Astragalus gummifer Health effects and herbal facts

Known as
gum-tragacanth tragacanth tragacanth milk-vetch

Astragalus gummifer, is a small woody evergreen shrub, with a typical height and spread of 30 cm at maturity, indigenous to western Asia, specifically Iraq and Kurdistan. This nitrogen fixing plant bears hermaphroditic flowers, which are bee-pollinated. It has many medical, culinary, and material uses.

Astragalus gummifer

Medical use

Economic importance of Astragalus gummifer

Food additives emulsifier thickening agent
Materials gum/resin
Medicines folklore

Gallery

Astragalus gummifer Astragalus gummifer Astragalus gummifer Astragalus gummifer Astragalus gummifer Astragalus gummifer Astragalus gummifer Astragalus gummifer Astragalus gummifer Astragalus gummifer Astragalus gummifer

Geografical distribution

  • ASIA-TEMPERATE
    Native
    • Western Asia: Iraq; Lebanon; Syria; Turkey

Biological activities

Absorbent
Starch found in Gum (30000 ppm)
Acidulant
Acetic-acid found in Gum (25000 ppm)
Antibacterial
Acetic-acid found in Gum (25000 ppm)
Anticomplementary
Arabinogalactan found in Gum
Antileishmanic
Arabinogalactan found in Gum
Antinesidioblastosic
Starch found in Gum (30000 ppm)
Antiotitic
Acetic-acid found in Gum (25000 ppm)
Antisalmonella
Acetic-acid found in Gum (25000 ppm)
Antivaginitic
Acetic-acid found in Gum (25000 ppm)
Emollient
Starch found in Gum (30000 ppm)
Expectorant
Acetic-acid found in Gum (25000 ppm)
Fungicide
Acetic-acid found in Gum (25000 ppm)
Hemostat
Cellulose found in Gum (40000 ppm)
Immunostimulant
Arabinogalactan found in Gum
Interferonogenic
Arabinogalactan found in Gum
Keratitigenic
Acetic-acid found in Gum (25000 ppm)
Mitogenic
Arabinogalactan found in Gum
Mucolytic
Acetic-acid found in Gum (25000 ppm)
Osteolytic
Acetic-acid found in Gum (25000 ppm)
Perfumery
Acetic-acid found in Gum (25000 ppm)
Pesticide
Acetic-acid found in Gum (25000 ppm)
Phagocytotic
Arabinogalactan found in Gum
Phytoalexin
Mucronulatol found in Leaf
Poultice
Starch found in Gum (30000 ppm)
Protisticide
Acetic-acid found in Gum (25000 ppm)
Spermicide
Acetic-acid found in Gum (25000 ppm)
Ulcerogenic
Acetic-acid found in Gum (25000 ppm)
Verrucolytic
Acetic-acid found in Gum (25000 ppm)

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Chemicals detected

Chemical Plant part Low ppm High ppm
Acetic-acid Gum 25,000
Aldibiuronic-acids Gum
Arabinogalactan Gum
Ash Gum 15,000 30,000
Bassorin Gum 600,000 700,000
Cellulose Gum 10,000 40,000
D-galactose Gum
D-galacturonic-acid Gum
D-xylose Gum
Eo Gum 20,000 30,000
L-arabinose Gum
L-fucose Gum
L-rhamnose Gum
Mucronulatol Leaf
Starch Gum 10,000 30,000
Tragacanth-gum Gum
Tragacanthic-acid Gum
Tragacanthin Gum 80,000 300,000
Xenognosin Gum 1
Reference: Dr. Duke's Phytochemical and Ethnobotanical Databases. [Online Database]