Basella alba Health effects and herbal facts

Known as
Ceylon-spinach Indian-spinach Malabar-nightshade Malabar-spinach vine-spinach
Basella alba

Medical use

Economic importance of Basella alba

Food additives coloring
Environmental ornamental
Human food vegetable
Medicines folklore

Gallery

Basella alba Basella alba Basella alba Basella alba Basella alba Basella alba Basella alba Basella alba Basella alba Basella alba Basella alba

Geografical distribution

  • AFRICA
    Naturalized
    • Northeast Tropical Africa: Ethiopia; Sudan
    • East Tropical Africa: Kenya; Tanzania; Uganda
    • West-Central Tropical Africa: Burundi; Cameroon; Congo; Rwanda; Zaire
    • South Tropical Africa: Angola; Malawi; Mozambique; Zambia
    Cultivated
    • East Tropical Africa: Kenya; Tanzania; Uganda
    • West Tropical Africa: Benin; Cote D'Ivoire; Nigeria; Sierra Leone; Togo
    • South Tropical Africa: Malawi; Zambia
  • ASIA-TEMPERATE
    Naturalized
    • China: China
    • Eastern Asia: Taiwan
    Cultivated
    • China: China
    • Eastern Asia: Japan
  • ASIA-TROPICAL
    Naturalized
    • Indian Subcontinent: Sri Lanka
    • Indo-China: Cambodia; Laos; Myanmar; Thailand; Vietnam
    • Malesia: Borneo; Indonesia - Java, Sumatra; New Guinea; Philippines
    Cultivated
    • Indian Subcontinent: Nepal; Pakistan; Sri Lanka
    • Indo-China: Cambodia; Laos; Thailand; Vietnam
    • Malesia: Indonesia - Java; Malaysia; Philippines; Singapore
  • PACIFIC
    Naturalized
    • North-Central Pacific: U.S. Outlying Islands - Midway Islands; United States - Hawaii
    • Northwestern Pacific: Palau
    • South-Central Pacific: French Polynesia
    Cultivated
    • North-Central Pacific: U.S. Outlying Islands - Midway Islands; United States - Hawaii
    • South-Central Pacific: French Polynesia
  • SOUTHERN AMERICA
    Naturalized
    • Caribbean: Barbados; St. Lucia
    • Mesoamerica: Panama
    • Northern South America: French Guiana; Guyana; Suriname
    • Brazil: Brazil
    • Western South America: Colombia; Ecuador; Peru
    Cultivated
    • Caribbean: Barbados; St. Lucia
    • Mesoamerica: Guatemala; Panama
    • Northern South America: French Guiana; Guyana; Suriname
    • Western South America: Colombia; Ecuador; Peru

Biological activities

11B-HSD-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Plant
5-Lipoxygenase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Plant
ATPase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Plant
Acidulant
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (14785 ppm)
Adjuvant
Cystine found in Leaf (3915 ppm)
Aldehyde-Oxidase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Plant
Aldose-Reductase-Inhibitor
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (14785 ppm)
P-coumaric-acid found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Allelochemic
Quercetin found in Plant
Allelopathic
Ferulic-acid found in Plant
P-coumaric-acid found in Plant
Allergenic
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (695 ppm)
Niacin found in Leaf (70 ppm)
Quercetin found in Plant
Analgesic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (14785 ppm)
Ferulic-acid found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Thiamin found in Leaf (7 ppm)
Tryptophan found in Leaf (4060 ppm)
Angiotensin-Receptor-Blocker
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (14785 ppm)
Fiber found in Leaf (101450 ppm)
AntiADD
Phenylalanine found in Leaf (12320 ppm)
AntiAGE
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (14785 ppm)
AntiCFS
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (14785 ppm)
AntiCTS
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (14785 ppm)
AntiGTF
Quercetin found in Plant
AntiHIV
Quercetin found in Plant
AntiLyme
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (14785 ppm)
Niacin found in Leaf (70 ppm)
Thiamin found in Leaf (7 ppm)
AntiPMS
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (695 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf (15800 ppm)
Quercetin found in Plant
Antiacid
Glycine found in Leaf (9710 ppm)
Antiacne
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (695 ppm)
Antiacrodynic
Niacin found in Leaf (70 ppm)
Antiaflatoxin
Quercetin found in Plant
Antiaggregant
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (14785 ppm)
Ferulic-acid found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Antiaging
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (14785 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (695 ppm)
Quercetin found in Plant
Antiakathisic
Iron found in Leaf (175 ppm)
Antialcoholic
Thiamin found in Leaf (7 ppm)
Antialdosteronic
Glycine found in Leaf (9710 ppm)
Antialkalotic
Lysine found in Leaf (12465 ppm)
Antiallergic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (14785 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf (15800 ppm)
Ferulic-acid found in Plant
Niacin found in Leaf (70 ppm)
Quercetin found in Plant
Antialzheimeran
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (14785 ppm)
Niacin found in Leaf (70 ppm)
Quercetin found in Plant
Thiamin found in Leaf (7 ppm)
Antiamblyopic
Niacin found in Leaf (70 ppm)
Antianaphylactic
Quercetin found in Plant
Antianemic
Iron found in Leaf (175 ppm)
Antianginal
Niacin found in Leaf (70 ppm)
Antiangiogenic
Quercetin found in Plant
Antianorectic
Thiamin found in Leaf (7 ppm)
Antianxiety
Calcium found in Leaf (15800 ppm)
Tryptophan found in Leaf (4060 ppm)
Antiarrhythmic
Calcium found in Leaf (15800 ppm)
Ferulic-acid found in Plant
Antiarteriosclerotic
Histidine found in Leaf (5650 ppm)
Antiarthritic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (14785 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (695 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf (15800 ppm)
Quercetin found in Plant
Antiasthmatic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (14785 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (695 ppm)
Quercetin found in Plant
Antiatherosclerotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (14785 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf (15800 ppm)
Quercetin found in Plant
Antibackache
Thiamin found in Leaf (7 ppm)
Antibacterial
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (14785 ppm)
Ferulic-acid found in Plant
P-coumaric-acid found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Antiberiberi
Thiamin found in Leaf (7 ppm)
Anticancer
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (695 ppm)
Anticanker
Iron found in Leaf (175 ppm)
Thiamin found in Leaf (7 ppm)
Anticarcinogenic
Ferulic-acid found in Plant
Anticarcinomic
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (695 ppm)
Anticardiospasmic
Thiamin found in Leaf (7 ppm)
Anticariogenic
Quercetin found in Plant
Anticataract
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (14785 ppm)
Methionine found in Leaf (2755 ppm)
Niacin found in Leaf (70 ppm)
Quercetin found in Plant
Thiamin found in Leaf (7 ppm)
Anticervicaldysplasic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (14785 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (695 ppm)
Anticheilitic
Iron found in Leaf (175 ppm)
Antichilblain
Niacin found in Leaf (70 ppm)
Anticlastogen
P-coumaric-acid found in Plant
Anticlimacteric
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (14785 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf (15800 ppm)
Anticold
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (14785 ppm)
Anticolitic
Quercetin found in Plant
Thiamin found in Leaf (7 ppm)
Anticomplementary
Quercetin found in Plant
Anticonvulsant
Niacin found in Leaf (70 ppm)
Anticoronary
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (695 ppm)
Anticystitic
Quercetin found in Plant
Antidecubitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (14785 ppm)
Thiamin found in Leaf (7 ppm)
Antideliriant
Thiamin found in Leaf (7 ppm)
Antidementia
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (14785 ppm)
Niacin found in Leaf (70 ppm)
Thiamin found in Leaf (7 ppm)
Tryptophan found in Leaf (4060 ppm)
Antidepressant
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (14785 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf (15800 ppm)
Phenylalanine found in Leaf (12320 ppm)
Quercetin found in Plant
Tryptophan found in Leaf (4060 ppm)
Antidermatitic
Niacin found in Leaf (70 ppm)
Quercetin found in Plant
Antidiabetic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (14785 ppm)
Fiber found in Leaf (101450 ppm)
Niacin found in Leaf (70 ppm)
Quercetin found in Plant
Antidyskinetic
Tryptophan found in Leaf (4060 ppm)
Antidysmenorrheic
Ferulic-acid found in Plant
Antidyspeptic
Thiamin found in Leaf (7 ppm)
Antidysphagic
Niacin found in Leaf (70 ppm)
Antieczemic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (14785 ppm)
Methionine found in Leaf (2755 ppm)
Antiedemic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (14785 ppm)
Antielastase
Quercetin found in Plant
Antiencephalitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (14785 ppm)
Quercetin found in Plant
Antiencephalopathic
Arginine found in Leaf (10145 ppm)
Glycine found in Leaf (9710 ppm)
Leucine found in Leaf (14640 ppm)
Thiamin found in Leaf (7 ppm)
Tyrosine found in Leaf (6955 ppm)
Valine found in Leaf (9420 ppm)
Antiendometriotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (14785 ppm)
Antiepileptic
Glutamic-acid found in Leaf (41015 ppm)
Niacin found in Leaf (70 ppm)
Antiescherichic
Quercetin found in Plant
Antiestrogenic
Ferulic-acid found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Antifatigue
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (14785 ppm)
Thiamin found in Leaf (7 ppm)
Antifeedant
Quercetin found in Plant
Antifertility
P-coumaric-acid found in Plant
Antifibrosarcomic
Quercetin found in Plant
Antifibrotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (14785 ppm)
Antiflu
Quercetin found in Plant
Antigallstone
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (14785 ppm)
Antigastric
Quercetin found in Plant
Antigastritic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (14785 ppm)
Glycine found in Leaf (9710 ppm)
Thiamin found in Leaf (7 ppm)
Antigingivitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (14785 ppm)
Antiglaucomic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (14785 ppm)
Antigonadotropic
Quercetin found in Plant
Antihangover
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (14785 ppm)
Niacin found in Leaf (70 ppm)
Thiamin found in Leaf (7 ppm)
Antiheartburn
Thiamin found in Leaf (7 ppm)
Antihemorrhagic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (14785 ppm)
Antihepatitic
Arginine found in Leaf (10145 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (14785 ppm)
Antihepatotic
Methionine found in Leaf (2755 ppm)
Antihepatotoxic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (14785 ppm)
Ferulic-acid found in Plant
P-coumaric-acid found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Antiherpetic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (14785 ppm)
Ferulic-acid found in Plant
Lysine found in Leaf (12465 ppm)
Quercetin found in Plant
Thiamin found in Leaf (7 ppm)
Antihistaminic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (14785 ppm)
Niacin found in Leaf (70 ppm)
Quercetin found in Plant
Antihomocystinuric
Cystine found in Leaf (3915 ppm)
Antihydrophobic
Quercetin found in Plant
Antihyperactivity
Niacin found in Leaf (70 ppm)
Antihyperammonemic
Glutamic-acid found in Leaf (41015 ppm)
Antihyperkeratotic
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (695 ppm)
Antihyperkinetic
Calcium found in Leaf (15800 ppm)
Antihypertensive
Arginine found in Leaf (10145 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (14785 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf (15800 ppm)
Fiber found in Leaf (101450 ppm)
Quercetin found in Plant
Tryptophan found in Leaf (4060 ppm)
Antiichythyotic
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (695 ppm)
Antiimpotence
Arginine found in Leaf (10145 ppm)
Antiinfertility
Arginine found in Leaf (10145 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (14785 ppm)
Antiinflammatory
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (14785 ppm)
Ferulic-acid found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Antiinsomniac
Calcium found in Leaf (15800 ppm)
Tryptophan found in Leaf (4060 ppm)
Antiinsomnic
Niacin found in Leaf (70 ppm)
Antileishmanic
Quercetin found in Plant
Antilepric
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (14785 ppm)
Antileukemic
Ferulic-acid found in Plant
P-coumaric-acid found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Antileukoplakic
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (695 ppm)
Antileukotriene
Quercetin found in Plant
Antilipoperoxidant
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (695 ppm)
Quercetin found in Plant
Antilithic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (14785 ppm)
Glutamic-acid found in Leaf (41015 ppm)
Antilupus
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (695 ppm)
Antimaculitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (14785 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (695 ppm)
Antimalarial
Quercetin found in Plant
Antimanic
Tryptophan found in Leaf (4060 ppm)
Antimastitic
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (695 ppm)
Antimeasles
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (14785 ppm)
Antimelanomic
Quercetin found in Plant
Antimenopausal
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (14785 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf (15800 ppm)
Tryptophan found in Leaf (4060 ppm)
Antimenorrhagic
Iron found in Leaf (175 ppm)
Antimetastatic
Quercetin found in Plant
Antimigraine
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (14785 ppm)
Thiamin found in Leaf (7 ppm)
Tryptophan found in Leaf (4060 ppm)
Antimitotic
Ferulic-acid found in Plant
Antimorphinic
Aspartic-acid found in Leaf (15650 ppm)
Antimutagenic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (14785 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (695 ppm)
Ferulic-acid found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Antimyocarditic
Quercetin found in Plant
Thiamin found in Leaf (7 ppm)
Antineoplastic
Ferulic-acid found in Plant
Antinephritic
Histidine found in Leaf (5650 ppm)
Antineuralgic
Niacin found in Leaf (70 ppm)
Thiamin found in Leaf (7 ppm)
Antineuramidase
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (14785 ppm)
Antineurasthenic
Thiamin found in Leaf (7 ppm)
Antineuritic
Thiamin found in Leaf (7 ppm)
Antineuropathic
Thiamin found in Leaf (7 ppm)
Antinitrosaminic
Ferulic-acid found in Plant
P-coumaric-acid found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Antinitrosic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (14785 ppm)
Antinociceptive
Quercetin found in Plant
Antiobesity
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (14785 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf (15800 ppm)
Fiber found in Leaf (101450 ppm)
Antiorchitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (14785 ppm)
Antiosteoarthritic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (14785 ppm)
Antiosteoporotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (14785 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf (15800 ppm)
Phosphorus found in Leaf (7535 ppm)
Antioxidant
Alanine found in Leaf (10870 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (14785 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (695 ppm)
Ferulic-acid found in Plant
Histidine found in Leaf (5650 ppm)
Methionine found in Leaf (2755 ppm)
P-coumaric-acid found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Tryptophan found in Leaf (4060 ppm)
Antiozenic
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (695 ppm)
Antipancreatitic
Quercetin found in Plant
Antipapillomic
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (695 ppm)
Antiparkinsonian
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (14785 ppm)
Methionine found in Leaf (2755 ppm)
Niacin found in Leaf (70 ppm)
Phenylalanine found in Leaf (12320 ppm)
Tryptophan found in Leaf (4060 ppm)
Tyrosine found in Leaf (6955 ppm)
Antiparotitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (14785 ppm)
Antipellagric
Isoleucine found in Leaf (7680 ppm)
Niacin found in Leaf (70 ppm)
Antiperiodontal
Quercetin found in Plant
Antiperiodontitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (14785 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf (15800 ppm)
Antiperistaltic
Quercetin found in Plant
Antipermeability
Quercetin found in Plant
Antiperoxidant
P-coumaric-acid found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Antipharyngitic
Quercetin found in Plant
Antiphenylketonuric
Tryptophan found in Leaf (4060 ppm)
Tyrosine found in Leaf (6955 ppm)
Antiphotophobic
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (695 ppm)
Antipityriasic
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (695 ppm)
Antiplaque
Quercetin found in Plant
Antiplasmodial
Quercetin found in Plant
Antipneumonic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (14785 ppm)
Antipodriac
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (14785 ppm)
Quercetin found in Plant
Antipolio
Quercetin found in Plant
Antipoliomyelitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (14785 ppm)
Thiamin found in Leaf (7 ppm)
Antiporphyric
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (695 ppm)
Antiproliferant
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (695 ppm)
Quercetin found in Plant
Antiprostaglandin
Tryptophan found in Leaf (4060 ppm)
Antiprostanoid
Quercetin found in Plant
Antiprostatitic
Glutamic-acid found in Leaf (41015 ppm)
Glycine found in Leaf (9710 ppm)
Quercetin found in Plant
Antipruritic
Glycine found in Leaf (9710 ppm)
Antipsoriac
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (695 ppm)
Quercetin found in Plant
Antipsychotic
Tryptophan found in Leaf (4060 ppm)
Antipyretic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (14785 ppm)
Antiradicular
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (14785 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (695 ppm)
Ferulic-acid found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Antiretardation
Glutamic-acid found in Leaf (41015 ppm)
Antiretinotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (14785 ppm)
Antirheumatic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (14785 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (695 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf (15800 ppm)
Tryptophan found in Leaf (4060 ppm)
Antirhinitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (14785 ppm)
Antiscoliotic
Tryptophan found in Leaf (4060 ppm)
Antiscorbutic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (14785 ppm)
Antiscotomic
Niacin found in Leaf (70 ppm)
Antiseptic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (14785 ppm)
P-coumaric-acid found in Plant
Antiserotonin
Ferulic-acid found in Plant
Antishingles
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (14785 ppm)
Antisickling
Glycine found in Leaf (9710 ppm)
Phenylalanine found in Leaf (12320 ppm)
Antispasmodic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (14785 ppm)
Ferulic-acid found in Plant
Niacin found in Leaf (70 ppm)
P-coumaric-acid found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Antistreptococcic
Quercetin found in Plant
Antistress
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (14785 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (695 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf (15800 ppm)
Antisyndrome-X
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (14785 ppm)
Antithiamin
Quercetin found in Plant
Antithrombic
Ferulic-acid found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Antitic
Calcium found in Leaf (15800 ppm)
Antitrypanosomic
Quercetin found in Plant
Antitumor-Promoter
Ferulic-acid found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Antitumor
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (695 ppm)
Ferulic-acid found in Plant
Fiber found in Leaf (101450 ppm)
P-coumaric-acid found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Antiulcer
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (14785 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (695 ppm)
Fiber found in Leaf (101450 ppm)
Glycine found in Leaf (9710 ppm)
Histidine found in Leaf (5650 ppm)
Quercetin found in Plant
Threonine found in Leaf (7970 ppm)
Tyrosine found in Leaf (6955 ppm)
Antiuremic
Histidine found in Leaf (5650 ppm)
Antivertigo
Niacin found in Leaf (70 ppm)
Antiviral
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (14785 ppm)
Ferulic-acid found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Antivitiligic
Phenylalanine found in Leaf (12320 ppm)
Antixerophthalmic
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (695 ppm)
Anxiolytic
Calcium found in Leaf (15800 ppm)
Glutamic-acid found in Leaf (41015 ppm)
Phosphorus found in Leaf (7535 ppm)
Aphrodisiac
Arginine found in Leaf (10145 ppm)
Apoptotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (14785 ppm)
Quercetin found in Plant
Arteriodilator
Ferulic-acid found in Plant
Asthma-preventive
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (14785 ppm)
Bacteristat
Quercetin found in Plant
Beta-Blocker
Fiber found in Leaf (101450 ppm)
Beta-Glucuronidase-Inhibitor
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (14785 ppm)
Bradycardiac
Quercetin found in Plant
COMT-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Plant
COX-1-Inhibitor
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (695 ppm)
COX-2-Inhibitor
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (695 ppm)
Quercetin found in Plant
Calcium-Antagonist
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (14785 ppm)
Calcium-Channel-Blocker
Calcium found in Leaf (15800 ppm)
Calmodulin-Antagonist
Quercetin found in Plant
Cancer-Preventive
Alanine found in Leaf (10870 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (14785 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (695 ppm)
Ferulic-acid found in Plant
Fiber found in Leaf (101450 ppm)
Glycine found in Leaf (9710 ppm)
Methionine found in Leaf (2755 ppm)
Niacin found in Leaf (70 ppm)
P-coumaric-acid found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Serine found in Leaf (8260 ppm)
Tyrosine found in Leaf (6955 ppm)
Candidicide
Ferulic-acid found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Capillariprotective
Quercetin found in Plant
Carcinogenic
Quercetin found in Plant
Tryptophan found in Leaf (4060 ppm)
Cardiac
Ferulic-acid found in Plant
Cardioprotective
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (14785 ppm)
Fiber found in Leaf (101450 ppm)
Niacin found in Leaf (70 ppm)
Catabolic
Quercetin found in Plant
Chemopreventive
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (695 ppm)
P-coumaric-acid found in Plant
Cholagogue
Ferulic-acid found in Plant
Choleretic
Ferulic-acid found in Plant
P-coumaric-acid found in Plant
Circulotonic
Niacin found in Leaf (70 ppm)
Cold-preventive
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (14785 ppm)
Collagenic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (14785 ppm)
Colorant
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (695 ppm)
Copper-Chelator
Quercetin found in Plant
Cyclooxygenase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Plant
Cytochrome-P450-1A2-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Plant
Cytotoxic
P-coumaric-acid found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Deiodinase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Plant
Detoxicant
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (14785 ppm)
Differentiator
Quercetin found in Plant
Diuretic
Arginine found in Leaf (10145 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (14785 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf (15800 ppm)
Fiber found in Leaf (101450 ppm)
Emetic
Methionine found in Leaf (2755 ppm)
Essential
Histidine found in Leaf (5650 ppm)
Isoleucine found in Leaf (7680 ppm)
Leucine found in Leaf (14640 ppm)
Lysine found in Leaf (12465 ppm)
Methionine found in Leaf (2755 ppm)
Threonine found in Leaf (7970 ppm)
Tryptophan found in Leaf (4060 ppm)
Valine found in Leaf (9420 ppm)
Estrogenic
Quercetin found in Plant
FLavor
Threonine found in Leaf (7970 ppm)
Valine found in Leaf (9420 ppm)
Fibrinolytic
Niacin found in Leaf (70 ppm)
Fistula-Preventive
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (14785 ppm)
Fungicide
Ferulic-acid found in Plant
P-coumaric-acid found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Gastroprotective
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (695 ppm)
Glucosyl-Transferase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Plant
Glutathionigenic
Methionine found in Leaf (2755 ppm)
HIV-RT-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Plant
Hemostat
Quercetin found in Plant
Hepatomagenic
Quercetin found in Plant
Hepatoprotective
Ferulic-acid found in Plant
Methionine found in Leaf (2755 ppm)
Niacin found in Leaf (70 ppm)
Quercetin found in Plant
Hepatotoxic
Niacin found in Leaf (70 ppm)
Hepatotropic
Ferulic-acid found in Plant
Herbicide
Ferulic-acid found in Plant
Hydrocholerectic
Ferulic-acid found in Plant
Hypnotic
Tryptophan found in Leaf (4060 ppm)
Hypoammonemic
Arginine found in Leaf (10145 ppm)
Hypoarginanemic
Lysine found in Leaf (12465 ppm)
Hypocholesterolemic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (14785 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf (15800 ppm)
Fiber found in Leaf (101450 ppm)
Niacin found in Leaf (70 ppm)
Hypoglycemic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (14785 ppm)
Niacin found in Leaf (70 ppm)
Quercetin found in Plant
Tryptophan found in Leaf (4060 ppm)
Hypolipidemic
Ferulic-acid found in Plant
Niacin found in Leaf (70 ppm)
Hypotensive
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (14785 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf (15800 ppm)
Fiber found in Leaf (101450 ppm)
Tryptophan found in Leaf (4060 ppm)
Hypouricemic
Fiber found in Leaf (101450 ppm)
Immunomodulator
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (14785 ppm)
Immunostimulant
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (14785 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (695 ppm)
Ferulic-acid found in Plant
Phosphorus found in Leaf (7535 ppm)
Inotropic
Quercetin found in Plant
Insectifuge
Ferulic-acid found in Plant
Thiamin found in Leaf (7 ppm)
Insulinase-Inhibitor
Tryptophan found in Leaf (4060 ppm)
Insulinogenic
Quercetin found in Plant
Insulinotonic
Tryptophan found in Leaf (4060 ppm)
Interferon-Synergist
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (695 ppm)
Interferonogenic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (14785 ppm)
Juvabional
Quercetin found in Plant
Larvistat
Quercetin found in Plant
Laxative
Calcium found in Leaf (15800 ppm)
Fiber found in Leaf (101450 ppm)
Lipotropic
Methionine found in Leaf (2755 ppm)
Lipoxygenase-Inhibitor
P-coumaric-acid found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Lithogenic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (14785 ppm)
MAO-A-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Plant
MMP-9-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Plant
Mast-Cell-Stabilizer
Quercetin found in Plant
Metal-Chelator
Ferulic-acid found in Plant
Metalloproteinase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Plant
Monoamine-Precursor
Phenylalanine found in Leaf (12320 ppm)
Tryptophan found in Leaf (4060 ppm)
Tyrosine found in Leaf (6955 ppm)
Mucogenic
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (695 ppm)
Mucolytic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (14785 ppm)
Mutagenic
Quercetin found in Plant
NADH-Oxidase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Plant
NEP-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Plant
NF-kB-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Plant
NO-Genic
Arginine found in Leaf (10145 ppm)
NO-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Plant
NO-Synthase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Plant
Neuroexcitant
Aspartic-acid found in Leaf (15650 ppm)
Neuroinhibitor
Glycine found in Leaf (9710 ppm)
Neuroprotective
Quercetin found in Plant
Thiamin found in Leaf (7 ppm)
Neurotoxic
Glutamic-acid found in Leaf (41015 ppm)
Ornithine-Decarboxylase-Inhibitor
Ferulic-acid found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Osteogenic
Phosphorus found in Leaf (7535 ppm)
Oxidant
Alanine found in Leaf (10870 ppm)
Histidine found in Leaf (5650 ppm)
P450-Inducer
Quercetin found in Plant
P450-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Plant
PGE2-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Plant
PTK-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Plant
Pesticide
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (14785 ppm)
Ferulic-acid found in Plant
P-coumaric-acid found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Thiamin found in Leaf (7 ppm)
Phagocytotic
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (695 ppm)
Ferulic-acid found in Plant
Phospholipase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Plant
Pituitary-Stimulant
Arginine found in Leaf (10145 ppm)
Plasmodicide
Quercetin found in Plant
Preservative
Ferulic-acid found in Plant
Prolactinogenic
Tryptophan found in Leaf (4060 ppm)
Proliferant
Quercetin found in Plant
Prooxidant
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (695 ppm)
Iron found in Leaf (175 ppm)
Prostaglandigenic
Ferulic-acid found in Plant
P-coumaric-acid found in Plant
Prostaglandin-Synthesis-Inhibitor
Ferulic-acid found in Plant
P-coumaric-acid found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Protein-Kinase-C-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Plant
Quinone-Reductase-Inducer
Quercetin found in Plant
Roborant
Aspartic-acid found in Leaf (15650 ppm)
Sedative
Niacin found in Leaf (70 ppm)
Tryptophan found in Leaf (4060 ppm)
Serotoninergic
Niacin found in Leaf (70 ppm)
Tryptophan found in Leaf (4060 ppm)
Spermigenic
Arginine found in Leaf (10145 ppm)
Sunscreen
Ferulic-acid found in Plant
TNF-alpha-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Plant
Teratologic
Quercetin found in Plant
Thymoprotective
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (695 ppm)
Topoisomerase-I-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Plant
Topoisomerase-II-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Plant
Tranquilizer
Calcium found in Leaf (15800 ppm)
Tremorigenic
Phenylalanine found in Leaf (12320 ppm)
Tumor-Promoter
Tryptophan found in Leaf (4060 ppm)
Tumorigenic
Quercetin found in Plant
Tyrosinase-Inhibitor
P-coumaric-acid found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Tyrosine-Kinase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Plant
Ubiquiot
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (695 ppm)
Uricosuric
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (14785 ppm)
Glycine found in Leaf (9710 ppm)
Urinary-Acidulant
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (14785 ppm)
Urine-Acidifier
Methionine found in Leaf (2755 ppm)
Urine-Deodorant
Methionine found in Leaf (2755 ppm)
Uterosedative
Ferulic-acid found in Plant
VEGF-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Plant
Vasodilator
Arginine found in Leaf (10145 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (14785 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf (15800 ppm)
Fiber found in Leaf (101450 ppm)
Niacin found in Leaf (70 ppm)
Quercetin found in Plant
Vulnerary
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (14785 ppm)
Xanthine-Oxidase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Plant
cAMP-Phosphodiesterase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Plant
iNOS-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Plant

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Chemicals detected

Chemical Plant part Low ppm High ppm
Alanine Leaf 750 10,870
Arginine Leaf 700 10,145
Ascorbic-acid Leaf 1,020 14,785
Ash Leaf 14,000 202,900
Aspartic-acid Leaf 1,080 15,650
Beta-carotene Leaf 48 695
Calcium Leaf 1,090 15,800
Carbohydrates Leaf 34,000 492,750
Cystine Leaf 270 3,915
Fat Leaf 3,000 43,475
Ferulic-acid Plant
Fiber Leaf 7,000 101,450
Glutamic-acid Leaf 2,830 41,015
Glycine Leaf 670 9,710
Histidine Leaf 390 5,650
Iron Leaf 12 175
Isoleucine Leaf 530 7,680
Kilocalories Leaf 190 2,753
Leucine Leaf 1,010 14,640
Lysine Leaf 860 12,465
Methionine Leaf 190 2,755
Niacin Leaf 5 70
P-coumaric-acid Plant
Phenylalanine Leaf 850 12,320
Phosphorus Leaf 520 7,535
Proline Leaf 700 10,145
Protein Leaf 18,000 260,870
Quercetin Plant
Serine Leaf 570 8,260
Thiamin Leaf 0.5 7
Threonine Leaf 550 7,970
Tryptophan Leaf 280 4,060
Tyrosine Leaf 480 6,955
Valine Leaf 650 9,420
Water Leaf 931,000
Reference: Dr. Duke's Phytochemical and Ethnobotanical Databases. [Online Database]