Areca catechu Health effects and herbal facts

Known as
areca palm areca-nut areca-nut palm betel palm betel-nut palm betelnut catechu Indian-nut Pinang palm

Areca catechu is a species of palm which grows in much of the tropical Pacific, Asia, and parts of east Africa. The palm is believed to have originated in the Philippines, but is widespread in cultivation and is considered naturalized in southern China, India, Bangladesh, the Maldives, Sri Lanka, Cambodia, Laos, Thailand, Vietnam, Malaysia, Indonesia, New Guinea, many of the islands in the Pacific Ocean, and also in the West Indies. The species has many common names including the areca palm, areca nut palm, betel palm, Indian nut, Pinang palm, Filipino: bunga, Indonesia/Malay: pinang, Malayalam: അടക്ക adakka, Kannada: ಅಡಿಕೆ Adike,. This palm is called the betel tree because its fruit, the areca nut, is often chewed along with the betel leaf, a leaf from a vine of the Piperaceae family. Areca is derived from a local name from the Malabar Coast of India and catechu is from another Malay name for this palm, caccu.

Areca catechu

Medical use

Economic importance of Areca catechu

Environmental ornamental
Human food vegetable
Fuels miscelaneous fuel
Materials beads fiber tanin/dyestuf
Medicines folklore
Vertebrate poisons mamals
Social masticatory religious/secular stimulant

Gallery

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Geografical distribution

  • AFRICA
    Cultivated
    • East Tropical Africa: Tanzania
    • Western Indian Ocean: Madagascar
  • ASIA-TEMPERATE
    Cultivated
    • China: China
    • Eastern Asia: Taiwan
  • ASIA-TROPICAL
    Native
    • Malesia: Philippines
    Cultivated
    • Indian Subcontinent: Bangladesh; India; Sri Lanka
    • Indo-China: Cambodia; Laos; Myanmar; Thailand; Vietnam
    • Malesia: Indonesia; Malaysia; Papua New Guinea
  • PACIFIC
    Cultivated
    • Northwestern Pacific: Micronesia
    • Southwestern Pacific: Solomon Islands; Vanuatu

Biological activities

5-Alpha-Reductase-Inhibitor
Linoleic-acid found in Seed
Oleic-acid found in Seed (41760 ppm)
Palmitoleic-acid found in Seed
Stearic-acid found in Seed
ACE-Inhibitor
Gallic-acid found in Seed
Zinc found in Seed (16 ppm)
Acidulant
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed
Aggregant
Sucrose found in Seed
Aldose-Reductase-Inhibitor
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed
Allergenic
Beta-carotene found in Plant
Niacin found in Seed (6.8 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Seed (41760 ppm)
Alpha-Reductase-Inhibitor
Oleic-acid found in Seed (41760 ppm)
Analgesic
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed
Gallic-acid found in Seed
Thiamin found in Seed (1.9 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (16 ppm)
Androgenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed
Anemiagenic
Oleic-acid found in Seed (41760 ppm)
Angiogenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed
Angiotensin-Receptor-Blocker
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed
Fiber found in Seed (181000 ppm)
Potassium found in Seed (6700 ppm)
Anorexic
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed
Anthelmintic
Arecoline found in Seed (1000 ppm)
Tannin found in Seed (250000 ppm)
AntiAGE
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed
AntiBPH
Zinc found in Seed (16 ppm)
AntiCFS
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed
Magnesium found in Seed (500 ppm)
AntiCTS
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed
AntiHIV
Gallic-acid found in Seed
Tannin found in Seed (250000 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (16 ppm)
AntiLyme
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed
Magnesium found in Seed (500 ppm)
Niacin found in Seed (6.8 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Seed (7.9 ppm)
Thiamin found in Seed (1.9 ppm)
AntiMRSA
Gallic-acid found in Seed
AntiMS
Linoleic-acid found in Seed
Magnesium found in Seed (500 ppm)
AntiPMS
Beta-carotene found in Plant
Calcium found in Seed (1050 ppm);found in Sprout Seedling (60 ppm)
Magnesium found in Seed (500 ppm)
Manganese found in Seed (67 ppm)
Antiacne
Beta-carotene found in Plant
Linoleic-acid found in Seed
Zinc found in Seed (16 ppm)
Antiacrodermatitic
Zinc found in Seed (16 ppm)
Antiacrodynic
Niacin found in Seed (6.8 ppm)
Antiadenomic
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed
Antiadenovirus
Gallic-acid found in Seed
Antiaggregant
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed
Magnesium found in Seed (500 ppm)
Antiaging
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed
Beta-carotene found in Plant
Antiakathisic
Iron found in Seed (70 ppm);found in Shoot (147 ppm)
Antialcoholic
Magnesium found in Seed (500 ppm)
Manganese found in Seed (67 ppm)
Thiamin found in Seed (1.9 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (16 ppm)
Antiallergenic
Gallic-acid found in Seed
Antiallergic
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed
Calcium found in Seed (1050 ppm);found in Sprout Seedling (60 ppm)
Niacin found in Seed (6.8 ppm)
Antialopecic
Linoleic-acid found in Seed
Oleic-acid found in Seed (41760 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (16 ppm)
Antialzheimeran
Arecoline found in Seed (1000 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed
Choline found in Seed
Niacin found in Seed (6.8 ppm)
Thiamin found in Seed (1.9 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (16 ppm)
Antiamblyopic
Niacin found in Seed (6.8 ppm)
Antianaphylactic
Gallic-acid found in Seed
Linoleic-acid found in Seed
Antiandrogenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed
Linoleic-acid found in Seed
Oleic-acid found in Seed (41760 ppm)
Antianemic
Copper found in Seed (15 ppm)
Iron found in Seed (70 ppm);found in Shoot (147 ppm)
Manganese found in Seed (67 ppm)
Antianginal
Magnesium found in Seed (500 ppm)
Niacin found in Seed (6.8 ppm)
Antiangiogenic
Gallic-acid found in Seed
Zinc found in Seed (16 ppm)
Antianorectic
Magnesium found in Seed (500 ppm)
Thiamin found in Seed (1.9 ppm)
Antianorexic
Zinc found in Seed (16 ppm)
Antianxiety
Calcium found in Seed (1050 ppm);found in Sprout Seedling (60 ppm)
Magnesium found in Seed (500 ppm)
Antiarabiflavinotic
Riboflavin found in Seed (7.9 ppm)
Antiarrhythmic
Calcium found in Seed (1050 ppm);found in Sprout Seedling (60 ppm)
Magnesium found in Seed (500 ppm)
Potassium found in Seed (6700 ppm)
Antiarteriosclerotic
Linoleic-acid found in Seed
Antiarthritic
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed
Beta-carotene found in Plant
Calcium found in Seed (1050 ppm);found in Sprout Seedling (60 ppm)
Copper found in Seed (15 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Seed
Magnesium found in Seed (500 ppm)
Manganese found in Seed (67 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (16 ppm)
Antiasthmatic
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed
Beta-carotene found in Plant
Gallic-acid found in Seed
Magnesium found in Seed (500 ppm)
Antiatherosclerotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed
Calcium found in Seed (1050 ppm);found in Sprout Seedling (60 ppm)
Magnesium found in Seed (500 ppm)
Antibackache
Thiamin found in Seed (1.9 ppm)
Antibacterial
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed
Gallic-acid found in Seed
Lauric-acid found in Seed (90000 ppm)
Tannin found in Seed (250000 ppm)
Antiberiberi
Thiamin found in Seed (1.9 ppm)
Antibronchitic
Gallic-acid found in Seed
Anticancer
Beta-carotene found in Plant
Gallic-acid found in Seed
Tannin found in Seed (250000 ppm)
Anticanker
Iron found in Seed (70 ppm);found in Shoot (147 ppm)
Thiamin found in Seed (1.9 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (16 ppm)
Anticarcinomic
Beta-carotene found in Plant
Gallic-acid found in Seed
Anticardiospasmic
Thiamin found in Seed (1.9 ppm)
Anticariogenic
Tannin found in Seed (250000 ppm)
Anticarpal-Tunnel
Riboflavin found in Seed (7.9 ppm)
Anticataract
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed
Niacin found in Seed (6.8 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Seed (7.9 ppm)
Thiamin found in Seed (1.9 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (16 ppm)
Anticephalagic
Magnesium found in Seed (500 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Seed (7.9 ppm)
Anticervicaldysplasic
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed
Beta-carotene found in Plant
Riboflavin found in Seed (7.9 ppm)
Anticheilitic
Iron found in Seed (70 ppm);found in Shoot (147 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Seed (7.9 ppm)
Antichilblain
Niacin found in Seed (6.8 ppm)
Antichoreic
Choline found in Seed
Anticirrhotic
Choline found in Seed
Anticlimacteric
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed
Calcium found in Seed (1050 ppm);found in Sprout Seedling (60 ppm)
Magnesium found in Seed (500 ppm)
Anticoagulant
D-catechin found in Seed
Anticoeliac
Zinc found in Seed (16 ppm)
Anticold
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed
Zinc found in Seed (16 ppm)
Anticolitic
Thiamin found in Seed (1.9 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (16 ppm)
Anticonvulsant
Magnesium found in Seed (500 ppm)
Niacin found in Seed (6.8 ppm)
Anticoronary
Beta-carotene found in Plant
Linoleic-acid found in Seed
Magnesium found in Seed (500 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (16 ppm)
Anticystinuric
Choline found in Seed
Antidandruff
Zinc found in Seed (16 ppm)
Antidecubitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed
Riboflavin found in Seed (7.9 ppm)
Thiamin found in Seed (1.9 ppm)
Antideliriant
Thiamin found in Seed (1.9 ppm)
Antidementia
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed
Choline found in Seed
Niacin found in Seed (6.8 ppm)
Thiamin found in Seed (1.9 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (16 ppm)
Antidepressant
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed
Calcium found in Seed (1050 ppm);found in Sprout Seedling (60 ppm)
Magnesium found in Seed (500 ppm)
Potassium found in Seed (6700 ppm)
Antidermatitic
Niacin found in Seed (6.8 ppm)
Antidiabetic
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed
Choline found in Seed
Copper found in Seed (15 ppm)
Fiber found in Seed (181000 ppm)
Magnesium found in Seed (500 ppm)
Manganese found in Seed (67 ppm)
Niacin found in Seed (6.8 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (16 ppm)
Antidiarrheic
Tannin found in Seed (250000 ppm)
Antidiscotic
Manganese found in Seed (67 ppm)
Antidysenteric
Tannin found in Seed (250000 ppm)
Antidysgeuzic
Zinc found in Seed (16 ppm)
Antidyskinetic
Choline found in Seed
Manganese found in Seed (67 ppm)
Antidysmenorrheic
Magnesium found in Seed (500 ppm)
Antidyspeptic
Thiamin found in Seed (1.9 ppm)
Antidysphagic
Niacin found in Seed (6.8 ppm)
Antieczemic
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed
Linoleic-acid found in Seed
Zinc found in Seed (16 ppm)
Antiedemic
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed
Antiencephalitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed
Antiencephalopathic
Thiamin found in Seed (1.9 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (16 ppm)
Antiendometriotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed
Magnesium found in Seed (500 ppm)
Antienterotic
Magnesium found in Seed (500 ppm)
Antiepileptic
Magnesium found in Seed (500 ppm)
Manganese found in Seed (67 ppm)
Niacin found in Seed (6.8 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (16 ppm)
Antiescherichic
Gallic-acid found in Seed
Antiestrogenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed
Antifatigue
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed
Copper found in Seed (15 ppm)
Diosgenin found in Seed
Magnesium found in Seed (500 ppm)
Potassium found in Seed (6700 ppm)
Thiamin found in Seed (1.9 ppm)
Antifeedant
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed
Antifertility
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed
Antifibrinolytic
Gallic-acid found in Seed
Linoleic-acid found in Seed
Antifibromyalgic
Magnesium found in Seed (500 ppm)
Antifibrotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed
Zinc found in Seed (16 ppm)
Antiflu
Gallic-acid found in Seed
Antifuruncular
Zinc found in Seed (16 ppm)
Antigallstone
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed
Antigastritic
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed
Thiamin found in Seed (1.9 ppm)
Antigastrotic
Magnesium found in Seed (500 ppm)
Antigingivitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed
Antiglaucomic
Arecoline found in Seed (1000 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed
Magnesium found in Seed (500 ppm)
Antiglossitic
Riboflavin found in Seed (7.9 ppm)
Antigonadotrophic
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed
Antigranular
Linoleic-acid found in Seed
Antihangover
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed
Niacin found in Seed (6.8 ppm)
Thiamin found in Seed (1.9 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (16 ppm)
Antiheartburn
Thiamin found in Seed (1.9 ppm)
Antihemorrhagic
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed
Antihepatitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed
Antihepatotoxic
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed
Gallic-acid found in Seed
Tannin found in Seed (250000 ppm)
Antiherpetic
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed
Gallic-acid found in Seed
Thiamin found in Seed (1.9 ppm)
Antihiccup
Sucrose found in Seed
Antihistaminic
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed
Linoleic-acid found in Seed
Niacin found in Seed (6.8 ppm)
Antihomocysteine
Choline found in Seed
Antihyperactivity
Niacin found in Seed (6.8 ppm)
Antihyperkeratotic
Beta-carotene found in Plant
Antihyperkinetic
Calcium found in Seed (1050 ppm);found in Sprout Seedling (60 ppm)
Magnesium found in Seed (500 ppm)
Antihyperlipoproteinaemic
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed
Antihypertensive
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed
Calcium found in Seed (1050 ppm);found in Sprout Seedling (60 ppm)
Fiber found in Seed (181000 ppm)
Magnesium found in Seed (500 ppm)
Potassium found in Seed (6700 ppm)
Tannin found in Seed (250000 ppm)
Antihypoglycemic
Magnesium found in Seed (500 ppm)
Antiichythyotic
Beta-carotene found in Plant
Antiimpotence
Zinc found in Seed (16 ppm)
Antiinfective
Zinc found in Seed (16 ppm)
Antiinfertility
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed
Zinc found in Seed (16 ppm)
Antiinflammatory
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed
Copper found in Seed (15 ppm)
Diosgenin found in Seed
Gallic-acid found in Seed
Linoleic-acid found in Seed
Magnesium found in Seed (500 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Seed (41760 ppm)
Antiinsomniac
Calcium found in Seed (1050 ppm);found in Sprout Seedling (60 ppm)
Magnesium found in Seed (500 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (16 ppm)
Antiinsomnic
Niacin found in Seed (6.8 ppm)
Antikeratitic
Riboflavin found in Seed (7.9 ppm)
Antileishmanic
Gallic-acid found in Seed
Antilepric
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed
Zinc found in Seed (16 ppm)
Antileukemic
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed
Antileukonychic
Zinc found in Seed (16 ppm)
Antileukoplakic
Beta-carotene found in Plant
Antileukotriene-D4
Linoleic-acid found in Seed
Oleic-acid found in Seed (41760 ppm)
Antilipolytic
Tannin found in Seed (250000 ppm)
Antilipoperoxidant
Beta-carotene found in Plant
Antilithic
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed
Magnesium found in Seed (500 ppm)
Antilupus
Beta-carotene found in Plant
Antilymphomic
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed
Zinc found in Seed (16 ppm)
Antimaculitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed
Beta-carotene found in Plant
Zinc found in Seed (16 ppm)
Antimanic
Choline found in Seed
Antimastalgic
Magnesium found in Seed (500 ppm)
Antimastitic
Beta-carotene found in Plant
Antimeasles
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed
Antimenopausal
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed
Calcium found in Seed (1050 ppm);found in Sprout Seedling (60 ppm)
Magnesium found in Seed (500 ppm)
Antimenorrhagic
Iron found in Seed (70 ppm);found in Shoot (147 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Seed
Antimetastatic
Zinc found in Seed (16 ppm)
Antimigraine
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed
Magnesium found in Seed (500 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Seed (7.9 ppm)
Thiamin found in Seed (1.9 ppm)
Antimitral-valve-prolapse
Magnesium found in Seed (500 ppm)
Antimutagenic
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed
Beta-carotene found in Plant
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed
Gallic-acid found in Seed
Tannin found in Seed (250000 ppm)
Antimyocarditic
Thiamin found in Seed (1.9 ppm)
Antinephritic
Tannin found in Seed (250000 ppm)
Antinephrolytic
Magnesium found in Seed (500 ppm)
Antineuralgic
Niacin found in Seed (6.8 ppm)
Thiamin found in Seed (1.9 ppm)
Antineuramidase
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed
Antineurasthenic
Thiamin found in Seed (1.9 ppm)
Antineuritic
Thiamin found in Seed (1.9 ppm)
Antineuropathic
Thiamin found in Seed (1.9 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (16 ppm)
Antineurotic
Magnesium found in Seed (500 ppm)
Antinitrosaminic
Gallic-acid found in Seed
Antinitrosic
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed
Antinociceptive
Choline found in Seed
Copper found in Seed (15 ppm)
Antinyctalopic
Zinc found in Seed (16 ppm)
Antiobesity
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed
Calcium found in Seed (1050 ppm);found in Sprout Seedling (60 ppm)
Fiber found in Seed (181000 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (16 ppm)
Antiophidic
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed
Tannin found in Seed (250000 ppm)
Antiophthalmic
Sucrose found in Seed
Antiorchitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed
Antiosteoarthritic
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed
Antiosteoporotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed
Calcium found in Seed (1050 ppm);found in Sprout Seedling (60 ppm)
Copper found in Seed (15 ppm)
Magnesium found in Seed (500 ppm)
Manganese found in Seed (67 ppm)
Phosphorus found in Seed (1892 ppm);found in Shoot (890 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (16 ppm)
Antiototic
Manganese found in Seed (67 ppm)
Antioxidant
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed
Beta-carotene found in Plant
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed
Gallic-acid found in Seed
Lauric-acid found in Seed (90000 ppm)
Manganese found in Seed (67 ppm)
Myristic-acid found in Seed (30240 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Seed (7.9 ppm)
Sucrose found in Seed
Tannin found in Seed (250000 ppm)
Antiozenic
Beta-carotene found in Plant
Antipapillomic
Beta-carotene found in Plant
Antiparkinsonian
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed
Niacin found in Seed (6.8 ppm)
Antiparotitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed
Antipellagric
Niacin found in Seed (6.8 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Seed (7.9 ppm)
Antiperiodontitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed
Calcium found in Seed (1050 ppm);found in Sprout Seedling (60 ppm)
Gallic-acid found in Seed
Zinc found in Seed (16 ppm)
Antiperoxidant
Gallic-acid found in Seed
Antiphotophobic
Beta-carotene found in Plant
Riboflavin found in Seed (7.9 ppm)
Antipityriasic
Beta-carotene found in Plant
Antiplaque
Magnesium found in Seed (500 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (16 ppm)
Antipneumonic
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed
Antipodriac
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed
Antipolio
Gallic-acid found in Seed
Antipoliomyelitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed
Thiamin found in Seed (1.9 ppm)
Antiporphyric
Beta-carotene found in Plant
Antiprogestational
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed
Antiprolactin
Zinc found in Seed (16 ppm)
Antiproliferant
Beta-carotene found in Plant
Antiprostaglandin
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed
Antiprostatadenomic
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed
Antiprostatitic
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed
Linoleic-acid found in Seed
Zinc found in Seed (16 ppm)
Antiproteolytic
Gallic-acid found in Seed
Antipsoriac
Beta-carotene found in Plant
Antipyretic
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed
Antiradicular
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed
Beta-carotene found in Plant
Gallic-acid found in Seed
Tannin found in Seed (250000 ppm)
Antirenitic
Tannin found in Seed (250000 ppm)
Antiretinopathic
Magnesium found in Seed (500 ppm)
Antiretinotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed
Antirheumatic
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed
Beta-carotene found in Plant
Calcium found in Seed (1050 ppm);found in Sprout Seedling (60 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (16 ppm)
Antirhinitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed
Antiscorbutic
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed
Antiscotomic
Niacin found in Seed (6.8 ppm)
Antiseptic
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed
Gallic-acid found in Seed
Zinc found in Seed (16 ppm)
Antishingles
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed
Antisnoring
Arecoline found in Seed (1000 ppm)
Antispare-Tire
Zinc found in Seed (16 ppm)
Antispasmodic
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed
Magnesium found in Seed (500 ppm)
Niacin found in Seed (6.8 ppm)
Potassium found in Seed (6700 ppm)
Antispasmophilic
Magnesium found in Seed (500 ppm)
Antistaphylococcic
Gallic-acid found in Seed
Antisteatotic
Choline found in Seed
Antistomatitic
Zinc found in Seed (16 ppm)
Antistress
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed
Beta-carotene found in Plant
Calcium found in Seed (1050 ppm);found in Sprout Seedling (60 ppm)
Diosgenin found in Seed
Magnesium found in Seed (500 ppm)
Antistroke
Magnesium found in Seed (500 ppm)
Potassium found in Seed (6700 ppm)
Antisyndrome-X
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed
Magnesium found in Seed (500 ppm)
Manganese found in Seed (67 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (16 ppm)
Antitic
Calcium found in Seed (1050 ppm);found in Sprout Seedling (60 ppm)
Antitinnitic
Zinc found in Seed (16 ppm)
Antitriglyceride
Zinc found in Seed (16 ppm)
Antitumor-Promoter
Gallic-acid found in Seed
Tannin found in Seed (250000 ppm)
Antitumor
Beta-carotene found in Plant
Fiber found in Seed (181000 ppm)
Gallic-acid found in Seed
Tannin found in Seed (250000 ppm)
Antiulcer
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed
Beta-carotene found in Plant
Fiber found in Seed (181000 ppm)
Tannin found in Seed (250000 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (16 ppm)
Antivertigo
Niacin found in Seed (6.8 ppm)
Antiviral
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed
Gallic-acid found in Seed
Lauric-acid found in Seed (90000 ppm)
Tannin found in Seed (250000 ppm)
Antixerophthalmic
Beta-carotene found in Plant
Anxiolytic
Calcium found in Seed (1050 ppm);found in Sprout Seedling (60 ppm)
Magnesium found in Seed (500 ppm)
Phosphorus found in Seed (1892 ppm);found in Shoot (890 ppm)
Potassium found in Seed (6700 ppm)
Apoptotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed
Gallic-acid found in Seed
Artemicide
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed
Ascaricide
Arecoline found in Seed (1000 ppm)
Asthma-preventive
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed
Astringent
Gallic-acid found in Seed
Zinc found in Seed (16 ppm)
Atherogenic
Sucrose found in Seed
Bacteristat
Gallic-acid found in Seed
Beta-Blocker
Fiber found in Seed (181000 ppm)
Potassium found in Seed (6700 ppm)
Beta-Glucuronidase-Inhibitor
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed
Bronchoconstrictor
Arecoline found in Seed (1000 ppm)
Bronchodilator
Gallic-acid found in Seed
CNS-Depressant
Arecoline found in Seed (1000 ppm)
Magnesium found in Seed (500 ppm)
CNS-Stimulant
Arecoline found in Seed (1000 ppm)
COX-1-Inhibitor
Beta-carotene found in Plant
Lauric-acid found in Seed (90000 ppm)
COX-2-Inhibitor
Beta-carotene found in Plant
Lauric-acid found in Seed (90000 ppm)
Calcium-Antagonist
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed
Magnesium found in Seed (500 ppm)
Calcium-Channel-Blocker
Calcium found in Seed (1050 ppm);found in Sprout Seedling (60 ppm)
Cancer-Preventive
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed
Beta-carotene found in Plant
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed
D-catechin found in Seed
Fiber found in Seed (181000 ppm)
Gallic-acid found in Seed
Linoleic-acid found in Seed
Mucilage found in Seed
Myristic-acid found in Seed (30240 ppm)
Niacin found in Seed (6.8 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Seed (41760 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Seed (7.9 ppm)
Tannin found in Seed (250000 ppm)
Candidicide
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed
Gallic-acid found in Seed
Lauric-acid found in Seed (90000 ppm)
Carcinogenic
Arecaidine found in Seed
Arecoline found in Seed (1000 ppm)
Gallic-acid found in Seed
Linoleic-acid found in Seed
Tannin found in Seed (250000 ppm)
Cardiodepressant
Choline found in Seed
Cardioprotective
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed
Copper found in Seed (15 ppm)
Fiber found in Seed (181000 ppm)
Magnesium found in Seed (500 ppm)
Niacin found in Seed (6.8 ppm)
Potassium found in Seed (6700 ppm)
Cardiotonic
D-catechin found in Seed
Cardiotoxic
Potassium found in Seed (6700 ppm)
Caspase-8-Inducer
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed
Cathartic
Arecoline found in Seed (1000 ppm)
Cerebrostimulant
Arecoline found in Seed (1000 ppm)
Cerebrotonic
Choline found in Seed
Chelator
Tannin found in Seed (250000 ppm)
Chemopreventive
Beta-carotene found in Plant
Choleretic
Gallic-acid found in Seed
Oleic-acid found in Seed (41760 ppm)
Cholinergic
Arecoline found in Seed (1000 ppm)
Choline found in Seed
Circulotonic
Niacin found in Seed (6.8 ppm)
Cold-preventive
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed
Collagenic
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed
Zinc found in Seed (16 ppm)
Collyrium
Sucrose found in Seed
Colorant
Beta-carotene found in Plant
Comedolytic
Linoleic-acid found in Seed
Contraceptive
Copper found in Seed (15 ppm)
Convulsant
Arecaine found in Seed
Copper-Antagonist
Zinc found in Seed (16 ppm)
Cosmetic
Myristic-acid found in Seed (30240 ppm)
Stearic-acid found in Seed
Cyclooxygenase-Inhibitor
Gallic-acid found in Seed
Tannin found in Seed (250000 ppm)
Cytotoxic
Gallic-acid found in Seed
Demulcent
Mucilage found in Seed
Sucrose found in Seed
Deodorant
Zinc found in Seed (16 ppm)
Dermatitigenic
Oleic-acid found in Seed (41760 ppm)
Detoxicant
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed
Diuretic
Arecoline found in Seed (1000 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed
Calcium found in Seed (1050 ppm);found in Sprout Seedling (60 ppm)
Fiber found in Seed (181000 ppm)
Magnesium found in Seed (500 ppm)
Potassium found in Seed (6700 ppm)
Ergogenic
Zinc found in Seed (16 ppm)
Estrogenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed
Diosgenin found in Seed
FLavor
Oleic-acid found in Seed (41760 ppm)
Stearic-acid found in Seed
Febrifuge
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed
Fibrinolytic
Niacin found in Seed (6.8 ppm)
Fistula-Preventive
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed
Flatugenic
Sucrose found in Seed
Floral-Inhibitor
Gallic-acid found in Seed
Fungicide
Arecoline found in Seed (1000 ppm)
Capric-acid found in Seed
Gastroprotective
Beta-carotene found in Plant
Glucosyl-Transferase-Inhibitor
Tannin found in Seed (250000 ppm)
Gonadotrophic
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed
Hemostat
Cellulose found in Hull Husk (476000 ppm)
Gallic-acid found in Seed
Hepatoprotective
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed
Choline found in Seed
Diosgenin found in Seed
Gallic-acid found in Seed
Linoleic-acid found in Seed
Niacin found in Seed (6.8 ppm)
Tannin found in Seed (250000 ppm)
Hepatotoxic
Niacin found in Seed (6.8 ppm)
Hormonal
Guvacine found in Seed
Hypercholesterolemic
Lauric-acid found in Seed (90000 ppm)
Myristic-acid found in Seed (30240 ppm)
Sucrose found in Seed
Hypertensive
Sodium found in Seed (867 ppm)
Hypocholesterolemic
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed
Calcium found in Seed (1050 ppm);found in Sprout Seedling (60 ppm)
Copper found in Seed (15 ppm)
Diosgenin found in Seed
Fiber found in Seed (181000 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Seed
Magnesium found in Seed (500 ppm)
Mucilage found in Seed
Niacin found in Seed (6.8 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Seed (41760 ppm)
Stearic-acid found in Seed
Hypoglycemic
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed
Manganese found in Seed (67 ppm)
Niacin found in Seed (6.8 ppm)
Hypolipidemic
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed
Niacin found in Seed (6.8 ppm)
Hypotensive
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed
Calcium found in Seed (1050 ppm);found in Sprout Seedling (60 ppm)
Choline found in Seed
Fiber found in Seed (181000 ppm)
Magnesium found in Seed (500 ppm)
Potassium found in Seed (6700 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (16 ppm)
Hypouricemic
Fiber found in Seed (181000 ppm)
Ileorelaxant
Choline found in Seed
Immunomodulator
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed
Copper found in Seed (15 ppm)
Gallic-acid found in Seed
Linoleic-acid found in Seed
Magnesium found in Seed (500 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (16 ppm)
Immunostimulant
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed
Beta-carotene found in Plant
Gallic-acid found in Seed
Phosphorus found in Seed (1892 ppm);found in Shoot (890 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (16 ppm)
Immunosuppressant
Gallic-acid found in Seed
Tannin found in Seed (250000 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (16 ppm)
Insectifuge
Linoleic-acid found in Seed
Oleic-acid found in Seed (41760 ppm)
Thiamin found in Seed (1.9 ppm)
Insulin-Sparing
Gallic-acid found in Seed
Insulinogenic
Magnesium found in Seed (500 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (16 ppm)
Interferon-Synergist
Beta-carotene found in Plant
Interferonogenic
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed
Irritant
Capric-acid found in Seed
Oleic-acid found in Seed (41760 ppm)
Laxative
Calcium found in Seed (1050 ppm);found in Sprout Seedling (60 ppm)
Fiber found in Seed (181000 ppm)
Magnesium found in Seed (500 ppm)
Leptingenic
Zinc found in Seed (16 ppm)
Lipotropic
Choline found in Seed
Lipoxygenase-Inhibitor
Tannin found in Seed (250000 ppm)
Lithogenic
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed
Litholytic
Magnesium found in Seed (500 ppm)
Lubricant
Myristic-acid found in Seed (30240 ppm)
Stearic-acid found in Seed
MAO-Inhibitor
Tannin found in Seed (250000 ppm)
Mastogenic
Diosgenin found in Seed
Memorigenic
Choline found in Seed
Metastatic
Linoleic-acid found in Seed
Mitotic
Arecoline found in Seed (1000 ppm)
Mucogenic
Beta-carotene found in Plant
Zinc found in Seed (16 ppm)
Mucolytic
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed
Myorelaxant
Gallic-acid found in Seed
Magnesium found in Seed (500 ppm)
NF-kB-Inhibitor
Zinc found in Seed (16 ppm)
NO-Inhibitor
Gallic-acid found in Seed
Nematicide
Linoleic-acid found in Seed
Myristic-acid found in Seed (30240 ppm)
Nephrotoxic
Gallic-acid found in Seed
Mercury found in Seed (0.03 ppm)
Neuroprotective
Thiamin found in Seed (1.9 ppm)
Neurotransmitter
Magnesium found in Seed (500 ppm)
Ornithine-Decarboxylase-Inhibitor
Tannin found in Seed (250000 ppm)
Osteogenic
Phosphorus found in Seed (1892 ppm);found in Shoot (890 ppm)
Parasympathomimetic
Arecoline found in Seed (1000 ppm)
Choline found in Seed
Percutaneostimulant
Oleic-acid found in Seed (41760 ppm)
Perfumery
Oleic-acid found in Seed (41760 ppm)
Stearic-acid found in Seed
Peristaltic
Arecaine found in Seed
Arecoline found in Seed (1000 ppm)
Pesticide
Arecoline found in Seed (1000 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed
Capric-acid found in Seed
Gallic-acid found in Seed
Tannin found in Seed (250000 ppm)
Thiamin found in Seed (1.9 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (16 ppm)
Phagocytotic
Beta-carotene found in Plant
Preservative
Sucrose found in Seed
Prooxidant
Beta-carotene found in Plant
Iron found in Seed (70 ppm);found in Shoot (147 ppm)
Propecic
Linoleic-acid found in Seed
Oleic-acid found in Seed (41760 ppm)
Stearic-acid found in Seed
Psychotropic
Tannin found in Seed (250000 ppm)
Purgative
Arecoline found in Seed (1000 ppm)
Ruminatoric
Arecoline found in Seed (1000 ppm)
Schizophrenigenic
Copper found in Seed (15 ppm)
Sedative
Arecoline found in Seed (1000 ppm)
Niacin found in Seed (6.8 ppm)
Serotoninergic
Niacin found in Seed (6.8 ppm)
Sialogogue
Arecoline found in Seed (1000 ppm)
Soap
Palmitoleic-acid found in Seed
Spasmogenic
Arecoline found in Seed (1000 ppm)
Spermicide
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed
Spermigenic
Zinc found in Seed (16 ppm)
Styptic
Gallic-acid found in Seed
Suppository
Stearic-acid found in Seed
Sweetener
Sucrose found in Seed
Taenicide
Arecoline found in Seed (1000 ppm)
Testosteronigenic
Zinc found in Seed (16 ppm)
Thymoprotective
Beta-carotene found in Plant
Topoisomerase-I-Inhibitor
Gallic-acid found in Seed
Toxic
Arecaine found in Seed
Tranquilizer
Calcium found in Seed (1050 ppm);found in Sprout Seedling (60 ppm)
Magnesium found in Seed (500 ppm)
Trichomonicide
Zinc found in Seed (16 ppm)
Triglycerigenic
Sucrose found in Seed
Ubiquiot
Beta-carotene found in Plant
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed
Ulcerogenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed
Uricogenic
Sucrose found in Seed
Uricosuric
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed
Urinary-Acidulant
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed
Uterorelaxant
Magnesium found in Seed (500 ppm)
Vasoconstrictor
D-catechin found in Seed
Vasodilator
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed
Calcium found in Seed (1050 ppm);found in Sprout Seedling (60 ppm)
Fiber found in Seed (181000 ppm)
Magnesium found in Seed (500 ppm)
Niacin found in Seed (6.8 ppm)
Potassium found in Seed (6700 ppm)
Vermicide
Arecoline found in Seed (1000 ppm)
Vulnerary
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed
Sucrose found in Seed
Zinc found in Seed (16 ppm)
Xanthine-Oxidase-Inhibitor
Gallic-acid found in Seed
Tannin found in Seed (250000 ppm)

Search

Chemicals detected

Chemical Plant part Low ppm High ppm
Alkaloids Seed 3,000 6,000
Areca-red Seed 60,000 160,000
Arecaidine Seed
Arecaine Seed
Arecolidine Seed
Arecoline Seed 1,000
Ascorbic-acid Seed
Ash Seed 15,000
Sprout Seedling 10,000
Beta-carotene Plant
Beta-sitosterol Seed
Calcium Seed 500 1,050
Sprout Seedling 60
Capric-acid Seed
Carbohydrates Seed 472,000 791,000
Sprout Seedling 90,000 662,000
Cellulose Hull Husk 476,000
Choline Seed
Copper Seed 15
D-catechin Seed
Diosgenin Seed
Fat Seed 44,000 180,000
Shoot 3,000 23,000
Fiber Seed 159,000 181,000
Galactan Seed
Gallic-acid Seed
Guvacine Seed
Guvacoline Seed
Heneicosanic-acid Seed
Homoarecoline Seed
Iron Seed 15 70
Shoot 20 147
Isoguvacine Seed
Kryptogenin Seed
Lauric-acid Seed 22,000 90,000
Leucocyanidine Seed
Leucopelargonidine Seed
Linoleic-acid Seed
Magnesium Seed 500
Manganese Seed 67
Mannan Seed
Margarinic-acid Seed
Mercury Seed 0.03
Mucilage Seed
Myristic-acid Seed 9,240 30,240
Niacin Seed 6 6.8
Nonadecanic-acid Seed
Oleic-acid Seed 12,760 41,760
Palmitoleic-acid Seed
Phlobaphene-tannin Seed
Phosphorus Seed 630 1,892
Shoot 890
Potassium Seed 4,460 6,700
Protein Seed 49,000 71,325
Sprout Seedling 33,000 243,000
Resin Seed
Riboflavin Seed 6.9 7.9
Sodium Seed 151 867
Stearic-acid Seed
Sucrose Seed
Tannin Seed 150,000 250,000
Thiamin Seed 1.7 1.9
Water Seed 123,000 313,000
Sprout Seedling 864,000
Zinc Seed 16
Reference: Dr. Duke's Phytochemical and Ethnobotanical Databases. [Online Database]