 ppm)
Estragole found in Essential Oil (20000 ppm)
Limonene found in Essential Oil
Linalool found in Essential Oil (15000 ppm)
Methyl-chavicol found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Terpineol found in Essential Oil (10000 ppm);found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Insectifuge
Alpha-amyrin found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Alpha-pinene found in Essential Oil ;found in Resin, Exudate, Sap (9920 ppm)
Alpha-terpinene found in Essential Oil
Beta-pinene found in Essential Oil (62000 ppm);found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Camphene found in Essential Oil
D-limonene found in Essential Oil (45000 ppm);found in Resin, Exudate, Sap (7200 ppm)
Estragole found in Essential Oil (20000 ppm)
Geraniol found in Essential Oil (8000 ppm);found in Resin, Exudate, Sap (1280 ppm)
Limonene found in Essential Oil
Linalool found in Essential Oil (15000 ppm)
Myrcene found in Essential Oil
P-cymene found in Essential Oil (140000 ppm);found in Resin, Exudate, Sap (22400 ppm)
Terpinen-4-ol found in Essential Oil
Terpineol found in Essential Oil (10000 ppm);found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Terpineol-acetate found in Essential Oil (35000 ppm)
Insectiphile
Alpha-phellandrene found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Alpha-pinene found in Essential Oil ;found in Resin, Exudate, Sap (9920 ppm)
Geraniol found in Essential Oil (8000 ppm);found in Resin, Exudate, Sap (1280 ppm)
Interleukin-6-Inhibitor
Limonene found in Essential Oil
Irritant
Alpha-phellandrene found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Alpha-pinene found in Essential Oil ;found in Resin, Exudate, Sap (9920 ppm)
Beta-pinene found in Essential Oil (62000 ppm);found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Dipentene found in Essential Oil ;found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Limonene found in Essential Oil
Linalool found in Essential Oil (15000 ppm)
Myrcene found in Essential Oil
P-cymene found in Essential Oil (140000 ppm);found in Resin, Exudate, Sap (22400 ppm)
Terpinen-4-ol found in Essential Oil
Larvicide
Beta-amyrin found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Linalool found in Essential Oil (15000 ppm)
Terpineol found in Essential Oil (10000 ppm);found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Laxative
Alpha-phellandrene found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Fructose found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
P-cymene found in Essential Oil (140000 ppm);found in Resin, Exudate, Sap (22400 ppm)
Lipolytic
Limonene found in Essential Oil
Litholytic
D-limonene found in Essential Oil (45000 ppm);found in Resin, Exudate, Sap (7200 ppm)
Lubricant
Palmitic-acid found in Essential Oil
Memory-Enhancer
Glucose found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Mosquitocide
Beta-amyrin found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Mosquitofuge
Linalool found in Essential Oil (15000 ppm)
Motor-Depressant
Linalool found in Essential Oil (15000 ppm)
Mutagenic
Estragole found in Essential Oil (20000 ppm)
Mycobactericide
Geraniol found in Essential Oil (8000 ppm);found in Resin, Exudate, Sap (1280 ppm)
Myorelaxant
Limonene found in Essential Oil
Myrcene found in Essential Oil
NO-Genic
Limonene found in Essential Oil
Nematicide
Geraniol found in Essential Oil (8000 ppm);found in Resin, Exudate, Sap (1280 ppm)
Limonene found in Essential Oil
Linalool found in Essential Oil (15000 ppm)
Palmitic-acid found in Essential Oil
Terpinen-4-ol found in Essential Oil
Neoplastic
Fructose found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Nephrotoxic
D-limonene found in Essential Oil (45000 ppm);found in Resin, Exudate, Sap (7200 ppm)
Ornithine-Decarboxylase-Inhibitor
Limonene found in Essential Oil
Ozone-Scavenger
Limonene found in Essential Oil
P450-2B1-Inhibitor
Alpha-pinene found in Essential Oil ;found in Resin, Exudate, Sap (9920 ppm)
Alpha-terpinene found in Essential Oil
D-limonene found in Essential Oil (45000 ppm);found in Resin, Exudate, Sap (7200 ppm)
Myrcene found in Essential Oil
P450-Inducer
Limonene found in Essential Oil
Perfumery
Alpha-phellandrene found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Alpha-pinene found in Essential Oil ;found in Resin, Exudate, Sap (9920 ppm)
Alpha-terpinene found in Essential Oil
Beta-phellandrene found in Essential Oil
Beta-pinene found in Essential Oil (62000 ppm);found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Cadinene found in Essential Oil (40000 ppm);found in Resin, Exudate, Sap (6400 ppm)
Estragole found in Essential Oil (20000 ppm)
Geraniol found in Essential Oil (8000 ppm);found in Resin, Exudate, Sap (1280 ppm)
Linalool found in Essential Oil (15000 ppm)
Myrcene found in Essential Oil
Terpineol found in Essential Oil (10000 ppm);found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Peristaltic
Limonene found in Essential Oil
Pesticide
Alpha-phellandrene found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Alpha-pinene found in Essential Oil ;found in Resin, Exudate, Sap (9920 ppm)
Alpha-terpinene found in Essential Oil
Beta-pinene found in Essential Oil (62000 ppm);found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Beta-sitosterol found in Bark
Cadinene found in Essential Oil (40000 ppm);found in Resin, Exudate, Sap (6400 ppm)
Camphene found in Essential Oil
D-limonene found in Essential Oil (45000 ppm);found in Resin, Exudate, Sap (7200 ppm)
Dipentene found in Essential Oil ;found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Geraniol found in Essential Oil (8000 ppm);found in Resin, Exudate, Sap (1280 ppm)
Limonene found in Essential Oil
Linalool found in Essential Oil (15000 ppm)
Methyl-chavicol found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Myrcene found in Essential Oil
P-cymene found in Essential Oil (140000 ppm);found in Resin, Exudate, Sap (22400 ppm)
Palmitic-acid found in Essential Oil
Terpinen-4-ol found in Essential Oil
Terpineol found in Essential Oil (10000 ppm);found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Terpineol-acetate found in Essential Oil (35000 ppm)
Photosensitizer
Limonene found in Essential Oil
Prooxidant
Linalool found in Essential Oil (15000 ppm)
Propecic
Palmitic-acid found in Essential Oil
Renoirritant
Terpinen-4-ol found in Essential Oil
Sedative
Alpha-pinene found in Essential Oil ;found in Resin, Exudate, Sap (9920 ppm)
Boswellic-acid found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Dipentene found in Essential Oil ;found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Geraniol found in Essential Oil (8000 ppm);found in Resin, Exudate, Sap (1280 ppm)
Limonene found in Essential Oil
Linalool found in Essential Oil (15000 ppm)
P-cymene found in Essential Oil (140000 ppm);found in Resin, Exudate, Sap (22400 ppm)
Soap
Palmitic-acid found in Essential Oil
Spasmogenic
Alpha-pinene found in Essential Oil ;found in Resin, Exudate, Sap (9920 ppm)
Alpha-terpinene found in Essential Oil
Beta-pinene found in Essential Oil (62000 ppm);found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Camphene found in Essential Oil
Spermicide
Beta-sitosterol found in Bark
Terpinen-4-ol found in Essential Oil
Sweetener
Fructose found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Galactose found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Termitifuge
Linalool found in Essential Oil (15000 ppm)
Topoisomerase-Inhibitor
Boswellic-acid found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Tranquilizer
Alpha-pinene found in Essential Oil ;found in Resin, Exudate, Sap (9920 ppm)
Transdermal
Alpha-pinene found in Essential Oil ;found in Resin, Exudate, Sap (9920 ppm)
Beta-pinene found in Essential Oil (62000 ppm);found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Limonene found in Essential Oil
Trichomonicide
Geraniol found in Essential Oil (8000 ppm);found in Resin, Exudate, Sap (1280 ppm)
Linalool found in Essential Oil (15000 ppm)
P-cymene found in Essential Oil (140000 ppm);found in Resin, Exudate, Sap (22400 ppm)
Tumor-Promoter
Linalool found in Essential Oil (15000 ppm)
Ubiquiot
Beta-sitosterol found in Bark
Ulcerogenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Bark
VEGF-Inhibitor
Boswellic-acid found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Vulnerary
Terpinen-4-ol found in Essential Oil

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Chemicals detected

Chemical Plant part Low ppm High ppm
(+)-alpha-phellandrene Essential Oil
(+)-limonene Essential Oil 45,000
11-keto-beta-boswellic-acid Resin, Exudate, Sap 23,058
2-alpha-3-alpha-dihydroxy-urs-12-en-24-oic-acid Resin, Exudate, Sap
3-alpha-hydroxy-urs-9-12-dien-24-oic-acid Resin, Exudate, Sap
3-alpha-hydroxytirucall-8,24-dien-21-oic-acid Resin, Exudate, Sap
3-beta-hydroxytirucall-8,24-dien-21-oic-acid Resin, Exudate, Sap
3-ketotirucall-8,24-dien-21-oic-acid Resin, Exudate, Sap
3-o-acetyl-11-keto-beta-boswellic-acid Resin, Exudate, Sap 550
3-o-acetyl-beta-boswellic-acid Resin, Exudate, Sap 150
Acetyl-11-keto-beta-boswellic-acid Resin, Exudate, Sap
Acetyl-beta-boswellic-acid Resin, Exudate, Sap
Alpha-amyrin Resin, Exudate, Sap
Alpha-boswellic-acid Essential Oil
Resin, Exudate, Sap
Alpha-campholenic-acid Essential Oil
Alpha-campholytic-acid Essential Oil
Alpha-phellandrene Resin, Exudate, Sap
Alpha-pinene Essential Oil
Resin, Exudate, Sap 9,920
Alpha-terpinene Essential Oil
Alpha-thujene Essential Oil 500,000
Resin, Exudate, Sap 80,000
Arabinose Resin, Exudate, Sap
Bassorin Resin, Exudate, Sap
Beta-amyrin Resin, Exudate, Sap
Beta-boswellic-acid Essential Oil
Resin, Exudate, Sap 63,386
Beta-phellandrene Essential Oil
Beta-pinene Essential Oil 62,000
Resin, Exudate, Sap
Beta-sitosterol Bark
Borneol-acetate Essential Oil
Boswellia-4-o-methyl-glucuronoarabinogalactan Inflorescence
Boswellic-acid Resin, Exudate, Sap
Cadinene Essential Oil 40,000
Resin, Exudate, Sap 6,400
Camphene Essential Oil
Cis-10-thujanic-acid Essential Oil
D-fructose Plant
D-galactose Plant
D-glucose Plant
D-lactose Plant
D-limonene Essential Oil 45,000
Resin, Exudate, Sap 7,200
Dipentene Essential Oil
Resin, Exudate, Sap
Elemol Essential Oil 12,000
Resin, Exudate, Sap 2,080
Eo Resin, Exudate, Sap 160,000
Estragole Essential Oil 20,000
Fructose Resin, Exudate, Sap
Galactose Resin, Exudate, Sap
Gamma-boswellic-acid Resin, Exudate, Sap
Geranic-acid Essential Oil
Geraniol Essential Oil 8,000
Resin, Exudate, Sap 1,280
Glucose Resin, Exudate, Sap
Glucuronic-acid Resin, Exudate, Sap
Hemicellulose Wood
Idose Resin, Exudate, Sap
L-sorbose Plant
Lauric-acid Essential Oil
Limonene Essential Oil
Linalool Essential Oil 15,000
Methyl-chavicol Resin, Exudate, Sap
Myrcene Essential Oil
Myrtenic-acid Essential Oil
O-acetyl-beta-boswellic-acid Resin, Exudate, Sap
P-cymene Essential Oil 140,000
Resin, Exudate, Sap 22,400
Palmitic-acid Essential Oil
Raffinose Plant
Rhamnose Resin, Exudate, Sap
Serratol Resin, Exudate, Sap
Terpinen-4-ol Essential Oil
Terpineol Essential Oil 10,000
Resin, Exudate, Sap
Terpineol-acetate Essential Oil 35,000
Trans-10-thujanic-acid Essential Oil
Urs-12-ene-3-alpha-24-diol Resin, Exudate, Sap
Reference: Dr. Duke's Phytochemical and Ethnobotanical Databases. [Online Database]