Barosma betulina Health effects and herbal facts

Known as
buchu honey buchu mountain buchu
Barosma betulina

Medical use

Gallery

Barosma betulina Barosma betulina Barosma betulina Barosma betulina Barosma betulina Barosma betulina Barosma betulina Barosma betulina Barosma betulina Barosma betulina Barosma betulina

Biological activities

11B-HSD-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Plant
5-HT-Inhibitor
Rutin found in Essential Oil
5-Lipoxygenase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Plant
ACE-Inhibitor
Alpha-terpinene found in Leaf
Gamma-terpinene found in Leaf
Myrcene found in Leaf
Zinc found in Leaf (84 ppm)
AP-1-Inhibitor
Selenium found in Leaf
ATPase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Plant
Acaricide
Alpha-terpinene found in Leaf
Gamma-terpinene found in Leaf
Acidulant
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4900 ppm)
Aldehyde-Oxidase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Plant
Rutin found in Essential Oil
Aldose-Reductase-Inhibitor
Alpha-terpinene found in Leaf
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4900 ppm)
Gamma-terpinene found in Leaf
Myrcene found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Plant
Rutin found in Essential Oil
Allelochemic
Alpha-pinene found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Plant
Rutin found in Essential Oil
Allelopathic
Camphene found in Leaf
Allergenic
Alpha-pinene found in Leaf
Dipentene found in Essential Oil
Myrcene found in Leaf
Niacin found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Plant
Analgesic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4900 ppm)
Hesperidin found in Leaf (34000 ppm)
Myrcene found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Plant
Selenium found in Leaf
Thiamin found in Leaf (19 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf (84 ppm)
Angiotensin-Receptor-Blocker
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4900 ppm)
Potassium found in Leaf (11700 ppm)
Anorexic
Selenium found in Leaf
Anti-LDL
Hesperidin found in Leaf (34000 ppm)
AntiAGE
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4900 ppm)
Chromium found in Leaf (29 ppm)
AntiBPH
Zinc found in Leaf (84 ppm)
AntiCFS
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4900 ppm)
Chromium found in Leaf (29 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (2210 ppm)
AntiCTS
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4900 ppm)
AntiCVI
Diosmin found in Leaf (500 ppm)
Rutin found in Essential Oil
AntiDNA
Hesperidin found in Leaf (34000 ppm)
AntiGTF
Quercetin found in Plant
AntiHIV
Quercetin found in Plant
Selenium found in Leaf
Zinc found in Leaf (84 ppm)
AntiLyme
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4900 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (2210 ppm)
Niacin found in Leaf
Riboflavin found in Leaf (1.1 ppm)
Thiamin found in Leaf (19 ppm)
AntiMS
Magnesium found in Leaf (2210 ppm)
AntiNF-kB
Selenium found in Leaf
AntiPMS
Calcium found in Leaf (38800 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (2210 ppm)
Manganese found in Leaf (675 ppm)
Quercetin found in Plant
AntiRNA
Hesperidin found in Leaf (34000 ppm)
Antiacne
Alpha-pinene found in Leaf
Chromium found in Leaf (29 ppm)
Selenium found in Leaf
Tin found in Leaf (11 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf (84 ppm)
Antiacrodermatitic
Zinc found in Leaf (84 ppm)
Antiacrodynic
Niacin found in Leaf
Antiaflatoxin
Quercetin found in Plant
Antiaggregant
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4900 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (2210 ppm)
Quercetin found in Plant
Rutin found in Essential Oil
Selenium found in Leaf
Antiaging
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4900 ppm)
Chromium found in Leaf (29 ppm)
Quercetin found in Plant
Antiakathisic
Iron found in Leaf (867 ppm)
Antialcoholic
Magnesium found in Leaf (2210 ppm)
Manganese found in Leaf (675 ppm)
Thiamin found in Leaf (19 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf (84 ppm)
Antiallergenic
Hesperidin found in Leaf (34000 ppm)
Antiallergic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4900 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf (38800 ppm)
Niacin found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Plant
Rutin found in Essential Oil
Antialopecic
Zinc found in Leaf (84 ppm)
Antialzheimeran
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4900 ppm)
Niacin found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Plant
Thiamin found in Leaf (19 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf (84 ppm)
Antiamblyopic
Niacin found in Leaf
Antianaphylactic
Quercetin found in Plant
Antianemic
Iron found in Leaf (867 ppm)
Manganese found in Leaf (675 ppm)
Antianginal
Magnesium found in Leaf (2210 ppm)
Niacin found in Leaf
Antiangiogenic
Quercetin found in Plant
Selenium found in Leaf
Zinc found in Leaf (84 ppm)
Antianorectic
Magnesium found in Leaf (2210 ppm)
Thiamin found in Leaf (19 ppm)
Antianorexic
Zinc found in Leaf (84 ppm)
Antianxiety
Calcium found in Leaf (38800 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (2210 ppm)
Antiapoplectic
Rutin found in Essential Oil
Antiarabiflavinotic
Riboflavin found in Leaf (1.1 ppm)
Antiarrhythmic
Calcium found in Leaf (38800 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (2210 ppm)
Potassium found in Leaf (11700 ppm)
Antiarteriosclerotic
Silicon found in Leaf (43 ppm)
Antiarthritic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4900 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf (38800 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (2210 ppm)
Manganese found in Leaf (675 ppm)
Quercetin found in Plant
Selenium found in Leaf
Zinc found in Leaf (84 ppm)
Antiasthmatic
4-terpineol found in Leaf
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4900 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (2210 ppm)
Quercetin found in Plant
Selenium found in Leaf
Antiatherogenic
Rutin found in Essential Oil
Antiatherosclerotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4900 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf (38800 ppm)
Chromium found in Leaf (29 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (2210 ppm)
Quercetin found in Plant
Rutin found in Essential Oil
Selenium found in Leaf
Antibackache
Thiamin found in Leaf (19 ppm)
Antibacterial
Alpha-pinene found in Leaf
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4900 ppm)
Diosphenol found in Leaf (3600 ppm)
Dipentene found in Essential Oil
Myrcene found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Plant
Rutin found in Essential Oil
Tin found in Leaf (11 ppm)
Antiberiberi
Thiamin found in Leaf (19 ppm)
Antibradykinic
Hesperidin found in Leaf (34000 ppm)
Anticancer
Diosmin found in Leaf (500 ppm)
Rutin found in Essential Oil
Anticanker
Iron found in Leaf (867 ppm)
Thiamin found in Leaf (19 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf (84 ppm)
Anticapillary-Fragility
Diosmin found in Leaf (500 ppm)
Hesperidin found in Leaf (34000 ppm)
Rutin found in Essential Oil
Anticarcinogenic
Diosmin found in Leaf (500 ppm)
Anticardiospasmic
Thiamin found in Leaf (19 ppm)
Anticariogenic
Quercetin found in Plant
Anticarpal-Tunnel
Riboflavin found in Leaf (1.1 ppm)
Anticataract
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4900 ppm)
Niacin found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Plant
Riboflavin found in Leaf (1.1 ppm)
Rutin found in Essential Oil
Selenium found in Leaf
Thiamin found in Leaf (19 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf (84 ppm)
Anticephalagic
Magnesium found in Leaf (2210 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Leaf (1.1 ppm)
Anticervicaldysplasic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4900 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Leaf (1.1 ppm)
Anticheilitic
Iron found in Leaf (867 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Leaf (1.1 ppm)
Antichilblain
Niacin found in Leaf
Anticirrhotic
Selenium found in Leaf
Anticlastogen
Diosmin found in Leaf (500 ppm)
Rutin found in Essential Oil
Anticlimacteric
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4900 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf (38800 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (2210 ppm)
Selenium found in Leaf
Anticoeliac
Zinc found in Leaf (84 ppm)
Anticold
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4900 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf (84 ppm)
Anticolitic
Quercetin found in Plant
Thiamin found in Leaf (19 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf (84 ppm)
Anticomplementary
Quercetin found in Plant
Anticonvulsant
Magnesium found in Leaf (2210 ppm)
Myrcene found in Leaf
Niacin found in Leaf
Rutin found in Essential Oil
Anticorneotic
Chromium found in Leaf (29 ppm)
Anticoronary
Magnesium found in Leaf (2210 ppm)
Selenium found in Leaf
Zinc found in Leaf (84 ppm)
Anticystitic
Quercetin found in Plant
Anticytotoxic
Diosmin found in Leaf (500 ppm)
Antidandruff
Selenium found in Leaf
Zinc found in Leaf (84 ppm)
Antidecubitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4900 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Leaf (1.1 ppm)
Thiamin found in Leaf (19 ppm)
Antideliriant
Thiamin found in Leaf (19 ppm)
Antidementia
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4900 ppm)
Niacin found in Leaf
Rutin found in Essential Oil
Thiamin found in Leaf (19 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf (84 ppm)
Antidepressant
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4900 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf (38800 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (2210 ppm)
Potassium found in Leaf (11700 ppm)
Quercetin found in Plant
Selenium found in Leaf
Antidermatitic
Niacin found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Plant
Rutin found in Essential Oil
Antidiabetic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4900 ppm)
Chromium found in Leaf (29 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (2210 ppm)
Manganese found in Leaf (675 ppm)
Niacin found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Plant
Rutin found in Essential Oil
Zinc found in Leaf (84 ppm)
Antidiscotic
Manganese found in Leaf (675 ppm)
Antidysgeuzic
Zinc found in Leaf (84 ppm)
Antidyskinetic
Manganese found in Leaf (675 ppm)
Antidysmenorrheic
Magnesium found in Leaf (2210 ppm)
Antidyspeptic
Thiamin found in Leaf (19 ppm)
Antidysphagic
Niacin found in Leaf
Antieczemic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4900 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf (84 ppm)
Antiedemic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4900 ppm)
Diosmin found in Leaf (500 ppm)
Rutin found in Essential Oil
Antielastase
Quercetin found in Plant
Antiencephalitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4900 ppm)
Quercetin found in Plant
Antiencephalopathic
Thiamin found in Leaf (19 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf (84 ppm)
Antiendometriotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4900 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (2210 ppm)
Antienterotic
Magnesium found in Leaf (2210 ppm)
Antiepileptic
Magnesium found in Leaf (2210 ppm)
Manganese found in Leaf (675 ppm)
Niacin found in Leaf
Zinc found in Leaf (84 ppm)
Antierythemic
Rutin found in Essential Oil
Antiescherichic
Quercetin found in Plant
Antiestrogenic
Quercetin found in Plant
Antifatigue
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4900 ppm)
Chromium found in Leaf (29 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (2210 ppm)
Potassium found in Leaf (11700 ppm)
Thiamin found in Leaf (19 ppm)
Antifeedant
Alpha-pinene found in Leaf
Gamma-terpinene found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Plant
Rutin found in Essential Oil
Antifibromyalgic
Magnesium found in Leaf (2210 ppm)
Antifibrosarcomic
Quercetin found in Plant
Antifibrotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4900 ppm)
Selenium found in Leaf
Zinc found in Leaf (84 ppm)
Antiflu
Alpha-pinene found in Leaf
Hesperidin found in Leaf (34000 ppm)
Quercetin found in Plant
Antifuruncular
Zinc found in Leaf (84 ppm)
Antigallstone
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4900 ppm)
Antigastric
Quercetin found in Plant
Antigastritic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4900 ppm)
Thiamin found in Leaf (19 ppm)
Antigastrotic
Magnesium found in Leaf (2210 ppm)
Antigingivitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4900 ppm)
Antiglaucomic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4900 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (2210 ppm)
Rutin found in Essential Oil
Antiglossitic
Riboflavin found in Leaf (1.1 ppm)
Antiglycosuric
Chromium found in Leaf (29 ppm)
Antigonadotropic
Quercetin found in Plant
Antigout
Selenium found in Leaf
Antihangover
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4900 ppm)
Niacin found in Leaf
Thiamin found in Leaf (19 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf (84 ppm)
Antiheartburn
Thiamin found in Leaf (19 ppm)
Antihematuric
Rutin found in Essential Oil
Antihemorrhagic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4900 ppm)
Antihemorrhoidal
Diosmin found in Leaf (500 ppm)
Rutin found in Essential Oil
Antihepatitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4900 ppm)
Antihepatotoxic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4900 ppm)
Quercetin found in Plant
Rutin found in Essential Oil
Antiherpetic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4900 ppm)
Quercetin found in Plant
Rutin found in Essential Oil
Thiamin found in Leaf (19 ppm)
Antihistaminic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4900 ppm)
Diosmin found in Leaf (500 ppm)
Hesperidin found in Leaf (34000 ppm)
Niacin found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Plant
Rutin found in Essential Oil
Antihydrophobic
Quercetin found in Plant
Antihyperactivity
Niacin found in Leaf
Antihyperkinetic
Calcium found in Leaf (38800 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (2210 ppm)
Antihypertensive
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4900 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf (38800 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (2210 ppm)
Potassium found in Leaf (11700 ppm)
Quercetin found in Plant
Rutin found in Essential Oil
Antihypoglycemic
Magnesium found in Leaf (2210 ppm)
Antiimpotence
Zinc found in Leaf (84 ppm)
Antiinfective
Zinc found in Leaf (84 ppm)
Antiinfertility
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4900 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf (84 ppm)
Antiinflammatory
Alpha-pinene found in Leaf
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4900 ppm)
Diosmin found in Leaf (500 ppm)
Hesperidin found in Leaf (34000 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (2210 ppm)
Quercetin found in Plant
Rutin found in Essential Oil
Antiinsomniac
Calcium found in Leaf (38800 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (2210 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf (84 ppm)
Antiinsomnic
Niacin found in Leaf
Antikeratitic
Riboflavin found in Leaf (1.1 ppm)
Antikeshan
Selenium found in Leaf
Antileishmanic
Quercetin found in Plant
Antilepric
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4900 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf (84 ppm)
Antileukemic
Quercetin found in Plant
Selenium found in Leaf
Antileukonychic
Zinc found in Leaf (84 ppm)
Antileukotriene
Diosmin found in Leaf (500 ppm)
Hesperidin found in Leaf (34000 ppm)
Quercetin found in Plant
Selenium found in Leaf
Antilipoperoxidant
Quercetin found in Plant
Antilithic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4900 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (2210 ppm)
Antilymphomic
Zinc found in Leaf (84 ppm)
Antimaculitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4900 ppm)
Selenium found in Leaf
Zinc found in Leaf (84 ppm)
Antimalarial
Quercetin found in Plant
Rutin found in Essential Oil
Antimastalgic
Magnesium found in Leaf (2210 ppm)
Antimeasles
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4900 ppm)
Antimelanomic
Diosmin found in Leaf (500 ppm)
Quercetin found in Plant
Rutin found in Essential Oil
Selenium found in Leaf
Antimenopausal
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4900 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf (38800 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (2210 ppm)
Selenium found in Leaf
Antimenorrhagic
Iron found in Leaf (867 ppm)
Antimetastatic
Diosmin found in Leaf (500 ppm)
Quercetin found in Plant
Rutin found in Essential Oil
Selenium found in Leaf
Zinc found in Leaf (84 ppm)
Antimetrorrhagic
Diosmin found in Leaf (500 ppm)
Antimigraine
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4900 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (2210 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Leaf (1.1 ppm)
Thiamin found in Leaf (19 ppm)
Antimitral-valve-prolapse
Magnesium found in Leaf (2210 ppm)
Antimutagenic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4900 ppm)
Myrcene found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Plant
Rutin found in Essential Oil
Antimyalgic
Selenium found in Leaf
Antimyocarditic
Quercetin found in Plant
Thiamin found in Leaf (19 ppm)
Antinephritic
Rutin found in Essential Oil
Antinephrolytic
Magnesium found in Leaf (2210 ppm)
Antineuralgic
Niacin found in Leaf
Thiamin found in Leaf (19 ppm)
Antineuramidase
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4900 ppm)
Antineurasthenic
Thiamin found in Leaf (19 ppm)
Antineuritic
Thiamin found in Leaf (19 ppm)
Antineuropathic
Thiamin found in Leaf (19 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf (84 ppm)
Antineurotic
Magnesium found in Leaf (2210 ppm)
Antinitrosaminic
Alpha-terpinene found in Leaf
Myrcene found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Plant
Antinitrosic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4900 ppm)
Antinociceptive
Myrcene found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Plant
Rutin found in Essential Oil
Antinyctalopic
Zinc found in Leaf (84 ppm)
Antiobesity
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4900 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf (38800 ppm)
Chromium found in Leaf (29 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf (84 ppm)
Antionychyotic
Silicon found in Leaf (43 ppm)
Antiorchitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4900 ppm)
Antiosteoarthritic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4900 ppm)
Selenium found in Leaf
Antiosteoporotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4900 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf (38800 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (2210 ppm)
Manganese found in Leaf (675 ppm)
Phosphorus found in Leaf (6780 ppm)
Silicon found in Leaf (43 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf (84 ppm)
Antiototic
Manganese found in Leaf (675 ppm)
Antioxidant
4-terpineol found in Leaf
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4900 ppm)
Camphene found in Leaf
Diosmin found in Leaf (500 ppm)
Gamma-terpinene found in Leaf
Hesperidin found in Leaf (34000 ppm)
Manganese found in Leaf (675 ppm)
Myrcene found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Plant
Riboflavin found in Leaf (1.1 ppm)
Rutin found in Essential Oil
Selenium found in Leaf
Antipancreatitic
Quercetin found in Plant
Antiparkinsonian
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4900 ppm)
Niacin found in Leaf
Selenium found in Leaf
Antiparotitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4900 ppm)
Antipellagric
Niacin found in Leaf
Riboflavin found in Leaf (1.1 ppm)
Antiperiodontal
Quercetin found in Plant
Antiperiodontitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4900 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf (38800 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf (84 ppm)
Antiperistaltic
Quercetin found in Plant
Antipermeability
Quercetin found in Plant
Antiperoxidant
Diosmin found in Leaf (500 ppm)
Quercetin found in Plant
Rutin found in Essential Oil
Antipharyngitic
Quercetin found in Plant
Antiphotophobic
Riboflavin found in Leaf (1.1 ppm)
Antiplaque
Magnesium found in Leaf (2210 ppm)
Quercetin found in Plant
Zinc found in Leaf (84 ppm)
Antiplasmodial
Quercetin found in Plant
Antiplatelet
Rutin found in Essential Oil
Antipneumonic
Alpha-pinene found in Leaf
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4900 ppm)
Antipodriac
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4900 ppm)
Quercetin found in Plant
Antipolio
Quercetin found in Plant
Antipoliomyelitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4900 ppm)
Thiamin found in Leaf (19 ppm)
Antiprolactin
Zinc found in Leaf (84 ppm)
Antiproliferant
Diosmin found in Leaf (500 ppm)
Quercetin found in Plant
Rutin found in Essential Oil
Selenium found in Leaf
Antiprostaglandin
Diosmin found in Leaf (500 ppm)
Hesperidin found in Leaf (34000 ppm)
Antiprostanoid
Quercetin found in Plant
Antiprostatitic
Quercetin found in Plant
Zinc found in Leaf (84 ppm)
Antiprotozoal
Rutin found in Essential Oil
Antipsoriac
Quercetin found in Plant
Antipurpuric
Rutin found in Essential Oil
Antipyretic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4900 ppm)
Antiradicular
4-terpineol found in Leaf
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4900 ppm)
Diosmin found in Leaf (500 ppm)
Quercetin found in Plant
Rutin found in Essential Oil
Selenium found in Leaf
Antiretinopathic
Magnesium found in Leaf (2210 ppm)
Antiretinotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4900 ppm)
Antirheumatic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4900 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf (38800 ppm)
Selenium found in Leaf
Zinc found in Leaf (84 ppm)
Antirhinitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4900 ppm)
Antiscorbutic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4900 ppm)
Antiscotomic
Niacin found in Leaf
Antiseptic
Alpha-pinene found in Leaf
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4900 ppm)
Diosphenol found in Leaf (3600 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf (84 ppm)
Antishingles
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4900 ppm)
Antisilicotic
Aluminum found in Leaf (1360 ppm)
Antispare-Tire
Zinc found in Leaf (84 ppm)
Antispasmodic
Alpha-pinene found in Leaf
Alpha-terpinene found in Leaf
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4900 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (2210 ppm)
Myrcene found in Leaf
Niacin found in Leaf
Potassium found in Leaf (11700 ppm)
Quercetin found in Plant
Rutin found in Essential Oil
Antispasmophilic
Magnesium found in Leaf (2210 ppm)
Antistaphylococcic
Alpha-pinene found in Leaf
Antistomatitic
Hesperidin found in Leaf (34000 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf (84 ppm)
Antistreptococcic
Quercetin found in Plant
Antistress
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4900 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf (38800 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (2210 ppm)
Antistroke
Magnesium found in Leaf (2210 ppm)
Potassium found in Leaf (11700 ppm)
Antisunburn
Rutin found in Essential Oil
Antisyndrome-X
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4900 ppm)
Chromium found in Leaf (29 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (2210 ppm)
Manganese found in Leaf (675 ppm)
Selenium found in Leaf
Zinc found in Leaf (84 ppm)
Antithiamin
Quercetin found in Plant
Antithrombic
Quercetin found in Plant
Antithrombogenic
Rutin found in Essential Oil
Antithromboxane
Diosmin found in Leaf (500 ppm)
Antithyroid
Rutin found in Essential Oil
Antitic
Calcium found in Leaf (38800 ppm)
Antitinnitic
Zinc found in Leaf (84 ppm)
Antitriglyceride
Chromium found in Leaf (29 ppm)
Hesperidin found in Leaf (34000 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf (84 ppm)
Antitrypanosomic
Quercetin found in Plant
Rutin found in Essential Oil
Antitumor-Promoter
Quercetin found in Plant
Rutin found in Essential Oil
Antitumor
Quercetin found in Plant
Rutin found in Essential Oil
Selenium found in Leaf
Antiulcer
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4900 ppm)
Diosmin found in Leaf (500 ppm)
Hesperidin found in Leaf (34000 ppm)
Quercetin found in Plant
Rutin found in Essential Oil
Zinc found in Leaf (84 ppm)
Antiulcerogenic
Selenium found in Leaf
Antivaccinia
Hesperidin found in Leaf (34000 ppm)
Antivaginitic
Aluminum found in Leaf (1360 ppm)
Antivaricose
Rutin found in Essential Oil
Antivertigo
Niacin found in Leaf
Antiviral
Alpha-pinene found in Leaf
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4900 ppm)
Dipentene found in Essential Oil
Hesperidin found in Leaf (34000 ppm)
Quercetin found in Plant
Rutin found in Essential Oil
Anxiolytic
Calcium found in Leaf (38800 ppm)
Hesperidin found in Leaf (34000 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (2210 ppm)
Phosphorus found in Leaf (6780 ppm)
Potassium found in Leaf (11700 ppm)
Selenium found in Leaf
Apoptotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4900 ppm)
Quercetin found in Plant
Rutin found in Essential Oil
Selenium found in Leaf
Asthma-preventive
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4900 ppm)
Astringent
Zinc found in Leaf (84 ppm)
Bacteristat
Quercetin found in Plant
Beta-Blocker
Potassium found in Leaf (11700 ppm)
Beta-Glucuronidase-Inhibitor
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4900 ppm)
Bradycardiac
Quercetin found in Plant
CNS-Depressant
Hesperidin found in Leaf (34000 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (2210 ppm)
COMT-Inhibitor
Diosmin found in Leaf (500 ppm)
Quercetin found in Plant
COX-2-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Plant
Calcium-Antagonist
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4900 ppm)
Hesperidin found in Leaf (34000 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (2210 ppm)
Calcium-Channel-Blocker
Calcium found in Leaf (38800 ppm)
Calmodulin-Antagonist
Quercetin found in Plant
Cancer-Preventive
Alpha-pinene found in Leaf
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4900 ppm)
Mucilage found in Leaf
Niacin found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Plant
Riboflavin found in Leaf (1.1 ppm)
Rutin found in Essential Oil
Selenium found in Leaf
Candidicide
Aluminum found in Leaf (1360 ppm)
Quercetin found in Plant
Capillariprotective
Hesperidin found in Leaf (34000 ppm)
Quercetin found in Plant
Rutin found in Essential Oil
Carcinogenic
Quercetin found in Plant
Cardiomyopathogenic
Cobalt found in Leaf (87 ppm)
Cardioprotective
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4900 ppm)
Chromium found in Leaf (29 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (2210 ppm)
Niacin found in Leaf
Potassium found in Leaf (11700 ppm)
Selenium found in Leaf
Silicon found in Leaf (43 ppm)
Cardiotoxic
Potassium found in Leaf (11700 ppm)
Catabolic
Hesperidin found in Leaf (34000 ppm)
Quercetin found in Plant
Rutin found in Essential Oil
Chemopreventive
Diosmin found in Leaf (500 ppm)
Myrcene found in Leaf
Rutin found in Essential Oil
Choleretic
Hesperidin found in Leaf (34000 ppm)
Circulotonic
Niacin found in Leaf
Cold-preventive
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4900 ppm)
Coleoptophile
Alpha-pinene found in Leaf
Collagenic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4900 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf (84 ppm)
Copper-Antagonist
Zinc found in Leaf (84 ppm)
Copper-Chelator
Quercetin found in Plant
Cyclooxygenase-Inhibitor
Diosmin found in Leaf (500 ppm)
Hesperidin found in Leaf (34000 ppm)
Quercetin found in Plant
Cytochrome-P450-1A2-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Plant
Cytoprotective
Diosmin found in Leaf (500 ppm)
Rutin found in Essential Oil
Cytotoxic
Quercetin found in Plant
Deiodinase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Plant
Demulcent
Mucilage found in Leaf
Deodorant
Zinc found in Leaf (84 ppm)
Depressant
Selenium found in Leaf
Detoxicant
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4900 ppm)
Differentiator
Quercetin found in Plant
Diuretic
4-terpineol found in Leaf
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4900 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf (38800 ppm)
Diosmin found in Leaf (500 ppm)
Diosphenol found in Leaf (3600 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (2210 ppm)
Potassium found in Leaf (11700 ppm)
Encephalopathic
Aluminum found in Leaf (1360 ppm)
Energizer
Chromium found in Leaf (29 ppm)
Ergogenic
Zinc found in Leaf (84 ppm)
Erythrocytogenic
Cobalt found in Leaf (87 ppm)
Estrogenic
Quercetin found in Plant
Expectorant
Alpha-pinene found in Leaf
Camphene found in Leaf
Dipentene found in Essential Oil
FLavor
4-terpineol found in Leaf
Alpha-pinene found in Leaf
Alpha-terpinene found in Leaf
Camphene found in Leaf
Gamma-terpinene found in Leaf
Myrcene found in Leaf
Fibrinolytic
Niacin found in Leaf
Fistula-Preventive
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4900 ppm)
Fungicide
Myrcene found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Plant
Selenium found in Leaf
Glucosyl-Transferase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Plant
HIV-RT-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Plant
Hemostat
Quercetin found in Plant
Rutin found in Essential Oil
Hepatomagenic
Quercetin found in Plant
Rutin found in Essential Oil
Hepatoprotective
Niacin found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Plant
Rutin found in Essential Oil
Hepatotoxic
Niacin found in Leaf
Herbicide
Alpha-pinene found in Leaf
Hypertensive
Sodium found in Leaf (2760 ppm)
Hypocholesterolemic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4900 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf (38800 ppm)
Chromium found in Leaf (29 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (2210 ppm)
Mucilage found in Leaf
Niacin found in Leaf
Rutin found in Essential Oil
Hypoglycemic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4900 ppm)
Chromium found in Leaf (29 ppm)
Diosmin found in Leaf (500 ppm)
Manganese found in Leaf (675 ppm)
Niacin found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Plant
Hypolipidemic
Hesperidin found in Leaf (34000 ppm)
Niacin found in Leaf
Hypotensive
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4900 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf (38800 ppm)
Chromium found in Leaf (29 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (2210 ppm)
Potassium found in Leaf (11700 ppm)
Rutin found in Essential Oil
Zinc found in Leaf (84 ppm)
Hypothermic
Myrcene found in Leaf
Immunomodulator
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4900 ppm)
Chromium found in Leaf (29 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (2210 ppm)
Rutin found in Essential Oil
Selenium found in Leaf
Zinc found in Leaf (84 ppm)
Immunostimulant
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4900 ppm)
Phosphorus found in Leaf (6780 ppm)
Selenium found in Leaf
Zinc found in Leaf (84 ppm)
Immunosuppressant
Zinc found in Leaf (84 ppm)
Inotropic
Quercetin found in Plant
Insecticide
Alpha-pinene found in Leaf
Alpha-terpinene found in Leaf
Rutin found in Essential Oil
Insectifuge
4-terpineol found in Leaf
Alpha-pinene found in Leaf
Alpha-terpinene found in Leaf
Camphene found in Leaf
Gamma-terpinene found in Leaf
Myrcene found in Leaf
Thiamin found in Leaf (19 ppm)
Insectiphile
Alpha-pinene found in Leaf
Rutin found in Essential Oil
Insulinogenic
Chromium found in Leaf (29 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (2210 ppm)
Quercetin found in Plant
Zinc found in Leaf (84 ppm)
Interferonogenic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4900 ppm)
Juvabional
Quercetin found in Plant
Rutin found in Essential Oil
Larvistat
Quercetin found in Plant
Rutin found in Essential Oil
Laxative
Calcium found in Leaf (38800 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (2210 ppm)
Leptingenic
Zinc found in Leaf (84 ppm)
Lipoxygenase-Inhibitor
Diosmin found in Leaf (500 ppm)
Hesperidin found in Leaf (34000 ppm)
Quercetin found in Plant
Rutin found in Essential Oil
Lithogenic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4900 ppm)
Litholytic
Magnesium found in Leaf (2210 ppm)
MAO-A-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Plant
MDR-Inhibitor
Diosmin found in Leaf (500 ppm)
MMP-9-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Plant
Mast-Cell-Stabilizer
Quercetin found in Plant
Memorigenic
Chromium found in Leaf (29 ppm)
Metalloproteinase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Plant
Mucogenic
Zinc found in Leaf (84 ppm)
Mucolytic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4900 ppm)
Mutagenic
Quercetin found in Plant
Rutin found in Essential Oil
Myoprotective
Rutin found in Essential Oil
Myorelaxant
Magnesium found in Leaf (2210 ppm)
Myrcene found in Leaf
Rutin found in Essential Oil
NADH-Oxidase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Plant
NEP-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Plant
NF-kB-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Plant
Selenium found in Leaf
Zinc found in Leaf (84 ppm)
NO-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Plant
NO-Synthase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Plant
Neuroprotective
Quercetin found in Plant
Thiamin found in Leaf (19 ppm)
Neurotransmitter
Magnesium found in Leaf (2210 ppm)
Ornithine-Decarboxylase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Plant
Selenium found in Leaf
Osteogenic
Phosphorus found in Leaf (6780 ppm)
Oviposition-Stimulant
Rutin found in Essential Oil
P450-2B1-Inhibitor
Alpha-pinene found in Leaf
Alpha-terpinene found in Leaf
Myrcene found in Leaf
P450-Inducer
Quercetin found in Plant
P450-Inhibitor
Diosmin found in Leaf (500 ppm)
Quercetin found in Plant
PAF-Inhibitor
Rutin found in Essential Oil
PGE2-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Plant
PTK-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Plant
Pesticide
4-terpineol found in Leaf
Alpha-pinene found in Leaf
Alpha-terpinene found in Leaf
Aluminum found in Leaf (1360 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4900 ppm)
Camphene found in Leaf
Dipentene found in Essential Oil
Gamma-terpinene found in Leaf
Hesperidin found in Leaf (34000 ppm)
Myrcene found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Plant
Rutin found in Essential Oil
Selenium found in Leaf
Thiamin found in Leaf (19 ppm)
Tin found in Leaf (11 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf (84 ppm)
Peticide
Diosphenol found in Leaf (3600 ppm)
Phospholipase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Plant
Plasmodicide
Quercetin found in Plant
Polyamine-Synthesis-Inhibitor
Selenium found in Leaf
ProHLDL
Hesperidin found in Leaf (34000 ppm)
Proliferant
Quercetin found in Plant
Prooxidant
Iron found in Leaf (867 ppm)
Prostaglandin-Sparer
Selenium found in Leaf
Prostaglandin-Synthesis-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Plant
Protein-Kinase-C-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Plant
Selenium found in Leaf
Protisticide
Rutin found in Essential Oil
Quinone-Reductase-Inducer
Quercetin found in Plant
Radioprotective
Diosmin found in Leaf (500 ppm)
Rutin found in Essential Oil
Sedative
Alpha-pinene found in Leaf
Dipentene found in Essential Oil
Niacin found in Leaf
Serotoninergic
Niacin found in Leaf
Spasmogenic
Alpha-pinene found in Leaf
Alpha-terpinene found in Leaf
Camphene found in Leaf
Spermigenic
Zinc found in Leaf (84 ppm)
Sunscreen
Rutin found in Essential Oil
TNF-alpha-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Plant
Taenicide
Tin found in Leaf (11 ppm)
Teratologic
Quercetin found in Plant
Testosteronigenic
Zinc found in Leaf (84 ppm)
Topoisomerase-I-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Plant
Topoisomerase-II-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Plant
Rutin found in Essential Oil
Tranquilizer
Alpha-pinene found in Leaf
Calcium found in Leaf (38800 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (2210 ppm)
Transdermal
Alpha-pinene found in Leaf
Trichomonicide
Zinc found in Leaf (84 ppm)
Tumorigenic
Quercetin found in Plant
Tyrosinase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Plant
Tyrosine-Kinase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Plant
Uricosuric
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4900 ppm)
Urinary-Acidulant
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4900 ppm)
Uterorelaxant
Magnesium found in Leaf (2210 ppm)
VEGF-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Plant
Selenium found in Leaf
Vasodilator
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4900 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf (38800 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (2210 ppm)
Niacin found in Leaf
Potassium found in Leaf (11700 ppm)
Quercetin found in Plant
Rutin found in Essential Oil
Vasopressor
Hesperidin found in Leaf (34000 ppm)
Rutin found in Essential Oil
Venoprotective
Diosmin found in Leaf (500 ppm)
Venotonic
Diosmin found in Leaf (500 ppm)
Vulnerary
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4900 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf (84 ppm)
Xanthine-Oxidase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Plant
cAMP-Phosphodiesterase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Plant
Rutin found in Essential Oil
iNOS-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Plant

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Chemicals detected

Chemical Plant part Low ppm High ppm
(+)-limonene Leaf 1,500 2,500
(+)-menthone Leaf 1,350 2,250
(+)-pulegone Leaf 1,500 3,000
(-)-isomenthone Leaf 5,250 8,750
(-)-isopulegone Leaf 450 900
(-)-pulegone Leaf 1,650 2,750
2-epi-p-menthane-8-thiol-1-one Plant
4-terpineol Leaf
8-acetylthio-p-menthan-3-one Essential Oil
8-mercapto-p-mentha-3-one Leaf
Alpha-pinene Leaf
Alpha-terpinene Leaf
Aluminum Leaf 1,360
Ascorbic-acid Leaf 4,900
Ash Leaf 81,000
Barosma-camphor Leaf 1,800 3,000
Calcium Leaf 38,800
Camphene Leaf
Chromium Leaf 29
Cobalt Leaf 87
Diosmin Leaf 200 500
Diosphenol Leaf 1,800 3,600
Dipentene Essential Oil
Dl-piperitonepoxide Leaf 1,425 2,375
Eo Leaf 15,000 35,000
Gamma-terpinene Leaf
Hesperidin Leaf 10,000 34,000
Iron Leaf 867
L-menthone Essential Oil
Magnesium Leaf 2,210
Manganese Leaf 675
Mucilage Leaf
Myrcene Leaf
Niacin Leaf
P-cymol Essential Oil
P-menthane-8-thiol-1-one Plant
Phosphorus Leaf 6,780
Potassium Leaf 11,700
Protein Leaf 92,000
Quercetin Plant
Quercetrin-3,7-glucoside Essential Oil
Resin Leaf 50,000
Riboflavin Leaf 1.1
Rutin Essential Oil
Selenium Leaf
Silicon Leaf 43
Sodium Leaf 2,760
Thiamin Leaf 7 19
Tin Leaf 11
Zinc Leaf 84
Reference: Dr. Duke's Phytochemical and Ethnobotanical Databases. [Online Database]