Boehmeria nivea Health effects and herbal facts

Known as
China-grass Chinese silkplant ramie
Boehmeria nivea

Medical use

Economic importance of Boehmeria nivea

Materials fiber

Gallery

Boehmeria nivea Boehmeria nivea Boehmeria nivea Boehmeria nivea Boehmeria nivea Boehmeria nivea Boehmeria nivea Boehmeria nivea

Geografical distribution

  • ASIA-TEMPERATE
    Native
    • China: China - Anhui , Fujian, Gansu, Guangdong, Guangxi, Guizhou, Hainan, Hubei, Hunan, Jiangxi, Shaanxi , Sichuan, Yunnan, Zhejiang
    • Eastern Asia: Japan; Korea; Taiwan
  • ASIA-TROPICAL
    Native
    • Indian Subcontinent: Bhutan; India; Nepal
    • Indo-China: Cambodia; Laos; Thailand; Vietnam
    • Malesia: Indonesia

Biological activities

ACE-Inhibitor
Zinc found in Plant (43 ppm)
AGEs-Inhibitor
Emodin found in Root
Acarifuge
Sulfur found in Plant (3700 ppm)
Acidulant
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (5615 ppm)
Acnegenic
Iodine found in Plant
Aldose-Reductase-Inhibitor
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (5615 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Emodin found in Root
Rhoifolin found in Leaf
Allelochemic
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Allergenic
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (403 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Emodin found in Root
Niacin found in Leaf (54 ppm);found in Shoot (67 ppm)
Analgesic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (5615 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Thiamin found in Leaf (2.3 ppm);found in Shoot (7 ppm)
Zinc found in Plant (43 ppm)
Angiotensin-Receptor-Blocker
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (5615 ppm)
Fiber found in Leaf (184615 ppm);found in Shoot (259000 ppm)
Potassium found in Plant (1300 ppm)
Anorexic
Arsenic found in Plant
AntiAGE
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (5615 ppm)
Chromium found in Plant (16 ppm)
AntiBPH
Zinc found in Plant (43 ppm)
AntiCFS
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (5615 ppm)
Chromium found in Plant (16 ppm)
AntiCTS
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (5615 ppm)
AntiEBV
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
AntiHIV
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Lignin found in Stem (14600 ppm)
Zinc found in Plant (43 ppm)
AntiLegionella
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
AntiLyme
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (5615 ppm)
Niacin found in Leaf (54 ppm);found in Shoot (67 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Leaf (22 ppm);found in Shoot (16 ppm)
Thiamin found in Leaf (2.3 ppm);found in Shoot (7 ppm)
AntiMRSA
Emodin found in Root
AntiPMS
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (403 ppm)
Calcium found in Plant (39000 ppm);found in Shoot (46000 ppm)
Manganese found in Plant (140 ppm)
Antiacne
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (403 ppm)
Chromium found in Plant (16 ppm)
Sulfur found in Plant (3700 ppm)
Zinc found in Plant (43 ppm)
Antiacrodermatitic
Zinc found in Plant (43 ppm)
Antiacrodynic
Niacin found in Leaf (54 ppm);found in Shoot (67 ppm)
Antiadrenalinic
Nickel found in Plant
Antiaggregant
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (5615 ppm)
Emodin found in Root
Antiaging
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (5615 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (403 ppm)
Chromium found in Plant (16 ppm)
Antiakathisic
Iron found in Leaf (123 ppm);found in Plant (3500 ppm)
Antialcoholic
Manganese found in Plant (140 ppm)
Thiamin found in Leaf (2.3 ppm);found in Shoot (7 ppm)
Zinc found in Plant (43 ppm)
Antiallergic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (5615 ppm)
Calcium found in Plant (39000 ppm);found in Shoot (46000 ppm)
Niacin found in Leaf (54 ppm);found in Shoot (67 ppm)
Antialopecic
Zinc found in Plant (43 ppm)
Antialzheimeran
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (5615 ppm)
Niacin found in Leaf (54 ppm);found in Shoot (67 ppm)
Thiamin found in Leaf (2.3 ppm);found in Shoot (7 ppm)
Zinc found in Plant (43 ppm)
Antiamblyopic
Niacin found in Leaf (54 ppm);found in Shoot (67 ppm)
Antianemic
Copper found in Plant (13 ppm)
Iron found in Leaf (123 ppm);found in Plant (3500 ppm)
Manganese found in Plant (140 ppm)
Antianginal
Niacin found in Leaf (54 ppm);found in Shoot (67 ppm)
Antiangiogenic
Emodin found in Root
Zinc found in Plant (43 ppm)
Antianorectic
Thiamin found in Leaf (2.3 ppm);found in Shoot (7 ppm)
Antianorexic
Zinc found in Plant (43 ppm)
Antianxiety
Calcium found in Plant (39000 ppm);found in Shoot (46000 ppm)
Antiarabiflavinotic
Riboflavin found in Leaf (22 ppm);found in Shoot (16 ppm)
Antiarrhythmic
Calcium found in Plant (39000 ppm);found in Shoot (46000 ppm)
Potassium found in Plant (1300 ppm)
Rhoifolin found in Leaf
Antiarthritic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (5615 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (403 ppm)
Calcium found in Plant (39000 ppm);found in Shoot (46000 ppm)
Copper found in Plant (13 ppm)
Manganese found in Plant (140 ppm)
Sulfur found in Plant (3700 ppm)
Zinc found in Plant (43 ppm)
Antiasthmatic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (5615 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (403 ppm)
Antiatherosclerotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (5615 ppm)
Calcium found in Plant (39000 ppm);found in Shoot (46000 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Chromium found in Plant (16 ppm)
Antibackache
Thiamin found in Leaf (2.3 ppm);found in Shoot (7 ppm)
Antibacterial
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (5615 ppm)
Chlorine found in Plant (12000 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Emodin found in Root
Iodine found in Plant
Lignin found in Stem (14600 ppm)
Antiberiberi
Thiamin found in Leaf (2.3 ppm);found in Shoot (7 ppm)
Anticancer
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (403 ppm)
Lignin found in Stem (14600 ppm)
Anticanker
Iron found in Leaf (123 ppm);found in Plant (3500 ppm)
Thiamin found in Leaf (2.3 ppm);found in Shoot (7 ppm)
Zinc found in Plant (43 ppm)
Anticarcinogenic
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Anticarcinomic
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (403 ppm)
Anticardiospasmic
Thiamin found in Leaf (2.3 ppm);found in Shoot (7 ppm)
Anticarpal-Tunnel
Riboflavin found in Leaf (22 ppm);found in Shoot (16 ppm)
Anticataract
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (5615 ppm)
Niacin found in Leaf (54 ppm);found in Shoot (67 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Leaf (22 ppm);found in Shoot (16 ppm)
Thiamin found in Leaf (2.3 ppm);found in Shoot (7 ppm)
Zinc found in Plant (43 ppm)
Anticephalagic
Riboflavin found in Leaf (22 ppm);found in Shoot (16 ppm)
Anticervicaldysplasic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (5615 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (403 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Leaf (22 ppm);found in Shoot (16 ppm)
Anticheilitic
Iron found in Leaf (123 ppm);found in Plant (3500 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Leaf (22 ppm);found in Shoot (16 ppm)
Antichilblain
Niacin found in Leaf (54 ppm);found in Shoot (67 ppm)
Anticlimacteric
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (5615 ppm)
Calcium found in Plant (39000 ppm);found in Shoot (46000 ppm)
Anticoeliac
Zinc found in Plant (43 ppm)
Anticold
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (5615 ppm)
Zinc found in Plant (43 ppm)
Anticolitic
Thiamin found in Leaf (2.3 ppm);found in Shoot (7 ppm)
Zinc found in Plant (43 ppm)
Anticonvulsant
Niacin found in Leaf (54 ppm);found in Shoot (67 ppm)
Anticorneotic
Chromium found in Plant (16 ppm)
Anticoronary
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (403 ppm)
Lignin found in Stem (14600 ppm)
Zinc found in Plant (43 ppm)
Anticytomegalovirus
Emodin found in Root
Antidandruff
Sulfur found in Plant (3700 ppm)
Zinc found in Plant (43 ppm)
Antidecubitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (5615 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Leaf (22 ppm);found in Shoot (16 ppm)
Thiamin found in Leaf (2.3 ppm);found in Shoot (7 ppm)
Antideliriant
Thiamin found in Leaf (2.3 ppm);found in Shoot (7 ppm)
Antidementia
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (5615 ppm)
Niacin found in Leaf (54 ppm);found in Shoot (67 ppm)
Thiamin found in Leaf (2.3 ppm);found in Shoot (7 ppm)
Zinc found in Plant (43 ppm)
Antidepressant
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (5615 ppm)
Calcium found in Plant (39000 ppm);found in Shoot (46000 ppm)
Potassium found in Plant (1300 ppm)
Antidermatitic
Niacin found in Leaf (54 ppm);found in Shoot (67 ppm)
Antidiabetic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (5615 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Chromium found in Plant (16 ppm)
Copper found in Plant (13 ppm)
Fiber found in Leaf (184615 ppm);found in Shoot (259000 ppm)
Manganese found in Plant (140 ppm)
Niacin found in Leaf (54 ppm);found in Shoot (67 ppm)
Zinc found in Plant (43 ppm)
Antidiarrheic
Lignin found in Stem (14600 ppm)
Antidiscotic
Manganese found in Plant (140 ppm)
Antidysgeuzic
Zinc found in Plant (43 ppm)
Antidyskinetic
Manganese found in Plant (140 ppm)
Antidyspeptic
Thiamin found in Leaf (2.3 ppm);found in Shoot (7 ppm)
Antidysphagic
Niacin found in Leaf (54 ppm);found in Shoot (67 ppm)
Antieczemic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (5615 ppm)
Zinc found in Plant (43 ppm)
Antiedemic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (5615 ppm)
Antiencephalitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (5615 ppm)
Antiencephalopathic
Thiamin found in Leaf (2.3 ppm);found in Shoot (7 ppm)
Zinc found in Plant (43 ppm)
Antiendometriotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (5615 ppm)
Antiepileptic
Manganese found in Plant (140 ppm)
Niacin found in Leaf (54 ppm);found in Shoot (67 ppm)
Zinc found in Plant (43 ppm)
Antifatigue
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (5615 ppm)
Chromium found in Plant (16 ppm)
Copper found in Plant (13 ppm)
Potassium found in Plant (1300 ppm)
Thiamin found in Leaf (2.3 ppm);found in Shoot (7 ppm)
Antifeedant
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Emodin found in Root
Antifibrotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (5615 ppm)
Zinc found in Plant (43 ppm)
Antifuruncular
Zinc found in Plant (43 ppm)
Antigallstone
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (5615 ppm)
Antigastritic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (5615 ppm)
Thiamin found in Leaf (2.3 ppm);found in Shoot (7 ppm)
Antigenotoxic
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Antigingivitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (5615 ppm)
Antiglaucomic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (5615 ppm)
Antiglossitic
Riboflavin found in Leaf (22 ppm);found in Shoot (16 ppm)
Antiglycosuric
Chromium found in Plant (16 ppm)
Antigoiter
Iodine found in Plant
Antigonadotropic
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Antigrey
Sulfur found in Plant (3700 ppm)
Antihangover
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (5615 ppm)
Niacin found in Leaf (54 ppm);found in Shoot (67 ppm)
Thiamin found in Leaf (2.3 ppm);found in Shoot (7 ppm)
Zinc found in Plant (43 ppm)
Antiheartburn
Thiamin found in Leaf (2.3 ppm);found in Shoot (7 ppm)
Antihemolytic
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Antihemorrhagic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (5615 ppm)
Antihepatitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (5615 ppm)
Antihepatotoxic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (5615 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Antiherpetic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (5615 ppm)
Chlorine found in Plant (12000 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Thiamin found in Leaf (2.3 ppm);found in Shoot (7 ppm)
Antihistaminic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (5615 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Niacin found in Leaf (54 ppm);found in Shoot (67 ppm)
Antihyperactivity
Niacin found in Leaf (54 ppm);found in Shoot (67 ppm)
Antihypercholesterolemic
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Antihyperkeratotic
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (403 ppm)
Antihyperkinetic
Calcium found in Plant (39000 ppm);found in Shoot (46000 ppm)
Antihypertensive
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (5615 ppm)
Calcium found in Plant (39000 ppm);found in Shoot (46000 ppm)
Fiber found in Leaf (184615 ppm);found in Shoot (259000 ppm)
Potassium found in Plant (1300 ppm)
Antihyperthyroid
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Antiichythyotic
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (403 ppm)
Antiimpotence
Zinc found in Plant (43 ppm)
Antiinfective
Zinc found in Plant (43 ppm)
Antiinfertility
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (5615 ppm)
Zinc found in Plant (43 ppm)
Antiinflammatory
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (5615 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Copper found in Plant (13 ppm)
Emodin found in Root
Antiinsomniac
Calcium found in Plant (39000 ppm);found in Shoot (46000 ppm)
Zinc found in Plant (43 ppm)
Antiinsomnic
Niacin found in Leaf (54 ppm);found in Shoot (67 ppm)
Antikeratitic
Riboflavin found in Leaf (22 ppm);found in Shoot (16 ppm)
Antilepric
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (5615 ppm)
Zinc found in Plant (43 ppm)
Antileukemic
Emodin found in Root
Antileukonychic
Zinc found in Plant (43 ppm)
Antileukoplakic
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (403 ppm)
Antileukotriene
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Antilipoperoxidant
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (403 ppm)
Antilithic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (5615 ppm)
Antilupus
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (403 ppm)
Antilymphomic
Emodin found in Root
Zinc found in Plant (43 ppm)
Antimaculitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (5615 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (403 ppm)
Zinc found in Plant (43 ppm)
Antimastitic
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (403 ppm)
Antimeasles
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (5615 ppm)
Antimelanogenic
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Antimenopausal
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (5615 ppm)
Calcium found in Plant (39000 ppm);found in Shoot (46000 ppm)
Antimenorrhagic
Iron found in Leaf (123 ppm);found in Plant (3500 ppm)
Antimetastatic
Zinc found in Plant (43 ppm)
Antimigraine
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (5615 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Leaf (22 ppm);found in Shoot (16 ppm)
Thiamin found in Leaf (2.3 ppm);found in Shoot (7 ppm)
Antimutagenic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (5615 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (403 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Emodin found in Root
Antimyocarditic
Thiamin found in Leaf (2.3 ppm);found in Shoot (7 ppm)
Antineoplastic
Emodin found in Root
Antineuralgic
Niacin found in Leaf (54 ppm);found in Shoot (67 ppm)
Thiamin found in Leaf (2.3 ppm);found in Shoot (7 ppm)
Antineuramidase
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (5615 ppm)
Antineurasthenic
Thiamin found in Leaf (2.3 ppm);found in Shoot (7 ppm)
Antineuritic
Thiamin found in Leaf (2.3 ppm);found in Shoot (7 ppm)
Antineuropathic
Thiamin found in Leaf (2.3 ppm);found in Shoot (7 ppm)
Zinc found in Plant (43 ppm)
Antinitrosaminic
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Lignin found in Stem (14600 ppm)
Antinitrosic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (5615 ppm)
Antinociceptive
Copper found in Plant (13 ppm)
Antinyctalopic
Zinc found in Plant (43 ppm)
Antiobesity
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (5615 ppm)
Calcium found in Plant (39000 ppm);found in Shoot (46000 ppm)
Chromium found in Plant (16 ppm)
Fiber found in Leaf (184615 ppm);found in Shoot (259000 ppm)
Zinc found in Plant (43 ppm)
Antiorchitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (5615 ppm)
Antiosteoarthritic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (5615 ppm)
Sulfur found in Plant (3700 ppm)
Antiosteoporotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (5615 ppm)
Calcium found in Plant (39000 ppm);found in Shoot (46000 ppm)
Copper found in Plant (13 ppm)
Manganese found in Plant (140 ppm)
Phosphorus found in Leaf (3460 ppm);found in Plant (700 ppm);found in Shoot (2400 ppm)
Zinc found in Plant (43 ppm)
Antiototic
Manganese found in Plant (140 ppm)
Antioxidant
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (5615 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (403 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Lignin found in Stem (14600 ppm)
Manganese found in Plant (140 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Leaf (22 ppm);found in Shoot (16 ppm)
Antiozenic
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (403 ppm)
Antipapillomic
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (403 ppm)
Antiparkinsonian
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (5615 ppm)
Niacin found in Leaf (54 ppm);found in Shoot (67 ppm)
Antiparotitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (5615 ppm)
Antipellagric
Niacin found in Leaf (54 ppm);found in Shoot (67 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Leaf (22 ppm);found in Shoot (16 ppm)
Antiperiodontitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (5615 ppm)
Calcium found in Plant (39000 ppm);found in Shoot (46000 ppm)
Zinc found in Plant (43 ppm)
Antiperoxidant
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Antiphotophobic
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (403 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Leaf (22 ppm);found in Shoot (16 ppm)
Antipityriasic
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (403 ppm)
Antiplaque
Emodin found in Root
Zinc found in Plant (43 ppm)
Antipneumonic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (5615 ppm)
Antipodriac
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (5615 ppm)
Antipolio
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Antipoliomyelitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (5615 ppm)
Thiamin found in Leaf (2.3 ppm);found in Shoot (7 ppm)
Antiporphyric
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (403 ppm)
Antiprolactin
Zinc found in Plant (43 ppm)
Antiproliferant
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (403 ppm)
Emodin found in Root
Antiprostatitic
Zinc found in Plant (43 ppm)
Antipsoriac
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (403 ppm)
Antipyretic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (5615 ppm)
Antiradicular
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (5615 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (403 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Antiretinotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (5615 ppm)
Antirheumatic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (5615 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (403 ppm)
Calcium found in Plant (39000 ppm);found in Shoot (46000 ppm)
Zinc found in Plant (43 ppm)
Antirhinitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (5615 ppm)
Antisarcomic
Emodin found in Root
Antiscorbutic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (5615 ppm)
Antiscotomic
Niacin found in Leaf (54 ppm);found in Shoot (67 ppm)
Antiseborrheic
Sulfur found in Plant (3700 ppm)
Antiseptic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (5615 ppm)
Chlorine found in Plant (12000 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Emodin found in Root
Iodine found in Plant
Sulfur found in Plant (3700 ppm)
Zinc found in Plant (43 ppm)
Antishingles
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (5615 ppm)
Antispare-Tire
Zinc found in Plant (43 ppm)
Antispasmodic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (5615 ppm)
Emodin found in Root
Niacin found in Leaf (54 ppm);found in Shoot (67 ppm)
Potassium found in Plant (1300 ppm)
Antisprout
Emodin found in Root
Antistomatitic
Zinc found in Plant (43 ppm)
Antistress
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (5615 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (403 ppm)
Calcium found in Plant (39000 ppm);found in Shoot (46000 ppm)
Antistroke
Potassium found in Plant (1300 ppm)
Antisunburn
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Antisyndrome-X
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (5615 ppm)
Chromium found in Plant (16 ppm)
Manganese found in Plant (140 ppm)
Zinc found in Plant (43 ppm)
Antithyroid
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Antithyrotoxic
Iodine found in Plant
Antitic
Calcium found in Plant (39000 ppm);found in Shoot (46000 ppm)
Antitinnitic
Zinc found in Plant (43 ppm)
Antitriglyceride
Chromium found in Plant (16 ppm)
Zinc found in Plant (43 ppm)
Antitumor-Promoter
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Antitumor
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (403 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Fiber found in Leaf (184615 ppm);found in Shoot (259000 ppm)
Lignin found in Stem (14600 ppm)
Antiulcer
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (5615 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (403 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Emodin found in Root
Fiber found in Leaf (184615 ppm);found in Shoot (259000 ppm)
Zinc found in Plant (43 ppm)
Antivaginitic
Emodin found in Root
Antivertigo
Niacin found in Leaf (54 ppm);found in Shoot (67 ppm)
Antiviral
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (5615 ppm)
Chlorine found in Plant (12000 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Emodin found in Root
Iodine found in Plant
Lignin found in Stem (14600 ppm)
Antixerophthalmic
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (403 ppm)
Anxiolytic
Calcium found in Plant (39000 ppm);found in Shoot (46000 ppm)
Phosphorus found in Leaf (3460 ppm);found in Plant (700 ppm);found in Shoot (2400 ppm)
Potassium found in Plant (1300 ppm)
Apoptotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (5615 ppm)
Asthma-preventive
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (5615 ppm)
Astringent
Zinc found in Plant (43 ppm)
Autotoxic
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Beta-Blocker
Fiber found in Leaf (184615 ppm);found in Shoot (259000 ppm)
Potassium found in Plant (1300 ppm)
Beta-Glucuronidase-Inhibitor
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (5615 ppm)
CNS-Active
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
CNS-Depressant
Emodin found in Root
CNS-Stimulant
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
COX-1-Inhibitor
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (403 ppm)
COX-2-Inhibitor
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (403 ppm)
Emodin found in Root
Calcium-Antagonist
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (5615 ppm)
Calcium-Channel-Blocker
Calcium found in Plant (39000 ppm);found in Shoot (46000 ppm)
Cancer-Preventive
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (5615 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (403 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Fiber found in Leaf (184615 ppm);found in Shoot (259000 ppm)
Niacin found in Leaf (54 ppm);found in Shoot (67 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Leaf (22 ppm);found in Shoot (16 ppm)
Candidicide
Chlorine found in Plant (12000 ppm)
Cardioprotective
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (5615 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Chromium found in Plant (16 ppm)
Copper found in Plant (13 ppm)
Fiber found in Leaf (184615 ppm);found in Shoot (259000 ppm)
Niacin found in Leaf (54 ppm);found in Shoot (67 ppm)
Potassium found in Plant (1300 ppm)
Cardiotoxic
Potassium found in Plant (1300 ppm)
Cathartic
Emodin found in Root
Chelator
Lignin found in Stem (14600 ppm)
Chemopreventive
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (403 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Cholagogue
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Choleretic
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Circulotonic
Niacin found in Leaf (54 ppm);found in Shoot (67 ppm)
Clastogenic
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Cold-preventive
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (5615 ppm)
Collagen-Sparing
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Collagenase-Inhibitor
Emodin found in Root
Collagenic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (5615 ppm)
Zinc found in Plant (43 ppm)
Colorant
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (403 ppm)
Comedogenic
Sulfur found in Plant (3700 ppm)
Contraceptive
Copper found in Plant (13 ppm)
Copper-Antagonist
Zinc found in Plant (43 ppm)
Cytotoxic
Emodin found in Root
Deodorant
Zinc found in Plant (43 ppm)
Dermatitigenic
Iodine found in Plant
Detoxicant
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (5615 ppm)
Differentiator
Emodin found in Root
Diuretic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (5615 ppm)
Calcium found in Plant (39000 ppm);found in Shoot (46000 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Fiber found in Leaf (184615 ppm);found in Shoot (259000 ppm)
Potassium found in Plant (1300 ppm)
Energizer
Chromium found in Plant (16 ppm)
Ergogenic
Zinc found in Plant (43 ppm)
Estrogenic
Emodin found in Root
Fibrinolytic
Niacin found in Leaf (54 ppm);found in Shoot (67 ppm)
Fistula-Preventive
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (5615 ppm)
Fungicide
Chlorine found in Plant (12000 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Iodine found in Plant
Gastroprotective
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (403 ppm)
Genotoxic
Emodin found in Root
Goitrogenic
Iodine found in Plant
Gonadotropic
Emodin found in Root
Hemostat
Cellulose found in Stem (659000 ppm)
Hepatoprotective
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Niacin found in Leaf (54 ppm);found in Shoot (67 ppm)
Hepatotoxic
Niacin found in Leaf (54 ppm);found in Shoot (67 ppm)
Histamine-Inhibitor
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Hyperthyroid
Iodine found in Plant
Hypocholesterolemic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (5615 ppm)
Calcium found in Plant (39000 ppm);found in Shoot (46000 ppm)
Chromium found in Plant (16 ppm)
Copper found in Plant (13 ppm)
Fiber found in Leaf (184615 ppm);found in Shoot (259000 ppm)
Lignin found in Stem (14600 ppm)
Niacin found in Leaf (54 ppm);found in Shoot (67 ppm)
Hypoglycemic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (5615 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Chromium found in Plant (16 ppm)
Manganese found in Plant (140 ppm)
Niacin found in Leaf (54 ppm);found in Shoot (67 ppm)
Hypolipidemic
Emodin found in Root
Niacin found in Leaf (54 ppm);found in Shoot (67 ppm)
Hypotensive
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (5615 ppm)
Calcium found in Plant (39000 ppm);found in Shoot (46000 ppm)
Chromium found in Plant (16 ppm)
Fiber found in Leaf (184615 ppm);found in Shoot (259000 ppm)
Potassium found in Plant (1300 ppm)
Zinc found in Plant (43 ppm)
Hypouricemic
Fiber found in Leaf (184615 ppm);found in Shoot (259000 ppm)
Immunomodulator
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (5615 ppm)
Chromium found in Plant (16 ppm)
Copper found in Plant (13 ppm)
Zinc found in Plant (43 ppm)
Immunostimulant
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (5615 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (403 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Emodin found in Root
Phosphorus found in Leaf (3460 ppm);found in Plant (700 ppm);found in Shoot (2400 ppm)
Zinc found in Plant (43 ppm)
Immunosuppressant
Emodin found in Root
Zinc found in Plant (43 ppm)
Insectifuge
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Thiamin found in Leaf (2.3 ppm);found in Shoot (7 ppm)
Insulin-Sparing
Nickel found in Plant
Insulinogenic
Chromium found in Plant (16 ppm)
Zinc found in Plant (43 ppm)
Interferon-Synergist
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (403 ppm)
Interferonogenic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (5615 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Juvabional
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Keratolytic
Sulfur found in Plant (3700 ppm)
Larvistat
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Laxative
Calcium found in Plant (39000 ppm);found in Shoot (46000 ppm)
Fiber found in Leaf (184615 ppm);found in Shoot (259000 ppm)
Lignin found in Stem (14600 ppm)
Sulfur found in Plant (3700 ppm)
Leptingenic
Zinc found in Plant (43 ppm)
Leucocytogenic
Emodin found in Root
Leukotriene-Inhibitor
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Lipoxygenase-Inhibitor
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Lithogenic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (5615 ppm)
MMP-2-Inhibitor
Emodin found in Root
MMP-7-Inhibitor
Emodin found in Root
MMP-9-Inhibitor
Emodin found in Root
Memorigenic
Chromium found in Plant (16 ppm)
Metal-Chelator
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Mucogenic
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (403 ppm)
Zinc found in Plant (43 ppm)
Mucolytic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (5615 ppm)
Mutagenic
Emodin found in Root
NF-kB-Inhibitor
Zinc found in Plant (43 ppm)
NO-Genic
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
NO-Inhibitor
Emodin found in Root
Neuroprotective
Thiamin found in Leaf (2.3 ppm);found in Shoot (7 ppm)
Ornithine-Decarboxylase-Inhibitor
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Osteogenic
Phosphorus found in Leaf (3460 ppm);found in Plant (700 ppm);found in Shoot (2400 ppm)
Oviposition-Stimulant
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
PGE2-Inhibitor
Emodin found in Root
PTK-Inhibitor
Emodin found in Root
Parasiticide
Sulfur found in Plant (3700 ppm)
Pesticide
Arsenic found in Plant
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (5615 ppm)
Chlorine found in Plant (12000 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Emodin found in Root
Lignin found in Stem (14600 ppm)
Sulfur found in Plant (3700 ppm)
Thiamin found in Leaf (2.3 ppm);found in Shoot (7 ppm)
Zinc found in Plant (43 ppm)
Phagocytotic
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (403 ppm)
Prooxidant
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (403 ppm)
Iron found in Leaf (123 ppm);found in Plant (3500 ppm)
Prostaglandin-Synthesis-Inhibitor
Emodin found in Root
Protein-Kinase-C-Inhibitor
Emodin found in Root
Protisticide
Iodine found in Plant
Purgative
Emodin found in Root
Scabicide
Sulfur found in Plant (3700 ppm)
Schizophrenigenic
Copper found in Plant (13 ppm)
Sedative
Niacin found in Leaf (54 ppm);found in Shoot (67 ppm)
Serotoninergic
Niacin found in Leaf (54 ppm);found in Shoot (67 ppm)
Spermigenic
Zinc found in Plant (43 ppm)
Styptic
Emodin found in Root
Sunscreen
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Sweetener
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Testosteronigenic
Zinc found in Plant (43 ppm)
Thymoprotective
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (403 ppm)
Thyrotropic
Iodine found in Plant
Topoisomerase-II-Inhibitor
Emodin found in Root
Tranquilizer
Calcium found in Plant (39000 ppm);found in Shoot (46000 ppm)
Trichomonicide
Emodin found in Root
Zinc found in Plant (43 ppm)
Tyrosine-Kinase-Inhibitor
Emodin found in Root
Ubiquiot
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (403 ppm)
Uricosuric
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (5615 ppm)
Urinary-Acidulant
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (5615 ppm)
Vasodilator
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (5615 ppm)
Calcium found in Plant (39000 ppm);found in Shoot (46000 ppm)
Emodin found in Root
Fiber found in Leaf (184615 ppm);found in Shoot (259000 ppm)
Niacin found in Leaf (54 ppm);found in Shoot (67 ppm)
Potassium found in Plant (1300 ppm)
Vasorelaxant
Emodin found in Root
Vulnerary
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (5615 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Zinc found in Plant (43 ppm)
iNOS-Inhibitor
Emodin found in Root

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Chemicals detected

Chemical Plant part Low ppm High ppm
Apigenin-rhamnoglucoside Leaf
Arsenic Plant
Ascorbic-acid Leaf 730 5,615
Ash Leaf 21,000 161,540
Shoot 134,000 182,000
Barium Plant 40 46
Beta-carotene Leaf 52 403
Bromine Plant 8 14
Calcium Plant 36,000 39,000
Shoot 4,500 46,000
Carbohydrates Leaf 71,000 546,150
Shoot 473,000 606,000
Cellulose Stem 659,000
Chlorine Plant 10,000 12,000
Chlorogenic-acid Leaf
Chromium Plant 16
Copper Plant 13
Emodin Root
Fat Leaf 5,000 38,460
Shoot 32,000 44,000
Fiber Leaf 24,000 184,615
Shoot 119,000 259,000
Iodine Plant
Iron Leaf 16 123
Plant 1,500 3,500
Kilocalories Leaf 380 2,923
Lead Plant
Lignin Stem 14,600
Manganese Plant 80 140
Molybdenum Plant
Niacin Leaf 7 54
Shoot 67
Nickel Plant
Phosphorus Leaf 450 3,460
Plant 270 700
Shoot 1,400 2,400
Physcion-8-beta-glucoside Root
Potassium Plant 1,100 1,300
Protein Leaf 33,000 253,850
Shoot 219,000 301,000
Rhoifolin Leaf
Riboflavin Leaf 2.8 22
Shoot 16
Rubidium Plant 13 14
Strontium Plant 90 118
Sulfur Plant 3,000 3,700
Thiamin Leaf 0.3 2.3
Shoot 7
Titanium Plant 110 230
Water Leaf 870,000
Stem 105,000
Zinc Plant 32 43
Reference: Dr. Duke's Phytochemical and Ethnobotanical Databases. [Online Database]