Arbutus unedo Health effects and herbal facts

Known as
arbutus Irish strawberry-tree strawberry-tree
Arbutus unedo

Medical use

Economic importance of Arbutus unedo

Bee plants honey production
Environmental ornamental
Human food beverage base fruit
Medicines folklore

Gallery

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Geografical distribution

  • AFRICA
    Native
    • Northern Africa: Algeria; Morocco; Tunisia
  • ASIA-TEMPERATE
    Native
    • Western Asia: Cyprus; Lebanon; Syria; Turkey
    Cultivated
    • Caucasus: Georgia
  • EUROPE
    Native
    • Northern Europe: Ireland
    • East Europe: Ukraine
    • Southeastern Europe: Albania; Bulgaria; Croatia; Greece ; Italy
    • Southwestern Europe: France ; Portugal; Spain

Biological activities

ACE-Inhibitor
Ellagic-acid found in Leaf
Gallic-acid found in Leaf
Abortifacient
Ellagic-acid found in Leaf
Aldose-Reductase-Inhibitor
Ellagic-acid found in Leaf
Allelochemic
Arbutin found in Leaf (27000 ppm)
Hydroquinone found in Leaf
Myricetin found in Leaf
Allergenic
Hydroquinone found in Leaf
Analgesic
Gallic-acid found in Leaf
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf
Anthelmintic
Betulinic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Stem Bark
Tannin found in Bark (450000 ppm);found in Leaf (160000 ppm)
AntiEBV
Lupeol found in Leaf
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf
AntiGTF
Ellagic-acid found in Leaf
AntiHIV
Betulinic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Stem Bark
Ellagic-acid found in Leaf
Gallic-acid found in Leaf
Myricetin found in Leaf
Tannin found in Bark (450000 ppm);found in Leaf (160000 ppm)
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf
AntiMRSA
Gallic-acid found in Leaf
AntiTGF-beta
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf
Antiadenovirus
Gallic-acid found in Leaf
Antiaflatoxin
Ellagic-acid found in Leaf
Antiallergenic
Gallic-acid found in Leaf
Myricetin found in Leaf
Antialzheimeran
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf
Antianaphylactic
Ellagic-acid found in Leaf
Gallic-acid found in Leaf
Antiangiogenic
Gallic-acid found in Leaf
Lupeol found in Leaf
Antiarrhythmic
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf
Antiarthritic
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf
Antiasthmatic
Gallic-acid found in Leaf
Antibacterial
Arbutin found in Leaf (27000 ppm)
Betulinic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Stem Bark
Ellagic-acid found in Leaf
Gallic-acid found in Leaf
Hydroquinone found in Leaf
Myricetin found in Leaf
Tannin found in Bark (450000 ppm);found in Leaf (160000 ppm)
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf
Antibronchitic
Gallic-acid found in Leaf
Anticancer
Betulinic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Stem Bark
Gallic-acid found in Leaf
Tannin found in Bark (450000 ppm);found in Leaf (160000 ppm)
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf
Anticarcinomic
Betulinic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Stem Bark
Gallic-acid found in Leaf
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf
Anticariogenic
Ellagic-acid found in Leaf
Tannin found in Bark (450000 ppm);found in Leaf (160000 ppm)
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf
Anticataract
Ellagic-acid found in Leaf
Anticholestatic
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf
Anticomplement
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf
Antidiabetic
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf
Antidiarrheic
Tannin found in Bark (450000 ppm);found in Leaf (160000 ppm)
Antidysenteric
Tannin found in Bark (450000 ppm);found in Leaf (160000 ppm)
Antiedemic
Arbutin found in Leaf (27000 ppm)
Betulinic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Stem Bark
Lupeol found in Leaf
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf
Antiescherichic
Gallic-acid found in Leaf
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf
Antifeedant
Myricetin found in Leaf
Antifibrinolytic
Gallic-acid found in Leaf
Antifibrosarcomic
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf
Antiflu
Gallic-acid found in Leaf
Lupeol found in Leaf
Antigastric
Myricetin found in Leaf
Antigingivitic
Ellagic-acid found in Leaf
Myricetin found in Leaf
Antigonadotrophic
Myricetin found in Leaf
Antihepatomic
Hydroquinone found in Leaf
Antihepatotoxic
Gallic-acid found in Leaf
Tannin found in Bark (450000 ppm);found in Leaf (160000 ppm)
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf
Antiherpetic
Gallic-acid found in Leaf
Antihistaminic
Myricetin found in Leaf
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf
Antihyperglycemic
Lupeol found in Leaf
Antihyperlipidemic
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf
Antihypertensive
Tannin found in Bark (450000 ppm);found in Leaf (160000 ppm)
Antihyperthyroid
Ellagic-acid found in Leaf
Antiinflammatory
Betulinic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Stem Bark
Ellagic-acid found in Leaf
Gallic-acid found in Leaf
Leucodelphinidin found in Leaf
Lupeol found in Leaf
Myricetin found in Leaf
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf
Antileishmanic
Gallic-acid found in Leaf
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf
Antileukemic
Betulinic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Stem Bark
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf
Antilipolytic
Tannin found in Bark (450000 ppm);found in Leaf (160000 ppm)
Antilithic
Hydroquinone found in Leaf
Lupeol found in Leaf
Antilymphomic
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf
Antimalarial
Betulinic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Stem Bark
Ellagic-acid found in Leaf
Hydroquinone found in Leaf
Lupeol found in Leaf
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf
Antimelanogenic
Arbutin found in Leaf (27000 ppm)
Antimelanomic
Betulinic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Stem Bark
Hydroquinone found in Leaf
Antimelasmic
Hydroquinone found in Leaf
Antimenorrhagic
Hydroquinone found in Leaf
Antimetastatic
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf
Antimitotic
Hydroquinone found in Leaf
Antimutagenic
Cryptoxanthin found in Leaf
Ellagic-acid found in Leaf
Gallic-acid found in Leaf
Myricetin found in Leaf
Tannin found in Bark (450000 ppm);found in Leaf (160000 ppm)
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf
Antineoplastic
Leucodelphinidin found in Leaf
Antinephritic
Hydroquinone found in Leaf
Tannin found in Bark (450000 ppm);found in Leaf (160000 ppm)
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf
Antinitrosaminic
Gallic-acid found in Leaf
Antinociceptive
Betulinic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Stem Bark
Antiophidic
Tannin found in Bark (450000 ppm);found in Leaf (160000 ppm)
Antioxalate
Lupeol found in Leaf
Antioxidant
Ellagic-acid found in Leaf
Gallic-acid found in Leaf
Hydroquinone found in Leaf
Lupeol found in Leaf
Lycopene found in Leaf
Myricetin found in Leaf
Tannin found in Bark (450000 ppm);found in Leaf (160000 ppm)
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf
Antiperiodontic
Ellagic-acid found in Leaf
Myricetin found in Leaf
Antiperiodontitic
Gallic-acid found in Leaf
Antiperoxidant
Ellagic-acid found in Leaf
Gallic-acid found in Leaf
Lupeol found in Leaf
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf
Antipertussive
Hydroquinone found in Leaf
Antiplaque
Ellagic-acid found in Leaf
Myricetin found in Leaf
Antiplasmodial
Betulinic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Stem Bark
Ellagic-acid found in Leaf
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf
Antipolio
Gallic-acid found in Leaf
Antiproliferative
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf
Antiprostaglandin
Lupeol found in Leaf
Antiprostatitic
Lycopene found in Leaf
Antiproteolytic
Gallic-acid found in Leaf
Antiradicular
Gallic-acid found in Leaf
Lycopene found in Leaf
Tannin found in Bark (450000 ppm);found in Leaf (160000 ppm)
Antirenitic
Tannin found in Bark (450000 ppm);found in Leaf (160000 ppm)
Antirheumatic
Lupeol found in Leaf
Antiseptic
Arbutin found in Leaf (27000 ppm)
Ellagic-acid found in Leaf
Gallic-acid found in Leaf
Hydroquinone found in Leaf
Myricetin found in Leaf
Antistaphylococcic
Gallic-acid found in Leaf
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf
Antistreptococcic
Arbutin found in Leaf (27000 ppm)
Ellagic-acid found in Leaf
Antithromboxane
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf
Antithyreotropic
Hydroquinone found in Leaf
Antithyroid
Ellagic-acid found in Leaf
Antitrypanosomic
Hydroquinone found in Leaf
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf
Antitumor-Promoter
Gallic-acid found in Leaf
Tannin found in Bark (450000 ppm);found in Leaf (160000 ppm)
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf
Antitumor
Betulinic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Stem Bark
Ellagic-acid found in Leaf
Gallic-acid found in Leaf
Hydroquinone found in Leaf
Lupeol found in Leaf
Lycopene found in Leaf
Tannin found in Bark (450000 ppm);found in Leaf (160000 ppm)
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf
Antitussive
Arbutin found in Leaf (27000 ppm)
Antiulcer
Tannin found in Bark (450000 ppm);found in Leaf (160000 ppm)
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf
Antiurethrotic
Lupeol found in Leaf
Antiviral
Betulinic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Stem Bark
Ellagic-acid found in Leaf
Gallic-acid found in Leaf
Lupeol found in Leaf
Myricetin found in Leaf
Tannin found in Bark (450000 ppm);found in Leaf (160000 ppm)
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf
Antiyeast
Ellagic-acid found in Leaf
Apoptotic
Betulinic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Stem Bark
Ellagic-acid found in Leaf
Gallic-acid found in Leaf
Myricetin found in Leaf
Aromatase-Inhibitor
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf
Artemicide
Arbutin found in Leaf (27000 ppm)
Astringent
Ellagic-acid found in Leaf
Gallic-acid found in Leaf
Hydroquinone found in Leaf
Bacteristat
Gallic-acid found in Leaf
Beta-Blocker
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf
Beta-Glucuronidase-Inhibitor
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf
Bronchodilator
Gallic-acid found in Leaf
CNS-Depressant
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf
COMP-Inhibitor
Myricetin found in Leaf
COX-2-Inhibitor
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf
Cancer-Preventive
Ellagic-acid found in Leaf
Gallic-acid found in Leaf
Lycopene found in Leaf
Myricetin found in Leaf
Tannin found in Bark (450000 ppm);found in Leaf (160000 ppm)
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf
Candida-SAP-Inhibitor
Ellagic-acid found in Leaf
Candidicide
Arbutin found in Leaf (27000 ppm)
Gallic-acid found in Leaf
Myricetin found in Leaf
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf
Carcinogenic
Gallic-acid found in Leaf
Hydroquinone found in Leaf
Tannin found in Bark (450000 ppm);found in Leaf (160000 ppm)
Cardioprotective
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf
Cardiotonic
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf
Chelator
Tannin found in Bark (450000 ppm);found in Leaf (160000 ppm)
Choleretic
Gallic-acid found in Leaf
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf
Cholesterolytic
Glycolic-acid found in Leaf
Co-carcinogenic
Hydroquinone found in Leaf
Colorant
Lycopene found in Leaf
Violaxanthin found in Leaf
Convulsant
Hydroquinone found in Leaf
Cyclooxygenase-Inhibitor
Gallic-acid found in Leaf
Tannin found in Bark (450000 ppm);found in Leaf (160000 ppm)
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf
Cytotoxic
Betulinic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Stem Bark
Ellagic-acid found in Leaf
Gallic-acid found in Leaf
Hydroquinone found in Leaf
Lupeol found in Leaf
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf
Deiodinase-Inhibitor
Ellagic-acid found in Leaf
Deliriant
Hydroquinone found in Leaf
Depigmentor
Hydroquinone found in Leaf
Detoxicant
Ellagic-acid found in Leaf
Diuretic
Arbutin found in Leaf (27000 ppm)
Glycolic-acid found in Leaf
Myricetin found in Leaf
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf
Elastase-Inhibitor
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf
Emetic
Hydroquinone found in Leaf
FLavor
Hydroquinone found in Leaf
FPTase-Inhibitor
Lupeol found in Leaf
Floral-Inhibitor
Gallic-acid found in Leaf
Glucosyl-Transferase-Inhibitor
Ellagic-acid found in Leaf
Tannin found in Bark (450000 ppm);found in Leaf (160000 ppm)
HIV-RT-Inhibitor
Ellagic-acid found in Leaf
Hemostat
Gallic-acid found in Leaf
Hemostatic
Ellagic-acid found in Leaf
Hepatoprotective
Ellagic-acid found in Leaf
Gallic-acid found in Leaf
Tannin found in Bark (450000 ppm);found in Leaf (160000 ppm)
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf
Hepatotonic
Glycolic-acid found in Leaf
Herbicide
Hydroquinone found in Leaf
Hypertensive
Hydroquinone found in Leaf
Hypocholesterolemic
Lycopene found in Leaf
Hypoglycemic
Myricetin found in Leaf
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf
Hypotensive
Lupeol found in Leaf
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf
Immunomodulator
Gallic-acid found in Leaf
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf
Immunostimulant
Gallic-acid found in Leaf
Immunosuppressant
Gallic-acid found in Leaf
Tannin found in Bark (450000 ppm);found in Leaf (160000 ppm)
Insulin-Sparing
Arbutin found in Leaf (27000 ppm)
Gallic-acid found in Leaf
Irritant
Glycolic-acid found in Leaf
Hydroquinone found in Leaf
Juvabional
Ellagic-acid found in Leaf
Larvistat
Myricetin found in Leaf
Leucocytogenic
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf
Lipoxygenase-Inhibitor
Myricetin found in Leaf
Tannin found in Bark (450000 ppm);found in Leaf (160000 ppm)
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf
MAO-Inhibitor
Tannin found in Bark (450000 ppm);found in Leaf (160000 ppm)
MMP-9-Inhibitor
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf
Mutagenic
Myricetin found in Leaf
Mycoplasmistat
Arbutin found in Leaf (27000 ppm)
Hydroquinone found in Leaf
Myorelaxant
Gallic-acid found in Leaf
NO-Inhibitor
Gallic-acid found in Leaf
Nephrotoxic
Gallic-acid found in Leaf
Ornithine-Decarboxylase-Inhibitor
Tannin found in Bark (450000 ppm);found in Leaf (160000 ppm)
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf
Oxidase-Inhibitor
Myricetin found in Leaf
Pesticide
Arbutin found in Leaf (27000 ppm)
Ellagic-acid found in Leaf
Gallic-acid found in Leaf
Hydroquinone found in Leaf
Lupeol found in Leaf
Myricetin found in Leaf
Tannin found in Bark (450000 ppm);found in Leaf (160000 ppm)
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf
Phospholipase-A2-Inhibitor
Betulinic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Stem Bark
Piscicide
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf
Potassium-Sparing
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf
Prooxidant
Lycopene found in Leaf
Prostaglandin-Synthesis-Inhibitor
Betulinic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Stem Bark
Protease-Inhibitor
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf
Protisticide
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf
Psychotropic
Tannin found in Bark (450000 ppm);found in Leaf (160000 ppm)
Quinone-Reductase-Inducer
Ellagic-acid found in Leaf
Myricetin found in Leaf
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf
Sodium-Sparing
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf
Styptic
Gallic-acid found in Leaf
Sunscreen
Ellagic-acid found in Leaf
TOPO-2-Inhibitor
Lupeol found in Leaf
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf
Tinnitigenic
Hydroquinone found in Leaf
Topoisomerase-I-Antagonist
Ellagic-acid found in Leaf
Topoisomerase-I-Inhibitor
Gallic-acid found in Leaf
Myricetin found in Leaf
Topoisomerase-II-Inhibitor
Myricetin found in Leaf
Trypanocide
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf
Tyrosinase-Inhibitor
Arbutin found in Leaf (27000 ppm)
Tyrosine-Kinase-Inhibitor
Myricetin found in Leaf
Ubiquiot
Violaxanthin found in Leaf
Urinary-Antiseptic
Arbutin found in Leaf (27000 ppm)
Vasodilator
Myricetin found in Leaf
Vasopressor
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf
Vitamin-A-Activity
Cryptoxanthin found in Leaf
Xanthine-Oxidase-Inhibitor
Ellagic-acid found in Leaf
Gallic-acid found in Leaf
Tannin found in Bark (450000 ppm);found in Leaf (160000 ppm)

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Chemicals detected

Chemical Plant part Low ppm High ppm
1-dotriacontanol Leaf
1-triacontanol Leaf
15-nonacosanol Leaf
Arbutin Leaf 27,000
Arbutoflavonol Leaf
Betulinic-acid Leaf
Stem Bark
Cryptoxanthin Leaf
Ellagic-acid Leaf
Fat Seed 34,000 368,000
Gallic-acid Leaf
Glycolic-acid Leaf
Hydroquinone Leaf
Leucodelphinidin Leaf
Lupeol Leaf
Lycopene Leaf
Methyl-arbutin Leaf
Myricetin Leaf
Phytofluene Leaf
Protein Seed 31,000 235,000
Tannin Bark 450,000
Leaf 160,000
Unedide Plant
Unedoside Leaf 2,000
Ursolic-acid Leaf
Violaxanthin Leaf
Reference: Dr. Duke's Phytochemical and Ethnobotanical Databases. [Online Database]