Arum maculatum Health effects and herbal facts

Known as
Adam-and-Eve cuckoopint lords-and-ladies

Arum maculatum is a common woodland plant species of the Araceae family. It is widespread across most of Europe as well as Turkey and Caucasus. It is known by an abundance of common names including snakeshead, adder's root, arum, wild arum, arum lily, lords-and-ladies, devils and angels, cows and bulls, cuckoo-pint, Adam and Eve, bobbins, naked boys, starch-root, wake robin, friar's cowl and jack in the pulpit. The name "lords-and-ladies" and other gender related names refer to the plant's likeness to male and female genitalia symbolising copulation.

Arum maculatum

Medical use

Economic importance of Arum maculatum

Environmental ornamental
Medicines folklore
Vertebrate poisons mamals

Gallery

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Geografical distribution

  • ASIA-TEMPERATE
    Native
    • Western Asia: Turkey
  • EUROPE
    Native
    • Northern Europe: Denmark; Sweden ; United Kingdom
    • Middle Europe: Austria; Belgium; Czechoslovakia; Germany; Hungary; Netherlands; Poland; Switzerland
    • East Europe: Belarus; Ukraine
    • Southeastern Europe: Albania; Bulgaria; Former Yugoslavia; Greece; Italy ; Romania
    • Southwestern Europe: France; Portugal; Spain

Biological activities

Emetic
Coniine found in Plant
Paralytic
Coniine found in Plant

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Chemicals detected

Chemical Plant part Low ppm High ppm
Coniine Plant
Reference: Dr. Duke's Phytochemical and Ethnobotanical Databases. [Online Database]