Arundo donax Health effects and herbal facts

Known as
giant-reed Spanish-reed

Arundo donax, Giant Cane, is a tall perennial cane growing in damp soils, either fresh or moderately saline. Other common names include Carrizo, Arundo, Spanish cane, Colorado River Reed, Wild cane, and Giant reed. Arundo donax is native to eastern and southern Asia, the Mediterranean Basin, and probably also parts of Africa and southern Arabian Peninsula. It has been widely planted and naturalised in the mild temperate, subtropical and tropical regions of both hemispheres, especially in the Mediterranean, California, the western Pacific and the Caribbean. It forms dense stands on disturbed sites, sand dunes, in wetlands and riparian habitats.

Arundo donax

Medical use

Economic importance of Arundo donax

Environmental ornamental
Fuels potential as biomas for energy generation
Materials cane fiber
Medicines folklore
Weed potential sed contaminant

Gallery

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Geografical distribution

  • AFRICA
    Naturalized
    • Macaronesia: Cape Verde; Portugal - Azores, Madeira Islands; Spain - Canary Islands
    • Northern Africa: Algeria; Egypt; Libya; Morocco; Tunisia
    • Africa
  • ASIA-TEMPERATE
    Native
    • Arabian Peninsula: Saudi Arabia
    • Western Asia: Afghanistan; Iran; Iraq; Syria
    • Middle Asia: Kazakhstan; Turkmenistan; Uzbekistan
    • China: China - Fujian, Guangdong, Guizhou, Hainan, Hunan, Jiangsu, Sichuan, Xizang, Yunnan, Zhejiang
    • Eastern Asia: Japan
    Naturalized
    • Western Asia: Cyprus; Israel; Jordan; Lebanon; Turkey
    • Caucasus: Azerbaijan; Georgia
  • ASIA-TROPICAL
    Native
    • Indian Subcontinent: Bhutan; India; Nepal; Pakistan
    • Indo-China: Cambodia; Laos; Myanmar; Thailand; Vietnam
    • Malesia: Indonesia; Malaysia
  • AUSTRALASIA
    Naturalized
    • Australia: Australia
    • New Zealand: New Zealand
  • EUROPE
    Naturalized
    • Middle Europe: Hungary; Switzerland
    • East Europe: Ukraine - Krym
    • Southeastern Europe: Albania; Croatia; Greece ; Italy ; Romania
    • Southwestern Europe: France ; Portugal; Spain
  • NORTHERN AMERICA
    Naturalized
    • Canada
    • Mexico
    • United States
  • PACIFIC
    Naturalized
    • North-Central Pacific: United States - Hawaii
  • SOUTHERN AMERICA
    Naturalized
    • Caribbean: West Indies
    • Mesoamerica: Costa Rica; El Salvador; Guatemala; Nicaragua
    • Northern South America: Suriname; Venezuela
    • Brazil: Brazil
    • Western South America: Bolivia; Ecuador; Peru
    • Southern South America: Argentina; Chile; Uruguay

Biological activities

Acetylcholinergic
Glucose found in Plant
Allelopathic
Tricin found in Plant
Androgenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Angiogenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Angiotensin-Receptor-Blocker
Fiber found in Plant (375000 ppm)
Potassium found in Plant (25500 ppm)
Anorexic
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
AntiEBV
Lupeol found in Leaf
AntiHIV
Lignin found in Stem (227000 ppm)
AntiPMS
Calcium found in Plant (4900 ppm)
Antiadenomic
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Antiallergic
Calcium found in Plant (4900 ppm)
Antiandrogenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Antiangiogenic
Lupeol found in Leaf
Antianxiety
Calcium found in Plant (4900 ppm)
Antiarrhythmic
Calcium found in Plant (4900 ppm)
Gramine found in Rhizome
Potassium found in Plant (25500 ppm)
Antiarthritic
Calcium found in Plant (4900 ppm)
Antiatherosclerotic
Calcium found in Plant (4900 ppm)
Antibacterial
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Lignin found in Stem (227000 ppm)
Anticancer
Lignin found in Stem (227000 ppm)
Anticariogenic
Tricin found in Plant
Anticholinesterase
Bufotenine found in Leaf
Anticlimacteric
Calcium found in Plant (4900 ppm)
Anticonvulsant
Beta-amyrin-acetate found in Leaf
Anticoronary
Lignin found in Stem (227000 ppm)
Antidepressant
Calcium found in Plant (4900 ppm)
Potassium found in Plant (25500 ppm)
Antidiabetic
Fiber found in Plant (375000 ppm)
Xylose found in Stem
Antidiarrheic
Lignin found in Stem (227000 ppm)
Antiedemic
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Glucose found in Plant
Lupeol found in Leaf
Antiestrogenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Antifatigue
Potassium found in Plant (25500 ppm)
Antifeedant
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Gramine found in Rhizome
Antifertility
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Antiflu
Lupeol found in Leaf
Antigonadotrophic
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Antihepatotoxic
Glucose found in Plant
Glucuronic-acid found in Stem
Stigmasterol found in Plant
Antihyperglycemic
Lupeol found in Leaf
Antihyperkinetic
Calcium found in Plant (4900 ppm)
Antihyperlipoproteinaemic
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Antihypertensive
Calcium found in Plant (4900 ppm)
Fiber found in Plant (375000 ppm)
Potassium found in Plant (25500 ppm)
Antiinflammatory
Alpha-amyrin-acetate found in Leaf
Beta-amyrin-acetate found in Leaf
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Friedelin found in Leaf
Lupeol found in Leaf
Stigmasterol found in Plant
Antiinsomniac
Calcium found in Plant (4900 ppm)
Antiketotic
Glucose found in Plant
Antileukemic
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Tricin found in Plant
Antilithic
Lupeol found in Leaf
Antilymphomic
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Antimalarial
Lupeol found in Leaf
Antimenopausal
Calcium found in Plant (4900 ppm)
Antimutagenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Antinitrosaminic
Lignin found in Stem (227000 ppm)
Antinociceptive
Alpha-amyrin-acetate found in Leaf
Beta-amyrin-acetate found in Leaf
Stigmasterol found in Plant
Antiobesity
Calcium found in Plant (4900 ppm)
Fiber found in Plant (375000 ppm)
Antiophidic
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Stigmasterol found in Plant
Antiosteoporotic
Calcium found in Plant (4900 ppm)
Phosphorus found in Plant (1100 ppm)
Antioxalate
Lupeol found in Leaf
Antioxidant
Beta-amyrin-acetate found in Leaf
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Campesterol found in Leaf
Lignin found in Stem (227000 ppm)
Lupeol found in Leaf
Stigmasterol found in Plant
Tricin found in Plant
Antiperiodontitic
Calcium found in Plant (4900 ppm)
Antiperoxidant
Lupeol found in Leaf
Antiprogestational
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Antiprostaglandin
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Lupeol found in Leaf
Antiprostatadenomic
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Antiprostatitic
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Antipyretic
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Antirheumatic
Calcium found in Plant (4900 ppm)
Lupeol found in Leaf
Antispasmodic
Potassium found in Plant (25500 ppm)
Antistress
Calcium found in Plant (4900 ppm)
Antistroke
Potassium found in Plant (25500 ppm)
Antitic
Calcium found in Plant (4900 ppm)
Antitumor
Fiber found in Plant (375000 ppm)
Lignin found in Stem (227000 ppm)
Lupeol found in Leaf
Tricin found in Plant
Antiulcer
Fiber found in Plant (375000 ppm)
Antiurethrotic
Lupeol found in Leaf
Antivaricose
Glucose found in Plant
Antiviral
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Lignin found in Stem (227000 ppm)
Lupeol found in Leaf
Stigmasterol found in Plant
Anxiolytic
Calcium found in Plant (4900 ppm)
Phosphorus found in Plant (1100 ppm)
Potassium found in Plant (25500 ppm)
Aphrodisiac
Bufotenine found in Leaf
Apoptotic
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Artemicide
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Stigmasterol found in Plant
Beta-Blocker
Fiber found in Plant (375000 ppm)
Potassium found in Plant (25500 ppm)
CNS-Active
Bufotenine found in Leaf
Calcium-Channel-Blocker
Calcium found in Plant (4900 ppm)
Cancer-Preventive
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Fiber found in Plant (375000 ppm)
Stigmasterol found in Plant
Candidicide
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Cardioprotective
Fiber found in Plant (375000 ppm)
Potassium found in Plant (25500 ppm)
Cardiotoxic
Potassium found in Plant (25500 ppm)
Cardiovascular
Bufotenine found in Leaf
Caspase-8-Inducer
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Catabolic
Tricin found in Plant
Chelator
Lignin found in Stem (227000 ppm)
Cytotoxic
Lupeol found in Leaf
Detoxicant
Glucuronic-acid found in Stem
Diagnostic
Xylose found in Stem
Diuretic
Calcium found in Plant (4900 ppm)
Fiber found in Plant (375000 ppm)
Friedelin found in Leaf
Potassium found in Plant (25500 ppm)
Dye
Xylose found in Stem
Estrogenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Stigmasterol found in Plant
Tricin found in Plant
FPTase-Inhibitor
Lupeol found in Leaf
Febrifuge
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Gonadotrophic
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Hallucinogenic
Bufotenine found in Leaf
Hemostat
Cellulose found in Stem (503000 ppm)
Hepatoprotective
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Herbistat
Tricin found in Plant
Hyperglycemic
Glucose found in Plant
Hypertensive
Bufotenine found in Leaf
Hypocholesterolemic
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Calcium found in Plant (4900 ppm)
Campesterol found in Leaf
Fiber found in Plant (375000 ppm)
Lignin found in Stem (227000 ppm)
Stigmasterol found in Plant
Hypoglycemic
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Hypolipidemic
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Hypotensive
Bufotenidine found in Rhizome
Calcium found in Plant (4900 ppm)
Fiber found in Plant (375000 ppm)
Lupeol found in Leaf
Potassium found in Plant (25500 ppm)
Hypouricemic
Fiber found in Plant (375000 ppm)
Immunostimulant
Phosphorus found in Plant (1100 ppm)
Insecticide
Donaxerine found in Rhizome
Gramine found in Rhizome
Laxative
Calcium found in Plant (4900 ppm)
Fiber found in Plant (375000 ppm)
Lignin found in Stem (227000 ppm)
Memory-Enhancer
Glucose found in Plant
Mydriatic
Bufotenine found in Leaf
Osteogenic
Phosphorus found in Plant (1100 ppm)
Ovulant
Stigmasterol found in Plant
Pesticide
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Donaxerine found in Rhizome
Gramine found in Rhizome
Lignin found in Stem (227000 ppm)
Lupeol found in Leaf
Tricin found in Plant
Respiraparalytic
Bufotenine found in Leaf
Sedative
Stigmasterol found in Plant
Serotoninergic
Bufotenine found in Leaf
Spermicide
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Sweetener
Galactose found in Stem
TOPO-2-Inhibitor
Lupeol found in Leaf
Tranquilizer
Calcium found in Plant (4900 ppm)
Ubiquiot
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Ulcerogenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Vasodilator
Calcium found in Plant (4900 ppm)
Fiber found in Plant (375000 ppm)
Potassium found in Plant (25500 ppm)
Vasopressor
Gramine found in Rhizome

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Chemicals detected

Chemical Plant part Low ppm High ppm
2-o-(4-o-methyl-alpha-d-glucopyranoside-uronic-a.)-d-xylose Plant
3,3'-bis(indolyl-methyl)-dimethyl-ammonium-hydroxide Flower
5-methoxy-n-methyltryptamine Plant
Alkaloids Plant 5,000
Alpha-amyrin-acetate Leaf
Ash Plant 92,000 150,000
Stem 42,000
Beta-amyrin-acetate Leaf
Beta-sitosterol Plant
Bufotenidine Rhizome
Bufotenine Leaf
Calcium Plant 4,900
Campesterol Leaf
Carbohydrates Plant 699,000 777,000
Cellulose Stem 446,000 503,000
Dehydrobufotenine Rhizome
Donaxaridine Plant
Donaxerine Rhizome
Donaxine Rhizome
Eleagnine Flower
Fat Plant 11,000 13,000
Stem 30,000
Fiber Plant 285,000 375,000
Flavone-c-glycosides Leaf
Friedelin Leaf
Galactose Stem
Glucose Plant
Glucuronic-acid Stem
Gramine Rhizome
Gramine-methohydroxide Flower
Gramine-n-oxide Plant 700
L-arabino-d-glucurono-d-xylan Stem
L-arabinose Stem
Lignin Stem 157,000 227,000
Lupeol Leaf
N,n-dimethyltryptamine Leaf
N,n-dimethyltryptamine-methohydroxide Flower
Pentosans Stem 251,000
Phosphorus Plant 1,100
Potassium Plant 25,500
Protein Plant 69,000 132,000
Resin Stem
Stigmasterol Plant
Triacontane Plant
Triacontanol Plant
Tricin Plant
Xylose Stem
Reference: Dr. Duke's Phytochemical and Ethnobotanical Databases. [Online Database]