Asclepias syriaca Health effects and herbal facts

Known as
common milkweed silkweed silky swallowwort Virginia-silk

Asclepias syriaca, commonly called common milkweed, butterfly flower, silkweed, silky swallow-wort, and Virginia silkweed, is a species of flowering plant. It is in the genus Asclepias, the milkweeds. This species is native to Southern Canada and of much of the conterminous Eastern U.S., east of the Rocky Mountains, excluding the drier parts of the Prairies. It grows in sandy soils and other kinds of soils in sunny areas. It was one of the earliest North American species described in Cornut's 1635 work Canadensium Plantarum Historia. The specific name was reused by Linnaeus due to Cornut's confusion with a species from Asia Minor. Common milkweed is a perennial herb growing up to 2.6 m tall from a rhizome. The all parts of common milkweed plants produce white latex when broken. The leaves are opposite or sometimes whorled; simple, broad ovate-lanceolate; up to 25 cm long and 12 cm broad, usually with undulate margins and reddish main veins. They have very short petioles and velvety undersides. The fragrant, nectariferous flowers occur in umbellate cymes. Individual flowers are about 1 cm in diameter, each with five cornate hoods and five pollinia.

Asclepias syriaca

Medical use

Economic importance of Asclepias syriaca

Materials potential as fiber
Medicines folklore
Vertebrate poisons mamals

Gallery

Asclepias syriaca Asclepias syriaca Asclepias syriaca Asclepias syriaca Asclepias syriaca Asclepias syriaca Asclepias syriaca Asclepias syriaca Asclepias syriaca Asclepias syriaca Asclepias syriaca Asclepias syriaca Asclepias syriaca Asclepias syriaca

Geografical distribution

  • NORTHERN AMERICA
    Native
    • Eastern Canada: Canada - New Brunswick, Nova Scotia, Ontario, Prince Edward Island, Quebec
    • Western Canada: Canada - Manitoba , Saskatchewan
    • Northeastern U.S.A.: United States - Connecticut, Indiana, Maine, Massachusetts, Michigan, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Ohio, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, Vermont, West Virginia
    • North-Central U.S.A.: United States - Illinois, Iowa, Kansas, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Oklahoma, South Dakota, Wisconsin
    • Northwestern U.S.A.: United States - Montana, Oregon
    • Southeastern U.S.A.: United States - Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, South Carolina, Tennessee, Virginia
    • South-Central U.S.A.: United States - Texas
    • Southwestern U.S.A.: United States - Utah

Biological activities

5-Alpha-Reductase-Inhibitor
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (168540 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Seed (47700 ppm)
Palmitic-acid found in Seed (12720 ppm)
ANS-Paralytic
Nicotine found in Sprout Seedling
ANS-Stimulant
Nicotine found in Sprout Seedling
Acetylcholinergic
Glucose found in Seed
Addictive
Nicotine found in Sprout Seedling
Aldose-Reductase-Inhibitor
Cinnamic-acid found in Plant
Allergenic
Cinnamic-acid found in Plant
Oleic-acid found in Seed (47700 ppm)
Alpha-Reductase-Inhibitor
Oleic-acid found in Seed (47700 ppm)
Analgesic
Alpha-amyrin found in Sprout Seedling
Beta-amyrin found in Sprout Seedling
Nicotine found in Sprout Seedling
Androgenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Sprout Seedling
Anemiagenic
Oleic-acid found in Seed (47700 ppm)
Anesthetic
Cinnamic-acid found in Plant
Angiogenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Sprout Seedling
Anorectic
Nicotine found in Sprout Seedling
Anorexic
Beta-sitosterol found in Sprout Seedling
Anthelmintic
Polyphenols found in Plant (72000 ppm)
Tannin found in Sprout Seedling
AntiHIV
Polyphenols found in Plant (72000 ppm)
Tannin found in Sprout Seedling
AntiMS
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (168540 ppm)
Antiacne
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (168540 ppm)
Antiadenomic
Beta-sitosterol found in Sprout Seedling
Antialopecic
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (168540 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Seed (47700 ppm)
Palmitic-acid found in Seed (12720 ppm)
Antianaphylactic
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (168540 ppm)
Antiandrogenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Sprout Seedling
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (168540 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Seed (47700 ppm)
Palmitic-acid found in Seed (12720 ppm)
Antiangiogenic
Polyphenols found in Plant (72000 ppm)
Antiarteriosclerotic
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (168540 ppm)
Antiarthritic
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (168540 ppm)
Antibacterial
Beta-sitosterol found in Sprout Seedling
Cinnamic-acid found in Plant
Polyphenols found in Plant (72000 ppm)
Tannin found in Sprout Seedling
Anticancer
Tannin found in Sprout Seedling
Anticariogenic
Polyphenols found in Plant (72000 ppm)
Tannin found in Sprout Seedling
Anticonvulsant
Beta-amyrin-acetate found in Latex Exudate
Anticoronary
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (168540 ppm)
Antidiarrheic
Polyphenols found in Plant (72000 ppm)
Tannin found in Sprout Seedling
Antidysenteric
Polyphenols found in Plant (72000 ppm)
Tannin found in Sprout Seedling
Antieczemic
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (168540 ppm)
Antiedemic
Alpha-amyrin found in Sprout Seedling
Beta-amyrin found in Sprout Seedling
Beta-sitosterol found in Sprout Seedling
Glucose found in Seed
Antiestrogenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Sprout Seedling
Nicotine found in Sprout Seedling
Antifeedant
Beta-sitosterol found in Sprout Seedling
Nicotine found in Sprout Seedling
Antifertility
Beta-sitosterol found in Sprout Seedling
Antifibrinolytic
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (168540 ppm)
Palmitic-acid found in Seed (12720 ppm)
Antifumitory
Nicotine found in Sprout Seedling
Antigonadotrophic
Beta-sitosterol found in Sprout Seedling
Antigranular
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (168540 ppm)
Antihepatotoxic
Glucose found in Seed
Polyphenols found in Plant (72000 ppm)
Tannin found in Sprout Seedling
Antihistaminic
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (168540 ppm)
Antihyperlipoproteinaemic
Beta-sitosterol found in Sprout Seedling
Antihypertensive
Polyphenols found in Plant (72000 ppm)
Tannin found in Sprout Seedling
Antiinflammatory
Alpha-amyrin found in Sprout Seedling
Beta-amyrin found in Sprout Seedling
Beta-amyrin-acetate found in Latex Exudate
Beta-sitosterol found in Sprout Seedling
Cinnamic-acid found in Plant
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (168540 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Seed (47700 ppm)
Antiketotic
Glucose found in Seed
Antileukemic
Beta-sitosterol found in Sprout Seedling
Antileukotriene-D4
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (168540 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Seed (47700 ppm)
Antilipolytic
Polyphenols found in Plant (72000 ppm)
Tannin found in Sprout Seedling
Antilymphomic
Beta-sitosterol found in Sprout Seedling
Antimenorrhagic
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (168540 ppm)
Antimutagenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Sprout Seedling
Cinnamic-acid found in Plant
Polyphenols found in Plant (72000 ppm)
Tannin found in Sprout Seedling
Antinephritic
Tannin found in Sprout Seedling
Antinociceptive
Alpha-amyrin found in Sprout Seedling
Beta-amyrin found in Sprout Seedling
Beta-amyrin-acetate found in Latex Exudate
Antiophidic
Beta-sitosterol found in Sprout Seedling
Polyphenols found in Plant (72000 ppm)
Tannin found in Sprout Seedling
Antioxidant
Beta-amyrin-acetate found in Latex Exudate
Beta-sitosterol found in Sprout Seedling
Palmitic-acid found in Seed (12720 ppm)
Polyphenols found in Plant (72000 ppm)
Tannin found in Sprout Seedling
Antiprogestational
Beta-sitosterol found in Sprout Seedling
Antiprostaglandin
Beta-sitosterol found in Sprout Seedling
Antiprostatadenomic
Beta-sitosterol found in Sprout Seedling
Antiprostatitic
Beta-sitosterol found in Sprout Seedling
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (168540 ppm)
Antipyretic
Beta-sitosterol found in Sprout Seedling
Antiradicular
Polyphenols found in Plant (72000 ppm)
Tannin found in Sprout Seedling
Antirenitic
Polyphenols found in Plant (72000 ppm)
Tannin found in Sprout Seedling
Antispasmodic
Cinnamic-acid found in Plant
Antitumor-Promoter
Tannin found in Sprout Seedling
Antitumor
Alpha-amyrin found in Sprout Seedling
Desglucouzarin found in Seed
Polyphenols found in Plant (72000 ppm)
Tannin found in Sprout Seedling
Uzarigenin found in Seed
Antiulcer
Alpha-amyrin found in Sprout Seedling
Beta-amyrin found in Sprout Seedling
Polyphenols found in Plant (72000 ppm)
Tannin found in Sprout Seedling
Antivaricose
Glucose found in Seed
Antiviral
Beta-sitosterol found in Sprout Seedling
Polyphenols found in Plant (72000 ppm)
Tannin found in Sprout Seedling
Apoptotic
Beta-sitosterol found in Sprout Seedling
Artemicide
Beta-sitosterol found in Sprout Seedling
Astringent
Condurangin found in Seed
Cancer-Preventive
Beta-sitosterol found in Sprout Seedling
Cinnamic-acid found in Plant
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (168540 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Seed (47700 ppm)
Polyphenols found in Plant (72000 ppm)
Tannin found in Sprout Seedling
Candidicide
Beta-sitosterol found in Sprout Seedling
Carcinogenic
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (168540 ppm)
Tannin found in Sprout Seedling
Cardiovascular
Nicotine found in Sprout Seedling
Caspase-8-Inducer
Beta-sitosterol found in Sprout Seedling
Chelator
Polyphenols found in Plant (72000 ppm)
Tannin found in Sprout Seedling
Choleretic
Cinnamic-acid found in Plant
Oleic-acid found in Seed (47700 ppm)
Cholinergic
Nicotine found in Sprout Seedling
Comedolytic
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (168540 ppm)
Cyclooxygenase-Inhibitor
Polyphenols found in Plant (72000 ppm)
Tannin found in Sprout Seedling
Cytotoxic
Alpha-amyrin found in Sprout Seedling
Uzarigenin found in Seed
Dermatitigenic
Cinnamic-acid found in Plant
Oleic-acid found in Seed (47700 ppm)
Dopaminigenic
Nicotine found in Sprout Seedling
Ectoparasiticide
Nicotine found in Sprout Seedling
Epinephrininergic
Nicotine found in Sprout Seedling
Estrogenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Sprout Seedling
FLavor
Cinnamic-acid found in Plant
Oleic-acid found in Seed (47700 ppm)
Palmitic-acid found in Seed (12720 ppm)
Febrifuge
Beta-sitosterol found in Sprout Seedling
Fungicide
Cinnamic-acid found in Plant
Gastroprotective
Alpha-amyrin found in Sprout Seedling
Beta-amyrin found in Sprout Seedling
Glucosyl-Transferase-Inhibitor
Polyphenols found in Plant (72000 ppm)
Tannin found in Sprout Seedling
Gonadotrophic
Beta-sitosterol found in Sprout Seedling
Hemolytic
Palmitic-acid found in Seed (12720 ppm)
Hepatoprotective
Alpha-amyrin found in Sprout Seedling
Beta-amyrin found in Sprout Seedling
Beta-sitosterol found in Sprout Seedling
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (168540 ppm)
Polyphenols found in Plant (72000 ppm)
Tannin found in Sprout Seedling
Herbicide
Cinnamic-acid found in Plant
Nicotine found in Sprout Seedling
Hypercholesterolemic
Palmitic-acid found in Seed (12720 ppm)
Hyperglycemic
Glucose found in Seed
Nicotine found in Sprout Seedling
Hypocholesterolemic
Beta-sitosterol found in Sprout Seedling
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (168540 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Seed (47700 ppm)
Hypoglycemic
Beta-sitosterol found in Sprout Seedling
Hypolipidemic
Beta-sitosterol found in Sprout Seedling
Immunomodulator
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (168540 ppm)
Immunosuppressant
Polyphenols found in Plant (72000 ppm)
Tannin found in Sprout Seedling
Insecticide
Nicotine found in Sprout Seedling
Insectifuge
Alpha-amyrin found in Sprout Seedling
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (168540 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Seed (47700 ppm)
Irritant
Oleic-acid found in Seed (47700 ppm)
Larvicide
Beta-amyrin found in Sprout Seedling
Laxative
Cinnamic-acid found in Plant
Lipoxygenase-Inhibitor
Cinnamic-acid found in Plant
Polyphenols found in Plant (72000 ppm)
Tannin found in Sprout Seedling
Lubricant
Palmitic-acid found in Seed (12720 ppm)
MAO-Inhibitor
Polyphenols found in Plant (72000 ppm)
Tannin found in Sprout Seedling
Memory-Enhancer
Glucose found in Seed
Metastatic
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (168540 ppm)
Mosquitocide
Beta-amyrin found in Sprout Seedling
Nematicide
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (168540 ppm)
Palmitic-acid found in Seed (12720 ppm)
Nematistat
Nicotine found in Sprout Seedling
Neurotoxic
Nicotine found in Sprout Seedling
Ornithine-Decarboxylase-Inhibitor
Polyphenols found in Plant (72000 ppm)
Tannin found in Sprout Seedling
Percutaneostimulant
Oleic-acid found in Seed (47700 ppm)
Perfumery
Oleic-acid found in Seed (47700 ppm)
Pesticide
Beta-sitosterol found in Sprout Seedling
Cinnamic-acid found in Plant
Nicotine found in Sprout Seedling
Palmitic-acid found in Seed (12720 ppm)
Polyphenols found in Plant (72000 ppm)
Tannin found in Sprout Seedling
Propecic
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (168540 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Seed (47700 ppm)
Palmitic-acid found in Seed (12720 ppm)
Psychotropic
Polyphenols found in Plant (72000 ppm)
Tannin found in Sprout Seedling
Serotoninergic
Nicotine found in Sprout Seedling
Soap
Palmitic-acid found in Seed (12720 ppm)
Spermicide
Beta-sitosterol found in Sprout Seedling
Tranquilizer
Nicotine found in Sprout Seedling
Tyrosinase-Inhibitor
Cinnamic-acid found in Plant
Ubiquiot
Beta-sitosterol found in Sprout Seedling
Ulcerogenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Sprout Seedling
Vermifuge
Cinnamic-acid found in Plant
Xanthine-Oxidase-Inhibitor
Polyphenols found in Plant (72000 ppm)
Tannin found in Sprout Seedling

Search

Chemicals detected

Chemical Plant part Low ppm High ppm
11-octadecenoic-acid Seed 13,650 47,700
9,12-hexadecadienoic-acid Seed 1,820 6,360
9-hexadecenoic-acid Seed 9,100 31,800
Alpha-amyrin Sprout Seedling
Asclepiadin Sprout Seedling
Ash Latex Exudate 12,300
Seed 37,000 42,000
Beta-amyrin Sprout Seedling
Beta-amyrin-acetate Latex Exudate
Beta-sitosterol Sprout Seedling
Caoutchouc Latex Exudate 1,000 15,000
Plant 16,000
Cinnamic-acid Plant
Cinnamic-acid-cardenolide-ester Seed
Condurangin Seed
Cymarose Seed
Desglucouzarin Seed
Fat Seed 91,000 318,000
Glucose Seed
Linoleic-acid Seed 48,230 168,540
Linolenic-acid Seed 910 3,180
Nicotine Sprout Seedling
Oleic-acid Seed 13,650 47,700
Palmitic-acid Seed 3,640 12,720
Polyphenols Plant 72,000
Protein Seed 176,000 372,000
Rhamnose Seed
Syriobioside Seed
Syriogenin Seed
Tannin Sprout Seedling
Uzarigenin Seed
Xysmalogenin Seed
Reference: Dr. Duke's Phytochemical and Ethnobotanical Databases. [Online Database]