Beta vulgaris subsp. subsp. vulgaris Health effects and herbal facts

Known as
beet beetroot field beet fodder beet foliage beet garden beet leaf beet mangel mangold red beet root beet sea beet Sicilian broad-rib beet spinach beet spinach chard sugarbeet Swiss chard yellow beet
Beta vulgaris subsp. subsp. vulgaris

Geografical distribution

  • AFRICA
    Native
    • Macaronesia: Portugal - Azores, Madeira Islands; Spain - Canary Islands
    • Northern Africa: Algeria; Egypt; Libya; Morocco; Tunisia
    Naturalized
    • Southern Africa: South Africa - Eastern Cape, Western Cape
  • ASIA-TEMPERATE
    Native
    • Western Asia: Cyprus; Egypt - Sinai; Iran; Iraq; Israel; Jordan; Lebanon; Syria; Turkey
    • Caucasus: Armenia; Azerbaijan; Georgia
  • AUSTRALASIA
    Naturalized
    • Australia: Australia - New South Wales, South Australia, Victoria
    • New Zealand: New Zealand
  • EUROPE
    Native
    • Northern Europe: Denmark; Ireland; Sweden ; United Kingdom
    • Middle Europe: Belgium; Germany ; Netherlands; Slovakia
    • East Europe: Ukraine - Krym
    • Southeastern Europe: Albania; Bulgaria; Croatia; Greece ; Italy ; Montenegro
    • Southwestern Europe: France ; Portugal; Spain
    Naturalized
    • Northern Europe: Denmark; Norway; Sweden
    • East Europe: Belarus; Estonia; Lithuania; Moldova; Russian Federation - European part
    • Southeastern Europe: Slovenia
    • Southwestern Europe: Spain
    Adventive
    • Northern Europe: Finland
    • Middle Europe: Poland
    • East Europe: Latvia
  • NORTHERN AMERICA
    Naturalized
    • Northeastern U.S.A.: United States - Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, Vermont, West Virginia
    • Southeastern U.S.A.: United States - Alabama, North Carolina, South Carolina, Virginia
    • Southwestern U.S.A.: United States - California
  • SOUTHERN AMERICA
    Naturalized
    • Western South America: Ecuador
    • Southern South America: Argentina - Buenos Aires, Rio Negro; Chile

Biological activities

11B-HSD-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
5-Alpha-Reductase-Inhibitor
Alpha-linolenic-acid found in Leaf (3160 ppm);found in Root (315 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Root (3628 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Root (2129 ppm)
Palmitic-acid found in Root (1656 ppm)
Stearic-acid found in Root (79 ppm)
5-Lipoxygenase-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
ACE-Inhibitor
Zinc found in Root (70 ppm)
AP-1-Inhibitor
Selenium found in Root (0.002 ppm)
ATPase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Plant
Abortifacient
Betaine found in Root
Acaricide
Oxalic-acid found in Root (404 ppm)
Acarifuge
Sulfur found in Root (2000 ppm)
Acetylcholinergic
Glucose found in Root
Acidifier
Tartaric-acid found in Root
Acidulant
Adipic-acid found in Root
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (3696 ppm);found in Root (868 ppm)
Additive
Tartaric-acid found in Root
Adjuvant
Cystine found in Root (1420 ppm)
Aggregant
Sucrose found in Root (270000 ppm)
Aldehyde-Oxidase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Plant
Aldose-Reductase-Inhibitor
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (3696 ppm);found in Root (868 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Kaempferol found in Plant
P-coumaric-acid found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Salicylic-acid found in Root
Vanillic-acid found in Leaf
Allelochemic
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Plant
Vanillin found in Root
Allelopathic
Ferulic-acid found in Leaf
P-coumaric-acid found in Plant
Syringic-acid found in Root
Vanillic-acid found in Leaf
Allergenic
Beta-carotene found in Root (438 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Citric-acid found in Root
Farnesol found in Essential Oil
Formaldehyde found in Root
Mufa found in Root (2219 ppm)
Niacin found in Leaf (68 ppm);found in Root (32 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Root (2129 ppm)
Quercetin found in Plant
Vanillin found in Root
Alpha-Amylase-Inhibitor
Citric-acid found in Root
Alpha-Reductase-Inhibitor
Oleic-acid found in Root (2129 ppm)
Analeptic
Gaba found in Root
Analgesic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (3696 ppm);found in Root (868 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Ferulic-acid found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Plant
Salicylic-acid found in Root
Selenium found in Root (0.002 ppm)
Thiamin found in Leaf (14 ppm);found in Root (2.4 ppm)
Tryptophan found in Root (1341 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (70 ppm)
Androgenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf (130 ppm);found in Root
Boron found in Root (80 ppm)
Anemiagenic
Mufa found in Root (2219 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Root (2129 ppm)
Anesthetic
Formaldehyde found in Root
Angiogenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf (130 ppm);found in Root
Angiotensin-Receptor-Blocker
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (3696 ppm);found in Root (868 ppm)
Fiber found in Leaf (279000 ppm);found in Root (90000 ppm)
Potassium found in Leaf (61798 ppm);found in Root (50000 ppm)
Anorexic
Arsenic found in Root (0.08 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf (130 ppm);found in Root
Selenium found in Root (0.002 ppm)
Anthelmintic
Vanillic-acid found in Leaf
AntiADD
Phenylalanine found in Root (3312 ppm)
AntiAGE
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (3696 ppm);found in Root (868 ppm)
Chromium found in Root (0.33 ppm)
AntiBPH
Zinc found in Root (70 ppm)
AntiCFS
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (3696 ppm);found in Root (868 ppm)
Chromium found in Root (0.33 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (4200 ppm)
AntiCTS
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (3696 ppm);found in Root (868 ppm)
AntiEBV
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
AntiGTF
Quercetin found in Plant
AntiHIV
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Plant
Selenium found in Root (0.002 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (70 ppm)
AntiLegionella
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
AntiLyme
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (3696 ppm);found in Root (868 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (4200 ppm)
Niacin found in Leaf (68 ppm);found in Root (32 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Leaf (26 ppm);found in Root (3.9 ppm)
Thiamin found in Leaf (14 ppm);found in Root (2.4 ppm)
AntiMS
Linoleic-acid found in Root (3628 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (4200 ppm)
Pufa found in Root (3943 ppm)
AntiNF-kB
Selenium found in Root (0.002 ppm)
AntiPMS
Beta-carotene found in Root (438 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf (17368 ppm);found in Root (4200 ppm)
Lithium found in Root (0.6 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (4200 ppm)
Manganese found in Root (90 ppm)
Quercetin found in Plant
AntiSeptic-Shock
Inosine found in Plant
AntiSpina-Bifida
Folacin found in Root (8 ppm)
Antiacid
Glycine found in Root (2287 ppm)
Antiacne
Beta-carotene found in Root (438 ppm)
Chromium found in Root (0.33 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Root (3628 ppm)
Pufa found in Root (3943 ppm)
Selenium found in Root (0.002 ppm)
Sulfur found in Root (2000 ppm)
Tin found in Root (2.8 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (70 ppm)
Antiacrodermatitic
Zinc found in Root (70 ppm)
Antiacrodynic
Niacin found in Leaf (68 ppm);found in Root (32 ppm)
Antiadenomic
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf (130 ppm);found in Root
Farnesol found in Essential Oil
Antiadenoviral
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Antiadrenalinic
Nickel found in Root (2.5 ppm)
Antiaflatoxin
Kaempferol found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Antiaggregant
Alpha-linolenic-acid found in Leaf (3160 ppm);found in Root (315 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (3696 ppm);found in Root (868 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Ferulic-acid found in Leaf
Kaempferol found in Plant
Magnesium found in Root (4200 ppm)
Quercetin found in Plant
Salicylates found in Root (15 ppm)
Selenium found in Root (0.002 ppm)
Antiaging
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (3696 ppm);found in Root (868 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Root (438 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Chromium found in Root (0.33 ppm)
Quercetin found in Plant
Antiakathisic
Iron found in Leaf (392 ppm);found in Root (165 ppm)
Antialcoholic
Magnesium found in Root (4200 ppm)
Manganese found in Root (90 ppm)
Thiamin found in Leaf (14 ppm);found in Root (2.4 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (70 ppm)
Antialdosteronic
Glycine found in Root (2287 ppm)
Antialkalotic
Lysine found in Root (4180 ppm)
Antiallergic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (3696 ppm);found in Root (868 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf (17368 ppm);found in Root (4200 ppm)
Ferulic-acid found in Leaf
Kaempferol found in Plant
Niacin found in Leaf (68 ppm);found in Root (32 ppm)
Pantothenic-acid found in Root (11.8 ppm)
Quercetin found in Plant
Antialopecic
Linoleic-acid found in Root (3628 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Root (2129 ppm)
Palmitic-acid found in Root (1656 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (70 ppm)
Antialzheimeran
Alpha-tocopherol found in Leaf (439 ppm);found in Root (3.6 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (3696 ppm);found in Root (868 ppm)
Niacin found in Leaf (68 ppm);found in Root (32 ppm)
Quercetin found in Plant
Thiamin found in Leaf (14 ppm);found in Root (2.4 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (70 ppm)
Antiamblyopic
Niacin found in Leaf (68 ppm);found in Root (32 ppm)
Antianaphylactic
Linoleic-acid found in Root (3628 ppm)
Quercetin found in Plant
Antiandrogenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf (130 ppm);found in Root
Linoleic-acid found in Root (3628 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Root (2129 ppm)
Palmitic-acid found in Root (1656 ppm)
Antianemic
Adenine found in Root
Copper found in Root (17 ppm)
Folacin found in Root (8 ppm)
Iron found in Leaf (392 ppm);found in Root (165 ppm)
Manganese found in Root (90 ppm)
Vanillin found in Root
Antianginal
Alpha-tocopherol found in Leaf (439 ppm);found in Root (3.6 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (4200 ppm)
Niacin found in Leaf (68 ppm);found in Root (32 ppm)
Antiangiogenic
Quercetin found in Plant
Selenium found in Root (0.002 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (70 ppm)
Antianorectic
Magnesium found in Root (4200 ppm)
Thiamin found in Leaf (14 ppm);found in Root (2.4 ppm)
Antianorexic
Zinc found in Root (70 ppm)
Antianxiety
Calcium found in Leaf (17368 ppm);found in Root (4200 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (4200 ppm)
Tryptophan found in Root (1341 ppm)
Antiaphthic
Citric-acid found in Root
Antiarabiflavinotic
Riboflavin found in Leaf (26 ppm);found in Root (3.9 ppm)
Antiarrhythmic
Calcium found in Leaf (17368 ppm);found in Root (4200 ppm)
Ferulic-acid found in Leaf
Magnesium found in Root (4200 ppm)
Potassium found in Leaf (61798 ppm);found in Root (50000 ppm)
Antiarteriosclerotic
Histidine found in Root (1577 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Root (3628 ppm)
Silicon found in Root (83 ppm)
Antiarthritic
Alpha-tocopherol found in Leaf (439 ppm);found in Root (3.6 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (3696 ppm);found in Root (868 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Root (438 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf (17368 ppm);found in Root (4200 ppm)
Copper found in Root (17 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Root (3628 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (4200 ppm)
Manganese found in Root (90 ppm)
Pantothenic-acid found in Root (11.8 ppm)
Quercetin found in Plant
Salicylic-acid found in Root
Selenium found in Root (0.002 ppm)
Sulfur found in Root (2000 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (70 ppm)
Antiasthmatic
Alpha-tocopherol found in Leaf (439 ppm);found in Root (3.6 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (3696 ppm);found in Root (868 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Root (438 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (4200 ppm)
Quercetin found in Plant
Selenium found in Root (0.002 ppm)
Antiatherogenic
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Antiatherosclerotic
Alpha-tocopherol found in Leaf (439 ppm);found in Root (3.6 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (3696 ppm);found in Root (868 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf (17368 ppm);found in Root (4200 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Chromium found in Root (0.33 ppm)
Citric-acid found in Root
Magnesium found in Root (4200 ppm)
Quercetin found in Plant
Selenium found in Root (0.002 ppm)
Antibackache
Thiamin found in Leaf (14 ppm);found in Root (2.4 ppm)
Antibacterial
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (3696 ppm);found in Root (868 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf (130 ppm);found in Root
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Citric-acid found in Root
Ferulic-acid found in Leaf
Kaempferol found in Plant
P-coumaric-acid found in Plant
P-hydroxy-benzoic-acid found in Root
Quercetin found in Plant
Salicylic-acid found in Root
Tin found in Root (2.8 ppm)
Vanillic-acid found in Leaf
Antiberiberi
Thiamin found in Leaf (14 ppm);found in Root (2.4 ppm)
Anticalculic
Citric-acid found in Root
Anticancer
Alpha-tocopherol found in Leaf (439 ppm);found in Root (3.6 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Root (438 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Kaempferol found in Plant
Vanillic-acid found in Leaf
Vanillin found in Root
Anticanker
Iron found in Leaf (392 ppm);found in Root (165 ppm)
Thiamin found in Leaf (14 ppm);found in Root (2.4 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (70 ppm)
Anticarcinogenic
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Ferulic-acid found in Leaf
Anticarcinomic
Beta-carotene found in Root (438 ppm)
Anticardiospasmic
Thiamin found in Leaf (14 ppm);found in Root (2.4 ppm)
Anticariogenic
Quercetin found in Plant
Anticarpal-Tunnel
Riboflavin found in Leaf (26 ppm);found in Root (3.9 ppm)
Anticataract
Alpha-tocopherol found in Leaf (439 ppm);found in Root (3.6 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (3696 ppm);found in Root (868 ppm)
Methionine found in Root (1341 ppm)
Niacin found in Leaf (68 ppm);found in Root (32 ppm)
Quercetin found in Plant
Riboflavin found in Leaf (26 ppm);found in Root (3.9 ppm)
Selenium found in Root (0.002 ppm)
Thiamin found in Leaf (14 ppm);found in Root (2.4 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (70 ppm)
Anticephalagic
Gaba found in Root
Magnesium found in Root (4200 ppm)
Pantothenic-acid found in Root (11.8 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Leaf (26 ppm);found in Root (3.9 ppm)
Anticerebrotic
Gaba found in Root
Anticervicaldysplasic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (3696 ppm);found in Root (868 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Root (438 ppm)
Folacin found in Root (8 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Leaf (26 ppm);found in Root (3.9 ppm)
Anticheilitic
Folacin found in Root (8 ppm)
Iron found in Leaf (392 ppm);found in Root (165 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Leaf (26 ppm);found in Root (3.9 ppm)
Antichilblain
Niacin found in Leaf (68 ppm);found in Root (32 ppm)
Anticholesteremic
Ornithine found in Root
Antichoreic
Gaba found in Root
Anticirrhotic
Selenium found in Root (0.002 ppm)
Anticlastogen
P-coumaric-acid found in Plant
Anticlimacteric
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (3696 ppm);found in Root (868 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf (17368 ppm);found in Root (4200 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (4200 ppm)
Selenium found in Root (0.002 ppm)
Anticoagulant
Citric-acid found in Root
Anticoeliac
Zinc found in Root (70 ppm)
Anticold
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (3696 ppm);found in Root (868 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (70 ppm)
Anticolitic
Quercetin found in Plant
Thiamin found in Leaf (14 ppm);found in Root (2.4 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (70 ppm)
Anticomplementary
Quercetin found in Plant
Anticonvulsant
Alpha-tocopherol found in Leaf (439 ppm);found in Root (3.6 ppm)
Gaba found in Root
Magnesium found in Root (4200 ppm)
Niacin found in Leaf (68 ppm);found in Root (32 ppm)
Anticorneotic
Chromium found in Root (0.33 ppm)
Anticoronary
Beta-carotene found in Root (438 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Root (3628 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (4200 ppm)
Selenium found in Root (0.002 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (70 ppm)
Anticystitic
Formaldehyde found in Root
Quercetin found in Plant
Antidandruff
Allantoin found in Root
Salicylic-acid found in Root
Selenium found in Root (0.002 ppm)
Sulfur found in Root (2000 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (70 ppm)
Antidecubitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (3696 ppm);found in Root (868 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Leaf (26 ppm);found in Root (3.9 ppm)
Thiamin found in Leaf (14 ppm);found in Root (2.4 ppm)
Antideliriant
Thiamin found in Leaf (14 ppm);found in Root (2.4 ppm)
Antidementia
Alpha-tocopherol found in Leaf (439 ppm);found in Root (3.6 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (3696 ppm);found in Root (868 ppm)
Niacin found in Leaf (68 ppm);found in Root (32 ppm)
Thiamin found in Leaf (14 ppm);found in Root (2.4 ppm)
Tryptophan found in Root (1341 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (70 ppm)
Antidepressant
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (3696 ppm);found in Root (868 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Calcium found in Leaf (17368 ppm);found in Root (4200 ppm)
Folacin found in Root (8 ppm)
Lithium found in Root (0.6 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (4200 ppm)
Phenylalanine found in Root (3312 ppm)
Potassium found in Leaf (61798 ppm);found in Root (50000 ppm)
Quercetin found in Plant
Selenium found in Root (0.002 ppm)
Tryptophan found in Root (1341 ppm)
Antidermatitic
Niacin found in Leaf (68 ppm);found in Root (32 ppm)
Pantothenic-acid found in Root (11.8 ppm)
Quercetin found in Plant
Antidermatotic
Salicylic-acid found in Root
Antidiabetic
Alpha-tocopherol found in Leaf (439 ppm);found in Root (3.6 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (3696 ppm);found in Root (868 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Chromium found in Root (0.33 ppm)
Copper found in Root (17 ppm)
Fiber found in Leaf (279000 ppm);found in Root (90000 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (4200 ppm)
Manganese found in Root (90 ppm)
Niacin found in Leaf (68 ppm);found in Root (32 ppm)
Quercetin found in Plant
Xylose found in Leaf
Zinc found in Root (70 ppm)
Antidiscotic
Manganese found in Root (90 ppm)
Antidrepanocytic
Vanillin found in Root
Antidysgeuzic
Zinc found in Root (70 ppm)
Antidyskinetic
Manganese found in Root (90 ppm)
Tryptophan found in Root (1341 ppm)
Antidysmenorrheic
Ferulic-acid found in Leaf
Magnesium found in Root (4200 ppm)
Antidyspeptic
Thiamin found in Leaf (14 ppm);found in Root (2.4 ppm)
Antidysphagic
Niacin found in Leaf (68 ppm);found in Root (32 ppm)
Antieczemic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (3696 ppm);found in Root (868 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Root (3628 ppm)
Methionine found in Root (1341 ppm)
Pufa found in Root (3943 ppm)
Salicylic-acid found in Root
Zinc found in Root (70 ppm)
Antiedemic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (3696 ppm);found in Root (868 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf (130 ppm);found in Root
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Glucose found in Root
Antielastase
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Plant
Antiencephalitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (3696 ppm);found in Root (868 ppm)
Quercetin found in Plant
Antiencephalopathic
Arginine found in Root (2997 ppm)
Glycine found in Root (2287 ppm)
Leucine found in Root (4968 ppm)
Ornithine found in Root
Thiamin found in Leaf (14 ppm);found in Root (2.4 ppm)
Tyrosine found in Root (2760 ppm)
Valine found in Root (4100 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (70 ppm)
Antiendometriotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (3696 ppm);found in Root (868 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (4200 ppm)
Antienterotic
Magnesium found in Root (4200 ppm)
Antiepileptic
Glutamic-acid found in Root (30994 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (4200 ppm)
Manganese found in Root (90 ppm)
Niacin found in Leaf (68 ppm);found in Root (32 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (70 ppm)
Antiescherichic
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Plant
Vanillin found in Root
Antiestrogenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf (130 ppm);found in Root
Ferulic-acid found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Plant
Antifatigue
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (3696 ppm);found in Root (868 ppm)
Chromium found in Root (0.33 ppm)
Copper found in Root (17 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (4200 ppm)
Pantothenic-acid found in Root (11.8 ppm)
Potassium found in Leaf (61798 ppm);found in Root (50000 ppm)
Thiamin found in Leaf (14 ppm);found in Root (2.4 ppm)
Vanillic-acid found in Leaf
Antifeedant
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf (130 ppm);found in Root
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Plant
Antifertility
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf (130 ppm);found in Root
Kaempferol found in Plant
P-coumaric-acid found in Plant
Antifibrinolytic
Linoleic-acid found in Root (3628 ppm)
Palmitic-acid found in Root (1656 ppm)
Antifibromyalgic
Magnesium found in Root (4200 ppm)
Antifibrosarcomic
Quercetin found in Plant
Antifibrotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (3696 ppm);found in Root (868 ppm)
Selenium found in Root (0.002 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (70 ppm)
Antiflu
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Plant
Antifuruncular
Zinc found in Root (70 ppm)
Antigallstone
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (3696 ppm);found in Root (868 ppm)
Antigastric
Quercetin found in Plant
Antigastritic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (3696 ppm);found in Root (868 ppm)
Betaine found in Root
Glycine found in Root (2287 ppm)
Thiamin found in Leaf (14 ppm);found in Root (2.4 ppm)
Antigastrotic
Magnesium found in Root (4200 ppm)
Antigenotoxic
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Antigingivitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (3696 ppm);found in Root (868 ppm)
Folacin found in Root (8 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Plant
Antiglaucomic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (3696 ppm);found in Root (868 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (4200 ppm)
Antiglossitic
Folacin found in Root (8 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Leaf (26 ppm);found in Root (3.9 ppm)
Antiglycosuric
Chromium found in Root (0.33 ppm)
Antigonadotrophic
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf (130 ppm);found in Root
Antigonadotropic
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Plant
Antigout
Selenium found in Root (0.002 ppm)
Antigranular
Linoleic-acid found in Root (3628 ppm)
Antigranulocytopenic
Adenine found in Root
Antigrey
Sulfur found in Root (2000 ppm)
Antihangover
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (3696 ppm);found in Root (868 ppm)
Niacin found in Leaf (68 ppm);found in Root (32 ppm)
Thiamin found in Leaf (14 ppm);found in Root (2.4 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (70 ppm)
Antiheartburn
Thiamin found in Leaf (14 ppm);found in Root (2.4 ppm)
Antihemolytic
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Antihemorrhagic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (3696 ppm);found in Root (868 ppm)
Antihepatitic
Arginine found in Root (2997 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (3696 ppm);found in Root (868 ppm)
Antihepatoadenomic
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Antihepatomic
Saponins found in Root (58000 ppm)
Antihepatotic
Methionine found in Root (1341 ppm)
Antihepatotoxic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (3696 ppm);found in Root (868 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Ferulic-acid found in Leaf
Glucose found in Root
P-coumaric-acid found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Antiherpetic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (3696 ppm);found in Root (868 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Ferulic-acid found in Leaf
Kaempferol found in Plant
Lysine found in Root (4180 ppm)
Quercetin found in Plant
Thiamin found in Leaf (14 ppm);found in Root (2.4 ppm)
Antihiccup
Sucrose found in Root (270000 ppm)
Antihistaminic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (3696 ppm);found in Root (868 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Kaempferol found in Plant
Linoleic-acid found in Root (3628 ppm)
Niacin found in Leaf (68 ppm);found in Root (32 ppm)
Quercetin found in Plant
Antihomocystinuric
Betaine found in Root
Cystine found in Root (1420 ppm)
Antihydrophobic
Quercetin found in Plant
Antihyperactivity
Niacin found in Leaf (68 ppm);found in Root (32 ppm)
Antihyperammonemic
Glutamic-acid found in Root (30994 ppm)
Antihypercholesterolemic
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Pantothenic-acid found in Root (11.8 ppm)
Antihyperkeratotic
Beta-carotene found in Root (438 ppm)
Antihyperkinetic
Calcium found in Leaf (17368 ppm);found in Root (4200 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (4200 ppm)
Antihyperlipoproteinaemic
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf (130 ppm);found in Root
Antihypertensive
Alpha-linolenic-acid found in Leaf (3160 ppm);found in Root (315 ppm)
Arginine found in Root (2997 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (3696 ppm);found in Root (868 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf (17368 ppm);found in Root (4200 ppm)
Fiber found in Leaf (279000 ppm);found in Root (90000 ppm)
Gaba found in Root
Magnesium found in Root (4200 ppm)
Potassium found in Leaf (61798 ppm);found in Root (50000 ppm)
Quercetin found in Plant
Tryptophan found in Root (1341 ppm)
Antihyperthyroid
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Lithium found in Root (0.6 ppm)
Antihypoglycemic
Magnesium found in Root (4200 ppm)
Antiichthyosic
Salicylic-acid found in Root
Antiichythyotic
Beta-carotene found in Root (438 ppm)
Antiimplantation
Kaempferol found in Plant
Antiimpotence
Arginine found in Root (2997 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (70 ppm)
Antiinfarctal
Alpha-tocopherol found in Leaf (439 ppm);found in Root (3.6 ppm)
Antiinfective
Zinc found in Root (70 ppm)
Antiinfertility
Alpha-tocopherol found in Leaf (439 ppm);found in Root (3.6 ppm)
Arginine found in Root (2997 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (3696 ppm);found in Root (868 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (70 ppm)
Antiinflammatory
Allantoin found in Root
Alpha-linolenic-acid found in Leaf (3160 ppm);found in Root (315 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (3696 ppm);found in Root (868 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf (130 ppm);found in Root
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Copper found in Root (17 ppm)
Ferulic-acid found in Leaf
Inosine found in Plant
Kaempferol found in Plant
Linoleic-acid found in Root (3628 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (4200 ppm)
Mufa found in Root (2219 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Root (2129 ppm)
Quercetin found in Plant
Salicylates found in Root (15 ppm)
Salicylic-acid found in Root
Vanillic-acid found in Leaf
Antiinsomniac
Calcium found in Leaf (17368 ppm);found in Root (4200 ppm)
Gaba found in Root
Magnesium found in Root (4200 ppm)
Tryptophan found in Root (1341 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (70 ppm)
Antiinsomnic
Niacin found in Leaf (68 ppm);found in Root (32 ppm)
Antiischemic
Alpha-tocopherol found in Leaf (439 ppm);found in Root (3.6 ppm)
Antikeratitic
Riboflavin found in Leaf (26 ppm);found in Root (3.9 ppm)
Antikeshan
Selenium found in Root (0.002 ppm)
Antiketotic
Glucose found in Root
Antilactobacillic
Vanillin found in Root
Antileishmanic
Citric-acid found in Root
Quercetin found in Plant
Antilepric
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (3696 ppm);found in Root (868 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (70 ppm)
Antilethargic
Gaba found in Root
Antileukemic
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf (130 ppm);found in Root
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Farnesol found in Essential Oil
Ferulic-acid found in Leaf
Kaempferol found in Plant
P-coumaric-acid found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Selenium found in Root (0.002 ppm)
Vanillic-acid found in Leaf
Antileukonychic
Zinc found in Root (70 ppm)
Antileukoplakic
Beta-carotene found in Root (438 ppm)
Antileukotriene-D4
Alpha-linolenic-acid found in Leaf (3160 ppm);found in Root (315 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Root (3628 ppm)
Mufa found in Root (2219 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Root (2129 ppm)
Antileukotriene
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Plant
Selenium found in Root (0.002 ppm)
Antilipoperoxidant
Beta-carotene found in Root (438 ppm)
Quercetin found in Plant
Antilisteria
Vanillin found in Root
Antilithic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (3696 ppm);found in Root (868 ppm)
Glutamic-acid found in Root (30994 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (4200 ppm)
Antilupus
Beta-carotene found in Root (438 ppm)
Antilymphocytic
Kaempferol found in Plant
Antilymphomic
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf (130 ppm);found in Root
Zinc found in Root (70 ppm)
Antimaculitic
Alpha-tocopherol found in Leaf (439 ppm);found in Root (3.6 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (3696 ppm);found in Root (868 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Root (438 ppm)
Selenium found in Root (0.002 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (70 ppm)
Antimalarial
Quercetin found in Plant
Antimanic
Lithium found in Root (0.6 ppm)
Tryptophan found in Root (1341 ppm)
Antimastalgic
Magnesium found in Root (4200 ppm)
Antimastitic
Beta-carotene found in Root (438 ppm)
Antimeasles
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (3696 ppm);found in Root (868 ppm)
Antimelanogenic
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Antimelanomic
Farnesol found in Essential Oil
Quercetin found in Plant
Selenium found in Root (0.002 ppm)
Antimenopausal
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (3696 ppm);found in Root (868 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf (17368 ppm);found in Root (4200 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (4200 ppm)
Selenium found in Root (0.002 ppm)
Tryptophan found in Root (1341 ppm)
Antimenorrhagic
Alpha-linolenic-acid found in Leaf (3160 ppm);found in Root (315 ppm)
Iron found in Leaf (392 ppm);found in Root (165 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Root (3628 ppm)
Antimetastatic
Alpha-linolenic-acid found in Leaf (3160 ppm);found in Root (315 ppm)
Quercetin found in Plant
Selenium found in Root (0.002 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (70 ppm)
Antimigraine
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (3696 ppm);found in Root (868 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (4200 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Leaf (26 ppm);found in Root (3.9 ppm)
Thiamin found in Leaf (14 ppm);found in Root (2.4 ppm)
Tryptophan found in Root (1341 ppm)
Antimitotic
Ferulic-acid found in Leaf
Antimitral-valve-prolapse
Magnesium found in Root (4200 ppm)
Antimorphinic
Aspartic-acid found in Root (8360 ppm)
Antimutagenic
Alpha-tocopherol found in Leaf (439 ppm);found in Root (3.6 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (3696 ppm);found in Root (868 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Root (438 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf (130 ppm);found in Root
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Citric-acid found in Root
Ferulic-acid found in Leaf
Kaempferol found in Plant
P-hydroxy-benzoic-acid found in Root
Quercetin found in Plant
Saponins found in Root (58000 ppm)
Vanillin found in Root
Antimyalgic
Selenium found in Root (0.002 ppm)
Antimyelotoxic
Folacin found in Root (8 ppm)
Antimyoatrophic
Betaine found in Root
Antimyocarditic
Quercetin found in Plant
Thiamin found in Leaf (14 ppm);found in Root (2.4 ppm)
Antineoplastic
Ferulic-acid found in Leaf
Antinephritic
Histidine found in Root (1577 ppm)
Antinephrolytic
Magnesium found in Root (4200 ppm)
Antineuralgic
Niacin found in Leaf (68 ppm);found in Root (32 ppm)
Salicylic-acid found in Root
Thiamin found in Leaf (14 ppm);found in Root (2.4 ppm)
Antineuramidase
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (3696 ppm);found in Root (868 ppm)
Antineurasthenic
Thiamin found in Leaf (14 ppm);found in Root (2.4 ppm)
Antineuritic
Thiamin found in Leaf (14 ppm);found in Root (2.4 ppm)
Antineuropathic
Alpha-tocopherol found in Leaf (439 ppm);found in Root (3.6 ppm)
Folacin found in Root (8 ppm)
Thiamin found in Leaf (14 ppm);found in Root (2.4 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (70 ppm)
Antineurotic
Magnesium found in Root (4200 ppm)
Antinitrosaminic
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Ferulic-acid found in Leaf
P-coumaric-acid found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Antinitrosic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (3696 ppm);found in Root (868 ppm)
Antinociceptive
Copper found in Root (17 ppm)
Quercetin found in Plant
Antinyctalopic
Zinc found in Root (70 ppm)
Antiobesity
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (3696 ppm);found in Root (868 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf (17368 ppm);found in Root (4200 ppm)
Chromium found in Root (0.33 ppm)
Fiber found in Leaf (279000 ppm);found in Root (90000 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (70 ppm)
Antioncychomycotic
Salicylic-acid found in Root
Antionychyotic
Silicon found in Root (83 ppm)
Antiophidic
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf (130 ppm);found in Root
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Antiophthalmic
Sucrose found in Root (270000 ppm)
Antiorchitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (3696 ppm);found in Root (868 ppm)
Antiosteoarthritic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (3696 ppm);found in Root (868 ppm)
Boron found in Root (80 ppm)
Selenium found in Root (0.002 ppm)
Sulfur found in Root (2000 ppm)
Antiosteoporotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (3696 ppm);found in Root (868 ppm)
Boron found in Root (80 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf (17368 ppm);found in Root (4200 ppm)
Copper found in Root (17 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (4200 ppm)
Manganese found in Root (90 ppm)
Phosphorus found in Leaf (5946 ppm);found in Root (45580 ppm)
Silicon found in Root (83 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (70 ppm)
Antiototic
Manganese found in Root (90 ppm)
Antioxidant
Alanine found in Root (4338 ppm)
Allantoin found in Root
Alpha-tocopherol found in Leaf (439 ppm);found in Root (3.6 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (3696 ppm);found in Root (868 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Root (438 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf (130 ppm);found in Root
Betanin found in Plant ;found in Root
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Campesterol found in Leaf
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Ferulic-acid found in Leaf
Histidine found in Root (1577 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Plant
Manganese found in Root (90 ppm)
Methionine found in Root (1341 ppm)
P-coumaric-acid found in Plant
P-hydroxy-benzoic-acid found in Root
Palmitic-acid found in Root (1656 ppm)
Quercetin found in Plant
Riboflavin found in Leaf (26 ppm);found in Root (3.9 ppm)
Salicylic-acid found in Root
Selenium found in Root (0.002 ppm)
Sucrose found in Root (270000 ppm)
Syringic-acid found in Root
Tryptophan found in Root (1341 ppm)
Vanillic-acid found in Leaf
Vanillin found in Root
Antiozenic
Beta-carotene found in Root (438 ppm)
Antipancreatitic
Quercetin found in Plant
Antipapillomic
Beta-carotene found in Root (438 ppm)
Antiparkinsonian
Alpha-tocopherol found in Leaf (439 ppm);found in Root (3.6 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (3696 ppm);found in Root (868 ppm)
Methionine found in Root (1341 ppm)
Niacin found in Leaf (68 ppm);found in Root (32 ppm)
Phenylalanine found in Root (3312 ppm)
Selenium found in Root (0.002 ppm)
Tryptophan found in Root (1341 ppm)
Tyrosine found in Root (2760 ppm)
Antiparotitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (3696 ppm);found in Root (868 ppm)
Antipellagric
Isoleucine found in Root (3470 ppm)
Niacin found in Leaf (68 ppm);found in Root (32 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Leaf (26 ppm);found in Root (3.9 ppm)
Antipeptic
Allantoin found in Root
Antiperiodic
Salicylic-acid found in Root
Antiperiodontal
Quercetin found in Plant
Antiperiodontic
Kaempferol found in Plant
Antiperiodontitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (3696 ppm);found in Root (868 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf (17368 ppm);found in Root (4200 ppm)
Folacin found in Root (8 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (70 ppm)
Antiperistaltic
Quercetin found in Plant
Antipermeability
Quercetin found in Plant
Antiperoxidant
Betanin found in Plant ;found in Root
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
P-coumaric-acid found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Syringic-acid found in Root
Vanillic-acid found in Leaf
Antipharyngitic
Quercetin found in Plant
Antiphenylketonuric
Tryptophan found in Root (1341 ppm)
Tyrosine found in Root (2760 ppm)
Antiphotophobic
Beta-carotene found in Root (438 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Leaf (26 ppm);found in Root (3.9 ppm)
Antipityriasic
Beta-carotene found in Root (438 ppm)
Antiplantar
Formaldehyde found in Root
Antiplaque
Folacin found in Root (8 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Plant
Magnesium found in Root (4200 ppm)
Quercetin found in Plant
Zinc found in Root (70 ppm)
Antiplasmodial
Quercetin found in Plant
Antipneumonic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (3696 ppm);found in Root (868 ppm)
Antipodagric
Salicylic-acid found in Root
Antipodriac
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (3696 ppm);found in Root (868 ppm)
Quercetin found in Plant
Antipolio
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Plant
Vanillin found in Root
Antipoliomyelitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (3696 ppm);found in Root (868 ppm)
Thiamin found in Leaf (14 ppm);found in Root (2.4 ppm)
Antipolyneuritic
Pufa found in Root (3943 ppm)
Antiporphyric
Beta-carotene found in Root (438 ppm)
Antiprogestational
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf (130 ppm);found in Root
Antiprolactin
Zinc found in Root (70 ppm)
Antiproliferant
Beta-carotene found in Root (438 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Plant
Selenium found in Root (0.002 ppm)
Antiprostaglandin
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf (130 ppm);found in Root
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Tryptophan found in Root (1341 ppm)
Antiprostanoid
Quercetin found in Plant
Antiprostatadenomic
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf (130 ppm);found in Root
Antiprostatitic
Alpha-linolenic-acid found in Leaf (3160 ppm);found in Root (315 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf (130 ppm);found in Root
Glutamic-acid found in Root (30994 ppm)
Glycine found in Root (2287 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Root (3628 ppm)
Quercetin found in Plant
Zinc found in Root (70 ppm)
Antiprostatotic
Phytosterols found in Leaf (210 ppm);found in Root (1972 ppm)
Antipruritic
Glycine found in Root (2287 ppm)
Antipsoriac
Allantoin found in Root
Beta-carotene found in Root (438 ppm)
Quercetin found in Plant
Salicylic-acid found in Root
Antipsychotic
Folacin found in Root (8 ppm)
Lithium found in Root (0.6 ppm)
Tryptophan found in Root (1341 ppm)
Antipyretic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (3696 ppm);found in Root (868 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf (130 ppm);found in Root
Salicylates found in Root (15 ppm)
Salicylic-acid found in Root
Antiradicular
Allantoin found in Root
Alpha-tocopherol found in Leaf (439 ppm);found in Root (3.6 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (3696 ppm);found in Root (868 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Root (438 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Ferulic-acid found in Leaf
Kaempferol found in Plant
P-hydroxy-benzoic-acid found in Root
Quercetin found in Plant
Selenium found in Root (0.002 ppm)
Syringic-acid found in Root
Vanillic-acid found in Leaf
Vanillin found in Root
Antiretardation
Glutamic-acid found in Root (30994 ppm)
Antiretinopathic
Magnesium found in Root (4200 ppm)
Antiretinotic
Alpha-tocopherol found in Leaf (439 ppm);found in Root (3.6 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (3696 ppm);found in Root (868 ppm)
Antirheumatic
Alpha-tocopherol found in Leaf (439 ppm);found in Root (3.6 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (3696 ppm);found in Root (868 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Root (438 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf (17368 ppm);found in Root (4200 ppm)
Salicylic-acid found in Root
Selenium found in Root (0.002 ppm)
Tryptophan found in Root (1341 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (70 ppm)
Antirhinitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (3696 ppm);found in Root (868 ppm)
Antischizophrenic
Lithium found in Root (0.6 ppm)
Antiscoliotic
Tryptophan found in Root (1341 ppm)
Antiscorbutic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (3696 ppm);found in Root (868 ppm)
Antiscotomic
Niacin found in Leaf (68 ppm);found in Root (32 ppm)
Antiseborrheic
Citric-acid found in Root
Salicylic-acid found in Root
Sulfur found in Root (2000 ppm)
Antiseptic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (3696 ppm);found in Root (868 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Citric-acid found in Root
Formaldehyde found in Root
Kaempferol found in Plant
Oxalic-acid found in Root (404 ppm)
P-coumaric-acid found in Plant
Salicylic-acid found in Root
Sulfur found in Root (2000 ppm)
Vanillic-acid found in Leaf
Zinc found in Root (70 ppm)
Antiserotonin
Ferulic-acid found in Leaf
Kaempferol found in Plant
Antishingles
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (3696 ppm);found in Root (868 ppm)
Antisickling
Glycine found in Root (2287 ppm)
P-hydroxy-benzoic-acid found in Root
Phenylalanine found in Root (3312 ppm)
Vanillic-acid found in Leaf
Vanillin found in Root
Antisilicotic
Aluminum found in Root (420 ppm)
Antispare-Tire
Zinc found in Root (70 ppm)
Antispasmodic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (3696 ppm);found in Root (868 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Farnesol found in Essential Oil
Ferulic-acid found in Leaf
Kaempferol found in Plant
Magnesium found in Root (4200 ppm)
Niacin found in Leaf (68 ppm);found in Root (32 ppm)
P-coumaric-acid found in Plant
Potassium found in Leaf (61798 ppm);found in Root (50000 ppm)
Quercetin found in Plant
Antispasmophilic
Magnesium found in Root (4200 ppm)
Antistaphylococcic
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Kaempferol found in Plant
Antistomatitic
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Zinc found in Root (70 ppm)
Antistreptococcic
Quercetin found in Plant
Antistress
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (3696 ppm);found in Root (868 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Root (438 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf (17368 ppm);found in Root (4200 ppm)
Gaba found in Root
Magnesium found in Root (4200 ppm)
Antistroke
Alpha-tocopherol found in Leaf (439 ppm);found in Root (3.6 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (4200 ppm)
Potassium found in Leaf (61798 ppm);found in Root (50000 ppm)
Antisunburn
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Antisyndrome-X
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (3696 ppm);found in Root (868 ppm)
Chromium found in Root (0.33 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (4200 ppm)
Manganese found in Root (90 ppm)
Selenium found in Root (0.002 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (70 ppm)
Antithiamin
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Plant
Antithrombic
Ferulic-acid found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Plant
Antithyroid
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Antitic
Calcium found in Leaf (17368 ppm);found in Root (4200 ppm)
Antitinnitic
Gaba found in Root
Zinc found in Root (70 ppm)
Antitriglyceride
Chromium found in Root (0.33 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (70 ppm)
Antitrypanosomic
Quercetin found in Plant
Antitubercular
Citric-acid found in Root
Antitumor-Promoter
Alpha-tocopherol found in Leaf (439 ppm);found in Root (3.6 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Ferulic-acid found in Leaf
Kaempferol found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Vanillic-acid found in Leaf
Vanillin found in Root
Antitumor
Alpha-tocopherol found in Leaf (439 ppm);found in Root (3.6 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Root (438 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Citric-acid found in Root
Ferulic-acid found in Leaf
Fiber found in Leaf (279000 ppm);found in Root (90000 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Plant
P-coumaric-acid found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Salicylic-acid found in Root
Selenium found in Root (0.002 ppm)
Vanillic-acid found in Leaf
Vanillin found in Root
Antitympanitic
Salicylic-acid found in Root
Antiulcer
Allantoin found in Root
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (3696 ppm);found in Root (868 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Root (438 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Fiber found in Leaf (279000 ppm);found in Root (90000 ppm)
Glycine found in Root (2287 ppm)
Histidine found in Root (1577 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Threonine found in Root (3470 ppm)
Tyrosine found in Root (2760 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (70 ppm)
Antiulcerogenic
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Melilotic-acid found in Root
Selenium found in Root (0.002 ppm)
Antiuremic
Histidine found in Root (1577 ppm)
Antiuricosuric
Salicylates found in Root (15 ppm)
Antivaccinia
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Antivaginitic
Aluminum found in Root (420 ppm)
Antivaricose
Glucose found in Root
Antivertigo
Niacin found in Leaf (68 ppm);found in Root (32 ppm)
Antiviral
Adenine found in Root
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (3696 ppm);found in Root (868 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf (130 ppm);found in Root
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Ferulic-acid found in Leaf
Formaldehyde found in Root
Kaempferol found in Plant
Lithium found in Root (0.6 ppm)
Quercetin found in Plant
Vanillin found in Root
Antivitiligic
Phenylalanine found in Root (3312 ppm)
Antixerophthalmic
Beta-carotene found in Root (438 ppm)
Antiyeast
Vanillin found in Root
Anxiolytic
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Calcium found in Leaf (17368 ppm);found in Root (4200 ppm)
Gaba found in Root
Glutamic-acid found in Root (30994 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (4200 ppm)
Phosphorus found in Leaf (5946 ppm);found in Root (45580 ppm)
Potassium found in Leaf (61798 ppm);found in Root (50000 ppm)
Selenium found in Root (0.002 ppm)
Aphrodisiac
Arginine found in Root (2997 ppm)
Apoptotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (3696 ppm);found in Root (868 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf (130 ppm);found in Root
Farnesol found in Essential Oil
Kaempferol found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Selenium found in Root (0.002 ppm)
Aromatase-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Plant
Artemicide
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf (130 ppm);found in Root
Arteriodilator
Ferulic-acid found in Leaf
Ascaricide
Vanillic-acid found in Leaf
Asthma-preventive
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (3696 ppm);found in Root (868 ppm)
Astringent
Zinc found in Root (70 ppm)
Atherogenic
Sucrose found in Root (270000 ppm)
Autotoxic
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Bacteristat
Quercetin found in Plant
Vanillin found in Root
Beta-Blocker
Fiber found in Leaf (279000 ppm);found in Root (90000 ppm)
Potassium found in Leaf (61798 ppm);found in Root (50000 ppm)
Beta-Glucuronidase-Inhibitor
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (3696 ppm);found in Root (868 ppm)
Bradycardiac
Quercetin found in Plant
Bronchoprotectant
Inosine found in Plant
Bruchiphobe
Betaine found in Root
CNS-Active
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
CNS-Depressant
Magnesium found in Root (4200 ppm)
CNS-Inhibitor
Gaba found in Root
CNS-Paralytic
Oxalic-acid found in Root (404 ppm)
CNS-Stimulant
Adenine found in Root
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
COMT-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Plant
COX-1-Inhibitor
Beta-carotene found in Root (438 ppm)
COX-2-Inhibitor
Beta-carotene found in Root (438 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Kaempferol found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Salicylic-acid found in Root
Calcium-Antagonist
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (3696 ppm);found in Root (868 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Magnesium found in Root (4200 ppm)
Calcium-Channel-Blocker
Calcium found in Leaf (17368 ppm);found in Root (4200 ppm)
Calmodulin-Antagonist
Quercetin found in Plant
Cancer-Preventive
Alanine found in Root (4338 ppm)
Alpha-linolenic-acid found in Leaf (3160 ppm);found in Root (315 ppm)
Alpha-tocopherol found in Leaf (439 ppm);found in Root (3.6 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (3696 ppm);found in Root (868 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Root (438 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf (130 ppm);found in Root
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Ferulic-acid found in Leaf
Fiber found in Leaf (279000 ppm);found in Root (90000 ppm)
Glycine found in Root (2287 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Plant
Linoleic-acid found in Root (3628 ppm)
Methionine found in Root (1341 ppm)
Mufa found in Root (2219 ppm)
Niacin found in Leaf (68 ppm);found in Root (32 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Root (2129 ppm)
P-coumaric-acid found in Plant
P-hydroxy-benzoic-acid found in Root
Pantothenic-acid found in Root (11.8 ppm)
Quercetin found in Plant
Riboflavin found in Leaf (26 ppm);found in Root (3.9 ppm)
Salicylic-acid found in Root
Selenium found in Root (0.002 ppm)
Serine found in Root (4259 ppm)
Tyrosine found in Root (2760 ppm)
Vanillic-acid found in Leaf
Vanillin found in Root
Candidicide
Aluminum found in Root (420 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf (130 ppm);found in Root
Ferulic-acid found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Plant
Vanillin found in Root
Capillariprotective
Quercetin found in Plant
Carcinogenic
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Kaempferol found in Plant
Linoleic-acid found in Root (3628 ppm)
Quercetin found in Plant
Tryptophan found in Root (1341 ppm)
Cardiac
Ferulic-acid found in Leaf
Cardiomyopathogenic
Cobalt found in Root (0.42 ppm)
Cardioprotective
Alpha-tocopherol found in Leaf (439 ppm);found in Root (3.6 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (3696 ppm);found in Root (868 ppm)
Betaine found in Root
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Chromium found in Root (0.33 ppm)
Copper found in Root (17 ppm)
Fiber found in Leaf (279000 ppm);found in Root (90000 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (4200 ppm)
Niacin found in Leaf (68 ppm);found in Root (32 ppm)
Potassium found in Leaf (61798 ppm);found in Root (50000 ppm)
Selenium found in Root (0.002 ppm)
Silicon found in Root (83 ppm)
Cardiotoxic
Potassium found in Leaf (61798 ppm);found in Root (50000 ppm)
Cardiovascular
Gaba found in Root
Caspase-8-Inducer
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf (130 ppm);found in Root
Catabolic
Quercetin found in Plant
Chemopreventive
Beta-carotene found in Root (438 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
P-coumaric-acid found in Plant
Cholagogue
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Ferulic-acid found in Leaf
Choleretic
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Ferulic-acid found in Leaf
Kaempferol found in Plant
Mufa found in Root (2219 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Root (2129 ppm)
P-coumaric-acid found in Plant
Quinic-acid found in Leaf
Vanillic-acid found in Leaf
Vanillin found in Root
Cholinergic
Lithium found in Root (0.6 ppm)
Circulotonic
Alpha-tocopherol found in Leaf (439 ppm);found in Root (3.6 ppm)
Niacin found in Leaf (68 ppm);found in Root (32 ppm)
Clastogenic
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Co-carcinogenic
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Cold-preventive
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (3696 ppm);found in Root (868 ppm)
Collagen-Sparing
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Collagenic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (3696 ppm);found in Root (868 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (70 ppm)
Collyrium
Sucrose found in Root (270000 ppm)
Colorant
Beta-carotene found in Root (438 ppm)
Comedogenic
Sulfur found in Root (2000 ppm)
Comedolytic
Linoleic-acid found in Root (3628 ppm)
Salicylic-acid found in Root
Contraceptive
Copper found in Root (17 ppm)
Copper-Antagonist
Zinc found in Root (70 ppm)
Copper-Chelator
Kaempferol found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Cosmetic
Stearic-acid found in Root (79 ppm)
Cyclooxygenase-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Salicylic-acid found in Root
Cytochrome-P450-1A2-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Plant
Cytoprotective
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Cytotoxic
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Kaempferol found in Plant
P-coumaric-acid found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
DNA-Active
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
DNA-Protective
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Deiodinase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Plant
Deliriant
Lithium found in Root (0.6 ppm)
Demulcent
Sucrose found in Root (270000 ppm)
Deodorant
Zinc found in Root (70 ppm)
Depressant
Selenium found in Root (0.002 ppm)
Dermatitigenic
Mufa found in Root (2219 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Root (2129 ppm)
Salicylic-acid found in Root
Detoxicant
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (3696 ppm);found in Root (868 ppm)
Diagnostic
Xylose found in Leaf
Differentiator
Quercetin found in Plant
Disinfectant
Citric-acid found in Root
Diuretic
Adenine found in Root
Arginine found in Root (2997 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (3696 ppm);found in Root (868 ppm)
Betaine found in Root
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Calcium found in Leaf (17368 ppm);found in Root (4200 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Fiber found in Leaf (279000 ppm);found in Root (90000 ppm)
Gaba found in Root
Kaempferol found in Plant
Magnesium found in Root (4200 ppm)
Potassium found in Leaf (61798 ppm);found in Root (50000 ppm)
Dye
Xylose found in Leaf
Emetic
Methionine found in Root (1341 ppm)
Emmenagogue
Betaine found in Root
Encephalopathic
Aluminum found in Root (420 ppm)
Energizer
Chromium found in Root (0.33 ppm)
Ergogenic
Zinc found in Root (70 ppm)
Erythrocytogenic
Cobalt found in Root (0.42 ppm)
Essential
Guanine found in Root
Histidine found in Root (1577 ppm)
Isoleucine found in Root (3470 ppm)
Leucine found in Root (4968 ppm)
Lysine found in Root (4180 ppm)
Methionine found in Root (1341 ppm)
Threonine found in Root (3470 ppm)
Tryptophan found in Root (1341 ppm)
Valine found in Root (4100 ppm)
Estrogenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf (130 ppm);found in Root
Boron found in Root (80 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Ethanolytic
Betaine found in Root
Expectorant
Betaine found in Root
FLavor
Citric-acid found in Root
Farnesol found in Essential Oil
Mufa found in Root (2219 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Root (2129 ppm)
Palmitic-acid found in Root (1656 ppm)
Stearic-acid found in Root (79 ppm)
Tartaric-acid found in Root
Threonine found in Root (3470 ppm)
Valine found in Root (4100 ppm)
Vanillin found in Root
Fatal
Oxalic-acid found in Root (404 ppm)
Febrifuge
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf (130 ppm);found in Root
Fibrinolytic
Niacin found in Leaf (68 ppm);found in Root (32 ppm)
Fistula-Preventive
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (3696 ppm);found in Root (868 ppm)
Flatugenic
Raffinose found in Root
Sucrose found in Root (270000 ppm)
Fungicide
Betagarin found in Plant
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Ferulic-acid found in Leaf
Formaldehyde found in Root
Kaempferol found in Plant
P-coumaric-acid found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Salicylic-acid found in Root
Selenium found in Root (0.002 ppm)
Vanillic-acid found in Leaf
Vanillin found in Root
Fungistat
P-hydroxy-benzoic-acid found in Root
Gastroprotective
Beta-carotene found in Root (438 ppm)
Glucosyl-Transferase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Plant
Glutathionigenic
Methionine found in Root (1341 ppm)
Gonadotrophic
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf (130 ppm);found in Root
HIV-RT-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Hematopoietic
Folacin found in Root (8 ppm)
Heme-Sparing
Betanin found in Plant ;found in Root
Hemolytic
Palmitic-acid found in Root (1656 ppm)
Hemostat
Citric-acid found in Root
Quercetin found in Plant
Hemostatic
Oxalic-acid found in Root (404 ppm)
Hepatocarcinogenic
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Hepatomagenic
Quercetin found in Plant
Hepatoprotective
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf (130 ppm);found in Root
Betaine found in Root
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Ferulic-acid found in Leaf
Kaempferol found in Plant
Linoleic-acid found in Root (3628 ppm)
Methionine found in Root (1341 ppm)
Niacin found in Leaf (68 ppm);found in Root (32 ppm)
Quercetin found in Plant
Hepatotoxic
Niacin found in Leaf (68 ppm);found in Root (32 ppm)
Hepatotropic
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Ferulic-acid found in Leaf
Herbicide
Coniferin found in Plant ;found in Seed ;found in Root
Ferulic-acid found in Leaf
Histamine-Inhibitor
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Hydrocholerectic
Ferulic-acid found in Leaf
Hypercholesterolemic
Palmitic-acid found in Root (1656 ppm)
Sucrose found in Root (270000 ppm)
Hyperglycemic
Glucose found in Root
Salicylates found in Root (15 ppm)
Hypertensive
Cadmium found in Root (0.33 ppm)
Sodium found in Leaf (16571 ppm);found in Root (6705 ppm)
Hyperuricemic
Adenine found in Root
Hypnotic
Tryptophan found in Root (1341 ppm)
Hypoammonemic
Arginine found in Root (2997 ppm)
Ornithine found in Root
Hypoarginanemic
Lysine found in Root (4180 ppm)
Ornithine found in Root
Hypocholesterolemic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (3696 ppm);found in Root (868 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf (130 ppm);found in Root
Calcium found in Leaf (17368 ppm);found in Root (4200 ppm)
Campesterol found in Leaf
Chromium found in Root (0.33 ppm)
Copper found in Root (17 ppm)
Fiber found in Leaf (279000 ppm);found in Root (90000 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Root (3628 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (4200 ppm)
Mufa found in Root (2219 ppm)
Niacin found in Leaf (68 ppm);found in Root (32 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Root (2129 ppm)
Phytosterols found in Leaf (210 ppm);found in Root (1972 ppm)
Stearic-acid found in Root (79 ppm)
Hypoglycemic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (3696 ppm);found in Root (868 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf (130 ppm);found in Root
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Chromium found in Root (0.33 ppm)
Manganese found in Root (90 ppm)
Niacin found in Leaf (68 ppm);found in Root (32 ppm)
Quercetin found in Plant
Salicylates found in Root (15 ppm)
Salicylic-acid found in Root
Tryptophan found in Root (1341 ppm)
Hypolipidemic
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf (130 ppm);found in Root
Ferulic-acid found in Leaf
Niacin found in Leaf (68 ppm);found in Root (32 ppm)
Hypotensive
Alpha-linolenic-acid found in Leaf (3160 ppm);found in Root (315 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (3696 ppm);found in Root (868 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf (17368 ppm);found in Root (4200 ppm)
Chromium found in Root (0.33 ppm)
Fiber found in Leaf (279000 ppm);found in Root (90000 ppm)
Gaba found in Root
Kaempferol found in Plant
Magnesium found in Root (4200 ppm)
Potassium found in Leaf (61798 ppm);found in Root (50000 ppm)
Tryptophan found in Root (1341 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (70 ppm)
Hypouricemic
Fiber found in Leaf (279000 ppm);found in Root (90000 ppm)
ICAM-1-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Plant
Immunomodulator
Alpha-tocopherol found in Leaf (439 ppm);found in Root (3.6 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (3696 ppm);found in Root (868 ppm)
Chromium found in Root (0.33 ppm)
Copper found in Root (17 ppm)
Inosine found in Plant
Linoleic-acid found in Root (3628 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (4200 ppm)
Saponins found in Root (58000 ppm)
Selenium found in Root (0.002 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (70 ppm)
Immunostimulant
Allantoin found in Root
Alpha-linolenic-acid found in Leaf (3160 ppm);found in Root (315 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (3696 ppm);found in Root (868 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Root (438 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Ferulic-acid found in Leaf
Phosphorus found in Leaf (5946 ppm);found in Root (45580 ppm)
Selenium found in Root (0.002 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (70 ppm)
Immunosuppressant
P-hydroxy-benzoic-acid found in Root
Vanillic-acid found in Leaf
Vanillin found in Root
Zinc found in Root (70 ppm)
Inotropic
Kaempferol found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Insectifuge
Adenine found in Root
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Ferulic-acid found in Leaf
Linoleic-acid found in Root (3628 ppm)
Mufa found in Root (2219 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Root (2129 ppm)
Salicylic-acid found in Root
Thiamin found in Leaf (14 ppm);found in Root (2.4 ppm)
Insulin-Sparing
Nickel found in Root (2.5 ppm)
Insulinase-Inhibitor
Tryptophan found in Root (1341 ppm)
Insulinogenic
Chromium found in Root (0.33 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (4200 ppm)
Quercetin found in Plant
Zinc found in Root (70 ppm)
Insulinotonic
Tryptophan found in Root (1341 ppm)
Interferon-Synergist
Beta-carotene found in Root (438 ppm)
Interferonogenic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (3696 ppm);found in Root (868 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Iodothyronine-Deiodinase-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Plant
Irritant
Adipic-acid found in Root
Citric-acid found in Root
Formaldehyde found in Root
Glyoxylic-acid found in Root
Malonic-acid found in Root
Mufa found in Root (2219 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Root (2129 ppm)
Oxalic-acid found in Root (404 ppm)
Tartaric-acid found in Root
Vanillin found in Root
JNK-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Plant
Juvabional
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Farnesol found in Essential Oil
Quercetin found in Plant
Keratolytic
Allantoin found in Root
Salicylic-acid found in Root
Sulfur found in Root (2000 ppm)
Larvistat
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Plant
Laxative
Calcium found in Leaf (17368 ppm);found in Root (4200 ppm)
Fiber found in Leaf (279000 ppm);found in Root (90000 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (4200 ppm)
Sulfur found in Root (2000 ppm)
Vanillic-acid found in Leaf
Leptingenic
Zinc found in Root (70 ppm)
Leukotriene-Inhibitor
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Lipotropic
Betaine found in Root
Methionine found in Root (1341 ppm)
Lipoxygenase-Inhibitor
Betanin found in Plant ;found in Root
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Kaempferol found in Plant
P-coumaric-acid found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Lithogenic
Adenine found in Root
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (3696 ppm);found in Root (868 ppm)
Cadmium found in Root (0.33 ppm)
Litholytic
Citric-acid found in Root
Magnesium found in Root (4200 ppm)
Lubricant
Palmitic-acid found in Root (1656 ppm)
Stearic-acid found in Root (79 ppm)
Lyase-Inhibitor
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Lymphocytogenic
Alpha-linolenic-acid found in Leaf (3160 ppm);found in Root (315 ppm)
MAO-A-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Plant
MAO-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Plant
MMP-9-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Plant
Mast-Cell-Stabilizer
Quercetin found in Plant
Memorigenic
Chromium found in Root (0.33 ppm)
Memory-Enhancer
Glucose found in Root
Metal-Chelator
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Ferulic-acid found in Leaf
Metalloproteinase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Plant
Metastatic
Linoleic-acid found in Root (3628 ppm)
Monoamine-Precursor
Phenylalanine found in Root (3312 ppm)
Tryptophan found in Root (1341 ppm)
Tyrosine found in Root (2760 ppm)
Mucogenic
Beta-carotene found in Root (438 ppm)
Betaine found in Root
Zinc found in Root (70 ppm)
Mucolytic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (3696 ppm);found in Root (868 ppm)
Mutagenic
Formaldehyde found in Root
Kaempferol found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Mycobactericide
Citric-acid found in Root
Myocardiotonic
Adenine found in Root
Myorelaxant
Magnesium found in Root (4200 ppm)
NADH-Oxidase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Plant
NEP-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Plant
NF-kB-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Plant
Selenium found in Root (0.002 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (70 ppm)
NO-Genic
Arginine found in Root (2997 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
NO-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
NO-Synthase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Plant
Natriuretic
Kaempferol found in Plant
Lithium found in Root (0.6 ppm)
Nematicide
Farnesol found in Essential Oil
Linoleic-acid found in Root (3628 ppm)
Palmitic-acid found in Root (1656 ppm)
Neoplastic
Formaldehyde found in Root
Nephrotoxic
Cadmium found in Root (0.33 ppm)
Lithium found in Root (0.6 ppm)
Mercury found in Root (0.016 ppm)
Neuroexcitant
Aspartic-acid found in Root (8360 ppm)
Neuroinhibitor
Gaba found in Root
Glycine found in Root (2287 ppm)
Neuroprotective
Inosine found in Plant
Kaempferol found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Thiamin found in Leaf (14 ppm);found in Root (2.4 ppm)
Neurotoxic
Gaba found in Root
Glutamic-acid found in Root (30994 ppm)
Neurotransmitter
Gaba found in Root
Magnesium found in Root (4200 ppm)
Odontolytic
Citric-acid found in Root
Ornithine-Decarboxylase-Inhibitor
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Ferulic-acid found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Plant
Selenium found in Root (0.002 ppm)
Osteogenic
Phosphorus found in Leaf (5946 ppm);found in Root (45580 ppm)
Oviposition-Stimulant
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Oxidant
Alanine found in Root (4338 ppm)
Histidine found in Root (1577 ppm)
P450-Inducer
Quercetin found in Plant
P450-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Plant
PAF-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Plant
PGE2-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Plant
PTK-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Plant
Parasiticide
Sulfur found in Root (2000 ppm)
Percutaneostimulant
Mufa found in Root (2219 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Root (2129 ppm)
Perfumery
Aconitic-acid found in Plant
Adipic-acid found in Root
Farnesol found in Essential Oil
Mufa found in Root (2219 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Root (2129 ppm)
Stearic-acid found in Root (79 ppm)
Vanillin found in Root
Pesticide
Adenine found in Root
Aluminum found in Root (420 ppm)
Arsenic found in Root (0.08 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (3696 ppm);found in Root (868 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf (130 ppm);found in Root
Betagarin found in Plant
Betaine found in Root
Betavulgarin found in Leaf
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Coniferin found in Plant ;found in Seed ;found in Root
Farnesol found in Essential Oil
Ferulic-acid found in Leaf
Formaldehyde found in Root
Kaempferol found in Plant
Oxalic-acid found in Root (404 ppm)
P-coumaric-acid found in Plant
P-hydroxy-benzoic-acid found in Root
Palmitic-acid found in Root (1656 ppm)
Quercetin found in Plant
Salicylic-acid found in Root
Selenium found in Root (0.002 ppm)
Sulfur found in Root (2000 ppm)
Thiamin found in Leaf (14 ppm);found in Root (2.4 ppm)
Tin found in Root (2.8 ppm)
Vanillic-acid found in Leaf
Vanillin found in Root
Zinc found in Root (70 ppm)
Phagocytotic
Beta-carotene found in Root (438 ppm)
Ferulic-acid found in Leaf
Pheromonal
Farnesol found in Essential Oil
Phospholipase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Plant
Phytoalexin
Betagarin found in Plant
Betavulgarin found in Leaf
P-hydroxy-benzoic-acid found in Root
Pigment
Betalamic-acid found in Plant
Betanin found in Plant ;found in Root
Isobetanin found in Root
Pituitary-Stimulant
Arginine found in Root (2997 ppm)
Plasmodicide
Quercetin found in Plant
Podagragenic
Inosine found in Plant
Polyamine-Synthesis-Inhibitor
Selenium found in Root (0.002 ppm)
Preservative
Ferulic-acid found in Leaf
Sucrose found in Root (270000 ppm)
Prolactinogenic
Tryptophan found in Root (1341 ppm)
Proliferant
Quercetin found in Plant
Prooxidant
Beta-carotene found in Root (438 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Iron found in Leaf (392 ppm);found in Root (165 ppm)
Propecic
Alpha-linolenic-acid found in Leaf (3160 ppm);found in Root (315 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Root (3628 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Root (2129 ppm)
Palmitic-acid found in Root (1656 ppm)
Stearic-acid found in Root (79 ppm)
Prostaglandigenic
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Ferulic-acid found in Leaf
P-coumaric-acid found in Plant
P-hydroxy-benzoic-acid found in Root
Prostaglandin-Sparer
Selenium found in Root (0.002 ppm)
Prostaglandin-Synthesis-Inhibitor
Alpha-linolenic-acid found in Leaf (3160 ppm);found in Root (315 ppm)
Ferulic-acid found in Leaf
P-coumaric-acid found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Protein-Kinase-C-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Plant
Selenium found in Root (0.002 ppm)
Protisticide
Kaempferol found in Plant
Quinone-Reductase-Inducer
Kaempferol found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Refrigerant
Citric-acid found in Root
Renotoxic
Oxalic-acid found in Root (404 ppm)
Roborant
Aspartic-acid found in Root (8360 ppm)
Scabicide
Sulfur found in Root (2000 ppm)
Schizophrenigenic
Copper found in Root (17 ppm)
Scolicide
Formaldehyde found in Root
Secretogogue
P-hydroxy-benzoic-acid found in Root
Sedative
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Farnesol found in Essential Oil
Gaba found in Root
Niacin found in Leaf (68 ppm);found in Root (32 ppm)
Tryptophan found in Root (1341 ppm)
Sequestrant
Tartaric-acid found in Root
Serotoninergic
Niacin found in Leaf (68 ppm);found in Root (32 ppm)
Tryptophan found in Root (1341 ppm)
Soap
Palmitic-acid found in Root (1656 ppm)
Spermicide
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf (130 ppm);found in Root
Spermigenic
Arginine found in Root (2997 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (70 ppm)
Sunscreen
Allantoin found in Root
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Ferulic-acid found in Leaf
Suppository
Stearic-acid found in Root (79 ppm)
Suppurative
Allantoin found in Root
Sweetener
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Galactose found in Plant
Sucrose found in Root (270000 ppm)
TNF-alpha-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Taenicide
Tin found in Root (2.8 ppm)
Teratologic
Kaempferol found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Testosteronigenic
Zinc found in Root (70 ppm)
Thermogenic
Salicylic-acid found in Root
Thymoprotective
Beta-carotene found in Root (438 ppm)
Tineacide
Salicylic-acid found in Root
Topoisomerase-I-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Topoisomerase-II-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Tranquilizer
Calcium found in Leaf (17368 ppm);found in Root (4200 ppm)
Gaba found in Root
Magnesium found in Root (4200 ppm)
Tremorigenic
Phenylalanine found in Root (3312 ppm)
Trichomonicide
Farnesol found in Essential Oil
Zinc found in Root (70 ppm)
Triglycerigenic
Sucrose found in Root (270000 ppm)
Tumor-Promoter
Tryptophan found in Root (1341 ppm)
Tumorigenic
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Plant
Tyrosinase-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Plant
P-coumaric-acid found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Tyrosine-Kinase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Plant
Ubiquiot
Beta-carotene found in Root (438 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf (130 ppm);found in Root
Inosine found in Plant
P-hydroxy-benzoic-acid found in Root
Syringic-acid found in Root
Vanillic-acid found in Leaf
Ulcerogenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf (130 ppm);found in Root
Salicylic-acid found in Root
Uricogenic
Inosine found in Plant
Sucrose found in Root (270000 ppm)
Uricosuric
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (3696 ppm);found in Root (868 ppm)
Folacin found in Root (8 ppm)
Glycine found in Root (2287 ppm)
Salicylates found in Root (15 ppm)
Urinary-Acidulant
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (3696 ppm);found in Root (868 ppm)
Urine-Acidifier
Methionine found in Root (1341 ppm)
Urine-Deodorant
Methionine found in Root (1341 ppm)
Uterorelaxant
Magnesium found in Root (4200 ppm)
Uterosedative
Ferulic-acid found in Leaf
Uterotrophic
Kaempferol found in Plant
VEGF-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Plant
Selenium found in Root (0.002 ppm)
Varroacide
Oxalic-acid found in Root (404 ppm)
Vasodilator
Adenine found in Root
Alpha-linolenic-acid found in Leaf (3160 ppm);found in Root (315 ppm)
Arginine found in Root (2997 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (3696 ppm);found in Root (868 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf (17368 ppm);found in Root (4200 ppm)
Fiber found in Leaf (279000 ppm);found in Root (90000 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Plant
Magnesium found in Root (4200 ppm)
Niacin found in Leaf (68 ppm);found in Root (32 ppm)
Potassium found in Leaf (61798 ppm);found in Root (50000 ppm)
Quercetin found in Plant
Vulnerary
Allantoin found in Root
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (3696 ppm);found in Root (868 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Sucrose found in Root (270000 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (70 ppm)
Xanthine-Oxidase-Inhibitor
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Folacin found in Root (8 ppm)
Quercetin found in Plant
cAMP-Phosphodiesterase-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
iNOS-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant

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Chemicals detected

Chemical Plant part Low ppm High ppm
2''-o-alpha-l-rhamnosylisovitexin Leaf 30
2''-o-beta-d-xylosylisovitexin Leaf 200
3-hydroxytyramine Root
3-o-(beta-d-glucopyramosyl-(1-6)-beta-d-glucopyranosyl)-isorhamnetin Leaf 60
Acetamide Root
Aconitic-acid Plant
Adenine Root
Adipic-acid Root
Alanine Root 560 4,338
Allantoin Root
Alpha-linolenic-acid Leaf 316 3,160
Root 40 315
Alpha-spinasterylglucoside Root
Alpha-tocopherol Leaf 321 439
Root 0.5 3.6
Aluminum Root 1 420
Arginine Root 380 2,997
Arsenic Root 0.01 0.08
Ascorbic-acid Leaf 120 3,696
Root 50 868
Ash Leaf 15,000 250,000
Root 7,600 140,000
Aspartic-acid Root 1,060 8,360
Barium Root 17 70
Beta-carotene Root 0 438
Beta-indoleacetic-acid Root
Beta-sitosterol Leaf 130
Root
Betagarin Plant
Betaine Root
Betalamic-acid Plant
Betanidine Root
Betanin Plant
Root
Betanine Root
Betavulgarin Leaf
Boron Root 1 80
Bromine Root 2 16
Cadmium Root 0.01 0.33
Caffeic-acid Leaf
Calcium Leaf 700 17,368
Root 120 4,200
Campesterol Leaf
Carbohydrates Leaf 36,000 609,000
Root 95,000 794,000
Chlorogenic-acid Leaf
Chromium Root 0.001 0.33
Citric-acid Root
Cobalt Root 0.001 0.42
Coniferin Plant
Seed
Root
Copper Root 0.6 17
Cystine Root 180 1,420
D-alpha-oxyglutaric-acid Root
D-ribulose Leaf
Daucic-acid Plant
Dihydrocaffeic-acid Plant
Dioxymalonic-acid Root
Farnesol Essential Oil
Fat Leaf 2,000 58,000
Root 1,000 16,000
Seed 28,000 70,000
Ferulic-acid Leaf
Fiber Leaf 4,000 279,000
Root 8,000 90,000
Folacin Root 0.8 8
Formaldehyde Root
Gaba Root
Galactose Plant
Glucose Root
Glutamic-acid Root 3,930 30,994
Glutaric-acid Root
Glycine Root 290 2,287
Glycocerebroside Root
Glyoxalic-acid Sprout Seedling
Glyoxylic-acid Root
Guanine Root
Guanosine Root
Heteroxanthin Root
Hexosans Root
Histidine Root 200 1,577
Homogentisinic-acid Root
Hydantoin Sprout Seedling
Hydrocaffeic-acid Root
Hypoxanthin Root
Hypoxanthosine Plant
Inosine Plant
Invertase Root
Iron Leaf 7 392
Root 5 165
Isobetanin Root
Isoleucine Root 440 3,470
Kaempferol Plant
Kaempferol-glycoside Leaf
Kilocalories Leaf 210 3,310
Root 430 3,610
L-arabinose Root
L-azetidine-2-carboxylic-acid Root
Lead Root 0.01 3.5
Leucine Root 630 4,968
Linoleic-acid Root 460 3,628
Lithium Root 0.36 0.6
Lysine Root 530 4,180
Magnesium Root 130 4,200
Malonic-acid Root
Manganese Root 3 90
Melilotic-acid Root
Mercury Root 0 0.016
Methionine Root 170 1,341
Molybdenum Root 0.1
Mufa Root 270 2,219
Neobetanin Plant
Root 20
Niacin Leaf 4 68
Root 2 32
Nickel Root 0 2.5
Nitrogen Root 2,600 35,830
Octacosan-1-ol Root
Oleanolic-acid-3-o-beta-d-glucopyranoside Root
Oleic-acid Root 270 2,129
Ornithine Root
Oxalic-acid Root 404
Oxycitronic-acid Root
P-coumaric-acid Plant
P-hydroxy-benzoic-acid Root
Palmitic-acid Root 210 1,656
Pantothenic-acid Root 1.5 11.8
Pentosans Root
Phenylalanine Root 420 3,312
Phosphorus Leaf 290 5,946
Root 260 45,580
Phytate Root 30 370
Phytosterols Leaf 210
Root 250 1,972
Potassium Leaf 4,380 61,798
Root 3,033 50,000
Prebetanin Root
Proline Root 380 2,997
Protein Leaf 16,000 270,000
Root 12,850 143,000
Seed 110,000 150,000
Protoporphyrin Root
Pufa Root 500 3,943
Quercetin Plant
Quercetin-glucoside Leaf
Quinic-acid Leaf
Raffinose Root
Raphanol Plant
Root
Seed
Riboflavin Leaf 1.7 26
Root 0.2 3.9
Rubidium Root 0.76 32
Salicylates Root 2 15
Salicylic-acid Root
Saponins Root 58,000
Sedoheptulose Leaf
Selenium Root 0.002
Serine Root 540 4,259
Sfa Root 220 1,735
Silicon Root 1 83
Skatole Root
Sodium Leaf 1,300 16,571
Root 590 6,705
Stearic-acid Root 10 79
Strontium Root 16 70
Sucrose Root 270,000
Sulfur Root 130 2,000
Syringic-acid Root
Tartaric-acid Root
Thiamin Leaf 0.6 14
Root 0.1 2.4
Threonine Root 440 3,470
Tin Root 0.8 2.8
Titanium Root 0.5 9.8
Tricarballyl-acid Leaf
Tryptophan Root 170 1,341
Tyrosine Root 350 2,760
Valine Root 520 4,100
Vanillic-acid Leaf
Vanillin Root
Vit-b-6 Root 0.5 3.6
Vulgaxanthin-i Plant
Vulgaxanthin-ii Plant
Water Leaf 864,000 926,000
Root 865,000 881,340
Xylose Leaf
Zinc Root 3 70
Zirconium Plant
Reference: Dr. Duke's Phytochemical and Ethnobotanical Databases. [Online Database]