Boronia megastigma Health effects and herbal facts

Known as
brown boronia scented boronia sweet boronia

Boronia megastigma is a species of shrub in the citrus family known by the common name brown boronia. This is one of several species of Boronia cultivated for its intense, attractive scent. It is the main Boronia source of essential oils, while its relative Boronia heterophylla is more often harvested for use as an aromatic cut ornamental. B. megastigma is a small shrub approaching a meter in maximum height. The narrow, thick, linear leaves are arranged in whorls about the thin stem branches. They are dark green and glandular, and are scented, but it is the flower of the plant which is coveted for its oils. All of the organs of the flower contain oil glands and their activity is greatest while the stigma is receptive to pollen, which suggests that production of scent may serve to attract pollinators such as insects. In the wild plant, each flower is about a centimeter wide and shaped like a cup which is brown or dark reddish-purple externally and bright yellow inside. There are several cultivated varieties which bear flowers of different colors. The two main aroma compounds of the oil of this species are β-ionone and dodecyl acetate.

Boronia megastigma

Economic importance of Boronia megastigma

Food additives flavoring
Environmental ornamental
Materials esential oils

Gallery

Boronia megastigma Boronia megastigma Boronia megastigma Boronia megastigma Boronia megastigma Boronia megastigma Boronia megastigma Boronia megastigma Boronia megastigma Boronia megastigma Boronia megastigma

Geografical distribution

  • AUSTRALASIA
    Native
    • Australia: Australia - Western Australia

Biological activities

5-Alpha-Reductase-Inhibitor
Palmitic-acid found in Flower
Acaricide
Eugenol found in Flower
Formic-acid found in Flower
Allergenic
Beta-ionone found in Flower (7600 ppm)
Ethanol found in Flower
Eugenol found in Flower
Analgesic
Eugenol found in Flower
Anesthetic
Ethanol found in Flower
Eugenol found in Flower
Anhydrotic
Ethanol found in Flower
AntiTNF
Eugenol found in Flower
Antiaggregant
Eugenol found in Flower
Antialopecic
Palmitic-acid found in Flower
Antiandrogenic
Palmitic-acid found in Flower
Antiarachidonate
Eugenol found in Flower
Antiatherosclerotic
Ethanol found in Flower
Antibacterial
Beta-ionone found in Flower (7600 ppm)
Ethanol found in Flower
Eugenol found in Flower
Anticariogenic
Beta-ionone found in Flower (7600 ppm)
Anticonvulsant
Eugenol found in Flower
Antiedemic
Eugenol found in Flower
Antiestrogenic
Eugenol found in Flower
Antifeedant
Eugenol found in Flower
Antifibrinolytic
Palmitic-acid found in Flower
Antigenotoxic
Eugenol found in Flower
Antiherpetic
Eugenol found in Flower
Antiinflammatory
Eugenol found in Flower
Antikeratotic
Eugenol found in Flower
Antimelanomic
Beta-ionone found in Flower (7600 ppm)
Antimitotic
Eugenol found in Flower
Antimutagenic
Eugenol found in Flower
Antinitrosating
Eugenol found in Flower
Antioxidant
Eugenol found in Flower
Palmitic-acid found in Flower
Antiprostaglandin
Eugenol found in Flower
Antiprostatotic
Phytosterols found in Flower
Antipruritic
Ethanol found in Flower
Antipyretic
Eugenol found in Flower
Antiradicular
Eugenol found in Flower
Antisalmonella
Eugenol found in Flower
Antiseptic
Caprylic-acid found in Flower
Ethanol found in Flower
Eugenol found in Flower
Formic-acid found in Flower
Antispasmodic
Eugenol found in Flower
Antistaphylococcic
Eugenol found in Flower
Antisyncopic
Formic-acid found in Flower
Antithromboxane
Eugenol found in Flower
Antitumor
Beta-ionone found in Flower (7600 ppm)
Eugenol found in Flower
Antiulcer
Eugenol found in Flower
Antiviral
Eugenol found in Flower
Apifuge
Eugenol found in Flower
Astringent
Formic-acid found in Flower
CNS-Depressant
Ethanol found in Flower
Eugenol found in Flower
COX-1-Inhibitor
Eugenol found in Flower
COX-2-Inhibitor
Eugenol found in Flower
Calcium-Antagonist
Eugenol found in Flower
Cancer-Preventive
Beta-ionone found in Flower (7600 ppm)
Eugenol found in Flower
Candidicide
Caprylic-acid found in Flower
Eugenol found in Flower
Carminative
Eugenol found in Flower
Choleretic
Eugenol found in Flower
Corrosive
Formic-acid found in Flower
Counterirritant
Formic-acid found in Flower
Cytochrome-P450-Inducer
Beta-ionone found in Flower (7600 ppm)
Cytochrome-P450-Inhibitor
Eugenol found in Flower
Cytotoxic
Eugenol found in Flower
Dermatitigenic
Eugenol found in Flower
Enterorelaxant
Eugenol found in Flower
Expectorant
Ethanol found in Flower
FLavor
Ethyl-formate found in Flower
Eugenol found in Flower
Formic-acid found in Flower
Palmitic-acid found in Flower
Fungicide
Beta-ionone found in Flower (7600 ppm)
Caprylic-acid found in Flower
Eugenol found in Flower
Fungistat
Formic-acid found in Flower
Fungitoxic
Formic-acid found in Flower
Hemolytic
Palmitic-acid found in Flower
Hepatoprotective
Eugenol found in Flower
Hepatotoxic
Ethanol found in Flower
Herbicide
Eugenol found in Flower
Hypercholesterolemic
Palmitic-acid found in Flower
Hypertensive
Ethanol found in Flower
Hypnotic
Ethanol found in Flower
Hypocalcemic
Ethanol found in Flower
Hypocholesterolemic
Beta-ionone found in Flower (7600 ppm)
Phytosterols found in Flower
Hypotensive
Ethanol found in Flower
Insecticide
Eugenol found in Flower
Insectifuge
Eugenol found in Flower
Irritant
Caprylic-acid found in Flower
Eugenol found in Flower
Formic-acid found in Flower
Juvabional
Eugenol found in Flower
Larvicide
Eugenol found in Flower
Lubricant
Palmitic-acid found in Flower
Motor-Depressant
Eugenol found in Flower
Mucotropic
Ethanol found in Flower
Nematicide
Beta-ionone found in Flower (7600 ppm)
Eugenol found in Flower
Palmitic-acid found in Flower
Neurolytic
Ethanol found in Flower
Neurotoxic
Eugenol found in Flower
P450-Inducer
Beta-ionone found in Flower (7600 ppm)
Perfumery
Eugenol found in Flower
Pesticide
Beta-ionone found in Flower (7600 ppm)
Caprylic-acid found in Flower
Ethanol found in Flower
Eugenol found in Flower
Formic-acid found in Flower
Palmitic-acid found in Flower
Preservative
Formic-acid found in Flower
Propecic
Palmitic-acid found in Flower
Prostaglandin-Synthesis-Inhibitor
Eugenol found in Flower
Rubefacient
Ethanol found in Flower
Sclerosant
Ethanol found in Flower
Sedative
Eugenol found in Flower
Soap
Palmitic-acid found in Flower
Surfactant
Ethanol found in Flower
Teratogenic
Ethanol found in Flower
Termiticide
Eugenol found in Flower
Toxic
Formic-acid found in Flower
Tremorilytic
Ethanol found in Flower
Trichomonicide
Beta-ionone found in Flower (7600 ppm)
Eugenol found in Flower
Trichomonistat
Eugenol found in Flower
Trypsin-Enhancer
Eugenol found in Flower
Ulcerogenic
Ethanol found in Flower
Eugenol found in Flower
Varroacide
Eugenol found in Flower
Vasodilator
Eugenol found in Flower
Vermifuge
Eugenol found in Flower

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Chemicals detected

Chemical Plant part Low ppm High ppm
Beta-ionone Flower 3,800 7,600
Caprylic-acid Flower
D-alpha-ionone Flower 200
D-l-alpha-ionone Flower 200
Eo Flower 4,000 8,000
Ethanol Flower
Ethyl-formate Flower
Eugenol Flower
Formic-acid Flower
Heptacosane Plant
Palmitic-acid Flower
Palmitic-acid-ester Flower
Phenols Flower
Phytosterols Flower
Stearic-acid-ester Flower
Triacontane Flower
Reference: Dr. Duke's Phytochemical and Ethnobotanical Databases. [Online Database]