Artemisia maritima Health effects and herbal facts
sea wormwood wormseed
Artemisia maritima is a species of wormwood known as sea wormwood and old woman.
In its many variations of form it has an extremely wide distribution in the northern hemisphere of the Old World, occurring mostly in saltish soils. It is found in the salt marshes of the British Isles, on the coasts of the Baltic, of France and the Mediterranean, and on saline soils in Hungary; thence it extends eastwards, covering immense tracts in Southern Russia, the region of the Caspian Sea and Central Siberia to Chinese Mongolia. In Britain it is found as far as Wigton on the West and Aberdeen on the East; also in north-east Ireland and in the Channel Islands. It can be also found in Italy, on the Northern Adriatic coast.
The plant somewhat resembles Artemisia absinthium, the absinthe wormwood, but is smaller. The stems rise about a foot or 18 inches in height. The leaves are twice pinnatifid, with narrow, linear segments, and, like the whole plant, are covered on both sides with a coat of white cottony fibers.
Economic importance of Artemisia maritima
- Northern Europe: Denmark; Ireland; Norway; Sweden; United Kingdom
- Middle Europe: Belgium; Germany; Netherlands
- East Europe: Estonia
- Southwestern Europe: France