Avicennia officinalis Health effects and herbal facts

Known as
baen bina white mangrovetree

Avicennia officinalis is a species of mangrove. The young tree forms a low, dense bushy crown. When it matures, it forms a columnar tree up to 15 m and may grow up to 30 m. The shiny green leaves, 10 cm long by 5 cm wide, have rounded apexes and golden-brown under leaf and grow in opposites. The flower, the largest among the Avicennia species has a diameter of 6 to 10 mm when expanded. It is orange yellow to lemon yellow in color. The bark is smooth, dirty green to dark gray in color. It is slightly fissured and does not flake. The fruit is green or brown, heart-shaped abruptly narrowed to a short beak is 2.5 cm long or more. Avicennia officinalis is found sporadically on the banks of rivers and rarely found near the sea. It prefers clay soil and usually found inland.

Avicennia officinalis

Medical use

Gallery

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Biological activities

Anthelmintic
Betulinic-acid found in Leaf (500 ppm);found in Stem Bark (1450 ppm);found in Shoot
AntiHIV
Betulin found in Leaf (140 ppm);found in Stem Bark (270 ppm)
Betulinic-acid found in Leaf (500 ppm);found in Stem Bark (1450 ppm);found in Shoot
Antibacterial
Betulinic-acid found in Leaf (500 ppm);found in Stem Bark (1450 ppm);found in Shoot
Anticancer
Betulinic-acid found in Leaf (500 ppm);found in Stem Bark (1450 ppm);found in Shoot
Anticarcinomic
Betulin found in Leaf (140 ppm);found in Stem Bark (270 ppm)
Betulinic-acid found in Leaf (500 ppm);found in Stem Bark (1450 ppm);found in Shoot
Antiedemic
Betulinic-acid found in Leaf (500 ppm);found in Stem Bark (1450 ppm);found in Shoot
Antifeedant
Betulin found in Leaf (140 ppm);found in Stem Bark (270 ppm)
Antiflu
Betulin found in Leaf (140 ppm);found in Stem Bark (270 ppm)
Antiinflammatory
Betulin found in Leaf (140 ppm);found in Stem Bark (270 ppm)
Betulinic-acid found in Leaf (500 ppm);found in Stem Bark (1450 ppm);found in Shoot
Antileukemic
Betulinic-acid found in Leaf (500 ppm);found in Stem Bark (1450 ppm);found in Shoot
Antimalarial
Betulinic-acid found in Leaf (500 ppm);found in Stem Bark (1450 ppm);found in Shoot
Antimelanomic
Betulinic-acid found in Leaf (500 ppm);found in Stem Bark (1450 ppm);found in Shoot
Antinociceptive
Betulinic-acid found in Leaf (500 ppm);found in Stem Bark (1450 ppm);found in Shoot
Antiplasmodial
Betulinic-acid found in Leaf (500 ppm);found in Stem Bark (1450 ppm);found in Shoot
Antitumor
Betulin found in Leaf (140 ppm);found in Stem Bark (270 ppm)
Betulinic-acid found in Leaf (500 ppm);found in Stem Bark (1450 ppm);found in Shoot
Antiviral
Betulin found in Leaf (140 ppm);found in Stem Bark (270 ppm)
Betulinic-acid found in Leaf (500 ppm);found in Stem Bark (1450 ppm);found in Shoot
Aphidifuge
Betulin found in Leaf (140 ppm);found in Stem Bark (270 ppm)
Apoptotic
Betulinic-acid found in Leaf (500 ppm);found in Stem Bark (1450 ppm);found in Shoot
Cytotoxic
Betulin found in Leaf (140 ppm);found in Stem Bark (270 ppm)
Betulinic-acid found in Leaf (500 ppm);found in Stem Bark (1450 ppm);found in Shoot
Hypolipemic
Betulin found in Leaf (140 ppm);found in Stem Bark (270 ppm)
Phospholipase-A2-Inhibitor
Betulinic-acid found in Leaf (500 ppm);found in Stem Bark (1450 ppm);found in Shoot
Prostaglandin-Synthesis-Inhibitor
Betulin found in Leaf (140 ppm);found in Stem Bark (270 ppm)
Betulinic-acid found in Leaf (500 ppm);found in Stem Bark (1450 ppm);found in Shoot
Topoisomerase-II-Inhibitor
Betulin found in Leaf (140 ppm);found in Stem Bark (270 ppm)

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Chemicals detected

Chemical Plant part Low ppm High ppm
Betulin Leaf 140
Stem Bark 270
Betulinic-acid Leaf 500
Stem Bark 1,450
Shoot
Reference: Dr. Duke's Phytochemical and Ethnobotanical Databases. [Online Database]