Artemisia cina Health effects and herbal facts

Known as
Levant wormseed Levant wormwood santonica wormwood wormseed

Artemisia cina, commonly known as santonica, Levant wormseed, and wormseed, is an herbaceous perennial of the daisy family. Its dried flowerheads are the source of the vermifugic drug santonin since ancient times. Its common names arise from its known ability to expel worms. The powder is grayish-green in colour with an aromatic odour and a bitter taste. The plant is characterised by its spherical pollen grains, which are typical in the Asteraceae family, a fibrous layer on anthers, lignified, elongated, hypodermal sclerids, and clusters of calcium oxalate crystals. It is native to China, Kazakhstan, and Kyrgyzstan.

Artemisia cina

Medical use

Economic importance of Artemisia cina

Medicines source of santonin

Gallery

Artemisia cina Artemisia cina Artemisia cina Artemisia cina Artemisia cina Artemisia cina Artemisia cina Artemisia cina Artemisia cina Artemisia cina Artemisia cina

Geografical distribution

  • ASIA-TEMPERATE
    Native
    • Middle Asia: Kazakhstan ; Kyrgyzstan
    • China: China - Xinjiang

Biological activities

ACE-Inhibitor
Zinc found in Plant
Abortifacient
Betaine found in Flower
Acaricide
1,8-cineole found in Flower (24000 ppm)
Allelopathic
1,8-cineole found in Flower (24000 ppm)
Allergenic
1,8-cineole found in Flower (24000 ppm)
Carvacrol found in Flower
Analgesic
Zinc found in Plant
Anesthetic
1,8-cineole found in Flower (24000 ppm)
Carvacrol found in Flower
Anthelmintic
1,8-cineole found in Flower (24000 ppm)
Carvacrol found in Flower
Tannin found in Flower
AntiBPH
Zinc found in Plant
AntiHIV
Tannin found in Flower
Zinc found in Plant
Antiacetylcholinesterase
1,8-cineole found in Flower (24000 ppm)
Antiacne
Zinc found in Plant
Antiacrodermatitic
Zinc found in Plant
Antialcoholic
Zinc found in Plant
Antiallergic
1,8-cineole found in Flower (24000 ppm)
Antialopecic
Zinc found in Plant
Antialzheimeran
Choline found in Flower
Lecithin found in Flower
Zinc found in Plant
Antiangiogenic
Zinc found in Plant
Antianorexic
Zinc found in Plant
Antiarthritic
Zinc found in Plant
Antiasthmatic
L-alpha-terpineol found in Bud
Antiataxic
Lecithin found in Flower
Antiatherosclerotic
Carvacrol found in Flower
Antibacterial
1,8-cineole found in Flower (24000 ppm)
Carvacrol found in Flower
Tannin found in Flower
Antibronchitic
1,8-cineole found in Flower (24000 ppm)
Anticancer
Tannin found in Flower
Anticanker
Zinc found in Plant
Anticariogenic
1,8-cineole found in Flower (24000 ppm)
Tannin found in Flower
Anticataract
Zinc found in Plant
Anticatarrh
1,8-cineole found in Flower (24000 ppm)
Anticholinesterase
1,8-cineole found in Flower (24000 ppm)
Antichoreic
Choline found in Flower
Anticirrhotic
Choline found in Flower
Lecithin found in Flower
Anticoeliac
Zinc found in Plant
Anticold
Zinc found in Plant
Anticolitic
Zinc found in Plant
Anticoronary
Zinc found in Plant
Anticystinuric
Choline found in Flower
Antidandruff
Zinc found in Plant
Antidementia
Choline found in Flower
Lecithin found in Flower
Zinc found in Plant
Antidiabetic
Choline found in Flower
Zinc found in Plant
Antidiarrheic
Tannin found in Flower
Antidiuretic
Carvacrol found in Flower
Antidysenteric
Tannin found in Flower
Antidysgeuzic
Zinc found in Plant
Antidyskinetic
Choline found in Flower
Lecithin found in Flower
Antieczemic
Lecithin found in Flower
Zinc found in Plant
Antiencephalopathic
Zinc found in Plant
Antiepileptic
Zinc found in Plant
Antifatigue
1,8-cineole found in Flower (24000 ppm)
Antifibrotic
Zinc found in Plant
Antifuruncular
Zinc found in Plant
Antigastritic
Betaine found in Flower
Antihalitosic
1,8-cineole found in Flower (24000 ppm)
Antihangover
Zinc found in Plant
Antihepatotoxic
Tannin found in Flower
Antihomocysteine
Choline found in Flower
Antihomocystinuric
Betaine found in Flower
Antihypertensive
Tannin found in Flower
Antiimpotence
Zinc found in Plant
Antiinfective
Zinc found in Plant
Antiinfertility
Zinc found in Plant
Antiinflammatory
1,8-cineole found in Flower (24000 ppm)
Carvacrol found in Flower
Antiinsomniac
Zinc found in Plant
Antilaryngitic
1,8-cineole found in Flower (24000 ppm)
Antilepric
Zinc found in Plant
Antileukonychic
Zinc found in Plant
Antilipolytic
Tannin found in Flower
Antilithic
Lecithin found in Flower
Antilymphomic
Zinc found in Plant
Antimaculitic
Zinc found in Plant
Antimanic
Choline found in Flower
Lecithin found in Flower
Antimelanomic
Carvacrol found in Flower
Antimetastatic
Zinc found in Plant
Antimorphinistic
Lecithin found in Flower
Antimutagenic
Tannin found in Flower
Antimyoatrophic
Betaine found in Flower
Antinephritic
Tannin found in Flower
Antineuropathic
Zinc found in Plant
Antinociceptive
1,8-cineole found in Flower (24000 ppm)
Choline found in Flower
Antinyctalopic
Zinc found in Plant
Antiobesity
Zinc found in Plant
Antiophidic
Tannin found in Flower
Antiosteoporotic
Zinc found in Plant
Antioxidant
Carvacrol found in Flower
Tannin found in Flower
Antiperiodontitic
Zinc found in Plant
Antipharyngitic
1,8-cineole found in Flower (24000 ppm)
Antiplaque
1,8-cineole found in Flower (24000 ppm)
Carvacrol found in Flower
Zinc found in Plant
Antiprolactin
Zinc found in Plant
Antiprostaglandin
Carvacrol found in Flower
Antiprostatitic
Zinc found in Plant
Antipsoriac
Lecithin found in Flower
Antiradicular
Carvacrol found in Flower
Tannin found in Flower
Antirenitic
Tannin found in Flower
Antirheumatic
1,8-cineole found in Flower (24000 ppm)
Zinc found in Plant
Antirhinitic
1,8-cineole found in Flower (24000 ppm)
Antisclerodermic
Lecithin found in Flower
Antiseborrheic
Lecithin found in Flower
Antiseptic
1,8-cineole found in Flower (24000 ppm)
Carvacrol found in Flower
Zinc found in Plant
Antisinusitic
1,8-cineole found in Flower (24000 ppm)
Antispare-Tire
Zinc found in Plant
Antispasmodic
1,8-cineole found in Flower (24000 ppm)
Carvacrol found in Flower
Antisprue
Lecithin found in Flower
Antistaphylococcic
1,8-cineole found in Flower (24000 ppm)
Carvacrol found in Flower
Antisteatotic
Choline found in Flower
Antistomatitic
Zinc found in Plant
Antistreptococcic
Carvacrol found in Flower
Antisyndrome-X
Zinc found in Plant
Antitinnitic
Zinc found in Plant
Antitriglyceride
Zinc found in Plant
Antitumor-Promoter
Tannin found in Flower
Antitumor
Tannin found in Flower
Antitussive
1,8-cineole found in Flower (24000 ppm)
Carvacrol found in Flower
Antiulcer
1,8-cineole found in Flower (24000 ppm)
Tannin found in Flower
Zinc found in Plant
Antiviral
Tannin found in Flower
Astringent
Zinc found in Plant
Bruchiphobe
Betaine found in Flower
CNS-Stimulant
1,8-cineole found in Flower (24000 ppm)
Cancer-Preventive
Tannin found in Flower
Candidicide
1,8-cineole found in Flower (24000 ppm)
Carvacrol found in Flower
Carcinogenic
1,8-cineole found in Flower (24000 ppm)
Tannin found in Flower
Cardiodepressant
Choline found in Flower
Cardioprotective
Betaine found in Flower
Carminative
Carvacrol found in Flower
Cerebrotonic
Choline found in Flower
Chelator
Tannin found in Flower
Choleretic
1,8-cineole found in Flower (24000 ppm)
Cholinergic
Choline found in Flower
Lecithin found in Flower
Collagenic
Zinc found in Plant
Convulsant
1,8-cineole found in Flower (24000 ppm)
Copper-Antagonist
Zinc found in Plant
Counterirritant
1,8-cineole found in Flower (24000 ppm)
Cyclooxygenase-Inhibitor
Carvacrol found in Flower
Tannin found in Flower
Cytochrome-P450-Inducer
1,8-cineole found in Flower (24000 ppm)
Decongestant
1,8-cineole found in Flower (24000 ppm)
Degranulant
1,8-cineole found in Flower (24000 ppm)
Dentifrice
1,8-cineole found in Flower (24000 ppm)
Deodorant
Zinc found in Plant
Diuretic
Betaine found in Flower
Edemagenic
1,8-cineole found in Flower (24000 ppm)
Emmenagogue
Betaine found in Flower
Enterorelaxant
Carvacrol found in Flower
Ergogenic
Zinc found in Plant
Ethanolytic
Betaine found in Flower
Expectorant
1,8-cineole found in Flower (24000 ppm)
Betaine found in Flower
Carvacrol found in Flower
FLavor
1,8-cineole found in Flower (24000 ppm)
Carvacrol found in Flower
Fungicide
1,8-cineole found in Flower (24000 ppm)
Carvacrol found in Flower
Gastroprotective
1,8-cineole found in Flower (24000 ppm)
Glucosyl-Transferase-Inhibitor
Tannin found in Flower
Hepatoprotective
Betaine found in Flower
Choline found in Flower
Lecithin found in Flower
Tannin found in Flower
Hepatotonic
1,8-cineole found in Flower (24000 ppm)
Herbicide
1,8-cineole found in Flower (24000 ppm)
Hypocholesterolemic
Lecithin found in Flower
Hypotensive
1,8-cineole found in Flower (24000 ppm)
Choline found in Flower
Zinc found in Plant
Ileorelaxant
Choline found in Flower
Immunomodulator
Zinc found in Plant
Immunostimulant
Zinc found in Plant
Immunosuppressant
Tannin found in Flower
Zinc found in Plant
Inflammatory
1,8-cineole found in Flower (24000 ppm)
Insectifuge
1,8-cineole found in Flower (24000 ppm)
Carvacrol found in Flower
Insulinogenic
Zinc found in Plant
Irritant
1,8-cineole found in Flower (24000 ppm)
Carvacrol found in Flower
Leptingenic
Zinc found in Plant
Lipotropic
Betaine found in Flower
Choline found in Flower
Lecithin found in Flower
Lipoxygenase-Inhibitor
Tannin found in Flower
MAO-Inhibitor
Tannin found in Flower
Memorigenic
Choline found in Flower
Mucogenic
Betaine found in Flower
Zinc found in Plant
Myorelaxant
1,8-cineole found in Flower (24000 ppm)
NF-kB-Inhibitor
Zinc found in Plant
Nematicide
1,8-cineole found in Flower (24000 ppm)
Carvacrol found in Flower
Neurotoxic
1,8-cineole found in Flower (24000 ppm)
Ornithine-Decarboxylase-Inhibitor
Tannin found in Flower
P450-Inducer
1,8-cineole found in Flower (24000 ppm)
Parasympathomimetic
Choline found in Flower
Pediculicide
1,8-cineole found in Flower (24000 ppm)
Perfume
1,8-cineole found in Flower (24000 ppm)
Pesticide
1,8-cineole found in Flower (24000 ppm)
Betaine found in Flower
Carvacrol found in Flower
Tannin found in Flower
Zinc found in Plant
Prostaglandin-Inhibitor
Carvacrol found in Flower
Psychotropic
Tannin found in Flower
Rubefacient
1,8-cineole found in Flower (24000 ppm)
Secretogogue
1,8-cineole found in Flower (24000 ppm)
Sedative
1,8-cineole found in Flower (24000 ppm)
Spasmogenic
1,8-cineole found in Flower (24000 ppm)
Spermigenic
Zinc found in Plant
Surfactant
1,8-cineole found in Flower (24000 ppm)
Testosterone-Hydroxylase-Inducer
1,8-cineole found in Flower (24000 ppm)
Testosteronigenic
Zinc found in Plant
Tracheorelaxant
Carvacrol found in Flower
Transdermal
1,8-cineole found in Flower (24000 ppm)
Trichomonicide
1,8-cineole found in Flower (24000 ppm)
Carvacrol found in Flower
Zinc found in Plant
Vermifuge
Carvacrol found in Flower
Vulnerary
Zinc found in Plant
Xanthine-Oxidase-Inhibitor
Tannin found in Flower

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Chemicals detected

Chemical Plant part Low ppm High ppm
1,8-cineole Flower 8,000 24,000
Alpha-hydroxysantonin Flower
Alpha-santonin Flower 10,000 70,000
Alpha-terpinenol Flower
Artemisin Bud
Betaine Flower
Carvacrol Flower
Choline Flower
Cineole Bud
Dl-alpha-pinene Bud
Eo Bud 20,000 30,000
L-alpha-santonin Bud 400 4,200
L-alpha-terpineol Bud
Lecithin Flower
Tannin Flower
Terpinene Bud
Zinc Plant
Reference: Dr. Duke's Phytochemical and Ethnobotanical Databases. [Online Database]