Argemone mexicana Health effects and herbal facts

Known as
Bermuda thistle Mexican prickly-poppy Mexican thistle Mexican-poppy prickly-poppy yellow thistle yellow-flower Mexican-poppy

Argemone mexicana is a species of poppy found in Mexico and now widely naturalized in many parts of the world. An extremely hardy pioneer plant, it is tolerant of drought and poor soil, often being the only cover on new road cuttings or verges. It has bright yellow latex, and though poisonous to grazing animals, is rarely eaten, but has been used medicinally by many people including those in its native area, the Natives of the western US and parts of Mexico.

Argemone mexicana

Medical use

Economic importance of Argemone mexicana

Medicines folklore
Vertebrate poisons mamals
Weed potential sed contaminant

Gallery

Argemone mexicana Argemone mexicana Argemone mexicana Argemone mexicana Argemone mexicana Argemone mexicana Argemone mexicana Argemone mexicana Argemone mexicana Argemone mexicana Argemone mexicana

Geografical distribution

  • NORTHERN AMERICA
    Native
    • Southeastern U.S.A.: United States - Florida
    • Mexico

Biological activities

12-Lipoxygenase-Inhibitor
Chelerythrine found in Root
Sanguinarine found in Seed
5-Alpha-Reductase-Inhibitor
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (188600 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Seed (85800 ppm)
Palmitic-acid found in Seed
5-Lipoxygenase-Inhibitor
Chelerythrine found in Root
Sanguinarine found in Seed
Abortifacient
Berberine found in Plant (410 ppm)
Protopine found in Plant (840 ppm)
Adrenolytic
Berberine found in Plant (410 ppm)
Aldose-Reductase-Inhibitor
Protopine found in Plant (840 ppm)
Allergenic
Morphine found in Plant
Oleic-acid found in Seed (85800 ppm)
Alpha-Reductase-Inhibitor
Oleic-acid found in Seed (85800 ppm)
Amebicide
Berberine found in Plant (410 ppm)
Amphicholeretic
Protopine found in Plant (840 ppm)
Analgesic
Argemonine found in Plant
Berberine found in Plant (410 ppm)
Chelerythrine found in Root
Codeine found in Plant
Morphine found in Plant
Protopine found in Plant (840 ppm)
Anemiagenic
Oleic-acid found in Seed (85800 ppm)
Anesthetic
Berberine found in Plant (410 ppm)
Codeine found in Plant
Sanguinarine found in Seed
Anthelmintic
Tannin found in Plant (11000 ppm)
AntiHIV
Tannin found in Plant (11000 ppm)
AntiMS
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (188600 ppm)
Antiacetylcholinesterase
Berberine found in Plant (410 ppm)
Chelerythrine found in Root
Sanguinarine found in Seed
Antiacne
Berberine found in Plant (410 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (188600 ppm)
Antiadrenergic
Berberine found in Plant (410 ppm)
Antiaggregant
Berberine found in Plant (410 ppm)
Chelerythrine found in Root
Protopine found in Plant (840 ppm)
Antialopecic
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (188600 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Seed (85800 ppm)
Palmitic-acid found in Seed
Antialzheimeran
Berberine found in Plant (410 ppm)
Antiamnesic
Berberine found in Plant (410 ppm)
Antianaphylactic
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (188600 ppm)
Antiandrogenic
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (188600 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Seed (85800 ppm)
Palmitic-acid found in Seed
Antiangiogenic
Berberine found in Plant (410 ppm)
Antiarrhythmic
Alpha-allocryptopine found in Root
Argemonine found in Plant
Berberine found in Plant (410 ppm)
Protopine found in Plant (840 ppm)
Antiarteriosclerotic
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (188600 ppm)
Antiarthritic
Berberine found in Plant (410 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (188600 ppm)
Antibacillus
Berberine found in Plant (410 ppm)
Antibacterial
Berberine found in Plant (410 ppm)
Chelerythrine found in Root
Protopine found in Plant (840 ppm)
Sanguinarine found in Seed
Tannin found in Plant (11000 ppm)
Antibiotic
Berberine found in Plant (410 ppm)
Antibradykinic
Morphine found in Plant
Anticancer
Berberine found in Plant (410 ppm)
Tannin found in Plant (11000 ppm)
Anticariogenic
Berberine found in Plant (410 ppm)
Tannin found in Plant (11000 ppm)
Antichlamydial
Berberine found in Plant (410 ppm)
Anticholecystitic
Berberine found in Plant (410 ppm)
Anticholera
Berberine found in Plant (410 ppm)
Anticholinergic
Protopine found in Plant (840 ppm)
Anticholinesterase
Sanguinarine found in Seed
Anticirrhotic
Berberine found in Plant (410 ppm)
Anticonjunctivitic
Berberine found in Plant (410 ppm)
Anticonvulsant
Berberine found in Plant (410 ppm)
Anticoronary
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (188600 ppm)
Anticoryzic
Codeine found in Plant
Antidiarrheic
Berberine found in Plant (410 ppm)
Codeine found in Plant
Tannin found in Plant (11000 ppm)
Antidiuretic
Morphine found in Plant
Antidysenteric
Berberine found in Plant (410 ppm)
Tannin found in Plant (11000 ppm)
Antieczemic
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (188600 ppm)
Antiedemic
Berberine found in Plant (410 ppm)
Sanguinarine found in Seed
Antiendotoxic
Berberine found in Plant (410 ppm)
Antienterotoxic
Berberine found in Plant (410 ppm)
Antiesherichic
Berberine found in Plant (410 ppm)
Antifibrinolytic
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (188600 ppm)
Palmitic-acid found in Seed
Antigiardial
Berberine found in Plant (410 ppm)
Antigingivitic
Sanguinarine found in Seed
Antiglaucomic
Berberine found in Plant (410 ppm)
Antigonadotrophic
Morphine found in Plant
Antigonorrhea
Berberine found in Plant (410 ppm)
Antigranular
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (188600 ppm)
Antihepatomic
Berberine found in Plant (410 ppm)
Antihepatotic
Berberine found in Plant (410 ppm)
Antihepatotoxic
Tannin found in Plant (11000 ppm)
Antiherpetic
Berberine found in Plant (410 ppm)
Antihistaminic
Berberine found in Plant (410 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (188600 ppm)
Antihypertensive
Tannin found in Plant (11000 ppm)
Antiinflammatory
Berberine found in Plant (410 ppm)
Chelerythrine found in Root
Coptisine found in Seed
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (188600 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Seed (85800 ppm)
Protopine found in Plant (840 ppm)
Ricinoleic-acid found in Seed (39300 ppm)
Sanguinarine found in Seed
Antiischemic
Berberine found in Plant (410 ppm)
Antileishmanic
Berberine found in Plant (410 ppm)
Antileukotriene-D4
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (188600 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Seed (85800 ppm)
Ricinoleic-acid found in Seed (39300 ppm)
Antilipogenic
Berberine found in Plant (410 ppm)
Antilipolytic
Tannin found in Plant (11000 ppm)
Antimalarial
Berberine found in Plant (410 ppm)
Antimenorrhagic
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (188600 ppm)
Antimitotic
Berberine found in Plant (410 ppm)
Chelerythrine found in Root
Sanguinarine found in Seed
Antimuscarinic
Berberine found in Plant (410 ppm)
Antimutagenic
Tannin found in Plant (11000 ppm)
Antimyalgic
Berberine found in Plant (410 ppm)
Antimycotic
Berberine found in Plant (410 ppm)
Antineoplastic
Berberine found in Plant (410 ppm)
Chelerythrine found in Root
Sanguinarine found in Seed
Antinephritic
Berberine found in Plant (410 ppm)
Tannin found in Plant (11000 ppm)
Antiophidic
Tannin found in Plant (11000 ppm)
Antioxidant
Myristic-acid found in Seed
Palmitic-acid found in Seed
Sanguinarine found in Seed
Tannin found in Plant (11000 ppm)
Antiperiodontic
Sanguinarine found in Seed
Antiperistaltic
Berberine found in Plant (410 ppm)
Morphine found in Plant
Antipharyngitic
Berberine found in Plant (410 ppm)
Antiphotooxidative
Berberine found in Plant (410 ppm)
Antiplaque
Sanguinarine found in Seed
Antiplasmodial
Berberine found in Plant (410 ppm)
Antipneumonic
Berberine found in Plant (410 ppm)
Antiprostatitic
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (188600 ppm)
Antipyretic
Berberine found in Plant (410 ppm)
Antiradicular
Tannin found in Plant (11000 ppm)
Antirenitic
Tannin found in Plant (11000 ppm)
Antisalmonella
Berberine found in Plant (410 ppm)
Antisecretory
Berberine found in Plant (410 ppm)
Antiseptic
Berberine found in Plant (410 ppm)
Chelerythrine found in Root
Protopine found in Plant (840 ppm)
Sanguinarine found in Seed
Antishigellic
Berberine found in Plant (410 ppm)
Antispasmodic
Berberine found in Plant (410 ppm)
Codeine found in Plant
Morphine found in Plant
Protopine found in Plant (840 ppm)
Antispermigenic
Berberine found in Plant (410 ppm)
Protopine found in Plant (840 ppm)
Antistaphylococcic
Berberine found in Plant (410 ppm)
Antistrep
Berberine found in Plant (410 ppm)
Antisuperoxidogenic
Sanguinarine found in Seed
Antisyphilitic
Berberine found in Plant (410 ppm)
Antitetanic
Morphine found in Plant
Antitrachomic
Berberine found in Plant (410 ppm)
Antitrypanosomic
Berberine found in Plant (410 ppm)
Sanguinarine found in Seed
Antitubercular
Berberine found in Plant (410 ppm)
Antitumor-Promoter
Tannin found in Plant (11000 ppm)
Antitumor
Chelerythrine found in Root
Coptisine found in Seed
Sanguinarine found in Seed
Tannin found in Plant (11000 ppm)
Antitussive
Chelerythrine found in Root
Codeine found in Plant
Morphine found in Plant
Protopine found in Plant (840 ppm)
Antiulcer
Berberine found in Plant (410 ppm)
Tannin found in Plant (11000 ppm)
Antivaginitic
Berberine found in Plant (410 ppm)
Antiviral
Berberine found in Plant (410 ppm)
Chelerythrine found in Root
Codeine found in Plant
Sanguinarine found in Seed
Tannin found in Plant (11000 ppm)
Astringent
Berberine found in Plant (410 ppm)
Bilirubinolytic
Berberine found in Plant (410 ppm)
CNS-Depressant
Sanguinarine found in Seed
COX-2-Inhibitor
Berberine found in Plant (410 ppm)
Calcium-Antagonist
Berberine found in Plant (410 ppm)
Protopine found in Plant (840 ppm)
Sanguinarine found in Seed
Cancer-Preventive
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (188600 ppm)
Myristic-acid found in Seed
Oleic-acid found in Seed (85800 ppm)
Tannin found in Plant (11000 ppm)
Candidicide
Berberine found in Plant (410 ppm)
Chelerythrine found in Root
Sanguinarine found in Seed
Carcinogenic
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (188600 ppm)
Ricinoleic-acid found in Seed (39300 ppm)
Tannin found in Plant (11000 ppm)
Cardioactive
Alpha-allocryptopine found in Root
Cardiodepressant
Berberine found in Plant (410 ppm)
Cardiotonic
Berberine found in Plant (410 ppm)
Sanguinarine found in Seed
Cardiovascular
Morphine found in Plant
Carminative
Berberine found in Plant (410 ppm)
Catatonic
Morphine found in Plant
Chelator
Tannin found in Plant (11000 ppm)
Cholagogue
Berberine found in Plant (410 ppm)
Cholekinetic
Berberine found in Plant (410 ppm)
Choleretic
Berberine found in Plant (410 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Seed (85800 ppm)
Collyrium
Berberine found in Plant (410 ppm)
Comedolytic
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (188600 ppm)
Convulsant
Morphine found in Plant
Protopine found in Plant (840 ppm)
Cosmetic
Myristic-acid found in Seed
Cyclooxygenase-Inhibitor
Berberine found in Plant (410 ppm)
Tannin found in Plant (11000 ppm)
Cytotoxic
Berberine found in Plant (410 ppm)
Chelerythrine found in Root
DNA-Intercalator
Chelerythrine found in Root
Sanguinarine found in Seed
Dermatitigenic
Morphine found in Plant
Oleic-acid found in Seed (85800 ppm)
Digestive
Berberine found in Plant (410 ppm)
Diuretic
Berberine found in Plant (410 ppm)
Sanguinarine found in Seed
Emetic
Berberine found in Plant (410 ppm)
Codeine found in Plant
Sanguinarine found in Seed
Euphoric
Morphine found in Plant
Expectorant
Sanguinarine found in Seed
FLavor
Oleic-acid found in Seed (85800 ppm)
Palmitic-acid found in Seed
Fungicide
Berberine found in Plant (410 ppm)
Chelerythrine found in Root
Sanguinarine found in Seed
Gastrocontractant
Sanguinarine found in Seed
Gastrosedative
Morphine found in Plant
Glaucomagenic
Berberine found in Plant (410 ppm)
Sanguinarine found in Seed
Glucosyl-Transferase-Inhibitor
Tannin found in Plant (11000 ppm)
Hemolytic
Palmitic-acid found in Seed
Hemostat
Berberine found in Plant (410 ppm)
Hepatoprotective
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (188600 ppm)
Tannin found in Plant (11000 ppm)
Hepatotoxic
Sanguinarine found in Seed
Hypercholesterolemic
Myristic-acid found in Seed
Palmitic-acid found in Seed
Hypertensive
Chelerythrine found in Root
Protopine found in Plant (840 ppm)
Sanguinarine found in Seed
Hypocholesterolemic
Berberine found in Plant (410 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (188600 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Seed (85800 ppm)
Hypoglycemic
Berberine found in Plant (410 ppm)
Hypotensive
Berberine found in Plant (410 ppm)
Chelerythrine found in Root
Protopine found in Plant (840 ppm)
Sanguinarine found in Seed
Immunomodulator
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (188600 ppm)
Immunostimulant
Berberine found in Plant (410 ppm)
Chelerythrine found in Root
Immunosuppressant
Tannin found in Plant (11000 ppm)
Inotropic
Sanguinarine found in Seed
Insectifuge
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (188600 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Seed (85800 ppm)
Irritant
Chelerythrine found in Root
Oleic-acid found in Seed (85800 ppm)
Sanguinarine found in Seed
Lachrymatory
Berberine found in Plant (410 ppm)
Larvicide
Berberine found in Plant (410 ppm)
Leucocytogenic
Berberine found in Plant (410 ppm)
Lipase-Inhibitor
Berberine found in Plant (410 ppm)
Chelerythrine found in Root
Sanguinarine found in Seed
Lipoxygenase-Inhibitor
Berberine found in Plant (410 ppm)
Tannin found in Plant (11000 ppm)
Lubricant
Myristic-acid found in Seed
Palmitic-acid found in Seed
MAO-Inhibitor
Tannin found in Plant (11000 ppm)
Metastatic
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (188600 ppm)
Molluscicide
Chelerythrine found in Root
Sanguinarine found in Seed
Mutagenic
Berberine found in Plant (410 ppm)
Mycobactericide
Berberine found in Plant (410 ppm)
Mydriatic
Berberine found in Plant (410 ppm)
Myocardiocontractant
Sanguinarine found in Seed
Myocardiodepressant
Berberine found in Plant (410 ppm)
Myocontractant
Coptisine found in Seed
Myorelaxant
Berberine found in Plant (410 ppm)
Protopine found in Plant (840 ppm)
Narcotic
Codeine found in Plant
Morphine found in Plant
Nematicide
Chelerythrine found in Root
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (188600 ppm)
Myristic-acid found in Seed
Palmitic-acid found in Seed
Sanguinarine found in Seed
Neurotoxic
Morphine found in Plant
Occulotensive
Chelerythrine found in Root
Sanguinarine found in Seed
Ornithine-Decarboxylase-Inhibitor
Tannin found in Plant (11000 ppm)
Oxytocic
Alpha-allocryptopine found in Root
Paralytic
Chelerythrine found in Root
Percutaneostimulant
Oleic-acid found in Seed (85800 ppm)
Perfumery
Oleic-acid found in Seed (85800 ppm)
Pesticide
Berberine found in Plant (410 ppm)
Chelerythrine found in Root
Palmitic-acid found in Seed
Protopine found in Plant (840 ppm)
Sanguinarine found in Seed
Tannin found in Plant (11000 ppm)
Phototoxic
Berberine found in Plant (410 ppm)
Plasmodicide
Berberine found in Plant (410 ppm)
Propecic
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (188600 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Seed (85800 ppm)
Palmitic-acid found in Seed
Prostaglandigenic
Ricinoleic-acid found in Seed (39300 ppm)
Prostaglandin-Synthesis-Inhibitor
Berberine found in Plant (410 ppm)
Protisticide
Berberine found in Plant (410 ppm)
Psychotropic
Tannin found in Plant (11000 ppm)
RNA-Depressant
Berberine found in Plant (410 ppm)
RT-Inhibitor
Berberine found in Plant (410 ppm)
Respiradepressant
Berberine found in Plant (410 ppm)
Respirainhibitor
Chelerythrine found in Root
Respirasedative
Codeine found in Plant
Respirastimulant
Sanguinarine found in Seed
Secretogogue
Ricinoleic-acid found in Seed (39300 ppm)
Sedative
Berberine found in Plant (410 ppm)
Codeine found in Plant
Morphine found in Plant
Protopine found in Plant (840 ppm)
Sialogogue
Sanguinarine found in Seed
Soap
Palmitic-acid found in Seed
Ricinoleic-acid found in Seed (39300 ppm)
Spasmogenic
Protopine found in Plant (840 ppm)
Spermicide
Ricinoleic-acid found in Seed (39300 ppm)
Spinodepressant
Codeine found in Plant
Stimulant
Morphine found in Plant
Stomachic
Berberine found in Plant (410 ppm)
Sympatholytic
Sanguinarine found in Seed
Tetanic
Chelerythrine found in Root
Topoisomerase-I-Inhibitor
Chelerythrine found in Root
Topoisomerase-II-Inhibitor
Berberine found in Plant (410 ppm)
Trichomonicide
Berberine found in Plant (410 ppm)
Sanguinarine found in Seed
Trypanocide
Berberine found in Plant (410 ppm)
Uterocontractant
Berberine found in Plant (410 ppm)
Uterotonic
Berberine found in Plant (410 ppm)
Protopine found in Plant (840 ppm)
Vagostimulant
Berberine found in Plant (410 ppm)
Vasoconstrictor
Berberine found in Plant (410 ppm)
Vasodilator
Berberine found in Plant (410 ppm)
Vasomotor-Stimulant
Sanguinarine found in Seed
Vermifuge
Berberine found in Plant (410 ppm)
Vibriofuge
Berberine found in Plant (410 ppm)
Xanthine-Oxidase-Inhibitor
Tannin found in Plant (11000 ppm)

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Chemicals detected

Chemical Plant part Low ppm High ppm
Alkaloids Plant 1,250
Alpha-allocryptopine Root
Argemonic-acid Plant
Argemonine Plant
Berberine Plant 410
Chelerythrine Root
Codeine Plant
Coptisine Seed
Dihydrochelerythrine Root
Dihydrosanguinarine Shoot
Fat Seed 200,000 393,000
Isorhamnetin-3,7-diglucoside Flower
Isorhamnetin-3-beta-d-glucoside Flower
L-glutamic-acid Seed
Linoleic-acid Seed 96,000 188,600
Morphine Plant
Myristic-acid Seed
Norargemonine Fruit
Oleic-acid Seed 44,000 85,800
Palmitic-acid Seed
Palmitolic-acid Seed 12,000 23,600
Physetolic-acid Seed
Protein Seed 176,000 181,000
Protopine Plant 840
Resin Plant 17,500
Ricinoleic-acid Seed 20,000 39,300
Romneine Plant
Sanguinarine Seed
Tannin Plant 11,000
Reference: Dr. Duke's Phytochemical and Ethnobotanical Databases. [Online Database]